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Class: 4th semester ( E &CE )

Subject: Power Electronics


Chapter 1,2 and 3
1. state mportant appcatons of power eectroncs
2. what s a statc power converter? Name the dfferent types of
power converters and menton ther functons
3. gve thee st of power eectronc crcuts of dfferent nput /
output requrements
4. what are the perphera effects of power eectronc equpments?
What are the remedes for them?
5. what are the perphera effects of power eectronc equpments?
What are the remedes for them?
6. dscuss the advantages and dsadvantage of thyrstorsed power
controers
7. Expan the contro characterstcs of the foowng semconductor
devces 1) Thyrstor 2) Power B|T 3) MOSFET 4) IGBT 5) GTO
8. Gve the comparson between MOSFET and GTO
9. Draw the crcut symbo of IGBT. Compare ts advantages over
MOSFET
10. draw the swtchng mode and swtchng waveforms of a
power MOSFET, defne the varous swtchng appcatons
11. wth a crcut dagram and waveforms of base crcut
votage, base current and coector current under saturaton for a
power transstor, show the deay that occurs durng the turn-ON
and turn - OFF.
12. Expan the terms Overdrve factor (ODF) and forced beta
for a power transstor for swtchng appcatons?
13. expan the swtchng characterstcs of B|T
14. expan the steady and swtchng characterstcs of MOSFET
15. what s d/dt? Expan how the devces are protected
aganst hgh d/dt and dv/dt.
16. what s soaton? Expan the need for soaton of gate and
base drves
17. sketch the V-I characterstcs of SCR and mark there the
dfferent terms that are appcabe. What do these terms mean?
18. expan the operaton of the thyrstor wth the hep of two-
transstor anaogy.
19. dstngush between
20. atchng current and hodng current
21. converter grade and nverter grade thyrstors
22. thyrstor turn off and crcut turn off tme
23. peak repettve forward bockng votage

2
t ratng
24. Expan the turn on and turn of dynamc characterstcs of
thyrstor
25. A strng of seres connected thyrstors s to wthstand a DC
votage of 12 KV. The maxmum eakage current and recovery
charge dfferences of a thyrstors are 12 mA and 120 C
respectvey. A de-ratng factor of 20% s apped for the steady
state and dynamc (transent) votage sharng of the thyrstors. If
the maxmum steady sate votage s 1000V, determne 1) the
steady votage sharng resstor R for each thyrstor. 2) the
transent votage capactor C1 for each thryrstor
26. A SCR s to operate n a crcut where the suppy votage s 200
VDC. The dv/dt shoud be mted to 100 V/ s. Seres R and C
are connected across the SCR for mtng dv/dt. The maxmum
dscharge current from C nto the SCR, f and when t s turned
ON s to be mted to 100 A. Usng an approxmate expresson,
obtan the vaues of R and C.
27. Wth the crcut dagram and reevant waveforms, dscuss
the operaton of synchronzed U|T frng crcut for a fu wave
SCR sem converter.
28. expan gate to cathode equvaent crcut and draw the
gate characterstcs. Mark the operatng regon.
29. menton the dfferent turn on methods empoyed for a SCR
3. A SCR s havng a dv/dt ratng of 200 V/s and a d/dt ratng of 00
A/s. Ths SCR s used n an nverter crcut operatng at 400 VDC
and has 1.5 source resstance. Fnd the vaues of snubber
crcut components.
