1.7K views

Uploaded by Mohlala

save

- Power Factor Correction
- Undersanding Power Factor
- Power Factor Correction
- Power Factor
- Power Factor Correction actual.ppt
- Power factor
- Basics of Power Factor Correction
- Power Factor Correction
- Power Factor Correction
- power factor correction & pfc converters
- Definition of Power Factor
- Power Factor Correction (1)
- Capacitors for Power Factor Correction
- Power Factor Correction
- method to improve power factor
- power factor
- A Project Report on Bridge Rectifier
- MSB Digital Multi Function Meter Hobut M850
- ITC- Power Factor Correction
- How Power Factor Corection Works
- Automatic Power Factor Corrector Using Capacitive Load Bank Project Report
- Abstract --UPFC-Unified Power Factor Control
- Reactive Power Computation
- Power Factor and Power factor Correction
- Project report on input power factor correction of ac to dc converter circuit
- POWER FACTOR CORRECTION IN AC-DC CONVERTERS WITH BOOST TOPOLOGY
- Power Factor Correction (PFC) Basics
- power factor correction AC-DC converter
- Spectrum of a Digital Signal
- Testing Power Transformers
- The Innovators: How a Group of Hackers, Geniuses, and Geeks Created the Digital Revolution
- Dispatches from Pluto: Lost and Found in the Mississippi Delta
- Elon Musk: Tesla, SpaceX, and the Quest for a Fantastic Future
- The Unwinding: An Inner History of the New America
- Yes Please
- Sapiens: A Brief History of Humankind
- The Prize: The Epic Quest for Oil, Money & Power
- The Emperor of All Maladies: A Biography of Cancer
- A Heartbreaking Work Of Staggering Genius: A Memoir Based on a True Story
- This Changes Everything: Capitalism vs. The Climate
- Grand Pursuit: The Story of Economic Genius
- Devil in the Grove: Thurgood Marshall, the Groveland Boys, and the Dawn of a New America
- John Adams
- Smart People Should Build Things: How to Restore Our Culture of Achievement, Build a Path for Entrepreneurs, and Create New Jobs in America
- The Hard Thing About Hard Things: Building a Business When There Are No Easy Answers
- Rise of ISIS: A Threat We Can't Ignore
- The World Is Flat 3.0: A Brief History of the Twenty-first Century
- The New Confessions of an Economic Hit Man
- Team of Rivals: The Political Genius of Abraham Lincoln
- Bad Feminist: Essays
- Steve Jobs
- Angela's Ashes: A Memoir
- How To Win Friends and Influence People
- The Incarnations: A Novel
- You Too Can Have a Body Like Mine: A Novel
- The Sympathizer: A Novel (Pulitzer Prize for Fiction)
- Extremely Loud and Incredibly Close: A Novel
- Leaving Berlin: A Novel
- The Silver Linings Playbook: A Novel
- The Light Between Oceans: A Novel
- The Flamethrowers: A Novel
- Brooklyn: A Novel
- The First Bad Man: A Novel
- We Are Not Ourselves: A Novel
- The Blazing World: A Novel
- The Rosie Project: A Novel
- Bel Canto
- The Master
- A Man Called Ove: A Novel
- The Love Affairs of Nathaniel P.: A Novel
- Life of Pi
- The Cider House Rules
- A Prayer for Owen Meany: A Novel
- The Perks of Being a Wallflower
- Lovers at the Chameleon Club, Paris 1932: A Novel
- The Bonfire of the Vanities: A Novel
- Beautiful Ruins: A Novel
- The Kitchen House: A Novel
- Interpreter of Maladies
- The Wallcreeper
- The Art of Racing in the Rain: A Novel
- Wolf Hall: A Novel
- A Tree Grows in Brooklyn

You are on page 1of 10

**Presented by: Katlego Mohlala : 920316383
**

and

: Stalin M Ndlovu : 200603148

POWER FACTOR CORRECTION

Stalin M Ndlovu and Katlego Mohlala Page 2

Table of Contents

1. Objective ............................................................................................................................. 3

2. Power Factor Correction ...................................................................................................... 3

3. Requirements ...................................................................................................................... 3

4. Apparatus ............................................................................................................................ 4

5. Method ............................................................................................................................... 4

6. Results and Calculations ...................................................................................................... 5

