You are on page 1of 9

Page 1

PATENT PENDING

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR SELECTIVELY DIVERTING WATER

AND

PROVIDING PEAK HYDROELECTRIC POWER

CENTRAL COLORADO PROJECT (CCP)

Western Renewable Energy & Water Productivity Multiplier

WHITE PAPER by Dave Miller, President Natural Energy Resources Company P.O. Box 567 Palmer Lake, Colorado 80133 (719) 481-2003, Fax (719) 481-3452

April 19, 2007

EXECUTIVE SUMMARY

Our Nation’s growing Western Region has an escalating renewable

shortage energy and crisis. water This paper, for the first time, fully reveals how the

Colorado innovative Project Central (CCP) can soon solve a significant portion of this

crisis. seemingly CCP’s intractable unique concept employs a single high altitude regulating

the reservoir productivity to multiply of renewable energy and water resources and systems

Southwestern throughout the Region’s major river basins on both sides of the

regional Continental high Divide. storage CCP’s concept for enhanced energy and water

worldwide productivity potential has significant for human and environmental needs.

HISTORICAL PERSPECTIVES

Naturalists understand that high-altitude beaver dams have protected

Western and enhanced river valleys and environments for thousands of years.

recognize Hydrologists that also headwater reservoirs have multiple use and reuse

river advantages systems for over entire comparable down river storage facilities.

economic Unfortunately, and environmental the latent advantages of headwater reservoirs have

recognized never been and applied in Western water development doctrine or practice.

Institutional barriers and technical constraints have worked against

resources regional water planning with high-altitude pumped-storage. As a result,

are most located Western down-river dams in low and medium-altitude sites. These

have traditional limited dams socio-economic on rivers, benefits, cause serious environmental

excessive impacts, and evaporation suffer losses. They are also largely responsible for our

“green Nation’s movement” thirty-year against new water storage projects. Central Colorado Project’s high-

1

water storage projects. Central Colorado Project’s high- 1 Page 2 PATENT PENDING SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR

Page 2

PATENT PENDING

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR SELECTIVELY DIVERTING WATER

AND

PROVIDING PEAK HYDROELECTRIC POWER

altitude, off-river, pumped-storage concept is an environmental and

breakthrough economic for the Western Region’s vital renewable energy and water supply industries. KEY FEATURES

Union Park Reservoir, to be located off-river near the Continental

National Divide in Forest, Gunnison is a key feature of CCP’s advanced Western energy

conservation and water concept. Recent “Feasibility Level Geological and

Investigations, Geotechnical and Preliminary Design Studies for Union Park Dam”

this [1, 2] 575-feet-high confirmed that structure can safely store up to 1.2 million acre-feet

largest of water reservoir) (Colorado’s for the region’s highest priority energy and water

Union needs. Park’s Construction modern of roller compacted concrete (RCC) dam can be

approximately completed in 18 months. The dam’s estimated construction cost is 395

which million is dollars, only 330 dollars per acre-foot of multi-purpose storage.

Union Park Reservoir will employ a 42- mile inverted gravity siphon to

Platte augment and the Arkansas South River Basins, when necessary, for high priority

environmental human and needs. A Poncha Pass Branch of this siphon will Basin, augment when the Rio needed, Grande for similar priority purposes. A reversible lateral siphon will

2

Page 3 PATENT PENDING SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR SELECTIVELY DIVERTING WATER AND PROVIDING PEAK HYDROELECTRIC
Page 3 PATENT PENDING SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR SELECTIVELY DIVERTING WATER AND PROVIDING PEAK HYDROELECTRIC

Page 3

PATENT PENDING

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR SELECTIVELY DIVERTING WATER

AND

PROVIDING PEAK HYDROELECTRIC POWER

interconnect Union Park Reservoir with the Bureau of Reclamation’s Arkansas existing Fryingpan- Upper Colorado River Collection System, for enhanced flood

protection and drought throughout east and west sides of the Continental Divide. An

Platte-Palmer optional South Divide gravity conduit can efficiently serve central Front

Colorado Range and Springs needs.

ENERGY MULTIPLIER VALUES

CCP’s large off-channel Union Park reservoir, located at 10,120 feet

via altitude, high-capacity will be filled reversible pump generators from the Bureau’s

Taylor existing Park Blue Reservoirs, Mesa and located at 7,393 and 9,319 feet. This filling

during operation heavy will spring occur snowmelt months, when surplus energy and flood

abundantly waters are available for high-altitude pumped-storage. Union Park’s

capability large energy converts storage surplus, and currently wasted, base power from

solar, coal, nuclear, and wind hydro, generation facilities into instantly available peaking

Power power for Grid. the Back-up Western peaking power is essential to prevent regional

during brown and high blackouts demand summer cooling and winter heating months.

can Reliable have peaking system-wide power values up to ten times regular base power values.