3!. e"#lain the $ollowin% %ate tri%%erin% circuits with the hel# o$ wa&e$orms: !) ' (
tri%%erin% 2) 'C ( tri%%erin%
Chapter -4
32. what are the two %eneral t)#es o$ commutation*
33. what is $orce+ commutation an+ what are the t)#es o$ $orce+ commutation*
34. e"#lain in +etail the +i$$erence between sel$ an+ natural commutation
35. what are the con+itions to be satis$ie+ $or success$ul commutation o$ a th)ristor
36. e"#lain the +)namic turn o$$ characteristics o$ a th)ristor clearl) e"#lainin% the
com#onents o$ the turn o$$ time
3,. what is the #rinci#le o$ sel$ commutation
3-. what is the #rinci#le o$ im#ulse commutation
3.. what is the #rinci#le o$ resonant #ulse commutation
4. what is the #rinci#le o$ e"ternal #ulse commutation
4!. what are the +i$$erences between &olta%e an+ current commutation
42. what are the #ur#oses o$ a commutation circuit
43. wh) shoul+ the a&ailable re&erse bias time be %reater than the turn o$$ time o$ the
th)ristor
44. what is the #ur#ose o$ connectin% an anti/#arallel +io+e across the main th)ristor
with or without a series in+uctor* 0hat is the ratio o$ #ea1 resonant to loa+
current $or resonant #ulse commutation that woul+ minimi2e the commutation
losses
45. wh) +oes the commutation ca#acitor in a resonant #ulse commutation %et o&er
char%e+
46. how is the &olta%e o$ the commutation ca#acitor re&erse+ in a commutation circuit
4,. what is the t)#e o$ a ca#acitor use+ in hi%h $re3uenc) switchin% circuits
Chapter 5
4-. +iscuss the o#eration o$ a sin%le #hase controller su##l)in% a resisti&e loa+4 an+
controlle+ b) the on/o$$ metho+ o$ control. 5lso hi%hli%ht the a+&anta%es an+
+isa+&anta%es o$ such a control. 6raw the rele&ant wa&e$orms.
4.. what is #hase an%le control as a##lie+ to sin%le #hase controllers* 7i%hli%ht the
a+&anta%es an+ +isa+&anta%es o$ such a metho+ o$ control. 6raw all the wa&e
$orms
5. what are the e$$ects o$ loa+ in+uctance on the #er$ormance o$ &olta%e controllers
5!. e"#lain the meanin% o$ e"tinction an%le as a##lie+ to sin%le #hase controllers
su##l)in% in+ucti&e loa+ with the hel# o$ wa&e$orms
52. what are uni+irectional controllers* E"#lain the o#eration o$ the same with the
hel# o$ wa&e$orms an+ obtain the e"#ression $or the '8S &alue o$ the out#ut
&olta%e. 0hat are the a+&anta%e an+ +isa+&anta%es o$ uni+irectional controllers.
53. what are bi/+irectional controllers e"#lain the o#eration o$ the same with the hel#
o$ wa&e$orms an+ obtain the e"#ression $or the '9S &alue o$ the out#ut &olta%e.
'8S &alue o$ th)ristor current. 0hat are the a+&anta%es o$ bi/+irectional
controllers.
54. :he 5C ;olta%e controller shown below is use+ $or heatin% a resisti&e loa+ o$ 5
an+ the in#ut &olta%e ;s < !2 ; (rms). :he th)ristor switch is on $or n<!25
c)cles an+ is o$$ $or m < ,5 c)cles. 6etermine the '8S out#ut &olta%e ;o4 the
in#ut $actor an+ the a&era%e an+ '8S th)ristor current.
55. :!
i. = 6 =;o
;s
a. '
-
b. (loa+)
ii. /
i. /
in the #roblem abo&e '<44 ;s <2- ; (rms) i$ the +esire+ out#ut #ower is 3 >04
+etermine the +ut) c)cle ?>@ an+ the in#ut #ower $actor.
56. :he sin%le #hases hal$ wa&e controller shown in the $i%ure abo&e has a resisti&e
loa+ o$ '<5 an+ the in#ut &olta%e ;s<!2 ;(rms)4 5 72. :he +ela) an%le o$
the th)ristor is . 6etermine the '8S &olta%e o the out#ut ;o in#ut #ower $actor
an+ the a&era%e in#ut current. 5lso +eri&e the e"#ressions $or the same.
