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Nl
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I NS T RUCT I ONS F OR US E
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i.i:i:.i:it:l:i:i
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r,:'::i';::.
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I Fi hn speed scql e f or DI N r ot i ngs
2 Lever of operl ure ri ng
3 Uncoupl i ng l ever t o di sengoge t he
shut t er speed r i ng when set t i ng
t he f i l m speed
4 Bqck lock
5 Lens mount wi t h di st once scol e
6 Depth of fi el d scql e
7 Shutter speed ri ng
8 Shutter speed scql e
I Shutl er rel eqse
10 Apert ure ri ng
l l l ust r ot i on I
1l Fi l m i ndi cqt or i n r ewi nd knob
12 Honeycomb cel l wi ndow
of exposu re met er
13 Cont r ol wi ndow f or exposur e
met er when l ooki ng f r om obove
14 Fl osh socket
t 5 Cqbl e rel eose sockel
16 Fi l m speed scol e f or ASA r ot i ngs
17 Sel f -t i mer l ensi oni ng l ever
I 8 Fi l m counl er wi t h set t i ng but t on
19 Tr i pod bush
l l l ust r ot i on l l
R ' G H T H E R E
i s the most i mporfont
pi ece
of odvi ce i n thi s cqre-
f ul l y
prepored bookl et :
pl eose reod i t coref ul l y
before doi ng onythi ng el se. Prqcti ce mokes for
per-
fecti on, so try out the vori ous control s wi thout
q
fi l m i n the cqmerq.
Al so reme' mber thot the VITO, though extremel y
si urdy, i s
qn
opti col ond mechoni col
preci si on i n-
strument. l t, therefore, needs coreful ond sensi bl e
hond' l i ng. The cqmero wi l l repoy coreful treotment
wi th
pe,rfect pi ctures for mony
yeors to come.
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Poge
l ndex : Set t i ng t he f i l m speed . . . . . . . . . 2
I nser t i ng t he f i l m 2
Set t i ng t he f i l m count er 3
Fi l m i ndi cot or 3
Set t i ng t he exposure ond operf ure 4-s
Set t i ng t he di st once 6-7
Apert ure ond dept h of f i el d 8
Vi ewf i nder
-
r el eose
-
r opi d wi ndi ng l ever 9
Sel f -t i mer
-
f l qsh shot s 10-11
Fi l t ers
-
cl ose-up shot s 12-15
Phot ogr ophi ng ogoi nst t he l i ght 16
Hi nt s f or col our shot s 17
H i nts for exposu re reod i ng 1 8-1 9
Unl oodi ng t he comerq 20
Chongi ng port l y exposed f i l ms 20
- I -
Gel ti ng the Camera Recdy . . . wi th Every New Fi l m
Sel t i ng t he f i t m speed: depress t he uncoupl i ng l ever
(3)
. ond
hol d i t i n t hi s
posi t i 6n. Turn t he shut t er speed ri ng
(7) t o t he ri ght or l ef t unt i l t he speed
i ot i ng on t he red DI N or ASA scol e
(1
ond 16) correspondi ng t o t he speed
of t he f i l m i n t he comero, i s opposi i e l he red dot on t he shut t er speed ri ng.
Then rel eose t he uncoupl i ng l ever.
Thi s f i l m speed set t i ng i s essent i ol , os t he correct f unci i oni ng of t he out o-
mot i c exposure cont rol depends on i t .
I nsert i ng t he f i l m:
press t he l ocki ng cqi ches
(4) t oget her qnd
90. 9!
t he comero.
Push t hJ f i l m reversi ng l ever (23) t o i he l ef t . The rewi nd knob
(11) spri ngs up;
pul l i t out f ul l y
( see i l l ust r ot i on l l l ) .
Anchor t he begi nni ng of t he f i l m t o t he hook
(26) by o
perf orot i on hol e.
Drow t he. orsJt t e ocross t he f i l m t rock ond i nsert i n t he cosset t e chomber.
