To Do List

This is a list of items we have identified as needing work:

WaTER
NaOH
Stabilization
Concentrate disposal (evap. Ponds)
pipelines
intakes
outfalls
Energy cost for Concentrate outfall
Dechlorination / Ozonation mods.
Cost formulas, where did they come from, are they estimated from graphs or from qasim
Evap Ponds
Deep Well injection
set lower limits
set upper limits
heating & lighting is not based on day light or outside air temp.
"H2O analysis" - Valence changes with pH
"References" Section

WT Cost Software Comments
have check marks for including/not including certain costs (e.g. building heating)

Introduction to this model (WaTER)
WaTER or "Water Treatment Estimation Routine" is a model for estimating the cost of drinking water
treatment. WaTER is the MS Excel program that is the basis for the Visual Basic program called
"WTCost". WaTER was developed by the U.S. Bureau of Reclamation (USBR) "Water Treatment
Engineering and Research Group". WaTER is updated on a semi continuous basis (adding new treatment
techniques, modifying costs, etc.). WaTER can be downloaded at:
http://www.usbr.gov/pmts/water/awtr.html
WaTER uses the 1979 USEPA water treatment cost estimates (1978 dollars) and the 1992 Quasim
updates to the 1979 costs as the basis. Costs are updated to todays costs. Processes not included in the
1979 or 1992 updates are estimated from USBR experience and manufacturere estimates. The majoirty of
the program is based on applicable flows between 1 and 200 MGD. There has been some recent work
incorporating smaller flows of 2,500 gpd to 1 MGD.
Information on treatment techniques included in WaTER for all USEPA regulated contaminants can be
found in the USBR publication "Water Treatment Primer for Communities in Need"
WTcost is a Visual Basic version of this program (with some edits and additions) developed by Irvine Moch.
This program is for sale through Irvine Moch & Associates.
I. Moch & Assoc., Inc.
PMB 161, Suite 6, 1812 Marsh Road, Wilmington, DE 19910-4528
(302) 477-0420, Fax: (302) 477-0242, E- Mail:imoch@aol.com
This version last updated on:

12/18/06

Comments
This model is updated on a continuous basis when funding and time permits. Work on this model is not
currently funded and has not been funded since FY04. Although this is labeled as a "Non Functional
Version" there are many components that work. The non functional status comes from the fact that not
everything has been fully checked and there are some components that do not funciton or do not function
correctly.
We welcome any comments (especially corrections).
Comments on this model should be addressed to Michelle Chapman at the USBR in Denver
MCHAPMAN@do.usbr.gov

11/4/2005

Key for WaTER program

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usually contain formulas or data that do change
requires entry of data, and may or may not change
entered data that usually do not change
reference
goal seek cells
limit error
unknown use of data
future work and problems that need to be fixed

Major Notes

Capital costs are computed using the peak day flow and an operation time factor (OTF) to account for down time which increas
O&M costs are computed using the average daily flow which accounts for daily usage of chemicals, power, etc.

Design Notes

account for down time which increases the hourly flow rate, but not the daily flow rate
hemicals, power, etc.

Evap. Ponds MF FLOW NF/RO Pre Desal Primary Treatment Feed Flow NF/RO Feed Flow UF Air Stripping PreDesal Primary Rapid Mix Tank Chemicals -Cl2 -Ozone -Potassium Permanganate -Acid -Lime UFSCC Desal Feed Flow NF/RO Product Flow Plant Production Flow ED Desal Product Flow Gravity Filter IX Coagulant -Ferric Chloride -Ferric Sulfate -Alum (dru) -Alum (liquid) Intake Pipe Disinfection -Cl2 -Ozone -Chlorine Dioxide -Chloramines Blending Blending Flow Stabilization Coagulant Aid -PolyElectrolyte -PACl Plant Production Flow Clearwell FLOW Plant Feed Concentrate Outfall Drawing Not Completely Accurate MF Primary Treatment Feed Flow UF Air Stripping Plant Production Flow Primary Treatment Rapid Mix Tank Chemicals -Cl2 -Ozone -Potassium Permanganate -Acid -Lime UFSCC Gravity Filter Disinfection -Cl2 -Ozone -Chlorine Dioxide -Chloramines FLOW Coagulant -Ferric Chloride -Ferric Sulfate -Alum (dry) -Alum (liquid) -PACl -Lime Coagulant Aid -PolyElectrolyte .Outfall .Com ponents of the WaTER program Intake Pre-Treatment Disinfection Desalination Primary Treatment Chemicals -Cl2 -Ozone -Potassium Permanganate -Acid -Lime -Antiscalant Concentrate Outfall Dechlorination -Sodium Bisulfite -Sodium Sulfite -Sulfer Dioxide Concentrate Disposal .

Warnings Note: If Warnings are present. Paremeter units Value Feed Flow MGD Ion Product for Concentrate 0 Acid addition H2SO4 Dose Rate by volume 0 Basis dose rate kg/day 1212 Calculated dose rate kg/hr. 64 Liquid Alum dose rate kg/hr. 401 Basis kg/day 946 Calculated Cl2 Dose kg/day 1568 Calculated Aqua Ammonia kg/day 376 Ozone Requirements: kg/day 379 Basis Lime: kg/hr 118 Basis Soda: kg/hr 0 Basis Polymer Feed kg/day 223 Basis Polymer Feed kg/day 223 Basis KMnO4 kg/day 891 Feed/Product Flow gpd 81699 Filter area (m2): m2 2120 Filter area (m2): m2 2120 Service Flow Rate : L/(hr*L resin) 20 Filter area (m2): m2 50 Design MF product flow rate MGD 100 Primary Treatment Product Flow L/s 4796 Size hp 528 Size hp 163 Size hp 139 . they are higlighted with red fill Worksheet b e i j Worksheet Capacity H20 Analysis Acid IronFeed k AlumFeed L m n PolyAC De-Cl2&O4 CL2 o NHCL p Ozone q LimeFeed r s Antiscalent Polymer PolyElectrolyte t KMnO4 w GravityFilt y IX z f MF-P input RO&NF Input e.g. 16 Basis dose rate kg/day: kg/hr. 128 Calculated dose rate kg/hr.

000 2600 2600 40 2600 0 0 error 3 350 3 350 0.5 0.4 2500 13 13 16 13 0.01 0 error assumptions assuming H2SO4 limits and not HCL assuming ferrics sulfate and not ferrous chloride limits b/w pump gravity filter high pressure pump transfer pump product water pump .Lower limit Upper Limit 0.00019 20 72000 2300 2500 2300 100 4500 4500 2300 1800 4500 4500 100 100 220 200.04 144 4 4 4 0.4 0.000.5 4 4 110 4 4 4 0.

figure 21-23) not in epa Limits (From EPA-600/2-79-162b. figure 67-69) . figure 42-44) Limits (From EPA-600/2-79-162b. figure 11-13) Limits (From EPA-600/2-79-162b.Limits (From EPA-600/2-79-162b. figure 24-26) not in epa Limits (From EPA-600/2-79-162b. figure 1-3) Limits (From EPA-600/2-79-162b. figure 27-29) Limits (From EPA-600/2-79-162b. figure 16-18) not in epa not in epa Limits (From EPA-600/2-79-162b. figure 39-41) Limits (From EPA-600/2-79-162b. figure 16-18) Limits (From EPA-600/2-79-162b. and EPA-600/3-79-162b wrong calculation/referece in table Limits (From EPA-600/2-79-162b. figure 39-41) Limits (From EPA-600/2-79-162b. figure 1-3) Limits (From EPA-600/2-79-162b.

Volume 3. Cost Curves Applicable to 2.EPA-600/2-79-162c Estimating Water Treatment Costs. Sigurd.500 gpd to 1 MGD Treatment Plants Hansen. August 1979. Robert Gumerman.Concract # 68-03-2516 196 pages . and Ressell Culp.

MGD Treatment Plants .

Project Info Project Name Model Development Date 06/07/04 Membrane Stage A1 W orksheets included in this program: # a b c d e f g h i j k L m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa bb cc dd ee ff gg hh ii jj Worksheet Project & Stage Info Capacity Report Cost Index H2O Analysis RO & NF Input RO & NF Output CO2 Acid IronFeed Alum Feed PACl De-Cl2 Cl2 NHCl Ozone Lime Feed Antiscalant PolyElectrolyte KMnO4 GAC Clearwell Gravity Filter UFSCC IX MF Input MF Output Rejection ConcOutfall IonicsED ED2 Pumps StandardAnalyses S&DSI LSI Stiff & Davis Description Project title. date. amortization W ater quality input Input of membrane and system parameters Cost and energy output Recarbonation basin Sulfuric & Hydorchloric acid Dechlorination with sodium sulfite. sodium bisulfite. and sulfer dioxide NF & RO Conditioning (if applicable) . list of worksheets in W aTER Production Capacity and water data report Process information input and cost output Cost indices. interest rates.

380.992.07 L/day 445.2 276.87 54.215 4. 0.490 gpd MGD 0 99. NF/RO Feed Flow Rate O&M: NF/RO Feed Flow Rate:* Capital: NF/RO Feed Flow Rate (with OTF): L/Sec.9 gph 0 41.0 m3/day 117.8 L/day 0 3.114.63 gal/year 42.118 gpm gph 81.85 859.421. 309.12 m3/year Note: NF/RO Feed Flow = (Plant Production Flow) / (NF/RO Recovery) Rapid Mix Feed Flow Rate O&M: Rapid Mix Feed Flow Rate:* Capital: Rapid Mix Feed Flow Rate (with OTF): Note Rapid Mix Feed Flow = (Plant Production Flow) / (NF/RO Recovery) Water Treatment Cost Estimation Program .660 2000 1000 cfs and 300 cfs.118 gpm gph 81.5 gph 0 4.316 1.2 1.90 51. 5.12 162.984.0 694.25 L/Min.423. set rest cells to "0") O&M: Flowrate Flowrate (with OTF) System Capacity (with OTF) L/Sec.81 46.662 43.901.441 1.50 4.201.63 gal/year 42.442.500 138.85 859.053 gal/year m3/day m3/year 100.292.091.35 L/Min.991 445.429.830 1000 193.630.681.316 1.00 (used to calculate energy & chemical costs) 0. 5.294.640.99 36.244.634.766.455.0 262.294. 0.690.000 gpm 0 69436. 309.294.244.901.00 43.892 1.12 m3/year 162.640.50 4.421.785.00 gpd 117.621 3.102 Peak Day Flow Plant Production Flow Flowrate (Enter in ONE of these cells.894.00 99.634.594.211 gal/year m3/day m3/year 1.560 134.79 4.03 3.256 MGD 0.9 73.964.362.518 3.0 2.950 Note: Peak daily flow should be used for capital costs and average daily flow should be used for O&M costs Most flow rates are limited to 1 to 200 MGD 1.00 4.847.95 (used to estimate production/year) 1.11 L/Min.232.153.000 gpm 0.042 0 378.153.00 1.594.00 gpd 117.200 448.5 2.255.649 300 Average Daily Flow Plant Production Flow Flowrate (Enter in ONE of these cells.690.520. set rest cells to "0") Flowrate Capital: Flowrate (with OTF) System Capacity (with OTF) L/Sec.169 105.87 54.07 L/day 445.429.757 398.500.232.114.785 1.991 m3/day 445.989.90 51.255.150 398.{b}Capacity Project Name Model Development Date Stage 06/07/04 A1 Flow Rate Input Page & Water Data Report Plant Operations Schedule Plant availability due to down time Planned operation time per day Combined operation time factor (OTF) % 95 100 decimal 0.1 384.964.238.251.238.440 0 3.984. 646.1 145.256 MGD L/Sec.385.628.12 117.3 38.00 365.382.992.855 gpd MGD 0 999.315.520.400 897.166.052.3 L/day 0 378.611.097 105.25 L/Min.4 730.294.202. 0.03 3.

763.633 Water Treatment Cost Estimation Program $ 6 59.273.099 12 28.{u}GAC Granular Activated Carbon Filtration Units Desired Flow Rate: Bed Life (months) 1978 Capital Cost: Alternative Units 4611 L/s % $ 73.158 .

684.421 m /day gpm $ Alternative Units 3 79.211 Water Treatment Cost Estimation Program .{u}GAC Alternative Units 3 398.