Managed water releases and dependable river flows from Union Park’s

altitude flexible storage high- site can also substantially increase hydro-power yields

river from dams existing throughout down- the Gunnison, Colorado, Platte, Arkansas, and

Basins. Rio Grande Some River of the smaller down-river dams, that are not equipped

be with economically hydro-power, upgraded can to provide clean renewable energy, after

river CCP’s regulating optimized capabilities multi- are implemented. Revenues from CCP’s

energy unique multiplier regional capabilities will cover a large portion of the project’s

operating construction costs and for regional water multiplier capabilities.

WATER MULTIPLIER VALUES

CCP’s single high-altitude Union Park Reservoir and advanced can pumped-storage regulate and operation multiply water resource benefits throughout the

five Southwestern largest river Region’s basins. Specifically, CCP’s flexible river augmentation

assure capabilities the following can real time benefits for Colorado and its eleven

Arizona, down river Nevada, states (Utah, California, New Mexico, Texas, Kansas, Oklahoma,

Nebraska, Arkansas, and Wyoming):

Managed gravity augmentations from CCP’s strategic high-altitude

storage automatically site will integrate and substantially increase the reliability,

of productivity, existing developed and quality water rights and storage systems throughout

Colorado, the Gunnison, Platte, Arkansas, and Rio Grande River Basins;

Captured snowmelt and timely releases from Union Park’s high

storage protect, can balance, and optimize regional river flows, reservoir levels, and

unpredictable water quality under and highly variable flood and drought conditions;

3

under and highly variable flood and drought conditions; 3 Page 4 PATENT PENDING SYSTEM AND METHOD
under and highly variable flood and drought conditions; 3 Page 4 PATENT PENDING SYSTEM AND METHOD

Page 4

PATENT PENDING

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR SELECTIVELY DIVERTING WATER

AND

PROVIDING PEAK HYDROELECTRIC POWER

CCP’s newly developed Colorado River Compact entitlements can

conserve optimize and use of damaging spring flood flows for Upper Gunnison

These Basin-of-origin local needs needs. include flood control, and optimized river flows

irrigation, for droughts, and growth, recreation;

CCP will provide managed optimal flows for Black Canyon of the Gunnison Park and National the Colorado River Endangered Fish Recovery Program.

can Lake also Union become Park a world destination Lake Trout fishery;

Water productivity multipliers from CCP can reverse regional water

shortages urban from growth, which are escalating loss of irrigated Western farms and green valleys;

CCP’s integrated regional capabilities obviate current local proposals to develop integrated non- Colorado conditional use and reuse water rights, that

deplete would excessively West and East Slope rivers to less than 50% of historic native flows;

During long wet cycles, CCP’s pumped-storage infrastructure can be used declining to recharge Western ground water reserves, including the vital

Ogallala, Luis aquifers; Denver, and San

CCP’s high-altitude pumped-storage concept can reduce regional

evaporation For example, losses. projected annual evaporation from the largely frozen

surface 7.8 square of Lake mile Union Park is about 1 ½ feet vs. up to 7 feet from

sites. hot desert The West storage is losing a large portion of its finite renewable

evaporation water supplies from to low-altitude reservoirs;

CCP’s high storage and responsive water regulation capabilities can

be used Colorado by and down river states to assure equitable development

productivity and maximum from their respective interstate compact entitlements.

from Snowmelt Colorado’s and rain high mountain terrain generates a large potion of

that all renewable flow in the waters Southwestern Region’s five major river systems. All can down-river gain from CCP’s states flexible headwater storage in Colorado;

Water conservation, productivity, and regulating advancements from CCP potential can offset adverse impacts from global warming, while reducing

energy long-term and renewable water costs for Western consumers.

FLOOD AND PUBLIC SAFETY BENEFITS

Recent Department of Interior and Bureau of Reclamation dam safety

predict studies Taylor [3, 4, 5] Park, Blue Mesa, and Pueblo Dams could suddenly fail

55% with floods of the projected above Probable Maximum Flood (PMF). In addition to

flood the high failure hydrologic risk (inadequate or spillway capacity and possible

Taylor overtopping Park Dam of the may structure), also fail during a moderate seismic event that

in could the liquefy embankment materials or foundation. Considering the hazards at all three

estimated dam locations, 16,000 an lives are currently at risk. The above referenced

Geological “Feasibility and Level Geotechnical Investigations, and Preliminary Design Studies for Union

4

Investigations, and Preliminary Design Studies for Union 4 Page 5 PATENT PENDING SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR
Investigations, and Preliminary Design Studies for Union 4 Page 5 PATENT PENDING SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR

Page 5

PATENT PENDING

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR SELECTIVELY DIVERTING WATER

AND

PROVIDING PEAK HYDROELECTRIC POWER

Park Dam” confirmed Union Park Dam will not require an emergency

because spillway of for the floods, reservoir’s small 26-square mile-upstream drainage area

large and the freeboard dam’s capacity. Furthermore, the seismic stability of Union Park considerably Dam is increased because the dam is designed as a massive

structure concrete gravity resting on a foundation of competent granitic rock. These

Union studies Park’s also indicate high-volume pumping capabilities and large storage

operated capacity can to greatly be reduce catastrophic Flood-Failure risks from these

reservoirs. major Bureau CCP’s flood protection and public safety values for

federal vulnerable dams down are unique stream in the water development industry.