Now t urn t he t oke-up spool by i t s l ower mi l l ed ri ng unt i l bot h
perf oroi ed
edges of t he f i l m engoge t he sprocket of t he t ronsport shof i , ond
push bock
r ewi nd knob f ul l y
( see i l l ust r ot i on l V) . Shut t he comer o.
- 2 -
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Set f i ng t he f i l m count er: t urn t he mi l l ed knob
(, | 8) uni i l
t he di omond I mork
(f or
o 36 exposure cosset t e
-
i l l us-
t rol i on o) or t he O mork f or o 20 exposure cosset t e
-
i l l usl rot i on c) i s opposi i e t he red dot . Operot e t he ropi d
wi ndi ng l ever ond t he r el eose ol t er not el y uni i l t he f i l m
count er i ndi cot es No. 36
( i l l ust r ot i on
b) or No. 20
( i l l us-
t rot i on d) f or i he f i rst exposure.
From t hi s poi nt onwords t he f i l m count er out omot i col l y
shows t he number of exposures st i l l ovoi l obl e every
t i me t he f i l m i s odvonced. l n ot her words, i t runs bock
t owords No. l .
The fi l m i ndi cqtor
i s mer el y i nt ended t o r emi nd you of t he t ype of f i l m i nser i ed
i n t he comero; i t does not of f ect t he exposure. Set i t bef ore
l oodi ng t he f i l m ( whi l e t he r ewi nd knob i s pul l ed out ) by
t ur ni ng t he di sc:
" whi t e"
:
bl ock- ond- whi t e f i l m;
" bl ue"
:
doyl i ght t ype col our f i l m, ond
" yel l ow"
:
or t i f i ci ol l i ght t ype
col our f i l m.
- 3 -
Seffi ng l he Exposure . . . shutfer Speed ond Aperture
@
Presel the shutter speed
Turn t he shut t er speed ri ng (7)
unt i l f he requi red speed set t i ng cl i cks i nt o
posi t i on
opposi t e t he t ri ongul or A mork. The exposure t i mes f rom
1/ soo
l o
1hs
second ore out omot i col l y t i med of t er depressi ng t he shul t er rel eose
(9).
At
t he
"B"
set t i ng t he shui t er remoi ns open os l ong os you keep t he rel eose
depressed.
Speeds of f rom
1/ soo
t o
1/ oo
second ore sui l obl e f or monuol l y hel d exposures. For l onge' r
t i mes, po' r t i cul or l y ot
" 8" ,
hol d l he comer o f i r ml y or moi l nt i t on' o i r i pod. A cobl e
rel eose con be screwed i nt o t he socket (' 15).
@
Al i gn t he t wo poi nt ers i n t he vi ewf i nder by t urni ng t he opert ure ri ng
i
l ever (2)
whi l e poi nt i ng t he comero ot t he subi ecf . Thi s i s ol l :
you hqve now
l
set t he correct opert ure correspondi ng t o t he shut t er speed.
l f t he t wo poi nt er s connot be ol i gned i n t he vi ewf i nder wi t hi n t he r onge of t he oper t ur e
' r
scol e (f rom f l 22 t o f i 2. 8), l i ght condi t i ons ore not sui t obl e f or on exposure wi t h t he
presel ect ed shut l er speed. l n t hi s cose sel eci o di f f erent spe. ed, provi ded i hi s i s possi bl e
i n i he cose of t he subi ect t o be t oken.
-
I n unf ovour obl e l i ght condi t i ons t he r ef l ecl ed
i moge of t he met er ndedl e moy di soppeor f r om vi ew.
_ 4 _
r
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The ol i gnment of t he poi nt er s i s nor mol l y mode i n t he vi ewf i nder , i n ot her wor ds i n
t he exposur e posi t i on.
" Looki ng
f r om obove" i nt o t he cont r ol wi ndow ( ' 13) i s onl y
r equi r ed i f t he oper t ur e, ond t hus t he dept h of f i el d zone, hos f i r st t o be det er mi ned.
