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EHP3 for SAP ERP 6.

0 December 2009 English

Cost of Sales Accounting (161)


%&il#ing %loc' (onfig&ration G&i#e

SAP AG Dietmar-Ho -Allee !6 69!90 "all#orf German$

SAP Best Practices

(ost of Sales Acco&nting )!6!*+ (onfig&ration G&i#e

Copyright
, (o $right 200- SAP AG. All rights reser.e#. /o art of this &blication ma$ be re ro#&ce# or transmitte# in an$ form or for an$ &r ose 0itho&t the e1 ress ermission of SAP AG. 2he information containe# herein ma$ be change# 0itho&t rior notice. Some soft0are ro#&cts mar'ete# b$ SAP AG an# its #istrib&tors contain ro rietar$ soft0are com onents of other soft0are .en#ors. 3icrosoft4 "in#o0s4 E1cel4 5&tloo'4 an# Po0erPoint are registere# tra#emar's of 3icrosoft (or oration. 6%34 D%24 D%2 7ni.ersal Database4 5S824 Parallel S$s le14 39S8ESA4 A6:4 S83904 AS8;004 5S83904 5S8;004 iSeries4 Series4 1Series4 <Series4 S$stem i4 S$stem i=4 S$stem 4 S$stem =4 S$stem 14 S$stem <4 S$stem <94 <85S4 A>P4 6ntelligent 3iner4 "ebS here4 /etfinit$4 2i.oli4 6nformi14 i=85S4 P5"ER4 P5"ER=4 P5"ER=?4 5 enPo0er an# Po0erP( are tra#emar's or registere# tra#emar's of 6%3 (or oration. A#obe4 the A#obe logo4 Acrobat4 PostScri t4 an# Rea#er are either tra#emar's or registere# tra#emar's of A#obe S$stems 6ncor orate# in the 7nite# States an#8or other co&ntries. 5racle is a registere# tra#emar' of 5racle (or oration. 7/6:4 :85 en4 5S>8!4 an# 3otif are registere# tra#emar's of the 5 en Gro& . (itri14 6(A4 Program /eighborhoo#4 3eta>rame4 "in>rame4 9i#eo>rame4 an# 3&lti"in are tra#emar's or registere# tra#emar's of (itri1 S$stems4 6nc. H23@4 :3@4 :H23@ an# "3( are tra#emar's or registere# tra#emar's of "3(A4 "orl# "i#e "eb (onsorti&m4 3assach&setts 6nstit&te of 2echnolog$. Ba.a is a registere# tra#emar' of S&n 3icros$stems4 6nc. Ba.aScri t is a registere# tra#emar' of S&n 3icros$stems4 6nc.4 &se# &n#er license for technolog$ in.ente# an# im lemente# b$ /etsca e. 3a1D% is a tra#emar' of 3$SC@ A%4 S0e#en. SAP4 R834 m$SAP4 m$SAP.com4 1A s4 1A 4 SAP /et"ea.er4 D&et4 PartnerE#ge4 an# other SAP ro#&cts an# ser.ices mentione# herein as 0ell as their res ecti.e logos are tra#emar's or registere# tra#emar's of SAP AG in German$ an# in se.eral other co&ntries all o.er the 0orl#. All other ro#&ct an# ser.ice names mentione# are the tra#emar's of their res ecti.e com anies. Data containe# in this #oc&ment ser.es informational &r oses onl$. /ational ro#&ct s ecifications ma$ .ar$. 2hese materials are s&bDect to change 0itho&t notice. 2hese materials are ro.i#e# b$ SAP AG an# its affiliate# com anies )ESAP Gro& E* for informational &r oses onl$4 0itho&t re resentation or 0arrant$ of an$ 'in#4 an# SAP Gro& shall not be liable for errors or omissions 0ith res ect to the materials. 2he onl$ 0arranties for SAP Gro& ro#&cts an# ser.ices are those that are set forth in the e1 ress 0arrant$ statements accom an$ing s&ch ro#&cts an# ser.ices4 if an$. /othing herein sho&l# be constr&e# as constit&ting an a##itional 0arrant$.

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SAP Best Practices

(ost of Sales Acco&nting )!6!*+ (onfig&ration G&i#e

Icons
Icon Meaning (a&tion E1am le /ote or 2i Recommen#ation S$nta1

Typographic Conventions
Type Style Description Example text "or#s or characters that a ear on the screen. 2hese incl&#e fiel# names4 screen titles4 &shb&ttons as 0ell as men& names4 aths an# o tions. (ross-references to other #oc&mentation. Example text E:A3P@E 2E:2 Em hasi<e# 0or#s or hrases in bo#$ te1t4 titles of gra hics an# tables. /ames of elements in the s$stem. 2hese incl&#e re ort names4 rogram names4 transaction co#es4 table names4 an# in#i.i#&al 'e$ 0or#s of a rogramming lang&age4 0hen s&rro&n#e# b$ bo#$ te1t4 for e1am le4 SE@E(2 an# 6/(@7DE. Screen o&t &t. 2his incl&#es file an# #irector$ names an# their aths4 messages4 so&rce co#e4 names of .ariables an# arameters as 0ell as names of installation4 & gra#e an# #atabase tools. on the 'e$boar#4 for e1am le4 f&nction 'e$s )s&ch as
F2*

Example text

EXAMPLE TEXT Fe$s

or the ENTER 'e$.

Example text <Example text>

E1act &ser entr$. 2hese are 0or#s or characters that $o& enter in the s$stem e1actl$ as the$ a ear in the #oc&mentation. 9ariable &ser entr$. Pointe# brac'ets in#icate that $o& re lace these 0or#s an# characters 0ith a ro riate entries.

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SAP Best Practices

(ost of Sales Acco&nting )!6!*+ (onfig&ration G&i#e

Contents
(ost of Sales Acco&nting............................................................................................................... = ! P&r ose........................................................................................................................................ = 2 Pre aration.................................................................................................................................. = 3 (onfig&ration................................................................................................................................ =

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SAP Best Practices

(ost of Sales Acco&nting )!6!*+ (onfig&ration G&i#e

Cost of Sales Accounting 1 Purpose


2his config&ration g&i#e ro.i#es the information $o& m&st set & the config&ration of this b&il#ing bloc' man&all$. 6f $o& #o not 0ant to config&re man&all$ an# refer an a&tomate# installation rocess &sing %( Sets an# other tools4 $o& can &se the SAP %est Practices sol&tion b&il#er4 #etaile# in the SAP %est Practices %aseline C&ic' G&i#e.

2 Preparation
2 1 Prere!uisites
%efore $o& start installing this b&il#ing bloc'4 $o& m&st install rereG&isite b&il#ing bloc's. >or more information4 see the %&il#ing %loc' PrereG&isite 3atri1 for %aseline. 2he matri1 )an E1cel file* is lin'e# on the sol&tionHs D9D80ebsite in one of the follo0ing t0o locations+ (ontent @ibrar$ Site 3a

" Configuration
" 1 #inancial Accounting
"11 $se
6n this acti.it$4 $o& acti.ate cost of sales acco&nting for $o&r com an$ co#es. 2his means that 0hen $o& ost to these com an$ co#es4 the f&nctional areas are #eri.e# an# & #ate#.

