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Fluid Mechanics

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Pascal law is not applicable for a/an __________ fluid. A. B. C. D. accelerating frictionless static uniformly moving none of these

Answer: Option D Explanation: No answer description available for this question. Let us discuss. View Answer Workspace Report Discuss in Forum 2.

In a fluidised bed reactor A. B. C. D. temperature gradients are very high. temperature is more or less uniform. hot spots are formed. segregation of the solids occurs.

Answer: Option B Explanation: No answer description available for this question. Let us discuss. View Answer Workspace Report Discuss in Forum 3.

The flow of a liquid through tapering pipe at a constant rate is an example of __________ flow. A. B. steady uniform steady non uniform

C. D.

Answer: Option B Explanation: No answer description available for this question. Let us discuss. View Answer Workspace Report Discuss in Forum 4.

Pick out the correct statement pertaining to transition/ entrance length in fluid flow. A. The length of entrance region of pipe, in which full development of fluid flow takes place such that velocity profile does not change downstream, is called the transition length. Transition length for laminar flow of Newtonion fluids in a pipe of diameter 'd' is equal to 0.05. D.NRe. Transition length for turbulent flow of Newtonion fluids in a smooth pipe of diameter 'd' is equal to 50 D. all (a), (b) and (c).

B.

C.

D.

Answer: Option D Explanation: No answer description available for this question. Let us discuss. View Answer Workspace Report Discuss in Forum 5.

A perfect gas A. B. C. D. does not satisfy PV = nRT. is incompressible and has zero viscosity. has constant specific heat. can't develop shear stresses.

Answer: Option C Explanation: No answer description available for this question. Let us discuss. 6.

In a/an __________ , the flow rate of fluids is obtained by measuring the difference between the impact and the static pressure. A. B. C. D. rotameter pitot tube venturimeter flow nozzle

Answer: Option B Explanation: No answer description available for this question. Let us discuss. View Answer Workspace Report Discuss in Forum 7. During fluid flow, variation of shear stress() with velocity gradientat temperature is shown below in the figure constant pressure

Answer: Option B Explanation: No answer description available for this question. Let us discuss. View Answer Workspace Report Discuss in Forum 8.

Speed of sound in an ideal gas depends on its A. B. C. D. temperature pressure specific volume none of these

Answer: Option A Explanation: No answer description available for this question. Let us discuss. View Answer Workspace Report Discuss in Forum 9.

A centrifugal pump designed for handling water ( = 1 cp) will deliver __________ when pumping a thicker oil ( = 30 cp). A. B. C. D. less head & capacity more head more capacity less head & more capacity

No answer description available for this question. Let us discuss. View Answer Workspace Report Discuss in Forum 10. If 'x' is the depth of flow in an open channel of large width, then the hydraulic radius is equal to A. C. x x/3 B. D. x/2 2x/3

Answer: Option A Explanation: No answer description available for this question. Let us discuss.

11. In fluid flow, the boundary layer separation can not occur A. B. C. D. in case of boundaries experiencing form drag. at points of abrupt changes in the flow directions. in laminar flow. none of these.

Answer: Option D Explanation: No answer description available for this question. Let us discuss. View Answer Workspace Report Discuss in Forum 12. For a given fluid flow rate, which of the following incurs maximum head loss ? A. B. C. Orifice meter Venturimeter Flow nozzle

D.

Answer: Option A Explanation: No answer description available for this question. Let us discuss. View Answer Workspace Report Discuss in Forum 13. Which of the following assumptions enables the Euler's equation of motion to be integrated ? A. B. C. D. The fluid is incompressible. The fluid is non-viscous. The continuity equation is satisfied. The flow is rotational and incompressible.

Answer: Option A Explanation: No answer description available for this question. Let us discuss. View Answer Workspace Report Discuss in Forum 14. In case of a pipe exit fitted with a nozzle, the A. B. conversion of kinetic head to pressure head is facilitated. conversion of pressure head to kinetic head is facilitated. power transmitted through the nozzle is maximum, when the head lost due to friction in the pipe is equal to one third of the total supply head. both (b) and (c)

C.

D.

Answer: Option D

Explanation: No answer description available for this question. Let us discuss. View Answer Workspace Report Discuss in Forum 15. A fluid whose apparent viscosity increases with shear rate is termed as the __________ fluid. A. C. Newtonion dilatant B. D. viscous non-viscous

Answer: Option C Explanation: No answer description available for this question. Let us discuss.

