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EKHLASS INTERNATIONAL SCHOOL

LOT 4779, Taman Kijal Meraga


24100 Kijal, Kemaman,
Terengganu.
Malaysia

SECOND TERM EXAMINATION 2013


BIOLOGY YEAR 9
PAPER 2
DURATION: 2 HOURS

Name:
Date :

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DO NOT OPEN THIS QUESTION PAPER UNTIL INSTRUCTED TO DO SO


1.
2.
3.

This question paper contains 20 printed pages included front cover.


Answer all questions in section A and one from section B.
This question paper must be submitted as soon as the time is over.

Paper

MARKS

Paper 1

/ 50

Paper 2

/ 140

Carry marks
TOTAL
Percentage and Grade

/ 10
/ 200

BIOLOGY YEAR

EIS- 2nd TERM EXAM 2013

9 PAPER 2

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SECOND TERM EXAMINATION 2013


BIOLOGY YEAR 9 PAPER 2
SECTION A : Answer all questions
1. The diagram illustrates the energy changes in a reaction, with and without an enzyme.

a) Which line shows the reaction with enzyme involvement?

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Marks

BIOLOGY YEAR

EIS- 2nd TERM EXAM 2013

9 PAPER 2

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[2]

b) Define activation energy.

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[2]

c) Using the intervals A, B and /or C, how would you represent the lowering of activation
energy caused by an enzyme?

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[2]

d) Using your knowledge of activation energy, explain how an enzyme helps to speed up a
chemical reaction.

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[2]

e) Give an example of a reaction that involves an enzyme. State the enzyme, its substrate
and products formed.

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BIOLOGY YEAR

EIS- 2nd TERM EXAM 2013

9 PAPER 2

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[2]

2. The graph below shows the rate of an enzyme-catalysed reaction with increasing substrate
concentration.

a) Describe how substrate concentration affects the rate of reaction at the following points.

i.

Point X

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BIOLOGY YEAR

EIS- 2nd TERM EXAM 2013

9 PAPER 2

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ii.
Point Y

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iii.

Point Z

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b) Name the limiting factor between X and Y.

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c) Suggest a limiting factor between Y and Z.

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[2]

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BIOLOGY YEAR

EIS- 2nd TERM EXAM 2013

9 PAPER 2

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3. A dish is filled with agar jelly containing starch. Four holes are cut in the jelly and each hole
is filled with the substances shown.

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BIOLOGY YEAR

EIS- 2nd TERM EXAM 2013

9 PAPER 2

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a) Write a word equation to show the effect of amylase on starch.

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[2]

b) After 30 minutes, iodine solution is added to the dish. State what you would observe at
each hole.

Hole A
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[2]

Hole B :
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[2]

Hole C :
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[2]

Hole D :
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[2]

c) Explain the purpose of distilled water in hole D.


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BIOLOGY YEAR

EIS- 2nd TERM EXAM 2013

9 PAPER 2

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[2]

4. The enzyme catalase catalyses the breakdown of hydrogen peroxide to water and oxygen. An
experiment was set up to find the initial rate of reaction of catalase. The volume of oxygen is
measured at every 30-second interval. The results are shown below.

Time/s

30

60

90

120

150

180

210

240

270

300

Gas volume collected/cm3

12

16

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a) Explain the meaning of catalyse.

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b) Plot a graph of the results obtained.

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BIOLOGY YEAR

EIS- 2nd TERM EXAM 2013

9 PAPER 2

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[4]

c) From graph, calculate the initial rate of reaction.

[4]

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BIOLOGY YEAR

EIS- 2nd TERM EXAM 2013

9 PAPER 2

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d) Name two conditions or factors that were kept constant in this experiment.

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[2]

5. The diagram below shows structures from a part of the alimentary canal.

a) In which part of the alimentary canal are these structures found?

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[2]

b) Identify X and Y.

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[2]

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BIOLOGY YEAR

EIS- 2nd TERM EXAM 2013

9 PAPER 2

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c) X is structurally adapted to absorb digested food. Suggest two such adaptations.

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[3]

d) Name the substance secreted into Y and its function.

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6. The diagram below shows the movement of food along the alimentary canal.

a) Food moves along the alimentary canal through the concentration and relaxation of
muscles. What is this process known as?
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BIOLOGY YEAR

EIS- 2nd TERM EXAM 2013

9 PAPER 2

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b) Identify muscle X and muscle Y.

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c) Describe the action of muscles X and Y at point A.


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[2]

7. A patient suffering from stomach cancer has half his stomach removed. Suggest and explain
the type of diet and lifestyle that he should adopt after half his stomach was removed.

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BIOLOGY YEAR

EIS- 2nd TERM EXAM 2013

9 PAPER 2

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[5]

8. The equation for photosynthesis is usually given as:

a) Which cell organelle does photosynthesis occur in?

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[3]

b) Comment on the accuracy of the given equation ion describing the process of
photosynthesis.

