Nanotechnology for Food and Bioprocessing Industries

Suresh Neethirajan and Digvir Jayas
The Canadian Wheat Board Centre for Grain Storage Research

5th CIGR International Technical Symposium on Food Processing, Monitoring Technology in Bioprocesses and Food Quality Management 31 August 2009, Postdam, Germany
E-mail: suresh.neethirajan@gmail.com UNIVERSITY UNIVERSITY OF MANITOBA OF MANITOBA

Spinach May Soon Power Mobile Devices!
• Biologically inspired photochemical device • Nanoscale photodiode from spinach leaves • Rechargeable energy source

Source: Massachusetts Institute of Technology

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Nanotechnology?
“ ability to work at the atomic, molecular and even sub-molecular levels in order to create and use material structures, devices and systems with new properties and functions”
Source: National Science Foundation, USA

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Size and Scale

Source: Case Western University, USA
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Nanofood
“The term „nanofood‟ describes food which has been cultivated, produced, processed or packaged using nanotechnology techniques or tools, or to which manufactured nanomaterials have been added”
Source: Joseph and Morrison (2006)

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Nanofood Market
1200 1000 US$ Billions 800 600 400 200 7 2006 12 2009 20.4 2010 2012 2015 400 1000

0

Year
Global Investment in Nanotechnologies in Nanofood Market
Source: Helmut Kaiser Consultancy, Germany; Mihail Roco, NSF, USA UNIVERSITY OF MANITOBA

Nanotechnology
Food
1) Food Quality Monitoring 2) Food Storage 3) Food Packaging 4) Food Processing

Bioprocessing
1) To sequence 2) To sense 3) To screen 4) To metabolically engineer enzymes, microbes 5) To assay small volumes

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Nano Encapsulation
‘Tip-Top Up’ - Omega 3 Bread Canola Active Oil

- Nanocapsules with tuna fish oil - Nanocapsules break only in the stomach

- Nanoencapsulation of fortified phytosterols - Reduce cholesterol intake by 14%

Source: Tip Top Bakery, Australia

Source: Shemen Industries, Israel

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Nanoceuticals
• Nano Synergy Energy Booster (Viatmin, Calcium, B-Complex) • Lycopene (supplement carotenoid, phytosterols) • Reduces the surface tension of foods • Supplement to increase wetness and absorption

Source: www.sprayforlife.com

Source: BASF, Germany

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Nanocomposites

Lighter and stronger

Minimizes loss of CO2 from Beer

Nano food-packaging film (Bayer Polymer Inc)

Nanoclay particle based Beer Bottle (Nanocor Inc)

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Nano Bioluminiscence Detection Spray

Nanoengineered luminescent protein emits a visible glow to the surface of Salmonella and E.Coli

Source: Agromicron Ltd

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Bacteria Identification - Nanofeed

• Nano selenium may stop bird flu • Nano chicken feed – polystyrene nanoparticles bind with bacteria to chickens as alternative to chemical antibiotics

Source: Biofactors Journal, 2001 Altair Nanotechnologies Ltd

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Nano Powered Catalytic Device
Coated with 20 nm width Zeolite nanoparticles Clustered Oil Molecules Dispersed Oil Molecules

 Harder to heat  Transfer heat slower  Soggy & Oily fries

 Easier to heat Transfer heat faster  Crispier & healthier fries

Source: www.oilfresh.com

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Lab in a Pea Pod

Chip for Quality Analysis

Protein Lab Chip

Source: Sandia National Laboratories, USA; CSIRO, Australia; Agilent Technologies

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Nano-Electronic Tongue

Nano- Electronic Tongue

Quality control for beverages by electronic tongue

Source: Kraft foods

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Nanotags / Nanobarcodes
Nanoink Probe Tip

Barcodes written into fluorescent microspheres by photo bleaching. Codes are written as bars of different width, and intensity levels. Source: Braeckmans et al., (2003) Nature Materials

Oxonica Platform Detection Technology, UK

Nanobar codes enable auto label readability in super markets

Source:Oxonica, Oxford, UK; NanoInk, USA

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Water Filtration System
• Filters at 50 nm level

• Light weight
• Water purification for bioprocessing industries

Hydration Technologies X-Pack

Source: Hydration Technology Innovations, Albany, USA
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Nano Cleaners

Non-toxic Nano Emulsion Disinfectant

Nanocheck Algae Preventor

Source: Envirosystems Inc; Altair Nanotechnologies Ltd

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Nanotools for Food Research

Vitreous

Non-vitreous Atomic Force Microscope

Surface undulations observed on Durum Wheat Starch (Neethirajan et al., 2007)
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Nano Sensors for Grain Storage

Pressure Sensor Carbon dioxide Sensor

Temperature Sensor Acoustic Sensor

Odour Sensor

Grain Bin

Humidity and Dust Sensor

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In to the FuTURE

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CO2 Gas

Renewable Lifestyle Vehicles (bionano processing)
Nano oil free Biopolymer car tire

Nanotech plant resin for automobile interiors (Mitsubishi motors)
Car seat foam from soybeans Laminated wooden panel

Phototrophic Shell

Source: LA Auto Show, Magazine, 2007

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Nano/Micro Machines

Source: David Parker / Science Photo Library

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Nanorobots / Nanophage

Micro Robot at the MIT Robotics Lab

Nanorobots in a capsule

Nanorobot fly on a keyboard

Nanophage

Source: David Parker / Science Photo Library

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Challenges and Issues
• What are the unintended consequences? • Potential Unforeseen Risks • Consumers Safety

• Ethical Issues
• Little is known about how the particles interaction with the environment and human body? • Lessons from Genetically Modified foods and AgBiotech .
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Acknowledgements
• Natural Sciences Council of Canada and Engineering Research

• Canada Research Chairs Program

Disclaimer
Products and Companies mentioned in this presentation are not endorsed by the authors or the University of Manitoba or by CIGR.

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"The Next Big Thing Is Really Small”

www.sureshneethirajan.ca
Suresh.Neethirajan@gmail.com
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