The ol i gnment of t he poi nt ers i n i he vi ewf i nder, however, musl ol woys be checked pri or
lo exposure ond, if necessory, correcled.
poinlers not oligned
r;-l
1_"-J
correcf ol i gnment
- 5 -
Seffing the Distonce on the VITO CL
The red symbol s of the three-poi nt setti ng ore found on the di stonce scol e
(5)
bet ween t he di st qnces
o =
PORTRAI T: subi ect di sl once 4r/ t f eet
V
=
GROUP: subi ect di sl once 1l f eet
O
=
LANDSCAPE: subi eci di si once 33 f eet '
Dependi ng on t he subi ect , ei t her sei t he oct uql di st once on t he scol e or
si mpl y r"i i t t o one of i he t hree symbol s. Thi s
gi ves you t he f ol l owi ng dept h
of f i el d zones, omong ot hers:
Aper t ur e
I
o ( ! t t r t eel )
Y
( 11f eet )
O
(33
feet)
f /5.6
tlB
+/ 11
- 6 -
3rl o to 5 feet
3./, l o 5rl + feet
3r/t l o 6 feet
81/ n t o 161/ zf eet
71/z l o 23 feet
6' /, to 40 feet
161l z feet to oo
.|31/u
feet to oo
' 10
feet to oo
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Setting the Distonce
on fhe Y| TO CLR
You wi l l see the focusi ng oreo of i he
coupl ed r ongef i nder i n t he f or m of o
br i ght ci r cl e i n t he cent r e of t he vi ew-
f i nder . The out l i nes of t he subi ect i n
t he f ocusi ng or eo or e dupl i cot ed os
l ong os t he set t i ng i s not cor r ect
( see
i op i l l ust r ot i on) .
Tur n t he l ens mount ( 5) uni i l t he doubl e
out l i nes mer ge i nt o one i n t he f ocus-
i ng or eo
( see l ower i l l ust r ot i on) . The
comer o i s now sei of t he cor r ect
di st qnce.
You moy, of cour se, sel f he di st once
on t he di st once scol e or wi t h f he hel p
of t he r ed symbol s.
- 7 -
Aperture and Depth of Field
The dept h of f i el d zone de, pends on t he opert ure set t i ng ond covers i hoi
pqrt
of t he subi ect oreo whi ch, f rom f roni t o bock, i s reproduced on t he f i l m wi t h
odequot e shorpness. Noi e t hot :
l orge opertures
(e. g. ft2.8)
-
yi el d l i mi ted depth of fi el d,
smal l opertures
(e. g. i l 16)
-
yi el d greal er depth of fi el d.
Reodi ng t he dept h of f i el d:
qf t er
hovi ng set i he di st once, hol d t he comero
so t hoi you con reod t he opert ure morks on t he dept h of f i el d scol e
(6)
os
wel l os i h" di t t on. e scol e
(5)
ot t he some t i me. The dept h of f i el d ext ends
f rom t he di st once f i gure obove t he l ef t hond operi ure number on t he ri ght
of t he A mork.
Beor i n mi nd t he dept h of f i el d when odi ust i ng t he oper t ur e t o mot ch o
pr e-
sel ect ed shut t er speed. l f your subi ect col l s f or o greot er dept h of f i el d zone
t hqn con be obt oi ned of t he correct opert ure set t i ng, you moy hove t o
presel
o l onger exposur e t i me i n or der t o or r i ve ot o smol l e' r oper t ur e.
- 8 -
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Voigtliinder Crystol-Frqme Viewfinder
\The
bri l l i ont refl ected frome vi ewfi nder sysi em shows the subi ect i n octuol
si ze. When si ght i ng, t heref ore,
you cqn keep bot h eyes open ond st i l l hove
o cl eqr vi ew of i he obi ect s surroundi ng t he subi ect .
pl eose
not e: wi t h subi ect s ot o di st once of bet ween 3r l + ond 61/ 2 t ee| , . t he l i mi i s of t he
i i Jt a of ul ew ore di spi oced downwords or si dew. oys
(dependi n. g on whet her you ho. l d t he
comer o hor i zont ol l y' or upr i ght ) , os shown by t he t wo shor t l t nes on t he cr yst ol Tr ome'
Rel eosi ng
o' l woys
press t he rel eose
gent l y ond smoot hl y. Do not
i erk
i i os t hi s woul d
produce bl urred
pi ct ures.
