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THE GENERA OF FUNGI
FREDERIC
E.

CLEMENTS
Washington

Carnegie Institution of

AND

CORNELIUS

L.

SHEAR
A griculture

United States Department of

Illustrated

by

EDITH

S.

CLEMENTS

Carnegie Institution of Washington

BD
HAFNER PUBLISHING CO. NEW YORK
1954

Copyright, 1931 BY

FREDERIC

E.

AND

CLEMENTS, CORNELIUS EDITH S. CLEMENTS

L.

SHEAR

2nd Printing, 1954

PRINTED IN THE

U.S.A.

NOBLE OFFSET & PRINTING NEW YORK 3, NEW YORK

CO.

Preface

INincluded;
great

the "Genera of Fungi" published in 1909, 2,909 generic names were The the present volume contains more than 5,000 names.

number of genera published since the first edition and their inaccessibility to many students have made it desirable to bring the treatment up to date. The last issue of Saccardo's "Sylloge Fungorum," volume 24, includes only genera published previous to 1919 and 1920,
while

we have attempted

in addition to

account for

all

genera proposed

since that time.

This has been rendered possible largely by the use of the card index of new genera of fungi maintained by the Bureau of Plant Industry, and also by the list of new genera compiled by Plunkett, Young and Ryan. Illustrations are given of the type or other representative species of approximately 700 genera, and these comprise some 1800 figures. Many are original, having been made from typical specimens of the species The others have been copied or adapted from standard works, illustrated.
largely

of the fungi.
atic

from the parts of Engler & Prantl's "Pflanzenfamilien" that treat The bibliography of the most important literature on systemmycology is appended, and the glossary has been enlarged and

improved. In contrast with the first edition, the Myxomyccfcs, Bacteria and Myxobactcria have been omitted. The Myxomycctcs, although regarded as belonging to the animal kingdom, are studied by mycologists and preThe genera of this group are, however, served in collections of fungi. very fully and satisfactorily treated by Miss G. Lister in her monograph,
while the works of Macbride and Massee are also available to students. bacteria are largely studied by specialists other than mycologists and the so-called genera are founded in many cases upon physiological, patho-

The

logical or cultural characters,

which

it is

not convenient, even

when

possible,

to handle in a satisfactory

manner

in a

Key.

is the first thing necessary connected with it. In problem any investigation of or the in its study in the case of fungi, the great number of genera, the scattered descriptions and their inaccessibility, especially those published since 1920 and which have not appeared in the "Sylloge Fungorum," make it desirable to bring

The determination

of the

name

of a plant

together
at least

all

the

known genera

in a

form

in

which tentative

identifications

can be made, and the place of publication cited so that detailed Only those who have spent their lives in the descriptions may be found. study of fungi and have become familiar with the life-histories and morphology of members of the various groups, can have any adequate coniii

IV

PREFACE

ception of the difficulties involved in an attempt to prepare a Key for the multitude of genera that have been proposed, many of which are imperfectly known and described. Whether its usefulness will justify the labor involved Of errors in the preparation of the work or not remains to be determined.
there are undoubtedly

impossible to
to

many, especially in the citations, as it has been verify them all, and we shall be grateful to have them called

our attention as found. No one can realize better than the writers the imperfections of the work. In the present state of knowledge of the genera of fungi, no generally satisfactory Key or system of arrangement is
possible.

hoped that the treatment given and the illustrations in particular help to promote the study of mycology by students and amateurs, as well as its progress at the hands of professional mycologists and patholoIf our efforts result in leading more students to become acquainted gists. with this interesting group of plants and to pursue this fertile field of
It is

may

investigation,

we shall The authors wish

feel

amply repaid for our
rusts.

labors.

to express their obligation to Dr. J. C.

Arthur for

his kind assistance in the

key to the

They

are further indebted to

Miss Edith Cash for her aid in the bibliographic work, and to Mrs. B. F. Jordan for help in connection with manuscript and proof. Frederic E. Clements

Cornelius
Santa

L.

Shear

Barbara and

Washington

December 1930

Cljarles C. Besgep
3n jnemotiam

Contents
PAGE

Preface
Introduction

"^

1

System of Classification
List of

20
22
23

Key

Initials

General Key to Families

Key to the Genera
List of Types

30
233

and Synonyms

Bibliography Glossary

^^4
433 463
follozmng

Index
List of Plates

496

9 f^ij

Probably the most illuminating instance is afforded by the so-called Pseudosphaeriaceae. Petrak and Weese. Parodiella caespitosa Winter is treated by Theissen and Sydow as a genuine species of the genus. but a large part in this has also been taken by Bresadola. The concept of a new family based upon a sclerotioid perithecium with paraphysoids in place of paraphyses was first advanced by Hoehnel (1907). Myc. regarded either by Hoehnel or Theissen or by both as Pseudosphaeriaceae.. A second feature has been due to the increasing exploitation of the Tropics. therefore as one of the Pseudosphaeriaceae. as well as of others. 3249 convinces me that this is a wholly typical member of the Sphaeriaceae" (Ann. No. Myc. in certain orders especially. This clearly demonstrated by the frequent wide divergence in the treatment of both genera and families. with the home at result that sections have been changed into genera and genera into families. Wint. F. that the application of scientific In spite of the industry of this group. 199 1918). which may be illustrated by several striking examples. THE development of systematic mycology during the past quarter of a which has disclosed a large amount of novel material. Theissen and Sydow had expanded the group to more than a score of genera and had reached the conclusion that "It has already been shown with sufficient clearness that the Pseudosphaeriales are to be regarded as an order containing several families. The examination of the original specimen of this fungus in Rabenh. while these are actually of the greatest importance for the taxonomy 1 . it was inevitable that it should reveal great differences as to the facts and even greater ones of interpretation. The final blow to the Pseudosphaeriaceae was delivered by Petrak five years later. 16:34 1918). chiefly by transfer from other families. Sydow. has shown that. Theissen. In the same year. even though a conclusive treatment not yet possible" (Ann. The chief worker in the arduous task of revaluating type specimens and other authentic material has been Hoehnel. Hoehnel spoke as follows of this expansion of the group: "To what lengths is the PseudospIuieriaceae-st3irch may be carried is shown by the following. europ.*» Introduction century has been characterized by three features of much significance. "The comparative study of a large number of forms. Of even greater interest and significance has been the work of the "revisionists" in testing the foundations of the subject and in removing or refashioning faulty units. The first of these has been the relative exhaustion of fields long-tilled and the consequent tendency to shift the basis of criteria. Essential as this has been to the development of mycology. By 1918. 16:35. it is evident methods to the revision of the fungi is only is begun. to mention only the most active. who during the course of the next ten years added several genera to the original two.

Compared with the latter. indithe of independence desirable to limit the this may vidual only to the extent that the best interests of the group demand. Myc. It has become a matter of critical importance to substitute for the personal equation of the individual worker the cumulative confirmation as well as to suggest a science. It is superfluous to refer to the many other instances of disagreement or discrepancy in the work of the revisionists. . Still more unfortunate is lack of permanence. 1 :301369 1923). Equally significant is the detailed critique by Petrak of the new system of Fungi Imperfecti proposed by Hoehnel (Falck Myk. their true significance has not been placed in the really have here a family proper Hght by either Hoehnel or Theissen. as in society. 'T shall here endeavor to answer the question whether the new system is a natural one. but no mycologist with a broad view of the field can doubt that this point has for some time been passed. Myc. it made possible by cooperation.' Whoever judges Saccardo's system of the fungi without prejudice and with complete objectivity must admit that. 15:468). deeply and securely. and in part less well than the old system of Saccardo. Unters. Petrak emphasizes the fact that this criterion occurs in different orders and thus is led to reduce the number of genera to six. method by which is In be brought about. it has the further great disadvantage of being for practical purposes as good as worthless. as Hoehnel assumes. 'it actually provides a firm basis for further elaboration. This family was established by Theissen and Sydow in 1917 and to it were referred some sixteen genera characterized by the slimy histolysis of the perithecium (Ann. rendering it all but impossible to build the foundations of mycology broadly. and by others likewise. 26:386 1928). 23 :1 1925). of cases and with Hoehnel's he must go astray in the great majority one error after another" (Ann. Regardless of the credit due fall into them for devotion its is to a difficult task. however unnatural it may seem otherwise. (Pseudosphacriaccae) the members of which are much more closely related to the genera of another family (Sphacriaccac) than they are to each We other" (Ann. To me it is an established fact that Hoehnel's system exhibits the natural relationships of the genera no better. it is rarely yields comprehensive and objective obvious that the individual method results. Myc. 21:1 1923). it would serve very well for practical purposes and for the provisional disposition of the immense host of fungi were its usefulness not greatly reduced by the large number of genera known to him only by the original descriptions. For while the beginner can always find his way with a certain security in Saccardo's system.2 GENERA OF FUNGI of the Pyrenomycetcs. it being a truism that the work of one monographer usually upset by the next. Ber. five of the original family becoming synonyms and five of doubtful character. A similar though less tragic fate has overtaken the Englcrulaccac as a result of the recension by Petrak (Ann. Myc. and whether. whether it does justice to the mutual relationships of the genera in so far as possible.

it is clear that a very large number of the genera considered by me have been incorrectly interpreted and classified. and since further drawn up it when is even the great majority of descriptions are inexact. It is evident that the but it In a word. Two of his major series of studies are well-named "fragments" because of the incidental way in which new genera are christened. consistent or and with but slight endeavor to render them yet and criteria merits of relative one possesses any real knowledge of the it However. though it is perhaps an adequate commentary upon the present status of systematic mycology to say that such methods are all but unknown to it." Yet in spite of his prodior perhaps because of it he has repeatedly committed gious industry — — every one of the sins that he decries. is those and experimental methods are indispensable. This demands not only meticulous thorough- step concerns the individual mycologist whose to insure that his own work contains none of the defects that he The first . to insure objective values that alone can be permanent. it is not sufficient to agree with Lloyd. uniformity. though he every working mycologist continues to act as to approach but one provides must be recognized that experiment in vitro the problem. personal with the varies precisely and conscientiously. INTRODUCTION Four mycology ment. the lack of diagnoses and indications of relationship. tion. Probably every working mycologist recognizes and deplores the handicaps under which he must struggle. As indicated later. from himself as well as his colleagues. 3 principles are considered to be essential for the conversion of into an inclusive and objective science reared upon a secure foundation. For securing these. practices question in the use of criteria have grown up with little or no scrutiny or No dependable. but too often he fails to recognize his own contribution to them. is simple. these are usage." in which the author belabors many a mycologist for faults much less serious than his own. Furthermore. The outstanding example of this attitude is to be found in Lloyd's "Myths of Mycology. The greatest service of the latter to bring about the highest degree of uniformity in treatment and result compatible with the facts. Hoehnel justly statistical criticizes the inadequacy of mycological studies in the following statement to his new system: "Since the description of a genus introduction in the knowledge and the point of view of each author. incomplete and often entirely false. statistics and experifirst already constitutes an approach to cooperalacks conscious direction and to some degree both definiteness and momentum. and the frequency with which the promise of later diagnoses is forgotten. Obviously. though its application to individualists duty it is laments in the work of others. Hoehnel. Petrak and others that mycology suffers seriously from hasty and superficial methods some procedure must be established and generally adopted that will protect the mycologist In essence. did. it sometimes rests upon average rather than optimum values. and then requires to be transmuted into the best usage. the remedy will be difficult.. and that statistics and experiment in nature are fully as important in revealing development and phylogeny. in short.

This tax upon time and energy. imperative the definite indication of relationship to one or Even more more contiguous genera. but also the exercise of the same qualities in preparing the results for publication." but twelve years between the appearance of volumes 22 and 23 it is even more evident in the numerous omissions in the last two volumes. Much uncertainty and not infrequent error will be avoided if the material cooperation is indispensable. the second and even to speedily insure its confirmation and currency. Diagnoses should be concise but complete. and should is specifically take into account all of the generic criteria in the family concerned. Sooner or later all such proposals will be critically examined by other mycologists. and it is obviously to the advantage of all that this be done before publication rather than after. to say nothing of the character of the results. Finally. but every mycologist has made acquaintance with some of them in the course of his own work. This is exemplified difficulties in the interval of of the "Sylloge Fungorum. In the case of genera a cogent argument is afforded by the excessive number of present synonyms. English. while the over-production of species is attested by Hoehnel's reduction of 17 species of Diaporthe on Salix to 5. For from cr>e hand to another over a long period without meeting a real test of its validity. together with a pertinent account of deviations or discrepancies. the position in family and section should be clearly stated. and that . Unfortunately some of the proponents of new genera and species seem to forget that the primary aim and purpose of systematic mycology is the advancement of science and the benefit of mankind rather than the aggrandizement of the individual. together with a clear-cut statement of the differences involved. and 7 on Caprifoliaceae to 1 A third essential of the plan proposed is to render much more accessible the original papers and the type material concerned with the publication of new genera.! 4 GENERA OF FUNGI ness and accuracy in the study of a sufficient quantity of good material. and there are still too many that rest upon a single unconfirmed discovery. no genus should be regarded as adequately published unless accompanied by proper illustrations. The first of these is to see that descriptions are drawn in either Latin. can only be obviated by the clear recognition of his scientific obligations by each mycologist. This condition can be remedied and mycology converted into a body of tested objective knowledge only through some method for the review of genera and species before they are published. An admirable way to secure such results is actually to place the proposed genus in the family or sectional key. To offset personal differences in terminology and interpretation. No one who has not attempted such a task as the present one can fully appreciate the almost insurmountable of the existing situation. Many a genus has passed concerned is submitted to other specialists in the particular field. With the task of more important step is this. omissions that are all but unavoidable under the circumstances. French or German. which will serve also to reveal any weakness in the proposal. the individual well performed. 9 on Aesculus to 2.

At present no no adequate one is objective basis exists for the evaluation of criteria and possible until statistical and experimental methods have this is come more sarily true. Paris. This should also involve the deposition of co-types of all new genera and species in the herbaria at such centers. genera and determining synonyms.INTRODUCTION publication is 5 made in well-known and widely distributed journals. these constitute a much better basis than . and in other cases the difference may be as much as that between families or orders. depending somewhat upon the amount of material that requires attention. Constructive criticism. will be welcomed and utilized. cultural and natural form differ so much as to warrant placing them in separate genera. such as Berlin. and thus furnishes a proper basis for e. and Washington. namely. this will also take account of the general progress in the field of systematic mycology. Vienna. it is desirable to pass these in review at the outset. in which evolution has been most active and the number of genera by far the largest. as suggestions designed to render the book more serviceable. only not neces- On theoretical grounds. Evidence already available indicates that the results obtained in culture may depart widely from the behavior exhibited in nature. the experimental procedure must rest squarely upon a proper combination of nature and culture. As a consequence. Moreover. In consequence. In the hope of furthering the work of mycologists and pathologists the it is definitely planned to issue a new edition of the present book at intervals of three to five years. London. to facilitate the labors of future students of the group. In the general absence of such studies. difficult to a condition often absent and in most cases extremely attain. while experiment must be regarded as the corner-stone of a scientific mycology.xamination. their consideration will be restricted Ascomycetes and Deuteromycetes. into vogue. w^ell as other Criteria Since the validity of genera rests upon the value of the criteria employed. for example. As the criteria necessarily differ in the various groups. observation and usage. In addition to incorporating new and valid world over. the life-history of a fungus should be the same in culture and in nature when the essential factors are alike. However. it must be recognized that our present utilization of criteria rests upon two subjective processes. the application of criteria here has been fairly consistent and uniform. The second duty is to insure that copies of all such papers are sent to the chief mycological centers. reinforced bv thorough-going statistical studies over a wide natural range. most of the new genera proposed during the past two decades belong in chiefly to the these two groups. both in general and in particular. prefer- ably such as are devoted to fungi. the recent study of The Cristidariella by Bowen furnishing a striking example of this (1930). Though it is usually assumed that cultural studies yield conclusive evidence as to development and structure.

and this has been extended to other distinctive groups of hosts. caulicole or floricole habit. and this discussion of criteria deals with their application in the is based in the fullest possible degree upon the practice of leading mycologists as exemplified in Saccardo's "Sylloge Fungo- rum. though not always dependable. It is imperative. This espe- and saprophytism. tive The following present treatment. to discriminate between use and usage.6 GENERA OF FUNGI at first might be supposed. since the immediate need is for the systematic cataloguing and identifying of the immense number of forms concerned. Zopf Rehm. and furthermore to recognize that scientific usage must be continuously checked by observation and experiment in order to become uniform and objective in the highest degree possible. and his genera of this type have been tentatively accepted here. Through the attrition of divergent view^s and by virtue of increasing information. The observations and practices of the leading mycologists during more than a hundred years provide the present available foundation for this and have led to more or less definite usage. Hoehnel has in particular. The rule of uniformity has been carried into effect in occasional instances where exceptions to an otherwise universal usage have persisted to render "keying out" awkward or impossible. insisted that the latter parasitic in other perithecia bear a distinct stamp and deserve to be segregated. the ferns in particular being so treated. Keissler has recently objected to this procedure. This has . however. The practice of assigning generic rank to the fungicole forms is apparently valid in case of true parasites. a number of long-accepted genera are based primarily if not wholly on the folicole. involving parasitism on algae. in spite of the current practice (1930:179). and probably more so than those lichen genera founded algal host. With respect to parasitism on different organs. Parasites on lichens have in general been accorded generic value. the latter becomes in a degree objecand affords a correspondingly safer basis." and Rabenhorst's "Kryptogamen-Flora" in particular. No mere lapse of time should be permitted to render current either discrepancy or error. cially consistent in thus treating them. while the fimicole habit is likewise generally accepted among Pyrenomycetes More recently. The general tendency has been to recognize the uredicole habit as war- Much more ranting generic segregation. and Theissen and Sydow have been especially true of strict parasitism . upon a difference in the genus of the study and information are necessary to determine the exact status of the lichen-inhabiting forms. The consideration given this matter here is not intended to be exhaustive. and Saccardo. but practical value in many cases is recognized. as it is likewise of the lichen habit." Engler and Prantl's "NatiirHchen Pflanzenfamilien. Habit The actual significance of habit as a generic criterion its is of course is unknown. but to be informatory and to provide a basis for future elaboration. or to validate departures from tested and proven practice. but the lichenicole genera are fully as valid as the others based upon habit.

The names of the so-called form genera of Fungi Imperfecti. where twenty of the larger genera occur on from three to ten different types of host or matrix. With our present knowledge. CoNiDiAL Stages With increasing knowledge of the life-histories of the Ascomyceies. that the it is much less satisfactory than the Saccardian. should be recognized as tentative. already quoted. Spore The opinion is frequently expressed that the carpologic system of Saccardo is much less natural than one based upon stroma and perithecium as primary criteria. as it conidial forms with the ascocarp. can only lead to greater uncertainty and confusion. Sufficient evidence is criteria are in certain groups of little real already available to show that such worth and should be used with Habit as a criterion appears to fail almost completely in the Hypocrcaccac. At present. has been found that ascogenous forms generally regarded as congeneric have very different secondary stages. most convenient and usable artificial system constitutes the most desirable arrangement of this group. conidial or "nebenfrucht" characters are being adopted in defining and limiting old as well as desirable. far as to segregate genera on the basis of the mere association of certain Such practice is to be deplored. as has already been done in the Pucciniales. which in most cases represent stages in the life-histories of Ascomycetes. Whoever tries to use Hoehnel's key in this connection is practically certain to concur in the judgment of Petrak. great caution. Such attempts as those of Hoehnel to establish a new system of Fungi Imperfecti hence serve no useful purpose. until their genetic relation to the perfect form is definitely shown. Moreover. when they can be reduced to synonomy and discarded. 1929). For present purposes therefore. but ters while utilized in the Key is firmly entrenched should be clearly understood that such characare not necessarily considered of generic value by themselves. our present scanty knowledge of the subject furnishes various examples of the difficulthe development of the various species little available. no objective determination . the use of habit as a generic criterion it in mycological practice. but too new genera. Further discussion of this theme ties It may be found in "The Problem of a Natural Classification of the Furthermore. this may ultimately that arise in attempting to utilize conidial stages for generic segregation. while widely separated genera may possess similar or nearly identical ones.INTRODUCTION led to the duplication of genera in 7 many cases and has little or no dependable value except in special instances. Where is sufficiently exact knowledge of prove information of this kind has been published to permit any general application of such criteria in a key. except in so far as they increase the readiness with which specimens in hand may be identified. some workers have gone so Asconiycctes" (Shear.

The presence. who used the stroma for his subdivisions of the Sphaerialcs. number and form of spore appendages are also regularly utilized. Even Winter. but an examination of the genera erected upon this discloses its weakness. to itself with respect infrequent septation is rare. A third feature. the . as well as occasional variation within a species. 407) "The inequality of the sporecells is not so sharply marked. In spite of some intergrades. in which the spore plays the primary role. epispore.. Dark scolecospores are . as in Coccoides. are distinctive. and the stroma last. but the unlimited possibilities render scolecospore presents The color is to form. sometimes in the same and is seldom if ever to be depended upon. that this to be utilized. it is a distinct advantage to first utilize the one most clear-cut and easily determined. With respect to other spore characThus with regard to the ters. but a tinge of highly variable. a fact not entirely unrealized by the authors in the statement made under Placostronia (p. etc. This is the wide range of variation within a genus and often in the same species. While the extremes of two characteristic forms. the color and septation of the spore are generally dependable criteria in the Ascomycetcs and Deuteromycetes. acicular and filiform. since all three criteria must be employed in any system. while in more than one instance genera based upon equal spore-cells contain species with as much inequality as some in those genera stamped with this character. they vary and intergrade too much to render them serviceable as a rule. some problems peculiar and color. An examination of all the species concerned in the eight examples of generic subdivision on this basis in "Die Dothideales" demonstrates that this is entirely unwarranted. The major difficulty lies in a definite distinction between the phragmospore and species. These are unequal cells in didymospores and the form of the cells in phragmospores. genera have been separated on the nature of the markings in some groups and not in others. In general. the perithecium comes next. that of the breaking apart of the cells in scolecospores. the practice has been far from uniform. septation less comment unnecessary. It may prove best not to assign this criterion generic value. Coccochorella.and 4-celled spores. where criteria are often at a premium. This is the sequence followed in Saccardo's spore sections. but with some exceptions. especially in Moniliales. but for definiteness cardian arrangement appears much more preferable. the usage with respect to the spore is so definite and universal as to require little comment. though there is no question of its convenience. of relative merits possible. In the present treatment. : likewise regarded as too variable and unimportant species new genera upon in this direction must be generically segregated." The same authors have also based both 3. emphasized the undesirability of placing too much stress upon this structure. several spore characters recently employed by some mycologists are not considered to be of generic value. and last that which presents the most difficulty. position.8 GENERA OF FUNGI is and convenience the SacMoreover. is Theissen and Sydow have made regular use of unequal spore-cells.

no other structure so variable and so difficult of interpretation as the stroma. Stroma Among the Sphaeriales and Phomales in particular. Probably more new genera have been proposed on the stroma than on any other. fact of the one and short-spored of the other in Sphaeriales discloses the A one that a ratio of 20:1 represents much the most natural dividing line and simiconsistent. This is also sometimes Sphaeropsis and brown as in cases is delayed until after the spores some in which true of spore septation. color sary to insure this in nature. while later the spores these points in any particular genus. as color and septation usually depend upon age and condition of development of the spores. winter descripin given as andseptation. It is obviously true. Spores in some cases. but this in no wise proper detracts from the value or usefulness of these characters under the safeguards. but : the basis of differing interpretations of Petrak in particular has recognized the unde^ has not always heeded his own conclusions (Ann..INTRODUCTION 9 scolecospore. are frequently remaining in the pycnidium become septate as in Diplodia. and are mature formed and seem to be fully can determine development of stages different in material tion of abundant germinate freely. statistical As with all fungus criteria. sirability of this. . this is especially necesoften being apparently conditions is sometimes long delayed. Theissen and Sydow. that many mistakes have been made by basing genera on stromatic characters alone (1887:169). 21 272 1923. specimens by Hoehnel and others has An examination of the older type that the original descriptions shown were sometimes based upon immature material that failed to indicate the true nature of the spores as to color and septation.g. Perhaps the major part of the disagreement between Hoehnel. may be discharged and appear mature and tions. as well as in and dependable these characters are spore sections and higher groups. but it is likewise exemplified throughout the stromate and stromoid forms. Spore misleading or erroneous. 23 :83 1925). much more careful observation. e. study and experiment are necessary to determine just how stable in representative genera. and the most satisfactory solution has been found to lie in the compilation of all the long-spored species ratio between length and width. it make that requires the transfer of very few species to preferable. Myc. rest upon It is obvious that the determination of spore characters must maturity where Ascomycetes in important mature spores. as Winter pointed out in discussing Sordaria and Hypocopra. Only careful observaexpelled. The rise and fall of the Pscudosphaeriaceae is the outstanding illustration of this. lar study of the Phomales demonstrates that a ratio of 10:1 is A the difference being probably explained by the normally smaller size of the pycnidium. Macrophoma. probably because this is a part of the vegetative body and hence more directly affected is by the environment. and Petrak centers about the facts as to the various types of stromata and their interpretation.

but these present the double difficulty of discriminating between both normal insertions. Hoehnel states that . again all possible intermediates occur between stromata in thecia are so distinct that they are easily removable. apart from the wide variation in the degree of erumpence insertion is Innate likewise modified by concretion with the epiderm to furnish an in the Dotliidcalcs additional generic criterion. while in the locule is embracing many more genera and species is imperative. i. Miller has attempted to distinguish between a perithecium and a stroma with a single locule. that Blain has found that stromata "possessing interascicular pseudoparenchyma. in which the question arises as to whether a stroma contains perithecia or locules. has long been regarded as a criterion of generic significance. in order to determine them conclusively and make them available for practical taxonomic purposes. stroma or pycnidium with reference to the tissues of the host. between epiderm and mesophyll. whether innate or supei-ficial. In some the stroma fairly con- very variable. to the facts in a more serious is the fact that the proponents disagree as number of critical cases. Recently. and the distinction has been applied with almost complete consistency to the orders concerned. Here stant. or The difficulty of determining the facts in many cases and known invalidity in others prohibit for the present at least the use of Still such criteria. to include genera such as Plcospora and Pyrenophora. and and defines it "as the specialized tissue which arises from the beginning encloses the ascigerous centhe ostiole in a true perithecium it trum.e. Insertion The position of the ascocarp. There has been some further tendency to distinguish erumpent forms. further investigation in origin. in others intergrade. Pseudosphaeriaceae. to those in in which the perithecia have a somewhat thickened wall that they regard as a stroma with a single locule In this connection. the distinguishing feature of the Psciidosphaeriales.10 GENERA OF FUNGI With regard to the dependabihty of such criteria.. the most confusing cases are those connecting Sphacrialcs and Dotliidcalcs. He concludes that the perithecial wall in the Sphacrialcs "is histologically and ontogenetically different from the tissue of the stroma. this may vary is greatly in different families and even in genera. effuse." It is also stated that is schizogenous lysigenous (1928:194). However. it is to be noted. are found in the Dotliidcalcs ! and Sphacrialcs" (1927:18). for example. Whatever the actual facts are in the case. Hoehnel and others have gone so far as to recognize a separate family. quite itself." from the archicarp. Theissen and Sydow in (1915) and Hoehnel the Phacidialcs and the stromoid Fungi Iinpcrfccti have carried this dis- tinction to extremes to origin between cuticle within the their latter. valsoid and pulvinate forms often sessile and stipitate ones also. However. as do which the periwhich the asci are borne in a chamber of the stroma which shows no definite wall. and have segregated a host of new genera with respect and epiderm.

how- ever in the modified appendages of primitive ascocarps. This is especially true of texture. founded upon insertion. With regard to the ostiole. such as those of the Erysiphaccae. while the form of the ostiole sets apart the Lophiostomaceae and Hysteriaceae. with respect to which the practice of assigning generic value has been generally accepted. in the Pcrisporiales absence is characteristic of the order as a whole. the absence of an exciple has been regularly employed as a generic criterion. beak. usage has also based distinctions upon the position. 16:35 1918). as with the fleshy perithecium of Hypocrcaccae or the gelatinous apothecium of the Bulgariaceae.INTRODUCTION 11 he considers Theissen's Siigniatcaccae. structure of the wall.272 1923). as well as . all the genera that rest upon such a character alone have been restored to their original position. The nature of the exciple has long been recognized as of basic value among the lichens. stalk. The proper exciple is further distinguished as lecideine free spines. it should be noted that Petrak has objected to Hoehnel's practice of utilizing the presence or absence of ostiole in Phomalcs for generic segregation on the grounds of great variability in this respect (Ann. Myc. The presence of a beak. hence less valid for the perithecium. Agyriaceae. the proper exciple without algal hosts being like that of the other fungi and hence more primitive. and the presence of ostiole. This character is often associated with the presence of a subicle. as for example in the case of an oblique or lateral beak. while the thalline exciple with algae is derived. with respect to hairs. hairs or appendages has been regularly regarded as a warrant for generic segregation. ASCOMA AND PyCNIDIUM The usage with cium is respect to criteria drawn from perithecium and apothe- long-established and fairly satisfactory. but as a rule it is generic in value as in the distinction between membranous and carbonous perithecia or pycnidia. Texture may afford a family character. In the present key. Furthermore. Myc. on the cespitose and this employed for the erecthough a doubtful character has been utilized for the present. to he a blunder (Ann. though such genera have been combined into a new family. but their arrangement is highly variable and . In the Perisporiales and Microthyrialcs. In this connection. and appendages or hairs. presence or absence is usually generic however. and this has usually been extended to marked differences in these structures. The grouping of tion of genera perithecia has occasionally been habit. An exception to this occurs.its modification by means of hyphopodia and which they have been followed for the present. In the case of structure. but within this generic distinctions are often drawn on the kind or degree of such a structure. in . the radiate scutellum marks the order Microthyrialcs. 21 -. and this practice has here been followed in essence. In the Discomycetes. a statement that applies almost equally to the pycnidium. and even their color in the case of the apothecium. Theissen and Sydow have made much use of the presence or absence of a mycelium. stalk.

pending more exact information as to its As a result. an endeavor has been made to definitize the use of the term paraphysis by restricting it to the Ascomycetes and Pucciniales. a criterion long established by usage. Ascus The criteria derived from culum. and biatorine when when bright-colored. but it has been employed with so much consistency and convenience by Rehm. particularly the of layers and the character of the cellular pattern. though it must be employed with some discretion in the case of lichens particularly. Both Hoehnel and Petrak have made use of minor differences in the number structure of the wall of perithecium and pycnidium. as well as between The cellular prosenchymic. 8. validity. By contrast with these. number. marks the genera elsewhere. but it is not here employed as a basis for ordinal separation. Ascoholaceac and Helvcllaccae by contrast with the other families of the Discomycctcs. but in the main these must' wait much more extensive and systematic study before they can be adopted. 4's and 16's are sometimes associated with 8 and in consequence are less dependable than larger The number of spores is or smaller numbers. such as apophysis. periphysis and dendrophysis. as exemplified in the fastigiate or The presence of a single ascus in the perithecium is of generic value.. the 1-2. structure of the exciple. The presence of an operculum or lid is characteristic of the Pczicaccac. except in the lower families. but it occurs very rarely. essentially a family character. numbers here regarded as warranting the very high numbers designated as and segregation are myriosporous. Paraphysis In the present instance. It rests primarily upon the overwhelming preponderance of the number 8. 16-32. icro thy rial es is a wholly different The so-called monascous hymenium of matter and like the arrangement in Myriangiaceae a consequence of other M changes. especially the Erysiphaceac. number of spores.12 GENERA OF FUNGI black and carbonous. Among the lichens. the asci are primarily origin. are considered to have no particular diagnostic importance for genera at present. that it is continued here. and employing pseudoparaphysis for more or less similar structures among the Phomales and elsewhere. whether parenchymic or certain distinction between Mollisiaceae and Helotiaceae. or in the inverted position typical of Trichothyriaceac. . operThe method of origin is corymbose arrangement in Eurotiaccae as compared with the umbelloid in other Pyrenomycetes. other incidental filiform features. since it is considered to make an unnatural division of the phylum. the low numbers sometimes vary within a species or between closely related ones and hence lack validity. where the variation in general is somewhat greater. and reaction to iodin. The question of the value of the color-test with iodin is still an open one. etc.

The branching of the paraphysis has usually been regarded as a character of generic significance. on scanty or imperfect specimens or cultures or characters of unknown value or stability can only add to the present confusion and result in impeding the progress of publication of systematic mycology. It should be clearly recognized It is therefore that the present book is largely a compilation based upon a careful . it has proved desirable to take account of the tissue-like bands upon which the Pseudosphaeriaceae were based. and of those perhaps not yet discovered. as Theissen and Sydow have pointed out. The new genera based upon inadequate study. However. In the present state of our knowledge. in conformity with accepted practice. that there are groups of species which differ from other related groups by distinct morphoSuch groups may vary greatly in the number of their logical characters. our generic concepts can not be verified at present. and the formation of a definite epithecium by the tips has likewise been employed. This widespread application has been criticized by one or two mycologists. it remained for Theissen and Sydow to apply it consistently in their several monographs (1915. as well as special modifications of note. still to be verified or modified by further study and comparison of the species involved. even if authentic material of all were available. Within the Pyrenomycetes. It has been fairly well demonstrated in some cases.INTRODUCTION 13 Further investigation is necessary to establish their value. there is every possible gradation between these and true paraphyses. manifestly impossible for any individual to become critically familiar with the thousands of genera that have been proposed. The objection that its real significance is unknown may be raised against most criteria. The segregation of genera should therefore in the present state of our knowledge be done with conservatism and caution and serious consideration should be given to the practical as well as the scientific aspects of the subject. but it seems to be justified by the earlier practice and has been adopted here. 1917). constituent species and in the number and importance of the different characters involved. or whether it is primarily a mental concept of the taxonomist which has no real objective existence as a separate group. and to employ this character under the term paraphysoid as a generic criterion in Sphaeriales especially. however. most fungus genera are to be regarded as tentative concepts. While the presence or absence of paraphyses had been employed for a considerable number of genera by Saccardo and others. Genera There is a difference of opinion among taxonomists as to whether a genus is an objective entity consisting of a group of species of living organisms differing from other groups of species by distinctive and more or less fixed morphological characters. In many cases from lack of adequate material and our imperfect knowledge of the species known.

immature or worthless material that gave scope to the widest range of interpretation. with the excep- generally accepted synonyms. some omissions are unavoidable. instead of being definitely fixed on the basis of an exact determination of the type of the original author of the name. new genera published either as valid names. In some instances. authors themselves have sometimes changed their descriptions. The present use of names has been evolved by gradual changes at the hands of subsequent mycologists. is cluttered with numerous genera and species inaccurately or incompletely described. work of some An All attempt is tion of a very large made here to account for all number of older and the genera of fungi. and in others. in order to render the hand a small number of genera are proposed on the Key more uni- form and usable. most of which are still imperfectly known. In order that generic names cation. names have been proposed with the promise of future diagnosis. names adequately published have completely dropped from sight in later treatments without made by Fries in well-developed species correctly long-known and 1849 that "A single than new genus" is in even a all its more value through stages is of observed in day. would contribute more to the advancement of mycology than the the slightest mention. The adoption of well-established criteria for genera has necessarily led to the rejection of a large number of genera proposed during the past two decades. In this connection the statement continued increase of doubtful new ones. These must be either attached to definitely known species and to particular specimens available for complete description and positive identification. Hence. by assigning to each a type and the recent International Botanical . In fact. it is now may be as exact as possible in their appligenerally admitted by taxonomists that they should be fixed species. On the other basis of criteria generally recognized. Generic Types Mycological literature type or authentic specimens. Many of these old generic names have already become more or less definitely applied and established by general usage. as well as the types of their genera. One of the greatest obstacles to the progress of mycology is this mass of names variously applied and interpreted at different times by mycologists. or permanently discarded. and the revisionists in particular.14 GENERA OF FUNGI critical study of the principal literature of the subject and the recent mycologists. and in many cases not represented by Too often genera have been based upon scanty. the citation of the original author of an old name may have little to do with its present application. but for the reasons given earlier. and they may be fixed in their current application by the selection of well-known species as types. A thorough it was his than being emphasized now of need greater study of the older genera and species. as well as upon forty years of mycological experience on the part of the authors. since the first edition are included so far as known synonyms or dubia.

has adopted this plan. many not included by the original author of the genus. synonomy already given in the "Sylloge Fungorum" or in Zahlbruckner's monograph of the lichens. in which the revisions of Hoehnel. and in others the adoption of the original species would lead many to such a different application of the names from the present that it would cause much change and examples may be found confusion. An failed to secure uniformity and stability in botanical applied strictly to the fungi. the type species should be chosen from the best known or more important species generally included in the genus at present. as the type species in some instances are not would be them in determinable. in Further discussion of this matter with the paper by Shear on "Mycological Nomencla- ture" (1929). in four different . Shear. instead of priority of is of the attempt to follow the method of fixing generic names in all cases by using the first or in fact any one of the species originally included by the first user of the name would result in many changes from the present application of familiar and well-established names and combinations. As a matter of fact. In selecting the generic names adopted in the present treatment. The The necessary changes can be made in the next edition. as names would need to be nable or unknown. Sydow and Petrak occupy No attempt has been made to duplicate the the most conspicuous place. the synonomy is fairly complete. it is desirable to select a type that will cause the least change.INTRODUCTION Congress held at 15 Cambridge. is indetermispecies original the discarded. The assignment of type species has been a second source of synonyms. general usage has been followed in the case of all important genera. or applied to a totally different group from the present one. Synonyms The synonyms given in the list of types (p. In order to avoid change and ensuing confusion as far as practicable. the selection of the type of a genus first importance. recently revised International Code recommends this method of types. Science 60:254 1924). It is hoped that most of the types selected here will be found acceptable and generally adopted. this principle nomenclature and if would produce a condition the application approaching chaos of the generic (cf. Since name depends upon This in the type species and many genera contain species that are not congeneric. many cases necessitates the choice of a species Otherwise. the application of the principle of priority has publication. Theissen. The first and most important of these has naturally been by the labors of mycologists as recorded in the more recent literature. In view of what has just been said. England. but in some of the smaller groups such as the phycomycetes and the rusts and smuts. 233) have been obtained ways. To attempt to of the early names on the basis of species originally included stabilize impossible. and an international committee of mycologists has been generic fixing appointed for the purpose of carrying out this plan.

While transliterated. 16 GENERA OF FUNGI As has been indicated earlier." Linne stated impose absurd names. and no one who places the interests of mycology first can be indifferent to this fact.and 4-celled Finally. Moreover. subcuticular and subepidermal insertion. the regular usage has been followed in the matter of transliteration to render this uniform throughout. key and finding no essential difference betw^een them and Further study is required to determine their The genera included in the lists of those of uncertain position or otherwise doubtful have chiefly been so designated by various monographers and especially by the revisionists. for the will occasionally be found both in the key and Names and Terms that "Ignorant persons In one of the aphorisms of his "Philosophia Botanica. : A improve the situation (1923). Where differences of opinion obtain. In harmony with the above. certain genera have been listed both as dubia and synonyms same reason a genus as a synonym. while no inconsiderable number have been frankly classed as such by the proposers themselves. and more recently Hall and Clements have suggested a number of guiding careless later. Slipshod naming is incompatible with mycological work of the first quality." they are too often associated. etc.. general usage lends further warrant to this contention. group of what might be called tentative synonyms has been obtained by testing them in the genera already validity. the great majority of names maintain a fair standard of excellence and are consistent in their form. In palliation of shortcomings in the matter of names. clear that the quality of names is not a matter of little or no conse- may it is not necessarily true that "nomenclatorial and taxonomic incompetence go hand in hand. some botanists have contended that "a name is a name. euphonious. such as unequal spore-cells. in existence. a smaller spores. In view of the paramount rights of the thousands of users of names. Lindley embodied much the same conclusion in the following '/No one who has had experience in the progress of botany as a science can doubt that it has been more impeded in this country by the repulsive appearance of the names it employs than by any other cause whatever" (1853). plant it When it is fully realized. this remark holds good today." and with the addition of century and indifferent as epithets. a considerable number of recently proposed genera has been reduced to synonomy on the basis of criteria not regarded as of generic value." implying that its character is a principles to matter of complete indifference. significant. it is not too much to ask that each name proposed be short. and both properly formed and quence.that the name of a is be employed a hundred times to one contact with the plant itself. Clements has discussed various aspects of this problem in considerable detail (1902). 3. Names of more than six syllables have been shortened in such a manner as to preserve their .

etc. etc. the doublet. On the other hand. Phomalcs. the user is obliged to do most of the work that the author should have done for him. and in consequence both sequence and definition are as a rule exact. 17 Here again the actual number of sesquipedalian names is not large. The Dichotomous Key Saccardo long ago emphasized the point that many a fungus must be by the tyro in more than one place (Sylloge Fungorum 1 :VI 1882). The latter has been made as definite and consistent as possible. In the Ascomycetes and Phomales in particular. but under much more difficult conditions. the case of personal by rendering consistent in the shorter promoted also been have uniformity made without change form the divergent as in practices with respect to imparasyllabic neuters in -at. and its use facilitated by employing the dichotomous method throughout. . but such examples as Chaetohasidiella vennicularioidcs. the double ii in personal genitives. in both cases the sequence in the key serves as a character. few of them worded in the same terms diligently sought and almost none of them strictly comparable. the dichotomous key provides a very useful test of proposed genera. as in Phycomycetes and Gasteromycetes. This is still true today. and bringing the terms among lichens into closer harmony with those used in the other fungi.INTRODUCTION identity. a few steps in this direction have been taken by employing Arthur's terms for the rusts. The sequence of criteria in the various families and sections has been as strict as possible. and one in which the salient criteria stand out much more clearly than in the usual description with its attention to trivial Furthermore. The time and energy demanded by far in excess of the present treatment have been so what was anticipated that the original plan of revising the terminology of mycology to render it more consistent and definite has been relinquished for the present. rr. Pseiidopcrisporium erigeronicola. before h. in which there are regularly several and frequently ten or more choices under one heading. author would subject his proposals to the test of such a key. Such improvements can properly be of citation. diagnosis for each genus. Both brevity and hybrids. since it renders it impossible to take refuge in vague statements as to validity and the differences from related ones. Lophiostomaceae. It is a much simpler and easier task to construct keys after the pattern of Hoehnel (1923). but an endeavor has been made to minimize this difficulty by inserting certain genera in two or even three places in the key. the great majority of genera differ from their immediate neighbors in but one essential. the contrast is usually much less definite and the key necessarily partakes of the same However. It can be safely said that the number of new genera would be greatly reduced if every features. definitizing the use of paraphysis. However. but this has seemed to be impossible in such as Raciborskiomyces. In such a key.. paraphysoid and pseudoparaphysis. and V erticilliodochiiim tubercidarioides permit no question of the desirability of such abbreviation.

It appears obvious that there is but one natural system and equally evident that any approach to it is the result of the work of many minds. may be placed with almost equal warrant in either Hypocrcaccac or Sphacriaceae. Such differences usually arise from divergent views as to the importance of criteria and from lack of knowledge of life-histories and groups. it is inevitable that mycologists should differ widely in their treatment of these This is especially marked in the case of the Ascomycetes. in which the type possesses gray membranous perithecia though this is black and subcarbonous in others.18 GENERA OF FUNGI Orders and Families The definition and limitation of the orders and famiHes of fungi In consequence. In many groups no uniformity in many genera. and unusual or atypical genera must be sought in more than one place. it is more or less inexact to give the name of an individual to any particular arrangement. and constitutes one of the subjective processes unfavorable to the realization of a sound and scientific basis for mycology. should be and families. reflected in the splitting of long-established orders represents any new knowledge. considerations of space permit reference to but basic principles that have been observed in the families. comparative morphology. It constantly shifts the foundations of mycology to the disadvantage of practically every one. It is inevitable that the multiplication of genera on insufficient knowledge and unreliable characters or on vague and trivial ones. while Mclanospora. The first of these is that the fungus is two or three arrangement of orders and a physiological adjustment to . is necessarily more uncertain than in the case of genera. Phylogeny still labors under the handicap of being regarded by many as a labyrinth of personal opinions. in spite of its convenience for reference. Hence. no great progress in it can be The system employed expected. nor does it The Natural System in the present book constitutes an endeavor to approximate the natural system in several respects. where for example Hoehnel would place the MicrotJiyriaccae and Trichothyriaceac in the Perisporialcs. To follow a conservative course in the recognition and limitation of orders and families seems to us to best serve the purpose of the present book and the interests of its users. This rarely advance the understanding of such groups. Physalospora and Botryosphaeria are by some referred to Sphacriaceae and by others to Dothideaceae. and until it is generally recognized that it affords an inviting field for experiment and investigation quite as much as any other. At present. as well as from the lack of Thus. They also spring from the fact that the complex interrelations of many groups permit placing certain genera with about equal propriety in either of two families or orders. definite and fixed boundaries exist. while Theissen and Sydow include them in their Heiuisphacrialcs.

From this is derived the second all principle that the fungi do not constitute a natural group. in both field and laboratory. and that the phyletic lines lead sooner or later to holophytic origins. This is primarily because of its inclusive character. far from uncommon in the flowering plants. The claimsof cytology to be the final arbiter of questions of origin and relationship among the fungi have been much advanced of late. but this can only play a part rather than assume the paramount role in this field. lichenologists. The third principle is that the ecological approach to the morphology on grounds no better than that of the phyletically in the first edition and development of the fungi constitutes the best attack upon their evolution and phylogeny. Quite apart from the fact that its viewpoint is necessarily restricted is the further consideration that no other approach is so beset with the bypaths of interpretation. a treatment long accorded the hysterophytic flowering plants and more recently the lichens (Clements 1896. they are .INTRODUCTION the environment 19 division of the plant and that in consequence fungi are to be found in every major kingdom though rare among mosses and ferns. From the objective point of view. the autonomy of the fungi rests omy lichens. The task of tracing the phyletic development of the fungi is one to demand all the resources of investigation. spore protection. 1903). and spore distribution. like and have been fond of thinking of the auton- of the fungi as something inherent. are specialists Mycologists. and they were distributed (1909). chief among which must be experiment on the largest and broadest scale possible. but largely also because it focuses attention upon the three essential processes of spore production. and they have not infrequently resorted to the most ingenious and specious arguments to support such opinions. . nothing that can affect the organism being left out of account.

Order Gymnascales Family IS. 2. 21. Order 3. Microthyriales 34. 32. 7. 50. 36. 9. 47. Gymnascaceae 6. Family Peyritschiellaceae 14. Family 20. Vaucheriales (Oomycetes) 8. Family Laboulbeniales 12. 23. 49. 13. 10. Order 12. Polystomellaceae Microthyriaceae Micropeltaceae Family Saprolegniaceae Ancylistaceae Order 11. Agyriales 58. Chrysotrichaceae Collemaceae Peltigeraceae Lecideaceae Cladoniaceae Parmeliaceae Physciaceae Mollisiaceae Order Perisporiales 19. Dothideaccae Myriangiaceae Family Mucoraceae Endogonaceae Empusaceae Ascoideaceae 33. Hysteriaceae Graphidaceae Phacidiaceae Stictidaceae Family Ha. 57. 46. Family Protococcales Sphaeriaceae Hypocreaceae Lophiostoniaceae Cyttariaceae Verrucariaceae Plasmodiophoraceae Family 1. 52. Family Order 2. 54. 51. 55. Dothideales 31. Eurotiaceae Erysiphaceae Perisporiaceae Englerulaceae Capnodiaceae Trichothyriaceae Coryneliaceae 20 56. 7. of Classification Order 8. Mycoporaceae Order 10. Laboulbeniaceae Ceratomyretaceae 45. Confervales 39. 44. Agyriaceae Exascaceae . Protomycetaceae 3. Phacidiales 37. 28. Peronosporaceae Family Order 4. Sphaeriales 26. 27. Family 59. Olpidiaceae Synchytriaceae 29. 6. 5. 53. Saccharomycetaceae 17. Spirogyrales (Zygomycetes) 4. 38. 22. Pezizales 42. Family 35. Monoblepharidaceae 40. 48. Monascaceae 18. 24. Tryblidiaceae ASCOMYCETES Order 5. Helotiaceae Pezizaceae Helvellaceae Ascobolaceae Order 13. Endomycetaceae 16. 30. Blastocladiaceae lib. 41. 25. Dermateaceae Bulgariaceae Patellariaceae Caliciaceae 43.System PHYCOMYCETES Order 1. Chytridiaceae Order 9.

Family Pucciniaceae DEUTEROMYCETES (Fungi Imperfecti) Melampsoraceae Order 20. Family Onygenaceae Elaphomycetaceac Tuberaceae Polyporaccae Agaricaceae Order PROMYCETES Order 15. 86. Agaricales 70. 69. Family Melanconiaceae Family Auriculariaceae Tremellaceae Order 22. Leptostromaceae Discellaceae 83. 75. 21 Tuberales 60. Hymenogastraceae 79. Melanconiales 84. 74. 87. 68. 11. Dacryomycetaceae Family Moniliaceae Dematiaceae Tuberculariaceae Stilbaceae Order 18. 66. Family Hypochnaceac Thelephoraceae Clavariaceae 71. Family 76. Tremellales 67. BASIDIOMYCETES Order 17. Phomaceae 81. Order 16. Family Ustilaginaceac Tilletiaceae Family Phomales 80. Dermophyta Mycelia Pseudosaccharomycetes Sterile Hydnaceae . 64. Order 21. Nidulariaceae Pucciniales 63. Zythiaceae Graphiolaceae 82. Phallaceae n. Ustilaginales 65. Moniliales 85. 88. Lycoperdaceac 78.SYSTEM OF CLASSIFICATION Order 14. 12. 62. 61. Lycoperdales 19.

these may be located by means of the references given in the List of Types and Synonyms (p. The other references are preceded by an initial.List of To The facilitate reference to Key in Initials specific all books which keys or descriptions are found. references are given after nearly to find their the genera in the Key. while the bibliography will supply the titles. exceptions are furnished by genera published too recently as a rule way into the various compendia. c . 233). The first number after the genus regularly refers to the volume and page of Saccardo's "Sylloge Fungorum" (24 volumes and Addenda). except in families where the initial is given under the name of the family. The following list will serve to identify the authors concerned.

septate. conidia or both. sex-cells rare 1. 40 p. often contained in pycnidia Promycetes p. Deuteromycetes p. sex-cells usually absent in asci or in asci 1. present.General Key to Families A. hyphae typically few and Chytridiaceae p. basidia Spores borne Ascomycetes p. but without a soral membrane in Olpidiaceae a p. 24. propagation by amoeboid cells and spores or by sporangia and zoospores. reproduction by heterogametes 23 Blastocladiaceae p. propagation by conidia. propagation by zoospores. 30 p. Hyphal filaments 1-cclIed. Phycomycetes p. reproduction by isogametes (b) Hyphae mostly simple. 23. Typically spores a. largely aquatic. sex-cells often present. Spores borne on true basidia Basidiomycetes p. producing a promycelium on germination. typically sex-cells usually present 1. Mycelium lacking a. 32 B. sessile or internal but not borne on conidiophores. 29. Spores stalked. Mycelium lacking or scanty and consisting of a few delicate hyphae. Synchytriaceae 31 Mycelium delicate scanty. very rarely septate. 41 Monoblepharidaceae . Mycelium well-developed and ramose. 38 (2) Antherids producing ciliate antherozoids (a) Hyphae much branched. 28. conidia often present in the form of aecia or uredia Conidia alone present. 30 Hyphal filaments Spores borne a. 30 Sporangia separate or grouped. 28. 2. aquatic fungi propagating by zoo- Mycelium mostly well-developed (1) Antheridial tube touching or penetrating the oogone Saprolegniaceae p. (2) Sporangia typically enclosed soral membrane 2. Cells typically Cells not (1) b. 157 Asci or basidia lacking a. 42 b. 147 b. producing resting-spores B. borne on conidiophores of various form. amoeboid amoeboid Plasmodiophoraceae p. propagation by zoospores or conidia. rarely aquatic. on tru(:. 175 PHYCOMYCETES A.

tubular. Hyphae mature slime as they Englerulaceae p. asci basal r. 37 endogenous in sporangia Conidia single. oosporous. often with chlamydospores or the latter alone present (2) Conidia Ancylistaceae p. hence irregularly disposed or in corymboid clusters y. 40 ASCOMYCETES A. 53 s. Laboulbeniales p. Asci borne on branched hyphae. rarely in chains.24 b. not slimy straight-walled. typically parasites on leaves and stems Peronosporaceae p. Pericarp with a distinct wall. no crumpent stroma m. a Asci borne in perithecia. 49 Eurotiaceae basal umbel or parietal layer. p. rarely on insects (a) Ostiole and paraphyses usually lacking X. 37 ly entomogenous (2) Conidiophores typically ramose. 52 mycelium dark. 39 Mucoraceae p. appendages usually absent (m) Perithecia not radiate. GENERA OF FUNGI Mycelium short. largeEmpusaceae p. Conidia typically in globose to cylindric sporangia or sporocarps (1) Conidia endogenous. on the tips of simple or branched conidiophores (1) Conidiophores simple. 36 b. 50 Asci in a or sometimes solitary (x) Aerial mycelium typically present. 55 . mostly with regular opening at maturity a. rarely on conidiophores (b) Conidia in sessile sporocarps. Aerial mycelium white. 34 Endogonaceae p. Aerial Erysiphaceae p. or rarely exogenous (a) Conidia typically in stalked sporangia. mostly or entirely developing into sex-cells Typically aerial fungi propagating by conidia a. appendages present and usually modified n. Hyphae not slimy. Asci completely or partly enclosed in a definite pericarp which opens variously at maturity 1. sometimes lacking. 42 Perisporiales p. which are often re(1) Perithecia duced to locules in a stroma one to many on a receptacle. zygosporous. the cells polygonal. exogenous on conidiophores and Ascoideaceae p. sex-organs present. typically on insects (2) Perithecia not on a receptacle. sex-organs regularly lacking. or conidia in chains. perithecia parenchymic. perithecia dissolving in Perisporiaceae p. straightwalled.

82 Perithecia bright-colored. not compressed (n) Ostiole broad and compressed. in perithecia reduced not locules a stroma (x) Perithecia parasitic Dothideales p. 58 Sphaeriales p. 102 Graphidaceae p. asci Capnodiaceae p. perithecioid. without m. fleshy (y) Perithecia (z) Asco! . (y) Aerial from the apparent tip mycelium lacking. Perithecia dark. thallus lacking (b) Parasitic on algae. 88 on algae.ata parasitic Hypocreaceae on algae. perithecium-like. Sphaeriaceae p. wlien skeins perithecia of cells rounded (n) or agglutinate straight-walled meridian hyphae Perithecia radiate. 89 Myriangiaceae p. membranous to car- bonous (m) Ostiole papillate or conical. elongate 58 (b) Ostiole regularly present X. 92 94 cally with a thallus Asci borne in hysterothecia or dimidiate as- Mycoporaceae p.GENERAL KEY TO FAMILIES t. 25 Hyphae slimy in or straight-walled. typib. 58 stroma net parasitic (x) Perithecia on algae. 59 Lophiostomaceae rarely p. constricted or dcmatioid. in a ramose or alveolate stroma y. thallus present (2) Asci borne in dimidiate ascomata with a scutellum radiate in whole or in part cleftlike or Hysteriaceae p. Apothecia or hypostroma innate or erumpent Apothecia superficial. y. 83 Perithecial wall indefinite to or lacking. typi- p. the ostiole sometimes stellate (a) Not parasitic on algae. 98 . 95 Microthyriaceae p. perithecia separate or in a Coryneliaceae p. 76 cally with a thallus at first Verrucariaceae 84 then Cyttariaceae p. without a thallus m. whitish. round. with many asci and usually with paraphyses n. Dothideaceae p. 104 as a rule (a) Scutellum radiate x. Locules a thallus distinct. hypostroma none Polystomellaceae p. comata (1) Asci borne in hysterothecia. cupaloid. 56 hanging Trichothyriaceae p. Perithecial wall distinct. the opening linear n. perithecia innate-erumpent on an borne stroma. Locules mere hollows filled by single asci and separated by stromal tissue or rarely by paraphysoids (y) Perithecia parasitic on algae. typically ostiolate.

119 Bulgariaceae p. medium mostly serted i. opening by lobes. rarely dark. then erumpent. Apothecia typically fleshy. terricole as a rule (2) Helvellaceae p. 117 (n) Apothecia usually bright-colored. 107 Tryblidiaceae p. to large. thallus typically well-developed . 134 s. 139 Apothecia parasitic on algae. Apothecia gelatinous n. 109 (b) Apothecia typically superficial. carbonous to leathery. asci broad. Apothecia light-colored. thallus lacking (a) Apothecia sunken. 137 Apothecia usually fimicole. Ill Stictidaceae in p. Micropeltaceae p. brown or black y. sometimes by a Phacidiales p. asci cylindric. sometimes cole (r) at first. not ex- Pezizaceae p. mostly sessile Mollisiaceae p. 114 Caliciaceae p. spores and paraphyses forming a mazaedium (y) Asci persistent. then cupulate to discoid. on Exciple dark. Apothecia usually terricole. as typically the X. Apothecia typically superficial (x) Asci disappearing early.26 GENERA OF FUNGI (b) Scutellum radiate only at margin or not at all c. Apothecia not gelatinous Apothecia Dermateaceae p. mazaedium lacking m. to fleshy Apothecia plants (r) typically waxy. parenchymic all over or at the base. stalked. mostly white circularly. 140 or clavate. 100 Asci borne in apothecia (1) Apothecia not parasitic on algae. opening sometimes erumpent. leathery or horny. rarely waxy Patellariaceae p. 112 innate-erumpent. exserted (s) from disk at maturity Apothecia open from the first. 102 thin Apothecia dark to black (x) (y) Hypothecium Hypothecium thick Phacidiaceae p. rarely ear-shaped h. saddle-shaped to pileate Ascobolaceae p. first family Pezizales p. ally terricole. prosenchymic. y. 115 (m) Apothecia usually dark. waxy r. 133 (s) Exciple stalked concolorous. mostly Helotiaceae usufimi- p. Apothecia closed open. usually cleft X. small.

p. 132 Spores without thickened septum and intersecting canal* (m) Apothecia sunken or grown to the thallus on the whole underside Peltigeraceae p. usually with capillitium (2) Gleba firm. naked or with an individual hyphal wall (1) Asci naked (a) Asci terminal or lateral on a branched s. Caliciaceae p. Paraphyses and hypothecium present. 121 Cladoniaceae p. terbranches of a septate Monascaceae p. Physciaceae p. attached Apothecia with proper exciple Apothecia with thalline exciple merely definite opening. 126 or erect m. 145 145 Gymnascales p. or one or the other occasional!)' lacking b. without capillitium B. Asci exposed or with a loose hyphal pericarp 1. Asci in masses. 142 143 . Spores typically 2-celled and biguttulate. mazaedium lacking X. lacunose or veined. the other erect. 144 Onygenaceae p. with a thickened septum. Pericarp breaking irregularly or decaying at maturity.GENERAL KEY TO FAMILIES (a) Asci 27 disappearing early. Asci solitary or in irregular masses a. the hyphal wall. not superficial when broadly r. layered. Gymnascaceae Agyriales p. cobwebby or spongy. gleba typically with capillitium b. 120 Collemaceae p. algae yellow-green Thallus more or less distinctly gelatinous. e. Ascoma hypogean. on or in mycelial threads. horizontal Chrysotrichaceae p. the latter sometimes sclerotioid Asci forming a hymenium-like layer a. i. opening more or less regularly. 127 Tuberales p. loculate. Thallus cottony. neither cottony z. one horizontal. 141 Paraphyses and hypothecium both lacking Agyriaceae Exascaceae p. enclosed by a loose hyphal peridium. without 2. not opening spontaneously (1) Gleba powdery. mostly hypogean a. p. 144 Elaphomycetaceae Tuberaceae p. Ascoma not hypogean. usually traversed by a narrow canal n. (b) Asci intercalary or continuous in a short budding mycelium (2) Asci with an individual Saccharomycetaceae 47 on mycelium minal b. p. 119 y. a podetium (y) Thallus of one kind only. 124 Parmeliaceae p. disk with a mazaedium (b) Asci persistent. 123 (n) Apothecia typically mature. 48 48 2. Lecideaceae p. Thallus nor gelatinous (x) Thallus of two kinds. algae blue-green firm. Asci solitary. 45 septate mycelium Endomycetaceae p. 46 p..

169 . typically leathery or membranous (b) Pileus typically clavate.28 GENERA OF FUNGI PROMYCETES A. at maturity. dimidiate. Pileus byssoid or lacking b. 164 B Definite hymenium gelatinous. combined in flat crusts. 154 mass Promycelium septate transversely. with 2 blunt terminal stecigmata Tremellaceae p. Spores produced externally as teliospores. then raised on a receptacle. elongate- cylindric. typically 4-spored a. sterigmata lateral (2) Auriculariaceae p. 159 p. occasionally arising within the epidermal cells or in the Pucciniales p. Teliospores pulvinate masses. p. or columnar forms. closed in a peridium. 168 Phallaceae p. 147 Pucciniaceae p. b. cupulate or funnel-form. whorled conidia bearing a crown of Tilletiaceae p. enclosed at first in a volva. lacking. Promycelium simple. Hymenium exposed fied 1. sterigmata terminal. Thelephoraceae Clavariaceae p. 153 B. p. tubes or of teeth or tooth-like gran- 162 (2) Hymenium gills (a) Hymenium ules Hydnaceae of tubes or pores of gills or rarely of gill-like p. 154 2. sometimes elevated at maturity Gleba more or less gelatinous. Hypochnaceae 160 Pileus present. the latter usually stalked Lycoperdales p. Teliospores typically single and stipitate. 2. or more or less fused in series sessile. 157 Basidia transversely septate. filiform or coralloid. not septate. variously modi- Basidia septate or cylindric-clavate and 2-spored a. Spores produced internally in appear to form a 1. crustose to cap-like (1) Hymenium wrinkled smootii. 155 BASIDIOMYCETES A. Basidia septate (1) Tremellales p. 158 159 Dacryomycetaceae Agaricales p. 2. usually subulate Basidia cylindric-clavate. sometimes united in a gelatinous mass or a definite body. or merely warted or (a) Pileus resupinate. 163 (b) (c) Hymenium Hymenium veins Polyporaceae Agaricaceae p. bearing sporidioles Ustilaginaceae p. typically en- 1. 160 and fleshy modified into teeth. 147 mesophyll Melampsoraceae p. hyphae that dismore or less powdery sporeUstilaginales p. 157 Basidia vertically or cruciately 2-4-divided. Basidia not septate. firm. aecia and uredia usually present 1. spore-mass or gleba powdery or saccate. 162 p.

stalked (a) Spore-body typically pulvinate or applanate. enclosed in a peridium opening by a definite mouth or irregularly Lycoperdaceae p. 231 . parasites on human skin Dermophyta p. e. 170 (2) b. i.. carbonous (2) Pycnidia bright-colored or hyaline. Peridium epigean (1) Gleba typically powdery or cellular. C. ostiolate or (1) Phomales p. but sometimes short or even lack- Moniliales in p. Gleba enclosed in seed-like peridioles borne in a globoid to funnelform peridium Peridium hypogean. e. opening circularly or often by a cleft or lobes. 196 not on a stroma. regularly closed Nidulariaceae p. rarely gelatinous. fleshy. i. 231 Pseudosaccharomycetes p. dochium (b) Spore-body indric. Hyphae Hyphae ing (1) pycnidia short or obsolete. or less parenchymoid stroma b. 186 p. Hymenogastraceae 172 DEUTEROMYCETES (Fungi Imperfecti) A. 201 (b) Hyphae and or one or the other dark (2) Dematiaceae p. p.GENERAL KEY TO FAMILIES . 173 p. cupulate to discoid. membranous to b. cupuloid or hysterioid pycnidia a. Discellaceae p. 176 p. Conidia present but criteria indefinite. Conidia in globoid. Pycnidia perithecium-like. 192 Conidia not a. typically globoid. borne on a in more Melanconiales p. 189 Leptostromaceae less c. globose to a sporoTuberculariaceae p. 200 Hyphae masses more or less loose cottony (a) Hyphae and colored conidia hyaline or bright- Moniliaceae conidia both typically dark. dark and subcarbonous to bright-colored and fleshy 2. 29 Gleba firm or powdery. sometimes gelatinous or waxy Pycnidia dimidiate and usually more or less distinctly radiate. 227 411 B. Conidia present 1. typically well-developed. Conidia lacking Mycelia p. 175 astomous Pycnidia brown to black. 209 Hyphae compacted cylindric form a globose to spore-body which is often to sessile. without volva or receptacle but enclosed in a peridium a. Pycnidia apothecium-like or hysterioid. rarely hysterioid Phomaceae Zythiaceae p.. 219 stalked. capitate to cyl- a synnema Stilbaceae Sterile p.

A. 30 p. included here only for convenience. to Families Cells typically Cells not a. closely related Mycetozoa and perhaps best regarded as parasitic slime-molds. Sporangia typically enclosed brane present. Spores united in larger numbers a. sometimes with a small cavity Spore-mass sponge-like in structure F 63 Spongospora F 64 Family 1. OLPIDIACEAE Minden 227 Fitzpatrick 71. b. 32 PLASMODIOPHORACEAE Fitzpatrick 48 Mycelium none. cells consisting of naked 1-8 forming single sporangia which produce to the more or less amoeboid protoplasts amoeboid or rarely 1-ciliate spores. Mycelium lacking. sexual reproduction usually lacking. Mycelium cate hyphae typically few and Chytridiaceae p. Mycelium lacking 1. Spores separate in the host-cells at maturity B. F 55 Tetramyxa 7:464. amoeboid amoeboid Plasmodiophoraceae p. globose.or 2-ciliate 30 . three fungous Key A. frequently causing hypertrophy of the host.Key to the Genera PHYCOMYCETES Order by the formation families. zoospores 1. 30 Sporangia separate or grouped. 2. Sorodiscus 60 c. Spores united in twos or fours 2. PROTOCOCCALES Typically 1-celled yellow-green algae. or sometimes fragmenting to yield a number of sporangia. Spores forming a more or less globose hollow Plasmodiophora 7:464. or a resting sporangium that produces zoospores after a period of rest. F F 59 body b. Sorosphaera 7:446. memSynchytriaceae deli- 31 B. parasites in plant tissues. cells endobiotic. but without a soral membrane in a soral Olpidiaceae p. Spores remaining united at maturity 1. typically forming a simple zoosporangium. 1. elliptic or rarely clavoid. Spore-masses forming 2-layered plates. propagating by fission and frequently also of zoospores.

tubes many. Olpidiopsis 67 defi- 1 Woronina Family 2. Mycelium scanty. in 1-2 rows. 1. parasites on higher plants. producing galls. regularly in Saprolegniaceae A. cells endobiotic in higher plants. in Spirogyraceae (2) Resting spore without companion-cells Sporangia opening by many more or less (1) Pseudolpidiopsis 76 Olpidium 73. not seriate 1. which is expelled in the form of a globose or cylindric sack. forming a more or less nite sorus Diplophysa 67. the sub- Chlamydospores smooth Protomyces 7:319. Chlamydospores formed irregularly epidermal tissues 1. 69 SYNCHYTRIACEAE Minden 278 Fitzpatrick 80. in algae (Oedogonium) Phycomycetes Subfamily Woroninae Plasmophagus Pleolpidium 78 79 2. opening at one or both ends by a pore or papilla. 2. the walls appressed 2. (^ne genus Synchytrium 80. Sporangia opening by 1-x tubes or by a pore Resting spore with 1-x companion-cells. Sporangia globose to saccoid. early developing a membrane. producing numerous small simple non-motile spores in the endospore. Mycelium lacking. zoospores posteriorly 1-ciliate. plate 1 radiate tubes Pleotrachelus 78 Sporangia ellipsoid to fusoid or tubular a. Sporangia short-cylindric. Resting spore without companion-cells Sporangia many. in Zoospores laterally biciliate. separate Resting spore with 1-x companion-cells b.SYNCHYTRIACEAE Subfamily Olpidiae 31 Zoospores posteriorly A. in Protozoa b. Sporangia 1-x. Sphaerita 72 Ectrogella 77 or fused Sporangial wall appressed to that of host-cell. Sporangial wall completely fused with that of host-cell. Rozella 68 a. Sporangia tubular. 1 Addendum. the latter bursting at maturity to free the spores. finally becoming a resting sporangium or dividing to form a sorus of sporangia enclosed in a membrane. Sporangia free in the host-cell 1. seriate. F 305 . in Bacillariaceae B. Sporangia ellipsoid to fusoid. Sporangia fixed in host-cell. septate intercalary unicellular in A. or of delicate Protomycetaceae terminal branching intercellular hyphae bearing chlamydospores which finally germinate. 1-ciliate b. short. filling the host hypha B. Sporangia globoid a.

except for a few minor details. to one or two cell s of the host. in nature but also especially in culture. zoospores 1-ciliate. CHYTRIDIACEAE Minden 209 Fitzpatrick 88. as a whole. a in Obelidium 92 septum between in it and the stalk. probable that it is caused even more by an exceptional degree of plasticity. resting spore producing zoospores X. endoph\tic or epiphytic. Pinnularia Podochytrium 92 extramatrical (y) Sporangia stalk without m.32 2. open connection with stalk. Orifice apical (m) Sporangia opening by Cylindrocystis (n) Sporangia without a lid r. Sporangia emitting a vesicle in which the zoospores are formed Sporangia with internal formation of zoospores (r) Zoospores escaping normally. Sporangia with a solid apical spine. (1) Resting Pan- dorina (2) Resting spores epibiotic or lacking (a) Mycelium usually monophagous. in Zygorhizidium 93 s. These difficulties have been appreciated by Fitzpatrick in particular and his treatment has been adopted in the following key. Mycelium consisting of delicate more or on less branching threads spores intramatrical. Sporangia with a basal vesicle (x) Sporangia with extramatrical stalk m. F 306 Family 3. typically algicole Rhizidiomyces 93 Phlyctochytrium 94. 1 . resting spores similar. Mycelium present. genera are even more indefinite in this family than in the order This arises partly from the great difficulty of investigating adequately It seems forms of such transitory nature and relatively infrequent occurrence. The limits of Subfamily Chytridiae Mycelium usually confined A. PROTOCOCCALES Chlamydospores verrucose Chlamydospores forming a beneath the epidermis Protomycopsis continuous layer F 306 B. Taphridium 18:203. 100. Mycelium wholly intramatrical 1. Dangeardia 96 n. sporangia single and terminal or several and intercalary. arising from the hypertrophy due to an intense parasitism. bearing a single sporangium Sporangia epibiotic a. saprophytes Sporangia without apical spine. often with a sterile swollen cell at base. a lid. consisting typically of short delicate more or less branched hyphae.

resting spore serving as a prosporangium. (b) Sporangia without a basal vesicle Mycelium often polyphagous. mycelium a lobed haustorium. in Euglena not extruding a vesicle. resting spores produced by copulation a.CHYTRIDIACEAE (s) 33 Zoospores fice. Mycelium not consisting of delicate threads (1) Mycelium a delicate stalk with disk-like tip applied to or formed in the wall of host. germinating by zoospores X. in encysting at oripollen-grains of Achlyella 94 Asterophlyctis 94 Typha n. resting spore spiny. 1 Rhizidium 96. Resting spores endobiotic. b. Sporangia with a definite orifice. in Characeae b. extruding a vesicle in which the zoospores are formed. 1 Saccomyces p. the tips. fusiform. germinating sporangium. algicole (b) Resting spores epibiotic. parasitic 1. on Draparnaldia in Sporophlyctis 100 . Orifice basal or subbasal (m) Sporangia spiny (n) Sporangia r. Hyphae more Siphonaria 95 y. in Rhizophlyctis 99 Hormotheca Nowakowskia 99 2. 1 b. Sporangia mycelium a filiform or inflated haustorium Sporangia and resting spores intramatrical. Zoospores germinating sporangia. Zoospores tion. to form an epibiotic mycelium a short broad tube. algicole Sporangia without orifice. escaping before germina- Euglena and Chlamydomonas not ciliate. Sporangia extruding a vesicle in which the zoospores develop. the wall breaking to emit the zoospores in a rotating sphere. Individual functioning as a prosporangium. smooth Hyphae drawn out slender tips to extremely Rhizoclosmatium 94 or less tubular s. formed from a swelling at the tip of the germtube of the zoospore a. y. algicole Harpochytrium 96 a disk (2) Mycelium without such 2. 1 b. Entophlyctis 98 at Mycelium intramatrical only agous. Polyphagus the 100. resting spore (a) Chytridium 96. in ciliate. Sporangia without basal vesicle. 98 Phlyctidium 98 Diplophlyctis 98 smooth. Sporangia with a basal vesicle. algicole B. the zoospores forming in the extruded endospore Rhizophidium 91. polyph- Individual functioning as a sporangium or resting spore a. pro- liferating. sporangia long.

Key A. Sporangia present 1. Columella present a. rarely parasites. single on clavate conidiophores. Fructification by means of a definite sporocarp containing zygospores. Zoospores ciliate. 1. p. not amoeboid terminal or intercalary. with a well-developed branching mycelium in which septa are lacking. four fungous families. not proliferating cylindric rather broad of (1) Mycelium threads. . Endogonaceae p. not ciliate. Sporangia with a lid. propagation by spores (conidia) arising within sporangia. Fructification by means of sporangia and zygospores or one of the two Conidia endogenous in globoid to cylindric sporangia. genera for the most part poorly defined. developing terminal and A. rarely exogenous 2. sporangia developed from fusiform swellings and separated by short cylindric cells (2) Nowakowskiella 101 Catenaria 101 2. Fitzpatrick 234 Saprophytes. 36 Family 4. by the fusion the latter apparently reduced to chains of conidia in one subfamily. p. Key to Families A. sexual reproduction by the conjugation of non-motile usually equal gametes. Mucoraceae p. SPIROGYRALES Typically 1-celled or filamentous yellow-green algae without zoospores. Mycelium wide-spreading. Conidia exogenous on cylindric conidiophores and endogenous in elongate sporangia B. present. when present epibiotic and developing directly from the zoospore. proliferating Sporangia without a lid.34 SPIROGYRALES Subfamily Cladochytriae intercalary enlargements. to Subfamilies Wall of sporangium uniform. reproduction of the end-cells or gametes of conjugating tubes. 1 Order 2. transformed wholly or partly into sporangia or resting spores. 34 37 37 Empusaceae Ascoideaceae p. resting spores present and abundant Mycelium of Cladochytrium 102 Physoderma 103. swellings globose or irregular Sporangia rare. largely entomophilous 3. not cutinizcd. zygospores naked or surrounded by filaments or a weft of hyphae. azygospores or sporangia 1. resting spores rare or absent a. extremely delicate ramose threads. Zoospores amoeboid. on Chaetophora B. Sporangia formed from enlargements of the mycelium. MUCORACEAE Schroeter 119. Amoebochytrium 101 b. diffluent (1) Sporangioles or conidia present (2) Sporangioles and conidia lacking as a rule Choanophorae Mucorae p. Conidia exogenous.

Dicranophora 11:240. F 265. Sporangiophore repeatedly dichotomous 2. 2 . secondary without Thamnidium S 127. maturity mycelium present mycelium stoloniferous (b) Aerial mycelium with many (a) Aerial Rhizopus 7:212. Sporodinia 7:206. Sporangia glass-like piriform. F 243 B. F F 245 (2) Aerial spinose branches mycelium lacking (a) Sporangia single. 2 Sporangia globoid. Conidia present in chains or clusters. S 130. S 126. F 251. 2. 2 F 253 Subfamily Mortierellae A. S 126. F Appendages loosely enclosing the zygospore Suspensors without appendages (1) Aerial 248. Sporangia present 1. S 125. thrown off at maturity B. la. Suspensors of the zygospore with spinose appendages at maturity (1) Appendages spreading (2) Chaetocladiae p. Pilaira 7:184. F 244 y. S 128. gametes Subfamily Mucorae A. ing sporangia Conidia in chains. 35 Wall of sporangium cutinized and persistent above. S short 125. 246 Mucor 7:190. Sporangia of two kinds. zygospore of a dense weft hyphae Mortierellae p. Sporangia not on a vesicle and not thrown off at maturity 256.MUCORACEAE b. Sporangia seated on a large vesicle. F Primary sporangia columella with. Sporangia arising directly from normal hyphae Sporangiophores erect. Sporangiophore simple or branched but not repeatedly dichotomous a. thin and diffluent below Pilobolae in p. S 129. S 127. Both kinds of sporangia with columella 2. 254 7:211. 2 Absidia 7:214. columella hourPirella 7:216. columella cylindric to conic Circinella 7:il5. S 125. zygospores arising directly from the fused Syncephalidae p. Spinellus 7:205. primary and secondary 1. F 250. S 125. B. F 247 Phycomyces 7:204. 2 Pilobolus 7:184. lateral X. S 124. branches long-attenuate Mortierella 7:220. represent- 1. terminal (b) Sporangia clustered. S 129. Columella lacking. zygospores arising usually from an outgrowth of the fused gametes Conidia in clusters on spinose conidiophores. F Subfamily Pilobolae A. 2. at F 244 b. Sporangia of one kind 1.

Sporangia represented by 1-2-spored sporangioles borne terminally and sometimes laterally also on short branches from fertile intercalary seg2. spores striate lengthwise 2. sporangiferous Dispira F 270 7:225. A. hypogean or epigean saprophytes. S 134. SPIROGYRALES Sporangiophores creeping. producing zygospores or azygospores (chlamydospores) and sometimes in Endogone. 2 ramose below the apical provided with spur-like rhizoids Syncephalis 7:227. S 130. conidia pres1. Sporangiophores ramose 1. F Family 5. Branching more or less dichotomous a. 2 ENDOGONACEAE Sporocarps more or less globose or irregular in shape. 257. but cymose or indefinite. prong-like. F 267 . S 132. spores arranged irregularly in the wall Glaziella 2:581. Syncephalastrum F B. 268 Dissophora F 268 ments of the mycelium Haplosporangium F 268 Subfamily Choanophorae A. but regarded by recent workers as exhibiting affinity to the Mortierellae. Some branches sterile. Pseudoperidium not composed of radiating hyphal bundles 1. All erous heads not deciduous branches fertile. sporangia. heads Piptocephalis deciduous 2. 273. branches terete Herpocladium 7:225. 2 F 273. S 131. F Sporangia arising from a stout creeping hypha as buds behind the tip B. sporangifb. S 132. Sporangiophores vesicle. echinulate Cunninghamella F 263 Subfamily Syncephalidae A. F Branching not dichotomous. Blakeslea F 259 261. together with sporangioles or conidia Sporangioles present. with a hyphal tomentum or pseudoperidium. 2 Choanophora F ent. sporangioles lacking. Sporangia and sporangioles lacking. Pseudoperidium composed of bundles of hyphae radiating from the surface B. sporangiferous heads not deciduous not 272. Conidia present. Sohaerocreas 4:679. conidia lacking. This is a small group of somewhat doubtful relationship. 2 7:232. conidia striate lengthwise B. Subfamily Chaetocladiae One genus Chaetocladium 7:220. Sporangia present. F 267 Sporocarps hollow. sometimes reduced to a nearly naked sorus.36 b.

in fern pro- Completoria 7:286. Mycelium not entomogenous 1. produced in antherids and oogones. S 146. B. F 292. S 138. endobiotic. F 267 b. Conidium not on a conical cell. simple conidia terminal globose and naked. rarely saprophytic. discharged forcibly from the conidiophore 2. forming spores endogenously 1. 2 7:285. or in aerial forms by conidia (sporangia) and zoospores. Mycelium entomogenous Conidia superficial. F 309 Order 3. VAUCHERIALES Unicellular multinucleate filamentous or saccoid algae and fungi. parasites in higher plants typically Saprolegniaceae p. Conidia clustered. Aerial Peronosporaceae 40 . reproduction in the tTiree fungous families by means of unlike gametes. intracellular.EMPUSACEAE— ASCOIDEACEAE 2. or filamentous. sporangia asexual Dipodascus 11 :439. Conidia internal. F Mycelium thalia 286. verrucose B. to Families fungi. at 1-celled. Aquatic 1. Key A. usually endozoic. spores parallel peripheral layer in a Sclerocystis 7:218. producing germinating tube and secondary conidium a Conidiobolus S 141. a. S 141. 283. sporangia elongate. S 145. Conidia catenate. conidia clustered or catenate on simple conidiophores. F 307 Ascoidea 10:71. EMPUSACEAE tubular first Schroeter 134. 14:829. on 1-celled clavate then septate. Conidium borne on a conical cell. 39 p. propagation by conidiophores. smooth. developing mostly or wholly into sporangia and sex-organs. S F 288 Family 7. 37 Sporocarps not hollow Sporocarps sclerotioid. Mycelium abundant. zygospores tj'pically A. Fitzpatrick 307 Mycelium abundant. mostly parasitic. arising by copulation or apparently asexually and producing many non-motile spores. 38 Ancylistaceae p. F b. ASCOIDEACEAE Schroeter 145. usually in a single host-cell fungi propagating by conidia. 2 140. Sporocarps not sclerotioid. A. aplanospores Mycelium mostly well-developed. propagation by zoospores or aplanospores. 2 Massospora F 289 Basidiobolus 7:285. not intracellular a. in sap of spermaphytes. propagating by zoospores or 2. typically external parasites or saprophytes Mycelium scanty. scanty. Empusa 7:291. spores more or less irregularly arranged Endogone 8:905. F 265 Family 6. sporangia produced by copulation B. Fitzpatrick 281 Mycelium usually well-developed.

escaping by disintegration of the sporangium B. resembling the segments. S 3 97. often constricted. zoospores a. Hyphal filaments uniform. 3 Aphanomyces 7:276. Sporangia cylindric-clavate to ovoid. F 162. F 167 (1) Each zoospore escaping singly through its own (2) lateral pore Dictyuchus 7:273. 3 Geolegnia F 164 Aplanes S 101. Hyphae uniformly 1. S 3 101. Sporangia cylindric. 3 Saprolegnia 7:268. zoospores escaping singly Leptomitus 7:265. without trunk and branches. Zoospores non-motile. Zoospores escaping through a terminal pore (1) Sporangia irregular and complex with inflated ramose base with zoospores in several series and filamentous apical (2) Thraustotheca S 100. regularly constricted cylindric. F 167. several rows Zoospores escaping through a terminal pore (1) Zoospores scattering upon escape (a) Sporangia ovoid. F 158. Leptolegnia S F 170. F 160 portion with a single series Sporangia not ramose and inflated (a) Zoospores scattering upon escape (b) Zoospores remaining massed about the pore Plectospira F 167 100.38 VAUCHERIALES Family 8. Minden 506 less Mycelium strongly developed. more or ramose. 3 Subfamily Leptomitae A. Hyphal filaments or their branches constricted Saprolegniae more or less regularly Leptomitae Subfamily Saprolegniae A. S 99. propagation by sporangia producing zoospores or aplanospores. Zoospores escaping before germination 1. germinating in the sporangium b. F 173. at least above a. (2) b. oogones mostly xspored in Pythiopsis S 97. not constricted B. 3 2. F Zoospores non-motile. Zoospores freed by the disintegration of the whole sporangium Sporangia linear and zoospores l-rowed. Schroeter 93. S 100. . oogones usually 1spored (b) Sporangia clavoid. Key to Subfamilies A. 167. reproduction by means of antherids and oogones. F 165. their contents fusing by means of a connecting tube. broadly filamentous. S 99. SAPROLEGNIACEAE Fitzpatrick 146. Zoospores remaining massed about the pore Zoospores not escaping through a common pore Achlya 7:274.

the sporangia or oogones and antherids. oospore lying free. 2. der branches. much branched. reproductive cells on short pedicels Mindeniella F 180 Family 9. S 90. 39 Apodachlya S 102. forming a sorus B.^^i . bearing the reproductive Araeospora 14:454. 3 Lagenidium 7:278. b. Conidia or sporangia not catenate. 3 1. S 3 103. Sapromyces S several 163. 3 Family 10. hardly branched. smooth. propagation by means of conidia (sporangia) borne on the ends of conidiophores. sporangia present Ancylistes 7:280. Vegetative cells present. divided into vegetative when mature A. oogones piri- form b.ANCYLISTACEAE— PERONOSPORACEAE Sporangia ellipsoid to piriform. F 175 Trunk wider than branches. oogones globose times lobed. Sporangia extruding a vesicle bearing zoospores Achlyogeton 7:277. Minden 426 Mycelium mostly poorly developed and scarcely latter tubular. sporangia all alike. borne on the ends of lateral branches. Fitzpatrick 117. the branches similar but a. not forming a sorus Albuginae <^Xi^^^Xii 'Liit-t'r^mY' ra vV oGiCiHi: \^^^\A& . the latter usually somewhat constricted. conidiophores clavate. F 119 Myzocytium 7:279. occasionally by means of normal sporangia. producing zoospores or a germinating tube. broader than the segments. Zoospores escaping normally and encysting the pore at 2. PERONOSPORACEAE Schroeter 110. sporangia lacking Vegetative cells lacking. sporangia always producing zoospores. Trunk more or less tous. F 173. F 120. Key to Subfamilies A. F 180. entire contents of antherid passing into oogone. rarely lacking Trunk more or less cylindric. Trunk not cylindric a. Schroeter 134. 1-celled. zoospores encysting at the pore B. growing by germtubes. 3 B. Hyphae simple 1. Trunk broadly clavate. ANCYLISTACEAE distinct cells. S 90. F 122. oospores solitary. F 124. sporangia of two kinds. Fitzpatrick 185 Mycelium abundant. S 89. cells Rhipidium 7:268. branches filamennumerous. smooth and spinose. Hyphae differentiated into stout trunk and slen2. from the fruit-body. Hyphae ramose 1. reproduction regularly by means of internal oogones and antherids. simple. producing zoospores or a germinating tube. Conidia catenate. conidiophores regularly branched. F 177 2. narrow Trunk about twice as wide as branches. filamentous. S 92. typically endophytic.

S 110. on conidiophores from the hyphae Conidia borne on highly differentiated conidioborne successively different Pythiae phores Peronosporae Subfamily Pythiae A. 40 p. Sporangia asymmetric. F 219. Wall of sporangium echinulate. S 116. 4 7:244. 4 Order 4. zoospores present 2. or with corymbose branches and rhizoids. two small fungous families. F 195. B. F a. Sporangia symmetric. a ramose and constricted. S 115. reproduction by isogametes producing a biciliate zygote. 4 Plasmopara 7:239. either fastigiately Mycelium thick trunk. Phytophthora 7:237. reproduction by isogametes usually simple. Conidiophores stout. CONFERVALES Typically multicellular filamentous algae. F212. Conidiophores with short thick branches 2. Filaments fastigiately or corymbosely ramose. without rhizoids. Conidiophores with a sterigmate vesicle at tip Sclerospora 7:238. with long slender branches growing after the formation of 1. B. with short thick branches or swollen and sterigmate at tip 1. F 214. 4 Subfamily Albuginae One genus Albugo 7:233. S 114. S 113. propagating by zoospores and reproducing by the union of isogametes. 4 Conidia not papillate at Peronospora F221. 199. on sterigmata without disks tip Bremia 7:243. BLASTOCLADIACEAE Minden 601 Fitzpatrick 130. 3 Trachysphaera Subfamily Peronosporae F 209 A. S 104. the insertion eccentric B. 41 Monoblepharidaceae Family 11a. F215. S 117. or by heterogametcs borne in antherids and oogones. the insertion centric 1. . F 188. 4 Conidiophore not proliferating Conidia papillate at tip (1) Conidia on sterigmata arising from irregular disks (2) Conidia b. Filaments reproduction by heterogametes in antherids and oogones Blastocladiaceae p. zoospores lacking Pythiogeton F 194 Pythium 7:270. 4 Basidiophora S 114. producing new joints 2.40 1. propagation by sporangia and zoospores. CONFERVALES Conidia little 2. Conidiophore the first conidia. Key to Families A. Wall of sporangium smooth. Conidiophores slender.

Mycelium fastigiately 41 ramose and constricted. S 107. F 138. F 136 Family MONOBLEPHARIDACEAE Schrocter 106. gametes unknown B. F Mycelium with a thick trunk. antherozoids ciliatc. propagation by zoospores. Gonapodya 14:452. and rhizoids. oospores solitary. reproduction by hcterogametes produced in anthcrids and oogones. Minden 462 Filaments mostly simple. arising from a ramose mycelium fixed to the substratum by rhizoids. S 107. sporangia present. more slender corymbose branches. One genus Monoblepharis 7:277. Fitzpatrick 138. 4 Blastocladia lib. 4 . sporangia and gametes present 134. without rhizoids.MONOBLEPHARIDACEAE A.

2:241. L 42 497 . Thaxter Lindau 491 Receptacle consisting of two to many cells in a row.. This key is merely compiled from those constructed by Thaxter in his first two monographs (1895. resulting from fertilization by means of a trichogyne. i. bibliography). those who wish to become in any degree familiar with it must turn to the several monographs (cf. L Perithecia and appendages in a 497 row Dimeromyces T 267. left Dimorphomyces 264. mostly 4-spored. reguproducing from the cells one or more appendages bearing antherids as a rule. the antheridial cells endogenous. Key of cells 1. Antherids more or less undifferentiated cells of the appendages or their branches Laboulbeniaceae p. simple or compound antherids. antherozoids normally endogenous. e. spores usually larly 2-celled. 2:220. LABOULBENIALES 197. asci seriate. 44 45 Ceratomycetaceae p. (eventually free in a comPeyritschiellaceae p. Dioecious 1. 236). stalked or sessile. 42 pact group in Distichomyces) Antherids single cells with free efferent tubes B. Antherids arising on an appendage Antherids lateral (1) On a subbasal cell of the appendage Cantharomyces T 271. perithecia one to many. PEYRITSCHIELLACEAE T Perithecia and appendages in pairs to the right and 2. naked or exogenous. "It is not expected that this key will prove useful as a means of determining genera to anyone who has not made himself familiar with the general conditions existing in the group and summarized in the preliminary matter of this and the preceding Monograph. borne within flask-like. These render it unnecessary to attempt to include here the genera published since 1908. a. 1908) and is fully subject to the statement made in the second (p. arising from one or more intercalary cells and discharging into and from a common chamber 2. 2:281. Antherids specially diflferentiated cells or groups Antherids compound. 12. 497 Monoecious 1. L B. 2:240.ASCOMYCETES Order 5. rarely produced like conidia. a complete key to the order as at present constituted being impossible for anyone but the master of the group himself. or parenchyma-like. to Families A. terminal or lateral on the receptacle. Family A." Since this order rests almost wholly upon the monumental researches of Thaxter.

cells with three marginal Euhaplomyces cells T 2:281 Antheridial cells without marginal Camptomyces T 274. T 2:249. L opening by a lateral 497 pore parenchyma-like. Antherids terminal (1) Antherid with a short spine (2) Haplomyces 2:275. L 499 (b) Receptacle cells with two superposed basal Peyritschiella 278. 499 Perithecia (1) grown together with distal portion of receptacle Base of receptacle of two superposed Base of three superposed cells cells Chitonomyces T 285. Antheridial cells n. Acompsomyces T Monoecomyces T 2:268 Perithecia free (1) Receptacle of a single row of several to many superposed cells Enarthromyces T 276. Basal cell followed by three symmetrical series Limnaeomyces T Dichomyces 2:261 T 282. 2:263. Simple antherids two n.PEYRITSCHIELLACEAE (2) 43 On short opposite branchlets of the appendage b. Stalk of a. 2:260. L (2) Receptacle of 498 one or two superposed cells followed by two or three oblique or transverse rows (a) Receptacle with one basal cell X. Stalk of antherid a single cell (x) Antheridial cells obliquely in vertical rows m. cell of receptacle with a appendage cell Eumonoecomyces T without 2:273 Subbasal of receptacle sterile appendage (m) Antherids opening by a terminal pore (n) Antherids Eucantharomyces T 273. L Antherid without like canal cell 497 a spine but with a neck- (a) Ascogenic cells at least 36 Polyascomyces T 2:299 (b) Ascogenic cells few X. L b. L (2) 499 293. Basal cell followed by two tiers of cells y. 2:267. (y) Antherid celled Clidiomyces T 2:280 many- m. Subbasal sterile n. Simple antherids several 2. 2:275. Acallomyces side T 2:300 2:297 two cells placed side by Antherids arising on the receptacle y. Stichomyces at the tip T T 2:301 269. L 498 (z) Antherid of several superposed cell5^ bearing single simple antherids directly m. Hydraeomyces T L 500 .

Stigmatomyces T T 298. setose 2. 2:301 (b) Antherids more or less distinctly (2) whorled Appendages numerous. L 2. 504 of a series of superposed Ectinomyces T 2:429 . antherids tical Arthrorhynchus in 3 ver- 2:312 series Idiomyces T 302. Perithecium on the single basal continuous cell. 2:293. L b. 2 :322 . 2:317. antherids on lateral branchlets Rhadinomyces T 305. 501 Perithecium lateral on the subbasal (1) Receptacle terminated cell by a 2-celled promi- nence. Borne on branches of the appendages (1) Appendage one (a) Appendage with lets. 2:429. L y. 2:323. spores Amorphomyces T 295. Dioecomyces T 2:293 Smeringomyces T 2:296 Two-celled normal receptacle producing secondary receptacles on which the perithecia are borne Antherids in definite scries on the appendages Arising directly from cells of the appendages (1) Appendage one (a) Antherids in a single or double vertical series Herpomyces T 2:282 B. Dioecious 1. L (2) 504 Basal X. Receptacle 2-celled (1) Basal cell with rhizoids (a) on the ap- A single receptacle from each rhizoid base (b) Several Rhizomyces receptacles T 307. L 501 b. 501 Antherids not in definite series pendages a.44 LABOULBENIALES Family 13. Perithecium borne by the basal or subbasal of receptacle a. penetrating by a long filament (y) Basal cell elongate Receptacle cells Ceraeomyces T 2:327 Sphaleromyces T 365. spores 1-septate (2) Receptacle x-celled. sterile terminal branchantherids in short series near its base fertile terminal branchbearing antherids laterally (2) Appendages forming a tuft. L 502 from a coinnion rhizoid base Moschomyces T 368. LABOULBENIACEAE cell A. T 2:318. a. Monoecious 1. L (b) 501 Appendage with lets Eucorethromyces Corethromyces T 2:320 303. cell not from a rhizoid single (a) Appendage Receptacle of 2 superposed cells (x) Basal cell spheric.

2:315 Family 14. 2:428. Receptacle b. antheridal cells intercalary in continuous series Sterile branches ramose. externally superposed on lower segments of the appendages. Base of trichogyne persistent as a one-celled appendage Base of trichogyne not persistent as an appendage 2. Receptacle differentiated cells below the perithecium bearing no appendages below the 2. Receptacle indeterminate. 2:435 Hydrophilomyces T 2:431 Rhynchophoromyces T 2:432 b. 45 Appendages several to many Appendages and perithecium Appendages in a in a whorl Compsomyces T 366. very many-celled. L 504 posed (a) in series all Appendages on one side Laboulbenia T 308. L 504 Euzodiomyces T 2:444 Coreomyces T 2:411 perithecium a. Receptacle of a series of superposed cells bearing appendages from specially 1. 504 Distichomyces T 2:249 Chaetomyces T 364. L 505 Zodiomyces T 371. Teratomyces T 354. Caenomyces T 372. Receptacle determinate. Receptacle large. Perithecium with six wall-cells in each row a. 2:421.CERATOMYCETACEAE (b) X. Receptacle of two contiguous and united rows (x) A single basal cell Rhachomyces T 358. of few (1) (2) cells Wall-rows of perithecia few-celled Wall-rows of perithecia many-celled Autoecomyces T 2:434 Ceratomyces T 372. associated with rostrate sterile cells Rickia T 2:247 x. L y. Perithecium with 9-10 wall-cells in each row B. parenchymalike 1. at most only part of the cells super(y) Basal y. L 503 (b) Plant asymmetrical X. 504 row Clematomyces T 2:427 Receptacle more than 2-celled (1) Receptacle of seriate regularly superposed cells I (a) Plant bilaterally symmetrical Diplomyces T 357. L and subbasal cell present Receptacle of a single row (2) Receptacle more or less parenchyma-like. copious antheridial cells free. CERATOMYCETACEAE A. 2:328. L (b) (c) 502 Appendages on two sides Appendages completely surrounding the perithecium branches few. Sterile Symplectromyces T 2:314 y. 2:444. of (1) many cells (2) Wall-rows Wall-rows of perithecia few-celled of perithecia many-celled .

occasionally many-spored. occasionally elongate. terminal on the branches of a septate mycelium B. 24:1304. The Gymnascaceae lead directly into the Eurotiaceae on the one hand and the Myriangiaceae on the While other. The Endomyrelatives.46 GYMNASCALES Order 6. without protective dense mass termed a prothecium. or reduced to a few cells multiplying by budding or fission. on or in mycelial threads. rarely scanty. In several genera it is practically impossible to determine whether the spore-body The latter seems to be the case in Ascoidea and its is an ascus or a sporangium. the Saccharomycetaceae are regarded as reduced. Asci 1-2-spored 2. A. rarely in a sclerotioid ascoma. spores 1-celled and hyaline or nearly so. Asci 8-spored a. Key to Families A. no real dividing line being discernible in the latter case especially. Bargellinia 8:823 Eremascus 8:822 Endyllium conglobate Asci not conglomerate. Asci in masses. Schroeter 154 Mycelium typically well developed. or a solid sclerotium-like ascoma. 46 p. 1-many-spored. Asci formed from the spirally wound tips of two branches. often with appendage-like branches. where reduction has operated upon the highly specialized apothecium. Asci naked a. asci single. spores globose b. The chief bond in this order is hyphae or these limited as the to a loose or the free ascus or ascus-group. 48 48 Gymnascaceae p. Family 15. cetaceae may be placed in either with almost equal warrant. terminal (2) Asci 8-spored (a) Asci terminal or lateral. Asci intercalary or continuous in a short bud- Endomycetaceae p. and that this family has no connection with the Agyriales. and these are in consequence referred to the first group. not intercalary X. 1-8-spored. it appears certain that this reduction has applied to primitive forms. Saccharomycetaceae 47 Monascaceae p. It serves connecting link between the Phycomycetes and the Ascomycetes proper. the latter sometimes sclerotioid 2. rarely intercalary. globoid to saccate. enclosed by a loose hyphal peridium. occasionally developing sex-organs. without hyphal envelop. Asci terminal or lateral on a branched septate mycelium b. Asci solitary. sometimes massed to form a prothecium. solitary or grouped. terminal or lateral. ding mycelium Asci with an individual hyphal wall. branched and septate. mycelium well-developed and branched. Asci formed directly from a single hypha (1) Asci 4-spored. not y. GYMNASCALES Asci free or in simple prothecia. naked or without an individual hyphal wall 1. with cross-walls. frequently with terminal 1-celled conidia. Mycelium saprogenous 1. Asci conglomerate. conglobate Byssochlamys 22:596 Oleinis 8:822 . spores ovoid. paraphyses lacking. ENDOMYCETACEAE 22:767. spores globose.

Spores acicular. SACCHAROMYCETACEAE 8:916. asci 8. but they appear to be derived from the primitive Ascomycetes rather than from highly They seem to be most closely connected with the Endomyspecialized forms. fungicole Asci on long branched hyphae. Oleina 8:822 Mycelium biogenous 1. 1-16-spored. germinating by simple budding or by conjugation. asperate. mostly 2-8-spored 1. Asci 8-spored. Podocapsium 24:1146 Eremothecium 8:821 Family 16. Asci 4-8-spored Asci 4-spored. asperate a. Asci regularly 1-spored. fructicole Endomyces 8:821. with median band 3. asci 4. Asci on short hyphae from lobed haustoria. asci 2. Nematospora Coccidiascus 18:201 a. or these have not yet such genera have been referred to the Pseudosaccharomycetes. 6 Podocapsa 8:820 b. the hyphae reduced to short toruloid chains or to single propagating by budding. globose to acicular. 22:771. 24:1304 cells True mycelium lacking. in which growth has been emphasized at the expense of conidia formation. 2. Asci produced directly from the cells b. 16:818. Spores globoid. Spores with 2 walls. Spores not elongate 2. fusiform to acicular a.or 4-spored (2) Spores with single wall (a) Spores with median band. smooth or asperate. the outer breaking at germination. asci 4. spores 1-celled. asci 1-2-spored Saccharomycopsis 18:198 Williopsis Thelis 24:1306 .or 16-spored b. Spores flagellate. 11:457. A. The yeasts are so greatly reduced that their position is far from certain. Micranthomyces Isomyces 22:786 Nadsonia 22:786 Zonosporis 22:785 Monosporella 24:1315 derived indirectly from heterogamic copulation Spores ellipsoid. very rarely 2-spored 1. cetaceae. on short hyphae from lobed haustoria. 14:828.or 8-spored. 18:198. a. spores ovoid. globose to ellipsoid X. Cells arising Cells arising (1) by fission. derived from isogamic copulation by budding Schizosaccharis 14:828 b. fungicole Asci niany-spored a. mostly lateral on long liyphae b. Spores elongate. conglo- 47 bate B.SACCHAROMYCETACEAE (b) Asci intercalary. and all It is probable that many of these are actually Hyphomycetes. at the end of the key. rarely by fission. Cells apiculate. Spores not flagellate. asci derived directly from vegetative cells. hyaline. certain genera having been referred to both siderable by different authors. A con- number of yeast-like been found.or 8-spored 2. Asci not regularly 1-spored. haemophile B. Asci derived from copulation (1) Asci derived directly from isogamic copulation (2) Asci forms do not produce asci. smooth. or by isogamic or heterogamic copulation. hence appearing biapiculate (b) Spores not banded.

globoid spores hyaline. asci 2-4-spored Pichia 18:198 s. asci sporangium-like. usually sapro- more rarely scattered. hyaline to brown. forming conidia. from the fruit-body of such genera of the Myriangiaceae as Elsinoe and Plectodiscella. 1. Conidiascus 16:807 of (2) Asci 8-spored (a) Ascoma composed form hyphae thin-walled uni- X. in a more or less regular globoid mycelial weft. into a rudimentary peridium. spores lentiform. 1-4spored. branched and septate. rarely 2-many-spored. globoid weft of hyphae Asci 3-8-spored (1) Asci 3-5-spored. spores hemispheric or hatshaped n. spores many. terminal. 14:824. but it passes gradually into the denser type with rudimentary peridium. asci 1-4-spored. 10:70. 18:195. asci globose to saccate. spores typically 1-celled and hyaline. 24:1145 Mycelium more or less well developed. minute. GYMNASCALES Cells not apiculate (x) Cells toruloid. asci 2-4-spored (n) Spores not hat-shaped r. Spores many. asci enclosed by interwoven hyphae Monascus S 148 Family 18. Asci derived from copulation. A. spores asperate (y) Cells not toruloid Torulospora m. but the latter are here regarded as comprising perithecial forms only. rarely catenate (r) Asci regularly 4-spored. asci grouped.48 y. The weft-like ascoma is typical of this family. saprophytic. globose to oblong. branched and septate. Zygosaccharis 18:198 Hansenula 18:198 Cells usually cylindric. frequently forming conidia. with an individual hyphal wall. Ascoma rowed stipitate. Penicillium and Penicilliopsis have been included in the Eurotiaceae (Aspergillaceae) by Fischer. spores producing a promycelium not (s) Asci 2-8-spored. ascogenous cells with tubes but no true copulation. typically 8-spored. distinguishable with difficulty. Ascoma composed of a Ascoma saprogenous a. 16:805. 11:437. fur- Rollandina 22:766 . Asci not derived from copulation (m) Spores hat-shaped. MONASCACEAE Schroeter 148 Mycelium typically well developed. sometimes dense and differentiated externally phytic. spores producing a promycelium Cells Saccharomycodes 18:198 Saccharomyces 8:916. if at all. catenate. GYMNASCACEAE 8:820. 6 Family 17.

but this is not dimidiate. rarely forming a membrane or stroma. the ostiole is indistinct or lacking. clustered on branched hyphae. spores various. sometimes deliquescing. the Sphaeriales and Microticular thyriales. The Perisporiales seem to have sprung directly from the Gymnascaceae. with spines or prongs y. occasionally coriaceous but rarely carbonous. Ascomata clustered on a stalk b. 6 Hyphal branches of two sorts. verruculose (2) Spores typically ellipsoid and ridged. PERISPORIALES Mycelium typically superficial. rarely cylindric or long-stalked. Ascoma more or less solid and parenchymic. Gymnascus be- 8:823. bristles or hairs. Eidamella 16:805 Hexagonella Penicilliopsis F 306 Ascomata not stalked a. . disposed irregularly. hyaline to yellow or red (y) Spores dark. the true perithecium to Perisporiales. the Capnodiaceae in par- sometimes possessing a distinct if not typical ostiole. hyphae. asci one to many. Appendages circinate at Appendages comb-like tip Myxotrichum F 295. 2. usually globoid and sessile but sometimes elongate or flaskshaped. apparently never with a true ostiole. b. hyaline. regularly membranous. or most frequently in a basal to elliptic or clavate. Spores purple. much branched X. ovoid Spores hyaline to yellowish (1) Spores globose. brown or brown-violet (b) Arachniotus 11:438 Amaurascus 11:438 Ascoma of thick-walled. some coming especially differentiated pendages ap- (x) (y) b. large.GYMNASCACEAE y. The family Eurotiaceae may be placed almost equally well in either group. Sphaeriaceae that it is impossible to draw sharp lines. dark. small Diplostephanus Lilliputia 16:816 Carpenteles Order 7. 49 Ascoma sessile. rarely at the base. spores ellipsoid Ascoma biogenous a. often provided with appendages. the branched ascogenous hyphae relating it to GymThe chief distinction from the nascales. with a rudimentary peridium 1. spores globose to glo- boid (x) Spores bright-colored. 2. Microthyriales by virtue of the radiate perithecium. breaking into plates or opening irregularly at the top. This order is distinguished from Gymnascales by the presence of a definite perithecium with a distinct wall. smooth. typically umbel-like group. united to form a lattice-like peridium Hyphal branches similar. sometimes lacking. light-colored or dark. Spores 1-celled. while in some of the Sphaeriaceae and Hypocreaceae. phytogenous B. The Trichothyriaceae approach Sphaeriales lies in the absence of a true ostiole. with The order passes so gradually into Microthyriaceae and the asci in hymenia. zoogenous Spores x-celled. and to have given rise to the two somewhat parallel phyla. globoid without paraphyses. Ctenomyces 8:824 Myrillium 11:438 6 Asci many-spored. perithecia closed.

. asci basal Hyphae not slimy. The first four of these are most intimately related and might well be treated as subfamilies of Perisporiaceae. Aerial mycelium typically present. perithecia borne on an innate-erumpent stroma. 55 hyphae Capnodiaceae p. usually saprophytic. ending blindly. in mature or dry specimens it is best decided by the presence or absence of the umbellate arrangement typical of the other families. or in slimy skeins when straight-walled. asci hanging from the apparent 2. The Trichoin contrast to the rounded cells or meridian hyphae of the other. thyriaceae are more sharply set of? by the radiate wall of the perithecium. Englerulaceae and Coryneliaceae. Mycelium abundant. though their development favors the latter view.50 PERISPORIALES Key to Families A. Aerial mycelium lacking. appendages present or lacking. the polygonal parenchyma-like cells of the perithecia of the one offering the best criterion. perithecia parenchymic. the Eurotiaceae can not be riaceae. Aerial mycelium white. tip Trichothyriaceae p. 24:226. 17:524. straight-walled. 1:1:297. hence irregularly disposed or in corymboid clusters B. ostiole present only in Micrascus. not slimy Perisporiaceae p. and the Capnodiaceae with Sphaeriaceae. perithecia typically on the mycelium. asci typically in corymboid clusters on superficial or innate. as do the Perisporiaceae likewise. the wall usually parenchymic and membranous. Lind. In young or fresh material this can usually be determined positively. ap- pendages usually absent (a) Perithecia not radiate. perithecia of rounded cells or agglutinate straight-walled meridian Englerulaceae p. Probably the greatest dif^culty is met in separating the latter from the Capnodiaceae. 22:25. mostly straightwalled and without hyphopodia or spines. and it is Family 1:24. consisting of polygonal plates as a rule. no erumpent Eurotiaceae p. 58 distinguished externally from Perisponecessary to appeal to the origin or arrangement of the asci. elongate Coryneliaceae p. mycelium dark. breaking up generally or at the tip when mature. the Trichothyriaceae with Microthyriales. Asci borne on branched hyphae. perithecia dis- Hyphae solving in slime as they mature constricted or dematioid. 50 stroma a. the cells polygonal. The Perisporiaceae have probably been derived from the Eurotiaceae. and usually modified Aerial (1) appendages present Erysiphaceae p. two of them. while the other two connect with higher groups. and have constituted the central group from which all the others have arisen. 9:371. 11:253. and the Coryneliaceae by the innate-erumpent stroma and the coriaceous or carbonous elongate perithecia. 56 58 (2) Perithecia radiate. The other families also represent divergent phyla. The highly developed appendages of the Erysiphaceae and the reduced number of asci suggest that they are more specialized rather than the primitive forms of the order.. EUROTIACEAE TS 15:447 16:398. 19. sometimes lacking. Asci in a basal umbel or sometimes solitary 1. As a rule. 14:462. 52 b. 53 (b) (c) Hyphae straight-walled.

globoid to oblong. Perithecia not beaked or ostiolate 1. A. Spores globose. spores elliptic. globoid. Perithecia brown. these rarely short and approaching the umbelloid grouping. 8 Fragosphaeria Phaeosporae Spores 1-ceiled. 8 . spores globoid b. rarely many-spored. paraphyses present. Dichlaena 24:228 Eurotium 1:25. usually hairy. spores lenti- form b. spores bean-shaped b. (b) Paraphyses lacking. fimicole B. Perithecia bright-colored. 8 Samarospora 11:254 Mycogala 1:34. Hyalosporae Spores 1-celled. Emericella L 297 cut into teeth Spores ovoid to oblong (1) Spores conglobate at first (a) Paraphyses present. Perithecia with ostiolate beak. spores lunulate. 6 2. typically olivaceous to brown.EUROTIACEAE several 51 branched hyphae. Spores globose. Micrascus A:37. globoid to oblong. Perithecia with long stiff setae. carbonous. Chaetotheca 11:254 Perithecia with soft hairs. rarely white 1. deep-purple or finally black 1. yellow to red. to many. finally black. but not verrucose (1) Perithecia circumscissile at base (2) Perithecia breaking up generally B. the plates with sutures. few-. verGuillermondia rucose spores cuboid. 9:495. 6 Pleurascus 16:1123 Arachnomyces 17:532 Magnusia 1 Spores ovoid to (1) (2) elliptic :38 . paraphyses regularly lacking. legumes Thielavia 1:39. Perithecia brown. Perithecia glabrous a. spores various. Spores with an irregular wing-like appendage 2. reddish Aphanascus 10:35 Anixiopsis 14:464 2. Perithecia with appendages or hairs a. Appendages circinate at apex Appendages not circinate. conglobate (1) Appendages closely spiral. mere bristles 6 hairs or Cephalotheca 1:36. Perithecia setose or hairy a. with a median wing-like ring b. hyaline or subhyaline. globose to clavate. L 297. Perithecia glabrous a. paraphyses lacking. Spores verrucose Spores smooth or ridged. dark. convolute (2) Appendages flexuous-tortuose b. smooth (2) Phaeidium 16:405 Carothecis 9:377 chiefly Spores not conglobate (a) Saprophytic on grass culms (b) Parasitic on roots of herbs. A. spores spiny. Spores not appendaged a. Perithecia deep-purple.

spores appendaged at first 2. spores hyaline or light- colored. cells separating Eosphaeria Preussia Phaeodictyae Spores muriform. dark A. clinging to asci and spores. ERYSIPHACEAE 24:223 1:1. not Testudina 9:378 enlarged Hyalophragmiae Spores x-celled. cells not separating B. paraphyses 1. spores cylindric. 22:19. Perithecia with 2-several asci 1. 11:253. spores smooth. Perithecia with one ascus 1. typically 1-celled. spores clavate. Perithecia Zopfiella L 334 present. Perithecia hairy breaking into plates. 17:526. Erysiphe 1:15. Perithecia breaking irregularly at tip. spores not appendaged B. becoming greatly Richonia 9:379 enlarged 2. penetrating the epiderm by means of haustoria and regularly bearing chains of conidia (form genus Oidium) on simple upright branches. Ascus single. hypha-like Appendages dichotomous at tip Asci many-spored Appendages simple. without paraphyses. hyaline or light-colored b. Asci 4-8-spored a. Mycelium or subiculum superficial. spores with a beak-like hyaline ap- Phanerascus 24-:1146 pendage at either end Ceratocarpia 14:474 Family 20. Paraphyses present. branched. perithecia without ostiole. white. 2. always with simple or modified appendages. paraphZopfia 1:54 yses lacking. spores muticate B. septate. Appendages simple. 7 Lanomyces 24:365 7 B. Paraphyses present. 9:364. 1-celled. 2-8-spored. wall more or less membranous and brittle. Paraphyses lacking. exposDexteria 24:703 ing the asci Phaeophragmiae Spores x-celled. dark A. Asci many. 14:404.52 PERISPORIALES Phaeodidymae Spores 2-celled. spores rough or spiny. hypha-like Appendages branched or otherwise modified Sphaerotheca 1:3. globose to ovoid. 2. hyaline or subhyaline Perithecia becoming gelatinous when mature. dark A. Hyalosporae Spores A. Perithecia glabrous 1. 7 Podosphaera 1:2. asci one to several. . cobwebby. Paraphyses lacking.

without ostiole. Mycelium merely hyphae in hymenium of host. rarely carbonous. asci regularly several many. mycelium without hyphopodia B. ostiole more or less distinct Episoma 24:241 24:241. perithecia regularly on the mycelium. asci clavate 1. Perithecia or mycelium innate 1. x-spored asci several. Spores globose. not constricted or dematioid. 17:524. Appendages dichotomous at tip Appendages modified but not branched (1) Appendages lance-like. Phyllactinia 1:5. asci many- Chevalieropsis 22:391 Pampolysporium ^^60 16:411. 1:24. rarely beneath cuticle or epiderm or tilling the stomata. thread-like. Perithecia 1. hyphae with star-like setae B. paraphyses regularly lacking. Paraphysoids absent. Meliolidium Clistosphaera 24:236.PERISPORIACEAE a. swollen at base (2) Appendages coiled at tip Microsphaera 1:10. or sometimes firmer and x-layered. Leucoconis TS 456 Family 21. TS spored B. borne umbellate basal cluster. spores various. 16:398. TS 447 Mycelium or subiculum superficial. on a subcuticular or erumpent stroma. to in an Hyalosporae Spores 1-celled. hyaline A. ostiole lacking. Spores ellipsoid. 53 b. 9:371. with or without hyphopodia or spines. Teratonema TS 463 Guttularia 24:240 Hyalodidymae Spores 2-celIed. Perithecia glabrous. 7 Hyalodidymae Spores 2-celled. 22:19. rarely many-spored. astomous . B. thread-like Appendages dichotomous at tip Chilomyces 22:33 Schistodes TS 456 Hyalophragmiae Spores x-celled. asci few-spored 2. appendages present or lacking. Appendages simple or branched. Mycelium without setae. few-. mycelium with hyphopodia Phaeosporae Spores 1-celled. copious. Mycelium superficial. hyaline or subhyaline A. perithecia TS 463 2. and mycelium superficial Mycelium and perithecia with setae. 24:222. perithecia opening irregularly at tip Rhizalia 24:364. TS 461 dark A. asci globose to ovoid. hyaline or light-colored Appendages simple. rarely cylindric. wall parenchymic and membranous of one or two layers of polygonal cells. 7 7 Uncinula 1:6. 14:462. septate. fungicole 2. hyaline or light-colored A. Paraphysoids present. 11:253. subepidermal. globoid to clavate. Perithecia hairy. PERISPORIACEAE L 333.

not in a disk 1. finally with basal 1. Mycelium with setae. Perithecia ostiolate. fungicole y. Mycelium without setae. Perithecia or mycelium rooted only in the sto2. TS 199 Apiosporina Phaeodimeris TS 463. dark A. perithecia usually hairy (1) Paraphyses present (2) Paraphysoids present (3) Paraphyses lacking b. Lasiostemma 24:248 Dimeriella 22:37. Perithecia without subiculum. TS 464 Spores x-celled. short and dichotomous merely Dichaetis 22:33 Chaetostigme TS 199. TS 464 Paraphyses present (b) Paraphyses lacking Stigme TS 199 Dimerina 24:245. Perithecia with a subcuticular hypostroma separate. 16:410. 8 1. Mycelium with in the setae but no hyphopodia. Mycelium with hyphopodia 1. Perithecia setae Perithecia in a ring about a sclerotial stroma B. 257 Parodiopsis 24:391. TS 464 Phaeodidymae Spores 2-celled. in a disk Dimeriellopsis Mycophaga Paropsis 24:223 Phaeophragmiae Spores x-celled. not yellow (a) Chrysomyces 24:237. Mycelium with setae. setae or hairs appendages of two kinds. TS 461 2. PERISPORIALES (1) Perithecia with Perithecia with appendages. TS 460 Lasiobotrys 1:29. 2. 8 (b) Paraphyses lacking Dimerium Hyalophragmiae 1:51. (2) Perithecia with setae or hairs (a) Paraphyses present long and simple. glabrous. peri- Stomatogene Piline 24:236. Perithecia separate. single. rooted C. Perithecia 1. 8 (b) Paraphysoids present (c) b. TS 460. hyaline A. Perithecia glabrous B. Perithecia setose or hairy 2. TS 464 Phaeostigme Parodiella 1:717. 9:409. 24:236. not fungicole TS 461 Wageria 24:259 Chaetostigmella 24:257. Alina 22:40.54 a. Perithecia on a subiculum. the latter stipitate (2) Asci clavate-cylindric. perithecia setose . stomata and mycelium superficial Mycelium with hyphopodia Mycelium without hyphopodia a. dark A. perithecia glabrous (1) Asci globose-ellipsoid (2) Asci clavate to cylindric (a) Paraphyses present X. mata Mycelium with hyphopodia but not thecia rooted in the stomata setae. Paraphyses lacking TS 462 Perithecia glabrous (1) Asci globose-ellipsoid. hyphae and perithecia yellow.

perithecia hairy Scolecosporae Spores acicular to filiform. asci one Mycelium without hyphopodia to many Schiffnerula 22:27. Mycelium superficial. 1928) has eliminated nearly two-thirds of the genera referred to it by Theissen and Sydow Five become synonyms and five are treated as doubtful.ENGLERULACEAE a. hyaline or dark A. 2. dark Ceratosperma 24:223 Perisporium 1:55. TS 469 TS 468 470 B. Mycelium with hyphopodia B. Irenina TS TS 461. 2. 1. setae present setae lacking. wholly or partly breaking up by a slimy histolysis. Paraphysoids present Paraphysoids lacking Mycelium without setae Perithecia setose or hairy Perithecia glabrous (1) Spores with hyaline appendage at (2) ci Meliolina 24:360. Asci many. b. 8 461 Perithecia glabrous B. Linotexis 24:235. the soft falling apart 1. TS 470 . dark A. TS 469 2. Mycelium with hyphopodia. sometimes lacking. bright-colored or without hyphopodia. Leptomeliola Meliola 1:60. astomous. Perithecia of meridian hyphae. Haraea thcr 24:350. In a critical account of this family. in their monograph. TS with hyphopodia Parenglerula 24:235. Perithecia glabrous Ophiomeliola 16:416 Leptascospora 24:223 Tonduzia Family 22. 55 2. mycelium copious. Englerula 17:529. Perithecia sessile a. Phaeodidymae Spores 2-celled. 26:385-413. radiate at tip 1. Perithecia parenchymic. Myc. Ascus single. Paraphyses present b. globose stalk cells Perithecia with single ascus persistent 1-celled and Thrauste 24:234. Perithecia hairy 2. b. Perithecia appendaged or setose b. Petrak (Ann. Pleomerium 24:223 septate or not. Paraphyses absent Mycelium without setae a. TS 463 Perisporiopsis 17:544 a. septate. mostly without paraphyses. ENGLERULACEAE TS 467 or dark. Irene 24:358. parenchymic or with meridian hyphae. 24:229. end Spores not appendaged Phaeodictyae Spores muriform. TS 463 b. globoid. with 22:26. 8 Mycelium without hyphopodia. sessile or stalked. Mycelium without hyphopodia 1. asci single or in basal clusters. straight-walled. perithecia superficial. Mycelium without hyphopodia Mycelium with setae a.

Oplothecium Hyalodidymae Spores 2-celled. sessile or stalked. never of straight-walled polygonal cells as in Perisporiaceae.56 PERISPORIALES Phaeophragmiae Spores x-celled. many without Balladyna 16:411. hyaline Perithecia setose. sometimes straight-walled but the hyphae then agglutinate in skeins. TS TS 478 478 . TS 475 Mycelium setose hyphopodia. Chaetobotrys 17:881. Perithecia sessile. dematioid. perithecia Neohoehnelia 24:375. 11:270. 1:73. dark (2) Perithecia glabrous. pycnidia often subulate flask-shaped. 22:59. perithecia brous (1) gla- Ascus single (2) Asci b. Mycelium with hyphopodia. TS 478 Phaeodidymae Spores 2-celled. (2) Asci many Dysrhynchis 17:689. Mycelium with setae a. hyaline A. TS 475 Balladynopsis 24:374. Perithecia stalked. without central foot 1. soft-fleshy or slimy-cartilaginous to tough-leathery. bright-colored Chaetothyrina 24:370. Hyalosporae Spores very minute 1-celled. Chaetyllis TS 476 2. This family approaches Perisporiaceae so closely on the one hand and Sphaeriaceae on the other that genera on the border-line must be traced in both keys concerned. Mycelium without setae (1) Perithecia setose (2) Perithecia glabrous. TS 471 Mycelium superficial. never carbonous. spores globoid. Perithecia superficial. b. Perithecia setose Perithecia glabrous (1) Ascus single Balladynella 24:374. meridian hyphae. TS 482 Mycelium superficial 1. globose to elongate-conical. Mycelium without setae a. often with setae but hyphopodia only rarely present. composed of dematioid cells or of agglutinate. asci basal-umbellate or parallel. Perithecia innate with central foot B. ostiole lacking or indefinite. Adelopus 24:371. 9:438. TS 474 Ceratochaetopsis b. rarely subcuticular. CAPNODIACEAE 17:555. rarely distinct. asci 8-16 spored. usually 8-sporcd and always without true paraphyses. globose a. perithecia glabrous B. dark in mass Hyalotexis Mycelium without hyphopodia. dark A. Mycelium subcuticular. Antenellina TS 482 Mycelium with setae (1) Perithecia setose. hairy or glabrous. with free setae. paraphyses present Family 23. rarely with innate foot. 14:476. globoid to oval 2. TS 474 Dimerosporina 24:369. perithecia superficial. 24:366. ostiole distinct more or less Calyptra 24:371.

