You are on page 1of 6

CRANE GIRDER DESIGN

Pv1

MEMBER :

Pv2

3.90 0.00

0.00

Max Wheel Load

No of Wheels

Distance between wheels (du1)


Fh1

CG1

4 wheels

3.90 m

0.00 m

0.00 m

Length of Crane Bridge

9.40 m

Length of Crane Girder (L)

9.00 m

Fh2

155 kN

y
x
z

1. DETERMINE LOAD
a.) VERTICAL LOAD
Pv1

155 kN

without impact

Pv1a

155 x 1.25 =

193.75 kN

Pv2

155 kN

without impact

Pv2a

155 x 1.25 =

193.75 kN

with impact
with impact

Pv3

0 kN

without impact

Pv3a

0 x 1.25 =

0.0 kN

with impact

Pv4

0 kN

without impact

Pv4a

0 x 1.25 =

0 kN

with impact

b.) HORIZONTAL LOAD


Fh1

0.20

[ Pv1 ] =

31.00 kN

Fh2

0.20

[ Pv2 ] =

31.00 kN

Fh3

0.00

[ Pv3 - (Bridge weight) / 8 ] =

0.00 kN

Fh4

0.00

[ Pv4 - (Bridge weight) / 8 ] =

0.00 kN

c.) DEAD LOAD - SELFWEIGHT


W

2.20 kN/m

d.) LOAD FACTOR


f

Dead Load

Vertical and Horizontal Crane Load considered separately


f
=

Vertical and Horizontal Crane Load considered acting together


f
=

2. MAXIMUM MOMENT AND SHEAR


A. MAXIMUM MOMENT DUE TO WHEEL LOAD (W/O IMPACT)

Pv1

Pv2

center

1.575

3.90

Mv

427.98 kN-m

M1

0 kN-m

M1

297.01 kN-m

M2

427.98 kN-m

M4

0.00 kN-m

M5

0 kN-m

M6

0 kN-m

3.525

L = 9.0 m

Kn-m
427.98 kN-m
MOMENT DIAGRAM

(MAX. )

B. MAXIMUM SHEAR DUE TO WHEEL LOAD (W/O IMPACT)


Pv1

y
x

Qv

242.66 kN

Q1

242.66 kN

Q2

87.66 kN

Q3

-67.34 kN

Q4

-67.34 kN

Q5

-67.34 kN

(MAX. )

Pv2

3.90

5.10
L = 9.0 m

0.00
242.66 kN

88 kN
-67.3 kN
-67.34 kN

-67.34 kN

SHEAR DIAGRAM
C. MAXIMUM MOMENT DUE TO LATERAL WHEEL LOAD
Fh1

Mh

29.06 kN-m

Np = Mh/1.0

29.06 kN

(MAX. )

M4

0.00 kN-m

M5

0.00 kN-m

M6

0 kN-m

Fh

31.00 kN-m

(MAX. )

Mv2

535 kN-m

(MAX. )

