Glaidyl Batidio BSECE 1-4

Abortion

Prof. Jorgina David Humanities

A ortion is not !ust a religious issue ut is a "orld"ide dilemma t#at is egging to e addressed y every nation$s %ode of la" regardless of its &oliti%al' e%onomi% and religious affairs. (t is also a great sour%e of de ate "#et#er it is morally rig#t or mortally "rong to allo" it. Different grou&s around t#e "orld are fig#ting for t#e rig#ts of t#e un orn )anti- a ortionists* or t#e rig#ts of t#e mot#er only )a ortion advo%ates*. +sing %ontra%e&tives does not mean a &erson is using a ortifa%ients unless of using s&e%ifi% drugs )morning-after &ills' su&&ositories* and o !e%ts )(+D$s*. Different met#ods "ere t#ere to attain t#e &remature e,&ulsion of t#e fetus. -#roug#out t#e %enturies' #er s as a ortifa%ients "ere very %ommon. A %ertain C#inese em&eror even introdu%ed mer%ury as a ortifa%ients to #is royal %on%u ines. England uses lead to a%#ieve a ortion reali.ed from t#e "ater &i&es t#ey are using. Assertive e,er%ises su%# as "al/ing' lifting #eavy t#ings and riding animals "ere %ommon. Hi&&o%rates )aut#or of t#e oat#* suggested &regnant &rostitutes to !um& tou%#ing t#eir utto%/s "it# t#eir #eels every time to a%#ieve self- indu%ed a ortion. A ortifa%ient &ills "ere ordinary and are introdu%ed in t#e eig#teent# %entury. Sout#east Asia uses t#e massage a ortion as t#e most usual one. Histori%ally' efore t#e S&anis# %on0uest of t#e P#ili&&ines' t#e %ustom la"s did not &enali.e a ortion. A %ommon fol/lore 1tiyana/$ originated from it and is /no"n as an evil %reature t#at used to su%/ lood of t#e ot#er #umans and un orn a ies as "ell. -#e Code of Hammura i )1234 B.C.* treats a ortion as a %rime. -#e (ndian 5edi% la" gives &enan%es to t#ose "omen "#o see/ a ortion es&e%ially "#en t#e male seed of t#e u&&er t#ree %astes is &reserved. -#e Code of Assura )Assyrian la"* is t#e first la" to #ave im&osed a deat# &enalty to a "oman "#o &ro%ures a%0uires a ortion against #er #us and$s "is#es. Early "ritings of t#e C#ristians also an a ortion in t#e Dida%#e )tea%#ing of t#e t"elve a&ostles*' t#e oldest sour%e of t#e la" of %#ur%#. -ertullian' a t#ird %entury s%#olar elieves a ortion is murder itself as a man "#o "ill e a man is already one. St. -#omas A0uinas tea%#es t#at a ortion is a grave sin against natural la". Aristotle' a Gree/ &#iloso&#er t#in/s t#at a ortion is not t#e /illing of t#e #uman if &erformed early. He %onsidered t#at an em ryo "ill gain a soul at t#e 44t# day )if male* or 64 t# day )if female* in a &ro%ess %alled ensoulment. 7odern t#eologians %ontinue to argue in t#e &ro%ess of ensoulment %onsidering t#at in t#e moment of %on%e&tion8 t#e fertili.ed egg s#ould e #uman itself and already #aving soul. Cat#oli% tea%#ing %ondemns a ortion as a grave sin violating t#e 9ift# %ommandment t#at &ro#i its murder. Several %oun%ils su%# as t#e Elvira' An%yra' -rullo' C#a%eldon and 7ain. %ondemns a ortion as a sin as grave as se,ual immorality. -#e 1:36 &a&al ull issued y Po&e Pius (; says t#at a ortion is as "orse as #omi%ide and deserves e,%ommuni%ation and only a is#o& %ould give an a solution. <egally' P#ili&&ines is a %ountry "it# a ortion t#at #as no e,%e&tions. +nder t#e Se%tion =' arti%les =>3 to =>6 of t#e ?evised Penal Code' a ortion is a %rime "#et#er it

. -#e result of it' many died of a ortion in t#e P#ili&&ines t#at in t#e +.is unintentional or intentional. -#ere "ere no statements for t#e vi%tims of ra&e or in%est.S. +nited States &ermits a ortion as a rig#t of &riva%y from t#e ruling of t#e ?oe vs. -#is is %riti%al for "#en a ortion is illegal' many see/s it in dangerous "ays. @ade %ourt %ases.