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How to Tune Guitars

Table of Contents

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Table of Contents
Introduction ................................................................................................................v Tuning Acoustic Guitars ............................................................................................1 Chapter 1 – Tuning Acoustic Guitars ........................................................................3 Introduction ............................................................................................................3 Acoustic Guitars .....................................................................................................3 Tuning to an Electronic Tuner ...........................................................................3 Tuning to a Piano ...............................................................................................5 Tuning by Ear.....................................................................................................6 Tuning to a Tuning Fork and Relative Tuning ..................................................7 Tuning Electric Guitars ..............................................................................................9 Chapter 2 – Tuning Electric Guitars ........................................................................11 Introduction ..........................................................................................................11 Electric Guitars .....................................................................................................11 Tuning to an Electronic Tuner .........................................................................11 Tuning by Ear...................................................................................................12 Tuning to a Tuning Fork and Relative Tuning ................................................13 Tuning to an Electric Tuning Pedal .................................................................14 Index .........................................................................................................................17 References ................................................................................................................19

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Introduction
Guitars need to be tuned regularly in order to keep them in good condition as well as sounding good. Two types of guitars are covered in this manual: acoustic guitars and electric guitars. Each type of guitar has unique tuning methods. However, both types of guitar share certain tuning methods.

Tuning Acoustic Guitars
Acoustic guitars need less precision in tuning because they produce sound from their bodies. However, if they are not tuned regularly, they sound incorrect and can leave the strings slightly warped. This chapter covers common tuning methods for acoustic guitars.

Chapter 1 – Tuning Acoustic Guitars

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Chapter 1 – Tuning Acoustic Guitars
Introduction
This chapter will demonstrate multiple methods of tuning acoustic six string guitars.

Acoustic Guitars
Acoustic Guitars don’t require electricity, so you can tune them anywhere. This is beneficial especially when you need to tune your guitar off-stage. The normal scale for acoustic guitars is the EADGBE scale. Refer to the E string to the right in the photo as “high E” and the E string on the left as “low E” for the rest of this chapter.

Tuning to an Electronic Tuner
A common tuning method is to use an electric tuner. A variety of electric tuners exist. This manual recommends the SNARK SN-1 tuner. 1. Attach the electric tuner to the head of the guitar.

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How to Tune Guitars

2. Turn the tuner on. 3. Pluck the low E sting. a. If the display on the electric tuner shows that the pitch is too high, turn the peg for the string to the right until the display shows that the string matches the pitch. b. If the display on the electric tuner shows that the pitch is too low, turn the peg for the string to the left until the display shows that the string matches the pitch. 4. Repeat step 3 for each string until they match the pitch shown on the adjacent page. 5. Turn off the electric tuner. The guitar is now tuned to the EADGBE scale. Warning: Do not turn the peg too much or the string may break.

Chapter 1 – Tuning Acoustic Guitars

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Tuning to a Piano
Pianos stay in tune for many years, so tuning off of their pitch is a good method. However, check with the owner to know if it is still in tune. If you own the piano, check your owner’s manual to see when you should tune it. 1. Bring the guitar into the room with the piano. 2. Play the string on the guitar. 3. Play the corresponding note on the piano.

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How to Tune Guitars 4. Turn the peg until the pitch on the guitar matches the pitch on the piano. 5. Repeat steps two through four for all of the strings.

The guitar is now tuned to the EADGBE scale. Warning: Do not turn the peg too much or the string may break.

Tuning by Ear
This method requires memorizing what the pitch of each string sounds like. If you have memorized the pitches, you can tune the guitar without any other devices. Tuning by Ear is a useful method if you need to tune your guitar quickly or do not have any other way to tune your guitar. Note: This is the least precise method of tuning the guitar. 1. Take the guitar to a quiet place. 2. Play the string you are tuning.