M1

0 kN-m

M1

371.27 kN-m

M2

535.00 kN-m

M4

535.00 kN-m

M5

535.00 kN-m

z
x
4.50

4.50
L = 3.75 m
Fh1

59.41 Kn-m
Le = 3.75

29.06 kN-m
MOMENT DIAGRAM

D. MAXIMUM SHEAR DUE TO LATERAL WHEEL LOAD


Fh1

z
x

L = 3.75 m
Fh1

48.53 kN

18 kN
0.0 kN
Le = 3.75
SHEAR DIAGRAM

E. MAXIMUM MOMENT DUE TO WHEEL LOAD (W/ IMPACT)

Pv1a

Pv2a

center

1.575

3.90

3.525

L = 9.0 m

371.27 Kn-m
535.00 kN-m
MOMENT DIAGRAM

M6

0 kN m

F. MAXIMUM SHEAR DUE TO WHEEL LOAD (W/ IMPACT)


Pv1a

0.01

Qv2

303.33 kN

Q1

303.33 kN

Q2

109.58 kN

Q3

-84.17 kN

Q4

-84.17 kN

Q5

-84.17 kN

Pv2a

8.99
L = 9.0 m

0.00
303.33 kN

110 kN
-84.17 kN

-84.17 kN

-84.17 kN

SHEAR DIAGRAM
G. MAXIMUM MOMENT AND SHEAR DUE TO SELFWEIGHT
Q

WL

2.20

9.00

9.90 kN
WL^2

2.20

9.00

^2

22.28 kN-m

H. FACTORED MOMENT AND SHEAR


a.) Vertical crane load with impact and no horizontal crane load
Maximum moment
Mx

1.4 x M + 1.6 x Mv2

( 1.4 x 22.28 ) + ( 1.6 x 535.00)


887.19
kN-m

Maximum shear
Fa

1.4 x Q + 1.6 x Qv2

( 1.4 x 9.90 ) + ( 1.6 x 303.33)


499.19
kN

b.) Vertical crane load with no impact and horizontal crane load
Vertical maximum moment
Mx

Maximum axial load

1.4 x M + 1.6 x Mv1

( 1.4 x 22.28 ) + ( 1.6 x 427.98)


715.96
kN-m

1.6 x Np

1.6 x 29.06

46.50 kN

Horizontal maximum moment


My

1.6 x Mh

1.6 x 29.06
46.50

kN-m

c.) Vertical crane load with impact and horizontal crane load acting together
Vertical maximum moment
Mx

Maximum axial load

1.4 x M + 1.4 x Mv2

( 1.4 x 22.28 ) + ( 1.4 x 535.00)


780.19
kN-m

Horizontal maximum moment


My

1.4 x Mhp

1.4 x 29.06
40.69

kN-m

1.4 x Np

1.4 x 29.06

40.69 kN

(MAX. )

3. DESIGN OF CRANE GIRDER


a.) SECTION MEMBER PROPERTIES : ( See Section Properties Calculation )
FIG. 1

UB914x305x224

B
T
b

91.04 cm

86.26 cm

30.41 cm

282.51 cm^2

tw

1.59 cm

Af

72.68 cm^2

Tf

2.39 cm

38.09 cm

Ix

370702.52 cm^4

Iy

11230.90 cm^4

ry

Sx

9400.79 cm

py

Zy

738.63 cm

pyw

2
265.0 N/mm

Zfy

368.37 cm

Le

b.) BUCKLING RESISTANCE MOMENT FOR THE XX-AXIS

( Table 11 )
b
T
b
T
d
t

14.4
2.39
14.4
2.39
86.3
1.59

275 / py

6.03

< 9.0

= 9.0

6.03

<28

= 28.0

54.25

<80

= 80.0

275
265.0
275
265.0
275
265.0

1.02

9.17

28.52

81.5

SECTION IS PLASTIC
SLENDERNESS CHECK

( 4.3.6.7 )
Le

ry

375.00

59.43

6.31

( 200.00 = back truss lattice pitch )

0.5

For symmetrical H shape ( 4.3.6.7 )

59.43
38.09

0.968

LT

u.v. w

52

1.6

1.6

From Table 19 BS 5950 Part I 2000

w =

1.0

( Section is plastic ) from 4.3.6.9

pb

200.2

N/mm2

From Table 17 BS 5950 Part I 2000

pc

230

N/mm2

From Table 24 c BS 5950 Part I 2000

Mb

Sx.pb

1882.04 kn-m

9401

200.20 /10^3

c.) MOMENT CAPACITY FOR THE SECTION FOR YY-AXIS


Mzy

=
=

Zfy.py

368.37

265

Mb

/10^3

97.62 kn-m

4. CHECK IN BENDING
a.) Vertical moment with impact and no horizontal moment
Mx

887.19

kn-m

<

b.) Vertical moment with no impact and horizontal moment


N
AfPc
46500.00
1671637.7

+
+

Mx
Mb
715.96
1882.04
0.89

+
+
<

My
Mzy
46.50
97.62
1.0

0.9
6.31 cm
2
265.0 N/mm

<

1.0

<

1.0

c.) Vertical moment with impact and horizontal moment


<
N
Mx
My
+
+
APc
Mb
Mzy
<
40687.50
780.19
40.69
+
+
1671637.7
1882.04
97.62
<
1.0
0.86

O.K.
1.0
1.0
O.K.