CONGRESSIONAL MANDATE

Congress authorized construction of the Bureau’s Aspinall Reservoirs

Point, (Blue Mesa, and Crystal) Morrow in 1956 to primarily help Colorado develop about a

unused third of Colorado its remaining River Compact entitlements for local and statewide

Colorado consumptive subsequently needs. granted the Bureau its 300,000 acre-feet

Water Aspinall Right Marketable for that specific Pool purpose. Revenues from long-term

service Aspinall contracts Pool water were intended as user repayments for Congress’s

Project original construction Aspinall authorization. A recent Colorado Supreme Court

Bureau’s ruling confirmed unused Aspinall the Pool Rights are still available for contracting

development and upstream for local and statewide consumptive needs.

All Upper Colorado River trans-mountain diversions are from

tributaries. Colorado’s Colorado’s Main-Stem wetter Basin untapped Gunnison Basin Branch of the Colorado has most of River its original still average annual native outflows at Grand

River Junction. and The the Bureau’s Gunnison available Aspinall storage and Aspinall Pool

dependable Rights provide water a large source for new high-altitude storage. CCP will finally

1956 fulfill regional Congress’s water development and repayment mandates for

of Colorado Reclamation. and the CCP’s Bureau energy and water productivity multipliers for

and our Nation’s Southwestern Western Regions are an unprecedented added bonus.

OWNERSHIP AND CONTROL

Participating energy and water providers can cooperatively own,

with finance, a Central and operate Colorado CCP Project Authority (CCPA), for mutual benefits

stakeholders. of local and regional Farm and environmental associations, as well as down

represented river states, on may CCPA’s be Board and operational management team.

energy/water CCP’s complex storage and distribution decisions can be optimized with

time computers flood, and normal, real and drought flow data from ground and satellite

reporting stations.

EXPECTED BENEFIT- COST RATIO

A farsighted team of energy, water, and environmental planning experts

advanced can employ computer simulation techniques to quickly confirm CCP’s

benefit-cost preliminary expected ratio of at least 10 to 1. Most traditional Western storage

were projects built on with rivers 2 to 1 benefit-cost expectations. The National Environmental Policy Act

5

expectations. The National Environmental Policy Act 5 Page 6 PATENT PENDING SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR SELECTIVELY
expectations. The National Environmental Policy Act 5 Page 6 PATENT PENDING SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR SELECTIVELY

Page 6

PATENT PENDING

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR SELECTIVELY DIVERTING WATER

AND

PROVIDING PEAK HYDROELECTRIC POWER

(NEPA) requires objective economic and environmental comparisons of

alternatives. all reasonable Preliminary quantification of CCP’s unique regional

multiplier energy and values water will greatly simplify NEPA scoping comparisons with those integrated other local non- alternatives, currently being considered.

CONCLUSION

CCP’s innovative high-altitude pumped-storage concept can

productivity substantially and increase quality the of finite renewable Western energy and water

throughout resources the new millennium. Western consumers and environments

unprecedented will realize benefits from CCP. Historically competing stakeholders

economic now have and strong environmental incentives, to unite behind emergency

Central development Colorado of Project for current and future generations. Union Park

headwater is the world’s conservation only site that can provide epic enhancements for

needs natural throughout and human five arid and semi-arid river basins.

References to Professional Papers and Reports:

[1] Feasibility Level Geological and Geotechnical Investigation for Union Park Dam by Horst

Ueblacker,UEBLACKERP.E.,

ASSOCIATES (www.ueblacker.us): Proceedings 41

st U.S.

ARMA/USRMS 06-960, June 17-21, 2006, Golden, Colorado, 28 pages, 30 references;

[2] Feasibility Study and Preliminary Design of Union Park Dam by Horst Ueblacker, P.E.,

Symposium

on Rock

Mechanics,

Paper

UEBLACKER (www.ueblacker.us ASSOCIATES ): Proceedings 26th United States Society on Dams (USSD) Annual Meeting

1-5, and Conference, 2006, San Antonio, May Texas, 32 pages, 29 references;

[3] Safety Evaluation of Existing Dams Analysis Summary (SEED Analysis Summary) TAYLOR

PARK by Becky DAM. Morfitt, Prepared Lead Branch Coordinator, U.S. Department of the Interior Bureau of

November Reclamation, 27, Denver, 1989, (Library Colorado, Document TC 557.C6 T39s 1999);

[4] Report of Findings of the Issue Evaluation, TAYLOR PARK DAM Uncompahgre Project. U.S.

Department Interior Bureau of the of Reclamation Technical Service Center, Denver, Colorado: Technical

March Memorandum 2002 (Library No. TL-8312-4, Document TC 557.C6 T39 M35 2002);

[5] PUEBLO DAM – RISK ANALYSIS Modified Dam Including Contraction Joint Leakage and Concrete Issues. Dam Prepared Tension by Mark Steers and John Trojanows ki, U.S. Department of the Interior Bureau of Technical Reclamation Service Center, Denver, Colorado, July 2000.

6