You are on page 1of 31

Ellipse

The set of all points whose sum of the


distances from two fixed points (foci) are
constant.

Ellipse
Definition of major and minor axis

Ellipse

Ellipse
Definition of vertices
and co-vertices

endpoint of
major axis
endpoint of
minor axis

Ellipse

a2 - b2 = c2

Ellipse
( x h) 2
( y k)2

1
2
2
a
b

a2 - b2 = c2

Ellipse
( x h)
( y k)

1
2
2
b
a
2

a2 - b2 = c2

Graph the following Ellipse


( x 2) 2
( y 3) 2

1
25
9

Center: (2, -3)


a = 5 in x direction
b = 3 in y direction

Graph the following Ellipse


( x 2) 2
( y 3) 2

1
25
9

a=5

b=3

a2 - b2 = c2
52 32 = c2
25 9 = c2
16 = c2
4=c

Graph the following Ellipse


( x 2) 2
( y 3) 2

1
25
9

Center: (2, -3)


Major Axis: length = 10 endpoints (-3, -3) & (7, -3)
Minor Axis: length = 6 endpoints (2, 0) & (2, -6)
Foci: (-2, -3) (6, -3)

Graph the following Ellipse


( x 1) 2
( y 5) 2

1
16
49

x+1=0
x = -1

y-5=0
y=5

Center: (-1, 5)
a = 7 in y direction

b = 4 in x direction

Graph the following Ellipse


( x 1) 2
( y 5) 2

1
16
49

a=7

b=4

(1, 10.7)

33
33

(1, 0.7)

a2 - b2 = c2
72 42 = c2
49 16 = c2
33 = c2

33 c or c 5.7

Graph the following Ellipse


( x 1) 2
( y 5) 2

1
16
49
Center: (-1, 5)

(1, 10.7)

(1, 0.7)

Major Axis: length = 14


endpoints (-1, -2) & (-1,
12)
Minor Axis: length = 8
endpoints (-5, 5) & (3, 5)
Foci: (1, 10 .7) 1, 0.7

Graph the following Ellipse


4x2 + 8x + 9y2 + 54y + 52 = 3
(4x2 + 8x ) + (9y2 + 54y ) = 3 - 52
4(x2 + 2x + 1) + 9(y2 + 6y + 9) = -49 + 4 + 81
4(x + 1)2 + 9(y + 3)2 = 36
4( x 1) 2
9( y 3) 2

1
36
36
( x 1) 2
( y 3) 2

1
9
4

Graph the following Ellipse


( x 1) 2
( y 3) 2

1
9
4

Center: (-1, -3)


a = 3 in x direction
b = 2 in y direction

Graph the following Ellipse


( x 1) 2
( y 3) 2

1
9
4

a=3

b=2

a2 - b2 = c2
32 22 = c2
9 4 = c2
5 = c2

5 c or c 2.2
(1.2, 3)

(3.2, 3)

Graph the following Ellipse


( x 1) 2
( y 3) 2

1
9
4

Center: (-1, -3)


Major Axis: length = 6 endpoints (-4, -3) & (2, -3)
Minor Axis: length = 4 endpoints (-1, -1) & (-1, -5)
Foci: (3.2, 3) 1.2, 3

(3.2, 3)

(1.2, 3)

Graph the following Ellipse


9x2 + 36x + 4y2 - 40y - 100 = 88
(9x2 + 36x ) + (4y2 - 40y ) = 88 + 100
9(x2 + 4x + 4) + 4(y2 - 10y + 25) = 188 + 36 + 100

9(x + 2)2 + 4(y - 5)2 = 324


9( x 2) 2
4( y 5) 2

1
324
324
( x 2) 2
( y 5) 2

1
36
81

Graph the following Ellipse


( x 2) 2
( y 5) 2

1
36
81

Center: (-2, 5)
a = 9 in y direction
b = 6 in x direction

Graph the following Ellipse


( x 2) 2
( y 5) 2

1
36
81

a=9

b=6

(2, 11.7)
3 5

3 5

(2, 1.7)

a2 - b2 = c2
92 62 = c2
81 - 36 = c2
45 = c2
6.7 c

Graph the following Ellipse


( x 2) 2
( y 5) 2

1
36
81
Center: (-2, 5)

(2, 5 3 5 )

Major Axis: length = 18


endpoints (-2, 14) & (-2, -4)
Minor Axis: length = 12
endpoints (-8, 5) & (4, 5)

(2, 5 3 5 )

Foci: (2, 11 .7) 2, 1.7

Graph the following Ellipse


4x2 - 32x + 25y2 - 150y + 189 = 0
(4x2 8x ) + (25y2 - 150y ) = 0 - 189
4(x2 - 8x + 16) + 25(y2 - 6y + 9 ) = -189 + 64 + 225

4(x - 4)2 + 25(y - 3)2 = 100


4( x 4) 2
25 ( y 3) 2

1
100
100
( x 4) 2
( y 3) 2

1
25
4

Graph the following Ellipse


( x 4) 2
( y 3) 2

1
25
4

Center: (4, 3)
a = 5 in x direction
b = 2 in y direction

Graph the following Ellipse


( x 4) 2
( y 3) 2

1
25
4

a=5

b=2

A2 - b2 = c2
52 22 = c2
25 4 = c2
21 = c2

21 c or c 4.6

(8.6, 3)

(0.6, 3)

Graph the following Ellipse


( x 4) 2
( y 3) 2

1
25
4
Center: (4, 3)
Major Axis: length = 10 endpoints (-1, 3) & (9, 3)
Minor Axis: length = 4 endpoints (4, 5) & (4, 1)
Foci: (8.6, 3) 0.6, 3

(8.6, 3)

(0.6, 3)

Graph the following Ellipse


7x2 + 28x + 5y2 - 10y + 15 = 17
(7x2 + 28x ) + (5y2 - 10y ) = 17 - 15
7(x2 + 4x + 4 ) + 5(y2 - 2y + 1 ) = 2 + 28 + 5
7(x + 2)2 + 5(y - 1)2 = 35
7( x 2) 2
5( y 1) 2

1
35
35
( x 2) 2
( y 1) 2

1
5
7

Graph the following Ellipse


( x 1) 2
( x 2) 2

1
5
7

Center: (1, -2)


a = 7 in y direction
b = 5 in x direction

1, 2 7
7

5, 2

5
7

1, 2 7

5 , 2

Graph the following Ellipse


( x 2) 2
( y 1) 2

1
7
5

a= 7 b= 5

5, 2

1, 3.4

1
5

1, 2 7

75c
2 c2

1, 0.6

7 5 c
2

1, 2 7
2

a2 - b2 = c2

5 , 2

2 c or c 1.4

Graph the following Ellipse


( x 1) 2
( x 2) 2

1
7
5

1, 2 7

Major Axis: length = 2 7


endpoints (1, 2 7 )

5, 2

Center: (1, -2)

1, 2 7

Minor Axis: length = 2 5


1 5 , 2 endpoints (1 5 , 2)
Foci: (1, 0.6)

(1, 3.4)