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# Foot Plate

DESIGN CALCULATION OF

Single footing - Subjected to Compressive & Tensile Force (±P), Shear Force (±V) (No Moment)
Design Code TIA/EIA 222 F, ACI 318-99)

A.

GENERAL 1 Tower Height (m) 2 Soil Class LOADINGS, Unfactored Vertical load (kN) Condition Max Compression Max Tension

= =

72

m

B.

= =

All VALUES ARE UNFACTORED Hx - kN Hy - kN F - kN 47.939 46.269 745.950 -48.016 -48.228 -617.464

C.

MATERIAL PROPERTIES 1 Soil angle of friction / frustum angle 2 Soil density 3 Allowable soil bearing cap 4 5 6 7 8 Concrete density Surcharge (If any) Soil Type Soil angle of friction (Drained condition) Soil angle of friction (Undrained condition)

(Φ) (gs)

= = = = = = = =

(σall)
(gc) Sur (Φ') (ΦT)

25 0 3 1600 kg/m 2 kg/cm 1
3

[But this value should be EXACTLY 30º per TIA 222F] 3 = 15.70 kN/m [But this value… EXACTLY 16 2 kN/m = 98.10
3

2400 kg/m = 23.54 kN/m 2 2 0.1 kg/cm = 9.81 kN/m Clean fine sand, silty or clayey fine to medium sand. 25 0
0

D.

DIMENSIONS 1 Pad / Footing Footing Outer width / Length Footing Thickness 2 Overall soil depth, above pad Height of chimney above GL 3 Chimney / Pedestal size/width 4 Min of tower base width 5 Total depth

(BO) (hp) or (T) (h) (h1) (bc) (Bb) (hp+h)

= = = = = = =

4.25 0.5 2.45 0.4

m m m m
h hp

Ba Φ

h1

0.6 m 7 m 2.95 m

M=HR.h

Bo

Bt

5 Checking of free space between soil frustum, at GL Add, width, due to soil frustum Free space Effective add width, due to soil frustum Effective soil frustum angle Width total frustum E. UPLIFT CAPACITY 1 Concrete Volume above GL Volume within frustum Volume below frustum Vol. chimney / Pedestal Counter Weight (Not Surcharge) Vol concrete total Concrete weigth 2 Soil Weight Calculation A Method A Volume Soil Cone Volume of Soil just above the footing Total Volume Soil Soil weight B Method B Volume Soil Cone (Method A,

(Ba) (sf) (Ba') (Φ') (Bt)

= = = = =

1.14 m -1.61 1.14 m 25 6.53
O

<

0

use eff frustum angle

(Vch1) (Vch2) (Vp) (Vch1+Vch2) (Cw) (Vc) (W c)

= = = = = = =

0.14 m 3 0.882 m
3 9.03125 m 3 1.03 m 3 0.00 m 3 10.06 m

3

236.79 kN

(Vcone) (Vsoil) (Vs) W s)