5,. the sin%le #hase uni+irectional controller in the abo&e #roblem4 has a resisti&e
loa+ o$ 5 an+ the in#ut &olta%e ;s < 2- ; (rms). A$ the +esire+ out#ut #owe is
2 >04 calculate the +ela) an%le o$ the th)ristor an+ the in#ut #ower $actor.
Chapter-6
5-. Bi&e the classi$ication o$ con&erters4 base+ on : a) Cua+rant o#eration b) Dumber
o$ current #ulse c) su##l) in#ut. Bi&e e"am#les in each case.
5.. with neat circuit +ia%ram an+ wa&e $orms4 e"#lain the wor1in% o$ ! #hase 70'
usin% SC' $or '/loa+. 6eri&e the e"#ressions $or ;+c an+ A+c.
6. with a neat circuit +ia%ram an+ wa&e$orms4 e"#lain the wor1in% o$ !/#hase 7CE
$or '/loa+ an+ '/F/loa+.
6!. 6etermine the #er$ormance $actors $or !/#hase 7CE circuit.
62. with a neat circuit +ia%ram an+ wa&e$orms4 e"#lain the wor1in% o$ !/#hase GCE
$or ' an+ '/F/loa+s.
63. +etermine the #er$ormance $actors $or !/#hase GCE circuit.
64. what is +ual con&erter* E"#lain the wor1in% #rinci#le o$ !/#hase +ual con&erter.
0hat are the mo+es o$ o#eration o$ +ual con&erters* E"#lain brie$l).
65. 0ith a neat circuit +ia%ram an+ wa&e$orms e"#lain the wor1in% o$ 3 #hase 77CE
usin% SC's. Hbtain the e"#ressions $or ;+c an+ A+c.
66. with a neat circuit +ia%ram an+ wa&e$orms4 e"#lain the wor1in% o$ 3/#hase 70'
usin% SC's. Hbtain the e"#ressions $or ;+c an+ A+c
6,. with a neat circuit +ia%ram an+ wa&e$orms4 e"#lain the wor1in% o$ 3 #hase GCE
usin% SC's. Hbtain the e"#ressions $or ;+c an+ A+c.
6-. +raw the circuit +ia%ram o$ 3 #hase +ual con&erter. E"#lain its wor1in%*
6.. list the a##lications o$ con&erters. E"#lain the e$$ect o$ batter) in the '/F/E loa+
in con&erters.
,. a sin%le #hase hal$ wa&e con&erter is o#erate+ $rom a !2;4 6 72 su##l). A$ the
loa+ resisti&e loa+ is '<! an+ the +ela) an%le is <I34 +etermine a) the
e$$icienc) b) the $orm $actor c) the trans$ormer utili2ation $actor an+ +) the #ea1
in&erse &olta%e (PA;) o$ th)ristor :!
,!. a sin%le #hase hal$ wa&e con&erter is o#erate+ $rom a !2 ;4 6 72 su##l) an+
the loa+ resisti&e loa+ is '<!. A$ the a&era%e out#ut &olta%e is 25J o$ the
ma"imum #ossible a&era%e out#ut &olta%e4 calculate a) the +ela) an%el b) the rms
an+ a&era%e out#ut current c) the a&era%e an+ ram th)ristor current an+ +) the
in#ut #ower $actor.
,2. a sin%le hal$ wa&e con&erter is o#erate+ $rom a !2 ;4 672 su##l) an+
$reewheelin% +io+es is connecte+ across the loa+. :he loa+ consists o$ series/
connecte+ resistance '<!4 F<m74 an+ batter) &olta%e E<2;. a) E"#ress the
instantaneous out#ut &olta%e in a Gourier series4 an+ b) +etermine the rms &alue o$
the lowest or+er out#ut harmonic current.
,3. 5 sin%le #hase semi/con&erter is o#erate+ $rom !2;4 6 72 su##l). :he loa+
current with an a&era%e &alue o$ Aa is continuous with ne%li%ible ri##le content.
:he turns ratio o$ the trans$ormer is unit). A$ the +ela) an%le is 5<I34 calculate
a) the harmonic $actor o$ in#ut current b) the +is#lacement $actor an+ c) the in#ut
#ower $actor.
