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# VI.

Answers to Questions 1. What are the reflective material? Give 3 examples. The reflective materials in the areas are the glass, cement and metal. 2. What are the absorptive material? Give 3 examples. The absorptive materials in the areas are the wood, foam and the acoustic board. 3. What are the noisiest area? Less noisy? Why? The noisiest area is the XU Canteen because of the number of people present who are talking simultaneously. During the data gathering there are 82 people present in the area. Another factor are the presence of reflective materials in the area. The least noisy among the areas is the 4th floor of XU New Library. Although there are 47 people in the area, noise is less because of the fact that the library are meant to be quite a place. The abundance of wooden tables and books could also be a factor because these materials absorb sound. 4. What happens if the area is constructed with purely absorptive material? An area constructed with purely absorptive material will not reflect any sound and the listener will only hear the direct sound. Also, the general sound level in the room will decrease. 5. What happens if the area is constructed with purely reflective material? If the area is constructed with purely reflective materials, the sound will bounce between the surfaces and will never die out. The listener in this kind of area will then have a problem registering the source of the sound because he hears both the direct sound and repeated reflected sound waves. The area will be very noisy because every sound produced are accumulated. 6. In what way can noise be minimized in a room? Applying sound absorbing materials would minimize the noise level in the room.

VII. Analysis and Conclusion The experiment is conducted using two different Sound Level Meters one instrument is RS and the other is Lutron and also there are two different frequency weighting used, the A and C frequency weighting. The experiment is conducted in 5 different areas with varying conditions and construction. The data and results section shows the sound levels on each area using the two instruments and frequency weighting. As we can see, the noisiest area is the XU Canteen having

61. The slight difference on the reading of the sound level meters on both instruments and frequency weighting almost the same considering that the sources of noise in the area are mostly voice frequencies (300 – 3000 Hz) coming from the simultaneous conversation of the students in the area.5 dBC and 78. glass. The readings are also affected by the materials present in the area.82 number of people and materials presented in the data and results with an average sound level of 80. cement.8 dBC using RS A frequency weighting. the canteen is the noisiest while the Library is the least. RS C frequency weighting and Lutron C frequency weighting respectively. and plastic. RS C frequency weighting and Lutron C frequency weighting respectively.e. and acoustic board) tend to be less noisy than areas with reflective materials (i. . The least noisy area is the 4th floor of XU New Library with reading of 63. wood.3 dBA. books.e. This observation is consistent with the frequency response of the both frequency weightings below: The response of the weighting in this range of frequency is almost the same. the source of noise are human voice. In most cases. Areas with absorptive materials (i. Each frequency weighting have different frequency response.1 dBC using RS A frequency weighting. 79. The A frequency weighting resembles that of the response of the human ear while C frequency weighting is much applicable on peak level detection. Absorptive materials will lessen the noise in an area while reflective materials not. In XU. metal).8 dBA.5 dBC and 61.

CALAM .RAMON CRISTOPHER M.