= = = =

3 29.05 m 3 m 43.37 3 72.42 m

Eq OK

1137 kN

Qu

=

3 14.73 m

195993455.xls.ms_office

12/16/2013

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. ey has not been shown) q MAX ì æö 6e 1+ ï P ç÷ L (σmax) èø L ++-£ ï q s ( 0.708 Remember. Most tower has biaxial moment for single footing / Pile.. If eq 1) passes then use eq 2) to calculate the footing's 4 corner pressure.OK B For TWO WAY ECCENTRICITY (Biaxial Moment) ..5 L e ) 6 î = = = = 67. SO it should be checked for Mx.88 kN Tension force need NOT to be checked for bearing.47 kN/m2 .ex first then again in another calculation the footing should be checked for My.47 kN/m2 .25+Ws/2) = = = = > > > 617.35 .195 Bo/6 = 0.. below eq 1 must be satisfied FIRST.708 Mx = 155.5] (W s) (W c+Ws) (W c+Ws)/1.188 Bo/6 = 0.00 kN e2 or ey = 0.60 kN e1 or ex = 0.7*φ') 0.464 1. if compression passes Yes A My = 160.Foot Plate Volume of Soil just above the footing Total Volume Soil Soil weight Total Soil Volume (Smaller of Method A & B) So Final Soil weight 3 Checking of uplift Capacity Total weight resisting uplift 222F 222F F. Code provision for uplift Check .59 < 130..OK (Sliding is important for Tower.xls. From Eq Finally use Allowable Coefficient of friction (SF = 1.296 0. SLIDING = 2 70.10 m 912 kN 912 kN 912 kN 1149 kN 766 645 [Coefficient of lateral earth pressure K = 0.... for e ï (σmin) 3 B (0.37 m 3 58.93 kN 824. due to Sliding / Shear force (Method B.15 w s ) T . ey (Here calculation for My.34 kN/m < 2 130.OK surcharge Footing thickness 43.35 μ / SF 0.233 195993455.5 (W c/1.. Eq 1) If this don’t satisfy then increase footing size Here. otherwise increase footing size.86 .47 kN/m . From table Coefficient of friction.5 ~ 2) μ μ μ μa μa = = = = = = 0.(Tension Force) Wind load combined with Load Combination? 2 Bending momnet.15 w s ) T .464 617.OK .0.36 < 130.464 kN 617.. for e qs =í BL 6 ï T 2P L ++-> q s ( 0.1 Code provision for uplift Check . Here footing has been designed for ONE WAY ECCENTRICITY (Uniaxial Moment). (Vsoil) (Vs) W s) = = = 3 43.95 kN 78. specially Monopole or guyed pole or tapered pole) Coefficient of friction.OK (Fc) (W c') N max N min = = = = = 745.45 Input manually tan (0.2 BEARING CAPACITY 1 Vertical Load from tower base (Downward) Concrete weight (Excluding soil weight) Maximum vertical load .(Compression Force) Minimum vertical load .ms_office 12/16/2013 2 of 12 . Wf c1 & c2 Weigth of footing B and L Eq 2) ( another eq is σ max = P / Az + P*e1*c1/I1 + P*e2*c2/I2) (σmax) G.

case 1 Vfa.5 to 2 Note Factor of safety for λ is 2 to 3 Here γ is 110 cft Vfa Case 1.89 kN 1000 mm 430 mm 0. Pprinciples and Practices = = = = 167.8 -71.92 kN ok Below parts havent yet been checked.89 mm 123.59 kN/m 2 43.06 mm (Mu/φ) Rn=Mn/bd2 (ρreq) (Asreq) Use D db As1 = = 16 - 136 16 mm (Mu/φ) Rn=Mn/bd2 2 201.50 1128.20 45.20 kN 1128.68 MPa 413 MPa 1.79 117.75*ρb 0.01607 0.38 -0.16 kN 1000 mm 430 mm -0.5 by TIA 222F code) Downward P Upward P Footing Weight Footing Length B Footing Depth V Vfa.67 0.68 = = kip kip kip ft ft kip kip kip 10.0042 2 1814.18 kN/m -56.70 -138.5 by TIA 222F code) Factor of safety SF (Min 1.94 9.93 kNm for 1 m' span ρmin ρmax ρmax β φ Upper pad Mn Design width Effective depth Rn Required area ratio of bar Required area of bar Spacing s=As1/Asreqxb Lower pad Mn Design width Effective depth Rn Required area ratio of bar Required area of bar Spacing s=As1/Asreqxb Development length Minimun development length = = = = = = (b) (d) = = = = = = = (b) (d) = = = = = = = 0. Coduto Foundation Design.74 13.79 mm 30.75 mm 110.63 kN 223.00 ksi 59. OVERTURNING MOMENT 1 Resultan horizontal load 2 Moment overturning 3 Moment resisting 4 Factor of safety SF (Min 1.11 kNm for 1 m' span (σup) (Mu) = = 2 -34.06 > < 1. Upward λa λa = = 113. Considering Tension Force.5 by TIA 222F code) H.36 kN/m 99.92 kN 5.ms_office 12/16/2013 3 of 12 .22 = db As1 = = 16 mm 2 201. I. Pprinciples and Practices Developed shear at tower / pole / guy leg.68 10. Considering Compression Force. Down Case 2.00366 0.81 17.825 m 3.Foot Plate Alloable equivalent passive fluid density Note Factor of safety for μ is 1. Donald P. DESIGN OF PAD 1 Concrete cover 2 Material Grade Concrete K-175 Steel Reinforcing Bar (U-39) 3 Bending Moment Pad cantilever length Compression Soil pressure at the perpendicular side of chimney Maximum Minimum Ultimate bending moment Uplift Soil pressure at the perpendicular side of chimney Design uplift pressure Ultimate bending moment 4 Reinforced concrete design for bending (d') (fc') (fy) (lc) = = = = 70 mm 20.86 4.193 lb/ft2 Page 278.35 mm -192.23 Page 278. case 2 SF (Case 1) SF (Case 2) = = = = = < < V V ok ok (HR) (Mov) (Mres) SF = = = = 66.004220356 16 22 136 195993455.xls.0024 2 -1042. Case 1 Case 2 Factor of safety SF (Min 1. Coduto Foundation Design. Donald P.90 ksi (σc)max (σc)min (Mu) = = = 2 67.06 mm (ρreq) (Asreq) nos Use Use D Use 300 mm 0.85 0.