382.5 mg/L mg/L mg/L Microfiltration Microfilter system equipment Number of microfilter Recovery Primary Treatment Gravity Filtration Calculated Surface Area: Alternative Surface Area: Structure: Backwashing: Media Rapid Sand Coal/Sand Coal/Sand/Garnet Coal/GreenSand/Coal Memcor.921.989 36.15 414.00 $ $ $ 0.695 $ 0.18 $ 0.05E-04 11 $6.499.05 $ 2.546.258 1.38 $ 2.577 7.98 5153.500 138.02 $ 0.48 2.293 156.58 $ 77.146 209.010.931.00 $ 0.23 56.80 $ 504.06 $ 0.250 1.695 $ 0.01 0.60 $ 25.61 552.299 $ 1.927.340 $ 0.430 $ 8.969 $26.865 $ 0.17 $ 0.5 mg/L as Cl2 $/ mg/L mg/L Sodium Sulfite: Cost Calculated Dose Alternative Dose 300 0.785 1.00 0. Calculated Dose Rate: Alternative Dose Rate: 2.00 $ 2.00 0.72 $ $ 11.241.00 0.797.208.48 $ $ 670.00 $ 0.981 $ 0.80 $ 504.5 mg/L mg/L mg/L Air Stripping Residual.324 ft m3 3 175 ft 3 56. 90M10C 103 0.792 $ 0.65 $ 2.462.756 $ 0.042 $ $ $ 0.120.441 1.5 0.0 mg/L min Chlorination Residual.02 0.569.640.788 $23.115 2.9 $/ mg/L mg/L $ 480.278 $ 5.202 Pre-Treatment Ozone Dose Rate (~5mg/L): Contact Time (~2 min): 1.83 $ 22.9 Desalination Stabilization Desalination $ 773.56 $ 233.9 $/ mg/L mg/L $ 480.5 2.520.27 $ 4.73 $ 930.058 $ $ 31.847.07 $ $ $ 74.5 elements kPa (decimal) (decimal) mg/L 2 224 lb/in % Ion Exchange Cation Equivalents/L Resin $/m3 Cation Exchange Resin Cation Resin Volume: To Remove Cation Equivalents/L: Anion Equivalents /L Resin $/m3 Anion Exchange Resin Anion Resin Volume To Remove Anion Equivalents /L: Run Cycle 20 $1.797.51 1. Calculated Dose Rate: Alternative Dose Rate: 2.500 $ 6.97 $ 66.11 $ 378.995.22 2.945 $ $ 0.132.65 0.352 234.48 $ 1.071 319.64 $17.050 $ 245.607 1.50 14.059.60 $ $ $ 150.000 365.27 $ 4.75 m2 mg/L stages (decimal) (decimal) Free Chlorine Level Sodium Bisulfite: Cost Calculated Dose Alternative Dose 1.01 (decimal) L/sec L/sec 81699 gal/min gal/min Bed Life 12 6 3 Upflow Solids Contact Clarifier How Many? Retention Time (min) Calculated Surface Area: Alternative Surface Area: G Rating % G Rating % G Rating % Reverse Osmosis/Nanofiltration Membrane Type Number of elements Operating Pressure NaCl Rejection Recovery Target Product TDS Blending? (Y or N) Ratio (Blend:Product) 2.097 99.258 2.748 $ 164.324 ft days 2 0 ft CO2 Outfall De-Chlorination Concentrate Disposal .927.16 $ 371.85 50 Y 9.544 $ 98.808 $ 100.48 0.20 $23.92 $ $ 119.82 $ - $ - $ - $ 150.0 300 1.02 $ 0.01 Sulfur Dioxide: Cost Calculated Dose Alternative Dose 300 0.299 $ 1.5 2.67 $ 371.211 $ 21.532 $ $ $ 0.633 $ 0.081.244 3 m /day 3 m /year kgal/day kgal/year Cost Parameter Units Alternative Units $ Construction Cost 3 $/m $/kgal $/yr Operating Cost 3 $/m $/kgal Intake Process 3.849 5.00 0.668.355.00 $ $ 0.01 m3 3 45 ft 3 56.00 $ 2.670.655.491 $ 0.064 $ 0.995 0.02 $ 0.13 0.528 $ $ $ 196.74 $ 0.08 $ 37.29 $ 80.243.21E-03 1 Ionics Electrodialysis Reversal Staff Days/day TDS 3 1000 mg/L Electrodialysis Membrane Area: Product TDS Number of Stages (1 or 2) Recovery per Stage Recovery 0 500 2 0.244.577 1.19 $ $ $ 0.892.17 0.0 2.07 FilmTec 20139 1542 0.092.45 1 180 9857 #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! $ 62.324 59.82 $ $ $ 742.Project Name Model Development Date Stage 06/07/04 A1 Cost reports for water treatment processes Production Capacity Average Daily Flow (for O&M) Peak Daily Flow (for capital) 378.00 $ $ $ $ 1.245 #REF! Granular Activated Carbon Flow rate Alternative Flow Rate: Months Months Months $ m2 m2 2 m m2 2 22825 ft 2 106101 ft ft2 70 110 150 $ 93.09 $ 3.647.00 $ 0.

01 $ 164.63 $ 371.57 $ $ $ 90.0 7 Conc LSI mg/L 0.00 $ 0. Calculated Dose Rate: Alternative Dose Rate: Distrib.6 990 mg/L mg/L kg/day $/500 lb Potassium Permanganate Calculated: Alternative: Based on: Dose Rate 0 2 891 mg/L mg/L kg/day Pumps Single Stage Tubine Variable Speed Turbine Centrifugal.0 6.00 $ 0.62 Calc Dose 96% H2SO4 (mg/L) Alternative: 99.79 12. 3.00 $ 0.792 $ 0.456 $ 0.885 $ 0.04 47.202 2.537 $ 1.00 $ 0.315 $ 0.02 $ 240.5 % mg/L mg/L mg/L Construction Cost 3 $/m 371.00 $ 455.257 $ 0.43 $ 1.544 $ #VALUE! 0.924 $ $ 21.785 1.41 $ $ 81.01 $ 74.5 Chlorine Dioxide Residual.43 $ 1.307 $ 1.07 328 mg/L mg/L kg/hr Alum (dry feed) Calculated Dose: Alternative Dose: Based on: Misc.00 $ 0.0 2.1 1.315 $ 0.728.164 $ $ $ 23.19 $ 198.5 2.097 99.01 $ 94.776 $ 0.43 $ 1.154 75 0.98 $/kgal $ #VALUE! $ 2.016 $ 0.01 $ 29.45 11.00 $ 0.154 5.276 $ 0.16 $ 0.5 Polyelectrolyte Suggested: Alternative: Based on: Cost of Chemical Dose Rate 0.77 Conc LSI 0.01 $ 0.01 $ 0.64 $ 2.64 $ 182.31 $ 1.633 $ 0.00 Calc Dose 37% HCl (mg/L) Alternative: 73.781 4.25 $ 0.1 87 mg/L mg/L mg/L mg/L kg/hr kg/hr mg/L mg/L kg/day $/500 lb pump(s) m kPa m3/s m3/s % m % 141 282 36 2667 $ 118.04 $ $ $ 9.587 $ 0.989 36.Cost reports for water treatment processes Production Capacity Average Daily Flow (for O&M) 378. Equipment 3.46 $ 140.000 365.18 $ 4.94 in 111482 128140 kWhr 60.317.000 55.748.350 $ 0.0 2. Singe Stage Number of pumps: Height differential: Discharge pressure: Full flow rate: Basis flow rate Pump Efficiency: Pipe Diameter: Motor Efficiency: HP Power consumption: Clearwell Below Ground Capacity: Ground Level Capacity: Daily Production: 118 0 222.49 17.6 990 1 1 1750 5.18 .118.00 $ 57.73 - 3.0 mg/L min 2.717 $ 0.00 $ 0.55 $ 780.5 222.00 $ 164.02 $ 0.28 $ 233.62 lb/hr lb/hr lb/hr lb/day 5 .00 0.393 $ 0.4 Conc LSI mg/L -1.72 #VALUE! $/yr Operating Cost 3 $/m $/kgal $ 77.708.789.662 $ 0.520.01 $ 445.00 $ 0.20 $ 4.55 4.00 $ 0.40 $ 106.003.245 $ $ - $ 7.441 1.927.500 138.0 mg/L mg/L mg/L mg/L mg/L Ozone Dose Rate (~5mg/L): Contact Time (~2 min): 1.064 $ $ - $ - $ - $ - Acidification Feed LSI (for TDS>5000) -1.01 $ 163.237 4.362 1.00 $ 0. Calculated Dose Rate: Alternative Dose Rate: Chemical Feed Systems (Main Process) 3 m /day 3 m /year kgal/day kgal/year Cost Parameter Units Alternative Units $ $ mg/L mg/L mg/L Chloramines Residual: Calculated Chlorine Dose: Calculated Ammonia Dose: Alternative Chlorine Dose Alternative Ammonia Dose 3 4.150 2740 lb/day 259 lb/hr 0 lb/hr 490 490 1959 3.64 $ 182.653 $ 0.75 $ 260.3 254 81699 81699 lb/day lb/day lb/day ft psi gal/min gal/min Operating Cost Depend on Number and Horsepower only.244.28 $ 22.244 Disinfection Intake Process Chlorine Residual. Peak Daily Flow (for capital) 64 Alum (liquid feed) Calculated: Alternative: Based on: Dose Rate 655 Poly Aluminum Chloride Calculated: Alternative: Based on: Dose Rate 98 Ferric Sulfate Calculated: Alternative: Based on: Dose Rate 259 Ferric Chloride Calculated Dose Alternative Dose Based on: 128 16 mg/L mg/L kg/hr mg/L mg/L kg/hr 1212 mg/L mg/L kg/day 266 mg/L 1245 kg/day Lime & Soda Ash Leave out Soda Ash "Y" or "N"? Calculated Lime: Calculated Soda Ash: Alternative Lime Alternative Soda Ash: Based on Lime dose: Based on Soda Ash: Dose Rate Y 6 0 AntiScalant Suggested: Alternative: Based on: Cost of Chemical Dose Rate 0.309.20 43.43 w/Acid #NUM! #NUM! #NUM! $ 2.162 $ 0.709 $ 0.32 w/Acid #NUM! #NUM! #NUM! $ 151.717 $ 0.95 $ 1.382.823 $ 0.000 m3 m3 3 3.785 m 15852 kgal 14531 kgal 1000 kgal $ $ 8.20 $ 0.00 $ 0.547 $ 0.

38 Housing 7449.com http://www.82 Excavation and Sitework.27 94.02 1.gov/cneaf/electricity/epm/table5_6_a.doe.html http://www.Department of Energy "Electric Power Monthly" Source of DOE data: Energy Information Administration.html Water Treatment Cost Estimation Program .enr.40 2.81 1. "Monthly Electric Sales and Revenue Report with State Distributions Report.eia.00 Piping & Valves Maintanace Materials Concrete Steel 0.19 1.17 1.57 1.asp 2 EPA-600/2-79-162 "Estimating Water Treatment Costs" 3 DOE ." http://www.00 For Bond Period 0.27 2637.91 4462.enr. Labor 2.44 1.com/features/conEco/costIndexes/mostRecentIndexes.00 On Construction & Bond Money 30. Form EIA-826.0700 Power 6.78 2.30 2637.{d}Cost Index Project Name Model Development Date 06/07/04 Cost Indices Data Date of Cost Indices Values Cost Indices Categories: ENR Construction Cost Index Construction Cost Wage ($/hr) ENR Building Cost Index Building Cost Skilled Labor ENR Materials Cost Index Materials Materials Cement ($/ton) Steel ($/CWT) Other Electricity Cost ($/kWHr) 3 Rates and Lifecycles Interest Rate (%) Amortization time (yr) Water Rate ($/kgal) Month November Year 2006 November 2006 Used For Desalination Costs Ratio for October 1978 Ratio for 1995 (1913 basis) (1913 basis) 7910.eia.08 2.08 1.doe.96 2.00 Cost of Feed Source Water Notes References ENR .59 3.46 0.Engineering News Record Construction Cost Index published monthly by McGraw Hill in New York City (212-512-2000) See http://www.05 Labor (for operating the plant .gov/cneaf/electricity/epm/epm_sum.81 Manufactured & Electrical Equipment 29.33 1.19 1.43 2.42 40.approximation) 2.

09E-03 6.00 23.47E-07 0.010 2 0.91 150.02E-03 1.00 0.0000 180.96 61.99 87.24 39.01 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 1 4 1 1 2 2 -1 -2 0 -1 112.08 1.88E-08 3.99 6.30 22.25E-05 2.45 -1 -1 -3 -2 19 14 94 96 1 -1 1 1 Equivalent Weight Moles/ Liter Equiv.04 5.47E-10 3.05E-04 2.05 0.47E-07 3.50E-05 5.98 423.96 107.03 500 ------- Page 18 .1000 40.23E-03 4.24E-05 1.2 4 10 --250 6.005 --0.{e}H20 Analysis Feed Water Analysis Last check for accuracy of the MCL values Component 1/1/2000 Secondary Eff Aluminum Antimony Arsenic Barium Beryllium Boron Cadmium Calcium Chromium.98 121.46 500 22.00 11./ Liter Ionic Strength mg/L as CaCO3 20.02E-03 102.41 40.95E-03 2.05 0.19 24.95E-03 1.31 54.1 78.004 0.00 0.00 1.94 200.71 39.00 30.1 ----5 ------250 0.015 --0.23E-03 4.59 58.92 137.54 55.75 74.45 2.34 9.62 65.80E-04 4.13 1.1 1 0.85 207.5-8.37 61 60 44 35.75 7.00E-05 1.02E-03 1.00 7.5 0.05 0.54 6.08 52 63.3 0.10 1.0000 140.95E-03 2. free Fluoride Nitrate (as N) o-Phosphate Sulfate Silica pH pOH Total Dissolved Solids (TDS) Total Suspended Solids (TSS) Conductivity Temperature W ater Treatment Cost Estimation Program 2.88E-08 2.00 2.60 7.87 22.23E-03 295.09E-03 608.002 ----0.25 17.75 Units mg/L mg/L mg/L mg/L mg/L mg/L mg/L mg/L mg/L mg/L mg/L mg/L mg/L mg/L mg/L mg/L mg/L mg/L mg/L mg/L mg/L mg/L mg/L mg/L mg/L mg/L mg/L mg/L mg/L mg/L mg/L mg/L pH pOH mg/L mg/L uS/cm °C Implement eH-pH diagrams to automatically change valence with pH Amount MCL (mg/L) Over MCL 0.006 0.5 Valence Charges Molecular Wt.09E-03 6.00 35. 3 3 3 2 2 26. total Copper Iron Lead Magnesium Manganese Mercury Nickel Potassium Selenium Silver Sodium Strontium Zinc Alkalinity-Bicarbonate Alkalinity-Carbonate Carbon Dioxide (aq) Chloride Cyanide.88E-11 2.10E-04 5.