Perithecia sessile. without ostiole Actinocymbe TS 478 Ophiocapnis 24:388 Nematothecium 24:392 . Spores hyaline. TS 473 B. with ostiole 2. TS 477 Mycelium without setae a. walls conAntenella 24:367. TS 473. hyaline or dark 24:389. TS 478 Phaeophragmiae Spores x-celled. TS 473 Chaetomeris 22:495. TS 478 TS 480 Phaeodictyae Spores muriform.CAPNODIACEAE Hyalophragmiae Spores x-celled. globose with setae. perithecia glabrous Paracapnodium 24:367. TS 477 2. 57 Hypocapnodium Scorias 1:83. Spores dark. Perithecia stalked or at least vertically elongate Capnodaria 1:74. Mycelium without a. 80. hyaline A. glabrous B. 8 Naetrocymbe 481 22:67. perithecia more or less Setella 24:384. globose 1. Perithecia stalked or at least vertically elongate. dark A. Chaetothyrium 9:1061. TS Spores cruciform-septate Scolecosporae Schizocapnodium Spores acicular to filiform. globose 1. hyaline A. globose 1. Phaeopeltis 17:873. ostiole usually present Aethalomyces Phragmocapnias 480 TS Hyalodictyae Spores muriform. Perithecia elongate. Mycelium with setose setae. Perithecia glabrous a. Capnodium 1:73. Ostiole absent b. Spores typically muriform 2. Mycelium with setae. Perithecia sessile. A. b. dark A. perithecia 1. 24:376 TS 473 Mycelium stricted leathery. mycelium without setae 1. perithecia setose 2. Perithecia setose Perithecia glabrous Trichomerium 24:223 Limacinia 14:382. mycelium with setae B. Perithecia sessile. hyphae straight-walled b. Perithecia glabrous. Mycelium arachnoid. TS 474 B. Perithecia staHced or at least vertically elongate 1. Perithecia stalked and elongate B. setae Perithecia setose (1) Ostiole present (2) Capnophaeum 24:384 24:385. dematioid. Perithecia globose. Perithecia hairy 2. Perithecia sessile. Mycelium without setae. 24:388. Mycelium more or less setose 2.

rarely evanescent. small. 8 TS Family 25. frequently hairy or setose. paraphyses typically lacking. 23 Perithecia not proliferating B. paraphyses lacking. sometimes with a beak or crest. perithecia round. CORYNELIACEAE 9:1073. membranous. 24:1104 Aerial mycelium none. flat to pulvinate.58 SPHAERIALES Family 24. rarely astomous. TS 15:484 Mycelium superficial. mostly fungicole. perithecia on the stroma. Perithecia without definite stalk 2. Mycelium lacking. cottony or forming a membrane. coriaceous to carbonous. persistent B. Perithecia with definite stalk 1. Mycelium abundant. with long slender stalks. regularly ostiolate. TS 487. Phaeosporae Spores 1-celled. 17 Staurosporae Spores stellate with 4-5 conical rays One genus Tripospora 9:1073 Order 8. the upper and lower walls somewhat unlike. sometimes formirg a subiculum and frequently compacted into a stroma of various types. the morphological base forming the apex with papilla and pore. clavate. TRICHOTHYRIACEAE 24:506. dark 487. 8 One genus Hyalophragmiae Trichothyriella 24:507. 11:385. Mycelium abundant. bright-colored to dark. or cylindric. stroma innate. hanging from the apex. 8 Spores 2-celled. wall fleshy. Corynelia 9:1073. when mature opening widely by means of a cleft or fimbriate-lacerate lobes. SPHAERIALES cupulate. dark. occasionally depressed. then erumpent. black. 16:650. usually well-developed. TS 487 Loranthomyces 24:507. spores various. somewhat flattened. 1-8-spored. persistent B. turbinate to flask-shaped. hyaline or subhyaline A. asci ovoid. radiate. perithecia hairy Trichothyriopsis 24:507. Hyalodidymae Spores 2-celled. . sessile or stipitate. brown to black A. coriaceous or carbonous. inverted. hyaline or subhyaline A. separate. TS Phaeodidymae Spores 2-celled. Mycelium lacking Trichothyrium 9:1062. 22:513. typically globoid. spores brown to nearly black when mature. elongate. perithecia innate to superficial. conical Mycelium typically immersed and scanty. Perithecia proliferating to form a second at the tip Sorica 17:621 Caliciopsis 8:833. 487 Actinopeltis TS 487. asci several to many. usually cespitose.

paraphyses or paraphysoids present or sometimes. typically globoid. or these lacking. separate.SPHAERIACEAE 59 cespitose or composite in a stroma. and usually also by the superficial mycelium and fruit-body. the immersed instead of superficial. the massive stroma giving rise to the Dothideae and the clypeus The modification has been so gradual and continuous that to the Phyllachoreae. but it does not seem probable that they are phyletically connected. Perithecia bright-colored. usually 8-spored but the spores varying from one to many. without a Perithecia dark. saprophytism has been developed in a high degree. membranous to carbonous Sphaeriaceae p. or cupulate-collapsing. sometimes lentiform. brown to black. then cupuloid. B. wall typically dark. in a ramose or alveolate stroma Cyttariaceae p. typically in the mycelium is mass about the perithecia. distinguished from the Perisporiales primarily by the presence form of a perforate papilla or beak. mostly 8-spored. not com- b. regularly ostiolate. frequently hairy. in which the perithecia have become locules enclosed merely by stromal hjphae. fleshy parasitic Lophiostomaceae p. typically with a 84 C. lacking. accompanied by the sinking of the mycelium and the specialization of the perithecium for spore protection and distribution. sometimes beaked. never fleshy and bright-colored. The thick compressed ostiole with a rimose opening . In the case of the former. and is often developed into a stromal is Key A. asci typically clavate to cylindric and persistent. As a rule. whitish or hyaline forms are scarcely to be distinguished from innate membranous sphaerials. cespitose or composite in a stroma. This evolution has apparently taken place in two directions. the opening linear 2. spores from minute botuliform to long filiform. 76 Verrucariaceae p. stroma scanty and immersed. membranous. In one direction this has produced the carbonous wall. 82 Hypocreaceae p. 83 Family 26. SPHAERIACEAE Perithecia innate. to Families not parasitic on algae. rarely conical or cylindric. or producing a subicle or stroma of various forms. 59 Ostiole papillate or conical. pressed Ostiole broad and compressed. The persistence of the perithecial wall in the stroma separates it from the Dothideales. In contrast to the ancestral Perisporiales. the line of descent being continuous from the central sphaerials to Hypocreaceae and Lophiostomaceae. coriaceous or carbonous. Perithecia thallus 1. round. The sphaerials with paraphysoids approach the Myriangiaceae to a certain degree. hyaline to dark. continuous to septate. The Microthyriales are set apart by the dimidiate and typically radiate ascoma. Perithecia thallus on algae. Ascomata at first perithecioid. sometimes stalked. in the other a fleshy one. with paraphyses or paraphysoids. erumpent or superficial from the first. The first four families are intimately related. a. This order of an ostiole. the number of intermediate forms is large and these must be sought in both orders. This is the typical order of the Pyrenomycetes and the one in which evolution has been the most active. rarely astomous. spores various. asci typically clavate to cylindric and persistent. and a similar difficulty recurs in those genera with fleshy-leathery stromata. both of sufficient thickness to necessitate the regular development of an ostiole for freeing the spores. rarely whitish.

The fifth family is of problematic constitution and position. as a Allantosporae 1:88. Asci many-spored Coronophora 1:103 (2) Perithecia merely cespitose. botuliform. 17:360. Asci 8-spored (x) Perithecia beaked (y) Perithecia not beaked Calosphaeria 1:95. as indicated later. 14:478. y. bark asci 8-spored (b) Perithecia x. 2. Perithecia setose. 9:442. hyaline or subhyaline A. Perithecia globoid in Romellia 16:419 Massalongiella 1 :89 Perithecia cespitose or seriate (1) Perithecia concentric groups between bark and wood Coronophorella (a) Perithecia hairy (b) Perithecia glabrous X. imbedded in bark or wood. Perithecia discoid or y. ostiole central. b. 22:67. Perithecia lapsing . asci 8-spored Perithecia glabrous. stroma sometimes indicated. cupulate-col- b. This family intermediate stage in the evolution of the Hysteriaceae from Sphaeriaceae. 775 Hyalallantiae Spores 1-celled. but the emphasis on the ostiole indicates that the carbonous genera of hysterials have sprung directly from the sphaerials.60 sets the SPHAERIALES Lophiostomaceae constitute an off distinctly from the other two families. Perithecia on a subicle or in a stroma 1. as a response to the structure may The Verrucariacesc are lichens derived directly from Sphaeriaceae consequence of becoming parasitic on blue-green or yellow-green algae and developing a more or less conspicuous thallus. 16:480 y. Endoxyla imbedded in the 1:181 Asci 8-spored Asci many-spored first Cryptosphaeria 1:182 Cryptosphaerella 1:185 Perithecia superficial from the a. 16:417. b. 24:708. 11:271. Perithecia innate. or finally erumpent a. ostiole lateral. Perithecia with a subicle or mycelial pseudo- :95 stroma a. asci many- Euacanthe Pleurostoma 1 spored B. 9 Togninia 1:101. 16:419. as (a) Perithecia below imbedded in wood. Perithecia typically single or scattered (1) Perithecia beaked Perithecia not beaked Perithecia hairy Wegelina 16:421 (2) (a) Enchnoa cupulate 1:89 (b) Perithecia glabrous X. without distinct subicle or stroma 1. Perithecia separate or cespitose. Perithecia setose (1) Asci 8-spored (2) Asci Acanthonitschkea 22:68 Neotrotteria 24:777 typically many-spored glabrous. of the matrix.

9:480. Perithecia innate. Perithecia separate to cespitose 1. different from matrix. Ostiole densely hairy-coronate. beak straight (2) Perithecia membranous. 9 Fracchiaea 1 :93 9 .'Ksci 8-spored Asci many-spored Eutypa 1:162. 9:577. (1) Stroma formed by the changed matrix Stroma valsoid. 14:515. mycelial spines lacking 61 (a) Asci 8-spored X. Rostronitschkea 24:776 Nitschkea 1:91. rarely 6. perithecia in a or row i. Perithecia beaked or with stellate ostiole (1) Perithecia carbonous (a) Perithecia hairy. 9 Valsella 1:158 i. y. asci sessile sessile Quaternaria 1:106 or sub- Valsa 1:108.. perithecia with ostiole entire. Ostiole in lacking. perithecia Eutypella 1:145. Stroma more or lete less indistinct or obso- Asci 8-spored (x) (y) b. not botuliform. 9 Cryptovalsa 1:187 (b) X.e. 16:452. y. Asci many-spored Stroma different from the matrix. Ostiole not coronate. Perithecia beaked. Perithecia 4.SPHAERIACEAE (1) Ostiole present. dark Stroma pulvinate. 17:569. brown. diatrypoid (1) Asci 8-spored Diatrype 1:91. botuliform. 9 in or (y) Stroma on the wood. A:58. not cupulatc not beaked y. 11:289. 11:272. stellate with black. 9 (2) Asci many-spored Phaeallantiae Diatrypella 1:200 Spores 1-celled. 24:778 Spores 1-celled. circle (a) Asci 4-8-spored X.. latter sometimes obsolete a. 3-5-lobed y. Stroma evident . Perithecia (b) Asci manj'-spored (2) 2. 22:71. or finally erumpent a. 8-30. 17:573. usually folicole (a) Ostiole stellate or lobed X. in a stroma Perithecia many. with sulcate ostiole. in a stroma (x) Stroma in the bark. hyaline to subhyaline A. Stroma more or less broadly effuse (a) X. Cryptosphaeria 1:182 Stroma in the bark Endoxyla 1:181 Stroma in the wood Cryptosphaerella 1:186 y. wart-like lobes Camptosphaeria 1:143 Rostrosphaeria Paidania 22:80 Rinia 17:591 . erumpent Phaeotrype 24:849 Hyalosporae 1:407. e. white. beak bent (b) Perithecia glabrous. a mycelial the spines present Sydowinula Perithecia stroma. asci stalked (b) Asci (2) many-spored eutypoid. 17:569.

nt ramat rical Montagnellina 24:636 hyphae more or less well developed Paraphyses or paraphysoids lacking Asci 1-2-spored (x) Perithecia ostiolate.e. Spores without mucous sheath Mamiana 24:705 (1) Perithecia in a pseudostroma Gnomoniella 1:413. appendaged Cerastomis 2:409 Ceratostomella 2:408. 432 Asci many-spored (x) Perithecia hairy Polytrichia 1:451 2. . Paralaestadia 17:576 Perithecia not lichenicole Phomatospora 1:420.) z. then splitting irregularly at apex. Spores with mucous sheath. Stevensiella 24:808 10 Schizoparme Perithecia without clypeus or epistroma (a) X.62 (b) Ostiole SPHAERIALES not stellate or lobed. 14:523 (m) Perithecia lichenicole (n. Asci 4-8-spored (x) Asci globose. 9 i present. 9 (2) Perithecia not in a pseudostroma Perithecia not beaked or stellate (1) Perithecia with clypeus or epistroma (a) Perithecia with a clypeus. Paraphyses present y. long-striate Amylis y. y. 9 Perithecia hairy Perithecia glabrous . i. beaked X. y. ends Spores not caudate Urospora 1:488. lichenicole Geminispora 11:292 Spolverinia 17:577 y. Ditopella 1:450 Perithecia beaked (1) Spores wi'h a ring-like appendage Rostrella 17:609 (2) Spores not X. spores with an irregular wing Samarospora 11:254 (y) Asci not globose or spores winged m. Paraphyses present Perithecia setulose Perithecia glabrous (x) Asci 2-spored (y) Asci 8-spored m. black ad hering epiderm Causalis 24: 1262 X. Physalospora 1:433. Physalosporella 22:290 Dicarpella 24:743 mucous sheath Spores without mucous sheath Myelosperma 24:815 Sporophysa 17:586 Cryptonectriopsis 24:742 (m) Perithecia lichenicole (n) Perithecia perithecicole (o) Perithecia not in lichens or other perithecia (b) Paraphysoids (c) X. Paraphyses lacking (x) Asci 8-spored (y) Asci 16-spored (b) Perithecia with epistroma splitting radi ally (2) Sphaerognomonia 22:78. black. Spores with a n. Spores long-caudate at one or both n. not lichenicole (y) Perithecia astomous. (y) Perithecia glabrous Perithecia superficial from the first a.

24:816 Spores 1-celled. Spores appendaged at one or both ends Spores not appendaged (x) Perithecia lichenicole (y) Perithecia not lichenicole Entosordaria 1:286 Anthostomaria 17:595 Anthostomella 1:278. dark. 17:573. paraphysoids present (b) Subicle cottony. y. asci a. y. 22:94. Nephrospora Miyoshiella 22:92 Subicle without spines or conidia (1) Perithecia hairy. 10 . botryose Phaeosporae Mazzantia 2:591 Botryosphaeria 1:456. long necks canal converging into common Crytosporella 1 :466 Stroma not valsiform. paraphyses lacking Endothia 1:601 circinate a (2) Stroma brown or black (a) Stroma valsiform. not botuliform. 11:278. with black carbonous crust and hyaline center (y) Stroma not sclerotium-like. yellow. Perithecia with a subicle or stroma X. 14:489. 9:481. 10 1:214. Paraphyses present Paraphyses lacking Perithecia not beaked Glomerella 16:452. Vestergrenia 16:465 Perithecia beaked (1) (2) b. 10 Hyperus (1) Stroma bright red or yellow. paraphyses present (2) Perithecia glabrous Pilgeriella 16:464 2. 1. perithecia with (b) X. a. perithecia without long necks Scirrhiella 9:1030 » Stroma lineate y. Perithecia with a subicle a. or finally erumpent Perithecia persistently innate (1) (a) Perithecia with a clypeus or epistroma Perithecia with a clypeus X. asci not long stalked. spores not reniform Scortechinia A:68. Stroma pulvinate (x) Stroma sclerotium-like. 9:604 (2) Subicle with conidia. olive or brown A. paraphyses lacking Perithecia with a stroma (a) Subicle crustose.SPHAERIACEAE b. 17:593. 16:427. Perithecia sunken in a subicle with spines or conidia (1) Subicle with spines. very long stalked. 10 Trichosphaerella 9:604 (a) Spores stellate Inzengaea 9:610 Wallrothiella 1 :455 Epithyma 24:239 (b) Spores not stellate Paraphyses present Paraphysoids present B. Perithecia innate. Perithecia separate to cespitose but without subicle or stroma 1. spores reniform b. 63 (1) Perithecia not beaked Perithecia hairy (a) Asci 8-spored (b) Asci 16-spored (2) Perithecia glabrous Trichosphaeria 1:452.

10 (1) Perithecia (a) Spores with membranous mucous sheath or tail. Asci 8-spored Perithecia not beaked y. y. fungicole Helminthosphaeria Rosellinia 1:252. 24:848 beaked Acanthorhynchus 22:300 Leptomassaria 24:826 Paranthostomella 22:101 stel- (b) Perithecia not beaked X. 9:483 Mesniera 16:440 (2) Asci many-spored (a) Perithecia lichenicole 2. Perithecia lichenicole Perithecia not lichenicole Adelococcus Rosellinia 1:252. y. 10 Bommerella A:38. Bombardia 1:277. epiderm lately. fimicole Micrascus A:37. paraphyses absent b. (1) (2) Perithecia beaked Spores lunulate.64 SPHAERIALES (2) (b) Perithecia with a 5-6-radiate episiroma Perithecia without clypeus or epistroma (a) Perithecia Erikssonia 14:710. 10 stroma into Perithecia with a subicle a. 10 (3) Perithecia coriaceous to corneous. 9:486 (2) Perithecia typically carbonous. valsoid or trypoid dia- Anthostoma with a hypostroma 1:293. Perithecia with subicle or 1. Spores globoid to Spores triangular caudate Chaetomium 1:220. perithecia typically with long branched or spiral hairs elliptic X. paraphyses present (1) Perithecia hairy. spores caudate at one or both ends B. Perithecia with a stroma a. b. not fungicole 2. 9:483 not fimicole Spores globoid to elliptic. (a) Perithecia setose Chaetoceris 24:1070 (b) Perithecia glabrous X. y. usually fimicole Spores Spores (x) Asci (y) Asci (b) Spores X. not lichenicole Astrocystis 1:293 Muellerella A:49. Pseudotthiella . y. Tympanopsis 11:283 :230 Perithecia not collapsing. Asci 1-spored b. (1) Stroma immersed Stroma in wood or bark. 10 Podospora Philocopra 1:249 many-spored without mucous sheath or tail. with mucous sheath caudate at one or both ends 4-8-spored Sordaria 1:230. Spores with a mucous sheath Spores without mucous sheath rupturing (1) Asci Perithecia finally erumpent 8-spored. 10 1 (2) Perithecia glabrous. (b) Perithecia not lichenicole Perithecia superficial from the first a. 10 (2) Stroma in leaves. Perithecia collapsing cups. Cryptascus 22:298 Ceratostoma 1:215. spores not (a) Perithecia setose Coniochaeta 1:269 (b) Perithecia glabrous X.

often branched (y) Stromata capitate. lignicole Bolinia 1:352 y. Stroma out Perithecia with long necks. the alveolate n. pulvinate or cupulate. 9:611. Poronia 1:348. Perithecia innate. Perithecia beaked . 10 Daldinia 1:393. Perithecia separate or cespitose. 11 (2) Stroma stipitate. Perithecia without necks. 65 Stroma superficial. pulvinate. crested- Cerillum 24:650 Stroma carbonous. cylindric. Xylaria 1:309. pale. hemispheric. a 11 crust Kretschmaria 9:965 Perithecia immersed vertically (x) Perithecia in a circle cate disk (y) Perithecia crowded culate disk below the trunCamillea 1:346 below an operHenningsina 16:450 Hyalodidymae 1:475. sometimes confluent and crustose X.SPHAERIACEAE b. surface black. 24:849 Spores 2-celled. without fragmenting peridium Hypocopra 1:240. carbonous to soft-leathery or sometimes almost fleshy (1) Stroma effuse. clavate. often confluent and then crustose. the alveolate somewhat crested- surface not Ustulina 1:350. 11 (y) Stroma more or less hollow m. or fruticose. Stroma woody-fleshy. Stroma concentrically zoned y. hollow. Perithecia typically in one series. Stroma not concentrically zoned (x) Stroma solid m. forming y. discoid or cupulate above Stroma broadened into a disk above. 14:525. Perithecia in several series covered by a fragmenting peridium n. hyaline or subhyaline. conidia below upper layer Nummularia (n) Stroma pulvinate to hemispheric. spores with mucous sheath (b) Stroma not discoid above. 11:295. conidia superficial 1:395. spores with(a) X. spores with- mucous sheath. 16:468. terete. 11 Hypoxylum 1:352. globoid or cupulate. 11 Peridoxylum (m) Stroma discoid or cupulate. 17:635. 11 out sheath Perithecia immersed laterally (x) Stroma clavate or filiform. fimicole Stroma globoid. without effuse sterile base or stalk (a) X. or finally erumpent a. sometimes capitate. spores with (b) mucous sheatli. hollow. ovoid to oblong or fusoid A. rarely subiculoid 1. 22:120.

Perithecia lichenicole n. Spores without sheath or appendages (x) Paraphyses present m. (a) Asci 8-spored b. Perithecia beaked (1) (2) Spores expelled in a mucous mass Spores not expelled in a mucous mass Spumatoria 16:1134 Chaetolentomita 24:1072 Lentomita 1 :584 (a) Perithecia setose. 17:662 n. z. typically membranous with (m) Perithecia long branched Arcangelia 9:696 hairs. ostiole straight (x) Paraphyses present (y) Paraphyses lacking (b) Perithecia with 5-6-radiate epistroma (2) Perithecia without clypeus or epistroma (a) Perithecia setose. Perithecia not beaked (1) Perithecia setose or hairy (a) Paraphyses present Perithecia lichenicole Perithecia insecticole Perithecia foli-caulicole. Perithecia not lichenicole (m) Asci few. Stegophora Hypospilina 2:190 Periaster Venturia 1:586. ovoid (n) Asci many. Echinothecium 16:484 Cantharosphaeria 24:923 Coleroa . 11 Polycarpella (y) Paraphysoids present m. Didymellopsis 17:657 Didymella 1:545. clavate-cylindric (z) 2. 9:659. paraphyses lacking (b) Perithecia glabrous. Pseudodiaporthe 22:388 Gnomonia 1:561.66 (1) SPHAERIALES Perithecia concentric in groups between bark and (2) wood Cacosphaeria 9:699 Perithecia not in concentric groups X. Paraphyses and paraphysoids lacking Wettsteinina 22:406 Pseudosphaerella 24:631 Mycosphaerella 1:476. Paraphyses present Paraphyses lacking (b) Asci many-spored Perithecia not beaked (1) Perithecia with clypeus or epistroma (a) Perithecia with clypeus X. y. 11 (b) Perithecia not setose Spores with mucous sheath or appendages (x) Spores with mucous sheath (y) Spores caudate at each end y. Perithecia cespitose. sometimes collapsing Gibbera 1:599 (b) Paraphyses lacking X. carbonous X. paraphyses present b. Perithecia lichenicole Perithecia not lichenicole s. 11 Rehmiella 9:675 oblique Plagiostigme Spores not appendaged. often about apex only y. typically lichenicole (n) Perithecia glabrous r. 11 Perithecia superficial a. ostiole y. Spores appendaged both ways. Perithecia sparse to gregarious. Massarinula 14:536 Ceriosporella Otthiella 1:739.

fusiform y. Stroma bright-colored Stroma white and soft (2) Stroma yellow or red. Melanopsamma or 1:575. Perithecia with a subicle Perithecia cupulate-collapsing (1) (2) Paraphyses present Paraphyses lacking Perithecia hairy Dimerinopsis Winterina b. Perithecia not cupulate-collapsing (1) (a) Ostiole present Apiosporina (b) Ostiole lacking (2) Lasiostemma 24:248 Perithecia glabrous X. Spores with an appendage at one or both ends n. carbonous or woody (1) Stroma superficial. Paraphyses present Spores short. Spores without setae (b) Paraphyses lacking Perithecia with a stroma (a) a. leathery Stroma black. perithecial wall (1) Melchiora 14:538 Endothia 1:601. Loranthomyces 24:539. Perithecia lichenicole Perithecia not lichenicole (y) Perithecia not warted or ridged m. conidia in a pycnidium Myrmaeciella 1:600. stroma a. conidia on a stroma n. paraphyses lacking more oi less (2) Stroma immersed. L 478 . 8 Perithecia setose Perithecia not setose (x) Spores with appendages Cyphospilea m. Monopus 24:634 Montemartinia Kirschsteinia 22:164 Asci many-spored B. 2. Perithecia lichenicole n. 12 radiate. Asci 8-spored (x) Perithecia with innate basal stroma or foot (y) Perithecia without basal stroma y. Melanidium 1 :604 Caudospora Melanconis 1:602 Stroma erumpent-superficial. Rhagadostoma Bertia 1:581 Pharcidia 9:676. Paraphyses present Spores with long hyaline setae end y. Perithecia with a subicle or 1. then erumpent. perithecial wall not radiate (a) Paraphyses present X. botuliform. Spores n. sometimes continuous Thaxteria 9:687 (b) Paraphyses lacking X.SPHAERIACEAE (2) Perithecia glabrous 67 (a) X. 11 cylindric. at each Neokeissleria 24:747 Plactogene Ascospora b. elliptic to fusoid (x) Perithecia coarsely warted or ridged m. Spores also with two or more appendages at the septum (y) Spores without appendages m. 17:635 Perithecia not lichenicole long. y. Stroma immersed.

Stegastroma 24:936 Perithecia carbonous.68 SPHAERIALES (b) Paraphyses lacking X. 17:675. Sphaerellothecium 17:676 Phaeosphaerella 9:723 Perithecia hairy (1) (2) Paraphyses present Paraphysoids present Protoventuria A:113. or finally erumpent a. 22:169. (y) Perithecia not lichenicole Perithecia superficial from the first a. 9:74 Epipolaeum 24:1132 . Endococcus 22:176 Hypocelis Asci on a central sterile column Asci basal-peripheral n. Paraphyses present (x) Spores with mucous sheath or ap- pendages m. diatrypoid (x) Spores appendaged one or both Chorostella 1 ends (y) Spores not appendaged m. Spores with appendages. Asci many-spored. stroma thin. 9:723. 635 Haplovalsaria Perithecia without clypeus or epistroma (a) Perithecia hairy Pyrenobotrys 24:538. 635 (b) Perithecia glabrous X. yellow to olive or brown. Rhynchostoma 1:730 Metacoleroa Perithecia glabrous (x) Paraphyses present m. ovoid to oblong or fusoid A. lichenicole Didymosphaeria 1 :701 Tichothecium 17:676 . Spores with mucous sheath only n. rarely sheath also (y) Spores Phorcys a Ceriospora 2:184. dark. 1074 Spores 2-celled. y. 924. Perithecia setose. 12 Paraphyses lacking (x) Perithecia lichenicole 2. :623 Stroma diatrypoid Chorostate 1:606. Perithecia innate. 390. 12 Diaporthe 1:631 Phaeodidymae 1:701. 24:762. 16:498. Montagnina stroma vaisoid or at y. 303. Perithecia not beaked (1) Perithecia with clypeus or epistroma (a) Perithecia with clypeus X. Stroma vaisoid n. Perithecia separate 1. 11:312. spores not mucose n. Perithecia setose y. 14:551. s. 14:19 without appendages m. Asci 8-spored mucous sheath or (m) Perithecia lichenicole (n) Perithecia not lichenicole r. Perithecia membranous. subcuticular Perithecia glabrous. Perithecia beaked b. spores mucose (y) Paraphyses lacking (b) Perithecia with disk-like epistroma (2) Seynesia 2:668 Teratosphaeria 24:538.

Paraphyses lacking (x) Perithecia cupulate (y) Perithecia not cupulate m. Perithecia innate-erumpent. 9:749 Aloysiella 22:188 (b) Perithecia glabrous X. Bolosphaera 24 :926 Lizonia 1:574 Delitschiella 17:688 Perithecia muscicole (b) Asci many-spored B. Perithecia fungicole n. Perithecia cespitose or forming a crust. stroma Perithecia with a superficial mycelium or subicle a. ramicole Perithecia superficial. Perithecia hairy Perithecia glabrous Apiosporina y. Paraphyses and paraphysoids lacking Perithecia with a stroma (3) a. membranous Pseudodimerium Lojkania 22:486 Acantharia 24:1132 (x) Perithecia fungicole (y) Perithecia not fungicole (2) Paraphysoids present (a) Subiculum with spines (b) Subiculum without spines X. fimicole Delitschia 1:732 Gaillardiclla 14:559 y. 2. no true subicle or stroma Perithecia cespitose. b. paraphyses present (2) Perithecia membranous (a) Asci 8-spored X. y. Sydowina Gibellina A:413. 1. with distinct ostiole a. 9:740 Rhynchomeliola A:127. Perithecia glabrous (1) Perithecia carbonous. lichenicole Otthia 1:735. 8 Perithecia forming a crust. Perithecia with a subicle or 1. 12 b. ostiole indistinct or lacking C. Porostigme 24:948 (1) Stroma discoid to pulvinatc Stroma phyllogcnous (a) Perithecia superficial (b) Perithecia (2) immersed Licopolia 16:508 Pseudothis 24:766 Stroma not phyllogenous X. y. Perithecia not beaked (1) Paraphyses present (a) Perithecia hairy X. Paraphyses present. y. Acanthostoma 24:366 Amphisphaeria 1:718. 9:728 Parodiella 1:717. Hypoplegma 24:252 2. Perithecia beaked (1) Paraphyses present (a) Spores with a mucous sheath (b) Spores without a mucous sheath (2) Paraphyses lacking b. 12 Sorothelia A:122. (a) Paraphyses present Spores with mucous sheath Spores without mucous sheath Massariovalsa 9:755 .SPHAERIACEAE (3) 69 Paraphyses fungicole and paraphysoids lacking. spores with mucous sheath. 9:751 Asci 2-spored Asci 8-sporcd Perithecia carbonous Perithecia Pachyspora 22:185 Neopeckia A:26.

paraph- yses lacking b. Perithecia membranous. 9:824. than 20:1.70 (x) (y) SPHAERIALES Stroma valsoid Stroma eutypoid Valsaria 1:741. Perithecia not warted or ridged y. Perithecia carbonous (m) Spores with a seta Saccardoella 2:190 Bertiella Melomastia 2:213 Pseudosphaeria 22:407 Phragmosperma 24:1131 Sphaerulina 2:186 a. separate. lignicole. Keissleria 2:184. Perithecia warted or ridged s. at each end. Paraphyses present (x) Spores with a mucous sheath Massarina 2:153 (y) Spores without a mucous sheath m. Stroma erect. hyaline to between length and width the spores are typical in The oblong. 16:528. Paraphyses and paraphysoids lacking 2. Paraphysoids present (x) Spores with a mucous sheath (y) Spores without mucous sheath 2. 12 Endoxylina 11:318 Melanconiella 1:740 (b) Paraphyses lacking b. Perithecia superficial from the Perithecia hairy or setose (1) first Perithecia membranous Aphanostigme Acanthostigma 2:207 (a) Paraphyses present (b) Paraphyses lacking . in a few genera of this section form. or fusiform. 948. very long. 20-30-septate (n) Spores without setae. paraph- yses present (2) Ceratosphaeria 2:227. Eudarluca 22:201 Lulworthia 24:1059 n. 17:692. Perithecia 1. 24:767. Perithecia membranous (m) Perithecia on spermaphytes r. 14:381. 22:189. 17:716 Perithecia not beaked (1) Perithecia with a clypcus (a) Paraphyses present (b) Paraphyses lacking (2) Clypeothecium Hypospila 2:189 Chaetopyrenis 24:961 Perithecia without clypeus Perithecia hairy (a) (b) Perithecia glabrous X. 14:20 Hyalophragmiae 2:152. subhyaline. 12 folicole. sometimes gregarious but rarely cespitose Perithecia innate. but merely 1-scptate or even continuous. 14:19 Metasphaeria 2:156. Spores with a seta at each end Spores without setae (n) Perithecia on thallophytes s. t. or finally crumpent a. Perithecia beaked (1) Perithecia carbonous. r. cylindric. 300. Cryptoderis 2:229. subteretc. few-septate r. 11:332. 1075 ratio Spores x-cclled. less is A. 12 Pharcidiopsis 17:646 Perithecia lichenicole Perithecia uredicole Perithecia fucicole s. simple or branched Xylobotryum 11:319.

small. lanose. Paraphyses lacking. 22:214. 396. A. short-stalked. oblong. spores sometimes faintly septate or continuous (a) b. valsoid (2) Stroma superficial (a) Stroma large. but not 1. Perithecia hairy or setose (1) (2) b. 979. spores with mucous sheath y. and usually less than 10:1. Perithecia cespitose. 13 . 17:718. 16:510. 14:561. or finally erumpcnt a. yellow to olive or brown. not lichenicole Calospora 2:231. Perithecia in a stroma a. Perithecia not fungicole Pocosphaeria 11:325 (b) Perithecia glabrous X. Perithecia beaked Perithecia not beaked (1) Rhynchosphaeria 16:524 Clypeosphaeria 2:90. 1077 The Spores x-celled. 12 (1) Stroma immersed. Paraphyses present Paraphyses lacking asci 8-spored asci Nematostigma 24:973 Pseudoperis Thaxteriella Perithecia glabrous (1) (2) 2. Perithecia fimicole. Dichosporium 16:542 Stroma white. finally collabent C. Paraphyses present. membranous Perithecia hard. asperate. spores muticate (b) Petrakiella ciliatc Stroma small. Enchnosphaeria 2:207 Lasiosphaeria 2:191. 198. lichenicole Stroma black. 13 b. Paraphyses present Perithecia soft. 24:964 b. 24:768. Perithecia not fimicole (x) Spores with mucous sheath or ap- Sporormia 2:123. spores both ways Broomella 2:557. glabrous. carbonous (b) Paraphysoids present B. 12 Perithecia glabrous (1) Perithecia stalked. 12 Phanerococcus 24:1132 (a) X. cylindric or fusiform. ratio between length and width is less than 20:1. Spores with mucous sheath Massaria 2:2. 9:759. dark. Baumiella 17:708 stroma Perithecia with a subicle a. 16 Phaeophragmiae 2:1. Perithecia setose Perithecia fungicole Litschaueria y. Perithecia with a subicle or 1. 13 pendages m. covered with a bright powder (2) Bombardiastrum 11:338 Perithecia not stalked or powdery Sporoctomorpha Zignoella 2:214. Perithecia separate. sometimes gregarious. cespitose Perithecia innate. Perithecia with a clypeus (2) Perithecia without clypeus (a) X. y. 305. 11:319. many-spored Sydowia 11:341.SPHAERIACEAE (2) 71 Perithecia carbonous Perithecia lichenicole (b) Perithecia not lichenicole.

88. Perithecia superficial from the a. Paraphyses lacking (1) Caryospora 2:122 Sporormia 2:123. Perithecia parasitic on insects Perithecia lignicole (1) Perithecia Coccidophthora 24:1018 on a subicle. b. Perithecia with a subicle or thin 2. SPHAERIALES Spores with appendages (m) Spores with stout conical appen- dage at base Rebentischia 2:12 Keissleria 2:184. spores without sheath X. 13 Melanomma 2:98. Gibberidea 2:132 superficial stroma a. spore-cells finally separating Perithecia in a stroma. the latter typically a. 14:19 (n) Spores with a long seta at each end (y) Spores without sheath or appendages m. o. y. s. 13 typically collapsing (2) Perithecia on a thin superficial stroma. 13 Gillotia 22:253 B. submembranous. Ohleria 2:96 2. Perithecia cespitose 1. b. Chaetosphaeria 2:92. a 2-3-septate hyaline appendage at each end (2) Spores not biconic and appendaged (a) Perithecia fimicole. Paraphyses present (m) Perithecia membranous r. perithecia valsoid (b) Asci 4-8 spored X. Perithecia glabrous Spores biconic. Paraphyses present y. Xenosphaeria 17:730 Leptosphaeria 2:13. immersed Stroma lichenicole Stroma fimicole Stroma phytogenous (1) Trematosphaeris 17:735 Sporormiella Paraphyses present Titania 9:823 (a) Asci with a single large spore. 13 Trematosphaeria 2:115. Spores appendaged both ways Spores not appendaged (x) Broomella 2:557. Perithecia lichenicole Perithecia not lichenicole (n) Perithecia carbonous n. not collapsing. 13 Scleroplella 24:1131 Paraphysoids present Paraphyses and paraphysoids lacking (m) Perithecia lichenicole (n) Perithecia not lichenicole first Phaeospora 16:519 Phaeosphaeria 22:214 2. c. Perithecia fungicole Philonectria 24:1016 Perithecia lignicole C. 16 Stroma valsoid . Perithecia with a subicle or stroma 1. spores usually with mucous sheath (b) Perithecia not fimicole. Perithecia hairy or setose (1) Paraphyses present (2) Paraphyses lacking Lasiosphaeris 2:194 Herpotrichiella 24:973 b.72 n.

140. Perithecia superficial from the first a. 14:594. globoid b. Comoclathris 24:1039 (b) Spores not flattened X. Perithecia hairy b. paraphyses present Stroma valsoid (b) Stroma diatrypoid (2) Stroma superficial. Perithecia Xvithout a clypeus (1) Perithecia setose (a) Spores Phaeopeltium 11:344 Compressed. Perithecia setose. Perithecia immersed. Perithecia projecting. 16:554. 11:349. or finally erumpent a. or finally erumpcnt a. 1024 olive or Spores transversely and longitudinally septate. dark. sometimes 1-4-spored X. 16:554. 22:258. 14 Capronia 2:288 Julella 2:289 Pseudoplea 24:1131 Norrlinia Pringsheimia 11:350. 11 Aglaospora 2:133. 400. Perithecia innate. 9:872. 135.SPHAERIACEAE m. oblong to fusiform. asci 16-spored (b) Perithecia glabrous. oblong to fusiform. typically muriform. 17:746. hyaline to subhyaline. 13 Stroma erumpent-superficial. 14 Boerlagella 14:612 Phaeopeltis 17:873 Berlesiella 9:914. Perithecia paraphysoids Pyrenophora 2:277. A. 24:711. Perithecia separate 1. glabrous Rhamphoria 2:307 Peltosphaeria 9:898. yellow. 14 Stroma immersed. conidia in a pycnidium Melogramma 2:144. Stroma innate. Perithecia with a clypeus b. 2:332 Thyridella 11:351 Pleomelogramma 22:401 Phaeodictyae 2:238. conidia on a stroma n. 13 (y) (2) Stroma diatrypoid Kalmusia 2:142 Cryptosphaerina 16:521 Paraphyses lacking Hyalodictyae 2:238. 401. brown. 14 present . 11:341. 14:611. 24:1019. asci typically 8spored. paraphyses lacking (1) (a) Clathridium 11:350. Paraphyses present y. Perithecia separate 1. 17:743. 1077 Spores transversely and longitudinally septate. Perithecia in a stroma a. Perithecia not beaked (1) Perithecia with a clypeus (2) Perithecia without a clypeus (a) Perithecia setose. Paraphysoids present z. 9:872. flattened sclerotioid. Perithecia glabrous. Paraphyses and paraphysoids lacking (x) Perithecia lichenicole (y) Perithecia not lichenicole 2. 14 Ophiodictyum 16:555 Tichosporella 11:351. Perithecia with a subicle a. Perithecia innate. setose b. A. collapsing 2. typically muriform. Perithecia glabrous B. 22:253. Perithecia beaked b. Perithecia with a subicle or stroma 1.

14 Karstenula 2:240 Scleroplea 2:277 Paraphyses and paraphysoids lacking (x) Perithecia lichenicole Merismatium 16:553 Leptosphaerulina 17:746 Pleosphaeria 2:304 2. 1058. Spores not flattened. Perithecia cespitose. or finally erumpent a. Spores with mucous sheath y. rarely cespitose 1. Perithecia with a subicle or 1.74 y. Perithecia hairy glabrous (1) Perithecia corrugate-warted (2) Perithecia not corrugate-warted B. not dis- Linospora 2:354. 14 or felted stroma Cucurbitaria 2:307. not collabent y. Hyaloscoleciae Spores hyaline to subhyaline A. 11:351. beak lateral. flattened n. 22:289. Paraphysoids present. 14 C. 306. beak straight. Paraphyses present (a) Pleomassaria 2:239 Delacourea 2:288 (x) Perithecia membranous. SPHAERIALES Perithecia not sclerotioid. Perithecia beaked (1) Perithecia with a clypeus. (y) Perithecia not lichenicole Perithecia superficial from the first a. rarely dark. often collabent. Spores with hyaline beak at each end (b) Spores without mucous sheath or appendages X. 17:767. glabrous Naetrocymbe 22:66 Montagnula 14:603 2. usually on a crustose b. Spores compressed. paraphyses lacking Chaetoplea 2:279 (2) Perithecia glabrous Spores with mucous sheath or appendages X. 24:774. stroma Perithecia on a subicle. the ratio of length to width 20:1 or more. 15 coid at tip Ophioceras 2:358. 14:613. 9:923. Spores with a mucous sheath Spores without a mucous sheath (1) Paraphyses present (a) (b) (2) Stroma valsoid Stroma diatrypoid Fenestella 2:325. continuous or septate. asci 2-8-spored (y) Perithecia coriaceous. often paraphyses lacking (2) Perithecia without a clypeus. perithecia sclerotioid z. 1077 Spores acicular to filiform. 16:557. Perithecia separate. paraphyses present (a) Perithecia erect. b. Perithecia Crotonocarpia 2:305 Tichospora 2:290. hyaline or subhyaline. Perithecia in a stroma a. Clathrospora 9:894 Pleospora 2:241. often colla- bent m. 14 Paraphysoids present Scolecosporae Thyridium 2:323 Curreya 2:651 2:237. 404. 11:353 . Perithecia innate.

s. spores typically filform 2. 15 (n) Paraphysoids present (o) Paraphyses lacking r. 15 (b) Paraphyses lacking ^2) Stroma immersed. Cylindrina A:421. ostiole sul- Leptosporella 14:619 cate B. ostiolate. Spores without sheath or appendages X. scarcely con- verging. truncate Ophiobolus 2:337. Perithecia hairy.SPHAERIACEAE (b) Perithecia horizontal. conidia in a pycnidium (b) Necks of perithecia long. Perithecia glabrous (1) Perithecia fimicole. Perithecia with a subicle or 1. 9:937 Ophiocarpella 24:638. Robergea 2:806 Perithecia not beaked (1) Perithecia with a clypeus (2) Perithecia without a clypeus (a) Perithecia hairy or setose Ceuthocarpum 14:618 Ophiochaeta 11:352 (b) Perithecia glabrous Spores with mucous sheath or appendages (x) Spores with mucous sheath (y) Spores with a seta at each end y. Crigerosphaeria 24:1060 Rhaphidophora 2:351 Neolamya 2:351 Perithecia not lichenicole (m) Paraphyses present r. disk alone (a) Naumovia emerging Vialaea 14:619 Necks of perithecia short. beak right-angled. Bactrosphaeria 14:617 stroma Bombardiella 22:292 Trichospermella 24:364 Perithecia with a subicle a. b. Perithecia lichenicole (m) Asci 8-spored (n) Asci many-spored n. converging into a disk. b. several with paraphyses lacking (y) Perithecia with a single ostiole m. perithecia setose Stroma immersed or erumpent (1) Stroma erumpent (a) Acanthotheca Paraphyses present SUlia 1:361. Perithecia superficial a. Ophiomassaria 11:353 Dilophia 2:357. spores muticate (a) Perithecia globoid to conoid. 15 . Lulworthia 24:1059 Ophiosphaerella 22:290 Acerbiella 17:768 at s. spores long-awned each end (2) Bovilla 2:360 Perithecia not fimicole. paraphyses lacking b. 2. spores just below 20:1 Perithecia graminicole. 15 (x) Perithecia ostioles. astomous. 75 discoid at tip b. 1131 Perithecia algicole. Perithecia globose to conoid Perithecia cylindric. Stroma superficial. Paraphyses present Paraphyses lacking Perithecia with a stroma a. conidia on a stroma Cryptospora 2:361. ostiole normal (b) Perithecia clongatc-cylindric.

mycelium scanty and immersed. innate. of a distinct perithecial wall. paraphyses and spores various. paraphyses lacking b. but usually dark-colored. 22:443. . not yellow. and from such stromate forms as Xylaria and Hypoxylum of more or less fleshy texture when fresh. together with the presence the fleshy bright-colored perithecia. botuliform. Perithecia superficial or nearly so a. 24:448 Spores brown. 14:621. Spores not hemispheric and spiny (1) Perithecia hairy (2) Perithecia glabrous Mycaureola Hyponectria 2:4-55 Thelocarpum 9:946. 15 2:477. 14:621. 11:354. beaked immersed in an effuse B. 24:447 cylindric. or finally more or less erumpent a. as in Sphaeriaceae. or producing a subicle or stroma. in which the wall is often softmembranous. algal hosts often present 2. Perithecia separate. 452. The Perisporiales differ in being typically astomous and in the wall being at most softmembranous or slimy. but never truly fleshy and bright-colored. hyaline or subhyaline. usually reddish. paraphyses present (2) Spores not globose. more rarely yellow.7e SPHAERIALES Phaeoscoleciae Spores dark A. 11:354. asci. Z 213 Clistosoma A:195. hyaline or subhyaline One genus Hyalosporae Allantonectria 17:778. though occasionally bright-colored. regularly ostiolate. 9:941. 1-celled. occasionally flask-shaped or astomous. 2:447. Asci many-spored. Perithecia strorna. the Hypocreaceae are readily distinguished from the Sphaeriaceae by These criteria. rarely Perithecia innate or superficial. Perithecia innate. though a few may have sprung from Perisporiales. and bright-colored. Perhaps the greatest difificulty comes in distinguishing Hypocreaceae from the persistently innate Sphaeriaceae of folicole habit. Allantosporae 17:778. under conditions permitting a larger or more assured water-supply. 9:943 Notarisiella 2. HYPOCREACEAE M -. 9:941. spiny b. 24:640 Spores 1-celled. Perithecia separate 1. typically globoid.111 22:443. 16:559. not beaked Exilispora superficial Maurya 14:620 Family 27. The Hypocreaceae are regarded as derived directly from the Sphaeriaceae. whitish or blue. sometimes beaked. Asci 8-spored (1) Spores globose. single. Spores hemispheric. 15 Nectriella 2:448 . olive or A. 17:778. This line of evolution comes to an end in the group without giving rise to other families. 16:559. globose to oblong. As a rule. wall typically fleshy cespitose or composite in a stroma. never truly fleshy. serve also to separate them from Dothideaceae.

HYPOCREACEAE B. b. or less erum- pent a. amber-like. Stroma with sterile crests. 22:449. Sphaerodes 2:460. Spores globose Spores not globose (x) Stroma effuse. spores not Perithecia beaked (1) Asci 8-spored mucose Sphaerodermella 22:451 Baculospora 9:952 Perithecia superficial a. Perithecia with a subicle or stroma 1. phyllogenous Succinaria Moelleriella 14:626 Phaeosporae 2:459. or finally more hairy. Paraphyses present. 17:781. 2. Perithecia with a subicle or stroma 1. cia loculiform perithe- (2) Asci many-spored. Perithecia separate 1. many-spored Perithecia not beaked Perithecia hairy Perithecia glabrous (1) (2) Erythrocarpum 9:950 (a) Spores globose. stroma capitate stroma clavate. not fungicole Paraphyses lacking. surface alveolate Stroma not crested or alveolate . 24:647 Spores 1-celled. 2. Perithecia cespitose 77 Asci 8-spored Asci many-spored C. Perithecia in a subicle a. 15 Selinia 2:457 Stroma glabrous. on insects globose. b. Rhynchomelas 2:461. Lisiella 9:945 Chilonectria 2:453. 14:626. Perithecia innate. C 172 B. (1) Asci 8-spored. Balzania 16:561 Battarina 2:533 y. 11:355. dark. mostly irregular X. Uropolystigma 24:644 Polystigma 2:458. fungicole Perithecia in a stroma Byssonectria 2:456 Peckiella 9:944 a. Melanospora 2:461. valsoid (b) Perithecia not circinate. Perithecia in a subicle a. 9:949. Scopinella 9:953 15 (2) Asci b. verruciform or linear Sphaerostilbella 17:778 Podostroma 11:355 (1) Asci 8-spored (a) Perithecia circinate. erect (2) Asci 16-spored. red. 16:562. C Sphaeroderma 2:459 Cerillum 22:454 172 Perithecia in a stroma a. Perithecia more or mucous sheath less spores with b. warted Neocosmospora smooth 16:562 (b) Spores ovoid to oblong. phyllogenous m. Spores rostrate above n. typically olivaceous to brown A. Stroma hairy. 2. Perithecia glabrous. Stroma effuse. b. 2. Stroma elongate. Perithecia beaked Perithecia not beaked b. Spores not rostrate (y) Stroma globoid to verruciform m. perithecia distinct n. 15 1.

Perithecia separate or cespitose 1. without peridium y. alike Pronectria 2:498 Nectria 2:479. on submerged stems b. typically on basidiomyeetes Perithecia immersed in an effuse. Stroma erect. Rhynchonectria 17:798 Lasionectria 2:505 Perithecia hairy Perithecia glabrous (x) Perithecia on or with a stilboid base (y) Perithecia without base or the latter Sphaerostilbe 2:511. 16 . ending in a long lash. Perithecia innate a. hyaline or subhyaline A. Perithecia lichenicole n. a. 14:628. y. Perithecia not lichenicole (2) Asci of (3) Asci b. Perithecia with a subicle or 1. spores not mucose or flagellate. spores Apiosphaeria Charonectria 2:456 ciliate at each end (b) Perithecia not beaked. Perithecia with a long beak b. Perithecia superficial a. globoid or elongate stroma a. 17: 782. 8. 16 tubercularoid m. perithecia in one or more layers (2) Stroma clavate to cylindric-conic (a) Perithecia superficial on stroma (b) Perithecia immersed X. clavate or capitate Stroma eflfuse to globoid Stroma with Stilbum Stroma without Stilbum Podocrea 17:799 Stilbocrea 16:588 Hypocrea 2:250. 16 Treleasia 14:640 Lambro 16:589 (b) x. spores in a broad capsule. 22:455. Perithecia not beaked 2. Perithecia red. Paraphyses lacking. 16:565. mucous 2. y. Stroma elongate. Perithecia not beaked (1) Paraphyses present (2) Paraphyses lacking (a) Loramyces Hypomyces 2:466. Perithecia with a long beak b. perithecia in several series covered by a fragmenting peridium Sarcoxylum 16:450 Wav/elia 22:453 Xylocrea 16:451 Peridoxylum Hyalodidymae 2:465. spores not ciliate X. alike (a) Perithecia beaked. 16 Aponectria 2:516 Metanectria 2:517 Perithecia blue or violet (1) Asci 8-spored (a) Perithecia lichenicole Prolisea 17:807 (b) Perithecia not lichenicole (2) Asci Lisea 2:517 many-spored stroma Cyanocephalum 11:360 B. 9:953.78 (1) SPHAERIALES Stroma more or less globoid. 24:651 Spores 2-celled. Stroma pendulous.and many-spored many-spored. yellow or white (1) Asci 8-spored. 11:356. Perithecia with a subicle Paraphyses present. two kinds.

16 . 9:982. in sea-weeds (1) Paraphyses present. Perithecia not beaked. setae present not fasciculate (x) Perithecia hairy or setose (y) Perithecia glabrous b. 9:981. 14:647. y. b. Perithecia blue. or more or less erumpent a. 17:808. spores flagellate. Letendraea 2:538. hyaline or subhyaline A.HYPOCREACEAE Phaeodidymae 2:537. bent Orcadia 24:678 Trailia 24:690 double b. Perithecia superficial on the stroma b. 11:363. 16:591. Perithecia with a stroma 1. on pyrenomycetes (2) Perithecia with broad umbilicate ostiole. Perithecia not beaked a. Asci 8-spored (1) Perithecia beaked. Perithecia innate. Perithecia superficial a. margined by fasciculate setae y. in 2-Z layers 2. not ciliate Perithecia discoid to turbinate. 24:677 79 Spores 2-celled. spores normal (2) Paraphyses lacking. not in sea-weeds (1) Perithecia perithecicole. Perithecia separate or cespitose 1. 14:646. Debaryella 17:809 Cesatiella 2:557 Micronectriella Spores falcate Spores not falcate 2. Perithecia with a long beak. dark. Perithecia with a long beak. 22:487. Perithecia immersed in the stroma b. spores oblong (2) Perithecia not perithecicole X. (1) Perithecia red. typically olivaceous to brown A. Perithecia superficial Spores with hyaline appendages Xenonectria Calostilbe 16:391 Spores without appendages (1) Perithecia on or with a stilbum-like base (2) Perithecia without a stilbum-like base B. violet or greenish (1) Spores (2) Trichonectria 22 :498 Calonectria 2:540 appendaged at each end Spores not appendaged Lecithium 11:364 Gibberella 2:552. Perithecia innate or erumpent a. Passerinula 2:537 on bark Asci many-spored Spegazzinula 2:537 Erispora a. 2. 16:592. 22:484. 17:808. 16 Metadothella 18:162 Macbridella 22:485 Phaeocreopsis 16:591 Hyalophragmiae 2:539. yellow or white Perithecia on or with a stilbum-like base (2) Perithecia without a stilbum-like base (a) Stilbonectria 9:986 Spores ciliate at each end Paranectria 2:552 (b) Spores X. Perithecia separate or cespitose 1. 24:678 Spores x-celled. Actiniopsis 17:871 if Perithecia globoid.

Perithecia with a stilbum-like base b. 9:982. Perithecia setose. 9:990. Paraphyses present Paraphyses lacking Perithecia in stroma a. folicole (2) Ostiole minute or obsolescent (a) Perithecia lichenicole. Perithecia in a subicle a. Perithecia with a subicle a. perithecia immersed b. 11:363. Stroma erect. Perithecia separate or cespitose 1. Stromata not compound (1) Ostiole broad-conic. Perithecia glabrous (1) 2. perithecia sparse. 16 Pleogibberella 9:992 Chaetomeris 22:495 Ciliomyces 22:494 . Stromata seated in a common botryose one. stroma hairy. paraphyses lacking. typically olivaceous to brown A. 11:364. 16:599. imLoculistroma 22:493 mersed Stroma globoid. 24:688 Spores muriform. tuberiform. Perithecia in a stroma 1. (2) Stereocrea 24:684 Phyllocelis Pericoccis 9:989 spores 1-2-caudate Puttemannsia 18:98 Phaeophragmiae 2:539. SPHAERIALES stroma Perithecia hairy (1) Setae of perithecium simple (a) Paraphyses present of Byssocallis (b) Paraphyses lacking (2) Setae Hyalocrea Chaetocrea Subulicola Berkelella 9:989 perithecium coralloid branched at tip b. Weesea Chiajea 14:548 2. Perithecia with a subicle or 1. Perithecia with a subicle or stroma 1. spores ciliate each way Megalonectria 2:560 Opbiodictyum 15:555 Calyptronectria 22:494 Pleonectria 2:559. spores muticate b. 16:599. perithecia dense. dissolving.80 B. Perithecia red or yellow to whitish a. dark. hyaline or subhyaline A. Perithecia blue or violet B. 14:650. Perithecia lignicole B. Perithecia separate or cespitose 1. Perithecia hairy. Perithecia perithecicole 2. paraphyses lacking. paraphyses present (2) Perithecia glabrous (a) Paraphyses present (b) Paraphyses lacking 2. 17:814. superficial Peloronectria 15:599 Hyalodictyae 2:558. stroma not hairy (b) Perithecia not lichenicole. erumpent. cylindric. paraphyses present. 22:493.. Perithecia without a stilbum-like base (1) Perithecia setose. 22:493 Spores x-celled.

24:689 Spores acicular to dark. Thyronectria 2:561 17:815 Spores muriform. fimicole (2) Copranophilus 22:499 Perithecia not beaked (a) Perithecia cylindric. 11:364. ostiole round X. 81 a. Perithecia blue. 14:651. 20x1 or more. Perithecia with man)' ostioles or openings 2. rimose 2. Paraphyses present a. Paraphyses absent. stroma pulvinate. dark. Asci many-spored B. Stroma tuberiform. 22:500 . 9:990. less valsoid Bivonella 9:989 Trotterula Feiacia 17:815 Leucocrea 16:601 Shiraia 16:600 more or Mattirolia 9:993 Scolecosporae 2:562. 22 (b) Perithecia globoid. snow-white b. Perithecia with a subicle or stroma 1. 16:600. hvaline to Hyaloscoleciae Spores hyaline or subhyal me A. erect. Perithecia separate or cespitose 1. 11:365. Perithecia with a single ostiole (1) Paraphyses present (2) Paraphyses lacking b. 16 Cyanoderma Paraphyses present (1) Perithecia stipitate. Perithecia not in a sack (1) Perithecia beaked. wall flated hyphal apices composed of in- Microstelium 16:672 not of in- (2) Perithecia not stipitate. Perithecia separate or cespitose 1. conic-cylindric. 22:497. Perithecla in a stroma Stroma cupulate with single central peri- thecium b. 9:993. Perithecia with a subicle a. typically olivaceous to brown A. Perithecia in a stroma 1. wall flated hyphal apices b. continuous or septate. Micronectriopsis Micronectria 9:996 Coscinaria 9:1003 Perithecia superficial a. Paraphyses lacking Torrubiella 9:994 Barya 2:563. Perithecia enclosed in a stroma-like sack Oomyces 2:564 b. paraphyses present B. Asci 8-spored b. 17:815. with a rimose ostiole Acrospermum 2:807. asci 8-spored 2. Perithecia not beaked a. Perithecia innate. 16:601. Stroma conoid. Tubeufia 14:652 Ophionectria 2:563.HYPOCREACEAE 2. Perithecia red to white (x) Paraphyses present (y) Paraphyses lacking y. Patellonectria 24:1340 Stroma valsoid with several perithecia Phaeodictyae 2:558. Perithecia beaked. filiform. or finally more or less erumpent a.

with a massive compressed ostiole. opening by a very narrow cleft. Perithecia in a superior zone. b. black. Perithecia limited to a portion of the stroma (m) Perithecia scattered around periphery. on a buff mycelium B. SPHAERIALES Perithecia with a stroma Stroma stipitate. 9:1074. 17:886. usually brown A. or pseudosclerotium Stroma from a sclerotium or sclerotium- (a) body True sclerotium. they appear to have no close relation to the Hysteriaceae. spores various. pulof Cordyceps 2:566. In spite of this. yses lacking Perithecia in a median band. encircling stems Epichloe 2:578. or arising from a sclerotium (1) a. though the matrix is often blackened and sometimes gives the appearance of a stroma. consisting (2) cells and hyphae Stroma without sclerotium. Perithecia immersed in a black stroma. superficial. without sclerotium. in inflorescences bamboo (2) Mitosporium 24:701 to pulvinate superficial. 16 Dothichloe (b) Stroma black. or lanceolate Stroma lanceolate. rarely superficial. 22:546. paraphyses present Dussiella 9:1004 (n) Perithecia in a band or zone. stroma (3) Ascopolyporus 16:605 sterile below Stroma eflfuse (a) Stroma bright-colored. 16 host- (b) Pseudosclerotium. Perithecia over entire surface of stroma imbedded in the Hypocrella 2:579 n. The genera of this family are derived directly from Sphaeriaceae by hypertrophy of the ostiole. Hyalosporae (Not represented) . Stroma globose Perithecia (a) the stroma ap- pearing to be spiny (b) Perithecia Echinodothis 17:819 stroma m. Stroma not (1) on insects or fungi stipitate. 14:702. consisting hyphae like solely of of Claviceps 2:564. LOPHIOSTOMACEAE 2:672. spores dilabent Borenquenia 24:702 Konradia 16:605 Family 28. 11:382. very rarely stromate. then becoming more or less erumpent. Balansia 9:997 typically stipi- tate. 16 vinate to effuse. asci clavatecylindric. typically paraphysate. 16:650. usually 8-spored. simple and separate. paraph- r. Perithecia hairy. not encircling stems Phaeoscoleciae Spores dark. wall typically carbonous. stroma sterile above and below Mycomalus 16:604 s.82 2. the compression of the latter producing a slit-like opening. 24:1106 Perithecia innate.

22:547 Spores not appendaged a. 11:384. 16:695. 24:1111 Perithecia immersed.CYTTARIACEAE Phaeosporae 2:673. 11:383. oblong to fusiform A. oblong to fusiform A. 9:1094. dark. 17:889 Lophiostoma 2:689. 24:1110 Perithecia typically immersed. 22:550. 16:631. fungicole Perithecia without subicle. 16:653. 22:546 Spores 2-celled. 22:548. 17:889. 17 Hyalophragmiae 2:678. 22:553. 9:1091. perithecia insculptate Lophiella 2:673 Hyalodidymae 2:675. 17 Phaeophragmiae 2:689. 16:651. Spores appendaged at each end 2. Spores not appendaged Vivianella 2:687. 17 Hyalodictyae 9:1093. Spores appendaged at each end B. 9:1083. 24:1108 Spores x-celled. 22:553. dark. 9:1075. 14:706. Perithecia without a subicle Byssolophis 24:1106 Schizostoma 2:673. 9:1074. 17:889. spores dark. CYTTARIACEAE 803 8:4. spores acicular to filiform Lophionema 2:717. 810. 14:704. Perithecia with a subicle B. hyaline. 17:887. the stroma either branched or globose to turbinate . 22:548. 17:887. 9:1076. not fungicole Khekia Lophiosphaera 2:675. oblong to fusoid A. 11:383. Lophiotricha 9:1082 Lambottiella 2:677. Spores not appendaged Sampaioa Lophidiopsis 9:1093 Phaeodictyae 2:710. 16:650. 11:382. Ascomata m a stroma. 24:1106 Spores 2-celled. Spores appendaged at one or both ends B. 14:703. muriform Platystomum 2:710. at first closed and more or less loculiform. 14:702. b. Spores long-caudate at base B. Perithecia hairy. oblong to fusoid A. 17:887. 17 Scolecosporae 2:717. 83 17:886 Spores 1-celled. hyaline. Spores not appendaged Brigantiella 2:703. 17 Family 29. 22:552 Spores hyaline. then widely open and becoming cupuloid. Perithecia in a subicle. muriform A. subiculate at base B. 14:702. Perithecia glabrous 1. dark. 17 Phaeodidymae 2:673. 22:550 Lophiotrema 2:678. 17:886. 707. 24:1106 Spores x-celled.

This is not regarded as a natural family. 1897). raphyses present. 1:1:241. considerable confusion has resulted from those fungi that grow as parasites on lichens. coriaceous or carbonous. foliose or fruticose thallus. Subfamily Pyrenidiae Asci 4-8-spored (1) Spores 1-celled Algae Nostoc X. paraphyses present. A. ramose (b) Algae Scytonema. in short. paraphyses ramose (c) Algae Rivulariaceae (a) Cocciscia 90 Rhabdopsora 90 Rhrdothrix 91 . Nostoc. paraphyses lack- Spores 1-celled. stroma fascicled-ramose. carbonous suoerficial. 1-2-celled. Thallus with blue-green algae. pay. Saccardo pointed out the relationship of the first family to the Pyrenomycetes (Syll. cylindric. Spores berose B. Rivularia. but most of these have now been recognized and set apart as distinct genera of Sphaeriaceae on the basis of the lichenicole habit. but it is practically certain that this places the species of more than one natural genus in two separate families. but one based largely upon convenience. single. Perithecia separate. the same species may be parasitic on algae or saprophytic on bark. Scyto- nema. as- comata terminal. membranous. 6-8-spored. spores hyaline. become more or less cupuloid. horny-carbonous 2-celled. opening to form an alveolate surface. In the past. su2. in which they have been They possess in common a stroma with closed ascomata that finally included. they are pyrenomycetes parasitic on algae. not branched. 1889). The Cordieritaceae and Cyttariaceae have been treated as separate families. In some cases. The members of this family differ from the Sphaeriaceae only in the presence of algae in the mycelium. a fact that furnishes one of the chief reasons for including lichens with the other fungi. cespitose or united in a asci stroma. Stroma ing branched. 38 Family 30. fleshy to corneous. the latter usually superficial but sometimes below the surface. spores 1-celled Cordierites 8:810 Acroscyphus 8:811 Cyttaria 8:4. stroma much branched above. Spores not ciliate. asci 4-spored. in the other the Hypocreaceae. and it seems probable that both are to be regarded as intermediate between this group and the Discomycetes. 8:810. ascomata immersed. Stroma globose to turbinate. carbonous. asci clavate to paraphyses present or lacking. Spores ciliate at one end. though apparently considered to be related by Lindau (Nat. paraphyses lacking asci 8-spored. Fung. 1-many-spored. At present it is most convenient to draw this distinction as sharply as possible. 1. a. or suberose.84 SPHAERIALES and alveolate. spores various. suberose or fleshy and horny when dry. Pflanzenf. A. at least not in a stroma 1. etc. VERRUCARIACEAE Zahlbruckner 63-92 Mycelium parasitic on blue-green or yellow-green algae. usually globoid and ostiolate. and forming a more or less distinct crustose. The texture of the stroma in the one reflects the Sphaeriaceae. perithecia distinct.

Algae Xanthocapsa Pyrenocollema 165. 18 y. Spores (n) Spores (o) Spores (p) Spores present in perithecium with normal ostiole 1-celled hyaline Thrombium dark 68 dark 2-celled. y. dark. in sheathed colonics Thallus without pseudoparenchyma Thallus with pseudoparenchyma (x) Asci 8-spored m. (1) Placothelium 90 Lichinella 162 a. spores 2-celled. Epigloea 65. Asci many-spored. Paraphyses persistent Dimerisma 64 Spheconisca 64 Phaeomeris 64 1-celled. hyaline or sub- hyaline (q) Spores acicular. asci 4-spored. hyphae loose. 85 Spores globose.VERRUCARIACEAE X. 18 . thallus scaly or crustose Calotrichopsis 161 Spores ellipsoid. Perithecia (m) Spores r. dark n. Spores s. Spores 2-celled. paraphyses Pyrenidium 91 18 dissolving Pyrenothrix 91 (4) Spores muriform. Paraphyses lacking 2-celled Spores (2) (a) Paraphyses present Xanthopyrenia 91 X. thallus fruticulose Thallus with yellow-green algae. Ostiole margined by a broad disk. algae Scytonema Hassea 90 present periphyses filiform. (5) Spores . thallus fruticulose (x) Algal filaments parallel with long axis Lichina 163 of branches long to perpendicular filaments Algal (y) axis Lichenyllium 153 m. septate. . Palmella. hyaline muriform. Phaeothrombis 69 Thelidiopsis 69 Geisleria 69 x-celled. 18 hyphae compact Subfamily Moriolae Moriola 64 (a) X. etc. b. thallus fine-scaly (2) Algae Calothrix. Algae Nostoc (b) Paraphyses lacking. Pleurococcus. hyaline n. Spores x-celled (m) Spores hyaline (n) Spores dark (y) Asci many-spored. algae Scytonema or Eolichen 90 Sirosiphon (3) Spores x-cellcd. y. Algae Cystococcus. Pleophalis 64 Subfamily Verrucariae 65 (x) Algae present in the perithecium Thelenidia 68 (y) Algae not m. hyaline (2) Thallus crustose. Trentepohlia. spores 1-celled Algae Dactylococcus. spores hyaline (b) Algae Pleurococcus or Palmella X. Thallus gelatinous or crustose (1) Thallus gelatinous. Microglaena 69 Gongylia 69 spores hyaline (m) Spores x-celled (n) Spores muriform Aspidopyrenis 69 Aspidothelium 70. Paraphyses present Homopsella 163 n.

Algae not present in perithecium (m) Spores 1-celled r. Verrucaria 66. Spores vermiform. free m. Ostiole round or dot-like . Stereochlamys 81 Coccotrema 78 Diporina 79 Dipyrenis 80 Porina 78 Pyrenula 80. Algae Trentepohlia Perithecia upright. clavate at each end (n) Spores 2-cellcd. (s) Asci persistent h. Spores 2-celled (r) Spores hyaline. Spores x-celled branched (y) Paraphyses r. Spores 1-celled. 18 Phaeosporis 67 Sarcopyrenia 66 Thelidium 67 Phragmothele 68 Polyblastia 68 Sporodictyum Trimmatothele 67 Subfamily Pyrenulae 74 hyaline (c) X. rarely lacking m. Spores globoid to elLpsoid (r) Perithecia immersed (s) Willeya 68 Staurothele 68 Lithoecea 67 Perithecia ficial more or less super- Spores hyaline i. 18 Clathroporina 80 U. Spores dark (y) Asci many-spored. Algae present in the perithecium. Perithecia with stiff fascicled hairs n.86 y. Thelopsis 79 and united. h. Spores dark s. Anthracothecium 81 Belonia 79 Rhaphidyllis 79 V. hyaline (o) Spores x-celled. SPHAERIALES Paraphyses lacking. or soon disappearing (x) Asci 1-8-spored m. i. hyaline s. Perithecia glabrous (m) Asci 4-8-spored r. spores muriform (m) Spores hyaline (n) Spores dark n. spores 1-celled. spores hyaline Spores 1-celled Spores 2-celled t. Spores hyaline s. hyaline (p) Spores muriform r. with vertical ostiole (x) Paraphyses simple. Perithecia Perithecia ficial immersed more or less super- Rhaphidopyris 79 Holothelis 79 Dithelopsis 80 (n) Asci many-spored. s. cells separating or not Spores dark Spores x-celled (r) Spores hyaline (s) Spores dark Spores muriform (r) Spores hyaline (s) Spores dark Spores acicular to filiform (r) Asci evanescent (s) t.

lobed at edge (o) Spores muriform. Trichothelium 88 Perithecia glabrous (x) Paraphyses present. spirally twisted n. Spores dark (y) Spores muriform m. asci 2-4-spored (n) Spores 2-celIed Monoblastia 75 Pyrenyllium 77 Microthelia 75 Spores Spores (o) Spores r. not twisted Thallus foliose or scaly-foliose (1) Micropyrenula 87 Subfamily Dermatocarpae Algae Pleurococcus hymenial algae (b) Perithecia without hymenial algae X. hyaline dark x-celled hyaline Arthropyrenia 75 Polythelis 75 dark muriform. Spores hyaline n. Spores dark (z) Spores filiform (d) Algae Phyllactidium or Cephaleurus X. hyaline r. Paraphyses simple. Thallus crustose. Paraphyses persistent dark. Microtheliopsis Phylloblastia 87 Paraphyses lacking. Spores (p) Spores (q) Spores r. hyaline (n) Spores x-celled. Perithecia with fascicled nearly horizontal hairs at Subfamily Paratheliae 84 Ditremis 84 Pleurotrema 84 Parathelium 84 Campylothelium 85. free (m) Spores 2-celled. b. Spores s. asci 1-8-spored acicular to filiform Polyblastiopsis 78 Leptorhaphis 77 n. Perithecia oblique with oblique or lateral ostiole (w) Spores 2-celled. uniform Thallus orbicular. hya- line y. paraphyses 1-celled. Paraphyses dissolving in mucus. spores 2-celled Asteroporum 92 or horizontal y. dark Haplopyrenula 88 Raciborskiella 88 (n) Spores x-celled Spores hyaline Spores dark (y) Paraphyses dissolving or lacking. spores x-celled. hyaline (x) Spores x-celled m. 18 Phyllobathelium 88 (m) Spores r. 18 simple Anapyrenium 71 . 1-celled. s. spores acicular. Spores hyaline n. spores hyaline or nearly so m. Phylloporis 88 Phylloporina 87 Strigula 89. spores acicular. torn or lob'd. 87 hyaline. Ostiole radiate. 18 Pleurotheliopsis 85 Trichotrema 84 Subfamily Strigulae 87 apex. hyaline n. Paraphyses branched and united s. (x) Spores (a) Perithecia with Endocarpum 73. persistent m. s.VERRUCARIACEAE (m) Spores 1-celIed.

hyaline n. Pertusariae. without a wall distinct from the stromal tissue and hence reduced to polyascous locules. hyaline Trypethelium 83 Melanotheca 82 Laurera 83 Bottaria 83 . the stroma immersed and often forming a clypeus. 1. Perithecia sunken in stroma-like warts. Spores muriform Cryptothelium 86 (1) Spores hyaline Parmentaria 87 (2) Spores dark C. Spores 1-celled. paraphyses branched and united y. asci 1-2-spored Dermatocarpum Placidiopsis 72 71. Perithecia oblique or horizontal. Spores mostly 2-celled (m) Spores hyaline (n) Spores dark o. more or less cylindric and often with true paraphyses in Dothideaceae. hyaline to brownish. spores line (3) c. asci many. dissolving in (x) Paraphyses thallus corticate m. or irregularly stromoid or discoid with monascous loculiform hollows. or single in the hollows. 74 B. thallus not corticate Normandina 1-celled. erumpent. hya- (2) Algae Trentepohlia. Subfamily Trypetheliae 81 b. with separate ostioles a. branched. This order is not regarded as a natural one. Spores x-celled (1) Spores hyaline (2) Spores dark Spores muriform (1) Spores hyaline. 128) Perithecia erect. hyaline (2) Spores muriform. globose to ovoid. nor are the two families considered to be phylogentically related.88 DOTHIDEALES (y) Spores muriform. Psoroglaena 71 Paraphyses dissolving or lacking mucus. valsoid Subfamily Astrotheliae 85 Spores x-celled Astrothelium 86 (1) Spores hyaline Pyrenastrum 86 (2) Spores dark b. Algae Prasiola. asci many-spored. the necks long a. separated by stromal tissue or paraphysoids Myriangiaceae. or superficial and usually with a hypostrorna. Perithecia in a stroma (Cfr. dark (1) Nylanderiella 73 Pyrenothamnia p. spores 1-celled. hyaline. hyaline Thallus fruticulose. 18 Tomasiella 82 2. c. horizontal thallus lacking. algae Pleuro- Lepolichen 81 Mastodia 92 coccus Spores 2-celled. and with a common pore. DOTHIDEALES Perithecia composite in a stroma. While the presence of a locule affords the warrant in . asci 2-8-spored (2) Spores dark Spores acicular to filiform. hyaline Thelocarpum 213 Order 9. rarely cylindric. spores 1-celled. Spores muriform. 18 Heterocarpum 72 Agonimia 73 71 (y) Paraphyses lacking.

typically osti- with many asci and usually with paraphDothideaceae p. its nature indicates that they are the terminal groups of two distinct phyla. Myriangiaceae p. round to oblong or linear. Stroma innate. erumpent or superficial. Paraphyses lacking Auerswaldia 2:626. distinct. TS 291. The Dothideaceae owe their distinguishing character to the reduction or loss of the perithecial wall as a consequence of the protection afforded by the stroma. Stroma regularly pulvinoid y. Perithecia parasitic on algae. asci mostly cylindric. Asci mostly 3-spored (1-4). TS 298 19 . which may find its terminus in some the Tuberales. yses 89 Locules mere hollows filled by single asci and separated by stromal tissue or rarely by paraphysoids B. TS Asci 8-spored. wall of cule not distinct and perithecioid y. Spores 1-celled Spores hyaline (1) Spores allantoid (2). not clypeate A. 20 (b) (2) Stroma lichenicole Stroma not lichenicole Botryochora 24:542 Bagnisiopsis 24:390. innate. or the structure sometimes more irregularly hyphal.DOTHIDEACEAE 89 of convenience for associating them. as apparently the Dothioreae do in Discomycetes. typically with a 2. the stroma with erect hyphae and then prosenchymic or even parenchymic. TS 289 lo- Zimmermanniella 17:827. perithecium-like. usually with paraphyses. a. and are to be directly related to the Sphaeriaceae. wall more or less distinctly perithecioid 290 Botryosphaeria 1:456. to Families A.Spores not allantoid (a) Paraphyses present X. Amerodothis columns 24:539. spores various. TS 297. typically dark. 94 31. the A similar problem exists with difficulty of separation sometimes being extreme. TS 295 Locules single in stromatic united above Spores dark (1) Paraphyses present (a) Catabotrys 24:539. and it appears probable that the two represent a continuous phylum. 92 thallus Mycoporaceae Family p. becoming more or less erumpent 1. members of Key lus 1. TS 661 (b) Paraphyses lacking X. respect to the Myriangiaceae and Gymnascaceae. DOTHIDEACEAE Perithecia sunken in a stroma and reduced to polyascous locules with ostioles. Perithccia not parasitic on algae. frequently involving the epidermis to form a clypeus-like area. Subfamily Dothideae Stroma innate-erumpent or superficial. Dothideovalsa 22:407. the simplest members of the former pertaining equally well to either family. 8-spored. without a thal- Locules olate.

Stroma superficial 1. TS 650. (2) (b) Spores dark. dark. its width sterile in center. not forming a gall Crotone 24:635. Stroma pulvinoid. 3. Trichodothis 24:548. 19 parenchymic below the locales b. Dothideopsella 24:552 Phragmodothis 24:551. (b) Stroma pulvinoid. Stroma of parallel prosenchymic cells Stroma of interwoven brown hyphae. Yoshinagella 24:550. TS 307. Paraphyses lacking Coccostromopsis Coccostroma 24:539. hyaline. TS 268 Perischizum 24:548. Paraphyses present b. 19 Spores x-celled a. dark a. 19 lirelliform TS 665. TS TS 271. DOTHIDEALES a. TS TS 629. TS Spores dark (1) Paraphyses present (a) Locules imbedded singly rate stroma columns (b) Locules not in columns (2) Paraphyses lacking Spores muriform. paraphyses present. TS 346 B. Stroma peripheral in a minute hemi(1) Achorella 24:548. TS 342 Stroma lirelliform Dangeardiella 14:683. TS 305 19 (b) Plowrightia 2:635. TS 269 Stroma uniformly (1) fertile Spores 1-celled (a) Spores hyaline X. 20 Auerswaldiella 24:541. TS 265 (a) Locules globose. TS 344 4. not Phragmodothella 24:551. Amylirosa 24:1338 Dictyodothis 24:552. stroma with marginal hyphae Spores ent. Paraphyses present y. separate (b) Locules confluent in a circle b. Spores dark Paraphyses present (2) Paraphyses lacking (a) Locules imbedded singly in column tips of a botryose stroma (b) Locules not in a botryose stroma X. Stroma with innate central foot not more than half a. Spores 2-celled Spores hyaline (1) Paraphyses present (2) Paraphyses lacking (a) Didothis 24:544. Diplochorella TS 620. Dothidea 2:639. 19 TS 648. 19 330.90 2. TS 340 Stalagmites 24: 636. paraphyses present Spores 2-celled (a) Spores hyaline X. 272 Paraphyses present . Paraphyses lacking b. 20 spheric gall y. locules in a circle Stroma (1) (2) 1-celled. Spores hyaline (1) Paraphyses present (2) Paraphyses lacking (a) Metameris 24:551. 343 in tip of sepa- Rosenscheldia 9:1036. paraphyses presstroma glabrous Spores 2-celled.

TS 431. 19 Spores dark. Subicle none y. hyaline Spores 2-celled (1) Spores hyaline. 19 Geminispora 11:292 Phyllachorella 24:607. (y) Subicle none (b) Paraphyses lacking X. Coccodiella 280 (3) TS 281 Pauahia Schweinitziella 9:1005. paraphyses present Phaeodothis 17:854. TS 413. 20 Placostroma 24:610. TS TS 274. C. Leveillina 24:549.nOTHIDEACEAE (x) (y) 91 Stroma fungicole Stroma not fungicole Parabotryum Nowellia Microcyclus 17:844. Subicle present n. hyaline Spores Trichochora TS 287 TS 285 24:553. Paraphyses present b. Paraphyses lacking (1) Stroma round to oblong (1) (2) (2) 2. Spores hyaline a. TS 594 . 361. Spores 1-celled 1. paraphyses lacking (2) Spores dark (a) Paraphyses present X. Spores dark a. Phaeochora 24:609. Spores 2-celled 1. Paraphyses lacking (b) Spores dark X. Spores 1-celled. TS 576 Sphaerodothis 16:625. Discodothis 22:436. hyaline. Spores hyaline a. 419. TS 364. Stroma linear 20 Scirrhia 2:634. b. Coccoidella TS 277 m. y. Paraphyses present b. Paraphyses lacking B. 20 Coccodiscus 279 17:860. paraphyses present Stroma without central foot. TS 270 points a. Coccodothella 24:549. TS 407. TS 289 Subfamily Phyllachorae Stroma persistently A. forming a clypeus with the epidermis Spores with appendages Spores without appendages b. y. 20 Euryachora 2:625. TS 401 Phyllachora 2:594. TS 577 TS 401. paraphyses present (b) Spores dark. Schizachora 24:565. spore-cells equal or unequal TS 276. Paraphyses lacking Spores x-celled (a) Spores hyaline. TS 283 Stroma fungicole. Paraphyses lacking (1) Asci 2-spored (2) Asci 8-spored 2. paraphyses lacking (4) Spores acicular to filiform. Leveillinopsis Microcyclella 24:544. Dothophaeis 24:549. TS 284 TS 285 Stroma with conidial hairs Stroma without conidial hairs filiform. Paraphyses present. spores Stroma not fungicole (x) Subicle present long-fal(jate Castagnella 24:553 Leveillella 24:549. Paraphyses present innate. 2. attached at several y.

TS 599 Exarmidium 24:621. A.843. Paraphyses lacking (a) Stroma round (b) to oblong Stroma linear Clypeostroma 24: 628. the related to directly regard this family as of interpretation as to this poinf. 19 Asci many-spored Myriogenis 14:685 Family 32. b. little at all differentiated Subfamily Elsinoae . The perithecioid locule of the latter appears to be a very different structure. Paraphyses present (1) (2) Stroma lichenicole Stroma not lichenicole (a) Stroma round to oblong (b) Stroma linear Homostegia 2:649. TS TS 412 611. rarely permanently covered or superficial from with an outer more or less differentiated layer or peridium and a central stromatoid mass in which the asci are imbedded singly. Scolecodothis 24:630. or parenchymoid and then more or less diflFerentiated from it. Paraphyses present 2. asci freed. then erumpent. Paraphyses lacking Phragmocarpella 24:624. such as Elsinoe and Plectodiscella. and certain genera Theissen and Sydow of the Dothiorae have been assigned to the Patellariaceae. it is convenient to include them in the same order on the basis of the stroma. Ophiodothella 24:629. Spores muriform. 11:440. and the order in consequence is best regarded as diphyletic. 19 Dermatodothis 24:625.92 C. Spores hyaline a. interior. MYRIANGIACEAE TS 433 (Phymatosphaeriaceae) 8. sometimes discoid. Ascoma more if or less permanently innate. 18:191. dark. Stroma or ascoma mostly verruciform or pulvinate. 609 429 610 D. 22:579. TS 601 2. Dictyochorella 24:629. by the weathering away of the This is one of the most puzzling of groups. The Saccardiae approach the Agyriaceae closely. hypothecium merely a part of the ascoma. are perhaps best referred to the Gymnascales. TS TS TS b. typically the first. and many of the genera can be assigned with equal warrant to families belonging to other orders. Asci 8-spored b. Rhopographina 24:625. however. The simplest forms. Spores filiform 1. hymenial area occupying all the peridium. 16:799. Paraphyses lacking a. TS 424. and irregularly for the most part. in spite of a difference and Dothideaceae. asci stromatic tissue in one to several layers and separated from each other by purely or paraphysis-like filaments. Spores x-celled 1. innate. Rhopographus 20 2:647. 24:1133. DOTHIDEALES Paraphyses present (1) (2) Stroma lichenicole Stroma not lichenicole (a) Stroma round to oblong (b) Stroma linear Epiphora TS 599 Telimena 423 16:631. while the most specialized are distinguished with difficulty from the Discomycetes. TS 369 TS 425. or definitely localized. paraphyses present E. Spores dark a.

without mucosa Wettsteinina 22:406. 20 muriform hyaline or subhyaline fertile within. 93 20 ated periderm as a rule Asci separated by stromatic tissue a. 22:583 Calolepis (b) Spores dark X. ascoma arising several. Ascoma erumpent to superficial. TS Spores dark (x) (y) Ascoma fleshy and colored.22:579 Ascoma hairy Ascoma glabrous Saccardia 1:24. Spores (a) brown Butleria 24:1134. Ascoma without epithecial shield B. Spores (c) Spores X. hyaline (3) Spores muriform (a) Spores hyaline. TS 441 dark Kusanoa 16:800. TS 442 2. subicle more or less evident X. 20 b. one layer of brown polygonal cells Elsinoe 16:804 2. TS TS 440 x-celled hyaline Ascostratum 22:1135. margined by a radiate subicle n. (y) Subicle lacking Asci separated by paraphysoids or paraphysislike threads a. hymenial tissue tissue TS 440 (y) Hymenial locally developed. Ascoma without innate foot and subicle y. 440. Asci in several irregular layers (1) Ascoma homogeneous. discoid hymenium-like layer 11:364. Ascoma with central innate foot. Ascoma hairy. y. TS 442 Subfamily Dothiorae Ascus single. 22:585 Subfamily Saccardiae (1) Spores 2-celled (a) Spores hyaline Leptophyma 8:844. TS Ascoma differentiated externally. Spores y. Asci in a single Cookella 1:71. (x) Ascoma uniformly definite no Ascomycetella 8:846. AUosoma Eurytheca 8:846. ovoid (1) Dictyonella 22:583. Asci one to few. 20 sheath (b) Spores x-celled. y. dark. globoid Ascoma membranous. 22:585 (b) Spores dark (2) Spores x-celled. with Ascoma glabrous (x) Subicle present subicle Calopeziza 24:1216. distinct from the sterile base m. hyaline. hyaline. 22:579. hyaline (2) Myxomyriangis 24:1138. 1. with differenti1. Angatia 24:1137. 20 Anhellia 22:579.AIYRIANGIACEAE Ascoma with an epithecial shield composed of Plectodiscella 24:1140. spores x-celled. with mucose sheath Pseudosphaeria 22:407 . in a stoma in Monascostroma 22:1131 a (2) Asci ascoma not arising stoma (a) Spores 2-celled. 20 Spores (b) Spores X. TS 439 439. TS 442. 438. 20 Myriangium Myriangina 16:800. covered Subfamily Myriangiae with a hard black slime. not slimy 2-celled.

and . occasionally innate or erumpent. With the leading students of the group disagreeing so seriously as to its limits and relationships. Bagnisiella 2:589. clavate to cylindric. 1917). Deut. Myc. algae Palmella Chlorodothis 93 Sciodothis 93 Nothostroma 93 Mycoporis 93 Mycoporellum 93 Mycoporum 93 Order 10. often forming an innate hypostroma. A. 24:964 Keisslerina 24:1265 (c) Spores muriform Family 33. which is always halved or dimidiate. 20 Hariotia 9:672 Ascoma Ascoma fungicole not fungicole Endodothiora Sydowia 11:341. Bot. sometimes lacking. flat to convex. paraphyses lacking or poorly developed. typically radiate. Theissen and Sydow regard this order as belonging to the Discomycetes. Yoshinagaia 17:860. Hoehnel referred a number of the genera to his order Phacidiales (Ber. 20 Leptodothiora 24:1265 Dothiora 8:764. 22:407. mostly superficial. Spores dark 2. scutellum or cover of the apothecium. asci typically parallel and basal.). Spores dark 3. 13:158. Spores transeptate. paraphysoids often very like paraphyses (1) Asci 8-spored. to which family the genera might well be referred. clavate to cylindric. Spores needle-shaped B. perithecia reduced to locules in a stroma as in Dothideaceae. Spores hyaline b. 15:397. or astomous and then splitting irregularly. 1917). MICROTHYRIALES Mycelium typically superficial. opening by a pore or cleft. spores hyaline (a) Spores 1-celled X. except in a few genera where they form a typical epithecium. ascomata or apothecia halved or dimidiate. cit. Ges. more rarely membranous. 1915). MICROTHYRIALES Asci many. forming a uniform thallus without a cortex. the is evident that it offers many difficulties to the general worker. y. in the Perisporiales (loc. 35:416. y. Spores 2-celled a.94 b. manner of opening and usual absence of epithecium (Ann. algae Trentepohlia 1. Myc. it However. However. hymenium single (polyascous) or several. Spores x-celled a. though in large part divergent in form. Spores hyaline b. and placed the Microthyriaceae. light-colored or dark. On the other hand. Spores muriform. it is interesting to know that two years earlier they had included the Polystomellaceae in the Dothideales (Ann. together with the Trichothyriaceae. spores hyaline (a) Spores 2-celled (b) Spores x-celled (c) X. but only at the margin or not at all in Micropeltaceae. as in the true Discomycetes. MYCOPORACEAE Zahlbruckner 92(77) Mycelium parasitic on Trentepohlia or Palmella. in this case the asci separated singly or in groups by densely branched threads or tissue masses arising from the hypothecium. 20 foot Ascoma attached broadly Ascoma with central innate (b) Spores x-celled (2) Asci Spores muriform many-spored.

serves as a definite mark of recognition. and its peculiar morphology and evolution are probably to be ascribed to this fact. Key to Families A. at least. and the third family. arranged radially. 403. The opposing views are probably to be reconciled by the assumption that the order has arisen from Perisporiales through the Trichothyriaceae and has undergone fairly rapid and direct evolution into the discomycetc type. at all Polystomellaceae p. This development v^ras more or less parallel to the much more extensive evolution of the sphaerial type. asci usually many in each hymenium. persistently covered or erumpent. TS 401 . dimidiate with radiate scutellum. which in the main line of descent is supposed to have led through the Hysteriaceae As a consequence. 100 differences in insertion are not regarded as family criteria. 15:399 Ascoma covered. subcuticular. Scutellum radiate only at margin or not 2. 15: 399. paraphyses present or lacking. characterized by a membranous 1917). their family Trichopeltaceae. paraphyses present Ascoma persistently covered a. 95 Microthyriaceae p. as the Polystomellaceae possess a hypostroma. 22:514. Myc. single or several and then concave and more or less locule-like. as indicated by Hoehnel's reference of several genera to the Phacidiaceae. Stigmateae Parastigmatea Entopeltis 24:394. drawn by Theissen and Sydow in their monograph on the Dothideales (Ann. Ascoma 1. TS 401 Diplocarpum 24:911 Lichenopeltella Ascoma elongate (x) Ascoma lichenicole (y) Ascoma not lichenicole Leptopeltis 24:394. Family 34. erumpent. The order is overwhelmingly tropical in distribution. Ascoma round finally y. and the Stigmateaceae and appended genera of their latter treatment have been included in it (Ann. circularly or irregularly. the separation is more or less warranted by the fact that the majority of The original l>"nits of this family. hymenium round or linear. appear much more natural. Though first of the two families 13: 158. Apothecia or hypostroma innate or erumpent Apothecia superficial. has been merged in the Microthyriaceae. mycelium or subiculum. mostly basal. Scutellum radiate 1. hypostroma none B. Moreover. Hemisphaeriaceae. the latter are regarded as diphyletic to the Phacidiaceae also. or typically superficial with an innate hypostroma. Hemisphaeriales. parallel and clavate. Subfamily. and the Discomycetes necessarily so likewise. round to more or less elongate. They have followed Theissen in terming the order. Scutellum with a single hymenium beneath (1) Spores 1-celled (a) Spores hyaline (b) Spores dark (2) Spores 2-celled (a) Spores hyaline X. Myc.POLYSTOMELLACEAE radiate in the 95 two largest families and marginally so in most genera of the third. 24:393. 1915). A. 98 Micropeltaceae p. POLYSTOMELLACEAE TS 13:158. but these names have been replaced in accordance with the sound principle that the designations of families and orders should be based upon a repre- sentative genus.

paraphyses y. spores 2-cel!ed. Polycyclina 24:408. Hymenia arranged radially (1) Ascoma attached at the center (a) Ascoma setose. ring-like b. hymenia often irregularly radiate. dark. TS 407 Cycloschizum 24:404. Spores Spores Scutellum neath (1) Spores (2) Spores X. spores 2-celled. Ascoma superficial. brown. TS 406 Rhipidocarpum 24:415. paraphyses present (b) y. paraphyses present (b) X. asci 16-spored (b) Spores 2-celled. linear. TS 401 muriform.96 (b) Spores dark X. TS 407 Spores dark (x) Hymenia with yses lacking radial rifts. hyaline. Hymenia flabellately arranged (2) Ascoma attached at several points (a) Ascoma with conidial hairs. asci 8-spored X. 21 2. 21 TS 402. TS 402 y. 21 present Mendogia 16:669. TS 408 Cocconia 8:738. 21 TS 403. 21 y. 21 Coscinopeltis 24:394. hyaline Stigmatodothis 24:400. Ascoma without Schneepia 24:404. Parmulina 24:415. 1. Hymenia linear (3) Spores x-celled. dark. Paraphyses lacking (2) Dielsiella 24:404. hyaline. Polycyclus 24:416. Cycloschizella (3) (4) b. 21 Spores 2-celled. TS 406 2- paraphyses lacking conidial hairs. erumpent dark. x-celled. dark. MICROTHYRIALES Hymenium Hymenium discoid ring-like. paraphyses lacking Spores dark. hymenia several. radial rifts TS 408. TS 406 Ascoma glabrous. 2-celled. hyaline Hymenia rounded. Spores 1-celled. TS 408 . TS 401 Melanochlamys 24:401. spores celled. paraphyses present (b) Spores muriform. paraph- Inocyclus 24:416. attached at several points (a) Spores 2-celled Spores hyaline. Paraphyses present n. Chaetaspis 24:419. Parmulariella 24:404. TS 403. TS 407. Hymenia arranged in a more or less complete ring (1) Ascoma attached at the center (a) Spores 1-celled. TS 401. TS 402. brown Hymenia stellately arrangea y. hyaline with several concave hymenia be1-celled. 21 TS 408 Ascoma X. with innate hypostroma Subfamily Parmulineae Hymenia linear a. B. dark finally Pseudolembosia 24:403. TS 408. Spores hyaline. paraphyses present b. hymenium usually single. 21 (y) Hymenia without m. TS 407 spores 2-celled. TS 407. Vizella 2:662. Blasdalea 16:634. irregular Aulacostroma 24:402. unequal spore-cells equal or Munkiella 24:395. Ascoma a. loculoid Stigmatea 1:541. hyaline TS 401. 21 Cyclostomella 24:404.

Hypostroma not' forming subcuticular bands (y) Free mycelium lacking y. 21 straight setae TS 410 409. spores X. or divided Spores present paraphyses Microdothella 24:406. Paraphyses lacking Synpeltis 24:409.POLYSTOMELLACEAE c. TS Ascoma attached at several points (a) (b) (1) Free mycelium present. spores (1) 2-celled. y. mycelium with Dothidasteris 24:411. TS 409 Macowaniella Hysterostomina 24:410. TS Ascoma setose. TS 411 TS 411 chym. TS (b) X. TS 410 (2) Hypostroma not forming bands 410 410 b. 97 center. Hymenia rounded or discoid X. Cyclotheca 24:408. hyaline Paraphyses present Paraphyses lacking Polystomella 9:1063. a. 2-celled. 411 Hymenia scutella with 1-celled. TS 409 2-celled (a) Spores hyaline 2. Paraphyses present n. Paraphyses lacking. 21 Lauterbachiella 24:405. TS 409 Hysterostomella 24:409. y. Paraphyses present (x) Free mycelium present m. TS 412 y. TS 409 Lembosiodothis 24:411. Asterodothis 24:411. Spores 2-celled (x) Spores hyaline m. Hypostroma forming subcuticular bands n. (a) Hypostroma forming subcuticular bands Free mycelium present Paraphyses present. in a composite group Polyrhizum 24:412. separated only by hyaline plectenX. single Ascoma glabrous. TS 411 Rhagadolobium 24:1264. Placasterella 24:412. separate hyaline. spores 2-celled. paraphyses present Armatella 24:409. (b) Free Paraphyses lacking. setae twisted mycelium lacking. spores dark (a) Paraphyses present (b) Paraphyses lacking (2) Ascoma attached at several points. paraphyses present Scolionema 24:411. TS 409. TS 408 Monorhizina 24:415. spores 2-celled (a) Spores hyaline. TS 410 (b) Spores dark Paraphyses present Paraphyses lacking (2) Free mycelium lacking (a) Hymenia beneath a common scutellum. X. Leptodothis 24:409. TS 412 TS 412 . y. y. TS Dothidasteroma 24:411. Hysterostoma 24:412. Paraphyses present Paraphyses lacking (b) Spores dark X. Hymenia arranged irregularly Ascoma attached at the Monorhiza 24:415. TS 409 Subfamily Polystomelleae Ascoma dark (1) attached at the center.

Ascoma setose. TS TS 412 413 Actinodothis 24:417. basal. parallel or convergent.98 (y) Spores dark MICROTHYRIALES m. rarely cylindric. or present and then sometimes forming an epithecium. TS ^12 Melanoplaca 24:414. TS 416 416 Peltella 24:423. paraphyses present (b) Spores dark. paraphyses Caenothyrium 24:430. paraphyses lacking. in concentric rows. 24:393. MICROTHYRIACEAE TS 413 2:658. paraphyses lacking (y) Not lichenicole. TS Myiocoprella 24:532 Chaetothyriopsis glabrous (x) Lichenicole. paraphyses present (3) Spores x-celled (a) Spores hyaline y. Ascoma Microthyris Microthyrium 2:662. TS 416 Micropeltopsis Halbania 24:420. 1-celled. Scutellum persistent. spores muriform. Myiocoprum 2:659. TS TS 413 Pleostomella 24:418. Ascoma glabrous (x) Paraphyses present m. Scutellum dissolving at tip. round or linear. X. Spores x-celled (x) Spores hyaline. paraphyses present Palawania 24:414. 17:861. saccate to clavate. laciniate. usually ostiolate (y) Paraphyses lacking. 9:1053. ostiolate. TS 412 Marchalia 24:406. TS 416. paraphyses lacking Actinomyxa 24:533 Phragmothryium 24:430. hymenium single. Ascomata or apothecia superficial. Free mycelium none 1. then wholly n. Scutellum with a single a. 14:686. 11:379. black. asci typically many. 17 Seynesia 2:668. Hypothecium hyaline. 16:633. 17 Ascoma more lacking or less hairy. hyaline (a) Asci 8-spored Paraphyses present Paraphyses lacking (b) Asci many-spored (2) Spores 2-celled (a) Spores hyaline X. on a filamentous or membranous mycelium or subiculum. Subfamily Microthyrieae hymenium beneath Ascoma rounded (1) Spores X. 22:514. TS 417 y. paraphyses lacking (c) Hymenia with separate scutella. rarely sevand then somewhat loculoid. eral A. paraphyses present z. cleft or astomous. TS 416. hyaline. Gilletiella 14:691. lichenicole (b) Spores dark. without hypostroma. paraphyses present (y) Spores dark. 413 Family 35. hymenia in a crown around a sterile center. dimidiate with radiate scutellum. hj'menia irregularly disposed (m) Paraphyses present (n) Paraphyses lacking n. or this lacking. TS 417 Ascoma linear (1) Spores 2-celled . paraphyses lacking y. Hypothecium carbonous.

Asterinella 24:479. TS 418 TS 419 Halbaniella 24:502. Parasterina 24:478. hyphopodia lacking (x) Paraphyses present (y) Paraphyses lacking (b) Spores dark X. Hyphopodia present Hyphopodia lacking Spores muriform (reddish) (x) (y) linear 1-celled. imbedded singly but not peripheral Free mycelium present. Asci 8-spored. paraphyses lacking (2) Spores 2-celled (a) Spores hyaline X. dark c. TS 418 Stegothyrium Calothryis Caudella 24:438.MICROTHYRIACEAE (a) Spores hyaline 99 2. TS 418 Calothyrium 24:439. 21 Asteromyxa 24:488. Spores 2-celled. Spores muriform. TS 417 Morenina 24:430. Paraphyses lacking (b) Spores dark X. (a) Spores hyaline Paraphyses present Paraphyses lacking (b) Spores dark. TS 418 (1) Asci imbedded singly in the peripheral zone B. TS 421. paraphyses lacking (y) Ascoma glabrous. Paraphyses present Paraphyses lacking (b) Spores dark X. Asci 2-spored. Paraphyses lacking (2) Spores filiform. hyaline X. TS 417 TS 418 Subfamily Asterineae Scutellum with a single hymenium beneath a. Mycelium without setae (m) Paraphyses present (n) Paraphyses lacking (3) Spores x-celled (a) Spores hyaline X. Ascoma rounded (1) Spores 1-ceIled X. Oypeolina 24:488. Pycnoderma 24:433. 502. not membranous (2) Asci 1. Spores caudate. hyaline b. TS 421. n. TS 417 Hadotia 22:574 Thyrosoma Pycnopeltis 24:431. (x) Ascoma setose. paraphyses present Scutellum with several hymenia beneath a. Spores not caudate. Beelia TS 421 Amazonia 22:504. dark. Calothyriella 24:436. 21 (4) b. paraphyses lacking Thallochaete 24:488. Meliolaster Kriegeriella 24:432 Yatesula 24:505. Paraphyses present y. Ascoma mucose-diffluent. Stephanotheca 24:432. paraphyses lacking y. Paraphyses present y. TS 420 encrusted not mucose and encrusted y. y. TS TS 419 419 m. Spores x-celled. y. TS 421 Ascoma (1) Spores paraphyses lacking Lembosiella 9:1101. not encrusted Ascoma Englerulaster 24:490. Hyphopodia lacking mucose-encrusted. TS 418 Calothyriolum 24:441 Hyphopodia present (x) Paraphyses present (y) Paraphyses lacking m. Mycelium with setae n. TS 422 . Campoa Aulographclla 24:427. hyphopodia present y. TS 420 Asterina 1:39. TS 417 Lembosina 24:429.

Morenella 24:498. paraphyses lacking (Trentepohlia) 1. TS 418 Family 36. scutellum with pore (2) Paraphyses lacking. Mycelium thalloid. spores Echidnodella 24:498. 2. paraphyses present Subfamily Dictyopeltineae Dictyothyrina 24:512. hyaline Spores muriform. TS 429 TS 430 Phaeaspis . paraphyses present or absent. MICROPELTACEAE TS 15:427 rarely (Hemisphaeriaceae) Theissen Ann. Membranes rounded. parenchymic or plectenchymic. regularly round. Mycelium a thallus with algae spores filiform. Hyphopodia lacking (x) Paraphyses present Echidnodes 24:498. with an apical pore or astomous. without algae a. rarely parasitic on radiately prosenchymic. hymenia single or several beneath the scutellum. Dictyopeltis 24:513. TS 427. mostly clavate. (a) Spores hyaline. hyaline b. 100 (2) MICROTHYRIALES Spores 2-celled X. dark. 11:469. TS 422 Hyphopodia present (x) Paraphyses present (y) Paraphyses lacking Lembosia 2:741. without hypostroma. without hyphopodia. branched (1) Spores 2-celled (a) Spores hyaline (b) Spores dark (2) Spores x-cellcd. epithecium indistinct or lacking. hyaline. TS 418. Spores dark. (2) (3) Spores x-cel!ed. sub- cuticular. . TS 426 Trichopeltella 24:508. radiate at margin. 21 Subfamily Trichopelteae Rhaphidocyrtis Trichopeltina 24:508. single 2. hymenia several under each scutellum. Scutellum open reticulate. TS 422 Aulographis 2:727. 21 Brefeldiella 9:1063. TS 427. Myc. TS 422 TS 423 TS 422 TS 422 y. Iiyaline Phragmoscutella Pycnoderma 24:433. TS 426 Trichopeltis 9:1068. 2-celled. mostly confluent (1) Spores 2-celled (a) Spores hyaline (b) Spores dark Symphaster 24:490. (y) Paraphyses lacking Scutellum with several hymenia beneath. Spores 1-celled. hymenium 1. Lembosiopsis 24:440. but the scutellum not radiate or sometimes at the margin only. Ascomata or apothecia typically superficial. free mycelium usually lacking. blue-green. asci one to many in a hymenium. hyphopodia lacking Paraphyses present y. paraphyses present Spores 2-celled a. Spores hyaline (1) Paraphyses present. hypothecium poorly developed. typically without evident mycelium. paraphyses present 2. scutellum astomous b.. Paraphyses lacking (b) Spores dark X. Mycelial membrane linear. occasionally superficial and reticulate. paraphyses lacking Free mycelium present as a thalloid membrane. A. TS 429 Dictyothyrium 24:512. algae. dimidiate. TS 427 Pycnocarpum 21 24:509.

TS 432 C. hyaline (a) Paraphyses present. 2. reticulate 1. TS 431 (2) Spores x-celled. ascoma astomous. typically without evident mycelium. ent. TS 430 Microthyriella 24:526. paraphyses lacking hyaline. hyaline. hyaline (a) Ascoma round. Chaetoplaca 24:531 TS 431 Ascoma setose Ascoma glabrous of a single ascus Eremotheca 24:528. each hymepium Eremothecella 24:529. paraphyses lacking Spores x-celled. Subfamily Haplopeltineae Ascoma a. Paraphyses present y. Spores Chaetopeltopsis 24:530. TS 432 Stomiopeltella 24:529. Spores 2-celled. Ascoma solitary. Paraphyses lacking Scolecopeltium Scolecopeltis 21 24:524. Paraphyses lacking (b) Ascoma linear. TS 430 Clypeolum 2:667. with a cleft. TS 432 TS 432 Metathyriella Plochmopeltis 24:529. mycelium presSubfamily Plochmopeltineae Spores 2-celled. TS 431 Spores muriform. 101 Spores x-celled. Griggsia 24:639 Haplopeltis 24:525. Scutellum wavy plectenchymic. TS 431 paraphyses lack- Schizothyrium 2:723. hyaline a. hy- menia single or several 1. hyaline a. TS TS 430 4. ascoma stromoid (b) Paraphyses lacking. ing (4) b. Protopeltis TS 432 paraphyses present . x-celled. hymenium single (1) Ascoma setose. paraphyses lacking (2) Ascoma glabrous (a) Paraphyses present (b) Paraphyses lacking b. subcuticular b. Scutellum parenchymic. Scutellum astomous (1) Hymenium single. Paraphyses lacking (1) Ascoma on a subiculum (2) Ascoma without subiculum a. paraphyses lacking (3) Spoi-es x-celled. Scutellum with ostiole. Stomiopeltis 24:529. hyaline Paraphyses present b. paraphyses present (2) Hymenia several.MICROPELTACEAE 3. brown. radiate at margin. Each hymenium Each hymenium of several asci of a single ascus Polyclypeolum 24:527. brownish. 430. hyaline Scutellum with several hymenia beneath (1) Spores 2-celled. round Stigmatophragmia (1) Scutellum with a single hymenium beneath Spores 1-celled. paraphyses lacking (a) Saccardinula 9:1071 (b) X. TS 431 Phragmothyriella 24:528. hyaline. y. hyaline. TS 430. astomous X. Paraphyses present b. ascoma separate (2) Spores 2-celled. B. paraphyses present (1) Ascoma cespitose or stromoid. 17 Mitopeltis Micropeltella 24:519. hyaline. Spores filiform. ostiole elongate (2) Aphysa 24:400. TS 402 Moesziella ostiole 2. Ascoma superficial a. Micropeltis 2:669.

or this wider and exposing the disk. first used by Rehm. Algal host-cells lacking 1. 107 Tryblidiaceae p. corneous or waxy. Hoehnel. The limits of this order have been somewhat extended in the present treatment. the epiderm. Apothecia erumpent or superficial as a rule. opening by a narrow cleft. The rimose opening resembles that of the Lophiostomaceae. but light-colored in one family. paraphyses regularly present. 11:385. but the presence of an epithecium justifies the application of the term apothecium. which are distributed among the families of his Phacidiales by in a separate family next Hysteriaceae by Rehm. but they are retained here because of the cleft or lobed opening. 17:893. The elongate cleft ascoma distinguishes this family readily from the Sphaeriaceae. occasionally cespitose or stromate. By virtue of their thick hypothecium. 9:1100. 14:710. Hypodermieae. Apothecia opening by a narrow cleft Apothecia opening by lobes or a wide (1) (2) Hysteriaceae cleft p. elongate-elliptic. a number of genera placed by Theissen and Sydow in the Stigmateae having been transferred to Phacidiales by Hoehnel. but the genera with dark apothecia have been treated very This is best exemplified by the differently by Saccardo. This order is considered to be diphyletic. but never fleshy or gelatinous. The round apothecium as a rule appears to have arisen from the ascoma of the Microthyriales. hypothecium usually thin. usually much branched at the tip and concrete into an epithecium. Genera with hysterioid apothecia appear . by general consent assigned to the Discomycetes. forming a more or evident thallus Graphidaceae p. typically separate. Rehm. mostly white Phacidiaceae p.102 PHACIDIALES Order Apothecia superficial. Apothecia light-colored. sometimes innate and concrete with the epidermis. often forming an epithecium. clavate or branched. occasionally extended vertically. separate or gregarious. or innate and then sometimes concrete with opening by a cleft or splitting into lobes. asci mostly cylindric and 8-spored. Ill Stictidaceae p. The fruit-body has usually been called a perithecium or hysterothecium. usually dark. 102 Hypothecium Hypothecium thin thick 2. the Tryblidiaceae may be placed almost equally well in the Pezizales. 11. typically black. elliptic or round. Apothecia dark a. There has been general agreement as to the Stictidaceae owing to the light color of the apothecium. filiform. spores various. and distributed family by Saccardo. elongate. carbonous or membranous. placed in this Key A. owing to the practical difficulties in the way of defining the families sharply. but the form of the ascoma and the absence of the thickened ostiole render their separation a simple matter. oblong or linear. 109 less B. 22:557. PHACIDIALES erumpent. varying in texture from carbonous to membranous. to Families b. the Hysteriaceae being derived from the Sphaeriaceae and in turn passing directly into the cleft forms of Phacidiaceae and perhaps Tryblidiaceae as well. asci typically cylindric and 8-spored. 104 Family 37. Algal host-cells present. This is further warranted by the difficulty experienced in drawing a clear line between this and the three succeeding families. typically spores various. very rarely cespitose or stromate. corious. and Hoehnel. HYSTERIACEAE Rehm 1 2:721. paraphyses regularly present. 16:657. well-developed only in one family. 24:1112.

8. Dichaena 2:771. 17:897. dark. 22 R 90. 14:715. 16:657. 35. Apothecia corious. Paraphyses lacking Hypodermella 11:385 Bifusella 24:1257 Phaeosporae 2:727 Spores 1-celled. membranous Apothecia innate. 24:1112 Spores 1-celled. 16:659. Paraphyses present B. 16:659. superficial. ovoid to oblong A. R 4. 24:1113 Spores x-celled. 14:711. Apothecia typically oblong. R 63. 9:1100. R 29. folicole B. Apothecia saprophytic 1. 14:710. Apothecia membranous. 22:561 Spores 2-celled. 2. more the epiderm or less concrete with Hypoderma 2:784. spores long 1. Apothecia carbonous. cleft narrow Hysteroglonium . R 29. conchiform. 11:387. 11:385. cleft narrow Bulliardella 17:902 and straight Hyalophragmiae 2:765. 17:895. Phaeodidymae 2:740. The carbonous forms with narrow cleft are essentially elongate perithecia. 16:664. Hyalosporae 2:721. 22 22 75 Glonium 2:731. while the membranous ones with wider opening pass imperceptibly into Phacidiaceae and Tryblidiaceae. Schizothyrium 2:722. opening by a cleft b. Aldona 16:667 R 49. hyaline or subhyaline. Apothecia 1. Apothecia typically rounded. cleft gaping 1. Aulographum 2:727. cleft narrow b. hyaline to subhyaline. subiculum more or less developed 2. 17:903. 11:388. Apothecia carbonous. 9:1101. The Hysteriaceae have apparently been derived directly from the Sphaeriaceae and hence represent a second line of evolution connecting Pyrenomycetes with Discomycetes. 22:558. 10. 22 Apothecia erumpent to superficial a. R 4. hyaline or subhyaline. oblong to cylindric A. 94. corticole. 22:557. ovoid to fusoid A. ovoid to oblong Apothecia present superficial on a subiclc. ovoid to fusoid A. Apothecia parasitic. densely gregarious or cespitose Apothecia densely gregarious.HYSTERIACEAE in 103 all of these. 31. Apothecia radiately disposed. 9:1103. Apothecia membranous or corious. paraphyses Farlowiella 2:727. 24:1112 Spores 2-celled. innate a. opening by lobes B. erumpent or superficial.or 2-celled 2. 9:1100 Hyalodidymae 2:727. dark. 22 Gloniella 2:765. 9:1112. Apothecia carbonous. 14:711. and have in consequence received widely varying treatment at the hands of different workers. 11:388. 22 Pseudographis 2:769. 22:565.

11:389. GRAPHIDACEAE Zahlbruckner 102(87) Mycelium parasitic on yellow-green algae. Apothecia innate or erumpent 1. fragile b. conchiform. 16:668. applanate. paraphyses much branched above B. 22:573. 13. 17:909. 22:574.104 PHACIDIALES Phaeophragmiae 2:743. 16:668. B. Apothecia innate. spores Hysteropsis 9:1118. membranous. 9:1108. hyaline or dark. Gloniopsis 2:772. B. The sole distinction between this family and the Hysteriaceae. dark. conic-discoid. 22 Family 38. Apothecia corio-carbonous. typically oblong to elongate with a cleft. elongate 2. hyaline or subhyaline. paraphyses typically simple. more rarely disk-shaped and with an irregular often stellate opening. R 31. 765. continuous or septate A. 22:567. as well as certain hysterioid Discomycetes. 11:389. 16:664. 2. 7. carbonous. 26. Apothecia upright. R 5. Apothecia carbonoiis or subcarbonous a. 37. R 17 30. 24:1119 Spores muriform. of a thallus. 36 without mucous sheath i'haeodictyae 2:776. 14:717. Apothecia superficial 1. 187 Hadotia 22:574 Lophium 2:799. Apothecia membranous. more or less carbonous. Apothecia innate. cespitose or united in a stroma. ovoid to oblong A. The above pages refer respectively to the second and first editions of Zahlbruckner's monograph. apothecia single. 24:1116 Spores x-celled. not concliiform. 17:912. Scolecosporae 2:784. 17:913. . 22 2:776. Ostropa 2:804. 17:907. Apothecia liorizontal. hooked at tip Lophodermium 22 2:791. ovoid to oblong A. forming a crustose. 17:713. 9:1116. 22:570. R 11:389. and it is necessary to place several genera in two different families.\. 11:387. Apothecia erumpcnt-superficial. 9:1119. the latter sometimes immersed or lacking. 22 R 7. spores with mucous sheath B. 14:715. 16:669. elongate. 24:1120 Spores muriform. 9:1123. R 6. thin carbonous crumpent-superficial. 24:1123 Spores acicular to filiform. dark. and those in the key to the second. membranous. Apothecia horizontal. and the mycelium then parasitic on lichens or bark. Apothecia corious. Apothecia innate. 23. firm Graphyllium 16:1145. concrete with epiderm. 22 or Hysterographium 16. 22 Tryblidiella 2:757 Hyalodictyae 2:772. oblong to cylindric . Apothecia vertical. foliose or fruticose thallus. R R 186. conchiform or dolabriform 2. lies in the presence of algal hosts and thus typically Species with rudimentary or obsolete thallus must be sought in both places. 14:717. firm Apothecia corious or subcorncous Hysterium 2:743. submembranous Apothecia erumpent to superficial 1. Hypodermopsis 17:908 Mytilidium 2:760. 14:719.

23 Arthothelium R 438 Subfamily Arthoniae Palmclla or Protococcus. Apothecia without an exciple.GRAPHIDACEAE A. spores brown (b) Spores muriform (3) Algae Phyllactidium.. Spores 1-celled (m) Hypothecium (n) Hypothecium n. carbonous Xylographa 108 Lithographa 108 Aulaxina 109 Spores x-celled (y) Spores dark m. Spores brownish to brown. spores hyaline Gymnographa 110 Arthothelium 106 Merarthonis 107 Arthoniopsis 107 b. Spores Apothecia n. finally muriform 2-4 with hymenia. x-celled (x) Perithecia cespitose. Spores transeptate (m) Paraphyses simple. Thallus lacking. Asci 1-8 spored (x) Spores hyaline m. Spores x-celled Encephalographa 109 Xyloschistes 110 parallel y. spores brownish (c) AUarthothelium 107 Coniocarpum Arthonia 104 106 Synarthonia 107 (y) Perithecia not cespitose. 105 Subfamily Arthoniae Phacopsis R 419 Conida R 420 Celidium R 425 Lecideopsis Parasitic5><n lichens (1) (2) 2. i. not united Ptychographa 109 Diplogramma 109 . spores hyaline (x) Spores 1-celled (y) Spores x-celled (b) Algae Trentepohlia X. Spores hyaline (x) Spores 2-celled (y) Spores x-celled y. clear or brownish black. parasitic on a. Apothecia with a single hymenium (x) Spores hyaline or subhyaline Subfamily Graphidae m. Apothecia separate. Spores 1-celled Spores 2-celled (3) Spores x-celled b. single or cespitose lichens or on bark 1. Spores 2-celled (b) Spores x-celled (c) Spores muriform Apothecia margined with (a) Trichophyma a 107 distinct proper exciple as a rule (1) Thallus without cortex (a) Algae Palmella X. crustose or uniform not mara. Parasitic on bark (1) Spores 2-celled (2) Spores x-celled (3) Spores muriform Thallus present.e. spores hyaline (a) Spores 2-celled (b) Spores x-celled Allarthonia 106 Plearthonis 106 Spores muriform (2) Algae Trentepohlia (a) Spores 2-x-celled X. gined (1) Algae R 432 Arthonia R 435.

Spores x-celled (m) Paraphyses simple. Spores 2-celIed n. furrowed Apothecia immersed. Cyclographa 123 Dirinastrum 123 Subfamily Roccellae 3. y. warted or spiny (n) Paraphyses ramose and united (y) Spores dark m. spores x-celled a. not Micrographa 118 Subfamily Dirinae Dirina 122. not united (n) Paraphyses ramose. Hyphae of cortex parallel with thallus surface (1) Apothecia elongate. united (c) Algae Phyllactidium. 23 Psorographis 118 Opegrapha 110. algae Trentepohlia. not united Paraphyses ramose. paraphyses ramose. Hypothecium hyaline . (s) Anomorpha i '4 Graphis 112. Hypothecium hyaline. spores x-celled X. united (b) Spores dark X. Hypothecium black. 23 Helminthocarpum 118 Melaspilea 111 Phaeographis 114 Sclerographis HI Phaeographina lib acicular (x) Paraphyses simple. not united r. y. not united (y) Paraphyses ramose. Spores muriform (m) Paraphyses simple. spores fusoid to y. spores hyaline Ingaderia 123 (2) Apothecia round (a) X. rarely crustosefruticose.106 r. spiny of cortex perpendicular to surface Hyphae (1) (a) Apothecia elongate. Spores united paraphyses simple. 23 (2) Thallus with a cortex. hypothecium hyaline Roccellographa 125. Tips warted or spiny (n) Paraphyses ramose and united n. united o. y. furrowed. Asci s. apothecia entire X. spores brownish. Spores muriform many-spored. 23 smooth Tips of paraphyses clavate. fruticose. spores x-celled (a) Spores hyaline Paraphyses simple. Graphinella 118 Spirographa 111 Spores united hyaline. PHACIDIALES Tips of paraphyses ened. Graphina 115 Acanthothecis 117. (r) little thick- smooth Spores 2-celled Spores x-celled of paraphyses clavate and s. Fouragea 118 dark. 23 (b) Apothecia superficial. erect. Thallus present. spores hyaline Exciple with algae Exciple without algae Dendrographa 124 Roccellaria 124 Darbishirella 124 (b) b. (2) hypothecium black Reinkella 125 Apothecia round (a) Spores hyaline. lips of paraphyses not thickened.

Simonyella 127 Subfamily Chiodectae Glyphis 119 Sarcographa 119 Enterodictyum 120 Sarcographina 120 (1) Spores x-celled (a) Spores hyaline (b) Spores dark Chiodectum 120. Medulla hyaline throughout Inner medullary layer black B. often hooked or branched at the tip.PHACIDIACEAE (y) Algae lacking y. sometimes sparse but crowded in very rarely absent. asci black stroma-like areas of the leaf. 3. R 94 . 11:431. hyaline. paraphyses simple and free (2) (a) Mazosia 122 Pycnographa 122 Family 39. R 66. spores hyaline a. or a rule. mostly immersed 1. or free and then more or less erumpent and splitting separately. ovoid to oblong A. Apothecia in a stroma. membranous to carbonous. 23 Sclerophytum 121 Minksia 121 Enterostigma 122 Rotularia 122 2. which belongs more properly in Myriangiaceae. 16:783. hyaline Algae Phyllactidium. and the latter are perhaps entirely lacking only in Dothiora. Apothecia round. 14:813. two This may or three genera having been described on the basis of their absence. occasionally stalked and clavate. 22:742. paraphyses ramose and united b. 18:155. such genera have here been included in both keys. apothecia deeply lobed X. Spores 2-celled. 24 Pseudophacidium 8:776. black. 107 (x) Algae present below the hypothecium below the hypothecium Pentagenella 126 Combea 126 Hypothecium black (x) Thallus crustosc-fruticose (y) Thallus distinctly fruticosc Roccellina 125 Roccella 125. spores various. Paraphyses ramose and reticulately united y. spores x-celled. Apothecia not concrete with epiderm Phacidium 8:709. Hyalosporae 8:705. 10:48. hypothecium poorly developed as mostly cylindric and 8-spored. opening by lobes 1. Algae Trentepohlia a. Paraphyses simple and free (1) Spores x-cclled (a) Spores hyaline (b) Spores dark (2) Spores muriform (a) Spores hyaline (b) Spores dark b. paraphyses usually numerous. PHACIDIACEAE Apothecia innate. often concrete with the epiderm and splitting with it into lobes or a cleft. Spores x-celled. they have been placed To minimize in the former by Saccardo and by Rehm. discoid or elongate. be explained by those species in which the paraphyses are sparse. Spores muriform Spores hyaline (b) Spores dark Algae Heterothallus. separate or gregarious. There is further disagreement as to the presence of paraphyses. Apothecia concrete above with the epiderm 2. It is an open question whether the genera with elongate and cleft membranous apothecia belong to the Hysteriaceae or to the Phacidiaceae. in the latter by Hoehnel. 24:1254 Spores 1-celled. the difficulty for the beginner especially. 23 Schizopelte 126 (b) Spores dark.

16:790. asci not long-stalked Schizothyrium 2:723. 72 Phaeophragmiae 17:908 Spores x-celled. splitting with a cleft 1. Apothecia elongate. 24 B. Apothecia not in black stroma-like spots 1. Spores spherical Spores elliptic to oblong Bonanseia 22:746 Phaeophacidium 14:814 Hyalodidymae Spores 2-celled. with a cleft a. dark. splitting irregularly Hypodermella Bifusella 24:1257 Cryptomyces 8:707. 24 Phaeodidymae 10:49. with a cleft 1. 24 Phaeosporae 14:814. fusoid A. branched or radiate Apothecia corticole. 22:1265 Spores muriform. Apothecia elongate to effuse. membranous. R 31 B. 24:1263 Spores 1-celled. opening by a cleft Tridens Hysteropsis 9:1118. 22:746.108 PHACIDIALES or irregularly B. opening by a cleft. hyaline. fusoid Apothecia innate. Apothecia elongate. Apothecia laciniate round. R 75. opening by lobes. Paraphyses present 1.dermopsis 17:908 Hyalodictyae 8:764. asci typically long-stalked Hypoderma 2:784. hyaline or subhyaline. Apothecia round. R 36 . asci 2-4-spored. R R 72. Apothecia round to ellipsoid. dark. 24 Hyalophragmiae 8:740 Spores x-celled. hyaline. A. Paraphyses lacking Apothecia effuse. 22:748. R 106. the latter operculate or laciniate. 2. single. concrete with the epiderm. cleft narrow Hypo. spore-cells unequal Keithia 10:49. spherical to oblong A. 2. Paraphyses present b. Sphaeropezia 8:740. ovoid to fusoid A. dark. Apothecia in black stroma-like folicole spots B. Apothecia elongate. Apothecia elliptic to elliptic to oblong oblong. not radiate Aldona 16:667 Pseudographis 2:769. ovoid Apothecia and epiderm concrete above. Apothecia folicole. Criella 8:756 2. 22:1263 Spores 2-celled. opening by lobes 2.

round to elongate. not deeply sunken. 22 Scolecosporae 2:744. irregularly 1. Asci 8-spored Asci many-spored Dothiora 8:764. 24 Coccophacidium R b. typically waxy. 24:1123 Spores acicular to filiform. 113 finally opening widely and exposing the hymenium more or less completely. 2:791. 24 with the epiderm B. Asci 8-spored 2. 16:776. never concrete with the epiderm. 24:1244 Spores A. Coccomyces 8:744.STICTIDACEAE B. Apothecia oblong to elongate. Apothecia not concrete with the epiderm 1. 10:44. 11:432. R 97 76. Paraphyses lacking. as a rule. This family contains many genera with elongate apothecia. or rarely dark but at least never black. Asci many-spored 1-celled. globose to oblong vV qQvIC4/ Lindauella 16:777 Flaminia 16:777 ^. Apothecia with a linear cleft Apothecia opening broadly. R 82. and swollen at the tip. linear. 24 STICTIDACEAE Rehm 112 8:647. R 108. R 101. Apothecia innate. 11:428. 14:806. Hyalosporae 8:648. as well as by the fact that the disk is widely exposed at maturity. spores various. separate or grouped. but these are readily separated from similar forms in the Hysteriaceae by the color and consistency. 22:749. Apothecia not in Rhytisma 8:752. Lilfi^^AJ^Yl 4 V . with a cleft Graphyllium 16:1145. 17:913. opening by lobes 2. Apothecia in black folicole stroma-like spots stroma-like spots. white or bright-colored. Spores globose 1. 109 apothecia round. 22:733. The Ostropae may be placed almost equally well in either. Subfamily Eustictidae Rehm Apothecia waxy. Apothecia round. hyaline. exposing the hy- Lophodermium Clithris 18:165. typically hyaline. laciniate 2. asci mostly cylindric. by a cleft or lid or circularly. dark. membranous. 16:789. ovoid to fusoid Apothecia innate. opening 2. hypothecium poorly developed. finally more or less erumpent opening by lobes. paraphyses usually numerous. hymenium well exposed at maturity in most cases. 24 Keisslerina 24:1265 Phaeodictyae 16:1145. Apothecia concrete with epiderm 1. continuous or septate A. 18:163. 14:817. simple or branched. R 37 menium Family 40. 10:51. opening by a cleft a. rarely membranous. rarely subulate. 24:1122 Spores muriform. 18:146. 8-spored.

ascus-pore not blue with iodin Propolidium 8:667 Xyloglyphis R 170 Coccopeziza 10:45 (2) Apothecia elongate. much longer than asci Paraphyses blunt. apothecia elongate Merostictis R 164 8:674. Asci not blue with iodin 2. hyaline. paraphyses much Stictophacidium 8:735. Spores not ciliate apothecia or forked. R 160 R 158. 14:808. apothecia round 1. Paraphyses filiform or forked. 18:147. Paraphyses branched. Asci blue with iodin a. 11:429. hyaline or bright-colored. R 133 little if at all enlarged or Habrostictis b. A. 10:45. dark. 16:778. Paraphyses elliptic to oblong Iridionia 16:788 round (1) Asci not blue with iodin Naeviella R 164 (2) Asci blue with iodin (a) Ascus-pore alone blue with iodin (b) Whole hymenium blue with iodin b. Briardia 16:776. R 1215 Hyalodidymae 8:666. R 148. Paraphyses present hysterioid 1. Spores with 1-2 cilia at either end. 16:778. above (y) Paraphyses colored y. Spores forked. P?IACIDIALES oblong Paraphyses long-pointed. ascus-pore blue with iodin B. 14:808. 24 Propolina 8:654 oblong. 25 Xylogramma 8:677. 10:46. Ascus-pore alone blue with iodin b. swollen or branched a. R 151 many-spored Phaeosporae Propolis 8:648. Phragmonaevia Cryptodiscus 8:669. Diplocrytis R 161 R 158 (1) Paraphyses irregularly branched Apothecia round. Diplonaevia 8:666.110 B. filiform a. R 135. 11:428. Ascus-pore not blue with iodin (2) Apothecia oblong or linear (a) Hymenium blue with iodin (b) Hymenmm not blue with iodin Paraphyses irregularly branched above (1) Asci 8-spored (2) Asci Naevia 8:658. R 127 (x) Paraphyses enlarged and colored Ocellaria 8:654. forming an epithecium 1-celled. 18:148 22:734. Paraphyses filiform or forked (1) Apothecia round (a) Apothecia blackish. 25 . Spores elliptic to 1. 24 Xylographa 8:664. Ascus-pore blue with iodin Stegia 8:733. Trochila 8:728. 24:1248 Spores x-celled. Paraphyses lacking Hyalophragmiae 8:669. R 169. ascus-pore blue with iodin (b) Apothecia bright-colored X. 24:1248 Spores 2-celled. Whole hymenium blue with iodin B. oblong to fusoid A. 24 2. 2. R 137 R 145 R 153.