Activate Cost of Sales Accounting

Proce%ure
!. Access the acti.it$ &sing one of the follo0ing na.igation o tions+ Transaction co%e IM& 'enu SPRO Financial Accounting (New) Financial Accounting Global Settings (New) Ledgers Ledger Activate Cost o Sales Accounting

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SAP Best Practices

(ost of Sales Acco&nting )!6!*+ (onfig&ration G&i#e

2. 5n the C!ange "iew #Cost o Sales Accounting#$ %verview screen ma'e the follo0ing entries+ Co !000 3. (hoose Save. Co'pany (a'e (om an$ (o#e )!000* C)S Status 2 Acti.e

*esult
Io& ha.e no0 acti.ate# the (ost of Sales Acco&nting for com an$ co#e !000.

"12 $se

Define functional Areas

6n this acti.it$ $o& create $o&r f&nctional areas.

Proce%ure
!. Access the acti.it$ &sing the follo0ing na.igation o tion+ Transaction Co%e IM& Menu SPRO Financial Accounting(New) Financial Accounting Global Settings (New) Ledgers Fields Standard Fields Functional Area or Cost o Sales Accounting &e ine Functional Area

2. 5n the C!ange "iew #Functional areas#$ %verview screen choose New Entries. 3. 5n the New Entries$ %verview o Added Entries screen ma'e the follo0ing entries+ #unctional Area I%!0 I%!= I%20 I%30 I%3= I%;0 I%=0 I%K0 I%K= I%90 I%9= I%9I%99 (a'e Sales Re.en&e Sales De#&ction Pro#&ction Sales an# Distrib&tion 3ar'eting A#ministration Research J De.elo ment 5ther Re.en&e 5ther E1 enses 2a1es from income an# re.en&e 5ther PJ@ acco&nts 5ther 2a1es D&mm$ f&nctional area

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SAP Best Practices ;. (hoose Save.

(ost of Sales Acco&nting )!6!*+ (onfig&ration G&i#e

*esult
2he ne0 f&nctional areas are create#.

"1" $se

Assign Scenarios an% Custo'er #iel%s to +e%gers

6n this 63G acti.it$4 $o& assign the follo0ing to $o&r le#gers. 2his #etermines 0hat fiel#s in a le#ger are & #ate# 0hen it recei.es osting from other a lication com onents.

Proce%ure
!. Access the acti.it$ &sing the follo0ing na.igation o tion+ Transaction Co%e IM& Menu SPR5 Financial Accounting (NE') Financial Accounting Global settings (NE') Ledgers Ledger Assign Scenarios an Customer Fields to Ledgers

2. 5n the &ispla( "iew #Ledgers#) %verview screen4 select New General Ledger (*L) an# #o&ble-clic' Scenarios) 3. 5n the C!ange "iew #Scenarios#$ %verview screen choose New Entries. ;. 5n the New Entries$ %verview o Added Entries screen ma'e the follo0ing ne0 entries+ Scenarios for &eneral +e%ger Accounting >6/L7F9 =. (hoose Save. +ong Te,t (ost of Sales Acco&nting

*esult
Io& ha.e no0 assigne# the scenario >6/L7F9.

"1$se

Define #unctional Area in Chart of Account

2he s$stem #eri.es the f&nctional area #&ring #oc&ment entr$ base# on the information in the co#ing bloc'. 2he s$stem chec's 0hether a f&nctional area is entere# in the master recor# of the cost element or the rofit an# loss acco&nt. 2his f&nctional area o.er0rites the f&nctional area #eri.e# from the assigne# obDect.

Io& sho&l# fill the f&nctional area in the G8@ acco&nt 0hen the oste# #oc&ments of this acco&nt )cost element* can al0a$s assign to this s ecial f&nctional area. "hen the #oc&ments of this G8@ acco&nt )cost element* cannot onl$ be assigne# to this one f&nctional area4 b&t also in other f&nctional areas4 $o& sho&l#nMt fill the f&nctional area in the acco&nt4 beca&se of oint 2 )2he f&nctional area of the master

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SAP Best Practices

(ost of Sales Acco&nting )!6!*+ (onfig&ration G&i#e

recor# of the cost element o.er0rites the f&nctional area #eri.e# from the assigne# obDect*. >rom this as ect4 the follo0ing entries sho&l# be re-e1amine#. Procedure !. Access the acti.it$ &sing the follo0ing na.igation o tion+ Transaction Co%e IM& Menu OB_GLACC11 Financial Accounting (New) General Ledger Accounting (New) +aster &ata G,L Accounts G,L Account and -rocessing C!ange G,L Accounts Collectivel( C!ange C!art o Accounts &ata

2. 6f a 'arning dialog box #is la$s4 choose Continue (Enter)) 3. 5n the +ass +aintenance$ G,L Account screen4 ma'e the follo0ing entries+ Chart of Accounts 00!0 ;. (hoose Execute. =. 6f a -rocessing.+ode #ialog bo1 #is la$s4 choose &ispla( all records) 6. 5n the +ass +aintenance$ G,L Account screen ma'e the follo0ing entries+ %nl( Functional Area/// Chart of Accounts &.+ account no Short Te,t /alance sheet account P0+ stat't acct type : : : : : : : : : : Account group #unctional Area &.+ account ;!0000 To &.+ account 999999

00!0 ;!0000 00!0 ;!00!0 00!0 ;!0020 00!0 ;!00!= 00!0 ;!0030 00!0 ;!00;0 00!0 ;!00=0 00!0 ;!0060 00!0 00!0 ;;0000 ;!00K0

Sales Re.en&e Sales Re. N Ser.ices Accr# Re.en&e - A#D Sales Re. N 6nterco >ee De. FFS )SP* >ee De.iation 3 )SP* Re. Prem )SP* Re. 3r# Part$ )SP* Re. E1 )SP* 7nallo0e# De#&ctions

P@ I%!0 P@ I%!0 P@ I%!0 P@ I%!0 P@ I%!0 P@ I%!0 P@ I%!0 P@ I%!0 P@ P@ I%!= I%!0

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SAP Best Practices Chart of Accounts &.+ account no

(ost of Sales Acco&nting )!6!*+ (onfig&ration G&i#e Short Te,t /alance sheet account P0+ stat't acct type : : : Account group #unctional Area

00!0 ;;00!0 00!0 ;;0020 00!0 ;;0030 00!0 ;;00;0 00!0 ;;00=0 00!0 =00000 00!0 =!00!0 00!0 =!0020 00!0 00!0 =20000 00!0 =200!0 00!0 =20020 00!0 =200;0 00!0 =200=0 00!0 =20060 00!0 =200K0 00!0 =200K6 00!0 =20!00 00!0 =20!!0 =!00-=