16. Which of the following is the most common pump for pumping either raw sewage or sludge ? A. B. C. D. Electromagnetic pump Centrifugal pump Reciprocating pump Gear pump

Answer: Option C Explanation: No answer description available for this question. Let us discuss. View Answer Workspace Report Discuss in Forum 17. Transition length for a turbulent fluid entering into a pipe is around __________ times the pipe diameter. A. C. 5 500 B. D. 50 1000

Answer: Option B Explanation: No answer description available for this question. Let us discuss. View Answer Workspace Report Discuss in Forum 18. For turbulent flow of an incompressible fluid through a pipe, the flow rate Q is proportional to ( P)n, where P is the pressure drop. The value of exponent 'n' is A. B. C. D. 1 0 <1 >1

Answer: Option C Explanation: No answer description available for this question. Let us discuss. View Answer Workspace Report Discuss in Forum 19. Reciprocating pumps are not able to compete with the centrifugal pump for industrial use, mainly because these pumps have A. B. C. D. very low speeds. smaller discharge. higher capital &maintenance cost. high vibrations.

No answer description available for this question. Let us discuss. View Answer Workspace Report Discuss in Forum 20. Which is the correct relationship for a centrifugal pump ? (where, D = Impeller diameter, inches H = Head developed, ft of liquid pumped N = Speed of pump, rpm) A. B. C. D. D = 1840 H0.5/N D = 1840 N/H0.5 H = 1840 D0.5/N D = 1840 H/N

Answer: Option A Explanation: No answer description available for this question. Let us discuss. 21. Which of the following pipe bends will incur the largest head loss ? A. B. C. D. U-bend 30 bend 45 bend 90 bend

Answer: Option A Explanation: No answer description available for this question. Let us discuss. View Answer Workspace Report Discuss in Forum 22. Which is the most efficient and best for measuring very small flow rate of gases ? A. Venturimeter

B. C. D.

Answer: Option C Explanation: No answer description available for this question. Let us discuss. View Answer Workspace Report Discuss in Forum 23. When the water is warm, the height to which it can be lifted by a pump A. B. C. D. decreases due to reduced viscosity. decreases due to reduced vapour pressure. increases due to increased vapour pressure decreases due to increased frictional resistance.

Answer: Option B Explanation: No answer description available for this question. Let us discuss. View Answer Workspace Report Discuss in Forum 24. Pipes having diameter 14 inches or more are designated by their A. B. C. D. outside diameter inside diameter schedule number none of these

Answer: Option A Explanation: No answer description available for this question. Let us discuss. View Answer Workspace Report Discuss in Forum 25. Viscosity of water at 40C lies in the range of A. B. C. D. 1 x 10-3 to 2 x 10-3 kg/m.s 0.5 x 10-3 to 1 x 10-3 kg/m.s 1 to 2 kg/m.s 0.5 to 1 kg/m.s

Answer: Option B Explanation: No answer description available for this question. Let us discuss.

26. A centrifugal pump has the following specifications: Power = 4 H.P.; Speed = 800 rpm Head = 8 metres Flow = 1000 litres/minutes. If its speed is halved, the new discharge will be __________ litres/minute. A. C. 500 1000 B. D. 200 750

Answer: Option A Explanation: No answer description available for this question. Let us discuss. View Answer Workspace Report Discuss in Forum

27. The dimension of kinematic viscosity is A. B. C. D. ML-2T-1 L2T-1 ML-2T-2 none of these

Answer: Option B Explanation: No answer description available for this question. Let us discuss. View Answer Workspace Report Discuss in Forum 28. A pipe of I.D. 4 m is bifurcated into two pipes of I.D. 2 m each. If the average velocity of water flowing through the main pipe is 5 m/sec, the average velocity through the bifurcated pipes is A. B. C. D. 20 m/sec 10 m/sec 52 m/sec 5 m/sec

Answer: Option B Explanation: No answer description available for this question. Let us discuss. View Answer Workspace Report Discuss in Forum 29. Turbulent flow generally occurs for cases involving A. B. highly viscous fluid very narrow passages

C. D.

Answer: Option D Explanation: No answer description available for this question. Let us discuss. View Answer Workspace Report Discuss in Forum 30. Lower BWG means __________ of the tube. A. B. C. D. lower thickness lower cross-section outer diameter inner diameter

Answer: Option B Explanation: No answer description available for this question. Let us discuss. 31. For laminar flow of Newtonion fluid in a circular pipe, the velocity distribution is a function of the distance 'd' measured from the centre line of the pipe, and it follows a __________ relationship. A. C. logarithmic hyperbolic B. D. parabolic linear

Answer: Option B Explanation: No answer description available for this question. Let us discuss.

View Answer Workspace Report Discuss in Forum 32. The Prandtl mixing length is A. B. C. D. zero at the pipe wall and is a universal constant. independent of radial distance from the pipe axis. independent of the shear stress. useful for computing laminar flow problems.

Answer: Option D Explanation: No answer description available for this question. Let us discuss. View Answer Workspace Report Discuss in Forum 33. N2Re/NFr is called the __________ number. A. C. Brinkman Archimedes B. D. Galileo Euler

Answer: Option B Explanation: No answer description available for this question. Let us discuss. View Answer Workspace Report Discuss in Forum 34. The location of centre of pressure, which defines the point of application of the total pressure force on the surface, can be calculated by applying the principle of moments according to which "sum of the moment of the resultant force about an axis is equal to the sum of the components about the same axis". The centre of pressure of a rectangular surface (of width 'w') immersed vertically in a static mass of fluid is at a depth of(where, y = depth of the liquid) A.

