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IUPAC Periodic Table of the Isotopes

Element Background Color Key

Standard atomic weights are the best estimates by IUPAC of atomic weights that are found in normal materials, which are terrestrial
materials that are reasonably possible sources for elements and their compounds in commerce, industry, or science. They are
determined using all stable isotopes and selected radioactive isotopes (having relatively long half-lives and characteristic terrestrial
isotopic compositions). Isotopes are considered stable (non-radioactive) if evidence for radioactive decay has not been detected
experimentally.

beryllium

lithium

Li

Be

9.012 1831(5)

[6.938, 6.997]

Na

23

11

Mg

26

12

Ca

40
41

19

39.0983(1)

37

44

39

scandium

Sc

Ti
22

Sr

86

87

84

38

47.867(1)

yttrium

zirconium

89

39

Zr
40

87.62(1)

barium

Ba
56

50

23

92

96

94

88.905 84(2)
134
130
135 132
136

137

57 - 71
lanthanoids

24

niobium

molybdenum

93

41

Mo
42

97

25

94

98

100

95.95(1)

tungsten

174
176

180

177

Ta

180

73

W
74

138

178.49(2)

137.327(7)

francium

radium

89 - 103

88

actinoids

Ra

boron

10

178

180.947 88(2)

Rf

180

183

184

lanthanum

La
57

106

cerium

138

Ce
58

136 138
142

139

138.905 47(7)

140.116(1)

actinium

thorium

89

Sg

105

Th
90

230

28

13

61
64

58

ruthenium

rhodium

palladium

Ru

Tc

44

43

100 96
99
98

101
104

Re

praseodymium

Pr

185

75

141

104

110

108

102.905 50(2)

106.42(1)

iridium

platinum

76

186 184
187
192

189

Ag

Ir

191

77

Pt
78

193

196

192 190

198

195

107.8682(2)

107

gold

Si

Au

197

79

hassium

meitnerium

darmstadtium roentgenium

108

neodymium

Nd
60

148 150
145

142

143

235

61

144

uranium

promethium

Pm

238.028 91(3)

148

144
150

93

111

europium

152

Eu
63

plutonium

Pu
94

154

cadmium

indium

106 108
116
113
114

111

112.414(4)

112

Hg
80

196

198 204

202

201

151

64

copernicium

Cn

154 152

155

158

157

71

65

In

113

156

17
18

31

15

sulfur

S
16

18.998 403 163(6)

20.1797(6)

chlorine

argon

Cl
17

75

33

Se
34

82

76

74

bromine

Uut

35

158 156
160

161

164

162

curium

berkelium

californium

Cf
98

36

83

86

79

84

xenon

Sn
119

Pb

Sb

Te

123

52

51

126

122 123
124
120
125
130

78
80

82

iodine

127

53

Xe
54

134

124
130 128 126
136

132

131
118

121.760(1)

128

121

bismuth

207

204

Bi

209

83

206

127.60(3)

126.904 47(3)

131.293(6)

polonium

astatine

radon

Po

At

84

129

Rn

85

86

208.980 40(1)

ununpentium

Uup

114

americium

97

81

tellurium

Fl

162.500(1)

Bk

krypton

Kr

antimony

flerovium

158.925 35(2)

96

39.948(1)

Br

80

38

40

[35.446, 35.457]

77

36

18

35

[32.059, 32.076]

selenium

As

Ar

20

208

ununtrium

160

37

tin

112 114
122
115
124
120
117

21

22

10

83.798(2)

[204.382, 204.385]

66

Ne

[79.901, 79.907]

82

Dy

19

78.971(8)

118.710(7)

203

74.921 595(6)

lead

81

33 36
34

74

thallium

Tl

neon

16

arsenic

73

72.630(8)

114.818(1)

157.25(3)

Cm

4.002 602(2)

78

116

115

151.964(1)

95

76

32

50

49

dysprosium

159

115

holmium

Ho

erbium

165

67

Er
68

livermorium

Lv
116

164 162

170

166

167

117

thulium

Tm

ununseptium

Uus

69

Yb
70

176

168
170

167.259(3)

einsteinium

fermium

Es
99

Fm
100

168

168.934 22(2)

