Dr. Ayvazyanhas written a good book, in TheArmenian Military in the Byzanwhich episodes p ,l a c e s a n dt h e n a m e s of the tine Empire.

Conflict and Alliance protagonisti sn A r m e n i a nh i s t o r ya n d t h e i r under Maurice. and Justinian relations with Byzantium between the sixth a n d t h e e a r l ys e v e n t h century a r e d e s c r i b e d ISBN:978-2917329399 with extreme Author: Dr. ArmenAyvazyan orecision. Fages:128 The book, splendidly introduced by llkka Publisher: Editions Sigest is dividedinto two parts. Syvanne, The longer Address Publisher: of firstpartdeals with theinsurrection of theArmehttp://ed itions. sigest. net n i a na r m ya g a i n stth e l m p e r i ap l o w e ro f J u s t i n Reviewer: Raffaele d'Amato i a n i n A D 5 3 8 - 9 ,c u l m i n a t i n ig n the Battle of Avnik and the escaoe of the Armenian rebels into Sassanid Persian territory. Thechiefprotag( ' N a k h a r a r ' ) an important o n i s ti n t h i s r e b e l l i o n was Prince role in the Romanlmperial army. Artabanes Arshakuni, one of Justinian's gener- Ayvazyan skillfully introduces the verycomplex played situatlon als who, beforeand afterthe rebellion, in Armenia, dividedbetween the two
a a a a o a a a a a a

Medieval Warlare lll-6 55

but defendof Romeand Persia, superpowers e d b y a m a i n l ye t h n i ca r m y d r i v e nb y p r i d e H .e o f n a t i o n a li n d e p e n d e n c e and feelings by a was staged that the rebellion explains of Armenians Roman a r m y m a i n l yc o m p o s e d r ndtaxation ee h a v i o ua a g a i n stth e o p p r e s s i vb r cacius. l o v e r n oA o f t h e l m p e r i ag on touches I n t h e f i r s tc h a p t e rA , yvazyan chapI n t h es e c o n d o r t h er e v o l t . t h e r e a s o nfs s li t u a t i o o nf w i t h t h eg e o p o l i t i c a t e r ,d e a l i n g phases he various A r m e n i a ,h e r e c o n s t r u c t s A r t a b a n ea snd between of the confrontation o n o n e s i d e ,a n d J u s t i n i a n g the rebels ' se n e r p, r o b a b l y a n ds e n t a l s oa n A r m e n i a n al Sittas to put down the insurrecby the Emperor presents T h et h i r d c h a p t e r tion,on the other. nf t h e B a t t l eo f a v e r y g o o d r e c o n s t r u c t i oo was killedand the Avnik,in which Sittas se t a i l e d . y v a z y a n 'd l m p e r i a la r m y d e f e a t e dA of the th ge p a u c i t y a n a l y s i sn ,o t w i t h s t a n d i n l vidence, sources a n d t h e s c a r c eh i s t o r i c a e of the notes in the richness is impressive , n d s h o w sh i s e n c y c l o p e d i c a n d q u o t a t i o n sa o f t h e p e r i o d- w h i c h c h a r a c t e r knowledge i z e st h e w h o l e b o o k . After narrating the end of the rebell i o n - w h e n t h e A r m e n i a nf o r c e sw i t h d r e w offeredtheir serviceto the into Persarmenia, yp o n t a n e S a s s a n i ak ni n g , a n d s u b s e q u e n t ls ously returnedto the Romanside - Ayvazysnd o f t h e A r m e n i a na he tactics a n a n a l y s ets exploits them with their previous compares H .e a g a i n s tb o t h R o m a n sa n d S a s s a n i a n s wereoften tactics that the favourite concludes (a)retreat of the enemyin and the engagement with , ombined o f A r m e n i ac therugged terrain (b)combatin to counter-offensive; a transition which was easier of Armenia, the highlands or (c) the premedif o r t h e n a t i v ew a r r i o r s ; H .e t a t e d k i l l i n g o f t h e e n e m yc o m m a n d e r s the Sreat reputationthat also demonstrates both from enjoyedas fighters, the Armenians Romans andPersians. f n t h e s e c o n dp a r t o f t h e b o o k , A y v a z y of for the omission the reasons an analyses Maurice's from the emDeror the Armenians in his famous enemies, list of the empire's a t o p i ca l s o m i l i t a r yt r e a t i s et,h e S t r a t e g i k o(n by Ayvazyanin MedievalWarfare discussed h e e x i s t e n c eo f a l l - 4 ) . H e d e m o n s t r a t ets g e n e r a lp r e j u d i c et o w a r d s t h e A r m e n i a n s in the beginning i n s i d et h e R o m a ne m p i r e , i n gu p t o t h eM i d d l e classica alg ea n dc o n t i n u o f t h e i r f i e r c ea n d i n d e p e n d A g e s ,b e c a u s e e n t c h a r a c t ea r n d t h e i r s t r o n gn a t i o n a li d e n t, h e m a i n r e a s o nf o r t h e tity. Nonetheless t h e r e i g no f M a u r i c e , i s t h a t ,c f o r i n g omission