R 189 TRYBLIDIACEAE Rehm 191 Apothecia innate. occasionally cespitose or stromate. apothecia opening by a lid 8:697. 25 b. This family differs from Phacidiaceae only in the better developed hypothecium than and hymenium. 14:810. 16:782. 22:737. grey to darkish. cells separating. and from Dermateaceae in opening by lobes or a cleft rather . dark. 11:431. 2:806. paraphyses branched or swollen. Spores many-celled. 8:676 Hyalodictyae 8:704. much well developed. continuous or septate 2. filiform. paraph2. vermiform. hymenium exposed at maturity. at the tip. apothecia opening circularly Paraphyses lacking. apothecia Stictis 8:681. Lasiostictis 8:696 Apothecia pilose Apothecia not pilose a. 10:46. Scolecosporae R 172 . membranous to corneous. 185 or leathery. R 173 101. ovoid to fusoid A. elliptic. 11:429. filiform. Asci typically 8-spored Pleostictis 8:703 Melittosporium 8:704. R 188. 25 paraphyses filiform Robergea Family 41. Apothecia saprophytic on stems and twigs Eupropolella Eupropolis. R Moutoniella 18:163 Carestiella 14:810 B. then erumpent or superficial. R 187 yses branched Apothecia with only the thick ostiole erumpent. 14:812. Apothecia parasitic on leaves B. 24:1251 Spores acicular to A. 16:781. deeply sunken. 8-spored. brown or black. 681. round to elliptic. a cleft. Asci 1-spored B. hyaline to subhyaline. 18:152. asci mostly cylindric. Spores 1-celled. Ostropa 2:804. Asci 8-spored 1. 24:1248 111 Spores x-celled. thick. partly erumpent. typically hyaline. Asci many-spored Subfamily Ostropae Rehm Apothecia membranous opened tip alone erumpent. 18:151 Spores muriform. opening by lobes or rarely by usually separate. (b) Spores long-filiform. R 175.TRYBLIDIACEAE Phaeophragmiae 8:676. 25 lobed (2) Paraphyses mxich branched (a) Spores acicular. asci clavate B. Paraphyses present (1) Paraphyses filiform or nearly so. cells not separating. hypothecium numerous. oblong to fusoid A. Laquearia 8:586. the scarcely A. \pothecia cask-shaped. apothecia opening by a cleft Naemacyclus Schizoxylum 8:701. asci long-cylindric 1. spores various.

leathery. Phaeoderris 8:599 Spores x-celled a. Agyriales and Tuberales. often forming an epithecium. R 193. separate to cespitose but rarely stromate. The extent of this order has been narrowed by the reference of the three lower families to the Phacidiales. Spores x-celled. or fleshy. Seaver. but prevailingly hyaline. transferred a number of genera from the latter especially to Tryblidiaceae (Ann. erumpent. cupuliform or reversed body. and more recently order. Geoglosseae.112 circularly. 15:321). 25 Odontura R 207 two layers B. Asterocalyx 24:1243 Henriquesia 2:726 Scleroderris 8:594. 27 195 8:679. on the basis of differences in the manner of opening. and The in response to a gradually increasing supply of water and food. Apothecia separate to gregarious 1. 25 R 196. filiform. Spores 1-celled. often very thick. but a single character of this kind hardly affords a satisfactory basis for that they are properly included here. spores various. Agyriales. 8-spored. 25 R 290. A. Spores filiform a. hyaline a. Spores with a mucous sheath b. . appears to be widely divergent. PEZIZALES Apothecia innate. it Pezizales have evidently been derived directly from the Phacidiales. hypothecium well-developed. gelatinous. or superficial and then often found on moist soil. waxy well-differentiated. paraphyses practically universal. Hoehnel takes the opposite view. Spores without a mucous sheath 4. Apothecia innate. Caldesia R 198. 25 Order typically globoid at 12. exciple of (1) Heterosphaeria 8:775. Spores with a mucous sheath. Spores hyaline b. and Rehm is probably correct genera will probably be assigned finally to one or the other of However. and has these two families (p. clavate or sometimes branched. asci usually cylindric. PEZIZALES In neither case is the line a sharp one. phylogeny. order terminates blindly in three diverging groups. first. then erumpent b. Tryblis R Odontotrema Tryblidium R 204. Spores 2-celled a. 191). Spores muriform. has divided the order into two primary groups. but is thought to have continued its specialization into the Pucciniales The would seem from which the Basidiomycetes have sprung. Spores dark R 208. hyaline 2. hyaline. 25 Spores hyaline (2) Spores dark 3. and these have been grouped in a new Boudier. with a lid or operculum in the fleshy forms as a rule. exciple typically distinct. frequently with a stalk. hyaline 2. often infrequently lacking. Operculates and Inoperculates. the forms without exciple represent a specialized type due to reduction. hyaline b. short-stalked. scutellate. Spores 1-celled. in stating that the Myc. but the development of the apothecium indicates Ecologically. probably polyphyletic in nature. Apothecia cespitose or stromate 1. at first with mucous sheath 5. Spores without a mucous sheath Hysteropeziza R 132 Tryblidiopsis 8:786. Apothecia superficial. later opening circularly as a rule to form a discoid. The form of the Helvellaceae as well as in texture and form to some degree.

e. 119 yellow-green Thallus more or less algae blue-green Chrysotrichaceae distinctly p. mostly stalked Apothecia typically fleshy. 137 Apothecia asci small. rarely dark. not exserted n. parenchymic all over or at the base. 139 B. then open. mazaedium lacking a. Thallus cottony. well-developed Asci disappearing early. Asci disappearing early. Collemaceae p. thallus 1. asci mostly cylindric. carbonous leathery. a podetium (2) Thallus of one kind only. Apothecia parasitic on algae. 126 Spores typically 2-celled and biguttulate. brown or black Dermateaceae p. terricole as a rule Helvellaceae typically p. usually terricole. Apothecia not parasitic on algae. with a thickened septum. saddle-shaped to pileate or clavate. Apothecia typically innate-erumpent. disk with a mazaedium Asci persistent. y. on plants (x) Exciple dark. without a thallus 1. neither cottony nor gelatinous (1) Thallus of two kinds. mostly sessile (y) Exciple Mollisiaceae p. i. 117 (b) Apothecia usually bright-colored. 119 115 Asci persistent. Caliciaceae p. exserted from disk at maturity (y) Apothecia Ascobolaceae p. sometimes fimicole (x) Apothecia closed at first. prosenchymic. Thallus firm. spores and paraphyses forming a mazaedium b. 134 rarely ear- shaped m. medium to large. p. Helotiaceae p. 132 .FEZ Z ALES I 113 Key to Families A. horizontal or erect (a) Cladoniaceae p. broad. one horizontal. algae b. 2. Caliciaceae p. cobwebby or spongy. Pezizaceae usually fimicole. cupulate to discoid. waxy Patellariaceae p. rarely to fleshy X. stalked. usually traversed by a narrow canal (b) Spores without thickened septum and intersecting canal Physciaceae p. 133 concolorous. Apothecia usually terricole. 120 gelatinous. waxy Apothecia typically waxy. the other erect. mazaedium lacking (1) Apothecia gelatinous (2) Apothecia not gelatinous (a) Apothecia usually dark. Apothecia typically superficial a. layered. 140 open from the first. Bulgariaceae to p. leathery or horny. 114 2. 121 c.

Apothecia urceolate or turbinate Midotiopsis 18:121 Midotis 8:547 Apothecia stalked Exciple and hypothecium prosenchymic (2) Exciple and hypothecium parenchymic b. 26 Tympanis 8:578. Ascus-pore blue with iodin. Dermatea claw-like 8:550. paraphyses present. mostly leathery or horny. 127 Family 42. as Rehm has placed them. Spores ovoid to oblong 2. 26 Phaeosporae 16:764. This family is to be distinguished from the closely related Tryblidiaceiae with rounded apothecia chiefly by the fact that the opening is circular instead of lobed. R 246. hyaline. or 8. 10:36. (1) Urnula 8:548. rounded or angled by mutual pressure. brownish to black. opening circularly. but all such forms appear to belong properly in the Pezizaceae. ellipsoid Apothecia coriaceous. then erumpent or superficial. 35 Choriactis 18:121 Scytopezis 18:122 1-2-celled b. globose to oblong A. Apothecia large. 11:422. Apothecia small. 14:794. and they are retained here only because of their more or less leathery consistence. various. mostly cespitose Phaeangium 16:764 . Apothecia without a stromoid base a. 26 Ascus-pore not blue with iodin (1) Margin thick sulcate. usually stalked or radicate at base 1. Apothecia on a stromoid base a.114 X. hypothecium usually well-developed. DERMATEACEAE Rehm 241 Apothecia innate at first. 22:710. asci regularly cylindric and 8-spored. separate or cespitose and then often with a stroma-like base. Apothecia mature. 123 Lecideaceae p. R 974. R 264. 124 Parmeliaceae p. rarely one-sided or clavate. 24:1230 Spores 1-celled. hypothecium prosenchymic B. 16:782. spores various. more or less vertical a. Apothecia ear-shaped. 18:127. Apothecia sessile. not attached broadly (x) Apothecia with proper exciple (y) Apothecia with thalline exciple Peltigeraceae p. Hyalosporae 8:547. pointed (b) Paraphyses filiform or branched b. Spores globose b. 22:715. sessile or substipitate 1. 18:121. dark. Asci many-spored. exciple parenchymic. spores often a. 24:1224 Spores 1-celled. thick. R 219. Lobes or teeth occur in one or two genera with very large apothecia. forming projections over disk (2) Godroniopsis Pezolepis Margin normal 2. Asci 8-spored (1) Spores globose (2) Spores ovoid to oblong (a) Paraphyses lance-shaped. PEZIZALES Apothecia sunken or grown to the thallus on the whole underside typically superficial when y.and many-spored Encoeliella Cenangiopsis Cenangium 8:556.

hyaline. 11:424. hyaline A. cupugelatinouslate to discoid. hyaline. 24:1231 115 Spores 2-celled. 18:127. gelatinous texture of the apothecium distinguishes this family more or less MoUisiaceae all others of the order. urceolate B. more rarely innate-erumpent. 24:1233 Spores filiform. though a few genera approach the forms. dark. oblong to fusoid Apothecia elliptic-oblong. 10:38. patellate Phaeangella 18:128 Hyalophragmiae 8:594. hyaline. gelatinous in lost frequently more is exciple The and Pezizaceae closely. cespitose. 10:37. Apothecia not in a stroma a. globose to oblong Pulparia 8:612 A. 16:766. 22:719. patellate. R 237. Apothecia corneous.BULGARIACEAE Hyalodidymae 8:587. Hyalosporae 8:607. Spores globose B. R 235. paraphyses and spores various. gelatinous-waxy or hypothecium fleshy. All such genera are assembled here for conin the Agyriaceae. apparently because of a lessened need of protection. gelatinous. frequently stalked. 24:1234 Spores 1-celled. single or cespitose Cenangella 8:587 Phaeodidymae 18:128 Spores 2-celled. 26 Durandia 24:1234 Family 43. typically smooth. Apothecia coriaceous. horn-like when dry. 18:131. epithecium sometimes lacking. but those with gelatinous apothecia are also keyed The readily from venience. 11:425. 18:130. 26 Scolecosporae 8:601. Apothecia in a lens-shaped gelatinous stroma 2. elliptic to oblong Apothecia coriaceous. asci 16-spored (2) Physmatomyces 16:770 Ahlesia 8:633 Apothecia not lichenicole . 26 Phaeophragmiae 2:757 Spores 2-celled. 18:129 Spores x-celled. B. elliptic to oblong Apothecia coriaceous. 22:716. opening widely by a cleft Tryblidiella R 234. patellate waxy-coriaceous. Crumenula 8:600. thick. Apothecia spores variably 1-x-celled Stilbopeziza 22:757 pilose. 16:765. 10:37. 11:425. oblong to fusoid A. cespitose Godronia 8:601. BULGARIACEAE Rehm 444 Apothecia usually superficial from the first. urceolate. separate to cespitose. opening circularly. 14:801. Apothecia coriaceous. 14:798. Spores elliptic to bacillar 1. asci regularly cylindric and 8-spored. dark. Exciple present (1) Apothecia lichenicole.

terricole Sarcosoma outside. 16:771. R 484 Bulgariastrum 24:1241 Calloria 8:639. dark. 26 Agyrina 8:636 (2) Asci many-spored (a) Phaeosporae 8:636. 22:732 8:644. sessile Sorokinia 10:42 Phragmosporae 8:641. ovoid Apothecia erumpent. 22:732 Dictyonia 18:144 Spores muriform. B. 8:633 R 453 Asci many-spored Exciple lacking y. epithecium lacking R 462. R 475.116 (a) PEZIZALES Apothecia stipitate Ombrophila 8:613. 18:142. margined Haematomyxa 8:646 Sarcomyces 10:44 . 10:44. spores ovoid to fusoid Apothecia turbinate to disciform. hyaline. then plane Phaeodictyae 8:646. large. Asci 8-spored (x) Apothecia veined or ridged outside. 16:770. R 497 (y) Apothecia terricole smooth m. dark. 22:730. Parasitic on leaves of spermaphytes Paryphedria 10:43. hyaline or subhyaline. 24:1240 Spores 1-ceIled. turbinate to discoid Bulgaria 8:636. Myridium 8:631 (1) Asci 8-spored Apothecia margined by changed paraphyses. small. tate sessile or substipi- Coryne Hyalodictyae 18:145. 11:427. substipitate or sessile. A. B. elliptic to fusoid Apothecia erumpent or superficial. hyaline. Disk convolute or gyrose n. not 10:42. Hymenium sinuate-gyrose. 18:142 Spores 2-celled. microscopic Gloeopeziza 10:41 (b) Apothecia without modified paraphyses Agyrium 8:634. 22:728. 16:771. 11:427. 10:42. dark. R 450. 26 Spores muriform. 26 Hyalodidymae 8:639. cupulate. 14:805. Apothecia parasitic. 26 (b) Apothecia sessile X. 16:773. 18:144. Apothecia saprophytic. paraphyses forming an epi- thecium 1. 18:140. ovoid to oblong A. Disk smooth b. not margined Hymenium smooth. 22:726. 24:1242 Spores x-celled. elliptic to fusoid Apothecia subturbinate. 24:1241 elliptic to fusoid Spores 2-celled. 14:804. 10:43. Haematomyces Orbilia 8:621. R 485. 18:143. Parasitic on algae and liverworts 2. 26 Phaeodidymae 10:42. 10:41. R 494.

PATELLARIACEAE
Scolecosporae
8:646, 14:805, 16:775, 18:145, 22:12,2, 24:1243

117

Spores acicular to

filiform, typically hyaline

A. Apothecia with an exciple 1. Apothecia pilose; spores very long filiform 2. Apothecia not pilose; spores acicular

Ophiogloea 18:145

Apothecia clavate-cylindric, on a subicle Apothecia not clavate-cylindric or on a subicle B. Apothecia without an exciple
a.

Holwaya

8:646; 26

b.

Orthoscypha
Agyriopsis 14:805

Family

44.

PATELLARIACEAE
Rehm
277

late

Apothecia mostly superficial from the first, more rarely innate-erumpent, cuputo discoid, sometimes boat-shaped or oblong, opening circularly, typically smooth, usually dark or black, carbonous, leathery or corneous; hypothecium typically well-developed, thick, epithecium rarely lacking; asci clavate to cylindric, usually 8-spored, paraphyses and spores various. This family is to be distinguished from the Dermateaceae chiefly by the fact that the apothecia are typically superficial rather than erumpent, but several genera The corneous forms approach the are more or less intermediate in this respect.
pass readily into Helotiaceae. The line of evolution of the lichens is thought to have sprung from this family. It is practically certain that a considerable number of natural genera are artificially divided into lichen and non-lichen groups, and the tendency in the family is further shown by the numerous lichenicole genera.

Bulgariaceae closely, while the
relationship to the lichens
is

waxy apothecia

close,

and the main

Hyalosporae
8:769, 10:52, 11:433, 14:818, 16:791, 18:165, 22:752, 24:1272

Spores

1-celled, hyaline,

globose to oblong

A. Asci 8-spored; spores not globose 1. Apothecia oblong to elongate, cleft
2.

Placographa 22:753,

R

313

Apothecia round a. Apothecia lichenicole (1) Apothecia with an exciple (2) Apothecia without an exciple b. Apothecia not lichenicole branched, forming (1) Paraphyses thecium
(a) Asci saccate to clavate
X.

Rhymbocarpus

14:819

Nesolechia 10:53,
an
epi-

R

315

Subicle present, radiate Subicle lacking (b) Asci narrow, cylindric (2) Paraphyses simple, epithecium none
y.

Actinoscypha 8:774
Patinella 8:769,

R

310; 27

Starbaeckia 10:53 Psilothecium 18:168; 27
Biatorella 8:469,

B. Asci many-spored; spores globose

R

303; 27

Phaeosporae
10:55, 22:754, 24:1276

Spores

1-celled, dark,

ovoid to ellipsoid

Apothecia patellate, margined, black

Lagerheimia 10:55

118

PEZIZALES
Hyalodidymae
8:779, 10:56,

11:434, 14:820, 16:792, 18:173, 22:755

Spores
A. Apothecia lichenicole 1. Asci 8-spored

2-celled, hyaline, elliptic to

fusoid

Asci many-sporeH B. Apothecia not lichenicole 1. Apothecia setose 2. Apothecia glabrous
2.

Scutula R 321 Pleoscutula 24:1285

Johansonia 8:785
Patellea 8:783,

R

283; 27

Phaeodidymae
8:779, 10:56, 11:434, 14:820, 16:792, 18:173

Spores 2-celled, dark,
A. Asci 8-sporcd
1.

elliptic to

fusoid

2.

Woodiella 16:794 Apothecia on a radiate subicle, folicole Apothecia not on a subicle a. Apothecia round (1) Apothecia innate, then erumpent (a) Apothecia lichenicole, with an epitheAbrothallus 8:739, R 358; 27 cium (b) Apothecia folicole; paraphyses few or Pachypatella 24:1278 none
(2)

b.

Apothecia superficial Apothecia lichenicole (b) Apothecia not lichenicole Apothecia irregularly elliptic to oblong
(a)

Epilichen 18:177,

R

350

Karschia 8:779, R 345; 27 Melaspilea 10:58, R 362
Ravenelula 8:782
Pleospilis 18:179

B. Asci
1.

2.

many-spored Paraphyses lacking Paraphyses present

Hyalophragmiae
8:786, 10:59, 11:434, 14:821, 16:795, 18:179, 22:756, 24:1286

Spores x-celled, hyaline,
A, Apothecia lichenicole B. Apothecia not lichenicole
1.

elliptic

to fusoid

Mycobilimbia

10:60,

R

327

2.

Hypothecium and exciple thin; apothecia rolled together when dry Hypothecium and exciple thick; apothecia not rolled together when dry
Phaeophragmiae

Durella 8:790,

R

286; 27

Patellaria 8:795,

R

329; 27

8:786, 10:59, 11:434, 14:821, 16:795, 18:179

Spores x-celled, dark, A. Asci 8-spored 1. Apothecia innate-erumpent 2. Apothecia superficial a. Apothecia lichenicole b. Apothecia not lichenicole B. Asci many-spored

elliptic

to fusoid

Pseudotryblidium 10:65,

R

370

Leciographa Mycolecidea

10:61, 10:61,

R 372 R 372

Baggea

2:760,

R

369; 27

CALICIACEAE
Dictyosporae
8:802,
11:435, 14:823,

m
Pleopatella 22:754 Tryblidaria 18:186

18:185, 22:758. 24:1293

Spores muriform, hyaline to subhyalinc, ovoid to oblong
A. Asci l-spored B. Asci 8-spored

Scolecosporae
8:807,
10:65,

11:435,

14:823, 16:708. 24:1294

Spores bacillar to

filiform, hyaline

to subhyalinc

A. Apothecia sessile 1. Exciple thin, parenchyniic; spore-cells separating thick, typically prosenchymic; spore2. Exciple cells not separating

Bactrospora

10:67,

R R

344

Apothecia lichenicole Apothecia not lichenicole B. Apothecia stalked, turbinate a. Apothecia lichenicole b. Apothecia not lichenicole
a.

Mycobacidia

10:66,

337; 27

b.

Pragmopara

R

339

Lahmia

10:65,

R
343

341

Parathalle

R

Family

45.

CALICIACEAE
parasitic

Rehm

388,

Zahlbruckner 95 (80)

Mycelium inconspicuous and saprophytic, or

on algae, forming a

powdery, crustose, foliose or fruticose thallus; apothecia sessile or stalked, cup- to top-shaped, opening more or less completely, asci disappearing very early and the
disk then covered with a persistent

mass

of spores

and paraphyses.

i.e.

a

mazaedium;

exciple prosenchymic, horny, proper or thalline.

A. Mycelium
thallus
1.

saprophytic,

at

least

not

forming a
ellip-

Spores
soid
a.

1-cclled,

globose or globoid, rarely

b.

Spores hyaline or subhyalinc Farriola 98 Algae present but not forming a thallus Roesleria 8:826, R 396 (2) Algae lacking Spores dark or at least brownish (1) Spores globoid, smooth, dark Sphinctrina 98, R 389; 23 (a) Apothecia black, nearly sessile (b) Apothecia bright-colored, with a slender Eucyphelis R 392 stalk
(1)

(2)

Spores

ellipsoid, reticulate,

brownish; apoSphinctrinopsis

thecia nearly sessile
2.

Spores typically 2-x-celled a. Spores 2-celled Acolium R 398; 28 (1) Apothecia sessile Mycocalicium R 401 stalk slender a with Apothecia (2) Stenocybe 97, R 413; 28 b. Spores x-celled B. Mycelium forming a thallus with algae 1. Thallus crustose a. Spores 1-celled, typically globose to globoid

I

120
(1) Asci 8-spored

PEZIZALES
(a) Spores

hyaline

or

yellowish;

disk

globose (b) Spores dark; disk more or less flat X. Apothecia sessile (x) Thallus with a cortical layer (y) Thallus without a cortical layer y. Apothecia stalked (2) Asci many-spored b. Spores 2-celled, dark (1) Apothecia sessile (a) Algae Pleurococcus (b) Algae Trentepohlia (2) Apothecia stalked (a) Apothecia with a long stalk (b) Apothecia with a short thick stalk c. Spores x-celled (1) Proper exciple alone present (2) Thalline exciple also present d. Sporec more or less muriform (1) Algae Pleurococcus (2) Algae Trentepohlia Thallus foliose a. Thallus of horizontal scales with marginal apothecia; spores 1-celled, dark, globose b. Horizontal scales sterile; apothecia on cylindric podetia; spores 2-celled, dark, oblong Thallus fruticose a. Thallus hollow-; apothecia on the under side; spores 1-celled, dark, globose b. Thallus with solid medulla; apothecia terminal
(1)

Coniocybe 97; 28

Carlosia 98

Holocyphis 99 Chaenotheca 95; 28
Tylophorella 100

Cyphelium
Ditylis 99

98; 23

Calicium 96; 28

Pyrgidium 98
Pyrgillus 99; 28

Tylophorum 99
Pseudacolium 99 Schistophorum 100

Calycidium 100

Tholurna

100; 28

Pleurocybe 101

Spores 1-cellcd, dark, globose; apothecia enclosed in a globose thalline exciple opening irregularly at the top (2) Spores 2-celled, dark, elliptic; apothecia without thalline covering, goblet-like

Sphaerophorus

102; 28

Acroscyphus 102

Family

46.

CHRYSOTRICHACEAE
134,

Zahlbruckner
Apothecia
disciform,

147

(117,

127)

margined;

asci

persistent,

mazaedium
layers,

lacking;

thallus

uniform, cobwebby, cottony or spongy, loose, without Pleurococcus, Trentepohlia or Cladophora as algal hosts.
A. Thallus with Palmella or Pleurococcus; spores hyaline

with

Palmella,

Spores 1-celled Spores x-celled B. Thallus with Trentepohlia; spores hyaline 1. Spores 1-celled 2. Spores 2-celled C. Thallus with Cladophora; apothecia lacking
1.

2.

Crocynia 135 Chrysothrix 135; 28

Holocoenis 149

Coenogonium Racodium 149

148

COLLEMACEAE
Family
Zahlbnickner
47.

121

COLLEMACEAE
160, 154, 158, 167,

153,

164, 149,

168

Thallus more or less gelatinous when moist, mostly without distinct layers, as hosts; scaly, foliose or fruticose, rarely crustose, always with bluc-grecn algae apothecia disciform or urccolate, with persistent asci; spores typically hyaline.
A. Thallus with Gloeocapsa, Chroococcus or
1.

XanSubfamily Pyrenopsidae

thocapsa Algae Gloeocapsa a. Thallus crustose, scaly or dwarf fruticose (1) Spores 1-celled (a) Asci 8-spored X. Apothecia biatorine or almost lecidcinc y. Apothecia lecanorine (b) Asci many-spored (2) Spores 2-celled b. Thallus foliose, a single leaf attached in the middle c. Thallus fruticose, attached by delicate rhizoids

Lecopyrenopsis 155 Pyrenopsis 155 Pleopyrenis 155 Cryptothele 155
Phylliscidium 155
Synalissa 155

2.

Algae Chroococcus
a.

b.

Thallus crustose; apothecia more or less open Thallus foliose, a single leaf attached in the middle; apothecia closed Thallus crustose
(1) Spores
(a)

Pyrenopsidium 155
Phylliscum 156; 28

3.

Algae Xanthocapsa
a.

1-celled

Hymenium Hymenium

with an epithecial mass of

algae and hyphae

Gonohymenia

157

b.

without epithecial mass normally 8-spored; pseudoparX. Asci enchymic cortex lacking y. Asci many-spored; pseudoparenchymic cortex present (2) Spores 2-celled; apothecia closed Thallus foliose, of a single umbilicate leaf, often lobed (1) Thallus pseudoparenchymic (2) Thallus not pseudoparenchymic (a) Spores 1-celled
(b)
X. y.

Psorotichia 157
Forssellia 157

Collemopsidium 157

Anema

157

Hyphae Hyphae

loose, reticulate at

margin

dense, perpendicular to margin

Thyrea 158 Jenmania 158; 28
Paulia 159

c.

(b) Spores 2-celled Thallus fruticose, erect (1) Thallus without layers (a) Asci 8-spored (b) Asci many-spored (2) Thallus layered, with a cortex

Peccania 159 Pleoconis 160 Phloeopeccania 160

B. Thallus with Nostoc 1, Apothecia biatorine
a.

(1)

Spores 1-celled Spores globoid to fusoid, straight (a) Thallus crustose, scarcely gelatinous (b) Thallus scaly or dwarf fruiticose, gelatinous

Leprocollema 165; 29

Lcciophysma

166

122
(c) Thallus

PEZIZALES
fruticose,

Ramalina-like

Ramalodium

172

2.

Spores needle-shaped, twisted b. Spores 2-x-celled (1) Spores 2-celled; thallus without cortex (2) Spores x-celled; thallus with cortex Apothecia lecanorine a. Spores 1-celled (1) Paraphyses simple, scarcely united (a) Thallus scaly or dwarf-fruticose X. Thallus without cortex y, Thallus with pseudoparenchymic cortex thickspores large-leaved; (b) Thallus walled or mucose (2) Paraphyses ramose and united; thallus
(2)

Koerberia 170

Hormothecium
Arctomia 170

168

Lempholemma
Lemmopsis
167

166

Physma

167

crustose
b.
c.

Gyrocollema

Spores 2-celled Spores x-celled (1) Thallus without cortex
(a)

DicoUema

d.

Spermagonia present CoUemis 168 CoUemodes 170 Spermagonia lacking (2) Thallus with pseudoparenchymic cortex Leptogiopsis 171 or pseudoparenchymic throughout Spores muriform
(b)
(1) Thallus without cortex

CoUema

168; 29

C.

pseudoparenchymic cortex or pseudoparenchymic throughout Thallus with Scytonema or Stigonema
(2) Thallus with
1.

Leptogium

170; 29

Subfamily Ephebae

a.

Thallus crustose to scaly Thallus without cortex (1) Spores 1-celled (2) Spores x-celled b. Thallus with cortex above Thallus dwarf fruticose, much branched, dark a. Apothecia sunken in swellings of the thallus (1) Spores 1-celled; paraphyses present (2) Spores 2-3-celled; paraphyses lacking
b.

Pterygiopsis 152
Petractis 145

Porocyphus 152

2.

Ephebeia

151

Ephebe

151; 29

Apothecia superficial without pseudoparenchymic cortex or central medulla (a) Paraphyses capitate, dark (b) Paraphyses not capitate X. Asci 8-spored (x) Spores 1-celled, globose to ovoid (y) Spores x-celled, acicular y. Asci typically many-spored with large-celled pseudoparen(2) Thallus chymic cortex and central medulla (a) Spores 1-celled (b) Spores 2-celled D. Thallus with Rivularia 1. Apothecia disciform; thallus scaly to granular a. Apothecia lecideine; algae horizontal b. Apothecia lecanorine; algae erect
(1) Thallus

Spilonema 150

Thermutis 150; 29
Trichobacidia 153 Zahlbrucknerella 150

Leptogidium 152 Polychidium 152 Subfamily Lichinae

Pterygium

161

Steinera 162

PELTIGERACEAE
2.

123

Apothecia more or less perithecioid; thallus dwarf fruticose a. Algal filaments in the middle of the thallus and parallel with the long axis of the branches b. Algal filaments absent from the middle but marginal beneath the cortex (1) Algae parallel with the long axis of the
(2)

Lichinodium 162

branches Algae perpendicular to the long axis (a) Paraphyses present
Asci 8-spored Asci many-spored (b) Paraphyses lacking
X. y.

Lichina 163

Lichenyllium 163
Lichinella 162 Homopsella 163

Family

48.

PELTIGERACEAE
more or
less

Zahlbruckner
Thallus firm, not at
all

142, 173, 189 (122, 176, 190)

gelatinous, crustose or foliose,

lobed and

sometimes erect at the margin but never truly fruticose, typically attached to the substratum by rhizoids or by a navel, with a pseudoparenchymic cortex on one or both sides or pseudoparenchymic throughout; apothecia typically sunken in the thallus or grown together with it on the whole lower surface, more or less margined by the thallus, but without a proper exciple.
,

Thallus uniform to crustose; algae Protococcus Subfamily Caleniae or Pleurococcus 1. Spores transeptate, usually 2-3-celled a. Paraphyses soon dissolving in slime to form a Phlegmophiale 142 dark epithecium; spores x-celled
b.

(1)

Paraphyses persistent Paraphyses simple (a) Paraphyses free;

no algae

below hyAsterothyrium 144

menium
(b) Paraphyses united
X.

Algae present below hymenium; apothecia without byssoid or coralloid marGonolecania 143 ginal hyphae hymenium; y. Algae not present below apothecia with byssoid or coralloid Byssolecania 142 marginal hyphae (2) Paraphyses ramose and united Actinoplaca 143 (a) Spores 2-celled (b) Spores x-celled
X.

Hymenium
brane

at first

enclosed in a

memCalenia 144 Tapellaria 143
algae

y.
2.

Hymenium

without membrane

a.

Spores muriform Asci 1-spored;

hypothecium

without

below
(1)

(2)

Paraphyses simple, free Paraphyses ramose, united

Lopadiopsis 143
stiff

(a)

Upper
hairs

surface of thallus with

black

Tricharia 144

124
(b)
X.

PEZIZALES
Upper surface without
stiff

black hairs

b.

Gonothecis 143 Epithecium with hymenial algae Sporopodium 143 y. Epithecium without hymenial algae hypothecium with algae 8-spored; Asci Arthotheliopsis 143 below
or
foliose-scaly,

B. Thallus foliose

rarely subfruti-

cose; algae Scytonema, Nostoc or Palmella
1.

Subfamily Heppiae

2.

uniform and typically pseudoparenchyniic throughout; algae Scytonema a. Thallus of interwoven hyphae, not parenchymic b. Thallus pseudoparenchymic throughout (1) Spores 1-celled (2) Spores muriform Apothecia typically marginal or even with the thallus; thallus layered; algae Nostoc or PalApotiiecia

not

marginal;

thallus

Pseudoheppia 173

Heppia

173; 29

Latzelia 175

mella
a.

Subfamily Peltigerae

Thallus foliose, usually large-leaved
(1)

(a)

Apothecia on upper side of thallus Apothecia marginal on lobes of thallus; lower surface of thallus netted, without cortex
Peltigera 189; 29
Peltidea 191

b.

Algae Nostoc y. Algae Palmella (Dactylococcus) (b) Apothecia superficial, lower surface with cortex below the apothecia; algae Nostoc, Palmella or both (2) Apothecia on lower side of elongate thallus lobes; thallus completely corticate on both sides (a) Algae Nostoc (b) Algae Palmella Thallus minute of small triangular scales radiating from the apothecium; asci manyX.

Solorina 188; 29

Nephromium 189 Nephroma 188

spored; spores 2-celled

Solorinella 188

Family
Zahlbruckner
Thallus firm, not

49.

LECIDEACEAE
209 (114, 129, 138, 144)
scaly

131, 191, 200,

exceptionally dwarf with or without cortex; apothecia superficial or somewhat sunken at first, with a characteristic proper exciple that is very rarely lacking, but without a true thalline exciple. The absence of the latter distinguishes this family from the Parmeliaceae.
gelatinous,
crustose,

or

foliose,

fruticose, with

rhizoids or a navel in the larger forms,

A. Thallus uniform or crustose 1. Thallus with Trentepohlia
a.

Subfamily Lecanactidae

b.

Proper exciple thin or incomplete (1) Spores x-celled; paraphyses ramose, united (3) Spores muriform; paraphyses simple, free Proper exciple well-developed, carbonous

Schismatomma 132; 30 Melampydium 133

LECIDEACEAE
(1)

125

Paraphyses simple
Pseudolecanactis 131
Catinaria 131

(a) Spores 1-celIed

(b) Spores 2-celled

2.

Paraphyses ramose, often united Spores 2-celled (b) Spores x-celled (c) Spores many-celled, acicular Thallus with Pleurococcus or Palmella with an external byssoid mass a. Exciple hyphae (1) Spores x-celled (a) Spores hyaline; exciple dark within (b) Spores dark; exciple hyaline (2) Spores muriform b. Exciple without external byssoid mass
(2)

(a)

Arthoniactis 131

Lecanactis 131; 30
Scolecactis 132
of

Subfamily Byssolomae

Byssoloma

133

Asteristium 134

Amphischizonia 134 Subfamily Lecideae

(1) Asci 1-8-spored, rarely 16-32-spored

(a) Spores 1-cellcd
X.

Spores hyaline
(x) Asci 1-2-spored; spores large, thick-

walled
(y) Asci 8-spored m. Exciple black, carbonous
n.

Mycoblastus 195
Lecidea 192; 30
Biatora 193; 30
Pleolecis 195

Exciple hyaline or colored, not car-

bonous
(z) Asci
y.

16-32-spored

Spores dark
Spores hyaline
(x) Paraphyses simple

Orphniospora 195

(b) Spores 2-celled
X.

m. Spores thick-walled, large n. Spores thin-walled, small to medium (m) Thallus with cortex (n) Thallus without cortex r. Exciple and hypothecium dark or
black Exciple and hypothecium clear or bright (y) Paraphyses ramose, in a slimy hys.

Megalospora

197

Thalloedema 199

Catillaria 196

Biatorina 196

menium
Spores dark; paraphyses ramose (c) Spores x-celled X. Spores elliptic to long-fusoid (x) Thallus not corticate, crustose-uniy.

Diphanis 200 Catocarpus 200

form
(y) Thallus corticate, warty to scaly y. Spores acicular to filiform
(d) Spores
X.

Bacidia 197; 30

Toninla 198 Scoliciosporum 198

muriform

Spores hyaline (x) Spores with mucous sheath; paraph3'ses

ramose

Phalodictyum 200

without mucous sheath; paraphyses simple y. Spores dark, with mucous sheath (2) Asci myriosporous
(y) Spores

Lopadium 199; 30 Rhizocarpum 200
Biatorella 214

126
B. Thallus scaly

PEZIZALES
or foliose, with Pleurococcus or Palmella Thallus scaly, often with rhizoids; disk not fur-

Subfamily Phyllopsorae

1.

rowed
a.

Spores 1-celled
(1) (2)

Hypothecium pseudoparenchymic Hypothecium not pseudoparenchymic

Phyllopsora 201

(a) Exciple clear or bright

(b) Exciple dark to black
b.

Psoromaria 181 Psora 195

2.

x-celled; hypothecium pseudoparenchymic Psorella 201 Thallus mostly with one large leaf; disk often furrowed Subfamily Gyrophorae a. Spores 1-celled; disk typically furrowed Gyrophora 210; 31

Spores

Spores 2-celled Spores hyaline (2) Spores dark c. Spores x-celled d. Spores muriform C. Thallus dwarf fruticose, of low erect furcate podeb.

(1)

Charcotia 212

Dermatiscum 212 Agyrophora 210
Umbilicaria 211; 31

tia;

horizontal thallus lacking; spores hyaline,

2-celled

Sphaerophoropsis 195; 30

Family

50.

CLADONIACEAE

Zahlbruckner 201 (139)
Thallus of two kinds, the primary horizontal on the substratum, crustose, scaly to foliose, the secondary consisting of erect clavate, cupulate or filiform, simple to much branched podetia; algae typically Pleurococcus; apothecia terminal or lateral, mostly convex to globose, with proper exciple only, except in Chlorocaulum; spores colorless.
A. Apothecia with proper exciple 1. Podetia short, simple, rarely forked; apothecia terminal a. Podetia equal or little broadened above (1) Podetia scattered over the surface
(a)
X.

Hypothecium

clear

b.

Spores 1-celled y. Spores 2-celled z. Spores x-celled (x) Spores fusoid to bacillar, few-celled m. Algae blue-green n. Algae yellow-green (y) Spores filiform, very many celled (b) Hypothecium dark; spores 1-celled (2) Podetia marginal on a foliose thallus Podetia broadened above into lobes or tongues bearing the hymenium on one side (1) No algae below the hymenium; medulla uniform (2) Algae below the hymenium; medulla with
thicker strands

Baeomyces
Dibaeis 203

203; 30

Cyanobaeis 203

Heteromyces 203
Gomphillus 203 Pilophorum 205; 30

Gymnoderma

203; 30

Glossodium 204

Thysanothecium 204

PARMELIACEAE
Podetia funnelform, cupulate, filiform or more or less ramose, large as a rule mostly hollow; podetia 1-celled; a. Spores cephalodia lacking b. Spores x-celled or muriform; podetia solid; cephalodia present (1) Spores x-celled (2) Spores muriform B. Apothecia with thalline exciple 1. Spores 1-celled 2. Spores x-celled
2.

127

Cladonia 205; 30

Stereocaulum 208; 30 Argopsis 209; 30

Lachnocaulum 208 Chlorocaulum 208

Family

51.

PARMELIACEAE

Zahlbruckner. 220, 217, 213, 136, 144, 229, 238, 175, 182
foliose

Thallus of one kind, podetia lacking, firm, not gelatinous, crustose, scaly, or fruticose, often with rhizoids, typically layered, algae usually yellowgreen, but blue-green in two subfamilies; apothecia characterized by a thalline

exciple,

which

is

sometimes lacking,

superficial, rarely

immersed.

A. Thallus typically crustose, sometimes scaly lobed at the margin 1. Thallus with Pleurococcus or Palmella, rarely
a.

or

Protococcus Asci mostly

8-spored,

1-32-spored,

but

not

myriosporous (1) Disk conspicuous, not more or and perithecioid (a) Spores 1-celled
X.

less closed

Subfamily Lecanorae

Asci 1-8-spored
(x) Paraphyses simple, free

m. Spores straight, elliptic to oblong (m) Thallus bright yellow; pycnoconidia elliptic

Candelariella 228

(n) Thallus

rarely

bright

pycnoconidia
cylindric
r.

more

yellow; or less

Cortex pseudoparenchymic Cortex not pseudoparenchymic n. Spores crescentic to falcate; thallus uniformly pseudoparenchymic (y) Paraphyses ramose and united y. Asci many-spored (b) Spores 2-celled X. Paraphyses simple, free (x) Sterigmata exobasidial (y) Sterigmata endobasidial m. Thallus uniform, crustose n. Thallus lobed at margin y. Paraphyses ramose, united (c) Spores x-celled X. Apothecia superficial (x) Asci 1-8-spored m. Thallus with cortex n. Thallus without cortex
s.

Psoroma

180; 31

Lecanora 221; 31

Harpidium 221
Ochrolechia 225 Myriolecis 223

Lecania 226

Icmadophila 226; 31 Solenopsora 227
Calenia 144

Haematomma

227

128

PEZIZALES
(m) Paraphyses furcate above; spores
(n) Paraphyses

moniliform, 30-40-celled simple; spores

Conotrema
not

140

moniliform
(y) Asci many-spored
y.

Adermatis 226
Dyslecanis 226
thallus

Apothecia
cortex

immersed;

without
Phlyctella 228 Phlyctidia 228

(x) Paraphyses simple, free (y) Paraphyses ramose, united
(d) Spores
X.

muriform

Spores hyaline or subhyaline • superficial, broad; hy(x) Apothecia menium with algae below (y) Apothecia immersed, small; no algae

Myxodictyum
Phlyctis 227

227

below hymenium
Spores dark (2) Disk small, more or
y.

Diploschistes 141; 31
less closed

thecioid; apothecia verrucae (a) Spores 1-celled
X.

mostly

and perlsunken in
Subfamily Pertusariae

Paraphyses simple,
forate

free;

hymenium

per-

Perforaria 217 Pertusaria 217; 31

y.

Paraphyses ramose, united; hymenium
not perforate
2-celled;

(b) Spores

paraphyses

ramose,
Varicellaria 220

b.

united Asci myriosporous; spores mostly 1-celled

Subfamily Acarosporae

Apothecia superficial (a) Thallus bright yellow (b) Thallus not bright yellow (2) Apothecia typically immersed, with mostly
(1)

Pleochroma 229 Maronea 215
Acarospora 216;
31

narrow disk
2.

Thallus
a.

with

Trentepohlia

or

Phyllactidium;
in

thalline exciple

sometimes disappearing

age

Subfamily Gyalectae
Jonaspis 145

Thalline exciple present and persistent
(1)

Spores 1-celled, hyaline Spores 2-celled (a) Spores hyaline (b) Spores dark at last (3) Spores x-celled (a) Spores hyaline X. Apothecia proliferating repeatedly from margin, forming erect forking chains of apothecia y. Apothecia not in chains (x) Algae Trentepohlia m. Exciple and hypothecium hyaline n. Exciple and hypothecium dark, hard (y) Algae Phyllactidium (b) Spores dark (4) Spores muriform (a) Spores hyaline X. Paraphyses simple
(2)

Lecaniopsis 147 Diplopeltopsis

Polystroma 140

Ocellularia 137 Sagiolechia 145

Phyllophthalmaria 139

Phaeotrema

137

Spores 2-celled (m) Spores hyaline (n) Spores dark n. Spores 2-celled Spores x-celled z. Diphanosticta 186 Diphaeostica 186 Phanosticta 186 Sticta 185 Spores x-celled (n) Spores dark (m) Spores hyaline (y) Apothecia with proper exciple only y. united (x) Apothecia sunken in groups stroma (y) Apothecia not in a stroma Leptotrema 139 in a Tremotylium 139 Gyrostomum more 139. Apothecia superficial (m) Lower cortex without rhizoids. or with clavate cephalodia X. sometimes y. Thallus typically foliose or fruticose. Asci mostly 8-spored. 31 Phyllobrassia 139 Paraphyses ramose. Spores 2-celled y. Palmella. typically dorsiventral (a) Thallus with cyphellae or pseudocyphellae. or less celluusually with rhizoids . horizontal or erect. Protococcus. Spores muriform (b) Asci many-sporcd X. or Cystococcus a. 31 Ramonia 147 Pachyphiale 147 Lecaniopsis 147 Semigyalecta 147 1. united Phanotylium 140 (b) Spores dark X. with matted hyphae (n) Anzia 235 Lower cortex more lar. rarely fruticose. then or less completely disappearing (1) Algae Trentepohlia (a) Asci 1-8-spored X. 129 Thelotrema 137. thalline exciple sometimes lacking Thallus with Pleurococcus. y. thallus with cephalodia (x) Algae Protococcus (y) Lobaria 182. from 1-32-spored (1) Thallus foliose.PARMELIACEAE (x) Paraphyses free (y) Paraphyses united y. etc. 31 b. free Paraphjses ramose. Asci 1-8-spored (x) Thallus with cortex on both surfaces m. small-leaved or scaly. spongy. Spores x-celled (2) Algae Phyllactidium or Phycopeltis (a) Spores 2-celled (b) Spores x-cellcd B. Paraphyses simple. Lower side of thallus with cyphellae or pseudocyphellae (x) Apothecia with thalline exciple Subfamily Stictae m. Thalline exciple present at first. Lower side without cyphellae or pseudo- Dysticta 186 cyphellae. 31 Cystolobis 185 Subfamily Parmeliae Algae Cystococcus (b) Thallus typically without cyphellae. X. Microphiale 145 Bryophagus 146 Gyalecta 146.

apothe- more or cia unknown horny Thamnolia 246 (n) Medulla firm. which later twist to bring them upright Nephromopsis 238 (y) Thallus with cortex on upper surface alone m. without strands (x) Cortex formed of hyphae running X. often long and hair-like. rarely dorsiy.130 r. Parmeliopsis 231 Lower Pseudoparmelia 236 Parmelia 233. asci 4-8-spored. Physcidia 230 Megalopsora 230 Heterodea 230 Candelaria 231 Apothecia terminal. ventral in structure (a) Spores 1-celled or lacking Subfamily Usneae Medulla traversed by solid strands of variable number and size y. cyphellae present Asci many-spored (2) Thallus fruticose. s. medulla and cortex readily separable of hyphae running in all usually Usnea 245. Apothecia superficial. spores hyaline to brownish (y) Cortex Alectoria 241 . Thallus fruticose. 32 Apothecia marginal or terminal. s. Thallus low. podetium-like. tubular Thallus not swollen and tubular Dactylina 240 . less hollow Thallus swollen. thallus without cyphellae (m) Exciple with algae (n) Exciple without algae n. Medulla uniform. 32 directions (m) Thallus more or r. apothecia unknown Siphula 247 s. apothecia present (r) Thallus dorsiventral. thallus often more or less fruticose (m) Disks upright from the beginning Cetraria 236. Medulla with fibrous branches. Letharia 240 lengthwise. hyphae less perpendicular to the long axis m. radial. Medulla of hyphae running lengthwise (m) Medulla loose. erect or hanging. PEZIZALES Sterigmata exobasidial Sterigmata endobasidial surface of thallus with cyphellae (s) Lower surface without cyphellae (r) n. 32 (n) Disks on the under side of thallus lobes. elongate. r. 32 pseudoparenchymic. radial. without fibrous (s) branches. medulla Everniopsis 240 and cortex not separable Thallus n. not horny.

Endocena 247 Evernia 239. or cephalodia (1) Lower surface of thallus with cyphellae or pseudocyphellae (a) Apothecia with thalHne exciple X. with cyphellae. etc. 32 lacking Lower cortex 2-celled. thecia Duf ourea 240 32 . 32 (n) Thallus (b) Spores 2-celled flattened. 32 . spores 1-2-celled (a) Upper cortex well-developed. Spores muriform. erect Thallus podetium-like. Spores hyaline y. Spores 1-celled (r) Upper and lower cortex welldeveloped (s) s. spores 2-celled n. rarely phellae. pseudocyphellae. Upper cortex with hyphae perpendicu- Hydrothyria 177 Lower lar to it (x) (y) Upper cortex hairy or pilose Upper cortex not hairy Erioderma 181 m. apo- unknown not hollow. Pannaria 180. large-leafy. asci 1-spored b. Thallus large-leaved. y. spores hyaline. 32 2. (b) Upper cortex Upper cortex hyphae Placynthium 178 Coccocarpia 181 algae occupy- ing nearly whole width of thallus LepidocoUema 177. sometimes without crustose. Spores dark (x) Spores 2-celled (y) Spores x-celled (b) Apothecia with proper exciple only (2) Lower surface without cyphellae. x-celled surface scarcely or not at all veined. (1) Subfamily Pannariae of thallus Lower surface with distinct (2) forked veins. Lobarina 185 cy- Thallus scaly to small-leafy. dorsiventral Ramalina 242. dark. Hueella 180 Massalongia 178 Parmeliella 178 Apothecia with proper exciple only (m) Spores 1-celled (n) Spores x-celled of horizontal indistinct. apothecia cespitose on a one-leaved thallus Thallus with Scytonema or Nostoc a. Apothecia with thalline exciple (m) Algae Nostoc r. cephalo(c) Oropogon 242 Glypholecia 216 Subfamily Stictinac Podostictina 186 Stictina 186 Merostictina 186 Dystictina 186 dia usually present (a) Apothecia with thalline exciple Phycodiscis 185 (b) Apothecia with proper exciple only b. large. distinct X.PARMELIACEAE (r) (s) 131 Thallus fruticose. Asci myriosporous. Lepidogium cortexes 177 Spores both present (n) Algae iScytonema.

132 PEZIZALES Family 52. with thalline exciple B. Rinodina 254. 32 Pleorinis 254 Buellia 253. apotliecia mostly with thalline exciple. Thallus without cortex. 32 Dirinaria 257 (b) Apothecia with proper exciple only (2) Pyxine 256 Upper cortex axis. uniform or crustose (1) Apothecia with thalline exciple (2) Apothecia with proper exciple only b. A. strand (b) Algae Pleurococcus. uniform or crustose (1) Apothecia with thalline exciple (2) Apothecia with proper exciple only (a) Spores 1-celled (b) Spores 2-celled (c) Spores x-celled b. Thallus with cortex. rarely 1-cclled 1. as in Parmeliaceae. Spores 2-celled. Thallus without cortex. Meroplacis 250 Xanthocarpia Niorma 252 Merorinis 256 Diplotomma Phragmopyxine 257 Dictyorinis 256 Hyperphyscia 258 . Thallus with cortex. 32 Theloschistes 251. Spores x-celled Anaptychia 258. erect no central solid (a) Algae Protococcus. foliose 1. 32 Lethariopsis 253 Spores dark a. 32 Spores hyaline Thallus without cortex. Thallus with cortex. spores normally 2-celled. dorsiventral. with rhizoids (2) Thallus fruticose. apothecia of Physcia 257. central solid strand present 2. PHYSCIACEAE Zahlbruckner 247-256 (226-234) Thallus crustose. a. spreading. foliose or fruticose (1) Upper cortex of perpendicular hyphae. uniform or crustose (1) Apothecia with thalline exciple (a) Asci 8-spored (b) Asci many-spored (2) Apothecia with proper exciple only b. foliose. Thallus with cortex. with more or less thickened cross-wall often traversed by a line-like canal connecting polar guttae. foliose or fruticose. (a) X. exciple proper C. Caloplaca 249. foliose or fruticose (1) Thallus foliose. Hypothecium hyaline Hypothecium black hyphae parallel with long not pseudoparenchymic. uniform or crustose (1) Apothecia with thalline exciple (2) Apothecia with proper exciple only b. or sometimes 1-x-celled or muriform. Spores dark a. dark 1. sometimes with proper exciple alone. uniform or crustose 2. Thallus with cortex. Thallus without cortex. Spores hyaline a. 32 Protoblastenia 248 Blastenia 248 Bombyliospora 249 Xanthoria 251. Thallus without cortex. fruticose 2. Spores muriform. 30 pseudoparenchymic Apothecia with thalline exciple y.

ovoid to oblong A. 33 Hyalophragmiae Spores x-celled. hypothecium thin for the most part. spores with a mucous sheath B. Spores elliptic to oblong B. Asci 1-spored. cxciple characteristically parcnchymic and brown. spores without a mucous sheath Gonothecium 16:751 DictyomoUis 22:702 .MOLLISIACEAE Family 53. epithecium obsolescent. Trichobelonium 16:747 Pazschkea 14:788 Strossmayera 22:700 Belonidium 8:496. Apothecia on a subicle 1. R 511. Spores globose 2. globose to oblong A. Hyphodiscus 22:673 Tapesia 8:371. closely related to both Patellariaceae and Helotiaceae. Asci 8-spored. Subfamily EumoUisiae Apothecia superficial from the beginning Hyalosporae Spores 1-celled. hyaline. R 561 Hyalodictyae Spores muriform. opening circularly. Spores with a mucous sheath 2. A. paraphyses filiform or lance-pointed. Spores without a mucous sheath a. typically smooth. 33 Mollisiella 18:64 b. asci mostly cylindric and 8-sporcd. This family is as the smaller forms of the Pezizaceae. frequently on a subicle. Paraphyses filiform Paraphyses lance-pointed Mollisia 8:321. Spores ciliate at each end 2. as well As a rule. Apothecia on a subicle 1. R 573. Spores not appendaged a. disk dark-gray to bright-colored. Apothecia not on a subicle Stictoclypeolum 18:110 Psorotheciopsis 16:746 Linhartia 16:744 Niptera 8:480. b. Asci 8-spored. it may be readily distinguished from all of these by the brown parenchymic exciple and the poorly developed hypo- thecium. hyaline. Asci 1-4-spored. mostly fleshy-waxy. spores biscuit-shaped b. Spores globose 2. hyaline. 133 MOLLISIACEAE Rchm 503 Apothecia innate-erumpent. spores typically hyaline. Apothecia not on a subicle 1. Spores not ciliate elliptic to fusoid Ciliella 16:748 Apothecia on a subicle of hyphac Apothecia on a parenchymic thallus B. elliptic to oblong A. Apothecia not on a subicle or thallus 1. or superficial from the first. 33 MoUisiopsis 22:668 Hyalodidymae Spores 2-celled. mostly scutellate to discoid. Spores elliptic to oblong a. R 549. spores not biscuit-shaped B. Apothecia on a subicle or thallus 1. hyaline. Spores appendaged at base 2.

A. Apothecia on a subicle Apothecia not on a subicle (1) Paraphyses filiform (2) Paraphyses lance-pointed Spilopezis 24:1199. R 636 b. 2. hyaline. Apothecia elliptic to fusoid bright-colored. Apothecia dark-brown without. hyaline. ovoid to fusoid Apothecium folicole. epithecium present Protoscypha Family 54. ovoid to elliptic Apothecia waxy-leathery. Apothecia bright-colored. Apothecia setose Apothecia not setose. R 645 Hyalodidymae Spores 2-celled. Apothecia dark-brown 1. not on living Fabraea 8:735. waxy or . R 620 Pyrenopeziza 8:354. Pirottaea 8:386. R 571 Subfamily Pyrenopezizae Apothecia innate. in spots on living leaves Phaeofabraea 22:748 Hyalophragmiae Spores x-celled. in spots dark-brown on living leaves without. bright and downy outside Velutaria 8:488. R 608. rarely innate-erumpent or arising from a sclerotium. 33 leaves Dibelonis R 638 Phaeodidymae Spores 2-ceIled. hyaline. not on living leaves Neofabraea Beloniella R 640 Hyalodictyae Spores muriform. hyaline. oblong to fusoid A. often rough with projecting cells a. 2. globose to oblong A. sometimes sessile. R 599. cupulate to discoid. 33 Pyrenopezis 24:1198 Phaeosporae Spores 1-celled. R 596 not on living leaves 1. then erumpent or more or less superficial Hyalosporae Spores 1-celled. brownish. hyaline. elliptic to fusoid Apothecia bright-colored. Bioscypha Pseudopeziza 8:723. Apothecia B.134 PEZIZALES Scolecosporae Spores acicular. usually septate Spores 10-15 times longer than wide. not filiform Belonopsis 16:752. in spots on living leaves B. without. brownish. mostly stalked. Apothecia bright-colored. HELOTIACEAE Rehm 647 Apothecia typically superficial from the first. in spots on living leaves Apothecia setose Apothecia not setose B.

globose to oblong Eriopeziza A. Apothecia not on a subicle 1. Cryptopezia (b) Asci many-spored Phaeosporae Spores Comesia 8:468 1-celled. R 740. Apothecia perithecicole Helotiopsis Helolachnum 22:680 Helotium 8:210. Apothecia not from a sclerotium Lambertella 24:1207 Phaeociboria Hyalodidymae Spores 2-celIed. Apothecia arising from a sclerotium B. epithecium only rarely so. 33 Pezizellaster 24:1190 Eubelonis R 685 . spores typically hyaline. elliptic to oblong A. dark. Apothecia not perithecicole n. Apothecia rising from a sclerotium. arising typically from a green substratum Apothecia not green with a green substratum (1) Apothecia margined by a row of triangular teeth (a) Chlorosplenium 8:315. Paraphyses lance-pointed n. Stalk with ridges or folds 2. blunt (m) Ascus-pore blue with iodin (n) Ascus-pore not blue with iodin (y) Apothecia sessile m. 33 b. Paraphyses filiform. 33 Phialea 8:251. 33 Sclerotinia 8:195. long stalked 2. Apothecia sessile 1. Apothecia on a subicle B. Apothecia green. hyaline. Apothecia without marginal teeth elliptic to fusoid Lanzia 8:479 Hymenoscypha R 781. This family is distinguished from the related MoUisiaceae by the bright-colored prosenchymic exciple and the thick hypothecium. exciple prosenchymic and bright-colored as a rule. but the small waxy apothecia of phytogenous habit serve to separate them more or less clearly. Subfamily Helotiae Apothecia not hairy Hyalosporae Spores 1-celled. hyaline. R 803.HELOTIACEAE 135 waxy-fleshy. frequently setose or hairy. 33 Pezoloma 24:1194 Apothecia without a toothed margin X. (a) Asci typically 8-spored Spores globose Spores elliptic to fusoid (x) Apothecia stalked m. asci mostly cylindric and 8-spored. y. hypothecium usually well-developed. R R 772. typically bright-colored. Apothecia margined by teeth 2. A. R 752 Apothecia stalked (b) Apothecia sessile (2) Cyathicula 8:304. The line between it and the Pezizaceae is less marked. paraphyses filiform or lance-pointed. R 693. R 708 653 Pezizella 8:275. Stalk without ridges or folds B. Apothecia stalked 1. Apothecia not arising from a sclerotium a.

Belonioscypha Apothecia sessile Belonium 8:492. oblong Apothecia short-stalked. 33 829. Apothecia stalked 2. Apothecia stalked a. paraphyses capitate. scutellate. Apothecia on a subicle b. spores acicular. dark. 33 Dyslachnum 24:1201 Arcnaea 18:75 (a) Setae shining. cupulate. hollow Apothecia stalked Apothecia sessile (x) Apothecia superficial (y) Apothecia deeply imbedded (2) Apothecia villous with projecting hyphae X. hyaline. Apothecia not on a subicle (1) Spores 1-ciliate at each end (2) Davincia 18:101 Merodontis 18:102 Masseea 18:99 Belospora 24:1182. Apothecia divided above into 3-6 lobes. 842 R Endoscypha Hyphoscypha 18:87 . hyaline. R 743 R 685 Phaeophragmiae Spores x-celled. 33 Gorgoniceps 8:504. Apothecia stalked R 862. septate Pocillum 8:605. elliptic to fusoid A. Apothecia sessile. Apothecia entire. continuous B. Paraphyses lance-pointed a.136 PEZIZALES Hyalophragmiae Spores x-celled. nearly solid Phalothrix R 831 (b) Setae dull. Apothecia sessile Paraphyses filiform. R 690 Subfamily Dasyscyphae Rehm 284 Apothecia hairy Hyalosporae Spores 1-ceIled. globose to oblong Lachnellula 8:390. paraphyses not capitate. non-septate. Apothecia margined by a row of teeth Apothecia without marginal teeth b. paraphyses colored Scolecosporae Scelobelonium 8:496 Spores acicular to filiform. continuous or septate A. 71 832. Apothecia margined by a row of triangular teeth 1. Apothecia sessile B. black b. forming an cpithecolorless. spores filiform. Apothecia without marginal teeth 1. Apothecia stalked. R 747. y. Spores elliptic to fusoid 1. hyaline. 33 2. Dasyscypha Dasypezis 8:432. epithecium lacking Rutstroemia R 763 cium (b) Paraphyses 2. Spores globose B. R 744 Spores muticate (a) Paraphyses colored. A. clear. usually septate. blunt a. rarely if ever black (1) Apothecia setose with distinct bristles (1) (2) Lachnaster 24:1202 Lachnum R 870.

Paraphyses filiform. mostly hyaline. spores simple. cleft on one side Apothecia not ear-like a. Apothecia ear-like. several genera two. hyaline. Spores globose b. The sculpturing of the spore-wall is a feature in several genera. fleshy or fleshy-waxy. sometimes erumpent. the its use. more or less septate A. reticulations or striae. cupulate or disciform. Asci turning blue with iodin 1. regularly opening by an operculum or lid. filiform as a rule. frequently hairy. asci typically cylindric. rarely lacking. PEZIZACEAE Lindau 178 Rehm Apothecia typically superficial and 913. rarely phytog- cnous. terrestrial. Apothecia 2-ceIled cssilc. 8-spored. bright-colored to brown. globose to fusoid A.PEZIZACEAE Hyalodidymae Spores 2-ccllcd. Subfamily Pezizae Apothecia glabrous or at least without definite hairs or setae Hyalosporae Spores 1-celled. Spores elliptic to fusoid (1) Apothecia with a long slender stalk (2) Apothecia sessile or subsessile lotidea R 1028 Plicariella R 993. relatives. 33 Hyalophragmiae Spores x-cclled. properly included in the Agyriaceae. rarely black. Paraph} ses bcarinp conidia at the tips B. urn-shaped. the texture of the cup renders the protection of the exciple less necessary. hyaline. setose or ciliate. stalked or sessile. exciple present and not specially diflferentiated. The fleshy texture and terrestrial habit serve to distinguish this family from the Helotiaceae. Paraphyses lance-pointed B. R 698 Lasiobelonis 8:502 Spores filiform. hyaline. paraphyses present. elliptic to fusoid 137 paraphyscs filiform. and this feature becomes obsolete in a few genera. Apothecia on a subicle Apothecia without a subicle Scolecosporae Arachnopeziza 8:499. Paraphyses without conidia at the tips 1. 35 . hypothecium usually well-developed. oblong to cylindric A. 34 Tarzetta R 1021. and this is likewise true of the relationship to the Ascobolaceae. epithecium mostly lacking. rarely by a slit. 2. As with the Bulgariaceae in particular. R 853. range of variation within the genera concerned is too great to warrant and Aleuria itself is retained largely because of custom. fitting almost equally well in either. hyaline. blunt Erinella 8:507 Dasyscyphella Family 55. ranging from With the exception of Aleuria and its fine points to warts. though the genus Pitya is more or less intermediate between the The transition to the Helvellaceae is almost imperceptible. Diplocarpa 18:110 2. spores finally Lachnella 8:391.

deeply and ately lobed. 1-celled. Lamprospora R 927. 35 . R 934. Aleuria R 976. (1) Spores elliptic to fusoid Apothecia stalked (a) Stalk narrow. R R 1023. 34 Apothecia on a subicle. a subiculum. 34 925. Stalk deeply furrowed. Apothecia bright-colored. cleft on one side 2. b. 34 8:105. very large n. 34 open and flat Discina 8:99.138 (a) PEZIZALES Apothecia with a milky juice Galactinia 8:106. R 968. 24:1208 Aleurina 18:88 Subfamily Scutelliniae Apothecia hairy or setose Hyalosporae Spores A. terrestrial y. Apothecia present on a subicle. 35 Otidea 8:94. Apothecia sessile Phaeopezia 8:471. R 1038 Pseudoplectania 8:165. globose to fusoid 2. Stalk smooth or slightly furrowed at Macropodia Acetabula 8:158. 35 (b) Apothecia without milky juice X. exciple present a. 34 most (x) Apothecia persistently cup-shaped (y) Apothecia finally (2) Geopyxis 8:63. 34 y. R 1037. mealy-rough (b) Stalk mostly short and thick. hairy or setose Sphaerospora 8:188. exciple obsolescent Pyronema not 8:107. Urnula radi- 8:548. R 999. R 1000. R 981 984. 34 Pitya 8:209. parasitic (2) Apothecia sessile. Spores globose 1. Asci not turning blue with iodin 1. R R . white-hairy. Apothecia superficial. 111. black (y) Apothecia fleshy. hyaline. 34 8:59. 971. Apothecia on a subicle Melachroia R 997 Apothecia not on a subicle (x) Apothecia leathery. cylindric. globose to fusoid A B Spores globose Spores ellipsoid 1. large and thick y. more or less strigose at base Apothecia on Pyronemella 8:194. Apothecia not ear-like a. exciple Humaria Phaeosporae 8:118. Apothecia sunken. Apothecia dark tq black. Apothecia ear-like. 35 Peziza 8:73. not black m. Spores globose (1) Apothecia substipitate. not lobed B. 34 Apothecia sessile Spores reticulate (b) Spores smooth or rough. not mealy X. 35 Sarcosphaera R 1019. R 995 Podaleuris 18:88. Apothecia stalked 2. 34 Spores 1-cellcd. dark or brownish. exciple obsolescent Apothecia not on a subiculum. but not reticu(a) late X. 35 R 1039.

arched or irregularly globose A. 35 Apothecia and hairs bright-colored Apothecia sessile (1) Apothecia dark hairy or ciliate (a) Apothecia with long cilia at margin X. Schroeter 162 Ascoma typically terrestrial and stalked. 34 brown hairs and rhizoids (2) b. slender and mealy-rough (b) Stalk short. 139 2. the hymenium on the outside of the fruiting body. 35 Desmazierella 8:386. 36 Ascoma without rounded at ends spores elliptic. Hymenium ridged in both directions.e. Psilopezia 8:152. late i. cap. thick. Sphaerosoma 8:56. Spores globose. hypothecium and exciple not indicated. 36 pointed 2. ascoma flat with rhizoids below. flat. Apothecia sunken. opening by lobes Apothecia superficial a. rough-mealy B. (a) Apothecia bright hairy or ciliate Apothecia with long cilia at margin (b) Apothecia without long cilia at margin R 1068 Leucopezis 24:1198 Phaeosporae Spores 1-celled. R 1140 Subfamily Helvellae Ascoma stalked. R 1075. spores mostly hyaline. Apothecia stalked (1) Apothecia dark to black (a) Stalk long. opening by an operculum. R 1138. 35 Scutellinia 8:173. clavulate. R 1200. Paraphyses equal. The sessile genera represent one line of evolution from the Pezizaceae. R R 984. 36 . fleshy or fleshy-cartilaginous. Apothecia stalked. club-shaped. Spores elliptic to fusoid. 16:1147 Neottiella 8:190. rarely gelatinous. brown (b) Apothecia without long cilia at margin (2) Sarcoscypha 8:153. Ascoma with distinct stalk 1. saddle-shaped. elliptic to fusoid A. Ascoma fusoid. Morchella represimpler the sents the highest development in the direction of the reticulate hymenium. 35 Macropodia 8:158. Paraphyses unequal. 8-spored. hairy-ciliate Phaeomacropus 16:740 Trichaleuris 24:1207 Family 56. Spores elliptic to fusoid 1. dark. paraphyses present. asci typically cylindric. ascoma inflated B. or capitate. blunt y. spores 1. R 1140. and the Geoglossae in that of the clavate fruit-body. filiform as a rule. or columnar A. Plectania 8:163. occasionally phytogenous or sessile. Subfamily Rhizinae Ascoma sessile. with Sepultaria 8:166. R 1041. R 1070. alveo- Morchella 8:8.HELVELLACEAE B. rhizoids. conical. R 1042. 1070. pointed. rarely discoid or flat. Rhizina 8:57. while forms of Helvella are closely related to Macropodia. Apothecia sessile.or saddle-shaped. mostly smooth. HELVELLACEAE Rehm 1134. 35 Pelodiscus 18:35.

PEZIZALES Hymenium smooth. Ascoma Ascoma fleshy-leathery. Ascoma gelatinous Ascoma fleshy-waxy filiform. Spores x-celled. R 1179. distinct from stem. ascoma yellow. Cup-Fungi. Cudonia - 8:527. 36 10:1 Ascoma columnar. 36 globoid. Seaver N. R 1151 Hymenium on one side only Hemiglossum 10:2 2. capitate or Spores x-celled. 36 Family 57. R 1164. R 1158. spores filiform. paraphyses not extending down the stalk Spathularia 8:48. 36 button solid. convolute. septate b. with an operculum. smooth or ridged lengthwise B. wise a. as has been done by (cf. 36 Cudoniella 8:41. recent authors This family might well be included in the Pezizaceae. spores simple. 2. Spores filiform. Rehm late to Lindau 188 sessile. ascoma spatulate Spores dark a. many-septate (1) Hymenium with spines or setae (2) Hymenium glabrous paraphyses (a) Ascoma viscid-gelatinous. typically projecting from the hymenium at maturity. discoid.140 2. A. usually bright-colored. spores acicular. Spores 1-celled (1) Spores globose (2) Spores elliptic b. Spores acicular or clavate. exciple thin or even lacking. 1170. convolute Gyromitra 8:15. capitate or clavate pileate Hymenium 1. rarely with a slit. R R 1169. margin invo- lute. Hymenium all 1. Spores 1-celled b. little or not at distinct from the stalk Spores hyaline a. asci broad-cylindric or clavate. clavate or spatulate. menium entirely Underwoodia Subfamily Geoglossae Ascoma A. soft-fleshy or somewhat gelatinous. ASCOBOLACEAE 1078. rarely short-stalked. Neolecta 8:40 Mitrula 8:32. and variously sculptured. paraphyses mostly simple. c. or ridged length- b. 36 B. extending down the stalk (b) Ascoma not viscid-gelatinous. fusoid a. 36 Phaeoglossum Trichoglossum Gloeoglossum Geoglossum 8:42. stalked. hypothecium mostly well-developed. Hymenium Hymenium Hymenium saddle-like. 36 the whole club. septate or not Leotia 8:609. cap-like. R 1166 Spores acicular or a. shaped. smooth or sometimes hairy. 1928) but it is fairly well marked by . R 1189 cap- or bell-shaped. fusoid covering (1) Hymenium (2) c. brown or black Microglossum 8:39. R 1195. continuous - waxy gelatinous. often colored. R 1153. scutel- Apothecia typically superficial and fimicole. b. Vibrissea 8:51. Verpa covered by the hy- 8:29. R 1146. more or less lobed Helvella 8:17.

Subfamily Ascophanae Spores colorless A. It is best distinin a few genera this feature is in the process of disappearing. parenchymic. hypothecium usually present but much reduced. Ascus single Asci several to (1) (2) R 1105 b. Spores in a gelatinous mass in ascus 2. Boudiera 8:512. 37 Spores free in the ascus a. occasionally forming an epithecium. Asci 4-spored. paraphyses mostly present. AGYRIALES Apothecia reduced by the loss of the exciple. typically convex or discoid. superficial. Asci 8-spored. Discomycetes. Agyriaceae. though occasional puzzling intermediates occur. Spores globose B.ASCOBOLACEAE the fimicole habit and exserted asci and it 141 However. Spores elliptic to fusoid 1. R 1113. usually is taken as the distinguishing feature of reduced forms of with the presence of paraphyses and a parenchymic hypothecium. asci ovoid to clavate. the Agyriales are a polyphyletic order. On the basis of texture at least. which represents the stage of reduction consequent upon a more assured water is and food supply. rarely black and carbonous to membranous. This is a new order characterized by the progressive reduction of the apothecium until asci and spores alone remain. though families. 37 Saccobolus 8:524. spores various. 37 Subfamily Ascobolae Spores colored A. but as usual this The presence of a uniform hymenium distinction is difficult to apply in practice. and probably derived from these From the first three it is separated by the absence of exciple. Apothecia hairy or ciliate b. R 1096. R 1115. Apothecia glabrous 2. bright-colored. R 1120. Apothecia setose b. containing gelatinous. necessary to refer the genera without exciple to the next family. 37 R 1085. is retained as a matter of usage. Spores elliptic to fusoid 1. 37 Order 13. rarely erumpent. . regular presence the and hymenium the uniform by guished from Mjn-iangiaceae of genuine paraphyses. By contrast with the Gymnascales it represents a highly specialized group instead of a primitive one. Ascophanus Thelebolus 8:528. many Streptotheca 10:34 Apothecia fimbriate with delicate hairs Apothecia glabrous Rhyparobius R 1099. opening by a 2. Pezizaceae. exceptionally prosenchymic. Ascobolaceae and Myriangiaceae. gelatinous to fleshy. Apothecia glabrous Dasybolus 11:421 Ascobolus 8:514. more rarely of hypothecium or paraphyses also. Spores globose 1. opening by a B. 37 Asci many-spored a. Asci 8-spored a. slit lid Boudierella 14:792 Cubonia 8:527 Lasiobolus 8:536. fleshy and membranous forms closely related to Bulgariaceae.

lacking below. lichenicole. Apothecia firm-waxy. not algicole X.142 AGYRIALES Key to Families A. hyaline. Hyalosporae Spores 1-cellcd. apothecia white-hairy y. Asci typically 8-spored a. Apothecia with gyrose or folded hy(2) Nesolechia 10:53 Gloeopeziza 10:41. Apothecia black. 37 Phaeosporae Spores 1-celled. occasionally forming an or rarely epithecium. apothecia with a disk-like hypothecium Agyrina 8:636 Zukalina 14:32. clavate. 26 Pyronemella 8:194. Asci 16-spored. fleshy typically superficial. phytogenous. or one or the other occasionally lacking B. typically erumpent Apothecia bright-colored. hypothecium lacking B. usually with an epithecium (1) Apothecium membranous. hypothecium regularly present and parenchymic. more or less membranous. paraphyses simple B. Exciple represented only by apophyses with inflated cells and long points. hypothecium paren- Medeolaria chymic Ascodesmis 8:824 . forming an epithecium 2. gelatinous to fleshy (1) Apothecia gelatinous (a) Hymenium covered with mucus. superficial. Ascocalathium 14:30 Asci many-spored a. globose to fusoid A. paraphyses regularly present. fimicole. asci ovoid to mostly 8-spored. rarely black. Apothecia minute. 1. 8:633 R 450. Asci many-spored. spores fusoid. convex to discoid. Exciple entirely lacking 1. AGYRIACEAE 22:586. dark. spores various. Exciple paraphyses branched. R 962. not lichenicole Discomycella 24:1144 Solanella 22:627 Phillipsiella 22:584 b. Spores globose. apothecia without a disk-like hypothecium b. 14:804 menium Apothecia with smooth hymenium (2) Apothecia fleshy (a) Apothecia on a cottony subicle. hypothecium thick X. hypothecium y. Apothecia effuse. 34 thin 2. Paraphyses and hypothecium present. Spores ellipsoid. membranous or firm-waxy. bright-colored. Both paraphyses and hypothecium lacking Agyriaceae Exascaceae p. gelatinous. lateral. Family 58. algicole (b) Hymenium without mucus. p. spores globose. 24:1142 Apothecia without an exciple or the latter incomplete. apothecia not hairy (b) Apothecia without subicle. R 1038 Pyronema 8:107. Haematomyces Agyrium 8:634. Exciple present but incomplete prosenchymic. globose to fusoid A.

R 500 Lecideopsella 22:588 Agyronella 22:588 Henningsiella 22:586 Didymascus 14:816 Phaeodidymae Spores 2-celled. few to many-spored. asci globoid to clavate. asci 4-spored folicole. hypothec. dark. dark. thin simple. oblong Apothecia superficial. gelatinous. EXASCACEAE 8:811. 22:763. Haematomyxa hymenium plane 8:646 Ramosiella 24:1142 Scolecosporae Spores acicular to filiform Apothecia superficial. folicole MoUeriella 8:845 Phaeophragmiae Spores x-celled. Apothecia superficial. hyaline. oblong A. spores simple. not moniliform. paraphyses filiform. Apothecia erumpent. dark. moniliform. . Apothecia erumpent. with gyrose or folded hy- menium B. dark. membranous. hypothecium. dark. 16:803. ovoid to fusoid Apothecia erumpent. Paraphyses cium somewhat thick 2. Apothecia superficial 1. folicole Phaeodictyae Spores muriform. inflated at tip. Paraphyses branched at tip. paraphyses present. or disposed on a base of parallel hyphae. Paraphyses present 143 Paraphyses much branched. Atichia 22:769. hypothecium none b. hyaline. paraphyses present. paraphyses present a. forming an epithecium. waxy. with yellow bulbiform base. oblong Apothecia superficial. hypothecium present. ovoid to fusoid A. hypothecium present B. Paraphyses lacking. oblong Apothecia superficial. 10:67. occasionally saprophytic. hyaline. hyaline. arising directly from the hyphae. Schroeter 158 Apothecia reduced to a hymenium without exciple. 14:823.EXASCACEAE Hyalodidymae Spores 2-celled. mostly parasitic. or paraphyses. lignicole Hyalodictyae Microdiscus 24:1143 Spores muriform. paraphZukaliopsis 17:554 yses lacking. Didymascella 18:162 Hyalophragmiae Spores x-celled. 11:435. 24:1300. paraphyses filiform Agyriopsis 14:895 Family 59. submembranous. 18:196. dark.

hyaline or subhyaline. typically 8-spored. 145 Ascoma hypogean. waxy. b. 2. occasionally stalked. epizoic ascoma glabrous. irregularly disposed. F 309. 310 or ovoid. usually with capillitium Gleba firm. gleba waxy or corneous. folicole. Pflanzenfl. Gleba powdery. membranous to waxy. to Families Ascoma not hypogean. usually with a capillitium. Stalk branched above. The group is regarded as diphyletic. Fischer 309. Exascus 8:816. B.144 A. asci 8-sporcd. loculate. spores elliptic B. such simple forms as Genea in the Tuberaceae being derived from cup-fungi like Sphaerosoma. Asci more or less globose 2. TUBERALES Parasitic a. asci arising from a hyphal layer. 10:80. usually saprophytic and subterranean. 37 Order 14. where Fischer placed the first two (Nat. ascoma floccose at gleba plurilocular. Hymenium spores globoid not deforming the host. 4-spored. leathery. gleba uniform. Onygena first. with a disperidium of one or more layers. while the Onygenaceae seem to be the connecting link between the sclerotioid Gymnascaceae and the Elaphomycetaceae. not opening spontaneously 1. though the several families appear to be more nearly related to each other than to the Gymnascales. 11:440. carbonous or corneous. 144 p. 1-many-spored. without capillitium Elaphomycetaceae Tuberaceae p. 1:1:309. humicole Dendrosphaera 22:589 . spores simple. asci more or less saccate. asci arising from separate hyphae. stipitate as a rule. Asci typically 4-8-spored 1. arising from a hyphal layer. 8:861. tinct Ascoma globoid A. mostly 8-spored and evanescent. fleshy. Hymenium deforming the host. then becoming powdery. Ascosorus Ascocorticium 10:71. ' Key A. opening more or less regularly. This is probably not a natural order. 145 Family 60. ascogenous tissue or gleba with hollows. sessile to stipitate. 22:589. TUBERALES Ascoma typically more or less globose. sometimes mixed with capillitium when powdery. 24:1145. locules or veins. ONYGENACEAE 8:861. Asci many-spored 1. gleba typically with capillitium Onygenaceae p. Ascoma cal 1. 37 Taphridium 18:203 Taphrina 8:812. with a differentiated peridium that crumbles or breaks away irregularly. 1897). lacunose or veined. often sculptured. spores usually hyaline. rarely p:<rasitic. Asci clavate to cylindric 2. asci mostly saccate to oblong. 16:807. capillitium not verti- Stalk simple. or solid and then becoming powdery. 6 2. simple. 37 spores cylindric Saprophytic.

typically dark and with a severaltuberiforni. Geopora 8:877 Asci saccate. Ascoma with a definite cavity into which Barssia gleba the canals open y. asci globoid to ovoid. Elaphomyces 8:863. globose . A. 145 Ascoma sessile. Fischer 311 woody. not spontaneously dehiscent. fleshy or waxy to indurated. not opening spontaneously. F 311. but not veined bers closed not stipitate (a) Gleba with one or more chambers opening to the outside Napomyces Ascoma Spores globose Spores ovoid to elliptic (b) Gleba without canals opening to the outX. 22:589. spores light-colored. 24:1147. globose to elliptic A. Spores verrucose. spores opaque. Pseudohydnotrya 16:608. spinose or reticulate. ELAPHOMYCETACEAE 11:441. 38 wall not thick and layered Mesophellia 7:56 Family 62. cerebro-convolute (b) Canals not reaching the surface. spinose or reticulate (1) Ascoma broadly stipitate. 10:80. Gleba without sterile veins. Asci cylindric or elongate a. gleba typically lacunose or veined. layered wall. Gleba with one or more 1. 38 ascoma lanate 2. 22:590. Ascoma without central cavity. 18:205. 61. 16:808. 10:80. often beautifully sculptured. at last powdery. 1-8-spored. of several layers B. 14:826. hyaline or dark. 11:442. Spores verrucose. 1-8-spored. asci normal. y. the entire top opening and exposing the columnar mass of vertical capillitium and spores Trichocoma F 310. tuberiform. Gleba with typically sterile veins. Fischer 278 Ascoma hypogean. spore-wall thick.ELAPHOMYCETACEAE— TUBERACEAE B. without capillitium. asci globose to cylindric. crustose or corneous. Spores smooth (1) Ascoma with a single large closed cavity (2) Ascoma with winding canals or irregular chambers (a) Canals reaching the surface X. 38 Hydnotryopsis 24:1150 Hydnocystis 8:876. Hyalosporae Spores 1-celled. hyaline. Pseudogenea 16:808 Genea 8:873. canals or cham(2) cavities. 6 Family 8:863. never becoming powdery. gleba loculate or veined. very rarely epigean. spores simple. peridium well developed. Ascoma hypogean. 38 side b. spores 1-celled. globoid to oblong a. TUBERACEAE 8:872.

asci 4-8spored. like b. Gleba with distinct veins b. asci ovoid to cylindric Spores smooth. Gleba solid. asci 2-8-spored a. not veined 1. with paraphyses. asci clavate to cylindric. gleba with regular canals (a) Canals reaching the surface (b) Canals not reaching the surface (2) Ascoma epigean. No veins white. gleba radiate locules B. asci 8-spored. 38 with Eoterfezia 18:205 lo- sometimes 2. 38 Piersonia 16:812 Stephensia 8:880. large. 38 . Pseudobalsamia 22:591 Balsamia 8:877. (b) Ascoma with a broad stalk not narrowed or with basal mycelium. asci globoid to ellipsoid. Spores verrucose. asci globoid to clavate (1) (2) Delastria 8:904. whitish. Gleba marbled with brown spots Spores smooth. dark. Veins of one color a. gleba not veined Ascoma not villous. not stalked Picoa 8:899 Phaeosporae Spores 1-celled. arranged irregularly 2. ovoid B.146 (1) Asci TUBERALES 2-4-spored. Hydnobolites ir- 8: 879 Spores smooth. 8spored. verrucose. typically with veins. asci cylindric b. veined 1. globose. gleba veined (a) Ascoma narrowed to the basal Phaeangium 11:442 myTirmania 11:444 celium. globose to elliptic A. mostly 1-4-spored. 38 Ascoma villous. on fungi. dark. Asci elongate. cules also 1. Some veins white. Veins of two colors a. palisade- meandering veins Choeromyces 8:900 Asci typically globose to oblong. Spores globose. asci 2-4-spored a. Spores reticulate or alveolate. Gleba more or less solid. 38 b. 38 Genabea 8:878 Tuber 8:882. Gleba with canals or chambers. spores with recurved Terfeziopsis 16:916 spines (2) Asci 8-spored b. arranged more or less regularly in Pachyphloeus 8:881 2. ellipsoid (1) Ascoma hypogean. without paraphyses. smooth. Spores ovoid to ellipsoid. Hydnotrya 8:879. arranged irregularly in masses separated by veins Terfezia 8:902.

e. proliferate. 7:528 Teliospores laterally. The Pflanzenf. conidia normally produced in aecia (aecidia). uredia. families are recognized in accordance with the treatment of Dietel (Nat. Teliospores typically single and stipitate. arising Pucciniaceae p. Teliospores sessile. or aecia mostly with a peridium. giving rise to a with sporidioles. sometimes with paraphyses.. though paraphyses not infrequently occur. the apothecium has to a mass of asci and spores. or entirely internal. all of which are frequently developed. probably to be derived from that of the Agyriales. the telia and the conidia forms may occur upon the same host or upon diflferent hosts. 147 . PUCCINI ALES Parasites. or columnar forms. PUCCINIACEAE rarely sessile. become reduced Chiefly as the result of an assured water-supply. 147 combined in flat crusts. merely proliferated. or replaced by paraphyses. from derived as Melampsoraceae the ancestral and regarded as are Pucciniaceae Two them by more or less reduction. Key to Families A. The intense parasitism of the group has rendered possible a new and very active evolution that has dealt especially with the number and association of the four spore-forms (cf. or more or less fused in series B. pulvinate masses. typically stipitate. the aecia normally possess a peridium. Dietel 48. not catenate. urediospores separate. seriate and somewhat united internal. The the telium conidial stages of rusts lend strong support to the ecological view that is a reduced apothecium. When missing spore-forms are not indicated in the key. genera as are more or less restricted in either respect. 6:35 1928). 1-x-celled. i. in which the fusion of the two walls has provided the necessary protection at maturity. teliospores with one or more cells. promycelium exserted. or pycnia (spermagonia). 153 Family 63. promycelium exserted and filamentous. occasionally within the epidermal cells or in the mesophyll Melampsoraceae p. any two or more may be associated. or any stage except the pycnia may exist alone. uredia rarely with a peridium. uredia and telia only rarely. the spore-wall. but this occasionally rudimentary or lacking. teliospores typipromycehum cally with 1 or more germination pores in each cell. but there is no clear dividing line between them. sometimes united in a gelatinous mass or a definite body.PROMYCETES Order 15. all four stages are The geographical distribution and host-plants are likewise given for such found. Arthur 1906). apothecia reduced to a mass of asci with the ascus-wall fused with present.

East Cystopsora 21:607. y. Paraguay y. A. N. Hemileia 7:585. I II — . arising from spore-apex in single layer. an x-layered in mass. Teliospores a Nyssa. S. Java (b) Sporogenous hyphae fascicled. pycnia Sida. II (a) Promycelium Indies — .. D 51 D 52 Promycelium short. II Chrysocelis 23:664. II — . Spores or sporogenous hyphae exserted through the stomata a. singly or in ' Skierkia 16:271. Promycelium Promycelium apical. sporidioles sessile 2-celled. D 96 peridium imbedded in a gelatinous II—. Olivea 23:663. D 54 Teliospores not in fascicles from a basal cell (x) (y) b. Teliospores exserted in loose twisted threads. Spores or sporogenous hyphae not exserted through the stomata a. Trop. Java Teliospores sessile. Trop-Subtrop. Olea. Rubiaceae esp. I II Rubus. Teliospores sessile. not seriate (1) Aecia with peridium (a) Promycelium typical. India Masseella 14:292. D D 52 53 (b) Promycelium terranea Phillyrea. Teliospores Urticaceae esp. sometimes lacking A. D 54 Teliospores in fascicles arising from a Pithecolobium. D 53 fascicles (1) Promycelium typical. hyaline.. D 55 55 internal. Sporogenous hyphae exserted. (b) Paraphyses lacking or rudimentary X. Tropics b. basal cell. 4-celled. — Aplopsora D 56 Cerotelium 21:606. Capparis. colored or hyaline.. e. external. I Hem. D 93 . I II — . stout. Medi- Zaghouania 17:268. Ochropsora 21:604. Dietelia 14:291. — Goplana 16:318. form and sterigmate (a) Sporogenous hyphae i. 148 PUCCINIALES Amerosporae Teliospores 1-celled. Tropics (2) I — — Gerwasia 21:597. Chaconia 14:290. Telia present 1. heteroecious (2) Aecia without peridium (a) Telia and uredia enclosed by brown curved cylindric paraphyses.. half-exserted at spore-base. often D seriate usually colored. fili- single. I X. . I peridium. I—. subepidermal (1) Telia with a Argentina (2) Telia without (a) Teliospores mass. 2.. more or less united laterally. D D 56 56 Am. (b) Promycelium internal.

Teliospores dark (x) Teliospores with pores m. with a cyst. aecia when present without peridium or the latter very evanescent HipI II X. Crotalaria. I II — . Kuehneola I 23:788. Alveolaria 11:212. erumpent. II D 67 65 (m) Uredia present. Eur. Promycelium typical. chains Senecio. Porto Rico y. . resembling Rosa. A. N. exserted. Botryorhiza D 80 . superficial (x) Telia short-cylindric. . D 60 Teliospores in pairs without cysts (x) Each spore with a basal cell. c. I — . in or with a cyst X. Telia columnar to filiform. D 67 (2) Pycnia subepidermal (a) Teliospores hyaline. Guatemala Teliospores with 3-x pores I I Haplopyxis 23:829. without a cyst X. Mimosa. (y) Telia elongate to filiform. — Baeodromus 21:371. I D 94 II — Trichopsora 11:206. Teliospores x-celled chains I spores. I — Dichirinia D 67 67 II — . Mimosa. Tournefortia. — . Pileolaria 7:552. C. three n. Cordia. Diabole Cuba z. not falling apart in disks m. Rubus. . (n) Uredia D lacking. Calif-Guatem. D 94 II— Promycelium Cionothrix internal.— PUCCINIACEAE (b) Teliospores not in a gelatinous X. I n. C-S Am. Teliospores hyaline with median pores. Erythrina. Am. (y) Basal cell lacking. falling apart in 1-layered disks. Teliospores with 2 pores. Rosa. I Maravalia D D 66 (y) Uredospores — Spirechina 60 of Rubus y. 149 mass of Telia pulvinate. (x) Uredospores I D 94 — . wall layers. — . or in 3 without a cyst. Uromycladium 21:593. Telia normal — . D 93 y. Ecuador Teliospores stipitate (1) Pycnia typically subcuticular (a) Teliospores single.. Japan y. pocratea. Java (b) Teliospores I Ameris D 58 — Trachyspora D 57 united in chains or pairs. (y) Teliospores without pores. Am. Eupaspores short. I II torium. Alchimilla. Mimoseae without pores.. D Teliospores Australia single 's or paired. Telia resembling uredia.

D 80 Uromyces 7:531. Promycelium — . Telia absent 1. 2. Aeciospores not forming a promycelium Aecia not cupulate (1) Aecia with vesiculose peridium opening irregularly. D Kunkelia 23:827. Am. esp. rudimentary peridium Aecia present. Cape Colony (y) Teliospores not applanate and ribbed. I D 78 Promycelium II — . tion of spore-apex. D 97 Pinaceae. Spores in uredia a. D Calidion 23:950. Sporogenous stomata. pseudoparaphyses. Argomycetella D 77 — . Spores not catenate (1) Uredia exserted. wall of teliospore swell(x) Trochodium 23:662. I II — . e. Spores in aecia a. A. 39 ing strongly in water Exospore warted. by proliferaI Japan. Spores catenate (i. D 51 . rule. N. hyphae I — . D 97 59 Caeoma 7:863. wall swelling Sapindaceae chiefly at apex. I (y) Promycelium formed. Am. wall swelling uniZygophyllum. D 93 96 Endophylloides. D Didymosporae Teliospores 2-celIed. curved Brazil (2) Peridermium 7:835. internal. aecia when present with persistent.. Rubus. Aecia lacking. MiChrysella kania. Ctenoderma 23:662. in aecia without peridium) germinating to form a pro(1) Spores mycelium. margined by brown inLindsaea. colored or hyaline A. or stalk strongly inflated y. wall of teliospore swelling little or not at all (x) Teliospores applanate. Colony — . D 80 B. India (z) Blastospora 21:596. Cape I formly. Costa Rica (b) Teliospores yellow to dark. Trop. Ephedra with rudimentary peridium. (2) Aecia Endophyllum 7:767. D 92 Aecidium 7:774. Ferns.150 (x) PUCCINIALES escaping through a Trop. A. sometimes D 78 X. D 80. Ipomoea. radially ribbed around a central pit. through the Desmella 23:830. Mikania. (1) Aecia with cupulate peridium Aeciospores germinating to form a pro- mycelium (2) b. small apical pore. stalk strongly inflated. (2) Spores not forming a promycelium b. exserted S. with- D 98 54 Uredia merely erumpent as a out pseudoparaphyses Uredo 7:838. II — . D 80 (y) Exospore ribbed. Dichlamys 23:662.

151 Sporogenous hyphae not exserted through the stomata 1. Gymnosporangium 39 7:737. Rubus. Japan (y) Telia without definite peridium Miyagia. teliospores sometimes x-celled y. the wall Tranzschelia. D 65 (r) Promycelium Tropic Am. D 68 Prospodium 21:662. D 91 stages present. Uredia lacking (m) Aecia present. D 57 3-Iayered (b) Uredia without pseudoparaphyses X. ' Gymnoconia 14:369. Anaphalis. All outgrowths Xenostele 23:830. Sphenospora. Japan (n) Teliospores colored. D 91 m. Telia regularly on Cupressaceae. a. Teliospores layered wall. D 68 — . pores lacking. D 65 X. 39 masses. 4-8 pores in each cell and typical promycelium. I apical pore. teliospores with 2 pores in each cell. Pseudoparaphyses capitate. Prunus Pseudoparaphyses cylindric. internal D 79 Promycelium Chrysopsora 11:206. Teliospores hyaline. Aegiphila.PUCCINIACEAE B. D 65. Tropics. D 79 . oblong to corniculate. D 75. 39 Puccinia 7:6QJ0. Telia not on Cupressaceae. y. BamStereostratum. Teliospores stipitate Teliospores divided lengthwise (1) Teliospores hyaline or nearly so. Uredia present (m) Teliospores hyaline or nearly so. pycnia and aecia present n. uredia with cylindric pseudoparaphyses (2) Teliospores without appendages (a) Uredia with pseudoparaphyses — . Ranunculaceae. r. teliospores with one pore in each cell. proliferating cell. Teliospores divided crosswise (1) Teliospores with appendages on stalk. with Tropic Am. Subtropics I b. sunken in galllike n. (2) Teliospores brown. from the end of each (s) Chrysocyclus. Alchimilla (n) Aecia lacking 3with colored. D 59 s. D D 66 84. united in gelatinous Uropyxis 7:735. pycnia and aecia lacking. Diorchidium 7:736. without peridium. teliospores in both uredia and telia. Telia alone present. promycelium not typical Cleptomyces 23:830. not united in gelatinous masses (x) Telia with a definite peridium m. with 2 lateral pores. busa. A. Adesmia S. teliospores with indistinct pores.

Potentilleac. II a. of without paraphyses Aecia present. Teliospores chestnut-brown. PUCCINIALES Teliosporcs sessile. Fabaceae. Aecia without pscudoparaphyses. Hem. septa irregular. brown. Japan (b) Telia columnar to filiform. aecia. Cells of teliospore more than 3. 40 — Triphragmiopsis. with telia well-developed peridium. I II—. telia at least 14:361. seriate. I II — . Brazil Teliospores spinose. D 69 without cysts 1. attached I only at the middle. stipitatc b. the middle layer swelling in water. Pucciniosira 11:205. not gelatinous X. D 70 . 16:314. 39 3. teliospores sessile. Ariz-Ecuador teliospore not Phragmopyxis 3-layered. Fabaceae esp. 152 2. Brazil y. Coleopuccinia 9:313. Telia without a peridium a. spinosc or I— appcndaged. 39 (1) Teliospores all 2-celled (a) Telia hemispheric to globoid. Eriobotrya. telia pulvinate. septa vertical. gelatinous. b. uredia and telia with a border of paraphyses. Coursetia. Berberis. 39 Dictyosporae Teliospores more or less radially septate or muriform A. forming a head Each Each cell Triphragmium 7:768. Benthamantha. 3. Wall of teliospore 3-layered.. II — . India (2) Teliospores 1- D and 2-celled. D 61. Amelanchier. gelatinous Gymnosporangium 7:737. warted. Wall 1. Astilbe. pores lacking. typically colored A. D 70 Sphaerophragmium 11:209. often laterally united Telia with a peridium. Aecia . forming a triangle with a single pore cell with 2-x pores 2. black. II—. primary and secondary uredia present. China. N. telia not gelatinous teliosporcs pscudoparaphyses with a. 7:750. D 63 Frommea 23:826. D 75 2. D 64. D D 94 77 Didymopsora Gambleola 16:315. Aecia present. Teliospores opaque black-brown. D 96. N. 94 Telia filiform. Telia columnar. B. D 65 B. Hem. Eurasia b. Aecia lacking. Cells of teliospore 1. Stalk of teliospore simple a. Asia Pucciniostele 16:321.. without peridium. Tropics I I — — Anthomyces 16:325. Phragmidium Xenodochus 7:742. Ranales. Sanguisorba. D 69 Nyssopsora. D 62. Teliospores smooth. I II— b. D 94 Phragmosporae Teliospores 2-x-septate transversely.

number 3-celIed. I II Heads — . I D 40 Uredia with peridium. 1-celled. The limits of several genera are not accurately drawn with respect to the spore character. promycelium b. Philippines I II C. Heads sessile. I II (2) Teliospores I 2. ellipsoid. Chile typically single. D 46 Uredospores a. a Chrysomyxa teliospores laterally 7:759. Mesopsora. D 44. oid (a) Teliospores Angio. Heads with a compound stalk Securinega. D 70 3-x in 1. Hem. D 41 . D 46 Micronegeria. Costa Rica 2. (2) Teliospores beneath the epidermis (a) Melampsorella 7:596. stalk simple. Betulaceae. and these are included in the section Phragmosporae in spite of the fact that the spores of a few species are 2-celled or even 1-celled. (b) Uredia without peridium.. Cells of teliospore forming a head with cysts. Fabaceae. Telia pulvinate. N. uredia without peridium a. (1) Teliospores cylindric or in promycelium internal sometimes a single layer. Anthomycetella 23:807. 2. Canarium. 7:586 Teliospores sessile. uredia often with peridium or pseudoparaphyses Teliospores united in a 1-layered crust or single in the mesophyll (1) Teliospores in the epidermal cells. Eur. MELAMPSORACEAE Dietel 35. Melampsoridium 21:605. sperms (b) Teliospores in short rows. N. aecia with or without peridia. 73 Family 64. pulvinate masses or columnar bodies. Afr. 39 united into clav- waxy layer. septa vertical. Uredospores typically in short chains. Amerosporae Teliospores 1-celled. the spores single or in short chains. promycelium exserted or internal. or lacking 1. or x-celled and in this case often developed in the epidermal cells or in the mesophyll. cells in two layers. Aecia with peridium. Fagus. firmly united into 1-x-layered crusts. D 45 — . 153 Stalk — . Gallowaya. Pinus later elongated. colored or hyaline A. Hem. D 70 Heads x-celled Ravenelia 7:770. China. Japan Nothoravenelia 21:745. D 41 — . Hyperi- cum. — Coleosporium 7:751. 40 a. teliospores separate in cylindric sometimes ramose chains. Cystomyces. D 72. D I b. not in chains. exserted Telia flat. uredia often with a peridium or with pseudoparaphyses.MELAMPSORACEAE composed of several hyphae. — . teliospores smooth.

Promycelium septate transversely. spores germinating to produce a into a mycelial thread. D 36 — Hyalopsora 17:268. (2) Teliospores (a) — in . ridioles at the septa and apex Promycelium simple. Teliospores hyaline or nearly so. D 42 corneous Uredia with a peridium. 7:449 Spores typically arising from the complete division of the mycelium to form powdery masses. 39 — Crossopsora 23:854. 1. Pucciniastrum 7:762. rarely 2- Melampsora D 47. Teliospores scattered irregularly in the mesophyll. Chnoopsora 21:600. asci represented by erect parallel fertile hyphae in a few genera. Uredospores of one kind. USTILAGINACEAE Dietel 6. D D 43 — . or sometimes developing simple. Hem. Teliospores not in the mesophyll. conidia often present. Telia not on ferns II Vac1. 7:586. 154 b. Uredospores of two kinds. but for the most part no longer recognizable in the hyphal knots in which the spores are produced. promycelium bearing sporidioles. bearing spoB. Calyptospora 7:766. 155 Family 65. Key to Families A. D 38 — . promycelium . D D 39.. Malaysia B. D 42. but in the epidermis I a. Uredinopsis 17:269. hyaline or colored A. with pores. b. Hem. 40 Order flowers. 16. Hem. often Phacopsora 14:289. Telia on ferns 1. 154 conidia Tilletiaceae p. I (b) Uredia with pseudoparaphyses. Phragmosporae Teliospores typically x-celled. 40 Teliospores beneath the epidermis. single or united in balls. x-laycred subepidermal Asia exserted columns. Aecia without peridium II India. D 37 Milesia 7:768. telia lentiform to columnar (1) Teliospores in I crusts. variously colored or ornamented. 2. cinium. chiefly N. Cronartium 7:597. N. but rarely agglutinate. N. Hem. 39 or 1-celled. Teliospores in the epidermal cells. Hem. 47 Teliospores more or less intensely brown. bearing a crown Ustilaginaceae of whorled p. Afr.. USTILAGINALES Teliospores seriate. USTILAGINALES Parasites chiefly in the interior of plant tissues and especially in fruits and mycelium usually inconspicuous until fruiting occurs. without pores B. often in a gall-like deformation of the host-organ. chiefly N. rarely in a subepidermal crust 2. 2. sporogenous hyphae disappearing at maturity to leave a dense mass of spores. N.

Sorosporium throughout or dichotomous 7:511. a. 40 Spores firmly united (1) Spore-balls fertile (a) Promycelium simple (b) (c) Thecaphora 7:507. Spores powdery with a more or less permanent peridium (2) Sori without a peridium Spores agglutinate into a carbonous mass (1) Sori produced in chambers within the host-plant. D 17. often increasing further by proliferation.. Spores single 1. D 14. N. Sori without peridium. Spores single. (2) Spore-balls with fertile surface. readily separable by pressure b. not united in balls traversed by many sterile 1. 40 Polygonum Melanopsichium Cintractia 7:480. Andropogon. Elyna. D 14 with a single apical sporidiole Promycelium simple. 7:481 Spores massed in superficial or erumpent sori or permanently included in the tissues of the host-plant. D 11 on the surface of the host-plant. Spores united by pairs or in balls 1. sterile in- terior. 7 :500. chiefly Poaceae latsporidioles ramose. 40 Entyloma 7:487. A. the sporidioles arising at the se pta and usually the apex also. single or united in balls and then often associated with sterile empty spores. Carex. 40 and terminal. D Entorhiza 7:497. Spores loosely united. Spores united by pairs a. Promycelium Tolyposporella 14:427. Testicularia 7:150. D 14 14 Am. D 13 Sori without sterile hyphal bands a. chiefly Poaceae (2) Sori not powdery. D 15. Spores with simple membrane Sporidioles not more than 12 in each whorl (1) Sori powdery. (1) Sori b. Sori with a double peridium. A. at first with a thin peridium B. 2. Farysia 23:631. promycelium simple. Eur. D Ustilago 7:741. D 12 Mycosyrinx Schizonella 17:484. 40 11. TILLETIACEAE Dietel 16. mycelium rarely produced directly from the promycelium. Tropics b. Am. D 15 Family 66. largely in fruits. Cissus. with apical whorls of sporidioles. D 7. 18 D 19 . sporidioles lateral Tolyposporium 7:501. spores colored or hyaline. D Spores united in larger numbers in balls a. mostly Juncaceae and Cyperaceae Tilletia 7:481. D 15 eral. A. D 16. Cyperaceae. in leaves and stems (a) Spores bright-colored to brownish (b) Spores dark brown (3) Sori in galls on roots.TILLETIACEAE 155 septate transversely. 17:484. 40 Melanotaenium 7:496. (2) Sori Sphacelotheca 7:499. Sori bundles of hyphae 2.

Solanum. Spores with double membrane. Brazil B. typically with inner peridium. Spores united in groups of several to many with very inconspicuous sterile 1. sporogenous hyphae arising from the base. USTILAGINALES Sporidioles very many in a terminal head. N. dense. D Fertile spores few in each ball Polysaccopsis 16:381. D 19 19 spores on the surface Spore-balls with distinct sterile spores on the surface or inside a. This family is of very uncertain relationship and has often been included Deuteromycetes. Sori several in a stroma. GRAPHIOLACEAE Sori erumpent. typically producing lateral whorls of four initials which divide transversely to form spores. D 19 Perichlamys 14:430. single or several enclosed in a compact black peridium. A. inner peridium lacking. outer dark-brown. erect. Hem. N. inner layer hyaline. (b) Interior of ball filled with sterile parenchymic cells. Potamogeton. D 22 Doassansiopsis 23:630. Urocystis 7:515. S. N. sporogenous hyphae. Spirodela. like in the Graphiola 7:522 and not falling apart but shrunken and persistent. spores globose or oblong B. 2. 40 D 24 Addendum. D 23 with fertile spores in the in- terior with a surface layer of spores (b) Spore-balls without sterile surface layer. Sori single. Rhynchospora. (2) Sori without D 22. A. Burrillia 11:236. 40 Hem.156 b. separated by hyphal bundles. A. Hydrocharis. Neovossia 16:375. Spore-balls 2. D 24. Poaceae. parasites on leaves of palms. peridium Fertile spores many in each ball. falling apart after the production of spore-initials. sporogenous hyphae not separated by hyphal bundles. on hydrophytes (1) Spore-balls with a single outer layer of fertile spores (a) Interior of ball filled with a network of hyphae. plate- Stylina . spores mostly triangular. Tuburcinia 7:507. D 20 b. (a) Spore-balls sterile Doassansia 7:502. (1) Sori with a peridium. Sagittaria (2) Spore-balls Tracya 11:236.

but no piriform basal cell (2) Pileus large. 1-4-sterigmate. spores terete-clavate merely family divided. K 157 . K 106. but no sterile threads inmixed Jola 14:245. with 2 blunt terminal sterigmata Auriculariaceae p. conidia often present with the spores. TREMELLALES Killermann 103 v^^hen gelatinous. Basidia not septate. cylindric-clavate. hymenium gelatinous Entire pileus gelatinous (1) Pileus crustose. hymenium regularly amphigenous or superior. transversely or vertically and furcate. free. Key to Families A. pileus large. Platygloea 6:771. 41 more or less ear- shaped b. exposed. 41 2. and on the other to the Agaricales. gelatinous. hymenium enclosed in a more or less in a few genera perhaps better referred to the Gasteromycetes. elongate-cylindric. but then with divided basidia. 158 p. Pileus not at a. in the case of Dacryomitra it closely resembles a tiny Morchella or Verpa. sometimes waxy. or in one mostly simple occasionally septate. all K 108. without peridium Pileus or at least the a. sterigmata lateral or cruciately 2-4-divided. AURICULARIACEAE K 105 and the sterigmata terminal. Basidia septate 1. K 106 (b) Basidia with sterile threads inmixed. The form of the pileus often suggests that of several other more or less definite peridium. K 108. A. occasionally enclosed in a globose to terete. Basidia sterigmata terminal. free. efifuse or convex (a) Basidia with piriform basal cell. vertically 2.. but the basidia transversely septate. the septate or furcate basidia distinguishing it from the latter especially. Clavariaceae. firm. lower layer corious. etc. more or less earAuricularia 6:762. 6:762. 41 106 Helicobasis 6:666. reviving wet.BASIDIOMYCETES Order Pileus typically 17. horny when dry. usually subulate B. Characters of the order. This order is related on the one hand to the Uredinales and Ustilaginales. Basidia transversely septate. smooth or somewhat convolute. 157 Tremellaceae p. elongate-cylindric definite peridium Hymenium 1. 41 Hymenium shaped alone gelatinous. 159 Dacryomycetaceae Family 67. byssoid or corious Pileus byssoid (1) Basal cell of basidia bearing a lateral sac- cate cell (2) Basidia without lateral saccate cell Saccoblastia 14:244. Hydnaceae. Hirneola 6:764. membranous or corious. basidia families.

often with lateral stalk. K 113 X. Spores reniform. obliquely septate. Pileus without spines (1) Pileus byssoid (2) Pileus crustose. K 118 119. Hirneolina 17:208. lilac- K K 114. gelatinous Basidia not seriate. typically gelatinous or fleshy-waxy. curved. pileus globoid. Septobasidium 11:118. spores reniform Exidia 6:772. without peridium Basidia seriate. K 115 Pileus thick-gelatinous. applanate or cupuloid. 114 more or less waxy Sebacina 6:540. sterigmata terminal. curved (b) Craterocolla 6:778. Spores hyaline (x) (y) Hymenium Hymenium with gloeocystidia without gloeocystidia Seismosarca 9:260. K 117 Heterochaete 14:247. mostly red (y) Pileus Tulasnella 14:234. TREMELLALES (1) Pileus corious Basidia at first globose. then cylindric (2) Basidia clavate B. spores cylindric. A. spores dark Family 68. becoming powdery. spores obovate (y) Pileus not hairy. Pilacre 4:579. 6:479. spines inferior b. K 6:780. folded or ascending. often folded Pileus papillose. K 115. usually subulate. TREMELLACEAE K 111 Characters of the order. typically dark. exposed. Spores ovoid to oblcjng. cruciately divided by 3 vertical Sirobasidium 14:248. K 117 . convolute. K 109 109 2. 41 Exidiopsis 14:248. an incomplete peridium present in one genus. conidia hamate (3) K 113. Patouillardina K 107 K 108 peridium Pileus from hyaline Pileus waxy to fleshy or gelatinous. 2. 42 (2) Pileus more or less irregularly cap-shaped.158 b. spores cylindric. K 115 Pileus usually yellow to brown or red. Pileus with spines (1) Pileus crustose Protohydnum Tremellodon 14:251. conidia ovoid n. Pileus not papillose. Gloeosoma K 115 often curved y. K hymenium mostly smooth (a) (b) (c) Hymenium wrinkled or Hymenium with setose Hymenium smooth more or alveolate papillae Protomerulius 11:142. K 113 Stypella 14:246. 41 Pileus applanate (x) Pileus fleshy-gelatinous. 41 y. foliose or funnelform X. K 111 septa a. m. Pileus less cupuloid (x) Pileus hairy. Hymenium with more or less complete and definite 1. Hymenium 1. but the basidia vertically or cruciately 2-4-divided. often convolute-funnelform (a) Pileus X. spores Pilacrella 14:246.

or less ridged y. 160 Pileus typically clavate. Pileus resupinate. This order has evidently been derived from the Tremellales. AGARICALES chiefly Pileus rarely gelatinous. ranging from smooth. typically leathery or membra- nous b. but the basidia not septate. 41 hymenium tilaginous often ridged Dacryomitra 6:811. Guepinia 6:805. Ceracea 6:805. waxy. firm. K 115. Pileus cerebroid or convolute-foliose n. nous. pileus typically gelatinous. A. and fleshy 162 . p. Pileus byssoid or lacking B. or lamellae. basidia simple. Pileus crustose. pileus of Tremella B. spores 2-celled B. Pileus only partly covered with hymenium Pileus cupulate. 42 Order 18. Pileus present. sometimes waxy. with the consequence that family ally into the and generic criteria are obscured. Spores dark. firm-fleshy. cylindric-clavate. warted or convolute to teeth. golden-yellow. filiform or coralloid. Pileus stalked (1) Pileus capitate. simple. Pileus subulate or ramose. Hymenium Hypochnaceae or p. typically 4-sterigmate. Pileus clavate or capitate. more or less clavate. 159 Tremella 6:780. 41 a. spores 2-celled (2) Pileus spatulate or cornucopioid. hyaline or colored. K 123. Pileus erect. but leathery or fleshy. amphigenous or regularly inferior in dimidiate and pileate species. spores x-celled Pileus covered with hymenium on all sides a. and it passes graduLycoperdales. typically stalked in the fleshy forms. K 119 with Characters of the order. Pileus pulvinate. K 120. tubes. cupulate or stalked 1. rarely cupulate or byssoid. K 120 122 Ditiola 6:813. dimidiate. 160 wrinkled a. hymenium more Gyrocephalus 6:795. K 122. Clavaria-like. very large b. spores mostly simple. K 117 Hyaloria 14:252. cupulate or funnel-form. often intermixed with cystidia. gelatinous. DACRYOMYCETACEAE 6:796. K 117 Phaeotremella 23:580. Hymenium in a more or less complete stalked peridium K 119 Family 69. or merely warted 1. spores x-celled. fleshy. gelatinous. Key to Families A. hymenium superior. membranous or woody. K 120. gelati- Femsjonia 6:779. K 120 Dacryomyces 6:796. spores x-celled C. 41 b. from the most highly specialized family. Thclephoraceae Clavariaceae p. Agaricaceae. 2 blunt terminal sterigmata. car- Calocera 6:732. K 2. crustose to cap-like smooth. crustose or resupinate to dimidiate or cap-like. The pileus and hymenium are often most variable. 41 Pileus funnelforni.DACRYOMYCETACEAE m.

but the predominance of parasitism indicates the latter. 2. 163 b. Urobasidium 11:131. and it is impossible to draw a clear line between papillae. byssoid. The terminology employed for these has been indefinite and confused. 42 Spores 6-x-sterigmate B. Spores finally x-celled.). basidia 6:653. 4:9. resupinate to dimidiate. funnelform or cupuloid. texture and hymenial surface. 134 a. 164 c. 2-sterig- mate b.(2-6) sterigmate a. etc. Microstroma K 132 K 131. basidia obpiriform. K 131. K K 133. highly variable. spores typically simple. . Hymenium of tubes or pores Agaricaceae p. while the Clavariaceae are prob- ably a lateral offshoot of the first family. A. basidia 4. K 135 nous. Spores 1-celled Spores globose. The Hypochnaceae may be regarded as primitive or reduced forms. cystidia or papillae frePileus more quently present. smooth or with flat tubercles or ridges. rarely somewhat crustose. 53 2. Pileus present. Tomentellina K 134 b. Cystidia present Cystidia lacking cylindric to bacillar. spinose or asperate. Aureobasis 11:131. loose. Hymenium of gills or rarely of gill-like veins The line of evolution is practically a. AGARICALES Hymenium modified into teeth. THELEPHORACEAE 6:513. K 131 Spores oblong to fusoid (1) Basidia cylindric. basidia Botryoconis 4-sterigmate (1) Cystidia present. 42 Family 71. fascicled (2) Cystidia lacking or not fascicled Exobasidium 6:664. usually yellow. gelatinous or corky. Pileus reduced to a loose group of basidia. Spores globose or subglobose. smooth or spiny. gloeocystidia and paraphyses (dendrophyses. hyaline or dark. hymenium loose. mostly curved.(mostly 6) sterigmate Kordyana 16:199. tubes or gills Hydnaceae p. 70.160 2. spines. hyaline or colored. spores simple. 2-sterigmate (2) Basidia clavate. Generic distinctions are exceedingly difficult to draw in this family on the basis of form. x. clavate. mostly parasitic and often forming galls. saprogenous as a rule 1. corresponding to Exascaceae among Ascomycetes. of simple clavate basidia mostly with 2-6 sterigmata. 162 Hymenium of teeth or tooth-like granules Polyporaceae p. Hypochnus smooth. hymenium superior. Family HYPOCHNACEAE Killermann 131-133 Pileus lacking or byssoid. inferior or amphigenous. and this difficulty has been aggravated by the attempt to base genera upon the form of the various outgrowths of the hymenium. continuous from the Thelephoraceae through Hydnaceae and Polyporaceae to the Agaricaceae. leathery or membrararely waxy. fleshy. cystidia. typically biogenous and usually folicole 1. dichophyses.

K 140 Peniophora 6:640. Pileus Coniophora dark cupulate. rarely cupuloid when mature a. Pileus resupinate. hyaline or Hymenochaete Stereum 6:551. medulla above and below b. hymenium Hypolyssus 6:521. cespitose Cyphella 6:667. 42 funnelform. Pileus consisting of one layer (1) Spores hyaline forming an even layer with the much branched paraphyses (b) Hymenial layer with projecting papillae (a) Basidia Asterostromella 21:381. Papillae present. 42 Pileus membranous. Dictyonema Z 261 1. stellate or simple (x) Cystidia stellate (y) Cystidia simple m. medulla below only 2. single (2) Pileus cylindric. Not parasitic on algae 1. Solenia 6:424. K 140: 42 consisting of several layers (1) Cystidia present. (2) a. of fascicled hyphae Epithele 21:381. K 136. Algae Scytonema B. K 140 smooth or asperBonia 11:123. K 142 or cystidia X. K 138 spinose or short-branched. hymenium smooth hymenium to cylindric Cytidia 21:380. often blunt (c) Cystidia lacking n. cystidia Skepperia 6:603. Cystidia lacking Pileus typically erect. Cora 6:685.THELEPHORACEAE A. cupulate (1) Pileus cupulate. K 142 ribbed c. b. large. cystidia lacking (a) Pileus scutellate. 42 . small. Cystidia Aleurodiscus K 142 Corticium 6:603. Algae in upper layer. present (2) Pileus scutellate to funnelform or clavate. (a) Cystidia present K K 141 (b) Cystidia lacking b. Z 259 Corella Z 261 6:687. pileus Cladoderris 6:547. K 148. 42 (b) Hymenium smooth ribbed Thelephora 6:521. (x) Papillae feathery (y) Papillae columnar. Parasitic on algae 161 Algae Chroococcus Algae in middle layer. ate y. or roughened. flabelliform or clavaroid (a) Hymenium funnelform with ramose ribs. terete or clavate. often stipitate Pileus leathery (1) Pileus urceolate. hard. smooth (2) Pileus K 148 funnelform. K 143. (1) Pileus margin involute. Craterellus 6:514. K 149 K 149. 144 2. not K K 148 146. 6:647. Pileus firm-fleshy or fleshy-gelatinous clavate. 6:588. effuse. Cystidia typically subulate Asterostroma 9:236. K 148 (b) Pileus funnelform to clavate. 42 (2) Spores dark Coniophorella 17:183. a. K 140 Cystidia present.

cartilaginous or leathery. waxy. b. usually from a scle- rotium. K 161. K 151. K 160 43 Hymenium a. pileus resupinate (a) Cystidia simple. exceptionally reduced to groups of teeth without a pileus. often poriform or B. mostly simple Pileus Clavaria 6:692. stout Radulum 6:493. basidia 2-sterigPistillaria 6:752. typically fleshy. clavate or capitate to coralloid. dimidiate or cap-like. clavate to filamentous X. rarely smooth. more or less 1. sometimes pore-like or lameloccasionally wrinkled. cystidia lacking Grandinia 6:500. globoid. A. with many crowded leaf-like branches. K 160 Warts penicillate. Physalacria 6:759. 42 B. pileus corky (b) Cystidia stellate. K 162. Sparassis 6:690. K 161. rarely subgelatinous. 42 Stipe long-filiform. teeth blunt. 42 Lachnocladium 6:738. K 158 73. K 151 Pileus erect. Phlcbia 6:497. typically fleshy. mate y. simple or foliose. spores simple. much branched (2) Pileus not tomentose. simple or ramose (1) Pileus tomentose. leathery. K 157. Stipe short or none. hyaline or dark. 43 . K 159. sometimes filamentous or clavate Pileus waxy. spores typically simple. or ridges Crests with edge incised. distinct Hymenophore lacking. large and coralloid. Hymenium consisting Hymenium of crests a. basidia 4-sterigmate (b) Pileus ramose. loid. A. 43 consisting of teeth. CLAVARIACEAE 6:690. much branched. hollow. Hymenium lamelloid 1. pileus floccose-mem- Hymenophore Hydnochaetc Asterodon 14:211. pileus fleshy-waxy Lopharia 6:500. Pileus fleshy sometimes leathery or waxy. clavate or coralloid a. cystidia lacking. 42 Pileus not capitate and hollow. not discrete. Teeth a. but filamentous. Warts semi-globose. curved. K 156 (a) Pileus simple. corky or fleshy. ciliate. K 152. occasionally coralloid. hyaline. with warts or granules b. 43 branous (2) 11:111. cespitose teeth subulate. Pileus resupinate. Pileus waxy 2. of crests or warts b. re- Mucronella 6:512. cystidia present Odontia 6:506. 1. cystidia often present. K 162 Cystidia lacking (a) Pileus crustose. K K 152 156 Family HYDNACEAE 6:429. smooth. leathery. hymenium typically with teeth or warts. 2. Pterula 6:740. rarely brownish. K 152. hymenium amphigenous.162 AGARICALES Family 72. small. cartilaginous Typhula 6:743. K 159 b. present (1) Cystidia present. pileus membranous Crests not incised. Pileus without leaf-like branches capitate.