Rcpi d wi ndi ng l ever
of t er every exposure
pul l out t he l ever os f or os i t wi l l
go. Thi s t ensi ons t he
shut t er, odvonces t he f i l m ond moves t he f i l m count er. An oui omot i c l ock
pr"v"ni r i t f rom bei ng operot ed o second t i me bef ors
Y9u
have mode on
exposure.
Si mi l orl y, t he i hut t er con onl y be rel eosed of t er operot i ng t he
r opi d wi ndi ng
l ever .
- 9 -
.
Seff-fimer
Hovi ng set l he exposur e
( shut t er speed ond oper t ur e) ond t he di st qnce,
t ensi oned i he shut t er ,
push t he smol l r ed l ever ( 17) si dewoys os f or os i t wi l l
go. On
pr essi ng t he r el eose, t he exposur e t okes
pl oce out omof i col l y of t er
obout t en seconds. You, t her ef or e, hove t i me t o t oke your pl oce qui ckl y i n
fronf of the cqmero. However, do nol use the sel f-ti mer wi th the shutl er
sel
ql
"B".
Synchronized Flash Shofs
The fl osh gun enobl es
you not onl y fo toke excel l ent, l i fel i ke
pi ctures ot ni ght
omi d
your f omi l y or on soci ol ond f est i ve occosi ons, but ol so t o gi ve por -
l r oi t s t oken oui of door s on cl oudy doys o l ovel y
"sunny"
ef f ect , or l o
br i ght en up dor k shodows t o o cer t oi n ext ent .
l n t he cose of bl ock- ond- whi t e f i l m, t he f l osh gun con be used on i l s own wi t hout
oddi t i onot l i oht i nq os wel l os i n coni unct i on wi t h doyl i ght or or l i f i ci ol l i ght
( el ect r i c
bul bs) . Wher i usi r i g doyl i ght t ype. col o- ur f i l m. or or t i f i ci ol l i ght t ypg col our f i l m, r ef er
i o t he i nsi r uct i ons f or use r egor dr ng t r l ms. Your phot ogr opnl c oeol er wl l l oovl se
you
i n cose of doubt .
- t 0 -
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Mounting the flosh gun
Li ght wei ght ond smol l f l osh guns, such os t he
" Voi gt l ci nder
Fl osh Gun" , con be i nser t ed
i n t he occessor y shoe pr ovi ded f or t hi s pur pose. Lor ger f l osh guns or l omp hol de, r s of
f l osh guns ( el ect r oni c f l osh guns) con be mount ed on t he si de of t he cqmer o wi t h o
speci ol br ocket . The el ect r i c connect i on bet ween f l osh
gun ond comer o i s ef f ect ed by
t he f l osh cobl e whi ch i s pl ugged i nt o t he f l osh socket ( 14) .
Speed ond operture for fl qsh shots
The f ost est speed f or f l osh guns wi t h t ype MX- l / PF- l or AG- l bul bs i s
1/ so
second. I n
i he cose of el ect r oni c f l osh guns, speeds of up t o
1/ r oo
second con be used.
As f or os t he oper t ur e set t i ng i s concer ned, you wi l l f i nd det oi l s on t he pocki ng mot er i ol
or pr i nt ed l i t er ot ur e of i he f l osh bul bs or el ect r oni c f l osh guns i n t he f or m of so col l ed
" gui de
number s" . The oper t ur e set t i ng i s obt oi ned by di vi di ng t he r el evont gui de
number by t he di st once i n f eet bet ween t he subi ect ond t he f l osh gun. T h u s : oper -
t ur e
:
gui de number : di st once.