7. Discussion ......................................................................................................................... 10

8. Conclusion ......................................................................................................................... 10

Table of figures

Figure 1: circuit before correction ................................................................ 4

Figure 2: simplified circuit before correction ............................................... 4

Figure 3: Phasor diagram at lagging power factor (before correction) .......... 6

Figure 4: Measured power factor (time delay) ............................................. 7

Figure 5: Phasor diagram after power factor correction ................................ 8

Figure 6: measured voltage and current after correction ............................... 9

POWER FACTOR CORRECTION

Stalin M Ndlovu and Katlego Mohlala Page 3

1. Objective

To perform power factor correction on a circuit with resistor and inductors.

2. Power Factor Correction

The topic of power factor correction is similar to that of matching a transmission

line; it is of at most importance to match the transmission line such that there are

no reflections from the load back to the source. While power factor correction

looks at the situation from the current point of view. Industrial loads consist of

heavy inductive machines and long cables. Due to the inductive nature of the

circuit reactive power will results because the more the inductance the more

current required for the same power that can be delivered by a none inductive

load.

Z

total

= R+jX

l

; impedance of the circuit.

Ө=arctan

Xl

**=pf; power factor angle.
**

If pf<1 lagging (inductor dominates).

If pf>1 leading (capacitor dominates).

Pf=1; unity (equal compensation between inductor and capacitor i.e. no reactive

power).

The lack of a good power factor can result in huge losses in both the equipment

and the transmission lines in power systems, this can be a huge economical strain

for any Power distribution utility like Eskom

3. Requirements

- To design a circuit with a lagging power factor.

- To correct the power factor of the circuit close to unity.

POWER FACTOR CORRECTION

Stalin M Ndlovu and Katlego Mohlala Page 4

4. Apparatus

- 2 Isolators

- LCR meter

- Multi-meter

- The orange box

- Oscilloscope

5. Method

Input voltage: 40V

Input frequency 50Hz

Figure 1: circuit before correction

Figure 2: simplified circuit before correction

POWER FACTOR CORRECTION

Stalin M Ndlovu and Katlego Mohlala Page 5

6. Results and Calculations

Theoretical (determined by using circuit parameters)

O Z =

O + =

+ =

÷

=

0

9 . 34 13 . 406

5 . 232 3 . 333

Im

40

Z

j Z

JX R Z

pedance Total

V V

l

rms in

Current drawn by components.

mA

Z

V

I

in

in

0

0

0

9 . 34 5 . 98

9 . 34 13 . 406

0 40

÷ Z =

Z

Z

= =

Power factor angle

82 . 0 9 . 34 cos cos = ÷ = = u pf

Lagging

The power factor is however large but this does not stop us correcting power

factor. We are looking at a practical purpose and we aimed for unity.

- From the power factor angle we can decrease the current drawn by the

inductor by increasing the power factor as close to unity as possible. This

was for experimental purpose thus we can aim for unity “ideal situation”.

POWER FACTOR CORRECTION

Stalin M Ndlovu and Katlego Mohlala Page 6

Complex Power

Figure 3: Phasor diagram at lagging power factor (before correction)

( )

VA S

VAR Q

W P

VA j S

VA S

VI S

jQ P S

o

o

9 . 34 94 . 3

256 . 2

323 . 3

256 . 2 232 . 3

9 . 34 0985 . 0 40

*

Z =

=

=

+ =

Z =

=

+ =

POWER FACTOR CORRECTION

Stalin M Ndlovu and Katlego Mohlala Page 7

Measured power factor

Figure 4: Measured power factor (time delay)

=

× ° =

.

× ° = . °

Power factor was calculated to be: pf=cos39.6

0

=0.77 lagging

The difference between the theoretical calculation and the actual measured power

factor is 0.05. the difference is quite small and we can neglect it.

Power factor correction

Required capacitance for correction

Ideally we want the power factor to be 1, thus we correct our power factor to 0.95

lagging. This will give a new angle between the voltage and current.

o

new

2 . 18 95 . 0 cos

1

= =

÷

u

At this new power factor we can approximate the capacitive effect that will be

introduced in the circuit to compensate for the impressed current in the inductors.