6:1. sometimes lamelloid. Pileus gelatinous. crustose (1) Gloeocystidia present (2) Gloeocystidia lacking b. K 166 (b) Pileus mostly fleshy. 43 (2) Tubes not (a) Pores rounded. mostly small and crowded tough-fleshy. dimidiate or cap-like. Tubes not separate (y) Pileus stipitate to dimidiate z. pileus cap-like to crustose Teeth with spiny-serrate margins Margins not spiny-serrate (a) Pileus leathery. rarely volvate or annulate. Hydnum 6:430. K 174 K 184 194. hymenium concrete with hymenophore. 43 Femes stratified in layers 6:150. Pileus waxy. spores typically 1-celled. pileate tate and stipi- Sistotrema 6:480. Pileus corious or membranous. pores alveolate (1) Entire pileus gelatinous (2) Hymenium alone gelatinous 2. separate n. Grammothele lamella-like K 169 with more teeth. and stipitate. Pileus tough-fleshy to leathery or woody. K 171. K 168 Family 74. 43 Hymenium Hymenium (1) (2) porous-reticulate. 43 m. cystidia often present. K 174 177.or lamella-like structures a. thick. tubes grown together a. pores mostly alveolate or reticulate a. woody or fleshy. typically resupinate to dimidiate. hymenium with shallow net-like pores b. hyaline or colored. leathery to teeth usually long and subulate Teeth forming pore. hymenium concrete with the hymenophore or readily separable from it. K 202 b.POLYPORACEAE (b) Pileus 163 mostly sometimes cap-like coralloid. 45 Laschia 6:404. Polystictus 6:208. Gloeothele or less K 169 6:505. at least the hymenium. Pileus waxy or gelatinous. stipitate to dimidiate y. fleshy. mostly crustose dimidiate Echinodontium to 16:176. K 177. K . sometimes perennial. Pileus tough-fleshy to leathery. covered by a volva-like membrane not volvate (1) Pileus with tubes in layers. K 188. thin (x) Pileus resupinate X. corky or woody. Merulius 6:411. leathery or woody. Pileus Polyporus 6:55. consisting of pores arranged regularly or irregularly. exceptionally waxy or gelatinous. POLYPORACEAE K 169 Pileus resupinate. 43 Trametes 6:334. tubes unequally sunken Poria 6:292. K 162. K 202 Gloeoporus 6:403. perennial Hymenium Hymenium Cryptoporus 17:125. multiform. Tubes wart-like. very rarely rudimentary and reticulate. rarely gelatinous or waxy 1. A. K Porothelium 6:421. Pileus suberose. at least the hymenium. K 168 Irpex 6:482. woody.

mostly dimidiate (c) Pores elongate. K 210 Pileus fleshy. occasionally excentric. on the stipe as a ring. 45 m. Pileus fleshy. spores smooth Pores round or polygonal Hymenium separating readily from hymenophore Boletus 6:2. cylindric globose to fusoid Filoboletus 16:142. K 209. Pileus fleshy. . pileus leathery to corky. spores dark-brown. spatuseparable. rarely of ridges or veins. pileus typically dimidiate Lenzites 5:637. spores hyaline. (1) Pileus (2) Pileus and stipe beautifully squarrose- scaly. regularly inferior. labyrinthine (c) 2. Elmerina 23:453. hyaline or variously colored. and stipe not squarrose-scaly. sometimes with cystidia. from hymenophore. rarely tough 1. K 205 y. 200 pores. forking regularly to K K 199 (n) Lamellae form elongate rhomboidal Favolus 6:390. Gyrodon 6:51. hymenium with fine forked parallel veins y. Hymenium labyrinthine. sometimes enclosed in a capveil that persists at the base of the stipe as a volva. Pileus fleshy and putrescent. large. 43 (a) X. Fistulina 6:54. Hexagonia 6:356. hymenium of radiating lamellae or gills. 43 or Hymenium lamellose radiately lamelloid (m) Lamellae mostly continuous and distinct. late. small and delicate. hymenium separable a. gills covered with basidia bearing typically 4 sterigmata and spores. compound Boletinus 6:51 (b) Pores tortuose. often protected by a gill-veil that usually remains iate or inverted. spores typically colored. fleshy to leathery. K 197.164 AGARICALES (b) Pores hexagonal. K 201 Daedalea 6:370. becoming somewhat tough. tubes concrete Pileus fleshy-membranous. verrucose Strobilomyces 6:49. large. K 200. pileus mostly stipitate B. dimidcorky or woody. K 209 b. K 200 dimidiate to cap-like and stipi- tate (x) Lamellae concentric (y) Lamellae not concentric Cyclomyces the 6:389. Pileus Hymenogramme 5:652. the tubes lamelloid. spores typically 1-celled. pores multiform (m) Pores with crowded cystidia (n) Pores without cystidia n. lateral. tubes discrete 203. Hymenium pores not separating readily. AGARICACEAE 5:8. K K 209 Pores lamelloid Phylloporus 21:255. K 196 sometimes passing into distinct lamellae X. K 210 Pileus typically cap-shaped and stipitate. 43 hymenium not Family 75. typically putrescent. Pileus resupinate.

stipe of gills Schizophyllum reviving 5:654. Edge of the gills split or revolute. none or lateral normal Pileus fleshy and putrescent. pileus not agaricole b. Stipe volvate (m) Stipe annulate (n) Stipe not annulate n. K 271 . K 252 K 248 (1) Edge of gills acute Trama of pileus more or less vesiculose. Stipe m. A. K 278 Tricholoma 5:87. typically n.AGARICACEAE Leucosporae 5:8. usually spiny (a) Gills with white or bright-colored milky sap (b) Gills without milky sap (2) Lactarius 5:423. K 253. K 278 (y) Hymenophore confluent homogeneous with the fleshy and or fibrous-elastic stipe a volva not annulate or volvate (m) Gills sinuate or adnate. K 274. white or only very dilutely colored even in spore-prints. M a. spores globose or globoid. typically (a) smooth Gills more or less into two layers fleshy and separable excentric or none. pileus sometimes inverted y. K 272 44 Omphalia 5:308. B. Edge of gills obtuse or gills fold-like (1) Gills decurrent. K 267 tropical Hiatula 5:305. K K 280. pileus leath- Edge 1. but not diffluent. Stipe Pleurotus 5:339. pileus typically agaricole K 248. K 283 not volvate (m) Stipe annulate (n) Stipe not annulate 276. vein-like. spores K 260 262 Trama of pileus not vesiculose. Gills not decurrent (m) Cap very thin. 5:20. waxy (2) Gills not decurrent (a) Gills thick. somewhat Cantharellus 5:482. Stipe Amanita 5:8. Stipe annulate. dichotomous. K 266 (x) Hymenophore fleshy stipe discrete from the m. 44 Schulzeria 5:72. 44 (b) Gills thin. smooth or rough. ephemeral. Gills decurrent. green a few species. 165 K 247 in Spores hyaline. diaphanous. Arrhenia 5:498. without Armillaria 5 :73. Stipe central or nearly so X. cap umbilicate n. 44 Amanitopsis Lepiota 5:27. K Russula 5:453. rarely when wet ery. globose to fusoid. Clitocybe 5:141. Nyctalis 5:499. not decurrent (n) Gills typically decurrent (z) Hymenophore confluent with the cartilaginous stipe but heterogeneous from it m.

Margin young cap straight Mycena 5:251. sinuate or free (1) Stipe fleshy-fibrous. s. Pileus tough-fleshy or leathery y. K K 271. 45 Eccilia 5:729. Pileus corky or (1) Gills woody tomentose (2) Gills glabrous K 199 Rhodosporae 5:656. gills sinuate (2) Stipe cartilaginous. stipe often lateral or lacking gills Edge of Edge (y) Edge y. 44 268 (b) Gills waxy rather than fleshy. Edge of X. Stipe central or nearly so 1. gills not sinuate Entoloma 5:679. splitting with . not decurrent X. leathery. K 244. K 242 242 Nolanea 5:716. K 246 Volvaria 5:656. 5:387. Annularia 5:663. dichotomous (2) b. reviving a. spore-prints. K 253: 44 Tilotus 5:652 Lenzites 5:637. K 256. K 250 Pileus fleshy-leathery. K . (1) Stipe fleshy-fibrous (2) Stipe cartilaginous b. Stipe not volvate (1) Stipe annulate (2) Stipe not annulate 2. Margin in of the of the young cap turned CoUybia 5:200. paler under A. K 244. decurrent. K 246 b. K 241. K Panus gills 5:614. 45 Hymenophore a. corky or persistent. Gills fold-like. (a) Stipe discrete from the hymenophorc. Gills decurrent Clitopilus 5:698. K 241 in Spores rosy. K 254 253 obtuse. discrete from stipe Stipe volvate (1) Stipe annulate also (2) Stipe not annulate Metraria 9:82. Pileus gelatinous-leathery gills Marasmius 5:503. Stipe excentric or none. Gills K 243. difificulty Hygrophorus woody. margin straight from the first Leptonia 5:706. 45 (a) (b) Cap convex. gills acute (x) typically serrate entire gills Lentinus 5:571. K 256 Trogia 5:635. K 242 adnexed. salmon-colored or rosy-rust-colored the microscope. margin at first inflexed Cap campanulate. typically lignicole B. 45 confluent with Hymenophore homogeneous and the stipe a.166 (n) AGARICALES Cap not diaphanous and ephemeral r. 44 Heliomyces 5:569. edges canaliculate or crisp Xerotus 5:630. Claudopus 5:733. K 259 (b) Stipe and hymenophore continuous. K 246 Pluteus 5:665. when wet or gelatinous-leathery Pileus fleshy-leathery distinct (1) Gills wide.

Gills separating readily from hymenophore. Naucoria 5:828. 45 Margin first of pileus discrete free straight from the (m) Stipe (n) Stipe from hymenophore. typically Flammula 5:809. K 241 45 Hymenophore continuous with a. deliquescBolbitius 5:1073. Stipe annulate Stropharia 5:1012. K 216. Tubaria 5:872. K 226. K K K smooth. decurrent. K 230 gills Spores purple to dark-purple or black. Gill-veil from hymenophore cobwebby. ing (b) Pileus and gills not deliquescing X. Stipe K 220 fleshy (x) Gills adnate lignicole or decurrent. K 216 B. margin more or less persistently involute Paxillus 5:983. or the A. K 241 241 Chitonia 5:992. cobwebby Crepidotus 5:876. Stipe central or nearly so (1) Stipe volvate or annulate (a) Stipe volvate (b) Stipe annulate (2) Stipe not volvate or annulate (a) Pileus Locellina 5:761. Pileus y. 167 K 216 Spores ochraceous to dark ferruginous A. K 227 and gills very delicate. Pileus n. Stipe excentric or none. K 217 Melanosporae 5:991. 229 Pholiota 5:736. with age 2. adnate or adnexed Galera 5:860. gills K 218 homogeneous with hymenogills phore. Stipe not volvate (1) Stipe annulate Agaricus 5:993. Margin of pileus inflexed at first n. silky or scaly Inocybe 5:672. black Hymenophore a. Spores purple or dark-purple 1. disappearing completely Cortinarius 5:889. Pluteolus 5:859. typically humicole m. K b. typically viscid Hebeloma 5:791. Pilosace 5:1010. Gills not separating readily 1. 218 218. K K 222 217. K 220 227 cartilaginous (x) Gills decurrent (y) Gills not decurrent m. typically lignicole b. stipe (2) Stipe not annulate 2. Stipe fibrillose. K 237 . K 239. discrete from stipe Stipe volvate (1) Stipe annulate also (2) Stipe not annulate Chitoniella 14:149. hanging curtain-like from often the margin. 45 (y) Gills mostly sinuate. 45 Gill-veil not a.AGARICACEAE Ochrosporae 5:735.

gills not decurrent X. striate. Margin of Margin of pileus inflexed at pileus straight from the first Psilocybe 5:1043. 256 Order a receptacle arising 19. out volva or receptacle but enclosed in a peridium Peridium epigean a. regularly closed Nidulariaceae p. 173 p. gills decurrent (2) Pileus Psathyrella 5:1126. typically terrestrial. stipe some- times with incomplete or vanishing an- Hypholoma pileus not cortinate 5:1027. rarely gelatinous. occasionally lignicole. with- 1. Gleba typically powdery or cellular. spores minute. K 234 membranous. y. 45 2. gills varie- gated (y) Pileus Panaeolus 5:1118. K 235 Psathyra 5:1060. K 237. 170 Gleba enclosed seed-like peridioles borne 2. not striate. Stipe y. not purple 1. K 234 K 230. K 230 Pileus and gills normal (1) Pileus fleshy or (a) fleshy-membranous Spores globose to elliptic. K 231. Spores dark or black. K 235 B. Lycoperdaceae in p. exposed above. Gills a volva at the base of stipe. LYCOPERDALES Stipe not annulate or only slightly so (1) Margin of nulus pileus cortinate. Gleba in to Families first more or less gelatinous. K 45 leathery-horny. the trama remaining as expanded Montagnites 5:1140. Stipe annulate not annulate Anellaria 5:1125. enclosed in a peridium opening by a definite mouth or irregularly b. hyaline Anthracophyllum 5:1139. Gills deliquescing into a black fluid Gills not deliquescing a. then raised on a receptacle. fusoid. enclosed at a volva. first K 235 (b) Gills not decurrent X. 1-celled. the Phallaceae p. Hymenogastraceae 172 . stipe into a disk bearing the gills b. 169 latter usually stalked B. in a globoid to funnelform peridium Peridium hypogean. K 235 (x) Pileus fleshy. Key A. LYCOPERDALES Spore-body consisting of a fertile gleba with or without hymenium. hyaline or colored. hypogean in one family. Gleba firm or powdery. globose. borne on from a volva or with a closed peridium that opens variously at maturity. Coprinus 5:1070. 45 (2) Margin of (a) Gills decurrent Deconica 5:1058. Gomphidius 5:1137. gills uniform (b) Spores elongate. spores borne on basidia.168 b.

46 Gleba not dimorphous (a) Meshes Meshes of the gleba polygonal. 46 . gleba borne directly tacle on the apex of the Mutinus 7:12. the receptacle pileiform and stalked. F 283 Clathrus 7:18. or formed of a few vertical branches united at apex a. Gleba covering outside of receptacle. F 295. the latter pileiform or stalk-like. 46 Receptacle sessile or nearly so (1) Walls of the receptacle thick. which is clathrate or lobed 1. or less reticulate stalk-like recep- F 292. lower part with sterile with con- volute subclathrate lobes (2) Dictyobole 17:213. most closely related to such types as Pisolithus with peridioles. consisting (a) chambers Walls with wing-like appendages (b) Walls without wing-like appendages of several layers of Blumenavia 11:154. F 283. net-like. F 290. gleba not becoming lattice-like collar-like. gleba becoming latticelike b. (a) Aporophallus 11:153 Phallus 7:8. apex radiate lamellae. borne on a receptacle at first enclosed in a volva. sometimes appendaged 1. Family 76. in sev- eral series Simblum Colus 7:16. the Lycoperdaceae probably having been evolved from the Agaricaceae through such genera as Gyrophragmium. F 285. F 284. (1) Receptacle stalked Gleba dimorphous. hidden. while the Hymenogastraceae are thought The Nidulariaceae are to represent hypogean forms arising from both families. The Phallaceae have apparently been derived from some point on this same phylum. Secotium and Podaxon. Receptacle hollow and clathrate. A.at apex of pileus. more 2. Dictyophora 7:3. in a single series b. Gleba on inside of the hollow receptacle. 46 Receptacle without hanging pileus. 46 (b) of the gleba vertically elongate. Stalk with an appendage below the pileus (1) Appendage long. gleba on outer surface of pileus a. 555. 46 B. (2) Appendage volva aculeate. volva smooth. 46 Echinophallus 16:226. or more or less clathrate and usually sessile. Gleba more or less gelatinous.PHALLACEAE 169 This order is closely connected with the Agaricales. 7:21. PHALLACEAE Fischer 276 7:2. Receptacle pileiform. short. F 295 Stalk without appendage (1) Upper part of volva remaining on pileus and enclosing the gleba (2) Upper part of volva not enclosing gleba at Cryptophallus 14:254 maturity Gleba continuous over apex of pileus (b) Gleba interrupted .

hollow. 47 Cauloglossum 7:57. spores the 1-celled. capillitium none (a) Trama-plates or septa decurrent on the stipe Macowanites not decurrent. Receptacle expanded above into a horizontal border with deeply divided lobes Receptacle divided directly into lobes (1) Receptacle cupulate with many simple lobes (2) Aseroe 7:25. bers. F 286. Gleba with anastomosing septa or chambers (1) Peridium globoid. or sometimes containing more or less distinct sack-like units. capillitium typically present a. gleba powdery or firm. F 303. often with capillitium. F 289 Receptacle of a few simple lobes (a) Gleba on the outside of the lobes (b) Gleba on the inside of the lobes Lysurus 7:22. (2) tube-like chambers. not at all gelatinous. LYCOPERDACEAE 7:48. Gleba chambers a. F 332. stipitate lamelloid. furnished with a definite mouth or opening more or less irregularly. poroid or with labyrinthine 1. Peridium opening at base about the stipe Peridium not opening around stipe but splitting lengthwise Podaxon 7:58. F 333 . capillitium none Gleba with vertical capillitium present Gyrophragmium 47 7:51. Peridium with a percurrent columella. F 286. stipitiform at base Receptacle divided above into free laciniae or Clathrella 16:228. latter usually globoid to pyriform. from peridium or upper part of columella (2) Peridium clavate Gleba merely spongy. more or less pileiform at maturity. F 299. F 302 b. Secotium 7:51. hyaline or colored. 46 Calathiscus 7 :24. F 288. b. 47 b. 47 Chaenoderma 9:268. sessile or stipitate. with 1-2 layers of cham- Ileodictyum F 283 2. gleba sometimes with a percurrent or incomplete columella. A. K 289 Family 77. F 284 lobes a. typically powdery. enclosed in a peridium. Fischer 313-346 Epigean. stipe appcndagcd Gleba with radiate lamellae. membrano-corious. Polyplocium 7:55. with hyphal strands. 46 Anthurus 7:23. (1) Gleba lamelloid or poroid. F 299. arising 7:179. F 300. not stipitiform at base (b) Walls delicate.170 (2) LYCOPERDALES Walls of the receptacle ribbon-like or cate (a) deli- Walls ribbon-like. Kalchbrennera 7:14. 46 sub- (3) Receptacle coralloid of many furcate lobes. 48 (b) Trama-plates .

usually disappearing more or less com(b) Astraeus F 341 pletely (1) threads more or less uniform. becoming inverted y. the ter infrequent 1. capillitium not ornamented (x) Peridium opening by an apical pore. Columella lacking. the mouth with stipe bright-colored teeth. capillitium typically ornamented Endoperidium sack-like. capillitium much branched Exoperidium a papery. 171 lat- and incomplete at least Gleba floccose or like a. forming a stalklike base X. 47 F 318 Bovistella F 319 . warted or spiny cortex. Outer peridium circumscissile. stipe Queletia 7:65. not volvate (y) Endoperidium otherwise m. gleba Mitromyces cam- 7:68. inner with basal mouth. F 316. Stipe globose (b) Capillitium lacking (2) Battarrea 7:65. opening by long slits (b) Gleba fertile throughout. gleba Sphaericeps 7:60. F 318. F 316 Catastoma Clobaria 11:165. at F 344 base. Peridium without definite mouth. F 339. stalk-like base lacking x. without distinct sack- areas (1) Peridium with distinct inner and outer walls Peridium stalked (a) Capillitium present X. Outer peridium falling away. Columella short plete. capillitium sparsely and incombranched Geaster 7:70. Endoperidium alone persistent. opening irregularly. sessile. F 345 Battarreopsis 17:223 stellate- Exoperidium laciniate. typically endoperidium usually with one. 47 (y) Peridium without apical pore. 47 Calvatia 7:105. inner with apical pore or irregular opening (2) Capillitial threads with distinct trunk and attenuate branches (a) Gleba sterile below (b) Gleba fertile throughout Capillitial Lycoperdum 7:106. F 343 Two (x) or more peridial layers persisting. 47 panulate not volvate n. F 320. F 342. Peridium without percurrent columella. easily separable from y. 47 b.LYCOPERDACEAE B. trunk and smaller without larger branches (a) Gleba sterile below. fixed at apex of exoperidium. rarely (a) many mouths present. Stipe volvate at base. fixed to stipe Tylostoma 7:60. Peridium with definite apical mouth y.

spores hyaline not Torrendia 17:241 . F 336. or the gleba putrescent. sometimes lacking 1. openings. apical with threads smooth. gelatinous. the peridium with wall sometimes poorly developed or even lacking at maturity. not on a subiculum (y) Gleba with elongate seriate chambers. F 338. Corditubera 14:266. leathery or membranous. Bovista 7:96. F 335 spores smooth or warted (x) Gleba with saccules. crested (2) Peridium waxy-gelatinous. firm. threads with spiny F 319. Peridium wall present Peridium volvate (1) Peridium silky. opening by irregu- lar lobes. 47 powdery Phellorina 7:145. volva Clathrogaster 16:250 spores yellow. but more or less putrescent. gleba fleshy to cartilaginous or somewhat gelatinous. X. mouth fimbriate-dentate. 47 HYMENOGASTRACEAE 7:154. Fischer 309 Hypogean. capillitium present (2) Stipe not volvate. the surface merely cracking or breaking away. outer cent (b) Peridium with one wall not distinct. capillitium b. Lycogalopsis F 312 Broomeia 7:93. branches Gleba with distinct sack-like areas or peridioles a. corky. fleshy. finally (1) larly. the latter often stipitate. spores spiny y. capillitium lacking. Peridia ulum numerous on a stroma. F 324. capillitium present Mycenastrum F 320 Dictyocephalus 17:238 rudimentary Pisolithus 7:146. reticulate-sulcate. opening irregu- F 334 (2) Peridium sessile or nearly so (a) Peridium with two walls. rarely if ever truly epigean. astomous. hyaline or colored. capillitial long acuminate y. globose. capillitium rudimentary. capillitial 2. Wall more or less distinct. peridium wall separating readily from gleba. the inner evanes- Sclerangium capillitium F 338 lacking. Peridium stalked. LYCOPERDALES Endoperidium papery. not powdery. capillitium ramose Family 78..172 X. Gleba without peridioles. a. irregularly globoid. Trama-plates arising radially from a basal columella-like mass. 47 . spores 1-celled. A. Gleba with peridioles (1) Stipe with persistent cupulate volva. sometimes with short stalk-like base or rhizoids. peridium more or less contracted below. peridium with a broad base arising from a stroma-like subic- Scleroderma 7:134. usually loculate or with trama-plates. Wall splitting stellately. 47 Endoperidium thick. sulcate.

opening over the entire top and exposing one to many lentiform or globoid peridioles. Spores smooth (1) Chambers of gleba filled with mucus first Sclerogaster 11:169. from the gleba at Peridium with rhizoids over the surface or least about the base a. spores gloProtoglossum 11:158. the latter usually attached by a funiculus to the wall of the peridium. tuberiform. F 310 Dendrogaster 17:240 Hymenogaster 7:168. F 306 (y) Peridium epigean. brownish-orange piriform or tuberiform (2) Peridium (a) Spores with longitudinal ridges or furChamonixia 16:251. hyaline. 173 (1) Peridium not volvate Peridium elongate-cylindric. F 306 bose. Fischer 326 Peridium funnelform to cupulate or globoid.NIDULARIACEAE b. warted b. but smooth. Peridium globoid. Melanogaster 7:164. reticulate. Spores globose. Peridium elongate-cylindric. Peridium furrowed lengthwise B. at F 312 Leucogaster 9:281. fimicole or lignicole. F 326. Spores spinose. smooth. at least at maturity a. F 306. NIDULARIACEAE 7:28. epigean. F 308. Peridium with an interrupted mucous layer here and there beneath (x) Peridium hypogean. A. peridioles without funiculus Nidularia 7:28. Trama-plates arising typically from the peridium and not radial. F 310 Hydnangium 7:175. falling apart irregularly at maturity Protubera 11:155. F 334 b. 11:158 F 304. 48 (2) Chambers (a) Spores hyaline Rhizopogon 7:161. Peridium without mucous layer Peridium wall lacking. globose Gleba percurrent by a columella (2) Gleba without columella (a) Peridium with sterile base (b) Peridium without sterile base Spores not spinose. Hysterangium 7:155. spores smooth tuberiform or piriform. Peridium with several to many peridioles 1. verrucose or rugose (1) Gleba with branching columella and sterile base (2) Gleba without columella or sterile base (1) Arcangeliella 16:255 Octaviana 7:158. without epiphragm. F 304 by slits y. (b) Spores colored Peridium without rhizoids a. of gleba hollow F F 311 311. opening by a tear. piriform. 2. 48 Gymnoglossum Gautieria 7:177. spores 1-celled. peridium wall separating diffi2. 48 . leathery or fleshy-leathery. opening Phallogaster 11:155. spores b. 48 cultly or not at all 1. F 556 rows Martellia 16:252 (b) Spores spinose (c) Spores smooth X. 48 Family 79. humicole.

F 326. the outer splitting stellately. spores not mixed with filaments Peridioles without funiculus. of peridium with a distinct seam. to cupulate. with epiphragm Peridioles with funiculus (1) b. LYCOPERDALES Peridium cylindric a. Peridium with a single viscous peridiole. 48 B.174 2. spores mixed with filaments (2) Mouth without seam. 48 Crucibulum 7:43. F 326. wall double. 48 mucus Nidula 17:125. minute Sphaerobolus 7:46. F 346. 48 . densely crowded in Mouth Cyathus 7:32.

is obviously out of the question. Discellaceae p. the resemblances probably indicate some community of relation to the perfect forms. Pycnidia dimidiate sometimes gelatinous or waxy and usually more or Zythiaceae less dis- p. p. they do not constitute a natural class. of them on trivial or very variable criteria. immersed. while the number of those linked up by means of experimental cultures is steadily increasing. approximates this in some measure in view of the fact that pycnidium and stroma A natural system of secondary stages of their Even among the Hyphomycetes often reflect the structure of the perfect form. Pycnidia perithecium-like. 189 C. or to hysterioid. Pycnidia apothecium-like or hysterioid. short However. 176 Pycnidia or hyaline. erumpent or superficial from the first. DEUTEROMYCETES As the (Fungi Imperfecti) name implies. membranous to car- bonous 2. In consequence. The Hyphomycetes or Moniliales are mycelial forms without differentiated pycnidia or stroma. many principally Ascomycetes. but the entire situation is complicated by the fact that some of the latter possess two or more very dissimilar propagative stages. Key late or 1. 192 175 . to Families A. An enormous number of new genera have been described during the past quarter of a century. the grouping into orders assignment to the perfect forms. resulting in a simple stroma.. typically globoid. discoid or cupulate and opening by a cleft. reflects the evolution of the The Melanconiales represent Order 20. 186 tinctly radiate. cespitose or with a subicle or stroma. cupulate to discoid. the latter effuse. ostio- astomous Pycnidia brown to black. valsoid or dothideoid. the latter varying from globose to conic or elongate. these are secondary or propagative stages of other fungi. rarely endogenous. rarely hysterioid Leptostromaceae p. PHOMALES Fruiting-body a pycnidium. lobes or circularly. to dimidiate with a simple pore or astomous. globose to filiform. Many of them are found in association with the perfect form in nature. conidia borne on simple or branched conidiophores or basidia. The Phomales are distinguished by the presence of the pycnidium. which perithecium and its final transition into the apothecium. conidia various. Phomaceae bright-colored. waxy or fleshy. membranous to carbonous. usually with a distinct ostiole. fleshj B. hyaline or dark. though the latter is sometimes so closely simulated in the Tuberculariaceae as to warrant their inclusion in Melanconiales. a probable final condition of the latter in which the protective cover has been suppressed. single. or the latter sometimes lacking and the conidia then arising directly from the pycnidial wall. opening circularly or less often by a dark and subcarbonous to brightcolored and fleshy cleft or lobes. as Hoehnel has done (1923:301). but form an artificial group kept together for convenience. while essentially the same type of secondary form may occur in widely separated orders of Ascomycetes. typically dark but sometimes bright-colored.

conidia histogenic Pleuronaema H 34 Sphaeronema 3:185. conic or lentiform. H 337 Setae stellately ramose Staurochaeta 3:218. Plectophomopsis Basidia simple (x) Conidia acrogenous m. without subicle or stroma 1. Spores ovoid to ellipsoid (y) Basidia simple (z) Basidia none. Pycnidia globoid. 10:100. Pycnidia without a clypeus (1) Pycnidia rostrate or cylindric (a) Pycnidia rostrate X. The latter appear to pass gradually and completely into the Meliinconiaceae. borne on simple or ramose basidia. 18:220. hyaline. not fasciculate Scleromeris Phomachora Clypeochorella Plectosira (y) Conidia pleurogenous (2) Pycnidia without ostiole. oblong to cylindric X. Pycnidia separate. ramose Pycnidia hairy Pycnidia glabrous (x) Basidia ramose. are primarily forms of Discomycetes and hence belong in the Discellaceae. and the Discellaceae to the Phacidiales and xeric Pezizales. Basidia Ciliochora genous y. 22:823 Conidia 1-celled. H 30 . separate or with a subicle or stroma. Pycnidia innate. PHOMACEAE (Sphaerioidaceae) innate. Hyalosporae 3:1. The Phomaceae correspond chiefly to Sphaeriaceae and Dothideaceae.176 PHOMALES The four families reflect more or less accurately the structure of the corre- sponding perfect forms. Basidia bacillar. sometimes cespitose. The Patellinae. Chondropodiella Glutinium 11:500. referred to Zythiaceae by Saccardo on the basis of color and texture. carbonous or sub-coriaceous. Spores allantoid n. conidia various. fasciculate n. conidia pleurogenous Basidia simple (x) Conidia acrogenous H 335 (y) Conidia acro-pleurogenous (2) Pycnidia not rostrate or cylindric (a) Pycnidia hairy or setose X. globose. or arising from the pycnidial wall. 14:844. the Zythiaceae to Hypocreaceae. ellipsoid or botuliform A. y. the Leptostromaceae to Microthyriales. basidia b. which is variously loculate. erumpent or supexficial. ostiolate or astomous. membranous. typically dark. Basidia papillate. or finally more or less erumpent a. 16:825. Pycnidia with a clypeus (1) Pycnidia with ostiole (a) Conidia ciliate (b) Conidia not ciliate ramose. conidia acro-pleuroX. ovoid. Family 80. conidia usually expelled in a ball Chaetosphaeronema m. y. Basidia ramose. 11:472. 49 Ceratophoma H 35 Pseudophoma H 5 Pleurophomella (b) Pycnidia vertical.

H 36. H H 38 39. Pycnidia oidicole s. Pycnidia pycnicole t. Pseudoparaphyses present. Spores lunate i. fungicole Basidia none (b) Pycnidia glabrous X. Conidia globose n. Outer wall of conidium torn into 2-3 strips resembling cilia n. Spores not lunate (h) Pycnidia with a columella (i) Pycnidia without columella Pycnidia membranous Pycnidia coriaceous to car(r) Phyllosticta 3:3.PHOMACEAE y. Apex x-ciliate Neottiospora 3:216. Conidia pleurogenous t. 177 Setae or hairs not stellate (x) Basidia (y) Basidia (z) ramose simple. 49 . conidia expelled in Pyrenochaeta 3:219. H 51 Cyclodomus 22:950. 49 Selenophoma 22:916. H 47. Cilia distinct. terminal r. Pycnidia lichenicole (n) Pycnidia not fungicole r. 3:178. 1-ciliate Pycnidia lunate membranous. s. Basidia typically simple (m) Pycnidia fungicole r. H 297 Tiarosporella (m) Apex r. Conidia acro-pleurogenous (r) Pycnidia membranous (s) Pycnidia sclerotioid n. often net-like H H 6 Myrioconium H 259 Peckia 3:217. 49 Dendrophoma Pleurophoma H 40 Pleurophomopsis Dendrodomus Cicinnobolus 3:216. longfiliform s. Conidia acrogenous s. 49 Conidia neither catenate nor ciliate (x) Pycnidia with ostiole m. maculicole (s) Pycnidia not maculicole h. Conidia not globose (m) Chains of spores connected. H 41 H 42 Lichenophoma Pseudoparaphyses absent Pycnidia in discolored areas. Pycnidia carbonous. conidia Ciliophora Strasseria 18:284. Plectophoma 22:905. H 45. 28 mucus. Sirophoma H s. Mycosticta Lichenosticta 16:851. H 229 — + Neophoma bonous Phoma 3:65. Conidia catenate or ciliate (x) Conidia catenate m. Sirococcus 3:217. Pycnis 32 Sclerochaeta H 27. Basidia ramose (m) Basidia reticulately fused (n) Basidia not reticulately fused r. H 37 119 (n) Chains of spores simple Pycnidia with ostiole Pycnidia without ostiole (y) Conidia ciliate or caudate m. conidia cylindric H 253 (n) y.

Basidia ramose n. H 26 basidia none (2) Pyrenochaetina ostiole none. Pycnidia more or less stipitate. lignicole (y) Ostiole absent n. Pycnidia superficial a. ramicole s. Sclerotiopsis 3:184. Pycnidia not in asteroma-like spots (x) Ostiole present m. conidia acrogenous b. cornucopioid. Basidia none. Hapalosphaeria 22:868. conidia acro-pleurogenous n. Basidia simple (m) Pycnidia membranous to subcar- Phyllostictina Conostroma Pleuroplaconema bonous (n) Pycnidia sclerotioid o. basidia filiform (b) Pycnidia corio-carbonous. conidia histogenic (m) Spores globose or trigonous r. conidia histogenic (m) Pycnidia with hypostroma in the stomata (n) Pycnidia without hypostroma Rhizophoma Sclerophomina H 7 . condia pleurogenous (2) Pycnidia cylindric. Spores globose. H 11 2. H 257. Trichocicinnus 22:935. ostiole in asteroma- present Asteromella 3:182 y. less sclerotioid Plenodomus 3:184. H H 33 31 more or s. ostiole none. H 13 Pycnidia membranous (y) Pycnidia without ostiole m. H 24 Ligniella m. none (b) Conidia not catenate X. Pycndia densely gregarious like spots. ostiole present. s. Pycnidia rostrate or cylindric (1) Pycnidia rostrate. Phomopsis 18:264. Basidia ramose (m) Pycnidia with central columella.178 o. H 123 Pycnidia glabrous basidia Sirolegniella (a) Conidia catenate. Spores (n) Spores not globose or trigonous r. Trigonosporium 16:892. less catenate Sirostromella H 2 (n) Conidia not catenate Conidia involved in mucus Conidia without mucus Coleophoma H 273 Dothichiza 3:671. Pycnidia neither rostrate nor cylindric (1) Plectonaemella Ccrnucopiella H 20 H 203 Pycnidia hairy or setose (a) Pycnidia membranous. Rhizosphaera 22:917 Aposphaeria 3:169. condia acrogenous (n) Pycnidia without columella. folicole Pycnidia not stipitate. PHOMALES Basidia obsolete or none. condia his- togenic (m) Conidia more or r. Pycnidia coriaceous or carbonous. floricole trigonous. H 122 49 Basidia obsolete or none.

H 126 a. Stroma innate or erumpent Stroma valsoid or dothideoid (1) Stroma valsoid. filiform (b) Basidia none (2) Conidia not catenate (a) Pycnidia pedicellate (b) Pycnidia not pedicellate X. 179 2. 49 Stroma not circumscissile with a lid (m) Conidia cirrhose. Ostiole present (x) Basidia ramose (y) Basidia simple m. Subicle white n. Cytospora 3:252. basidia filiform. Pycnidia rostrate Pycnidia not rostrate a. Pycnidia with a stroma 1. Pycnidia hairy or setose (1) Hairs cruciately branched (2) Hairs or setae not branched (a) Ostiole present (b) Ostiole none b. 277 (2) form Stroma dothideoid Fusicoccum 3:247 Diachorella (a) Conidia c'liate H 247 (b) Conidia not cil'ate X. Rabanhorstia 3:243. expelled in cirrhi Conidia globose to bacillar (x) Conidia globose to ovoid.PHOMACEAE B. with peridium persists as a cup about the which margin Bothrodiscus 22:950. basidia typically simple. folicole r. cirrhose (y) Conidia oblong to bacillar m. Pycnidia glabrous (1) Conidia catenate (a) Rasidia present. Ostiole none (x) Subicle radiate (y) Subicle not radiate m. Pycnidia with a subicle 1. Stroma circumscissile. Subicle dark (z) Basidia obsolete or unknown y. Stroma substipitate. Chaetophoma Phomyces Lasiophoma 3:199. sometimes ramose or obsolete (a) Pycnidia fungicole. H 29 Chaetasbolisia Chaetophomella Sirosphaera Sirosperma Podoxyphium Dothiorellina H 22 21 Dasysticta Asbolisia H Dasystictella Asteroma hamate 3:201. Leptoxyphium Staurophoma 22:935. Pycnidia folicole s. y. fusoid and n. Conidia of 2 kinds. conidia allantoid Cryptosporiopsis (b) Pycnidia not fungicole X. H H 334. Conidia allantoid. H 332 . H 281. basidia obsolete Ceuthospora or none (n) Conidia not cirrhose. with a lid at top. H 266 conidia cir- rhose n. Pycnidia fungicole (n) Pycnidia saprogenous C. basidia fili- 3:277. H 350 Placophomopsis Conidia of one kind (m) Pycnidia biogenous. 49 Cytosporella 3:251.

rarely botuliform A. 18:302. Pycnidia with ostiole (1) Pycnidia rostrate or cylindric (a) Pycnidia rostrate Naemosphaera 10:259. basidia papillate. H 300 Hypodermina H 264 Anthracoderma 10:238. Conidia not in fours (b) Stroma eflfuse or merely basal X. 22:966 Conidia 1-celled. conidia not falcate (b) H 256 Stroma subcarbonous. Stroma glabrous (1) Stroma on animal hairs. Basidia ramose n. Stroma Conidia connate in fours y. pycnidia exserted (x) Pycnidia single in stroma columns. sometimes basal lineate H H H (a) x. H 299 Epheliopsis 22:951 Sphaerophoma Botryophoma Chaetocytostroma Trichophila 10:423. Stroma superficial a. 10:251. Scleromeris Basidia not fasciculate (m) Ostiole present (n) Ostiole none. catenate (x) Conidia ciliate (y) Conidia not ciliate m. 49 Placosphaeria 3:244. 244 (2) Stroma only Basidia short or obsolete lineate or effuse. without subicle or stroma 1. Stroma effuse. Phomachora Podoplaconema Stroma not valsoid or dothideoid discoid. conidia cirrhose (b) Pycnidia glabrous X. basidia none. ovoid. 16:905. hypostroma usually present J. 11:511. Pycnidia separate. Dothiorella 3:235. (1) Stroma botryose (a) Pycnidia hairy. dark. conidia globoid (y) Pycnidia not in stroma columns. allantoid 2. Stroma basal. without peridium Pleurostromella (x) Basidia ramose (y) Basidia simple m. Basidia fasciculate n. Conidia catenate y. elliptic to fusoid.180 y. large. Conidia not. Basidia filiform o. 235. Stroma setose. PHOMALES Stroma sessile. globose. conidia falcate Phellostroma 267 Ascochytopsis 22:951. conidia histogenic. on Cyttaria (y) Stroma not fungicole y. H 333 . Gamosporella 10:238. Pycnidia innate or finally more or less erumpent a. pycnidia immersed (x) Stroma fungicole. 14:919. or Lasiostroma Sirodothis Placonema 18:293 313 Endothiella 22:965. globoid. hypoxyloid. basidia very short (2) Stroma phytogenous (a) Stroma suberose. H H 305 Phaeosporae 3:291. papillate with ostioles b. pulvinate. sometimes cespitose.

pseudoparaphyses present (b) Spores Pleosphaeropsis not mucose. opening funnel-form (2) 181 Endocalyx 22:1454. H 129 Phaeodomus Coniella 22:984 Cladochaete 22:986. pycnidia botryose pulvi- Spilomyces Pseudohaplis b. Conidia elliptic or limoniform B. Pycnidia with ostiole (1) Pycnidia hairy (2) Pycnidia glabrous b. Coniothyrium 3:305. subicle dark b. Pycnidia carbonous y. H 206 Pycnidia not rostrate (a) Pycnidia hairy (b) Pycnidia not hairy X. y. in H 75 apothecia. pyc- Cryptophaella H 3 Pycnidia not fungicole (x) Basidia filiform. Epistigme H 76 Pycnidia without ostiole Pycnidia hairy (2) Pycnidia glabrous X. 2. Pycnidia fungicole nidia. H 236 . botryose. Subicle radiate Subicle not radiate Asteropsis b. Pycnidia fungicole. (1) Chaetomella 3:321. Pycnidia not fungicole. Pycnidia membranous Pycnidia superficial a. pseudoparaphyses Cytosphaera Melanconiopsis 16:915 Readerella none X. stroma Stroma innate or erumpent (1) a. H 130 Oothecium Cicinnobella H 150 a. Basidia simple (2) Stroma dothideoid (a) Conidia trigonous H 245 (b) Conidia not trigonous X. 49 Lichenoconium Microthecium Sirothecium 10:270. etc. y. small Pycnidia without ostiole (1) Pycnidia lichenicole (2) Pycnidia in Rhizopogon (3) Pycnidia not fungicole (a) Conidia catenate (b) Conidia not catenate X. 49 Coniothyrina 22:977. Stroma not valsoid or dothideoid. ostiole none. pseudoparaphyses present Cytoplea 3:325. conidia H 71. Pycnidia with a subicle 1. Capnodiastrum 10:272. Stroma forming a clypeus Stroma not forming a clypeus. ostiole present 2. but nate. 49 obsolete or none. Conithyriopsis 22:977. or lineate (1) Conidia catenate. Pycnidia with a 1. Stroma valsoid or dothideoid Stroma valsoid (a) Spores mucose. Basidia reticulately branched y. H 131 C.PHOMACEAE (b) Pycnidia cylindric. conidia large (y) Basidia Sphaeropsis 3:291. effuse. Conidia globose y.

50 Darluca 3:410. 11:522. 18:335. Pycnidia innate or finally erumpent a. Pycnidia rostrate or cylindric (1) Pycnidia corniform. Sirodiplospora Robillardia 10:317. Conidia not appendaged (m) Basidia ramose (n) Basidia simple. 22:1012 Conidia 2-celled. or less superficial in Pycnidia one layer (m) Ostiole present. Diplodinis Davisiella H 61 Diplodina 3:411. stroma m. H 59 H 52. H 66 H 204 . basidia simple y. Stroma botryose to pulvinate (x) Pycnidia in dense (y) Pycnidia in botryose groups. basidia Ascochytulina Cryptorhynchella Rhynchophoma 3:414. with beak more or less curved (2) Pycnidia cylindric. ovoid. 49 globoid or pulvinate layers. H 77. conidia ciliate y. Pycnidia with a clypeus b. Pycnidia separate 1. 49 Kellermannia 10:337. basidia ramose (n) Ostiole none. H 63 Didymochaete 14:953 ramose Conidia not catenate (x) Pycnidia maculicole m. Hoehneliella 18:654. 49 Tiarospora 10:311. Conidia with 3 cilia at apex n. basal stroma mostly well developed a Haplosporella 3:323. basidia none Stroma superficial Pycnodothis Hyalodidymae 3:384. Ascochyta 3:384. ostiole none. hyaline. Pycnidia not uredicole (n) Conidia with cap-like appendages n. bacillar to filiform r. Pycnidia in 2-3 the upper Botrysphaeris more n. Pycnidia not fungicole (o) Basidia obsolete or none Pycnidia superficial a. Conidia catenate. Conidia muticate (y) Pycnidia not maculicole m. Pycnidia without clypeus (1) Pycnidia rostrate (a) Pycnidia or at least the beak hairy (b) Pycnidia glabrous (2) Pycnidia not rostrate (a) Pycnidia hairy (b) Pycnidia glabrous X. Pycnidia uredicole s. pseudoparaphyses Lasmeniella none (a) Conidia globoid (b) Conidia not globoid X. 10:295. Diploplenodomus H 56. Phaeocytostroma Pseudothiopsella Placodiplodia Stroma lineate. 2. 14:942.182 (2) PHOMALES Conidia not catenate. Ceratopycnis 22:1034. 16:925. Conidia appendaged (m) Conidia setulose at apex (n) Conidia setulose at each end r. elliptic or fusoid A. 49 H 15 2. Pycnidia fungicole s. Darlucis H 58.

Pycnidia without ostiole. H 82 H 81. subicle sparse C. H 79 Chaetodiplis Macrodiplodia 3:374. 10:275. ovoid to elliptic or fusoid A. vertical. Pycnidia with a stroma 1. Pycnidia separate 1. conidia in 4's.-H 288 Phaeodidymae 2:329. glabrous. H H 237 Stroma superficial. Stroma valsoid or dothideoid a. very large (b) Conidia not mucose and very large X.PHOMACEAE b. H 65 CoroUospora Pucciniospora 10:317. lanci- form Pycnidia not fungicole X. H 289 Placosphaerella 14:948. persisting laterally b. 11:518. Paradiplodia H 84 . more or less 1. Pellionella 18:329. Pycnidia innate or finally erumpent a. 18:319. Microxyphiella Chaetodiplodina 22:1048. 50 Diplodiella 3:375. Stroma not valsoid or dothideoid Stroma verruciform or pulvinate (1) Stroma innate (2) Stroma superficial b. Cytotriplospora Diploplacis a. H 78 H 83 Diblastospermella Botrydiplis 3:377. 16:915. H 134 branched Pycnidia globoid 2. sometimes (2) Lonchospermella 22:915. H H Cytodiplospora 11:528. 22:989 Conidia 2-celled. Pycnidia not rostrate (1) Pycnidia hairy (2) Pycnidia glabrous (a) Conidia mucose. Pycnidia not rostrate (1) Pycnidia hairy (2) Pycnidia glabrous Pycnidia with a subicle. dark. Stroma valsoid. 67 134 Pucciniospora 10:317. basidia simple b. astomous Pycnidia cespitose or stromate cespitose or botryose. Stroma dothideoid (1) Basidia present. Chaetodiplodia 3:374. H 133 Pycnidia superficial a. Pycnidia rostrate. 50 Didymosporis 22:1001. subicle sparse B. Pycnidia elongate-linear. Pycnidia with a subicle 1. Ostiole none. Stroma eflfuse (1) Stroma innate. Conidia ciliate at both ends. Ostiole present y. Diplodia 3:329. Conidia not appendaged or ciliate. of dark upper and hyaline lower layer (2) Botryella 68 Pazschkella 16:942. basidia obsolete or none 2. at the H 294 end of the conidia (2) Basidia none 2. appendaged in middle y. 14:297. Pycnidia with ostiole a. Pycnidia in a dothideoid stroma Rhynchodiplodia 18:329. Pycnidia stromate 2. globose. basidia bacillar b. 183 Pycnidia not corniform or rostrate (1) Pycnidia fungicole. Pycnidia rostrate and hairy b. uniform Thoracella 16:941.

Pycnidia separate 1. dark. Dasypyrena H 91 H 347 H 88. Pycnidia elongate-vertical 2. 11:528. hairy B. Pycnidia with a subicle 1. Conidia not catenate (1) Pycnidia elongate-obconic. hairy (2) Pycnidia globose. H 100 H 118. 10:317. Conidia muticate and normal (1) Pycnidia elongate-vertical. glabrous (a) Basidia dendroid ramose. phyllachoroid (2) Stroma erumpent. Conidia appendaged or mucose (x) Conidia caudate at base with the persistent filiform basidium (y) Conidia with mucous sheath y. conidia mostly paired Ceratopycnis H 101 Wojnowicia 14:960. oblong to fusoid. 50 Angiopoma 3:442. H 89 Stroma innate or erumpent a. dothideoid Stroma superficial. Conidia catenate. Conidia not appendaged or mucose 2. H 93 Eriosporina 11:532. Conidia united into a fascicle y. oblong to fusoid. b. botryose Pycnidia as locules only (1) Stroma innate. Pycnidia innate or erumpent a. typically with distinct septa A. 16:947. attenuate both Kellermannia 10:337. H 87 86 Cryptostictella H Chiroconium H 310 ways (2) Pycnidia globose Mastomyces 3:356. Conidia consisting of basal cell with 2-6 parallel septate branches c. H 96 . 2. 22:1051 Conidia x-celled. Stagonospora 3:445. 50 Bartalinia 16:951. Pycnidia with a stroma 2. Pycnidia separate 1. hyaline. Pycnidia not rostrate (1) Pycnidia hairy (2) Pycnidia glabrous (a) Conidia united in groups X. Pycnidia distinct.184 PHOMALES Hyalophragmiae 3:418. 14:962. Pycnidia rostrate b. H 97. pycnidia glabrous b. 50 Uroconis 18:368. 16:943. Pycnidia superficial. Macrodiplis H 99 Hendersonia Alysisporium 3:418. Pycnidia globoid C. 18:362. Pycnidia innate or erumpent a. 1. 14:953. Conidia ciliate or setose (1) Setae at apex only (a) Seta single (b) Setae three (2) Seta one at each end b. Pycnidia superficial a. 11:533. botryose Botryogene Septoriella H 238 Staganostromella Microperella 338 H Phaeophragmiae 3:418. Conidia stellately united (b) Conidia free from each other X. typi cally with distinct septa A. 18:358. 50 Polychaetum Asteromidium 10:338. 22:1058 Conidia x-celled. Prosthemium 3:444. H 205 Hendersoniella 18:368. 10:330.

H 113 Sclerotheca Cytosporium 3:470. H H 117 240. Pycnidia with a subicle. Pycnidia without a clypeus (1) Pycnidia rostrate or spiniform (2) Pycnidia not rostrate or spiniform (a) Cytostaganis Sphaerographium 3 :396. oblong or fusoid A. H 111 Hendersonula 3:445. Pseudoparaphyses lacking B. 22:1085 Conidia muriform. Pycnidia innate or erumpent a. rarely dark. ovoid. Pycnidia separate 1. 10:349. H 110 elongate-vertical. H 116 (2) Camarosporium 50 3:459. ovoid. H 105 Conidia single (x) Basidia ramose. or continuous when shorter A. 50 Couturea 3:442. 22:1086 Conidia hyaline or subhyaline. 14:964. 50 Scolecosporae 3:374. a. Pycnidia glabrous (1) Basidia mostly dichotomous (2) Basidia simple or obsolete B. H 90 (b) Pycnidia glabrous X. 16:951. Pycnidia innate or erumpent 1. Pycnidia locules in a stroma 185 Diplozythia 18:417. oblong or fusoid A. 11:536.PHOMACEAE (b) Basidia not dendroid. Pycnidia innate or erumpent a. conidia attached by a delicate extension Scopophoma . Pycnidia separate 1. 18:369. Eriospora 3:600. conidia single B. 10:338. dark. on Polychaetella Phaeodictyae 3:450. 16:951. Pycnidia superficial Pycnidia hairy b. H 115. 22:1075 Conidia muriform. Pycnidia with a radiate subicle C. Pseudoparaphyses present 2. Pycnidia with a clypeus b. 11:538. Pycnidia cespitose on a basal stroma 2. superficial. 18:369. H 112 Fumagospora Pseudodichomera Dichomera 3:471. Pycnidia glabrous (1) Conidia Pleocouturea mucose (a) Conidia with a (b) Conidia with globoid at base Conidia not mucose mucous sheath mucous appendage Myxocyclus Shearia 22:1084. Pycnidia with a clypeus b. Piringa 22:1088. Camarographium Hyalothyris 16:955. H 344 Pycnidia hairy Trichoseptoria 11:548. hyaline. 14:964. H 239 Hyalodictyae 16:955. acicular to filiform. Pycnidia subicle. Pycnidia with a stroma 1. Conidia 4-6 on a basidium y. typically 10:1 or more. elongate-vertical C. Pycnidia reduced to locules 2.

18:407. Pycnidia globoid. Cornularia 3:598 Ciferria Gamospora 10:402. Conidia hyaline. Rhabdospora 3:578. globose or ovoid to oblong A. H 284. Pycnidia globose or depressed. Pycnidia with a subicle 1. Pycnidia reduced to locules a. 14:988. Ostiole present. Ostiole none. Conidia muticate 2. rarely waxy or gelatinous.186 PHOMALES (y) Basidia simple to obsolete m. Pycnidia with a stroma 1. typically on simple or ramose basidia. 11:552. 16:983. ZYTHIACEAE (Nectrioidaceae) innate. a. pycnidia maculicole B. 270 Cytosporina 3:601. 10:404. hyaline. but the pycnidium is perithecium-like and not cupulate or hysterioid. Pycnidia not rostrate (1) Pycnidia hairy (2) Pycnidia glabrous (a) Conidia 3-x on a basidium (b) Conidia single X. 50 H Hemidothis H 231 Linochora H 249 Family 81. typically bright-colored. ostiolate or astomous. fleshy. ture of the pycnidia. Pycnidia separate 1. Pycnidia opening widely. ramicole. membranous s. Conidia dark. Pycnidia incomplete. separate or with a subicle or stroma. rarely conic or lentiform. Septoria 3:474. 22:1140 Conidia 1-celled. folicole. coriaceous Micropera 3:604 (n) Pycnidia incomplete or opening widely r. erumpent or superficial. Hyalosporae 3:613. pycnidia not maculicole 2. Stroma dothideoid b. H 104. conidia various. Pycnidia maculicole n. spores filiform Gelatinosporis 3:596 Pycnidia superficial Pycnidia rostrate or terete b. 50 Pycnidia not maculicole (m) Pycnidia complete. Pycnidia innate or more or less erumpent . exposing the gelatinous spore-mass. This family differs from the Phomaceae only in the bright color and fleshy texIt resembles the subfamily Patellinae of the Discellaceae in these respects. pycnidia maculicole C. Pycnidia distinct in the stroma a. Stroma phyllachoroid 2. spores acicular Phleospora 3:577 (r) Spores hyaline (s) Spores dark Phaeophleospora s. 50 Pycnidia conoid. H 402 Leptochlamys Pseudoseptoria 22:1135 Chaetophiophoma 22:1136 Phaeoseptoria 22:1121 Dilophospora 3:600. rami-caulicole r. pycnidia not maculicole y. Conidia setose-penicillate at each end b.

Stroma crustose. cadavericole (2) Pycnidia glabrous. H 152 H 342 B. y. oblong. Stroma innate or somewhat erumpent a. Cyanophomella Zythia 3:614. pseudoparaphyses present Lagynodella b. large. conidia not lobed (1) Pycnidia completely immersed (2) Pycnidia superficial or nearly so. Tremellidium Allantozythia (y) Conidia not allantoid m. Ostiole present (m) Pycnidia blue or violet (n) Pycnidia of other colors r. Pycnidia with a stroma 1. n. Stroma a. basidia present (2) Conidia not catenate Blennoriopsis Sirozythia 18:410. Pycnidia globoid (1) Conidia catenate (a) Pycnidia innate. Pycnidia in stroma columns. Ciliospora H 150 H 158 18:410. basidia none (b) Pycnidia erumpent. Conidia globose. stroma 2-layered b. Pycnidia rostrate or elongate to cylindric (1) Conidia catenate (2) Treleasiella 14:989. Leptodermella H 10 161 Sarcophoma H Pycnidia superficial a. 50 s. clypeus-like. conidia lobed Pycnidia not in columns. much branched Microdiscula H 318 (b) Basidia simple or merely forked X. Ostiole present Ostiole none Eleutheris 22:1142. 151 Mastigosporella H 160 (b) Conidia muticate Conidia geminate on minute sterigmata y. H 145 141 Conidia not catenate Sphaeronemina H b. Conidia not geminate (x) Conidia allantoid X. 187 Pycnidia cylindric to conic. Plenozythia H 149 Basidia present Basidia none H 146. Pycnidia globoid (1) Pycnidia hairy (a) Ostiole present. y.PHOMACEAE a. conidia x-ciliate CoUacystis 3:616. Conidia not globose or stroma 2-layered (1) Matula H 317 Basidia present (a) Basidia long. lichenicole Xenostroma Dothiorina H 320 Verrucaster 50 2. H H 159 (a) Conidia ciliate X. Ostiole none (m) Basidia simple (n) Basidia none 2. superficial b. fungicole Cicinnobella 18:302. (b) Ostiole none. pycnidia without necks Rhodosticta Sirogloea (2) Basidia none . pycnidia with Siroplaconema more or less convergent necks Stroma not crustose.

x-celled. H 152c 343 Phaeodidymae 3:621 Conidia 2-celled. H 163.188 PHOMALES Phaeosporae 10:409. ellipsoid Pycnidia erumpent. Conidia ciliate a. fungicole Phlyctaeniella Scolecozythia . conidia not ciliate (1) Conidia 4-radiate. 10:409. continuous or septate A. 10:410. 22:1146 H H 153 326. rather widely open Pseudodiplodia 3:621. Pycnidia in a stroma Stagonopsis 3:621. 49 Martinella 10:409. 18:416. Conidia 1-ciliate at base 2. Basidia none. Conidia catenate. 18:416 Conidia 1-celled. not blue or violet B. Pycnidia clypeate. Aschersonia 3:619. dark. Pycnidia separate 1. Pycnidia innate or somewhat erumpent a. 10:410. globose to ovoid or oblong A. 18:418. elliptic to fusoid A. the radii septate (2) Conidia not radiate (a) Pycnidia blue or violet. Scolecosporae 3:622. simple. dark. ovoid to oblong or fusoid A. Pycnidia not clypeate. Pycnidia separate 1. basal stroma none B. pycnidia cespitose b. 50 Conidia acicular or filiform. Pycnidia dark blue or violet b. pycnidia separate. Pycnidia separate 1. Pycnidia innate or erumpent. 22:1146 Conidia hyaline. Pycnidia superficial a. 11:553. Pycnidia with a stroma Mastigonetrum H 164 Caudosporella H 165 Harknessia 3:320. short-stalked stroma Clypeopycnis Cyanochyta Stylonectria H H 152b Fuckelia 3:244. hyaline. Conidia 1-ciliate at apex b. Conidia not catenate a. 18:417. more or less clypeate. conidia l-ciliate at apex b. hyaline. without distinct stroma 1. stroma somewhat developed 2. pycnidia usually cespitose Sirozythiella Ciliosporella H 324 Chiastospora 3:621. H 330 Hyalodidymae 3:621. Basidia present. Pycnidia with a botryose. H 154 156 on a basal stroma Stagonostroma H (b) Pycnidia not blue or violet. basidia flask-shaped 2. 16:986. Pycnidia bright-colored. H 168 Hyalophragmiae 3:621. Pycnidia separate or cespitose. Conidia muticate B. 22:1145 Conidia 2-celled.

H 327. H 220 Leptostroma 3:639. hemispheric. b. Ostiole present. usually superficial but often innate-erumpent. Basidia present y. H 225. 16:986. rostrate. H 155 2. fleshy: conidia catenate Creothyrium Actinothecium 3:638. 189 Mycorhynchus 18:418. 18:419. Pycnidia not bright or fleshy (1) Pycnidia stellate. but they can be distinguished as a rule by the presence of a more or less radiate scutellum. conidia acropleurogenous (2) Crandallia 14:998. conidia lateral on bacillar basidia y. conidia bacillar Conidia not catenate (1) Conidia ciliate at each end. columellae present. ramicole Polystigmina 3:622. 51 Labrella 3:647 Massalongina Pleurothyriella (y) Basidia simple. 10:412. conidia typically acrogenous (z) Basidia none. globose to oblong A. Pycnidia innate or erumpent a. Pycnidia with single ostiole or none (x) Basidia ramose. Ostiole none. typically dark. Pycnidia with a stroma 2. hyaline. The hysterioid genera of this family approach the similar types of Discellaceae very closely. conidia and basidia various. ostiolate or astomous. 1. 22:1148 Conidia 1-celled. conidia histogenic 2. Conidia catenate (1) Pycnidia stellately arranged. H 223. 51 Myxothyrium a. but without a cleft X. Pycnidia superficial Pycnidia bright-colored. Leptothyrium 3:626. Pycnidia rounded (b) Pycnidia ostiolate or astomous. 11:553. Pycnidia separate 1. Stroma innate.LEPTOSTROMACEAE Pycnidia superficial. 228 221 H Tracyella 18:424. 14:992. sometimes elongate and hysterioid. folicole Stroma more or less erumpent. LEPTOSTROMACEAE Pycnidia dimidiate. but typimore or less radiate scutellum. Pycnidia oblong to elongate y. 50 Chromocytospora 22:1147 Family cally with 82. conidia globose-ellipsoid Piggotia 3:636. Basidia none (b) Conidia not catenate X. H b. Hyalosporae 3:625. ostiole none (2) Conidia not ciliate (a) Pycnidia opening by a cleft X. conidia on lageniform basidia Acarella Columnothyrium . Pycnidia with several ostioles y. membranous to carbonous. Pycnidia not stellate. rimose (2) Pycnidia not stellate (a) Conidia catenate X. conidia cuspidate at both ends B. separate or with subicle or stroma. columellae H 213 Sirothyriella Sirothyriuin H 207 absent.

18:429. stellately dehiscent (1) Subicle membranous. H 380. 14:996. 10:423. Asterostomula 214 H 213 H Lasmenia 10:424. 14:996 Manginula Asterostomella 10:423. hyphal Basidia none a. Pycnidia with a stroma 1. Pycnidia with a subicle 1. Pycnidia superficial B. Pycnidia with a stroma. Conidia falcate. Pseudoparaphyses present Pseudoparaphyses lacking (a) Subicle of broad dendroid (b) Subicle eflfuse. H 219. phyllog- enous. B. Pycnidia with a subicle. H 228 Pirostoma 3:653. basidia (b) Ostiole none. Pycnidia more or less superficial Pycnidia immersed as locules Peltostroma 18:430. 18:431. ovoid to oblong or fusoid A. basidia not moniliform b. Pycnidia superficial a. Stroma a. cuspidate at apex b. Plenotrichum Basidia simple (1) (2) 2. Pycnidia with subicle or thalloid 1. Pycnidia subcuticular 2. the latter innate. ostiole (2) Subicle without setae none moniliform Merismella Plectopeltis (a) Ostiole present. 51 3:653. b. 14:246 2. also laterally ciiiate 2. Conidia not falcate and cuspidate (1) Basidia present (2) Basidia none B. 22:1162 Conidia 2-celled.190 PHOMALES mycelium Basidia present a. Pycnidia separate 1. Ostiole present Ostiole none. Stroma innate or erumpent a. Basidia ramose (1) Subicle with setae. Conidia not catenate a. conidia not in a layer mucous Peltaster C. H 210 Elachopeltis b. Poropeltis 18:430. H 211 Eriothyrium 10:418. superficial b. Conidia catenate. linear. 11:557. H 251 H 252 Hyalodidymae 10:426. Gloeodes fibers Trichopeltulum 10:418. conidia ciiiate at each Chaetalysis Kabatia 18:433. conidia botuliform Melasmia Phaeosporae 3:673. 22:1159 Conidia 1-celled. Subicle without hyphopodia C. globose to oblong A. Subicle with hyphopodia b. rimose Pycnidia stellately arranged 2. 51 Leptothyrella 10:426 Discotheciella Discosiella end H 291 . Pycnidia erumpent Pycnidia single. hyaline. dark. conidia in a mucous Diedickea layer (2) Subicle asterinoid. Pycnidia separate 1. Phaeolabrella Piggotia 3:636.

dark. 18:434. Pycnidia separate 1.LEPTOSTROMACEAE Phaeodidymae 10:426. 2. Conidia ciliate at each end. Stroma superficial H 215 Hyalophragmiae 3:653. Conidia cilio-penicillate at apex b. 18:435 Conidia x-celled. dark. 11:557. 51 Cystothyrium 10:427. 11:557. cells ternately disposed B. with a subicle C. Pycnidia separate. Pvcnidia with a stroma Labridium 14:997. Conidia not ciliate. Pycnidia forming an immersed hypostroma at base Discosia 3:653. Pycnidia innate to erumpent 1. hyaline. Pycnidia separate 1. Pycnidia globose (1) Conidia curved to vermiform (2) Conidia not curved (2) Pleurothyrium Tassia Melophia 3:658 . oblong to fusoid A. conidia acropleurogenous Pycnidia superficial a. Pycnidia hairy b. H 269 enous (a) Basidia umbellately ramose (b) Basidia simple Petasodes 14:998 Leptostromella 3:659. 14:997. Didymochora Diplopeltis 10:426. typically hyaline. rimose. Stroma innate-erumpent 2. H H 227 Septothyrella 18:434. 16:992. H 307 Pseudodictya Peltosoma Phragmopeltis 18:435. H 296. Pycnidia rounded. Conidia not ciliate. 10:428. Pycnidia superficial 1. 10:426. H 208 Leprieurina Seynesiopsis 18:431 Peltostromella 22:1161. basidia present B. Pycnidia with a stroma 1. H 250 Scolecosporae 3:658. Pycnidia superficial. 22:1161 191 Conidia 2-celled. innate to erumpent 1. 18:431. basidia none 2. 14:996. conidia acrog- Giulia 18:435. Pycnidia superficial. 51 H 248. columella present. 22:1163 Conidia acicular to filiform. Pycnidia innate or erumpenl. pycnidia rimose B. pycnidia ostiolatc 2. 22:1162 Conidia x-celled. Pycnidia with a subicle. 2. Pycnidia with a subicle C. oblong to fusoid A. Conidia ciliate at one or both ends 2. continuous or septate A. ovoid to oblong or fusoid A. 216 Rhizothyrium Phaeophragmiae 14:997. 16:992. 18:436. columella absent without subicle. Pycnidia innate to erumpent a. Conidia muticate (1) Pycnidia elongate.

first. hyaline. innate. Basidia present Basidia none Trachythyriolum Ischnostroma H 218 Family 83. Thyrinula 2. Pycnidia with a subicle C. Sirexcipula 22:1171. H 170 Basidia none . Conidia ciliate (1) Conidia 1-ciliate at each end (2) Conidia x-ciliate at (3) b. Pycnidia hysterioid or laciniate a. rarely fleshy Hyalosporae 3:665. 10:432. Pycnidia laciniate B. 18:436. H 177. 120 Dinemasporium 51 3:683. dehiscing irregularly to become cupuloid (b) Pycnidia cupulate or scutellate-discoid 2. H 250 22:1159. at least finally so a. Conidia not catenate (1) Conidia strongly falcate (2) Conidia not falcate (a) Pycnidia globoid. 121 Traversoa Stictopatella Lophodermopsis Psilospora 3:679. dark or bright-colored. Pycnidia setose or hairy a. chains often ramose b. conidia and basidia various. basidia lageniform superficial Placothyrium b. DISCELLACEAE (Excipulaceae) Pycnidia often globoid at hysterioid. Subfamily Discellae Pycnidia dark. Pycnidia patelloid. boat-shaped. while the hysterioid ones open widely and lack the radiate scutellum of the Leptostromaceae. striiform. Pycnidia hysterioid (1) Conidia catenate (2) Conidia not catenate b. globose to oblong A. 16:993. 22:1166 Conidia 1-celled. to carbonous or fleshy to gelatinous. Stauronema Amerosporium Xenopeltis H 176 3:680. erumpent or superficial. 51 3:677. pycnidia more or less fimbriate at (b) Basidia none margin Actinothyrium 3:658. The genera with bright-colored fleshy pycnidia are distinguished from those of the Zythiaceae by the scutellate or discoid form. Conidia catenate (1) Basidia present. Sporonema H H 331. H H 255 Desmopatella Neopatella 22:1166. 11:558. or elongate.192 PHOMALES (a) Basidia present. Pycnidia innate or erumpent 1. innate. Stroma Stroma a. Pycnidia superficial 1. apex Conidia cruciate-aristate Conidia not ciliate (1) Basidia present (2) Polynema 3:687. Pycnidia with a stroma 1. membranous to carbonous. 14:999. membranous then becoming scutellate or discoid. Stigmopeltis H 546. 51 B. chains of conidia simple (2) Basidia obsolete.

Basidia forked. hamate or sigmoid 2. H 173 Vouauxiella Myxormia 3:734. Basidia simple. Pycnidia innate to erumpent 1. Conidia forficulate jr x-shaped b. H 304 Stagonopatella Ypsilonia 3:215. H 174 Hyalodidymae 3:687. hysterioid. Conidia catenate. Hyalophragmiae 3:688. Pycnidia hairy a. typically erumpent 1. sliDrt-ciliate at base b. Catinula 3:673. 18:442. globose to oblong A. Conidia catenate b. H H 182 H 301 506 Japonia 22:1175.DISCELLACEAE 2. 11:560. Pycnidia elongate. conidia ciliate at each end 2. Conidia not catenate B. ovoid to oblong or fusoid A. basidia (1) Pycnidia oval to piriform (2) Pycnidia fleshy. 14:1002. oblon g to fusoid A. Heteropatella 3:670. Pycnidia glabrous a. H 175 Phaeodiscula 10:439. Pycnidia superficial. Conidia rostrate at apex b. conidia not catenate 2. 10:441. 22:1173 Conidia 2-celled. hyaline. 22:1172 Conidia 1-celled. 10:440. H H 180 Agyriellopsis 18:438. Conidia not rostrate. 51 nate Pycnidia globoid at first. Pycnidia discoid to patellate a. 2. Pycnidia discoid to patellate. Pycnidia setose. Harposporella 298 H . 18:441. then irregularly and widely gaping. dark. 18: 443. 22:1174 Conidia x-celled. Dinemasporis 22:1169. Pycnidia glabrous a. conidia catenate Scaphidium 18:443. H 64 293. conidia rostrate at base b. Pycnidia glabrous a. conidia not rostrate Excipulina 3:688 Oncospora 3:691. 14:1002. 193 Pycnidia glabrous Conidia long-ciliate at apex. 16:993. hyaline. Pycnidia hairy or setose. Pycnidia hysterioid B. glabrous Coniothyris 10:439. basidia bacillar a. Pycnidia superficial 1. Excipularia 3:689. Pycnidia innate to erumpent 1. 11:560. Pycnidia hysterioid or irregularly gaping 1. Conidia normal 2. H H 135 166 Siropatella 18:443. Conidia not ciliate membrano-carbonous. 193 124 H Phaeosporae 10:439. conidia not cateb. Discella 3 :687. ciliate at one end Pseudolachnea 22:1174 Acarosporium H H 290 Conidia not catenate (1) Conidia ciliate at each end (2) Conidia not ciliate B.

194

PHOMALES
Phaeophragmiae
10:443, 18:444

Conidia x-celled, dark, oblong to fusoid
A. Pycnidia innate to erumpent 1. Pycnidia discoid; conidia of 3-5 parallel or divergent parts, united by basal cells; basidia

none
Pycnidia hysterioid; conidia normal; basidia present B. Pycnidia superficial, discoid or cupulate, hairy
2.

Sirothecium

Dichaenopsis 18:444, Excipularia 3 :688

H

140

Phaeodictyae
10:443

Conidia muriform, dark, fusoid

Pycnidia laciniate; conidia catenate

Taeniophora

10:443,

H

139

Scolecosporae
3:690, 10:443, 14:1002, 16:993, 18:445, 22:1175

Conidia acicular to filiform, typically hyaline, continuous to septate
A. Pycnidia 'separate 1. Pycnidia innate to erumpent a. Pycnidia discoid to cupulate (1) Pycnidia laciniate; conidia filiform
(a) Conidia catenate, not curved

Pseudocenangium

10:445,

H
(b) Conidia not catenate, curved
(2) Pycnidia sublaciniate; conidia acicular b. Pycnidia globose-oblong, more or less cleft;

179

Protostegia 3:690, Pilidium 3:689

H H

392; 51

conidia neither hamate nor catenate Pycnidia superficial, scutellate B. Pycnidia with a stroma 1. Pycnidia with pectinate-ciliate margin 2. Pycnidia glabrous
2.

Phlyctaena 3:593,
Septopatella

286; 50

Ephelidium
Ephelis 3:691,

H

198

Subfamily Patellinae
Pycnidia bright-colored, fleshy to gelatinous

Hyalosporae
3:622,

10:411, 11:553,

18:419, 22:1145

Conidia 1-celled, hyaline, globose to oblong
A. Pycnidia separate 1. Pycnidia innate to erumpent a. Pycnidia discoid (1) Pycnidia hairy, somewhat stipitate (2) Pycnidia glabrous (a) Conidia catenate X. Basidia ramose y. Basidia simple, bacillar z. Basidia none (b) Conidia not catenate

Crocicreas 3:183,

H

171; 49

Sirexcipulina
Libertiella 3:616,

H

192

Discozythia

DISCELLACEAE
be.

195

y.

Basidia very short or obsolete Basidia ramose
(x) (y)

Selenophomopsis

Hymenium sinuous Hymenium smooth

Gyrostroma
Hainesia 3:698

b.

Pycnidia more or less hysterioid and rimose
or laciniate
(1)

Conidia
first)

catenate

(scolecospore-like

at

Schizothyrella 3:690,

H

272

2.

Conidia not catenate (a) Basidia branched; conidia pleurogenous (b) Basidia simple; conidia acrogenous Pycnidia superficial a. Pycnidia hairy (1) Conidia catenate (2) Conidia not catenate (a) Pycnidia pendent, ribbed and lobed at
(2)

Pseudopatellina 22:1145,

H

162

Scleropycnium

Sirocyphis

H

187; 50

margin
(b) Pycnidia not pendent or lobed
b.

Hyphostereum Cyphina 3:623,

H H

186

188

Pycnidia glabrous (1) Pycnidia short-stipitate; basidia ramose; conidia pleurogenous (2) Pycnidia not stipitate (a) Conidia catenate, acrogenous; basidia

Pseudozythia 18:409,

H

190

ramose
(b) Conidia not catenate

Siroscyphella

H

189

Conidia x-ciliate at each end Conidia not ciliate (x) Basidia ramose (y) Basidia simple B. Pycnidia with a stroma, sometimes incomplete 1. Stroma superficial; basidia simple
X. y.
2.

Entomopatella
Ollula 10:411,

H

191

Patellina 3:622

Munkia

10:408,

H

311

Stroma innate; basidia ramose
Phaeosporae
Conidia 1-celled, colored or dark,

Microdiscula

H

318

elliptic to

oblong

Conidiome

not

superficial;

a pycnidium, large, shell-like, basidia ramose, with filiform

pseudoparaphyses; conidia yellow to red B. Pycnidia minute, patellate, erumpent; conidia
catenate

Michcnera
TruUula

6:652,

H

183

3:731,

H

195

Hyalodidymae
Conidia 2-celled, hyaline, globose to oblong A. Pycnidia separate 1. Conidia catenate 2. Conidia not catenate a. Pycnidia scutellate, erumpent; basidia ramose; conidia acropleurogenous b. Pycnidia hysterioid, rimose (1) Basidia ramose; conidia pleurogenous (2) Basidia simple or obsolete; conidia acrogenous B. Pycnidia with a stroma; basidia simple

Siropatella

H

166

Myriellina

Cystotricha 3:413,
Fioriella 18:432,

H
9

167

H

Diplozythiella

196

MELANCONIALES
Hyalophragmiae
11:553

Conidia x-celled, hyaline, fusoid
Pycnidia hysterioid, crumpent; basidia very short
Stagonopatella

Phaeophragmiae
Conidia x-celled, dark, cylindric
Pycnidia scutellate, erumpent; basidia short-ramose
Lecanosticta

Scolecosporae
10:411

Conidia filiform, hyaline, continuous or septate
A. Pycnidia innate-erumpent B. Pycnidia superficial 1. Pycnidia with a subicle 2. Pycnidia without a subicle

Trichocrea 10:410,

H

169

Trichosperma 10:411, Pyrenotrichum 3:184,

H H

200
199

Order

21.
84.

MELANCONIALES
MELANCONIACEAE

Family

Pycnidia lacking, represented by a stroma-like stratum; strata typically bearing simple or ramose basidia upon which the conidia arise, forming acervuli or masses, which are immersed or erumpent, black, gray or light-colored, waxy, horny or gelatinous; conidia various. The spore-body of this family closely approaches the discoid form frequent in the Discellaceae on the one hand and the sporodochium of the Tuberculariaceae on the other. Hoehnel places the latter and Melanconiaceae in the same group,

Gymnostromaceae, distinguishing the one as innate-erumpent or
the

superficial

and
be

other as

persistently

innate

(1923:309),

but

this

distinction

appears

to

neither valid nor practicable. While the superficial resemblance is often great, the sporodochium proper is to be regarded as a compacting of hyphae and conidiophores rather than a new development from a reduced fruit-body with short or obsolescent
basidia.

Hyalosporae
3:698, 10:446, 11:562, 14:1004, 16:995, 18:447, 22:1176 Conidia 1-celled, hyaline or subhyaline, globose to fusoid

A. Masses
1.

or

acervuli

setose;

conidia

oblong to

fusoid, rarely cylindric

Setae marginal Setae scattered throughout, simple or ramose B. Masses not setose 1. Conidia ciliate or setose
2.

CoUetotrichum 3:735
Vermicularia 3:221; 49

a.

b.

2.

Conidia catenate, x-flagellate Conidia not catenate (1) Conidia with ramose awn at apex (2) Conidia with 3 divergent setae Conidia not ciliate a. Conidia catenate (1) Conidial rows forming heads

Mastigonema
Pestalozziella 3:737; 51 342 Eriosporella

H

MELANCONIACEAE
(a)

197

(b)
X.
y.

Rows more or less clearly spiral Rows not spiral Rows on a central axis Rows on the tip of the basidium,
ramose

Hyperomyxa
Conoplea
often

H
339

339

H

Thyrsidiella

H

339
3:728

(2)

Conidial rows not forming heads (a) Masses oblong, hysterioid, dark, hard (b) Masses discoid to pulvinate
X.

Hypodermium

y.

Masses bright-colored, soft, subgclatinous Masses dark, not gelatinous

Myxosporella 3:729 Bloxamia 3:734

Conidia not catenate
(1)
(2)

Masses linear Masses discoid to pulvinate (a) Conidia 1-x on each basidium X, Basidia ramose
y.

Rhabdogloeum

Discosporella

H

373

Basidia simple (x) Masses with
(y)

brown

setae

Protocoronis 21:241

Masses without setae
bacillar; conidia 2-3

m. Basidia
n. Basidia

Rhabdogloeopsis

broadly clavate; conidia 3-8 (m) Masses byssoid, yellow; on roots Aureobasis 11:131, K 134 (n) Masses minute, white, exserted Microstroma 4:9, K 131; 53 from the stomata; in leaves (b) Conidia single Naemospora 3:746; 52 X. Conidia allantoid y. Conidia not allantoid (x) Basidia ramose, long m. Masses bright-colored, red or rose;
n.

basal stroma thin; folicole Masses hyaline to brownish; basal stroma thick, sometimes subloculate;

Hypogloeum

ramicole

Cytogloeum
Gloeosporium 3:699;
side of
51

(y) Basidia typically simple m. Masses folicole or fructicole
n.

Masses ramicole (m) Basidia arising from inner
vertical

hyphae, more

or less

(n) Basidia

knobbed normal
Phaeosporae

Cryptosporiopsis

Myxosporium

3:728

3:748, 10:471,

11:571, 14:1018, 16:1008,

18:469, 22:1206

Conidia 1-celled, dark, globose to oblong or fusbid
A. Conidia catenate or capitate 1. Conidia catenate a. Conidial chains separate b. Conidial chains radiate in a mucose head 2. Conidia capitate or clustered at the tip B. Conidia single 1. Conidia globose to oblong or fusoid a. Conidia globose to oblong (1) Masses setose (2) Masses not setose

Trullula 3:731; 52

Thyrsidium 3:761 Botryoconis

Melanconium
Chaetobasis

3:749; 52

198
b.

MELANCONIALES
Conidia fusoid, often arcuate Conidia tetraedric or scyphiform a. Conidia tetraedric; basidia short b. Conidia scyphiform; basidia long, septate be
low, filiform above

Cryptomela 3:760
Vanderystiella 22:1193

2.

Scyphospora

Hyalodidymae
3:766, 10:475, 11:572, 14:1020, 16:1009, 18:472, 22:1210

Conidia 2-celled, hyaline or subhyaline, ovoid to fusoid

A. Conidia ciliate 1. Conidia 1-ciIiate at apex, stalked below 2. Conidia 3-4 ciliate at each end B. Conidia muticate 1. Masses setose; basidia with 1-3 sterigmata 2. Masses not setose a. Masses bright-colored, carnosule; not folicole
b.

Monotrichum
Gloeosporiella 11:575

Fominia

Septomyxa 3:766
Marsonia 3:767

Masses pale

to black; folicole

Phaeodidymae
3:763, 10:475, 11:572, 14:1029, 16:1009, 22:1213

Conidia 2-celled, dark, ovoid to fusoid

A. Conidia 1-3-ciliate at apex B. Conidia not ciliate 1. Masses saprogenous, mostly on twigs 2. Masses biogenous, on leaves

Neobarclaya

14:46, 10:475

Didymosporium 3:763: 52 Phaeomarsonia 22:1214

Hyalophragmiae
3:801,

10:480, 11:575, 14:1022, 16!l012,

18:474, 22:1214

Conidia 2-x-septate, hyaline or subhyaline, oblong to fusoid or clavate
A. Conidia catenate; basidia ramose B. Conidia not catenate 1. Conidia ciliate a. Conidia 1-x-ciliate at apex b. Conidia 1-ciliate at each end c. Conidia 2-ciliate at each end d. Conidia cruciate 4-celled, each cell ciliate 2. Conidia not ciliate a. Conidia ramose or united at base (1) Conidia irregularly united or ramose at base (2) Conidia united at base into a radiate or
stellate
b.

Endocladis

Pestalozzina 11:580 Pseudodiscosia Diploceras 10:484

Entomosporium

3:657; 51

Titaeospora
Prosthemiella 3:803

group

Conidia not ramose or united

Septogloeum 3:801; 52

Phaeophragmiae
3:771, 10:480, 11:575, 14:1022, 16:1012, 18:475, 22:1217

Conidia 2-x-septate, dark, at least
A. Conidia ciliate 1. Conidia catenate a. Conidia 1-ciliate above b. Conidia 1-ciliate above,

in part,

oblong to cylindric

1

lateral cilium

below

Siridina

Siridium 3:782 309

H

MELANCONIACEAE
2.

199

Conidia not catenate Conidia ciliate at one end only (1) Conidia ciliate at the apex (a) Conidia 1-ciliate above (b) Conidia 2-4-ciliate above (2) Conidia 1-ciliate at base b. Conidia ciliate at two points (1) Conidia 1-ciliate at each end (2) Conidia 1-ciliate above, 2-3-ciliate
a.

Monochaetia 18:485
Pestalozzia 3:784; 52
Cryptostictis 3:443

Amphichaeta 18:486
in

mid-

dle

Heteroceras
Siridiella 11:580

B. Conidia not ciliate 1. Conidia catenate 2. Conidia not catenate
a.

b.

Conidia stellate-lobed, lobes x-septate Conidia not stellate-lobed (1) Conidia attenuate into a beak at one or both ends (a) Conidia hyaline-rostrate at apex only (b) Conidia rostrate-curved at both ends (2) Conidia not rostrate (a) Conidia cirrhose protruded and atroinquinant (b) Conidia not cirrhose and atro-inquinant

Asterosporium 3:782; 52

Scolecosporium 3:782; 52

Toxosporium 14:1030

Stilbospora 3:771

Coryneum

3:774; 52

Hyalodictyae
22:1230.

Conidia muriform, hyaline, globoid or oblong
A. Masses fleshy, rosy; conidia rose-colored, rounded B. Masses pale; conidia not rose-colored, oblong

Thyrsidina 22:1230

Hyalodictyum

Phaeodictyae
3:803, 10:508, 11:565, 14:1035, 16:1022, 18:488, 22:1229

Conidia muriform, dark, globose, ovoid or oblong
A. Conidia united into rough dictyospore-like bodies 1. Conidial bodies imbedded in mucus; basidia
dissolving into
2.

mucus
mucose

Endobotrya

3 :470,

H

338

Conidial bodies and basidia not B. Conidia true dictyospores
1.

Endobotryella

H

338
3:806; 52

2.

Conidia catenate by cylindric isthmi Conidia not catenate a. Conidia 2-3-ciliate at apex b. Conidia not ciliate (1) Masses saprogenous, mostly ramicole (2) Masses biogenous

Phragmotrichum
Morinia 10:508

Steganosporium 3:806 Stigmopsis

Scolecosporae
3:737, 10:498, 11:582, 14:1031, 16:1018, 18:488, 22:1231

Conidia acicular to filiform, hyaline, typically continuous
A. Conidia flagellate at one end B, Conidia muticate 1. Conidia fasciculate at apex
plant hairs

Pseuderiospora
of

basidium;

on
Trichodytes 14:1031

200
2.

MONILIALES
Conidia single Masses white to dark, folicole or ramicole: conidia often curved
(1)

a.

b.

Masses setose at margin Masses not setose Masses bright-colored (1) Conidia acrogenous
(2)

Pseudostegia 22:1237 Cylindrosporium 3:737, 740; 52
Libertella 3:744

(2) Conidia acropleurogenous

Libertina

H

395

Staurosporae
18:493

Conidia star-shaped, hyaline
A. Masses phyllogenous, bright-colored; conidia 4radiate, rays continuous B. Masses lignicole, dark; conidia 3-4-radiate, rays
septate

Asteroconium 18:493
Asterosporium 3:782; 52

Order

22.

MONILIALES

Hyphae usually well-developed, but sometimes short or obsolete, loose and cobwebby, cottony, fasciculate, or compacted into a definite sporodochium or synnema, rarely arising from a distinct stratum or stroma and never enclosed in a pycnidium, typically superficial; conidiophores typically definite and often much
wide variety of forms; conidia various. readily distinguished from the Phomales by the absence of a pycnidium, and from the Melanconiales by the lack of a basal stroma or stratum as a rule. As has been previously indicated, however, species with compact spore-bodies and short or obsolete conidiophores must be sought in
diflferentiated into a

The members

of this order are

both the Tuberculariaceae and Melanconiaceae.

Key
A. Conidia present
1.

to the Families

a.

Hyphae in more or less loose cottony masses Hyphae and conidia hyaline or bright-colored Moniliaceae b. Hyphae and conidia both typically dark, or
Hyphae compacted
a.

p.

201

2.

one or the other dark to form a globose to cylindric spore-body which is often stalked e., Spore-body stalked, capitate to cylindric,
i.

Dematiaceae

p.

209

a
b.

synnema
sessile,
i.

Stilbaceae p. 227

Spore-body typically

globose to pula

vinate or applanate,
B. Conidia lacking

e.,

sporodochium

Tuberculariaceae

p.

219

Dermophyta
Sterile

231
p.

Mycelia p. 231 Pseudosaccharomycetes

411

The essential differences between the four families are indicated in the above The first two families are morphologically identical, and the criterion of color serves merely to facilitate the recognition of the numerous form-genera, The Tuberculariaceae are which are the outcome of a very active evolution. characterized by the evolution of the cottony mycelium into a compact sporodochium, and the Stilbaceae by the further development into an erect more or less
key.

stalked synnema.

MONILIACEAE
Family
85.

201

MONILIACEAE

Hyphae hyaline or bright-colored, loose and cottony, rarely fasciculate; sterile and fertile hyphae or conidiophores both present as a rule, the latter differentiated e., by means of vesicles, whorls, basidia, sterigmata, etc.; conidia concolorous,
i.

hyaline or bright-colored.

Hyalosporae
4:2,

10:510, 11:586, 14:1037, 16:1023, 18:495, 22:1238

Conidia 1-ccllcd, hyaline or bright-colored, globose to ovoid or cylindric

Micronemeac

Hyphae very
A. Conidia catenate
1.

short or obsolete, or

little

dififercnt

from the conidia

a.

Saprogenous Conidia endogenous, chains arising in the hyphae (1) Conidial branches dichotomous, not arcuate
(2)

Glycophila 4:11

b.

Conidial branches simple, arcuate Conidia exogenous, arising on the hyphae

Malbranchea 4:11

(1)

Conidia globose,

elliptic

or fusiform

(a)
X.
y.

Hyphae

short, simple or nearly so

Conidia globose or suboblong Conidia fusiform, acute each way

Oospora 4:11 Fusidium 4:25;
Monilia 4:31; 53

53

(b)
(2)

Hyphae Hyphae

longer, distinctly ramose
distinct, often

Conidia cuboid or bacillar

(a)
X.

ramose
Geotrichum 4:39 Polyscytalum 4:38 Cylindrium 4:36

Conidia cuboid y. Conidia bacillar or cylindric (b) Hyphae nearly obsolete; conidia bacillar
2.

Biogenous
a.

Mycelium

b.

escaping hyphae endogenous, through the stomata Mycelium on the surface of leaves or other
parts

Oidiopsis 18:507

Conidia globose, connected by isthmi Conidia ovoid to elliptic, without isthmi B. Conidia not catenate hyphae obsolescent or lack1. Conidia capitate;
(1)

Paepalopsis 4:47

(2)

Oidium

4:40; 53

2.

ing; biophilous Conidia not capitate, usually solitary
a.

Glomerularia 4:10; 53

Saprogenous
(1) (2)

Conidia globose to ellipsoid, separate Conidia fusoid-falcate, variously united by

Chromosporium
Selenotila 11:587

4:6; 53

b.

twos or threes Biogenous
(1)

Fungicole Conidia globoid, verrucose (b) Conidia ovoid, smooth (2) Folicole; hyphae vermiform-tortuous
(a)

Coccosporella 11:586 Myceliophthora 11:587

Ophiocladium 11:587

202

MONILIALES
Macronemeae

Hyphae elongate and
A. Conidia capitate 1. Conidia catenate
a.

distinct

from the conidia

Aspergillae

b.

Conidiophores inflated at apex branches dichotomous, (1) Conidiophores curved (2) Conidiophores simple or nearly so (a) Conidia elongate to lanceolate, papillate, pleurogenous (b) Conidia globose to ellipsoid X. Conidia acrogenous y. Conidia acropleurogenous Conidiophores little or not at all inflated (1) Conidia enclosed in mucus (2) Conidia not in mucus (a) Conidia globoid; conidiophores unequally verticillate at tip
(b) Conidia doliform; conidiophores equally
verticillate at tip

Dispira 4:77

Spermatoloncha 22:1251
Aspergillus 4:64; 71 Dimargaris 4:76

Gliocladium 4:84

Penicillium 4:78; 53

Amblyosporium
Cephalosporiae

4:77; 53

2.

Conidia not catenate a. Conidia globose to ellipsoid (1) Conidia borne on little stalks or sterig-

mata
(a) Conidiophores verticillate-ramose

Spicularia 4:63

(b) Conidiophores simple

Conidia capitate Conidia in a long club (2) Conidia sessile or nearly so (a) Conidiophores greatly inflated at tip X. Apical vesicle globose-inflated (x) Vesicle hexagonally areolate (y) Vesicle muriculate or verrucose m. Vesicles terminal on simple conidiophores n. Vesicles lateral on sigmoid, ramose conidiophores y. Apical vesicle disciform, stellate-lobed (b) Conidiophores much less or not at all
X. y.

Corethropsis 4:62 Basidiobotrys 22:1262

Rhopalomyces

4:50; 53

Oedocephalum

4:47

Sigmoidomyces 4:50
Coronella 4:51

inflated
X.

Conidia involved in mucus (x) Conidiophores verticillate-ramose
tip

at

Gliobotrys 18:510

(y) Conidiophores simple
y.

Hyalopus

4:51; 53

Conidia not in mucus (x) Conidiophores with a single head m. Head globoid or slightly clavate

(m) Head composed
chains
of

chiefly of

ramose
Cristulariella

with 2 conidia on each bi-lobed apical one (n) Head otherwise
basidia,
r. s.

Sterile Sterile

hyphae long, decumbent hyphae scanty

Ccphalosporium 4:56 Haplotrichum 4:53; 53

MONILIACEAE
n.

203

Head

elongate-conic

Doratomyces

4:53

(y) Conidiophores with 2-x .heads m. Conidia on the upper side of radiaten.

verticillate sterigmata Conidia in more definite heads (m) Conidiophores divaricately 2-3fid; head single on each tip (n) Conidiophores long, with many 3-x bearing laterals short spines, each of the latter with

Coemansiella 4:55

Trichoderma 4:59

a head
b.

Botryosporium 4:54; 53

Conidia cylindric or bacillar (1) Conidia covered with mucus (2) Conidia without mucus

Acontium 18:512
Cylindrocephalum 4:63
Verticilliae

B. Conidia acrogenous on verticillate branches
1.

Conidia catenate
a.

Entomogenous
Phytogenous
Conidiophore a series of obconic whorls; conidia fusoid, curved, united in eights

b.
2.

Nomuraea 18:533 Spicaria 4:166

Conidia not catenate
a.

Articularia 22:1300

b.

Conidiophores not a series of whorls (1) End branches very short, ampulliform (2) End branches longer, obclavate to terete (a) Conidia solitary or loosely grouped X. Conidia globose to ellipsoid (x) Tips of branches clavate, in twos at
right angles

Pachybasium 4:149

Verticilliopsis 11:600

(y) Tips of branches

normal

m. Conidia conglutinate into a stratum n. Conidia not conglutinate (m) Conidia separating readily from
the tips
(n) Conidia

Corymbomyces

18:533

Verticillium 4:150; 54

not
tips

separating

readily

from
y.

Cladobotryum 4:160
or elongate

Conidia cylindric (x) End branches m. End branches (m) Biogenous,
n.

1-spored
straight
floricole

Acrocylindrium 4:161

(n) Saprogenous

(y)

End branches uncinate End branches x-spored m. End branches inflated-verrucose
n.

Graphidium 22:1292 Uncigera 4:162
at

apex End branches incurved, with seriate conidia below

Calcarisporium 4:162

Coemansia 4:162
Sceptromyces 4:166

(b) Conidia capitate or densely spicate
X.
y.

Conidia on short stalks Conidia sessile (x) Conidia capitate, involved in mucus m. Conidiophores asperate n. Conidiophores smooth (y) Conidia long-spicate, the spikes in a dense cluster

Gloeosphaera 18:535 Acrostalagmus 4:163; 54
Clonostachys 4:165

204
C. Conidia

MONILIALES
borne more or less irregularly on simple or ramose but not inflated or verticillate hyphae Conidia smooth or scarcely roughened
Botrytidae

1.

a.

Saprogenous
Conidia typically pleurogenous Conidiophores 2-x-furcate (b) Conidiophores simple or nearly so X. Conidia globose to ellipsoid y. Conidia short cylindric (2) Conidia acrogenous or acropleurogenous (a) Some intermediate joints of the hyphae swollen and denticulate conidia-bearing (b) Intermediate joints equal X. Conidia-bearing hyphae of two sorts,
(1)

(a)

Haplaria 4:85; 53

Acladium 4:87
Cylindrotrichum 4:88

Physospora 4:88

y.

the upright alone denticulate Conidia-bearing hyphae of one sort (x) Conidiophores ramose m. Conidia globose to ellipsoid

Blastomyces 10:329

(m) Both sterile and fertile hyphae procumbent r. Sterile hyphae intracellular s. Sterile hyphae superficial
(r)

Meria 16:1031

h.
i.

Conidiophores vaguely branched Conidia acropleurogenous Conidia on a one-sided sym-

Sporotrichum 4:96; 54

podium
dichotomous; conidia acrogenous on spine-like branches (n) Fertile hyphae (conidiophores) erect or ascending r. Conidia solitary, acrogenous (r) Conidiophores spiny-ramose at apex (s) Conidiophores not spiny-ra(s)

Monopodium

10:543

Conidiophores

Langloisula 10:535

Plectothrix 18:525

mose
s.

Monosporium
grouped
about

4:113; 54

Conidia
(r)

loosely

the apex
(s)
h.

Conidia involved in mucus Conidia without mucus Conidia on inflated muriculate

Tolypomyria 4:137

apices

Phymatotrichum 16:1033
Botrytis 4:116; 54

Conidia not on such apices n. Conidia fusoid to cylindric (m) Conidiophores mostly procumbent (n) Conidiophores erect or ascending r. Conidia fusoid, biseriate on the upper side of short curved branches s. Conidia acrogenous
i.

Sporotrichella 10:534

Martensella 4:138

MONILIACEAE
(r)

2U5

(s)

End branches long, End branches very
lipsoid

terete

Cylindrophora 4:138

short, el-

Cylindrodendrum 4:139

(y) Conidiophores simple or nearly so m. Conidiophores denticulate; conidia

usually grouped (m) Hyphae everywhere denticulate,

bearing conidia only at
(n)

tip

Xenopus

18:524

Hyphae
at tip

denticulate or proliferous

alone

r. s.

Apex

denticulate, x-spored

Rhinotrichum 4:91;
Olpitrichum 11:594
soli-

53

Apex

inflated-ampulliform,

1-spored'
n.

Conidiophores not denticulate,
tary

(m) Hyphae forming

a crust-like stra-

b.

tum (n) Hyphae loose, cobwebby Entomogenous; much branched; conidia
tary,

Hyphoderma Acremonium
soli-

4:89
4:89; 54

2.

Chantransiopsis acrogenous c. Biogenous, folicole; conidia acrogenous, soliOvularia 4:139 tary or sometimes subcatenate Conidia asperate, spiny or tuberculose-stellate a. Conidia globose (1) Conidia intercalary, verrucose; terminal Chaetoconidium 10:544 one with a seta (2) Conidia not intercalary or setose (a) Conidia acrogenous; hyphae loose, cob-

webby
(b) Conidia pleurogenous;
X.

Sepedonium 4:146

hyphae dense hyphae granulate; mass reSterile sembling a sporodochium; conidia
asperate
Volutellis

y. Sterile

hyphae not granulate; mass forming a subgelatinous pellicle; coPellicularia 4:149

nidia spiny Conidia oblong to cylindric, spiny c. Conidia tuberculose-stellate, globoid D. Conidia grouped on inflated joints of the hyphae 1. Joints muricate or punctate a. Conidia catenate, forming a globose head b. Conidia not catenate 2. Joints smooth; conidia not catenate
b.

Ramulaspera 18:532 Asterophora 4:148; 54 Gonatobotrytae
Gonatorhodis 10:548 Gonatobotrys 4:169; 54

Nematogonium

4:170

Hyalodidymae
4:176, 10:548, 11:600, 14:1057, 16:1038, 18:539, 22:1305

Conidia 2-celled, hyaline or bright-colored, globose to oblong or fusoid A. Conidia catenate 1. Conidiophores ramose,
cillate
a.

dichotomous or

verti-

b.

Conidia ellipsoid Conidia cylindric

Didymocladium 4:185
Hormiactina

16:1041. unlike the sterile hyphae b. Conidia obliquely beaked. lichenicole (b) Conidia fusoid-cylindric. chains binate or ternate. 18:544. not lichenicole (2) Conidiophores simple (a) Conidiophores spirally twisted (b) Conidiophores not spirally twisted Rhynchosporium 18:540 Lindauopsis 22:1306 Ramulariopsis 22:1307 Bostrichonema 4:185 Didymaria 4:184 Hyalophragmiae 4:188. Conidiophores verti(!illate Conidiophores dichotomous. hyaline or bright-colored. 22:1309 Conidia x-celled.206 2. Diploospora longer. 54 b. hyphae gemmiferous. Conidia catenate. Conidiophores very short. Saprogenous Conidia smooth (1) Conidiophores ramose verticillate (a) Conidiophores or dichot- omous X. conidiophores a. 10:551. 54 2. ovoid to oblong or cylindric Micronemeae Hyphae very short and little different from the conidia Septocylindrium 4:223 A. single. Conidiophores inflated at both joints and apex (b) Conidiophores not inflated X. m. Conidia nous. 11:601. acropleuro- genous B. binate. y. Hormiactis 4:186 a. or obsolete hyphae very short . conidiophores short b. 54 Haplariopsis 18:539 Cephalothecium 4:180. hyphae normal. Conidia echinulate. Conidia oblong to cylindric. cylindric Conidia not obliquely beaked (1) Conidiophores more or less dichotomous (a) Conidia piriform. 14:1059. Conidiophores long. capitate or solitary (x) Conidia capitate (y) Conidia solitary Diplorhinotrichum 18:540 Arthrobotrys 4:181. like the sterile hyphae n. conidial cells unequal Biogenous a. cylindric. sterigmata subternate Diplocladium 4:176 Cylindrocladlum 11:600 (b) Conidiophores more or less irregularly ramose (2) Diplosporium 4:178 Conidiophores simple or nearly so (a) Conidiophores inflated at apex or joints X. Didymopsis 4:182 Trichothecium 4:178 Mycogone 4:183. MONILIALES Conidiophores simple Conidia ovoid. Conidia not catenate 1. Conidia spirally pleurogenous acrogenous or acropleurogey. Conidiophores denticulate inflated at apex only y.

Conidia capitate or fascicled a. Conidia solitary a. not in y. upper cell much inflated Milowia 4:222 Conidiophore not inflated. Conidia ciliate at apex and upper septum ciliate not Conidia b. Conidiophores simple or nearly so (1) Sterile hyphae obsolete (a) Conidia doliform. Conidia in mucose glomerules subglobose fascicles. Conidia Hyphae lacking X. often curved (b) Hyphae distinct. often obsolete Mastigosporium 4:220 a. often abundant (a) Conidia with a whorl of 3-5 blunt appendages at the apex (b) Conidia not appendaged Tripospcrina . mycelium endophytic y. Conidiophores ramose (1) Conidiophores verticillate (2) Conidiophores more or less Dactylium 4:188 irregularly co- ramose (a) End branches corymbose-fascicled. Saprogenous 1. conidia single but forming a loose fascicle End branches Moeszia Candelospora 2. rarely fimicole (a) Cephaliophora 18:544 Conidiophores verticillate irregularly MuGrosporium 4:190 Dactylaria 4:194 (b) Conidiophores simple b. rostrate. phores smooth (2) Sterile Dactylella 4:193 hyphae present. bearing a dense fascicle of conidia (2) End branches dichotomous. Conidia capitate (1) Conidiophores vesiculose at tip. Conidiophore 3-celled. 2. Conidia fascicled. conidiophores granulate Pithomyces 4:693 conidio- (b) Conidia ellipsoid to cylindric. (1) Conidia cylindric. conidia fusoid to b. creeping X. terete. conidiophores ramose (1) lageniform. 54 (b) End branches clavate single. fimicole (2) Conidiophores not vesiculose. Conidia not catenate 1. Amastigis Fusoma 4:220 Rotaea 4:222 Paraspora 4:222 mucose Macronemeae Hyphae manifest and distinct from the conidia A. Conidia long fusoid. cohering at base and Psammina 10:498 forming a radiate capitule coherent into a radiate not (2) Conidia capitule (a) or very short Conidia ellipsoid. nidia dolioloid Gueguenia 22:1328 Blastotrichum 4:191.MONILIACEAE B.

Conidiophores with clavate-nodose nidia usually 2-3 catenate B. Conidia lobed. joints. 16:1049. coGilletia 2. 2 muticate (b) Conidia 4-radiate. 54 Lemonniera 14:1067 . 10:567. Biogenous 1. Conidia themselves lobed. Conidiophores not clavate-nodose 1. folicole. 6-lobed. 22:1331 Conidia more or less broadly filiform. MONILIALES Conidia at right angles to the conidiophore. Conidia globose to cylindric. hyaline. fimicole Varicosporium 22:1329 y. all cells 1-ciliate a. the divisions prismatic Conidia radiate or radiate-sarciniform a. 14:1067. radiate or stellate. Conidia 5-celled. Conidia 3-5-radiate (1) Conidia ciliate (a) Conidia 5-radiate. Monogrammia Pedilospora 18:559 Prismaria 4:230 Titaea 4:231. verrucose. with 2-3 divergent sterigma-like appendages permanently attached B. Allantospora 14:1043 Trichoconis 18:545 Piricularia 4:217 sometimes 1-2-celled Ramularia 4:196. 11:608. Conidia stipitate. contiguous Conidia long-digitate. septate or continuous A. 2. on germinating seeds Coniodictyum 22:1330 Stemphyliopsis 18:561 Scolecosporae 4:218. septate. lobes parallel. forming secondary pleurogenous conidia successively to produce dendroid masses Conidia not at right angles or in dendroid masses. the lobes more or less parallel Tetracladium 14:1067 2. Conidia 1-celled. Conidia with a filiform seta at apex b. smooth. globose to A. often continuous Conidia otherwise a. conidia typically than 10 times longer than wide much more Cercosporella 4:218 Staurosporae 4:230. hyaline or bright-colored. Conidia mucose-conglobate.208 X. Conidia not ciliate (1) Conidia obclavate-piriform (2) Conidia cylindric or clavoid. outer divisions arcuate b. often catenate. hyaline Biogenous. 18:559 Conidia forked or lobed. 22:1330 elliptic Conidia muriform. 3. bilobate-furcate. Monacrosporium 4:193 B. forming gall-like bodies Conidia not stipitate. 3 cells 1-ciliate. 18:561. radiate or stellate 1. allantoid. 54 Hyalodictyae 11:608.

11:608 Conidia spirally curved. conidiophores and chains ramose B. rays 4-5-sep- Trinacrium 4:231 b. 22:1332 4:753. all in one plane (2) Conidia not setulose. 10:569. whorls. Conidia catenate. Conidia not catenate b. Conidia concentrically coiled Conidia spirally twisted into a conic or ovoid tube Helicoum 11:609 Family 86. marginal cells 5. basidia. 55 Gongromeriza 4:263 Gyroceras 4:266 Hormiscium 4:263 Torulina 18:566 Hyphae Conidia in heads lageniform or racemes.DEMATIACEAE (2)- 209 Conidia not tate ciliate. Conidia radiate-sarciniform. 14:1068. Conidia not catenate 1. hyaline or bright-colored. conidia typically dark. 22:1337 Conidia 1-celled. Hyphae dark (1) Conidial chains breaking up readily (a) Conidia globose to oblong (b) Conidia clavate (2) Conidial chains breaking with difficulty or not at all (a) Chains curved (b) Chains straight or nearly so hyaline B. piriform to Echinobotryum 4:268. marginal cells 6. globose to oblong Micronemeae Hyphae very short or scarcely different from the conidia A. 10:568. more or less rigid. sterile and fertile hyphae or conidiophores both present as a rule. 1. lobes in 3 planes Stephanoma Helicosporae 4:233. or sometimes hyaline but the hyphae then dark. Heterobotrys 4:267 Torula 4:247. the larger catenate. the smaller glomerate 2. Amerosporae 2:235. olive to brown or black. 3-radiate. but sometimes hyaline.. DEMATIACEAE Hyphae typically dark. etc. the latter differentiated by means of vesicles. a central cell with an enclosing circle of 5-6 others (1) Conidia with 3 long setae from the base of the central cell. 54 2. 18:563. Conidia of two sorts. cylindric A. Conidia catenate 1. 55 . Helicodendrum Helicomyces 4:233. Conidia alike a. 11:608. rarely hyaline but the conidia then dark. 16:1059. loose and byssoid. 11:610. rarely fasciculate. colored. central cell Aorate larger. dark. sterigmata.

Coniosporium 4:238. Conidia verruculose. endogenous (a) the conidia and exogenous Both kinds of conidia catenate. the endogenous smaller cylindric hyaline. saprogenous y. Conidia endogenous a. biogenous Conidia not catenate arising singly in substipitate (1) Conidia X. late y. sterile hyphae creeping (x) Conidiophores vesiculose-inflated at apex (y) Conidiophores not vesiculose-inflated m. Rhacodiella verticillate Conidiophores not nidia capitulate nor co- Sporendonema 11:515 (b) Conidia simple or nearly so b. globose to fusoid Conidia globose to elliptic (1) Sterile hyphae nearly obsolete (2) Sterile hyphae elongate b. Thielaviopsis 11:612 the exogenous larger ovate fuscous Chalaropsis (2) Exogenous conidia not catenate Conidia alike (a) Conidiophores ramose X. Conidia mucose. muriculate. Conidia catenate (1) Conidia of two kinds. Gonatorhodum 4:168 Lacellina Conidial chains simple. Gliomastix 22:1347 Columnophora vesicles Conioscypha 18:572 2. then catenu(b) . Conidia several from a lageniform or elongate terminal cell of 2-3-celled branches Conidia exogenous a. MONILIALES Conidia solitary. Conidia fusoid or elongate a. finally conglobate at the apex. forming a (2) Cadophora head of conidia (2) Conidiophores not spirally twisted Helicocephalum 10:512 Conidiophores with verticillate basidia on the swollen nodes (b) Conidiophores torulose. the chains Rhopalocystis n. Conidia not mucose or conglobate. Conidia catenate (1) Conidiophores spirally twisted. 55 Cordelia 10:586 Fusella 4:246 Macronemeae Hyphae manifest and distinct from A. botryose-aggregate. rarely subhyaline 1. intermixed with long rigid setae (c) Conidiophores otherwise (a) X. Conidiophores verticillate-aggregate conidia at first capitulate.210 2. Conidia dark. forming irregular heads Conidia not verruculose Pachytrichum .

heads mucose Dicyma 18:570 m. 55 Hormiactella 4:311 Conidia capitate X. Conidia ovoid to oblong (x) Conidiophores swollen above. Conidial chains ramose. bearing 3-4 basidia y. Conidiophores ramose much below the apex dichotor furcate (x) Conidiophores omous m. (a) Saprogenous Conidiophores simple. 55 Periconia 4:270 Trichobotrys 18:571 m. conidia Haplobasidium 10:578 Stachybotryella 18:570 Periconiella 4:275 oblong (2) Conidia verticillate-pleurogenous (a) Hyphae dark. Conidiophores ramose at the apex (x) Conidiophores scopiform at apex. Stachybotrys 4:269. Conidiophores Synsporium 4:278 dichot- omous (y) Conidiophores verticillately or irregularly ramose. sometimes subhyaline Acrotheca 4:276 y. not nodose-inflated and denticulate. tary (r) Conidia dric (s) connected by isthmi cylin- Prophytroma 4:309 Catenularia 4:303 Dematium 4:308 less Conidia without isthmi s. Conidia fusoid. dendroid-ramose y. Basidia terminal. Leptographium Phialophora Conidia globose. with or without basidia (x) Conidiophores with basidia m. irregularly disposed (y) Conidiophores without basidia n. Acrodesmis conidia oblong. without basidia. conidia globose Cephalotrichum 4:275 z. Conidia globose n. 55 (b) Hyphae hyaline. conidia globoid (y) Conidiophores ramose above. nodose-inflated and den- ticulate. conidiophores swollen above. umbellate Basidia lateral. 211 or sparsoli- Chains of conidia terminal. but with thick septa . Conidiophores verticillately ramose n. sterile hyphae erect and mixed with the fertile ones Conidia not catenate (1) Hormodendrum 4:310. 1-3 at each tip (y) Conidiophores with 2-3-furcate spinebearing branches.DEMATIACEAE (m) Conidiophores simple ingly ramose r. Conidiophores 1-furcate repeatedly n. Chains of conidia lateral or more (n) Conidiophores b. Conidiophores with short more or less opposite branches (b) Biogenous X. conidia ovoid Gonatobotryum 4:278.

Conidia in a dense cylindric mass Conidia not in a dense mass Microtypha 22:1352 Acremoniella 4:302 . Conidiophores erect (m) Branches circinate twisted r. conidia not intercalary (n) Branches straight. Conidia on doliform basidia pleurogenous. pedicellate (y) Conidia not verrucose or pedicillate m. conidia ruculose (n) Conidiophores not vesiculose. hyphae from a sclerotium Ustilaginodes 17:492 parasitic in the ovaries of grasses Conidia not from a sclerotium (m) Conidiophores vesiculose at tip.212 X. Sterile Pirostomella bristles in pairs at the hyphae without (m) Conidia r. on sessile. Acrospira 4:282 Streptothrix 4:282. Goniosporium 4:280 Arthrinium 4:279 (a) X. Conidiophores ramose vesiculose-inflated or Conidiophores vesiculose-inflated (x) Vesicles pleurogenous (y) Vesicles acrogenous. Conidia radiate n. MONILIALES Conidia globoid-angulate. apex Microclava (n) Conidia single s. Sterile Monotospora 4:299 Zygodesmella hyphae present (x) Conidia verrucose. 55 Branches spirally twisted. Conidia on tooth-like sterig- Zygodesmus 4:283. or at spirally Branches circinate apex. ver4-8-superposed. 55 Trichosporium 4:288 mata i. rarely none n. All Virgaria 4:280 hyphae more or less creeping (m) Branches curved or lash-like (n) Branches not curved r. stipitellate Conidia oblong to fusoid. Campsotrichum 4:295 Conidia spiny Conidia smooth (r) Conidia sessile (s) Conidia on stalks or basidia h. Hemispora 22:1346 Glenospora 4:298. Sterile hyphae lacking or obsolescent y. s. sometimes furcate. with a hilum at tip Oedemium 4:297 Cystophora 4:298 y. conidia solitary. co- nidia intercalary. Rhinocladium 4:295 Basisporium 18:533 (y) Biogenous m. Conidiophores ramose (x) Saprogenous m. 55 smooth (b) Conidiophores simple or nearly so X. rarely clustered and acropleurogenous y. not stipitellate (3) Conidia mostly single and acrogenous. Sterile hyphae bearing curved blunt bristles and 2-3-celled conidio- phores n. muriculate s.

Conidia basidia on the lower part or at the base of erect a. Conidia n. setae marginal n. curved Ellisiella 4:315 (b) Superficial. conidiophores verticillate-ramose. with basidia at Basidia verticillate Fuckelina 4:330 y. sterile Conidia hyphae Myxotrichella 4:317. (x) Hyphae Hyphae basidia verticillate Costantinella 16:1054 (y) (z) repeatedly dichotomous. Sterile hyphae circinate Conidia on normal hyphae a. conidia 1-setose above. Chalara 4:333 Cirromyces 18:627 Conidia exogenous (1) Conidia capitate (a) Conidiophores verticillately ramose Stachylidium 4:331:56 Scopularia 4:330 (b) Conidiophores pencillately ramose. 55 . Sterile Dictyochaeta hyphae simple Peziotrichum 11:614 Botryotrichum 4:313 (x) Conidia globose 2. end branches with oblong cysts hyphae obsolete. Conidia not capitate (1) Conidia loosely catenate (2) Conidia not catenate (a) Erumpent. 14:57 Stirochaete 4:316 fu- much branched below b. Saprogenous. Sterile hyphae tortuose n. basal y. basal Hyphae reticulate-anastomosing. Sterile hyphae ramose irregularly ramose. Circinotrichum 4:314 basidia terete. ramose Verticicladium 4:327 Conidiophores erect (x) Conidiophores verticillately ramose (y) Conidiophores more or less irregularly ramose m.DEMATIACEAE B. m. conidia mucose (c) Conidiophores tip X. Conidia endogenous. soid. Biogenous. conidia not setose X. setae not marginal (y) Conidia bacillar m. falcate Conidia not ciliate (m) Conidia globose to ovoid Eriomene 4:326 Mesobotrys 4:324. catenate (1) Sterile hyphae present. basidia clavate. Conidia hyaline or subhyaline acrogenous on short heteromorphic J. conidiophores (2) Sterile simple (a) Conidia in simple chains Sarcopodium 4:312:55 Helicotrichum 4:313 Cystodendrum (b) Conidia conglutinate into a long curl b. simple. Basidia irregular Pimina 16:1054 (2) Conidia not capitate (a) Conidiophores X. 1-ciliate at each end. 213 hyphae capitate-glomerate.

Trichocladium 4:376 Hadronema 22:1365 a. Mycelium circinate Mycelium obsolete Cycloconium 4:343 Dicoccum 4:342 Macronemeae Hyphae manifest and distinct from the conidia A. 22:1364 Conidia 1-celled. ovoid to oblong or fusoid Micronemeae Hyphae very A. Conidia capitate Conidiophores simple (1) Conidiophores with a muriculate vesicle at tip Muchmoria 22:1364 Cordana 4:376 Cephalomyces 22:1365 Arthrobotryella first. Conidiophores nodose-spiny here and there n. (2) Hyphae and hyaline conidia 1-celled. Conidiophores curved basidium at the base. Conidia 1-ciliate at apex.214 MONILIALES (n) Conidia oblong-cylindric (o) Conidia falcate y. borne on spines m. Conidiophores spiny but not nodose (b) Conidiophores simple with a single lateral X. 16:1056. 1. 2. Conidiophores not inflated at tip Conidiophores bearing muriculate vesicles at apex and at tips of short laterals Conidiophores with intercalary muriculate vesicles 2. sterile setae none a. Saprogenous. Gonytrichum 4:329. dark. hyphae decumbent Biogenous. conidia 2-4 y. c. hyphae erect. 56 2. hyaline and dark. rarely hyaline. Conidia catenate B. Conidia not capitate a. 56 Cladorhinum 4:330 Zygosporium 4:328 Conidiophores with conidia many pleurogenous Chloridium 4:320 Didymosporae 4:341. short or scarcely different from the conidia Bispora 4:343. 11. dark conidia 2-celled catenate. not on spines (y) Conidia smooth. 14:1077. Conidia not ciliate or muriculate b. Chaetopsis Menispora 4:325 Actinochaete 22:1359 Conidiophores more or less decumbent (x) Conidia muricate. Conidia not catenate 1. 10:595.616. (2) b. 56 the conidiophores Conidia muriculate. Conidia more or less catenate at chains often short (1) the Hyphae and conidia of two kinds. 18:575. fasciculate B. not catenate conidia of one kind Epochnium 4:375 . among Beltrania 4:377. Conidia ciliate or muriculate sterile setae 1.

Cladosporium 4:350 Conidia not catenate (1) Conidiophores beautifully flexuous or torulose (2) Polythrincium 4:350. Conidia ovoid to cylindric. conidia 2-3 in chains. Conidia 1-3-rostellate at apex a. Conidiophores dichotomous and broadened at apex b. Conidiophores simple. 56 (b) Joints not inflated X. conidia long-catenate Diplococcium 4:374 y. Conidia not catenate. dark 2. Conidia catenate 1. conidia rhomboid (b) Conidiophores with somewhat globose denticulate joints. 56 Macronemeae Hyphae long or distinctly different from the conidia A. Conidia verrucose y. often solitary b. straight (1) Saprogenous (2) Phyllogenous b. simple (c) Conidiophores not inflated. dark. Conidia not catenate 1. ovoid to cylindric or vermicular Micronemeae Hyphae very sliort or little different from the conidia A. bearing 1-x conidia. longer. mostly erect n. Conidiophores not dichotomous or broadened Conidia muticate a. hyaline Sporoschisma 4:486. Polydesmus 4:401 Septonema 4:397. short. Conidia without isthmi B. Conidiophores somewhat decumbent. Conidia endogenous 1. Conidiophores more or less ramose. 16:1060.DEMATIACEAE (a) Joints of conidiophore flated 215 more or less in- and clavoid Cladotrichum 4:370. 14:1082. simple or sparsely branched X. fasciculate. 56 Conidiophores not flexuous or torulose (a) Conidiophores inflated. 56 Excioconis . Conidia connected by isthmi 2. repeatedly ramose. Conidia not verrucose (x) Conidia acrogenous (y) Conidia acropleurogenous m. Conidia catenate. 11:621. 18:581. 10:606. Conidiophores erect. Conidia fusoid-falcate Urosporium 4:397 Ceratophorum 4:395 Clasterosporium 4:382 Stigmina 4:394 Fusariella 4:395. 22:1379 Conidia 2-x-celled. Pseudobeltrania 18:578 Gonyella Asperisporium Fusicladium 4:345 Scolecotrichum 4:347 somewhat decumbent Phragmosporae Cladosporium 4:350 4:380. rarely hyaline. 56 2.

one subfusoid. dark. capitate ramose at (a) Conidiophores Dendryphium 4:487 2. Hyphae of two kinds. Conidia connected by isthmi b. few-septate . Hyphae conidia torulose (s) Blodgettia 10:664 Hyphae not intracellular. Conidia falcate. Sterile (r) hyphae lacking Conidia ovoid. co- nidia not torulose h. y. 1-ciliate at each end (a) Conidiophores with X. large Dendryphiella Endophragmia Heterosporium 4:480 (b) Conidiophores otherwise X. the other filiformfalcate.216 B. Stemphyliomma 22:1394 Brachysporium 4:423 s. verticillate (a) Conidia verticillate at the apex (b) Conidia subverticillate at the enlarged middle. Hyphosoma hyaline Jainesia (n) Conidia of one kind r. Hyphae of one kind (m) Conidia of two kinds. Conidia 1. Conidia echinulate Conidia smooth (x) Saprogenous m. heads Atractina 18:584 mucose (b) Conidiophores simple. Conidia without isthmi Conidia not catenate a. tip of conidiophore naked and rostrate Rhynchomyces 18:584 b. one torulose with 2-celled conidia. with Conidiophores acrogenous and also pleurogenous on the nodes Conidiophores with a cup-like membrane at 1-2 septa. with x-celled conidia n. Conidia not capitate or verticillate. 56 Spondylocladium 4:482 Conidia pleurogenous. the other not torulose. 2-(l-3) ciliate at (2) Conidia not ciliate apex Camarosporium 4:482 Eriomenella 4:326 (b) Conidia hyaline. Sterile (r) hyphae present intracellular. y. conidiophores with basidia Conidia ellipsoid. heads not mucose (2) Acrothecium 4:483. solitary or few in a group (1) Conidia ciliate (a) Conidia dark. conidia acrogenous. nodes or cyathiform appendages conidia nodes. basidia lacking Drepanospora 4:430 i. algicole. with sterigmata. MONILIALES exogenous Peyronelia Conidia catenate a. tip. Conidia capitate or verticill?te (1) Conidia acrogenous.

57 Fumago 4:457 Conidia not catenate a. Conidia catenate B. Conidia irregularly muriform or sarciniform (1) Conidia -with a conic point at each side (2) Conidia muticate (a) Conidia sarciniform. 56 (y) Biogenous m. Hyphae creeping (m) Hyphae (n) r. on short simple hyphae Sporodesmium 4:497. conidia Dictyosporae 4:496. 14:1090. conidia ellipsoid Ophiotrichum 10:617 Hyphae not radiate. Conidia without isthmi. 11:632. subsimple b. rarely hyaline. often coalescent (b) Conidia globose to oblong X. 57 Alternaria 4:545. then caudate. not caudate. Conidia not capitate Dactylosporium 4:545 . Conidia not catenate 1. Sarcinella 4:458. nidia long. irregular. Stigmella 4:507 Conidia ovoid-oblong. dark. dark sarciniform and subhyaline falcate B. not rostellate erect. aggregated. single. 56 Macronemeae Hyphae long or distinctly different from the conidia A. hyphae crustose. Conidia capitate b. with setae Hyphae with hyphopodia. 18:612. 22:1399 Conidia muriform. Conidia globose-ovoid. Conidia many-septate typically Helminthosporium 4:402. Conidia of two kinds. Conidia 3-4-rostrate at apex 2.DEMATIACEAE (s) 217 elongate. 10:665. typically branched 2. radiate. Conidia catenate a. 16:1075. Hyphae without hyphopodia. hyphae velvety. Conidia alike 1. without setae. Chaetotrichum Cercosporidium 18:594 n. Conidia composed of parallel chains of cells (1) Chains never separating (2) Chains separating b. Hyphae ovoid fasciculate. Conidia not rostrate a. 56 Tetraploa 4:516 Dictyosporium 4:513. Conidia connected by isthmi. on Sirodesmium 4:516. globose to oblong Micronemeae Hyphae very short or scarcely diflferent from the conidia A. 56 Spira 4:514 Oncopodium 18:616 Coniothecium 4:508 ramose hyphae y. conidia long-rostellate Chiropodium co- s.

half surrounding a globose cell Coleodictys Xenosporella (y) Conidia otherwise m. 18:625. Conidia relatively thin. 16:1081. 11:639. typically septate A. Conidiophores decumbent n. usually dark. Conidia hooked at apex. 57 . Conidiophores lacking a. aggregate. 56 Conidia long-filiform or vermicular A. 22:1411 Conidia forked or stellate. 22:1435 Conidia spiral or convolute. sphagnicole B. Conidia horseshoe-shaped. Conidiophores erect or ascending (m) Conidia globose. Conidia of two forms. Conidia not cruciate. Conidia cruciate-divided. 14:1107. Conidia around the apex of tlic hyphae conglobate around the s. 16:1181. not sphagnicole Casaresia Cercospora 4:431. Conidia alike 1. 56 Staurosporae 4:552. not hygroscopic B. shorter fertile (2) Hyphae of one kind (a) Conidia subreniform. large lobate x-celled dark. 22:1432 Macrosporium 4:523. enclosed in a clear semi-gelatinous vesicle n. small fusoid hyaline B. dark or hyaline. longer sterile. 10:680. Conidia semi-circular. hygroscopic Helicoma 11:638 Helicosporium 4:557. pleurogenous r. Conidia relatively thick. septate or continuous A. Conidia anchor-like. Conidiophores present a. cylindric. phyllogenous Helicosporae 4:557. muriform. Conidia 3-x-forked or united at base. 11:638. sterile hyphae present. Conidia base of the hyphae (n) Conidia ovoid to oblong. Conidia 2-4-radiate b. Conidia inversely reniform. conidioles Septosporium 4:543 bearing globose Xenosporium 18:612 Tetracoccosporis 18:617 (b) Conidia without conidioles X. smooth (x) Conidia rcniform or semicircular m. 14:1099. xylogenous b. typically Stemphylium 4:519 Coccosporium 4:542 Trichaegum 4:542 acrogenous Scolecosporae 4:431.218 (1) MONILIALES Hyphae of two kinds. 57 Teratosperma 22:1411 Ceratosporium 4:552 Hirundinaria 4:553 hyphae lacking. 18:625. 14:1107. vcrrucose y. Conidia not hooked. rostrate at apex 2. sterile Desmidiospora 10:568 Triposporium 4:554.

may possess some validity. hj'aline. lacking in one anomalous group. e. hyaline or bright-colored. as the two groups are at present constituted. or dark to black. The Mucedineae Hyphae and conidia hyaline or bright-colored Amerosporae 4:635. An anomalous group without conidiophores and conidia is referred to this family by virtue of the possession of a sporodochium.. short b. usually not arising from a cellular stroma-like base. 14:1115. distinction drawn by Hoehnel with respect to the insertion of the spore-body in the matrix. This family is more or less readily distinguished from the Moniliaceae and Dematiaceae by the presence of a sporodochium. 18:658. conidiophores and ramose. conidia various. byssoid. conidia acrogenous Trichofusarium 22:1473 y. 10:700. body or waxy. discoid or verruciform sporodochium. conidiophores simple. Volutina 18:667 Neottiosporis H 445 Conidiophores dendroid-ramose (x) Setae spirally twisted. globose to fusoid A. but it is not a practicable criterion. persistently innate in the one and erumpent-superficial in the other. Conidiophores simple (x) Sporodochia short-stalked Thysanopyxis H 451 Psilonia (y) Sporodochia not stalked (b) Sporodochia ciliate at margin X. Conidiophores obsolete. conidia coacervate y. and from the Stilbaceae by the practically universal sessile habit. Conidia catenate. These are thought to belong properly in the Melanconiaceae. Conidia and conidiophores present. Properly limited. 22:1458 Conidia 1-celled. but this transfer has not been made. or the latter rarely obsolete 1. Sporodochia hairy or setulose a. 11:645. 219 TUBERCULARIACEAE sessile. bright-colored. 58 . sporodochia typically typically long erumpent or superficial. or subgelatinous. sometimes short and simple or rarely obsolete. i. owing to the number of genera concerned and the inadequacy of many of the descriptions. simple (x) Conidiophores 6-ciliate above. Volutellaria 4:682 Conidiophores present. conidia acropleurogenous Periolopsis H 446 (y) Setae not spiral. the Tuberculariaceae comprise only those genera with long and typically branched conidophores without a basal stroma. pulvinate. united below (y) Conidiophores not ciliate or united Guelichia 10:720 Volutella 4:682. and genera with short simple conidiophores must be sought in both. Conidia not catenate (1) Conidia ciliate (2) Conidia not ciliate (a) Sporodochia more or less uniformly setulose X. as are the conidiophores also.TUBERCULARIACEAE Family 87. On the other hand. Hyphae compacted fleshy into a globose. there is no satisfactory distinction between it and the Melanconiaceae. 16:1090.

acrogenous o. or rarely velvety a. mucus SphaerocoUa 11:648 Spores globose Spores more or less cylindric (x) Sporodochia gelatinous. Conidia acropleurogenous ramose. Conidiophores verticillate (m) Conidia (n) n. 58 (y) Sporodochia not gelatinous m. 52 Sirodochiella with hypo- stroma b. y. verruciform. Conidia ovoid to oblong Fusicolla 4:664 PleurocoUa Dacrymycella 4:671 Sigmatomyces H 470 . Conidia sigmoid. minute. Each fork with two sterigmata n. mucose capitules Conidia not in mucose capitulses in in Haplariella Verticillis H 430 H 431 Conidiophores penicillate. Sporodochia globose. sessile Cylindrocolla 4:673. conidiophores obclavate. Conidia spinulose Conidia smooth (b) Conidia 7-8-ciliate at each end (2) Conidia not ciliate (a) Conidia covered with mucus y. Conidia globose. short-stalked pulvinate to discoid. Amphichaetella Thozetia 4:679 Chaetospermum 10:706 Collodochium 18:661 (b) Conidia without X.220 2. n. short (a) Conidiophores X. Sporodochia sessile Sphaeridium 4:675 (m) Sporodochia dark. Blennoria 3:730. (a) Conidia conidiophores 2-3- ramose (b) Conidia (2) Conidia Endoconidium 10:708 ovoid. pleurogenous n. 58 Conidiophores dendroid or irregularly ramose (x) Conidiophores dendroid-ramose m. Hymenella 16:1105 exogenous ramose verticillate Conidiophores or dichot- omous (x) Conidiophores verticillate or penicillate m. MONILIALES Sporodochia glabrous. without hypotroma (n) Sporodochia bright. Conidia catenate (1) Conidia ciliate (a) Conidia 1-ciliate at each end X. conidia small lateral heads (y) Conidiophores dichotomous m. Forks without sterigmata y. irregularly (y) Conidiophores the branches few or short m. Conidia acrogenus n. Conidia not catenate (1) Conidia endogenous globoid. Cephalodochium 4:678 Ranojevicia 22:1487 Dendrodochium 4:650.

