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Electrical Thumb Rules You MUST Follow (Part 4)

Electrical Thumb Rules You MUST Follow - part 4 (on photo: distribution substation bus on a clear night in February by Eli Nelson) at Flickr

Continued from: Electrical Thumb Rules You MUST Follow (Part 3)

Eight rules to follow:


1. Substation Capacity and Short Circuit Current Capacity (As per GERC) 2. Substation Capacity and Short Circuit Current Capacity (As per Central Electricity Authority) 3. Minimum Ground Clearance and Fault Clearing Time 4. Busbar Ampere Rating 5. Busbar Spacing 6. Sound Level of Diesel Generator (ANSI 89.2 and NEMA 51.20) 7. IR Value of Transformer 8. Standard Size of MCB, MCCB, ELCB, RCCB, SFU and Fuse

1. Substation Capacity and Short Circuit Current Capacity


Voltage 400 KV 220 KV 132 KV 66 KV 33 KV 11 KV 415 V 220 V Go back to Rules As per GERC Sub Station Capacity Up to 1000 MVA Up to 320 MVA Up to 150 MVA Up to 80 MVA 1.5 MVA to 5 MVA 150 KVA to 1.5 MVA 6 KVA to 150 KVA Up to 6 KVA Short Circuit Current 40 KA (1 to 3 Sec) 40 KA (1 to 3 Sec) 32 KA (1 to 3 Sec) 25 KA (1 to 3 Sec) 35 KA (Urban) (1 to 3 Sec) 25 KA (Rural) (1 to 3 Sec) 10 KA (1 to 3 Sec) 6 KA (1 to 3 Sec)

2. Substation Capacity and Short Circuit Current Capacity


Voltage 765 KV 400 KV 220 KV 110/132 KV 66 KV Go back to Rules As per Central Electricity Authority Sub Station Capacity Short Circuit Current 4500 MVA 31.5 KA for 1 Sec 1500 MVA 31.5 KA for 1 Sec 500 MVA 40 KA for 1 Sec 150 MVA 40 KA or 50 KA for 1 Sec 75 MVA 40 KA or 50 KA for 1 Sec

3. Minimum Ground Clearance and Fault Clearing Time


Voltage 400 KV 220 KV 132 KV 66 KV 33 KV 11 KV Go back to Rules Min. Ground Clearance 8.8 Meter 8.0 Meter 6.1 Meter 5.1 Meter 3.7 Meter 2.7 Meter Fault Clear Time 100 mille second 120 mille second 160 mille second 300 mille second -

4. Busbar Ampere Rating

For Phase Busbar For Phase Busbar For Neutral Busbar Go back to Rules

Aluminium 130 Amp / Sq.cm or 800Amp / Sq.inch. Copper 160 Amp / Sq.cm or 1000Amp / Sq.inch Same as Phase Busbar up to 200 Amp than Size of Neutral Busbar is at least half of Phase Busbar.

5. Busbar Spacing
Between Phase and Earth Between Phase and Phase Busbar Support between Two Insulator Go back to Rules Advertisement 26mm (Min) 32mm (Min) 250mm.

6. Sound Level of Diesel Generator (ANSI 89.2 and NEMA 51.20)


KVA <9 KVA 10 KVA to 50 KVA 51 KVA to 150 KVA 151 KVA to 300 KVA 301 KVA to 500 KVA Go back to Rules Max. Sound Level 40 DB 45 DB 50 DB 55 DB 60 DB

7. IR Value of Transformer
Voltage >66KV 22KV to 33KV 6.6KV to 11KV <6.6KV 415V Go back to Rules IR Value of Transformer 30C 40C 600M 300M 500M 250M 400M 200M 200M 100M 100M 50M 50C 150M 125M 100M 50M 20M

8. Standard Size of MCB, MCCB, ELCB, RCCB, SFU and Fuse

MCB, MCCB, ELCB, RCCB, SFU, Fuse Standard Ratings Up to 63 Amp (80Amp and 100 Amp a per Request) Up to 1600 Amp (2000 Amp as per Request) Above 1000 Amp 6A,10A,16A,20A,32A,40A,50A,63A 0.5A,1A,2A,4A,6A,10A,16A,20A,32A,40A,50A,63A,80A,100A MCCB Rating (Domestic Max 6A) 6A,10A,16A,20A,32A,40A,50A,63A,80A,100A RCCB/ELCB 30ma (Domestic),100ma (Industrial),300ma Sen. of ELCB 5A,15A,30 A for 250V DPIC (Double Pole Iron Clad) main switch TPIC (Triple Pole Iron Clad) 30A, 60A, 100A, 200 A For 500 V main switch 5A, 10A, 16A, 32A and 63 A for 250V DPMCB 100A,200A, 300Aand 500 A For 660 V TPMCCB 30A, 60A, 100A, 200A, 300 A For 500 V TPN main switch 16A, 32A,63A For 500 V, beyond this TPNMCCB: 100A, TPNMCB 200A, 300A, 500 A For 660 V TPN Fuse Unit (Rewirable) 16A,32A,63A,100A,200A 32A,63A,100A,200A,300A,400A,630A,800A Change over switch (Off Load) 32A,63A,100A,125A,160A,200A,250A,315A,400A,630A SFU (Switch Fuse Unit) 125A,160A,200A,250A,400A.630A HRC Fuse TPN (Bakelite) 16A,32A,63A HRC Fuse DPN (Bakelite) MCB/MCCB/ELCB Termination Wire / Cable Max. 25 Sq.mm Up to 20A MCB Max. 35 Sq.mm 20A to 63A MCB Max. 25 Sq.mm MCCB 16 Sq.mm 6A to 45A ELCB 35 Sq.mm 24A to 63A ELCB 50 Sq.mm 80A to 100A ELCB MCB MCCB ACB MCB Rating