173.054(5)

mendelevium

nobelium

Md
101

lutetium

174

171
173

164.930 33(2)

No
102

ununoctium

Uuo
118

ytterbium

169

163

153

Am

70

72

113

terbium

Tb

fluorine

32

205
200

oxygen

[14.006 43, 14.007 28] [15.999 03, 15.999 77]

30.973 761 998(5)

germanium

Ge

69

69.723(1)

112

gadolinium

Gd

149
147

Np

92

samarium

gallium

Ga

64

200.592(3)

Rg

110

Sm
62

196.966 569(5)

Ds

109

150.36(2)

neptunium

234

Mt

70

199

194

He
17

28

[28.084, 28.086]

31

mercury

bohrium

Hs

67

15

phosphorus

29
30

14

65.38(2)

48 110

195.084(9)

Bh

68

30

Cd

47

105

osmium
188

106

109

192.217(3)

protactinium

231.035 88(2)

46

102

190

146

231

45

Pd

Zn

63

silver

102

18

helium

16

14

silicon

27

26.981 5385(7)

66

190.23(3)

144.242(3)

91

103

65

186.207(1)

140.907 66(2)

Pa

Rh

zinc

63.546(3)

101.07(2)

Os

copper

Cu

12

[12.0096, 12.0116]

aluminium
(aluminum)

29

technetium

232

232.0377(4)

62

60

58.6934(4)

107

59

140

27

Ni

58.933 194(4)

187

186

seaborgium

Db

104

nickel

59

55.845(2)

rhenium

182

183.84(1)

rutherfordium dubnium

Ac

26

Co

nitrogen

11

[10.806, 10.821]

12

15

carbon

11

54.938 044(3)

181

132.905 451 96(6)

57
54 58

96

95

92.906 37(2)

179

10

cobalt

Fe

92

tantalum

55

55

56

51.9961(6)

Nb

iron

Mn

52

50.9415(1)

hafnium

72

manganese

53 50
54

91.224(2)

Hf

chromium

Cr

90

caesium
(cesium)

87

91

88

133

51

44.955 908(5)

vanadium

46 47 49
50

48

85.4678(3)

Fr

titanium

45

40

strontium

87

21

40.078(4)

85

Cs

42 48
43
46

20

rubidium

Rb

black indicates
isotope is stable
red indicates
isotope is radioactive

isotopic abundance
(mole fraction
of isotope)

112

112.414(4)

14

13

calcium

potassium

13

Al

24

25

[24.304, 24.307]

22.989 769 28(2)

.
.

uncertainty in last digit (112.414 0.004)

Element has no standard atomic weight because all of its isotopes are radioactive and, in normal materials, no isotope
occurs with a characteristic isotopic abundance from which a standard atomic weight can be determined.

magnesium

sodium

isotope mass number


(number of protons +
neutrons)
,

111

standard
atomic weight

Element has only one isotope that is used to determine its standard atomic weight. Thus, the standard atomic weight is
invariant and is given as a single value with an IUPAC evaluated uncertainty.

48 110

atomic number
(number of protons)

Element has two or more isotopes that are used to determine its standard atomic weight. The isotopic abundances and
atomic weights vary in normal materials, but upper and lower bounds of the standard atomic weight have not been assigned
by IUPAC or the variations may be too small to affect the standard atomic weight value significantly. Thus, the standard
atomic weight is given as a single value with an uncertainty that includes both measurement uncertainty and uncertainty due
to isotopic abundance variations.

[1.007 84, 1.008 11]

106 108
116
116
113
113
114

Cd

element symbol

Element has two or more isotopes that are used to determine its standard atomic weight. The isotopic abundances and
atomic weights vary in normal materials. These variations are well known, and the standard atomic weight is given as lower
and upper bounds within square brackets, [ ].

hydrogen

cadmium

element name

172

Lu
71

176

175

174.9668(1)

lawrencium

Lr
103

238

International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry (IUPAC) Project 2007-038-3-200, "Development of an isotopic periodic table for the educational community"

October 1, 2013 ww w.ciaaw.org