3. Turn the peg until the pitch of the string is the same as the pitch you remember. 4. Repeat steps two and three until all the strings are tuned. The guitar is now tuned to the EADGBE scale. Warning: Do not turn the peg too much or the string may break.

Chapter 1 – Tuning Acoustic Guitars

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Tuning to a Tuning Fork and Relative Tuning
A tuning fork allows you to tune the guitar with more accuracy than tuning by ear. This tuning method is different from other methods because all six strings are tuned from one pitch.

1. Bring the guitar and tuning fork to a quiet place. 2. Hit the tuning fork against a hard surface. 3. Turn the peg on the second string (A string) until it matches the pitch of the tuning fork. 4. Play the A string. 5. Hold down the fifth fret and play the low E. 6. Turn the peg for low E until the pitch matches the A string. 7. Play the third string (D string). 8. Hold down the fifth fret and play the A string. 9. Turn the peg for the A string until the pitch matches the D string.

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How to Tune Guitars 10.Repeat steps seven through nine for the D and fourth string (G string). 11.Play the fifth string (B string). 12.Hold down the fourth fret and play the fourth string (G string). 13.Turn the peg on the G string until the pitch matches the D string. 14.Repeat steps seven through 9 for the B and high E string.

The guitar is now tuned to the EADGBE scale. Warning: Do not turn the peg too much or the string may break.

Tuning Electric Guitars
Electric guitars need power for performances, but don’t always need power for tuning. This chapter covers both powerless and power requiring tuning methods for electric guitars.

Chapter 2 – Tuning Electric Guitars

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Chapter 2 – Tuning Electric Guitars
Introduction
This chapter will demonstrate multiple methods of tuning electric six string guitars.

Electric Guitars
Although electric guitars require power on stage, there is only one tuning method that requires power. The other tuning methods do not require power, which is useful when offstage. The normal scale for electric guitars is the EADGBE scale. Refer to the E string at the top of the photo as “high E” and the E string at the bottom as “low E” for the rest of this chapter.

Tuning to an Electronic Tuner
A common tuning method is by use of an electric tuner. A variety of electric tuners exist. This manual recommends the SNARK SN-1 tuner. Note: This tuning method is different from Tuning to an Electric Tuning Pedal. 1. Attach the electric tuner to the head of the guitar. 2. Turn the tuner on.

12 3. Pluck the low E sting.

How to Tune Guitars

a. If the display on the electric tuner shows that the pitch is too high, turn the peg for the string to the right until the display shows that the string matches the pitch. b. If the display on the electric tuner shows that the pitch is too low, turn the peg for the string to the left until the display shows that the string matches the pitch. 4. Repeat step 3 for each string until they match the pitch shown on the adjacent page. 5. Turn off the electric tuner.

The guitar is now tuned to the EADGBE scale. Warning: Do not turn the peg too much or the string may break.

Tuning by Ear
This method requires memorizing what the pitch of each string sounds like. If you have memorized the pitches, you can tune the guitar without any other devices. Tuning by Ear is a useful method if you need to tune your guitar quickly or do not have any other way to tune your guitar. Note: This is the least accurate method of tuning the guitar.

Chapter 2 – Tuning Electric Guitars 1. Take the guitar to a quiet place. 2. Play the string you are tuning. 3. Turn the peg until the pitch of the string is the same as the pitch you remember. 4. Repeat steps two and three until all the strings are tuned. The guitar is now tuned to the EADGBE scale. Warning: Do not turn the peg too much or the string may break.

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Tuning to a Tuning Fork and Relative Tuning
A tuning fork allows you to tune the guitar with more accuracy than tuning by ear. This tuning method is different from other methods because all six strings are tuned from one pitch. 1. Bring the guitar and tuning fork to a quiet place. 2. Hit the tuning fork against a hard surface.

3. Turn the peg on the second string (A string) until it matches the pitch of the tuning fork. 4. Play the A string. 5. Hold down the fifth fret and play the low E. 6. Turn the peg for low E until the pitch matches the A string.

