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Parts of the Brain Frontal Lobe

Definition/Function Cognition and memory. Prefrontal area: The ability to concentrate and attend elaboration of thought. The "Gatekeeper";( judgment, inhibition). Personality and emotional traits. Motor Cortex (Brodman's): voluntary motor activity. Premotor Cortex: storage of motor patterns and voluntary activities. Language: motor speech The section of the cortex that lies in the frontal lobe, just across the central fissure from the sensory cortex; neutral impulses in the motor cortex are linked to muscular responses throughout the body.



Motor Cortex

Parietal Lobe Is the major association area and affects sensory functions, motor functions, pain, temperature, somatosensory, pressure, position, tactile recognition, perpetual functions, taste, abstract reasoning, and body image. Somatosensory Cortex

The section of the cortex in which sensory stimulation is projected. It lies just behind the central fissure in the parietal lobe.

Occipital Lobe Affects vision. The optic tract integrates visual stimuli with other cortical areas Temporal Lobe Is the major memory processor and affects hearing, receptive language, and the sense of smell, understanding speech, emotional memory, awareness and discrimination of sound. Limbic System A group of structures involved in memory, motivation, and emotion that forms a fringe along the inner edge of the cerebrum


Amygdala A part of the limbic system that apparently facilitates stereotypical aggressive responses, heart of the limbic system. Hippocampus A structure in the limbic system linked to memory


Thalamus Relay station for sensory information


Secretes hormones that stimulate the secretion of hormones by the pituitary gland; involved in the basic drives such as hunger, sex and aggression.

Pituitary gland Secretes hormones that regulate many body functions, including secretion of hormones from other glands; sometimes referred to as the master gland. Reticular Activating System (RAS) Involved in the regulation of sleep and waking; stimulation of RAS increases arousal.

Master Gland

Medulla Involved in the regulation of heart rate, blood pressure, respiration and circulation.

Pons Involved in the regulation of movement, sleep and arousal, respiration.

Cerebrum Center of thinking and language; pre-frontal area contains executive center of the brain. Cerebellum



Essential to balance and coordination.

Corpus collosum Thick bundles of axons that serves as a bridge between the two cerebral hemispheres.

Del Rosario, Emily Beth Nicole D.