Sales Rebates Sales Disco&nts Sales De#&ction )(P* Sales De# 3at )(P* >ree Goo#s Disc. (ost of G#s Sol# (ons Semi8>in G#s (ons >inishe# G#s (ons - S&bctr G8@ 3at Re.al&ation G8@ 6n.entor$ 9ar G8@ 6n.entor$ 2rf G8@ C&alit$ (ontrol 6n.t (hange N "6P 6n.t (hange N Scra 6n.t (hange N >in G# 6n.t (hange 08o 5r Pro# 5r# Settlmt St# Pro# 5r# Settlmt 9ar

P@ I%20 P@ I%!= P@ I%!=

: : : : : : : : : : : : : : : :

P@ I%!= P@ I%!= P@ I%20 P@ I%20 P@ I%20 P@ P@ I%20 P@ I%20 P@ I%20 P@ I%20 P@ I%20 P@ I%20 P@ I%20 P@ I%20 P@ I%20 P@ I%20 I%20

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SAP Best Practices Chart of Accounts &.+ account no

(ost of Sales Acco&nting )!6!*+ (onfig&ration G&i#e Short Te,t /alance sheet account P0+ stat't acct type : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : Account group #unctional Area

00!0 =20!20 00!0 =20!30 00!0 00!0 =30030 00!0 00!0 00!0 00!0 K00!00 00!0 K00!!0 00!0 K00!30 00!0 K002!0 00!0 K00;00 00!0 K00600 00!0 K006!0 00!0 K00-00 00!0 K0!000 00!0 K=0020 00!0 00!0 K!0!00 00!0 6!=000 K=0030 =300=0 6=;000 K00000 =30000

Pro#&ction ((tr 9ar (ost 5bD Hier 9ar G8@ Price 9ar G8@ Small Pr Diff 6R G8@ Pro#n 9ar >reight %an' (harges 6nterest E1 ense 6nterest E1 S&bs Dis 8Sale >A Prcee#s Disco&nt Recei.e# G8@ >( Re.al&ation 6nterest 6ncome 6nterest 6ncS&bs (&stomer Disco&nts E1traor# E1 86nc (or 6nc 2a1 E1 Deferre# 2a1 Settelment of A7( Sales (ommissions

P@ I%20 P@ I%20 P@ P@ I%20 P@ P@ P@ P@ I%K= P@ I%K= P@ I%K0 P@ I%20 P@ I%K= P@ I%K0 P@ I%K0 P@ I%!= P@ I%9= P@ I%90 P@ P@ I%9= P@ I%30 I%90 I%20 I%20 I%K= I%20

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SAP Best Practices

(ost of Sales Acco&nting )!6!*+ (onfig&ration G&i#e

K. (hoose the -. (hoose Save.

Carr( %ut +ass C!ange b&tton.

9. A 0arning #ialog bo1 #is la$s. (hoose Continue )Enter*. !0. 5n the +essages rom t!e 0pdate 1as2 screen4 a list is generate# from the sa.e# #ata.

"11 $se

#unctional Area in Internal )r%ers

Io& can enter the f&nctional area in the master #ata of internal or#ers. "hen $o& create an internal or#er4 the s$stem chec's 0hether a f&nctional area e1ists in the or#er t$ e or in the mo#el or#er. o o 6f a .al&e e1ists4 the .al&e is transferre# as #efa&lt .al&e into the master #ata of the internal or#er. 6f there is no .al&e4 the s$stem chec's 0hether a f&nctional area e1ists for the s ecifie# res onsible cost center. 6f a .al&e e1ists in the cost center4 this .al&e is transferre# as #efa&lt .al&e into the master #ata of the internal or#er. 2o ens&re the consistenc$ of the f&nctional area in the master #ata of internal or#ers an# the res onsible cost center4 $o& #efine the Functional Area fiel# as o&t &t fiel#. 6n this 0a$4 $o& ens&re that the f&nctional area cannot be entere# man&all$ in the internal or#er.

Proce%ure
!. Access the acti.it$ &sing the follo0ing na.igation o tion+ Transaction Co%e IM& Menu KOT2_OPA Controlling 3nternal %rders %rder +aster &ata Screen La(out Select Fields)

2. 5n the screen4 select the or#er t$ es OI!00O)Research an# De.elo ment* in 0hich the >&nctional Area is to be assigne# . 3. 5n the4 C!ange %rder t(pes$ &etails Screen4 &n#er General arameters tab4 ma'e the follo0ing entries+ #unctional Area I%=0 ;. Sa.e $o&r entries. =. Re eat Ste 2 to Ste ; 0ith follo0ing internal or#er t$ es an# assign the f&nctional areas as mentione# belo0+ Internal )r%er Types I0!0 I020 I600 I9A0 3ar'eting J A#.ertisement ReG&ests 5.erhea# (osts 6n.estments Accr&e# (ost Acco&nting #unctional Area I%30 I%;0 I%;0 I%;0

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SAP Best Practices

(ost of Sales Acco&nting )!6!*+ (onfig&ration G&i#e

6nternal 5r#er t$ e 45A* 6nternal or#ers Accr&e# (ost Acco&nting is &se# for accr&ing cost in controlling an# it #oes not osts >6 entries. 2herefore4 $o& ha.e to ma'e s&re that there is no one-si#e# im act on cost of sales acco&nting. Reconciliation ma$ be necessar$.

"16 $se

Maintain Su2stitution for Cost of Sales Accounting

6n this 63G acti.it$4 $o& m&st #efine for $o&r lea#ing le#ger the s&bstit&tion for f&nctional area in #oc&ments. 2o sort e1 enses accor#ing to cor orate f&nctions4 the s$stem #eri.es the f&nctional area for the follo0ing ostings+ o o Primar$ ostings ) ostings in >inancial Acco&nting* to a rofit an# loss acco&nt Secon#ar$ ostings )allocations in (ontrolling*

2he f&nctional area is #eri.e# for both obDects in.ol.e# in the allocation. 7sing s&bstit&tion for the com onent >inancial Acco&nting4 e.ent 0006. 6f a f&nctional area has alrea#$ been #etermine#4 this is o.er0ritten 0ith the f&nctional area obtaine# .ia s&bstit&tion. Definition of a s&bstit&tion is necessar$ in the follo0ing cases+ o o 6f $o& cannot enter a f&nctional area in the master #ata of an obDect s&ch as b&siness rocess or real estate obDects. 2o #efine e1ce tions 0here the s$stem sho&l# not #eri.e the f&nctional area from the obDect.

Proce%ure
!. Access the acti.it$ &sing the follo0ing na.igation o tion+ Transaction Co%e IM& Menu SPRO Financial Accounting (NE') Financial Accounting Global settings (NE') 1ools "alidation,Substitution &e ine and Activate Substitution or Cost o Sales Accounting

2. 5n the C!ange "iew #Substitution or Cost.o .Sales Accounting#$ %verview screen4 select New Entries) 3. 5n the New Entries$ %verview o Added Entries screen ma'e the follo0ing entries + CoC% !000 CallPnt 6 Su2stitution D733I Activetn level 0

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SAP Best Practices ;. Do&ble-clic' the &0++4 fiel#.

