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CSA S16-09 Example 002 - 1
CSA S16-09 Example 002

WIDE FLANGE MEMBER UNDER COMPRESSION & BENDING
EXAMPLE DESCRIPTION
The frame object axial and moment strengths are tested in this example.
A continuous column is subjected to factored loads and moments Cf = 2000 kN;
Mfx-top= 200 kN-m; Mfx-bottom= 300 kN-m. This example was tested using the CSA
S16-09 steel frame design code. The design capacities are compared with
Handbook of Steel Construction (9
th
Edition) results.
GEOMETRY, PROPERTIES AND LOADING
2000 kN



















TECHNICAL FEATURES TESTED
 Section compactness check (compression & bending)
 Member compression capacity
 Member bending capacity with no mid-span loading
Material Properties
E = 200,000 MPa

ν = 0.3
G= 76,923.08 MPa





Loading Design Properties
fy = 345 MPa

Cf = 2000 kN
Mfx-top = 200 kN-m
Mfx-bottom = 300 kN-m


A
3.7 m

A
Mxf = 200 kN-m
Mxf = 300 kN-m


Section A-A
W310x118
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CSA S16-09 Example 002 - 2
RESULTS COMPARISON
Independent results are taken from Example 1 on page 4-114 of the Hand Book
of Steel Construction to CSA S16-01 published by the Canadian Institute of Steel
Construction.
Output Parameter SAP2000 Independent
Percent
Difference
Compactness Class 2 Class 2 0.00%
Axial Capacity, Cr (kN) 3849.5 3849.5 0.00%
Bending Capacity, Mr33
(kN-m)
605.5 605.5 0.00%
COMPUTER FILE: CSA S16-09 EX002
CONCLUSION
The results show an exact comparison with the independent results.










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CSA S16-09 Example 002 - 3
HAND CALCULATION

Properties:
Material:
fy = 345 MPa
E = 200,000 MPa
G = 76923.08 MPa
Section: W310x118
Ag = 15000 mm
2

r33 = 135.4006 mm, r22 = 77.5457 mm
I22 = 90,200,000 mm
4
Z33 = 1,950,000 mm
3
J = 1,600,000 mm
4

12 6
1.966 10 mm
w
C = -
2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2
22 33
0 0 77.5457 135.4006
o o o
r x y r r = + + + = + + +
2 2
24346.658mm
o
r =
Member:
lz= le33 = le22 = 3700 mm (unbraced length)
kz=k33 = k22 =1.0
0.9 | =

Loadings:
2000 kN
f
C =
,top
200 kN-m
a xf
M M = =
,bottom
300 kN-m
b xf
M M = =


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CSA S16-09 Example 002 - 4
Section Compactness:
Localized Buckling for Flange:
.1
145 145
7.81
345
Cl
y
F
ì = = =
.2
170 170
9.15
345
Cl
y
F
ì = = =
307
8.21
2 2 18.7
f
f
b
t
ì = = =
-

.1 .2 Cl Cl
ì < ì < ì ,
Flange is Class 2.

Localized Buckling for Web:
345 15000
5175kN
1000
y y g
C f A
-
= = =
.1
1100 1100 2000
1 0.39 1 0.39 50.30
5175 345
f
Cl
y y
C
C F
| |
| |
ì = ÷ = ÷ =
|
|
|
\ .
\ .

276.6
23.24
11.9
w
h
t
ì = = =
.1 Cl
ì < ì ,
Web is Class 1.

Section is Class 2

Member Compression Capacity:
Flexural Buckling
n = 1.34 (wide flange section)
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CSA S16-09 Example 002 - 5
22 22
22 33 22
22
1.0 3700 345
max( , ) 0.6308
77.5457 200000
y
f
k l
r E
-
ì = ì ì = ì = = =
t

( ) ( )
1 1
2 2 1.34
1.34
1 0.9 15000 345 1 0.6308
n
n
r g y
C A F
÷ ÷
-
= | +ì = - - - +
3489.5kN
r
C =

Torsional & Lateral-Torsional Buckling
2 2 5
2 2
33 33
33
2 10
2643MPa
1 3700
135.4006
ex
E
F
k l
r
t t -
= = =
- | | | |
|
|
\ .
\ .

2 2 5
2 2
22 22
22
2 10
867MPa
1 3700
77.5457
ey
E
F
k l
r
t t -
= = =
- | | | |
|
|
\ .
\ .

( )
2
2 2
1
w
ez
g o
z z
EC
F GJ
A r
k l
| |
t
| = +
|
\ .
( )
2 5 12
6
2
2 10 1.966 10 1
76923.08 1.6 10
15000 24347
1 3700
ez
F
| |
t - - - -
| = + - -
|
-
-
\ .

1113.222MPa
eZ
F =
( )
min , , 867MPa
e ex ey ez ey
F F F F F = = =
( ) ( )
1 1
2 2 1.34
1.34
1 0.9 15000 867 1 0.6308
n
n
r g e
C A F
÷ ÷
-
= | +ì = - - - +
9674.5kN
r
C = (does not govern)

Section Bending Capacity:
33 33
1, 950, 000 345 672.75kN-m
p y
M Z F = = - =

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CSA S16-09 Example 002 - 6
Member Bending Capacity:
2
2
1.75 1.05 0.3 2.5
a a
b b
M M
M M
| | | |
e = + + s
| |
\ . \ .

2
2
200 200
1.75 1.05 0.3 2.583 2.5
300 300
| | | |
e = + + = s
| |
\ . \ .

So
2
2.5 e =
2
2
22 22
22 22
u w
E
M EI GJ I C
l l
| | e t t
= +
|
\ .
2
5
5 7 6 7 12
2.5 2 10
2 10 9.02 10 76923.08 1.6 10 9.02 10 1.966 10
3700 3700
u
M
| | - - -
= - - - - - - + - - -
|
\ .
t t

3163.117kN-m
u
M =
Since
33
0.67
u p
M M > -
33
33 33 33
1.15 1 0.28
p
r p p
u
M
M M M
M
(
= | ÷ s |
(
¸ ¸

33
672.75
1.15 0.9 672.75 1 0.28 0.9 672.75
3163.117
r
M
(
= - - ÷ s -
(
¸ ¸

33
654.830 605.475
r
M = s
33
605.5kN-m
r
M =