1882.04

kn-m

O.K.

375 cm

5. CHECK FOR DEFLECTION


a.) VERTICAL
L

9000

1000

1000

9.00

mm

7.50

mm

a.) HORIZONTAL
L

500

3750
500

Consider 2 wheels inside the 9.0m beam span ,


v

4x[155x2550x(9000^2-2550^2-4500^2)+155x6450x(9000^2-6450^2-4500^2)

=
+

6x205000x3707025200x9000/1000000

5 x 28251 x 78.5 / 1000000 x 9000^4


384 x 205000 x 3707025200

=
h

<

4.21 mm

9.00 mm

O.K.

7.50 mm

O.K.

31000 x 3750^3
48 x 205000 x 112309000

<

1.48 mm

6. SHEAR CAPACITY
Py

Py

0.60 x d x t py

0.60 x 863 x 16 x 265 /10^3

2180.74 kN

2180.74 kN

>

Fa

499.19 kN

O.K.

7. WEB BUCKLING AND BEARING


d/t

54.25

<

Shear buckling strength of web


qw

158

62 =

63.24

( from 4.4.5.1 )

From Table 21 of BS 5950 Part I 2000

N/mm2

Buckling Resistance
Vb

Vb

d t qw
863 x 16 x 158 /1000
499.19 kN

=
2167.02 kn
>
Bearing Capacity of web ( 4.5.2 of BS 5950 Part I 2000 )
Pbw

( b1 + n k ) t pyw

- except at the end of the member :


b1 + nk =
Pbw
=
=

O.K.

16 mm

28 mm

28 mm ( k = T )

t +2T + 5T

212 mm

212 x 16 x 265 /10^3


898.88 kN

- at end of the member :

>
n

kN

620.00
=

O.K.

2 + 0.6 be / k

be

( B - t - 2T ) / 2

116 mm

2 + 0.6 x 116 / 28

4.49

t + 2T + 4.5T

b1 + nk =
Pbw
=
=

5.0

n =

197.6 x 16 x 265 /10^3


837.9512 kN

Fx =

Fx - Pbw =

499.2 - 838.0

Ps

As net x Py

20 x (400 -20 -20 ) x 265/1000

>

197.63 mm

1908 kN

499.19 kN
=

>

O.K.

-338.76 kN

-338.76

kN

O.K.

4.5

Local compression under wheels


The local compressive stress in the web due to crane wheel load is obtained by distributing it to over the length x R given by
4.11.4 of BS 5950-1 : 2000.
xR = 2 (HR + T)

<

sw

3900 mm

HR =

25 mm
P = 193.8 x 1.6 = 310.00 kN

xR =

106

pcw

P / ( tw * xR )

183

mm

N/mm2

<

pyw

xR
N/mm2

265

O.K.

DIAGONAL MEMBER
SECTION PROPERTY (T152x76x19)
L

0.80

Nh

1.75

Nh

=
=

b
t
b+d
t

23.3 cm^2

rx,ry =

31.0 kN

1.924

2.00 cm

ru

rv

3.83 cm
1.95 cm

192.40 cm

1.6

0.8
119.29 kN
100.00
10.00
200.00
10.00

10

< 15

= 15

20

< 24

= 24

275
275
275
275

15

24

SECTION IS SEMI COMPACT


SLENDERNESS CHECK

=
=

pc

0.70 L
rx

+ 30 =

0.70 x 192.4
2.002

+ 30

97
L
ry

96

150

>

192.40
2.002

N/mm2

119.29

10

23.3

150
0.34

Compressive Strength

<

1.0

<

1.0

O.K.

From Table 24 curve c BS 5950 Part I 2000