Exo m p r e :
Yyi l " ,
t ' : ?: ! , "
:
oper r ur e set i ns 4.
dt st once d r eel
-
l l
-
Voi gt l i i nder Fi l t er s
These or e hor d coot ed ond hove o 32 mm di o. push on
mount . , Ever y f i l t er , wi t h t he excepi i on of t he ul t r o- vi ol el ond skyl i ght f i l t er , col l s f or
o sl i ghi l y l ohger exposur e or o cbr r ect i on of t he oper t ur e.
Yel l ow f i l t er G l . 5x
Sl i ght f i l t er i ng ef f ect f o, r out door shot s. l deol f or spor t s,
oct i on subj ect s ond pi ct ur es i oken when t he sun i s l ow i n t he sky.
Fi l t er f ocl or ; l . 5x or open t he l ens oper t ur e byl l z st op.
Yellow filter G 3 x
lr"t';::tJ.[i!"i"l"i"lllo;i.1[::.."'d
other outdoor subiects;
Fi l t er f oci or : 3x or open t he oper t ur e by l 1l z sl ops.
Gr een f i l t er Gr 4x
Br i ght ens gr een l ones i n l ondscopes. Recommended f or or t i -
f i ci ol l i ght por t r oi t s ond f or copyi ng col our ed or i gi nol s.
Fi l i er f oct or : 4x o. r open i he oper t ur e by 2 st ops.
Oronse fi l ter Or 5 x
i [:*i l o::l :"?l Yi J:r
dromoti c effeci s' Reduces otmospheri c
Fi l f er f oct or : 5x or open t he l ens oper i ur e by 2t / z st ops.
Absor bs ul t r o- vi ol et r odi ot i on i n hi gh mount oi ns or ot t he
seosi de. El i mi not es unpl eosont bl ue cost s i n col our shot s.
Requi res no i ncreose i n exposure.
I t s ef f ect cor r esponds t o t hot of t he ul t r o- vi ol et f i l t er com-
bi ned wi t h o weok conver si on f i l t er . The ul t r o- vi ol et r odi oi i on
of t he l i ght i s f ul l y obso. r bed. Requi r es no i ncr eose i n exposur e.
Ultrq-violet filter UV
SkylighiTlter Sf
:
- 1 2 -
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Cfose-ups wi th the VITO CLR Proxi meter
DO not mi ss t hi s f osci not i ng ond i nt eresi i ng f i el d. You ent er on eni i rel y new
wor l d, o mi cr ocosm of smol l obi ect s ond oni mol s.
Whet her
you ore i nt erest ed i n f l owers, f i sh or i nsect l i f e, coi ns, smol l obi et s
d' qrt or
post oge sf omps,
you ore obl e t o record i t ol l
i ust
os you see i t wi t h
t he Voi st l dnder PROXI METER.
The speci ol odvont oge of t hi s i deol f ocusi ng uni l i s t hot i t mokes
possi bl e
monuol l y hel d cl ose- ups down t o o di st once of l 0 i nches f r om t he subi ect .
The comerq i s reody t o shoot of ony t i me, on i mport ont f oct or i n t he cose of
movi ng or l i ve obi ect s. At t he some t i me t he
proxi met er compensot es f or t he
f i nder por ol l ox.
The Voi gt l ci nder
PROXI METER syst em uses t wo suppl ement ory l enses. One
i s o
posi t i ve meni scus whi ch f i i s i n f ront of t he comero l ens, t he ot her i s. o
sphei i col -pri smot i c
l ens uni t whi ch f i t s over f he rongef i nder ond def l ect s t he
t wo meosuri ng roys. Thi s coupl es t he rongef i nder ond t he l ens f or t he cl ose
ronge os occurot el y os over t he normol f ocusi ng ronge f rom 3t / z f eet t o oo'
- 1 3 -
Cf ose- ups wi t h
. the VITO C[ Ccl merrr
The VI TO CL comer o hos no cou-
pl ed r qngef i nder . The PROXI METER,
t her ef or e, connof be used wi t h i t .