Sphacelia 4:666 2-papillate. Sporodochium disciform.TUBERCULARIACEAE (m) Conidia acrogenous r. 58 Tubercularis 22:1460 Conidia globose (x) Conidia acrogenous m. brightcolored Hymenula 4:667 s. fleshy sporodochia Menoidea 22:1463 (n) Conidia not lunulate r. H 423 bright-colored (y) Conidia TuberculisH 424 medium m. n. Sporodochia bright-colored b. Sporodochia slimy-gelatinous. 2. superficial. orange-red h. (s) Sporodochia or hyaline white Conidiophores papilliform Conidiophores filiform. white n. Sporodochia yellow-brown discoid. hyphae and conidiophores radiate Granularia 4:649 or tu- s. typically gramini- cole i. Sporodochia gelatinous. conidia capitate Dacryodochium 14:1122 Tuberculina 4:653. Sporodochia plane Conidia pulvinate. Sporodochium white to pale or brownish (r) Sporodochium convex to pulvinate h. Conidia and conidiophores lacking. Sporodochia white or pale lUosporium 4:656 Aegerita 4:661 . Microdochium Leucodochium Necator 16:1094 Sporodochia superficial a. ovoid to oblong rarely globoid (x) Conidia very large to m. radiate i. Lachnodochium 14:1122 Conidia not capitate lunulate. conidia not capitate. falling apart in polygonal cells. mostly uredicole (y) Conidia pleurogenous. 58 Sporodochia hard. sporodochium subglobose. spirally twisted y. erumpent. rounded. Conidia capitate. or imperfect 1. 221 Sporodochia globose. conidiophores fungicole Tremellidium globoid. B. not radiate (n) Conidia acropleurogenous (b) Conidiophores simple or nearly so X. conidiophores n. to minute Coccospora 4:9. Sporodochia innate. gelatinous. conidiophores not papillate. Tubercularia 4:638. Sporodochia with hard hypostroma. Sporodochia verruciform berculate. Beniowskia 16:1091 or lunate. (m) Conidia pulvinate.

16:1097. hyaline. Conidia catenate dichotomons. cylindric Conidia not catenate or rarely so a. Sporocystis 18:676 4-celled medium. Conidiophores simple. Gymnodochium Dithozetia 18:668 Cosmariospora 4:690. Conidiophores ramose (1) Conidiophores dichotomous. subglobose to oblong A. 18:669. conidia acrogenous Linodochium 22:1488 Kmetia 16:1158 . Conidia with a lateral seta at each end b. 22:1487 Conidia muriform or cruciate. Conidia catenate. Conidia not setulose (1) Conidia verrucose. Sporodochia not setulose 1. 58 Dictyosporae 18:676. conidia cylin- Volutellopsis 22:1488 B. conidia bearing conidioles at tip and septa not gelatinous. Conidiophores verticillate-ramose. conidia large. Conidia not catenate or appendaged B. disciform. conidia 3-5-congested. Endodesmia 4:691 Leptotrichutn 4:690 Fusisporella 22:1473 Conidiophores simple. 2. Conidiophores fusosd 2. yellow. conidia large (1) Sporodochia gelatinous. 10:721. with an obtuse appendage at each end 2. conidioles (2) Sporodochia lacking Xenogloea Bactridium 4:691. muriform B. short. 18:668. 22:1473 Conidia 2-celled. 58 b. large. conidiophores obsolete 1. 11:649. hyaline or bright-colored. conidia elliptic Conidia not catenate a. Sporodochia setulose. 58 Patouillardiella 10:721 Phragmosporae 4:691. continuous A. key-like (2) DiscocoUa 11:653 Heliscus 4:693 conidia usually fusoid-curved Conidiophores mostly dendroid or verticillate. oblong to fusoid A. 22:1488 Conidia acicular to filiform. conidia lunatea. hyaline or bright-colored. cruciately Sarcinodochium 18:677 Scolecosporae 16:1158. Conidia somewhat catenate. 22:1474 Conidia x-celled. 14:1123. white. Conidiophores simpJe. Sporodochia dric setulose. long. Fusarium 4:694. conidia single. Sporodochia plane. ovoid to fusoid A. Sporodochia glabrous 1. conidia acro-pleurogenous B. 10:721. Sporodochia globose. hyaline.222 MONILIALES Didymosporae 4:690. not constricted b. deeply constricted (2) Conidia smooth.

sporodochia white. C. Conidia spirally convolute 1. 18:678 Conidia spirally convolute or horseshoe-like A. 16:1104. 5-celled Conidia 3-forked. Sporodochia gelatinous. Conidia septate. 18:678. hyaline Conidia not catenate (1) Chaetosira 22:1496 less Sporodochia more or lose uniformly setuPeriola 4:681. 11:653. sporodochia dark. 22 :1489 liyali ne Conidia variously united or forked. Conidia united in the middle 2. A. 58 margin Sporodochia ciliate at sporodochia pale (b) Setae white. white-margined scutel- Myrotheciella 22:1493 . 10:732. mealy B. 22:1489 Conidia 1-celled. or bright-colored A. 14:1129. 11:654. 10:732. 16:1104. Conidia catenate. late to discoid 2. with a whorl of 2-7 cylindric septate branches 2. Conidia or cells united in the middle consisting of septate parallel parts 1. Conidia 2-forked. Conidia continuous. sometimes hyaline Amerosporae 4:736. Araneomyces 22:1489 Conidia consisting of a basal middle part. sporodochia late. 223 18:677. dark or sometimes hyaline globose to elongate . b. 3. 3-celled Tetracium 18:560 Dicranidium 4:728 Triglyphium 4:728 Helicosporae 4:729. 58 (a) Conidia hyaline (b) Conidia dark (2) Chaetostroma 4:749. Conidia Lituaria 4:728 Dematieae Hyphae olive to brown or black. Conidia forked 1. Amerosporis H 486 Myrothecium 4:750 Sporodochia glabrous a. mucose 2. sporodbchia yellow. Conidia consisting of a cylindric 2-celled middle part and 2 half-moon 1-cellcd smaller ones Amallospora 14:1131 fastened in the middle B. Conidia once coiled 1.TUBERCULARIACEAE Staurosporae 4:728. conidial wall not very thick 2. scutel(a) Setae colored. (1) Conidia catenate Conidia subhyaline. globoid Drepanoconis 17:519 sporodochia white. Hobsonia 11:653 Troposporium 4:729 Delortia 6:795 Sporodochia not gelatinous. Conidia and conidiophores present. or the latter rarely obsolete 1. conidia concolorous. Sporodochia hairy or setulose a. conidia with thick hyaline wall horseshoe-like.

Papularia H 499 Conidia globose (m) Conidiophores short. not penicillate r. conidia globoid (b) Sporodochia not lichenicole X. discoid. Spilomium 18:678 Conidia globose or lentiform (x) Conidiophores with a slender apical appendage. smooth (y) Conidiophores not appendaged. Sporodochia globose to convex. effuse. radiatfe subicle. conidia pleurogenous. (n) Conidiophores penicillately fascicled above. Mapea H 422 Conidia not globose or lentiform (x) Conidia verticillately acropleurogenous. conidia roundish. conidia globose-angulate longer. Melanobasis 22:1490 Melanodiscus obsolete. discoid (b) Sporodochia without subicle Astrodochium 14:1117 Conidia globose. small. sporodochia otherwise Conidiophores simple or ramose. 55 . X. flat. Agyriella 3:731 conidia cylindric. Conidiophores conidia oblong to cylindric Sphaeromyces 4:753 Actinodochium Spilodochium Exosporina 18:684 (b) Conidiophores obsolete or none . cylindric (m) Conidia ovoid. conidia not asperate Hadrotrichum 4:301. conidiophores with prominent septa Arthrinium 4:279. more or Conidiophores simple. Conidiophores very short. conidiophores n. often ramose. conidia long-bacillai (y) Sporodochia Hymcnobactrum 4:747 erumpent verticillate - m. y. Sporodochia thin. Triplicaria 10:734 gelatinous. y. fleshy.224 (2) MONILIALES (a) Conidia dark. Conidia lentiform. radiate X. not conglutinate (n) Conidia oblong. nidia acrogenous co- Bonplandiella 10:732 m. sporodochia small n. sporodochia not layered (x) Sporodochia superficial. asperate y. conidia usually asperate Epicoccum 4:736. Conidia asperulate Conidia smooth Conidia not catenate (1) Conidia hyaline (a) Sporodochia with brown X. Conidia ovoid to cylindric. not fleshy. 58 55 s. sporodochia of 3 varicolored layers y. conglutinate (2) Conidia dark (a) Sporodochia lichenicole. Conidiophores less capitate ramose.

superficial. clavate-cylindric. conidia otherwise (a) Conidia acropleurogenous. elliptic to fusoid Trichodochium Erysiphopsis 22:1494 Pucciniopsis 10:737 Sporodochia sheath pulvinate. Excipularia 18:688. verruculose Cylomyces 18:685 (2) Sporodochia not terete. gray to black. Sporodochia subglobose to convex (x) Sporodochia erumpent (y) Sporodochia superficial y. superficial. Epiclinium 4:754 conidia oblong. 10:738. Sporodochia setulose. 58 or 2. Sclerodiscus 10:735 Strumellopsis H 497 smooth and conidiophores lacking. 18:685. brown. Sporodochia scutellate to discoid Acrotheciella 22:1496 Exosporium 4:755:58 Cryptocoryneum 4:395 Marcosia H 513 . conidia not catenate 1. 10:737. sporodochia globose. 10:482 c.TUBERCULARIACEAE (y) Conidia not verticillate or pleurog- 225 enous m. Conidia 1. Sporodochia glabrous. sporodochia pulvinate. Conidia dark. 16:1106. conidia very large. 18:684. dark or sometimes hyali ne. with conidia mucous Anomomyces scutellate. 22:1494 Conidia 2-celled. subicle lacking a. black Phragmosporae 4:755. conidia verrucose. dark or rarely hyaline. breaking into cells Xiphomyces Strumella 4:742. conidia catenate B. erumpent. sporodochia discoid to pulvinate 2. groups. shining n. Conidiophores ramost or simple (m) Conidiophores ramose. Sporodochia setulose at margin. Conidia subhyaline. Conidia not ciliate. Conidia catenate. A. conidiophores very long (b) Conidia acrogenous X. Sporodochia not setulose 1. 22:1495 Conidia x-celled. Sporodochia globose. lichenicole Sclerococcum 4:754 Didymosporae 4:754. Conidia 1-ciliate at each end. 14:1131. conidia B. Conidiophores none. scutellate B. conidia clavate. ovate (n) Conidiophores simple. Sporodochia margined. dark (1) Sporodochia terete. oblong to cylindric A. 16:1105. or imperfect Sporodochia verruciform. erumpent. sporodochia discoid. not lichenicole Sporodochia globose. curved b. 11:656. hyaline. black. 3:689 Trimmatostroma 4:757 Ciliofusa 11:656 Conidia not catenate a. ellipsoid. of multiform hyphae. on a white radiate subicle 2. fuscous b.

of many spherical cells Myriophysella 22:1497 Sporodochia not gelatinous. Conidia catenate. H . ovoid to fusoid A. erumpent X. H 524 Sporodochia globose. brown Conidia cruciately 4-celled Conidia mostly 5-celled. asperate Tetrachia irregularly B. conidia 1. b. conidia small. 2. claw-like. 11:656. verruciform. conidia cruciately 4-celled. Clathrococcum H 521 conidiophores simple y. acutely bent together Chiromyces 4:554 Chelisporium 22:1498 Spegazzinia 4:758 529 Chiromycella Sporodochia superficial a. 1. b. 10:739. Sporodochia without setae or subicle 1. Sporodochia glabrous. Sporodochia verruciform or pulvinate. conidia regular. ellip- Setae smooth arising from the Chaetostromella 11:656 hymenium. 16:1107. H 523 Cerebella 4:761. hyaline conidiophores A. Sporodochia setulose. of few polygonal cells (b) Sporodochia not globose. Fumagopsis 22:1498 Sporodochia erumpent a. usually dark. brownish Conidia 5-7-celled. 2. hyaline to dark A. superficial conidia subgelatinous. with subicle. cruciate 2. Conidia 2-4-digitate. Schizotrichum 18:688 Exosporella H 527 Staurosporae 4:753. radiate or united. y. large. Sporodochia setulose. conidia hyaline. Thyrostroma conidiophores H 525 Sporodochia columnar. Bonordeniella 18:689 Petrakia ir- Conidia not catenate a. Setae soid. Conidia without radiate processes (1) Sporodochia convolute.226 MONILIALES Dictyosporae 4:758. with 2-celled base and 3 cylindric septate parts B. Sporodochia glabrous 1. minute or obsolete B. Sporodochia setulose arising from the outside. long. soft. roundish. globose-angled. 22:1497 Conidia muriform. 18:689. Sporodochia large. conidiophore? short globose. 22:1498 Conidia forked. Conidia with subhyaline radiate processes b. 14:1131.and x-celled (2) Sporodochia not convolute (a) X. ramose Thyrodochium Scolecosporae 18:688 Conidia filiform.

Synnema with conidia above. conidia without or oblong mucus (1) (2) b. conidia with Coremium Coremiella 4:581. Head spiny with radiating spicules (1) Spicules conic. Synnema monocephalous (x) Conidiophores dendroid-verticillate m. 11:654 227 Conidia spirally convolute.STILBACEAE Helicosporae 4:729. hyaline or A. smoky Family Sterile 88. 10:681. (1) Conidiophores septate. conidia Hyalostilbae Hyphae and conidia pale or bright-colored. Conidiophores verticillate-ramose Conidiophores not verticillate-ramose Synnema with conidia below. Conidiophores n. Conidial part distinctly capitate or at least terminal 1. often in a head. Head not spiny conidium-like. 57 H 556 mucus 2. not dark or black Amerosporae 4:461. various. 22:1437 elliptic Conidia 1-celled. with obpiriform sterigmata Conidiophores without distinct sterig- Pirobasidium 18:638 Dendrostilbella 18:635 mata (y) Conidiophores not late y. 18:630. Troposporella 11:654 STILBACEAE hyphae creeping. conidia hyaline B. 14:1107. Microspatha 10:687 Conidia not catenate a. fertile hyphae aggregated into clavate or cylindric fascicles or synnemata. Conidia catenate a. Conidiophores smoky Everhartia 4:729 conidia ramose. dendroid-verticil- Stilbum 4:564 Synnema polycephalous (x) Capitula on erect branches (y) Capitula Corallodendrum 4:576 subulate on branches spreading Tilachlidium 4:576 . or dark to black. 16:1082. globose to A. scanty. moniliform. hyaline to bright-colored. pale. 11:640. granulate (2) Spicules with many curved branches at middle b. more rarely along the sides. bright-colored. typically bearing the conidia at the top. Conidiophores obsolete. Actiniceps 4:579 Heterocephalum 18:642 synnema monocephalous (2) Atractiella 4:578 Conidiophores normal (a) Conidia covered with mucus X.

Macrostilbum 16:1083 B. separating a-t the joints 2. spirally twisted Synnema setose. Conidial part cylindric or long-clavate 1. large terrestrial. hyaline. conidia in a. Conidia aristate. typically Gibellula 11:643. oblong to fusoid A. Synnema capitate. oblong to bacillar or filiform A.228 (b) Conidia without X. Alphitomyces 22:1445 b. Conidia not catenate 1. MONILIALES mucus Synnema monocephalous Martindalia 4 :578 (x) Conidiophores spirally twisted (y) Conidiophores more or less straight m. 57 2. Trichosterigma Isaria 4:584. 22:1446 Conidia 2-celled. Conidia rhombic or biconic n. b. conidia acropleurogenous Helicostilbe 18:657 Phaeostilbae Hyphae and conidia or the one or the other dark . 57 Clathrotrichum Synnema polycephalous. Conidia more or less equally distributed on the synnema Conidia catenate Conidia not catenate (1) Conidiophores ovoid with an apical filiform sterigma (2) Conidiophores not ovoid and sterigmate Conidia in lateral groups a. Conidiophores entomophilous without sterigmata. Synnema with a paraphysate disk 2. B. conidia fusoid Synnema cylindric 1. 10:691. Conidia catenate B. Rhombostilbella 18:636 Ciliciopus 4:577. hyaline. not entomophilous capituli. Conidiophores with sterigmata. 57 conidia Articulis 22:1443 Didymosporae 18:645. 57 Helicosporae 18:658 Conidia filiform. Synnema merely fimbriate at tip Didymostilbe 18:645 at tip Actinostilbe Didymobotrys 18:645 Phragmosporae 4:598. Conidia globose to fusoid (m) Conidia acrogenous (n) Conidia pleurogenous y. 18:646 Conidia x-celled. Conidia not aristate or separating Symphyosira 4:600 Stilbomyces 14:1109 Atractium 4:599. 14:1109. umbellate.

on dentate conidiophores (n) Conidia pleurogenous. hollow Stalk not pseudoparenchymic and Coelographium hollow (r) Synnema with in root-like base Crinula substratum (s) Synnema without such base (n) Conidia dark n. Base of synnema not globoid. Heads without mucus (m) Conidia acropleurogenous. b. usually falcate H 584 Graphium 4:609 Sporocybe 4:604. without sterigmata Branches clavate. nidia hyaline Trichurus 14:1112 co- Stemmaria 10:696 several heads or (b) X. Conidia catenate a. 16:1086. s. 18:648. usually cole Graphiothecium 4:624 y. of two Stilbochalara 22:1449 hyaline and dark B. chains usually ramose Conidia not catenate X. Synnema monocephalous (x) (y) Synnemata grouped on basal stroma a carbonous Stromatographium H 583 Synnemata without basal stroma m. Synnema setose Synnema not setose (1) Synnema ramose (a) Synnema scopulate-ramose above. setose not setose (1) Conidia asperate. 22:1446 229 Conidia 1-celled. Synnema ramose with spikes. Conidia globose. 11:643. Heads involved in mucus (m) Conidia hyaline r. a. chains simple Conidia oblong. conidia dark Branches capitulate. Conidia sorts. typically cauli.or ligni-cole (x) Conidia hyaline or subhyaline (y) Conidia dark (b) Capitule compact Stysanus 4:620. endogenous in open hyphac. or nearly so foli- (a) Capitule loose Base of synnema globoid. 57 Pycnostysanus H 581 Briosia 10:698 2. globose to oblong A. 10:692. Stilbodendrum with sterigmata (2) Sarophorum Synnema simple X. 57 Graphiopsis H 588 Harpographium 4:619 . y. fertile throughout. dark or hyaline. Antromycopsis 14:1113 Saccardaea 11:643 b. conidiophores with minute sterigmata (2) Conidia Synnema Synnema clavate. y. Basidiella 10:698 smooth (a) Conidial part capitate X.STILBACEAE Amerosporae 4:603. Stalk pseudoparenchymic. 14:1109. Conidia not endogenous 1.

16:1089. 18:655. 2. oblong to cylindric A. Conidia involved in mucus. acropleurogcnous (y) Conidia not reniform m. Conidia not catenate 1. Conidia dark Stilbothamnium 14:1110 (b) Conidial part cylindric or subulate X. conidiophores paraphysate 2. cells concentric of but 2-3 Hermatomyces 22:1457 . conidia densely capitate b. conidia looser in a capitate or clavate group Calostilbella Arthrobotryum 4:628 Isariopsis 4:630 B. 22:1457 Podosporium 4:627. Conidial part capitate or at least terminal 1. dark or hyaline. 22:1455 Conidia x-celled. 11:644. oblong to cylindric A. pleurogenous Stalk pseudoparcnchymic. dark or hyaline. Synnema dendroid-ramose. 2. Synnema ramose-circinatc with below above. sublentiform. Conidial part cylindric or long-clavate 1. 14:1114. 14:1113. 10:699. long Antromyces 3:626 Hoehneliella 18:654 Didymobotryum 4:626 B.230 y. Synnema fuscous or pale. in branched chains. conidia globoid. Synnema not ramose. 18:654 Conidia 1-celled. conidia dark (x) Conidia reniform. globoid to fusoid A. 55 Melanographium Endocalyx Sporostachys Didymosporae 4:626. Conidia 1-ciliate at apex Conidia muticate Phragmosporae 4:627. MONILIALES (x) Capitula with Synnema polycephalous mucus mucus Cladographium Tilachlidiopsis (y) Capitula without m. cohering in mucose plomerules and conidophorcs sterile Synnematium y. conidia sterile pleurogenous n. lageniform sterigmata z. Synnema with thin membrane from external hyphae. Conidia catenate Conidia not catenate a. 10:699. Conidia not in mucus a. Synnema black. Synnema hyphae arising from a scanty subiculum. Svnnema without membrane Ceratocladium 18:649. 57 Podosporiella 11:644 Conidia muriform. conidia hyaline. Stalk of synnema conidia acro- b. dark or hyaline. Conidia 1-celled catenate. Dendrographium 11:644 fibrous. conidia acrogenous Dictyosporae 4:632. Conidia hyaline n.

hyphae in various. Parasitic on algae B. it is impossible to place the genera satisfactorily in any of the preskin ceding families. DERMOPHYTA 22:1334 two or three forms of conidia arthrospores are apparently nothing but hyphae with short terminal segments that sometimes separate. sometimes parasitic on algae (sterile lichens). Conidia simple. to which most of the genera and species of this group probably belong. Tubercles connected with Tubercles without fibrils (1) Cortex discrete (2) Cortex not discrete Rhizoctonia 14:1175 Acinula 14:1174 Sderotium 14:1139 . etc. continu- Mycelium branched. Aleurispores. 18:690. 57 89. Synnema filiform-subulate 1. dichotomous subglobose or clavate apical Achorium 22:1336 branches 90. Aleurispores and x-septate spindles present Trichophytum 22:1334 2. Sclerographium 4:632 Negeriella 14:1114 Staurosporae Synnema clavate-capitate. Pulveraria. rarely septate 1. spindles are a second type of conidia. b. A. Conidia in botryose clusters Epidermophytum 22:1336 2. STERILE MYCELIA far 14:1138. conidia of 4-5-radiate cells. Microsporum gypseum (Bod. globose to subglobose Montoyella a. Aleurispores and arthrospores present arthospores and hyphae with 3. Nannizzi (1926:85) has shown that. parasitic on algae fibrils Tubercle-like or sclerotia a.) Grigor.DERMOPHYTA— STERILE MYCELIA B. globose to subglobose. 22:1499 Conidia permanently lacking so as known. so-called ous or septate. Tuberculariaceae. These are probably hyphomycetous forms of Gymnascaceae. under favorable cultural conditions. Conidia of two kinds Microsporum 22:1335 1. the septate. Conidia of one kind only in culture. 16:1108. simple. Z 239 Not 1. produces asci and spores typical of Gymnascaceae. aleurispores are simple conidia acrogenous or pleurogenous on the hyphae or very short lateral branches. hyaline Riessia 4:627. have been traditionally included A. Conidia pleurogenous Malassezia c. usually hyaline and mostly elongate fusiform. Somewhat similar forms. usually producing in cultures. Lepraria. such as Aegerita and lUosporium. Since the diagnoses are not based upon the usual criteria. Conidia fusiform and septate B. Conidia acrogenous Pinoyella b. 231 Synnema composed of many hyphae Synnema clavate-capitate 2. parasitic in the and hair of man and other animals.

Hypha Hyphae without sporangium-like bodies Hyphae crustose. creeping. closely rigid. white to 6. dark. Cobwebby or byssoid a. terete or flattened. discolored corky cells of plants Himantia 14:1194 Xylostroma 14:1197 Phloeoconis 14:1197 . soft. 7.232 2. MONILIALES Maculiform a. Filaments single. not forming a continuous membrane Membrane-like. Hyphae cespitose. white within capilliform. brownish. Rhizomorpha 14:1180 dark. Forming black stromata in leaves and stems Not forming black stromata Ectostroma 14:1177 Cuticularia 22:1502 Root-like a. white or pale (1) Hyphae bodies with globose sporangium-like Helicosporangium S 149 Papulospora 4:58. evanescent. densely interwoven. broad. Hyphae cobwebby. interwoven Ozonium 14:1187 (1) Primary hyphae joined in bundles Rhacodium 14:1189 (2) Hyphae not fasciculate b. not fasciculate 5. b. Filaments rigid. dendritic. forming a continuous suberose or corious membrane Deformed. b. Clavariform Anthina 14:1184 a. Filaments fasciculate Clavariopsis 22:1502 b. S 149 14:1192 (2) c. Filaments Capillaria 14:1184 adhering 4. 3.

22:816 Rend. Berg. Ann. 1878. Elliott Del. nuovo ficomi- 1884. Arch. Sorosphaera Schroet. Protistenk. 1886. & T. saprolegniae Cornu bacillaris Olpidiopsis Fl. Ark. ill. ill. Zopf 233 . Pflanzenf. 9:238. S. Fitzpatrick 63. Molliardia Maire & Tison ill. Syll. brassicae Wor. callitrichis L. Nat. 12:109. radicalis M. 52:89. Ostenfeldiella Ferd. Riv. 12:23. Leop. S. Cystospora 114:1. Bot. Fung. ill. batata Elliott ovalis Scherf. Wiss. L. diplantherae F. 1884. 47:175 O. & Winge 1914. 1908. T. Krypt. Ligniera Maire & Tison 152:206 1911. veronicae Schroet. subterranea (Wallr. 1911. & W. 1925. Jahrb. 1916. hypogaea Borzi betae scauri Sorolpidium 29:48 Nemec Ber. Fitzpatrick 65. Schles. Ges. Act. 1:47 (Cornu) 1892. Rhizomyxa Borzi cete 6. Sorodiscus Lagerh. Rend. Debaisieux Comp. M. O. Veg. & W. Bot. Fitzpatrick 60. ill. S. E. Nemec Leger Sporomyxa Leger ill. parasitica Tetramyxa Goebel Flora 67:517 1884. A. R.List of Types and Synonyms PROTOCOCCALES PLASMODIOPHORACEAE Plasmodiophora Woronin 11:548. Spongospora Brunchorst 1886:219. Sta. 1887. saprolegniae (Cornu) Schroet. S.) Lag. patrick 63. Fiscli.) M. Goebel Genera Incertae Sedis Vel Dubia Anisomyxa Nemec 1913. C. 1923. Acad. P. Aarsber. Bot. 1911. Arch. Protistenk. Endospora Scherffel ill. Exp. Fitzpatrick 66. ill. Agr. 1892. Fl. Ectrogella Zopf Nov. 1913. Mus. C. OLPIDIACEAE Diplophysa Schroet. & T. Bot. Bull. Ann. Fitzpatrick 66. Fitzpatrick 61. Bull. ill. Myc. Deut. triglochinis (Moll. Comp. 1:135 S. Boheme Fitz- Pat. 28:648. plantaginis Nemec Coelomycidium 82:899 1919. E. 6:218 1913. Fitzpatrick 62. simulii Debais. Rabh. Int. & Winge Krypt. 1:1:85 D. Rhizomyxa.

1898. Bot. 1:180 O- endogenum (A. Cent. Sci. Freiburg 3:22 Miyabella Ito & & Woronin 1863. & Juel Bih. flahaulti Lagerh. Nat. Oedomyces Gen. Rabh. I. Act. 17:218 A. & W. Ann. Leop. Krypt. 54:145 Volkartia Maire 1913. M. (De Wild. for Asterocystis De Wild. Amoebochytrium Zopf Nov. & W. Fr. 1872. Nat. 190^. :433 P. sarcoptoides PeL . Ann. Tirol 322 1905. V.) L. 47:173 P- Pseudolpidiopsis Minden 5:255 1911. Kennt. 8:195 Woroninella Rac. See. Sci. Taphriium Lagerh. Hedwigia 29:143 1890. Pfl. 5:15:114. Reessia Fisch. 1884.) Sacc. Nat. Leop. Krypt. 6:409 O. 17:21 Gobi 1879 (Algae). 1917. puerariae (Henn. Freiburg 3:22 1863. Cornu Sci. Nat. 47:181 1903. de Bot. amoeboides Fisch. Olpidium Schroet. umbelliferarum (Rost. oedogoniorum De Wild. De B. 1886. 17 1884. Pleotrachelus Zopf 1884. Bull. Bot. S. fulgens Zopf Pleolpidium Fisch. Fl. Pflanzenkr. psophocarpi Rac. 1:443 P- Nov. Brandenb.) Pasch. Zeits. Bot. macrosporus Ung. Beitr. succisae Pycnochytrium De Bary & Woronin Verb. Rabh. W. 1892. PROTOMYCETACEAE Protomyces Unger Exanth. 5:15:114 Sci. fusiforme (Cornu) Fisch. Pradicis 1893. 5:15:114 W. Verb. Handl. Fitzpatrick 72. not Ann. Homma Rev. Cornu SYNCHYTRIACEAE Synchytrium De Bary Ges. 1 ill. Plasmophagus De Wild. Micr. O. Schles. CHYTRIDIACEAE Achlyella Lagerh. Vet. & H. Syll. A. 7:4:277 endogena Dang. 1895. leproides Trab. P.234 Olpidiopsis Cornu 1872. 19:219 1892. T. See. Krypt. Fung. P- schenkiana (Zopf) Minden septigena Cornu Rozella Cornu Ann. Ann. rhaetica (Volk. Soc. Belg. A. Fl. Mag. Ges. S. 341 1833.) Schroet. PROTOCOCCALES Ann. monoblepharidis (Cornu) Fisch. polycystis Woronina 1872. Belg. Fl. Krypt. R. Tokyo 40:110 1894. Fl. Sphaerita Dangeard 1886. Nat. Olpidiaster 35:2:578 Pascher Beih. Micr. O. rhizidioides Zopf Asterophlyctis Petersen Jour. Nat. 1926. Act. Bot. P.) Maire & J. leucanthemi Magn. 22:790 P. fusiformis Cornu Pseudolpidium Fisch. Br. Sven. R. Chytr. taraxaci De B. Protomycopsis Magnus Pilz. 27:16 1902.

Akad. 47:188 RPetersen Jour. de Bot. 1:1:78 1892. 1907. Petr. hyalothecae Lagerh. Arch. Cohn Beitr. dangcardi Serb. as subgen. Cohn Deut. & W.) Mon. Xat. Ges. Hort. Physoderma Wallr. Fulminaria Gobi 15:282 1903. mycophilum A. Br. Ber. Biol. Dangeardia Schroder 16:314. acutum Dang. Diplophlyctis Schroet. 235 Sorokin A. Biol. Mon. N. Crypt. Pfl. O. Phlyctochytrium Schroet. Obelidium Nowakowski 2:86. Now. 1907. globosum Pet. Sporophlyctis Serbinow ill. Krypt. 1892. willei Zygorhizidium Lowenthal 5:228. Krypt. 1:414 E. Ges. Saccomyces Serbinow 24:162. Beitr.) Schroet. Pflanzcnf. Akad. tenue Cladochytrium Nowakowski Pfl. 1876. Rabh. Lcop. Braun 591 1884. Harpochytrium 1890. 1885:41. R- 1856. Pfitzer Sitzb. Fl. anguillulae Sor. de apophysatus Zopf Rhizoclosmatium 17:216 1903. Beitr. ill. Urophlyctis Schroet. Br. Lagerh. 1904. Rhizophidium Schcnk Wiirzburg 8:245 Rhizophlyctis Fisch. Lowen. Br. R. Chytridium 1850. Fitzpatrick 106. Verj. laterale (A. Med. pulposa (Wallr. globosum A. Hort. F- mucophila Gobi Rhabdium Dangeard Nowakowskia 1885. P. Phlyctidium A. 1833. 1876. 1882. Pliys. 24:116. P.) Fisch. ill. Z. Schroet. Entophlyctis Fisch. Petr. 164. 1:61. Cohn Berl. Rhizidiomyces Zopf Nov. 60:198 62 Jahrbr. 1892. 107. RVerli. Myc. Ges. Germ. Fflanzcnf. ill. S. 1:1:78 mamillata Schrod. U. Nat. Script. Bot. . Ann. N. Bot. Protistenk. intestina Schroet. Polyphagus Nowakowski Pfl. Bot. 198 C. Br. rostrata Serb. Script. D. Br. ill. Biol.CHYTRIDIACEAE Catenaria 1876. oUa A. S. Wiss. mucronatum Now. hormothecae Borzi elegans (Now. 1898. Ges. Hedwigia 29:142 H. rosea (De B. Ann. 1:119 RScript. 22:23. PFl. RFl. Schles. cienkowskiana (Zopf) Fisch. Hort. 2:192 P- macular e Wallr. Bot. DNat. Rhizidium A. Bot. Berl. Pflanzcnf. Siphonaria 1903. Nat. Nowakowskiella 1:1:82 1892. 1889. ill. Braun Wiss. 1892. Tctr. Sci. Rabh. Petersen Jour. Bot. 17:220 S.) Schroet. P- Podochytrium 1870. 2:203. 1858. Act. variabilis Pet. 6:4:67 C. Nied-rhein.) Schroet. clavatum Pfitzer euglenae Now. C. Braun Erschein. ill. 2:92 1876.111. Borzi Cent. Minden hydrodictyi (A.

1876. decolorans Protascus ill. 58:353. lb. Univ. Polyrhina Sorokin Ann.. SPIROGYRALES MUCORACEAE Absidia van Tiegh. L. Myc. Myc. der decolorans (Wolk) Rams. 1:55 Micromyces Dan gear d Scherffel 1926. Fung. 4:43 Bakt. P. Zeit. 51 :43 1893. Fitz- patrick 245. ill. Myc..) Vuill. Lendner Myc. Bull. Fr. Lendner ill. A. 1874. 1905. marinus Juel ananasi Sideris spilanthidis Lagerh. Rhizidiocystis Sideris Phytopathology 19:376 1929. Fitzpatrick 110. Suisse 129 1908. Pseudoabsidia Bainier 19:153. Lendner Fitzpatrick repens B. multiformis Sor. ill. Cent. verticillatus Beauv. Leop. H. L.. Zeit. cristata Scherf. comprimens Zopf Macrochytrium Minden 8:824 1902. M. Fitzpatrick 110. Lichtheimia Vuill. 47:187 1884. R. zygogoni Dang. M. Fitzpatrick 109. Ann. Mitochytridium Dangeard 27:202 Myc. 1913. Fitzpatrick 107. ill. Berl. Fitz- patrick 245. 19:124 Lendner Mucor. . 32:305 Z. Trans. Bot. Cent. Fitzpatrick 245. cf. 19:116 lb. T. Akad. Micromycopsis 54:202. P. ill. ill. 1903. Fr. Dan. P. saccardoi (Oud. S. Bull. Fitzpatrick 87. corymbifera Vuill. not Dangeard P. ill. & De Syll. Mycocladus Beauverie s. Ann. 1914. 3:153. Lyon n. lb. ill. Protistenk. 1876.236 SPIROGYRALES Genera Incertae Sedis Vel Dubia Eurychasma Magnus 1905. B. Wolkia Ramsbottom 5:143 W. 1900. Org. 1903. Blakeslea Thaxt. cf. & De T. dicksoni (Wright) Magn. 1888. trispora Thaxt. Bull. P. septata van Tiegh. Sorokin 32:307 T. ill. M. M. Sirolpidium Petersen 480. 1911. Tieghemella 7:215 245. Nied. M. Soc. 1889. 1903. Hedwigia 44:347. Nat. 1804. Fr. Soc. Soc. 1903. Sci. Vid. cf. 6:4:313. triceps Sor. 1914. Van Wolk Myc. Sci. 6:4:65. Fitzpatrick 71. Bot. 1:163. Tetrachytrium 1874. Fitzpatrick 245. lb. Fitzpatrick 110. Gaz. 26:1. cf. Lendner T. Zeit. vulgaris Bain. aurantiacum Sor. Act. E. Forh. Soc. botryoides Minden Le Botaniste Arch. Wolk Zygochytrium Sorokin Bot. Fitzpatrick 108. cf. bryopsidis (de Bruyne) Pet. Pyrhosorus Juel Bih. Overs. ramosum Dang. Proabsidia Vuill. 1901. R. Fr. Brit. infestans Zopf Hyphochytrium Zopf Latrostium Zopf Fitzpatrick 91. Rhodochytrium Lagerh. Nov. Bull. Sven. Nat. Beitr. Bot. Handl. Soc..

Myc. 1729. Mortierella Coemans 2:15:536 1863. ill. Belg. 110 1780. Cunninghamella Matr.) Schroet. Pilaira van Tiegh. spinosa v. Sci. 1873. repens Bain.. circinans Bain. cf. Act. Soc. Fitzpatrick 247. 1888. 237 jonesi Fres. 97 1863.) Matr. Heft. H. H. 1866. bisporale Thaxt. 362. Fitzpatrick 263.) Sacc. D. Haplosporangium Thaxter lb. 1905. Mag. 1883. 2:113 P- & S. Syzygites Ehrenb. Freunde Berlin P- Tode Hydrogera Wigg. C. Prim. ill. Fitzpatrick 251. & Schm. Myk. megalocarpus Ehrenb. 6:1:66 S. Myc. Abh. C. Ann. C. ill. P. Ges. P. Dissophora Thaxt. racemosum Cohn . ill. mucedo (L. ill. Link Sp. 17:508 Bot. 64:184 1886. Choanophora Currey 13:578. Nat. lb. Sylv. P. 1:217 1886. echinulata (Thaxt. Fitzpatrick 251. Schles. Lendner Mucor. Sporodinia Link Sp. anomala (Ces. Schrift. Myc. T. ill. Fl. fusiger (Lk. Fr. D. Nat. infundibula (Curr. 334. Ges. 1875. Jahrb. polycephala Coem. Meckl. Syncephalastrum Schroet. 1903. Nat. Herpocladium 1:213 1886. stolonifer Ehrenb. Fung. grandis Lk. 6:15:84. C. Soc. Myk. cf. circinans Schroet. Bainier Lendner Fitzpatrick 251. Ann. 25 S. H. S. Ehrenb. Nat.) Lk. Bot. 6:80 Chlamydomucor Brefeld Unters. crystaUinus (Wigg. Bot. infundibulifera Curr. PI. Sci. Berol.) van Tiegh. Nat. Gaz. cf. Myc. Krypt. Lendner lb. racemosus Bref. D. Beitr. 58:361. 10:198 RSci. Syll. Hols. japonicum Saito fulva Schroet. 5:17:261. Acad. 1875. 7:225 Bull. Schles. Krypt. cornuta van Tiegh. Leop. Fl.. Schroet.) K. Spinellus van Tiegh. 1824.) crystaUina Wigg. P- minima Tode simplex Bain. cf. Ann. Fitzpat- rick 251. H. 6:1:160. Bull. circinans Schroet. ill. & le M. decumbens Thaxt. 1904. PI. Nat. M. Piptocephalis De Bary 5:356. 6:1:5 1875.MUCORACEAE Chaetocladium Fres. ill. lb. 1818. Senck. Fitzpatrick C. 1914. 1791. Ann. Syll. Rhizopus 1820. PI. Ann. Pflanzenf. 1914. 6:94 1824. Schles. Phycomyces Kze. Nov. 215. Dispira van Tiegh. Glomerula Bainier 19:154. 1:46 1903. G. Dicranophora Schroet. Fung. 1823. Herpocladiella Schroet. 2:5 lb. Fl. A. & le Mon. 1889. Hydrophora Tode Parasitella Fung. nitens (Ag. Circinella van Tiegh. Sci. Linn. Bot. Fung. S.. De Bary Pirella Bainier Ann. Suisse 69 H. 8:223 1908. Nat. M. freseniana Pilobolus 5:46 Tode 1784. 1:1:130 1893. Sci. Nat. Mucor Micheli Nov. ill. Gen. Tokyo Actinocephalum Saito 19:1 C. Jour. Cunninghamia Currey 261. Fung. 1873.

ill. Ann. Mag. Fr. Gliocephalis Matr. Freunde T. Hoehn. Fr. 57:291. Belg. ill. ie z-b. alabastrina Sacc. & Mon. 5:17:392 & le Mon. G. 2:63 1845. cf. & le M. 1898. T. S. Bot. 1909. Fung. Kjob. ill. p. Nat. 1863. Myk. Bulbothamnidium Wien Sci. 1870. & Br. Myc. Klein Verh. Ges. Chaetostylum van Tiegh. Thamnidium Link 3:31 1809. Fitzpatrick 272. coremioides B. Ges. Acad. Bull. Proc. Giorn. 8:905 Thaxt. 57:328 A. elegans Corda 1906. For. p. Myk. & Br. 5:18. Thamnocephalis Blakeslee ill. T. pisiformis Lk. 1904. Glomus 1879. elegans Corda Genera Incertae Sedis Vel Dubia Actinomucor Schostak. Am. 40:161. Kickxella Coemans ill. ill. Spinalia Vuill. Bull. Mag. Fr. Sci. G. Ackermannia 18:180.238 Syncephalis van Tiegh. Fitzpatrick 272. Am. Fitzpatrick 265. Nat. 1883. cordata v. Vid. Jour. Her. Medd. Soc. Akad. Coemansiella Sacc. Helicostylum Corda 1842. Soc. elegans Klein freseni v. C. Syll. repens Schostak. 1875. 1873. Sclerocystis B. Sitzb. Myc. S. Soc. Ges. & le M. Acad. ill. Fitzpatrick 257. Fitzpatrick 272. C. Myc. A. Nat. Deut. ill. Naturf. Hoehn. Glaziella Berk. cf. Gaz. SPIROGYRALES & le Mon. Nat. 31:31 E. & le M. 20:557. 1899. 264 1922. 14:829 Tul. 1873. 3:33. Soc. Ann. vesiculosa Berk. Coemansia van Tiegh. 1:155. 1809. Nat. 1862. B. dussi Pat. alabastrina Coemans Martensella Coemans 2:15:544. Ann. Bull. borneensis Hoehn. macrocarpus Tul. ill. Bull. 55 H. Wien Fung. 1902. . 1913. 12:61 Boedijn Ann. Bot. Myc. Hot. 24:1320 E. 1905. 2:815 Sci. C. p. R. Acad. crystalligena van Tiegh. quadrupedata Blak. Syll. Dimargaris van Tiegh. japonicus (Saito) Ricker radians Vuill. 15:254. ill. M. T. Thaxt. Berl. p. Linn. Frag. Pat. Freunde ill. Soc. Fung. Ann. ill. Sci. Bull. Bot. Icon. 14:137 S. Fung. 25:162 1927. pectinata Coemans Rhopalomyces Corda 1839. 5:17:261. Frag. 1902. ill. 5:17:328 1873. 1928. Belg. hyalina Matr. T. ill. D. 1899. cf. 6:1:154. Syll. Endogonella 122:294. 16:155. K. Prachtflora 3. 1922. Ital. Hoehn. elegans Lk. Myc. Roy. ENDOGONACEAE Endogone Link Berlin 1889. 50 G. Saitomyces Ricker Jour. reversa v. Proc. 20:32. 1873. S.

Proc. 474 Sphaerocreas 1880-82.) Entomophthora 14:882 1856. Michelia Hoehn. Biol. E. ranarum Eidam complens Lohde utriculosus Bref. Syll. Br. 1:58 T. ill. Pfl. p. Bot. culicis (A. Completoria Lohde 1874. Tarichium Cohn p. Myk. 11:514. ochraceus Ces. Ges. Brefeld Unters. Fung. & Ell. Fung. VAUCHERIALES SAPROLEGNIACEAE Achlya Nees ill. Sacc. Jahrb. 239 Cesati Syll. Beitr. Bot. ill. Deut. 1898. ill. Fitzpatrick 311. Zeit.EMPUSACEAE— ASCOIDEACEAE— SAPROLEGNIACEAE Xenomyces ill. Empusa Cohn Nov. Napoli 8:26. C. 4:679 Stigmatella Sacc. Am. prolifera Nees toruloides K. 9:91. ill. Beitr. S. 1886. setulosa Torr. ill. Hoehn. paradoxus Holt. Thaxt. Naturf. M. Mus. . albidus Lagerh. X. D. Fitzpatrick 288. Lamia Nowakowski 8:153. ill. alvei Betts Oscarbrefeldia Pericystis Betts Holtermann Fitzpatrick O. Biol. Fitzpatrick 292. 17:167. Eidam 1886. cf. Frag. Fitzpatrick 312. A. cf. 25:301. Frag. 264 pubescens S. Unters. 1891. 24:1320 1913. Leop. 47:203 Conidiobolus Brefeld 1884. I. pellucida Holt. Fitzpatrick 286. 1919. Fitzpatrick 167. Accad. 1855. pubescens Sacc. 1928. & C. 57:326 1922. N. Pam. Frag. Trop. 24:549 rubescens Bref. Wiss. E. Fung. Myc. 1879. Syll. Att. 1875. 1903. Syll. Genera Incertae Sedis Vel Dubia Menezesia Torrend Broteria 11 :172. Act. Cohn cf. Act. lb. EMPUSACEAE Basidiobolus 4:181. C. mirabilis Syd. Unters. P. Y. muscae Cohn sphaerosperma Fres. megaspermum Cohn cicadina Pk. Massospora Peck 31:44 M. ASCOIDEACEAE Ascoidea 1891. 1884. 1909. Fres. Jour. Myk. 1892. Dipodascus Lagerh. 1928. 1879. Myk. A. cf. Pfl. P. Akad. Now. Ann. ill. Hist. Nov. Leop. 4:35.. p. 8:231. Acad. 2:582 S. Fung. Myk. p. 264. cf. Am. 9:340 1910. Bot. 1909. ill. & E. Bot. Hoehn. Myk. Genera Incertae Sedis Vel Dubia Conidiascus Holtermann 23 311. Rep. C. Nat. 1823. B. 17:142 Plenophysa Syd. Isoachlya KauflFman 1921. Myk. 24:1321 Ann. Krakau L.

bacillariacearum Scherf. 46:632 Bull. proliferum Schenk . D. P. Elisha Mitchell Soc. R- myriandra Drech. A. Aplanes De Bary Bot. Bot. 164. A. = N. reinschi? Nat. Sapromyces Fritsch 1892. Fitzpatrick 171. Phil. Thaxt. Jour. Lagenidium Schenk Wiirzburg 9:27 Myzocytium Schenk 70 1858. Deut. pirifera (Zopf) Pring. cf. Leptolegnia De Bary Bot. Vork. 42:333 S. A. caudata De Bary Leptomitus Agardh Apodya Cornu L. ANCYLISTACEAE Achlyogeton Schenk Ancylistes Pfitzer 1872:379. Gaz. pulchra Thaxt. Bull. L. 26:502 1868. Zeit. Nemec Sommerstorffia Arnaudow Flora 116:109 1923. brauni De Bary De Bary Ber. Bot. 11:514 S. Sci. lb. Dictjmchus Leitgeb Bot. Araeospora Thaxt. Protistenk. N.) Nees reinschi (Schroet.240 Protoachlya Coker 1923. & H. Act. M. Fitzpatrick 170. Thraustotheca Humphrey Soc. Bot. ill. P. Berlin Verh. reinschi Schroet. Bot. Pflanzenf. Wiss. cymosa De Bary . Geolegnia Coker 41:153. sp. Leop. Soc. 17:398 1859. Plectospira Drechsler 1927. Genera Incertae Sedis Vel Dubia Aphanomycopsis 52:1. ill. Zeit. 1:1:104. Zeit. I. Wiss. Kontr. S. 1893. 1883. entophytus Schenk closterii Pfitzer Mon. Soc. G. Bot. Apodachlya Pringsheim 1:288. ill. Oest. De Bary 1888. 18:53 interruptum Cornu ferax (Gruith. Gaz. 1894. spinosa Arnaud. Bot. Am. 46:631 Syst. Bot. Bot.. ill. A. 42:207. Zell. Fitzpatrick 173. Brevilegnia Coker & Couch Jour. 1871. salicis Jaraia ill. subclavata Couch achlyoides Coker Calyptralegnia Coker 162. Naegeliella Schroet. Alg. Pythiopsis 1871. Res. Zeits. A. 18:1. ill. Ges. N. ill. VAUCHERIALES Saprolegniaceae Jahrb. 1888. 90 P' paradoxa Coker levis Aphanomyces De Bary 2:179 1860. Zeit. L. 14:301 Cornu Mindeniella Kanouse 1927. Naegelia Reinsch Jahrb. 11:289. Bot. 34:294 Bot. J. Fr. spinospora Kan. Scherflfel Arch. Nemec Acad. Zeit. 1893. ill. Agr. monosporus Leitgeb inflata C. 21:317. Rhipidium Cornu Saprolegnia 1823. Fr. 1893. rabenhorsti Zopf Ueb. 1925. 17:63. 46:650. 19:49. A.) Fritsch Nees Nov. 219. Boheme 1913. Jour. Fitzpatrick C. T. M. Fitzpatrick Mitchell Soc. clavata Humph. 1925. ill. 1878. 1857. 43:420 Bot. Phys. ill. 1888. 18:53 lacteus Ag. Med. 1896. Ges. ill. B. lactea Bull. Akad. Jour. Elisha 1927. not Regel et al. Am. 47 1824. Trans. ill. AA. Wiss.

Exp. 1910. B. 1911. Micr. Peronoplasmopara Clint. Conn. Corda Fung. 1906. P. Arrang. Saw. Phloeophthora Klebahn Cent. Fitzpatrick 203. entospora R. 1876. Fitzpatrick 127.PERONOSPORACEAE Genera Incertae Sedis Vel Dubia 241 Lagena Vanterpool Res.) De De Phytophthora De Bary Jour. & Ledingham Can. 3:8:371 1847. 2:96.) Clint. reducta De Wild. 8:528. Bremiella Wilson Peronospora 1837. & S. Ann. Tokyo 17:306 K. Unters. 1905. ill. C. & C. P.) Wilson Falck Myc. 1 :20. subuliformis Dang. ill. 13:566 1913. cubensis (B. Soc. Fitzpatrick 126. Mycelophagus Mangin 1903. cambiovora Petri cyperi (M.) Lev. ill. Club 34:398 R. L. 136:471 M. 9:207. Jour. L. ill. B. B. Nat. Bull. 1901. Fr. Lagenidiopsis De Wild.) Gray candidus (Pers. Bot. ill. 2:40. ill. Rend. Ann.) Rost. & L. Nat. & Cohn) Peth. Mag. ill. Agr. Resticularia Le Botaniste lb. Fl. Gaz. Myc. Nat. Rhysotheca Wilson Pythiogeton Minden 2:228. R. Smith & Smith Bot. 1914. Ann. syringae Kleb. P. ill. Peth. Fitzpatrick 126. Myc. Pseudoperonospora Rostowzew 92:422. 1904:329 Fitzpatrick 218. Soc. P. Mitochytrium Dangeard 27:200. Belg. Blepharospora Petri 3:3. P. 5:11:84 1869. Agr. 1916. Inst. Soc. Berl. Cystopus Lev. Soc. P. Dublin Sci. 1906. Fitzpatrick 218. Riv. Proc. n. C. Naz. Kawakamia Miyabe 1903. PERONOSPORACEAE Albugo Gray 1821. Flora P. Fitzpatrick 208. Basidiophora Roze & Cornu Ann. P. England 2:12:239. B. utriforme Minden . Krypt. Jour. 1922. gonapodyodes Pet. nodosa Dang. Bull.) 1918. ill. ill. radicicola V. Formosa 1907. 1905. 11:259. Ent. Path. P. cactorum (Leb. geranii (Pk. 12:61 1906. citrophthora S. Pythiomorpha Petersen ill. 1:236 P. Bremia Regel Bot. 1889. 1924. 3:192. Protascus Dangeard. s. ill. Fitzpatrick 220. Myc. 1903. Bakt.) Schroet. 1930. Schles. ill. 20:109 1896. Zeit. ramosum Dang. Fitzpatrick 127. Brit. Torr. megasperma (Berl. Res. Plasmopara Schroet. cubensis (B. 1:540 A. Rep. Sta. infestans (Mont. Ber. Fitzpatrick 208. castaneae Mang. ill. Pseudoplasmopara Sawada Rep.) Wilson B. Dangeard 1891. Fitzpatrick 207. 2:15 :336 Nozemia N. justiciae & & C. 1843. M. 6:195. parasitica (Pers. & I. P. Pythiocystis 42:215.) Miy. nivea (Ung. Subgen. For. PI. Sci. lactucae Regel Mycologia Icon. B. Sci. Fitzpatrick 128. 1:665 Candida (Pers. Roy. Comp. Ann. 1st.

MeeresunS. ill. graminicola (Sacc. regignens Laib. Pythium Pringsheim debaryanum Hesse Schroet. D. Genera Dubia Coelomyces Keilin 1921. ill. Bot. Genus Incertae Sedis Myrioblepharis Thaxter 1895. 1:4:382. ill. Krypt. Bot. C. Fitzpatrick 199. Nat. ill.) 1858. 12:163. Zeits. ill. 1911. 1:304 P. 25:1. sphaerica Cornu Bih. 18:58 M. 1927. Apstein ill. & B. M. 1922. B. 1892. Pflanzenf. Elisha Septocladia Coker & Grant Mitchell Soc. 1878. 1893. Akad. G- prolifera (Cornu) Fisch. Gonapodya Fisch. Rabh. stegomyiae Keil. ill. 66:603. dichotoma C. Butler 1911. Gaz. 1923. S. 1900. Bot. Fl. paradoxa Thaxt. & G. Fl.) Schroet. Jahrb. Trachysphaera Tabor 37:156. Z. 25:1023. Fitzpatrick 135. Fitzpatrick 140. 11:298. ill. Krypt. insignis (Thaxt. Genus Incertae Sedis Stigeosporium West Fitzpatrick 209. Diblepharis Lagerh.242 VAUCHERIALES Jahrb. Fr. Ann. Monoblephariopsis Laibach Jahrb. 1:236 Som. Bot. Bot. 30:357 1916. Parasitology 13:225. Handl. S. Bot. Bot. & Bunting Ann. S. Wiss. Bot. M. Wiss. Schles. 1:1:104 Zoophagus Sommerstorff Oest. Sderospora Schroet. 37:180. ill. 1911. (Fisch. 1889. balticus Apstein Synchaetophagus ters. Sven. 20:433. marattiacearum West BLASTOCLADIACEAE Blastocladia Reinsch ill. . Bot. Jour.) Schroet. T. Soc. Fitzpatrick 196. Wiss. MONOBLEPHARIDACEAE Monoblepharis Cornu 1871. Fitzpatrick 142. 61:361. Bull. Nematosporangium N. AUomyces A.) Lagerh. ill. monospermum insidians (Pring. fructigena T. Wiss. pringsheimi Reinsch arbuscula Butler Ann.

Am. Proc. . 1857. 12:n.3:267 Mem. Monoecomyces Thaxt. Arts 1895. furcillatus Thaxt. Am. 243 nycteribiae (Peyr. 28:183 1893. Hydraeomyces Thaxt. 1895. Ent. Sci. Acad. Proc. africanus Thaxt. Thaxt. Arts D. Arts C. Camptomyces Thaxt. Acad. Sci. Enarthromyces Thaxt. Acad. Acad. Am. 12:n. Sci. 13:n. 37:37 Am. Am. Acompsomyces Thaxt. Arts A. Eucantharomyces Thaxt. Am. Arts Sci. Polyascomyces Thaxt. Arts P. Proc. Arts 1895. Arts 1892. 35:414 1900. Acad. Sci. 1890. Arts Sci. Euhaplomyces Thaxt. Proc. Sci. E. D. Dimorphomyces Thaxt. Acad. bledii Thaxt. Monats. melanorus Peyr. Acad. calif ornicus Haplomyces Thaxt. Clidiomyces Thaxt. Proc. 37:37 1901. Am. denticulatus Thaxt. Acad. curvata Thaxt. 1901. Proc. Stichomyces Thaxt. H.) Thaxt. Eumonoecomyces Thaxt. Arts M. Arts E.3:276 Mem. Arts L. Acad. Peyritschiella Thaxt. indicus Thaxt. conosomae Thaxt. Arts A. Am.3:273 Mem. 28:157 Am. ill. 35:412 1900. C Sci. corticariae Thaxt. Limnaeomyces Thaxt. Sci. Acad. Sci. Arts 1908. Arts P. Mem. :66 A. Acad. Chitonomyces Thaxt. ancyrophori Thaxt. Acad. Sci. 37:25 Proc. (Kleidiomyces). Arts S.3:293 Mem. Arts Sci. Proc. 1 28:158 1893. Arts E. E. Sci. Proc. Acad. 1895. 1901. atrani Thaxt. Am. 1901. 1893. C. Arts D. 27:30 Am. Am. H. Sci. Sci. Am. LABOULBENIACEAE Amorphomyces Thaxt. 1899. Acad.LABOULBENIALES PEYRITSCHIELLACEAE Acallomyces Thaxt. Dichomyces Thaxt. Acad. 37:21 Proc.6:280. Am. 24:8 Am. Proc. Proc. falagriae Thaxt. furciferus Thaxt. Proc. Arts A. melanopus Thaxt. Acad. Sci. Sci. 12:n. Am. homalotae Thaxt. Sci. Arthrorhynchus Kol. Am. Am. 29:100 1894. 38:23 1902. Cantharomyces Thaxt. Am. Acad. tropisterni Thaxt. ScL 35:428 Sci. Wien. homalotae Thaxt. 1900. Acad. Arts C. Aoad. 12:n. Proc. Am. Sci. Dimeromyces Thaxt. Proc. trichophyae Thaxt. 28:159 1893. halipli Thaxt. Am. 24:9 Proc. papuanus Thaxt. Acad. Acad.

Thaxt. 30:468 1895. Proc. 1900. Am. 1901. 1905. chaetophilus Thaxt. Am. Proc. Proc. Proc. Sci. Acad. verticillatus Clematomyces Thaxt. Am. 29:97 1894. Stigmatomyces 78 Karst. lathrobii Thaxt. Sci. Am. 28:162 Par. Am. S. Acad. entomophila Pk. Symplectromyces Thaxt. dahlii Ceraeomyces Thaxt. Proc. 1895. 622 Sci. Arts 13 :n. Sci. Sci. Proc. Chaetomyces Thaxt. Arts M. Acad. wasmanni Cav. Helminthophana Peyr. R. 29:95 1869. 1853. Sci. 38:26 1902. Proc. C Am. Teratomyces Thaxt. peyritschi Thaxt. Acad. 41 :308 Arts D. Am. 1902. Eucorethromyces Arts Thaxt. Sci. Am. Acad. Moschomyces Thaxt. mirificus Thaxt. Acad. Acad. Am. 13:n. 1893. Am. Arts R. Proc. 38:95 1885. Y.6:314 1893. Rhachomyces Thaxt. 28:182 Proc. Am. Proc. 68:250 1873. pinophili Thaxt. & Rob. 1908. A. Rickia Cav. Acad. 26:410 Proc. Rhizomyces Thaxt. speluncalis Thaxt. D. Ectinomyces Thaxt. actobianus Thaxt. Veg.6. Sci. Acad. Mem. tenophorus Thaxt. leptochiri Thaxt. europeae Thaxt. 12:n. Acad. insignis Thaxt. 6:296 1894. Arts Sci. 13:n. Diplomyces Thaxt. Am. Arts C. Acad. Proc. Arts R. aptonii Thaxt. 1893. 1908. Sci. Smeringomyces Thaxt. Mem. Sci. 1900. Acad. Acad. Arts R. Am. L. Wien H. Proc. entomophilus (Pk. Sci. Acad.) Thaxt. 27:36 1892. crustatus Thaxt. N. Sci. acuminatus Thaxt. Acad. Rept. 38:11 Proc. Arts H. pinophiU Thaxt. Appendicularia Pk. anthici Thaxt. CERATOMYCETACEAE Autoecomyces Thaxt. Sci. Acad. A. . Sci. Am. Sci.244 LABOULBENIALES Sitzb. Arts C. Arts E. Pflanzenzelle S. Dioecomyces Thaxt. State Bot. Proc. 35:433 Herpomyces Thaxt. Acad. Arts Am. Am. Am. Sci. Arts C. trichopterophilus Thaxt. 28:178 35:439 29:96 1893. Distichomyces Thaxt. Thaxt. Malpighia 13:182 1899. Laboulbenia Mont. I. Sci. Acad. Acad. 37:33 Proc. cryptobii Thaxt. Arts C. Arts Hist. Chem. Acad. Sci. Am. Rhadinomyces Thaxt. Acad. Sci. Am. Arts T. Am. 30:468 28:179 1895. Sphaleromyces Thaxt. S. Arts 1894. 1901. Compsomyces Thaxt. Arts 434 1908. E. Corethromyces Thaxt. vulgaris Thaxt. Acad.3:307 Mem. Mem. Idiomyces Thaxt. Am. anomalus Thaxt. Sci. Arts S. nycteribiae Peyr. Nat. Proc. Arts D.

GYMNASCALES ENDOMYCETACEAE Bargellinia Borzi 1909. Endyllium Clem. palmata van Tiegh. Gen. 1919. 1887. Syll. elephantinus Thaxt. Rend. Soc. Oleinis Clem. diffusum (van Tiegh. anomala (Hans. ill. Arts C. O. 1902. Arts Sci. Monospora Metschnikoff 96:178.) Syd. Proc. Bot. ill. M. ill. Am. Euzodiomyces Thaxt. 1892. H. E. not C. C. Am. Acad. alpinus Gruss. Arts C. rhyncophorus Thaxt. 7:273. mirabilis Thaxt. Guilliermondia Nad. Bot. Genev.) Clem. Soc.) Keil. I. 35:449 1900. M. ill. O. Zodiomyces Thaxt. Coreomyces Thaxt. Acad. 37:44 27:34 38:56 1901. ill. Lab. ill. Ital. Fung. bicuspidata Metschn. Acad. vorticellarus Thaxt. not Hochstet. fulvescens Nad. Arts Sci. or 1884. Am. 22:786 Gruss 1926. & Kon. 455. Tids. Ann. decipiens (Tul. Bot. Am. albus Eremascus Eidam Cohn Beitr.. Myc. SACCHAROMYCETACEAE Coccidiascus Chatton 75:117. Nadsonia Syd. lateralis (van Tiegh. Arts E. Giorn. P. Am. ill. Am. E. Sci.) Clem. Solier 1845. E. Rend. Muell.) Clem. Fung. 1887. H. 176 1909. & Kon. Sci. 17:44 Hansen 1904. Mem. Jard. cymbalariae Borzi nodosa van Tiegh. ill. Rhyncophoromyces Thaxt. Wiss. Bot. 1911. globosus (Kloeck. 6:432 1908.. . 1913. B. Am. Sci. 245 Proc. R. 6:431 Mem. Biol. 94.. Willia Ann. N. 24:263 1889. 11 1870.) Reess Byssochlamys Westling Sveii. Petersb. E. 1 :292. Eremothecium Borzi Nuov. fulvescens (Nad. Jour.ENDOMYCETACEAE— SACCHAROMYCETACEAE Caenomyces Thaxt. Malpiphia 2:476 1888. Proc. B. Parasitology 12:89. for Debaryomyces Kloeck.) Clem. ill. 17:299 1925. Oleina van Tiegh. 1908. 1909. Podocapsium Clem. P. Proc. lathrobii Thaxt. for Magnusiomyces Zander Bot.) Syd. 13 :n. Micranthomyces 66:177. Z. Ceratomyces Thaxt. Sci. Comp. G. 1841. 1913. Myc. not Boud. Acad. 10:347 1912. Podocapsa van Tiegh. Isomyces Clem. for 1899. Bot. Unters. Virchow Arch. Jahrb. corisae Thaxt. Oleina ascis lateralibus et sporis globosis. 13 :n. isomali Thaxt. Bot. Arts C. Acad. Eidam 1888. Comp. Acad. Jour. Hydrophilomyces Thaxt. bicuspidata (Metschn. Carlsb. Arts. 3:385 1883. Bull. Monosporella Keilin 1920. 11:116. Proc. & Ken. 1904. monospora Borzi nivea Westl. Sci. 1:289. legeri Chatton Hansenula Syd. M. 2:134 Endomyces Reess Bull. magnusi (Ludw. Acad.

Eidam D. S. paradoxus Holterm.) Clem. Espan. Hansenia Lindner Mikr. Brauer. Schizosaccharis Lindner 1893. Att. for Zygosaccharomyces. occidentalis (Kloeck. Bull. Soc. Bull. 31:226 1884. 1897. spinosa M. ill. Gar.. niger Schroet. Bakt. Pichia Hansen 1838. gossypii (Ash. & F. 19:89. E. 17:123 1901. T. apiculata (Lindn. Fr. Fr. 3:274 1880. Hexagonella Stev. Saccharomycopsis Schionning Comp. Betriebs. Gymnascus Baran. 4:2:100 Meyen Saccharomycodes Hansen Cent. . Line. P. & Dass. gaillardi B. A. Zonosporis Clem. Krypt. Soc. Lab. Bakt. Arachniotus 3:210 1898. Williopsis Zender 10:12:42 1925. serratus Ctenomyces Eidam Cohn Beitr. Dichotonium B. Bakt. 2:12:538 1904. & Now. 2:25:294 Proc. Inst. & A. M.) C. 6:124 1906. Betriebs. Bull. Bot. Myc. Wochens. Soc. Zeit. Soc. 30:158 1872. Syll. S. for Schwanniomyces Kloeck. ludwigi Hans. London saturnus (Kloeck. Genev. 23 C. Rend. for Schizosaccharomyces. reessi Baran. Krypt. 2:30:148 1911. apiculata Lindner delbruecki Lindner Bot. or Zopf 1905. H. 1901. Eidamella Matr. Gymnascus polysporus. peleae Stev. cerevisiae Saccharomyces Meyen Wiegm. Roy. Arch. Schles. pombe Lindner apiculata (Reess) Clem. Fr. Soc. Zygosaccharis Barker 68:347 1909. Univ.246 GYMNASCALES Peglion Frag. Lilliputia Boud. candidus (Eidam) Schroet. GYMNASCACEAE Amaurascus 3:211 Schroet Schroet. nidulans (Eidam) Lang. Cent. Pat. 24:1306 1928. A. myriosporus (Rostr.) Zikes H. Carlsb. barkeri S. Bull. 1893. 2:108 1823. for Hanseniospora Zikes Cent. N. Fung. & S. Heft. Rend. Conidiascus Holterm. Trop. & D. Cif. Flor. C. Myc. membranifaciens Hans. Flor. Bakt. Myc. Myk. not Karst. M. Myrillium Clem. W. & 16:144 L. ruber van Tiegh. 1893. Nematospora 5:6:276 Accad. 87:344 1922. 1925. Myxotrichum Kze. Grevillea 3:146 & Guba Bishop Mus. Diplostephanus Langeron Comp. 28:379 coryli Peglion Ashbia 1928. M.) Clem. Torulospora Lindner 421 1905.. Gar. H. & C. G. 2:12:537 1904. melleum B. 10:1298 Thelis Clem. chartarum Kze. D.) Zend. & Guba & P. & C. Cent. Unters. Bol. 1875. Bot. 1900. S. Mikr. 434 1883 1879. MONASCACEAE Monascus van Tiegh. Schles. capsularis Schion.

Myc. 1862. Anixia Hoffm. 1890. Inst. fragilis Penicillium Pflanzenf. Ges. p. 14:464 1899. ill. 1891. purpurea Shear parietina (Schrad. nitidus Mass. gayoni (Cost. Shiz. S. fumigata (Fres. stercoraria Hans. 1:1:383 E. Myc. 1824.) Lang. 1819. A. Eurotium Link 1899 Nat. 14:464 Aspergillus Link Eurotiella Lindau 1900. Bot. & Mont. M. glaucum (Lk. Ann. Soc. Fung. Bot. 8:296 C. Rend. Fries 1893.EUROTIACEAE Penicilliopsis 247 Solms-Laubach 1887. 16 Pflanzenf. & Salmon Carothecis Clem. Fragosphaeria Shear 1923. gayoni (Cost. Pasteur Eurotiopsis Costantin 11:1 1897. R. Jard. Bot. Phaeosporae Arachnomyces Massee & Salmon 2:68 1902. & L. Chaetotheca Zukal 1890. 70 Beih. Icon. E. Paras. 1875 ill. Comp. Belg. Ber. Plant. Spec. . Buitenz. 1905. 1:1:304 P. Deut. alabastrina Kickxella Coemans 1:155 1927. PERISPORIALES EUROTIACEAE Hyalosporae Anixiopsis Hansen Bot. Fung.) O. 1897.) Lind. em. Cephalotheca glabra C. Syll.) Link lentisci Allescheria Sacc. A. Afr. Bull. 1889. crustaceum Fisch. Sartorya Vuillemin Comp. Langeron Fisch. Copr. palearum (Richon) Clem. 184:136 Mycologia 15:124 Mon. E. Soc. Deut. herbariorum (Wigg. Nat. Rend. Fung. not Karst. & glaucus (L. Syll. :333 1923. ill. A. A. potamogetonis Rostr. Coem.) S. 6:53 P- clavariaeformis Solms. 21:83. ill. Hum. Ann. 159 1917. A. cinnabarinus Zukal Carpenteles 1922. Dur. not truncigena Hoffm. 1809. curri (C. & Mont. 53:3 S.. Samarospora Rostrup Bot. Aphanascus Zukal Ber.) Vuill. Ges. Nat. 87:343 C. Soc. F. not Penicillium Lk.p. Zeit. 6:1:79 D. Rollandina Pat.) Rost. & M. gayoni Cost. Syll. Cent. 1897. & Syd. A. Genera Incertae Sedis Vel Dubia Ateleothylax Ota 1 & Lang. Fung. Fr. Bull. 9:372 K. Obs. Mycogala Rost.) Link S. Fung. capitata Pat. Maire Bull. 1862. 8:295 ill. Zukal Dichlaena Dur. 7:131. A. Ann.

Z. Syll. zopfielloides B. praecox Fr. F. Myc. Pleurascus 15:330 1876. ill. Soc. Symb.) uliginosa (Fr. Myc. Bomm. Frag. T. Celtidea Janse Ann. 41 :83 1889. 1 Cephalotheca Fkl. 340 Bull. Bot. nicholsoni Mass. Eur. 11:257 M. Bakt. & Salmon Ann. 1913. Z. cf.) Clem. rhizophila Rabh. F. Bot. funiculata Fkl. levis 1869. 2:15:513 P. E. 1:23. 11:44 A. Fleischhakia Auersw. 22:978 Myk. Ann. singularis Sacc. 12:2. Marchaliella Rev. Myc. 1 1885. M. sulphurea Fkl. Michelia 1:122 1878. 20:19 1904. P. Myc. & Br. P. Auersw. P- longirostris Zukal Phaeidium Clem. Ann. Myc. terrestris Bizz. Hyalophragmiae Dexteria Stev.) 1887. Acad. Died.248 PERISPORIALES Symb. 1906. nitida Sacc. 14:202. 1917. for Laaseomyces Ruhl. 1023. Myc. P- & Salmon Thielavia Zopf. G. L. Hoehn. 9. 1857. Baudys Cent. C. C. basicola Zopf Verb. pulchella Stev. Hedwigia 8:2 not Rabh. Micrascus Zukal Neue Pilz. C. Fung. Fung. Soc. microscopicum (Ruhl. :297 1869. saccoboloides Boud. Fung. M. & Roum. ill. Brandenb. Trans. 1895. Testudina Bizz. fusco-atra Died. Zopfia Rabh. E. Zopfiella Winter 1885. cactorum Rolland quercinus Baudys Phanerascus 1920. variospora Boud. Aposphaeriopsis 1913. Buitenz. Fung. Wint. 111. Fr. Phaeophragmiae Eosphaeria Hoehn. Myk. Crypt. duplicispora Janse tabulata (Zopf) Wint. ill. 359. Belg. 1885. 2:304 1823. Frag. D. Guillermondia Bond. M. Verb. 1734 1874. 1896. 1837. Bot. not Trev. Jard. Genera Dubia Myriococcum Fr. Emericella Berk. Myc. microscopicum Ruhl. Bull. Myc. Brandenb. Preussia Fkl. Myc. ill. 4:243. Ven. & R. of. 4:276 Fairmania Sacc. Bot. 1878 (Disc. 10:174. no. 18:101 T. . R. Phaeodidymae Richonia Boud. Sci. Syll. Ann. 7:224 1885. Massee 1901.. Myc. Magnusia Sacc.) Hoehn. Die Pilze 1:2:56 (Bacter. Pisomyxa Corda Syst. Hoehn. Fr. Cont. variecolor B. 1896. 91 1869. 15:362 1917. Phaeodictyae Ceratocarpia Rolland ill. racodioides Corda Icon. Fung.

Hyalodidymae Chilomyces Speg. Nat. suffulta (Reb. U. C. Am. Y.) Theiss. Fung. & H. Syll. L. japonica I. Acad. Calocladia Lev. Bot. G. Nat. erysiphina (Henn.) T. 16:407 1858. Fung. portoricense Speg. 1883. Fung. 27. Sphaerotheca Lev. 1902. & Speg.) Erysiphopsis Bull. 1916. Michelia 2:373 1881. Fung. Ann. Mus. S. 1917. not Zan. Club Halsted 26:594 1899. Rep. 2:272 1805. 23:329 1925.ERYSIPHACEAE— PERISPORIACEAE ERYSIPHACEAE Hyalosporae Erysiphe Hcdw. bivonae Lev. 154. ill. 28:63 1876. myrtillina Kze. Dichothrix Theiss. P. Ann. Microsphaera Lev.) Phyllactinia Lev. (Algae. Myc. & Schm. B. C. pannosa (Wallr. Acad.) Sacc. erysiphina (Syd. 1:9 1882. 14:74 Bol. PERISPORIACEAE Hyalosporae Clistosphaera Syd. Jard. 15:458. Am. Sci. 3:15:381 M. Phaeosporae Episoma Syd. Sci. Ann. Chil. erysiphina (Henn. Ann. p. Syll. 15:456 L. valparadisis Speg. E.) Lev. Beih. E. wrighti B. 3:15:144 P. Buitcnz. M. aggregata Pk. tjibodensis Gaum. 1851. Fung. 1836. macrostegia Syd. parnassiae Hal. 29:2:60 1912. Fr. geoporae Oberm. 24:226 1926. parasiticum Syd. Flor. . lb. Myc. Erysiphella f. E. Nat. Cent. divaricata Lev. Podosphaera Kze. ill. 1:23 1882. ill. Myk. 1922. & Speg. Heft. Hyalophragmiae Leucoconis Theiss. & C. Fung. 32:46 L. & Syd. Nat. 1923. taurica (Lev. not Grcv. Ann.) Theiss. divaricata Lev. Cent. Ann. 15:456 1917. 1926. 1:72 Uncinula Lev. 1917. (Algae). polygoni DC. Syll. Schistodes Theiss. N. D. Pk. Proc. 7:92 1919. Ann. 249 DC. Meliolidium Speg. Ann. . Sci. Syll. Typhulochaeta I to & Hara Fung. Lanomyces Giium. P. Pleochaeta Sacc. Syll. 3:9 Guttularia Obermayer 1913. 3:15:138 1851. Cordoba 26:336. Epiphyt. Myc. Myc. 1910. Cystotheca & C. Myc. Leveillula Arnaud Ann.Ann: Sci. T. 4:130 C. 1851. Torr. Syll. 3:15:151 1851. S. C. 16:399 1902. E. Mag. Bot. & S. Serv. 24:226 Tokyo 29:20 1915. curtisi Sacc. 2:111 1823.

Syd. Myc. 1913 Frag. 12:546. 16:12 1918. ill. 506 1910. Serv.) Arn. Wien PP. Myc. Acad. for D. 1910:252. 111. * Comp. Lasiobotrys Kze. Heft. & & Pat. & S. Unters. Myk. Ann. Myc. ^P. 16:410 1902.) Arn. R. & Syd. & C. Myc. ill. Polysporidium Syd. Apiosporina Hoehn. L. 1921 Bull. 1900:444.. (Rehm) T. Magn. Myc. 25:41. Chaetostigmella Syd. 31:22 P. Massee Kew Bull. 15:199 1917.) T. Myc. 2:88 1823. ill. Trans. viridescens & E. 15:180 21:336 1917. & S. cf. 11:14. 16:15 Theiss. Bot. Epiphyt. Q. singulare & R. 6:528 1908. vernoniae Stev. Myc.250 PERISPORIALES Ann. Myc. Rev. Meliolinopsis Stev. Beih. straminea Massee L. 15:139 C. 15:199 1917. . Mon. Bot. Myc. 2927 Theiss. jjj C P- Pat. 170:203 Chevaliera Arnaud 1852. & Svd. 2912 Cent. Biol. 17:537 1905. Fr. Mon. C. strychni (Henn. A- jasmini Rac. Phaeodidymae Alina Rac. Dimeriella Speg. 148 W. 1909:374. T. papillifera Syd. A. brachystegiae (Henn. Teratonema Syd. 29:2:46 D. javanica (Koord. Dichaetis Clem. 1914. & S.) Maubl. Crac. Lasiostemma Theiss. coUinsi (Schw. 1917. chilensis Speg. Hypoplegma 15-135 & Syd. cf. 8:193. 1923 Ann. Ann. 10171 1917. Werdermann Ann. Pampolysporium Magn. Chevalieropsis Arnaud Ann. pulveraceum (Speg. Myk. A.) T. Rhizalia Syd.) Cke. Sacc. Verh. palmicola Stev. corniculare (Henn. horridula Syd. echinata (E. Hyalodidymae Chaetostigme Syd. _ Dimerium & Syd. Sci.) Theiss. ^- 1917. 1923. grammodes (Kze. 15:199 111. M. P- Parodiella (Speg. 15:218 1917. Parodiopsis Maubl. Ann. Jaffuela Speg.16:8 1918. Pseudoparodiella Stev. Theiss. Stigme Syd. Ann. lussoniensis Syd. Mus.) T. ctenotricha (Har. ctenotricha (Har. Myc. fasciculata Syd. Cordoba J. z-b.) Hoehn. Dimeriopsis Stev. Ges. S. Soc. Ann.) Clem. Ann. & S. Biol. Acad. Rend. 19Qg Dimerina Theiss. La Plata 15:12 D.) Theiss. Wentiomyces 19Q7 Koord. cordiae (Henn. arthrostylis Stev. melioloides (B. Myc. Pilula Acad. Myc.) Kze. Syll. Ann.2 1923. C. 1920. Fung. D. not Gaud. Myc. bornmulleri Syd. Myc. meholoides (B. & Acantharia Theiss. Ann. Chrysomyces 1917 & Syd. 111. C.) Syd. 1917 15 126 & Syd. Ann.) Theiss. lonicerae (Schl. Ann. Bol. 1915 Bull.) Theiss. javanicus Koord.

1913. ill. 1908 (for Phaeodimeriella Speg.) Speg.) Theiss. 15:199 Ann. Stevensula Speg. Weig. P. Ann. picea (B. not Hcnn. Meliola Fr. C. 1821. Frag. ill. . guianensis Stev. Haraea Sacc. Euantennaria 23:549. wrighti (B.) Stev. splendens (Pat. Hcnn. 1912. 14:406. 15:194 1917. 22:21 P1917. Jard. 25:411. 25:411. P- Pseudodimerium Pctr. ill. 12:553 111. 1927. Myc. Veg. Irene Theiss. Meliolinopsis Beeli 1920. & Syd. Perisporiopsis cf. Syst. Exsic. Leptomeliola Hoehn. R. A. IMyc. Acad. 1827. inermis (K. 24:261 1926. Stevensea Trotter Syll. Hyalophragmiae portoricensis S.) Cke. Ann. hyalospora (Lev. C. agaves (E. Irenina Stev. Sci. Melioiina Syd. Trans. 1160 Appendiculella Hochn. P. nidulans (Schw. musae Kze. I. H. glabra (B.) Trott. Bot.) Hoehn. Agr. Myk. Fung. 111. Fr.) Theiss. occulta (Rac. Syll. 1882. 1904. H. 1923.) Syd. 9:435 Svst. Phaeophragmiae Ceratosperma Speg. cladotricha (Lev. Mon. Perisporina Henn. Biol. megalospora (Rehm) Beeli monensis Speg. & C. P. 1919. Acad. Ann. 11:17. Irenopsis Stev.). Dcpt. L. 1:49 Asteridium Sacc.) Stev. calostroma (Desm. Ann.) Stev. Phaeodimeriella Theiss. M. & S. 111. 1927. & Perisporium Fr. roseospora Speg. 1919. 29:2:46 1924. 8:193. 1891. Orb. ill. 16:14 1918. Physis 4:284 1918. struthanthi Henn. T. Ann. P. Beih.) Speg. guianensis Stev. Bol. ill. Hedwigia 43:357 1904. ill 1926. A. Cordoba Speg. japonica S. Hcdwigia 43:83 1904. Bull. Dimeriellopsis Stev. Tliciss. P. Piline Theiss. wrighti (B. occulta (Rac. & S. 10:170 1917. Frag. Ann. I. Brux. Mus. & Syd. Fung. Myc. M. 3:232 1829. meliolicolum Petr. manaosensis Henn. Syst. Myc. Perisporiopsis Stev. 7:101 M. P. Myc. Hyalomeliolina Stev. S. Myc. Paropsis Speg. 3:248 Bol.) Hoehn.) Syd. Wageria 1919. Myk. theobromae (Fab. Syll. Ann. M. Mycophaga 22:65 8:197 1923. & D. ill. Physis 4:284 1918. dimerosporis (Speg. 10:19. Theiss. costaricensis Stev. 11:312 1913. Acad. Myc. 251 La Plata 15:13 P. Ann. P-iol.) Sacc. tortuosa (Wint. & C. tropicicola Speg. Ann.) Theiss. Myc. pleurostyliae (B. W. Phaeostigme Sjd. Fung. P. Stev. Cent. E. Myc. Mon.) T. & E. & Dalbey Mycologia 11:7. Myc. 15:458. 14:409 1916. Ill 1825. vulgare Fr. I. Myc. lb.PERISPORIACEAE Phaeodimeris Speg. Myc. Syd. S. M. & Br. 1914. Jour. ill.) Syd. 1927. & C. P. S. Toroa Syd. 1160 1919. 1917. Rev. Cordoba 26:339 1923. Stomatogene 1916. & & C. DStev. Myxothecium Kzc. ill.

1922. Ges. Jahrb. lb.) Theiss. Scolecosporae Leptascospora Speg. 1928. Myc 26:399. z-b. amboinense Syd. ill. 1917. imperspicuum Speg. Myc. 26:397 Rhytidenglerula Hoehn. & M. elmeri Syd. 12:198. 25:22 Biol. lb. Petr. 1917. 26:410 . Myc. 111. 15:458. cf. 26:387 E. Engler Bot. Frag. Myk. D. Petr. Ann. 1927 O. & S. cf. cf. lb. 15:140 1928. Petr. Genera Incertae Sedis Vel Dubia Hyaloderma 1883. Myc. carnea (E. Ann. Hyalosphaera Stev. Ann. Ges. 15:197 1917. cf. 111. Myc. Verb. cf.) Hoehn. lb. 1928. 6:221 1909. Ann. Fung. psychotriae Stev. P. cf. Sci. T. Ann. L. Syd. Ann. Petr.I't^I PERISPORIALES Phaeodictyae Pleomerium Speg. 26:409. 11 :16. 1917. ENGLERULACEAE Englerula cf. Acad. Am. 1 :186 1918. 1088 1918. Myk.) T. Myc. Petr. Phil. Hyalotexis Syd. gardeniae (Niessl) Speg. Theissenula cf. Wien 66:337 1917. uredinis (Rac. Myc. 26:394 Hyalodermella Speg. Myk. Handl. Ann. Thrauste Theiss. Myc. z-b. cf. 1916. 1916. 26:402 Rhizotexis Theiss. Ann. pellucida Syd. 1928. ill. R. A. Jour.) Hoehn. clavispora Syd. H. Ann. Petr. 26:398. L. Ann. medinillae (Rac. tibouchina (Henn. Verb. compositarum Theiss. Verb. Myc. cf. Phaeoschiffnerula Theiss. Physis 4:284 1918 P. Wien Petr.) Q. Anatexis Syd. 1:171. z-b. Petr. philippinensis Syd. Speg. 1914. macowaniana (Thuem. ill. Frag. 26:412. Tonduzia Stev. Myc. Myc. cf. Myc. Ges.) Speg. Ann. fusciviridescens (Rehm) Speg. Mvc. Petr. pulchra (Sacc. Henn. cf. 26:407. bauhiniarum (Henn.) Theiss. ill. 21:137 1928. lindmani Starb. Myc. Wien O. 1916. H. Petr. Petr. Frag. cf. 10:525 1928. Ann. 26:395 Diathryptum Syd. 34:49 Hoehn. 1917. Mon. Physis 4:284 1918. macarangae Henn.) Theiss. Myc. Ophiotexis 66:345 1928. Petr. 10:172 1928. 1925. cf. Theiss. 1905. 7:330 1928. Broteria 12:21. cf. Ann. 26:404 Schiffnerula Hoehn. 26:400 Hoehn. cf. em. Petr. Ann. Myc. perpusilla (Speg. Petr. Myk. Guar. H. Trans. Linotexis Syd. R. 1910. mirabilis Frag. 26:398 H. lb. 1928. P. miconiae Stev. Ophiomeliola Starb. Parenglerula Hoehn. 1909. Sven. 66:340 S. 1899. 26:397 Questiera Arnaud Les Asterin. Syntexis Theiss. ill. T. Bih. 26:90 Ann. 26:408 1928. S. 1928. Ann. 15:467. & Syd. lb. Sci. 23:326 1928. Petr. 1928. Petr. Physis 4:284 1918. lb.

costaricensis S. & Weedon 111. amomi amomi (B. 15:473. B.) Theiss. 2:123. philippinensis Syd. clavatispora Syd. ill.CAPNODIACEAE CAPNODIACEAE Hyalosporae 253 Oplothecium Syd. Myc. 24:337. doba 26:369. Ann. 1905. Ann. C. Bol. Myc. 11 :495 1913. & & Br. ill. ' CorP. . Fung. Hyalodidymae Adelopus Theiss. B. Chaetyllis Clem. Akad. 1905. hawaiensis Mendoza cordobensis (Speg. Microcallis Syd. 610. gardeniae Rac. Alyc. trichodes Calyptra Theiss. Ceratochaete Syd.. Balladynopsis 15:475. Physis 4:288 1918. Theiss. bambusae Henn. Alg. K. 15:179 1917. Java 2:3 1900. 1926. Myc. phoebes Syd.) Clem. R. D. 16:1141 1902. C. Guar. M. ' D. 15:478 C. ill. 24:376 Syll. not Speg. & S. for Raciborskiomyces Siemaszko Bol. N. Chaetothyrium 1888. Myc. 1917. A. oligotricha (Mont.) Hoehn. ill. guaraniticum Speg. . Myc.) T. Ann. 1923. Ann. Dysrhynchis Clem. ' 15:476 1917. 17:881 bambusae (Henn. Myc. Syll. 1908. 1925. 11:257. 15:482 1917. C. & Syd. Ceratochaetopsis Stev. pulchella Sacc. 1913. Ann. Fung. Myk.) T. Syll. Chaetothyrina Theiss. Myc. C. Ann. paulistana Speg. 11:20 1927. Syll. Gen. Ann. Wien 8:1178 1909. Dimerosporina Hoehn. C. ill. Ann. Capnodinula Speg. 32 1909. D. not Lindiey 1824. . Antenellina Mendoza Bishop Mus. (Rehm) Speg. 12:72 1914. balsamicola (Pk.) Br. Phaeodidymae Balladyna Rac. Myc. 1917. usteri (Rehm) T. for Kusanobotrys Henn. Aethaloderma Syd. pulchella (Sacc. balsamicola (Pk. Dimerosporiella Hoehn. 2:270 1925.. ill. Ann. polonica (Siem. ill. & Syd. Bull. Soc. 1926.) T. Ann. Myc. ' Anu. 1923. A. Pilz. H. Balladynella Theiss. Cryptopus Theiss.A.cad. 1917. 21 :97. 17:689. (B. Speg. & S. arecae Syd. Ann. Myc. S. & philippinensis Syd. A. Par. & Syd. Sitzb. Fung. Frag. Hoehn. & Syd. 19:55.) Theiss. C. Men. 1909. & Syd. 15:478 amazonica (Hoehn. A. C. musarum (Speg. C. polonicus Siem. Biol. B. Hyalophragmiae Antenella Theiss. O. ' 1917.Act. & S. 15:477 1917. Bot. Henningsomyces Sacc. Myc. Neohoehnelia Tlieiss.) Clem. Phaeocapnodinula Speg. & W.) Clem.) Theiss. Fung. Hedwigia 1904:141. Chaetobotrys Clem.

S. Ann. Hypocapnodium Speg.) Mont.) Fr. 1:13 Naetrocymbe Koerb.) Theiss. Ann. . spongiosa (Schw. Capnites Theiss. S. N. quercinum (Pers. Wales 1:38 1897. 1909. 17:745 1928. Capnodina Sacc. Syll.. z-b. (C. Hyalodictyae Chaetomeris Clem. transiens (Hoehn. N. Nat. Fung. & Syd. Myc. Mus. 14:359 disseminata Syd. Physis 4:287 1918. 1905. Gen.S. Ann. 1925.) T. negeriana S. Verb. Germ. for Treubiomyces Hoehn. Physis 4:288 1916.) Lev. 1849. betle Syd. & Butler Limaciniopsis Mendoza ill. Capnodaria Theiss.254 PERI SPORI ALES anomala Chaetasterina Bub. costaricensis (Speg. Flor. & D. Bishop Mus.) S. Syll. C. Frag. salicinum (Pers. s. P. C. Fung. 1:171 Trichomerium Speg. 22:60 1913. Ann.) Bub. solani McAlp. 1905. z-b. loganiensis S. An. Syll. & S. A. Fung.) Clem. 370 1909. Wien 1916. & Plw. T. C. Fung. Zukalia Sacc. 1858. P. Nac. 17:873 Syll. Veg. Phaeodictyae Capnodium Mont. Syst. Syll.) Speg. 22:42 1913. Ges. fernandesiana Neger F. 1905. Verb. Proc. Syll. rollandiae Mendoza Metacapnodium Speg. S. Paracapnodium Speg. pulcherrima (Hoehn." Lich. 441 186. 1905. Physis 2:287 1918. 3:11:233 C. 17:557. Sci. X. Wien 66:357 1916. 14:701 1899. Syll. Phaeophragmiae Aethalomyces Woronich. capsulifera (Rehm) Sacc. 15:477 1917. 15:474 C. Setella Syd. not Neger 1896. Fuii. Syll. javanica (Zimm. J. setosum (Zimm. Myc. indicum (Brn.) Speg.g. 15:480 19:58. Lich. PI. Syll. Mus.) Clem. 22:545 1913. 1825. L. P. 1917. 9:931 1891. T. 17:557 1905. Syll. arctica tiliae Woronich. Fung. 24:382 1926. Syll. Myc. 1918. Myc. Bull. 1926. C. Fung. 190 1896. diospyricola Henn. «& Syd. pulcherrimus Hoehn. Fung. Soc. & Syd.) Speg. 24:1023 C. 66:365 Limacinia Sacc. fuliginea Koerb. Capnophaeum Speg. Phragmocapnias Theiss. Fung. 1891. Polychaetum OK. M. 52 1909. 19:325 Phaeopeltis Clem. (Fkl. Physis 4:284 1918. Hedvvigia 44:67 Phaeosaccardinula Henn. T. Ges. diospyricola (Henn. pulchellum Speg. P. L. P. & Berl. coffeicola (Putt. Ann. Gen. juniperi (Ph. Fung.) Theiss. Xystozukalia Theiss. Nat. Linn. & H. Ann. 58 Par. Orb. Rev. Limacinia Neger in Johow Estud. H. 1917. 24:149 A. Wien 23:102 1909. & S. Myc. Fung. Ann. Tephrosticta Sacc. 17:556 1905.) Speg. Scorias Fr. Myk. Asteridiella McAlp. cf. Fung.

1 :8 1817. TS Ann. Syll. Bot. Syll. 255 Att. D. Speg. H. 23:36. 690 Phil. TS Ann. 1:38 Nothing certain known of it. Probably Dimeriella. Myc. 15:10 1908. TS aequatorialis Speg. 15:470 Eudimeriolum Speg. 2:296 1891. Soc. Frag. Ophiocap- nodium. No definite criteria to determine TS Ann.CAPNODIACEAE Coccodinium Mass. Frag. 16:15 1918. Fung. La Plata 1913. Nematothecium Syd. Immature. sarcinellum Fairman Scolecosporae Actinocymbe Hoehn. Myc. Ann. Cincin. dimerosperma Speg. La Plata 15:12 1913. Myc. Fung.) Sacc. its E. 5:1534 N. Syll. 15:465 1917. Schizocapnodium Acad. Myc. M. ill. 24:248 1926. Orbicula Cooke Handb. 9:375 1891. 15:465 1917. An. Physis 1913. Myc. paulistana Speg. Fung. cyclospora Cke. Mus. 1:30 Myk. Antennulariella 8:771. Rochester S. 15:465 1917. Syll. Bull. . Myk. 3:5:336 bartschi Mass. 1921. 9:378 1871. M. microthecia (Thuem. Cordoba 23:579 1919. Dimerosporiella Speg. Fung. O. trigonospora Speg. quercinus Syd. M. App. 15:196 1917. but paraphyses un1915. Mus. Syll. Heft. 6:93 Fairnian Proc. 1916. is a sclerotium. Fung. Micromastia Speg. Syll. Fung. usteri (Speg. 22:29 Perhaps a parenchymic genus of Englerula1917. 19:324 1913. Leaf. separatis (Henn. D. 1st. Fung. Meliolopsis Sacc. 1860. Hyalotheles Speg. Brit. position. 15:465 1917. Bo). Syll. 1908. A. TS Ann. TS Ann. Rev. Ann. 1895. Fung. Fung. 22:30 Of completely uncertain character. 1912. 24:246 1926. Ann. TS Ann. Apiosporium Kze. Syll.) Sacc. 1912. O Genera Dubia Woronich. 22:57 vinosum Syd. Myc. Fung. fuliginosa salicis Woronich.) Morgan Not to be regarded as an ascomycete. Rev. Mus. Myk. 14:470 A. 1909. A. Syll. hardly perisporiaceous. 24:918 Of uncertain afifinity. 1899. Myc. A. spore-cells. Myc. 15:470 Melanomyces Syd. polyhedron (Schw. Fung. Fung. 4:286 for 1918. ill. Kze. 1928. An. 1911. Bot. Mus. ceae. Ophiocapnis Syll. Nac. Asci lacking. elegans Speg. 22:29 Probably an Englerula with separating 1917. Nac. 18:41 Jour. Venet. Syll. Argynna Morgan Hist. The type 355. Hoehn. 1882. Myc. Nat.) Hoehn. 1882. & Schm. Acad. certain. 14:466 Diblastospermella Speg.

30:424 1914. N. Ann. T. 1899. Nothing known of type or second species. Myc.) Trichopeltopsis Myk. 678. Ann. Ber. Sclerotiomyces Woronich. 194 C. Myc. & E. Mycolangloisia Arnaud 16:157 1909. Fung. Giorn. Frag. echinata Acad. 24:365 1926. Mus. Trichothyriopsis Theiss. Fung. Fung. Myc. Fung. 1907. 9:683 Lizonia with 16-spored asci. L. Ges.) Giesen. Scyphostroma Starb. Myc. Myk. Y. apparently a scleroBih. 1886. C Ges. tripos (Cke. TS Ann. TS Ann. Add. (B. 17:554 Pleomeliola Sacc. lb. & C. sordidulus (Lev. Handl. Syll. Sacc. Vet. Ann. 1905. densa (Rac. R. 21:315 1891. Fung. 35:414 1924. myristicae Henn. Pseudolizonia Pir. Sorica Giesenhagen 22:191. Hoehn. D. fenestrata (C.) Theiss. Syll. sarciniferum Speg. Fung. Denks. 1905. C. Phaeocryptopus Naumov Bull. Frag. quercigena (Berk. 325 T. Deut. Ital.) Sacc. P. Syst. Deut. Syll. 25:23 1917. Requires further investigation. Agr. Syll. Fr. 1:74 1882. Hoehn. 1:216. S.) Theiss. Myc. 15:466 TRICHOTHYRIACEAE Actinopeltis Hoehn. uberata Fr. Henn. abietis Naumov P. ill. Fung. T. Capnodiella Sacc. Myc. Tripospora Sacc. 24:259 1926. Akad. stroma of a Hypocrella. Sven. Rhizogene Syd. C. Syll. P. Syll.) Sacc. Syll. 15:482 1917. dissipabilis Woronich. A. 32:4 Doidge Trichothyriella Theiss. 1918. No generic diagnosis. Ber. 15:406 1917. 1902. maxima maxima (B. TS Ann. peristomalis Hoehn. S. not definitely known. Bot. A. Am. 18:181 1920. Hedwigia 41:141 1902. Myc. 1904. Dasypyrena Speg. lauricola Speg. CORYNELIACEAE Caliciopsis Peck Rep. 16:417 mirum Starb. Cent. Myc. 15:466 1917. S. Bol. Trichothyrium Speg. 1917. 11:555 1889. Cordoba T. 24:259 1926. M. 1914. 1880. Myc. baldwini Pir. 24:233 1926. Fung. 1889. tium. Ann.) Lind. 17:621 ill. 23:267 Loranthomyces Hoehn.) Hoehn. TS Ann. Wien 83:17 1925 Bot. & & C. T. 2:535 1822. Bot. . Asci and spores immature. Montp. Syll. pinea Pk.256 Porisporiella Sterile PERISPORIALES P. symphoricarpi Syd. Hoehn. reptans (B. Soc. nitida Actinopeltella Doidge Bothalia Beih. Perithecium uncertain. 33:32 Corynelia Fr. Nuov.

cf. Hoehn. protracta (Pers. 1:321 1871. Sel. Nac. clematidis (Br. Scan. 695. 11:385 Fitzpatrick Mycologia 12:263 1920.) Berl. 162.) Fr. E. Berl. D. Enchnoa Fr. 29 1863. Hoehn. Ann. Myc. App. E. Mus. Sfer. Fung. Myc. E. Eutypa Tul. L. 1 :186 1882. 3:82 1905. Wien 18:1507 1910. Bishop . Myc. Scan.) DeN. Fung. 2:52 1861.SPHAERIACEAE Genus Dubium Coryneliella 257 Karsten Rev. bambusae Plunk. & Har. E. Sitzb.) Fkl. longirostrata (Henn. & S. Frag. cf. Sum. Hedwigia 27:270 1908. Speg. 23:220 1925. AUescherina Berl. Peroneutypa Syll. P. 40 1863.) Hoehn. Frag. costesi Speg. Myc. Ann. & C. & K. Frag Myk. Bol. & Nym. Att. C. 1910. Petr. Peroneutypella Berl. 1902. ill. Symb. cerviculata (Fr. Fung. 15:273. Syll.) Sacc.) Sacc. C. Crypt. verrucaeformis (Ehrh. A. argentinensis Speg. Hoehn. operculata (A. Pavia 3:3:204. (Nke. Carp. 1920. Veg. 22:927 1913. Diatrype Fr. millepunctata Grev. Fung. & Fr. 16:224 Diatrypella DcN. Fung. 12:128 1895. 1927. chaetomoides (P. E. C. 1890. & S. Cordoba 25:48. (DeN. disciformis (Hoffm. Syll. turnerae Henn. Ital. Myc.) Berl. 1902. Ann. Fung. Acad. 2:108 C.) Nke. 24:733 1928. Symb. Lageniformia 19:98. 17:569 Pseudotrype Henn. Fung. 1925. rehmiana Henn. Ann. Hoelin. Valseutypella 1918. An. ill. 229 1869. cf. Cryptosphaerella Sacc. C.) Tul. 18:72 Hoehn. Fung.) Fr. Ital. tristicha 1921. P. infernalis (Kze. Calosphaeria 1861. Syll. Bull. Epheliopsis Henn. cylindrica (K. 201 Cryptovalsa DcN. Eutypella 1875. C.) Hoehn. 4 Icon. & S. gregaria (Lib. Pvr. Monsunia 1:164 1899. ill.) Hoehn. cf. princeps Tul. 866. Myk 621. ill. Scot. Akad. Speg. consimilis H. Veg. Icon. 16:561 P. E. paniculata Curzi Longoa Curzi 1927. Tul. 17:569 1905. Syd. Fung. Sfer. 1st. Sum. Frag. SPHAERIALES SPHAERIACEAE Allantosporae Acanthonitschkea 3:10:116. . Carp. chilensis Speg. Syll. Plunk. Petr. 385 1849. 410. annexa (Nke.Mus. D. Fung. Harlot & C. 1910. V. Coronophorella Hoehn. Chil. 151 Sphaeronemopsis Fung. cf. A. lata (Pers. 1849. Endoxyla Fkl. Flor. Malpighia 16:300 1902. Myk. cf. Syll. Syll. cf.) Fkl. Coronophora Fkl. Ectosphaeria Speg. 25:237 L.) Berl. Consp. Fung. Myc. Myk. Sel. Myc. Cryptosphaeria Greville 1823. Gen. 3:80 1902.

Fracchiaea Sacc. F. Myc. Syll. Soc. elastica Koord. R. Sum. Petelotia 1924.) Sacc. moravica Petr. Myc. ill. 1919. cf. Deut. Botryosphaeria C. Neozimmermannia Amster. 37 1863. minima minima (Tul. Melanops (Tul. Syll. Carp. 1869. Symb. Petr. & Syd. Akad. Hoehn.) Karst. vibratilis (Fr. 23:221 1925. 3:6 1902. Fung. Myc. M. 140 Ann. P. 3:8 1902. isariphora (Nke. Nitschkea Otth Coelosphaeria 1873. 16:184 1918. 115 1873. Spec. Fl. 3:9 1902. discreta Berl. ill.) Sacc. N. Myc. 3:5 1902. 6:45 N. carpinea Kants. A. Sacc. Syll. Nac.) Hoebn. 16:419 1902. bonariensis Speg. Ann. Bull. Fung. 15:272 1917. Hoebn. S. Germ. E. Agr. . Myc. Syll. 2:104 1863. Fung. Verb. An. ribis Gross. ill. Rostronitschkea Fitzpatrick Mycologia 11:163. Myc. V. & C. Mus. Ber. Bisbop Mus. cf. Fkl. 165 Sacc. ill. Hyalosporae Amylis Speg. nervincola Fitzp. L. Fung. B. Napoli Fr. Valsella Fkl. Myc. & DeN. Icon. Symb. z-b. Q. Syll. Fung. Symb. Haszl. Fung.) Hoehn. Euacanthe Theiss.) Berl. Bull.) 1923. P. Myc. .) Berl.) Berl. persooni Tul. Jattaea Bed. & Dug. W. C. Ital. Ven. Mycologia 12:200 Sel. Ann. ceratophora Tul. Icon. sulphurea Fkl. A.) Trav. Scan. Fung. Leucostoma (Nke. 40:35 P. fuckeli Nke. Echusias Haszlinsky Verb. usambarensis (Henn. cf. 35:631 1917. Ort. 1881. Koord. Ges. salicis Fkl. 17:31 1919. Bolez. 17:82. (Tul. Fung. 1863. 35:129 1917. 115 cupularis (Pers. myrtacearum (Rick) Theiss. Myc. 28:596 1924. Shear Jour. memorabilis Speg. Carp. 410 1849. Ann. Ges. 83 1867. Trav. E. 19:108 neurophila Syd. C. 1902. Ges. M. 31:405 1922. Res. candollei Tul. T. Icon. 3:6 1902. Fkl. Wegelina Berl. 1:155 1906. Ann. Massalongiella Speg. 2:247 Neoarcangelia Berl. Spec. Fung. Bot. C. Myc. N. 1928. Quaternaria Tul. em. tonkinensis Pat. Hoebn. 1907. Erostella (Sacc. Fung.258 Scoptria SPHAERIALES Nke. 1869. S. Fung. massarianum (DeN. N. Ven. brencklei Sacc. Pleurostoma Tul.. Sfer. 16:421 Lyonella Syd. pulchella Sacc. Sel. Pyr. ootheca (B. 22:353 1913. Ber. Crypt. Rast. 1920. 1880. vitis algeriensis Berl. R. Fung. Myc. Sydowinula Petr. 1:180 Icon. Ital. Wien 23:367 1873. Pat.) Theiss. 1:146 16:128. Neotrotteria 1921. 2:231 1883. Romellia Berl. Arg. 21:277 Togninia Berl. Myc. E. Deut. V. Veg. Icon. Bot. tulasnei Nke. Phaeotrype Sacc. Anthostomellina Kants. cf. Ann. 3:68. Fung. Bull. 203 1869. Valsa Fr. 1925. Camptosphaeria Causalis Theiss. heterogenea Sacc.

Verh. Pat. & Gen. Bot. Bull. 17:43 new name for Linostroma Hoehn.. ill. cf. 1916. Mamiana C. 5:564. Desmotascus Bot. 18:181 1920. 66:390 Ditopella DeNot. Miyoshiella Kawamura Jap. Myc. 768. 1883. Montagnellina 121:387 Sitzb. Fung. Syll. Ges. Frag. ill. for Miyoshia Kawa. Endoconidiophora Munch. Scan. as subg. Diplosporis Clem. Mamianella Hoehn. Wien 1912. Sfer. 23:41 Ophiostoma Syd. Michelia 2:312 111. 16:450 1885. name Wien for Ann. Zeits. 2:397 Verh. Ann. Fab. ill. Ital. 1919. 1849. 1831. Glomerella Schrenk 1903. Michelia 1:370 1878. Landw. Myc. Michelia 1:30 1877. Gnomoniella Sacc. 16:91 Ann. not Clarke Sfer. 1918. Ann. 36 1863. Cryptosporina Hoehn. Myc. Spauld. 1907. Biol. Dicarpella Syd. R. Gaz. Alyc. 66:306 9:151 Geminispora 1893. 13:614 1915. 42 1899. Fung. Fung. Hyperus Stevens 1927. & Syd. Science 17:750 1881. Soc. Cerastomis Clem.'Kkad. Ges. Theis'. Jarhb. 1918. Alyc. & DeN. newDisperma Theiss. Ceratostoma pilifcruni Ceratostomella Sacc. z-b. Stcv. new name Hoehn. 55:54 1905. Jour. Linostomella Petr. 9:608. Gen. Myc. 4:295. 13:185 1915. Ann. 1925. Oest. Zeit. Epiphyma 1916. Myc. & Syd. Hoehn. Halonia Fr. Syll. Diaporthopsis H. 11:27. Misc. Theiss. Mazzantia Mont. 27 1909. . Myk. Pyreniella 66:371. 2:12 1885. z-b. 1907. Flageoletia Sacc. mura. Ital. Nat. Ann. ill. Myc. Verh. Theiss. Cryptonectriopsis Hoehn. not Wallr. Haplodothella Werdermann Xov. Bot. 8:60 1926. z-b. Wien Fr. 14:525 1899. 16:102 1918. 1916. Spher. 16:36 Cryptosporella Sacc. Mon. Haplothecium Theiss. 2:35. Surv. ill. Sum. Myc. Linostoma Hoehn. Veg. 259 & Chardon Sci.SPHAERIACEAE Clypeotrabutia Seaver P. Gibellia Sacc. 1918. 215 1856. Fcdde 19:54 1923. Inzengaea Borzi Pringsh. Vaucl. Ann. 1863. Syll.

Rostrella Zimmermann Polytrichia Sacc. Ann. berkeleyi Sacc. 23:337 1925. Syll. P. Syd. borealis (Sacc. Briinn em. 28:596 1918. alnea (Fr. Riv. wallrothi Sacc. Myc. Agron. Myc. Res. Myk. Mesonella Petr. P. 2:14:326 1913. M. Nephrospora Loubiere Comp. Ann. Fung.) Woron.. P. Hedwigia 39:137 1900. 7:391 Paralaestadia Sacc. Myc. 9:220 megastoma Ann. Gnomonina Hoehn. G. P. R. g^evinae Syd. Myc. 26:112 1928.) Syd. Myc. Cent. cf. Hoehn.) Petr. nitidum Mont. Frag. Ann. Physalosporella Speg. & Ann. 14:423. Ann. nol L. Heteropera Theiss. alnea (Fr. 13:38 1915. Myc. Myc. Syll. Agr. Vet. polyadelpha Syd. Myc.) Petr. Agron. ill. Ann. P. G. & S. coffeae Zimm. 177:211. 1031 1917. tumidum Syd. Syll. Syll. & Daniels Mycologia R. Sci. Myc. Myc. Bull. Bull. 16:48 1918. phormii (Schrot.) Sacc. niessli (Kze. P. 17:591. Myc. 293 cookeana (Auers. no. Soc. 1905. Myc. perisporiodes Henn. Hedwigia 1869:177. Aim. 4:19 1900. Verh. melastomis Rac. H. 1 :451 Rinia Penzig & Sacc. 24:793 1905. 2:670 1883. 17:589 1905. D. Guignardia Viala & Rav. Ann. Ann. 1903.) Auers. Fung. Buitenz. & Cam. . agaves Aim. 24:807 1928. 2:306 P. 1911.) Theiss. N. Wien 66:384 1916. 1840. Syll. 6:35 chilensis Speg. Fung. 1874. 1909:390. Physalosporina Woronich. Henn. 63 1919. 1910. Hypostegium Theiss. z-b. 17:46 Fr. & S. Ver. & D. Phomatospora Sacc. mangini Loub. Shear Jour. 16:161 sanguinea (Rehm) Hoehn. 1923. scirpi 1927. 1905. malorum (Pk. Ann. verrucosa (Wedd. Paidania Rac. Pemphidium Mont. Paramazzantia 1927. Mat. Pseudoguignardia Gutner 6:311. Ann. Fung. Fitop. 16:50 1918. Kunth 1832.) Laestadiella Hoehn. Malpighia 15:224 1901. 16:48 A. alnea (Fr. 1927. C. 17:576 Fung. adeana (Rehm) Hoehn. Fung. Rev. Laestadia Auers. Syll. Chiloella Syd. melaleucae (Berk. H.) Shear Anisostomula Coutinia Hoehn. discophora Hoehn. Ann. Gutner Physalospora Niessl 14:10 1876.) Theiss. Ann. Inst. Myc. Discosphaerina Hoehn. Rostrosphaeria Tehon 19:112.) Hoehn. Nat. phlei T. Acad. 1918. Myelosperma Syd. Bull. 3:280 Fung. Myc. Pseudophysalospora 16:57 Pilgeriella 1918. spectabilis P. Syll.) Hoehn. Verh. Ges. Fung. ill. ill. ill. Crac. Ann. P. Theiss. Myc. Myc. 1924. 25:233 biennis (Dearn. Ven. (Pk. Ann. 1916. 1924. cf. 1882. Myk. Hypostigme Syd. Physosporella Hoehn. Nat.260 SPHAERIALES M. 1892. 22:367 L. 1909. Syd. & Cam. Rend. Hoehn. P. H.

Syll. Syll. An. Urosporella Vestergrenia 1901. cercidis (Cke. Wallrothiella Sacc. Wien 66:396. 3:3 S. S. Fab. Fung. . 16:27 A. Cent. A. 22:149 Clypeoporthella Petr. ill. pseudopustula (B. ill. Myc.SPHAERIACEAE Samarospora Rostrup 1893. Syll. A. Ann.) Trott. Fung. Syll. Akad. potamogetonis Rostr. Ann. Ann. congregata (Wallr Sacc. Ann. & Syd. P. 17:586 1905. Germ. americana Atkin. & S. Myc. Shear Bull. straminea Shear curvispora Speg. decipiens (DC. insularis (Mass. U.) Nke. & Fung. Bakeromyces Syd. Anthostomella Sacc. B. Myc. Fung. argentinensis Speg. Syll. pilosa (Pers.) Theiss. Theiss. C. 17:595 1905. Verb. T.) Poteb. 1915. Nac. philippinensis Syd. & H. 1:110 Ann. T. 70:401 Syll. Pyr.) T. decipiens (B. Sitzb.) Sacc. nervisequia S. 23:212 1925. S.) Trav.) Sacc. 1899. R. & Syd. Adelococcus Theiss. Syll. Anthostoma Nke. Syll. Fung. Sacc.) Traverso Crypt. S. brencklei Petr. Mus. 1918. not Theiss. Fung. Fung. 15:202 1917. apogyra (Nyl. & Syd.) Fkl. Urospora H. A. Torr. Sporophysa Sacc. Syll. Syll. Myc. 144 1869. Ges. 1:278 1882. Myc. 1923 1883. & S. Myc. 1924. 1916. z-b. acanthostroma (Mont. 24:816 1928. cf. Club A.) Sacc. Bot. Schizoparme Shear Scirrhiella Mycologia Fung. 9:604 1891. Spher. W. Petr. 261 Beih. phaeosticta (Berk. 13:664 as subg. 8:53. 3:99 1897. P. yerbae Speg. Phaeophomatospora Speg. 24:808 1928. Ann. 12:339 1909. punctum Mass. 1:455 1882. cordiae (Stev. Pseudorhynchia Hoehn. 1910. Fung. P. polyrhyncha (P. 1856. S. & S. 118:1206 1910. 16:31 1867. Stevensiella Trotter Syll. Phaeosporae Acanthorhynchus 34:313 1918. 9:604 1891. Hedwigia 40:100. 22:374 L. S. Fung. cf. . Flora 39:61 Syll. nervisequia S. Fung.) Hoehn. 1907. Myc. Mus. 1920. 22:120 1913. Bot. cf. Myc. Fung. 13:180 Scortechinia Sacc. Ann. Trichosphaerella B. Bull. Flor. ill. Atkin. Guar.) Trichosphaeria Fkl. An. Myc. & Syd. vaccinii Shear alpestris (Zopf) T.) Sacc. Amerostege Theiss. 14:523 Rehm. & Syd. G. Fab. carpinea (Fr. 16:77 1918. Anthostomaria Sacc. & coccifera H. 75 1878. 15:120. Cornell Univ. Spolverinia Mass. Speg. Ann. & S. cordiae Stev. Trabutiella Stev. Syd. S. 110 Lopadostoma (Nke. T. 17:120 1908. Gaz. S. Phaeobotryum Theiss. 2:169 1913. Myc. A. Syll. 1914. 1906. gastrinum (Fr. Hoehn. Fung. ill. Phaeobotryosphaeria Speg. 24:1132 1928. Rehm (Rehm) ) Guignardiella 16:465 1902. Sphaerognomonia Potebnia Ann. Ital. U. Vaucl. & S. Wien. Symb. Nac. 1915. Fung.

382 1849. Scan. 1901. Sfer. Fung. Fr. clavariarum Fkl. B.) Zopf. Helminthosphaeria Fkl. C. Daldinia DeN. 1917. spatholobi Syd. B. Nac. tubulina (A. Comp. Mus.) Clem. Soc. Notes 50:76. Peristomium Lechmere Soc. S. Pyr. 35:77. Fung. C. Myc. ill. Ital. Hoehn. 668 & Fung. C. Erikssonia (Penz. Ann. E. P. & Paol. fimicola (Rob. & DeN. Entosordaria Sacc. 1906.) Sacc. 240 Symb. Myc. Bot. oligosporus Petri concentrica (Bolt. A. 9:567 1891. ill. Heft. Bull. ill. trigonospora March. Scan. Pav. hypoxyloides Karst. Chaetomium Kze. Rend. H. Fung. cranioides Sacc. hispida T. Scan. 1:248 1882. Exped. Phyc. 20:186 1922. Ceratostoma Fr. ill.) Sacc. Speg. H. cf. O.. chartarum Berk. & Ces. 1838. Hoehn. Myk. 123. Syll. 565. & Br. C. Mont. Ceylon 1867. oreophila Speg. & Seav. 1:37 Bolacotricha B. Bull. 1838. Nat. Fung. Cryptascus Petri Att. melanosporis (Wint. Ophiostomella Petr. A.) Sacc. C. Veg. 1918. & E. 1:753 Solenoplea Starb. & Seav. 20 1888. Frag. 389 1849 Lasiosordaria Chcnantais Bull. 3:65 F. Fl. Syll. Ann. Champ. 1861. 24:539 1926. Symb. Fimetaria Griff. 142:224 2:15:144.) C. 1910. Chaetoceris Turconi ill. B. 166 Henningsina Moell. H. 1869. Bull. Reg. 1:15 1817. 5:18:642. lignicola (Fkl. Coniochaeta Sacc. 1882. Symb. Fung. 1:295 1791. merdaria (Fr. 1:197 Syll. fasciculata Fr. Penzigia Sacc. Entoleuca Syd. E. Camillea Fr. & Pat. callimorpha Syd. Camarops Myc. Malac.) perfidiosa (DeN. Veg. 1881. globosum Kze.) Syd.) Griff. Fung. & Pat. C. Pyrenopolyporus Lloyd Myc. Fung. 1899. 24:229 1928. Myc. Ascotricha Berk. C.262 Astrocystis B. Veg. Acad. Belg. Hist. Myk. Myc. grisea B. & S. Syll. Ascom. Syll. 29:307. 240 N. 26 Karst. ligniaria (Grev. Cerillum Clem. Fkl. Soc. Nat. L. 1:1:257. microspora Starb. 1:1:257 1882. Hedwigia 65:235 1925. Ann. Syll. H. 1:39 1882.) Fkl. Fung. Bommerella Marchal 24:164 1885. paradoxa (Har. 1909. 1 :269 1882. 2:13 1905. 1st. Bras. desmosporum Lech. & Br. hunteri Lloyd . ill.) Petr. Syll. C. & M. Syll. & Br. France 1:168 An. Myc. Bolinia Nke. P. & Maffei Att. Asc. Fenn. avocetta (C. Myc. & Pat. Fung. leprieuri Sum. A. C. Ann. mirabilis B. paradoxa Har. fimicola (Rob. 13:315. 1870. Chaetomidium Zopf Entw. 309 Hypocopra Coprolepa Fkl. E. B. Hist. Myc. C. Syll. D. Fung. Fr. Line. C. durissima Moell.) Chen. A. SPHAERIALES & Br. coccineum Bull. Sum. 1869. 1869. 1915. P. Hypoxylum Albofifia Syll. ill. for Colletomanginia Har. Sacc. 1913. Sum. Myc. 1919. Chaet. 392 1849. 1:286 1882. for Chaetoceratostoma. fimeti (Fkl. 17:619 Bombardia Fr. 280. ill. 2:6 1879.) Sacc. 1901. Germ.

P. Carp. Tympanopsis 19:24. Prod. Fung. & moravica Petr. (Henn. M. Petr. longirostris Zukal Muellerella Hepp Lich. 22:336 S. ill. &Wing.) Grev. Fung. 2:566 Sel. Theissenia Maubl. Philocopra 1880. 1885. Soc. 1914. Ital. 12:274 1914. 1902. Miill. & Holway 24:37 Rosellinia 1847. & DeN. Bakt. Akad. 1820. Fung. 1883. P. T. P. Syll.) Hoehn. Myk. Ustulina Tul. H. Prin. buUiardi Tul. & DeN. Sci.) Maubl. T. 9:193 P. 30:32. Fung. Herb. Syll. Medd. 1897. 1905. Flor. ill.) Sacc. S. ill. (Hill) Schrank. L. Myc. M. Pseudotthiella Petr. A. Pleurage Fr. 6:335 1908. vulgaris Tul. 418 1849. Gaz. Myc. fimicola (Cda. Scan. Pleosporopsis Oersted 128 1865. Bot. Bayer. Class. Hyalodidymae Apiosporina Hoehn. P. Handl. Bot.-Arg. 80 1862. Cucurbitariella 1916. lanuginosa Zopf. Syll. Bih. Fung. Syll. Microtyle Speg. Phys. ill. Fl. 79. Acad.) Sacc. 624. Fung. Tul. DeNot. M M. ill.) DeN. clavus Fr. Podosordaria Ell. 17:634 1905. 1909. Myx. boergeseni F. Sfer. Fung. 263 Ferd. N. 2:42 1861. Leptomassaria Petr.) Starb. Micrascus Zukal Pilz. 9. Ann. Hedwigia 38:63 1899. penicilliopsis Henn. 16:449 1902. Syll. eryngicola Speg. Xylaria 1789. Wien 119:439 1910. Naturw. P. T. Vid. Myc. Thamnomyces Ehrenb. Myc.) C. X.) Fr. 56:27 Poronia Willd. cf. Cordoba 23:458. An. pleiospora (Wint. Sum. For. Soc. 14:494 1899. 142. Berol. Squamotubera Hcnn. hypoxylum (L.) Sacc. Speg. lerati & W. Syll. Fung.) Fr. . euomphala (B. 2:334 R. Paranthostomella 1910. Carp. Sum. collinsi (Schw. Hansenia Zopf Zeits. dorstenioides Henn. Ber. P. aquila (Fr. Syll. Sven. Fac. Fung. Hedwigia 41:15 1902. Podospora Cesati Rabh. 409 1849. 1928. Ital.SPHAERIACEAE Spirogramma Kjob. Syll. bergi Speg. P. Veg. 2:23 1861. M.) Petr. ill. 1:344 1882. Kretschmaria Fr. hirtellae mexicana E. Xylariodiscus Henn. & Syd. Bol. Fr. Fung. Rev. C. polyspora Hepp Nummularia 6:42. Henn. pyrenocrata (Theiss. Agron. fimicola Ces. Ann. hippotrichoides (Sow. Nat. Akad. Frag. rottlerae (Rac. coprophila (Fr. 400 1787. 17:620 S. Scan. Hedwigia 68:257 Giorn. Hoehn. punctata (L. 1919. 27 ill. Moelleroclavus Henn. U. Veg. X. Sitzb. Arg. 258 1856. Bull. simplex Petr. Speg. Sel. K. 1913. & H. Nees Hor. 16:440 Mesniera Sacc. 1:197 1861. 14:440 C. Sordaria Ces. strobilorum Oerst. Starb. Myc. 24:837 1928. 1894. Med. For. Ann. Vid.

Discodiaporthe Petr. 389. ill. B. Ann. & Rabh. A. Syll. Syll. D. Sitzb. taleola (Fr. Apiosporopsis Mariani . 15:11 C. Ascospora Fr. Ceriosporella 1902. himantia (Pers. Bot. A. Caudospora 1889. A. 24:705 126:381 Diaporthella Petr. Giorn. Ann. & Syd. & Br.) Traverse Flor. applanata (Niessl) Sacc. Hist. 1917. Haplotheciella Hoehn. Traverso 1913.^gr. aesculi (Fkl. Crypt. Syll. 1924. Gonn. ill. & S. Anisogramma Theiss. hepaticarum Sacc. 425 1849. Ber. C. 692 Frag. Cyphospilea Syd. 1:335 1846. cf. beccarini Trav.) Petr. Flor. Cantharosphaeria Thaxt. praeclara tosta (B. virgultorum (Fr. Bot. 1918. Apiosporella Hoehn. 1913. bavarica Petr. 1887. Ann. D. Ann. Myc. Hoehn. Ital. diaporthoides Petr. Frag. 128:579 1919. hellebori (Chaill. A. D. C. cf.) Theiss. Fung. C. 14:451 1916. Fr.) Hoehn.) Berl. 1915. Fung. 21:26 1923. 13:665 Didymopsamma Petr. 1917. C. 27:401 1929.) Mar.264 Arcangelia Sacc. 1906. Myc. Fung. 23:18 1925. Akad. Akad. Ges. Alyc. Bol. 23:31.) T. Ann. Soc. Mjc. Scan. Hoehn. A.) Rabh. Apiosporina Petr. & Syd. Apioporthe Hoehn. 1890. Vet. Handl. 1911. 1913. 69:3. inaequalis (Wint. 218. sepincolaeformis (Sacc. Paradidymella Petr. Skottsbergiella Petr. Bot.) Starb. Ital. B. Chorostella Sacc. P. 22:30 Nat. L. 1869. Petr. H. Apioporthella Petr. Wicn V. Myc. antarctica Speg. Coleroa Rabh. C. Winter Krypt-Flor. saccardiana (Trav. anomala (Pk. oncostoma (Duby) tessella (Pers. Myk. 2:198 1887. Starb.-Akad. Fung. 240 1870. Myc. Soc. Syll. Myk. aristata (Fr. Chorostate (Sacc. Fung. 24:914 1928. eres Nke. Fung. C. Ann. 1909. Myc. corni (Sow. A. 1920. . 23:80 1925. Stigmatopsis 2:213 Crypt. Petr. 16:313. Sitzb. 1911. Syll. 5:115. Syll. 1921. Botryostroma Hoehn. C.Att.) Auers. ill. Deut. chaetomium (Kze. 15:275. chilensis Thaxt. Myc. Bertia DcNot. . 1915. Fung. 22:78 50:165 A. Myc. 22:389 S. Cacosphaeria Spcg.) Petr. Wien 1928.) Hoehn. Ann. Diaporthe Nke.) Sacc. 19:118 Cryptodiaporthe Petr. (Rehm) Hoehn. D.)' Petr. Ital. Islyc. J. Theiss. 25:238 1927. Fung. 1927. Germ. crucipila Valetoniella 118:1499 Hocbn. C. Eur. C. cf. Ann.) moravica Petr. 22:376 Allantoporthe Petr. Hedwigia 62:289 1921. Ann. Myc. F. 1:121. Veg. Hedwigia 62:293 1921.) Petr. Wicn Leiosphaerella Hoehn. Pyr. 5:6:30. Myc.) Fkl. N. Gaz. Bcrl. Niesslia Aucrs. Akad. lignorum Maubl. A. ill. 36:314 Syll. patouillardi (Let. Michclia 1:377 1878.) Petr. Didymella Sacc. D. Icon. Ann. 24:377 1926. Sum. castanea (Tul. Petr. ill. A. Chaetolentomita Maubl. 24:634 1926. polylopha Syd. 1:623 1882. 2:481 S. Myc. sulphurea (Fkl. 2:190 1906. Ann. ill. Fung. Ital. Fueg.) Rehm moriformis (Tode) DeN. chaetomium (Kze. Sitzb. SPHAERIALES Bull.