32 10.08536585 7570 Process Input Construction Cost Input Operations & Maintenance Cost Input Applicable Range Lower Limit Upper Limit Flow & Water Quality Primary Treatment Product Flow Plant Production Flow Feed TDS 4795.94 0.0 6.44 58.it reduces the size of the High Pressure pump Yes (Y) or No (N) HCl 37% VST or CSS 2 m 310 kPa 3 0.995 decimal 0.95 0. bulk conc.023^(-25+T) Osmotic pressure.75 32.85 Decimal Product TDS 3 mg/L Product Flow 3966.44 99.219 m3/s 0. conc. of salt in reject Cm.996 0.32 32. of salt in reject Cm.7 $/kg 18 3 0.32 60.64E-12 m m Pa sec 1404 kPa Cr.2 1550 1500 58. Papp (kPa) Test solution TDS Avg.44 99. conc.05 30 6 *PD.44 99.467.00 Decimal Average Molecular Weight 35.8 35 25 Rowpu SW30M-6040 8040 HSY SWC Rowpu SW30M-6040 8040 HSY SWC 15. MW of TDS.0 L/s NF/RO Feed Flow 4665. 58 mg/mmole NaCl Chloride Rejection 99.456 100.56 ft 45. VST or CSS 4 0.0 7 20139 2877 60 m3/(m2 * day) elements elements / vessel elements for 2:1 array vessels / skid skids skids Decimal m2 2 m Yes (Y) or No (N) MW Yes (Y) or No (N) 48 0.26 5500 5500 19000 32000 58. MW of TDS.088 m2 139 hp Hydranautics 8040LHYCPA2 FilmTec SW30-8040 20.75 1.7 85 20 99. of salt in product water 76019 gpm 69444 gpm 62870 gpm 73964 gpm 11095 gpm 6575 gpm 8.14 $/kg 20.998 decimal o 77 F 21 psi 203.44 99 99.834 378.7 g/mL g/mL g/mL g/mL g/mL Cost 0.5 % Sulfate Rejection 99.5 99.5 97 10 15 15 25 25 25 13.12 ft 0.11 ft 163 hp Yes (Y) or No (N) VST or CSS 2 m 6.996 0.2 37.32 (10.16 20.07 $/kWh 0.740 138 kpa 1542 kPa Cf.60 0. Papp o 12 C 0. of 14 mole/m3 3 0. conc.8 % Recovery Rate 10 % o Temperature 25 C NaCl dissociation constant 0.00 21 1542 0.2 1550 552 380 2000 850 2000 58. Osmotic pressure Net driving pressure.4 99 99.00 20 Pressure Differential Capacity per Pump Pipe X-Sectional Area Pump Style Height DIfference 224 psi m /day 3 m /day m3/day m3/day Motor Efficiency Pump Efficiency Coupling Efficiency Number Transfer Pumps Size Product Water Pump 3 342.098 528.46 20.0 29.103 m Y CSS 6.500 17 3 350 3 350 45.3 1 1.2 99 99.85 10934 100 N 0.137.13 1.84 2.532.4 99. Chloride Rejection Sulfate Rejection Recovery Rate Temperature (oC) Sufuric acid Sodium Hydroxide Antiscalant Disinfectant H2PO4 224 psi 3890 gpm 2 152.29 gfd NaOH Membrane Life Ave Intrinsic Rejection Ave Observed Rejection Apparent Rejection Productivity Cleaning Rate Staff Days/day Labor Rate Lifetime Interest Rate 117692 ft2 2 1076 ft 0.4 58. conc.99 Cf.000. water transport coefficient Operating pressure Net driving pressure .24 20.32 41.258 m /s 2 0.5 4389.2 8 23.8 10 25 9/24/2004 9/24/2004 NF NF DuPont Koch/Fluid Systems Koch/Fluid Systems Koch/Fluid Systems 6880T B-10 Twin FS8822HR400 Prem TFC-S4 (4920 S) TFC-SR2 8" (8723 SR2-400) 20.29 ft Water Treatment Cost Estimation Program Densities 1.82 g/mol Allow Blending Y Yes (Y) or No (N) Recovery Rate 0.81 ft 1. NDPo A. Posm Applied pressure.1 99.2 gpm 0.8 psi Applicable Range Lower Limit Upper Limit Membrane & Unit Configuration Membrane Capacity Bypass Total Capacity Element Productivity Flux Number of Elements Number of elements per vessel Number of Elements Number of Pressure Vessels Max Vessels per Skid Number of Skids (manual input) Number of Skids (automatic calc) Recovery Rate Building Area Administrative Area Odor Control? Emergency Generatore Size High Pressure Feed Pump Pump Style Height DIfference Motor Efficiency Pump Efficiency Coupling Efficiency Number of Pumps Differential Pressure Capacity per pump Pipe X-Sectional Area Size Energy Recovery for Seawater Efficiency Efficiency Transfer Pumps (to HPP) Pump Style Height DIfference 20 psi 0.7 5500 35000 58.75 L/s % blending 9.6 45.8 15 25 20.32 23 27.062 mole/m 3 93 mole/m 3 53 mole/m Temperature Temperature Coefficient =1.2 in hp Yes (Y) or No (N) error error 0.1 99.0 psi 4085.6 37.4 30.5 % Membrane Manufacturer Specifications Membrane Manufacturer FilmTec Model # BW30-400 Membrane Diameter 20.32 cm) Productivity 23 m3/day Area per module 37 m2 Operating pressure.7 Y PD n Y css Length of Pipe Motor Efficiency Pump Efficiency Coupling Efficiency Number Pumps Pressure Differential Capacity per Pump Pipe X-Sectional Area Size 90.996 23 6 30 29.4 58. conc.5 1810 6890 35000 58.8 8 10 25 25 NF 90 BW30 90 95 8" size 99 99. Papp 1550 kPa Test solution TDS 1500 mg/L Avg.14 $/kg 23.245 0.9 574 35.496 gpd gpd gpd gpd Electricity Rate Chemical Costs Citric Acid H2PO4 11. conc. of salt in feed water Cp.544 9.{f}RO&NF Input Project Name Model Development Date Stage 06/07/04 A1 RO & NF INPUT 95.8 psi 203. conc. of salt in product water Cr.7 7. of salt in feed water Cp.5 L/s 4380.00 20 310 kPa 0.00 Decimal Percent of Multi-valent ions 0.3 m kPa m3/s m2 $/kg 50% Years Test Solution Site Concentrate m3/module per Year $/hr Years % Some Example Membrane Specifications Date last checked: Type Membrane Manufacturer FilmTec Model # BW30-400 Membrane Diameter (cm) Productivity (m3/day) Area per module (m2) Operating pressure.32 40 37 1550 2000 58. NDPi 26 mole/m3 0.666 35.1 398 225 in kgal/day ft2 psi 0.2 7.8 L/s 500 mg/L Production TDS (target) 50 mg/L Percent of Mono-valent ions 1.11 $/kg 0.16 or 20.00 This number is the efficiency of the energy recovery device .9 L/s Concentrate TDS 3317 mg/L Concentrate Flow 699.9 98.90 1.0 psi 3472.000 4.8 15 25 20.56 ft 10 m 0.9 L/s Bypass flow for blending 414.5 8" size .13 mole/m3 29 mole/m3 27 mole/m3 146 kpa 1404 kpa 3 -2 -1 -1 4.0 gpm 2 1.94 0.

950 4.069.994 2.000 67.93 References Based on "Estimating the Cost of Membrane (RO or NF) Water Treatment Plants" By William B.889 Piping Manf & Elect Piping Piping Odor Control Process Piping Yard Piping Cartridge Filters Membrane Cleaning Equip Contractor Engineering & Training Concentrate Treatment & Piping Generators $ $ $ $ $ $ $ $ 76.847.878. Management Working Capital Total Indirect Captial Cost $ $ $ $ $ 3.988.199 kWhr 20.271 Sitework Total Direct Capital Costs $ $ 7.736 17.{g}RO&NF Output Project Name Model Development Date Stage 06/07/04 A1 RO & NF OUTPUT Estimating Construction Costs for NF90 Membrane Treatment Plant Estimating O&M Costs Membranes RO Skids Building Electrical Insturmentation & Controls $ $ $ $ $ 10.379.780 3.442.709 435.518. Camp Dresser & McKee Inc.12 Total Costs .062 4.456 1.955.004 Indirect Capital Costs Interest During Construction Contingencies A&E Fees.212.902 Annual cost $/m3 Product $/1000 gal Product $/acre foot Product $ $ $ $ 23.169 547.843.144.010.931.124.395 kWhr 17. Vero Beach Florida Presented at the AWWA Membrane Technology Conference.E.090.69 224.421 174..050 Cost per m3/day capacity Cost per gpd capacity $ $ @ @ @ With Base of $ 500 $ 5.841 2.000 for top of the $ line 65. P.117 20.465 97.544. Reno.107 5. Proj.000 55.841 261.266 806.376 1.902 Capital Recovery O&M $ $ 6.206.046 Total Construction Cost $ 93.000 3 13 $/m 0.542. NV.731.18 0.000 50.756.500 20.243.000 $ 1.7 MW base cost base cost base cost base cost From Reference base cost Concentrate RO & Building 3 14.912 73. Suratt.695.076 $ 977 add $300.818 1.090. also published as "Estimating the cost of membrane water treatment plants.888 67.000 15.000 DAC $/module $/Vessel 2 $/m $100/ft2 3 $/m base cost 68." W ater Treatment Cost Estimation Program Electricity Labor Membrane Replacement Cleaning Chemicals Cartridge Filters Repairs and Replacement Insurance Lab fees Total O&M Cost $ $ $ $ $ $ $ $ $ 7.079 17. 1995.981 0.095 8.764 Steel Housing Manf & Elect Manf & Elect High Pressure Pumps Energy Recovery for Seawater Transfer Pumps Product Water Pumps $ $ $ $ 3.179 73.612 17.000 100.757.634.160 19.886 kWhr Piping Piping Piping Maint Materials Manf & Elect Labor Piping Electrical $ $ $ $ $ $ $ Electrical $ 50.279.53 $/m 5 6 12 4 27 % of Total % of Total % of Total % of Total 246 0.663.574 91.

Cubic Meters Construction Cost for Liquid CO2 as CO2 Source Cost Category (Installed .130 Excavation & Sitework Concrete Steel Labor Pipe & Valves Subtotal Miscellaneous & contingency Total $ $ $ $ $ $ $ $ 1375 39 620 1.250 2.15 1.15 1.000 $50.00 0.00 1.860 3.32 0.32 0.820 $ 4.230 0.Project Name Model Development Date Stage 06/07/04 A1 Recarbonation Basins Not currently being used 3 Cost Category (ft ) Cost Category (m3) Excavation & Sitework Concrete Steel Labor Pipe & Valves Subtotal Miscellaneous & contingency Total $ $ $ $ $ $ $ $ 770 22 520 1.15 8800 249 1.03 1.680 6.kg/day) 380 173 750 341 1500 682 3750 1705 7500 3409 15000 6818 .07 0.410 10.570 13.39 0.32 0.010 3.15 Single Basin Volume 2750 5630 78 159 980 $ 1.050 $ 4.740 1.660 $ Percent of Subtotal 0.38 0.050 8.32 0.380 2.40 0.9981 $250.07 0.070 1.20 0.090 $ 250 $ 480 $ 14.00 0.15 17600 498 3.02 1.390 $ 2.20 0.32 0.20 0.07 0.20 0.32 0.000 $150.240 680 26.000 $- Total Poly.03 1.550 50.830 0.5753x + 7900.01 1.790 5.320 10.lb/day) Cost Category (Installed .15 1.620 $ 23.000 $100.00 0.930 30.560 $ 5.220 3.00 0.15 1.060 8.190 8.07 0.830 90 7.2 R2 = 0.15 0. ( Total) 0 500 1000 1500 2000 2500 3000 Volume .960 16.20 0.000 $200.670 $ 6.450 $ 20.07 0.15 1.570 $ 2.00 0.150 $ $ $ $ $ $ $ $ 0.07 0.730 $ 8.20 0.170 $ 3.420 1.39 0.15 1979 $ Construction Cost of Recarbonation Basins 1979 $ $ = -6E-06x2 + 2.800 130 9.02 0.360 43.15 $ $ $ $ $ $ $ $ 0.15 1.01 1.090 $ 16.40 0.40 0.

12 0.050 $ 73.57 0.21 0.860 910 4.67 0.08 0.24 0.820 9.15 0.490 $ 141.000 $ 58.900 $ 245.57 0.650 1.400 8.18 0.938 0.000 $50.000 $0 2000 4000 6000 8000 Installed Capacity (kg/day) O&M Summary for Recarbonation .03 10 Energy kWhr/yr * $/kWhr Maintenance Material $/yr Labor Hr/yr * $/Hr Total Cost 0.000 $150.620 7.14 1 $ $ $ $ 3750 1705 2.62 0.05 0.Liquid CO2 as a CO2 source y = 55053e0.40 0.59 0.650 12.55 0.000 $100.710 7.Liquid CO2 as CO2 source Cost Category (Installed .610 $ $ $ $ 0.450 $ 36.549 10.010 $ 37.60 0.540 $ 8.290 $/kWhr $/hr Labor 0.457 0.20 0.Manufactured Equipment Labor Pipe & Valves Housing Subtotal Micsellaneous & Contingency Total $ $ $ $ $ $ $ 27.360 59.290 5.900 $ $ $ $ $ $ $ 35.530 50.700 1.lb/day) Cost Category (Installed .13 0.15 1.910 68.15 1.450 $ 127.000 $250.360 $ 49.15 0.530 7.360 82.15 0.540 6.340 $ 7.15 Percent of Subtotal 0.15 1.820 13.15 0.15 1.000 $200.990 $ 16.15 Construction Cost 1978$ Construction Cost of Recarbonation .250 17.09 0.63 0.68 0.400 910 6.250 12.57 0.000 $300.21 1 $ $ $ $ 750 341 728 3.730 21.380 $ 19.15 1.kg/day) Energy kWhr/yr * $/kWhr Maintenance Material $/yr Labor Hr/yr * $/Hr Total Cost $ $ $ $ 380 173 520 2.270 0.15 0.07 0.18 0.300 910 4.23 0.13 1 .15 1.67 0.000 2.279 0.Liquid CO2 as a CO2 source 0.9727 $350.170 4.11 0.0003x R² = 0.330 8.15 0.32 0.110 $ 146.19 1 Operation & Maintenance of Recarbonation .360 43.820 $ 282.13 1 $ $ $ $ 0.12 0.310 $ $ $ $ $ $ $ 49.17 0.940 $ 8.070 Manufactured Equipment Labor Pipe & Valves Housing Subtotal Micsellaneous & Contingency Total $ 31.147 4.400 95.18 1 $ $ $ $ 1500 682 1.000 7.000 $ 8.780 $ 2.480 $ 7.47 0.500 1.24 0.04 0.15 7500 3409 4.18 0.000 $ 28.04 0.420 $ 56.428 7.948 15000 6818 8.