POWER FACTOR CORRECTION

Stalin M Ndlovu and Katlego Mohlala Page 8

The resulting capacitive reactive power is as follows:

VAR Q

W P P

mA

V

S

I

VA S

VA j S

F j

fZ

j C

but

S

V

Z

VAR Q Q Q

VAR Q

Q

P

c

new

new

in

new

new

new

new

c

c

new c

new

new

new new

193 . 1

232 . 3

3 . 20

3 . 20 25 . 86

0 40

3 . 20 45 . 3

3 . 20 45 . 3

193 . 1 232 . 3

4 . 2

2 . 1341 50 2

1

2

1

2 . 1341

193 . 1

40

193 . 1 063 . 1 256 . 2

063 . 1

2 . 18 tan 232 . 3

tan

0

0

0

0 *

0

2

*

2

0

=

= =

=

÷ Z =

Z

÷ Z

= =

Z =

+ =

=

× ×

÷ = ÷ =

O = = =

= ÷ = ÷ =

=

=

=

u

u

t t

u u

Figure 5: Phasor diagram after power factor correction

POWER FACTOR CORRECTION

Stalin M Ndlovu and Katlego Mohlala Page 9

Measured power factor after correction

Figure 6: measured voltage and current after correction

The time delay between voltage and current was measured to be 1.12ms

=

× ° =

.

× ° = . °

Pf=cos20.2

0

=0.94

POWER FACTOR CORRECTION

Stalin M Ndlovu and Katlego Mohlala Page 10

7. Discussion

From the above results it can be seen that;

When correcting the power factor the time delay between the current and

voltage is reduced.

The reduced time delay reduces the phase angle i.e. as the phase angle

approaches zero the power factor approaches unity.

The current is always lagging the voltage this is of significant importance

as it reduces distortions.

In power factor correction for a single phase circuit as in figure1 it can be

shown that there is a reduction in the current drawn by the circuit when a

capacitor is introduced in parallel to the load. This was achieved as the

current dropped from 98.5mA to 86.25mA

8. Conclusion

The objective of power factor correction is to attain a power factor close to unity.

The importance of this power factor is to remove all the reactive energy which is

oscillatory. In our design and experiment for power factor correction we corrected

the power factor to 0.94 instead of unity in order to keep little reactive energy for

stability.

- Power Factor CorrectionUploaded byskaarz
- Undersanding Power FactorUploaded byaanas36624
- Power Factor CorrectionUploaded byNiket Kumar Mishra
- Power FactorUploaded byapi-3778950
- Power Factor Correction actual.pptUploaded byKARAM ZAKARIA
- Power factorUploaded bykarthikeyan1973
- Basics of Power Factor CorrectionUploaded byakadivar
- Power Factor CorrectionUploaded bySyed Muhammad Munavvar Hussain
- Power Factor CorrectionUploaded byRalph Jason Alvarez
- power factor correction & pfc convertersUploaded bySandeep Guha Niyogi
- Definition of Power FactorUploaded byKannan.s
- Power Factor Correction (1)Uploaded byJohn Kevin Sarmiento
- Capacitors for Power Factor CorrectionUploaded bymessallam
- Power Factor CorrectionUploaded byJanaka Dissanayake
- method to improve power factorUploaded byasim00786
- power factorUploaded bySuda Krishnarjunarao
- A Project Report on Bridge RectifierUploaded byTirthankar Mohanty
- MSB Digital Multi Function Meter Hobut M850Uploaded bystranfir
- ITC- Power Factor CorrectionUploaded bygopir28
- How Power Factor Corection WorksUploaded byapi-3806201
- Automatic Power Factor Corrector Using Capacitive Load Bank Project ReportUploaded byUtkarsh Agrawal
- Abstract --UPFC-Unified Power Factor ControlUploaded byCharitha Cherry
- Reactive Power ComputationUploaded bySai Teja
- Power Factor and Power factor CorrectionUploaded byAnshul Jain
- Project report on input power factor correction of ac to dc converter circuitUploaded byAkshyat Das
- POWER FACTOR CORRECTION IN AC-DC CONVERTERS WITH BOOST TOPOLOGYUploaded bymdayyub
- Power Factor Correction (PFC) BasicsUploaded byaakici
- power factor correction AC-DC converterUploaded bymatadamahesh1
- Spectrum of a Digital SignalUploaded byMohlala
- Testing Power TransformersUploaded byAbdul Kadhir