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WAVE THEORY OF LIGHT WAVE THEORY OF LIGHT WAVE THEORY OF LIGHT WAVE THEORY OF LIGHT
CET WORKSHEETS SOLUTIONS

Wave Theory of Light
Nature of Light
1. c) Roemer
2. c) gamma rays

Light waves and gamma rays both are
electromagmetic waves so the nature
of light wave is similar to gamma rays.
3. d) Vacuum


Velocity of light is maximum in
vacuum
4. c)
–9
555 10 × m


The eye is most sensitive to the light
of wavelength
–9
555 10 × m .
5. c)
10
10

s

, =
d
C
t

–2
–10
8
3 10
10 .
3 10
×
∴ = = =
×
d
t s
C

6. b) it requires material medium for
propagation
Light can travel even in vacuum so it
does not require any medium for
propagation.
7. d) they can produce interference


Light waves and sound waves both can
produce interference.
8. d) electromagnetic transverse


Light waves are electromagnetic
transverse in nature.
Theories of Light
(I-Newton’s Corpuscular Theory)
9. c) Newton
10. d) they cause sensation of vision when
they strike the retina
11. b) less than velocity of light in denser
medium
Application of Newton’s theory of
refraction concludes that, velocity of
light in air medium is less than
velocity of light in denser medium.
12. c) the velocity of corpuscles decreases in
denser medium
The velocity of corpuscles decreases in
denser medium. This is wrong.
13. c) both ‘a’ and ‘b’
Because of high speed of corpuscles
and negligible mass of corpuscles.

14. b) the velocity of light is more in air than
in water
Corpuscular theory of light suggests
that light should travel faster in denser
medium.
15. c) opaque medium
According to Newton, corpuscles
cannot pass through opaque medium.
Huygen’s Wave Theory of Light
16. d) which is supposed to be present
everywhere according to the Huygen’s
wave theory of light
According to Huygen’s theory ether is
supposed to be present everywhere.
17. b) different wavelength of light wave
Different colours are due to different
wavelength of light.
18. b) greater than velocity of light in denser
medium
. >
rarer denser
C C
19. c) diffraction
Diffraction support wave nature of
light.
20. d) Waves
21. a) polarization of light
He could not explain polarization.
22. b) high wavelength


Wave theory could not explain
propogation so it does not
predominates at low wavelength and
hence it predominates at high
wavelength.
(III) Electromagnetic Theory
23. c) Maxwell
Transverse nature of light was first
proposed by Maxwell.
24. c) emission and absorption of radiation
Solution Required
(V) Dual Nature of light :
25. c) both ‘a’ and ‘b’


According to dual nature, light has
dual nature i.e. particle as well as
wave.
Ray and Beam of Light
26. b) a ray of light
27. d) diverging in nature

Wave Theory of Light
61


S = Points source
PQ = spherical wave front
Here, the rays of light emerging from
S appear to be diverging as they
propagate for ward
Medium
28. a) optical medium
29. d) both ‘b’ and ‘c’
Real and Apparent Depth
30. b)
µ =
real depth
apparent depth

31. a)
1
1
µ
(
= −
(
¸ ¸
r
apparent shift d
32. d) 22.5 cm


When light travels from water to air,
then
µ =
a
w
real depth
apparent depth


1
30 µ
=
a
w
real depth

30 1
µ
×
∴ =
a
w
real depth

3
30
4
= ×
90
4
∴ = real depth
= 22.5 cm
33. b) 4 cm



. 1
µ = =

r
r
real depth d
app depth d


4
3 1
=

r
r
d
d

3 4 4 = −
r r
d d
4 =
r
d cm
34. a) 0.1 m


8
8
3 10
1.8 10
µ
×
= =
×
v v
m
m
C
C




3 30 5
1.8 18 3
= = =
The distance through which the
bottom appears to be raised

1 3
1 0.25 1
5 µ
| | | |
= − = −
| |
\ ¹ \ ¹
r
d


2
0.25 0.1
5
m
| |
= × =
|
\ ¹

35.
c) 0.5 sin 49 × m


The apparent depth is maximum when
we look at the coin perpendicular to
the surface of water
Appearent depth =
1
read depth
µ
×