9991 $25.000 $0 2000 4000 6000 8000 Installed Capacity (kg/day) .000 $20.Liquid CO2 as a CO2 source y = -0.7 R² = 0.4808x + 3878.000 $5.000 $10.0001x2 + 3.000 $15.Construction Cost 1979$ assuming from qasim Operation & Maintenance of Recarbonation .

15 ENR Skilled Labor Index ENR Cement Cost ($/ton) ENR Steel Cost ($/cwt) ENR Labor Rate ($/hr) ENR Materials Index .04 1.07 0.730 3.32 0.07 0.$ $ $ $ $ $ $ $ 35200 997 5.38 0.20 0.100 0.32 0.320 25.02 0.00 0.15 1.220 11.360 79.15 Average 0.240 29.19 0.570 15.39 0.880 91.

21 0.15 1.00 .23 Electricity Cost ($/kWhr) 0.60 ENR Materials Index 0.09 0.60 0.15 Average 0.16 ENR Labor Rate ($/hr) 1.11 ENR Construction Cost Index ENR Labor Rate ($/hr) ENR Materials Index ENR Building Cost Index 0.Average 0.

.

96 0.723 2.600 0.47) 73.14 7.841 0.93 403.709 Today's Costs 6010. Site Work & Labor Piping and Valves Steel Concrete November 2006 Capital Cost $: O&M Calculations NF/RO Feed flow (average daily flow) Dose by mass Density Percent solution Dose by volume Dose Rate by volume Acid Cost ($/ton): 37% HCL -433.07 0.778 151.93 403.14 73.40 1.7 0.05 $ 0.668.37 0.00 1.96 0.5967 $ 124 O&M Cost: $ Applicable Range Lower Limit Upper Limit 0.630 $ 0.1484) 1978 Capital Cost: % Manufactured & Electrical Equipment Housing Excavation.173 146.1240 49.04 #NUM! #NUM! #NUM! #NUM! #NUM! #NUM! #NUM! #NUM! 37% HCL 4665.16 0. figure 30-32) .600 0.47) 7.741 1978 Costs % Materials Energy Labor Chemical Cost $/yr: November 2006 O&M $: Sulfuric Acid feed Capital Cost General Form: (A)*(XB) + C A= 1.720 37.40 1.6461) m /day #NUM! #NUM! #NUM! #NUM! #NUM! #NUM! #NUM! #NUM! 0.227 1.841 0.37 0. Capital Calculations NF/RO Feed flow (peak day flow w/ OTF) Dose by mass Density Percent solution Dose by volume 96% H2SO4 (433.1240 L/sec.00 96% H2SO4 4.0040 Dose Rate by volume (0.{i}Acid Acid: Sulfuric & Hydrochloric Acid This estimates the amount of acid addition which is depenedent on NF/RO feed flow rate.91 $ $ 1.04 $ 0.07 0 0 1.276 $ $ $ $ $ 14. m3/day mg/L g/L decimal mL/L m3/day $ 1.69 (37.708. m3/day mg/L g/L decimal mL/L 3 (4.665.039 2.00 $ 136 190 4.6 W ater Treatment Cost Estimation Program 20 Limits (From EPA-600/2-79-162b.69) (37.00 1.9858 72 L/sec.0040 1.

{j}IronCoag

Capital Calculations
NF/RO Feed flow (peak day flow w/ OTF)
Molecular weight
Bicarbonate Alkalinity:
Alternative dose
Calculated dose
Basis dose rate
Chemical Cost $/ton bulk

Fe2(SO4)3-7H2O

FeCl3 6H20

54
4687307
526.0
180
2.95
0.0
258.6
1,212.2
$150

54
4687307
270.2
180
2.95
0.0
265.7
1,245.4
$1,420
Fe2(SO4)3-7H2O

Capital Cost:

Units
L/sec.
L/day
g/mol
mg/L
mmoles/L
mg/L
mg/L
kg/day

FeCl3 6H20

$

164,585

$

168,194

$
$
$
$
$
$
$

328,850
89,611
9,948
17,128
445,537

$
$
$
$
$
$
$

336,061
91,576
10,166
17,503
455,307

$

24,704

$

25,298

0.07 $
0.09 $
0.84 $
$
1.00 $

3,599
5,188
58,357
73,206
140,350

$
$
$
$
$

3,686
5,313
59,761
712,017
780,776

%
Manufactured & Electrical Equipment
Housing
Excavation, Site Work & Labor
Piping and Valves
Steel
Concrete
November 2006 Capital Cost $:

0.72
0.21
0.02
0.05
0
0
1.000

O&M Cost:
%
Materials
Energy
Labor
Ferric Sulfate Cost $/yr:
November 2006 Operation & Maintenance $:

Ferric Sulfate Feed
Capital Cost
General Form: A*X^B*e^(C*X)
A=
B=
C=
O&M Cost
General Form: A*e^(B*X)+C
A=
B=

10613
0.319
0.000393

1260926
0.00001394

W ater Treatment Cost Estimation Program

{j}IronCoag

1978 Costs

Today's
Costs

1978 Costs

Today's
Costs

W ater Treatment Cost Estimation Program

{k}Alum

Capital Calculations
Al2(SO4)3-18H2O
NF/RO Feed flow (peak day flow w/ OTF)
Molecular weight of Alum
Cost $/100 lbs.
Bicarbonate Alkalinity
Alternative dose
Alternative dose rate
Calculated Alum Dose Rate (6 mmol/mmol HCO3)
Calculated dose
Calculated dose rate
Basis dose rate

$

54
195
666.41
15
180
2.95
0
0
0.492
328
64
64

Capital Cost:

Units
L/sec
3
m /hr.
g/mol
per 100 lbs
mg/L
mmoles/L
mg/L
kg/hr
mmoles/L
mg/L
kg/hr.
kg/hr.

Lower Limit Upper Limit
4
2300 Limits (From EPA-600/2-79-162b, figure 16)

48,335 1978 Costs Construction Cost Equations (From EPA-600/2-79-162b, figure 16)

$
%

Manufactured & Electrical Equipment
Housing
Excavation, Site Work & Labor
Piping and Valves
Steel
Concrete
November 2006 Capital Cost $:

0.46
0.03
0.04
0.47
0
0
1.00

O&M Cost:

$
$
$
$
$
$
$

61,701
3,760
5,843
47,283
118,587

Today's
Costs

4,723 1978 Costs

$

Applicable Range
Lower Limit Upper Limit
4
2300 Limits (From EPA-600/2-79-162b, figure 16)

%
Materials
Energy
Labor
Alum Cost:
November 2006 Operation & Maintenance $:

0.17 $
0.03 $
0.8 $
$
1.00 $

1,671
331
10,625
185,535
198,162

Today's
Costs

Coagulant: Aluminum Sulfate (Alum) (Liquid) Feed Cost Calculations
Capital Calculations
Liquid Alum dose rate
Multiplier between dry and liquid
Alternative dose
Alternative dose rate
Basis dose rate

128
2
0
0
128

Capital Cost:

Units
kg/hr.

O&M cost (From EPA-600/2-79-162b, figure 19,20)

mg/L
kg/hr.
kg/hr.
53,996 1978 Costs

$
%

Manufactured & Electrical Equipment
Housing
Excavation, Site Work & Labor
Piping and Valves
Steel
Concrete
November 2006 Capital Cost $:

0.71
0.15
0.12
0.02
0
0
1.00

$
$
$
$
$
$
$

106,388
41,375
15,005
625
163,393

Applicable Range
Lower Limit Upper Limit
4
2500
Construction Cost Equations (From EPA-600/2-79-162b, figure 16)

Today's
Costs

O&M Calculations
Units
Liquid Alum dose rate
Multiplier between dry and liquid
Alternative dose
Alternative dose rate
Basis dose rate

128
2
0
0
128

O&M Cost:

kg/hr.
mg/L
kg/hr.
kg/hr.
$

2,376 1978 Costs O&M cost (From EPA-600/2-79-162b, figure 17,18)

%
Materials
Energy
Labor
Alum Cost:
November 2006 Operation & Maintenance $:

0.04 $
0.59 $
0.37 $
$
1.00 $

198
272
283
371,069
371,823

Today's
Costs

Applicable Range
Lower Limit Upper Limit
4
2500

Alum Feed
Capital Cost
General Form: A*X^(B)*e^(C*X)
A=
B=
C=

Dry Feed
12333.4
0.3205
0.000515

Liquid Feed
13223.3
0.285
0.000377

Dry Feed

Liquid Feed

O&M Cost
General Form: A*e^(B*X)+C

W ater Treatment Cost Estimation Program

{L}PACl

Capital Calculations
Al6(OH)12Cl6
Primary Treatment Feed flow (peak day flow w/ OTF)
MW of PACL
Cost $/100 lbs.:
Alternative dose rate

$

Bicarbonate Alkalinity:
PACl Dose Rate
PACl Dose Rate (18:1 HCO3:PACl)
Calculated dose rate
Basis dose rate
1978 Capital Cost:

46
166
596.66
80
0
0
180
2.95
98
0.164
16
16
%

Manufactured & Electrical Equipment
Housing
Excavation, Site Work & Labor
Piping and Valves
Steel
Concrete
November 2006 Capital Cost $:

0.46
0.03
0.04
0.47
0
0
1.00

1978 O&M Cost:

%

Materials
Energy
Labor
Alum Cost:

Units
L/sec.
m3/hr.
g/mol
per 100 lbs.
mg/L
kg/hr
mg/L
mmoles/L
mg/L
mmoles/L
kg/hr.
kg/hr.
$

30,385 1978 Costs

$
$
$
$
$
$
$

38,787
2,363
3,673
29,723
74,547

$
0.17 $
0.03 $
0.8 $
$

November 2006 Operation & Maintenance $:

1.00

$

1,275
252
8,107
251,020
260,653

Dry Feed
Liquid Feed
12333.4
13223.3
0.3205
0.285
0.000515
0.000377

O&M Cost
General Form: A*e^(B*X)+C
A=
B=
C=

Today's
Costs

3,603 1978 Costs

Alum Feed
Capital Cost
General Form: A*X^(B)*e^(C*X)
A=
B=
C=

Applicable Range
Lower Limit Upper Limit
4
2300

Dry Feed
Liquid Feed
1205293
-6880.7
0.000019433
-0.000659
-1202070
8700

Water Treatment Cost Estimation Program

Today's
Costs

{L}PACl Water Treatment Cost Estimation Program .

688 $ $ 13.688 $ $ 13.0 300 mg/L mg/L kg/day $/ton Relationship between ORP & Dose.0 300 $ 0.039 $ 87.72 0.00 ######## $ 6.877 $ 45.Yes I know .474 $ 19.963 $ 504.421 $ 3. I need to find out how these chemical injection systems differ fro Capital Cost General Form: A*e^(B*X)+C A= 11760.192 $ $ 72.695 0.072 1.47 0 654.5 0.5 mg/L Calculated dose rate (mg/L) Alternative dose rate (mg/L) Basis dose rate kg/day: Water Usage (totally dissolved) Cost $/ton: 1.192 $ 354.963 $ 504.879 $ 88.1 $ 215.879 $ 88.287 $ 21.617 0.8 0.511 $ 41.421 $ 3.00 Polymer Feed .5 0.19 0.6 0.66 ######## $ 75. hydrogen peroxide.04 1.695 $ 6.160 0.0 300 $ $ 0.114 ######## $ 454.This is a place holder equiation.24 $ 460.877 $ 45.287 $ 21.8 0.04 0.039 $ 87.246 $ 111.71 B= 0.00665 C= 8200 O&M Cost General Form: A*e^(B*X) A= B= 3000.864 $ 480.9 0 400.299 $ 11. Site Work & Labor Piping and Valves Steel Concrete November 2006 Capital Cost $: 1978 O&M Cost: % Materials Energy Labor Chemical Cost $/yr: November 2006 Operation & Maintenance $: $ 922.345 $ 328.00207 Water Treatment Cost Estimation Program .345 $ 328.{m}De-Cl2 (not included here are: sodium thiosulfate.149 ######## $ 177.511 $ 41.8 0.9 0 400.192 $ 354.633 0.864 $ 480.294 Free Chlorine Level (mg/L) 1 1 1 mg/L Default Free Chlorine Level (mg/L) 0.01 0 0.299 $ 177. ammonia) NaHSO3 Volume Treated (): Na2SO3 SO2 m3/day 445. see Membrane Manual 29 1978 Capital Cost: % Manufactured & Electrical Equipment Housing Excavation.

5 100 ese chemical injection systems differ from polymer. Water Treatment Cost Estimation Program .{m}De-Cl2 Chemical options: Applicable Range Lower Limit Upper Limit 0.

102 135.00 mg/L mg/L mg/L mg/L Total: Desired Residual Cl2 needed Alternative Dose Basis Cl2 Cost $ 2.196 10.00E+00 3.00 946.380.00 0.18 $ 0.79 L/sec.00 $ 27.00 0.422 48.06 0.019 11.936 25.18 $ 0.544 $ 0.234 77. tanks $ $ $ $ $ $ $ $ 137.25 20 1978 Capital Cost: Manufactured & Electrical Equipment Housing Excavation.6 0.75 0.00E+00 0.52E-02 mMoles/L mMoles/L mMoles/L mMoles/L mMoles/L mMoles/L mMoles/L .00E+00 0.487 371.00 0.38 0.89 6000 W ater Treatment Cost Estimation Program 0.64 $ $ 1.{n}CL2 Units Production Flow Chromium (Cr 2+): Nickel (Ni 2+): Iron (Fe 2+): Manganese (Mn 2+): 0.947 7.50 2.974 199.04 0 0 1.792 0.189 11.50 0.763 11010 47. Site Work & Labor Piping and Valves Steel Concrete November 2006 Capital Cost $: % 1978 O&M Cost: Materials Energy Labor Chemical Cost $/yr: November 2006 Operation & Maintenance $: % Chlorine storage and feed with Cylinder storage Capital Cost General Form: A*X^B + C A= B= C= O&M Cost General Form: A*X^B+C A= B= C= Alternative Units 4.00 680.52E-02 3.00E+00 0.52 0.00E+00 0. mg/L mg/L mg/L kg/day per ton.