(ost of Sales Acco&nting )!6!*+ (onfig&ration G&i#e

=. 5n the Con irmation prompt #ialog bo14 select 4ES. 6. 5n the Create Substitution (6eader &ata) screen4 select b&tton S1E-. K. 5n the Substitutable ields (Class *78) #ialog bo14 select follo0ing entr$+ Ta2le : (5%@ #iel% >F%ER Description >&nctional Area Type (HAR 333333 0000!6

-. (hoose Enter. 9. 5n the Entering t!e substitution met!od #ialog bo14 select Constant value an# contin&e )E/2ER*. !0. Select S1E- **7 -rere9uisite. !!. Select b&tton C%++EN1S. !2. 5n the Enter a comment #ialog bo14 ma'e the follo0ing entr$+ (omment !3. Enter. !;. (hoose Substitutions. !=. 5n the Create Substitution$ ::: ; Step **7 ; Substitutions screen ma'e the follo0ing entries+ Step 331 Set D&mm$ f&nctional area !6. Sa.e the s&bstit&tion. #unctional Area : Constant 4alue I%99 COBL-SAKNR >= '500000' AN COBL-!KBER = ''

*esult
Io& ha.e no0 maintaine# the s&bstit&tion for (ost of Sales Acco&nting.

"15 $se

Activate Su2stitution for Cost of Sales Accounting

6n this 63G acti.it$4 $o& m&st acti.ate the s&bstit&tion for f&nctional area in #oc&ments.

Proce%ure
!. Access the acti.it$ &sing the follo0ing na.igation o tion+ Transaction Co%e IM& Menu SPRO Financial Accounting (NE') Financial Accounting basic settings (NE') 1ools "alidation,Substitution &e ine and Activate Substitution or Cost o Sales Accounting

2. 5n the C!ange "iew #Substitution or Cost.o .Sales Accounting#$%verview screen4 ma'e the follo0ing entries+ CoC% !000 CallPnt >&nctional Area Su2stitution D733I Activtn level !

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SAP Best Practices 3. Sa.e the s&bstit&tion.

(ost of Sales Acco&nting )!6!*+ (onfig&ration G&i#e

*esult
Io& ha.e no0 acti.ate# the s&bstit&tion for (ost of Sales Acco&nting

" 2 Asset Accounting


"21 $se
6n this ste 4 $o& ma'e settings for a##itional acco&nt assignment obDects )for e1am le4 cost center4 in.estment or#er* #&ring osting in Asset Acco&nting.

Activate Account Assign'ent )26ects

Proce%ure
!. Access the acti.it$ &sing the follo0ing na.igation o tion+ Transaction Co%e IM& Menu SPRO Financial Accounting (NE') Asset Accounting 3ntegration wit! t!e General Ledger Additional Account Assignment %b<ects Activate Account Assignment %b<ects

2. 5n the C!ange "iew #Account Assignment Elements or Asset Accounting#$ %verview screen ma'e the follo0ing entries+ AcctAsgn5b (A7>/ EA7>/ >6S2@ >6S2@2 >F%ER >F%ER2 GE%ER GE%ER2 GRA/2L/%R GRA/2L/%R2 6A7>/ 63FEI F5S2@ @S2AR PSLPSPLP/R Acco&nt Assignment 5bDect /ame 6nternal 5r#er 6n.estment 5r#er >&n#s (enter >&n#s (enter for 6n.estment >&nctional Area >&nctional Area for 6n.estment >&n# >&n# for 6n.estment Grant Grant for (a . 6n.estment 3aintenance 5r#er Real Estate 5bDect (ost (enter Acti.it$ 2$ e "%S Element of 6n.estment ProDect 1 1 : 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 Acti.e 1 1 1 1 1 1 %al. Sheet Agreement

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SAP Best Practices PSLPSPLP/R2 3. (hoose Save.

(ost of Sales Acco&nting )!6!*+ (onfig&ration G&i#e "%S Element

"22 $se

Specify Account Assign'ent Types for Account Assign'ent )26ects

2he ossible acco&nt assignment t$ es for acco&nt assignment obDects are+ AP( balance sheet osting or acco&nt assignment of #e reciation. 6n this ste 4 $o& assign acco&nt assignment t$ es to the acco&nt assignment obDects. 2hese assignments are #e en#ent on o o o (om an$ co#e De reciation area 2ransaction t$ e

2o assign both acco&nt assignment t$ es to an acco&nt assignment obDect4 $o& m&st ma'e at least t0o table entries for the acco&nt assignment obDect. Io& can ma'e a generic entr$4 &sing an asteris' )P*4 for the transaction t$ e. 2he s$stem then &ses the acco&nt assignment t$ e $o& entere# for all transaction t$ es for that acco&nt assignment obDect )in the com an$ co#e an# #e reciation area*. SAP also s& lies a generic com an$ co#e an# t0o generic #e reciation areas )see belo0*.

Proce%ure
!. Access the acti.it$ &sing the follo0ing na.igation o tion+ Transaction Co%e IM& Menu SPRO Financial Accounting (NE') Asset Accounting 3ntegration wit! t!e General Ledger Additional Account Assignment %b<ects Speci ( Account Assignment 1(pes or Account Assignment %b<ects

2. 5n the &ispla( "iew #Compan( "iew#$ %verview screen4 select follo0ing entr$+ Co'pany Co%e !000 3. Select &epreciation Area. ;. (hoose follo0ing entr$+ Area ! Dep Area %oo' #e rec. Co'pany (a'e (om an$ co#e !000

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Page != of 32

SAP Best Practices

(ost of Sales Acco&nting )!6!*+ (onfig&ration G&i#e

=. Select Account Assignment %b<ects. 6. 5n the C!ange "iew #Account Assignment %b<ects#$ %verview screen4 ma'e the follo0ing entries+ Pl&s+ Acco&nt Assignment 2$ e O02 De reciationO AcctAsgn)2 >F%ER K. Save) -. Select =AC>) 9. 5n the C!ange "iew #&epreciation ?Area#$ %verview screen4 ma'e the follo0ing entries+ Area !0 !! !2 !3 30 3! 32 ;0 -0 Dep Area A(RS83A(RS A@2 36/ A(E EJP Gro& 7SD Gro& (&rr %'De )g.c&r* S3A(RS 6ns&rance Account Assign'ent )26ect (a'e >&nctional Area Tra P AcctAssgnt :

!0. (hoose De reciation area an# Do&ble (lic' on Account Assignment %b<ects. !!. 5n the C!ange "iew #Account Assignment %b<ects#$ %verview screen4 ma'e the follo0ing entries for each #e reciation area+ AcctAsgn)2 Account Assign'ent )26ect (a'e >&nctional Area Tra Transact type te,t Generic 2rans. 2$ e Account Assign'ent Type 02 De reciation R&n AcctAssgnt

>F%ER

!2. Save)

" " Cost Center Accounting


""1 $se
6n this ste 4 $o& ma'e a##itional settings for >&nctional Area in (ost (enter (ategories. As er #escri tion in 3aintain S&bstit&tion cha ter abo.e the s$stem #eri.es the f&nctional area #&ring #oc&ment entr$ base# on the information in the co#ing bloc'. 2he f&nctional area #is la$s on the entr$ screen.