0.5 sin
c
i = ×


0.5 sin 49m = ×
Critical Angle and Total Internal
Reflection
36. a) red

V I BGY OR
λ ↑

Thus, the wavelength of red color is
max in visible spectrum.
Now,

1
sin
c
i
µ =
1
c
i
∴µ ∝ …(i)
Also,
1
µ ∝
λ
…(ii)
From (i) & (ii),

c
i λ ∝
So, critical angle is max, for red color
for given condition.
37. a)
sin
c
C
i



1
sin
µ =
B
A
c
i

1
sin
=
B
A c
C
C i

sin sin
= =
A
B
c c
C C
C
i i

38. b)
8
1.5 10 / × m s


Wave Theory of Light
62



1
sin
µ
=
c
m
i
1
sin30 =
v
m
C
C


1
2
=
m
v
C
C

8
3 10
2 2
×
∴ = ×
v
m
C
C

8
1.5 10 / = × m s

39. b)
greater than
1
1
sin
2

| |
|
\ ¹

By def. of critical angle
40. d) will emerge into the air with an angle
of refraction equal to
0
90
sin
sin
µ =
a
g
c
r
i


sin
2
sin 45
=
r


sin
2
1/ 2
=
r

sin r = 1

0
90 = r
41.
b)
8
1.5 10 / m s ×


1 1
sin sin30
c
i
µ = =

1
2
1/ 2
= =
8
3 10
µ
×
= =
a
m m
C
C C

8
3 10
2
×
=
m
C
8
1.5 10 /
m
C m s = ×
Electromagnetic Waves
42. c)
rays γ −


The nature of light wave is similar to
γ − rays .
43. d) both ‘a’ and ‘b’


Sound waves are not electromagnetic
waves.
Wavefront and Wavenormal
44. a) phase is always same for all the points
45. d) it propagates parallel to itself
Wavefront propagates parallel to
itself.
46. d) either ‘a’ or ‘b’
47. a) spherical wavefront
48. d) both ‘a’ and ‘b’
49. b)
2
π

Type IV-Reflection of Light
50. c)
0
180

Phase difference between incident ray
and reflected ray is
0
180
51. b)
π
52. c)
2
λ


2π phase difference corresponds to
path difference of λ .
π ∴ phase difference corresponds to
path difference of
2 2
π λ λ
π
×
= .
53. c)
0
51



Now,


0 0
90 39 i = −

0
51 =
By laws of Reflection,
i r < =<
51 r
0
∴ =
54. b)
0
35

The deviation produced is given by
0
180 2i δ = −
0 0
110 180 2i = −

0 0
2 180 110 i = −

0
2 70 i =
0
0
70
35
2
i ∴ = =
TypeV-Refraction of Light
55. b) increases

Wave Theory of Light
63
Width of wavefront increases.
56. b)
speed decrease by a factor
2 1
/ µ µ

1 1
2
2
C
C
µ =
1
2
1
2
C
C
µ
∴ =
1 2
2
1
but
µ
µ
µ
| |
=
|
\ ¹

( )
1
2
2 1
/
C
C
µ µ
∴ =
Decreases by factor
2
1
µ
µ

57. a)
( )
g T
g
w
w T
µ
µ
µ µ
=
×


g T
g
T
µ
µ
µ
= …… (i)
But
w T
T
w
µ
µ
µ
=
w
T w T
µ µ µ ∴ = ×
Putting value of
T
µ in equation (i)
( )
g T
g
w
w T
µ
µ
µ µ
=
×

58. c) 1
a w T g
w T g a
µ µ µ µ × × × =

1
a w T g
w T g a
µ µ µ µ × × × =
1
g
a w T
w T g a
C
C C C
C C C C
× × × =
1 = 1 so option ‘c’ is correct
59. b) air, water, glass, diamond
Air water glass diamond < < < .
60. b) decrease