But you con ochi eve t he i dent i col
pi ct ur e
ef f ect f or cl ose- ups of l ess
t hon 3r l n t eet by usi ng FOCAR l en-
ses ond t he PROXI RECT ot t ochment
t o compensqt e f or t he f i nder po-
r ol l ox.
We shol l be
pl eosed
t o f or wor d
you
upon r equest o compr ehensi ve
t obl e of set t i ngs wi t h det qi l s of
pi cf ur e
scol es, dept h of f i el d r onge
et c.
- 1 4 -
F o c q r F o c u s i n g T q b l e
Scol e
I
Di st once bet ween f r ont of l ens ond subi ect
s ef t i ng
F o c o r l I F o c o r 2 | f 1 + 2
t _ t _ _
i l
|
i l r
I
rv
2'  7rlr'  111h'
11u
l l u
103/+"
101/2"
10U2"
101h'
101/+"
1}' 
9Uz'
9rlzu
9r/tu
9rh"
9' 
83/s'
83/t"
65'  | 2'  6tl+' 
O |
2' Sr hu
23'  | 2'  31/2"
16'  | 2'  3t' 
13' | 2'   2rl ro
V |
2' 11/2"
l 0' | 2' 03/r'
8'   | l '  113h'  
61/ z' | 1' 101/ zu
s '   1 1 '  g '  
41/ z' | 1' 8'
o | l'   7tl2'  
4 '   1 1 '  7 u
31/ z' | 1' 6n
31h'   | 1'   5112'  
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l nstructi ons for use of focqr l enses
t Focusi ng: oppr ooch t he subi ect wi t h t he comer o, pr ef er obl y on t r i pod, unt i l
you
see
i t i n t he vi ewf i nde, r i n t he desi r ed si ze. Then, occor di ng t o t he di st once
( see t obl e,
col umns l l t o l V) , f i t t he oppr opr i ot e Focor l ens or bot h l enses ( l i n f r ont of 2) over
t he comer o l ens mounf .
Meosur e t he exoct di st once bet ween t he cent r e of t he l ens ond t he cent r e of t he
subi ect ond set t he l ens t o t he oppr opr i ot e di st once shown i n col umn I of t he t obl e
cor r espondi ng t o col umns l l t o l V.
oAper l ur e ond dept h of f i el d: i o ensur e odequot e depi h of f i el d, set t he oper t ur e
down t o of l eost f / 5. 6 or f / 8. When copyi ng documet r i s, f / l 1 or f / 16 i s r ecommended.
o Vi ewf i nder i moge: f i t t he
" Pr oxi r ect "
ot t ochment i nt o l he occessor y shoe of t he comer o
so t hot i t i s si t uot ed i n f r ont of t he vi ewf i nder . Then t ur n t he f r ont ond r eor scol e
r i ngs t o t he exoct di st once bet ween t he l ens ceni r e ond subi ect . You con now see t he
vi ewf i nder i moge f r ee f r om por ol l ox. The sl i ght shodow i n t he cor ner s, whi ch i s due
t o t he ci r cul or shope of t he Pr oxi r ect ot t ochmeni , wi l l of cour se not oppeor i n t he
oct uol pi ct ur e.
o Exposur e: The Focor l enses do not of f ect t he exposur e t i me. The f i l t er s must be pl oced
i n f r ont of l he Focor l enses, ot t he some t i me ol l owi ng f or t he i ncr eose of exposur e
f oct or.
- 1 5 -
Photogrophi ng ogoi nsf the Li ght
Thi s i s one of t he most beout i f ul phot ogr ophi c subi ect s. I nl er est i ng out l i nes
of l i ghf on peopl e
ond obi ect s, os wel l os shqdows proi ect ed
t o t he f ront ,
gi ve t he pi ct ur e
o dept h whi ch i t i s i mpossi bl e t o ochi eve wi i h ony ot her
f or m of l i ght i ng.