Fung. Sel. Syll. 17:94 Macrodiaporthe Petr. M. 1918. Ceratoporthe Petr. Ann. Cercidospora Kocrb. . M. Myc. 1:507 Melanopsammella Hoehn. Abh. cf. vermicularia (Nees) Sacc. 4:455 1906. ulothi Koerb. Scan. Fung. Fung. Bioporthe Pctr. Wien C. & DeN. & Br. Veg. 1882. Clypeoporthe Hoehn. didymospora Petr. latitans (Nyl. Myc. Massarinula ld94. caespitosus (Wint. Carp. Plagiostoma Fkl. Syll.) Fr. A. luzonensis Syd. Ann. DC. 24:237 W. Nac. 1897. Hoehn. Leop. Ann. ill. B. Lasiostemma Theiss. Fung. C.) Petr. setacea (Pers. E. Veg. 2:519 1883. Sum. Bot. 15:218 L. Echinothecium Zopf Nov. 402 1849. Dimerinopsis Syd. Parcrg. Fung.) Sacc. Syll. Ann. 4:201. Syll. gyrosa (B. 1876. Neorehmia 111:988 Sitzb.) Speg. Gibbera Fr. Syll. 3:552 1905. Syll. Ann.) Sacc. 24:705 1928. 16:51 Gnomonia Ces.) Hoehn. polyspora Kirsch. Wien N. Lentomita Niessl Not.) Syd. Myc. Akad.) Tul. G. not Bertiella Sacc. Ann. Frag. P. 17:121 1919.) Ruhl brenesi Petr. 16:485 B. Myc. Fung. C. 1883. ceratophora Hoehn. 118:840 1909. Att. K. V. Trent. 23:348 1925. Hoehn. Ann. G. Fung. Endothia Fr. 44 L. Phylloporthe Syd. 17:536 1905. Syll. Carp. 15:202 1917. Penz quercina Lam. Myc. Fung. Sacc. Fung. 1882. 1909. Brandcnb. 1898. reticulatum Zopf gyrosa (Schw. An. vaccini (Sow. 24:747 Parasphaeria Syd.) Hoehn. Syll. 128:584 1919. & Syd. 23:14 1925. 1902. tiliae (Fr. H. Loranthomyces Hoehn. Myc. Ann. Scan. as subg. Myc. Myc. 70:250. Pteridiospora & Malpighia P. monocarpa Hoehn. Fung. Fung. Myc. Akad. M. 11^ 1869. Gen. Ven. 1918. Cryphonectria Sacc. Syll. 1:57 Apiognomonia Hoehn. Sitzb.) Sacc. Myc. Wien Lentomitella l^oehn. Sum. Myc. Ann. Act. 6:321 M. 27:24 1929. Akad. Sfer. Eriosphaeria Sacc. contraria Syd. 421 Valsonectria Speg. 1928. 26: Fung. E. 2:190 subg. Fung.) DeN. Ann. Fung. Ital. chondrospora (Ces. 1861. Hercospora Tul. petiolicola (Fkl. bifrons (DC. as veneta (Sacc. & S. Myc. Pyr. Symb. Syll. Kirschsteinia Syd. P. Rev. polyspora (Kirsch. 1902. Plagiostomella 1928. pulchella Speg. javanica P. 17:784 Syll. stilbostoma (Fr. D. 4:10 1875. Hoehn. Bot. Lich.) Hoehn. Aplacodina Ruhl Hedwigia 39:38 1900. 1912.) Tul. 16:52 Hoehn. 23:37 1926. Lamarl. Mus. Bertiella Kirschstein 48:51. Ann. A.SPHAERIACEAE Didymellopsis Sacc. inaequalis (Grove) Hoehn. 1917. merrilli Syd. euphorbiae Fkl. vernoniae Syd. brevicoUis Niessl vestita (Sacc. 1906. 17:657 1905. Soc. 1919. sordidulus (Lev. Winteromyces Speg. Arg. Myc. 11:399 1899. 2:115 1861. Sitzb. Sel. L. P. ill. Myk. occulta (Fkl. Fung. 466 1865. E.) Ann. Syll. 14:539 Melanconis Tul. 385 1849. H.) Fr. 22:297 1924. 24:705 Hypospilina Sacc. 2:154 1861. 1905.

Tliciss. & DeN. Myc. Hcdwigia 43 :86 cf. & C. Melanopsammina Wicn. 1926. 13:645 1915. E. & C. M\c. Myrmaeciella Lindau 1897. Syll. M. ribis (Fkl. Syd. Myc. 13:647 M. Syll. 24:919 1928. Fung. & P. millegrana (Cke.ich. R. Zcits. Suriname 1916. Myc. Rosenscheldiella Tliciss.) Petr. Ann. 1926. P)rit. Frag.) Sacc. 1st. M. Syll. 22:126 1024. 1:604 18S2. 659 1891. P. . 17:87 1919. Fung. (H. Pharcidia Koerber Epicymatia Fkl. congesta Koerb. Frag. 1:132 1918.\nn. ill. Alalpighia 11:399 Hoehn.s Sphacrella. S.) Hoehn. . 1824. hieracii (Sacc. Nat. Myc. Hoehn. Syll. 1:1:478 M. Myk. Pyr. C. & Syd. ill. Myc. Fung. endoleuca (Sacc.) Sacc. W'ien Keissleriella Hoehn. (B. 470 1865. Sphaerella C. 22:290 Malacosphaeria Syd. & K. & Syd. 1863. . Periaster Theiss. 40 1876. 1918. Fung. D. as subg. aesculi 1919. 1:131 1918. 1:43. hippocastani (Jaap) Kleb. & S. Myc. 1:476. Frag. Trans. Kab. Otthiella Sacc. strongylodontis T. & bohemica B. 9:611. 1919.) Lind. a. 1905.266 SPHAERIALES Syll. 17:662 Sitzb. Ann. Fung. scabrosa Syd. myriadea Curzi ulei Stahel 1927. Melanopsamma Not. P. Septorisphaerella Klebahn 24:849 1928.) T. 1919. 50:91 D. as subg. Askom. Syll. 1929. 1169. 24:683 Xcb. M. (Rehm) Henn. & S. 22:147 lb. 1897. M.) Jaap Rehmiellopsis Bub.) Petr. Akad. Niessl 1924. depazeaeformis (Auers. Myk. ill.) Hoehn. Hoehn. Myk. P. S. as subg. 6:151. I. Ann.ot. Pavia 3:3:84. H. 1912. Monopus 1915. Ann. carinthiaca M.Akad. Fung. Melanidium Sacc. & Br. as subg. See. & S. polyspora (Johans. 24:747 1928.) Grove linearis Hypomycopsis Henn. Ital. M. M. K. jMvc. & S. 24:911 Diplosphaerella Grove Ann. Petr. Fung. Syll. 128:573 Melchiora Penz.) T. 14:452 P. Fung. Fung. 488 1910. 1904. B. manihotis (Henn. Fung. Klebahn Cercosphaerella Askom. 118 1869. Pflan/euf. IMcd. Montemartinia Curzi Att. Ramularisphaerella Klebahn Haupt.s. E. examinans (B. Jour. Episphaerella Petr. pulverulentus R. styracis (Henn. cucumeris Kleb. Zeits. O. Syll. leucomelaena P. 612. seriata (Pk. Plectosphaerella Klebahn Phyt. Haupt. & & Sacc. 62 not Sphaerella Scunm. Boydia Smitb remuhformis Smith 24:849 1928. 8:320 1910. Syll. (Desm. Melanopsammopsis Landb. iridis Didymellina Hoebn. 16:66 1928. ribis Neokeissleria Syll. Ann. & DeN. vulgaris Fkl. 1884.) Sacc. alni (Tul. Myc. Fung.) Schroet.) Lind. Staliel M. Neb. Svainp. Naturw. R.) C. Syll. Parerg. Sitzb. Sfer. Island 163 Mycosphaerella Jolian. Hoehn.. 24:538 Montagnina Hoclm. 128:592 1916. M. 1913. Synib. N. pomiformis (Pers.

& Ces.) Theiss. echinata (E. Akad. P. Ann. 1 Bot. R. An. gigaspora Hoehn. 62:94 15:350 1928. didyma (Speg. em. degenerans Syd. Petr. A. Ann Myc. myricariae (Fkl.) Petr. Myc. Plagiostigme Syd. 16:157 1918. M. 1:94 1894. Ann. Rhagadpstoma 1865. Phomatosporopsis Wettsteinina 1927. W. 9:687 Sfer.) Fitzp. Niessl rf. 16:26 1918. subtecta Niessl Bolosphaera . Annal. not Winterella Kze. Theiss. 15:201 1917. & DeN.) DeN.Ann. 16:34 Melanomyces Syd. coffeae Speg. Syll. Wien Petr. Bot. B. & S. 1891. fenestrans (Duby) Petr. Bot. tristis (Fkl.) Syd. Icon. Aloysiella Mattir. 23:341. Rehmiella Wint. cf. T. cf. " W. ]\Iyc. Engler Bot. 7:143 Sfcr. 14:432 1916.) T. 9:909 1891. C. Acanthostoma Theiss. quercinus Syd. Amphisphaeria 1923. Ann. & S. . Sydowiella Petr. Ann. Theiss. 1883. 14:769 Pseudosphaerella Hoehn.) Berl. Fung. Mus. & S. Ann. 15:45 Sacc. longicoUis Mass. Phaeodidymae tubercuUgera (E. 21:331 K. W. Frag. Hedwigia 22:2 Parerg. & E. singularis (Henn. 1912. Myc. Nac. Ann. baccharidis (Rehm) Hoehn. & Salm. 1891. 1883. Myc. Myc. 21 :30 1923. M. Myc. angelicae (Fkl. Kirschsteiniella Ann. 19:338 P.) Petr. hchenicola (DeN.) Karst.) T. 26. Mycologia Calyculosphaeria Fitzp.SPHAERIACEAE Plactogene Theiss.) Theiss. couraliae Syd. 23:39 Hoehn. 116:126 1907. 15:196 Haplodothis Hoehn. P. Pseudodiaporthe Speg. :225 V. Myc. P. 1867. 24:918 Mycosphaerellopsis 1928. Ann.589 not Sacc. Acantharia 1918. alpina Winter Hoehn. Nat. & E. Frag. 1Q08. not Winter- Sacc. P. Thaxteria Sacc. watti (Syd. S_\(l. 1925. Hoehn. Winterella Berl. Myc. H. Ital. & Syd. Stegophora Syd.nn. Syll. Myc. Verb.) 1917. & Salmon Fung. Spumatoria Massee 1901. & Syd. 473 Lich. 1918. Briinn 1875. 16:34 1918. Ann. 14:.) T. Ann. 14:364 1916. chlorospora (Ces. ]\lyc. Syll. adeana Petr.) Hoehn. Fung. Myc. Myc. P. . 49 1863. & S. Jahrb. 1911. Amphididymella Petr. lindigi (Pat. 21:329 M. umbrina (Fr. Fung. 692 cf. i'etr. Venturia DeXot. C.) Sacc. Massariopsis 14:199 1923. 29:45 A. A. S. ulmi (Schw.) Winterina Sacc. Theis:^. S. 16:15 A. & Syd. ella Fung. Cent.A. Polycarpella Theiss. cookei (Linds. 1899. applanata (Fr. Ann. A. 1925. Ital. Myk. Ann. ruwenzorensis M. Bcih. Petr. tristis (Fkl. 1909. ill. S. & Syd. Myc. Myk. Koerbcr R. Myc. 1912. Syll. 1923. & Sacc. Ann. 25:204 Sitzb.

4:265 1906. 21:173 1923. C. Wien C. Symb. emperigonia (Auers. G. Massariovalsa Sacc. E. D. 25:332 1927. Syll. simplex Hoehn.) Zopf sauteri Koerb. & S. paulliniae 1902. Akad. Melanconiella Sacc. Syll. Phaeapiospora 16:477 1925. A. Myc. Medd. Frag. Ann. pseudopeziza (Pat. Ann. P. Ann. Hypoplegma Theiss. & S. Venet. Herb. Punctillum Petr. viridescens (Rehm) T. M. Hung. D. D. fusispora Syd. & Br. Bull. & S. Theiss. Mvc. 1918. H. Sfer. & DeN. 15:135 1917. Pseudoparodia Theiss. Fung. Myc. Myk. Ann. 1892:173 E. Pyr. Ann. Endostigme Syd. Sitzb.) Fkl. Myc. Fung. Myc. 128:582 1919. Bot. 9:1044 1891. 23:105 1925. Alyc. 1854. auerswaldi Fkl. ditricha (Fr. M. Michelia 2:569 1882. stellulata Rom. 1866. & Syd. & DeN. cf. A. Delitschiella Sacc. dickiei (B. pezizoides Pat. M. Massariellops Curzi Att. & S. Ann. SPHAERIALES 1876. R. 1924. 1036 1917. chrysostoma (Fr. Leop. 1901. polyspora Sacc. Hedwigia 5:49 Syll. Ann. D. 15:138 1917. 9 Ceriophora Hoehn. 128:585 1919. L. Parerg. Myc. 24:937 1928. Cryptodidymosphaeria (Rehm) Hoehn. Petr. & Syd. E. 140 1869. Ann. Myc. hungarica Rehm sudans (B. nitidula Sacc. 17:681 1905. 9:724 1891. Myc. Sitzb. L. Myc. Soc. Ital. 23:106 (Rehm) S. conoidea (Niessl) Rehm 22:183 1913. P. Fung. epidermidis (Fr. 1895. Ann. Lizonia C. Myc. M. Act. 17:688 Didymosphaeria Apiotypa Petr. Myc. D. Notis. 16:11 1918. Hoehn. Didymascina Hoehn. 2 1905. & C.) Sacc. 1st. 3:331 1905. Lich. Boiss. 1927. cf. Syll. Frag. Metacoleroa Petr. Bull. Polycoccum Koerb. Fung. Myc. 2:182 1878. 470 1865. Wien H. 11:260. Att. Syll.) Petr. Hypocelis Petr. 1:740. Syll. & Pad. stigma (Koerb.) T.) Syd. ill. Fung. Endoxylina Rom. parallela (Fr. . Pavia 3:3:162. Fung. E. 70:131 1897. ill. Ann. P. Syll. 6:6:410. H.268 Ceriospora Niessl Not. 438 1909. Haplovalsaria Hoehn. 8:177 1886. 27:27 1929. Astrosphaeriella Syd. Syd. Alyk. Ann. Myc. Myc. aprutina Curzi Sacc. & Br. 1888. salicicola (Allesch. Fkl. & Syd. dubyi Niessl palustris (B. costaricensis Petr. Licopolia 2:1:79 Sacc. 16:7 E. Fung. Gaillfirdiella Pat.) Hoehn. Fenn. 22:364 P.) T. Myc.) Sacc. 1905. Ann. philippinensis Petr. Discothecium Zopf Nov.) Hoehn. pellax Nyl. C. Tst. & Syd. cerealis Pass. Eutypopsis Karst. & S. & Syd. & Soc. irradians (Pat. 1913. & Syd. Myc. 41 1867. Ann. Fung. Rev. & S. em. L. hepaticarum (Cke ) P. ill. 13:185 1915. Fr. Akad. 1882 franciscana S. Delitschia Auersw.) C. Endococcus Nyl. 10:226 G.) Karst. Roussoella Sacc. Syll. Lojkania Rehm Cont. Epipolaeum Theiss. Sacc. Gibellina Pass.

169 1869. 70:178. 21:370 1923. Syd.) Speg. Soc. 10:39 1912. Ann. Pseudothis Theiss. Petr. Myc. D. Anisomyces 12:270 Ann. machaerii (Rehm) T. Myc.) Syd. V. T. Rhynchomeliola 1883. 6:146 1908. grammodes (Kze. 1883. Arg. Arg. conferta (Fr. Myc. C. insitiva (Fr. pygmaeum Koerb. schefBeri (Henn. & Syd. fibrillosa Syd. Ven.) P. & Ces. Myc. 471 Sorothelia Koerb. 17:676 Stegastroma Syd. Hedwigia 40:173 Dimerosporiopsis Henn. P. Parerg. & rumicis (Desm. D. & Syd. Karst. Myc. S. P. 22:299 M. (Rehm) Petr. Myc. S. S. Malacosphaeria 1924. Syll. brasiliensis R. Myc. 36:312 1918. Parodiella Speg. Spilosticta Syd. Ann. & S. Fung. Deut. 24:937 nobilis (W.) Cke. S. Ann. Fung. 21:182 1923. Fung. 1:2. Fung. Stegasphaeria Syd. Fung. 1905. 269 Sacc. Fenn. bufonia P. 10:174. 22:42. S. Ann. Myc. & Br. 1906. ill. 2:7 1873. Nov. & Syd. Ann. Geneva 572. & S.SPHAERIACEAE Neopeckia 1883. Otthia Nke. Fung. A. pavonina Syd.) Berl. Pachyspora Kirschst. & Br. Myc. Phorcys Niessl. engleriana Henn. 1880. & Ann. 1897. Syll. Ann.) T. 21 :171 1923. Ital.) Karst. Tichothecium Flotow Hedwigia 25:15 1886. (Hoehn. Pseudotthia Henn.) C. Fung. Porostigme Syd.) T. P. ill. meliolicolum Petr. ill. Syll. Ann. Act. Sfer. minutum Karst. Fenn. cf. 22:21 1924. 16:245 1918. Syll. Bot. P. 1918. Myc. Dothidotthia Hoehn. Syll.) Sacc. Ann. Att. Myc. P. R. Soc. R. macularis (Fr. Symb. 1914. 1914. Ann. 48:48. oncospermatis Syd. Protoventuria Berl. Torr. 1927. 1928. & S. Ann. & W. Fung. 31 1863. Myc. Myc. 1917. 14:81 1916. symphoricarpi (Rehm) Hoehn. Pyrenobotrys 12:182 Theiss. Sphaerellothecium Zopf. 1 :283 Speg. Teratosphaeria Syd. . S. D. Syll. O. 9:723 P. betulae Niessl (B. Fung. Maireella Syd. 24:768 Theiss. 25:337 1865. Ann. 9:723 Sydowina Petr. vestita Ann. Rhynchostomopsis Petr. coulteri (Pk. P. rhodosticta (B. Leo p. pulchella Speg. Bot. piri Fkl. Didymotricha ill. maculans Syd. cf. 41 P. 16:155 1891. Valsaria DeN. 25:338 Steganopycnis Syd. Att. & S. Myc. ill. Monsunia 1:167 1899. gigantea Kirschst. Fkl. Petr. Ann. 1886. Pyr. Ann. M. 14:362 1916.) Syd. 17:686 1905. Myc. Massariella Speg. Cong. S. 1:178 1880. Petr. 1876. Club 10:127 NBerl. Myc. scabrosa Syd. 1928. & DeN. confluens Koerb. Ber. 1927. S. Not. vaccinii H. Brandenb.) Bed. Rhynchostoma Karst. Guar. 15:202 M. Fung. & papilloidis (Henn. Myc. Bull. T. 1891. Pseudodimerium 1914. Medd. Syll. Abh. Ann. Sacc. Myc. Syd. 1893. Fung. rosae (DeN. Hoehn. 2:668 Seynesia Sacc. 1901. araneosum (Rehm) Zopf theisseni Syd. Phaeosphaerella 16:28 1880.) Sacc. 12:274 P. Lich. Syll. Ges. Myc. cf.

22:144 M. Petr. Pyr. anserinum (Sacc. 85. 1905. Syll. Ital. Ann. Alyc. Fl.) Sacc. Myc. IMalpighia 11:505 1899. 9:1048 & Syd. Myc. ill. Bombardiastrum 9:153 1893. oyedaeae Syd. 17:690 phaeodidyma Moell. Acanthostigmina Hoehn. Wien A. solani Syd. Sacc. 1881. Fung. P. ill. 2:292 1906. Not. Fung. gaduae (Henn. Oxydothis Penz. Calospora Sacc. Roy. insitivum P. & Br. 16:510 Xyloceras Smith Jour. Fr. 3:69 X. Aphanostigme Syd. 20:182. 1882. Fung. Syll. A. 1863. Mich. (Fr. 35:16. C. 22:440 R1876. 1883. Phaeosperma (Sacc. 1883. Fung. M. Phaeodiaporthe Pctr. 1:741 Symb. H.A. Fung. 1901. Syll. 1905. Linn. elliotti X. B. 14:674 Phragmocalosphaeria Petr. Soc. Sitzb. Bertiella caespitosa Henn. Broomella Sacc. cf. B. Theiss. 105 1891. insitiva Petr. 43 1925. Myc. 227 not Sacc. Syll. Baumiella Henn. for Chaetopyrena Sacc. Schles. 13:181 1915. Fung. & Br. not Pass. divergens (Rehm) . lampadophora (B. Syll. Ann. Acanthostigmella Hoehn. Akad. 23:36 P- Xylobotryum 1895.270 SPHAERIALES c H Hypoxylopsis Henn. Darwiniella Spcg. 17:99 1919.nn. A. I860. Fung. Flor.. C. 1882. B. platanoides (Pers. Ann. Calosporella 3:2:442 Fung. Soc. 1897.) S. 17:854 Myrmaecium Nke. & Sacc. Syll. Syll.) Schroet. 22:393 1925. D. 24:368 1926.) Trav. genuflexa Hoehn. Ann. Fat. 1904.) Hoehn. Ascom.) Fkl. Herb. 17:708 1905. 118:1499 1909. Phyllocelis Syd. vitalbae (B. 2:231 Krypt. 21 :109 1923. 1:584 1882. O. Crypt. Fung. & T. Fueg. Trachyxylaria Moeller 1902. Rhopographella 1913. Myc. hurae Henn. Clypeothecium 1923. 2:2>27 A. 23:353 Syll. Ann. P. 2:557 Syll. poae (Niessl) Sacc.) Trav. Fkl. 1887. minuta (Fkl. 1913. Petr. Syll. Monographella 1924. 1894. Fung. . 1 :750 1882. & S. 17:708 1905. as subg. Petr. 1901. Fung. Melanobotrys Rodway mania 168 1926. Fung. Syll. 24:961 1928. andinum Pat. Syll. Myc. Schroet. Pat. 2:138 M. Myc.) Niessl Chaetopyrenis Sacc. Tas- andinum Pat. Bull. perpusillum DeN. macrospora Sacc. Smith Hyalophragmiae Acanthostigma DeNot. C. Ann. P- antarctica Speg. Fung. Sfer. keissleri Petr. Petr. Ceratosphaeria Nicssl C. Ital. Bull. 1880. Soc. Pseudothyridaria Ann. tasmanicus Rodway T. Alyc. piskorzi Petr. 308.) Niessl platanoides (Pers. Proc. Myc. Fung. d w i g i a 43:256 1905. Myc. B. weiri Petr. grisea P. Ann. Sacc. Phyc. Boiss. ill. Syll. Myc. 21:281 C.

Syll. Leptospora Stuartella Syll.) Quel. ill.. Fab. cm. 16:69 1918. Frag. Clem. Brit. Metasphaeria Sacc. Symb. Soc. 1869. aggregata (Lasch) Hoehn. 2:26 Bizzozeria Berl. Spher. . Ic. & Fkl. Hoehn. ill. friesi Nke. coffeicola Speg. Actinidothiopsis Stcv. Myc. Massarina Sacc. P.) Karst. Fung. pustula (Pers. Holstiella Henn. Ann. Pyr. 1869. Myc. 1924.) V. Myc. chamaemori (Fr. Myc. contraria Syd. Bishop Mus. Hoehn. Pleuroceras Riess Fupk. 11:262 1913. Herpotrichia Fkl. sepincola (Fr. A. E. 2:153 1883. Symb. Myc. ovina (Pers. 33 1895. B. & S. diplodiella (Speg. Eudarluca Speg. Misc. Myc. Parasphaeria Syd. Vcg. Fr. S. 22:297 1924.) Sacc. L. Mus. Petr. 55 1863. Myc. H. Syll. Mus. 143 Montbel. formosa H. 16:74 L. E. 146 1869. Eur. not Stoneman 1898. Enchnosphaeria Fkl. Sum. 16:97 C. Soc. H. Myc. 14:207 D. Hedvvigia Bull. Myc. S. cf. Rev. P. M. H. rubi H. Fab. An. Myc. Soc.. Myc. M. ill. Myc. Frag. 1885. Ann. Fkl. Fung. Ostafr. Hoehn. cf. Ann. spirillospora P. Pat. 19:378 1909. Enchnosphaeria 2:207 1908. calami Henn. Symb. L. Henn.) Hoehn. Gnomoniopsis Berl. cryptoderis (Lev. 5-6:29 271 & Rabli. Syll. Myk.) Sacc. Hypospila 19:19. spermoides (Hoffm. M. 421 1925. Hedwigia 47:261 1908. coprosmae Stev. obducens Syd.) C. Rend. G. 1849 Bull. Griphosphaerella 1927. Hoehn. N. 5:259. Sclerodothis Hoehn.) Fkl. Ann. 14:593 1899. 1883. Hormosperma 1897.) Sacc. cf. peltigerae (Fkl. Frag. Penz. 119:443 Oraniella Speg. Lulworthia Sutherland ill. Fung. Myc. Symb. Petrakiella Syd. Hoehn. Sfer.SPHAERIACEAE Cryptoderis Auers. &: Sacc. & DeN. Merrilliopeltis Syll. O. 95. & Sacc. Ital. & B.) Berl. Fung. pusillum P.) Auers. Fung. & DeN. Malpighia H. Scan. 1 1:93 1892. La Plata 15:22. 25:209 G. Mem. Melomastia Nke. Dichosporium 1899. pinetorum Fkl. 1918. australis Speg. not lichenicole. C. 1915.) hirsuta (Fr. Nematostigma Syd. 1854. 694 1911. Hoehn. 616. 1870? lamprotheca (Desm. H. Malpighia Heteronectria Penz. 1894. Fr. Fkl. Myc. Charrinia Viala & Rav. & Sacc. Ann. 1883. fucicola Suther. Fkl. ill. cf. Pilz. 1:306 M. ill. L. Gonnerni. 22:565 1913. 2:123 802. E. glomeratum Pat. stevensoni Petr. usambarensis Henn. 2:156 1883. & S. Quelet 1875. Myk. inslgnis Syd. C. veneta S. 22:230. Vaucl. pustula (Pers. Myk. Comp. Ann. :25. 11:509 11:402 Lasiella 2:5:516 1897. Nac. Fung. 147 1869. P. Chalcosphaeria 1918. Trans. Lasiosphaeria C. Myc. eburnea (Tul. & R. Ann. Syll.

22:63 1895. Fung. Fung. incrustans Sacc. Prosthecium Fresenius Beitr. Trematovalsa Jacobesco Comp. P. Syll.) Sacc.) DeN. cf. 1924. L. P. Thaxteriella Petr. 2:214 1883. Akad. cf. S. Dec. Syll. no. Fung. Myc. Myc. Myc. Sydowia Bros. Fung. 21:276 1923.) Petr. 17:705 1905. 22:397 1913. intermixta (B.) C. Phragmosperma 14:450 1916. . 16:166 1918. & Br. Ann. P. P. Wien Lepteutypa 126:372 1852. Phanerococcus Theiss. Ann. 1912. 1879. P. Sagediopsis Sacc. Ital. not Hoehn. Caryospora DeNot. & Syd. Syll. Bot. 1918. Myk. Rev. 9:7 1856. ellipsosporum Fres. Ann. trifolii Pseudoplea Petr. pleurostoma Hoehn. Myk. Grevillea 4:21 1875. 17:646 1905. 2:140 1883. 17:695 Pharcidiella Sacc.) Pseudoperis Toro. Ann. ill. Pharcidiopsis Sacc. feijoae (Rehm) T. 1:90. vulgaris Fkl. R. T. & DeN. S. 8:41 1926 (for Pseudoperisporium erigeronicola). koerberi (Stein) Sacc. Fung. P. Toky o 27:250 K. callista (Rehm) Hoehn. 1903. Wien Pseudosphaeria Hoehn. javanica Hoehn. endococcea (Nyl. & DeN. rickianum (Rehm) Theiss. apiculatum (Curr. Syll. Agron. 1869.) Sacc. Ann. T. Ann. Michelia 1:399 1878. 118 Epicymatia Fkl. Michelia 1:461 Sphaerulina Sacc. Ital. erigerontis (Stev. 1883. P- 1917. Sci. Bot. Frag. Syll. Akad. & C. 19:29 1921. 365 1913. S. 22:407 116:129. S. & S. Toro P. P. Hoehn. Fung. acrothecum Hoehn. Myc. Wien K. Sfer. 1905. endococcea (Nyl. 1882.) Sacc. P- Pseudovalsa C. gregaria Bres. Myc. Trichocollonema Hoehn. pulviuscula (Curr. Giorn. Sporoctomorpha Aim. as subg. Myc. Sitzb. 1907. Theiss. P. Ann. T. A. as subg. 1:570 Syll. Phaeophragmiae Aglaospora 1844. magnoliae A. 1029 1917. 16:9 1918. Syll. Myc. Akad. S. Petr. Hedwigia 34:66 Hoehn. Rend. Sitzb. T. Zignoella Sacc. Mag. Fung. putaminum (Schw. lanciformis (Fr. Hoehn. Plagiostromella Hoehn. 32 1863. Fung. Petr. 2:62. Konenia Hara 1913. 10:140 Aposphaeriella Died. Sitzb.) Sacc. Myc. Myk. matruchoti Jacob. 1:43 A. Fung. C. Syll. Myc. 142:289 1906.272 SPHAERIALES & Syd. Koordersiella 118:833 1902. ib. 358.) Petr. Surv. ill. (Rostr. Saccardoella Speg. profusa (Fr. Ann.) Petr. 21:185 A. 2:135 Thyridaria Sacc. montellica Speg. E. Syll. & Cam. bambusae Hara fuckeli (Nke. 23 1909. Frag. Ital. Micr. DeNot. Z. gregaria Died. cf. Apiorhynchostoma 1923.) DeN. corticola Petr. Symb.

Symb. Petr. R. corticiorum (Hoehn. Syll. T. Pilz. Syll.) Berl.) Syd. Fung. Clypeosphaeria Fkl. Fung. L. notarisi Fkl. variabilis Syd. quadrigellensis Flag. 1914.) T. 17:37 1919. G. 1895. Syll. Asteromassaria Hoehn. C. 1:333 1846. S. Nat. doliolum (Pers. Fung. Macrobasis Starb. Fung. 20:58 1898. H. 16:93 1918. & S.) Sacc. & Syd. Ann. phaeostroma (D. Ann. H.) Sacc. C. L. Icon. Trichohleria Sacc. 22:248 Leptosphaeria C. Carp. coryli (Mass.SPHAERIACEAE Chaetosphaeria Tul. & M. 22:236. 11:321 1895. N. Gen. Myc. Fung. Jacz. 126:368 1849. & S. Syll. Myc. & S. Syll. K. 725 1858. 24:972 1928. Fung. K. 97 1894. Syll. Mycopyrenula Wain. Herb. Myc. 1909. Myc.) Hoehn. Fung. Berl. H. Syll.) M. 1 :88 1902. 16:519 1902. Myc. & T. Scan. macrospora (Desm. Syll.) Berl. Syll. Ann. 13:631 1915. 1875. Hapalocystis Fkl. visci Fkl. Massaria DeNot. 188. Speg. An. hispida (Tode) Clem. Myc. 2:88 1883. Icon. 24:639 1926. 1913. Herpothrix Clem. Muell. Rehm & Thuem. Leptosphaeropsis Berl. Sfer. C. . Lusit. 12:472 Kalmusia Niessl Beitr. moravica Petr. Ann. argentinensis Speg. Fung. ill. Sel. 17:44 for artemisiae Syd. 1869. elegans Heptameria Rehm & Thuem. N. & Fautr. inquinans (Tode) Fr.) S. Myc. Myc. Keissleria Hoehn.) Wain. 24:1005 1928. Litschaueria Petr. Myc. Fung. Myc. Nac. Myc. Ann. Ann. Passeriniella Berl. L. Ann. 117 1869. 398 S. C. hirta Rabh. 273 Fung. & Fautr. 1:51 1895. Lasiosphaeris Clem. 2:252 C. ebula Niessl fraxini Myc. 2:685 C. M. Myc. 19:379 not Venturiella C. & DeN. Neoventuria Syd. Ann. & H. argentinensis (Speg. Fr. 1863. 35. Ann. Myc. 1928. Stud. A. 1894. 12:161. Ital. Sitzb. H. S. Syll. N.) Clem. Syll. 60 1863. Saccothecium Sum. & Trotter Syll. Cladosphaeria Nke. Mus. Bull. 22:253 massariospora (Starb. Starbaeckiella Syd. Myc. & DeN. 2:113 1883. Syd.) Fkl. P. Veg. berkeleyi (Tul. Kennt. Akad. Gibberidea Fkl. 1871:110. 11:320 eunomioides (Otth) Nke. Herpotrichiella Petr. Nematostoma Syd. 49:139 1921. Chaetomastia Sacc. Giorn. 24:1018 Coccidophthora Syd.) Fr. Bot. 1872. Gillotia Sacc. 1914. 6:559. Chitonospora B. platypus (Schw. Lamb.) C. hirtula (Karst. Symb. Exs. 292 1878. M. Boiss. S. Fung. Act. 35.) Fkl. ophioboloides (Sacc. Nodulisphaeria Rabh. xantha (Sacc. tumefaciens (E. Fung. C. Rev. Fung. orbicularis (Syd. 11 :263 1913. calospora (Wint. G. Herb. ill. Wien 1917. Fenn. as subg. Synib. 1913. Fung. dichroa (Pass. ammophila B. V. Ges. 11:326 Syncarpella Theiss. 1908.) Syd. Fung. 173 1909. 1919. Ital. 21:349 1923. R. L. corni (Mont. n. Ann. 54 Cryptosphaerina Lamb. Gen. 9:797 Venturiella 1891. 173 1909. Fung. Fung. Myc. Starb. Mitt. ill. Soc. 168 1869. 21:275 1923. 1902.) Petr.

Miyake Agr. 1883. i 16:29 Pleosphaeropsis 49:110 1902. Act. ill. 1906. 1:49 Fkl. hyalospora (Speg.) Sacc. Fung. Rev. Verb. Syll. pomiformis Karst.) Sacc. as subg. Y. 2:32 28:350.. velutina P. Petr. peltigericola (Nyl. 1914. Trematosphaerella Brandenb. 1888. St. 11:350 1895. Sderoplella Hoehn. Clathridium Sacc. O. personata (Niessl) Hoehn. 22:248 T. duseni Henn. A. B. 97 R. modesta Fkl. Sphaer. Zopf Nov. Syd. (Pers. Hyalodictyae Berlesiella Sacc. Syll. em. Boerlagella Penz. Xenosphaeria Trev. Fung. nigerrima (Blox..) Sacc. Sacc. Jour. L. Ell. pulvis-pyrius Sel. B. W & N. 1869. S. 1883.) Sacc.) & Syd. Fung. Syll. Soc.274 SPHAERIALES Nke. 10:7. burchelli (Cke. & 1892. 1897. P. Capronia Sacc. 1849. 2:332 1883. 18 1860. N. catolechiae Zopf variabilis Phaeospora Hepp 70:280 1898. Phaeosphaeria 1910. mexicana Earle oryzae Miyake uliginosa (Ph. Myc. Bot. T. T. Tul. 1895. Fung. 1902. Karst.) Sacc.) T. Myc. Mag. Symb. Myc. Myc. 1883. 16:158 Micr.) Trev. Ann. Trematosphaeria Trematosphaeris Peters. Wain.) Sacc. nigropurpurea E. Dec. Card. Fung. Elenkin 1901. 1905. P. Ital. Tokyo Fung. plumbeum (Starb. Fung. 136 1901. Syll. N. 1918. Myc Fenn. Fung. & E. Catharinia Sacc. Julella H. i n o Act. 1918. Bull. 1902. J. 2:288 1883. Fung. 2:275 subg. C. Myc. 21:281 B. 16:555 O. 2:112 J:112 R. & Ell. Tokyo P.) Fkl. Leop. C. Melanomma 1869. minima Auers. Bot. peltigericola (Nyl. Rhynchosphaeria 1883. berkeleyi Berl. Hara Pocosphaeria Sacc 11:325 1895. a Ann. 16:524 Fung. Carp. fuscispora Kirschst. parmeliana Jacz. 146 Symb. sexdecemspora (Cke. & Sacc. Myc. Byssotheciella Petr.) Fkl. Malpighia 11:404 & S. Fab. S. Philonectria Hara ill. Syll. 2:81 M. 2:14. 113 1880. Sporormiella Titania Berl. Fung.) Sacc. Earle Jour. 161 1869. 2:289 1883. 11:350 Norrlinia Theiss. 163 159 M. Verruc. Pyr. P. Syll. hookeri (Schaer. S. P. for Jard. Fenn. Myc. 24:994 1928. Symb. Sporormia DeNot. Ophiodictyum Sacc. Syll. Ohieria Fkl. Ohleriella 3:349 2:245 2:47 O. buxi H. 17:730 Trematosphaeriopsis. 5:6 Ev. eriophora (Cke. 1923. 1921. Consp. Leptosphaerella Sacc. Syll. Fung. Syll. Vaucl. Syll. as C. Icon. Kirschst. Fab. X. pertusa (Pers. tiliae Ann. 48:54 1913. vagans DeN. & PI. Melogramma 1863. & Fkl. . Rebentischia 1873. Bot.

Fung. Bot. 1915. cf. Ann. Sacc. delicatula Niessl colliculus (Cke. 19:389 argentinense Speg. cf. 1905. crustosum Speg.) 1:1:379 Lindau Lind.) Sacc. Hyalocurreya Theiss. 1918. Griphosphaerioma Hoehn. vitriospora (C. Rev. P. & D. 13:181 C. z-b. ill. cf. Myc. 19:32 Syll.) as subg. Ges. Theiss.) Pass. Myc. Fung. 17:566 Limacinia Sacc. Tephrosticta Sacc. L. rehmi (Schnabl) Clem. 1913. 1897. Myc. Verb. Minn. 1913. Ann. 139 Macrospora Fkl. & Syd. diospyricola Henn. 22:460 19:388 1883. G. 1909. P. Myc. Ann.) Hoehn. Myc. Ber. Rhamphoria Thyridella 11:351 Niessl 1895. dura (Fkl. 24:1023 1928. Fung. 52 Phaeopeltis Clements Verb. sepincola (Fr. & Syd. Fung.. Ann. Myc. Myc. Fung. andicola Speg. & S. T. Peltosphaeria Berl. Myc. Fung. 2:279 branacea. Curreyella Pflanzf. P. Wien Capnites Theiss. Ann. H. T. Ann. 23:60 Dasysphaeria Spep. 17:873 Fung. 1916. 24:637 13:640 P. Mus. Myc. 1920. Fung. Petr. Ann. Nat. 1918. Leucothyridium Speg. Syll. Fung. Hoehn. symphoricarpi (Rehm) Hoehn. 16:162 1918. & Syd. scirpicola (DC. An. 1921. 1909. & S. Studies 4:186 1869. Schizostege Theiss. 275 D. 17:745 1905. 1911. An.-b. 14:415. C. briosiana (Poll. 16:87 Griphosphaeria Hoehn. S. rosarum Schulz. cf. G. Myc. Syll. calvescens (Fr. 1915. S. Ges.) T. Hedwigia 44:67 Phaeosaccardinula Henn. AIus. Syll. Line. P. Fung. 1909. Hoehn. 2:303 Tichosporella Sacc. 1905.) Theiss. javanica (Zimm. Fung. 19:193 1921. 11:351 1895. C. Gen. 18:97 P. z. Clem. Pleosphaerulina Pass. 1912. (Sacc. negeriana S.) Hoehn. rehmi (Schnabl) Sacc. Petr.) S. 24:1024 1928. 26:133 1928. petraki Syd. Syll. Fung. 36:312 1928. 1926. Syll.) Sacc. 2:7:46 1920. L. Chaetoplea (Sacc. Syll. Nac. 18:77 Gen.) Theiss. 1909. Pseudoplea Hoehn. 1:116. costaricensis (Speg. C. Phaeodictyae Syll. ill. 1927. T. lanata Clem. Discostroma Clements Ann. Accad. & H.) Fkl. Fung. Pyrenophora memFung. rosaecola (Fkl. aparaphysata. cf. elynae Rabh. Hedwigia Clathrospora Rabh. diospyricola (Henn. Symb. 9:321 1891. Pleomelogramma Speg. Bot. & E. 22:385 66:365 1905. Pringsheimia Schulzer 16:57 1866. 1883.) Sacc. Ann. corticola (Fkl. Placodothis Syd. 44 Syll. ill. Gen. Syll. 1891.SPHAERIACEAE An. 24:1022 1888.) Clem. 24:1024 1928. . Not. sandicensis (E. Pyr. 1909. Nac. Wien P. Syll. Syll. 10:17. Mus. 1928. Myc. Deut. Myc. C. Fung. Syll. M. Rend. il Comoclathris Clem. 1857. R. cf.) Berl. 25:216 Ann. Myc. P. Ges. 50 D. Fung. 1876. Petr. 1916. Ann. 24:924 Nac.

Vaucl.) Gray pithyophila (Fr. Fung. luzonensis (Henn. Myc. ill. 16:29 1918. Fung. Ven. P.) Sacc. Curreya Sacc. 1860. Soc. 220:530. ed. as subg. 2:300 1883. C. 17:746 lopadii (Am. Karstenula Speg. . Mat. Ann. & Syd. Kon. N. Fung. Fab. of. Ann. Frag.) Syd. Hoehn. 3:5:336 bartschi Mass. 103 Leptosphaerulina McAlpine 1902. Icon. Theiss. Sta. Nov. M. ill. 2:347 1857. M. princeps Tul. Myc. Sum. S. moriformis Fkl. Ital. H.) Petr. 216 1893. Clistotheca Zukal 1917. Ann.276 Crotonocarpia Fkl. Ann. Sacc. Pleophragmia Titanella Syd. & Br. 1927.) Tul. T. Wien A. Fung. & S. 1928. Arr. Fab. Lich. cliviae T. Clistothecopsis Stev. circinans S. leporum Fkl. 2:68. Syll.) T. Herb. Myk. Fitop. 1865. herbarum (Pers. An. PI. & conorum E. 1st. 1911. 243 Ann. infernalis (Niessl) Berl. 1905. 13:642 Syll. Myc. rhodostoma (A. Ann. 24:1046 Symb.) Rabh. 25:204. & Syd. 100 1869. Coccodinium Mass. 12:181 Pleosphaeria Speg. Dis. papyrophila Zukal C. Fung. 1928. 13:644 1926. ill. Theiss. 1869. Veg. Fung. for Phaeopeltosphaeria. 24:139 P. australis & S. Thyridium (Nke. Act. caudatum siparia (B.) Sacc. & T. obducens (Fr. 1915. Carp. cf. Brit. 11:270 III. (Fkl. 4. Tichospora Fkl. 163 1869. insignis H. S. Ann. Fung. Cucurbitaria Gray 1821.) Oud. Akad. Cucurbidothis Petr. Petr. Syll.) Sacc. 400 Strickeria Koerber Syll.) Sacc. 70:259. M. 2:208 Fenestella Tul.) Fkl. Exp. Naetrocymbe Koerber Lich. Nuov. 1: in. F. kochi Koerb. Syll. 1883. P. 441 1865. 58 Parerg. 397 Scleroplea (Sacc. 24:637 Delacourea H. Giorn. Soc. Fung. Germ. fuliginosa Koerb. lividum (Pers. Montagnula Berl. Syll. Myk. D. 1:519 C. 1900. 1858. Myk. Arg. pezizoides Nyl. Phaeopeltium 1892. 19:201 1921. 1881. SPHAERIALES Symb. 1896. 1898. 610. Merismatium Zopf ill. 1880. Scan. McAlp. Att. Pleomassaria Speg. 1863. Lich. Megalospora Naumov 1927. & True 1919. Arg. Myc. 9:192 1880. Fung. 1:114 1878. Sel. Symb. Myc. T. for barbata (Pat. ill. Myc. Myc. gemmicida Naumov Fung. 706 Acanthotheciella Hoehn. cf. Spher.) Hoehn. L. Amster. australis Speg.) Speg. bambusicola (Speg.) Zopf Heterophracta Nyl. Epibotrys Theiss. 1915. Pleospora Rabh. Myc. phaeocomes (Reb. 15:466 1895. Nat. Myc. 2:651 Syd. Fkl. K. Scolecosporae Acanthotheca 120:451 Hoehn. Berl. Berl. 24:1333 Bull. P. Mitt. 17:36 1919. Pyrenophora 9:152 1849. Oud. Akad. Myc. Arg. berberidis (Pers. Fr. Parerg. Leop. Sitzb. 1911. tab. Syll. Fung. An. C. C. Michelia 1:50 1879. Myc.

abundans Lobr. O. 1883. . asterostoma P. E. M. L. porphyrogena (Tode) Rabh. filiforme H. cf. 2:360 Bid. herpotricha (Fr. 1899. porphyrogenus (Tode) Sacc. populinum (Pers. hypoxyloides Pat. Syll. Fr. L.) Sacc. 1912. suffusa (Fr. Malpighia 11:406 L.) Sacc. 24:1068 1918. Syll. 11:352 1895. 1897. Myc. C. 14:620 1899. Bombardiella 118:1192 Hoehn. Rast. & Sacc. Sacc. 191. Kann. caespitosa Hoehn.) Karst. Fung. Dilophia Sacc. Tul. Fung. Sitzb. graminis (Fkl. M.) T. Bull. Linospora Syll. 15:210 Fkl. & Syd. anthostomoides (Rehm) Bull. 2:364 Bot. 24:1078 Sacc. Fung. Fung. Mycologia 1927. Cryptospora 1863. 1928.) Tul. culmigena P. ill. patellula Peyron. Carp. 11:353 1895. Ann. Fung. Ital. Maurya 1898. Syll. Fung. O. ill. An. 2:139 1:27. 693. Syll. 2:144 C. & Nym. ill. 1897. 17:768 Meringosphaeria Peyron. Ophiobolus Riess Acerbia Sacc. Pat. phyllostictis Speg. Ophiognomonia 1882. 2:357 Exilispora Tchdn & Daniels 19:112. B. Linocarpum Syd. Myc. Brit. & Sacc.) Sacc. Fung. 22 C. 1905. Hedwigia Syll. Malpighia 1 1 :407 B. E. 1854. 1902. Myk. N. L. Syll. & S.5. Ophioceras Sacc. Syll. Nuov. Winterella Sacc. Fung. Soc. plurisepta T. 1211. Myc. pandani Syd. & W. delavayi Pat. ill. peltigerae (Mont.) Hoehn. Karst. Syll. Pat. caproni Sacc. 13:56. 123 1869. & S. Hedwigia 1 1854. peltigerae (Mont. Bovilla Sacc. Nac.) Berl. Myc. 33:155 C. Mus. Fung. & Syd.) T. 1857 Theiss. W. Frag. Ceuthocarpum 1873. Fin. & S. gregaria P. Criserosphaeria Speg. 25:415. Monsunia 1:72 1899. 2:358 1883. Soc. 197. 1:419 O. fucicola Suther. & S. Giorn. 16:29 N. 1909. melanostyla (DC. Frag. Schizacrospermuni Henn.) Fkl. ill. 277 A. 1900. Fung. Sel. macrocarpum Sacc. L. macrospora (Rick) Sacc. 2:352 1883. A. Bactrosphaeria Pcnz. 1883. 1928. Syll. D. Lamyella Icon. O. & S. Symb. Fung. 1883. :1 16. tarda (Harkn. Hedwigia 1:58 Leptosporopsis Hoehn. Syll. Leptospora Rabli. Hoehn. ill. L. Bolcz. Fung. Theiss. not Fries 1849. S. Entodesmium Riess 1920. capreae (DC. L. Ann. rude Riess rostrupi (F. Ann. 14:619 1899. & D. Akad. Berl. 23:72. O. Leptosporella Penz. Myc. Naumovia Lobrozrakova ill. 14:613 Fung. Myc. Fr.SPHAERIACEAE Acerbiella Sacc. 1917. 1927. Wien B. Trans. Cylindrina 1886. Ophiocarpella 13:644 1915. Lulworthia Sutherland 5:259. Soc. & N. Neolamya 1918. ill. Myc. 16:672 Ophiochaeta Sacc.

Geneva A. Fung. Dcut. Bcih. Ann. Rhaphidospora Fr. ^lendoza 1925. psidii Limaciniella 19:58. 2:685 O. F. Ital. Soc. Kirschst. Nac. ill. 16:151 1918. Syll.elg. 1896. cf. Fung. insignis S. 1912. Syd. DeN. Genera Incertae Sedis Vel Dubia Biotyle Syd. Bull. 18:183 24:364 1926. Hoehn. nyssae B. Not. 177 1847. 23:38. Myc. insculpta (Fr. 1916. Pflanzenf. 12:66 Vialaea Sacc. 48:47. albicedrae H. Myc. caerulescens Miinch chiococcae Syd. Zeits. Bull. Brenesiella Syd. V. 24:815 notha Hoehn. 168 1913. Sacc. 421 1849. E. Lind. erythroxyli Syd.) Syd. lumae Syd. Myc. 1899. Herb. Myc. Forstw. L. 1843. 21:196 1910. P. Cryptoleptosphaeria Pctr. bulborum Dur. 1:1:454 Leptosillia 1897. &. Mend. 14:80 Syll. 5:531 1907. Rhaphidophora C. 1906. 1925. PI. E. 15:204 1917. Scan. . Sci. Sum. Delpinoella Sacc. Bot. 24:1060 L. Fung. Bot. Cyanospora Heald & Wolf Mycologia 2:209 1910. not Theiss. cf. Syll. 26:109 l^er. Syll. unica Desm. Crypt. D. & Trott. & C. Myc. An. Ann.) Karst. Fung. ill. 2:20:372 H. 22:451 1913. 1849. Nac. An. Jacz.ot. 22:289 1906. ferruginea (Pers. 27:16 1929. Ann. Abh. pulchella Speg. 1920. Eumela Syd.s. 27:16 1929. 1893. Frag. Nat. Alyc. 24:745 1928. Mus. Ophiosphaeria Brandenb. Boiss. Fr. Ophiomassaria 1894. Ann. Syll. Acanthophiobolus 571. tenella Kirschst. D. Hoehn. Ann. Fenn. graminicola Speg. depressum Syd. 1909. Ann. Endoconidiophora ^Miincli Nat. Creosphaeria 27:2:396 1923. I. Myc. & Mont. 9:495 1891. 1920. Linobolus Syll. Bull. T. Myc. Carlia Rabh. L. Cent. C. C. Att. Leptosacca Syd. 59 1863. Cong. Syll. Flora 40:382 1857. 1817. C. Ann. 38:162 ditissima Syd. Fung. riograndensis Theiss. Trichospermella Speg. Myc. B. R. 1928. Hoehn. Fung. Bull. & Svd. thallicola C. Myk. Mus. Ann. Sillia Karst. Theis.278 SPHAERIALES Berl. 2:290 1883. 1928. Veg. Haplostroma Syd. 19:401 O. not Nees 1832. O.) Sacc. & DeN. 1:20 1873. Robergea Desm. Soc. Sfer. & W. 23:335 Haplosporium Mont. C. 16:658 1902. Bishop Mus. Fung. Ophiosphaerella Speg. Myc. Bot. Myc. cf. Gcs. Isothea Fr. Fung. Ann. ill. Ann. B. 1914. ill. Diatractium Syd. S. cordiae (Stev. 35:355 1928. 21:2^1 1913. for Trabutiella Stev. Syll. selenospora (Otth) Jacz. moravica Petr. Syll. H. Nat. oxalidis Rabh. ramosii Syd. helminthospora (Rehm) Berl. Fung. R. Land. L.

Xenothecium 128:589 Hoehn. 626. buxi (DC. 1926. Myk. Jour. Ann. Fung. obducens Karst. Ann. Cincin. Puigg. Sytnb. 20 Penzigia Sacc. P. 7:6 1879. Fung. Phthora DHerelle Bull. 1888. Myk. Syll. Bol. purpureum Harkn. 182:1348 T. caricis Petr. Wien 118:59 Fung. 281 1878. 282 1890. cf. Pflanzenf. Chilonectria Sacc. P.111 1909. S. Fung. Myc. P. 1:1:491 invocans Rhabdostroma Syd. \1 -. 1928.) Sacc. platensis Speg. Pflanzenf. Myc. P. cf. C. 279 pulchella Petr. ill. HYPOCREACEAE Allantosporae Allantonectria Earle Plant. 9:938 Pseudophyllachora Speg.HYPOCREACEAE Paracesatiella Petr. Myc. 697. ^lyc. S. B. Hoehn. Baker. Fung. Arnaud Les Asterin. ruthenica Petr. 24:665 epitypha (Cke. 1926. Nat. . microtheles Speg. rottboelliae Morgan (Rehm) Syd. Thalassoascus Ollivier Comp. 24:838 Hedwigia 48:10 1908. cf. P. Akad. 1 :30 1885. 1928. vastatrix D'Her. Fung. 2:533 1883. Syll. 1:1:491 P. Hyponectria Sacc. Alyc. Septomazzantia Theiss. Akad. Am. Sitzb. Nat. Byssonectria Karst. P. 286 Syll. B. 1896. tonduzi Speg. Frag. C. & Syd. 18:42. Hoehn. 17:84 Pseudopleospora Petr. 1904. 2:45 1926. moelleri Henn. Fung. & Paol. Cordoba 23:485. 1921. Pyrenomyxa Morgan Hist. brasiliensis Speg. Nov. Myc. tregoubovi OUiv. ill. 25:184 1913.) T. Acad. manaosensis (Henn. Lind. 1905. Soc. Hoehn. Fung.) Weese Hyalosporae Balzania Speg. Acad. Ann. Ann. Bull. 1927. P. 17:530 Myk. Syll. Soc. S. P. Fung. Syll. 27:344 Hedvvigia 43:358 1929. P. Sacc. 24:1132 Puiggarina Speg. H. Frag. Nat.) cranioides Sacc. 1919. 1909. 22:71 Pseudomassaria Jacz. Parodiellina Henn. Herb. P. cucurbitula (Curr. 17:633 Hedwigia 41 :16 1902. Hoehn. P. 1919. 2:12 1901. Pyrenodiscus Petr. 1897. Fr. inclusa (B. 1919. Battarina Sacc. 1891. Lind. Clistosoma Harkn. Malac.) Jacz. & Br. Myc. 1899. iodophilum Hoehn. Michelia 1:279 1878. desmodii Henn. Myc. 25:202 1895. miltina (Mont. Arg. 14:362 1916.) Sacc. cf. Fung. 13:193 R. Michelia 1 250. A. Syll. Hedwigia 43:353 1904. bactridicola Henn. as B. subg. Sitzb. Boiss. Syll.) Sacc. & S. 1905. Fung. Cordoba 23:194 1919. Frag. Stilbohypoxylon Henn. 1897. 24:389 Myc. Syll. Rend. 603. Puttemannsiella Henn. em. Syll. Wien X. cf. Pseudomeliola Speg. Jour. Ann. 1915. 2:663 1905. Bol. chondrospora (Ces. Saccardomyces Henn. Fung. Syll.

128:565 1919. Hoehn. N. Mic. Hypoxylina Starb. Pilz. Hedwigia Winter Hypocreopsis 1875. Agr. Bull. P. R. S. 1887. Rend. Nectriella Sacc. 30:40 Ann. 44:173 Grevillea 12:50 Jour. ill. goetzi Henn. not Nke. 1837. 2:472 1 :48 1909. Fung. 2:452 1883. not Karst.280 Lisiella SPHAERIALES Cooke L. P. Fung. paradoxa Har. orbiculata Syd. B. Ascom. 23:336 1913. dilseae Mycaureola Maire 175:321 1869. Michelia 1:51 Syll. ill. P. 1:24 Melanospora Corda. sulphurea Bres. Pseudonectria Seaver 1883. Fr. 1905. megastoma (Pk. rousseliana (Mont. Jahrb. Sphaerostilbella Henn. N. laureri (Fw. M. Syll. M. 5:29 H. 24:1339 1928. umbilicata Starb. & C. Mycologia Fung. Ann. U. 24:645 1916. P. F.) Seaver xylophila (Pk. 1906.) Cke. passiflorae Cke. 1873. Akad. S.) Karst. S. pulchra (Wint. 1913. Myc.. Sarcoxylum Cooke P. & Speg. R. Gibsonia Massee Syll. Alyc. Phaeosporae Neue Ascom. Sitzb. 1902. 22:452 Mat. 1815. Henn. Physalosporina Woronich. Syll. ill.) DC. Myc. arenariae (Mont. Clypeostigma Hoehn. aurea Sacc.) Clem. T. Bot. Fung. Fung. 1922. Bras. SvU. Lich. Erythrocarpum Zukal Ueb. . as Syll. lutea 14:26 H. S. 1899.) C. pulchra Wint. Icon.. 23:363. Engler Bot.) Nyl. Fung. Podostroma Karst. atrotestaceum Maubl. Melanosporopsis Naumov 6:6. Fit. Syll. P. vasinfecta Smith petersi (B. U. 1854. Fung. rubrum (Pers. Hoehn. Dep. 1911. Comp. France 5:164 Polystigma DC. 1891. as subg.) Sacc. ill. Wien C. Bot. leucopus Karst. 1926. minuta Syd. 9:220 1917. Henn. 1923.) Corda phaeospora Massee 1909. striispora Steven. for Colletomanginia Hariot & Pat. S. pellucida Zukal paradoxa (Har. 1901. & Chemin Comp. Fung. Peridoxylum Shear Mycologia 15:126 Gen. Jahrb. Entonaema Moell. Engler Bot. C. Notarisiella Sacc. 3 1890. 17:45 E. M. & Pat. P. Hedwigia 35:298 Moelleriella Bres. subg. 1877. Bakt.) Woron. Smith Bull. 7 E. 9:944 Hedwigia 31:294 1892. Rend. 1920. rousseliana (Mont. 309 1902. 22:453 Ark.) Sacc. N. compunctum (Jungh. Class. 3:57 1876. Phyc. Succinaria Syd. Dep. Engleromyces 28:327 1917. Myc.) Shear Rhynchomelas Clem. 15:374 Selinia Karst. Peckiella Sacc. 1927.) Leptocrea Syd. as subg. 36:36. 16:450 E. ill. Chromocreopsis Steven. Ann. 142:224 1885. M. Baculospora Zukal Cerillum Clem. Soc. Fl. Myc. 14:87. & C. 1:15 1925. Ann. Fung. Myc. cf. lignescens Moell. Symb. 1883. 1900. 1896. Grevillea 16:5. 1:213 1909. subulata Naumov Neocosmospora Agr. Uropolystigma Maubl. microstomum Zukal chionea (Fr. Ann. canarii (Henn. E. Thelocarpum Nyl. & Pat. C. & Massee M.

Syll. riccioides (Bolt. Esc. S. 1919. & S. Symb. Oswaldia Rangel Arch. Syll. Akad. Mitt. ill. Scan. 9:323.) Clem. Bras. Par.) Fr. ill. Sup. Afvc. Michelia 2:72 1880. Mexico 5:37. Fung. Hypomyces Tul. 1900. Hoehn. episphaerium Pat. Syll. Sphaerodermella Hochn.) Maire insignis Rac. piriformis Moell. chrysosperma (Tul. javanica P. 1920. Apiocrea Syd. Michelia 1:286 1877. icarahyensis Rangel quitensis (Pat. 3:38 Ann. 44:173 1909. 397 1901. P. 1913. Hypocrea Fr. Syll. ill. multiformis M. 8:493 Fung. .) Sacc. aurantium Moell. A.) Syd. Gen. Fung. 2:460 subg. 3:9 3:23 S. C. Charonectria Sacc. Scl. guaranitica (Speg. Erostrotheca Martin 18:843.) Fr. N. 16:589 1902. Myc. Java 2:13 L.. 1909. Dialhypocrea 23:47-:<. Ann. Thuemenella 11:518 1897.) Karst. geoporae Oberm. Sitzb. 67:87. C. ill. Myc. 24:650 1926. 602. Malpighia Sacc. O. W. not Sacc. Cent. Acad. & T. H. Fung. 14:628 S. regia Nam- Xylocrea 1901. A.) Card. niessli 116:105 1907.173 1909. Fung. H. Syll. ill. Univ. Speg. Syll. violacea (Fr. Bot. 24:673 1926. Bol. 2:179. Alg. Diet. Cal. & P. Pilz. Hypocreopsis Karst. E. 1908. Ann. 1926. episphaerium (P. Fung. 1905. episphaeria (P. S.) Hoehn. Phyc. apiculata (C. Akad. 24:675 Bresadolella Fung. & Univ. Cyanocephalum Zukal Myc. App. 1 :522 1903.) Sacc. P. M. S. Veg. Symb. Syll. Vittadinula Sacc. Phyllocrea Hochn. Phyc. B. H. Nectriella Nke. 16:38 1918. Fung. Acad. 22:452 Sphaerodes Clem. Nigrosphaeria Gardner N. Myc. Ascom. Wien G. Symb.) 1921. H. I'cnz. 1928. Bras. Aponectria Sacc. Wien A. Bot. lactifluorum (Schw. Malgache 1865. 1869. aurea Hoehn. Gen. N. Fung. 1877. Sum. as subg. 44. 14 1893. Hydronectria Kirschst. Hoehn. 24:676 Myc. Wawelia Namyslowski Bull. fuckeli Nke. Verb. inaurata (B. 175 kriegeriana Kirschst. as V. 251 1873. Myc. & P. 1899. Myc. Syll. Scopinella Lev. theleboloides Fkl.HYPOCREACEAE Stromne Clem. Maire Ann.) Clem. 281 goetzi (Henn. Ascom. 17:797 1905. Pat. Fkl. 1883. murorum Zukal rufa (Pers. IMoell. Sphaeroderma 1869. Cracov. Fkl. Myc. & P. D. C.) Hoehn. Pub. & Br. Sitzb. 307 X. Clintoniella Sacc. Hyalodidymae Apiosphaeria 118:1218 Hochn. setchelli (Harkn. Syll. Acad. Nectriopsis 1911. Fung.) Sacc. ill. (Auers. 24:240 1926. Mycocitrus Moell. ill. consolationis Sacc. puiggariana Speg. Mem.) Sacc. Fung. Guttularia Obermayer 1913. 1849. 18:186 1926. 1925. C. & Charles Phytopath. 2:532 1883. Fung. Lambro Rac. pleiospora (Schroet. 383 1849. Cordoba Fung. Brandenb. Porphyrosoma 6:40 1928. Syll. Carp.

Phaeodidymae Calostilbe Sacc. Bot. Fung. Grove Eleutherosphaera Grov.) Dasyphthora 1909. P. C. Myc. ill. & Tav. Hedwigia 1895. Alyc. Fung. L. 1909. 1022.) parasitica Pat. Henn. 15:52 1917. juncicola Loramyces Weston Mycologia 21 :72. 1926. 24:637 Vcrh. 1919. & S. Bot. P. sterdam 2:13:164. 2:530 1883. & & P. 43:245 C. sacchari Speg. as subg. Zeits. Epinectria Syd. Tul. Sitzb.) Sacc. Akad. Fr. stellulata N. Syll. 1926. Neoskofitzia Schulzer 1891.300 1877. DN. flammea Tul. C. Michelia 1:300 Metanectria Sacc. Fung. Bol..) Clem. Podocrea Sacc.) Seav. Fung. Erispora Pat. M. L. IMycologia 1:183 Creonectria Scavcr Cryptopeltosphaeria Pctr. Sphaerostilbe 1865. subg. 11:255 leucopus Karst. Pyxidiophora Prcf. Fung. Veg. Syll. tonduzi Speg. Letendraea Sacc. 1907. Cordoba 23:563. Syll. N. ill. eurotioides Sacc. 3:103 S. 1195. lichenicola (Ces. 44. Hochn. cinnabarina (Tode) Fr. Fung. .) P.xot. meliolae Syd. cf. 21:196 1923. Michelia 1:43.) Lind. moravica Petr. Soc. cinnabarina (Tode) Seav. Agr. Weston 1878. 16:186 S. E. Acad. N. 2:505 Gen. 387 Nectria Fr. heinsensi Henn. . Speg. Macbridella Seavcr Hedwigia 43:384. Lisea lichcnicola. 289 1854.) Sacc. 9:981 Mycologia 1 :195 1909. 1883. Syll. 111:1023 1907. ^lyc. La Plata 235 T. ramulariae Wr. lasioderma (Ell. Hedwigia ]\Iyk. 15:215 1917. exiguella (Nyl.282 Lasionectria Sacc. Fung. M. ill. E. Rev. Fung. buxi (Fkl. Metadothella Henn. dussi Pat. Fung. Fr. Fung. pallida Schulz. Akad. & C. 2:490 1883. Myc. 16:591 C.173 D. ill.) Clem. 30:250 1880. Syll. L. Treleasia 1896. 2:519 Oest. Schwcin. E. Fung. 31 :294 1892. Prolisea Clem. longispora (P. C. 45:171. Scan. Clem. Myc. ill. Pronectria Clem. Frag. 1902. 1900. AmNeohenningsia Koordcrs Lisea Sacc. Koord.. Sel. Sum. Nectria lichcnicola. 1849. Dialonectria Sacc. Syll. longispora (P. SPHAERIALES Fung. Rhynchonectria Hoehn. elegans B. Ann. longiasca (Moell. & C. Corallomycetella 1904. Stilbocrea Pat. Podostroma Karst. Syll. E. Henn. P. Syll.) Lind. as P. Neonectria Wr.) Hoehn. M. 24:665 Untcrs. stellata & M. Ann. 1904. 1883. citrum (Wallr. Jour. Soc. 1902. B. 38:84 ^lichclia 2:73 1880. 10:2:189 1891. Carp. chaetostroma (E. Myk. episphaeria (Fr. Ann. L. P. Syll.) Sacc. 1929. Bull. asterophora (Tul. mantuana Sacc. Bull. alutacea (Pers. Corallomyces B. Clcin. Wicn R. & Syd. Bionectria Speg. as subg. S.

daldiniana DeN. Cordoba 25:347 1923. Cryptothecium Pcnz.HYPOCRE. ill. 1899. P. 2:537 Xenonectria Hoelin. C. Bih.) ? gelatinosa (Tode) Seav. Myc. & H. Fung. Comm.. Michelia 1:43. Fung. 38:60 1905.) Clem. P. 2:274 Gibberella Sacc. H. S. Syll. C. schizostachyi Syd. Micronectriella Hoehn. Trans. Podonectria Pctcii ill.) Petch Byssocallis Syd. I5ili. Bot. Svcn. leptogicola (C. Malpighia 1899. 15:214 Mitt. T. Puttemannsia 1902. Syll. Mycologia Mycologia 2:58. dubitationum (Speg. lanosa Henn. Speg. Michelia 2:250 1881. & M. Sitzb. Myc. lateritia (Berk. Hara Mag.) Sacc. & E.AE 1875. C. hyalina Hoehn. Passerinula Sacc. ill. Grevillea 4:21 Phaeocreopsis Sacc. Myc. 1923. pulchella Starb. Cordoba M. T. Chromocreopsis Scavcr 1910. ill. Trichonectria Kirschst. Syll. Melioliphila 26:344. Tokyo M. 11:388 & Sacc. Myc. Spegazzinula Sacc. G. Sven. 9 Sitzb. B. Broomella lichenicola. Speg. coccophila (E. P. hypoxyloides (Speg. 1915.) Hoehn. Acad. Myc. Chaetocrea Syd. Starb. Akad. Wien M.) Sacc. B. pulicaris (Fr.) Sacc. Hedw. 129:149 1920. Verb. Fung. C. aculeata Kirschst. & Syd. 25:14 1927. 1923. ascophylli Suther. & b. graminicola (Stev. 1897. . 2:475 Bol. S. Amphinectria 24:346 7:146. parasitica Syd. Fung. subg. Myc. ill.) Sacc. 1:1:541 1897. Hyalocrea Syd. Cesatiella Sacc. epimyces Syd. Myk. as 1891. P. 2:477 1867. Pflatizcnf. phoebes Syd. C. Myc. caledonica (Pat. L. Acad. Ann. Ann. P. 15:216 1917.) Karst. Pericoccis Clem. 24:681 1926. & S. Ann. Nat. bambusae Kara australis S. Syll. Berkelella Sacc. Brit. Acad. Brit. Ann. Bot. ill. O. 1927. Myc. C. Hedwigia 41:112.) Speg. cubispora (E. affinis Akad. ambigua Speg. Stilbonectria Karst. 1883. 1899. Ann. Hyalophragmiae Actiniopsis Starb 25:54. ascophylli Suther.) Seav. Syll.-XCE. 1902. 28:194 1889. 1893. 1917. Bol. ill. 5:149. Henn. bambusae Starb. S. 1906.317 D. calidariorum (Henn. Chromocrea Scavcr 1910. Myc. S.) Hoehn. Critt. 283 Candida Sacc. 25:32. oyedaeae Syd. 2:63. 1925. Lecithium Zukal 115:1194 5:151. Subulicola Speg. Bol. Trans. Brit. Malmeomyces Handl. Orcadia Sutherland ill. Trans. Soc. Calonectria DeNot. W'irn X. 1877. Soc. & Speg.. Soc. 1921. Michelia 1:317 1878. (Grev. 1883. aeruginosum Zukal pterocarpi (Rac. Phyllocelis Syd. Handl. Ann. 1904. Trailia Sutherland ill. 25:18 Debaryella Hoehn. Stereocrea Syd. 23:353. Cordoba A. A. P. P. 14:466 javanipum P. ill. Akad. 16:592 M. portoricensis Speg. 9:989 Fung. Paranectria Sacc. Akad. Miyakeamyces 27:248 1913. Brandenb. 1915.

. nivea (Speg. plumbeum (Starb. Fung. compressum Tode polychrous Moell. Wien 129:150 W. Cordoba 25:45.) Sacc. Speg. pulcherrimus Hoehn. pseudotrichia (Schw. balansiae (Moell. calamia (Cke. Akad. Meek. 23:132 1875. & Micr.) S. Hyalodictyae Calyptronectria Speg. & B. Acad. bambusae P. roseovirens B. rhodomela (Fr. cf. 111. 4:211 Ophiodictyum Sacc. 9:989 Syll. Bres. Peloronectria Moell. Fr. Nat.) Berl lameyi Sacc. Myc. Ind.. 1919. An. for Treubiomyces Hoehn. Pleonectria Sacc. Ascopolyporus Moell. Syll. 1876. 1926. 1906. Charles & Veihmeyer Bur. Sci. O. Akad.) Hoehn. Fung. 2:217 P. & Ascom. 1902. Grevillea 4:21 1925. 2:464 Soc. Acad. 1896. ill. Thyronectria Sacc. Pflanzenf. Mattirolia Berl. 19:412 C. oropensis (Ces. balearica Rolland Leucocrea 1:1:540 Sacc. 1883. Scolecosporae Acrospermum Tode 300 1901. Bull. C. 10:172 1917. Bras. subg. & Vogl. ill. & Syd.) Seav. 1920. Venet. A. ill. & Thyronectroidea Shiraia 1900. Phaeodictyae Bivonella Sacc. Wien 115:674. miconiae Stev. 1909. Acad. T. Fung.) Clem. Mus. Phyc. E. Ann. P. & Syd. Megalonectria Speg. & V. Seaver Mycologia Bot. PI. 1897. ill. patavina Sacc.284 SPHAERIALES Phaeophragmiae Chiajaea (Sacc. Syll. Bol. :206 chrysogramma (E. Ciliomyces Hoehn. Engler Jahrb. 5:178 P. Fung. T. Patellonectria 23:115. Trotterula Speg. 1891. chilensis Speg.) Hoehn.) S. Ascom. T. Weesea Hoehn. 1790. T. & S. Add. L. 1909. Wien 129:151 Hyalosphaera Stevens Trans. Feracia Rolland 1905. P. Bull. Cordoba puiggarii Speg. bambusicola Henn. 1882. Akad. Trid. Pleogibberella Sacc. Chaetomeris Clem. Syll. 22:495 Sitzb. Hedwigia Rep. &. lycopersici (Pass. 171:11 1910. 1909. 1 :8. 1901. 118:180 platensis Speg. pulcherrima (Hoehn. Wien 1913. Syll. Fung.) Speg. 55 1889. Nac. as B. H. 35:33 1920. Sitzb. 28:274 S. 297 vinosa Moell. C. 1921. A. M. Myc.) Hoehn. 1 M. Sitzb. L. 1886. .) Hoehn. 16:555 C. S. Fung. Sitzb. Arg. C. Akad. Fung. Petr. Phyc. 24:702 Loculistroma Patterson. Bol. Henn. 21:28 F. Bras.

O. 2:88 Cyanoderma Hoehn. 300 M. Syll. 1869. Club 21 :224 & Br. & Br. & Br. B. An. Wien L. Fung. Moell. Fr.) P. 1886. . Bol. lineare & Linearistroma Hoehn. Fung. 1885. Myc. Fung. D. C. Rev. Scoleconectria Scaver Mycologia 1 :197 1909. Bot. 1918. C. 111. for Aciculosporium. & C. Club. Ascom. Dussiella Pat. miconiae Stev. Tubeufia Penz. orthocladae Henn. Globulina Speg. ill. ilU G. & S. Soc. 15:208. Nac. Par. militaris (L. 3:20:43 1853. Michelia 1 :322 1878. 1910. Micronectriopsis Hoehn. Sum. Bull. freycinetiae Micronectria Speg. Dothichloe Atkinson 1894. T. Ann.) Sacc. Acad. Wien gaduae (Rehm) Hoehn. Myk. Cordyceps Syst. 381 1849. B. 129:561 1920. Fr. Syll. hyalinum Pat. langloisi E. cf.HYPOCREACEAE Balansia Speg. Myc. Soc. Poroniopsis Speg. & Wien c. Puigg. 2:324 1822. Bull. F. bruchi Speg. Fung. & Syd. Br. Myc. E. 11:374 Ophiodothis Sacc. 93 Frag. Brit. c. Sci. 7:227. 1 H.) Sacc.) Tul. (Rehm) Hoehn. Konradia Rac. Akad. Michelia 1 :323 1878. spinuliformis Speg. atramentosa (B. Syll. 12:410 C. La. Malpighia 15:230 1901. Cordoba Fung. Fung. T. & Sacc. Sitzb. Microstelium Pat. 1883. Java 2:15 :252 bambusina Rac. 9:993 1891. K. Ann. Copranophilus Speg. Fung. 10:173. 2:652 1883. & S. ill. Hoehn. Mycomalus 1891. Pilz.) Hoehn. Barya Symb. Fleischeria Penz. c. carneo-albus (Lib. Fr. Bras. & Ev. ill. Veg. Claviceps Tul. Link E. 1162. 1922. 1919. viridulum (B. Echinodothis Atkinson Bull. S. Epichloe Fr. 590 1851. Hoehn. Ophionectria Sacc. 369. M. Bull. (Rehm) Hoehn. 210 1895. 300. Fung. cf. E.) B. Theiss. Torr. 1900. B. C. scolecospora (Bref. Sitzb. Mus. 23:480. Soc. Phyc. & Sacc. 4:106 1890.) B. vorax (B. Myc. Hoehn. & O. Ann. Akad. Fung. l:n. cf. Myc. Syll. Oomyces & O. & H. 1894. erysiphoides Speg. Balansiella Henn. tuberiformis Pat. Myc. javanica P. aranicola Boud. 1909. tuberiformis (B. Hypocreophis Speg. Tokyo 259 1908. Har. clavus P.) Atkin. parasitica Fkl. Bull. Jour. 21:223 D. ill. Sci. Acad. Mus. Guar. guaranitica Speg. & H. Trans.) Sacc.) Atkin. Balansiopsis 119:936 285 claviceps Speg. Hypocrella Sacc. M. Myc. & Br.) Tul. typhina (Pers. Myk. purpurea (Fr. Plata 26:171. 24:695 1926. 17:819 1905.253 1883. 119:938 1910. Fr. guaranitica Speg. Fkl. 1917. sclerotioides (Henn. Guar. Torn Sitzb. Scan. Malpighia 1 1 :517 1897. 180 1915. Borenquenia Stev. trichospora (B. Alg. 1893. Hedwigia 43:85 1904. take Miyake Mitosporium Miyake Mag. B. Hyalodothis Pat. discoidea (B. Torrubiella Boudier Rev. Myc. bambusinus Moell. M. 1899. H.) Seav. Frag. B. Coscinaria Ell. P. 16:59 M. Myc. Akad. Nat. Syll. 13:187.

16:16 1877 P.. Nat. 25:30. Arg. Soc. Myc. Creomelanops 129:145 Hoehr. Trans. vermisporum (Ell. Ann. Syll. 36:223. xanthocephala (But!. & Syd. Lophidium Sacc. cristata (Pers. 2:2:32. ill. Genus Incertae Sedis Rickiella Syd.) Sacc. Sci. pinastri Frag. 2:673 Bishop Mus. Bol. Michelia 1:340 1878. Sacc. 1879. subcorticalis (Fkl. C. 5:30. I. Petr.) Sacc. L. 16:19 1877. . as subg.) Sacc. L. Syll. sphaerophoroides Lev.) Sacc. Bull. 17:889 Syll. Schizostoina byssisedum. subg. Ann. as 1913. Sfer. Frag. Corda Puiggariella Speg. not Karst. Nat. byssiseda (Flag. Syll. 1842. C. Soc. Fung. 1924. X. V. Hedwigia 52:284 1913. cf. Belg. viburni Rich. L. LOPHIOSTOMACEAE Brigantiella Sacc. Fung. Sven. L.) Hoehn. transiens Syd. 1883. h o t 1899. Xenolophium Syd. 1863. 605.286 SPHAERIALES Genera Incertae Sedis Vel Dubia Sitzb. Fung.. Myk. Hypocreodendrum Hcnn. 46 S. 2:717 1883. Fung. M. Schizostoma & DeN. appar- ently to be referred to Fezizaceae. Myk. CYTTARIACEAE Acroscyphus Lev. C.. 17:889 compressum G. sanguineum Henn. L. 45 1 1863. 2:687 1883. sedi (Fkl. 19:96. 32:11 Platystomum Trev. Bot. \\'icn 1920. 24:1106. B. compressum (Pers.. Michelia :338 1878. Hoehn.) DeN. Akad.) Trev. 841. Sci. ill. K. cf. 1905.) Trev. 2:677 Lophidiopsis Berl. Fung. Ann. ill. Bih. Bull. Frag. montellicum Sacc. Michelia 1 :337 1878. Lambottiella Sacc. Fung. caudata (H. Fab. Handl. Frag. Soc. C. 1883. Hcdwigia Hoehn. 1921. Linn. Ijuhya Starb. Rend. 2:244 1904.) Clem. 244. (C. leve Syd. Soc. 3:5:262 1846.. L.) Berl. Lophiotricha Richon Bull. Lophionema Sacc. 19:37 1841. darwini Berk. Ital. ill. 1882. guyanensis Mont. zobeli Microthecium Corda Icon. Vivianella Sacc. Syll. B. Icon. Fung. A. (Pers. blochi Mat. Hoehn. Frag. Ital. Byssolophis Clem. 4:113. Sampaioa ill.) anaxaea Sacc.) Sfer. Lophiella Sacc. vitrea Starb. Syll. Fr. cf. 2:710 1883.) Sacc. 2:707 1883. & Chen. ill. Fung. as 1905. 74. subg. 1840. H. nucula (Fr. Fung. Soc. Syll. ]\I Mastigocladium 152:326 a t r u c Comp. & DeN. 1:19 1902. 22:547 as subg. Lophiostoma Lophiotrema 1885. R. 22:550 Fung. 1925. M. ambigua (Pass. nuculoides (Sacc. Khekia Petr. caulium (Fr. Akad. 2:14:330 Cordierites Mont. Sacc. L. Cyttaria Berk. Broter. 1897. Belg. Lophiosphaera Trevisan Bull. L. 1911. cf.) Sacc. Myk. apiahyna Speg. P.

Arg. P. 2:6:301 L. Lich. Verb. Lich. stipatula Nyl. 39. melaspermica (Stnr. Hassea Zahlbr. 1889. 40. Nat. Aspidothelium Wain. Soc. hammeri Norm.574 G. z-b. 8:90 C.) Clem.S. bactrospora Zuk. 173 Phaeothrombis Clem. gibba Nyl.) Zablbr. Gen. Lichinella Nyl. 1909. Flora 70:129 1887. bacillosa (Nyl. Moriolae Dimerisma Clem. Ges. tenebrosum (Norm. Fung. Rhabdopsora (Mucll. Denks. Rabh. 1903.) Clem. 69 M. Bres. melasperma (Nyl. 1876:170. Verrucariae Aspidopyrenis Wain. Flecht. pygmaea (Lightf. Germ. 1872:113.) Koerb. Gen.) Lonnr. Arg. 1909. lojkanum (Hue) Clem. 39. Wiss. Lich. P. Germ.) Gongylia (Koerb. P. Muell. Linn. 2:188 1890.VERRUCARIACEAE VERRUCARIACEAE Pyrenidiae Calothricopsis Wain.) Clem. 39. Bot. Exp. hypocrita Norm. L. Pyren. 340 1855. Lichenella octospora.) Clem. Wien 48:278 E. Lich. P. cinerascens Wain. Phaeomeris Clem. Lithoecea (Ach.) Clem. Fung. Bres. muscicola (Ach. 1895. Geisleria 1861. 173 Moriola Norm. Syn. 13:150 Homopsella Nyl. 2:190 1890. 388 1909. Flora 48:210 186. 1909. Fung. Akad. 1:243 C. D. intercedens (Nyl. Lichina Agardh Sp. 1917. P. Syst. Dot. P. Bres. M. 1:104 1824. H. Verb. for Aspidopyrenium. Etud. Notis. actinellum Nyl. 173 1909. 173 Pleophalis Clem. insignis Wain.) Zahlbr. descensa Norm. Bull. 173 Sarcopyrenia Nyl. 39. Gen. H. Bcih. Lich. heppi Zuk. Microglaena Koerb. Zahlbr. 21:n. L. insignis Wain. Lichenyllium Clem. Reinke Jahrb. Pflanzcnf. sychnogonoides Nke. 1902. A. z-b. 173 Polyblastia Lonnr. Fung. papularis (Fr. ill. Epigloeae Epigloea Zukal. Flora 41 :630 1858. aggregatula Nyl. Gen. 1855. 1872.) Zahlbr. 287 Etud. Cocciscia Norm. . Spheconisca Norm. 1909. 1858. sabuletorum (Fr. Bot. Gen. Phragmothele Clem. 1893. 1890. Cent. 39. Phaeosporis Clem. Algar. Fung. Notis.) Lonnr. Nat. Wien 39:78 E.) Ag. polymorpha M. Eolichen Zukal. P. P. Fung. Gcs. L. P. Nke. A. A. S. 1926. 59:301. S.) Stein nigrescens (Pers. Placothelium Wien 43:299 Pyrenidium Nyl. Bot.) Clem. Pflanzenf. Syst. 1884. Etud. A. tremelloides Reinke PyrenocoUema 28:463. Norm. staurothelis M. Gen. nova (Norm. Eur. Hcdwigia R. confusa (Norm. 1:1:57 G.

1909. Enum. Th. Fung. 109 Gen. Ric. & Forss. 40. Atfc. Porinopsis Malme. A . Geneve 16:428 Arg.173 1909. 371 Microthelia Koerb. P. 1855. 41. Hetcrolich. Herb. Alass. 15 1855. Holothelis Clem. Flora 69:463 1886.) Schaer. Cap. 1921. Blomb. Pflanzenf. 24:284 1911. Arg. Aut.15:347 T. henschelianum (Koerb. (Wallr. Fung. Gen. Pyrenyllium Clem.) Clem. Nat. Dithelopsis Clem. Bot. clopima (Wahlb. W. 40. & F. Thrombium Franim. Gen. Sporodictyum Mass. Thelidium 156 PI. 160 1861. monosporella Nyl. Aut. Ric. Mem. Fung. Belonia Koerb. Fr. Arthropyrenia (Mass. Horn 5:171 1889. Gen. 173.2&S SPHAERIALES S. Flora 65:517 1882. Thelidiopsis Wain. Porina (Ach. 1:1:67 1903. Syst. Arg. 8:77 1926. 1883. Boiss. robinsoni Wain. 173 1909.Arg. Scan. Arthropyreniella Stur. 173 1909.) Nat. Polythelis Clem. . 173 1909. Zahlbr. Lich. 1880. 1883.) Mull. Ann. Lich. Fenn. Arg. T.173 1909. Gen. diffractella M. 180 1852.) Th. Pyrenula (Ach.) Mass. Fung. Pyrenothrix Riddle.) Willeya Miill. Fung. Lich. (Tuck. 173 1909. Pseudopyrenula Mull. 105 Clathroporina Mull. diffractella (Tuck. Fung. Gen. Fung. Gaz.) Nyl. A. Flora 66:320 1883. Thelenidia Nyl. Verrucaria (Wigg. Diporina Clem. Pflanzenf. Fung. Gen. A. Nat. Syst. Dichoporis Clem.) Lonnr. 372 1855 Monoblastia Riddle Mycologia 15:70 1923. Lich. Fr. Flora 66:247 1926. 40. Polyblastiopsis Zahlbr. 162 1852. 1852. Aut. Bot. Hofm. Acad. V. Ark. Mass. Zahlbr. Gen. 40. sphinctrina (Duf. Miill. Flora 66:345 Phalostauris Clem. Pyrenulae Anthracothecium Hanipc 3:5:330 1860. Lich. Pflanzenf. 173 1909. 40.) Th. S. Coccotrema Midi. Hetcrolicli. Nat. 8:78 Asteroporum 3:324 1861. Trimmatothele Norm. Germ. Ric. 41. 39. Gen. 22:3 1928. Dipyrenis Clem. Soc. Venet. Fr. perquisita (Norm. Lich. Arg. 64:513 1917. Gen. Nat. 1862. Miill. Blastodesmia Mass. Bull. Leptorhaphis Koerb.) Th. Germ. 181 1852 Staurothele (Xorm. amylaceum Mass. Aut. Gen. Arg. 107 1861. Ann. Fr. Miss. Heterolich. 1895.) B. epigaeum (Pers. T. Lich.) Mass. Ric. T. T. 1st.

55:65 1919. Gen. 6:388 1885. A. Mem. 59:351 Anapyrenium Mull. as subg. P. Arg. A. Trichotrema Clem. ill. Strigulae Haplopyrenula Miill. rhaphidophora (Nyl. T. Hedwigia 43:380 T. Dermatocarpae Agonimia 1909. Jour. P. Epi. Myc. Arg. Ann. Fenn. Arg. Fenn. A. Hoehn. 1921. superans Mull.) Clem. 173 1909. . 2:81 1880. Nov. H. Ditremis Clem. Arg. Arg. Myc. 9:270. Nov. Asteropeltis Henn. Henn. Hcdvvigia 31:288 R.) Miill. Jahrb. Akad. 41. 1904. polysemum (Nyl. Phylloblastia Wain. S. 41. Sitzb. Soc. elegans (Fee) M. 173 1909. 1821. 323 Miill. superbum inspersa (Fr. Zahlbr. lageniferum (Ach. Microtheliopsis Mull. rubella Nyl. Arg. 1922. Gen. 1892.) M. Stereochlamys Thelopsis Nyl. 13:190 1915. 1921. Arg. Phylloporina Mull. Phil. Cat. Flora 66:245 1883. Engler Bot. Akad. P. Jahrb. \8SS. Miill. Jahrb. leptotheca Syd. 1 :512 p.) Clem. epiphyllum ulei Miill. Miill. Fung. Flora 73:195 1890. Arg. Parathelium (Nyl. Arg. Ann. p. Arg. Rhaphidyllis Wain. Paratheliae tichothecis (Arn. A. P. Lich.) Zahlbr. trichosporum (Mull. Acad. Rev. miniatum (L. D.) M. Heterolich. A:15:30 R. Arg. Phylloporis Clem. 1855. M. Wien R.) Clem. A: 15:323 1921. Arg. Heterodothis Syd. Fr. Arg. Lich.) M. Oest. Cherbourg 3:194 T.VERRUCARIACEAE Rhaphidopyris Mull. Hoehn. iVIull.) Bachm. A:15:355 for Rhaphidiscgcstria. 1885. Gen. Engler Bot. Arg. 1890. S.) Mann . C. Arg. Dermatocarpum (Eschw. P. dolichospora Wain. Acad. tristicula Zahlbr. Trichothelium Arg. Akad. Zeits. Vet. Pleurotheliopsis Zahlbr. Xanthopyrenia Baclmi. Sci. Arg. phyllogena (Mull. A. 105 A. Fung. minor Mull. Fung. A. salvatum (Mull. horridula Mull. A:15:324 1921. Pleurotrema 6:388 6:387 Arg. X. Bot. Fenn. 173 1909. Phyllobathelium Miill. Flora 73:195 1890. Acad. 1909. Ann.) Th. olivacea Wain. Ann. Gen.) (Mijll. Fenn. M. aegyptiacum Mull. Rhodothrix Wain. Jahrb. 289 Arg. Ann. 1885. Handl. Micropyrenula Wain. Arg. Flora 68:334 phyllogena Wain. Arg. D. A. Engler Bot. 1861. Arg. uleana Mull. 20 p. Flora 73:195 1890. Act. R. Campylothelium Miill. 41. Leop. begoniae Miill. M. Plagiotrema Engler Bot. H. Arg. aciculosa Wain. 6:418 1885. orbicularis Raciborskiella 118:1485 Strigula Fr. Acad. as subg. Arg. epiphyllum Mull. 1894. Univ.

Cryptothelium Mass. puccinoides (Speg. 3:309 Tomasiella Mass. Flora 68:515 1885. Ann. Ann. Cien. (Eschw. tijucensis T. 2:626 1883. Flora 39:283 Anleit. Ann. Pagl. 8:84. 13:340 A. 13:295 A. medioxima (Nyl. L. 12:509 1858. & B. 15 1841. varia (Fee) Zahlbr. Arg. Syll. T. Lepolichen Trcv.) Miill. Normandina 2:188 (Nyl.) Sacc. Voy. 5 1855. Lich. Kcnnt. arthonioides Mass. Arg. H. 1915 & Syd. Bot. L. Trev. A. Trypethelium Spreng. A. granulatus (Hook. Att. Fung. Arg. Auerswaldia Sacc. Arg. Bagnisiopsis Theiss. Arg. Misc. Lich. cruentata Mull. Jahrb. 1:1:61 1903. Miill. Lithothelium 6:386 I860. Genera Incertae Sedis Vel Dubia Cf. Nat. Venet. Torr. examinans (M. M. & S. A. 1920. sepultum (Montg. Amylirosa Speg. & H. Pflanzenf. P.) T. Bassan. N. pusillum Hedw. Arg. L- 1885. Mastodia Hook & Harv. Pflanzenf. Pyrenothamnia Tuck. Lich. Myc. 90:178. Auerswaldiella 12:278 jU Theiss. P. Bot. Psoroglaena Mull. Englcr Melanotheca (Fee) Miill. H. Arg. Club 10:22 1883. Zahlbruckner Nat. Etud.) Heterocarpum E. B. & S. Parmentaria Fee Essai Crypt. pulchella (Borr. 70 Pyrenastrum Eschw. cubensis Mull. conicum Eschw.) Hue custnani (Mass. Soc. eluteriae Spreng. aurantiorum Speg. 1915 & Syd. Brcs.) Zahlbr.spraguei Tuck. P. Myc. Syst.) T. 1890. Engler Bot. 13:291. T.290 DOTHIDEALES Zahlbr. 3:5:335 C. 1914. DOTHIDEALES DOTHIDEACEAE Dothideae Achorella Theiss. 18Q5 aggregata (Fee) M. ametableta (Rehm) T.) Zahll astroidea Fee lageniferum (Fee) M. Myc.) Wain. Jahrb. 1915 & Syd. & S. . 39. Amerodothis Theiss. Flora 44:23 A. (Cke. Deut.) M. Trypetheliae Bottaria Mass. Lich. P. Ann. ill An. ochroleucum (Tuck. 1914. N. A. Nylanderiella Hne Ann. Ant. P. A. 1856.) Leight. Myc. tessellata & M. A. Flora 74:381 1891. Astrotheliae Astrothelium 1861. ilicis & S. Endocarpum (Hcdw. Spip. Ercbu? Terror 2:449 1847. 1st. 91 1926. 42 1856. & Syd. 16 1824 1824. cubanum Mull. Arg. 212 Placidiopsis Beltr. Myc. B.) M. 6:395 1885. Bull. Laurera Reichb. A.

Elmerococcum 13:281 Syd. & M. C. agminalis (S. Wien 118:847 C. Ann. Diplochorella Syd. Botryosphaeria C. Myc.) berberidis S. B. Syll. 24:370 1926.) T. 1913. 4:14 Dothophaeis Clem. & S. 1915. T. for Uleodothis Theiss. Alyc. Myc. Mvc. Discodothis Hoehn.) Fr. fertilissima Syd. Ann. Syst. 291 & Syd. leandrae (Syd. sambuci (Pers. Dothideopsella Hoehn. Syll. & Svd. Syll. 1915. Systremma Theiss. Mvc. Theiss. Fung.) & Didothis Clem. Ann. C. R. filicum 1915. Hedwigia 68:251 Ann.) T. aphanes (Rehm) Syd. Ann. Ann. Ann. D. . i t- 124:22 1915. & DeN. 24:541 1926. 13:280 1914. Akad. 1915. pulchella Syd. 24:. Sitzb. 11:408. Syll. Ann. 1913. Ann. 24:633 1926. 25:328 1927. Am. & Svd. palmarum & S.) T. Fung. scutula (B. & Svd. & Svd. & E. D. 13:279 1915. Mvc. 1915. machaerii (Henn. Akad. 13:297. D. cf. C. B.2:y?7. C. & S. 24:550 1926. D. C.. 1913. Myc. placida Syd. Myc. Soc. Bot. 1915: Syll. Myc. Coccoidella Hoehn. Mvc. 1920. Dangeardiella Sacc. 1909. Myc. for D. C.) T. & Svd. Fr. Coccodothis Theiss. Ann. Fung. palmigena Plunkett siparunae Syd Pyrenostigme Syd. 13:629 1915.) T. Mag. 24:549 1926. Plunkett 111. fertilissima Syd. quercicola Henn. Dictyodothis Theiss. Myc. ill. D. Biol. W natans (Tode) T. Fung. 1909. Akad. ill. 13:346 D. & S. S. & nigra Torrend ribis Gross. Cyclodothis Syd. 11:60 not Hoehn. 211 1863 Castagnella Arnaud Bull. Ann. & Syd. ill. 14:683 D. B. Ann. Uleodothella Syd.) Clem. Scirrhiachora Theiss. & Syd. Fung. 13:626 1909. 12:269 C. 1 groveana (Sacc. kilimandscharica (Henn. 1906. Myc. 13:302 1928. (Rehm) (S. Ann. 1899. balanseana (S. D. 1915. & S. & Dug. Wien 18:853 Dothidea Myc. Syll. & Syd. Fung.. B. 18:184 Syll.) T. 13:305 1926. Ann. & S. Petr. U. ?. Coccodiella Hara 1910. Tokvo 25:224. S. Fung. 24:634 Sitzb. Coccodiscus Henn.) T. 1923. C. Arg. drymidis (Lev. & Syd. Botryochora Torrcnd Broteria 12:65 1914. Syll. Sfer. Myc. C. Coccodothella Theiss. & S. 11:266 Syll. D. Ann. Sitzb. 13:665 macrospora (Schrot. 24:548 1926. C. 1915. & C. cf. Alyc. ill. Coccostroma Theiss. Myc. Fung. Ital.) Hoehn. arundinariae Hara orbicula Syd. Alyc. coccifera S. Hedwiqia 43:144 1904. D. 13:330 Fr.544 U. P. Fung. Dothidiovalsa Speg. S. sphaeroidea (Cke. Diplochora Syd.n DOTHIDEACEAE Dothidina Theiss. tucumanensis Speg. Myc. Mon. Myc. Ann. Crotone Theiss. Catabotrys Theiss. Hoehn. 1926. 24:545 1926. 1915.) Hoehn. R. (Pat. & S. & Syd. Theiss. 2:558 1822. balanseana Clem. 1914. Coccostromopsis 8:176. Ann. ill. & Syd.

111. virgultorum (Fr. Ann. & S. Anisogramma 15:451 1917. 23:97 Speg. Trichodothis Theiss. guianensis Stev. Phragmodothis Theiss. 13:342. N N. 16:69 1921. Syll. & & Syd. Syll. & S. Englerodothis 13:285 & Syd. styracum Speg. 1915. ill. Biol. & S. 24:616 Leveillinopsis Stev. Myc. oleifolium (K. Guar. & Syd. 1880. & Barth. P. Ann. 1914. Arg. Ann. & S.) Stahel paraguaya Speg. & S. A. & Syd. 24:919 1928. 1915. An. & Syd. Mon.) T.) T. 17:162 1919. C. Fung. Phragmodothidea Dearn. 2:165 1904. & C. Myc. (Henn. Fung. Myc. lb. Dept. costaricensis Stev. & C.) T. marginata Theiss. Stalagmites Theiss. Metameris Theiss. Myc. 1883. S. & S. drymidis (Lev. Biol. Ann.) Syd. 13:286 L. 12:69 1914. 1 :288 Schweinitziella Speg. ill.) T. Microcyclus Sacc. 19:17. connatum Syd. Myc. Frag. 8:177. ribesia (Pers.) T. aggregata (Hoehn. 1926. Ann. Myc. 12:176 1913. Leveillina Theiss. 1927. Symphaeophyma subtropicale Speg. ill. 1883. Fung. logia 18:250 1926. & S. Ann. Myc. kilimandscharica (Henn. 2:119 Scolecoccoidea Stev. Fung. S. Petr. & Syd. 8:179. Parabotryum Syd. Perischizum Syd. P. Plowrightia Sacc. trispora & R. 11:26. Mus. 1888. Fung. Ann.) T. nervisequia (Hoehn. Syll. & Syd. Phragmodothella Theiss. Z. angolensis & S. arduinae (K. Ann.) T. tumefaciens (Syd. & & Ann. Ann. S. Myc. Mon. 1914. comata (B. 1915. Myk. Myc. M. 13:650 S. Pauahia Stev. Bull. Y. & S. Mon. 12:179 1914. S. 1925. Ann. ill. Syd. Yoshinagella Hoehn. hemisphaericum (Berk. Syll. 1918. Phyllachoreae Clypeostroma 12:272 Theiss. Fung. achalensis Speg. japonica Hoehn. kelseyi (E. palmicola Stev. Fung. M \/[. Alyc. eucalypti D. P P. 2:627 1883. Nowellia Stev.292 DOTHIDEALES Tliciss. Ann. Rosenscheldia Speg. Syd. Trichochora Theiss. Suriname 34:34. ill. . Nac. Guar. M. 111. M. 2:635 Petr. 13:289 T. P. sideroxyli Stev. Myc. japonica Syd. 111. cf. Myc. S. Myc. Zimmermanniella Henn. cf. Leveillella Theiss. 1926. Bishop Mus. Theiss. 804 T. Myc. 24:374 1926. Myc. Sclerodothis Hoehn. & B. ill. Ann. Melanopsammopsis Stahel D. & Syd. Hedwigia 41 :142 1902 Henn. Bull. P. Fung. Dothidella Speg. L. 19:41 Microcyclella Theiss. 12:265 1914. 1 Ann.) T. 1923. & & S.) T.) Petr. Syll. Biol.) Sacc. Syd. Ann. Landb. 1917. Myc. Fung. 1923. 1915. MycoP. Myc. 24:549 E. 17:844. 1915. P. ulei R. 13:284 L. Ann. 1912. Ann. 1915. Syll. conspicua (Griff. S.) T. & E. 13:343 1915.

) T. Myc. Syll. Frag. 24:616 1926. Myc. Myc. Hedwigia 41:146 1902. E. 9:151 Gen. 1923. G. ichnanthi (Henn. Phyllachora Nke. & S. Petr. 1915. Syll. Wien 115:1201 1906. 5:5 Epiphora Nyl. paspali Atkin. Myc. Ann. Ann. Ann. 23:100 1925. & S. 24:613 1926. 1926. Ann. 22:130 1924. 22:1 of. Syll. Myriogenis Atkinson Bull. Ann. 24:559 1926. Fung. Catacauma Theiss. & Sycl. Fung. as subg. 1914.\kad. Frag. Geminispora Pat. & Ann. Discomycopsis J. & S. 1914.) Hoehn. Muell. Discochora Hoehn. D. Syll. Myc. Hedwigia 43:258 1904. Diplosporis Clem. Fung. & & S.) Hoehn. P. & Syd. P. perisporioides (Sacc. 500 1909. Ann. Muell. rhytismatoides J. Br. Frag. Ges. Phaeodothis Syd. Syll. Jour. & Karst. quercicola (Henn. & S. 36:315 1918. Frag. 24:638 1926. Myc. . Myc. . Fung. 1914.) T. 24:621 Bull. 1915. Fung. 1928. I\Iyk. Robledia Chardon 13:10 13:601 1929.s. Myk. stellariae (Lib. Ann. Syll. P. Exarmidium 13:423 1893. exanthematicum (Lev. abscondita T. & Syd. cf. P. & encaustica Nyl. 444 1909 Phaeotrabutiella Theiss. Fcnn. Alyc. Euryachora Fkl.) J. 500 C. 24:609 1926. zollingeri Coccochorella Hoehn. Phaeochora Hochn. (Mont. 223 1869. Symbr Myc. D. (Pat. Myc. 13:610 191.) Hoehn. Myc. Funs. Myk. Syll. 444. Dcp. Ophiodothella Hoehn. 1910. tetraspora Chardon Phragmocarpella Theiss. Hochn. Fung. ilicis (Schl. & Syd. dissospora (Feltg. Fr.) Hoehn. Syll. Mvk. Mvc. 1924. Fkl. Myc. Myk. Club 21:225 1894. for Myriogenospora. Symb. O. D. & Berk. Frag.) Petr. E. Oligostroma Syd. mimosae mimosae Pat. S. Ann. Syll. Scirrhophragma Thcis. 111. 12:280 Dictyochorella Theiss. 24:615 O. 220 1869. Coccochora Hoehn. Flora 59:238 1876. Fung. Bot. Aluell. betulina (Fr. Myc. Syd. Scolecodothopsis Stev. Cent.) Hoehn.) T. E. cf. graminis (Pers. Bot. 12:192 1914. D. 2:222 1873. Phaeodothiopsis Theiss. Ann. Bot. thoracella Fkl. chamaerops (Cke. P. S. Syll. atromaculans (Henn. ill. Ber. tricuspidis Syd.) T. Myc. Fung. bambusae Henn. D.) T. 216 1869. Agr. Muell. Soc. 13:360 1915. regalis T.) Clem. R. Ann. & S. Diachora J. Dan. D.. S. Petr. kusanoi (Henn. 12:280 C. S. 12:265 1926. Ark. ]\Ion. piggotti (B. Dent. 27 1909. Karst. hysteriforme Karst. onobrychidis (DC. 293 javanica Rac.) Nke. Discomycopsella Henn.) T. 1926. 11:374. 24:609 O. Biol. Myc. & Syd. 681. Fung. Ann. proteae (Syd. 1915. 22:432 1913. M.S. Syll. Sitzb. 57:346 1894. R. D. D. P. C.) Homostegia Fkl. 8:183. Symb. 2:166 1904. & Syd. A. Torr. Myc. ingae Stev. 24:536 1926. H. P. Myc. 25:328 1927. Henn. Fung. DOTHIDEACEAE Dermatodothis Rac. Fung.) Hoehn. Diplochora Hoehn. 630 1910. Ann. Omphalospora 13:361 Tliciss. Atopospora Petr.

(Rehm) T. & Syd. microthyriodes (Henn. 24:620 S. Myc. 24:610 Apiotrabutia Petr. Fung. Myk. P. & S. Fung. Myc. IMyc. 1915. Myc. 12:180 1914. 1915. Pseudomelasmia Hcnn. & S. Inst. 13:419 1915. Apiospora Sacc. & Butler Ann. & Syd. ill. 1926. Hedwigia 41:115 1902. Rehmiodothis Theiss. & Syd. micheliae Syd. Theiss. aceris (H.) T. Myc. S. 24:380 1926. lauracearum Henn. T. Myc.) & S. Fung. 9 1875. Fung. ]\Iyc. Ann. 1915. R. 13:406 1926. S.) S. & S. Hochn. Phragmocauma Theiss. Ann. S. Myc. 24:559 1926. & S.) T. Scolecodothis Theiss. miconiae (Henn. & Syd. Mvc. 13:411 1915. 1:539 Ann. 15:377 bersamae (Ling. Scirrhodothis Theiss.) T. astrocaryae P. Symb. Ann. helvetica (Fkl. Ann. 24:612 1926. 1916. Ann. Syll. ulmi (Schleich. E. Ann. P. Fkl. Syll. Dot. rottboelliae 1916. Myc. Myc. & S.) T. 24:613 13:582. Fung. 24:609 Platychora Pctr. Schizochorella Hochn. Fung.) T. poasensis Syd. arengae (Rac. S. Ann. 1915. 1917. hypophylla (Theiss. Sci. Catacaumella Theiss. Myc. 13:360 1915. S. Jour. Symb.) Petr. Syll. ostbeckiae (B. Syll. 7:397 Endophyllachora Rehin 1913. Myc. Myc. & Syd. Ann. Syll. & filicinus (Fr. 14:362 1914. 1926.) T. Schizachora Syd. 219 R. Myc. Myc. A. R. Hoehn. Nke. Myc. melastomata (Hoehn. Plectosphaera Theiss. 1913. Fung. 24:564 13:400 Trabutiella Theiss. c. 24:609 13:405 TelimenaRac. & Syd. 23:103 1925. viventis (Cke. P. E. & S.) Shear parinarii (Henn. Ann. Mitt. (Rehm) T. Fkl. Syll. topographica (Speg. Frag. Fung. & Syd. 1926. Par. Fung. & S. Myc. Sphaerodothis Shear Mycologia 1 . 24:610 12:192 Ann. 1926. Phyllachorella Syd. A. 1882. Ann. Java 1 :18 1900. Syll.162 1909. & Syd. 9:400 M. rimosa (A. Syll.) T.) Theiss. 1926. . R. Consp. & S. chamaemori (Rostr. Ann. 1911. Myc. Myc. & Syd. Endodothella Theiss.) T. Myc. & montagnei Sacc. Wien 3:112 1926. Pyr. Phaeochorella Theiss. 1926.) T. bambusae & B. 14:413. Ann. elmeri Syd. pterocarpi (Mass. confluens (Starb. & S. Stigmochora Theiss. Fung. Ann. Syll. & Syd. Ann. 12:269 & S. & S. erythrinae Rac. 1915. Ann. 1915. Ann. & Syd. Ann.) T. & Syd. Myc. Syll. A. 12:489 1914. controversa (Starb. P.) Fkl. Myc. 27:334 1929. & Syd. Myc. ill. cf. P. S. Syll. cf.) T. Rhabdostroma Theiss. T. 1869. 1926. 24:620 13:370. Ann. Placostroma Theiss. ill. 24:611 13:415 Ann. pseudes Rehm S. 1914. Gen. & Syd. ill. & Br. Myc. 12:277 S. 12:272 1914. Pilz. T. Alg. Metachora Syd. 11:265. Myc. Fung. & S.) Hoehn. Ann. Syll. Anisochora Theiss. 13:429 1869. Munkiodothis Theiss.) T. Ann. Rhopographus Nke.) Petr. Achorodothis Syd. 627. 1915. M. & L. 1914. & arrabidaeae (Henn. & Syd. 1926. & Syd. 220 Scirrhia Nke. Camarotella Theiss.294 DOTH IDE ALES Phil. Rhopographina Theiss. P. Fung.

Hedwigia 47:256 1908. 13:180 1915. Hedwigia 40:96 1901. Syll. Frag. 636. S. cf. paraguayensis Speg. 23:345. Gaz.) Fkl.) T. Ann. Ann. Syll. Syll. ill. Syll. 28:275 1902. C. & Syd. rumicis (Karst. & D. polylopha Syd. & S. Fung. 13:575 1915. Syll. Ann. 12:275 1914. Ann. Sacc. Myc. goudoti (Lev. Bot. cyathea S. Lizoniella Sacc. Theiss. & S. Hoehn. C. 1904. G. Myc. Griggsia Stev. H. 14:36 1916. 1915. Syll. Engler Bot. lantanae (Henn. 13:183. 330 1915. & Dalbey. Dothiclypeolum Hoehn. D. K. Fung. S. Myc. 16:624 Coleophoma Hoclin. Fung. Myc. 1900. cf. P. Myc. P. Fung. C. Myc. & Har. Append. 1925. Jahrb. Fung. Theiss. Ann. 13:340 23:495 1915. 69:253. & Syd. juruanum Henn. Myk. 9:210 1893. 35:254 1917. M. L. Ann. Fung. Ann. Monographus Fkl. Fung. Theiss. Myc. Ann. T. cf. 628. Deut.) T. 24:1321 A. 11:374 1895. moriformis (Ach. Fung. Hyalodothis Pat. Myc. Fung. 21 :383 1923 a mixture of two genera. & Syd. Placodothis Syd. Myc. Hoehn. hendersonioides Henn. Bot. . crateriformis (Dur. 3:24 1875. immature. Zeits. gastrolobii (Henn. 24:617 1926.DOTHIDEACEAE Genera Incertae Sedis Vel Agostaea Theiss. 4:182 1878. 1919. Syll. Syll. 13:369 1915. 23:66 1925. & H. & Syd. Fung. unripe Ophiodothis with parasitic Hyponec. 24:639 Halstedia Stev. Sitzi). Fung. clavus P. 680.) Karst. Hoehn. Fung. 2:591 1883. Henn. samaricola (Died. Kullhemia Karst.) S. petraki Syd. Myc. portoricensis Stev. 13:359 1928. 10:316 Scirrhiopsis 1912. Myc. & D. 1920. Bot. Ann. Peltistroma Henn. quercicola Henn. Myc. salaciae Henn. R. ill. 2:650 1883. 24:377 1926. & Syd. Bot. 22:1074 1913. Hedwigia 43:391.) Hoehn. mixed material. Ann. Acad. Sirentyloma Henn. Myc. Myk. & Syd. cf. halepensis (Cke. Henn. as subg. Cordoba M. Myc. 2:457 1883. Coccoidea Henn. Symb. 295 Dubia & Syd. 24:554 1926. Wicn & Mont.) Hoehn. Thyriopsis Theiss. Ann. Roumegueria (Sacc. Petr. H. 26:133 1928. Verb. pinastri & S. Bull. Ann. . Hedwigia 34:319 1895. aspidiorum (Lib. Petr. 1919. Myk. Gaz. 13:610 1915. Ann. tria.) Sacc. Syll. Fr. Microphiodothis Speg. Theiss. S. S. Septochora Hoehn. Bot. Frag. Oest. Myc. chamaedorae Syd. 68:224 1926. & Syd. 67:55 1916. cf. Phoenicostroma Syd.) Henn. ill. 116:637 1907. Dictyochora Theiss. Ges. Syll. Brandenb. Myc. Myc. 24:1638 1926. Frag. 17:661 1905. Hoehn. Bol. Symb. 47:12 1905. cf. Cyphospilea Syd. & D.) T. Soc. Syll. D. Ann. P. Akad. cf. Ber. Syll.

]\Iyc. lahmi (Mull. 206 1889. Ann. Alg. pruni Syd. 3:22 1880. 23:399. 17:872 Hedwigia 43:267 1904. Scan. Kriiuterk. Mycoporellum 1884. roseolum (Miill. Java 1:14 1900. 50. Myc. perexigua (Miill. Myk. manaosensis Henn. Arg. 22:754 1913. 244. 12:302 1914. Myc. Kocrb. 23:403 1925. Butleria Sacc. 17:8 Dermatina Almq. Arg. Jour. Syll. 13:217 1915. cf. Mycoporis Clem. A. Ann. Calolepis Syd. S. 173 1909. 12:566 1914. 56. Myk. 27:43 Hariotia Karst. Frag. 50. Ann. 8:846 1889. Myc. 1900. Arg. Ann. Fung. 173 1909. Sven. Protoscypha Syd. ill. 173 1909. Fung. 6:14 50. Hand!. 49. Sciodothis Clem. 13:651 1915.296 Uleopeltis Henn. Myc. ill. Micromyriangium 1929. Bot. 25:87 1878. Fr. Pleodothis Clem. Bagnisiella Speg. Myc. Petr. Par. X. Endodothiora Petr. DOTHIDEALES Fung. not Pk. 27:345 1929. 16:151. 1881. M. ill. Mycoporum Fw. Hoehn. Dictyonella 1909. Angatia Syd. trichosporellum (Nyl. 173 1909. C. Grundr. Anhellia Rac. MYCOPORACEAE Chlorodothis Clem. Arkiv Bot. & Weedon Mycologia 15:199. Pleoglonis Clem. leucoplaca (Miill. 1905. Fung. Arg. elabens Fw. Ann. Ann. Arg. 1848. Fung. M. Calopeziza Syd. Hedwigia 41 :23 1902. 173 1909. Dothiora Fr. elabens (Fw. em. Fung. 1918.) Clem.) Clem. 8:499 1913. Cookella Sacc. Eurytheca deSeynes Bull. Fung. Gen. Gen. Ann. Ascomycetella Pk. Ascomycetella Sacc. Ann. Arg. 1923. Frag.) Zahlbr. Ann. Soc. U. Mull. & Xenomeris Syd. Myc. Phil. 5:7 1905. Fung. Bot. Elsinoe Rac. Gen. Syll. Theiss. Michelia 1:407 1878. Torr. Ann. Myc. Rev. 1925. Fung. 22:185 1924 638. Ann. Nothostroma Clem. Bull. Club 8:49. 24:353 1926. M. MYRIANGIACEAE Allosoma Syd. Fung. Akad. Gen. ill.) Almq. 199 1880. 165 1891. Syd. Syll. Alg. Hoehn. Delphinella Sacc.) Clem. N. Sum. Gen. Hoehn. Ascostratum Syd. Fung. 10:41 1912. Par. Theiss. 1881. 50. Fung. D. Kusanoopsis Stev. Veg. Myc. Jour. Myriangiopsis Henn. Sci. & Syd.) Clem. Robertomyces Starb. 418 1849. . Myc. 173 1909. 9:1103 Gen. Myc. Java 2:10 Syll. Myc. n. Fung.

Fung. . Syll. Wettsteinina Hoehn. Hoehn. K.s. & Wccdon 15:197 1923. Pas. 21 :144 1922. Syll. hypocreoides F. cf.) Hoclm. M. Myc. amboinensis Syd. Sitzb. Syll. B. amazonica Henn. 33:155 1889. 1902. 1919. Fung. Hcdwigia 41 :5. Myc. Ann. 18:78 1920. Lond. M. M. Wien 118:372 Mycologia Myrianginella Stev. Fr.) Hoehn. Englcr 1919 Bot. Syll. Fung. 8:847 1889. Byssogene Syd. I\Iyc. Fung. & W. Hedwigia 41 :298 1905. 1905. Phil. callista (Rehm) Hoehn. Cordoba Fung. Leptophyma Sacc. Pyrenotheca Pat. 8:847 Ann. Myc. C. Acad. Hedwigia 43:143 1904. Syll. 1920. Pctr. Uleomyces Hcnn. 1913. 1900. Ann. Pseudosphaeria 116:129 Hoehn. & Diplotheca Starb. Bot. 18:64 16:166 1918. L. 17:860 1905. 16:160 Monascostroma Hoehn. cf. Ann. 1895. 23:484. Soc. Giorn. 28:275 17:74 K. quercina Cke. 11:364 Alont. Myc. Sci.) Sacc. Wicn P. 116:126 1907. Hedwipia 34:107 1895. Hoehn. P. Bot. orbicularis Zimm. japonica Henn.) Starb. Syll. elliptica (Fkl. Akad. 1907. Phymatosphaeria Ital. 1914. Hedwigia 34:66 1895. Kusanoa Henn. Bakt. Henn. 11:507 Myxomyriangis Theiss. cf. Myriangium 4:72 Ining. Not. 30 Bol. D. S. Zukaliopsis Hcnn. Fung. parasiticus duriaei & W. Akad. 11 :376 1895. Jahrb. Bull. Sitzb. Syll. Tids. Syll. 16:555 1893. Myk. 24:1139 1928. 297 Fung. & W^ing. 1918. Syll.653 1915. 24:543 1926. M.) Myriangina (Hcnn.) Sacc. 8:183 1913. Y. L. Jonr. Hoehn. Nuov. Theiss. moravica Petr. ricki (Rehm) Theiss. & Syd. 13:265. Frag. & Berk. 17:554 Myc. Myc. U. gregaria Bres. 1886. piri Woronich. Cent. Myxotheca Fcrd. Hedwigia 43:351 1904. Hoehn. Sitzb. Bot. Syll. 22:582 M. Yoshinagaia Hcnn. 1902. P. 1910. Cent. Myc. M. Fung. mirabilis (Henn.-i 1909. durantiacum (E. Jour. Phymatodiscus Spcg. Bot. guaraniticus Speg. gigaspora Hoehn. Ann. M. 17:555 Myriangella Zimm. 33'\ 677. tunae (Spreng. Ann. 30:212 1913. Akad. polyspora (Bref. Sydowia Brcs. Keisslerina Pctr. ill. & M. Ann. 4:232 Plectodiscella Woronich. Myc. Syll. Syll. tapirae S. Bot. 1845. mirabilis Henn. 8:844 1889. 7:138 1886. yunnanensis Pat. 22:580 1902. abyssinica Pass. Fung. P. Fung.) Leptodothiora Hoelm. Wien W. B. Saccardia Cooke Grevillca 7:49 1878. quercus Henn. M. S. Fung.MYRIANGIACEAE Plowi-ightiella Sacc. innumerosum (Desm. Ann. 25:302 1927. Genera Incertae Sedis Vel Dubia Capnodiopsis Henn. 1902.

Aspidothea Syd. 1902. Akad. tenella (Syd. & Syd. 54:231 1912. 15:296 1917. Myc. Bull. & S. Ann. Jahrb. & Br. 4:655 1927. cf.) Dothidasteroma Hoehn. H. placenta (B. Bull.298 MICROTHYRIALES MICROTHYRIALES POLYSTOMELLACEAE Actinodothis Syd. Dothidasteris Hoehn. for Dothidastcromella. . 1896. Stichodothis Pctr. sepulta (B. & Syd. 25:198 1927. Gilletiella D. stenochlaenae Syd. 491. Sitzb. Myc. c. 13:228 1915. Solaris (K. & Syd. 1883. 13:211. Ann. 10:179 Phil. 1915. & C. & C. Myc. Frag. Sci. Gaz. Myc. (Desm. Alyc. disciformis & Syd. Ann. Hedwigia 42:84 1903. 13:235 Stev. & Ryan & Br. ill. Fung. 25:26 c. Herb. piperis Syd. Myc. & Syd. Myk. 1921. Myc. Guar. Entopeltis Hoehn. 9:175 1912. Jour. T. Stigmatopeltis Doidgc Bothalia 2:232 1927. Arg. E. Ann. 13:222 Hysterostomina Theiss. Hoehn. Ann. chusqueae (Pat. & S. 1914. Ann. 1843. psychotriae (Syd. Hoehn. 19:65. rosae Wolf D. Syd. 13:237 1915. 489 1910. 2:166 1904.) Petr. disciformis (Wint. Myc. & S. not Turcz. 33:39 brachylaenae Henn. Phil. Maurodothis Sacc. T. Jour. 1925. Dielsiella Henn. Ann. Soc. Cyclostomella Pat.) Hoehn. Ann. 13:229 1915. Wicn (Rehm) Hoehn. 1:133 1915. & S. T. Myc. ill. Heterochlamys 11:231 Bull. cf. 16:171 D. Fung. araucariae Hoehn. Isipinga Doidge Bothalia 1:15. S. areolata Doidge Hysterostoma Theiss. Diplocarpum Wolf Bot. lb. & S. Blasdalea Sacc. T.) Theiss. 1902. M. guaranitica Speg. A. I. 12:70 1914. Ann. 13:231 1915. alyxiae S. c. Pluriporus Stev. 25:411 1927. Syll. Aulacostroma Syd. Ann. Pat. Myc. Cyclotheca Theiss. & Ryan Bishop Mus. Myc. chusqueae Pat. Ann. 19:425 1909. Myc. Dothithyriella 1918. maculosum (B. Armatella Theiss. & S. & Syd. argentinensis Speg. 12:509 ill. Myc. Ann. disciformis Pat. H. & S. Coscinopeltis Speg. evanescens (Rehm) T. D. Englcr Rot. Henn. Frag. Sci. B. A. Chaetaspis Syd. litseae (Henn. Myc. & S. Eois?.) Hoehn. Ann. palawanense Syd. 14:691 1899. gouldiae Stev. Myc. royenae Doidge Sacc. Fr. D.) T. 443. blechni Syd.) T. A.) Sacc. 25:23 1927. Cycloschizum Henn. 1895.) Hoehn. 9:174 1914. 8:738 1889. Inocyclus Theiss. 1919. Frag. & S. Ann. Asterodothis Theiss. Cycloschizella 128:63 Syll. miconiae (Syd. H. Ann. 16:634 (Rehm) S. Hysterostomella Speg. P. A. Fung. c.) litigiosa S. c. 1914. & S. Ann. Alyc. 1915. & S.) T. G. Syll. S. Cocconia Sacc. pritzeli A. Alyc. H. Fung.) Theiss. 15:219 1917. Ann. Alyc. Myk. Myc. Myk. interrupta (Wint.

1915. 639. Alyc. Ann. 13:220 L. Alg. filicina & C. Ann. & S. & S. Alyc. congesta (Wint. P. M. eucleae Doidge nervisita P. philippinensis Syd. 1919.) 1918. M. Alyk. Gcs. Pilz.) Hoehn. Parmulariella Henn. 13:264 Melanoplaca Syd. 8:338 1915. rhytismoides (Speg. Polycyclus Hoehn. 8:737 1889. Palawaniella Doidge Bothalia lb. 299 Eiigler S.) Theiss. Java 3:31 1900. maculans (Zopf) Hoehn. Leptodothis Theiss. Ann. dickiae Hoehn. & Syd. 465. ill. T. T. & S. Fung.) T. 1 1 :16.) Doidge constellata (B. Cocconiopsis Arnaud 16:113. exculpta (Berk. Alem.) T. 1924. Alyc. T. & E. 13:220 longissima Rac. Am. 1915. inquinans (E.) T. 1915. P. E. Soc. 1:283 1883. Syll. 13:261 1915. Frag. 1914. Doidge Hedwigia 43:266 1904. Hoehn. 1910.) T. Phil. 9:171. costaricensis Syd. 1928. 24:1115 perexigua (Speg. L. & S.) Syd. Ann. bambusina Rac. Ann. M.) Hoehn. Alyc. Bcr. Hedwigia 43:267 1904. P. 1914. Alyc. 13:236 P. Myc. 12:194 P. Ann. Bot. & S. & 1915. Monorhiza Theiss. 15:221 Pleostomella Syd. ill. Agr. Myc. 1915. Alyc. Lichenopeltella 128:553 Hoehn. Hoehn. 12:73 T. Akad. Ann. (Lib. 1915. 25:43 Palawania Syd. Ann. & Br. & S. P. Hoehn. Ann. Lembosiodothis 1917. Dcut. Myc. 25:508 1898.) T. Guar. 1921. 13:205 1915. 1914. Myc. Ann. P. 13:262 1915. Ann. Jour. 1917. Ann. M. Sitzb. Bot. vernoniae Henn. Deut. Myc. T. Sci. manaosensis Henn. Ber. I^ot. Monorhizina Theiss. Jour. Placosoma Syd. M. T. pulvinula (Pat. Mendogia Rac.POLYSTOMELLACEAE Lauterbachiella Henn. Alyk. Alyc. P. atramentaria (B. S. Parastigmatea Doidge :22 1921.) Sacc. & S. ill. Ann. Ann. 1915. 13:248 & Syd. T. Myc. 638. Ann. Microdothella Syd. andinus (Pat. P. Myc. S. 35:358 1917. Leptopeltis Hoehn. Alyc. Alyc. Fung. 13:212 Polycyclina Theiss. grandis (Niessl. 12:268 L. I- caaguazu Speg. Gcs. leucoptera Syd. schweinfurthi (Henn. & S. 22:303. pteridis Henn. Marchalia Sacc. 1914. Henn. 5:438 1915. nothopanacis Syd. 1927. Placasterella Sacc. & S. & S. Alyc. culmicola Syd. Syd. Alontp. 13:246 1915. L. Alyc. Munkiella Speg. Ann. Fung. & Br. C. Jahrb. & Syd. M. Ann. T. L. Sci. 15:222 1917. Isomunkia Theiss. 15:369 L. 1912. Alyc. Syll. & S. 13:218 M. ill. Alyc. & & Syd. Uleopeltis 13:217 Par. Ann. U. Macowaniella Doidgc Bothalia 1:9. Phil. & S. 13:195 & Syd. 35:418 1917. Frag. M. Ann. 1921.) theisseni (Rick. ill. fihcina (B. 13:251 Melanochlamys Syd. 9:169 EUisiodothis Theiss. Synostomella Syd. 13:210 Ann. dipteridis Syd. Frag. Leptopeltella Hoehn. 1915. & 1915.) T. Parmulina Theiss. 1914. Wicn M. Myc. . Ann. Ncuch.