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BIOLOGY YEAR

EIS- 2nd TERM EXAM 2013

9 PAPER 2

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9. The graph shows the rate of photosynthesis of a plant with increasing light intensity. The
temperature is kept at 200C.

a) Mark the section of the graph where light intensity is the major limiting factor. Label this
section X.
[2]

b) i. Mark the section of the graph where a factor other than light intensity is limiting the
rate of photosynthesis. Label this section Y.
[2]

ii. Suggest a possible limiting factor at section F.

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BIOLOGY YEAR

EIS- 2nd TERM EXAM 2013

9 PAPER 2

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[2]

10. The graph below shows the effect of light intensity on a plants rate photosynthesis at two
different temperatures. Curve A was obtained with the plant at low temperature while curve
B was obtained at a higher temperature.

a) What factors were affecting the rate photosynthesis at each of the regions 1, 2, and 3, on
the graph? Give reasons for your answers.

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BIOLOGY YEAR

EIS- 2nd TERM EXAM 2013

9 PAPER 2

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[5]

b) Suggest two factors that might have been limiting the rate of photosynthesis at point 4 on
curve B.

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[2]

11. The apparatus below, the Audus microburette, can be used to investigate the rate of
photosynthesis.

a) Suggest what is being measured in this experiment to show that photosynthesis has
occurred.

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BIOLOGY YEAR

EIS- 2nd TERM EXAM 2013

9 PAPER 2

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[2]

b) Describe how this apparatus can be used to measure the effect of light intensity on the
rate of photosynthesis.

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c) State three precautions that need to be taken during the investigation in (b).

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[3]

12. Photosynthesis takes place mostly in the leaves of plants. The leaves of most plants are wide
and thin, as shown in the diagram below.

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BIOLOGY YEAR

EIS- 2nd TERM EXAM 2013

9 PAPER 2

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a) Name the cell in the leaf where most photosynthesis takes place.

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b) Which tissue in the leaf supplies water to the cells for photosynthesis?

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c) Explain how being wide helps a leaf to carry out photosynthesis.

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BIOLOGY YEAR

EIS- 2nd TERM EXAM 2013

9 PAPER 2

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d) Explain how being thin helps a leaf to carry out photosynthesis.

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[2]

e) Most leaves are covered with a transparent, waterproof cuticle. How does this feature aid
in photosynthesis.

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[2]

13. The graph shows the blood pressure in the aorta and left ventricle throughout two cardiac
cycles.

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Marks

BIOLOGY YEAR

EIS- 2nd TERM EXAM 2013

9 PAPER 2

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From the graph,

a) How long is a cardiac cycle?

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BIOLOGY YEAR

EIS- 2nd TERM EXAM 2013

9 PAPER 2

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b) For how long during each cardiac cycle is the aortic valve (semi-lunar valve) closed?
Explain how you arrived at your answer.

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c) If a line indicating pressure in the right ventricle is drawn on this graph, state one
similarity and one difference it would have with the existing line indicating pressure in
the left ventricle.

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[2]

14. A persons blood group can be found by mixing his or her blood with sera (plural of serum)
containing antibodies in test panels like the one below.

Test panel
Blood group

Antigen A

Antigen B

AB

Control (no antigen)

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9 PAPER 2

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O

a) Why is the control needed?

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b) What will happen if a patient with blood group O is given a transfusion of blood type
AB?

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15. The diagram represents some blood cells.

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BIOLOGY YEAR

EIS- 2nd TERM EXAM 2013

9 PAPER 2

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a) Name the cells labelled X and Y

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b) Z is involved in blood clotting. Name Z.

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BIOLOGY YEAR

EIS- 2nd TERM EXAM 2013

9 PAPER 2

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c) State one function of X and Y.

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d) It was observed that after a patient underwent heart surgery, there was an increase in the
number of cells labelled Y. Suggests one possible cause for this increase. Explain your
answer.

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16. The diagram below shows a ventral section of a human heart.

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BIOLOGY YEAR

EIS- 2nd TERM EXAM 2013

9 PAPER 2

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a) Draw arrows to shows the path of blood into and out of the heart.

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b) Name valves M and N.

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c) Which side, A or B, is the left side of the heart? Explain your answer.
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BIOLOGY YEAR

EIS- 2nd TERM EXAM 2013

9 PAPER 2

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d) When the left ventricle is full and the muscles contract to force the blood into the aorta
valve N closes. Why does valve N close?

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[2]

SECTION B ( 10 marks )
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BIOLOGY YEAR

EIS- 2nd TERM EXAM 2013

9 PAPER 2

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Answer one question only.
1. Explain, with reasons and examples, why the biological activity of an enzyme may
be affected by substrate concentration.
2. Explain, with reasons and examples, how the biological activity of an enzyme may
be affected by:
a) Changes in pH
b) Increasing temperature
3. a) Describe the major properties of enzymes.
b) Discussion the mode of action of an enzyme in terms of active site, enzymesubstrate complex, activation energy and enzyme specificity.
4. a) Describe how the external structures of the leaf help it carry out
photosynthesis.
b) Discuss the major adaptations of leaf to photosynthesis.
5. a) Compare and contrast the structure of arteries and veins with reference to
their functions.
b) Describe the route taken by the blood from the intestine to the kidney. List
all major blood vessels and organs involved.

End of papers

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