When t oki ng t hese pi ct ur es,
however , do not omi t t o use t he l ens shode
whi ch cl eors t he woy t o t he l ens onl y f or t hose roys whi ch ore requi red t o
bui l d up t he pi ct ur e,
ond el i mi not es ony hor mf ul si del i ght . The l ot i er , r egor d-
l ess of whef her i t comes f rom t he sun, t he sky, f rom wol er or f rom on
ori i f i ci ol source of l i ght , woul d be l i obl e t o couse sl i ght ref l ecl i ons or woul d
hove t he ef f eci of di mi ni shi ng shorpness ond cont rosi .
The l ens shode i s not onl y essent i ol when
phot ogr ophi ng
ogoi nst t he l i ghi
or wi t h or t i f i ci ol l i ght , i t i s equol l y usef ul when t oki ng phot ogr ophs i n bod
weot her t o prot ect t he l ens ogoi nst roi n or snow.
- 1 6 -
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Hi nts for Col ovr Photogrophs
Subi ect s wi t h l orge col oured oreos, but wi t houi consi derobl e di f f erence i n
bri ght ness, moke t he best col our pi ct ures. l f possi bl e, pl oce pe_opl e ogoi nst
o qui et neut rql bockground i n order i o moke t hem st ond out . Out door
por-
t r oi t s or e best t oken i n sl i ght l y hozy sunl i ght '
l n t he cose of l ondscopes, moke sure t o get o col ourf ul ond l i vel y f oreground
i nt o t he
pi ct ur e. For mount oi n vi ews ond oi t he seosi de, use t he ul l r o- vi ol et
or skyl i ght f i l t er i o r educe or el i mi not e di st ur bi ng bl ue cost s.
Sunl i ght i ends t o be or onge i n t one i n t he eor l y mor ni ng ond l oi e eveni ng.
Subi ect s i l l umi not ed onl y by t he bl ue sky ond not di r eci l y by i he sun f r e-
quent l y t oke on o pr edomi nont l y bl ui sh t one.
Wi t h doyl i ght
phot ogrophs, shodows con be bri ghf ened up by meons of
whi t e ref l ect i ng screens or bl ue f l osh bul bs or el ect roni c f l osh guns. Mi xed
l i ght i ng such os, f or i nst once, el ect r i c l omps i n coni unct i on wi t h doyl i ght ,
r esul t s i n col our di st or t i on.
Mel er Reodi ngs. . . i n o Nui shel l
g
A r el i obl e exposur e set t i ng i s nor mol l y
obt oi ned by poi nt i ng
t he exposure
met er st roi ght ot t he subi ect f rom t he
comero posi t i on.
Thi s so col l ed ref l ec-
t ed l i ght meosurement i s sui t obl e f or
ol l over oge condi t i ons i n t he obsence
of excessi ve cont rost s of l i ght ond
shode.
Out of door s, por t i cul or l y wi t h open vi ews,
i f i s odvi sobl e t o poi nt t he comer o sl i ght l y
downwords os t he bri ght sky ref l ect s f or
mor e i nt ense l i ght t hon t he oct uol subi ect .
Except i ons or e i ni er est i ng cl oud st udi es wi t h
peopl e, bui l di ngs or ot her l ondscope f eo-
t ur es del i ber ot el y r ender ed os si l houel t es,
ol so beoch ond snow scenes.
- 1 8 -
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l n some i nsf onces o mor e occur ot e
woy of t oki ng ref l ect ed l i ght reodi ngs
i s col l ed f or , nomel y cl ose- up r eodi ngs.
Thi s moy ori se wi t h bri ght obi ect s
ogoi nst o dqrk bockground, i n t he cose
of cl ose-ups wi t h t he oi d of Focor
I enses ond, i n pr i nci pl e, wi t h ol l
phot o-
grophs of
peopl e, port i cul orl y port roi t s.