1869. Agr. Myk. Fung. terminaliae (Syd. Myk. A. Myc. conferta (Cke. V. ill. 15:410 S. Montp. Ann. S. 16:165. Veg. megalospora (B. 1891. 1846. T. 1914. S. 164:574 1917. 1061. australiensis Syd. Rhagadolobium Henn. Phil. Pseudolembosia Theiss. lb. 421 Hoehn. poliothea Syd. 15:221 Syll. Ann. 1914. Ann. Sci. & S. R. S. Sitzb. Frag. Ann. Myc.) Theiss. Hoehn. Frag. 633. Nat. Myc. Protothyrium Arnaud Comp. Jahrb. 478 Clypeolella Hoehn. Speg. 1897. Myc. 1849.) Arn. 1913. Myk. Fr. A. & Lind. H. 1915. & C. Montp. Agr. MICROTHYRIACEAE Actinomyxa Syd. 15:146 1913. inversa Hoehn. Montp. psychotriae (Henn. Jour. 13:242 Myc. Myxasterina 118:870 Hoehn. Sci. 1918. Ann. Opeasterina 23:498 16:161. Prillieuxina ill. Ann. 2:229 Dimerosporium Fkl. 1845. Ann. & S. (Henn. 11:257 P. ill. W. & S. Alyc. 12:63 Hoehn. Polyrhizum Theiss. Myc. couepiae (Henn. 13:257 1915. 1918.) Arn. P. 16:165 1918. 1914. lb. 3:5:236 Parmularia Lev. 2:137 1886. 25:76 Anariste Syd. Ann. Ann. Bol. 12:281 P. Myc. 13:263 1917. Syll. Hoehn. ill. Asterolibertia Arnaud A.) T. Theiss.) Theiss.300 MICROTHYRIALES & Syd. Scolionema Theiss 1917.) Theiss. Fung. T. palmarum (Kze. A. 11 :499. Lind. Myk. loranthi Syd. T. R. 2:662 1883. ill. Sum. . aspidii 1909.) Arn. P. & S. C. styracis Lev. Arnaud 1918. Myc. 1913.) Arn. myocoproides & B. 1883. Akad. 1915. Fung. 1919. 16:172 1918. ill. Wien M. Ann. Nat. Theiss. & Syd. Myc. Ann. 1915. styracis (Theiss. 3:274 1913. Wardina Arnaud lb. 1917. D. Stigmatodothis Syd. Ann. Polystomella Speg. irregularis (Syd. Scan. 1915. Myc. Amazonia Theiss. & S. Cent. Sci. S. salvadorae (Cke. Frag. T. Rhipidocarpum Theiss. Theiss.) Arn. hermiteliae Henn. strychni Hoehn. Rend. 13:199 Ann. M. Sci. Ann. palawanensis Syd. Cordoba O. azarae Lev. Agr. A. 16:63 Halbanina Arnaud 1918.) T.) Sacc. 9:393 Asterella Sacc. Myc. Stigmatea cf. javanicum (Pat. Frag. Ann. 316. 9:173. (S. 664. winteriana (Pass. Fung.'\rnaud 16:172. & S. Bakt. 3:3:59 Asterina Lev. Guar. Symb. 1912. ill. 89 1910. Vizella Sacc. Arnaud 1925. 1:133 Schneepia Speg.) robertiani Fr. T. Acad. 23:287. 477. & Engler Bot. P. Myriostigma 10:7:721.) Fkl. Myc. pulcherrima Speg. Nat.) Theiss. P. 13:197. Broteria 12:13 1914. Trichasterina . geographica (Mass. ill. Guar. Ann. guaranitica Speg. veronicae (Lib. Myc. Synpeltis Syd. 533. guatteriae Arn.) Am. Ann. 1927. Ann. & Syd. Cent.

Myc. Hoehn. Myc. Beelia Stev. 25:78. Mjx. P. & R. Cordoba Opeasterinella Speg. Theiss. 1916. 3:277 1909. epilobii (Lib. Ann. Chaetothyriopsis Stev.) Theiss. nebulosum (Speg. Calothyriella 1917. brasiliensis Speg. Crypt. Ryan Bishop Mus. Ann. Ann. Ann.) Hoehn. portoricensis (Speg. 27:64 An. Frag. Cordoba 26:349 1923. Polythyrium Syd. A. Ann. ill. ^lyc. P- roupalae Syd. pinophylla Hoehn. 1917. orbicularis (B. M.) T. 1919. 1927. O.) Theiss. L.) Hoehn. A. Calothyrium Theiss. 4:161 Scutellum Speg. Myc. Speg. Myc. Sci. Akad. Bol. 8:25 Platypeltella A. 1917. & 19:71. Myk. 3:276. 1925. 1910. 15:364 16:150 1918. A. . Theiss. Myc. Maublancia Arnaud 30] A.) Arn. Frag. Syd. scaevola S. oligotricha Syd. H. myrtacearum Arn. & H. portoricense Speg. 1917. 1927. 11:558 15:417 Caenothyrium Theiss. Myc. & D. hirtula (Speg. Nac. Myc. 15:419 Aulographella Hoehn.) T. Acad. 1917. javanica (Rac. Bull. Fung. 520 E. Bol. H. cf. 1916. cf. 25:326 Speg. Brefeldiella Acad. Petr. Hadotia Maire Bull. Ann. 1085. C. pulcherrima Speg. C. Sitzb. 1927. 19:237. & Ann. 1917. 27:397 Ptychopeltis Syd. & Toro Sci. 23:498 Calothyris Stev. 1917. S. C. & T. Ann. 10:160 1912. Calothyriolum Acad. antarctica Speg.) Asteromyxa Theiss. 19:71. 15:367 Aulographis Hoehn. Agr. Caudella Syd. 27:62 1929. Myc. 1925. Montp. 201 Hariotula Arnaud Ann. Arg. Surv. 1913. Maire H. cyathearum Rac. Coscinopeltis Speg.) Theiss. 10:160 1918. Ann. Asteridium Speg. suttoniae S. & S. A. smilacis Petr. Myc. 14:430 Halbaniella Theiss. Broteria. Myc. B. Java 89 Halbania Rac. 15:371 C. Hoehn. Myc. alang-alang (Rac. 1923. nivalis & C. 15:422 Echinodella Theiss. P. I^etr. Cent. Bishop Mus. Hoehn. Acad. 1913. H. Acad. Nancy 1906:11.R. 15:419 Clypeolina Theiss. hederae (Lib. Les Astcrin. Cordoba Leptopeltina Speg. & Dorman M}cologia C. Par. Myc. C. ill. lb. 23:498 1919. Acad. loranthi (K. & Ryan Speg. Bol. Cordoba 25:90 14:90. linearis Syd. Myk. argentinensis Speg. Ann. P. & S. Theiss. Myc. ill. Ann. C. Wien 118:1168 1881. puiggari (Speg.MICROTHYRIACEAE Asterinella Theiss. 1927. C. 1912. 1889. Petr. Bull. 1929. & Syd. Myc. Ann. Echinodes Theiss. 1909. Cordoba B. brasiliensis Speg. caaguazuense Speg. 78 1914. panamensis S. paradoxum Speg. Englerulaster Hoehn. apus Theiss. liturae (Cke. E. Ann. Bol. Hoehn. Asteridiellina Seavcr 1926. Ann. & Syd.) Theiss. & R. Ann. costaricense Syd. ill. Mus. ill.) S. Cordoba C. Campoa 1921. Cent. Myc. C. 25:326 Bol. for Calothyriopeltis. Ann. Soc. Myc. 16:158 1918. E. 19:425. ill. Bol. ill. 1888. ill.

Cirsosia Arnaud lb. Myc. 24:231 1926.) Arn.) Sacc. 1913. Arn. Alyc. 127. Myc. Eupelte Syd. Myc. Ges. ampulluligera Speg. 1918. Ann. 1919. F. Myc. Nat. mirabilis Hoehn. Calopeltis Syd. 1917. Bot. Myc. 1927. 1920. 12:563 1916. P. Lembosiopsis Theiss. Sitzb. 11 :432 1913. 25:339 Arnaudiella Petr. Uleothyrium Petr. psychotriae Arn. 1918. Cordoba 23:498 S. 3:278 Ann. 1916. 36:468 N. scirpicola (Fkl. Myc. 1:258 Cirsosiella Arnaud Ann. Ges. Ann. Fung. Bcr. ill. 11:435 L. Nuov.) Theiss. Theiss.vc. 1883. microscopicum Desm. chilensis Speg. 3:279 M. 22:426. Soc. Sci. Microthyrium lichenicolum. hymenophylli (Pat. Myc. Acad. Meliolaster Doidge 8:123 1921. Micropeltopsis Wain. tenella Lev. C. M. 2:668 Seynesia Sacc. Giorn. Montp. P. amazonicum Petr. Ann.218 mackenzi Doidge cetraricola Wain. nobilis (W. ^lyc. Akad. S. Afr. P. andromedae (Tracy & Earle) Theiss. corrientinum Speg. . 27:388 Trans Roy. & Syd. Ann. Microthyrium Desm. Pycnocarpum 7:31. 23:392. 15:246 melastomatis (Lev. L. 49. Fung. Att. 23:136 Niesslella 1919. C. M. Hoehn. 49:217 Rhaphidocyrtis Wain.) Hoehn. S. 1919. Phragmoscutella Woron. Morenella Speg. Acad. R. acnisti Syd. Ann. Wien Phragmothyrium Hoehn. Theiss. L. manaosensis Arn. Arnaud Balansina 16:123.) Hoehn. 1880. Fenn.) Theiss. Parasterina Theiss. ill. M. Ann. & A. 1845. antarctica (Speg. M.) 1924. Ann. Seynesiola Speg. B.302 MICROTHYRIALES K. Cent. Ann. Ann. Fung. 2:142 1913. Microthyris Clem. amicta Syd. Nat. Bol. P. 1921. 1891. (Syd. 124. Ann. Sci. Abh. W. Soc. 1883. Peltella Syd. E. ill. 1914. Deut. M. polyspora (Pat. Guar. lb. Agr. Kriegeriella Hoehn.) Theiss. transversalis (Syd. conjuncta Syd. M.) Petr. 1929. Fenn. Ann. z-b. Agr. 25:82 Aphanopeltis Syd. Myc. apiahynum Speg. Myc. Ven. U. P. Myc. 2:15:138 M. R. Cordoba Microthyriolum Speg. Myc. A. 9:1101 1913. bakeri Sacc. ill. 16:127. L. Maurodothella Arnaud Syll. Montp. Morenina Theiss. 1927. Ann. Ital. Act. M. Ann.. Soc. Lembosiella Sacc. P. S. aulographoides (B. M. 3:3:58 Lembosia Lev. & C. Ann. C. 14:365 Pycnopeltis Syd. caronae (Pass. Ann. 1925. abchasica Ann. trichosporella (Nyl. 16:39 1918. Myc. Theiss. 121:347 1912. bambusinum Syd. Fung. A. Syll. 15:237 1917.) Wain. Myiocoprum Speg. Wien P. & Butl. 1913. Bol. 23:199 Myiocoprella Sacc. 3:10:61 Ferrarisia Sacc. Cent. Act. & Abram. 11:437 Lembosina Theiss. 1913.) Sacc. ill. Myc. M. magnificum Theiss. phoebes Syd. 1841. bakeri Syd. maculans (Zopf) Clem. philippina Sacc. Pycnoderma Syd. Arg. Acad. stellata 1918.

fecunda (Sacc. Theiss. Myk. 1913.) T. roupalae Syd. Ann. A.) Hoehn. Ann. Zeits. P. clavispora Syd. cubensis Speg. Sitzb. Myc. Phil. ingae Theiss. Ann. 1914. reptans (B. S. Eremotheca 15:235. Ann. 8:191. Griggsia Stev. Acad. 11 :404 1913. calamicola Syd. E. Myc. Hoehn. hedycaryae Theiss. Myc. & Syd. 521 Trichopeltella Hoehn. rhynchosiae (K. Myc. Gaz. 1919. macrosperma Speg. D. Cent. & C. 128:552 1924. 1925. Y. montana (Rac. Gaz. Ann. 25:90 1927. H.) T. labecula (Mont. Yatesula Syd. 1919. 15:237 1917. Mendoza Ann. 11:571 T. Myc.) Theiss.MICROPELTACEAE Stegothyrium 127:382 1914. Endocycla Syd. chalybeum (Rehm) Theiss. G. Ann. vulgaris (Rac. 39:636. cf. Acad. & D. Cordoba 26:393. Micropeltella Syd. pulchella Speg. T. C. Myc. smilacina Plochmopeltidella 79:291. S. Trichopeltis Speg. Sitzb.) T. Frag. Arg. 1145. . G. Ann. ill.) Theiss. gesneraceae (Henn. Mon. memecyli Syd. Cordoba Bakt. Ann. 62:277 1912. tenuissima (Petch) Theiss. C. 668 Thallochaete Theiss. & Dalbey Bot. & Syd. Jour. 1882. 1910. Myc. Wien S. Cent. Fung. ill. 79:287 Ann. P. Myk. Wien Calothyriopsis Hoehn. ill. Frag. Biol. trinidadensis Stev. T. T. Myc. D. pulchellum Syd. Ann. ill. 25:76 Anariste Syd. poliothea Syd.431 Theiss. Dictyothyrina Theiss. Trichopeltula Theiss. & C. 1909. Broteria 12:88 Haplopeltis Theiss. E.) Theiss. 15:134 A.432 1917. Acad. 19:307 1921. T. 39:630. M. micromera Syd. & M. Ann. C. & Syd. & S.) S. Bot. Symphaster Theiss. Sci. Eremothecella Syd. calami Syd. Ann. Chaetopeltopsis 1913. ill. Myc. 11:496 C. 1914. 15:232. 303 Hoehn. Thyrosoma Syd. Bol. bakeriana (Rehm) Theiss. ill. Bol. Clypeolopsis & Manter Bot. Trichopeltopsis Hoehn. Akad. 1917. 118:861 1889. Myc. & C. Sitz. Theiss. Myc. Stephanotheca Syd. Stev. Bol. Ann. Cordoba Parapeltella Speg. Trichopeltina Theiss. phoebes Syd. Chaetoplaca Syd. 1925. 1927. 1918. 1914. ill. Clypeolina Speg. & S. Gymnopeltis Stev. Bakt. 23:143 1919. Myc. atrareolatum Speg. M. D. Bot. 4:143 Clypeolum Speg. Oest. 25:96 Metathyriella Syd. conferta (Theiss. 11 :468 Dictyopeltis Theiss. cyathea S. 1927. 1915. Myc. & S. lb. 1923. 9:178. 68:224.) Hoehn. ill. T. denudans (Rehm) Hoehn. Akad. 11:501. C. rufula (B. 15:236 1917. 111. Mendoza Gaz. 1913. 13:217. Myc. Wien T. Akad.) Hoehn. MICROPELTACEAE Aphysa 1917. cubensis (Speg. Dictyothyrium Theiss. C. E.

Abh.304 MICROTHYRIALES P. (Hoehn. Broteria 12:87 P. Asci and spores uncertain. Mitopeltis Speg. Cuba 325 1913. Cell. Phragmothyriella Hoehn. Scolecopeltidella Mendoza Bot. 17:873 oleae A. & Stomiopeltella Theiss. S. intricata (E. chilensis Speg. Broteria 12:86 Stomiopeltis Theiss. Acad. 1925. Guar. juniperina Petr. not P. 1919. Cordoba 25:93. S. & Manter Sitzb. 1903. Cent. Peradeniya Moesziella Petr. 725 P. Myc. aspersa (Berk. Stev. 1914. ill. Plochmopeltis Theiss. Myc. Myc. Line. salacense (Rac. 25:87 1927. Microthyriella Hoehn. 1927. & M. 324 Bol. z-b. 1912. 85 S. ill. Acad. 18:186 Micropeltis Mont. nubecula (B. Rev.) Petch Frag. Gaz. ill. Frag. & Cam. 3:280 Ophiopeltis 1:175. Fung. (Rehm) Hoehn. 1906. 118:370. & M. Hoehn. Bol. Syll. palmarum Mendoza guianensis S. gaultheriae (Curt. D. pulchella Petr. 1914. Myk. 1842. 1905. 1906. 1923. M. Bull. Jour. Syd. H. Cordoba 23:498 (no species given) I Microthyrites 5:11:251 Pampaloni 1902. Theciopeltis Stev. Ann. obtecta Rehm Hyalasterina Speg. Cryptopeltis cf. abietis Polyclypeolum Theiss. 79:285 1925. 3:278 Dictyothyriella Rehm Broteria 12:92 1914. & Br. Cent. Sci. Rehm. Arg. C. & Manter & Stout Bot. sec. Acad. Flant. Gaz. Saccardinula Speg. 1889. 12:64 Hedwigia 68:203 M.) Theiss. Myc. albomarginata Speg. Ann. Aim. Scolecopeltium 79:282. M. Bol. gomphispora (B.) Theiss. Acad. Ann. 1925. Gard. Acad. P. Att. 1928. 4:409 1909. Theiss. 1925. Genera Incertae Sedis Vel Dubia Anomothallus Stev. Fung. s. Nat. Myk. M. ill. Bot. for Scolecopeltidium. Ann. 218 aeruginea (Zimm. 79:293. & M. Frag. S. M. Myc.) Hoehn. A. ill. S. Clements 1909. Ann. Stigmatophragmia Tehon 21:180. Myc. Protopeltis Syd. Epipeltis Theiss. Myc. Syll. ricki 1909. ill. Myc. guaranitica Speg. 1929. molleriana (Sacc. 1891. 1849. Fung. 9:1071 Schizothyrium Desm. Theiss. 1:257 1883. applanata Mont.) Theiss. Scolecopeltis Speg. & C. ptarmicae Desm. Gaz. Wien M. Bol.) Theiss. Scolecopeltopsis 1909. Bot. Hormopeltis Speg. 1913. S. Wien 7:26 E. I^hragmothyriella Speg. 25:323 Ann. author. 3:11:360 S. . Myc.) Theiss. Phaeaspis Fetch 7:33 1919. P. Myk. Cordoba 574 1913. 12:67 1914.) S. lb. tropicalis Speg. & C. Akad. Ann. disodilis Pamp. 23:506 1919. roupalae Syd. Agron. 19:91. Mycologia sassafrasicola T.) Hoehn. Murashkinskija Petr. ill. erraticus Stev. for Phaeopeltis Fetch. S. Cordoba 1920. Ges. Bishop Mus. bauhiniae Rehm bonplandi Speg. 6:84 1912. Hoehn.

Ann. Syll. Acad. Myc. Fung. Hysteropeltella 1923. 17:902 1905. 1891. & Br. Myc. 1883. 2:764. 21 :9 Maire virgultorum DC. 5:6 1918. Ard. sec. P. Henn. HYSTERIACEAE Neostomella Syd. 1876. 272 Aulographum Lib. ill. D. gynerii Henn. Pir. vagum Desm. Surv. lb. cf. 1927. Bulliardella Sacc. cf. Hoehn. Petrak Ann. 16:69. stella-nigra Rac. tetraplasandrae S. ruborum Hoehn. Bull. Myc. S. Sterile thallus without peri1925. clavispora (Pat. A. juniperi (Desm. Java 1:19 Aldona Rac. 19:85. O. PHACIDIALES HYSTERIACEAE Par. 159:890 N. 9:1100 Farlowiella Sacc. hawaiensis Stev. 1834. Alyc. Ann. not F. Hoehn. G. 1917. Ann. Syst. Fr. Petrak Ann. lineare (Fr. Mon. 1900. & Br. Bishop 60:51 Mus.) Fr. 2:727 1883. Hoehn. Agardh repanda (Blox.) Petrak Graphyllium Clem. lapponica (Karst. Ister. Crypt. Am. Myc. 101 1813. 16:202. Bull. Thyriascus Schulzer Flora 1877. Syll. Rep. author. Arnaud Stev. A. P. ill. B. Surv. 15:433 Bishop Mus. Fr. H. Not a fungus. G. n.) Arn. Veg. Myc. nivalis Hypoderma DC. H. & Syd. H. 1919. Dichaena for Sum. Soc. Piptostoma B. Fung. Rend. Glonium Miihlenberg Psiloglonium 1923. 15:318 Bifusella Hoehn.) Sacc. 21:227 Hoehn.) Arn. Myc. & R. 8:77 1849. Ann. querci Stev. 11:24. P. beccarini Paoli Sci. 685. 1918. 2:304 1805. 305 Opethyrium Speg. chloes Clem. Nebr. 9:1054 Rheumatopeltis Stev. Syll. 111. . Scan. 2:594 1821. thecia or pycnidia. 16:212 Bull. 16:147 1918 as subg. quercinus Schulz. Gloniopsis DeNot. S. 23 1847. 1917. Trichothallus Stev. G. ill. Pilz. Montp. Hedwigia 43:382. 1870. decipiens DeN. 15:303 Hypodermellina Hoehn. Ann. 1:48 1895. T. R. as subg. Ann. Cent. Frag. B. Fr. Agr. Fung. 1901. sec.) 1917. Bot. linearis (Pk. 403 Syll. Ann. Ostreionella Seaver 1926. P. quercina (Pers. Bol. H. laricis moravica Petrak Tubeuf H. (no species given) Patouillardina Arnaud 1917. Myc. 2:765 Cat. stellatum Miihl. Ceylon 1135 P.) Sacc. 1891. Synesiella ill. Synesiopeltis & Ryan 1925. Cordoba 23:498 Conip. R. Theiss. ill. Flor. 25:38 1927. Myk. G. Myc. fusispora Seav. Biol. tabernaemontanae Syd. Alg. Fung. spilota B. Hypodermella Tubeuf Bot. Fung. Nancy 3:7:174 Hadotia Maire 1906.. Gloniella Sacc. Farlowia Sacc. Phaeoscutella 1904. T..

aterrima Cif.) Zahlbr. Fung. 40. 2Z:Z1 1928. Gen. clemens Tul. Mytilidium Syll. radiata (Pers. Duby Ostreium Duby Mem. Myc. melaleucum (Fr.174 Synarthonia Miill. H. Arg. Arthothelium Mass. Sci.174 1909.) Hoehn. Espan. 21. 1926. medusulina Miill.) Mass. 3:35 1896. Krypt. 126:294 3:345 1917. 1821. gregarium (Weig. Rabh. Arthoniopsis 1890. Ann. Hysterographium Corda Icon. Polhysterium Speg. Gen. 1903. Nat. Hyster. Flor. 1:1:274 1897. Ann. Mus.. Fung. A. Ric. Gen. 62 1881. Arg. Arthonia (Ach. F. (Wain. P. A. Lindau Nat. caesia (Fw. Arg. Soc. 1896. ill. Nat. Fung. ovatum (Cke. 1:1:91 1903.306 PHACIDIALES Sitz. Coniocarpum DC. Mem. fraxini (Pers. Syll. 1906. A. 1883. Ann. 1917. Myc. L. Arg. 5:34 1842. Fung.) Clem. Arg. Meckl.) Tul. Lophodermina Hoehn. Syst.174 1909. 3:17:124 1852. Paris 1:436 arundinaceum (Schrad. Lophodermellina Hoehn. 3:36 1896. Pflanzenf. 1917. La Plata 2:308. S. Allarthothelium Flora 61:246 1878. Diarthonis Clem. culmigena Rehm mytilinum (Pers. Wien L. vulpina Tul. Rev. Plearthonis Clem. Nov. C. Hysteropsis Speg. Pflanzenf. Gen. Flora 40:488 1856 1852. H. H. sulcigena (Link) Hoehn. hysterioides (Pers. 1887. ed. Bull. FI. X. Trichophyma Rehm Hedwigia 44:7 1905. N. patellulata (Nyl. A. L. 1852. Bol. Myc. Bot. albovirescens (Wain. H.) Clem. cuyanum Speg. 17 Arg. H. brasiliensis Speg. weirianum Syd. 24:1122 Hysteropsis Rehm Rabh. Flora 70:62 Lecidiopsis Rehm. 26:194. H. Aut. 15:312 L. Phacopsis Tul.) Chev. Krypt. aggregatum Duby Fung.) Clem. Flor. 2:765 americanum Duby GRAPHIDACEAE Arthoniae AUarthonia Nyl. Myc. lurida (Ach. Hypodermopsis Earle 1902. 3:432 Merarthonis Clem. Epi. Hyster. 1881. galactites (DC. C. Nat.) Zahlbr. Flor.) Hoehn. ill. An. 2:533 Fl. M. C. Lophium Fr. Nac. 3:17:120 Conida Mass. 40. Belg.) Th. Fr.) Zahlbr. 58. Lich. Krypt. P. 20:192 1922. Bot. bicolor Mull. A. buchosiae Rehm . Jour. Fragosoa Cif.) Xyloschizum Syd. spectabile (Fw. D. Gymnographa Miill. Nat. M. stictarum (DeN. L. Fr. Ann. O. Y. obesa Mull. P. Pflanzenf. 1909. 15:311 L. Fac. G. Arg. 54 Celidium Tul.) Rehm leptosperma (Miill. T. 3 2:323 1805. sequoiae Earle pulicare Pers. 1912. Ann. Lophodermella Hoehn. 1:1:89 Lich. 30:85 1891.) Fr. Gard. Miill. Fung. Hist.) Koerb. Lophodermium Chevallier 1826.) Zahlbr.) Lind. Akad. DeN. Sci. 2:4 1790. Nat. ill. Hysterium Tode Hysteroglonium Rehm Rabh.

1:55 1893. Fenn. pachygraphoides Wain. 1:1:225 1846. 59. 1:244 Bull. 1926. Jour. O. H. Essai Crypt. A:15:295 1921. Herb. 1890. 13:313 Deut. Ital. 8:111 S. 50 1889. 21:416 1890. Soc Linn.174 Digraphis Clem. 1889. Cyclographa Wain. Gen. quinqueseptata (Wain. Dendrographa Ges. Lich. Lich. Dirina Fr.) Trev.) Clem. Xyloschistes Wain.) Zahlbr.) Nyl. D. turbulenta Nyl. P. Flora 73:194 Micrographa AIull. 1909. P. A. X. mollusca (Ach. tesserata (DC. Herb. 156 Soc. Giorn Zahlbr. D. Graphis (Adans. 1824. 1874. 60 Aulaxina Fee Nuov. clavuliger (Wain. P. FI. Arg. Mem. leucophaea (Tuck.) Darb. 59 A. Arg. 12:257 Nat. A. Fl. Ptychographa Nyl. varia Pers. Bot. leprevosti Fee Dictyographa 1:131 1893. for 307 CIcin. Etud.) Nyl.) Wain. G. Zahlbr. 1793. Boiss. 10:149 X. Xylographa 1883. 1856. Nyl. A. Lithographa 21:393 1856. Gen. Arg. Graphinella 1923. Acanthotheciopsis Zahlbr. G. 285 G.GRAPHIDACEAE Graphidae Acanthothecis Wain. Ren. Darbishirella 16:13 1898. Roccellae Combea DeN. prosiliens (M. Guin. Gen.) Miill. M. Soc. Psorographis Clem. Spec. Flora 63:22 Graphina Miill. Frib. Fenn. Arg. Melaspilea Nyl. Soc. sordida (Fee) M. Dirinae platytropa (Nyl. Bot.174 1909. 1824.) Fr. Syst. Fung.) Mass. Fung. Arg. P. Bord. Arg. scripta (L. 57 Opegrapha Humb. Nat. Deut. parallela (Ach. filicina (Mont. Univ. Scan. Arg. 13:67 1880. D. 334 Medd. Ges. Bull. Gen. Ber. Flora 65:398 Flora 65:336 Phaeographis Miill.) M. 1835.) Zahlbr. Phaeographina Miill. 1825. Orb. . Bres. anisomera Miill. Arg. Ber. 59. Pflanzenf. 1909. Bot. Act. Bot.) Zahlbr. Miill. 1880. xylographoides Nyl. Ital. Acad. arthonioides (Fee) Nyl. Fr. 1854. Anomorpha Nyl. Arg. gracillima (Darb. cerebrina (Ram. not Speg.) DeN. C. Arg. C. A. Fung. pachygraphoides (Wain. turbulenta (Nyl. interposita Wain. Bord.) Zahlbr. Diplogramma Miill. F.) Clem. Geneve 29:28 Helminthocarpum Fee Essai Crypt. Act.) Zahlbr. Linn. 1887. repanda (Fr. australiense Miill. Arg. fusisporella (Nyl. Darbishire 1895. 23:399 1891. E. Giorn. D. M. Lich. 1:1:96 S. & B. Pflanzenf. 2:93 Nat. Ins. 1903. Sclerographis Zahlbr.) Ach. 8:117 1926. D. Acanthothecium Wain. 1882. A. Spirographa Zahlbr. Cat. Ann. globosa (Fee) M. A. Veg. Lomb. fusisporella (Nyl. 13 Encephalographa Mass. opegraphina Fee australiense Miill. D. 1882. D. arabica Miill. 1st. Pflanzenf. Arg. Fouragea Trev. Boiss Dirinastrum Miill. Lich. L.

Hoehn. 14 bambusae (Wain. Syst. indicum MUll. M. Arg.) Corda coronatus (Schum. Gcs. 12:50 1906. fuciformis DC. Deut. P. Schizopelte Th. Herb. Arg. 1917. 29:230 2:93 1892. 1847. Zahlbruckner 1926. Roy.) Hoehn. sphaerale Ach. 2:38 C. Ges. Darb. R. 1887. B. cyclospora Mull. R. 15:309 C. Flor. Ann. Colpoma Wallr. Stnr. 1822. G. ed. mexicana Sacc.) Hoehn. Myc. Ann. 1824. Arg. Nat. Myc. 35. quercina (Desm. Flora 70:425 Sclerophytum Eschw. Soc. R. Bonanseia Sacc. 1805.61 Mazosia Mass. Roccellina Darbishire 1898. Flora 73:194 1890. M. 1902. B.) Medusulina Mull. rotula (Mont. Flora 68:254 Glyphis (Ach. Fung. 1906.) Wallr. S. 15:6 16:11 1897. Akad. 1840. Ital. M.) Hoehn.) Zahlbr. quercina (Pars. Chiodectae Mem. Arg. E. Sarcographa Fee Essai Crypt. 15:318 Jour. 3 2:334 Roccellaria Darbishire Ber. Genera Incertae Sedis Vel Dubia Cf. intricata (Mont. Arg. Arg. C. Arg. Soc. A. Fr. 1894. E. 5:764 R. Boiss. Enterodictyum Miill. Bot. Arg. I. variegata Stnr. Deut. elegans Eschw. Flora 58:143 Simonyella Stnr. Bull. nitida (Eschw. Boiss. Soc. Bot.) Fee Essai Crypt. Crypt. S. Neag. S. belonospora (Nyl. californica Th. Wien 71:96. Roccellographa 71:98 1902. 1824. 11:469 1882. 1875. 1854. Arg. Ann. Ber. A. R. lirellina Pentagenella Darbishire 1897.58 Sarcographina Mull. labyrinthica (Ach. Roccella DC. 8:122 1926. Lich.) cicatrosa (Ach. Rotularia Zahlbr. Bot. S. 15:323 C. Ber. Pycnographa Mail. degenerans (Fr. Ges. A.308 Ingaderia Darbishire 16:14 15:5 1898. Arg. Reinkella Darbishire 1897. Gcs. cretacea Stnr. 5:34 quercinum (Pers. C. Edin. S. Myc. linearis (Pk. Giorn. Herb. Nat. Germ. PHACIDIALES Ber. Wicn R. fragillima Darb. M. 38. Bot. Bot. Denks. pulcherrima Darb. M. 1885. Linn. Sporomega Corda Coccomyces DeNot. Jour. Myc. Pflanzenf. 1824. Akad. Arg. 1917. Deut. Fr. A. Coccomycetella Hoehn.127 PHACIDIACEAE Bifusella Hoehn. Chiodectum (Ach. Deut. Proc. Bull.) Fr.) Miill. Syst. Fr.) Darb. Myc.) DeN. 2:422 C. 9 Minksia Miill.) M. Myc. Ann. 2:189 Fl. compunctum (Ach. radians Mull. 8:107. Icon. . 4:362 Clithris Fr. Coccomycella 1917.) M. S.) Zahlbr. Enterostigma Miill. Geneve 29:65 1887. P. Lich. condensata Darb. 1833. caesiella Miill. Denks. Pflanzenf.

Rehm rhododendri (Rac. Myc. D. Ann. Syst. Hoehn. Ann. & S. Mull. 1906. Syll. 1917. Berol.) ledi (A. K.) Hoehn. Sitzb. Myc. discolor (M. Syll. 2:604 Fl. Myxophacidiella Hoehn. Rhytisma Myc. Ann. Hoehn. Myc. Fl. & S. 17:75 Keithia Sacc. 17 P. Sci. Ann. Ann. 1917. 1797. Hoehn. (Pers. Krypt. Myk. Tent. acerinum (Pers. Fenn. 1918. 1855. Ges. Criella Sacc. Cryptomycina Hoehn.) Hoehn. Myc. Fung. Wien M. Theiss. 7:3:30 1913. Akad. Syll. P. Myk. Schizothyrium Desm. cf. 8:756 austrocaledona (Crie) Sacc. P. cf.) Theiss. P.) Rehm Penz. insigne P. multivalve (DC. Scan. 22:147. pini (A. 16:154 Phaeorhytisma Henn. S. & Mont. Hymenobolus Dur. 265. 4:206 Cryptomyces Grev. P. . L. Xyloma X. Nat.) Rehm. Disp. 1902. tetraspora (Phill. 1918. Ges. 1913. ill. 1917. Sitzb. 5. 1845.) Fkl. Phacidiella Poteb. Epipeltis 1917. & L. 1922. Ann. 2:157. 1917. Myxophacidium Hoehn. D. & Fung.) Hoehn. ptarmicae Desm. Fung. Hoehn. microsperma (Fkl. 1849. Frag. moravica Petr. Zeits. 1917. Synglonium Penz. pteridis (Rebent. 24:1261 1928. 647.) Fr. D. gaultheriae (Curt. Fr. Fenn. Monsunia 1 :28 1900. Wien Hoehn. Fung. Ann. Wien M. Myc. P. R. 22:748 Fr. Hoehn. 1818. P. salicinum Pers. l^Iyc. empetri (Fr. umbelliferarum (Rabh. Hedwigia Phaeophacidium Henn. & M. 1889. oxycedri Maire lacerum Fr. Sylv. 15:296 E.) Karst. Duplicaria Fkl. 16:786 C.) Rac. symmetricum andromedae (J. Leptophacidium Hoehn. degenerans (Karst. 15:317 Pachyrhytisma Hoehn. Veg. Herb. 3:4:359 Ber. Pers.) Hoehn. 16:154 Scot. Fr. P. & Sacc. P. 1917. & Sacc. R. & S. 18:162 1919. Placuntium Ehrenb. 1892.) Hoehn. H. Crypt. 419 Keisslerina Petr. gallica Sacc.1139.) Sacc. T. 1896. C. 15:324 Phacidina Hoehn. Deut. 2:569 1822. Sitzb. & Lind. Bot. sphaeroides (Pers. Pseudotrochila Hoehn. Akad. Pflanzenk. 2:371 1822. Fr. Myc. 15:321 C. maximus (Fr. Symb. 35:416 1917. Wien 127:331 126:301 126:301 1918. Michelia Therrya Sacc. 1897.PHACIDIACEAE Coccophacidium Rehm. z-b. 1912. 1882. & S. Myc. lonicerae Henn. Nat. 3:11:360 1852. 3:97 C. Myc. Pseudophacidium Karst. 36:234 1897. Akad. pinicola (Nyl. Syll. Soc. 778. Pseudographis Nyl. Sci. aceris-laurini (Pat. escalloniae H. Fung. 1869. Ann. Syst. Frag. agaves D. ill. Abh. P. 20:194 Rhabdocline Syd. Phacidium ill.) Poteb. Nymanomyces Henn. Malpighia 11:526 S. 15:324 Phacidiostroma Hoehn.) Ehrenb. 1826. 309 Rabh. Ann. 96. Myc. Myc. 10:49 Didymascella Maire & Sacc. pseudotsugae Syd. Monsunia 1:29 1900. cf. gracile (Niessl) Hoehn. Ann.) Hoehn. Ann. N. P. Act. Myc. cf.) Dothiora Sum. K.

249 Habrostictis Fkl. E. Myk. M. L. Java 3:20 Iridionia Rac. Syll. 1918. 6:2279 1914. emergens (Karst. 1928. pallidus (Pers. 16:211 Melittosporiella Hoehn. Misc. ill. Gen. sphaeralis Fr. M. C. Myk. Pilz. Scan. D. Fung. Fung. Frag. & M.171 Janseella Henn. Ann. Hedwigia 82 Lindauella Rehm. Giorn. 1909.174 Merostictis Clem. 7:159 1885. 1928. amylospora (Rehm) pallida (Fkl. C. 24:1251 Syll. PI. 1902. M. Bot. Myc. 1869. Genera Incertae Sedis Vel Dubia Aporhytisma Hoehn. pyrenocarpis Rehm M. L. Icon.) pomi Desm. 1869. 1900. Myc. 18:151 Delpontia Penz. Alg. asteriscus Henn. cf. ill. D. . 14:267. Tridens Massee Jour. Naemacyclus Fkl. 1906. Hoehn. 366 Laquearia Fr. Myc.) Sacc. Myc. Macroderma Hoehn. Ann. 1906. STICTIDACEAE Rev. 12:128 Briardia Sacc. N. Gen. filicis & S. 2:37 Cryptodiscus Corda Propoliopsis Rehm. 1917. B. pulchella Hoehn. L. Disc. 10:221 1904. A. T. Rac. M. 2:24. Microsticta Desm. minutula (S. Fung. foveolaris 41 :94 1899. Syll. 1917. & Syd. P. Ploettnera Henn.) Rehm. Crypt. Veg. Syll. socia Bres. Critt. Rev. Asteronaevia Petr. Myc. J. Flaminia Sacc. caricum (Auers. Myc. 1000 Nuov. Myc. 15:297 Schizothyrioma Hoehn. 1916. App. Carestiella Bres. & Sacc. 64. 2:49 1849. 1889. Deut. 1909. Hoehn.) Clem. Fung. 27:408 1929. & M. 1897. Ann. 63.) Cda. 1864. Brandenb. Ann. Fung. 1890. Sum. Myc. 24:38 M. 15:318 Bcr. Myc. Sum. 1:364 Eupropolis DcN. 1900. 18:163 Moutoniella Penz. Platysticta 1889. Hoehn. 1884. 1838. Verh. Nothodiscus Sacc.) curtisi (B. H. Ital. coeruleoviridis (Rehm. 111. (Rehm) Hoehn. Fung. & Sacc. simulans C. I. 24:1112 Consp. Eupropolella Hoehn. niveus (Pers. Fung. C. (Rehm) Clem. Z17> Naevia Fr. & Karst. A. & R. 1884 ptarmicae (Desm. Monsunia 1:30. Malpighia 11:274 Coccopeziza Har. & Karst. N. Syll.) Rehm trichophori Petr. Myc. Par. Ges. E. 646. P.310 PHACIDIALES S. Fung. conigena Sacc. Bot. Frag. Fung. urticae (Wallr. Scan. oahuensis Theiss. 1889. 35:419 1917. Symb. 1928.174 Diplocryptis Clem. Syll. & S.) vaccinii Henn. N. arengae Rehm D.) Clem. elegantissimum (B. Ann. Fung. 15:311 Comm. 14 Sphaeropezia Sacc. & Nym.) Sacc. 24:1264 1839. & C. (Rehm. Bot. Phil. Melittosporium Corda Icon. ootheca Har. 1917.) Massee Haplophyse Theiss. Syll. Leaf. Gen. S. Fr. Hoehn. Veg. 2:38 1838. Fung. vaccinii S. Myc. H. Lasiostictis Sacc. Myc. guthnickiana DeN. pulchella Penz.) Hoehn.) Sacc. 1917. \ antoniae Sacc. compta Sacc. Cooke & Massee Grevillea 17:95 P. & Berl. aeruginosum (Pers. 8:666 Diplonaevia Sacc. 16:777 F. Ann. Symb. polita P. 1849.

8:677 D. Gen. S. (Ell. Sum. 11 1884. mirabilis Hoehn. Karst. fenestrata (Rob. Myc. alpina (Fkl. Propolidium Sacc. 1822.) Stegopeziza Hoehn. Gen. T. Ann. Ven. Phragmonaevia Rehm Rabh. glaucum lauri (Cald. Ber. O.) Hoehn. Myc. parallela (Ach. Fung. Cont. 152 C.) 1869. Hedwigia 13:174 1874. Propolina Sacc. Henriquesia Pass. 2:197 Genera Incertae Sedis Vel Dubia Didymascina Hoehn. 372 1849. Crypt. Myc. cinerea (Pers. propolidis Rehm. Disc. 1889. salicicola (All. 1924. Hoehn. Pleostictis Rehm Ascom. patella (Tode) Grev. rhaphidospora Rehm .) Pers. Frag.TRYBLIDIACEAE Stictostroma 1917. S. H.) Hoehn. O. X. Lus. 1885. Syll. Akad. 11 1884. ill. 166. 2:1Z 1796. TRYBLIDIACEAE Asterocalyx Hoehn. Naeviella Clem. X. Misc. n. X. 311 Hoehn. Carp. Gen. H. Rehm & Rodway radiata (L. libertiana (S. K. H.) lusitanica P. S. faginea (Schrad. Scan. P. & Thucm. S. sabina (DeN.174 1909. Stegia Fr. 1:1:349 1897. Nat.) Fr. Sum. leopoldinum (Rehm. Consp.) Fr. 1929.) Rehm Lojk. Ocellaria Tul. Fung. Wien 121 :402 A.174 Fl. fuckeli (Rehm) Clem. Rehm T. P.) Sacc. 3:160 1896.) Speg. Syll. P.) Fr. Trochila Fr. Odontotremella Rehm. 18:154 Karstenia Fr. Rabh Odontotrema Nyl. 22:392 1917. coccineum M. Rehm cm. Hoehn. O. cf. S. Inf. P. 401 1849. macrosporus (Boud. 15:322 S. Wien S. 14:87 1916. Wett. balsameae (Davis) Syd. P. P. Ann. L. Clem. S. C. craterium (DC. Lind. Sum.) Fr. Consp. Rev. Myc. 1164. 1909. Sarcotrochila 126:309. Fung. O. Scan. Observ. Pflanzenf. Hysterostegiella Hoehn. Myk. Frag. Scot.) Wallr. 1010 Ann. 64. 63.) Hoehn. Fl.) Fkl. Propolis Fr. Sitzb. 387 1849. cervina Sacc. & Har. Gen. Flor. Sitzb. 3:129 Ostropa Fr. Fung. Caldesia (Trev.) Sacc. Veg. carniolicum S. Wallr. Veg. sorbina (Karst. Phaneromyces Speg. Scan. & R. Bot. Gen. 70 1882. Hysteropeziza Rabh. Disc. orbiculata Syd. 249 1861. 3:331 1905. Myc.) striola (Fr. 15:332 1917. Akad. Sel. H. Fung. & L. 1917. cf. Myc. ill. Syst. . Fung. Lich. Odontura Clem. rhaphidospora (Rehm) Clem. Ann. Wien 126:313. Ann. P. aurea Tul.) lauri (Cald. Cerion Massee Bull. Krypt. Leptocrea Syd. 11:93 1889. 1901. Munchen 13:166 1912. Schizoxylum Fers.) petiolaris (A.-Xkad. 1909. 1912. Obs. Stegopezizella Syd. Xyloglyphis Clem. Rev. Stictophacidium Rehm Ascom. Xylographa Fr. N. Germ.174 1865. Scan. Hoehn. Myk.) Hoehn. Hoehn. Crypt. Sitzb.) Karst. 2:103 & & Heterosphaeria Grev. berkeleyanum (D. laurocerasi (Desm. Ges minus Nyl. Kew 159 1906. Veg. Pyrenotrochila Hoehn. Lich. Xylogramma 1833. Myc. 2:352 1818. 65. 1:11 1810. 916 1888. Stictis Pers. 509 sticticum (Fr. Myc. O. Ann. 228 1824. Myc. 1879.

leporina (Batsch) Boud. Godronia Moug. pinastri (Pers.) Sacc. Deut. B. C.) Sacc. C. Myc. Myc. 11:166 1913. Gen. Ber. A. rubi (Bauml. no. Fung. calyciforme (Fr. Sacc. Midotiopsis Henn. 36:310 1918. . & Curt. ill. C.) Karst. Bull. Lond. 65.) D. Syst.312 Phaeoderris Hoehn. 2:177 1822. T. Fung. Neomarch. australiensis Syd.) Clem. ribesia (Pers. Torr. & C. Myc. Veg. 20 1863. Fung. Hoehn. G.) Rebent. Fr. 9 1884. gigantea B. Linn. 1:102 1885.174 1909. Ann. H.) Sacc.) Kupfer pinicola (Rebent. G. Ann. Bot. Fung. E. & C. Fung. Encoeliella Hoehn. Fenn. 1910. D. 1888. Sitzb. Syst. 9:424 1867. 126:310. Midotis Fr. n. Fenn. Mimchen 13:189 1912. 8:585 1889. S.) Sacc. Encoelia 1871. 1925. Phaeangella Sacc. Durandia Rehm Ascom. Tryblidis Clem. Ann. D. Wynnella Boudier Bull. Cenangina 118:882 Hoehn. urceolus (A. (Tul. pinastri (Pers.) DeN. Myc. geaster (Pk. Orb. Myc.) Hoehn. ill. rhinanthi (Phill. Syst. (Fr. quernea (Schw. cf. 9 1864. 1909. & Syd. stellata Clem. BIytridium DeNot. raveneli Hoehn. P. W. cf. Perizomatium Syd. Crumenula DeNot. Fenn. lachnoides (Rehm) Syd. Wien 120:462 1889. Club. C. Veg. Myc. Torrey Club 29:142 1902. Soc. C. Veg. & S. Fung. Prod. M. Tryblidiopsis Karst. P.) Karst. arnoldi (Rehm) Clem. Prop. Phaeangium Sacc. S. Rehm Cenangium Fr. Godroniopsis Diehl & Cash Mycologia 21 :243. 2:178 1822. Flo. 355 1845. Scan. Scytopezis Clem. 363 1825. Disc.) Karst. 347 Sitzb. Choriactis Kupfer Bull. 25:98 1927. aceris (Hazsl. & C. Consid. P. as sub- 1911. T.) Karst. Gen.) Seaver N. furfuracea (Fr. 16:764 1902. Hysteropezizella Hoehn. Pezomela Syd. Jour. 24 1871. Ges. Dermatea Fr. Wien 1917. Tryblidium Rebent. cerasi (Pers. Ameghiniella Speg. furfuraceum (Roth) DeN. Ann. C. Akad. Cup-fungi 198 1928. Akad. Myc. Fueg. E. PEZIZALES DERMATEACEAE Cenangella Sacc. A. Disc. Syll.. bambusicola Henn. 1:209 1871 Cenangiopsis Rehm Ber. 1929.) Sacc. DeN. M. fraxini (Schw. pinastri D. 388 Scleroderris Fr. A. genus. Sitzb. P. subvelata (Rehm) Hoehn. 2027. 1:218 Ephelina Sacc. Tryblidiopsis phragmospora. Wynnea Berk. Ann.) Karst. Genera Incertae Sedis Actinomyxa Syd. Myc. 18:128 1906. gigantea (B.) Karst. Syll. Consp. Sitzb. ill. Akad. Myc. frangulae (Fr. Sum. T. Prop. Wien inocarpi (Henn. caespitosa (Niessl) Hoehn. calyciforme (Fr. ^Mvc. Tryblis Clem. 26:121 1928. Disc. 8:599 P. 23:408. Syll. Pezolepis Syd. W. Dermatella Karst. T. Myc. saxegothaeae Syd. PEZIZALES Akad. Gen. 15:146 1917.) Karst. 30:87 1903 denigrata Syd. Hedwigia 41 :17 1902. Soc. quercicola (Romell) australis Speg.) Rehm Wien 119:619 E. P. 1804. 362 1849. Ges. Syll.

Hedwigia ill. Sci. 65:122 1923. & M. umbrinella (Desm. Rabh. Bot. Fung. Nac. Scan. & E. Rabh.) Sacc. 3:31. 1889. as subg. 2:757 1883. Syll. & E. Disc. BranSacc. Jour. balansae Speg. T. rufum (Pers. vinosa (C. C. 67. C. Arg. 2:549 1904. Sacc. 1918. Rehm. 364 1849. Syll. mucida (Schulz. Mon. rufula (Spreng. ill. 10:65 Tympanis Tode Fung. Veg. 3. Syll. Claussenomyces Kirschst. Vcrh. Rehmiomyces Henn. ill. Fung. Gen. conspersa Fr. H. A. D. Pliil.) Syd. 3:999 1896. B. Dictyonia Syd. R. Fung.) Tul. Bulgariella Karst. Myc. Haematomyces 1870. Voeltzknowiella Henn. Hedwigia Beibl. Scan. 1883. buchsi Henn. . H.BULGARIACEAE Stilbopeziza 1909. pouroumae Henn. 127:345 Sum. Myc. A. Krypt. Wien 39:199 A. 3:190 1865. & Syd. C. G.) Fr. An. Sacc. Ann. 1886. 2:231 Symb. 42: (307).) Karst. 1869. Agyrina Clem.) Sacc. Podophacidium Niessl 1872. Rev. ophiobolus (Ell. 2:759 Fung. 1930. C. sexdecimspora (Fkl. 1902. 1903.) S. R.^9 1849. craterium (Schw. Biatorellina Henn. Bulgariastrum Syd. rehmi Zukal spadiceus B. ill. Harknessiella Sacc. Myc. (Duby) Rehm Funp. Haematomyxa 1884. Sitzb. Syll. Krypt. R. gelatinosa (E. pulla (Fr. Fung. 1:138 Rhytidopeziza Speg. 1899. Fung. Ceylon 963 H. purpurea (P. 43:270. Nat. Carp. Syst. crozalsi Keissl. sarcoides (Jacq. Hysteropatella 3:367 1896. 15:254 1917. Syll. Flor. 3:10:131 S. jahnianus Kirschst.) S. & Trotter Syll. Funp. Fl. Rcise Ostafr. Didymocoryne 22:730 1913. caespitosum Syd. Calloria Fr. Akad. 1925. inquinans (Pers. T. 8:636 1889. denb. Syll. 1904. 11 Holwaya Fung. & S. & S. B. 8:606 1889. ill. Tryblidiella Sacc. 1891. 8:845 1889. Urnula Fr. Coryne Tul Fung. Rabh. Sel. Wien Calloriella Hoehn. H. Vcrh. Mtis. Krypt. Syll.) Fr. pouroumae (Henn. Fung. & E. Syll. striata (E. 1892. Br. D. Sum. not Sacc. 173 1909. Rchm. 8:638 1889.) Fr. A. Syll. betheli (E.) lichenicola Fkl. Flora 74:100. 4:191 Rhytidhysterium Spcp. Fung. B. Ahlesia Fkl. Myc. brasiliense Speg.) Sacc. Veg. terrestre Niessl BULGARIACEAE Agyrina Kcissl. & Fung. B. 139 1885. Fung. Calloriopsis Syd. P. Fl. Fung. 281 1822.) Hoehn. Meek. Sacc. Syll. Agyrium Fr. 8:550 U. 9:946 1891. ill. 1908. 8:646 1889.) Clem. B. C. Briinn 10:63. C. Syll. 313 Speg. 1913. Syst. Ann. Mus. Ann.) Sacc. madagascarensis Henn. Bulgaria Fr. yerbae Speg. Nat. Voeltz.) Syd.) Sacc. Ver. A. Fung. 2:166 1822.) Sacc. Cons p. Crinula (Fr. & H. prosti H. Fung. Guar. & Gloeopeziza Zukal Syd. 1:23 1790. fusarioides (Berk. Myc. & Br. 1891. 14:805 Agyriopsis Sacc. 8:57 Gen. Fr. 8:497.

Burkardia Schmidel 1797. E. 8:620. 18:139 as subgenus. sphaerospora (B. 1896. 133. ambiguus B. Durella Tul.) Sacc. M. flavovirescens (Dicks. H. Myc. Fung. arthonioides (Fee) Nyl. Sorokinia Sacc. Hoehn. Anal. 19:44 1921. P. Club 30:86 Orbilia Fr. Paryphedria Zukal Flora 74:92. P. crystallina (Quel.) Koerb. Pteromyces B.) Sacc. 455 Pulparia Karst. zwackhi Mass. Myc. pachyasca Auersw. parmeliarum (Somm. 1:9 1871. 3:261. PATELLARIACEAE Abrothallus DeNot. P. Bull. Baggea Auersw. Leciographa Mass. 1854. B. Fung. ill. Lich.) Nyl. Biatorella DeNot. Karschia Koerb. Ann. 1907. Sum. Eur. 10:42 1892.) Clem. Bull. Neobulgaria Petr. ill. Rabh. leucostigma Fr. Actinoscypha Karst. O.) Clem. 1891. Carp. 357 1849. Ophiogloea Clem. Scan. 174 1909. Lagerheimia Sacc. 1846. S. 8:794. xanthostigma Mass. Gen. Lahmia Koerb. S. S. Scan. & H. D. 18:135 1906. Mycobacidia Rehm. Fung. Veg. Lich.) Sacc.) Fr. Ombrophila Fr. Krypt. Syll. 1903.) Casp. Sarcomyces Massee 1891. linospora Clem.314 PEZIZALES Gen. K. Sacc. Hedwigia 5:1 1866. centrifuga (Mass.) Sacc. Syll. N. Myc. P. :192 Tromera Mass. Myc. S. 174 1909. pura Petr. Myc. Fung. 1924.) Syd. Syll. Plant. Lich. myriosporum (P. B. Bot. olivacea (Batsch) Boud. graminis Karst. Myc. L. ill. ill. violacea (Hedw. 150 Catinella Boud. Fung. Myc. compressa (Pers. Symb. 1900. Parerg. 3:337 T. Fung. Myk. Kew G. Bull.) Boud. Gloeocalyx Massee Syll. Orbiliopsis Syd. A.) Tul. 1 B. 69. Parerg. 3:177 1865. Giorn. Rabh. Fr. coleosporodes (Sacc. Sel. 1888. Fung. in litt. Ann. L. equiseti Fung. B. Torr. concinna Syd. 1909. Sum.) Rehm . Ann. cf. heimerli Zukal melioloides Rehm arctica Karst. L. bakeri Massee microspora (Berk. Fung. 70. 459 1865. Disc. 309 1869. Prod. 1885. Symb.) Th. 22:308. Lich. Fung. J. Groenl. 6:178. 1901:155. 1909.) Mass. Melaspilea Nyl. Bactrospora Mass. 22:725 Orthoscypha Syd. A. B. R. O. M. ill. 25:100 1927. S. 5:542 Leptopeziza Rostrup 1913. Bulgariopsis Henn. 67. 2:192 1887. Johansonia Sacc. globosa Schmid. 1846. Syll. ill. Aut. R. setosa (Wint. L. Gen.) Sacc. Bot. Syll. Ann. Jour. Fenn. Hist. 8:785 1889. Myc. Physmatomyces Hedwigia 39:216 Rehm. 1852. Fr. O. 357 1849. 10:55 1892. 1913. Flora 41:507 1858. 170 1857. globosum (Schmid. Frag. Giorn. groenlandica Rostr. Stamnaria Fkl. pinicola (Mass. 174 Myridium Clem. kunzei (Fw. Genera 14 Lecioglyphis Clem. Syll.) Clem. scabrosus (Ach. dryina (Ach. (Hoffm. Inf. Ital. 22:758 Epilichen Clem. Krypt. Ital. L. & C. Fung. C. moellerianus Henn. 23:5 Ric. Veg. Syll. 1891. 1:114 Hyalinia Boud. Misc. O. Soc. 3:507 1905. Fung. lignyota (Fr. Flor. Medd. Flor. Myc. 281 1865. M. vinosus Massee Sarcosoma Caspary 1:3:497.

Trans. sessile (Pers. atrata (Hedw. Veg. Bot. sanguinea (Pers. Pseudotryblidium Rehm. Fung. Myc. S. 366 1849 Patellaria Fr. ill. 315 Rabh. vermifera (Leight. Lich. 3:327 M. alsophilae (Rac. Rehm Psilothecium Clem. 232 Giorn. Pleopatella 1913. Lich. 1917. Flor. DeN. & S. Myc. Ann.) Clem. Pragmopara (Mass. ScutulaTul. Rehm 1890. Bih. atratum (Hedw. Bot.. Arg. P. 38: (133) & Syd. B. Grevillea 4:22 (Rehm) Sacc. mirabilis Starb. 3:370 1903. 13 1856.) Rabh. . Robertomyces Ark. parvulum Syd. pseudotryblis Rehm & Tryblidaria Sacc. Rehm Ann. Ann. Odontoschizum Syd.) lecideina lecideina Rehm Mycolecidea Karst. Calicium (Pcrs. Krypt. fenestrata (C. Clem. Soc. Hedwigia Beibl. Myc.CALICIACEAE Mycobilimbia Rehm. 1852. Discocera Smith & Rams. Ital. Zopf. Lich. N. Myc. 6:48 1915. 69. E. 153 1885. Ann. punctiformis Zopf wallrothi Tul. Flor. Myc. incurvum Clem. L. Arct. ill. 3:342 1896.) Rehm Woodiella Sacc.) T. Gen. 5:5. 1896. S. 70. Ravenelula Speg. ill. Fung. Myc. Scutularia Karst. oxyspora (Tul. Fr. Sum. 14:33 1904. Nat. lichenicola S. Sven. Fr. flexella (Ach. neesi (Fw. M. Act. as 1899. & Syd.) Mass.) P. Syll. D. 70. cf. Nov. ill.) & S. omphalodes Syd. Rehm (Rehm) Clem. Krypt. 174 1909. Krypt. Fung. Genera Incertae Sedis Vel Dubia Benguetia Syd. Fung. 1914. 2:149 1823. Giorn. Flor. 1846. Pachypatella Theiss. Vet. W. 24:1290 obscurata (Somm. Ann. Sci. Mycolecis Clem. CALICIACEAE 1810. 174 1909. 8:805 1889. 313. 1905. Univ. 1875. hyperellum (Ach. P.) Rehm sanguineo-atra Patinella Sacc. Rabh. P. 13:228 P. bacillifera P. (Karst. 174 1909. M. Syll. R. Sacc. 2:525 T. Nesolechia Mass. Krypt. 1896.) Ach.) Rehm Ascom. S. Ann. Bull. P. Torn Club 30:85 P. Fung.) DeN. 1896. 1899. & R. 29:434 Th. 2:309 C. subg. 2:10 1846. P. 1908. A. Starbaeckia 16:11. Rehm. Fr. Pleospilis Clem. Starb. reducta Karst.) Rehm Rev. 3:17:118. ill. Sci. 3:5:262 Acroscyphus Lev. A. gainesvillensis Speg. 1928. fuistingi (Koerb. Ann. 1896. Soc. sphaerophoroides Lev. Lecanidion Rabh. P. Fung. P. 15:152. Rhymbocarpus 1897.) Rehm Rabh. Flor. R. natalensis S. Acolium Ach. 4:229 1882. 339 12:568 O. 1846. Myc. Parathalle Clem. Scan. Myc. Placographa Th. R. Nat. Gen. as subg. Patellea Fr. Brit. 1917. P. Handl. Ital. Misc.) Fr. 6:314 Pleoscutula Vouaux Bull. 1861. Syst. 70:128. 3 :340 harperi arsenii Rehm Vouaux Gen. Bot.) Pers.

1879. 1:1:171 pulposum (Bernh. Fung. Sacc. Ann. PEZIZALES Trudy rhi Bot. D. americanus Nyl. Flora 67:613 1884.) Forss. rupestre Pers. P. 286 1816. Trudy Bot. Lich. 41 :34 1884. S.) Clem. 3:3:3. Oefv. F\inp. 21:103 1927. Oefv. Miill. Ehrb. & 1889. jaczevski Woron.) Clem. Flora 50:3 1867. Handl. Nees Fl. Gen. Fenn. Akad. Bot. Collema phragmosporum. Fr. Collema (Wigg. Glasgow Bot. Disp. Notis.. CHRYSOTRICHACEAE Chrysothrix 1852. P. Gen. F. leprieuri (Mont. Nov. madagascarea (Nyl. Eucyphelis Clem. P. St. 10:292 Not. 174.) Stzbgr. Farriola Norm. Collemodes Fink Mycologia 10:236 Flora 66:6 1918. Tholurna Norm. Soc. Carlosia Samp. rupestris (L. Stirt. nolitangere Mont. Akad. hyalinella (Nyl.) Zahlbr. Pyrgidium Nyl. H. R. Sci. Pleurocybe Pseudacolium 1861:177 Arg. C. Soc. 1861. S. 23 1876. Vet. Crocynia Mass. Salani. Act.) Sacc. Chaenotheca lli. 1860 1909. 3:5:251 Holocoenis Clem. CoUemis Clem.) Fr. Soc. distans Norm. Fung. Lich. Fr.) Fr. 84 1854. P. Sci. Coenogonium Ehrb. Glasgow C. 120 1825. Akad. Sphinctrinopsis Woronich. 1927. 1820. Venet.) Nyl. Nat. A. Veg. Ber. C. l«6l. Etud. Cyphelium (Ach. S. 71. C. bengalense (Krph. Pass. P. 174 1909. bachmannianum Fink iocarpum Nyl. Akad. delicatula Th.) Clem. 3:3:387 decipiens (Mass. (onp. C. Syn. CoUemopsidium Nyl. 21:103 Stenocybe Nyl. 71. 174 1909. Sphaerophorus Pers.) Nyl. Samp. COLLEMACEAE Anema Nyl. C. T. Gall. 76 1797. C. Clem. Nat. Orb. Arctomia Th. 120 C. Fung.) Clem. Gen. Th. 3:18:312 C. Fung.S0 cuneatum lusitanica 1923.. Pflanzenf. Bot. 4:165 Trans. Upsal. furfuracea Ach. Zahlbr. Nov. Stirt. 71. Pyrgillus Nyl. 1862. Tent. Berol. dissimilis T. H. Holocyphis Clem.) Ach. Fr. S. Flora 44:409 1861. 20:279 1862. polyspora Wain.) 1906. bolanderi (Tuck. 1794. 1 1877. 1815. M. 72. Zeit.) Wain. Syst. C. C. Neue Ann. Stzbgr. Tylophorella Wain. Soc.) Th. T. pertusariae Woron. 1881. Stirt. A. 1st. . linki Racodium Pers. Syll. Schistophorum Nat. Tylophorum Nyl. Vet. trichialis (Ach. notarisi (Tul. protrudens Nyl. Att. S. 2:174 1890. Gen. acicularis (Smith) moderata (Nyl. Ges. parietinum (Ach. Flora 62:353 Fr. Fr. coralloides Pers. 174 1909. 1:68 1860. E. Mont. Handl. Handl. Calycidium r roc. Sci. 263 Ditylis Clem. Vet. C. tigillare (Pers. major Nyl. turbinata (Pers.) Coniocybe Ach. Norm.316 Protocalicium Woronich. Akad. Phys. 7:181 Mycocalicium Wain. Roesleria 8:826 Thuem. 1890. Act. tenue Stirt. Act. Sphinctrina Fr. gossypina (Sw. Brcs. R.

muscicolum (Sm.) Zahlbr. Phylliscidium 3:13:38 Forss. Bres. P. Linn. granuliforme (Nyl. Lich. Hormothecium Mass. Bres. Sum.) Wain. 3:13:39 1885.) Nyl. A. demangeoni (M. Lich. Leptogiopsis 1821.) Nyl. 1:67 Nyl. Bull. montini (Mass. Syn. algerica Stnr. Sci. Soc. 1:120 Stnr. Mass. Lich.) 1924. goebeli Wacht. 3:13:40 Petractis Fr. Ges Wien 1929. 102 1855. Act. Lich. Arg.) Koerb. Pyrenopsidium Forss. for Lecidopyrenopsis. 1:400 L. 1 :232 L. Nov. Sci. Psorotichia (Mass. lanata (L. Scan. PI. atra Porocyphus Koerb. Syst. biformis Mass. Wain. foederata Nyl. & M. Denks. 1:1:161 (Mass. byrsinum (Ach.) Forss. Peccania (Mass. 17:392 R. Leprocollema Wain. L. 174 1909. 174 1909. 1854. Gen. P. 1:328 P. 174 1909. P. Germ. byssoides (Carr. Act. reticulata (Mont. K. Wain. Upsal. Sci. Upsal. Arrang. Zahlbr.) Arn.) Th. Lemmopsis 1906. corticola Lecopyrenopsis Wain.) Forss.) Zahlbr. 1902. P. arnoldiana (Hepp) Zahlbr. 425 P. Gyrocollema Wain.) Gray sirosiphodes Nyl. 1 :256 1825. Nyl. L. E. Syst. 3:13:39 Pterygiopsis Wain. P. Fee corallinoides Mass. G. Wien P. Jenmania Wacht. Ephebeia Nyl. Nov. Fr.) Zahlbr. Notis. 1855. americanum Wain. Dicollema Clem. Lich.) Forss. 7 Physma Mass. pullata Lichinodium Nyl. li. 1907. afifinis Zahlbr. Fr. L.) M. Polychidium (Mass. 1885. 3:12 1890. Notis. Act. . Pyrenopsis Nyl. Akad. Fr.) Forss. P. Mi. Pterygium 1854. chalazanum (Ach.) Arn. Gen.) Gray coccodes (Fr. Gonohymenia 52:484 Verb. 1865. Fung. Gen. P.) Clem.) Clem. Flora 58:6 1875. opulentum Mont. Phloeopeccania 1902. P. 317 C. D. Etud. 1:1:150 1906. 7 Flora 74:349 1897. 1858.) Forss. promiscens (Nyl. Nat. Flora 65:291 Nat. Lich. z-b. Mycologia Homopsella Nyl. Pleopyrenis Clem. Koerberia Mass. Ale. 1882. Fung. Upsal. Gen.COLLEMACEAE Cryptothele Th. Leciophysma Th. Brit. Sci. 1885. pulvinula Stnr. Fr. 51 Bot. Veg. P. Pflanzenf. Soc. P. lacerum (Sw. Nov. Stnr. Fung. Leptogidium Nyl. monophyllum (Krph.) Nyl. P. 6 1854. Paulia Fee Nov. Flora 58:297 1875. L. 74. L.ill. Lich. Pflanzenf. J. Jour. Nat. H. Pflanzenf. Hedwigia 46:172 Nat. Gen. 1846. kansana (Tuck. scyphuliferum Wain. aggregatula Nyl.) M. Forssellia 1906. Lempholemma Univ. 59 1866. Act. Bot. Gen. Bot. succulentum (R. A. Pleoconis Clem. Linnaea 10:471 1846. 1:1:171 L. F.) Forss. Leptogium Gray Flora 56:195 1873. Lich. Fr. clausa (Hoffm. H. 1854. Etud. Br. hispidula (Ach. P. Flora 70:129 21 :36 1887. finmarkicum Th. Ephebe Fr. 1:288 1890. subradiatum (Nyl. Phylliscum Nyl. 72. G. picina (Nyl. 71:93 1885. Gen. Veg. (Koerb. P.) Clem. Orb. pycnocarpum (Nyl. Ramalodium 1880. E. L. Cat. Zahlbr. Lich. Upsal.

Peltidea Nyl. 1851. Bull. Lich. Soc. T. 30:56 Arthotheliopsis Wain. P. Cat. Wien Neoheppia Zahlbr.174 Gonothecis Clem. A. Zahlbr. Pflanzenf. P. Crypt. 75. hymenocarpa (Wain. 11. 1825. 2:681 Gonolecania Zahlbr. S. strigulacea Mull. Heppia Naeg. Jour. 1912.) Zahlbr. Lich. Nov. Wash. Cat. Byssolecania 1921. M. Jour.) Zahlbr. Nov. 2:384 PELTIGERACEAE Actinoplaca Mull. Bot. Fenn. 1909. B. Syn.) Nyl. Univ. Ann. Arg. 75. haplocarpa (Nyl. Belg. Spilonema Born. 12 1890.174 Chloropeltis Clem. schuleri Zahlbr. Ann. Myc. Tapellaria 1890. Fenn. 1 :392 Flora 39:210 1856.) Clem. Thyrea Mass. monosporum fuscolivida Miill. A:15:159 Ann.) Zahlbr. 34:205 Nephroma Ach. Synalissa Fr. Lich. P. velutina (Ach. Wain. Thermutis Fr. 101 1810. Peltigera Pers. Pseudoheppia Zahlbr. A. n. P. Ann. A:15:167 1890. Syll. Zl Solorinella Anzi Ann. Arg. Jour. Siidpol-Exped. virescens (Despr.) Clem. pulchella Miill. Cherbourg 4:226 S. 1909.) Nyl. aphthosa (L. Arg. calcarea Herre Steinera 1906. phyllocharis (Mont. Nat. epidendri (Rehm) Zahlbr. Arg.) Fr. Sci. C.) Ach. H. 11 heterospora Miill. s. 1:297 Syst. Lich. 228 Solorina Ach. Z. 7:41 S. Nephromium 1860. brasiliensis Zahlbr. . Vet. 1:318 1863. 174 A.) Clem. Flora 61 :247 Merophora Clem. Act. 1856. N. Lich. 1860. T. aphthosa (L. Veg. 1:21 1794. Akad. Flecht. 1921. Lopadiopsis Wain. 3:16:54 Sporopodium Mont. Neue Ann. resupinatum (L. N. A. L. 1921. 1825. asteriscus Anzi filicinum (Miill. 1 :356 1903. Arg. 1891. 1856. Gen. Veg. Arg. Arg. Gen. plectospora Mass.) Th. Nov. haplocarpa Nyl.) Fw. Sci. Univ. Tricharia (Fee) Wain. Latzelia Zahlbr. hymenocarpis Wain. Lich. Orb. Wain. Fenn. Gen. Handl. Epi. Bot. Fr. Arg. C. 49 1853. Soc.) Zahlbr. 1896.) Hoffm. Deut. Nat. Sondr. Akad. A. 7:594 1909. Denks. 8:142 Phlegmophiale Zahlbr. s. 1878. G. arcticum (L. Fenn. melanothrix Fee LECIDEACEAE Agyrophora Nyl. Arg. T. Akad. robinsoni Wain. Arg. Asterothyrium Miill. Akad. Gen. 1926. Epi. Amphischizonia Mont. Epi. holleana (M.) Fr. canina (L. molybdoplaca (Nyl.) Wain. G. Soc. L. Trichobacidia Wain. Acad. 83:144 1909. terrenea (Nyl.) Zahlbr. 34:206 1896. Fung. paradoxum Born. 1808. N. Lich. Pflanzenf. Acad. S. ramulosa (Hoffm. saccata (L. A:15:32 Zahlbrucknerella Herre. Miill. Orb. Nyl.318 PEZIZALES Mem. Hepp. Eur. 1923. Fung. 331 & B. Nat. coffeae (Miill. Syst. Fung. 3 Calenia Mull. 8:175 1926. Bot.

Boiss. Charcotia Hue 1915. B. T. B.) Th. Fr. Pagl. A. Boiss. Zcl. Fr. 54 Psoromaria Nyi. Nat. leucophaea (DC. decipiens (Ehrh. 55 1852. Tl. P. myriadea (Fee) Clem. 6 1853. ehrhartiana (Ach. Helv. Mycoblastus 1853. pezizoideum (Ach.LECIDEACEAE Arthoniactis Wain. Fr.) Zahlbr. Pseudolecanactis Zahlbr. Bres. Fr. rufidula Catinaria Wain. Syst. badiater (Flk. Catocarpus Arn. vernalis (L. Norm. D. S. Denks. Lich. P.) Koerb. Nyt. 1798. Germ. M. 53:143 1922.) Clem.) M. Act. Afr. breviuscula (Nyl. C.) Mass. Stirt.) Th. Psora Hall.) Ach. groenlandica Koerb. geophana (Nyl. Aut. Act.) 1905. Lich. Germ. Bot. badiatra (Flk. Fung. Koerb.) Clem. 1901. Psorella Mull. 1824. sulphurata M.) M. Aut. Lich. 1909. 319 Cat. Nat.) Ach. Herb. Gen. 192 Biatora (Fr. 1 :1 :135 Bacidia Zahlbr. Scan. Megalospora Mey. C. Wain. Miill.174 1909. 174 Bull. Linn. 1894. Lich. Spig. Pflanzenf.) Zahlbr. M. C. Fung. thunbergi (Ach. Soc. 1909. Diphaeis Clem. candidum (Web. Linn.) Clem. Zahlbr. Fr. Lecidea (Ach. 1905. Aut. 76. Lopadium 1855. Stirp. Meth. abietina (Ach. Akad. Fr. 2:430 A. 2:7 S. D. Fr. pannarioides (Kn. 93 Bull. 1:1:130 Syst. 1909. geographicum (L. Ric. umbrinum (Ach.) Arg.) Th. DeN.) Ach.174 104 Mass.) Th. Lich. Nat. Melampydium 1875. R. 134 Biatorina Mass. Lich. P. Candida (Web. A. 25:133 11. Mag. Nat. sanguinarius (L. Diphanis Clem.) Koerb. L. Fung. Lich. Welw. Pflanzenf. P.) DC.) Koerb. Trans. Diphloeis Clem.) Clem. Soc.) Th.) Th. subdescendens Nyl. Asteristium Leight.) Blomb. 27:163 ostrearum Wain. Gen. metabolum (Nyl. 1803.) Koerb. Nov. 81 :242 1907. S. Etud. 1874. obscuratum (Ach. tricholomum (Mont. Fr. Herb. Ric. Nov.) Nyl. Lich. fossarum (Duf. 2:11 1894. S. 95 1852. 1:563 Catillaria (Mass. B. B. filicicola Pleolecis Clem. Gen. Ric. Arg. Ric. Hist. Scoliciosporum 1852. Rhizocarpum (Ram. Orphniospora Koerb. 62:16 Hue Dermatiscum Nyl. 7:24 M. Byssoloma Trev. 76. rosella (Pers. Phyllopsora Miill. 1890. Zahlbr. Zeit. Lich. Fenn. Act. Sci. Phalodictyum Clem.174 1909. enteroleuca Ach. P. Lich. 19:228 & 1840. 14 Lecanactis Eschw. C. Aut. 1869. Fw.174 D. 8:195 O. 1855. Fung. Jour. 1926. Gen. Fr. 1:611 1874. . Thalloedema Mass. 77. 174 1909. Nov. grossa (Pers. Lich. Wien P. Lich. Flora 55:147 1871. Gen. Leop. vellea (L. Biatorella Th. A. D.) Zahlbr. Syst. Soc. L. Acad.) Th. Scan. Bot. 76. Schismatomma Mass. 1888. 1852. polycarpa (Hepp) Clem. stereocaulis Sphaerophoropsis Wain. B. 1867. 2:11 P. erumpens Leight. 210 L. 100 Gyrophora Ach. Bull. Pflanzenf. 14:471 & F. abietinum (Ehrh. Fung. Gen. 3:3:299 1861. Arg. Scolecactis Clem. Upsal. 11. Soc. Fung. G.

) Clem. Handl. Fr. A. 1909. T. Riv.) Nyl.320 Toninia (Mass. 79. Padova 267 I. Bull. calicioides (Del. 1858. 2:768 1796. L. S.) Ach. Gen. D.175 Mon. Gen.) 1874. PARMELIACEAE Lecanorae Adermatis Clem. Mag. 7:232 D. 1794. z-b. Fung.) Clem.) Clem. Cherbourg 3:186 G. Fr. colensoi (Bab. urceolatum (Ach. Icmadophila Trev. Fung. Gymnoderma 1863. Lich.) Tuck. Nat. M. Lich. Gen. 78. 19 1794. 1 :67 Lachnocaulum Wain. D. Cherbourg 3:169 aversum Nyl. B. G. 1852. Act. Arg. Scan. H. 1848. Nov. Upsal. robustum Th. 1:320 T. C. Am. 78.) Hoffm. 3:3:199 1861. Fung. PEZIZALES Th. Pilophorum Th. brasiliana (Nyl. Mem. A. H. Mont. coccocarpum Nyl. tartarea (L. 3:5:254 M. 1851. Lecania (Mass. P.) Th. Bot. Ric. O. . Akad. Gen. syringea (Ach. Gen. 1860. scruposus (L. 1855. 40 P. Fung. Arg. 3 Candelariella Miill. Lond. 1:1:204 L. 15:255 U. Chlorocaulum Clem. Ster. Glossodium Nyl. Dibaeis Clem. Lich. Sci.) Th. rangiferina (L. Sc PI. Boiss. 1909. Fr. Mem. Ochrolechia Mass. 1909. G. Proc. C. L. Gcs. Gen. Arg. Stereocaulum Schreb. Sci. Acad. 1855.) Clem.175 Myxodictyum Mass. Lecanora (Ach. 32 1852. 30 Phlyctella Krph. Nat. Arg.) Wain. Jour. Syn. ericetorum (L. Bot. nylanderiana (Mass. CLADONIACEAE Argopsis 3:2:325 Th. paschale (L. Pflanzenf. C. Aut. 79. Arg. rosea (Pers. megalospora Th.) Mass. Act. Myriolecis Clem.) Koerb. & M. subfusca (L. 1st. 5 Cladonia (Hill) Wain. Lich. Umbilicaria Ach. byssoides (L.) 1907. 1890.) Ach. Comm. Baeomyces Pers. Fr. C. Dyslecanis Clem. Neue Ann.175 1909.) Web. hookeri B.175 Haematomma Mass. Fr. Zahlbr. paeminosa (Krph. Aut. Herb. Philoph. Gen. Accad. Soc. 5:257 1846. Gomphillus Nyl. See. C. squarrosa (Ach. 157 Harpidium Koerb. 1887. Vet. Nyt. Venet.) Norm. Epi. 1855. Etud. Fung. Nov. Calenia Miill. cyrtella (Ach. Art. 1890. ventosum (L.) Mass. Bres.) Zahlbr. Sci. Heteromyces Mull. rubescens Mull.175 1909. Wicn 26:462 chrysostictum (Tayl. H. Conotrema Tuck.175 Cyanobaeis Clem.) Mass. salazinum (Bory) Clem. I. pulchella Miill. Lich. 2:11 1894. 1857. Cladon. Fr. Diploschistes Norm.) Clem.) Oliv.) Zahlbr.ich.) Zahlbr. sambuci (Pers. 78. pustulata (L. Att. Upsal. C. Lich. Nyl. 79. cerinella (Flk.) Schwer. Thysanothecium Berk. 1909. 1876. Verh. Fr. Fung. Germ. Syst. 1:199 1853. Ric. Nov. 2:27 Flora 72:505 1889. rutilans (Fw.

G. Mem. australiense (Mull. glaucocarpa (Wahlb.) 1905.) Zahlbr. P. Lich. P. Thelotrema (Ach. Pertusariae Perforaria Miill Arg.175 Fenn.) Koerb. Soc. A. Framm. Jungh. Veg. Gall. P. Arg.PARMELIACEAE 1895. M. Ber. P. P. Orb. Zahlbr. hypnorum (Dicks. Fr. 1:273 Jonaspis Th. leucaspis (Krph. Diplopeltopsis Hoehn. bryontha (Ach.) Zwackh Phaeotrema 29:10 Miill. Nat. P. Soc. Ann. Fung. Diplopeltis Henn. cucurbitula (Mont. Pertusaria DC. Sci. Scan. Cherbourg. candicans (Fr. 76 1902. 27 1852.) Th. 81. 1850. Solenopsora Mass. zamiae (Mull. 321 ludoviciensis Miill. Glypholecia 1863.) Stein perminuta (Wain. 1926. Fr. Ann. Pflanzenf. A. Nuov.) Stzbgr.) Stnr. Lich. zimmermanniana Henn. L. 1887.) Zahlbr. Stzbgr. Fung. Phyllobrassia subfarinosum (Fee) M. O. 1:268 G. Soc. Bull. 41:146 (Ach. Lich.) 1921.) Geneve 29:10 Tremotylium Nyl. Imp. Fr. Flora 39:291 Gen. lepadinum Ach. 20 1855.) Fr. Phanotylium Clem. 168 18. Varicellaria Nyl. Nyl. 1:1:125 Gyrostomum Syst.) Clem. paradoxa Wain. Fr. 2:319 1861. 23:126 P. Gen. Nat. Leptotrema Mont. Arg. & for Kab.) Zahlbr. R. A:15:173 Phyllophthalmaria Zahlbr. Arg. 4:483 1855. vitellinum (Ehrh. A:15:153 1921. 3 Ital. A. 299 1807. 1891.) Nyl. Giorn. leiospodium (Nyl. Fr. Miill.) Miill. S. constans (Nyl. 1805. Zahlbr.) Clem. Nat. G.175 Pleochroma Clem. (Mey. Bot. lutea (Dicks. 11 Wain. & Bosch. T. Geneve Arg. Fr. Maronea Mass.) Fr. 1:1:25 Microphiale 1905. Geneve 29:5 1887.) Th. Lich. 1855. Fung.) Th.54. Flor. mirifica (Krph. occultum Stirt. P.) M. P. P.) Hoffm. 1856.) Zahlbr. Scan. Aut. St. Hedwigia 34:141 Phlyctidia Miill. Wain. Ocellularia Arg. Wain. T. 1887. 1825. 1909.) Nke. Pflanzenf. scyphuliferum (Ach. 2:20:317 M. 80. Ges. scabra (Pers. Nat. Norm. Flora 41:611 Mem. P. Ric. Acad. Linn. Gen. .) Koerb. B. D. Lich. fagicola (Hepp. berkleyana (Mont. Arg. Flora 45:58 Bub. Soc. 8:571 Phlyctis Fw. n. Zeit. Pflanzenf.) Mass. cupularis (Ehrh.) Zahlbr. 1858. 2:2:513 1868. Arg. Soc. Pachyphiale Lonnr. Acarosporae Acarospora Mass. rhodocarpa (Koerb. Plant. Gyalecta Exs. P. Mem. Sagiolechia Mass. protuberans (Ach. L. Mem. S. Ramonia 1862. S. J. chrysophana (Kbr. 1909. Fenn. Gyalectae Bryophagus Nke. ferdinandezi Clemente valenzuelana (Mont. 1862. Nat. Semigyalecta Ann. Pflanzenf. Ensay. ed. 8:147 Lecaniopsis Zahlbr. 1904. agelaea (Ach. 162 V. 1871. 3:175 Psoroma Nyl. Polystroma Clemente. Acad. 1:1:120 1905.

1791. colpodes (Michx. Bot.175 Diphanosticta Clem.322 PEZIZALES Stictae 1909. sinuosa (Pers. PI. Fung.) Hue Giorn. Schaer. Fr. 1909. Lich. 1909. 81. Lich. Univ. Lich. Gen. S. Kriiuterk. islandica (L.) Heterodea Nyl.) Nyl. D. Bull. D. O. Lich. Hedwigia 31:34 1892.) Stictina Nyl. 13:15 Proc. Usneae Alectoria Ach. 1 :333 1860. 82.) Ach. 3:164 B. cylindrophora Flora 74:374 Ital.175 Dysticta Clem. Fr. See. Fung. . 1909. Am. Gen. 81.175 Cystolobis Clem. Lich. Fung. 5:399 1862.) Nyl. jubata (L. 1810. Physcidia Tuck. P. sarmentosa Ach. S. muelleri (Hpe.) Wain. 84 Evernia Ach. D. 15:226 E. Fung.) Clem. 1860. Lobaria (Schreb.) DeN. Acad.175 Phycodiscis Clem.) Wain. Flora 35:567 Meth.175 Phanosticta Clem.) Clem. Thamnolia Ach. Gen. C. 1810. 2:189 conspersa (Ehrh. Linn. cyphellata Lynge wrighti (Tuck. Ramalina Ach.) concolor (Dicks. Nat.) DC. (Miill. Gen. 1860. Cetraria Ach. Enum. C. 1921. 1909. P. P. Heterolich. vermicularis (Sw.) Nyl. mougeotiana (Del. Art. florida (L. 120 Grund. Prim. 49 1861. Fung. E. Dufourea Ach. P.) Clem. 122 1810. freycineti (Del. Gen. Parmelia (Ach.) Nyl.) Nyl. aurata Ach. Holsat. Fung. 90 U. Sci. Bot. Lich. 2:53 1913. Orb. Syst.) Ach. E. Letharia Zahlbr. Lich. & T. informis Cromb. vulpina (L. Parmeliae Anzia Stzbgr. 1868. 1909. Parmeliopsis Nyl. Syn. Jour. 1909. Fenn. Veg. 1810. Gen. Ann. Soc. 81. 1:1:185 1906. Arg. Univ. ciliaris (Ach. 1863. Flora 60:233 1877. P.) Ach. Univ. Gen. D. Fung. 1:238 Siphula Fr. physciospora (Nyl.) Ach. D.) Ach. 81. calicaris (L. Pseudoparmelia Lynge Ark.) Clem. Fung. (Tayl. Acad. 103 Cromb. R.) Clem. Crit.175 Lobarina Nyl. 1780. scrobiculata (Scop. Dactylina Nyl. 768 Sticta Schreb. C. prunastri (L. 1825. Linn. S. P. 292 1803. Syn. 1:374 Everniopsis Nyl. M.175 Diphaeosticta Clem. Flor. 81. Gen. Hoffm.) Nyl.) Usnea Wigg. tomentosa (Sw. Oropogon Th. 1:286 Lich. crocata (Ach. Flora 44:390 1861. Bryopogon 1833. retigera (Bory) Clem. Syn. madreporiformis (Wulf. Nephromopsis Mull. L. 83.) Clem. 2:2:47 H. Gen. Arg. Stictinae 1909. leucocarpa (Mull. Gen. A. Fung. Dystictina Clem. Pflanzenf. 81. cellulifera (H.) Hoffm.) Clem. 243 1850.) Zahlbr. 81. Endocena 1876. loxensis (Fee) Th. 1852. N. ambigua (Ach. Arg. Lich. Lich. Eur. arctica (Hook. A:15:27 Megalopsora Wain. L. L.) Fr. P. 1847. 1909. Gen. Norm. Candelaria Mass. truUa (Ach. pulmonaria (L. ceratites (Wahlb.175 Podostictina Clem. 1891. Univ. T. M.175 Merostictina Clem. Wain.) Fr.) Nyl. D. Link A. endochrysoides Clem. Syn.

Gen. 1:267 Rinodina (Gray) Mass. Lepidogium A. 1:138 P. Fr. wandelensis (Hue) Zahlbr. 1:607 1874. Bot. Brit. Merorinis Clem. Bres. 1890. H. synthalea (Kn. Nat. Miill. Th. Bres. 1853.) Massalongia Koerb. A. 1877. 8:253 L. 7:228 T. Aut. Gen. Ale. Lepidocollema Wain. Lich. D. Syst. Dictyorinis Clem. Gen. 1922. Dirinaria Tuck. 1:231 L. z-b. Boiss.) Th. A. 1:188 Hydrothyria Russ. L. 206 1824. Soc. Mag. Fung.) Koerb. pezizoides (Web. Lich. B.) eschweileri (Tuck. Scan.) Clem. H. Blastenia Mass.) Am. 33 1853.) Zahlbr. Essai Crypt. P. Proc. P. C. Mem. rupestris (Scop. Smith Syst. 1871. M. Ital. P.) Th. Lich. Nat. Pannaria Del. N. Pleorinis Clem. 1:195 1846. Placynthium 1:395 Gray Arrang. 11 & DeN. Verb. Uran.) Mass. 1:167 Caloplaca Th. 2:3:101 ferruginea (Huds. Essex Inst.) M.175 Niorma Mass. Theloschistes Norm. Nat. 84. conradi (Koerb. 84. Acad. 109 M. nigrum (Huds.) Zahlbr. Xanthoria 3:3:166 Fr. Meroplacis Clem. venosa Russ. atralba (Hoffm. Pflanzenf. Bull. C. M. L. X. Soc. chrysophthalmus (L. Lich. diplinthia (Nyl. polycarpum Fee fauri (Hue) Zahlbr. P.) Wain.) Clem. 1909. for Lepidoleptogium. Gen. Nyt. parietina (L.PHYSCIACEAE Pannariae Coccocarpia Pens. Orb. Veg. Fr. Scan. 1852. 146 1926.) Clem. carassense Wain. cocoes (Sw. ochracea (Schaer. Lich. Fr. Sci.) Nyl. picta (Sw. Wien 61:47 1911. Mem. 1st.) Gray PHYSCIACEAE Anaptychia Koerb. 8:180 Hueella Zahlbr. Ges. 14 1852.) Nyl. Nat. Etud. sophodes (Ach. 323 Goudich. Mass. 1894. P. Am. Diet. Lich.175 1909. 1821. Pflanzenf. .) Hyperphyscia Lethariopsis Arg. brebissoni (Fee) Clem. E. 1909. Nat.) Lightf. parasema (Ach. 1862. 84. Lich. DeN. Fr. Upsal. Fr. polyspora (Th. Herb.175 Diplotomma Th. Fr. Fung. Voy. Bombyhospora DeN.175 Phragmopyxine Clem. Fung. B. domingensis (Pers. Venet. Proc. X. D. Pyxine Fr. 10:83 1861. M. Fr. Gen. pellita (Ach.) Th. Fr. 1853. 1853. Protoblastenia Stnr. 13:20 PMiill.) M. 1890. Ric. Xanthocarpia Mass. Parmeliella 16:376 Mem. 1861. Fr. 1909. Aut. triptophylla (Ach. 1825.) Clem. Jour. H. Ric. 175 1909. 46:79 1855. Yen. hypoglauca (Nyl. 12:166 2:10 1926.) Th. & DeN. Lich. Bory Arg. Physcia (Ach. montagnei Smith carnosa (Dicks.) Th.) Th. Giorn. 84. Bot. Lich. Gen. ciliaris (L. 1st. 84. 1828. 114 Buellia 1852. R. Sei. Act. stellaris (L. Fung. D. A. Germ. Etud. 'aurantiaca (Lightf. Geneve P.) Zahlbr. B. PI. Att. Art. Linn. Erioderma Fee 1824. Fung. Nov. Mass. Hist.

Abh. 238. 10:213 MoUisia Fr. L.) Hoehn. Angelinia Fr. Wien punctiformis (Grev. 1890 as subgenus of Lecidea. Fabraea Sacc. Br. Fung. Fung. 528. graminis (Desm. 1904. Ann. 18:64 MoUisiella Sacc. Rabh. Rehm 1898. 246. 1923. Veg. 1880. C. Mont. Syd. Fung. Sta. ill. 153. Imp. Hoehn. & S. gregarius Kirschst. D. Myc.) Karst. Myc. 127:589 1918. 1902. Manilaea Syd. Hoehn.) Rehm Belonopeziza Hoehn. 1906. 261.) Fr. B. Phil. Myc. 25:102 Fung. C. Scan. Myc. 360 Fung. B. H. 172. 1913. Fung. 43:44. for DictyomolHsia. L. 2:137 1822. Alg. alismatis (Pers. Akad. M. Myk. Jour.. Sum. cyatheae Syd. ill. Syll. 12:569 1914. Belonopsis Sacc. uralensis Naumov Pazschkea 4172. Fung.324 PEZIZALES Genera Incertae Sedis Vel Dubia Cf. 16:150 1918. Gen. 1908. 8:108 Ann. (Rehm) S. & 1927. Soc. Scan. Hoehn. 229.) 1902. Niptera Fr. 15:310. 24:1216 Michelia 2:331 1881. Hyphodiscus Kirschst. graminis (Desm. & (Rehm) S. Sitzb. B. Pflanzenf. glaucovirescens Wainio 1906. Hoehn. 8:499. 16:752 Ciliella 1902.) Sacc. Fenn. Myc.) 3:638 1896. ramealis Karst. bambusina Syd. 26. Myc. Myc. Sum. 358 1849. rufescens (Schw. 3:672 1884. Syll. Brandenb. 163. 1926. Scan. Akad. B. Unguiculariopsis Rehm Ann. Fung. 7:29 Gonothecium Wainio albigranulata Rehm mirabilis Syd. cinerea (Batsch) Karst. M. Myc. D. Sum. lichenoides Rehm . tropicalis Syll. 175 1909. Rehm Bioscypha Syd. Belonidium 1846. 209. Linhartia Sacc.) Duby Calycellina 127:601 Sitzb. Oreg. Krypt. cf. 1928. Eur.) 1909. Myc. ill.) Hoehn. U. M. Syll. Rehm MoUisiopsis Rehm Ann. Bur. Wien B. Veg. 1915. S. B. 220. F. & Dur. 8:136. Ann. Bot. lacustre (Fr.) Hoehn. 7:400 & & Br. Jour. Neofabraea Jackson 1911-12:187 1913. Act. ilicincola (B. 343 Belonioscyphella Hoehn. DictyomoUis Rehm. 16:744 Syd. epidendri vossi Dibelonis Clem. Myc. ranunculi (Fr. hypnorum (Syd. Syll. malicorticis (Cordley) Jack. 561 Flor. 7:540 1909. Durand Jour. 16:748 Syll. Sci. Rehm Rabh. M. Veg. Ann. N. 359 1849. Syst. Ann. Naumov Trav. Rehm Ascom. Nat. subcinerea Rehm N. 86. Syst.-Pazsch. & (Rehm) Clem. Flor. cf. Perrotiella ill. Frag. Calopeziza Syd. Lemalis Fr. 1917. 6:315 Rep. cf. Fung. 1902. Myc. 201. 360 1849. Exp. Zahlbruckner 160. 1918. 182. MOLLISIACEAE Beloniella (Sacc. ilicincola (B.) Phill. excelsior (Karst. Sacc. 8:351 1889.

1:120 Gen. Akad. Fung. Bot. Trichobelonium Sacc. Symb. nervisequia (Pers. 23:402. 290 Pseudopeziza Fkl. Fung. P. Consp.) Fkl. Spilopodia Boud. 325 Sacc. Pseudorhytisma Juel ill. 24:1213 Pseudohelotium Fkl.) Rehm Belonioscyphella Hoehn. Ann. 31:314 Strossmayera Schulz. Myc.T P. Manilaea Syd. Myc. Myc. 175 P. Ges. & N. cf.) Hoehn. Hedwigia 44:9 1904. phyteumatis (Fkl.) Juel 1900. Frag. 15:334 1917. 298 1869. A. Wien 132:112 1924. & S. 1881. Sitzb. 303 Syll. 2:190 Excipula Fr. Myc.HELOTIACEAE Psorotheciella 16:746 1902. S. Pyrenopeziza Fkl. 1896. aurelia (Pers. bambusina Syd. 192. Ann. Fung. Hedvvigia 39:217 Ber. radians (Rob. Akad. Michelia 1:424 Pirottaea Sacc. Krypt. decipiens Rehm racki Schulz. vexata (DeN. Forh. . Myc. P. Leptobelonium Hoehn. P. et al.) Fkl. Ann. violacea Rehm HELOTIACEAE Arachnopeziza Fkl Symb. cf. Disc. Myc. pineti (Batsch) Rehm basitrichum (Sacc. A.) Sacc. Hoehn.) Hoehn. Myk. 1917. trifolii ill. Flor. 400 T. Drepanopeziza (Klebahn) Hoehn. retincolum (Rabh. & S. (Biv. Monsunia Phaeorhytisma Henn. Wicn B. T. 1916. 16:747 :220 1822. Phaeofabraea Rehm P. Fung. Deut. 15:315 1917. pulla Syd. Spilopezis Clem. Arenaea Penz. Tapesia Pers. Symb. Myc. Flor. 1 Myc. Frag. Protoscypha Syd. Hoehn. & S. 127:589 1918. P. 1885.. Myc. 1:29 1899. Fung. & Nyni. 18:75 javanica P.) Hoehn. 913 1915. Syll. 1889. cf. 1869. 961 Placopeziza Hoehn. 1914. P. Stictoclypeolum Rehm Oest. Velutaria Fkl. & Sacc 1906. Myc.) Boud. B. Belonium Sacc. M. Pyrenopezis Hoehn. Akad. Rehm Rabh. Ann. S. Syst.) Fkl. Myc. 1. rufolivacea (A. Fr. 1902. Myc. lonicerae H. Syll. 12:569. Hoehn. 1909. Ann. Hoehn. Synib. Eur. Ann. P. not Sacc. biseptata (Rehm) S. 1894. Soc. Zeits. D.) Clem. Myc. pineti (Batsch) Fkl. Vet. populorum (Desm. L. Syll. c. hypnorum (Syd. Genus Incertae Sedis Melittosporiopsis Rehm Hedwigia 39:90 1900. E. Myk. S. 35:251 Symb. noppeneyana (Feltg. 1869. as subg. ill. P. & Syd. 7:541 1878. miconiae Rehm veneta Sacc. Fung. 3:1264 Psorotheciopsis Rehm bistortae (Lib. rubi (Fr. V. Krypt. 293 1869.) 1822.) Hoehn. cf. Bull. M. 498. 15:323 1917. for Pyrenopezizopsis.) Hoehn. 1928. Rehm Rabh. & Speg.) Fkl. Bot. P. 8:495 fusca (Pers. Ann. 7 1884. decipiens Rehm Rehm P. rubi Fr. 85. Syll. Sitzb. 1869. Belonioscypha 3:743 1896. B. Gen. Myc. S. 3:664 1884. 15:359 1917. 1909. Myc.

Syll. 1849. Syll. Gen. Fl. drosodes (Rehm) Clem. D. 175 Endoscypha Syd. Helotium Sum. 1924. E. 175 1909. G. Fung. Torrendiella Boud. Syst. cassandrae Transch. 87. C. & Sacc. Ann. 14:31 Frag..) Phill. ciliatospora (Fkl. Cyathicula 1864. Akad. 1889. Bull. 1:15 Apostemidium Karst. Fr. Soc. Myc. Phill.) Clem. 1884. Gen. subg. Hedwigia 68:233 1928. Frag. M. Myc. juncicola (Fkl. Myc. Akad. Sitzb. 1127. 22:305. Helotiopsis Hoehn. T. 1906. Critt. ciliata B. Fung. alutacea (B. M. 1919. Jour. Myc. Chlorosplenium 1849. Disc. Diplocarpa 1895. Ill 1887. Fung.326 Belospora Clem. Massee Fung. Ann. Fung. 88. Acad. Flor. Dyslachnum Clem. C. Myc. Ann. Syll. Myc. Gen. 18:101 D. R. 87. Fung. punctiformis (Grev. 1:118 1885. cerina (Pers.) Hoehn 1899. 356 C. Bull. Myc.) Sacc. Consp. 311 Ciboria Fkl. 8:381 Eriopeziza Sacc. B. Soc. subg. ill.) Fr.) Fkl. Fr. Moellerodiscus Henn. 1871. Krypt. 1911. Conim. 1889. 2:89 Dasyscypha Fr. 1910.) Sacc. Micropodia Boud. Disc. Myc. Fenn. C. Hoehn. Gen. Fr. & S. C. as citrinum (Hedw. 1:15. brockesiae Henn. Chaetoscypha Syd. as Syll. 18:8 Rhizocalyx Petr. 175 Eubelonis Clem. D.) virginea Bres. nidulans Syd. 9:53 H. 10:212 1904. cf. H. cf. 16:774 1869. 354 Syll. Gorgoniceps Karst. Myk.) Rehm. 22:306. ill. H. Fung. E. Scan. Fr. 6 Cryptopezia Hoehn. Sum. Consp. B. abietis Petr.) Sacc. Wien 119:623 H. 3:1232 A. & T. Myc. E. 17:38 Microscypha Syd. 1822. 6 Fung. caesia (Pers. Dasypezis Clem. & Br. Scan. Sitzb.) Hoehn. Bisporella Sacc. virgultorum (Wahl. Fung. M. fiscella Karst. Myc. Helolachnum 1910. 186 Rehm Rabh. Syll. Calycella Sacc. 1884. & Br. Torrend Broteria Bot. 1871. Brit. 4:307 1909. Disc. DD. 1902. monilifera (Fkl. C. . 1924. 695 1909. albolutea (Pers.) Sacc. Fkl. Man. mirabilis 128:571 Hoehn. Chlorospleniella Sacc. Gen. & Torr. as subg. Rehm Ascom.) Clem. Myc. grisella (Rehm) Syd.. Fung. 8:507 1889. 38:11 1899. 87. Comesia Sacc. 27:133 Dasyscyphella Transch. Hedwigia 41 :33 1902. austriaca Hoehn. Hyphoscypha Bres. 1906. 8:248 1889. PEZIZALEb Gen. Veg. apicalis (B. 1918. amentacea (Balb. Symb. Wien 1919. perforans Syd. Erinella Sacc. Wien 127:606 T. helios P. coronata (Bull. C. D. felicitatis (Crouan) Sacc. aurantiacum Torr. 1:381 C. 8:645 fennica (Karst. aridula Karst. Tanglella Hoehn. E. C.. Sitzb. Symb. Hymenoscypha (Fr. Myk.) DeN. H. Fung. Davincia Penz. DeNot. pteridina (Nyl. 1896. 1129 Calycellina Hoehn. aeruginosum (Oeder) Fr.) Boud. curreyana Massee moUissimum (Lasch) Clem. 1918. 175 1909. Veg. Brit.) Fkl. Fenn. 304 1869. 1896. Hedwigia Beibl.

H. A. Myc. elatina (A.. granulosella (Karst. & S. Fung. Club 30:93 1903. 1885. 1:12 Rutstroemia Karst. 365 Sum. Fung.) Clem.) Ann. Hist. olivacea (Batsch) Boud. Myc. Hoehn. Syll. A.) Boud. Frag. Bot. Acetabula Fr. hyalotricha (Rehm) Clem. Wien 20:3 1905. D. Lanzia Sacc.) Hoehn. Myc. 18:101 Davinciella Sacc. Ber. Sitzb. Disc. Krypt. tenella (P. PEZIZACEAE 1822. Fung. Disc. M. 127:375 1918. Myc. 190 1829.) S. & S. chrysophthalma (Pars. Stromatinia Boud. & S.) Rehm Hoehn. Sci.) Sacc. R. acicola Lib. Nat.) Karst. D.) Karst. 1899. L. Myc. Scan. Sclerotinia Fkl. L. Sitzb. 1917. Myc. Ann. firma (Pers. & C. bicolor (Bull. A. 14:789 amoenum Masseea Sacc. 2:43 1891. 330 1869. 299 1869. Syll.. Myc. 361 Pocillum DeNot. cf.) Kuntze vulgaris (Fkl. 8:472 Aleurina Sacc. Lachnellula Karst. Kriegeria Winter U. P.) Fkl. Akad.) 1849. 18:88 6:277. L. 24:1202 1818.) Hoehn. P. 1:115 S. 3:404. gracilis Hoehn. Merodontis Clem.) Sacc. Rabh.) Clem. Soc. Consp. Prod. 1928. 1906. Wien corni-maris Hoehn.) Fkl.) Rehm DeN. Bull. for Lasiobelonium. sejournei (Boud. D. .) Mass. Bull. 175 1909. 1869. Obs. 1889.PEZIZACEAE Lachnaster 35:250 327 Hoehn. 297 Akad. flammea (A. aurantia (Muell. P. 1864. S. Ges. griseum Clem. 175 1909.) Sacc. P. Rehm Pezizella Fkl. Boud. 1914. Fung. Unguicularia Hoehn. cf. 1871. Scan. P.) cesati (Mont. L. subg. Scelobelonium (Sacc. Flor. 1889. Rev. Hedwigia 17:32 1878. 175 Pezoloma Clem. 1906.) Boud. 325 1869. Fr. unguiculata Hoehn. 2:864 Paxina Kuntze Phleboscyphus Clem. Gen. Wien 127:40 1918. 17:23 Perrotia Boud. P. ill. Prof. 88. Fung. Fr. 6 1884. Aleuria Fkl. Soc. 11:138 L. & S. Syst. & S. Fung. 86. acetabulum (L. 348 1849. Disc. 15:349 1917. Lachnella Fr. 329 1779. Fr. (Speg. Myc. Hofmus. flammea (A. P. Symb. Syll. Ann. Veg. Lachnum Retz. Myc. patula (Pers. S. Gen. Myc. radiostriatus (Feltg. Fr. 17:82 Sum. 18:99 Gen. M. Discina Fr. vulgaris Fkl. 3:653 1896. L. P. Syll. Ann. & S. 1905. Lambertella Hoehn. Phalothrix Clem. Symb. Pezizellaster Hoehn. Gen Fung. L. Gen. 1909. Myc. Phaeociboria Hoehn. Fenn. P. Deut. Veg.) Karst. Soc. Hyaloscypha Boud. Class. quisquiliarum (B. Bull. 1928. pseudotuberosa (Rehm) Boud.) Trott. 1884. Catinella 1907. Torr.. Symb. Bull. K. flavorufa Sacc. Myc. 127:593 1918. tenella (P. Wien Sitzb. as subg. retiderma (Cke. 8:502 Lasiobelonis Sacc. as 1906. 1901. as subg. 2:305 Phialea Fr. 24:1214 Symb. H. Akad. Fung. vulgaris (Fr. ill. Syll. P. 457. 1:118 1885. venosa (Pers. 87. sclerotiorum (Lib. melanosporum (Rehm) Hoehn. dentata (Pers. Fenn. Seaver Mycologia A. Myc. Soc. Medd. PI. Desmazierella Lib. Hyalopeziza Fkl.) Hoehn.

P.) Fkl. 8:99 Otidella Sacc. Pseudoplectania Fkl. 2:849 1891. Bot. Leop. Gen. 175 P. Myc. Sarcoscypha Fr. Rep. M. C. Myc. macropus (Pers. 89.328 Galactinia Cooke 1903. Fung. Eur. Surv. 1864. leiocarpa (Curr. Symb. Soc. Myc. araneosa Sacc. vesiculosa (Bull. miniata (Crouan) S. nigrella (Pers.) Fkl. cochleata (L. H.) Fkl. Clem. Plectania Fkl.) Podaleuris Clem. Leucopezis Clem. Gen. P.) Cke. P. Club 30:92 saniosa (Schrad. P.) Sacc.) Seaver tricholoma (Mont. Reich. callichroa (Boud. Cooke Mycographia 261 Gen. Syll.) Fkl. P. Nebr. Myc. callichroa (Boud. Phycascus Moell. N. Eur. cupularis (L.) Fkl. Syll.) Cke. Act. Gray Nat. Myc. coronaria (Jacq. Barlaeina Sacc. Arr. 17:370 Pyronema Carus 1835. Cup-fungi 184 1928.) Boud. omphalodes (Bull. Pelodiscus Clem.) Henn. Fung. S. Geopyxis Pers. 14:363 Pilocratera Henn. L. 1877. Myc. L. Pustularia Fkl. Ilal. coccinea (Jacq. 8:105 1889. Gen.) L. 317 Hist. Myc. 1 :42 1822. melastoma (Sow. T. F. Pityella Boud.) Clem. 1869.) Seaver deerrata (Karst. 1879. P. Pseudopityella Seaver 1927. Michelia 1:71 1869. 90 1909. Phaeopezia Sacc. Melachroia Boud. Nov. B. leiocarpa (Curr. Symb. P. 2:1180 1753. P.) Clem. Seaver N. O. PI. 6 1909. P. Hist. & T. minuscula (B. leporina (Batsch) Gray piliseta Scodellina 1:668 1901. Critt. Fkl. Fung. 175 1909. 324 1869. H. Plicaria Fkl. caeruleum Clem. Symb. Myc. Eur. Eur. . Comm. P. PI. PEZIZALES G. Symb. Michelia 1:564 Pyrenomella Sacc. 1889.) Cke. H. 1899. Pitya Fkl. 1901. vesiculosa Bull.) Kuntze tricholoma (Mont. Plicariella Sacc. xanthomela (Pers. 1877. Brit. 1889. fleischerianus Henn. S. D.) Sacc. 1822. 89. 1821. 2:42 1822.) Sacc. Bras.) Seaver pleurota (Phill. & Syd. 90 1879. Fung. 125 1907. I. Lamprospora 1:388 DeNot. 1:112 excipulata Clem. 1:220 Otidea Pers. M. fulgens (Pers. cf. Phyc. N. Detonia Sacc. Torr. Jahrb. lotidea Clem.) Fkl. Disc. Gen. 8:111 Syll. Syll. Ascom. Fr. P. Fung. 14:30 B. Sp. P.) Clem. Bull. 5:8 P. Myc. Gen. S. tricholoma (Mont. leucoloma (Hedw. Mycographia 253 Heteroplegma Clem. 1892. Pseudombrophila Boud. P. Cookeina Kuntze Rev. Peziza (Dill.A. leucoloma (Hedw. Studies 4:187 1911. Bot. Symb. Fung. O. & S. G. Fung. Sarcosphaera Auers. 1909. hypnina (Quel. Engler Bot. Humarina Seaver Mycologia 19:87 1927. PI.) Boud. 331 Bull. 328 1869. Consp. 1879. Rehm reperta (Boud.) Sacc.) Fkl. Symb. tremellosus Moell. Syst. Disc. vulgaris Fkl. Humaria Fr. Phaeomacropus Henn. 309 P. murina (Fkl. Barlaea Sacc. not miniata (Crouan) DeN. 324 1869.) Sacc.) Boud. Minn. Syst. 325 1869. Hedwigia 8:82 1869. Trichoscypha Cooke Mycographia 252 1879. miniata (Crouan) Sacc. badia (Pers. Myc. Macropodia 1885. Monsunia 1 :172 1899. S. Myc. Neottiella Neottiopezis Clem. Mycologia 19:87 P. 2:78 1822. Disc.) Schroet. 1884. 65 1907. Fung. P.

Myc. L. Michelia 1:594 1879. Bot. 34:149. 11:8 Corynetes Hazsl. viride (Pers. or Haworth c. 2:388 1881. 12:135 1890. purpurascens (Pers. T. 1885. Nat. domingensis Berk. not Stackh. M. Helvetia L. Sphaerospora Sacc. 1896. Myc. charter! (Smith) Boud. Gloeoglossum Durand Ann. 1:105 stercorea (Pars. tremellosum (Cke. gilva (Boud. Sum. Cudoniella Sacc. Gyromitra Fr. Fr. 24:1207 Urnula Fr. Myc.HELVELLACEAE Scutellinia 1885. 8:41 1889. 1879. Myc. 1914. P. H.) Boud. S. Rehm Leaf. Soc. Myc. american«i Massee esculenta (L. U. Veg.) Sacc. Sp. Sacc. zeylanicum Petch . lacunosa Afz. 8:151 1 :1 1889. Bull. Scan. Phaeoglossum Fetch Ann. Bull. L. Plant. Cup-Fungi 182 276. Morchella Dill. Scan. Phil. Peltigeromyces Moell. cf. PI. C. Alyc. 1809. glutinosum (Pers. Ceylon 1922. 7:309 Nov. 6:2234 1928. Bras. Stereolachnea 1917. Lind. Fung. Gen.) Boud. Lamb. Sepultaria Cooke Mycographia 259 1879.) Cke. Lachnea Fr. 1885. Bot. Hedwigia 39:197 Syll. T. Fr.) Chev. Syst. Bot.) Cooke Cheilymenia Bond. 1928. P. T. G. Gill. 25 1879. 310 1901. Sum. polytricha Rehm. Rev.) Clem. Ciliaria Mycographia 260 Bull. Bull. S. Arg. Soc. A. Ann. Austral.) Gill. 348 1849. yunnanense Pat. 2:77 1822.) Gill. Gard.) Pers.) Fr. Mycographia 250 L. Seaver N. 89. circinans (Pers.) Cke. Term. phalloides (Bull.) Sacc. 43 175. H.) Dur. Mitrula Fr. 3:2:87. Neolecta Speg. L. Myc. Fr.) Schroet.) Fr. Krypt. S. Gen. Schles. Myc. 6:418 1908. acicularis (Bull. Quelet Soc. 346 1849. C. Phyc.1. Fung. craterium (Schw. 1:104 Tricharia Boud. Lachnaea L. 1 :491 1822. 175 1909. & Cke. ill. Hemiglossum Pat. M. Soc. Leptoglossum Cooke. G. Pflanzenf. Scan. scutellata (L. C. 1900. Fung. HELVELLACEAE Cudonia Fr. Disc. Melastiza Boud. scutellata (L. sepulta (Fr. :178 1897. Trichaleurina trechispora (B. 15:353 echinus Hoehn. 1885.) Fr.) Schroet. & Br. 1:106 M. Syll. Obs. Fr. Myc. glabrum Pers. 4:83 1882.) Dur.) Boud. caricicola Ploett. N. Geoglossum Pers. Veg. Spragueola Massee Jour. H. M. Veg. P. Fung. Humariella Schroet. 364 T. Genera Incertae Sedis Phillipsia Berk. Myc. flavovirescens Speg. 1648 1763. Fr. 329 scutellata (L. Ascom. crinita (Bull. Hoehn. rapulum (Bull. Tarzetta Cooke Mycographia 252 1879. gelatinosa Hill. microsporus Moell. not scutellata (L. Syll. G. 1:11 1795. Akad. Kor. Fung. 1:105 1821. esculenta (Pers. Trichaleuris Clem. 1849. Microglossum 1881. 74 1719. 1879. Syst. 1753. Fung. S. Leotia Hill Hist. Leotiella Ploettner Sum.

) pelletieri Rehm (Crouan) Boud.) Sacc. Genera Incertae Sedis Cidaris Fr. carneus (Pers. as subg. 174 1909. L.) Sacc. Disc. Saccobolus Boud. 347 1849. Dietr. Mem. Streptotheca Vuill. Agyrina Clem. A. Ascob. Rhizina Fr. Myc. Mus. 2:31 1822. Fr. Cubonia Sacc. 1:41. Myc. flavida Pk. Akad. 2:305 1878. clavata (Schaeff. Jour. Bull. 34:130 A. Dasybolus Sacc. truncorum (A. Lasiobolus Sacc. Brit. Belg. Sacc. 25:246 1927. A. (Schaeff. T. conica (Muell. areolata Cke. Syll. S. Myk. Gen. Paracudonia Petrak Ann.) Quel. 1:161 1815. Just Bot. Nat. Henn. 35 1791. 521 P. Club 30:100 Mitruliopsis Peck 1903. nummularia Berk. 1869. RR. 1869. hirsutum (Pers. Meckl. equinus (Muell. Rabh. 1857. 38 1869. A. 39:199 A. & E. Ascophanus Boud. Myc. Fung. ill. inflata R. 129 Syst.) Fr. 8:636 1889. Torr. Thecotheus Boud. 11 :421 1895. ill. Sphaerosoma Klotzsch 1840. 33. stercorarius (Bull. N. Europ.) S. Peltidium Kalchbr.) Fr. 1885. Obs. 67.330 AGYRIALES P. lamprosporoides Buck. 9:44 cana (March. A. D. Syll. Vet. 8:527 1889. Ruhlandiella Henn. Thelebolus Tode Fung. Myc. B. Bot.) Seav. ill. Ascob. & S. V. crustaceus (Fkl.) Boud. immersus (Pers. V. 467 S. 8 1884. Mem. rhizinoides Rabh. T. 36 1797. Soc. C. 138 1847. crozalsi Keissl. & Syd.) Karst. 655. Mem. F. (Mass. Jahresb. Syll. S. 1899. 1:110 1890. sphaerospora Petrak ASCOBOLACEAE Ascobolus Pers. & Phill. C 242. Fung. 43:32 U. Boruss. ill Sum. 1895. Fl. phillipsi D. Disp.) Boud. Scan. B. de Bot. brachyasca (March. Rabh. Spathularia Pers. Y. & S. Fung. 51 1869. Trans. 1820. Boudiera Cooke Grevillea 6:76 1877. Psilopezia Berk. caroUniana (Schw. fuscescens Klotzsch berolinensis Hedwigia 42:24 1903. P. Rep. Fung.) Sacc. Fl. Hoehn. Soc. sexdecimspora (Fkl. stercorarius Tode AGYRIALES AGYRIACEAE Agyrina Keissl. 1887. Ascob. Bull. Wien 1930. Trichoglossum Boud. 14:805 Agyriopsis Sacc. 1925.) Clem. Boudierella Sacc.) Swartz Underwoodia Peck Verpa Swartz Vibrissea Fr. Soc. Fung. 1790. kerverni (Crouan) Boud. Ascob. Krypt. 1815. S. Fleischhakia Rabh. M. 45. Ann. . Frag. Rhyparobius Boud.) Schroet. Disp. Ramsbottomia Buckley 1923. Tent. boudieri Vuill. Syll. Dec. Fung. Veg. betheli (E. Fung. Mus. columnaris Pk. cf. Durandiomyces Seaver N. 47 Mem. Cup-Fungi 1928. oocardii Kalchbr. Consp. 8:57 Gen. Handl. Myc. not Zoll. Tent.) Sacc. Bull. R. T.

1884. 17:370 1835. ill.) Rehm Wien gelatinosa Hoehn. 17:205 1901. gastonis Sacc.) coffeicola Pat. & Ev.) Sacc. Grevillea 7:48 1878. Exogone Henn. oxycedri M. Zukalina O. Haematomyces 1870. 26:392 globiferum (E. farlowi Thaxter Aci. ill. H. P. Misc. omphalodes (Bull. Amaz. Myc. & E. K. Comp. D. Phillipsiella Cooke Fung.) Hoehn. PI. vinosa (C. Didymascus Sacc. E. Consp. americanus (Sacc. Torr. Medeolaria Thaxter 1922. 24:1143 Brachyascus Syd. Ramosiella Syd. Myc.) Fw. Leop. 13 1856. quitensis (Pat.) Theiss. Soc. Eidam Cohn Krypt. G. Soc. nigricans van Tiegh. Giorn. Misc. Micbelia 2:21 1880. Lich. Eidam Ascodesmis van Tiegh. calami (Rac. Heterobotrys Sacc. & E. vanillae (Pat. 23:271 Atichia Flotow Linnaea 23:149 1850. Soc. Wien E. Fung. 2:231 1822. M. 26:401 1928. Verb. Arts M. 2:875 Fung. Bot. Pyronema Carus Nov. Ann. Myc. 20:136 S. 1928. Wien Hoehn. 331 Agyrium Fr. kitmanoffi Sacc. Myc. Disc. R.) Fr. Fr. 1896. Myc. Wien A.) Syd. & Br. americanus Sacc. Brot. betheli Ell. 1886. Sitzb. Soc. Syll. Bull. H. 3:367. Ges. 1916. 15:285 1917. Ann. Handl. Sitzb. 25:20 1899. A. Fung. Gloeopeziza Zukal rehmi Zukal. Rend. & Ev. Acad. Syst. Syll. Am. P. Bol. 4:753 Euthryptum Theiss. Gen. Zukaliopsis Henn. Petr. rufum (Pers. 244 1909. amazonica Henn. Pat.AGYRIACEAE Bull. Nuov. 50:130 Agyronella 118:1229 Hoehn. Flora 74:100. N. Myc. 1916. Gen. Solanella Vanha Monatsch. Akad. 66:325 1928. Haematomyxa 1884. not Sacc. . D. 1912. S. 1891. Akad. D. 3:268. 118:1229 57:432 1909. glomerulosa (Ach. ambigua Starb. Seuratia 1904. & Sacc. Phycopsis Mangin 154:1480. 1884. 15:254 1917. Nostotheca Starb. Sven. graminicola Hoehn. Schles. P. rosea Vanha neglecta (Zukal) O. Discomycella 121:400 Malpighia 10:278. Verb. tjibodensis 1912. Proc. A. cf. 1897. 11 Henningsiella Rehm. Ann. Frag. H. paradoxa Sacc. Fung. Akad. Bull. stipitatum Ascocalathium 3:32 1893.) Fkl. lagunculariae (Wint. Ceylon 963 B. Didymascella Maire Fr. Hedwigia 34:160 Sitzb. Fr. 1908. Landw. Club 24:470 Agyriella Ell. Micbelia 1:564 1879. & P. Myc. P. 23:190 Microdiscus Sacc. araneosa Sacc. Bull. Bot. Nesolechia Mass. cf. 4:199 Molleriella Wint. spadiceus B. kaiseriana Henn. Brandenb. Act. Pyronemella Sacc. Hoehn. Kuntze Rev. 1876. 1910. Z. 1:28 1886. Ital. cf. Actinomma Sacc. Ann. M. A. B. Myk. M. A. 1909. L. Z. & Br. A. mirabilis Wint. 22:584 1913. Hoehn. Syll. N. Petr. 1895. Lecideopsella Hoehn.) Syd. z-b. & Pat. H. Bib.) Mass. & S. oxyspora (Tul. ill. 1904. Myc. A. 1891. Sacc. ill.

) Fkl. 203 Trichocoma Junghuhn Praem. 23:69 Onygena Pers. E. A. Pub. Frag. Genus Dubium Cenococcum Fr. Theiss. cerebriformis Hark. 1:217 1815. Ann. D. 9. . Vet. Trans. Jahrb. Linn. G. geophilum Fr. 1801. Syll. Soc. deformans (Berk. Schenckiella Henn. 1899. Taphridium Lag. 34:40 1902. paradoxa Jungh. 50 Delastria Tul. O. 1839. D. Genabea Tul. Engler Bot. Gaz. Myk. Jav. TUBERALES ONYGENACEAE Dendrosphaera 1907. Syst. Hoehn. E. Fr. Fung. eberhardti Pat. 1831. Myc. Eoterfezia Atkin. Bot. cf. B. Ascosorus Henn. Sci. 68 1820. Barssia Gilkey Delastriopsis Mattirolo 1905. Brot. Tuber. Myc. Vcg. marcgraviae Henn. potentillae M. ill.) L. fragilis Tul. TUBERACEAE Mon. Myc. Soc. C. T. 364 1825. Bot. Jahrb. Pat. albidum Brefeld floridianus (Ell. Engler Bot. mirabilis Henn.ZZ2 TUBERALES Genera Incertae Sedis Capnodiopsis Henn. Orb. Sci. 1857. vulgaris Vitt. granulatus Fr. 6:296 M. 598. Volkartia Maire Bull. Handl. D. umbelliferarum (Rostr. Gal. 22:594 1913. Fung. arenaria Berk. 15:457 1917. Ital. Genea Vittad. Frag. 1925. 1831. 9:145. ill. Enum. ill. (no species given) EXASCACEAE Ascocorticium Brefeld 1891. Pilz. T. 27 1831. C. Myrmecocystis Harkness Proc. Mon. Magnusiella Sadebeck Par. & Ruhl. S. Fung. & R. 28:276 1900. Obs. aurea (Pers. G. Syll. T. Fr. 29 1860.) Fr. 21:10 oligosperma (Tul. ELAPHOMYCETACEAE Elaphomyces Nees Mesophellia Berk. 3:1 :269. Fung. Par Alg. Tuber. Ann. Nat. 1843. Soc. equina Pers. 1916. Sven. 17:523 1893. M. 22:131 E. nomen nudum. Exascus Fkl. oregonensis Gilkey meandriformis Vitt. (Farlow) Sade. Giorn. 2:60 1844. Myk. Mon. ill. Hoehn. Unters. rhaetica (Volk. Choeromyces Vittad. Bot. Bol. & Syd. 2:86 1893. Myk. Gilkey Univ. Syn. Protasia Rac. Exoasc. V. 22:584 1913. Cal. Syn. Myc. rosea Tul.) H. Tuber.) Maire & J. 30. Mycologia 17:253. 2:19:379 Balsamia Vittad. parasitica Atkin. verrucosa Vitt. Taphrina Fr. Acad. Hedwigia 41 :298 1902. & Juel Bih. Nass. C. Bot. Soc. B. Java 3:42 1900.) Matt. 27:16 1902. A. 651 1911. Bull. 54:145 1907. ill.

