Subject: Organizational Behavior
Submitting Date: February 26, 2009


Organizational behavior

Submitted To: Mr. Mohsin Rauf

Submitted By: Syed Hassan Askari Roll No: 073605-098 Section: B Batch: 36

Organizational Behavior
Organizational Behavior (OB) is the study and application of knowledge about how people, individuals, and groups act within the organizations.

It interprets people-organization relationships in terms of the whole person, whole group, whole organization, and whole social system. Its purpose is to build better relationships by achieving • • • Human objectives Organizational objectives Social objectives

It is the study of human and group behavior within organizational settings. The study of organization behavior involves looking at • • • • • • • Attitudes Interpersonal relationships Performance, Productivity, Job satisfaction, Commitment of employees, Levels of organizational commitment and industrial relations

Factors which affect Organizational Behavior:

There are different factors which can affect organizational behavior in different ways. These are given below. • • • Corporate culture Leadership Management style

In fact organizational behavior is a field of study that investigates the impact that individuals, groups, and structures have on behavior within the organization. This impact works towards improving the organization’s effectiveness. In short words it involves organization, management functions, and management skills.

Elements of Organizational Behavior:
Organizational behavior includes three major elements • • • Individual  Group Structure

The organization's base rests on management's philosophy, values, vision and  goals. This leads to the organizational culture which is composed of • • •  Formal organization  Informal organization  Social environment

The   culture   determines   the   type   of   leadership,   communication,   and   group  dynamics within the organization. The workers perceive this as the quality of work  life which directs their degree of motivation.  The final outcome of this organizational behavior is in different forms which are  given below • Performance

• •

Individual satisfaction Personal growth and development. 

All these elements combine to build the model or framework that the organization  operates from.

Models of Organizational Behavior
There are four major models of organizational behaviors
• • • • Autocratic Custodial Supportive Collegial

Autocratic Model:
The basis of this model is power with a managerial orientation of authority. The employees are oriented towards obedience and dependence on the boss. The performance result is minimal.

1) Autocratic Model

2) Custodial Model

Custodial Model:
The basis of this model is economic resources with a managerial orientation of money. The employees in turn are oriented towards security and benefits and dependence on the organization. The performance result is passive cooperation.

Supportive Model:

The basis of this model is leadership with a managerial orientation of support. The employees in turn are oriented towards job performance and participation. The performance result is awakened drives

3) Supportive Mode

4)Collegial Model

Collegial Model:
The basis of this model is partnership with a managerial orientation of teamwork. The employees in turn are oriented towards responsible behavior and self-discipline. The performance result is moderate enthusiasm.

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