Assign'ent of #unctional area to Cost Center Categories

, SAP AG

Page !6 of 32

SAP Best Practices 6t is #eri.e# as follo0s+

(ost of Sales Acco&nting )!6!*+ (onfig&ration G&i#e

!. >rom the master recor#s of the assigne# obDects 6f an obDect is assigne# #&ring a osting4 the s$stem chec's 0hether a f&nctional area has been entere# in the master recor# of the obDect. 2he s$stem retains this f&nctional area ro.isionall$. 2. >rom the master recor# of the G8@ acco&nt or the cost element 2he s$stem chec's 0hether a f&nctional area is entere# in the master recor# of the cost element or the rofit an# loss acco&nt. 2his f&nctional area o.er0rites the f&nctional area #eri.e# from the assigne# obDect. 3. 7sing s&bstit&tion for the com onent >inancial Acco&nting4 e.ent 0006. 6f a f&nctional area has alrea#$ been #etermine#4 this is o.er0ritten 0ith the f&nctional area obtaine# .ia s&bstit&tion. 2o a.oi# that rofit an# loss acco&nts 0ith cost center ha.e no f&nctional area4 the f&nctional area is set in the (ost (enter (ategor$. 6t ma$ be ossible to set the f&nctional area #irectl$ in the cost center )see belo0*.

Proce%ure
!. Access the acti.it$ &sing the follo0ing na.igation o tion+ Transaction Co%e IM& Menu OKA2 Controlling Cost Center Accounting 3aster Data Cost Centers &e ine Cost Center Categories

2. 5n the C!ange "iew #Cost Center Categories#$ %verview screen4 ma'e the follo0ing entries+ CC 9 E > G H @ 3 S 9 " (a'e 3ar'eting De.elo ment Pro#&ction @ogistics Ser.ice cost center 3anagement 3aterial Social Sales A#ministration : : 7ty ActPri ActSec Act*ev 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 PlnPri PlnSec Pln*ev 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 C''t 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 #unc I%3= I%=0 I%20 I%20 I%;0 I%;0 I%20 I%;0 I%30 I%;0

2. (hoose Save. )/ote+ (ost (enter (ategor$ O9+ 3ar'etingO is not a stan#ar# categor$ an# it m&st be #efine# as a ne0 line item if it is not alrea#$ e1isting an# then ma'e the abo.e settings*

, SAP AG

Page !K of 32

SAP Best Practices

(ost of Sales Acco&nting )!6!*+ (onfig&ration G&i#e

" - Master Data


"-1 $se
2o change the f&nctional area in the master #ata e.en tho&gh ostings 0ith this f&nctional area ha.e alrea#$ been ma#e4 an error O2ransaction Data alrea#$ e1istsO #is la$s. 6f $o& change the f&nctional area4 f&t&re ostings are ma#e &sing the ne0 f&nctional area. 2he change ma#e to the f&nctional area has no effect on ostings that ha.e alrea#$ been ma#e. 6f $o& m&st change the f&nctional area4 $o& can change the message t$ e of this message. Io& can o o o Determine 0hether a message is o&t &t as a note in a #ialog bo1 or in the footer (hange 0arnings to error messages Deacti.ate 0arnings an# error messages

Message Control8 A%% 'essage (9arning)

Io& can ma'e #ifferent s ecifications for #ialog rocessing an# batch in &t rocesse# in the bac'gro&n#. Io& can ma'e the s ecifications for a client4 an# if necessar$4 for in#i.i#&al &sers.

2his acti.it$ )change the message to change the f&nctional area* sho&l# onl$ be #one in the test hase of the config&ration or in a ro#&cti.e s$stem 0ith .er$ caref&l care. 6f $o& &se ne0 General @e#ger Acco&nting4 $o& m&st man&all$ re ost an$ #oc&ments that ha.e alrea#$ been oste#QQQ

Proce%ure
!. Access the acti.it$ &sing the follo0ing na.igation o tion+ Transaction Co%e IM& Menu OBA5 Financial Accounting (New) Financial Accounting General Settings (New) &ocument &e ault "alues C!ange message Control or &ocument -rocessing

2. 3a'e the follo0ing entr$ in the &etermine 'or2 Area$ Entr( #ialog bo1+ 9or: Area A lication Area >H

3. (hoose Continue )Enter*. ;. 5n the C!ange "iew #+essage Control b( 0ser#) %verview screen4 select New Entries. =. 5n the New Entries) %verview o Added Entries screen4 ma'e the follo0ing entries+ Msg 600 Message Te,t $ser (a'e )nline " /atch " Stan%ar%

, SAP AG

Page !- of 32

SAP Best Practices 6. (hoose Save.

(ost of Sales Acco&nting )!6!*+ (onfig&ration G&i#e

(Note: You can not see the above line in transaction code: OBA5 since it is deleted in step 3.4.3)

"-2 $se

Assign'ent #unctional Areas to Cost Centers

6n this ste 4 $o& ma'e a##itional settings for >&nctional Area in (ost (enters.

/ote+ 6f $o& change the f&nctional area4 f&t&re ostings are ma#e &sing the ne0 f&nctional area. 2he change ma#e to the f&nctional area has no effect on ostings that ha.e alrea#$ been ma#e. Io& m&st man&all$ re ost an$ #oc&ments that ha.e alrea#$ been oste#. (hanges to the f&nctional area can lea# to inconsistencies if #oc&ments are re.erse#. 6f4 after the f&nctional area is change#4 #oc&ments oste# before this change are then re.erse#4 the re.ersal #oc&ment ma$ in some cases be oste# &n#er the ne0 f&nctional area. 2his acti.it$ sho&l# onl$ &se# in the test stat&s of the config&ration or on a ro#&cti.e s$stem 0ith .er$ caref&l careQ

Proce%ure
!. Access the acti.it$ &sing the follo0ing na.igation o tion+ SAP syste' Menu Transaction Co%e Accounting Controlling Cost Center Accounting 3aster Data Cost Centers 3ndividual -rocessing >S*@ . C!ange KS02

2. 6f reG&ire# enter controlling area !000. 3. 5n the C!ange Cost Center 3nitial screen4 ro.i#e the cost center an# select enter. ;. 5n the C!ange Cost Center$ =asic Screen screen select tab O%asic DataO an# enter the f&nctional area in the fiel# O>&nctional Area. =. Sa.e $o&r entries Pro.i#e follo0ing #ata for SAP %est Practices cost center master #ata+ Cost Center !!0! !20! !202 !30! !302 !32! !;0! !=0! #unctional Area I%;0 I%20 I%20 I%20 I%20 I%20 I%;0 I%=0

, SAP AG

Page !9 of 32

SAP Best Practices !60! !602 !K0! !K=0 !-0! !90!