230 16.64 $ $ 1.84E-02 mMoles/L 5.00E+00 0.763 11010 47.00E+00 mMoles/L mMoles/L mMoles/L mMoles/L $ Applicable Range 20 per ton 375.036 957 30. figure storage 1-3) Chlorine and feed with Cylinder storage 2. it doesn't need to be added.2 mg/L -0.885 O&M Cost A= B= C= Source: Qasim. chlorine and aqueous ammonia should be added at the molar ratio of 1:1.00 % $ 0. Site Work & Labor Piping and Valves Steel Concrete November 2006 Capital Cost $: 1978 O&M Cost: Materials Energy Labor Ammonia Cost: November 2006 Operation & Maintenance $: 0.54 $ $ 1.00E+00 0.00 0.41E-04 36160 .776 57.844 2.326 0.to calculate a chlorine demand.99 mg/L 5.15 0. We will use the moles of divalent metal ions and NO2.00 757." which is HOCl.15 kg/day Basis Cl2 Dose Cl2 Cost $/ton: Calculated Aqua Ammonia Alternative Aqua Ammonia Basis Ammonia kg/day: NH4OH Cost $/ton: Total Capital Cost Total O&M Cost mg/L mg/L mg/L mg/L 0.00 Desired NH2Cl Residual 3.38 0.4 $ 0. Site Work & Labor Piping and Valves Steel Concrete November 2006 Capital Cost $: 1978 O&M Cost: $ $ $ $ $ $ $ $ 12.00 mg/L 5. and 1:1 for Cl2:NO2-.489 10.79 L/sec.00 Capital Cost: A*X^B*e^(C*X) A= B= C= O&M Cost: A*e^(B*X) +C A= B= C= Ammonia Feed 1978 Capital Cost: % Manufactured & Electrical Equipment Housing Excavation.00 $ 680.03 moles per liter at pH 7.52 0. 1992.4 lbs/day #VALUE! $57. Cl2:NH3(aq).18 $ 0.14 mg/L 0. If not. Production Flow to be treated Units 4380." They are more persistent in the water lines than "free chlorine.06 0. Alternative Units Chromium (Cr): Copper (Cu): Iron (Fe): Manganese (Mn): 0.000035 -28063 -2.00 200 Applicable Range Lower Limit Upper Limit 4 4500 Limits (From EPA-600/2-79-162b. et al. Chloramines are the "combined chlorine residual.18 $ 0.00 $ 16 16 0. The molar ratio is 1:2 Cl2 to divalent cations.09 0.84E-02 mMoles/L Cl2 needed/L: Ammonia Needed/L: Calculated Cl2 Dose 4. Lower Limit Upper Limit kg/day kg/day kg/day per ton 1665.869 57. X=kg/day ammonia feed capacity % Materials Energy Labor Chemical Cost $/yr: November 2006 Operation & Maintenance $: General Form: A*X^B + C 110 2300 Capital Cost Limits (From EPA-600/2-79-162b.00E+00 0.55 757.15 kg/day $ The addition of Chlorine and Ammonia to water produces chloramines.49 kg/day Alternative Cl2 Dose 2.66 0.6 0.75 0.00 0. AWWA Chlorine Feed 1978 Capital Cost: % Manufactured & Electrical Equipment Housing Excavation.04 0 0 1. If there is sufficient ammonia in the water already.NHCL Data from water analysis. A= figure 42-44) B= C= #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! 12. of course.869 Water Treatment Cost Estimation Program 3849. and OCl-.06 $ 0.84E-02 mMoles/L 1568.1 0 0 1.00 0.89 6000 Anhydrous Ammonia Feed same place and form. The residual for Chloramines must be at least 2 mg/L which translates to approximately . Aug.

19 1. AWWA Water Treatment Cost Estimation Program $ 72.7 lbs/day 3 ##### ft kWh TOTAL CONSTRUCTION COSTS: $ 2.919 6800 Source: Qasim.927. Aug.674 -0.4 0.344 $ $ $ ####### 0.032 ###### . figure 11-13) 18631.00 0. et al.12 1. AWWA Source: Qasim.580 $ 177.00 0.50 2 525. Aug. 1992.7 22067 Units L/s L/min mg/L kg/day min m3 Alternative Units 69444 gpm 832.4 B= 0.000121 1978 Capital Cost: B) Manufactured Equipment H) Housing A) Excavation and Site Work F) Piping and Valves D) Steel C) Concrete Capital Cost: % 0.2 0.77 0.064 % Applicable Range Lower Limit Upper Limit 4 1800 Limits (From EPA-600/2-79-162b.50 kg/day % Manufactured & Electrical Equipment Housing Excavation.16 0.674 ####### $ 75.283 $ 233.064 Note: Ozone requirements (ozone demand) are based on water quality analysis outside of this program Ozone Generator: Ozone Requirements: 1978 Capital Cost: Contact Chamber: 378.50 0.656 $ 470.31 0.00 1.911 $ 27.735 $ $ ###### $ $ 57. 1992.200 $ 33.11 0.03 0.5kWh per kg ozone): 4380.627 $ 22.00 Ozone Contact Chamber Costs Construction Costs: General Form: A *X ^B+C A= 1771.00 0.81 0.00 0.79 262847 1 378.5967 C= 1700 O&M Costs: NONE 392. et al.{p} Ozone Production Flow to be treated Flow Rate: Ozone level required (typically 1-5 mg/L) Total ozone needed: Contact time : Contact chamber size: Power (~26. Site Work & Labor Piping and Valves Steel Concrete November 2006 Capital Cost $: 1978 O&M Cost: Materials Energy Labor November 2006 Operation & Maintenance $: Ozone Generation Costs Construction Costs: General Form: A *X ^B*e^(C*X) A= B= C= O & M Costs: General Form: A*X^B+C A= B= C= 0.245 TOTAL OPERATING COSTS: $ 233.00 0.00 $ 98.00 $ 972.

356 $ 5.00 % Applicable Range Lower Limit Upper Limit 4 4500 Limits (From EPA-600/2-79-162b. 0.8 Materials Energy Labor Lime Cost: November 2006 Operation & Maintenance $: Alternative Units 0.0 0.0 mmoles/L 0.0 mg/L per ton kg/hr.9 5154 L/sec. 117.176 0.02 0.7 0.25 0.124 0.435 $ 5.00 $ 106.0 mmoles/L 3.799 1.0 0. Site Work & Labor Piping and Valves Steel Concrete November 2006 Capital Cost $: 1978 O&M Cost: Units mg/L mg/L mg/L mg/L Soda Ash Requirement 0.09 $ 3.0 kg/hr % Manufactured & Electrical Equipment Housing Excavation. Aug.0 mmoles/L 0.0 0.151 $ 64.533 $ $ $ 240.8 kg/hr 0.131 $ 57.03 0 0 1. 1979 W ater Treatment Cost Estimation Program . Basis Lime: Basis Soda: 1978 Capital Cost: Lime Requirement Purity 0.0 180. kg/hr. figure 24-26) 4 4500 $ 88.889 0.456 $ 15.611 $ 172.0 mg/L 0.58 18554 m /hr.06 $ 1.{q}LimeFeed Volume Treated FROM WATER ANALYSIS Ca (2+): Mg (2+): HCO3 (-): CO2 (2-): Excess: Total volume treated: Lime Dose: Lime Cost $/ton: Soda Ash Cost $/ton: Alternative dosage rate Lime Alternative dosage rate Soda 2.4 mg/L mg/L mg/L mg/L mg/L 0.1 0.85 $ 36.1 mmoles/L 0.72 5.0 mg/L 118 mg/L 0 mg/L 3 $ $ 60 160 0.016 Updated from EPA-600/2-79-162b.0 6.0 0.

94 0. figure 24-26) 1.000 0.4 19 HCO3+CO2 Ca(OH)2 Mg and Ca react with Alkalinity and Lime to precipitate CaCO3 and Mg(OH)2 4 3 0.0 0.0 Mg Ratio eq mg/L 1 0.0 HCO3+CO2 Ca(OH)2 Remaining Mg or Ca react with remaining alkalinity 2 1 5.00 362.1 Ca 1 0.0 Na2CO3 Ca(OH)2 If Ca and/or Mg are in excess of Alkalinity. then add soda ash 1 1*mg+1*Ca 1*Mg 0.05 2.0 0.00 0.0 Mg Ratio eq mg/L Ca (From EPA-600/2-79-162b.00 0.{q}LimeFeed Mg Ratio Limit eq mg/L Ca 1 0.000 0.684 lbs sludge per day W ater Treatment Cost Estimation Program .00 0.1 0.0 1 0.000 0.80 1 0.493 kg sludge per day 18.00 0.00 0.000 0.00 0.0 mol/m3 g/mol Calcium Carbonate g CaCO3 /m3 treated g sludge/m3 treated assuming 30% solids 8.0 0.09 100 11.0 100 0.

717 11760.294 mg/L kg/day per 500 lbs.76 0.505 $ 7.24 $ 2. Site Work & Labor Piping and Valves Steel Concrete November 2006 Capital Cost $: 1978 O&M Cost: 0.1 $ 990 0. 445.{r}Antiscalent Units Volume Treated Alternative dosage rate (default = 0.19 0.315 $ 4.6 500 $ % Manufactured & Electrical Equipment Housing Excavation.758 0.232 1.895 $ 126.66 $ 8.8 0.00 % Materials Energy Labor AntiScalant Cost $/yr: November 2006 Operation & Maintenance $: Polymer Feed Capital Cost General Form: A*e^(B*X)+C A= B= C= Alternative Units L/sec.00207 Source: Qasim.664 0.: 1978 Capital Cost: 5. AWWA Water Treatment Cost Estimation Program .00 $ 182.5 mg/L): Basis Polymer Feed American Water Chemicals $/500 lb. $ 59.154 0 222.247 $ $ $ 164.00665 8200 O&M Cost General Form: A*e^(B*X) A= B= 3000.01 0 0 1.830 $ 170.241 $ 1. Aug. et al.04 0.71 0.323 $ 29. 1992.

{s}PolyElectrolyte Units Volume Treated Alternative dosage rate (default = 0.76 0.19 0.247 $ $ $ 164.758 0.664 0.5 mg/L): Basis Polymer Feed American Water Chemicals $/500 lb.1 $ 990 0.717 11760. 0. Site Work & Labor Piping and Valves Steel Concrete November 2006 Capital Cost $: Polymer Feed Capital Cost General Form: A*e^(B*X)+C A= B= C= 5154 0 222.: 1978 Capital Cost: $ 1978 O&M Cost: % Materials Energy Labor PolyElectrolyte Cost $/yr: November 2006 Operation & Maintenance $: O&M Cost General Form: A*e^(B*X) A= B= L/sec.315 % Manufactured & Electrical Equipment Housing Excavation.830 $ 170.8 0. mg/L kg/day per 500 lbs.71 0.323 $ 29.232 1.895 $ 126.294 $ 4.505 $ 7.241 $ 1.6 500 Alternative Units 445.04 0.01 0 0 1.00 $ 59.00665 8200 3000.24 $ 2.66 $ 8.00207 Water Treatment Cost Estimation Program .00 $ 182.

92 $ 14. AWWA Water Treatment Cost Estimation Program . $ $ $ $ $ $ $ $ Alternative Units 3 445.342 94.1 0 0 1.00 0.331 7.00 L/sec.00122 O&M Cost General Form: A*e^(B*X)+C A= B= C= -2125.9 $ 1978 Capital Cost: Manufactured & Electrical Equipment Housing Excavation.05 0.600 0.7 0.294 m /day 35.277 64.6 1.{t}KMnO4 Units Feed/Product Flow Mn 2+ Fe 2+ Calculated KMnO4 Dose: Alternative dosage rate Basis KMnO4 KMnO4 $/lb (hopper trucks): 5154 0.378 5.05 $ 653 0.00 ######## 9681.488 ######## 1.00 0.66 0.662 $ 5. Site Work & Labor Piping and Valves Steel Concrete November 2006 Capital Cost $: % 1978 O&M Cost: Materials Energy Labor KMnO4 Cost $/yr: November 2006 Operation & Maintenance $: % Permanganate Feed Capital Cost General Form: A*X^B*e^(C*X) A= B= C= 0. et al.9 -0.0304 0.612 17.19 0.000 2 890. Aug.03 $ 350 0.01689 5600 Source: Qasim. mg/L mg/L mg/L mg/L kg/day per lb. 1992.

13 0.342 1.822 2.068. August 1979. pg453-454.25695 1.118.{v}Clearwell Construction cost for clear well storage Below Ground (concrete) Storage Capacity 15852 kgal 3 60000 m 1978 Capital Cost: % Manufactured & Electrical Equipment Housing Excavation.927 175.039.3173 0 0. They are used in determining cost formula.02 0.252 8.781 Data from EPA-600/2-79-162b.2753 0.593. Water Treatment Cost Estimation Program . Site Work & Labor Piping and Valves Steel Concrete November 2006 Capital Cost: November 2006 Unit Cost ($/kgal) 0.00 $512 $ $ $ $ $ $ $ $ 3.241.429 3.936 1.169.

07066 0.546 $ 184.044 0.01 0. Water Treatment Cost Estimation Program .799 $ 548.6891 0. Site Work & Labor Piping and Valves Steel Concrete November 2006 Capital Cost: November 2006 Unit Cost ($/kgal) 14531 kgal 3 55000 m % 0.0569 1.068 $ 181.317.628.13 0.995 $ 49.924 ining cost formula.{v}Clearwell Ground Level (steel) Storage Capacity 1978 Capital Cost: Manufactured & Electrical Equipment Housing Excavation.817 $ 3.00 $297 $ 1.114.227 $ 239.289 $ 4.