R.I.
1
,
temp
α so as temperature
increases R.I. decreases.
61. b) B

µ is independent of frequency (V). So
curve ‘B’ is correct.
62. d) water > glass > diamond

.
water glass diamond
C C C > > As water is
rarer than glass and glass is rarer than
diamond.
63. b) ( )
0 1
90 sin 0.75



sin sin
sin sin30
g
i i
r
µ = =

sin
1.5
1/ 2
i
=
3 1 3
sin 0.75
2 2 4
i = × = =
( )
1
sin 0.75 i

=
glancing angle = 90 – i
( )
–1
90 sin 0.75 = −
64. b) 9/8

3600
3200
w w
g
g
λ
µ
λ
= =
9
8
w
g
= µ
65. b)
–7
2.5 10 m ×

g
a
a g
a g
C
C
v v
λ λ − = −
( )
a g
v v = ∵
/
1
1
a g
a a
a a a g
C
C C
v v v
µ
µ
| |
| |
= − = − |
|
|
\ ¹
\ ¹

8 8
14 14
3 10 2 3 10 1
1
3 3 4 10 4 10
× × | |
= − = ×
|
× × \ ¹

6 6
1
10 0.25 10
4
− −
= × = ×
7
2.5 10 m

= ×
66. c)
8
2.25 10 / × m s

8
3 10
4 / 3
a
w
w
C
C
×
= =
µ


8
9 10
4
×
=

8
2.25 10 / m s = ×
67. a) 1.633

sin
sin
i
r
µ =



sin60
1.5
sin r
=


Wave Theory of Light
64

sin60
sin
1.5
r ∴ =

3 2 1
sin
2 3 3
r
×
= =
×


1
1
sin
3
r

∴ =

1
sin 0.577

=

0
35 24' r ∴ =
cos
AB
i
AC
= …… (i)
cos
DC
r
AC
= …… (ii)
From eqn (i) and eqn (ii)
0
cos cos35 24'
cos cos60
r DC
i AB
= =

0.816
1.633
1/ 2
= =
Type VI-Wave Number
68. b)
6
3 10 / m ×

a a a
C v λ =
a
a
a
C
v
λ =
1
a
a a
v
C λ
=
a
a
a
v
C
λ =

14
6
8
9 10
3 10 /
3 10
m
×
= = ×
×

69. c)
5
1.2 10 ×

v v
g
g
λ
µ
λ
=
v
g
v
g
λ
λ
µ
=

10
1 1.5
5000 10
v
g
g v
µ
λ λ

= =
×

6
3 10 / g m λ = ×
Number of waves = g t λ

–2 6
4 10 3 10 = × × ×

4
12 10 = ×

5
1.2 10 N = ×
70. a)
5
3


4 5
,
g w
N N
λ λ
= =
4 5
g w
λ λ
=
5
4
w
g
λ
λ
∴ =
5
4
a
g w
g
a
w
µ
µ
µ
= =
5
4 4 / 3
a
g
µ
=
5 4 5
4 3 3
a
g
µ = × =
Type VIII - Linear Polarisation of Light
71. a)
0
0
Type IX – Brewster’s Law
72. a) the reflected ray is completely plane
polarised with vibrations
perpendicular to the plane of incidence
73. b)
0
37



tan
p
i µ =
1.33 tan
p
i =
0
53
p
i ≈
∴ angle between the sun and horizon
0 0 0
90 53 37 θ ≈ − ≈
74. d) ( )
1
tan sin
C
r i

=


According to Brewster’s law
( )
tan
p
i µ = ….. (i)

If r the angle of refraction then
0
90 ,
p
i r + =
0
90
p
i r ∴ = −
Putting value of
p
i in eqn (i)

Wave Theory of Light
65

( ) tan 90 r µ = −
cot r µ =
1
tan r
µ = …… (ii)
R.I. in terms of critical angle is
1
sin
c
i
µ = ……(iii)
by eqn (ii) and eqn (iii)
1 1
tan sin
c
r i
=
tan sin
c
r i =
( )
1
tan sin
C
r i

=
Type XII – Applications of Polaroids
75. b) polarisation

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