(ost of Sales Acco&nting )!6!*+ (onfig&ration G&i#e I%3= I%30 I%;0 I%;0 I%;0 I%30

"-" $se

Delete Message fro' Message Control

6n this ste 4 $o& #elete the message 0arning to create the stan#ar# error message again4 so that the f&nctional areas in the cost centers cannot be change# )if ostings ha.e alrea#$ been ma#e*.

Proce%ure
!. Access the acti.it$ &sing the follo0ing na.igation o tion+ Transaction Co%e IM& Menu OBA5 Financial Accounting (New) Financial Accounting General Settings (New) &ocument &e ault "alues C!ange message Control or &ocument -rocessing

2. 3a'e the follo0ing entr$ in the &etermine 'or2 Area$ Entr( #ialog bo1+ 9or: Area A lication Area >H

3. (hoose Continue )Enter*. ;. 5n the C!ange "iew #+essage Control b( 0ser#) %verview screen4 select follo0ing entries+ Msg 600 =. (hoose &elete )Shift ? >2*. 6. 2he 3n ormation Number o deleted entries$ 7 #ialog bo1 #is la$s. (hoose (ontin&e )Enter*. K. (hoose =ac2 )>3*. -. (hoose 4ES in the Exit +aintenance #ialog bo1. Message Te,t $ser (a'e )nline " /atch " Stan%ar%

" 1 Closing *eports an% (otifications (*eport Painter)


"11 $se
2he aim of this acti.it$ is to create a librar$ an# to &se the stan#ar# /e0 General @e#ger librar$ 0>@ as a tem late.

Create a +i2rary ;ith a Te'plate

, SAP AG

Page 20 of 32

SAP Best Practices

(ost of Sales Acco&nting )!6!*+ (onfig&ration G&i#e

Proce%ure
!. Access the acti.it$ &sing one of the follo0ing o tions+ Transaction co%e IM& 'enu path GR21 Controlling -ro it Center Accounting 3n ormation S(stem Aeport -ainter +aintain Libraries Create librar(

2. Enter the follo0ing #ata on the Create Librar($ 3nitial Screen+ Description @ibrar$ /e0 Entr$+ 2able (o $ from+ @ibrar$ 3. (hoose Enter. ;. Enter the follo0ing #ata on the Create Librar($ 6eader screen+ Description Descri tion (om onent 6D =. (hoose C!aracteristics. 6. 3ar' the follo0ing obDects+ $se Characteristic Select Select Select Select Select Select Select Select Select (a'e RIEAR R@D/R RR(2I R9ERS R%7FRS RA((2 R>AREA SEG3E/2 RP3A: Te,t >iscal Iear @e#ger in General @e#ger Acco&nting Recor# 2$ e 9ersion (om an$ (o#e Acco&nt /&mber >&nctional Area Segment for Segmental Re orting Perio# Pos ! 2 3 ; = 6 K 9 $ser Action an% 4alues %P+ (5S8Segment Re orts >6-G@ *e'ar:s $ser Action an% 4alues I(S >AG@>@E:2 *e'ar:s

K. Sa.e $o&r entries an# go bac' to the SAP main men&.

*esult
Io& ha.e no0 create# $o&r o0n re ort librar$ for Segment an# >&nctional area re orting in Profit (enter Acco&nting.

, SAP AG

Page 2! of 32

SAP Best Practices

(ost of Sales Acco&nting )!6!*+ (onfig&ration G&i#e

"12 $se

Create 4aria2les

2he aim of this acti.it$ is to create .ariables for the re ort selection.

Proce%ure
!. Access the acti.it$ &sing one of the follo0ing o tions+ Transaction co%e IM& 'enu path GS11 Controlling -ro it Center Accounting 3n ormation S(stem Aeport -ainter +aintain Libraries C!ange Librar( Aeport 'riter

2. (hoose "ariable an# then choose Create. 3. Enter the follo0ing #ata on the Create "ariable$ 3nitial Screen+ 4aria2le I%@EDG Ta2le >AG@>@E:2 #iel% (a'e R@D/R Description @e#ger 4aria2le Type 9al&e Default 4alue 0@

;. Sa.e $o&r entr$. =. Re eat ste ! to 3 for the follo0ing .ariables. 4aria2le I%SEG> Ta2le 9L>AG@LSEG3 #iel% (a'e SEG3E/2 Description >rom Segment 4aria2le Type 9al&e Default 4alue e.g. !000LA

4aria2le I%SEG2

Ta2le 9L>AG@LSEG3

#iel% (a'e SEG3E/2

Description 2o Segment

4aria2le Type 9al&e

Default 4alue e.g. !000L(

*esult
Io& ha.e no0 create# $o&r o0n .ariables to be &se# later in $o&r re ort #efinition.

"1" $se

Create a *eport

2he aim of this acti.it$ is to create a segment re ort.

"1"1 Proce%ure

Create *eport Painter *eport

!. Access the acti.it$ &sing one of the follo0ing o tions+ Transaction co%e IM& 'enu GRR1 Controlling -ro it Center Accounting 3n ormation S(stem

, SAP AG

Page 22 of 32

SAP Best Practices path

(ost of Sales Acco&nting )!6!*+ (onfig&ration G&i#e Aeport -ainter Create Aeports Create Aeport

2. Enter the follo0ing #ata on the Aeport -ainter$ Create Aeport screen+ Description @ibrar$ Re ort Descri tion short Descri tion me#i&m Descri tion long 3. (hoose Create. $ser Action an% 4alues I(S I%(5S (5S (5S8Segments (ost of Sales 8 Segments *e'ar:s

*esult
6n the Re ort Painter tool4 $o& 0ill #efine characteristics an# 'e$ fig&res. %efore #oing so4 ho0e.er4 $o& m&st #efine the general selections.

"1"2 $se

Define the &eneral Selections

2he aim of this acti.it$ is to #efine the selection arameters4 s&ch as the arameters regar#ing the com an$ co#e4 $ear4 or erio# for 0hich this re ort can be calle# & .

Proce%ure
!. Access the acti.it$ &sing one of the follo0ing o tions+ 2ransaction co#e 3en& bar GRR2 Accounting Controlling -ro it Center Accounting 3n ormation S(stem 1ools Aeport -ainter Aeport C!ange

2. (hoose C!ange Aeport) 3. Select the librar$ I(S an# #o&ble-clic' the re ort I%(5S. ;. (hoose Edit Gen) &ata Selection =. (hoose the follo0ing characteristics from the list of a.ailable characteristics b$ selecting them an# then co $ them to the list of selecte# characteristics &sing the arro0 that oints to the left. Description @e#ger (om an$ (o#e Recor# 2$ e Perio# Segment 6. 3a'e the follo0ing settings for the selecte# characteristic+ (a'e S<T or 4aria2le #ro' 4aria2le To More <,plo%e

, SAP AG

Page 23 of 32

SAP Best Practices =ierarchy (o%e )(.)## @e#ger (om an$ (o#e Recor# 2$ e Perio# Segment : :

(ost of Sales Acco&nting )!6!*+ (onfig&ration G&i#e )(.)##

: :

I%@EDG 0%%7FRS 0 0S-PER> I%SEG> : : 0 0SPER2 I%SEG2

/o E1 lo#e /o E1 lo#e /o E1 lo#e /o E1 lo#e /o E1 lo#e

K. (hec' an# e1it the General &ata Selection #ialog bo1 an# sta$ in this transaction to carr$ o&t the follo0ing acti.ities.