For o cl ose-up reodi ng, opprooch t he
subi ect unl i l
you onl y t oke i n i he
por t s
t hol oct uol l y mot t er. Be coref ul not t o
cost o shodow over t he oreo whi ch
you or e meosur i ng.
- 1 9 -
Unl osdi ng the Camero. . . ofter the Lqsl Exposure
Rewi ndi ng
qnd
removi ng l he f i l m: press
i he reversi ng l ever t o t he l ef t , l ei t i ng
t he rewi nd knob
i ump
up. Turn t he rewi nd knob i n t he di rect i on of t he orro, i
unt i l t he
I
or o mor k r eoppeor s i n t he f i l m count er wi ndow. Then open t he
comero, pul l ouf t he rewi nd knob f ol l y ond remove t he cosset t e.
Chongi ng Partl y Exposed Fi l ms
Wi t h boi h cqmeros you
con ol woys remove o port l y
exposed f i l m bet ween
exposures
qnd
exchonge i t f or onot her (e. g. t o swi t ch over f rom bl ock-ond-
whi t e t o col our f i l m) .
Remember or , bef t er st i l l , mo. ke o not e of t he number of t he l ost exposed f r ome ond
r ewi nd t he por t l y exposed f i l m i nt o i t s cosset t e. Wt ' r " n r r f r " qr ent i v r el oodi r r i f - r i ,
t i l m, . pr oceed os ol r eody descr i bed up t o t he poi nt of set t i ng' t he' f i l m i or i i i " r . i o
t he
I
mor k.
Then depr es. s. t he r el eose, l ei go, pr ess down ogoi n ond hol d i t down i n t hi s
posi t i on.
Keep on put t r ng out t he r opi d wi ndi ng l ever os f or os i t wi l l
qo
unt i l t he f i l m' count er
I ndr cot es once mor e t he number of l he f r ome of whi ch you
hove
pr evi ousl y
mode o
not e. Now
l gt
sg gf t he ret eose, work rhe ropi d wi ndi ns' i euui -ol oi . -"i rJ-p' r"i l ri i i
t J
expose t he f i l m i n t he nor mol monner .
- 20 -
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CARE OF T HE CAMERA AND' I . ENS
Successful resul ts ond o l ong l i feti me of your vcl u-
obl e comero depend l orgel y on proper core ond
correct use.
Therefore, ol woys hondl e the comero coreful l y, never
use force. Protect the comero ogoi nsi shocks ond do
not drop i t. When trovel l i ng by cor, do not keep i t
i n the gl ove co,mportment where i t i s exposed to o
greot
deol of vi brot i on whi ch moy horm t he bui l t -i n
photo-el ectri c
exposure meter i n the l ong run.
Cl eon the l ens onl y wi th o soft, fl uffl ess cl oth.
However, fi rst cqreful l y dust off coqrse porti cl es of
dust
(or
sond ot the seosi de) wi th o soft brush.
Fi nger morks ond ot her
greose
morks on t he l ens or
vi ewfi nder con be removed wi th o
pi ece
of cotton
wool -moi stened wi th
pure
ol cohol or ether.
I t
20
2l
22
23
Rewi nd knob
Vi ewfi nder eyepi ece
Fi l m trock
Cqssette chqmber
Fi l m reversi ng l ever
25
26
l l l ust r ot i on l l l
Rqpi d wi ndi ng l ever f or t ensi oni ng
t he shut t er ond odvqnci ng t he f i l m
Fi l m l ronsport shqf t
Toke-up spool wi t h hook f or
ot t ochi ng t he f i l m l eoder
Any brond of fi l m on the morkel , wherever
you mqy buy i f, con
be used i n the VITO Ct/CtR. The doyl i ght cossel l es wi th the
per-
foroted 35 mm fi l m gi ve
36 resp.20 fromes si ze 24x36 mm, no mol ter
whether bl ock-ond-whi te, col our negoti ve or col our reversol fi l m
(l ronsporency).
l l l ust r ot i on l V
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