t h e A r m e n i a n sw e r e a s t r o n g e l e m e n t o t , nd so it would have t h e R o m a nm i l i t a r y a i n a p p r o priate to present hem t o t a l l y been ( e v e n t h o s e s t i l l f i g h t i n gu n d e r S a s s a n i a n o f t h e e m p i r e ,e s p e as enemies command) m a n u a f l o r o f f i c e r sm , a n yo f i n a f i e l d cially A r m e n i a n s . w e r e t h e m s e l v e s whom n t h i sb o o k a p p r e c i a t eid W h a t I h a v er e a l l y of i m p a r t i a a l nalvsis c l e a r a n d is the author's f i g h t i n g i n s i de w a r r i o r s o f A r m e n i a n thespirit o f t h e R o m an m i l i t a r y m a c h i n e t h e a n do u t s i d e t o p r e i u d i c e t h e H e d e m o n s t r a t e s Empire. s u b i e c t e d, w e r e s o m e t i m e s A r m e n i a n s which w h o , M a u r i c e E m p e r o r o f liketheconspiracy ll, Kingof the Persians, w r i t i n gt o K o s h r o w milir e move t h eA r m e n i a n proposed t h e y that of the it in remote areas resettle tary classand B u t , o n the e m o i r e s . S a s s a n i a n R o m a na n d i m p o r t a n c t e hat t h e h a n d , h e u n d e r l i n e s other o f t he B v z a n t i n e a r m v h a d i n t h e Armenians ( a n d l a t e r). a l s o c e n t u r i e s sixthand seventh l o s s o f t h e t h e t r u e a f t e r T h i sw a s e s o e c i a l l v A v a r s i n t h e e a r l y a n d to the Slavs Balkans E m p i r e t h e w h i c h c o m p e l l e d century, seventh A r m e n i a . i n A n a t o l i a a n d t o f i n d i t sm a n p o w e r A r m e n i a n s h o w o f t e n t h e H e a l s ou n d e r l i n e s a ,l t h o u g h w e r e p r o u d t o b e R o m a ng e n e r a l s c o ntrol. t o i m p e r i a l w a s s u b j e c t e d t h e i rl a n d reierences to important some There are w h o A r m e n i a n s , o f t h e equipment t h em i l i t a r y w e r e b u t h e a v y c a v a l r y m e n , a c t e dm a i n l ya s a n d i n f a n t r y a , r c h e r s a s also well-organized nr t et h e . h eo n l y d i s a p p o i n t m e a p e a s a nlte v y T m i n i a t u r e s that a n d o f c o d i c e s illustrations p e r i o d . i t w o uld M a y b e t o t h i s are unrelated of the to see some more informative havebeen century carved reliefsfrom the fifth-seventh A r m e n i a n c h urches v i s i b l e o n t h e t h a ta r es t i l l m i n iatures p e r i o d , i n t e r e s t i n g o r s o m e of the A r m enian r e p r e s e n t i n g m a n u s c r i p t s from p e r i o d . t h e o ther O n o f t h e s a m e warriors e s p e c ially a n d , m a p s a r e d e t a i l e d h a n d ,t h e of o f t h e c a m p a i g n d e s c r i p t i o n in the minute i n m i lif i l l a g a p t h e A r t a b a n e s , versus Sittas fronRoman north-east of the tarycartography two centuries. t i e rd u r i n gt h e s e Ayvazan's book is clear proof of how Dr. and f o r historiant so a n a l y s e i t i s important T h e y a r e a ble h i s t o r y . o w n l a n d ' s narrate their k n o w l e d g e t,o l o c a l t o t h e i r n o t o n l y ,t h a n k s o n t h e t e r m i n o l o gy c l e a r l i g h t s h e dn e w a n d i d e n t i fy b u t a l s o t o p r o t a g o n i s t s , and of places i g n o r e d b y t h e o f t e n e l e m e n t s , socio-cultura t, h a ta r ev e r yi m p o r t a nfto r a g e n e r ah l istorian history. of general betterunderstanding

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