"1"" $se

Define the Characteristics (*o; +evel)

2he aim of this acti.it$ is to #efine the 'e$ fig&res )or ro0s* in the re ort. 2he re ort has the follo0ing str&ct&re+ Profit an% loss state'ent ite' Sales re.en&es Sales #e#&ction #iscal year #iscal year >1 Deviation 4ar ?

R 2otal /et Sales

(ost of goo#s sol# Pro#&ction .ariance Pro#&ction or#er .ariance

R (ost of goo#s sol#

R Gross 5 erating rof

Sales an# Distrib&tion 3ar'eting costs

, SAP AG

Page 2; of 32

SAP Best Practices A#ministrati.e costs Research an# De.elo ment

(ost of Sales Acco&nting )!6!*+ (onfig&ration G&i#e

R 6nterim Res&lt

R 5 erating Profit

5ther o erating e1 ense 2a1es from income 5ther e1 enses8re.en&es 5ther ta1es

R Ann&al /et Profit

"1""1 Proce%ure

Define *eport *o;s (+ea% Colu'n)

!. Access the acti.it$ &sing one of the follo0ing o tions+ Transaction co%e Menu GRR2 Acccounting Controlling -ro it Center Accounting 3n ormation S(stem 1ools Aeport -ainter Aeport C!ange

2. Select the librar$ I(S an# #o&ble-clic' the re ort I%(5S. 3. (hoose Edit Elements 6nsert element ;. (hoose the element t$ e C!aracteristics) =. 2he first ; ro0s are alrea#$ re#efine#. >rom the fifth entr$4 #o&ble clic' the ne1t ro0. 6. (hoose the follo0ing characteristics from the list of a.ailable characteristics b$ selecting them an# then co $ them to the list of selecte# characteristics &sing the arro0 that oints to the left. Description Acco&nt /&mber >&nctional Area K. 3a'e the follo0ing settings for the selecte# characteristic+ Sales revenues8 (a'e S<T or =ierarchy (o%e )(.)## 4aria2le )(.)## #ro' 4aria2le )(.)## To More <,plo%e

, SAP AG

Page 2= of 32

SAP Best Practices Acco&nt /&mber >&nctional Area

(ost of Sales Acco&nting )!6!*+ (onfig&ration G&i#e e.g. ;!0000 e.g. I%!0 e.g. ;!00K0 e.g. I%!0 : E1 lo#e /o e1 lo#e

Io& can a#D&st the ro0 hea#er b$ choosing the b&tton for changing short4 mi##le4 an# long te1ts )for e1am le4 Sales re.en&es*. -. Re eat ste s ! to ; for the ne1t ro0s accor#ing to the abo.e mentione# re ort str&ct&re an# enter the follo0ing #ata+ Sales %e%uction8 (hoose the element t$ e C!aracteristics) (a'e S<T or =ierarchy (o%e )(.)## 4aria2le )(.)## #ro' 4aria2le )(.)## To More <,plo%e

Acco&nt /&mber Acco&nt /&mber >&nctional Area Total (et Sales8 (hoose the element t$ e Formular)

e.g. ;;0000 e.g. K00-00 e.g. I%!=

e.g. ;;00=0 e.g. K00-00 e.g. I%!=

E1 lo#e

/o e1 lo#e

I00! )Sales re.en&es* ? I002 )Sales #e#&ction* (ost of goo#s sol#+ (hoose the element t$ e C!aracteristics) (a'e S<T or =ierarchy (o%e )(.)## 4aria2le )(.)## #ro' 4aria2le )(.)## To More <,plo%e

Acco&nt /&mber Pro%uction variance8 (hoose the element t$ e C!aracteristics) (a'e S<T or =ierarchy (o%e )(.)## 4aria2le )(.)##

e.g. =!00!0

e.g. =!0020

E1 lo#e

#ro'

4aria2le )(.)##

To

More

<,plo%e

Acco&nt /&mber

e.g. =00000

e.g. =!0000

E1 lo#e

, SAP AG

Page 26 of 32

SAP Best Practices Acco&nt /&mber Acco&nt /&mber Acco&nt /&mber >&nctional Area Pro%uction or%er variance8

(ost of Sales Acco&nting )!6!*+ (onfig&ration G&i#e e.g. =!00-= e.g. =300=0 e.g. 6=0000 e.g. I%20 e.g. =20!30 e.g. 6300=0 e.g. K002!0 e.g. I%20 /o e1 lo#e

(hoose the element t$ e C!aracteristics) (a'e S<T or =ierarchy (o%e )(.)## 4aria2le )(.)## #ro' 4aria2le )(.)## To More <,plo%e

Acco&nt /&mber Acco&nt /&mber Cost of goo%s sol%8 (hoose the element t$ e Formular)

e.g. =30000 e.g. =30030

e.g. =30000 e.g. =30030

E1 lo#e

I00; )(ost of goo#s sol#* ? I00= )Pro#&ction .ariance* ? I006 )Pro#&ction or#er .ariance* &ross operating profit8 (hoose the element t$ e Formular) I003 )2otal /et Sales* ? I00K )(ost of goo#s sol#* Sales an% Distri2ution8 (hoose the element t$ e C!aracteristics) (a'e S<T or =ierarchy (o%e )(.)## 4aria2le )(.)## #ro' 4aria2le )(.)## To More <,plo%e

Acco&nt /&mber >&nctional Area Mar:eting costs8 (hoose the element t$ e C!aracteristics) (a'e S<T or =ierarchy (o%e )(.)## 4aria2le )(.)##

e.g. =00000 e.g. I%30

e.g. 999999 e.g. I%30

E1 lo#e /o e1 lo#e

#ro'

4aria2le )(.)##

To

More

<,plo%e

, SAP AG

Page 2K of 32

SAP Best Practices Acco&nt /&mber >&nctional Area A%'inistrative costs8

(ost of Sales Acco&nting )!6!*+ (onfig&ration G&i#e e.g. =00000 e.g. I%3= e.g. 999999 e.g. I%3= E1 lo#e /o e1 lo#e

(hoose the element t$ e C!aracteristics) (a'e S<T or =ierarchy (o%e )(.)## 4aria2le )(.)## #ro' 4aria2le )(.)## To More <,plo%e

Acco&nt /&mber >&nctional Area *esearch an% Develop'ent8 (hoose the element t$ e C!aracteristics) (a'e S<T or =ierarchy (o%e )(.)## 4aria2le )(.)##

e.g. =00000 e.g. I%;0

e.g. 999999 e.g. I%;0

E1 lo#e /o e1 lo#e

#ro'