14 7. Play the third string (D string). 8. Hold down the fifth fret and play the A string.

How to Tune Guitars

9. Turn the peg for the A string until the pitch matches the D string. 10.Repeat steps seven through nine for the D and fourth string (G string). 11.Play the fifth string (B string). 12.Hold down the fourth fret and play the fourth string (G string). 13.Turn the peg on the G string until the pitch matches the D string. 14.Repeat steps seven through 9 for the B and high E string. The guitar is now tuned to the EADGBE scale. Warning: Do not turn the peg too much or the string may break.

Tuning to an Electric Tuning Pedal
Electric guitars need power to play well. You can use electricity to power pedals that change the sound of the guitar. One of these pedals is called an electric tuning pedal. This tuning method is useful when you need to tune during a practice or before a performance. For this method, you will need the pedal, a quarter inch cable and the power cable for the pedal. 1. Plug the quarter inch cable into the electric guitar. 2. Plug the other end of the quarter inch cable into the pedal. 3. Plug in the power cable to the pedal. 4. Step on the pedal to begin tuning. 5. Strum the low E string and look at the pedal screen. 6. Turn the tuning peg until the screen indicates that the string is in tune.

Chapter 2 – Tuning Electric Guitars

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7. Repeat steps five and six until the guitar is tuned. 8. Step on the pedal to turn off tuning. The guitar is now tuned to the EADGBE scale. Warning: Do not turn the peg too much or the string may break.

Index

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Index
Acoustic, iii, 1, 3 fret, 7, 8, 13, 14 high E, 3, 8, 11, 14 low E, 3, 4, 7, 11, 12, 13, 14 quarter inch cable, 14

References

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References
Boss TU-3 Chromatic Pedal Tuner. DV016_Jpg_Large_712517_top. Retrieved from http://www.music123.com/accessories/boss-tu-3-chromatic-pedal-tuner Carr’s Guitars. Vintage. Retrieved from http://pubpages.unh.edu/~tty7/ Electric Guitars. BM-SE200-2.gif. Retrieved from https://www.creativekidmusic.com/index.php?cPath=9 Guitar String Names. stringnamesonneck_w500. Retrieved from http://www.startplaying-guitar.com/guitar-string-names.html How to Tune a Guitar by Ear. how-to-tune-a-guitar-by-ear-2.WidePlayer. Retrieved from http://www.videojug.com/film/how-to-tune-a-guitar-by-ear2 How to Tune a Guitar from the piano. 105183.image0. Retrieved from http://www.dummies.com/how-to/content/how-to-tune-a-guitar-from-the-. piano.html How to Tune a Guitar in Standard Tuning. Ovation EADGBE. Retrieved from http://www.foundmypassion.com/2011/08/keep-your-guitar-in-tune.html Phone connect (audio). hosa-gtr518twd-med. Retrieved from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Phone_connector_(audio) Relative tuning. 5th fret. Retrieved from http://guitarbender.blogspot.com/2013/05/relative-tuning.html Ribbon Mics on Acoustic Guitars. Ribbon. Retrieved from https://www.soundpure.com/blog/microphones/ribbon-mics/ribbon-mics-onacoustic-guitars-royer-r121-ribbon-microphones-with-the-aea-rpq-micpreamp-how-to-get-the-most-out-of-a-ribbon-microphone-ribbons-are-notjust-for-electric-guitars-anymore/ Snark Tuner Review. snark_sn-1_tuning. http://www.snarktunerreview.com/snark-tuner-review/

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How to Tune Guitars

Tuning with Electric Guitar Tuners. Harmonics. Retrieved from http://www.gettuned.com/electronic-tuners.php Using Alternate Tunings For A Different Guitar Sound. tuning guitar. Retrieved from http://bobbyowsinski.blogspot.com/2011/10/using-alternate-tunings-fordifferent.html