B.

2y/3

C.

D.

3y/4

Answer: Option B Explanation: No answer description available for this question. Let us discuss. View Answer Workspace Report Discuss in Forum 35. As the velocity V and thus the Reynolds number of a flow past a sphere increases from very low value, the drag force for Re << 1 A. B. C. D. increases linearly with V. decreases linearly with V. decreases as V2. none of these.

Answer: Option A Explanation: No answer description available for this question. Let us discuss. 36. Self-priming centrifugal pump can be used for A. B. C. booster service. pumping liquid fertilisers (e.g. liquid NH3). pumping industrial wastes.

D.

Answer: Option D Explanation: No answer description available for this question. Let us discuss. View Answer Workspace Report Discuss in Forum 37. Water hammer is caused, when water flowing in a pipe is suddenly brought to rest by closing the valve. The extent of pressure thus produced due to water hammer depends on the A. B. C. D. pipe length fluid velocity in the pipe time taken to close the valve all (a), (b) and (c)

Answer: Option D Explanation: No answer description available for this question. Let us discuss. View Answer Workspace Report Discuss in Forum 38. Bernoull's equation does not apply to the functioning of a/an A. B. C. D. venturimeter orificem pitot tube none of these

Answer: Option D

Explanation: No answer description available for this question. Let us discuss. View Answer Workspace Report Discuss in Forum 39. What is the shear rate at the pipe wall, in case of laminar flow of Newtonion fluids in a pipe of diameter 'D' & length 'L' incurring a pressure drop 'p' with average velocity 'Vavg'? A. B. C. D. D p/8L D p/4L 8 . Vavg/D 4 . Vavg/D

Answer: Option C Explanation: No answer description available for this question. Let us discuss. View Answer Workspace Report Discuss in Forum 40. Pascal's law is valid, only when the fluid is A. B. C. D. frictionless and at rest. at rest. at rest and when the frictionless fluid is in motion. none of these.

Answer: Option B Explanation: No answer description available for this question. Let us discuss.

41. A centrifugal pump is used to pump water through a horizontal distance of 150 m, and then raised to an overhead tank 10 m above. The pipe is smooth with an I.D of 50 mm. What head (m of

water) must the pump generate at its exit (E) to deliver water at a flow rate of 0.001 m3/s? The Fanning friction factor, f is 0.0062.

A. B. C. D.

10 m 11 m 12 m 20 m

Answer: Option B Explanation: No answer description available for this question. Let us discuss. View Answer Workspace Report Discuss in Forum 42. The pressure head of a flow meter remains constant for A. B. C. D. venturimeter orificemeter rotameter pitot tube

Answer: Option C Explanation: No answer description available for this question. Let us discuss. View Answer Workspace Report Discuss in Forum 43. A venturimeter can not be used for the direct measurement of

A. B. C. D.

datum difference in the stretch of pipeflow pressure difference in the flow throughpipeline. friction loss in pipe flow. all (a), (b) and (c).

Answer: Option D Explanation: No answer description available for this question. Let us discuss. View Answer Workspace Report Discuss in Forum 44. A double acting reciprocating pump compared to a single acting pump (of almost same size working under same pressure levels) would give almost double A. B. C. D. head discharge efficiency none of these

Answer: Option B Explanation: No answer description available for this question. Let us discuss. View Answer Workspace Report Discuss in Forum 45. Which of the following is used for very accurate measurement of flow of gas at low velocity ? A. B. Pitot tube Rotameter

C. D.

Answer: Option D Explanation: No answer description available for this question. Let us discuss.

46. The rate of shear versus the shear stress curves are time dependent for __________ fluid. A. B. C. D. thixotropic rheopectic both (a) & (b) neither (a) nor (b)

Answer: Option C Explanation: No answer description available for this question. Let us discuss. View Answer Workspace Report Discuss in Forum 47. In Newton's law range, the drag co-efficient for the motion of spherical particle in a stationary fluid is A. C. 0.44 4.4 B. D. 0.044 44

Answer: Option A Explanation: No answer description available for this question. Let us discuss.

View Answer Workspace Report Discuss in Forum 48. A pressure of 10 m head of water is equivalent to __________ kN/m2. A. C. 98 196 B. D. 147 49

Answer: Option A Explanation: No answer description available for this question. Let us discuss. View Answer Workspace Report Discuss in Forum 49. A pressure head of 320 metres of water in meters of CCl4 (sp.gr = 1.6) will be A. C. 100 320 B. D. 200 160

Answer: Option B Explanation: No answer description available for this question. Let us discuss. View Answer Workspace Report Discuss in Forum 50. Pick out the Kozney-Karman equation (valid for low NRe) for fluid flow through a packed bed of solids. A.

B.

C.

D.

Answer: Option C Explanation: No answer description available for this question. Let us discuss.

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