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MOOC-03-Institutions_V25_RCT.

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Tobler Beglinger All rights reserved.

The Institutions
The European Council following the Lisbon Treaty
Topic: The European Council is the European Union's top political institution. The Lisbon Treaty provides for a presidency lasting 2.5 years.

Chart 3 | 4

The European Council, Art. 15 TEU

President A specific person determined by the European Council for a term of 2.5 years; see Chart 3/3.

Other members of the European Council The Heads of State or Government of the Member States; The President of the Commission.

Those participating or assisting in the work of the European Council HR FASP: the High Representative of the Union for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy takes part in the work of the European Council. Ministers or Commission members: the members of the European Council may decide to be assisted by a minister (in the case of the President of the Commission: by a Commission member).

Function Discussion of the EU's development and decision making as to its general political guidelines. Note: This includes in particular the making and revising of the Treaties in accordance with Art. 48 TEU (ordinary or simplified revision procedure). Conversely, it does not include the making of secondary legislation (Art. 15(1) TEU: "It shall not exercise legislative functions."). Secondary law is made by the other political institutions; see Chapter 5.

The European Council following the Reform Treaty

4/13

Modified: Wed Mar 06 2013

MOOC-03-Institutions_V25_RCT.graffle

Tobler Beglinger All rights reserved.

The Institutions
Other institutions of a political nature
Topic: Three of the original Community institutions are of a political nature, namely the European Parliament, the Council of Ministers and the Commission. They represent different interests.

Chart 3 | 5

Political institutions of the EU other than the European Council

Name

The European Parliament

The Council (of Ministers)

The European Commission

Treaty provisions Represents

Arts. 223 TFEU et seq.

Arts. 237 TFEU et seq.

Arts. 244 TFEU et seq.

The peoples of the Member States In legislative procedures, the EP represents the democratic element; Roquette Frres (1980), Titanium Dioxide (1991), European Investment Bank (2008).

The Member States

The European Union

Main functions

Monitoring the other institutions (via yearly reports from them; parliamentary questions; Ombudsman); Important role in the appointment of the Commission (together with the European Council); Participation in most legislative procedures; see Chapter 5; Budgetary competences (together with the Council).

Adoption of secondary legislation and decisions; see Chapter 5; Conclusion of treaties with third countries; Budgetary competences (together with the Parliament).

"Motor of integration": legislative planning, nearmonopoly on the right of initiative in EU legislation, legislative powers as delegated through Union acts; see Chapter 5; "Watchdog"; e.g. competition law, enforcement procedures against Member States; see Chapter 9, Chapter 12; Negotiations with third countries in relation to treaties; Administration of EU funds.

Note: The above cannot properly be compared to the functions of State organs. The powers of the above political institutions represent a special mixture of legislative, executive and even partially judicative functions.
Other institutions of a political nature 5/13 Modified: Wed Mar 06 2013

MOOC-03-Institutions_V25_RCT.graffle

Tobler Beglinger All rights reserved.

The Institutions
Structure of the Council of Ministers ("The Council")
Topic: The Council of Ministers consists of different ministers from the Member States' governments, depending on the business to be done.

Chart 3 | 7

The Council (of Ministers)

Presidency To be determined by the European Council (see also Declaration No 9) Exception: Foreign Affairs Council, whose president is the HR FASP (see Chart 3/9), Art. 18(3) TEU

Members of the Council 1 Minister per Member State, depending on the nature of the business; configurations to be determined by the European Council (except for the General Affairs Council and the Foreign Affairs Council)

Day-to-day business done by Permanent representatives Committee of Permanent Representatives, COREPER ("Comit des reprsentants permanents")

COREPER II Permanent Representatives in person, for important political questions

COREPER I Deputy Permanent Representatives, for other issues

Name of the institution: According to the Treaties: "Council". According to the Council itself (e.g. on the internet): "Council of the European Union". The best term in order to avoid confusion with the European Council is: "Council of Ministers".
Structure of the Council of Ministers ('The Council') 7/13 Modified: Wed Mar 06 2013