<
=
>
(a) Show that the wave is normalised i.e.
2
 ( ) 1 x dx
=
}
.
(b) Find the expression of its Fourier transform and show that it is also normalised.
(c) Find the estimates for x A and k A and show that they obey the wave inequality.
2. Consider reflection from the following potential
0
0 for 0
( ) for 0 .
for
x
V x V x a
x a
<
= < <
>
(a) Solve the Schrodinger equation to find ( ) x for 0 x < and 0 x a s s . The solution
should contain only one unknown constant.
(b) Show that the reflection coefficient at 0 x = is 1 R= . What is the physical reason for this
answer.
3. Given the two states
1
1 0
; 2 .
1
i
i i
e i
t

   
 
= =
 
 
+
\ . \ .
(a) Normalize both kets to give
n
and
n
 .
(b) Find the inner product between and  . Hence find the probability of finding the
state given the state  .
(c) Find the operators  and  and verify that they are hermitian conjugate of
each other.
(d) Show that the projection operator
n n
P
L and
z
L .
(a) Compute the sum
2 2
x y
L L A + A .
(b) Of which values of l and m does the sum in part (a) vanish?
7. The energy of the electron of atomic hydrogen is given by
4
3 2 2
.
2 3
e
m e
E =
(a) What are the possible quantum numbers l for the electron? Write such electronic state
0
in terms of the superposition of the angular momentum states , l m .
(b) If the z component of the angular momentum of the electron is measured as , what are
the possible values of l ? Write such new electronic state
1
in terms of , l m .
(c) The subsequent measurement of the elctrons angular momentum magnitude gives 2 .
What is the present electronic state
2
and why the value of m doesnt change?
(d) The final measurement is made on the x component of the electrons angular
momentum. Give the resultant state
3
in terms of the original , l m states and
explain why
3
is not necessarily the same with
2
.
(e) If the electron suddenly makes a Balmer transition to the first excited state, what is the
state
4
of the electron in terms of , l m ? Give the expression of the frequency being
emitted.
8. A spin
1
2
system is in the state
1 1
.
3 3
i
+
= + +
(a) If spin is measured in the zdirection, what are the probabilities of finding / 2 ?
(b) If instead, spin is measured in the xdirection, what is the probability of finding spinup?
(c) Calculate
z
S and
x
S for this state.