268 *Media capacity based on information in 'Water Treatment and Plant Design'.08 0.115 $ 2.2 Maximum Media Capacity Required Media Volume Calculated Bed Area: Alternative Bed Area: Tank Depth Backwash rate Backwash duration Backwash frequency Loading Rate Media Cost Delivered $/yd3 Sand $/yd3 Coal $/yd3 Greensand $/yd3 Garnet Alternative Units 81721 gpm 5153.907 $ 1.430 $ 730.15 oF 110 2.54 2. $ $ $ $ 699 699 2. Co: 1978.120.{w}GravityFilt Units Desired Flow Rate Temperature Total Suspended Solids Wash Cycle TSS Density Media Depth 22. times per day 1.87 L/s 53.31 yd 3328.L.00 1.797.995. Ann Arbor Science Publishers. Water Treatment Cost Estimation Program .0 24 35 1.215 TOTAL CONSTRUCTION COSTS: Rapid Sand: Coal/ Sand: Coal/ Sand/ Garnet: Sand/Greensand/Coal TOTAL OPERATING COSTS: Media costs assume equal parts of each type. R.620 1.098 1.797.45 0. Construction cost is 100% Manufactured Equipment O&M costs are included with the structure.258 $ 1.26 4156.2 gpm/sqft $ $ $ $ 540 540 1.546.544. Inc. Sanks.56 13.573 $/m3 $/m3 $/m3 $/m3 $ 17.7 yd3 yd2 yd2 yd 2.93 6 mg/L hr g/L* m L-TSS/m3* m3 m2 m2 m gpm/ft2 min.00 1.258 $ 2.568.

figure 67-69) 1978 Capital Cost: % $ 2.9941 0 1000 50 100 200 300 400 600 800 1000 1200 2000 1400 1600 1800 2000 2300 2600 2800 .241 5.000162 359.24 0.00 $ $ $ $ $ 262.835 11.22 0. 1992.944 59.158.120 593.255 2.190 0.591 0.36 0.24 1.07 0.4 0.69 0 0.337.45 % 13 $ 4. Site Work & Labor Piping and Valves Steel Concrete November 2006 Capital Cost $: 1978 O&M Cost: Materials Energy Labor November 2006 Operation & Maintenance $: % 0.26 0.953 542.23 0.120.117.105 12.18 0.960 1.21 -0.074. 1992. AWWA 36000 1254. et al.377x0.214.00 $ $ $ $ $ $ $ 4.06 1.1212 73.05 0.120.647. Aug.324 % 35483.630 384.12 0.24 0 0 1.460 16. Site Work & Labor Piping and Valves Steel Concrete November 2006 Capital Cost $: 0. Aug.7007 R² = 0.092 670.945 Backwash Pumping Costs Construction Costs: General Form: A + B*X + C*X^2 A= B= C= O & M Costs: General Form: A*X^B+C A= B= C= Source: Qasim.52 0.00 $ $ $ $ $ $ $ 3.45 13 2600 2 Filter area (m ): Limits (From EPA-600/2-79-162b.00 $ $ $ $ $ 25.{w}GravityFilt Gravity Filter Backwashing Pump Gravity Filter Structure Applicable Range Lower Limit Upper Limit What is relationship of BW pump to filter area for min and max calcs Actual Filter area (m2): 2.150.171 2.058 Manufactured & Electrical Equipment Housing Excavation.515 3.536 1978 Capital Cost: Manufactured & Electrical Equipment Housing Excavation.8568 8100 260016000 14000 12000 10000 8000 6000 4000 2000 0 y = 53.601 220.625.52 1.540 30.5 0.3 0.075.75 2200 1978 O&M Cost: Materials Energy Labor November 2006 Operation & Maintenance $: Gravity Filter Structure Costs Construction Costs: General Form: A *X^B*e^(CX) A= B= C= O & M Costs: General Form: A*X^B+C A= B= C= Source: Qasim.857 454.921. AWWA Water Treatment Cost Estimation Program Applicable Range Lower Limit Upper Limit 18000 Actual 2.655 65.849 0. et al.

989 $ 234.425 $ 462.48 $ 124.17 $ 20.77163 >400 m2 132264.5 $ 0.007 29.595 0.{x}UFSCC Upflow Solids Contact Clarifier (UFSCC) Production Flow to be treated Retention Time Assumed Depth = 4.194 $ $ 825.38 $ 82.14 $ 26.101 0.33215 O&M Cost (From EPA-600/2-79-162b figure 63 & 64) $=a+b*x G = 70 G = 110 G = 150 a b 5967. Site Work & Labor Piping and Valves Steel Concrete November 2006 Capital Cost $: % 0.6 $ 98.301 0.11 $ 0.307 149.042 .516 0 0.081 % 1978 O&M Cost: Materials Energy Labor November 2006 Operation & Maintenance $: Units L/sec min.342 140.413 $ 150.921.673 $ $ 2.384121 W ater Treatment Cost Estimation Program $ 0.8 0 9856.325 0.39 $ $ G=150 128.637 0.393 319. m m2 m2 2 m Alternative Units 69444 gpm $ 2. figure 63) $ = a+b*x a b <400 m2 62801.071 % Construction Cost Equations (From EPA-600/2-79-162b.8 9856.79 180 4.114 416.8 1978 Construction Cost Manufactured & Electrical Equipment Housing Excavation.8245 12.211 G=70 $ 58.059.679 $ 4.8 m Calculated Settling Area Alternative settling Area Basis: 4380.80491 5939.3118202 5806.183.293 0 0.918 $ 8.981 0.352 % G=110 $ 92.11 0.587.5744 8.9519 5.23 $ 31.71 244.

570 0.24 0.525 0.00 $ $ $ $ 1. Total Construction Cost: Manufactured & Electrical Equipment Housing Excavation.52 0.928.000 gallon 104.154 6512.175 .332 2.01 per lb.118.54 m 2 3 1.5 m 3.04 $ 2.24 1.278 Resin w/ Tank & Regeneration Tank $ 1.24 0.00 0.299 $4.00 1.267. ANION Service Flow Rate : Cation Equivalents/Liter of Resin Anion Equivalents/Liter of Resin Desired Run Cycle: 4380.51 10 78 1 200 5.7 ft 32.00 1.053 $ 1.208.562 Cost factor for operating pressure: 2 Tank cost at base pressure: $ 174.756 $ 820.24 0.05E-04 7.000.572 Regeneration (with NaCl) Applicable Range Lower Limit Upper Limit Actual 49.8 ft 29.406 Mass of NaCl /vol of resin: NaCl required: Chemical cost per kg NaCl: TOTAL CHEMICAL COST PER YEAR: Chemical concentration: Regeneration fluid req'd : STORAGE TANK COST: Units Pumping Height DIfference Pipe Diameter Length of Pipe Efficiency Number Transfer Pumps Pressure Differential Capacity per Pump Size 32 0.280 $ 10 percent 3 2.0 psi 81.24 1.00 625 kgal Alternative Units 80. Site Work & Labor Piping and Valves Steel Concrete November 2006 Capital Cost $: % 1978 O&M Cost: % 0.21E-03 20 20 11 1 Medium: Min Volume: Time until exhaustion of min volume: Resin for desired Run Cycle: Resin Expansion Coefficient Total Vessel Volume Nominal Resin Price $/m3 Resin Cost: Filter area (m2): L/s equiv/L equiv/L L/(hr*L resin) equiv/L equiv/L days Applicable Range Lower Limit Upper Limit 16 40 Cation Anion 3 788.000.52 0.546 179.253 $ $ $ 3.2 days 3 788.081.6 788.43 0.922 $ 187.00 $ $ $ $ 233.{y}IX Ion Exchange Regeneration/Backwashing Pump Production Flow to be treated Equiv/L .612 $ 31. CATION >+1 Equiv/L .783 4.526 lb $0.00 333.385 788.673 840.699 gpm Water Treatment Cost Estimation Program $ 97.00 0.563 kg $0.501 $ $ 20.577 1.8 m (446 kPa/ 50 psig) b= 3.79 1.5 397.410 8.280 0.716 $ 48.3 ft 1.07 0.956 426.61 m Base pressure vessel correlation: Number of Vessels (Reality check) Height is 31.61 13 2600 Alternative Units 3 9 lb/ft 521.250 1.69 0.366 m 591.786 TOTAL TANK COST: $ 349.446 log($) = b + m*log(m^3) m= 0.577 m $1.839 $ 86.00 Materials Energy Labor November 2006 Operation & Maintenance $: Vessel: Aspect ratio: 4 height/dia 2 Bed area : 49.01 0.00 0.131 319.02 per kg 820.57 0.607 $6.000 gallon 100.845.54 2 $ $ Units 3 150 kg/m 236. Site Work & Labor Piping and Valves Steel Concrete November 2006 Capital Cost $: % 1978 O&M Cost: % Materials Energy Labor November 2006 Operation & Maintenance $: $ 3.914 $ $ $ 257.03 0.9 m m m kPa m3/s hp 1978 Capital Cost: Manufactured & Electrical Equipment Housing Excavation.

07 0.43 200 1.972 MGD 576 0.429.459 $ 95 211.4 L/hr Recovery rate 99.{z}MF-P input Process input Design MF product flow rate Design MF product flow rate Design MF product flow rate Design MF product flow rate Design MF product flow rate Plant availability (%) Membrane Module equipment cost Cost per membrane modular system flow rate Flow per module No.866 kwh Number of Modules 103 Number of Membranes 9270 Building Area 49995 ft2 $/kWh $/L mg/L % Years Water Treatment Cost Estimation Program Alternative Units 69430 gpm 68966 gpm 4 gpm 4645 m2 .989.168 12 10 3 Process Flow Calculation Units Feed flow 4380.0104 days 0.0 69437 4380 378.1 L/s Backwash 908.5 90 80 93 30 29 600 15 0.500 $650 675 7.856 kwh Backflush (kwh) 62.0001 days Operations & Maintenance Cost Input Electricity Rate Sodium Hypochlorite Cost Design dosage Specific gravity (NaOCl) Solution concentration Membrane Life Staff Days/day 0.004 L/day % 90M10C gpm gpm % % psi psi gpm minutes minutes 42.1 Units gpd MGD gpm L/s 3 m /day Alternative Units Alternative Units Lower Limit Upper Limit 0.459.169 100.9 900 6 kpa kpa L/s second second 0.3 % Feed pump horsepower 1519 hp Feed pump (kwh) 9. membranes per module Pump efficiency Motor efficiency Design feed pressure Backflush pressure Backwash Flow Backwash intervals Backwash and backflush duration 99.6 L/s 207 200 37.3 L/s Product flow 4351.01 378.

464 7.816.748 @ @ @ @ 211500 650 100 70000 5 5 10 6 20 10 4 $ each $ each 2 $/ft2 1076 $/m $/90M10C % of Module Cost % of Module and misc.089.000 43.999.210. Management Working Capital Total Indirect Captial Cost $ $ $ $ $ 2.500 6.454. % of Module and misc.000 215.000 603.000 1.O&M Cost Estimation Direct Capital Costs Membrane Modules Membrane Building Installation Miscellaneous Plant interconnecting piping Engineering Total Direct Capital Costs $ $ $ $ $ $ $ $ 21.000 1.670. Proj.686 2.143.000 Total Construction Cost $ 62.355.000 2.539.000 8.908.373 44. Total O & M Cost % of Total direct % of Total direct % of Total direct % of Total direct Total costs $ $ $ $ $ $ $ 664.748 Indirect Capital Costs Interest During Construction Contingencies A&E Fees.025.491 254.000 17.672.782.225 1.784.500 4.491 .000 891.000 4. Electricity Labor Chemicals (Sodium Hypochlorite) Membrane Replacement Cleaning Chemicals(NaOCl) Repairs and Replacement and Misc.287.

55E-06 1.00 1.19E-06 7. reference A) Solving the design equations 1 2 3 4 Jv/k 0.13E-01 1.2472 28.2472 28.065 3.996 0.00 0.96 1000 0.13E-01 1.9956 6 0.55E-06 6.996 0.44E+01 838 143 0.2472 28.12E-12 Average Uc (m/s) Schmidt Number Reynolds Number a b c k (m/s) for laminar flow in flat channel 1.00 1.0911 Intrinsic Rejection Ro 0.2472 28.250 0.0911 0.xls.23E-03 0.065 3.0911 0.875 0.0911 0.66E-04 2.9956 0.1144 1.00 1.83E+01 2.55E-06 6.00 0.00 .19E-06 Pv/tm (m3m-2s-1Pa-1) 4.2472 6.64E-12 5.996 0.550.404.9956 8 0.001 4908 1.13 item 8.00 1.68 13.2472 28.9956 7 0.9956 0.996 0.00 0.97E+01 1.000 37 1.83E+01 0.996 0.13E-01 1.996 0.995 Ra Test A A A A A B B B A and B Iterations neccessary for model convergence (pp 9.2444 28.55E-06 6.97E+00 3.13E-01 28.ms_office Pure water permeability (m3/s) Feed Flow (m3/s) Transmembrane pressure (Pa) Area (m2) Channel height dh(m) Cf (mol/m3) Density (kg/m3) Viscosity (Pa s) a (Pa m3mol-1) Diffusivity of NaCl (m 2/s) 2.00 1.0911 0.00 1.00 0.9956 Cw (mol/L) 28.001 4908 1.20E-09 Calculated paramters determined by configuration and operating conditions Jv (m/s) 1st pass 7.00E-05 3.5261 28.00 1.20E-09 1000 0.13E-01 1.83E+01 5 0.13E-01 1.83E+01 2.00 Recovery 0.995 0.5895 2.00 0.0911 0.55E-06 6.096 551245 1.55E-06 6.996 0.0910 0.55E-06 6.996 0.9955 0.9956 Cp (mol/L) Cr (mol/L) 3 -2 Jv Theoretical (m m s) Exp (Jv/k) {bb}Rejection 2.996 Appartent Rejection Ra 0.44E+01 838 143 0.996 0.23E-03 1.66E-03 1.83E+01 2.1000 0.196019357.83E+01 2.00 0.00E-05 25.996 0.83E+01 2.875 0.250 0.996 0.00 0.13E-01 1.55E-06 6.