6 0.47 kN 1745.ms_office 12/16/2013 4 of 12 .20 kN 2744.25 1024.fc'(ab.13 kN (Vc)min (fVc) 2685.987 kN Vu .5 = = = 365 mm 11 mm 430 mm 5 Concrete Bearing Capacity A1 A2 Max load on the center of cap.xls. (Fc)ver+W ch Concrete Bearing Capacity f.06.72 kN #REF! 0.596 mm mm kN kN > kN #REF! f (Fc)ver+W ch Vc = 1 6 f c' b w d (fVc) 665.19 kN (f) = 0.(bc+d-2d') Factored shear force Vu=(σup)(bo2-(bc-2d)2) Concrete shear strength (Vc) is the smallest amount of : æ 4 ö Vc = ç ç2 + b ÷ ÷ c ø è f c' bo d 12 (bc) (d) (d') (bo) (Vu) -430.55 kN = (fVc) = = = = = = Uplift Chimney width Effective depth Chimney concrete cover Perimeter length (bo)=4.43 m 4.6 m 0.65 Factored shear force Vu=(σc)(B2-(bc+d)2) (Vu) Concrete shear strength (Vc) is the smallest amount of : æ 4 ö ç2 + ÷ Vc = ç bc ÷ è ø f c' bo d 12 = = 4028.47 kN 1745.As..93 kN = = #REF! #REF! kN kN (Vc)min (fVc) kN kN #REF! (Vu) #REF! æ as d ö Vc = ç ç b + 2÷ ÷ è o ø Vc = 4 f c' b o f c' bo d 12 d 12 = = #REF! #REF! kN kN = (fVc) = #REF! #REF! 195993455.07 3.56 m m m m > (Vu) .12 m 1149.0. Face chimney) Strength reduction factor (f) Compression (bw) Web width Effective depth (d) Factored shear force (Vu) (Vc) = = = = = = = = = = 0...7 18.02.fy 0.OK æ as d ö Vc = ç ç b + 2÷ ÷ è o ø Vc = 4 f c' b o f c' bo d 12 d 12 = = 2685.36 m 2 2 ab = = #REF! 2 0.85.55 kN 0.0625 m 766.00 430.(bc+d) = = (bc) (d) (bo) = = = = 1 20 (for corner colomn) 0.987 kN > Vu .65 4250.OK Uplift Factored shear force (Vu) (fVc) = = -62.OK 7 Checking of Punching Shear bc as Compression Chimney width Effective depth Perimeter length (bo)=4..43 0..db.00 79.fy/(fc') 0.473 kN 665..A1) 6 Checking of one-way shear along Section A-A (eff.Foot Plate Basic Minimum Available development length ldb 0.

