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samplebiologyquizzes2262 (scienceprofonline) samplebiologyquizzes2262 VMC Prokaryotic Microbe Cell Structure and Function Practice Test Questions

Virtual Microbiology Classroom Prokaryotes Practice Quizzes and Exam Questions

Below are sample test questions for the Prokaryotic Microbe Cell Structure lecture topic. Practicing with these questions and the associated review worksheet will help you master the material from lecture #3. Prokaryote Structure & Function Practice Quiz Questions 1. All bacteria are prokaryotes. a. True b. False 2. Ribosomes function in protein synthesis in prokaryotic cells. a. True b. False 3. What is the name of the external membrane that is the boundary between the inside and outside of the cell? a. epidermis b. nuclear membrane c. plasma membrane d. vesicle membrane e. endodermis 4. Penicillin would probably be a good choice of antibiotic to treat a bacterial infection if the bacteria was: a. E. coli b. Gram negative c. Gram positive d. Gram cracker

5. a. b. c. d.

Prokaryotic cells divide by: mitosis binary fission meiosis halitosis

6. What structure allows bacteria to survive in a hypotonic environment? a. plasma membrane b. nucleiod c. ribosomes d. cell wall e. glycocalyx

7. a. b. c. d.

A slime layers and capsules are two types of... cell walls glycocalyx plasma membrane fimbriae

8. a. b. c. d.

The genetic material of a prokaryote is called a... nucleus nucleolus nucleosome nucleoid

9. Peptidoglycan is an important molecule of bacterial cells walls. Which of the following statements regarding peptidoglycan and bacterial cells is NOT true? a. The peptidoglygan cell wall is thicker in gram-positive bacteria. b. The peptidoglycan cell wall is the outermost layer of gram-negative bacteria. c. The outermost layer of the gram-negative bacterial cell wall contains the endotoxin lipopolysaccharide (LPS). d. Gram-positive bacteria have a periplasmic space between the cell wall and the plasma membrane. 10. Compared to the water, the environment on the inside of the blood cell could best be described as: a. hypertonic b. hypotonic c. isotonic d.ginandtonic 11. Ribosomes contain: a. DNA b. RNA c. peptidoglycan d. mitochondria e. none of the above 12. #1. #2. #3. The cell membrane: is composed of phospholipid bilayer contains peptidoglycan is selectively permeable

#4. prevents the cell from bursting in a hypotonic environment #5. contains nuclear material a. 1, 3, 5 b. 1, 2, 3, 4, 5 c. 1, 3 d. 2, 4, 5 e. 1, 5 13. What would happen if you gave a patient an IV of pure water? a. Their blood cells would shrink. b. Their blood cells would burst. c. The patient would slowly become rehydrated. d. I would be promoted for my outstanding level of medical care. 14. In the scenario described in the previous question, which way would water be moving? a. into the blood cells b. out of the blood cells c. both into and out of, but with no net change d. water would not be moving 15. Gram positive bacteria are more susceptible to damage by penicillin than are Gram negative bacteria. a. True b. False 16. Lipopolysaccharide is part of the outer membrane of Gram + bacterial cells. a. True b. False 17. E coli is Gram negative. a. True b. False 18. If there were several bacteria that were shaped like the letter "o", arranged in a cluster, like a bunch of grapes, this arrangement of a. b. c. d. e. cells would be best described as: bacillus cocci staphlobacillus staphylococcus streptobacillus

19. A plasmid is a. the genome of a bacterium b. the cellular protein factory c. an extra piece of prokaryotic DNA that provides and advantage d. part of the cell wall structure of members of Eubacteria 20. In prokaryotes, the term lipid bilayer a. the cellular endomembrane system b. Gram positive cell walls c. plasma membranes is associated with

d. ribosomes

21. Which of the following statements is true? a. The cell walls of bacteria contain peptidoglycan. b. Gram-positive cell walls have a relatively thin layer of peptidoclycan compared to Gram-negative bacteria. c. Peptidoglycan is a fatty acid. d. The outermost layer of the Gram-negative cell wall is peptidoglycan. e. The cell wall of all prokaryotes contain peptidoglycan.

22. What structure would allow bacteria to survive in a hypertonic environment? a. plasma membrane b. nucleiod c. ribosomes d. cell wall e. slime layer 23. Of the bacteria we discussed in Lecture 3, which are Gram-negative? #1. Streptococcus mutans #2. Neisseria gonorrhoeae #3. Staphylococcus #4. Haemophilus influenzae a. #1 and #2 b. #2 and #4 c. #3 and #4 d. #1 and #3 e. all are Gram-negative

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