08 0.149 2.258 1.316 0.379 1.296 0.07 0.429 0.3 0.170 0.6 0.03 0.871 0.781 0.074 5.201 0.537 0.069 0.348 0.260 0.06 0.129 2.16 0.166 1.340 0.631 0.579 0.526 0.11 0.394 0.740 0.636 0.09 0.977 0.") 100 m Concentrate Flow Pipe Diameter dP 0.150 1 0.947 4.3 m/sec Outfall Length (enter "m" or "ft.261 0.19 0.451 0.264 0.324 0.001 0.14 0.182 1.903 0.815 0.938 0.Project Name Model Development Date Stage 06/07/04 A1 This sheet originally from Ellen Velocity 2.711 0. one simpler (D Wisebeck) given to calculate d on pipe diameter size.307 0.184 0.503 0.580 0.821 0.024 22.04 0.333 0.316 0.450 0.527 0.476 1.15 0.623 0.457 0.130 .02 0.408 0.2 0.367 0.355 0.025 Use this one.2 0.8 0.471 0.223 1.410 0.576 0.136 1.7 0.62 0.474 0.298 0.278 0.225 0.246 0.197 1.9 0.326 0.842 0.124 0.318 0.422 0.05 0.210 1.18 0.12 0.380 0.3 100 Flow m /s Diameter (m) dP1 kPa dP2 kPa 0.105 3.159 0.142 1.17 0.235 1. Velocity 3 Length 2.335 0.188 0. 3 m /sec m m kPa $/m The other eqn which is used to Hazen Williams with HDPE pip $90.744 0.952 0.268 1.1 0.692 0.278 1.370 0.020 0.815 0.005 0.01 0.37 99.345 0.496 0.9 900 Schedule 80 Pipe Cost Total Pipe Cost What is purpose of graph? Show dp or diameter as a func other Used for predicting optimum pi Two equations.70 0.247 1.706 0.288 0.5 0.1 0.13 0.666 0.408 0.4 0.

220 0.106 0.941 0.112 0.849 0.103 0.125 0.9 2 0.239 0.6 1.116 0.052 0.109 0.911 0.120 0.3 1.212 0.251 0.8 1.1.026 1.197 0.101 .970 0.998 1.229 0.191 0.5 1.881 0.204 0.7 1.4 1.

0 0. Two equations.5 Diameter (m) 1. The other eqn which is used to calculate dP is Hazen Williams with HDPE pipe.What is purpose of graph? Show dp or diameter as a function of the Used for predicting optimum pipe diameter. one simpler (DarcyWisebeck) given to calculate dP. Cf = 145 Pressure Drop vs Diameter . depending on pipe diameter size.0 .Two Versions 100 Eq III dP (Kpa) Alt 10 1 0 0.

026 WATER RECOVERY 75% Staff days/day 3 All cost numbers are only within +.049.99 Ms.50 $1.026 105.8 kWh/Kgal Membrane Replacement $ 5.326.com.252 2..640.171.423 Annual cost $ 69.207.15% Estimate O&M Costs Electricity Labor Membrane Replacement Cleaning Chemicals Cartridge Filters Repairs and Replacement Insurance Lab fees Total O & M Cost $ $ $ $ $ $ $ $ $ 58.056 3 $/m Product $/1000 gal Product $/acre foot Product $0.384 Total Power 22. personal communication.810 5.633 Total Costs $ 35.326.25 mgd Capital Cost $ 35.653 1. 500 .Project Name Model Development Date Stage 06/07/04 A1 Ionics Formulas for USBR Pricing of an EDR System Last Revision Date 7/6/2000 TDS 1000 mg/l Production Flow 105.969 31.024.049.384 Capital Recovery $ 2.632 70. Antonia von Gottberg avongottberg@ionics.010.417 66.874 176.90 $617.566.

{ee}ED2 First Stage Input from Interface Production Flow to be treated Flow Rate Feed TDS Product TDS Average Equivalent Weight: Percent Recovery: Production Data Delta N eq/m3: Desal Ratio: Value: 4380.400 $ $ $ Capital Recovery System lifetime.00 kWhr/m3: 0.65 0.940 Membrane Requirements Total Membrane Area Number of cell pairs: Sample Values: 0.00 Membrane Characteristics Transport efficiencies Sum<=1.965 82.470 Sum anions efficiencies: 0. Area/membrane pair Asahi is 0.470 Cl-: 0.470 Transport effieciency: Sum of Anion & Cation Efficiency.85 m^2 Dilute side resistance "Rd" Concentrate side resistance "Rc" Membrane resistance "Rm" Total resistance Rt = (Rd+Rc+Rm): Current density Current Efficiency: Membrane Voltage Potential "Vm" Voltage per cell Vc = Rt*CD+Vm: 0.860 Membrane Replacement Membrane Cost/m2: Membrane Life Expectancy (yrs): Construction Cost Items Construction Cost Factor (%): Electricity Cost $/kWh: Labor and Overhead Labor cost.00 Insert rows after Na+ or Clto add more ion efficiencies.415 0. Dt (%) Annual interest rate.470 Sum cations efficiencies: 0.201 100.000 0.00 15 15 1.55 0.249 16.850 0 0 0.021 0.00 0. r (yr) Downtime. S (number/day) Workers per shift.00 1.65 0.2 1 15. Lh ($/h) Shifts per day.00 $ 100.860 30 .17 kWhr/m3 64345 kWh/day 1. Na+: Energy Requirements Power requirements Pumping energy requirements Total Units L/sec. Ws (number/shift) 0.300 volts/pair 0. mg/L mg/L 0.05 $ 0.2 1 30 0.070 30 0.07/kWhr: Capital Recovery November 2006 O&M $: $ $ $ $ $ $ $ 1. 3 m /Hr.400 m2 (ohms/cm)/cm2 (ohms/cm)/cm2 (ohms/cm)/cm2: amps/m2 0.79 15771 500 500 35. i (%) Suggested Values 25.05 6 First Stage Capital Costs Based on Membrane Cost @ $25/m2 $ - First Stage O&M Costs/ year Chemicals Maintenance Membrane Replacement: Labor Cost: ED Electicity Cost/year @ $0.070 0.07 $ 1.5 0.08 29.17 0 m2 0 Water Treatment Cost Estimation Program 15 15 10 .

400 volts/pair 0.05 0. Dt (%) Annual interest rate.850 0 0 0.00 Membrane Characteristics Transport efficiencies Sum<=1.671 Labor and Overhead Labor cost.08 29.2 1 15 0.860 0.65 0.00 15 Capital Recovery System lifetime.300 1.50 0.07/kWhr: Capital Recovery November 2006 O&M $: $ $ $ $ $ $ $ 1.00 Insert rows after Na+ or Clto add more ion efficiencies. mg/L mg/L $0 Water Treatment Cost Estimation Program .2 1 30 0.450 0.070 30 0. Na+: Energy Requirements Power requirements Pumping energy requirements Total Sample Values: L/sec m3/hr. Lh ($/h) Shifts per day.65 $0.650 0.85 m^2 Dilute side resistance "Rd" Concentrate side resistance "Rc" Membrane resistance "Rm" Total resistance Rt = (Rd+Rc+Rm): Current density Current Efficiency: Membrane Voltage Potential "Vm" Voltage per cell Vc = Rt*CD+Vm: 0. i (%) m2 (ohms/cm)/cm2 (ohms/cm)/cm2 (ohms/cm)/cm2 amps/m2 Membrane Replacement Membrane Cost/m2: Membrane Life Expectancy (yrs): Construction Cost Items Construction Cost Factor (%): Electricity Cost $/kWh: 0. Ws (number/shift) 1.470 Sum anions efficiencies: 0.470 Sum cations efficiencies: 0. S (number/day) Workers per shift.000 0.400 Second Stage Capital Costs Based on Membrane Cost @ $100/m2 $ - Second Stage O&M Costs/ year Chemicals Maintenance Membrane Replacement: Labor Cost: ED Electicity Cost/year @ $0.17 kWhr/m3 37850 kWh/day $100.470 Transport effieciency: Sum of Anion & Cation Efficiency.00 equiv/m3 1.05 6 15 15 10 0.249 848 48.470 Cl-: 0.07 1.55 0.17 0 m2 0 Total Total capital cost (1st and 2nd stage) Suggested Values 100 15 0.860 30 .940 Membrane Requirements Total Membrane Area Number of cell pairs: 0. Area/membrane pair Asahi is 0. r (yr) Downtime.9 9277 500 500 35.353 50.070 0.00 kWhr/m3 0.{ee}ED2 Second Stage Input from Interface Flow Rate Flow Rate Feed TDS Product TDS Ave Equivalent Weight: Percent Recovery: Production Data Delta N Desal Ratio: Value: 2576.

15 75 2.237 $4. Krutzsch.752 1.559.075 1.003.931 1.1200 HP 7.483 9.727.164 Direct Costs (material and labor) Pump. Piping and driver Piping Controls Installed Capital Cost Operating Costs Power Cost $/year Lubrication ($/L oil) Cooling water ($/m3 water) Maintenance (hr/Hp) Units pump m kPa m3/s m3/s % m/s % 12.Project Name Model Development Date Stage 06/07/04 A1 Pumps Number of pumps: Height differential: Discharge pressure: Full flow rate: Basis flow rate Pump Efficiency: Velocity (m/s) Motor Efficiency: HP Power consumption: 1 100 1750 5.633 Source: "Pump Handbook" Karassik.727.7 0.431 234 1.699 81. drive.699 ft psi gal/min gal/min 8 ft/sec hp calc may change if hp calc c kW PD VST Cent 3 .727.1 254 81.500 HP 3 .306 3.016.15 5.300 HP 3 .000 $9.4 87 24251 20795 Alternative Units 328. Fraser and Messina pg (9-66) 0.113.931 1.748.931 4.738 $22.5 .789.659 59.362 $1.275.728.056.

3 158. CRF Operating factor. PWF Captial-recovery factor.31E-05 6.Required Information Plant life expectancy.15E-01 1 10 50 100 1000 2000 5000 235.073 0. OF Annual levelized cost. i Annual fixed-charge rate. AFC Present-worth factor.95 $0 calc may change if hp calc changes for RO sheet 6. ALC 30 6% 10 13.5 250 200 150 100 50 0 0 2000 .613 234.6 42.31E-03 6. n Annual Interest Rate.065 232.13 197.9613 235.26E-01 3.76 0.15E-03 6.31E-04 3.31E-02 1.

0387x + 236 R² = 1 gal/min 2000 4000 6000 Linear (gal/min) .gal/min y = -0.

28 2.42 -0.85 pHc = 8.55 9.4 9.Project Name Model Development Date Stage 06/07/04 A1 Stiff and Davis Saturation Index For water with TDS > 15000 mg/L Ca+2 mg/L as CaCO3 5 Alkf mg/L as CaCO3 148 CO2 mg/L as CO2 7.71 pHc = 8.70 pHsc = 7.46 pAlkc 1.21 S&DSIf -1.00 Guess mg HCl 73.09 7.40 .70 7.24 S&DSI (c adjusted) 0.50 for concentrate Ionic Strength and Temperature 123.67 7.68 Alk C acid 972 879 CO2 acid 14 97 Alk c acid/CO2 acid 68.88E-08 500 3317 35 Alkc= 979 Ionic Strengthf = 0.34 S&DSIc For the Concentrate Stream with Acid Guess mg H2SO4 0.91 Calculated from alkalinity & pH + H Major Ions mg/L TDS Concentrate Cac= 2.09 1.67 pCac 3.66 Alkc/CO2 2.38 K from 'Stiff&Davis' 2.05 4.24 1.01 Ionic Strengthc = pCa pAlk pHs = 0.48 7.75 7.1 pHc acid pAlk pHs = 8.

h and Temperature .

94 CO2 acid 14.58 6.51 4.2 96.88 0.55 2.34 3.Project Name Model Development Date Stage 06/07/04 A1 Use pCa and pAlk and pH vs MO Alk/CO 2 from 'Stiff&Davis' sheet From Water Analysis Caf in mg/L CaCO 3 Alk f in mg/L CaCO 3 TDSf pHf Temperature pHf CO 2f pCaf pAlkf "C" pHs LSIf 5 148 500 7.995 Concentrate Values Cac Alk c TDSc CO 2c 35 979 3319 7.86 2.56 7.85 0.28 2.77 From Report or RO&NF Recovery Rejection 0.66 -8.54 12 7.49 pHf acid pAlk 7.29 HCl 7.29 13.70 2.72 0.73 Alkf/CO2 9.4 Could change this to a goal seek equation 46.46 1.91 Product Values Cap Alk p TDSp CO 2p pHc pCac pAlk c "C" pHs LSIc 8.31 -1.00 2.48 9.22 .3 2.91 5.62 pHf pCap pAlk p "C" pHs LSIp Acidification Guess mg/L Acid Alk acid H2SO4 0 1 3 7.54 8 4.37 6.4 73.0 140.

56 pHs = 9.0666 3 95 1 1 0 0 0 0 CO2 stab 5.1 7.1 0.1 13.9 0.5 7 2.58 3.56 pHs 7.2 LSIstab -7.4 4.9 3 5.0 3 "C"stab #NUM! 2.28 2.2 6.1 pHp stab (actual pH after chem.34 8.48 3.80 pAlkc 1.06 6.77 LSIc 0.8 6.4 2.74 4.3 2.1 11.94 311.7 -7.3 2.23 -2.015105 0.0 -7. addition) pAlk pCa TDS stab 6.16% NaHCO 3 90% CaO Hypochlorite 2.59 LSIf Alkc acid Alkc/CO2 65.1 4.07 -3.31 931.3 pHs (theoretical pH of stabilized water) 13.9 Alkstab/CO2stab 0.8 #NUM! .9 5.32 -1.pCa "C"acid 4.22 pHc = 8.43 Product Stabilization Guess mg/L Alkstab Ca stab Caustic Soda Soda Ash Lime Calcium 98% NaOH 99.46 2.4 4.5 145 5.1 100 0.56 2.7 13.9 7.6 -2.22 "C"c 2.9 6.6 -33.72 2.