88 kN.5 m 0.95 kN 189.000157 m 200 195993455.309 kN 240 MPa 0.626 kN 133.6 m 2.m rmin = rmax = = = 0.8 According to Column interaction chart.204 kN 604.0145 20 nos 16 mm < 8db = = = b f Asreq = 128 mm 259 mm 1825 mm = = 0.xls.3 m 7 m 664.454 < 1 0.0112 < or > rmax 155 mm 128 mm OK OK 5 Stirrup Design Steel U-24 fy = 240 MPa 0..173 m A = 34 0. DESIGN OF CHIMNEY 1 Material Grades Concrete K225 Steel reinforcement bar 2 Slenderness Evaluation bc lu For a braced frame klu/r 3 Axial and Moment Forces Compression Ru' Pu' Mu' Uplift Ru Pu Mu 4 Longitudinal Bar Design (fc') (fy) = = I = = 0.65 66.Foot Plate J.05 kN -617.85 m = = 18.185 kN 2134.96 kN.36 m .3 m 0. Sloof Ps = (60%P) Steel U-39 fy bs hs Depth of sloof Minimum base width of tower Stirrup Design fy = = smax = hsl Bb = = = = = = 10 mm 2 0.788 kN 250 mm > db Av = = f = (Vu) (fVs) (fVc) (fVs)max smax = = = = = (fVc)+(fVs) K.ms_office 12/16/2013 5 of 12 .570 kN 413 MPa 0.000157 m 1 Vc = 6 f bw d ' c Maximum shear load for stirrup Maximum spacing > Use D 10 (Vu) (fVs) OK OK 150 447.570 kN = = Use D 10 OK f Maximum spacing 10 mm 2 0.46 kN 193.OK 2 = = = = = = 66.000201062 m rmin Development length Minimum development length 90 degrees standar hook Available development length r 0.65 250 mm > db Av nos dbs = = 8 16 447.m 68.63 kN 745. available rebar Number of rebar Diameter of rebar = 2 0.0108 m 16.85 0.63 MPa 413 MPa k = r = 4 0.0034 0..

xls.58 kg/m 1.11 m 3 Use Use Use Use Use Use 22 22 20 D D D D D D 16 16 16 10 -150 16 10 -200 1.Foot Plate L.58 kg/m 0.43 m 2400.62 kg/m 1.37 m 195993455.83 kg (EVs) (EVs) = = 3 11.62 kg/m Total = = = = = = = 8 5 Total 4 (four) leg of lattice tower Volume of concrete K-175 Weight of steel bar 6 Excavation soil volume One leg One tower = = 3 44. ESTIMATED VOLUME OF MATERIALS 1 Volume of concrete K-225 2 Weight of steel bar Pad Lower Upper 3 Chimney Longitudinal bar Stirrup 4 Sloof One leg = 11.59 m 3 46.58 kg/m 0.ms_office 12/16/2013 6 of 12 .58 kg/m 1.

Foot Plate XACTLY 30º per TIA 222F] [But this value… EXACTLY 16 kN/m3 per TIA 222F] 195993455.xls.ms_office 12/16/2013 7 of 12 .

if compression passes .Foot Plate use this SF for RCC building design ng.xls..OK .ms_office 12/16/2013 8 of 12 .OK 195993455....

ms_office 12/16/2013 9 of 12 .xls.Foot Plate nciples and Practices nciples and Practices 195993455.

Foot Plate 195993455.xls.ms_office 12/16/2013 10 of 12 .

ms_office 12/16/2013 11 of 12 .Foot Plate 195993455.xls.

ms_office 12/16/2013 12 of 12 .Foot Plate 172.15 kg 88.00 kg 600.48 kg 56.76 kg 90.76 kg 172.xls.21 kg 195993455.06 kg 20.