4aria2le )(.)##

To

More

<,plo%e

Acco&nt /&mber >&nctional Area Interi' *esult8 (hoose the element t$ e Formular)

e.g. =00000 e.g. I%=0

e.g. 999999 e.g. I%=0

E1 lo#e /o e1 lo#e

@33A (Sales an% Distri2ution) B @313 (Mar:eting costs) B @311 (A%'inistrative costs) B @312 (*esearch an% Develop'ent) )perating Profit8 (hoose the element t$ e Formular) @33C (&ross operating profit) B @31" (Interi' *esult) )ther operational e,pense8 (hoose the element t$ e C!aracteristics) (a'e S<T or =ierarchy (o%e )(.)## 4aria2le )(.)## #ro' 4aria2le )(.)## To More <,plo%e

Acco&nt /&mber >&nctional Area Ta,es fro' inco'e8

e.g. =00000 e.g. I%K0

e.g. 999999 e.g. I%K=

E1 lo#e /o e1 lo#e

, SAP AG

Page 2- of 32

SAP Best Practices

(ost of Sales Acco&nting )!6!*+ (onfig&ration G&i#e

(hoose the element t$ e C!aracteristics) (a'e S<T or =ierarchy (o%e )(.)## 4aria2le )(.)## #ro' 4aria2le )(.)## To More <,plo%e

Acco&nt /&mber >&nctional Area )ther <,pense.*evenues8 (hoose the element t$ e C!aracteristics) (a'e S<T or =ierarchy (o%e )(.)## 4aria2le )(.)##

e.g. K=0020 e.g. I%90

e.g. K=0030 e.g. I%90

E1 lo#e /o e1 lo#e

#ro'

4aria2le )(.)##

To

More

<,plo%e

Acco&nt /&mber >&nctional Area )ther ta,es8

e.g.=00000 e.g. I%9=

e.g. 999999 e.g. I%9=

E1 lo#e /o e1 lo#e

(hoose the element t$ e C!aracteristics) (a'e S<T or =ierarchy (o%e )(.)## 4aria2le )(.)## #ro' 4aria2le )(.)## To More <,plo%e

Acco&nt /&mber >&nctional Area Annual (et Profit8 (hoose the element t$ e Formular)

e.g. K-0000 e.g. I%9-

e.g. K-0000 e.g. I%9-

E1 lo#e /o e1 lo#e

@31- ()perating Profit) B @311 ()ther )perational <,pense) B @316 (Ta,es fro' inco'e) B @315 ()ther <,penses.*evenues) B @31C ()ther Ta,es) 9. Sta$ in this transaction to carr$ o&t the follo0ing acti.ities.

"1""2 Proce%ure

Define *eport Colu'ns

!. Access the acti.it$ &sing one of the follo0ing o tions+ 2ransaction co#e 3en& bar GRR2 Acccounting Controlling -ro it Center Accounting 3n ormation

, SAP AG

Page 29 of 32

SAP Best Practices

(ost of Sales Acco&nting )!6!*+ (onfig&ration G&i#e S(stem 1ools Aeport -ainter Aeport C!ange

2. Select the librar$ I(S an# #o&ble-clic' the re ort I%(5S. 3. Do&ble-clic' the first #ata col&mn hea#er )right si#e of lea#ing col&mn*+ ;. (hoose the element t$ e >e( igure wit! c!aracteristics) =. (hoose the follo0ing characteristics from the list of a.ailable characteristics b$ selecting them an# then co $ them to the list of selecte# characteristics &sing the arro0 that oints to the left. Description >iscal Iear 6. 3a'e the follo0ing settings for the selecte# characteristic+ #iscal @ear8 (a'e S<T or =ierarchy (o%e )(.)## 4aria2le )(.)## : #ro' 4aria2le )(.)## To More <,plo%e

>iscal Iear

0SRIEAR

5.er0rite the col&mn hea#er 0ith 0SRIEAR )0hile rocessing the re ort this .ariable 0ill be fille# a&tomaticall$ 0ith the fiscal $ear from the selection screen. Re eat the ste s ! to 3 accor#ing the abo.e mentione# re ort str&ct&re. #iscal @ear >18 (a'e S<T or =ierarchy (o%e )(.)## 4aria2le )(.)## : #ro' 4aria2le )(.)## To More <,plo%e

>iscal Iear

0SIEARP

5.er0rite the col&mn hea#er 0ith 0SIEARP. Deviation8 (hoose the element t$ e Formular) :00! )J0SRIEAR* N :002 )J0SIEARP* 4ar ?8 (hoose the element t$ e Formular) ):003 8 :002* P !00

"1""" $se

*eport +ayout

2he aim of this acti.it$ is to create the re ort la$o&t.

Proce%ure

, SAP AG

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SAP Best Practices

(ost of Sales Acco&nting )!6!*+ (onfig&ration G&i#e

!. Access the acti.it$ &sing one of the follo0ing o tions+ 2ransaction co#e GRR2 Acccounting Controlling -ro it Center Accounting 3n ormation S(stem 1ools Aeport -ainter Aeport C!ange 2. Select the librar$ I(S an# #o&ble-clic' the re ort I%(5S. 3. >ormat the ro0 brea'#o0n. ;. 6n the re ort line #efinition for the fiel# acco&nt the arameter e1 lo#e 0as set. 2o a.oi# that on the initial screen after the re ort e1ec&tion all acco&nts are sho0n $o& m&st maintain the s&mmation le.el for e.er$ re ort line. =. Right-clic' the re ort line an# choose Collapse to. 6. 5n the ne1t screen acti.ate *7.Asterix level. K. Re eat it for e.er$ re ort )P* line.

"1$se

Creating a *eport &roup

2he aim of this acti.it$ is to create a re ort gro& that is assigne# to the Re ort Painter re ort. 2he segment re ort is calle# & in the a lication4 &sing this re ort gro& .

Proce%ure
!. Access the acti.it$ &sing one of the follo0ing o tions+ 2ransaction co#e 63G men& ath GR51 Controlling -ro it Center Accounting 3n ormation S(stem Aeport -ainter +aintain Libraries

2. Do&ble-clic' on C!ange Librar(4 an# enter 4CS in the @ibrar$ fiel#. 3. 2hen go to men& Aeport 'riter Aeport Group Create. Enter 4C%S in the Aeport Group fiel#. ;. 5n the Create Aeport Group$ 3nitial ScreenB enter the follo0ing #ata+ Description Re ort Gro& @ibrar$ $ser Action an% 4alues I(5S I(S *e'ar:s

=. (hoose 6eader ( FC) an# enter =-$ Aeport Group C%S,Segments as a #escri tion. 6. 2o assign the Re ort Painter re ort 4=C%S to this gro& 4 choose Aeports) K. Sa.e $o&r entries. -. Generate $o&r re ort gro& .

*esult
, SAP AG Page 3! of 32

SAP Best Practices

(ost of Sales Acco&nting )!6!*+ (onfig&ration G&i#e

Re ort gro& I(5S has been create# an# the re ort I%(5S is assigne# to the gro& .

, SAP AG

Page 32 of 32