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# Ellipse

## The set of all points whose sum of the

distances from two fixed points (foci) are
constant.

Ellipse
Definition of major and minor axis

Ellipse

Ellipse
Definition of vertices
and co-vertices

endpoint of
major axis
endpoint of
minor axis

Ellipse

a2 - b2 = c2

Ellipse
( x h) 2
( y k)2

1
2
2
a
b

a2 - b2 = c2

Ellipse
( x h)
( y k)

1
2
2
b
a
2

a2 - b2 = c2

( x 2) 2
( y 3) 2

1
25
9

## Center: (2, -3)

a = 5 in x direction
b = 3 in y direction

( x 2) 2
( y 3) 2

1
25
9

a=5

b=3

a2 - b2 = c2
52 32 = c2
25 9 = c2
16 = c2
4=c

( x 2) 2
( y 3) 2

1
25
9

## Center: (2, -3)

Major Axis: length = 10 endpoints (-3, -3) & (7, -3)
Minor Axis: length = 6 endpoints (2, 0) & (2, -6)
Foci: (-2, -3) (6, -3)

## Graph the following Ellipse

( x 1) 2
( y 5) 2

1
16
49

x+1=0
x = -1

y-5=0
y=5

Center: (-1, 5)
a = 7 in y direction

b = 4 in x direction

( x 1) 2
( y 5) 2

1
16
49

a=7

b=4

(1, 10.7)

33
33

(1, 0.7)

a2 - b2 = c2
72 42 = c2
49 16 = c2
33 = c2

33 c or c 5.7

( x 1) 2
( y 5) 2

1
16
49
Center: (-1, 5)

(1, 10.7)

(1, 0.7)

## Major Axis: length = 14

endpoints (-1, -2) & (-1,
12)
Minor Axis: length = 8
endpoints (-5, 5) & (3, 5)
Foci: (1, 10 .7) 1, 0.7

## Graph the following Ellipse

4x2 + 8x + 9y2 + 54y + 52 = 3
(4x2 + 8x ) + (9y2 + 54y ) = 3 - 52
4(x2 + 2x + 1) + 9(y2 + 6y + 9) = -49 + 4 + 81
4(x + 1)2 + 9(y + 3)2 = 36
4( x 1) 2
9( y 3) 2

1
36
36
( x 1) 2
( y 3) 2

1
9
4

( x 1) 2
( y 3) 2

1
9
4

## Center: (-1, -3)

a = 3 in x direction
b = 2 in y direction

( x 1) 2
( y 3) 2

1
9
4

a=3

b=2

a2 - b2 = c2
32 22 = c2
9 4 = c2
5 = c2

5 c or c 2.2
(1.2, 3)

(3.2, 3)

( x 1) 2
( y 3) 2

1
9
4

## Center: (-1, -3)

Major Axis: length = 6 endpoints (-4, -3) & (2, -3)
Minor Axis: length = 4 endpoints (-1, -1) & (-1, -5)
Foci: (3.2, 3) 1.2, 3

(3.2, 3)

(1.2, 3)

## Graph the following Ellipse

9x2 + 36x + 4y2 - 40y - 100 = 88
(9x2 + 36x ) + (4y2 - 40y ) = 88 + 100
9(x2 + 4x + 4) + 4(y2 - 10y + 25) = 188 + 36 + 100

9( x 2) 2
4( y 5) 2

1
324
324
( x 2) 2
( y 5) 2

1
36
81

## Graph the following Ellipse

( x 2) 2
( y 5) 2

1
36
81

Center: (-2, 5)
a = 9 in y direction
b = 6 in x direction

( x 2) 2
( y 5) 2

1
36
81

a=9

b=6

(2, 11.7)
3 5

3 5

(2, 1.7)

a2 - b2 = c2
92 62 = c2
81 - 36 = c2
45 = c2
6.7 c

( x 2) 2
( y 5) 2

1
36
81
Center: (-2, 5)

(2, 5 3 5 )

## Major Axis: length = 18

endpoints (-2, 14) & (-2, -4)
Minor Axis: length = 12
endpoints (-8, 5) & (4, 5)

(2, 5 3 5 )

## Graph the following Ellipse

4x2 - 32x + 25y2 - 150y + 189 = 0
(4x2 8x ) + (25y2 - 150y ) = 0 - 189
4(x2 - 8x + 16) + 25(y2 - 6y + 9 ) = -189 + 64 + 225

4( x 4) 2
25 ( y 3) 2

1
100
100
( x 4) 2
( y 3) 2

1
25
4

## Graph the following Ellipse

( x 4) 2
( y 3) 2

1
25
4

Center: (4, 3)
a = 5 in x direction
b = 2 in y direction

( x 4) 2
( y 3) 2

1
25
4

a=5

b=2

A2 - b2 = c2
52 22 = c2
25 4 = c2
21 = c2

21 c or c 4.6

(8.6, 3)

(0.6, 3)

## Graph the following Ellipse

( x 4) 2
( y 3) 2

1
25
4
Center: (4, 3)
Major Axis: length = 10 endpoints (-1, 3) & (9, 3)
Minor Axis: length = 4 endpoints (4, 5) & (4, 1)
Foci: (8.6, 3) 0.6, 3

(8.6, 3)

(0.6, 3)

## Graph the following Ellipse

7x2 + 28x + 5y2 - 10y + 15 = 17
(7x2 + 28x ) + (5y2 - 10y ) = 17 - 15
7(x2 + 4x + 4 ) + 5(y2 - 2y + 1 ) = 2 + 28 + 5
7(x + 2)2 + 5(y - 1)2 = 35
7( x 2) 2
5( y 1) 2

1
35
35
( x 2) 2
( y 1) 2

1
5
7

( x 1) 2
( x 2) 2

1
5
7

## Center: (1, -2)

a = 7 in y direction
b = 5 in x direction

1, 2 7
7

5, 2

5
7

1, 2 7

5 , 2

( x 2) 2
( y 1) 2

1
7
5

a= 7 b= 5

5, 2

1, 3.4

1
5

1, 2 7

75c
2 c2

1, 0.6

7 5 c
2

1, 2 7
2

a2 - b2 = c2

5 , 2

2 c or c 1.4

( x 1) 2
( x 2) 2

1
7
5

1, 2 7

## Major Axis: length = 2 7

endpoints (1, 2 7 )

5, 2

1, 2 7

## Minor Axis: length = 2 5

1 5 , 2 endpoints (1 5 , 2)
Foci: (1, 0.6)

(1, 3.4)