50 2.26 2.65 2.0372Ln(x) + 1.50 500 2.37 2.34 2.41 30 2.68 2.48 300 2.2 2.17 2.9923 0.52 1000 2.28 2.19 2.71 2.9811 0.0383Ln(x) + 1.57 5000 2.0358 .44 2.45 200 2.6678 (35) = 0.40 x = TDS in mg/L C C C C C C C C C (45) = 0.52 1000 2.0372 1.51 2.3 2.38 2.0371Ln(x) + 1.987 0.71 2.53 2.5 500 2.28 2.56 2000 2.965 2.65 2.his to a goal seek equation "C" Values dependent on Temperature Temperature °C TDS (mg/L) 5 10 10 2.62 2.41 2.6678 35 0.27 2.0383 1.37 2.47 2.0368Ln(x) + 1.9862 0.22 2.17 2.54 2.1775 (10) = 0.25 2.23 2.7581 (30) = 0.42 2.58 2.49 20 2.9785 0.18 2.7581 30 0.037Ln(x) + 2.51 2.965 (20) = 0.61 and TDS in mg/L from figure 2 in AST 15 2.9785 0.42 50 2.33 2.0658 (15) = 0.33 2.38 2.31 2.0362Ln(x) + 2.9882 C (x) = A Ln (x) +B 45 40 0.68 2.27 2.412 Temp A B R2 R2 R2 R2 R2 R2 R2 R2 R2 = = = = = = = = = 0.40 2.865 (25)= 0.9871 0.5825 (40) = 0.865 25 20 0.52 2.63 2.0372 0.30 2.61 2.31 2.0372Ln(x) + 2.0377Ln(x) + 2.42 50 2.0371 1.6 2.43 100 2.44 100 2.55 2000 2.59 2.36 2.58 5000 2.5825 1.2963 (5) = 0.19 2.47 2.46 200 2.29 2.73 2.9854 0.38 2.0372 1.34 2.54 2.57 2.31 2.29 2.0368 0.3 2.39 20 2.40 30 2.48 2.49 300 2.38 20 2.6 Calculated Values 10 2.21 2.55 2.36 2.0372Ln(x) + 1.44 2.

037189 B =.037 0.9 8.1775 2.6 4.5 3 5.22 0 1 1.4 11.8 #NUM! 0.491 Incomplete Hydraded Lime 93% Ca(OH)2 Gas CO 2(g) Lime & Soda ash TDS Factor Could change this to a goal seek equation 95 1.0207*Temp + 2.9 6.4 13.1 0.5 118 2.2 -2.3 -7.5 6.9983 .412 0.00 2 0 0 0 7.5 5 #NUM! 2.7 -8.0377 2.7 13.9 -33.3 2.3 2.8 R2 = 0.8 6.9 5.09 0.2963 5 0.0.0362 2.4 4.A= 15 10 0.

69 1.9 1.68 1.9785 0.9882 Coefficients for Calculated "C" B C (x) = A Ln (x) +B 3 2.84 1.9 1.0385 0.09 2.85 1.00 2.87 1.78 1.98 45 1.9862 0.13 2.9854 0.23 2.06 2.79 1.88 1.3 2.10 2.75 1.5 1 0.79 1.09 2.9811 0.16 2.00 2.96 1.77 1.05 2.09 2.9785 0.0375 A R2 R2 R2 R2 R2 R2 R2 R2 R2 1.03 2.26 2.9871 0.86 1.94 1.7 C(5) = 0.21 2.93 1.987 0.07 2.98 2 2.97 1.76 1.72 1.74 1.96 1.7 = = = = = = = = = 1.9882 2.81 1.77 1.9 1.82 1.412 R2 = 0.10 2.90 1.86 1.TDS in mg/L from figure 2 in ASTM D 3739 25 2.9 2.73 1.02 2.87 1.19 2.02 2.89 2.08 2.71 1.17 2.05 2.23 2.8 1.64 1.19 1.96 1.88 2.88 1.97 1.5 2.17 2.99 2 2.08 40 1.91 1.037 .9923 0.84 1.28 30 1.88 1.88 1.89 1.12 2.07 2.03 2.85 1.5 2 1.1 1.83 1.2 2.69 1.13 2.1 2.05 2.78 1.93 1.77 1.12 2.15 2.81 1.98 2.30 1.0377Ln(x) + 2.5 0.09 1.79 1.67 1.15 2.26 2.1 10 100 0.98 1.95 1.07 2.86 1.1 2.70 1.92 1.3 1.98 1.038 0.16 2.04 2.18 35 1.79 1.98 2.

9983 10 20 30 Temperature C (x.036 0 R2 = 0.0372*Ln(x)-0.5 0 0.0209*T+2.T)= 0.037 0.0365 0.1.5 1 0.499 40 50 .

9871 1000 10000 B 0.412 10 15 20 25 30 35 40 y = 0. (30) Log.0375 45 Log.0385 A Linear (B) A 0.5 n(x) + 2.0368Ln(x) + 1. (5) Log. (45) .5825 R2 = 0.

4911 R² = 0.0365 y = -0.0207x + 2.9951 .0.

4149 -2.85 2.5 2.08 3.5826 -2.3744 3.42 3.25 3.42 3.9 3.35 3.49 3.54 3.09 3.0527 2.14 3.75 3.09 3.3 3.5 3.1941 3.18 3.04 3.2134 2.45 a 1.82 2.6 1.44 3.55 3.5679 0.5931 1.6 0.52 3.1 3.05 0.2522 3.4127 -2.6053 0.3873 2.616 r2 0.28 3.35 2.9784 0.7 2.1519 2.92 3.9771 0.5612 -2.47 3.32 3.97 2.8 2 Curve Fits: x = ionic strength Temp 50 40 30 25 20 10 0 From Feed Water Analysis x3 30 K 1.95 3.3709 3.24 x 3.65 2.12 2.07 3.508 -2.6061 0.5466 x2 -2.85 2.2205 3.9681 .45 2.27 2.2 1.576 0.8 2.57 2.2635 0 0.9821 0.5651 -2.8 1 1.8 1.4 0.85 2.4 1.9813 0.77 2.9032 25 20 1.7 2.9738 0.36 3.81 2.32 3.82 2.7809 1.38 3.9387 2.9832 0.634 0.2 0.615 0.25 3.1 3.4 3.33 3.Project Name Model Development Date Stage 06/07/04 A1 Temp Ionic Strength 50 40 1.

I = Ionic Strength 3 2 3 2 (.0002T^2-.75 0.2695)*I +(-.0266T+2.0016*T+.0004T^2+.0002T^2-.0206T+2.9072)I+(-. 2.0206T+2.01 Curve fit: T = Temperature.05 (.2695)*I +(-.0142T-2.75 0.504296137 .5528)I +(.0016*T+.5528)I +(.0004T^2+.0266T+2.378852025 11.9072)I+(-. 2.0142T-2.T I K= K= From Concentrate Analysis T I K= K= Source: ASTM Method for S&DSI 11.

0206x + 2. (x2) Poly.52 3.5 3.0266x + 2.5 3.75 3.8 Ionic Strength y = -0.78 3. (x) Linear (a) .2.8557x3 .598 R² = 0.8147 1 0 -1 -2 -3 0 20 40 y = 0.9032x + 2.0.25 3.63 3.5528 R² = 0.5 K(0) = -0.6 2.5466x3 .5 K 10 2 1.68 3.7 K(50) = 0.4 1.0016x + 0.6 1.5554x4 + 2.4 0.616 R2 = 0.35 3.8 1 1.05 3.3314x + 1.6 3.0 2.2635x2 + 2.5.0142x .2.5 3 2.65 3.6 0.0004x2 + 0.75 3.2 1.68 3.3 3.78 3.9933 1 0.9072 R² = 0.62 3.8987 4 3 y = -0.5 0 0 0.9941 2 y = 0.9681 4 3.0002x2 .72 3.3423x2 + 4.5292 R2 = 0.8316 60 x3 x2 x a Linear (x3) Poly.65 3.2695 R² = 0.2 0.7 3.

ature. I = Ionic Strength 4T^2+.9072)I+(-.598) .9072)I+(-.0266T+2.0266T+2.598) 4T^2+.0206T+2.0206T+2.

75 3. (x) Linear (a) pCa = -0.7 2.7 1. (x2) Poly.2.7 0.4452Ln(x) + 4.7833 6 4 3 2 1 266x + 2.616 pCa pAlk 5 4 3 2 1 50 4. (0) 5 pCa and pAlk 2 pAlk = -0.4343Ln(x) + 5 .9032x + 2. (50) Poly.9072 0 1 10 100 1000 10000 Ca and Alk as mg/L CaCO3 x3 x2 x a Linear (x3) Poly.7 1 10 100 1000 10000 40 30 25 20 14x + 1.5292 10 0 Conversion of Ca and Alk to pCa and pAlk Poly.

.

8 3.775 8 6.25 7 6 6.pH vs Alk/CO 2 Fig 3 D 4582 1998 Annual Book of ASTM Standards Volume 11.3022 0. (Alk) Log.6 2 5 y = 0.2 0.3 1000 pH=0.12 pH vs Alk/CO2 5.3022 6.4 1.2 100 8.5 17 0.305 10 6 0.423 Ln(Alk/CO 2) + 6.5 9 6.6 21.8 0.4452Ln(x) + 4.4343Ln(x) + 5 .8 34 8 54 8.4 0.9997 7 5 3 2 7.7833 Alk Ca Log.1 1 10 100 1000 7.2 4 R² = 0.6 0.423ln(x) + 6.5 MO Alk/CO2 7.2 8 1 7.01 0.02 Water (II) pH of Water pH of Water MO Alk/CO 2 Expressed as mg/L CaCO 3/mg/L CO 2 5.4 13 0 7.3 0. (Ca) 0.098 5.19 5.

.

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204 Units gal/min kW kW year year lamps per lamp lamps kWh hours Alternative Units ######## gal/day Units Alternative Units 12 months 0 months .05 0.219 $410.00 1. 5/2/2000 69437 0.149.Project Name Model Development Date Stage 06/07/04 A1 UV Volume treated: Power consumption per lamp: Alternative power consumption per lamp: Lamp replacement time: Alternative lamp replacement time: Required UV lamps: Lamp replacement cost: Annual lamp replacements: Annual power consumption: Required annual labor hours: Capital cost: Annual lamp replacement cost: Annual power cost: Annual labor cost Total annual operating cost: data from Irvine Moch.536 $150.0 0.266 834 $2.009.0 4907 $48.00 4907 2.449 $24.031 $235.

206 62.Project Name Model Development Date Stage 06/07/04 A1 Double Wall Fiberglass Tanks Required Tank Capacity Units 500.get-a-quote.326 Construction Cost Equations (From http://www.000 gallons Nov 2000 Construction Cost % Material Labor Equipment November 2006 Capital Cost $: $ 0.net) $ = a+b*x a 2842.010 $ $ 546.089 $ 0.7 b 1.239 6.0864 Alternative Units 1.901 $ 0.700 liters .043 603.892.881 672.

00 0.167 0.4914 b -0.13 $ 514.374.732 $ 62.531 a 2.5462 1 from Oneby.083.396 0.3471 a 1.00 0. Membrane Microfiltration As A Cost Effective Solution For A Small Utility.75 $ 2. and Ericson.915.915.839.Project Name Model Development Date Stage 06/07/04 A1 Microfiltration / Ultrafiltration Units Production Flow to be treated 2001 Construction Cost 99.730 0.209 $ 3. 2001 .713. 2001 2 from Elarde & Bergman.209 $ $ $ $ 62.12 $ 359.99 mgd % Manufactured & Electrical Equipment Housing Excavation.0451 b -0. Nordgren.634 $ 3. Site Work & Labor Piping and Valves November 2006 Capital Cost $: 2001 O&M Cost: Materials Energy Labor November 2006 Operation & Maintenance $: Construction Cost2 $ = a*x^b O&M Cost2 $ = a*x^b 1. AWWA Membrane Conference Proceedings. AWWA Membrane Conference Proceedings. The Cost of Membrane Filtration for Municipal Water Supplies.00 %1 Alternative Units 69437 gpm $ 50.00 0.

0029 0.37 231 11.000 1560.01 3.1300 22.00 5.006 85 0.03 24.00 7.03 6.00 11.050 232.0025 0.00E-04 10741 14 0.8 6545 1 1 300.050 0.5 8 0.0000 0.01 3.2600 0.07 2688 Secondary Eff 2nd Eff RO Perm 0.00 25.50 425 790.00E-03 0.60 16.023 0.100 95.0000 1.40E-03 385 9.2 35005 1 54534 25 184 1 362 25 0.050 0.0593 345.50 3.050 0.00 13 560 13.01 144.8 2.00 .000 10.000 1.61 0.800 0.900 1.7 55.3 0.9 7.50E+00 19333 1.0005 0.019 0.000 25.02 25 62.0285 0.620 0.300 0.04 20 10 7.3 2758 25 3070 1 5232 25 11757 1 19604 25 1.60 1.1500 2.000 17.000 1453 1.3000 25 0.005 35.550 Brackish 2 Brackish 3 Hi Brackish Seawater 0.8 905.35 0.39 1100 12 7.000 7.000 0.2 64.005 14.2 680 18 6.00 163.11 0.80 7.005 110.0811 110 637 80 283 4.00E-07 182 0.010 0.30 0.78 10 131 175.20 18 25.0983 0.30E-04 0.00E-03 3.000 Municipal W ater Treatment Cost Estimation Program 1.09 0.3 0.000 0.31 10.10E-04 406 5.5000 0.7 811 44.2230 0.004 2 0.001 100.00E-05 1.71 815 5 3284 15 189.00 25.005 0.5 2.{gg}StdAnalyses Brackish 1 Aluminum Antimony Arsenic Barium Beryllium Boron Cadmium Calcium Chromium Copper Iron Lead Magnesium Manganese Mercury Nickel Potassium Selenium Silver Sodium Strontium Zinc Alkalinity-Bicarbonate Alkalinity-Carbonate Carbon Dioxide (aq) Chloride Cyanide Flouride Nitrate (as N) o-Phosphate Sulfate Silica pH pOH Solids (TDS) Total Suspended Solids: Conductivity Temperature 0.22 6.30 12.640 1.50 6.70 39.1000 7.00E-05 5.29E+03 2.5 0.00E-05 3.3000 1.7 0.00 3.7 71.50 27.00E-05 3.00 0.000 0.000 0.00 125.

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