,4. 5 sin%le #hase semi con&erter is o#erate+ $rom !2;4 672 su##l). :he loa+
consists o$ series connecte+ resistance '<!4 F<5m7 an+ batter) &olta%e
E<2;. a)E"#ress the instantaneous out#ut &olta%e ina Gourier series4 b)
6etermine the rms &alue o$ the lowest or+er out#ut harmonic current..
,5. the three phase haf wave converter s operated froma three
phase Y connected 220V, 60Hz suppy and freewheeng dodes s
connected across the oad. The oad conssts of seres connected
resstance R=10, L=5mH and battery votage E=120V.
a)Express the nstantaneous output votage n a Fourer seres
and b)Determne the rms vaue of the owest order output
harmonc current.
Chapter 7 and 8
,6. E"#lain the #rinci#le o$ o#eration o$ a cho##er. Erie$l) e"#lain time/ratio control
an+ P08 as a##lie+ to cho##er
,,. E"#lain the wor1in% o$ ste# +own sho##er. 6etermine its #er$ormance $actors4
;54 ;o rms4 e$$icienc) an+ 'i the e$$ecti&e in#ut resistane
,-. E"#lain the wor1in% o$ ste# +one cho##er $or 'FE loa+. Hbtain the e"#ressions
$or minimum loa+ current A!ma" loa+ current A24 #ea1 ( #ea1 loa+ ri##le current
+i a&% &alue o$ loa+ current Aa4 the rms loa+ current Ao an+ 'i.
,.. %i&e the classi$ication o$ stem +own con&erters. E"#lain with the hel# o$ circuit
+ia%ram one/3ua+rant an+ $our 3ua+rant con&erters.
-. :he ste# +own cho##er has a resisti&e loa+ o$ '<!ohm4 an+ the in#ut &olta%e is
;s<22;. when the conrter switch remain HD its &olta%e +ro# is ;ch<2; an+
the cho##in% $re3uenc) is ! >72. A$ the +ut) c)cle is 5J +etermine a) the a&%
out#ut &olta%e ;54 b) the rms out#ut &olta%e ;o c) the con&erter e$$icienc) +)
the e$$ecti&e in#ut resistance 'i o$ the con&erter.
-!. e"#lain the wor1in% o$ ste#/u# cho##er. 6etermine its #er$ormance $actors.
-2. what is an in&erter* E"#lain the #rinci#le o$ oeration o$ A/#hase hal$ bri+%e
in&erter. 6etermine its #er$ormance #arameters 7Gn4 :764 6G an+ FH7.
-3. e"#lain the #rinci#le o$ o#eration o$ A/#hase $ull bri+%e in&erter with the
wa&e$orms. 6etermine its #er$ormance #arameters 7Gn4 :7646G an+ FH7.
-4. what are the +i$$erences between hal$ an+ $ull bri+%e in&erters
-5. what are the #ur#oses o$ bee+bac1 +io+es in in&erters
-6. what are the arran%ements $or obtainin% three #hase out#ut &olta%es
-,. what are the metho+s $or &olta%e control with in the in&erters
--. what are the metho+s o$ &olta%e control o$ A/#hase in&erters* E"#lain them
brie$l).
-.. what are the main +i$$erences between ;SA an+ CSA*
.. with a neat circuit +ia%ram4 e"#lain sin%le #hase CSA*
.!. :he sin%le #hase hal$ bri+%e in&erter has a resisti&e loa+ o$ '< 2.4 an+ the +c
in#ut &olta%e is ;s<4-; 6etermine a) the rms out#ut &olta%e at the $un+amental
$re3uenc) ;o! b) :he out#ut #ower Po c) the a&era%e an+ #ea1 currents o$ each
transistor +) the #e1 re&erse bloc1in% &olta%e ;br o$ each transistor e) the :76 $)
the 6G %) the 7G an+ 6G o$ the FH7.