Krypt. Bot. ophthalmosporum Quel. Giorn. cooperi Hark. Comp. 25:374 14:250 1:1:282 1907. Bot. Fiscb. 1916. P. Terfeziopsis Harkness 3:1:278 1899. 1892. Ann. Harkness 1899. G. Tuber Mich. N. Bot. P. Cal. 1885. 3:3:350 1845. 1843. Nat. Hydnobolites Tul. P. Univ. Fischerula Mattirolo 34:1348 1928. Nat. PI. Piersonia Pat. ovalispora Pat. setchelli Gilkey Hydnotryopsis Gilkey ill. Hydnocystis Tul. Pflanzenf. Fr. 1896. F. Gen. Bot. P. Acad. 13:198. 2:19:278 H.) Tul. Napomyces Setchell Mycologia 16:240. Sci. Deut. Bot. Cryptica Hesse Jahrb. Rehm Rabh. ill. Fl. de Bot. La Truffe 80. Gyrocratera Henn. 54 1831. Leucangium Quelet Assoc. Rend. Nat. 221. bombycina leonis Tul. 2:59 1844. setchelli Fisch. Proc. for Daleomyces. Sci. gardneri Setch. Ital. Jour. T. P. Acad. Giorn. Hist. harkness! Fisch. Coast Fung. 3:1:275 Pseudobalsamea Fisch. piligera Tul. C. 18. lutea Hesse Phaeangium Picoa Vittad. Terfczia Tul. ploettneriana Henn. Giorn. 1924. alveolata Hark. T. T. Sci. Brandenb. Nat. T. Stephensia Tul. P. 41:8 6:336. Verb. cf. ill. Sci. Ber. Tuber. (Vitt. Mon. Wiss. H.TUBERACEAE Geopora Harkness 1885. Ann. 1882. Pub. 21 :1433 1845. Pachyphloeus Tul. L. Mattirolo Malpighia P. Ges. Ann. Nov. Bot. Proc. 1729. Pseudogenea Bucholtz 1900. Cal. 18:28 1846. Cal. Ital. macrospora Fisch. & Br. 155 1894. aestivum Vitt. Tirmania Cbat. ill. Ital. & Br. ill. 168 G. 1899. 333 Pac. cerebriformis Tul. tulasnei B. 2:69 1844. Pscudohydnotrya 1897. ill. vallumbrosae Buch. . lignaria Hark. H. 1:3:1076 Hydnotrya Berk. P. juniperi Vitt. H. lefeburei Pat. Bot. melanoxanthus Tul.

17:105 1919. H. iresines (Lagerh. Par. 1869:1157. 1900. Linn. ill. P. Baeodromus Arth. Bot. Hemileiopsis Rac. Cong.) Syd. Soc. rubi Rac. Cong. Dichlamys Syd. H. Myc. ill. Chrysella Syd. Jour. 16:242 1918. markhamiae Henn. Paris E. Caeoma 1800. Cionothrix Arth.) Arth. 2:1472 A. Cerotelium Arth. troUipi (K. 5:542 1913. Am. Vienne 342 1905. Hedwigia 30:215 1897. Bull. vitis (Thuem. ill. A. 3:5 hippocrateae W. 56:367 Alveolaria Lagerh. Phragmidiella Henn. & Br. Ber. Java 2:24 1900. 17:105 1919. P.) Arth. 17:102 1919. C. oleae Butler cubensis Arth. Bengal M. Cracovie 1909:270. Ann. Handl. B.) Arth. Card. Torr. Bot. Java 1 :25 wrightii Rac. Jour. Jour. Aplopsora Mains 1921. Chron. cristatum (Speg.) Arth. Pers. 8:442. D. lupini L. Jahrb.) Mains pressa (Arth. Dietelia Henn. Ctenoderma Syd. 23:12 C. Ann. NeuChrysocelis Lagerh.) Syd. Jour. sempervivi (A. 4:50. Endophyllum Lev. Par. Ann. Myc.) Lk. Deut. alutacea Juel mikaniae Syd. Goplana Rac. Myc. 7:124 1907. B. Botryorhiza Whetzel & Olive Am. Mem. Myc. rosicola (E. vastatrix B. Argomycetella Syd. Fl. 8:448. Dichirinia Arth. C. 1922. Ges. & Diet. Blastospora Diet. A. Chaconia Juel 1897. 7:147 1907. D. C. N. Nat. Myc. & Br. Calidion Syd. Myc. 1922.) Syd. Ameris Arth. N. Endophylloides Whetzel & Olive Bot. chat. Myc. 1908. C. Pilz. lindsaeae (Henn. & T. Torr. binata (Berk. & O. Mag. & E. 1910. ill. Monosporidium Barclay 1887. Bih. Sven. berberidis Pers. nyssae (E. Akad. holwayi Arth. Ann. & Holw. Ann.) Syd. C. crotalariae (Arth. Soc. A. A. Pilz. Soc. Myc. Bot. Club 49:194 Diabole Arth. E. ill. Acad. Ges. portoricensis W. G. Myc. canavaliae Arth. 1917. Hemileia B. P. 20:124 lb. 1917. 4:208 1825. Ann. praelonga (Wint. Mem.PUCCINIALES PUCCINIACEAE Amerosporae Aecidium 1791. De B. 24:292 1926. B. Ann. D. Bull. 9:346 euphorbiae Barclay cordiae Lagerh. 1906. Engler Bot. Vienne 338 Physopella Arth. Res. Fl.) Syd. Gmelin Syst. Gerwasia Rac. Res. verruciformis Henn. G. Naturf. C. H.) Syd. Ann. 38:104 1907. 334 . Alg. saxifragarum (DC. 3:19 1905. Bull. Link. Club 33:30 1906. & D. Cystopsora Butler Ann. Am. D. Poliotelium Syd. 4:47. 1891. Haplopyxis Syd. 6:222. & & S. A. Dietel 57. A. smilacis Diet. & MacO. Alg.) O. mirabilis Rac. C. Berlin C.

74:169 1898. C. Vienne 346 Telospora Arth. U. Bot. 1891.) Arth. N. 23:322 Ber. 17:185 Z. Macalpinia Arth. 1906. H. pini (Willd. & Thaxt. S. Teleutospora Arth. U. Bot. cornuta Massee . Uromyces Link Mag. Rev. Myc. O. M. 9:345 1891. Zeit. Ges. O. Nielsenia Syd. G. M. H.) Syd. Ured. simplex McAlp. Deut.) Arth. Bot.) Lev.) Arth. Groveola Syd. Trachysporella Syd. amoenum Syd.) Syd. 335 albida Kunkelia Arth. T. & H. Ges. Ges. Res. Gaz.) Syd. helioscopiae Pers. C.) Arth. appendiculatus (Pers. Diet. nitens (Schw. Bot. Cent. Naturf. Deut. Zaghouania 1901. Myc. Didymopsora D. D. Java 2:30 1900. Bot. 1906. P. Jour. sorbi (Oud. Gambleola Massee Bull. K. excavata (DC. C.) Jack. P. 19:168 1921. T. U. Mis. 3:321 1905. agallocha Rac. Trichopsora 9:346 Lagerh. Bull. Kew 115 1898. N. Ann. Maravalia Arth. Cong. Bot. Peridermium Link Obs. Ges. capparidis (Hobson) Ochropsora 1895.PUCCINIACEAE Kuehneola Magn. 16:241 1918. Skierkia Rac. Cong. M. D. 65:464 1918. Fr. 19:171 1921. Myc. Chrysopsora Lagerh. pallida Arth. Syd. cestri (D. Torr. Berlin 7:28 1816. Diet. Bot. 2:29 Olivea Arth. Res. Trochodium Syd. Ann.) Arth. Cleptomyces Arth. Myc. Myc. u. O. digitatum (Halst.) Diet. indurata (S. Myc.) A. Myc. Pileolaria Cast. Spirechina Arth. Syd. Ann. 19:173 1921. lagerheimianus (Diet. Gaz. Bot 1:93 1794.) Cast. (Kuehn) Magn. T. ipomoeae (Thuem. terebinthi (DC. Par. Ann. sinensis Pat. Myc. Vienne 345 Uromycopsis Arth. Obs. 13:401 Mycologia 9:60 1917. Ann. Myc. 1 . Pat. Myc. Ontotelium Syd. 1925. & H. C. solani (Henn. alchimillae (Pers. Grevillea 9:26 1882. K. 73:60 1922. & C. Bull Myc. dactylidis (Otth) Syd. Coleopuccinia Pat. rudbeckiae (A. 23:322. mikaniae (Arth. & Bisby Club 48:38 1921. 13:332 Masseella Diet.) Syd.) Kleb. Vienne 345 Klebahnia Arth. phillyreae Pat. & B. capituliformis (Henn. & H. tournefortiae Lagerh. Desmella Syd. 11:35 1889. Bot. 63:504 1917. 17:106 1919. Res. Cong. Cong. Ann. Ann. G. 1895. Uredo Pers. Holwayella Jackson Mycologia 18:48 1926.) Arth. 19:250 1861. Ges. Deut.) Diet. 1906. Didymosporae Chrysocyclus 1925. Ber. Diorchidium Kalchbr. Vienne 340 Soc. Deut. aneimiae (Henn. Ann. woodi K. Mag. rubi (D. Haplotelium Syd. Ber. Bot. Ann.22 1842. Ann. Myc. 20:124 1922 Res. hyalina (Pk. 1816. tepperiana (Sacc. 1906. 13:30 1907. K. glycyrhizae (Rabh. Myc. Myc. gynoxidis Lagerh. Hedwigia 38:254 1899. Diet.) Arth. S. Pilz.) Arth.) Fkl. ill. Uromycladium McAlp. T. Gaz. cf.) Syd. Trachyspora Fkl. 19:174 1921. & H. Alg. melospora (Therry) Syd. Ber.

Prod. baccharidis (Lev. 1:541 D. Phil. Jour. Deut. S. clavariaeforme (Jacq. Myc. Lagerh.cad.) Syd. Leptinia 23:15 1902. Allodus Arth. Jour. 38 1797. pallidula (Speg. appendiculatum (Wint. Linkiella Syd. Cat. Disp. Ann. Cong. Sven. ribis P. Ann. Schizospora ill. podophylli (Schw. 20:121 1922. 1907. Ann. Hamaspora Koern.) Syd. punctata (Lk. Wien 2:41 1925. Pleomeris Syd. buxi (DC. Mars. Vienne 340 Lysospora Arth. 19:174 1921. 2:226 1805.336 PUCCINIALES Trom. & S.) Lagerh. Myc. Gymnosporangium Hedvvig 2:216 1805. P. G.) Syd. S. Jour. DC. Peristemma Syd.) Lagerh. P. 1:226 1804. L. Jor. Miyagia Miyabe Ann. 11:107 Prospodium Arth.) Arth. Zeits. 16:140 1894. Juel 1897. Myc. Roestelia Reb. C. Gymnotelium Syd. Cong. Bot. Myc.) Rostr. 20:118 1922. Brit. Ber.) Syd. 1891. Myc. Handl. stachydis (DC. Aecidiella & Kels. S. Ann. Pucciniosira 9:344 24:208 13:334. 13:31 Nephlyctis Arth. Nat. J. Vienne 345 Bullaria 1906. Sci. Ell. P. sonchi (Rob. Rostrupia Lagerh. (DC. Schroeterella Syd. Poliomella Syd. P. 1877. Fr. Haandb.) Syd.) Lagerh. Res. Fl. Hamasporella Hoehn. mesnierianum (Thuem. Ges. L. Tent. 19:172 192: 1845. Ann. 13:31 1913. thermopsidis (Harkn. 1902. 19:173 Res. anaphalidis Miy. P. lanceolati (Schr. Ges. Fl. Hochs. 1922. 1902.) Hoehn. Zeit. Micropuccinia Rostr. 1906.) Syd. DC. H. R.) Rostr. Bot. Jour.) Bub. Myc. Persooniella Syd. graminis Pers. Lisboa 6:239 Coronotelium Syd. asphodel! C. mitragynes Diet. Myc. Solenodonta Cast. B. Nat. Thuem. Bot. elymi (West. 1895. cirsii Jackya Bub. 20:122 1^22. B. graminis Cast. Myc. . Arr. tenuis (Burr. triumfettae E. Bull. elegans (Schroet. Sci. cancellata Reb. Myc. Fr. PI. 1912. Ann. 19:170 16:22 1921. interstitialis (Schl. Diet. ancizari (Mayor) Syd. Mitt. L. S. foveolata B. 20:119 1922. P.) Arth. 202 Trailia Syd. Myc. Gar. 350 R. & C. Ann. Ann. Cutomyces Thuem. dispersa CEriks. longissima (Thuem. P. P. Dasyspora 1853. T. 19:171 1921.) Syd.) Syd. Bot. compactum (De B. Aarsh. . Ann.) Arth.) Syd. Neom. singularis (Magn. Pseudopuccinia Hoehn. Ber. Bertero Gray Eriosporangium 3:5:269 1846. 19:175 1921. 1897. 2:2:281 D. H. persicariae & C.) Hoehn. Ann.) Bert. ambigua (A. f. PI. longissima (Thuem. 3:188 1889. Sclerotelium Syd. Dicaeoma Gray 1821. 268 L. Plant.) Koern. Haandb. Myc. E. Gymnoconia Lagerh.) Arth. Torn Club A. nivea (Holw. Deut. Myc.) Arth. de Bot. A.) Svd. Akad. & K. M. Plant. Myc.) DC. Oest. 52:42 Bih. N. Hedwigia G. 266 M. Ann. G.A. malvacearum (Mont. 1878. Myc. L. Jour. 1907. brasiliensis Juel Leptopuccinia Rostrup Lindrothia Syd. Myc. umbelliferarum DC. Polioma Arth. 20:119 Ann. Mus. Puccinia Pers. 1921. Fl. nootkatense (Trel. 13:29 1907.

19:165 1921. Myc. Vienne 340 T. speciosa (Fr. 8:310 1910. acaciae (Cke. echinacea (Berk. 1906. 14:353 1916. 9:121 1891. corticioides (B. P.) Magn. 19:168 Nat. deglubens (B. Hedwigia 14:165 Bot. macowanianum (Pazschke) hieronymi (Speg.) T. . Myc.) Schroet. X. Gaz. P. Myc.) Diet. Vienne 340 1906. Vienne 342 Nyssopsora Arth. Myc. Vienne Uropyxis Schroet. 1:1:70 Tricella Long Schl. pallida (Wint. Pflanzenf. 7:131 1907. holwayi (Diet. Deut. Arb. Ges. 24:290. Ven. & C. Chron. Club 48:36 L. P. clarkiana (Barcl. PI. A. 1902.) Syd. Petersb. 35:127. Vienne 341 1906. T. Fl. 341 P. Bot.) Arth. Syd. Ann. Tranzschelia Res. amorphae (Curt. Myc. Neoraveneliix Long. 1:1:70 Stereostratum 17:181 1906. 10:132 1853. costaricensis Syd. Diet. Myc. D. ill. ill. N. Torr. 39:390 1875. Bot. Dendroecia Arth. A. L. 2:84 1824. Bot. Ann. Calliospora Arth. Ann. 1899. ill. 1926. Klastospora Diet. N. E. barnardi (P. Ann. Xenostele Syd. obtusa (Str. P. Torr.) Long levis (Diet. Cystotelium Syd. acuminata Long carbonarius Schl. Anthomycetella Syd. echinata (Lev. F. 2:24 Nat. Ravenelia Berk. Polythelis 1906. 19:165 H. naralensis (Syd.) Arth. Cystomyces Syd. Hedwigia 38:253 1899. T. X. Res. Arth. Res. Ann. 19:167 1921. C. Bull. Res. Myc.) Diet. Xenodochus Mycologia 4:282 Linnaea 1 :237 1912. Arth. 1903. S. epiphylla (Schw. Phragmidium Link Earlea Arth. & Ev. Ber. farlowiana (Diet. A.) Syd.) Diet. Arth. & Br. & K. Club.) Arth. 44:503 1917. Gaz.) Schl. punctata (Pers. R.) Arth.) Syd. Cong. Ges. holwayi Arth. Phragmotelium Teloconia Syd. C. C. Lipospora 1921. Ber. S. 1899. Ann. komarovi Diet. & W. 30:138 337 & Komar. Sphenospora 1897. 3:10:58 anthomycoides Sacc. Ges. 1919. Res. Syd. 19:165 1921. mucronatum (Pers. Cong. rosae (Barcl. Myc. Accad. N. Ann. tucsonensis Arth. Phragmopyxis 1897. Cystingophora Arth. P. canarii Syd. 35:131. Phragmosporae Frommea Arth.) Arth. Att. Myc. Ann. Myc. 19:165 1921. Pleoravenelia Long. Longia Syd. Haploravenelia 1921.) Syd. U. C. 1904. 1921. Nat. 18:178 1920. japonica Diet. 1826.) Long Sphaerophragmium Magn. Cong. Nothoravenelia Diet. indica (Berk. Syd.) Syd. S. Diet. Myc. Pflanzenf.) Arth.) Magn. Ann. C. Bull. Bot.PUCCINIACEAE Pucciniostele Tranz. brasiliensis Diet. Ann. Reyesiella Sacc. fusca (Pers.) Syd. Deut. Cong. N. Card. K. Gaz.) Arth. & Holw. Sp. Cephalotelium Syd. R. Magn. inornatum (Diet. 1905. Dictyosporae Anthomyces Diet. Ann. Cong.

S.) Unger Hedwigia 29:266 Arth. 14:130 1896. greviae Pass. C. Myc. Zeits. Obs. 2:18 1848. Fr. 9:21 Ann. M. Bot. N.) Arth. 19:582 H. l-. Bot. Diet. ill. B. Melampsoropsis 338 1847. M. Engl. jeffersoniae Naum. 1901. Sci. isopyri (M. Deut. 27:325 aspidiotus (Pk. derridis Syd. Ann. 2:84 1824. Fl. Ital. & Butl. Vergl.^-. Deut. ulmariae (Schum. 27:565. & S. N. Arth. Phacopsora 1895. Nat. 1909. Syll. Vienne M. crotonis (Cke. 1877.) Kleb. pinicola Arth. 4:423 Beitr. T. Bot. Hapalophragmium Syd. N.) Syd. kriegeriana Magn. A. Ges. senecionis (Pers. C. 40:64. Myc.lli Nuov. MELAMPSORACEAE Amerosporae Chnoopsora 1840. Stichopsora Diet. H. Ann. 16:243 1918. hypericorum (DC. Cong. Cong.) Arth. & S. A. Chrysomyxa Unger Barclayella Diet. M. Magn. 7:114 1907. butleri Diet. Ann. Phragmosporae Calyptospora Kuehn Hedwigia 8:81 1869. Pflanzenkr. Res. Z. Ber. exanthematum Ung. M. Genera Incertae Sedis Achrotelium Syd. 7:838 Dubia ichnocarpi Syd. C. Giorn. Myc. Vienne 336 1906. Diet. 1901. 20:30 1922. Hedwigia 13:85 M. Soc. 27:16 Micronegeria Diet. C. Triphragmium Link Sp. PI.) Syd. 7:185. 1899. reichei (Diet. Lev. Jahrb. 1:220 1815.) Lev. & D. fagi Diet. Myc. Fung. Nat. Myc. G. Ges.T)})}) P. Pfl. A. 19:169 1921. Ann. flaccidum (A. 1906. 7:661. 1890. PUCCINIALES Naumov Bull. Bot. Myc. T. Myc. Bubakia 1906. euphorbiae (Schub.) Lk. M. Ges. Myc. Milesina Magn. S. Res. Obs. Res. Ann. T. Triactella Syd. 26:425 1928.) Schroeteriaster Magn. A. Coleosporium Ann. Mesopsora 1899. P. Deut. 1875. Pericladium Pass.) Schroet.) polypodii White Ges. Path. Nyssopsorella Syd. betulinum (Pers. Hyalopsora Magn. 1899. S. punctiformis (Bare. farlowi Arth. Melampsora Cast. Deut. XTt-. Engler Bot. Melampsoridium Kleb. 1924. Ber. Fung. asterum Diet. cerastii (Pers. 300 Aecidiolum Unger 1888. & N. Syll. Gallowaya Arth. Milesia White Scot. Cong.) Arth. Exanth. . 1874. Myc. deformans Diet. 24 C.) Wint. ledi (A. 4:162 Ber.ili C. abietis (Wallr. 1906. vcl pulchra (Rac. Vienne 338 B. Synomyces Arth.338 Triphragmiopsis 30:15 1914. ill. & Syd. Fl.) Cast. Jahrb. 1888. Necium Arth.) Diet. Ber. goeppertiana Kuehn Magn. Diet.) Diet. 1833. alpinus (Schroet. Melampsorella Schroet. M.) Syd. N. 19:169 1921. Crossopsora Syd. Hedwigia ill. Cronartium Fr. zizyphi (Syd.

) Diet. Ges. 9:287 nymphaeae Cunningham Melanotaenium De Bary Bot. U. Houb. axicola (Berk. hydropiperis (Thuem.) Roussel 1806. Cong. Naeg.) Bub. Acad. T. 339 Otth Mitt. 1818. Nat. Ges. Bern P. Am.) Beck cissi Mycosyrinx Beck Ann. (DC. F. endogenum (Ung. S. Deut. Linnaea 7:202 Linnaea 10:230 Flora 83:87. 12:577 1882.) Beck Schroet. Doassansiopsis (Setch. 16:380 Tolyposporella Atkin. Cornu Ann. Fung. 6:15:285 D. Morph. P. cypericola cellulicola Entorhiza Web. S. T. M. punctiformis (Niessl) Magn. Att. E.) Tolyposporium Ustilago 2:47 Woron. Poecilosporium Diet. Calvados ed. olivaceus (DC. davidsohni (D. S. Nat. A. 14:420 Bull Acad. 32:101 1874. not Linnaea 16:281 Schinzia Naeg. Web. ill. . U. Cornu Ann. Mem. areolata (Fr. Fung. (Pers.) Schroet. T. 2:362 1877. 2:32 E. Farysia Rac.) Thecopsora Magn. filicina (Niessl) Magn. Syll.) Bref. E. Hofmus. Nat. Pilze 187 1884. Cornell Univ. Ges. TILLETIACEAE Burrillia Setch. Zeit. Sphacelotheca De Bary Vergl. Beitr. B. Wien 9:122 M.) Syd. austramericanum (Speg. Hedwigia 14:123 1875. microsporum (Ung. USTILAGINALES USTILAGINACEAE Cintractia 1883. 1832. Myk. Sci. Senck. 32:105 M.) Diet. Bot. segetum Pers. Hofmus. Zeit. Pflanzenf. Nat. Schizonella Schroet. Dennst. caricis (Pers. 6:15:279 C. Ber. Elateromyces Bub. 1897. merrilli (Henn. & H.) Diet. S. Dil Ann.) cyperi Klotzsch S. 1:1:21 Magn. junci (Schroet. 26:18 1891. Syll. Melanopsichium Beck 1894. ill. Sci. 1895. hyalina Fingerh. Abh. D. Bot. Biol. Woron. 1888. Bull. 12:144 1899.) saponariae Rud. melanogramma (DC. ill. Unter. Cornu SetcheUia 13:468. Syll. 42:369 1884.USTILAGINACEAE— TILLETIACEAE Pucciniastrum 1861:71. Zeit. Entyloma De Bary Bot. Proc. 3:16 1897. Fl. Sorosporium Rud. Uredinopsis Magn. 1835. Wien 9:123 1894.) De B. Cesk. 1893. 1895. Linnaea 4:116 1829. Sci. deformans (Setch. Rhamphospora Cunningham India 3:32 1874. Geneva 167 Magn. Testicularia Klotzsch Thecaphora Fingerh. chrysopogonis Atkin. 1891. De B.) Diet. Nat. pustulata Setch. Cracovie 1909:354. alismatis (Nees) Doassansia 1883. Ges. Nat.) Cornu Anthracoidea Bref. 1912. 1902. T. 1897. Nat. Fung. T. pustulatum (Pers. 1842.

40:3 1898.) Poit. GRAPHIOLACEAE Graphiola Poit. deliquescens Speg. Sci. Cornuella Hedwigia T. Fung. 29:217 N. Fl. 12:561 1882. 1884. U. Klotzsch Herb. . Krypt. Bot. S. Fung.) Rabh. Hedwigia Syll. Sci. T. Fung. 2:11 1880. 7:500 Ustilagopsis Speg. Abh.) Woron. 1895. Polysaccopsis Henn. Stylina Syd.) Syd. Henn. Tracya Syd. hieronymi (Schroet. Fung. Nat. P. Syll. Acad. 1897. Nat. Rabh. Ann. Myc. Tilletia Tul. Ann. Hedwigia 37:206 Nat. 26:19 1891. 1:1:117 1888. Ges. ill. ed. 1847. Zeit. 1824:473.) Wint. 14:430 P.) Koern. Fung. Sacc. Neovossia 1879. Oest. Tuburcinia (Fr. 3:7:112 Beibl. vel Dubia delastrina (Tul. Kuntzeomyces Henn. T. moliniae (Thuem. C. Syll. & Br. occulta (Wallr. disticha (Ehrenb. 7:498 1888. ustilaginodes Perichlamys Henn.) Woron. Am. Proc.) Syd. 1901. lemnae (Setch. Myc. phoenicis (Moug. Urocystis 2:393 Rabh. Setch. Syll. 14:430 ustilaginoidea Henn.) Henn. Senck. 1856. 36:246 D.) Wint. 1899. G. Ann.340 USTILAGINALES Koern. U. Didymochlamys Henn. Arg. Syll. S. K. ustilaginoideus Henn. Genera Incertae Sedis Schroeteria Wint. 1899. 18:192 1920. tritici (Bjerk. trientalis (B. for Fung. 11:236 lemnae Setch.

Fr. tropica Rac. Schles. Bot. de Bot. Syst. Schles. Saccoblastia Moell. . 162 1895. Veg. Fung. cf. Jour. glandulosa (Bull.) Schroet. Killermann 109. Mohortia E. 1904. Rac. Hoehn. Platygloea Schroet. Hoehnelomyces Weese Ber. E.) Lk. & Gaill. Stypinella Schroet. Fung. Syll. Syst. for Helicobasidium. Myc. Herpobasidium Lind Ark. 7:98 1888. TREMELLACEAE Craterocolla Bref. Protobas. Bot. 3:396 Phleogena Link 1833. Syll. 18:52 1920. P. 1902. filicinum (Rostr. Jour. Pilacre Fr. P. 14:244 Hirneola Fr. 341 C. 7:5 1 1908 1887. Patouillardina Bres. Ecchyna Nov. A. Crac. S. Fr. Champ. cf. Killermann 109. 21:447 Mylittopsis Pat. Myc. delectans (Moell. A. Weese Genera Incertae Sedis Vel Dubia Delortia Pat.) H. Bull. M. 9:245 1895. Myc. ill. Jour. 1891. J. faginea Fr. Gew. 6:61 1892. Syst. cerasi (Schum. Syll. Tjibodasia Holterm. :384 1889. hookeriana Moell. 1892. Myk. Fung. A. Frag. Ann. P. Fr. eriophori Bres. Syll. Unters. Fung. Exidia Fr. 36:176 Pat. Unters. Fung. Achroomyces Bon. tremellosa (Fr. Soc. 30:407 1925. 2:271 Bull. 354. Myc. 8:107 cf. Ann. 1909:361. 6:407 Protobas. Fung. Deut. Jola Moell. 1912. 2:220 1822. Agr. Auriculariella Sacc.) Berk. pedicellatum Pat. Myk. Fl. Myk. Schles. 4:43 1888. Erk. lagerheimi Pat. Pilz.) Sacc. Pilz. Helicobasis Pat. Myc. Syll. Handb. 1899. cf. 1885. Myc. Hoehn. Bot. Rev.) Pat.) Fr. Ges. P. H. typhuloides (Pk. 32:171 mesenterica (Dicks. Bull. 1795.) Lind S. cinerea Bres. 16:216 M.) Fr. 3:204 1829. Bull. faginea (Fr. 8:121 H. ovispora Moell. 277 Bull. ill. 1:384 1889. 13:14. nigricans Schroet. Eocronartium Atkin. tumidus Bon. Pilacrella Schroet. H. Soc. 17:211 Fr. 1906. Myc. faginea Fr. 1 E.) Atkin. Acad. de Bot. Soc. 6:795 1888.) Bref. solani Cohn & Schroet. 1920. 108. Orb. 135. Myc. 1851. palmicola Pat.' 1902. Pilz. 44 1898. H. Handb. 1825. Killermann 108. 256 :383 purpurea (Tul. Res. 5:80 1819. 162 1895. purpureus (Tul). P. Fr. auricula-judae (L. S. langloisi Pat. Septobasidium Pat. Suec. Myc. 37:514 1919. pezizoides Holterm. K. T. Kriegeria Bres. Soc. Syll. Killermann D. Helicogloea Pat.TREMELLALES AURICULARIACEAE Auricularia Bull. Shear & Dodge Jour. 1888.

Exidiopsis Olsen Bref. Ann. Tax. Sirobasidium Lagerh. Jour.. 1:115 Bres. 8:120 H. 2:227 1823. Bull. 1906. Unters. Wien 1907. Unters. Ann. Fung. Z:ll 1892. 2:172 1825. Pilzbl. 1892. Syll. Hoehn. Tremella (Dill. Sebacina Tul. pilacre Moell. Sacc. Naematelia Fr. Gyrocephalus Pers. Soc. Tremellodon Pers. Soc. Myc. Protobas. Protomerulius Moell. Bras.) Bref. 173 Sitzb. Myc. Paris rufus (Jacq. Eichleriella Ess. 1906. Trans. 6:465 Stypella Moell. Myc. H. Syll. 1912. P. effusa Olsen vitellinum (Lev. Myc. 60 1895. Myc. ill. & Pat. G. Mem. Grevillea 18:25 1889. Myc. 342 TREMELLALES U. 1888. 1 :397 1889. crystallina Bourd. Protobas. Linn. Clavariopsis Holterm. Fr. 7:94 1888. 7:95 Bref. 166 1895. as subg. Nat. Brit. Ann. Fung. E. de Bot. Fung. Heterochaetella Bourd. Syst. Bourdotia Bres. 23:450 1915. Myc. 2:210 1823. Trop. . UlocoUa saccharina Fr. 6:777 1888. 25 1900. Gloeosoma Bres. 17:208 Ann. ill. 5:15:223 1872. Pilz. 1906. andina Pat. E. 85. 1824. Myc.) Sacc. H. Fung. 1895. 7:53 1920. incarnata Bres. Syll. 1898. Killermann 115. G. Myc. Protobas. Soc. Myc. Heterochaete Pat. 1903. Tulasnella Schroet. Akad. incarnata (Bres. 18:51 1920. Eur. 17:208 Jour. Soc. H. Fung. pinguis Holterm. Schles. 173 1895. Syll. Myc. Syll. Brit. Tremellodendrum Atkin. C. 17:208 Hyaloria Moell. Hirneolina Pat. Syst. 1902. Unters. Sci. Protohydnum Protodontia 116:83 Moell. 6:46 1908. Phaeotremella Rea Z:in.) Bres. 7:106 Seismosarca Cke.) Fr. Trans.

340 1849. & L.) Pat. ocoteae Lend. Fr. antillarum Pat. Killermann 133. 1:105 H. ill. Hypochnus Obs. Fung. 2:278 Par. Ductifera Lloyd. Myc. saccardoi Syd. 1915. Pilz. Fr. Fung. Cladosterigma Pat. 1851. Bot. album (Desm. 470 Fung. Notes 50:711. Ordonia Rac. & B. 11:252 pinangae Rac. D. 24:283 1903. Fung. Syll. helvelloides millei (Schw. Syll. 343 Apyrenium Syll. C. Par. 1903:13. Acad Crac. farinosum (Henn. Clinoconidium 14:156 Pat. orthobasidium Rac. 150 1888. 1895. C. Bot. Myc. Syll. B. Fung. Myc. 11:129 Fung. Bull. Killermann 135. ill. for Aureobasidium. & Boyer Rev. FreiE.HYPOCHNACEAE Genera Incertae Sedis Vel Dubia 1849. 1906. 1902. Verb. Myc. 6:811 1888. K. Soc. Tomentellina 115:1604 Hoehn. Sum. Sum. fusisporum Pat. Fr. Akad. Ges. 1892. Fung. P. Lloyd Lloyd 1922. 1909:360. C. 16:220 Phyllotremella Lloyd Myc. 12 1901. Alg. rostratum Giesenh.) Exobasidium Woronin burg 4:397 1867. 1818. Killermann 135. 1920. . Soc. Microstroma Niessl 1861. Fung. Transcasp. Scan. ill. ustilaginodes Rac. Myxomycidium Massee Kew 1899.) Fr. Soc. ill. Syll. Myc. Nat. pendulum Mass. Myk. O. 1917. Veg. 6:812 H. Syll. Bull. Scan. Fung. Fr. H. Ann. 1900. Java 2:35 Kordyana Rac. Wien T. Bull. Java 3:16 1900. Guad. lignatile Fr. 11:640 CoUyria Fr. Gen. Notes 67:1151. Killermann 133. Genera Incertae Sedis Vel Dubia Aldridgea Massee Fungus Flora 1:103 1892. Fung. Syll. Duss Enum. ferrugineus (Pers. M. Syll. Syll. vitis V. Endobasidium Speschnew Turk. Champ. Syll. vaccinii (Fkl. L. ill. Bres. Myc. A. Zeits. Wor. 6:814 1888. M. 21:447 1912. 8:138 1891. Veg. 16:199 A. gelatinosa Massee E. Notes 64:1007. Pilz. Syd. 1898. 1920. Alg.) Sacc. Ann. 4:344 1906. Cryptobasidium Lendner Bull. A. Fung. 23:581 Heterotextus Lloyd Myc. 17:193 T. em. Flora 76:139 1892. Sitzb. Sacc. Geneve 2:12. 17:190 1906. 179 aurantiacus Bon. 1891. 1926. Ann. Myc. clandestinum Spesch. 1902. Lelum Rac. Handb. Urobasidium Giesenh. U. AGARICALES HYPOCHNACEAE Aureobasis Viala 3:369. ferruginosa H. 1906. C. flavus Hormomyces Bon. Oest. Botryoconis Syd. Bull. africanus Lloyd Tremellopsis Pat.) Fr.

10:87 D. Ann. 20 1848. Cyphella Fr. pandani Pat. Born. Nac. Bot. Gard. Orb. Sitzb. :139 H. Syll. 1:128 1822. Bourd. argillacea Bres. & Litsch.) Rabh. brasiliensis 137. for Protocoronospora. pedicellata Galzinia Bourd.) Fr. Fung. induratum (Berk. cornucopiodes (L. Wain. . 1888. Myc.) Pers. C. Berk.) C. griseo-cana (Bres. montagnei Berk. D. Beccariella Ces. as subg. Litsch. 24:223. Myc. Lloydiella Bres. Killermann 150. Dichostereum 1926. Eur.cnf. Nat. nigricans A.) Pat. 1:100 1825. Jaapia Bres. Killermann 133. Killermann 138. 9 1879. Syll. & Syd. Cladoderris (Pers. 45:577 1921. Fr. Syst. Linn. Fung. & Akad. Av. bogoriense Henn. Soc. Basidsv. Fr. Soc. & L. Killermann 1899. Brcs. 6:34 1815. Bull. Gall. Fr. Lloyd Lond. Assoc. & L. Wien 116:773 1907. 16:196 . pavonia Fr. H. C. Syll. Bonia Pat. investiens H. Pat. Fung. Fung.) Fr. 3:12:278 Phaeocyphella Speg. Jour. A. An. 8:48 1892. Eur. Syll. Syst. P. Dendrothele Hoehn. J. Finl. Jour. Zahlbr. 13:186 1907. Myc. 16:116 Hypolyssus 1842. E. Bot. Jour. C. B. velutina Pat. Hedwigia 13:184 1874. Pilat Pilat Ann. Myc. olivacea (Fr.) Bres. sphaerospora Speg. Fl. A. Duportella Pat. Syll. Myc. 6:550 1888. C. Sci. Syll. THELEPHORACEAE Aleurodiscus Rabh. setosa Petch Dendrocyphella Fetch lon 7:289 1922.) S. Cora Fr. 1899. Fung. Nat. typhae (Pers.) papyrina Pat. Myc. Fung. ill.344 Protocoronis Atkin. 1909. Corticium Pers. Corella Wain. CeyD. 2:4 1825. favinea (Britz. C. 15:202 189Q. Ann. 2:242 1890. Myc. Catilla 1915. Epithele Pat. 9:428 1911. L. Syll. Wien 116:819 1907. A. G. Dictyonema 1:1:237 (Ag. amorphus corticolum (Pers. 1902. insignis Ces. Sci. Sci. Natal. Myc. Coniophora DC. 1822. Myc.) & S. Sitzb. Soc. Akad. Jour. 21:421 1912. Fung. 3:5:150 1915.) Schroet. roseum Pers. Soc. Ann.) 1907. Fr. C. D. 1902. Myc. 23:541 1925. 21:404 1912. Fung. Fl. flocculenta (Fr. 25:154 Mass. P. Bull. Killermann 140. C. cerebella (Pers. 31:32. Killermann 142. Fr. 25 Cytidia Quel. B. 438 1889. P. tabacina (Sow. Monsunia 1:138 Cerocorticium Hcnn. Myc. AGARICALES & Edgert. 1846. Killermann 143. H. Hymenochaete Lev. Craterellus Pers. ill. I'flan/. Myc.) dendritica (Pers. Karst. 14:225 Prillieuxia Sacc. C. Phil. C. Notes 6:51 cinerascens (Schw. D. Mus.) Lev. Lich. Asterostroma Massee 1889. Asterostromella Hoehn. 1 1901. Veg. digitalis (A. Coniophorella Karst.) B. & S. 2:201 Bull. & G. membranaceum Ag. & E. C. Etud.

Fr.) Fr. Akad. Ann. L.) Fr. 6:691 Sum. Thelephora Ehrhart Crypt. Westf. Fr. Syll. Torr.) terrestris Pers. 23:543 1899. convoluta Berk. Syll.) H. Bot. 22:130 1859. & C. t. Hedwigia 43:175 Hoehn. horrida Hoehn. Myk. 2:9 1881. Myc. Kil83:7 1907. P. sclerotioides Fr. Myc. S. A. hirsuta inflata Henn. G. Syst.) L. Fl. Pterula Fr. 687 1911. Scan. Physalacria Pk. G. 1838. Ann. Orb. Epicr. Lend. & L. 90 1825. Linn. S. 1:35 1797. Lachnocladium 1849. P. Myc. Sp. D. 178 em. 28 1801. 1888. Bresadolina Brinkm. Arg. Fung. Deut. W. 545 Obs. Jour. Wien Wiesnerina Hoehn. 345 quercina (Fr. Skepperiella Pilat Bull. Fung. 17:201 1906. Obs. pedicellata (Pr. Phaeopterula Henn. Sparassis Fr. pallida (Pers. lactescens (Berk. P. Fung. 1:496 1821 micrans Fr. 16:193 Killermann 140.) H. S. Syll. Killermann 146. Syst. 21:385 lermann 139. 1890. setigera Fr. Gloeopeniophora Hoehn. Jahrb. 7:289 B. Fr. Fung. 25:197 1897. 43:385 Gloeocystidium Karst. Bot.) & Sitzb. peckolti (Lloyd) Pat. 337 1849. spathularia (B. Myc. Genera Incertae Sedis Vel Dubia Dendrocladium Killermann Pat. 1912. P.) Lev. Typhula Pers. 1 :464 1821. Akad.) Cke. P. 14:244 Hoehn. C. Exs. Syst. 1:428 1821. Ver. K. hirsutum (Willd. 1897. 1785. PI. gigantea (Schw. Grevillea 7:20 1879. Ehrh. F. P. Soc. Skepperia Berk. Pistillaria Fr. togoensis Henn.) Br. Friesula Speg. Myc. Engler Bot. Peniophorina Hoehn. T. Myc. cf. Fung. Kneiffia Fr. Killermann ISO. Candida Pers. & Litsch. furcellatum (Fr. Fung. platensis Speg. Orbigny Lev. Frag. Syll. Bull. 150. Jahresb. S. Fung. Killermann 139. 529 1838. Horn. Epicr. . S. multifida Fr. botrytis Pers. Denks. Genera Incertae Sedis Vel Dubia Acurtis Fr. P. 2:296 crispa (Wulf. CLAVARIACEAE Clavaria (Vaill. Akad. Trans. cf. Soc. 3:33 1889. Club 9:2 1882. 1902. Diet. PI. Phaeoclavulina Brinkm. 1909. 43:56 1927. Baumanniella Henn. 126:283 1917. incarnata (Fr. Syll. B. Veg. Hoehn. Syn. 8 1795. 8:487 L. Syst. 2:1132 1753. as subg. Sitzb. Fr. macrospora Brinkm.. em. Wien 111:815 1907. n. 1818. Pk. Stereum Pers.CLAVARIACEAE Peniophora Cke. Cent. 1904. 9:174 1911. Myc. Killermann 138.) Pilat Solenia Hoffm. Myc. de Bot. Wien.

varians Boul. Killermann 156. Syll. Syll. Rev. cf. Myc. Fung. H. entomophila Pat. . Matruchotia Boul. HYDNACEAE Rep. 11:140 1895. Myc. Rev. Soc. Brit. Hot 5:401 1893.346 AGARICALES 1892. Gen. Fung. 1895. Speare Trans. 14:67 Hirsutella Pat. 9:93 1923. 11:118 M.

Hymen. castaneus felleus R. 9:205 210. L.) Karst. Epicr. (Bull. Nat. Suillus (Michel. Chil. Bull. Syll. Torr.) Karst.) Fr. Hoehn. P. Symb. S. 496 1838. volvatus (Pk. F. Outl. Ann. Strobilomyces Berk. Lond. Syst. lucidum (Leys. Epicr.) Fr. G. ^ung. P. 1910. 1845. & 1844. 1899. (Brot. 2:272 1818. Syll. D. 1851. Fung. Club. 427 1838.) Karst.) Fr. 1881. 236 1860. Laccocephalum MacAlp. Arch. Laschia Mont. pini T. Finl. Myc. 1:5 G. Mucronoporus 1889. Favolus Fr. Elench. Linnaea 5:512. Killermann 1890. Hexagonia Fr. 10:507 1912. E. Frag. Gen. 1891.) Bres. Cyclomyces Kze. & Mass. Syll. Nat. S. for Elmeria Bres. 59 1851. P.) Fr. Myc. Victoria 7:166 1895. Phylloporus Quel. unicolor (Bull. 1894. P. Polystictus Fr. 70 Ell. circinatus (Fr. Killermann 192. (Bull.) Karst. P. Syll.) Fr. C. 16:142 1899. Elmerina Bres. 11:87 L.) Fr. Hymen. Poria Pers. 2:147 Rev. M. Zeits. Grevillea 19:49 1890. Gen. basilapidodes M. R. Fl. 582 Fistulina Bull. Pflanzenf. paradoxa Speg. (Schrad.) Fr. C. tremellosus brumalis rhodoxanthus (Schw.) Shear fuscus Kze. Nov. Killermann 177. Polyporus (Michel. Daedalea Pars. 29:450 Cryptoporus Shear 1902. Jour. & E. Meth. 10 1836. Gyrodon Opat. Fung. Karst. Myc. Ganoderma Champ. Fr. 9:176 1891. 184. 3:17 Karst. Fung. Syll. Genera Incertae Sedis Vel Dubia Bresadolia Speg. Hymenogramme Bot. Porothelium Fr. B. Monsunia 1:146 1900. betulina (L. (Pers. Fl. 1:314 1791. Syn. 542 1801. Merulius (Haller) Fr. C.) Bref. Fung. 9:188 Myc. Wiegm. Trametes Fr. Fung. Killermann 210. Femes Fr. 11 1836. 3:9:16 1881. Syll. Filoboletus Henn.) Beck granulatus (L. S. vaporaria Pers. Berk. 1882. Fr.) Berk. & T. 2:2 1882. Cuba Gloeoporus Mont. H. strobilaceus (Scop. (Bull. 5:28 Killermann M. Fung.) Fr.) Opat. 173. 8:154 1889. crinigera Fr. Nov. 1923. Myk.) E. annosum amorphus lividus 385 1856. versicolor (L. fimbriatum (Pers. F. Fung. 1891. berkeleyi Cke. Guar. 44 1828. 6:388 1888. F. Meth. Jour. Tylophilus Karst. Syn. Ramon Hist. Heterobasidium Bref. Bidr. Soc. 1908. & Ev. Fung. Sclerodepsis Cke. Hedwigia 51:318 1912. H. T. Pilzk. Rev. . Hattsv. Unters. Syll. mycenoides Henn. Symb. Obs. Myc. africana C. 37:5 347 roseus (Wint. & M. 1830. & Tepper Proc. 16:142 Folk. 49 1888. europaeus Fr. Grevillea 18:87 Campbellia Cke. ill. G. papulata Mont. Myc. Naturg. hepatica (Schaeff.) Fr. 1:326 1821. 1:15 1887. 499 1801. Phys. 7:395 & M. Mont. not Fr. cladophora (Berk.' 1842. Lenzites Fr. L.) Fr.POLYPORACEAE Rhodobolites Beck Rostkovites Karst. H. javensis B. F. 3:329 1:1:197 1830. 1900. cf. Myc. cf. Henn.) Bres. ofificinalis (VUl.

1884. Nov. PI. Soc. Myc. C. Armillaria Fr.) Syd. 1:1:199 1900. Muciporus Juel 23:3:23. Candida Beck cretaceus Fr. 6:385 3:3:133. volvatus Henn. Hygrophorus Fr.) Quel. cupularis (Wahl. 1:1:196 1899. Nat. Fung. ill. lobatus (Pers. Fung. & M. Tent..) Fr. 14:188 1899. Bull. C. H. Wien 21:46 1912. 1906. H. 28:66. Killermann R. Fung. A. Dictyolus Quel. Poroptyche Beck 38:657 Verb. Disp. T. Killermann 1900. Natal. Akad.2 1901. 14:100 1899. Killermann M. Torr. singularis Hoehn. benzoni Fr. Amanitopsis Roze A. conicus (Scop. Myriadoporus 203. Volvoboletus Henn.) Fr. 320 1838. Pflanzenf. 3:2:177 Hiatula Fr. Fung. Fr. 1891. Syll. 6 Clitocybe Fr. KilP. Bih.) Pers. Killermann 246. 1888 Syll. 333 1838. 1848. Sum. Enchir. corticola (Fr. ill. Sci. 1:78 1821. 1 :6 1879. geminella Moell. L. D. A.) Juel M. C. A. Nat. Jour. Protobas. Sitzb. V. Aeruginospora Hoehn. Syst. Killermann 248. Lactarius Fr. Epicr. Syll. Fung. 5:482 1887. Pflanzenf.348 AGARICALES Syd. Ges. africana (C. 1:26 1821. Myc. 312 1849 Campanella Henn. Syll. Myc. Veg. 9:206 1891. paradoxa Pat. miniatus Fr. Akad. Handl.) Roze mellea (Vahl) Fr. Rimbachia 248. 1837. 8:159 1895. Ceriomyces Corda Sturm Deut. Killermann 210. Killermann 210. biittneri Henn. Symb. Fung. Fung.) dryophila (Bull. 139 1886. C. infundibulis (Schaeff. 1891. Soc.) Fr. Henningsia Moell. 29:1. Sven. elegans Lev. H. Fung. L. 6:421 1888. Nat. 63 1797. z-b. Fr. Syll. muscaria (L. Heliomyces Lev. Bour. Fung. piperatus (L. Syll. 1789. Mycodendrum Massee 210. Meth. Fl. Syll. Fung. cibarius Fr.) Maire L. 1888. paradoxum Mass. Bot. Syn. Scan. AGARICACEAE Leucosporae Amanita Pers. Fr. Crypt. Killermann 210. albus (Corda) Sacc. 1:129 1821. Syll. 117:1012 1908. 44 1895. Myc. Leucopaxillus Boursier 41:393 1925. Godfrinia Maire Rev. lermann 210 Fung. Killermann 248. R. Lactaria Pers. 11:32 Myc. Karsten Hattsv. ill. Killermann M. H. 246 1801. Bull. Rodwaya Syll. Syll. piperata (L. Epicr. Fung. CoUybia Fr. ill. A. Bull. 18 Theloporus Fr. H. . SvU. Hedwigia 40:bl. Syst. Killermann 203. Killermann 204. Pk. Syst. 14:164 210. Gen. 16:172 1902. Ann. 27 1851. adustus Pk. Cantharellus Adanson Juss. Wien Fung. 9:206 1891. 6:384 Club 11:27 1888. C. 1844. Syll. Pat. 1897. Myc. Arrhenia Fr. & D. paradoxus (C. vaginata (Bull.) Pers.

349 Engl. Fung. 1 :207 1821. S. C. & B. esculentum Mass. 203 1825. Syst. S. Russula Pers. Syst. Myc. 17:30 1910. Frag. parkensis Fr. 30:51 1906. Orb. Pluteus Fr. Sacc. Fung. Syst. Schulzeria Bres. 9:82 1891. Lepiota Fr. epiphylla Mass. Fr. pascua (Pers. Fung. & Mass.) alutacea Pers. 1904. Volvariella 1899. Bot. Eccilia Fr. Bot. 18:36 Morg. Elench. 396 Syst. 1:1:555 V. Nov. lenticularis A. primulus (Scop. Pflanzenf. Lepidella Gilbert 41 :303 1925. 1898:136. ill. Syll. ostreatus (Jacq. Myc. Syst. Syll. 1898:135.) Claudopus W. C. echinocephala Atkin. P. 1912. G. romanus Fr. N. fenzli Schulz. campanella (Batsch) Pers. M. 1901. E. 1 :140 M. Epicr. 186^6. lenzitiformis K. 1:103 1815. Myc. S. Syn. T. Syst. Syll.) Fr. Syll. T.) Fr. Hoehn. Arg. Syst. Bull. Killermann 247. variabilis Smith Clitopilus Fr. E. Schizophyllum Fr. 8:215 C. 1:178 1821. pustulosa Fayod speciosa Fr. commune rimulosa Fr. T. Amanitella Maire Ann. Orb. 1:100 1796. 11:142 Nyctalis Fr. L. Kew Bull. Wien 16:809 A. Myc. Bot. Jour. V. Veg. :19 Nat. Syst. z-b.) Fr. Ges. Henn. Fr. Schulzeria Nov. Obs. 143 1836. Eomycenella Atkin. 45 1828. Tricholoma Fr. 11:337 1913. Volvaria Fr. 140 1836. R. P. Syst. 1:36 Trogia Fr. Lentodiopsis Bub. Myc. E.AGARICACEAE Lactariopsis Henn. M. 31:227 1890. Syst. X. 1:201 1821. Nolanea Fr. 448 1801. asterophora Fr. Fung. Syll. rotula (Scop. Killermann 283. Grevillea 9:137 1881. Gaz. 1821. Gen. 148 1836. Lentodium Hist. Veg. 7. 1895. 16:70 1902. O. L. L.) Fr. Myk. 1 :204 1821. 21:46 1912. Myc. personatum Fr. Mycena Syll. S. Epicr. Entoloma Epicr. Myc. Killermann 276.) Fr. cf. stipticus (Bull. G. (Pers. 1 Chlorophyllum Massee 1821. & M. 1900. 17:21 1906. Myc. Fr. cervinus (Schaeff. L. Fung. squamulosum Morg. Epicr.) Fr. Brandenb. N. Pleurotus Fr. L. Cine. argentina Speg. galericulata (Scop. P. C. insignis C.) Lentinus Fr. 21:46 Tilotus Kalchbr. albida Bub.) Panus Fr. procera (Scop. Myc. Xerotus Fr. Schinzinia Fayod Verb. Maire vittadini Gilbert Marasmius Fr. Killermann 247. 1838. Meth. Soc. sinuatum Fr. Omphalia Pers. Obs. 118 Speg. Chlorospora Massee Kew Bull. Seemann's Jour. 1:78 1825. Myc. 1895. Leptonia Fr. Fung. Metraria Cke. Fung. Fr. tigrinus (Bull. 1:277 1821. L.) Fr. Killermann 151. Hedwigia 43:106 Fr.) Fr. Gloeocephala Massee Grevillea 21 :33 1892. 402 1838. 587 zenkeri Henn. Myc. 1821. Fr. L. 34:36 Fung. Nat. Syll. Myc. 1902. Epicr. 1886. eyrei Mass. Jahrb. euchroa (Pers. yil 1838. Verb. Soc. . Epicr. Smith 1870. Rhodosporae Annularia Schulz. crispa (Pers.

C. involutus (Batsch) Fr.) Fr. Myc. Chitoniella 1900. Epicr. acetabulosa (Sow.) Fr. 1 8 1836. comatus Fr. 277 1874. 255 Crepidotus Fr. 1:272 1821. Nat. & Br.l:287 Fr. Hymen. C. 2:1171 1753. Gen. (Lev. PI.) Fr. Fr. Syst. Fr. 1889.) Kalchbr. G. Hymen. 1 :249 1821.) Smith Melanosporae Agaricus L. Syst. Psalliota Fr. (Rick. Eur. Smith Seemann's Jour. 240 1838. Anthracopyhyllum Hattsv. Akad. sulcatum Velen. Henn. Myc. P. Syst. cf. 20:299. 1897. Acad.) Fr. Tubaria 1870. tenera (Schaeff. Hedwigia 36:287 Phaeomarasmius Scherf. 1926. cf.) candoUei Fr. L.) Karst. Pholiotella Speg. Psilocybe Fr. W. 1:1:241 1900. minima P. merdaria Fr. 1891. Myc. nigrita Killermann A. Pluteolus Fr. 966 P. B. Syll. Myc. 1:250 1821. Myc. campanulatus (L. PI. Stropharia Fr. violaceus (L. Grevillea Ces. 319 1838. 1912. 1:295 1821. 1:848 Clarkeinda O.) Fr.) Fr. Symb. Epicr. Fr. Mon. Killermann 229. 1874. P. Gen. Syst. Bol. caperata (Pers. Epicr. rimulicola (Lasch) Scherf. C. Gomphidius Fr. :240 1821. aeruginosa (Curt.) Sitzb. mollis (Schaeff. 227. N. Cortinarius Fr. Syst. 1:260 1821. Mykologia 3:72 Epicorticium Velenovsky Fr. Anellaria Karst. Syst. Rev. 1821. & M. P. Hedwigia 53:51 Copelandia Bres.) Rea Fung. P. semorbicularis (Bull. 237 1836. Myc. C. buUacea (Bull. 8:219 T. Chitonia Fr. Psathyrella Fr. Eur. 1:280 M. Syst. praecox (Pers. . Tent. furfuracea (Pers.) Fr. C. Montagnites Fr Panaeolus ]"r. Syst.) Fr. P. 1870. Killermann 240. 1880. hystrix Fr. H.K. Pflanzenf.) Fr. Hymen. 1:408 1863. Myc. Nov.) Karst. 1821. Fr. Paxillus Fr. 13:58 1915. Pholiota Fr. Henn. Wien Micropsalliota Hoehn.350 AGARICALES Ochrosporae 1838. papilionacea (Bull. S. Ann. titubans (Bull.) Fr. 9:137 campestris (L. rubriceps (C. appendiculatum (Bull. tricholepis Fr. 428 1874. Cordoba 11:412 Killermann Rozites (Karst.) Fr. G. Pilosace Fr. Gill. fastibile (Pers. Disp. 1922. 1838. 16:112 1902. poderes (B. & M. reticulatus (Pers.) Fr. 62 1797. A. P. Hypholoma 1821. Myc. Galera Fr. R. Hebeloma Inocybe Locellina Myc. Nat. 123:79 1914. 1:518 1879.) Fr.) G Smith Seemann's Jour. M. Epicr. Myc. P. A. Psathyra Fr. Syst. viscidus (L. Smith Fr. 9 1851. 1:1:240 C. Killermann 235. 234 1836. Ann. blattariopsis Speg. Hymen. F. flavida (Schaeff. corrugis (Pers. rubriceps C.) Singer ill. Pflanzenf. Myc. 8:221 D. 1:264 1821. campestris L. disseminata (Pers. Coprinus Pers Deconica W. Flammula Myc. Hoehn. C. 256. 1 :254 Syst.) Fr.) Henn.) Fr. 253 Bolbitius Fr. Epicr. 1:289 1821. P. Epicr. E. Myc. Naucoria Champ.) Bres. I.) Sacc. Sp. G. Syst. H. Myc. P. separata (L.

Myc. 5:654 283. Bull. cf. 57. 5:653 1882. Rel. Essai Syll. 11:338 1913. B. Fung. 1910. 21:127 1912. . 30:50 P. 1895. Fung. 2:16:238 P. Myc. 351 Overeem 1923. 1895. 585 1910. Aseroe LaBill. cf. Killermann 252. Rhodopaxillus Maire Ann. Hoehn. Fung. Syll. Killer- mann C. cf. Fung. Gaz. Sci. 146 Blumenavia Moell. subannulatus (Trog) Henn. Bras. bovei Lev. Syll. Rech. Hoehn. Hoehn. muellerianus Kalchbr. evanescens Lovejoy sulcata ill. & Bull. Wien 119:887 1910. 11:559 1887. Bot. Nat. Marasmiopsis Henn. Myc.) Maire Stylobates Syll. 1799:145. Fung. 170. Sitzb. P. 16:110 Monsunia 1:14 1899. paradoxus Fr. Soc. Oudemansiella Speg. Fung. Soc. Fr. Phaeolimacium Henn. Aporophallus Moell. bulbosum Henn. C. Guin. Killermann 283. O. Pilzblum. Fr.PHALLACEAE Genera Incertae Sedis Vel Dubia Catathelasma Lovejoy Clavulinopsis 3:5:278. 1928. 1887. 11:173 Killermann 283. Jahrb. 1901. 16:49 Akad. Buitenz. Ann. Akad. Soc. Phlebophora 283. Syll. 5 1837. Bull. & Br. Lev. Pterophyllus Lev. 68. Soc. Phaeohygrocybe Henn. Fr. Syll. 147 1895. 16:215 1902. Vet. 4:11 1887. candidus Juel Nat. 584 1910. LYCOPERDALES PHALLACEAE Anthurus Kalchbr. Nat. Grevillea 9:2 1880. Bras. Fung. C. subtilis Moell. Bot. Akad. Killermann rugilosa Lev. R. 17:81 1906. Fung. platensis Speg. minima Pat. R. 147 1900. Killermann 283. Hoehn. 15:193 1902. Fung. Wien 119:887 1910. Syll. Bull. 16:202 Tax. Frag. Myk. Hemigaster Juel Sver. 283. Belg. H. 40:299. Pilzblum. ealaensis Beeli Cymatella Pat. Monsunia 1:141 1899. 283. Sitzb. Fr. S. P. Ann. Jard. Pflanzenf. palmatus (Fr. cf. marasmoides Henn. 1899. 1902. A. Sci. Syll. 259. rhacodes Moell. Frag Myk. Linn. Bot. Killer- mann Syll. A. Arg. Jour. Voy. 1:1:230 M. 3:2:178 1844. 40:308 1926. zenkeri Henn. rubra LaBill. Rhodocybe Maire ill. 61 :98. D. Rhodotus Maire Bull. Myc. 21:111 1895. lilacinus B. Overeem Coprinopsis Beeli ill. Handl. Syll. Killermann Engl. A. Pat. Afz. 283. 1902. 50:383 Bull. 1926. 5:654 Rhacophyllus Berk. Fung 5:502 1887. 1900. 1841. Discocyphella Henn. C. Fung. Fung.) Maire panaeolus Maire R. Killermann 1871. R. Soc. caelata (Fr.

16:227 1902. & C. cf. D. Gaz. 5:785.111. Cine. Bull. artini B. Kalchbrennera Berk. zenkeri Henn. Albofiella Speg. 1926. impudicus (L. Fung. Battarrea Pers. cinctus Fisch. de Bot. phalloides (Dicks. Fung. Syst. ill. Tent. Fischer 324. ill. 12:19. Ann. stellatus (Scop. C. Sci. C. 3:193 1844. Itajahya Moell. mokusin (Cib. Syll. 14:142. Bern S. Nat. P. B. Hist. M. PI. 10:281 1925. 25:505 1898. periphragmoides Klotzsch Genus Incertae Sedis Claustula Curtis Ann. Arg. fischeri Curtis LYCOPERDACEAE Astraeus Morg. 1835. Phallus Michel. Sp. Syll. hirudinosus C. cibarium Tul. lauterbachi Henn. Misc. Syll. D. Torn Club 34:147 C. 183 1899. Fung. & C. Floccomutinus Henn. 2:285 Mycopharus Fetch Trans. 1823. Soc. 2:434 1849. Myc. L. Hedwigia 41:212. gardneri (Berk. elegans Penz. 1892. impudicus L. C. 1921. Lysurus Hedwigia 15:115 1876. Nat. cancellatus Tourn. sepia Mont. A. Staheliomyces 1920:142. & Long phalloidea Desv. 16:139 J. craniiformis (Schw. 1902. M. Syst. & Sech. F. Scan. 40:476. Clathrella Fisch. 1917. Jour. Ann. B. 129 1801. Engler Bot. Henn. . Jour. Bot. C. 2:1178 1753. 1902. 14:254 1899. B. Myc. L. argentina Speg. 1892. Nat. B. Buitenz. Sci. 442 1849. 16:226 Fisch. Jour. Jard. galericulata Moell. 1823. I. Fr. Ann. albipes Pk. Cine.) Morg. Sci. . Ges. circumscissum (B. 2:16:278 C. Hist. I.) Fisch. Gard. Nat. 2:92 1809. 6 1797. Dictyobole Atkin. Hist. ill. texensis Atkin. A. ohiensis Ell. Catastoma Morg. Fung. Broomeia Berk. Disp. Sp.) Fetch caninus (Huds. Jahrb. PI. & S. 1902. Fung. 1889. ill. Bovista Pers. corallocephala (W. Fung. C. & Morg. Cine. I. congregata Berk. Echinophallus Henn. ill. ill. Nat. Battarreopsis Henn. Bot. Arachniopsis Long Mycologia 9:272 Bovistella Morg. 148 1895. 14:141. Clathrus Alichel. 1:1 :284 1900. 34:43. A. albicans Long. Syll. Mutinus Fr. Ileodictyum Tul.) Pers.352 Calathiscus 1841. Soc.) Fisch. Nov.) Fr.) Fr. Brit. Veg. Nat. Lond. Cryptophallus 1897. Soc. 2:283 Ithyphallus Fr. Dictyophora Desv. 22:109 1895. Veg. Pflanzenf. Fischer 555. Jour. E. K. Pk. Scan. Pilzblum. 2:164. 2:3:251 Colus Cav. 1899. Nat. Bras.) Fr.) Fr. pusilla (Berk. S. 2:1179 1753. plumbea Pers. 79. Soc. Chron. Myc. Jour. Engler Jahrb. C. ill. 1831. Sum. LYCOPERDALES Mont. Mitt. Jansia Penz. 1876. Syn. ill. Sum. Simblum Klotzsch Hooker Bot. L. Ann. 3:2:114 1844. Bot.) Morg. 7:92 Calvatia Fr. 1888.

PI. Alalpighia 11:426. 1926. 3. M. 7:146 Fr. transversarium (Bosc) Fr. Consp. Cent. Q. delestrei D. G. Fung. mattiroleanus Cav. furfuracea (Schaeff. Bull. Sci. ill. C. solmsi Fisch. Ofver. Geaster (Michel. Secotium Kze. 1842. 3:4:364 cf. Pilz. Sv. ill. Lond. Fiscli. inquinans Berk. Fl. 1897. ill. Syll. 155. DC. Pflanzenf. 7:143 1888. Syll. L.) Pers. Sci. Fr. Jour.) Fr. Syll. Elasmomyces Cav. Fung. Fung. Syll. 1801. 1886. Syll. & S. 1843. americana Mass. 1876. ill. Geasteroides Long Mycologia 9:271 19)7. ill. Henn. Akad. & S. P.) curvatus Underw. Ber. 2:94 1809. 3:P:130 1848.) L.) Quel. C. . 1886. 14:258 1899. Myc. Pisolithus A. 7:144 1888. agaricinus Kalchbr. Syst. Jour. Polyplocium Berk. texensis Long conrathi Hollos Lohwag Dictyocephalus Underwood ill. Champ. 6:508 1847. Massee Myc. ill. ill. Nov. mirabilis Fr. Club microspora (Hoehn. Jour. gemmatum Batsch Macowanites Kalchbr. Areolaria Forq. Mitromyces Nees Syst. Nat. H. verrucosum (Bull. Fung. ill. fragilis Rev. Flora 23:321 1840. Sturm Deut. Gard.) Fr. Ann. Nat. cf. S. Chil. Syst. Bot. Jahrb. inquinans Berk. P. 1903. Pila Speg. 9:272 1891. Husseya Berk. 1:1:312 Fung. 1843. 5:185. Corditubera Henn. S.8 1829. crassipes & M. AIyc. S. Hedwigia 15:115. Champ. 5:103 1815. Myc. Bot. Jour.) Speg. (Lev. 1889.LYCOPERDACEAE Cauloglossum Grev. ill. carcinomalis (L. 2:521. Deut. arenarius A. Scleroderma Pers. Alont. P. Lond. M. 2:202 1843. Caloderma Petri Malpighia 14:136 1900. Fung. 23:557. 353 C. 2:17:143 Mycenastrum Desv. D. G. 82. Bot. 1805. Crypt. Ann. Syll. Sci. staudti 1897. Forh. P. Fung. 1901. de Bot. Kozl. 7:67 1888. P. 2:1183 L. Sp. Nat. Sci. echinatum Petri sapida Corda Pompholyx Corda 3:3:47. 25:77 1923. delilei Gyrophragmium 1843. Geasteropsis Hollos Kul. Stella Syll. S.3f60 1829. cinnabarinum Desv. 136 1817. H. Fung. 17:229 Globaria Quel. 1841. Hist. 1871:171. Mont.) Lev. 1888. Syll. P. M. 1753. Hoehnelogaster Lohvvag 42:2:325 28:441. Nat. lutescens Schw. Syll. ill. ill. A. Podaxon Syst. Ann. Fung. Calostoma Desv. C. Ann. polyrhizum (Gmel. Fung. C. 3:62 1829. Chron. 7:180 1888. Engler Bot. 1872. Syn. 1888. G. Polysaccum DC. insignis Berk. 334. 2:2 1906. G. Phellorina Berk. corium Desv. Lycogalopsis 4:193. erythrocephalum Tul. 7:153 Lycoperdum (Tourn. 2:20:77 G. 5:785 1876. Jura & Vosges 2:370 1873.) Forq. Sclerangium Lev. pectinatus Pers. P. Jour. Nat. Bot. Hook. Beih. drummondi Mass. Ges. Fl. Fung. Chaenoderma Massee Grevillea 19:46 1890. Super. 150. Xylopodium Mont. Torr. tabellata (Kalch. E. 1900. Fischer X. Fr. Lond. Queletia Fr. Nat. Bot.

& C. C. novozelandicus Henn. 1908. n. Linn. A. A. ill. 324. Hedwigia 35:303 1896. cf. Bot. 42:2:274 1926. argillacea Fr. Fung. 1869. Fischer 323. difformis Fr. Cent. schweinitzi B. 139 Chlamydopus Speg. Fischer C. 32 1848. & C. 339. & C. Syll. 26:290 1867. & C. lignipcs Tylostoma Pers. Reise Freg. Eriosphaera Reich. 7:92 Soc. Fung. Fischer 342. 10:344 cf. 1822. Syll. Syll. 1926. 7:150 1888. Diplocystis B. Disciseda Czern. Fischer 323. Syll. Fung. & Mass. Trans. Syll. 14. & M. Sci. Syn. radicatum C. Syll. cf. 7:94 1888. Pers. 2:44 Fischer D. S. Fung. 1816. purpureum (Lloyd) Cunn. Acad. (no species given) simplex Lloyd Boletogaster Lohwag Beih. 3:9:25. Mus. cf. coUabescens Czern. Syll. Cyphellomyces Speg. 18:2:153 Nat. D. 6:189 1902 Genera Incertae Sedis Vel Dubia Abstoma Cunningham Inst. 1899. Clavogaster Henn. Diploderma Link 7:92 1888. Syll. Linn. cf. 1:135 1870. C. 31 Lanopila Fr. Fung. mammosum (Mich. & C. Bull. W. Nat. wrighti B. ill. Coelomyces B. T. Fung. album Schw. Nac. L. tuberosum Lk. 16:234 1801. Fung. Fl. Syll. Sturm Deut. Soc. Favillea Fr. Fischer 321.) clavatus Speg. Crypt. Hist. C. Novara Bot. Ann. 1888. 1828. Carol. An. Natal. Fung. Beih. Fung. Fung. Suec. Fung. cf. indicum Klotzsch argentinensis Speg. not DC. fenzli Reich. Arachnium Schw. Cent. Nov. Cycloderma Klotzsch C. D. Mus 1898. B. wahlbergi Fr. 1845. Fischer 339. 1888. Soc. 57^ 206. 1887. 2:17:121 H. 1853. A. Notes 61 :883 Bovistoides Lloyd Grevillea Castoreum Cke. Jour. Bot. Myc. 338. (no species given) Hippoperdum Mont. ill. 80 1819. Nat. C. 1831. Sacc. hypogaeus Corda C. 7:95 1888: cf. cf. 7:56 An. 1919. 7:152 1888. N.354 Sphaericeps Welw. 594 1910. Linnaea 7:203 1832. Syll. 2:2:279 cf. Phil. Syll. . Natal. 7:142 1888. 7:92 Diss. crucibulum Mont. Fl. 14:266 Hoehn. Z. Jour. cf. Fung. Lasiosphaera Reich. Fischer 299. Syll. Syn. Fischer 341. Ciliciocarpus Corda 3:3:5. Moscou 1888. Fischer 339. Fung. cf. Myk. Fischer Anixia Fr. Fung. 7:146 1888. Gastroboletus Lohwag 42:2:273 1842. 1927. fenzli Reich. F. Nac. E. L. Frag. Proc. LYCOPERDALES & Curr Trans. ill. Syll. 1848. Fung. 15:100 Fung. 7:96 1888.

Wallr. 1901. ill. Bull. asterosperma Vittad. Protoglossum Massee Grevillea 19:97 Protubera Moell. P. Fr.HYMENOGASTRACEAE Lycoperdellon Torrend Broteria Lycoperdopsis Henn. 7:152 1888. ill. Trichaster Czern. Sclerogaster Hesse Hypog. carneum Wallr. Ges. floccosus Hesse M. 593 1910. Mon. P. G.) Tul. Dietr. Notes 1925. 1895. connectens Buch. 3:8:132. Zeal. Phallogaster Morg. ill. caespitosa Roll. ill. Ital. 10. Fischer 75:1355. Fischer 339. L. N. Soc. melanocephalus Czern. Frag. Nuov. Fung. Tremellogaster Fisch. (Vittad. Pirogaster Henn. Giorn. Mon. Roll. 1855. cf. 1902. Hedwigia 40:b27. 1891. Scoleciocarpus Berk. 16:256 1902. Pilzblum. Hypog. Hysterangium Vittad. 2:520 1888. Syll. Monsunia Syll. Tuber. Mitt. Leucogaster Hesse Pringsh. P. T. Fl. 2:188. Sturm Deut. Cav. 25 1831. 15:171. surinamensis Fisch. 16:242 1902. Hymenogaster Vittad. R. 13:191. Fung. luteolus Fr. Accad. Clathrogaster Petri Malpighia 14:125 1900. Nat. 15 1831. C. S. Syll. 148. 3:3:1. Syst. Gaster. Myk. N. Cine. 1882. 1831. variegatus O. J45. & Nym. Crypt. M. Jour. Nat. Polygaster Fr. P. citrinus Vittad. Mon. Syll. Boruss. torrendi (Bres. Fischer 1843. L. HYMENOGASTRACEAE Arcangeliella 1900. Malpighia 14:78 1900. Deut. 5 1818. L. 20 1831. 1891. 7:151 338. H. 2:295 1823. 557. Hook. arcyrioides Henn. fleischerianus Henn. 1839. 7:93 Fischer 322. P. Melanogaster Corda ill. 1902. Bull. P. cf. Hydnangium ill. Myc. saccatus Morg. ill. Gymnoglossum Massee Grevillea 19:97 G. T.) Torr. Bern T. Fr. Rover. Hoehn. 7:465. Myc. Soc. Syll. Dendrogaster Bucholtz Beitr. Fung. H. Fischer 313. 355 11:92 1:158 1913. Nepotatus Lloyd Myc. Bras. Fl. 1924. H. morchelliformis Vittad. Tuber. 18:2:149 1845. mistiformis Mattir. D. stellatus 1899. Att. luteum Mass. borziana Cav. Fung. clathroides Vittad. Hist. Fung. sampadarius (Rumph. Jahrb. 1923:55. lanatus Hesse pulchella Bres. Martellia Mattir. Jour. 1893. Tuber. tener Berk. 13 1831. ill. pila Berk. Moscou 1888. cf. Nat. Lloyd Paurocotylis Berk. cf. Gautieria Vittad. maracuja Moell. Fung. vulvarius Petri Chamonixia 1899. ill.) Fr. Tuber. 15:76 C. Mon. Lond. Bot. 7:146 1888. stipitatum Mass. Soc. 1891. 7:126 A. cf. Octaviana Vittad. Fl. Rhizopogon Symb. ill. 1:84 Torrendia Bres. . S. ill. Syll.

Herb. C. 16:249 1902. 1790. N. Trans. 34 1869. alba Cunn. 3:1 :89 Cyathus Hall. 1914. Acad. Sphaerobolus Tode Fung. 1898:125. Kew Bull. & Br. Stirp. Proc. Symb.356 LYCOPERDALES NIDULARIACEAE Crucibulum Tul. 56:73. Fr. Fung. cf. Jaczewskia Mattir. & Rodw. 1926. Bull. Stephanospora Pat. J. Z. 1921. ill. Nigropogon Coker & Couch 2. Candida (Pk. L. Syll.7 Gasteromycetes N. pallidas Glischroderma Fkl. Meckl. Harkn. G. M. Nat. Myc. 1844. Bull. Kupsura Lloyd Leucophleps Myc. sphaerocephala Lloyd 1889:257. Helv. & Paol. Sci.) Hoffm. See. Club 29:271. ill. PI. Accad. Myc. C. C. 1928.) Pat. Syll. Fung. 1768. 488 1780.) White farcta (Roth) Fr. ill. striatus (Huds. N. magnata Harkn. phalloides Mattir. . & R. ill. C. 1913. carotaecolor (B. stellatus Tode Genera Incertae Sedis Vel Dubia Chondrogaster Maire 40:312. Notes 7:1303 1924. S. N. Fischer 313. & Phallobata Cunningham Inst. P. 30:349 S. Hist. Torino 56:32. Mem.) Mattir. Calif. 16:251 1902. Proc. 1926. Soc. pachysporus Maire cinctum Fkl. ill. G. Myc. Ann. Fr. N. Torr. Bull. asterosporus C. Torino 2:63:214. vulgare Tul. echinata (Sacc. 3:127 Nidula White 1902. 1:43 Nidularia Bull. Fung. Neosaccardia Mattir. Fr. Syll. 7:153 1888. K. Gymnomyces Mass. Accad. Att.

C. C. 315 hookeri Speg. C. Physis 4:293 1918. quercifolia Cke. complanata (Fr. Acad. 21:236 1923. Asteromella Pass.) Speg. z-b. Haplosporidium Speg. hispidulum (Corda) Moesz.) Hoehn. Petr. An. Bothrodiscus Shear Bull. Ges. Hoehn. Sclerodothiorella Brand. Myc. Ber. 357 . De Bary Riess longiseta (Rac. 5:253. Hochsch. 1874. Myc. Koezlem. crateriformis (D. E.) Sacc. Mitt. Bot. 6:162 1815. didymium (F. Wien 2:76 1925. Ciliophora Petr. 1918. ill. Bot. Ann. n. Frag. 1905. 1689 68:117 1907. Conostroma Moesz. pinicola Shear populicola Karst. 11:16 Byssocystis Riess Hedwigia 1 :23. moravica Petr. Petr. Greville 1827. ill. Sacc. Fung. 17:91 & M. 11:286 1887. ill. ill. Myc. 1920-21. clethrincola cesati textilis Chondropodiella Hoehn. Deut. Chaetosphaeronema Moesz Bot.PHOMALES PHOMACEAE Hyalosporae Anthracoderma Speg. 9:299 969. em. Ann. Botryophoma Karst. 1880. Nac. Physis 4:291 1918. Kryptfl. B. asterinarum (Speg. heraclei Stictochorella Hoehn. 1853. Ann. Outl. Bot. Coleophoma C. cryptica Petr. 37:159 1919. B. Mycologia 18:221. magnoliae Exophoma Weedon 1926. Myc. Bot. Fr. Mus. Cicinnobolus Ehrenb. Hedwigia 59:276 Scot. Berk. & M. (Ell. A. Chaetophoma Cke.. Chaetocytostroma 1919.) Berk. Asteroma DC. Flor. Ann. C. Myc. Clypeochorella Petr. heliettae Speg. A. Hedwigia 23:62 Died. Univ. arundinacea Petr. C. 1917. Verb. 19:44. 14:152 1917. Hoehn. 1860. Chaetophomella Speg. ovata Thuem. 1924. Torn Club 34:312 B.) Hoehn.) Moesz. Brit Brit. C. Mark Hoehn. Bol. Koezlem. H. orientalis Petr.. rostrata (Fkl. C. phacidioides Grev. Myk. 27:71 1929. ampullula (Speg. Cordoba A. & R. Ceuthospora Fr. C. vignae Henn.) Hoehn. 22:108 Chaetasbolisia Speg. 1912. & Thuem. Ges. Jahrb. 1880. 23:106 1912. Michelia 2:4 Asbolisia Speg. C. Ciliochora Hoehn. 1884. Techn. A. C. Wien S. lb. Physis 4:293 1918. Hedwigia 59:281 C. Engler Bot. 1853. 20:331 S. Flor. Siroplaconema 1922. Crypt. Grevillea 3:25 C. Aposphaeria A. Sacc.) Hoehn. A. Ceratophoma Hoehn. erysiphoides (G. phyteumae DC. 1915. Weedon Ascochytopsis 38:117 Henn. Zeit. C.

Nac. Leop. Ber. Myc.) Fr. . Petr. Myc. Dasysticta Speg. Mus. Syst. 6:305. Sitzb. 1908. Scan. Sacc. Michelia 2:100 1880. & Maubl. n. tankoffi Dothiorella Sacc. Hoehn. Fung.) Hoehn. Myc. Dothiorellina Bubak 29:72 1911. Cytospora Ehrenb. Koezlem. Syst. D. sphaerocephala (Schw. Ann. L. D.) Starb. 22:99 Sitzb. Imp. Dasystictella Hoehn. & Kab. Sum. 16:130 Leucocytospora Hoehn. 37:114 1915. levatum (Fr. 1849. 1888. L. Myc. 247 annulatus Bubak pleurospora Sacc. Michelia 2:4 1880. 1829. 2 n. H. F. Scan. em. sepium (Brunaud) Hoehn. Fung. Ber. quercus (Lamb. 410 1849. E. cf. C. Agron. Hedwigia 47:270 1908. 58 G. An. Rel. f. 70:263. Ges. Sclerophoma Hoehn. & Br. aesculi Epheliopsis Henn. turnerae Henn. Hedwigia 62:344 Fung. 1912. E. Frag. 1918. Sum. Sacc. S. allicola (Tassi) Sacc. Ann. Dothichiza Lib. Physis 4:294 1918. 19:128 1921. Glutinium Fr. 22:53 P. Bot. deformans Syd. Leptoxyphium Speg.) Sacc.358 Cornucopiella 124:118 PHOMALES Hoehn. Bubak gyrosa Sacc. & T. endogenospora (Sacc. Sturm Crypt. nervisequia (Lk. Ann. n.) Sacc. D. Wien. Deut.) Hoehn. Corda G. gregaria Sacc. 1919. Parasclerophoma 1924. Deut.) Petr. Bot. Calopactis Syd. aspera (Lev. Ann. Lamyella Fr. ill. Ann. L. 1923. hysterioides Speg. Akad. Veg. Cyclodomus Hoehn. Endothiella Sacc. 275 1923. 1918. Wien 2:61 Imp. Myc. 1 & Roum. C. Hypodermina Hoehn. (no species given) em. ill. Ann. of. Akad. 14:63. L.) B. D. D. 23:108 1912. Diachorella Hoehn. (no species given) sycina Sacc. Hoehn. mirabilis 1915. (Pat. D. 118:1234 1924. & M. H. Mitt. Wien C. lb. L. pirorum G. Akad. ill. 1925. Inst. Syl. Syst. Gamosporella Speg. & K. leucostoma (Pers. Petr. Hedwigia 50:296 Lichenophoma Keissler 1911. D. 962 1916. Berol. Hapalosphaeria Syd. Guar. Petr. 52 Fusicoccum Corda 1880. umbellulariae Hoehn. Physis 4:290 Lasiostroma 2:10:99 Griff. sapindophila Speg. 46 1894. 28 1818. Act. 1898. Nov. Dendrodomus Bubak Bot. 360 M. Lasiophoma Speg. Sitzb. 1912. M. Michelia 2:99 Fung. 1911. Veg. 1909. Cytosporella Sacc. Bot. Mazzantiella Hoehn. sphaerospora (S. L. Flor. Impf. Myc. 165. graminum haematommatis Keissler podeticola Zopf Lichenosticta Zopf. popul^a Sacc. 4:273 1906. Starb. Hochsch. em. 118:1527 1909. Wien C. Lib. cf. Ann. sing^laris Syd. Dendrophoma 1923. Myc. C. Micheh'a 2:5 1880. Ges. ill. Techn. :627 1880. Stud.) Hoehn. Malacodermis Bub. Sacc. 10:82.

C. 59:315 P. Wien 2:80 P. Petr. Macrophomopsis Myxolibertella 1903.) P. Ann. Phaeophomopsis Hoehn. polyadelpha Syd.) Clem. 10:12 1843. Fedde P. 2:257 P. Petr. Macrophomina 1923. Beih. Syll. & S. Ann. Techn.) Petr. Techn. Petr.) Petr. Placonema 1921. Bot. Chaetophoma Phyllosticta Pers. P. Mitt. Jour. 1927. Neophoma 42:265 Pilidiella Petr. L- atrata Naumov Hoehn. Fedde 42:294 Haplolepis Syd. P. H. M. Crypt. Syst. convallariae Pers. Myc. Neottiospora Dcsm. 1:526 M. Bot. 18:264 1906. 23:411 1925. 22:108 M. Macroplodiella Speg. Rep. 20:337 Ann. iignicola Petr.) Hoehn. 14:185 Petr. 14:63 1916. Fedde graminella (Sacc. Peckia Clinton 1878. Ges. 23:103 A. Jour. Phomopsis Sacc. N. carpatica Petr. (S. betulina (S. Hochsch. Phomyces Clem. Sci. & Rep. 359 Nauniov Mat. Y. 20:142 1922* Ann. S. 10:134 . P. oncostoma (Theiss. N. Myc. M. Ann. Myc. & S.. acuta Hoehn.) P.) Hoehn. coronillae (Desm. philippinensis Petr. L. 1925. hederae (Desm.) Petr. Myc. Phoma Fr. P. Phil. 1921. Phomopsina 1924. Ann. Myc. fungicola. Allantophomopsis Petr. Ber. 1821- P. An. Bot. suberis (P. murrayae Syd. D.PHOMACEAE Ligniella 1926. Phellostroma Syd. meliolicola (Speg. Beih. Deut. pandani Died. Bakerophoma Died. cytisporea (Fr. Not. ill. 23:236 P. Fung. 29:47. 1914. Myc. maticola Speg.) Petr. 1927. Stictochorellina 1922. Ann. Ann. Myc. (Sacc. 22:152 Petr. Nac. 1909. Myc. Syd. S. Akad. 1918. Mycosticta Hoehn. 1917. 1912. P. 22. Macrophomella Died. Myc. Wien 124:73 1915. lamii Petr.) Hoehn. Myc. 35:255 1924. 42:462 quercicola (Oud. Bot. Michelia 2:4 1925. Myc. P- caricum Desm. & & C. 9:185.) P. Hoehn. Phyllostictina Syd. Wien 3:28 1926.) scirpi Syd. 10:449 Syd. M. & Beih. ovalis (Pass. & R. & & S. Myc. Hochsch. Pseudophomopsis Hoehn. em Desm. 14:62 1916. Ann. 19:60 P. Mitt. N. M. hypoxyloides Syd. sarraceniae Pk. & Syd. Myc. lucida (B. inclusa Hoehn. Fr. P. T. Myrioconium Syd. . Ann. 5:5. Crypt. L. Leucophomopsis Hoehn. Mus. Fitop. ill. 13:6 1880. Mus. Rep. Myc. Ann.. Placophomopsis Grove. Mik. Rep. Ann. Petr. M. ill. sacchari Died. Myc. 16:36 Ann. herbarum West. Syd. Petr. & Ann. 1846. 1916. Sacc. Sitzb. Not. 21:314 Petr. aceris Hoehn. & C. Leptophoma Hoehn. B.) bambusacearum heveae Grove. Clieistophoma Petr. Trematophoma Phomachora 1925. 1927. Ann. Myc.

Fr.) Petr. 1922. Hedwigia complanata Karst. S. Ital. R. 27:398 Plectosira Petr. cf. Pleurophoma Hoehn. melaenum (Fr. S. P. Plectophomopsis Ludwigiella Petr. dictamni (Fkl.) Petr. Ann. P. Rhizophoma Petr. DeN. SclerotLopsis Speg. Myc. Selenophoma Maire Bull. 20:326 P. Rhizosphaera Mang. 1917.) Hoehn. Wien Plectonaemella Hoehn. Flor.) Hoehn. Soc. pleurospora (Sacc. Pleuronaema Hoehn. bignonicola Speg. Fung.) Hoehn. Ann. S. S. Myc. 22:101 1924. eumorpha (P. Akad. Petr. Ann. penicillata (Fkl. Scan. rabenhorsti Preuss lentisci (D. 4:122. P.) Hoehn. 1914. 3:6:143 1924. Bot. S. 23:56. & S. complanata (Desm. Arg. 125:74 1924. 14:94 1916. Ann. rivularis Petr. cf. Veg. Sitzb. salicicola Petr. & S. umbelliferarum Hoehn. Ann. 1916. Ann. An. Petr. Akad. 1921. n. . nobilis Pycnis Brefeld Bot. Fr. Hedwigia 59:254 1917. Myc. 716 S. Beih.360 PHOMALES P. Mus. Mvc. Herpotrichiopsis Hoehn. fuckeliana (Sacc. Wien H. Ann. & Br. Michelia 2:115 1880. Myc. Fedde 42:472 1927. 1862. 1845. asterina (B. 410 1849. Hedwigia 59:239 1917. & Syd. Sclerophomella Hoehn. 5:15. 22:156. P. Wien P. P.) Sclerochaeta Hoehn. catananches Maire strobilinus Preuss Sirococcus Preuss 1854. Petr.) Hoehn. Placosphaeria Sacc. & M. Petr. Wien P.) Hoehn. Nac. Ann. Soc. Pleuroplaconema Petr. 24:419 1926. Wien. abietis M.) Hoehn. Myc. P. 123:117 1914. Myc. 124:81 1915. Sitzb. Myc. 1923. 1881. sclerotivora Bref. Plectophoma Hoehn. & H. 4:282 1880. Myc. callimorpha Hoehn. 22:100 Rhizosphaerella Hoehn. Hedwigia 59:257 1917. Sitzb. pini (Desm. guazumae Syd. Physis 4:294 1918 Wien Sitzb. Micr. obtegens Syd. Hedwigia 59:237 S. P. ill. 1907. ill. 1929. cf. procumbens (Fkl. Ectosticta Speg. sedi Sacc. cf. P. Pyrenochaeta DeN. tiliae Fr. 1907. Sclerophomina Hoehn. trichothecium Speg.) Hoehn. ulmicola Petr. 1912. P. Myc. 23:107 E. ill. 22:99 P. 24:74 P. Hedwigia 59:240 1917. Pleurophomella Hoehn 123:123 1924. Ann. Pseudophoma Hoehn. Hovers. 116:639 1922. 1914. Hoehn. 123:115 1885. Rep. Akad. Pleurophomopsis Petr Ann. Sitzb. P. 20:319 1922. P. Akad. Pyrenochaetina Syd. Myc. Unters. australasica Speg. Sitzb. R. Myk. Hoehn. Akad. 20:336 Pleurostromella Petr. adeana Petr. 306. 22:100 1924. Petr. 21 :300 Ann. Ann. 19:^3 P. R. R. Plenodomus Preuss Sturm Deut. 53:87 1906. L. sambuci Petr. & Har Bull. elymi (Died. Scleromeris Syd. Podoplaconema Petr. Fung. P. Pyrenochaetella Karst. Hedwigia 60:132 1918.) P. Sum. Rabenhorstia Fr. Myc. Akad. Ann. Alyc. Podoxyphium Speg.

^. 361 1909. Sphaerophoma Staurophoma 83:34. 1869. Obs. Symb. C. Ann. 1924. 1883. Jahrb. 1902. Myc. atra Fkl. Sirosperma Syd. 5:7. C. 1:145 C. 3:13:360 Petr. Phaeophomopsis Hoehn. Bot. P. Tcclin. Petr. Hoehn. 54:258. Sphaeronema cm. parodiellae Henn. agavicola Speg.ia 59:257 1917. 1916. myrmecophagae Oud. Studies 4:185. 3:115 1926. lb.) Petr. Mus. panici Hoehn. Hochsch. 436 1916. Bot. Mosc. cf. Sirosphaera Syd. F"ung. 1875. Jacz. Teclin. Myk. pulchella Wien 42:268 2:1 1925. insitiva (Sacc. Hedwigia 62:302 for Botryosphaerostroma. agavicola (Speg. quercina Petr. C. 1924. Venet. Trab. Beih. Fcddc B. Ann. Hochscli. Eleutheromyces Fkl. S. Sci. Hedwigia 28:361 1889. Mik. 1916. Mitt. Frag. Wien 2:81 1925. ill. 1911. . ill. Bot. 1900. 22:76 Denk. Mat. T. Symb. populi Clem. 123. Trigonosporium Tassi Bull. 944 carpophila B.) Sacc. aquaticum Jacq. Ort. Myc. T. 402 1869. Botrysphaeris Petr. Wien S. not 1889. subulatus (Tode) Fkl brencklei Petr. australiense Tassi Phaeosporae Asteropsis Frag. Torn Club. T. 15:280 S. S.PHOMACEAE Gen. C. salicicola S. 1921. Techn. 1907. Sacc. Capnodiastrum Speg. A. S.) Syd. 176 Sirodothis Clem. 183 Ann. 1911. Nac. & Syd. Staurochaeta Sacc. Bot. Myc. Naumov Hoehn. 12:50 1917. ill.) Hoehn. C. populi (Jaap) Hoehn. botryosa Syd. Cienc. Trichophila Oud. Rep. Wicn S. Coniothyrella Speg. Phil. 23:3 C. Sirophoma Hoclin. 1912. 10:318 1912. Minn. erysiphoides (Sacc. Wien 1:83 Mitt. Ann. nothofagi (Henn. Tiarosporella Hoehn. Strasseria Bres.) Hoehn. 1:187 Nat. Coniothyrina Syd. Fung. Bot. 21 :5 not Speg. Myc. Fung. S. 1911. Mitt. z-b. Myc. 10:233 for hederae (Desm. Akad. 1927. ill. An. Hoehn.) Hoehn. 191. Siena 90 paludosa (S. Hoehn. Hed\vit. Trichocicinnus (Sacc. 34:310 P. Tour. Mem. 1923. Wien S. epidendri Frag. Ges. Akad. C. Lab. T. Madrid Mus. Fung. Coniella Hoehn. Chaetomella Fkl. Myc. Coniothyriopsis Petr. guaraniticum Speg. Myc. (Fr. B. Myc.) P. 1898. Ann. Cicinnobella Henn. Baeumleria Petr. E.) Sitzb.) Hoehn. Sirolegniella Naumov 1926. 8:502. & cf. Soc. hypocrellae Syd. 1925. Guar. setosa (Wint. ill. & F. S. S. Fitop. Verb. Sirostromella 125:78 1815. 3:386 1904 Cladochaete Sacc. Plagiorhabdus Slicar 1907. Hochsch. & S. singularis Engler Bot. crataegi Shear & S. Amaz. 4:40 minima Sacc. Hoehnel Bull.

Deut Bot. Placodiplodia 34:305 1916. 3:305 1884. . 60:181 S. lichenicolum (Karst. Sacc. 1923. 1918. 1923. M. 'ampliata Syd. Ber. 58:239 1919. Torr. 21:5 Cyclothyrium Petr. Phaeodomus 118:1529 1925. Hedwigia Sitz. dalbergiae Died. Fedde 42:432 1927. Myc. carpatica Petr. C. & Br. Myc. 14:203. 1926.) Hoehn. pityophila Hoehn. C. lauracearum Hoehn. Petr. Corda Naemosphaera 1884. Akad. truncata C.) P. Myc. & Sacc. 22:431 Epistigme Syd. Ann. 1918. Petr. Club 1900. Sphaer.362 Conithyriopsis Speg 1911. Hedwigia 60:146 Micrcsporella Hoehn. Fung. PHOMALES An. Acad. Sclerothyrium Cryptophaeella 126:360 401 Hoehn Hoehn. & Bni. Fedde Lasmeniella Petr. Pleosphaeropsis Died Ann. L. magnoliae (Pk. thwaitesi B. 14:205 Wien C. & Syd. O. Linn. Wien 1918. & Ev. Beih. copelandi Bub. & S. S. 13:361 C. 5:30. E. istricum Petr.) P. ill. Sclerosphaeropsis Bub. 1917. hellebori Hoehn. 1924. 68 Naemosphaerella Hoehn. 21:5 Icon. Phaeocytostroma 1921. 1876. Ann. SyU. Coniothyrium Corda. Ann. L. Myc. Ann. 1923. H. Melanconiopsis 27:575 Ell. Deut. ulmigenum (Berk. 3:478 1927.) Hoehn. 21:2 Coniothyrinula Petr. 1927. Mus. Arg. 1880. cf. Petr. Hofm. inquinans Ell. Critt. & Ev. heteropatellae Hoehn. 24:413 Epicyta Syd. nidulans Syd. Soc. cf. E. Att. 1916. as subg. M. 28:209 1914. cf. & B. Cytoplea Bizz. Ann. C. Karst. & S. fuckeli Sacc. Hoehn. 1916. C. 3:34 Haplosporella Speg. ill. megalosporum Speg. M.) Petr. Ann. C. Myc. Ann. Myc. 1st. Fung. C. Bot. Petr. 1923. Wien Petr. Myc. mangiferae Died. 1920. Petr. Ges. Fung. Fenn. ulmigenum (Berk. guaranitica (Speg. 42:301 1927. Fung. & Bull. Ges. Lichenoconium Petr. 1885. ceratophora (Speg.. 74. & S. P. Sacc SyU. Hedwigia 59:267 Microsphaeropsis Hoehn. Myc. 15:84 Endocalyx B. Polyopeus Home Oothecium Speg. Myc. Petr. 3:198 1890. olivaceus (Bon. 19:45 P. Myc. Akad Venet. N. 1909. Gatt. arundinicola B. 1917. Nac. P. ill. Bub.) zobeli M. Ann. P. Ann. Flor. 36:214 C. Rep. 21:5 Beih. Chaetosphaeropsis Czi. & Br. purpureus Home Pyren. 21:6 Ann. E. 1923. chlorostroma Speg. & Syd.) P. Sitzb. N. Syd. Cordoba 23:519 Jour. 23:5 P. tamarisci (Mont. Jour. Cyclothyrium Microthecium Corda 1842. Cytosphaera Died. 21:6 1923. & S. em. Ann. heldreichiae Bub. Nat. Petr.) Sacc. Myc. Rep. hualaniae Speg. Myc. Ber. Bol. Ann. Bot. cf. D. Pavia 3:3:180. Dothisphaeropsis Hochn.

PHOMACEAE
An. Sci. Arg. 90:182, ill. Pseudohaplis Speg. 1920; for Pseudohaplosporella. Pseudothiopsella Petr. Hedwigia 68:259 1928. Biol. Mon. 8:198, ill. 111. Pycnodothis Stev.
1923.

363

P.

aurantiorum Speg.
hirtella Petr.

P. P.

tetracerae Stev.

Ann. Myc. 24:412 1926. 1908. Ann. Myc. 6:484 Readeriella Syd. Medd. Soc. Fenn. 14:105 Sirothecium Karst.

Metabotryum Syd.

M.
R.
S.

connatum Syd.
mirabilis Syd.

1887.

lagenarium Karst.

1842; Demid. Voy. 112 Sphaeropsis Lev. 1884. em. Sacc. Syll. Fung. 3:291 Macrophoma Berl. & Vogl. Att. Soc. Venet.

S.

malorum Pk.
pinea (Desm.) P.

10:172

1886.

M.
Sawada
ill.

&

S.

Melanosphaeria

Rep.

Res.

Inst.

Formosa
1921.

2:119,

1922.

M.
Myc.
Nat.
19:67

circumdata Saw.
polonica Petr.

Neosphaeropsis

Petr.

Ann.
Sci.

N.

Piptostomum Lev.
1845.

Ann.
Syd.

3:3:65 P.

domingense Lev.
atramentarius (Schroet.) P.

Spilomyces Petr.
42:293
1927.

&

Beih.

Rep. Fedde
S.

&

S.

Hyalodidymae
Ascochyta Lib. Sacc. Michelia 1:16; 1878. ApiocarpcUa Syd. Ann. Myc. 17:43 1919. An. Mus. Nac. 20:364 Apiosporella Speg. 1925. 1910; cf. Petr. Ann. Myc. 23:5 Ascochytula (Poteb.) Died. Ann. Myc. 10:141 1912; cf. Petr. Ann. Myc. 23:5
1925.

A. A.
A.

pisi Lib.

macrospora (Speg.) Syd. macrospora Speg.

A^
(Tassi)

obionis (Jaap) Died.

Ascochytella
10:141
1912.

Died.

Ann.

Myc.
A.
S.

deformis (Karst.) Died.
boltshauseri Died. deflectens (Karst.) Petr.

Ann. Myc. 10:42 Stagonosporopsis Died. 1925. 1912; cf. Petr. Ann. Myc. 23:5 1922. Ann. Myc. 20:342 Ascochytulina Petr. Mycologia 21:235, Clypeodiplodina Stev.
ill.

A.
C.

1927.

baccharidis Stev.
nitidula Syd.
citricola

1916. Ann. Myc. 14:95 Ceratopycnium Maubl. Bull. Soc. Myc. Fr. 23:148 1907; for Ceratopycnidium. Chaetodiplodina Speg. An. Mus. Nac. 20:368

Botryella Syd.

B.
C.
C.

Maubl.

1910.

graminicola Speg,

Corollospora Werderm.

Notizb. Mus. Berlin1922.

Dahlem
124:88

8:248,

ill.

C.
Sitzb.

maritima Werderm.
lantanae (Died.) Hoehn.

Cryptorhynchella Hoehn.
1915.

Akad. Wien
C.

Cytodiplospora
2:6:292
1912.

Oud.

Ned.

Kruid.

Arch.
C.

1894.

castaneae Oud.

Ceuthodiplospora Died.
Cytotriplospora Elliott

Ann. Myc. 10:149
C.

robineae (Bub.) Died.
pini E.

&
PI.

Chance

Trans. Brit.
C.

Myc. Soc. 7:47 Darluca Cast. Cat.
1845.

1920.

&

C.

Marseill.

Suppl.

53

D.

filum (Biv.) Cast.

364
Diplodothiorella

PHOMALES
Bub.
Mitt.

Bot.

Teclin.

1927. Hochsch. Wien 4:53 Darlucis Clem.; Darluca non uredinicola. Ann. Myc. 22:134 1924. Davisiella Petr. Didymochaete Sapc. & Ell. Bull Torr. Club

D. D. D. D.

laburni Bub, longiseta (Henn.) Clem.

elymina (Davis) Petr,

25:510
1917.

1898.

americana

Ell.

&

Sacc,

Sclerochaetella

Hoehn.

Hedwigia

59:251
S.

rivini (Allesch.)

Hoehn.

Vermiculariella Oud.
1898.

Cont. Fl. Myc. 16:67
1857.

Diplodina West.
1923.

Not. 5:19

V. D. D,

elymi Oud.
salicis

West.

Diploplenodomopsis Petr.

Ann. Myc. 21:208
mirabilis Petr.
salicis (Sacc.) Petr.

Diplosclerophoma Petr.

Ann. Myc.

21 :293

1924. 1923; 22:103 Diplodinis Clem.; Diplodina basidiis ramosis.

D. D.
D.

rostrupi (Vestg.) Clem.

Diploplacis Petr.

Hedwigia 62:308
Died.

1921; for

Diploplacosphaeria.

ruthenica Petr,

Diploplenodomus

Ann. Myc. 10:140 1912; 1912; Krypt. Mark Brandenb. 9:415 1917; Petr. cf. Hoehn. Hedwigia 59:245 1924. Ann. Myc. 22:102
Verb.
Jour.
z-b.

D.

malvae Died,
perplexa Bres,

Hoehneliella Bres. & Sacc. Wien 52:437 1902.

Ges.

H. Myc. 1:153
1922.
1923.
125,

&

Sacc.

Kellermannia
1885.

Ell.

&

Ev.

Amphorula Grove

Jour. Bot. 60:82

K, A.
B.
C.

yuccigena E.
sachalinensis

&

E.
E.) Petr.

Grove

Ann. Myc. 21:326 Brencklea Petr. Gen. Fung. Chaetoconis Clem.
1909.

sisyrinchii (E.

&

176

polygoni (E,

&

E,) Clem.

Lonchospermella Speg.
15:37
1908.

Rev. Mus.

La

Plata
L.

1918 Physis 4:294 Microxyphiella Speg. Bull. Herb. Boiss. 83 Pazschkella Syd. PI. Tunis Cat. Placosphaerella Pat.
1897.

Pucciniospora Speg.

Fung. Guar. 1:147

Rhynchophoma
Sirodiplospora
ill.

Karst.

Hedwigia 23:19
1880.
1

Robillardia Sacc.
1915.

Michelia 2:8

Naumov

Mat. Mik. Fitop.

:22,

Sirexcipulina Petr.

Ann. Myc. 21:278
Fl.

1923;

25:233

1927.

Thoracella Oud. Tiarospora Sacc.
1885.

Cont.

&

March.

Myc. 17:267 1901. Rev. Myc. 7:148

PHOMACEAE
Bol. Acad. Cordoba Diblastospermella Speg. 1918. 1919; Physis 4:291 23:579, ill. Mic. Flor. Didymosporis Trav. & Migl. Venez. 4 1911; for Didymosporiella. Diplodia Fr. Sum. Veg. Scan. 416 1849. Verb. Bot. Brandenb. Holcomyces Lind. Fung. 18:431 1906; 155 1903; Syll. Hoehn. Syst. Fung. Imp. 359 1923. Rabb. Krypt. Flor. Microdiplodia Allesch.
ed. 2 7:78

365

D.
D. D.

aequatorialis Speg.

aeluropodis T.

mutica F.

& M. & M.

H.

exiguus Lind.

1901.

M.
S.

conigena Allesch.

Stenocarpella Syd. Ann. Myc. 15:258 1917. Diplodiella Karst. Hedwigia 22:62 1884. 1884. Syll. Fung. 3:374 Macrodiplodia Sacc. An. Cien. Arg. 90:183, ill. Paradiplodia Speg.
1920.

zeae Syd. D. Crustacea Karst. M. curreyi S. & R.
P.

aurantiorum Speg.
agropyri Murascb. cardonia (Flag. & Sacc.) Sacc.
citri

Dothideodiplodia Murascb.
6:67,
ill.

Mat. Myk. Fitop. D.
1899.

1927.
Syll.

Pellionella Sacc.

14:941

P.
Att.
1st.

Rhyncbodiplodia Briosi Pavia 2:10 1906.

&

Farnetti

R.

B.

&

F.

Hyalophragmiae
Asteromidium Speg.
1888.

Fung. Guar.

2:

n.

174

Dearnessia Bub. Bartalinia Tassi
1900.

Hedwigia 58:25
Bull.

1916.

A. D.
3:3

imperspicuum Speg.
apocyni Bub.
robillardoides Tassi
visci Syd.

Lab.

Bot.

Siena

B.

Botryogene Syd. Ann. Myc. 15:259, ill. 1917. Chiroconium Hoehn. Frag. Myk. n. 562 1910. 1912. Cryptostictella Grove Jour. Bot. 50:52 Hedwigia 62:58 1920. Amphiciliella Hoehn. An. Mus. Nac. 23:109 Dasypyrena Speg.
1912.

B. C. C.

A.
D.

beaumonti (B. & C.) Hoehn. bractearum Grove eriobotryae Hoehn.
lauricola Speg.

Chaetosticta Petr.
1925.

&

Syd.

Ann. Myc. 23:270
C.

perforata (E.
setulosa Sacc.

&

E.) P.

&

C.

Trotteria
3:10:79

Sacc.
1919.

Att.

Accad.
Sci.

Ven-Trent.
T.

Mastomyces Mont.
ill.

Ann.

Nat. 3:10:134,

1848.
Fr.

M.
1848. Fung. Natal. 33 Acad. Wien Hoehn. Sitzb.

Topospora
Microperella
118:879

1909.

Polychaetum Speg.
Septoriella Oud.

Physis 4:294

1918.
1889.
ill.

Cont. Myc. 13:52

Linochorella Syd.

Ann. Myc.
Syll.

10:43,

1912. 1884.

Staganospora Sacc.
Diedickella Petr.
1921.

Fung. 3:445

Ann. Myc. 22:305 1924. Rhabdostromina Died. Ann. Myc. 19:297
Sclerostagonospora
59:252
1925.

Hoehn.
Petr.

Hedwigia
Ann.

1917;

cf.

Myc. 23:4
S.

Stagonostromella Petr.

&

Syd.

Beih.

Rep.
S.

Fedde 42:163

1927.

366

PHOMALES
Phaeophragmiae

Alysisporium
28:140,
ill.

Pcyron.
1922.

Bull.

Soc.

Myc.

Fr.

A,
Sci.

rivoclarinum Peyron.

Angiopoma Lev.
1841.

Ann.

Nat.

2:16:235

A.

campanulatum Lev.
clematidis

Ceratopycnis
124:86

Hoehn.
1915.

Sitzb.

Akad.

Wien
C.

Hoehn.

Hendersoniopsis Hoehn.
1918.

Ann. Myc. 16:123

H.
Hollos
ill.

thelebola (Sacc.) Hoehn.
clematidis Hollos

Rhynchophorus
Kozleni. 35:54,

Math. Term.
R.
1845.

1926.

Cat. PI. Marseill. 192 Couturea Cast. Sec. Cont. To.sc. 13 Eriosporina Togn. Bull. Brnx. 18: n. Hendersonia West.
1851.

C.

castagnei
tritici

Desm.

1895.
60,
ill.

E.

Togn.

H.
Bull. Lab. Bot. Siena
ill.

sarmentorum West.
raphiolepidis Tassi

Hendersoninula Tassi
5:56,

1902.

H.
Petr.

Neohendersonia
1921.

Ann.

Myc.

19:190

N.
Bull.

piriformis (Otth) Petr.

Santiella Tassi
1900; Syll.

Lab. Bot. Siena 3:90
S.

Scolecosporiella
1921, not

1902. Fung. 16:947 Ann. Myc. Petr.

putaminum Tassi
typhae (Oud.) Petr.
spinosae (Roll.) Sacc.
australis Speg.

19:30
S.

Hoehn.
Sacc.

1923.
Syll.

Hendersoniella
1906.

Fung.

18:386

1880. Fung. Arg. 2:127 Ann. Myc. 20:343 1922; Macrodiplis Petr. for Macrodiplodiopsis. Prosthemium Kze. Myk. Heft. 1:17, ill. 1817.

Hendersonula Speg.

H. H.

M.
P.

desmazieri (Mont.) Petr.

betulinum Kze.

Gen. Fung. 126 1909; for Uroconis Clem. Urohendersonia Speg. Myc. Arg. 2:84
1902.

U.

platensis (Speg.) Clem.
hirta (Schroet.) Sacc.

1906. Wojnowicia Sacc. Syll. Fung. 18:960 W. Angiopomopsis Hoehn. Sitzb. Akad. Wien

121:406

1912.

A.

lophostoma Hoehn.

Hyalodictyae

Camarographium Bub.
34:306.
1916.

Ber.

Deut. Bot. Ges.
C.

stephensi (B.

&

Br.) Bub.

Bull. Lab. Bot. Siena 3:91 Hyalothyris Tassi 1900; for Hyalothyridium cf. Clem. Gen. Fung. 127 1909. Polychaetella Spe^. Physis 4:295 1918.
;

H.
P.

viburnicola Tassi
schweinitzi (B.

&

D.) Speg.

Phaeodictyae

Camarosporium
1870.

.Sclnilz.

Myk.
Bull.

Beitr.

649
C.

quaternatum Schulz.
nervisequium Tassi

Camarosporellum
Siena 5:62,
ill.

Tassi
1902.

Lab.

Bot.
C.

PHOMACEAE
Camarosporulum
Siena 5:63,
ill.

367

Tassi
1902.

Bull.

Lab.

Bot.
C.

ampelopsidis Tassi

Thyrococcum
1892;
1923.
cf.

Sacc.

Syll.

Hoehn.

Syst.

Fung. 10:672 Fung. Imp. 362
T.
C.

1879. Bot. Gaz. 4:171 Cytosporium Pk. Dichomera Cke. Praec. Hend. 24 1878. Ann. Agr. Montp. Fumagospora Arnaud

D.
F.

punctiforme Sacc. sphaerosporum Pk. saubineti (Mont.) Cke.
elongata (B.

10:326
1852.

1911.

&

D.) Arn.

Myxocyclus Riess
Piringa Speg.

Frcs. Beitr.

Myk.

1:62,

ill.

M.
1911. An. Mus. Nac. 3:13:378 Ann. Agr. Montp. Arnaud

confluens Riess

P.

andina Speg.
castagnei Arn.
varia (Pers.)
strobilina

Pleocouturea
10:326
1918

1910.

P-

Pseudodichomera
Sclerotheca Bub. 1917. 2:314

Hoeiin.

Hedwigia 60:186
P.

Hoehn.
B.

&

Vleug.

Sven. Bot. Tids.
S.

(BRS)

&

V.

Shearia Petr.

Ann. Myc. 22:180

1924.

S.

magnoliae (Shear) Petr.

Scolecosporae

Chaetophiophoma
3:13:388
Ciferria
1911.

Speg.
Bol.

An.
Esp.

Mus.
Hist.

Nac.
C.

tremae Speg.
coccothrinacis Frag.
abietis Karst.

Frag.
ill.

Soc.

Nat.
C.

25:363,

1925.

Hedwigia 23:57 1884; for Cornularia Karst. Cornicularia and Corniculariella Karst. Collonaema Grove Jour. Bot. 24:136 1886.
Collonaemella Hoehn.
124:82
1915.

C.
C. C.

papillatum Grove

Sitzb.

Akad. Wien
microscopica (Fkl.) Hoehn.
persicae (Schw.) Jacz.

Pseudographium

Jacz.,

em.
1915.

Hoehn.
Akad.

Sitzb.

Akad Wien
Subulariella

124:117

P.

Hoehn.
1915.

Sitzb.

Wien
S.

124:118

macrospora (B.
ludibunda Sacc.
photinicola Bub.
rocki Stev.

&

C.)

Hoehn.

1881. Michelia 2:263 Cytosporina Sacc. Ann. Myc. 14:150, ill. Cytostaganis Bub. 1916; for Cvtostaganospora. Clypeoseptoria Stev. & Young Bishop Mus. Bull. 19:141,
ill.

C.

C.
.

1925.

C.
Sci.

& Young

Dilophospora Desm.
1840.

Ann.

Nat. 2:14:67

DB.

graminis Desm.

Eriospora
1850.

&

Br.

Ann. Nat. Hist. 2:5

n.

438 E. G. G.

leucostoma B.

&

Br.

Gamospora Sacc. Syll. Fung. 10:402 1892. Gamonaemella Fairman Proc. Roch. Acad.
1922. Sci. 6:123 Rep. N. Y. Gelatinosporis Pk. 1873; for Gelatinosporium.

eriosporis Sacc.

divergens Fairman

Mus.

25:48

G.

Hemidothis Syd. Ann. Myc. 14:95 1916. Arch. Agr. Med. Vet. Oswaldina Rangel Mexico 5:37, ill. 1921. 1927. Ann. Myc. 25:330 Septocyta Petr.

H.
O.
S.

betulinum Pk. miconiae Syd.
icarahyensis Rangel ramealis (Rob.) Petr.

368

PHOMALES
Ann. Myc. 19:299
Bolezn.
1921.

Leptochlamys Died.
Megaloseptoria
14:144,
ill.

L.

scapicola (Karst.) Died.
mirabilis

Naumov
Sitzb.

Rast.

1926.

M.
Akad. Wien 119:638
L.

Naumov

Linochora Hoehn.
1910.

Micropera Lev.

Ann. Sci. Nat. 3:5:283 1846. 1858. Micula Duby Hedwigia 2:8, ill. Rev. Mus. La Plata Phaeoseptoria Speg.
15:39
18:162,
1908.

M. M.
P.

leptospermi (Cke.) Hoehn. drupacearum Lev.

mougeoti Duby
papayae Speg.
eugeniae Rang.

Phaeophleospora Rangel
ill.

Arch. Mus. Rio Jan.
P.

1916.
Fl.

Phleospora Wallr.

Crypt. 2:176

1833;

cf.

Hoehn. Syst. Fung. Imp. 341 Ann. Myc. 23:6 1925.
Pseudoseptoria Speg.
1911.

1923; Petr.
P.

ulmi (Fr.) Wallr.
donacicola Speg.

An. Mus. Nac. 3:13:388
P.
Fl.

Rhabdospora Mont.
Jahniella Petr.

Alg.

Dot. 592

1846-

49; em. Sacc. Michelia 2:6 1880.

R.
1920.
J-

Septoriopsis
Buitenz.
1915.

Ann. Myc. Bull. Hoehn.
1924;

18:123

herbarum (Preuss) Sacc. bohemica Petr.

Jard.

Bot.
Paul.
S.

3:6:6

not

Frag.

&

pandani Hoehn.
corioli D.

Scopophoma Dearn. & House
AIus. 266:83
1925.

Bull.

N.

Y.
S.

&

H.

Septoria Fr. Michelia 2:6

Syst. Myc. 3:480
1880.

1832; em. Sacc.
s.

urticae Rob.

Nemastroma Hochs. Wien
1921.

Hoehn.
2:83

Mitt.
1925.

Lab.

Techn.
N.
junci (Desm.)

Hoehn.

Rhabdostromina Died.
Septoriopsis Frag.
Nat. 15:127,
1884.
ill.

Ann.

Myc.

19:297

R.

empetri (Rostr.) Died.
citri

&

Paul

Bol. Soc. Hist.
S.

1915.

F.

&

P.

Sphaerographium

Sacc.

Syll.

Fung.
Lab.
Sitzb.

3:597
S.

squarrosum (Riess) Sacc.
oleae (DC.) Hoehn.

Coleonaema

Hoehn.

Mitt.

Tcchn.
c.

1924. Hochs. Wien 1:95 Cryptorhynchella Hoehn.

Akad.
c.
1892.
21 :250

Wien

124:88

1915.

Malatt. Limon. 4 Trichoseptoria Cav. Ann. Myc. Macroseptoria Petr.
1923.

T.

lantanae (Died.) Hoehn. alpei Cav.
Petr.

M. moravica

Genera Incertae Sedis Vel Dubia

number of the following are segregates of Cytospora and other rend^er genera, but the characters are so inconstant in many at least, as to stromate 1925.) Ann. Myc. 23:83 Pctrak (cf. impossible to place them definitely. it Unters. Ber. (Myk. Hoelmel of that chiefly is disposition the others, For the

A

large

1:358-362

1923) and Pctrak

(1.

c.

23:1

1925).

Ann. Myc. Actinopelte Sacc. 1924. cf. Petr. lb. 22:54

11:315

1913;

A-

japonica Sacc.
tiliae

Amphicytostroma
1921

Petr.

Ann.

Myc.

19:63

A.

(Sacc.) Petr.

PHOMACEAE
Apocytospora Hoehn. Hochs. Wien 1:43
Aposphaeriopsis
1913;
cf.

369

Mitt.
1924.

Bot.

Techn.
A.
visci

Hoehn.

Died.

Ann.

Myc.

11:44
1924;

Petn

&

Syd. lb. 22:341
Beih.

Petr. lb. 23:3

1925.

A.

domesticum (Henn.) Died.
philippinensis P.
lauricola Bub.

Avettaea
42:299

Petr.

&

Syd.

Rep.

Fedde
A.
B.
C. C.

1927.

&

S.

Basilocula Bub.

Ann. Myc. 12:210 1914. Ceuthosira Petr. 1924. Ann. Myc. 22:265 Ceuthosporella Petr. & Syd. Ann. Alyc. 21 :371
1923.

aesculicarpa Petr. acerina P.

&

S.

Chaetodiplodia Karst. Syll. Fung. 3:374

Hedwigia 23:62
1884.

1884;

C.
Critt.
Ital.

caulina Karst.

Chaetopyrena Pass.
1881;
cf.

Erb.

2:1088
1924;

Petr.
1925.

Ann. Myc. 22:101
Petr.

23:139
1924.

C.

hesperidum Pass.
coluteae Petr.

Chaetosclerophoma

Ann. Myc. 22:178
C.
Sitzb.

Chondropodium Hoehn.
125:45
1916. Fr.

Akad. Wien
C.
1825.

Cliostomum

Syst. Orb. Veg. 1:116

C.

spina (B. & Rav.) Hoehn. corrugatum (Ach.) Fr.

Rhytismella Karst. Hedwigia 23:60 1884. Colpomella Hoehn. Mitt. Lab. Techn. Hochs.

R.

corrugata (Ach.) Karst.
pini

Wien
1921.

3:16

1926.

Hoehn.

Cryptoceuthospora

Petr.

Ann.
Mitt.

Myc.
Lab.

19:57

moravica Petr.
Techn.
pteridis (Kalchb.)
1926.

Cryptomycella Hoehn. Hochs. Wien 2:48 Cryptosporiopsis Bub.
53:360
21:189,
1912.

Hoehn.

& &

Kab.
Stout

Hedwigia
nigra Bub.

&

Kab.

Cyphellopycnis Tehon
ill.

Mycologia
pastinaceae T.

1929.

&

S.

Cytonaema Hoehn.
1914.

Sitzb.

Akad. Wien 123:131
spinella (Kalchb.)

Hoehn.

Cytophoma Hoehn.
1914.

Sitzb.

Akad. Wien 123:133
pruinosa (Fr.) Hoehn.

Cytoplacosphaeria
1919.

Petr.

Ann.

Myc.

17:79

rimosa (Oud.) Petr,

Diplodiopsis Henn.

Hedwigia 43:386

1904;

Syll. Fung. 3:335 1884. Discomycopsis Aluell. Bot. Cent. 57:347 1894; Syll. Fung. 11:517 1895. Dothiopsis Karst. Hedwigia 23:20 1884; Syll. Fung. 10:228 1892. Endogloea Hoehn. Zeit. Gar. 5:207 1915; cf. Petr. Ann. Myc. 22:99 1924. Enthallopycnidium Stev. Bishop AIus. Bull.

D. D.

tarapotensis Henn,

rhytismoides Muell.
spiraeae Karst.
taleola (Sacc.)

Hoehn,

19:85,

ill.

1925.

E.

gouldiae Stev,
sacchari Butl.

Hendersonina Butler
Bot. 6:198,
ill.

Alem. Dept. Agr. India

1913.

Hormococcus Preuss
Hypocenia
Syll.

B.

&

C.

Linnaea 25:738 N. A. Fung. n. 423
1884.

1852.

H. H. H.

populi Preuss

1874:

Fung. 3:320

obtusa B.

&

C.

370
Tanospora Starb.
19:86
1894,

PHOMALES
Bih.

Sven.
cf.

Akad.

Handl.
Syst.

as

subg.;

Hoehn.

Fung. Imp. 319

1923; Petr.

&

Syd. Ann.
J.

Myc. 21:350
Lasiodiplodia
Ell.

1923.

lineolans (Schw.) Starb.

&

Ev.

Bot.

Gaz.

21:92
L.

1899. 1896; Syll. Fung. 14:939 Ann. Myc. 25:315 1927. Leeina Petr. Fung. Natal. 32; Sum. Veg. Levieuxia Fr. 1884. 1849; Syll. Fung. 3:321 Scan. 415 Manginia Vial. & Pacot. Comp. Rend. 139:88 1906. 1904; Syll. Fung. 18:266 Microxyphium Sacc, em. Speg. Physis 4:293
1918.

tubericola E.

&

E.

L.

philippinensis Petr.
natalensis Fr.

M. M.

ampelina V.
footi (B.

&

P.

&

D.) Harv.

Monopycnis Naumov
1915.

Bull.

Soc. Oural. 35:36
1851.

Myriopyxis Ces.
cf.

Flora 34:73
1920.

M. M. M.
P.
P.

crataegi

Naumov

caricicola Ces.

Myxofusicoccum Died.
Petr. 18:25

Ann. Myc. 10:71 1912;

obtusulum

(S.

&

B.) Died,

1925. Ann. Myc. 23:82 Paracytospora Petr. 1927. Ann. Myc. 25:106 Perizomella Syd. 1825. Phylloedia Fr. Syst. Orb. Veg. 1:195 Bol. Soc. Hist. Phyllonochaeta Frag. & Cif.

salicis Petr.

inquinans Syd.
epiphylla Fr.
solani F.

P.
P.
P.

Nat. 27:171,

ill.

1927.

&

C.

1921. Ann. Myc. 19:197 Placonemina Petr. Mag. Bot. Lap. 21:13 Plectophomella Moesz

dothideoides (Mont.) Petr.
visci

1922.

P.

Moesz.

Plenophysa Syd.
Pleocyta
42:454
1923.

Ann. Myc. 17:142

1919.

P.

mirabilis Syd.

Petr.

&

Syd.
Petr.

Beih.

Rep.

Fedde
sacchari (Massee) P.

1927.

&

S.

Pleurocytospora
Pleurodiscula

Ann.
Mitt.

Myc.
Lab.

21 :256

vestita Petr.

Hoehn.

Techn.
neglecta (Desm.) Hoehn.

1926. Hochs. Wien 3:25 Ann. Myc. 26:115 Pleuroplacosphaeria Syd.

1928.

negeriana Syd.
Petr.

Pseudocytospora
1923.

Ann.

Myc.

21:295
P.

allantospora Petr.

Pseudodiscula Laubert

Gartenfl. 60:76

1911.

P.
P.

endogenospora Laub.
negundinis Petr,
eugeniae Stev. canariense Syd.

Pseudosclerophoma
1923; lb. 22:102

Petr.
1924.
111.

Ann. Myc. 21:283
Biol.

Pycnidiostroma Stev.
ill.

Mon.

11:45,

1927.

P.
P.
ill.

Pycnomma
1909.

1924. Ann. Myc. 22:187 Syd. Cent. Bakt. 51:515, Pycnosporium Siegel

P.
Sitzb.

lommeni

Sieg.

Rhabdostromella Hoehn.
124:145
1917. 1915.

Akad. Wien
R.
rubi (Lib.)

Hoehn.

Rhabdostromellina Hoehn.
Scirrhiopsis

Ann. Myc. 15:303
R.

ruborum Hoehn.
hendersoniodes Henn.

Verb. Bot. Brandenb. 1913. 1905; Syll. Fung. 22:1074 47:12 1929. Ann. Myc. 27:428 Septocytella Syd. Hedwigia 43:388 Septodothideopsis Henn. 1906. 1904; Syll. Fung. 18:405

Henn.

S. S.

bambusina Syd.
manaosensis Henn.

S.

ZYTHIACEAE
Septorella Allesch.
Syll.

371

Hedwigia 36:241

1897;
S.

Fung. 18:981 1906. Shropshiria Stev. Mycologia 19:231, ill. Sphaerothyrium Bub. Ber. Deut. Bot.
34:298
1916.

salaciae Allesch.

1927.

S.

chusqueae Stev.
filicinum Bub.

Ges.
S.

Neoplacosphaeria
1921; 22:102

Petr.

Ann.

Myc.

19:74

1924.

N.

polonica Petr.

Ann. Myc. 25:195 1927. S. disciformis Petr. Systremmopsis Petr. Ann. Myc. 21:191 1923. S. ribesia Petr. Thyriostroma Died. Ann. Myc. 11:176 1913. T. spiraeae (Fr.) Died. Torsellia Fr. Sum. Veg. Scan. 412 1849; Syll. Fung. 11:510 1895. T. sacculus (Schw.) Fr. Weinmannodora Fr. Sum. Veg. Scan. 409 1849; Syll. Fung. 3:325 1884. W. ruthenica Fr. Circinastrum Clem. Gen. Fung. 124 1909. C. ruthenica (Fr.) Clem. Xenodomus Petr. Ann. Myc. 20:206 1922. X. taxi PetrXylocladium Syd. Nat. Pflanzenf. 1:1:494 1900. X. clautriavi (Pat.) Syd.
Stichospora Petr.

ZYTHIACEAE
Hyalosporae
Allantozythia
1924.

Hoehn.

Ann.

Myc.

22:203

A.
B. C. C. C.

alutacea (Sacc.) Hoehn.
parodiellis

Blennoriopsis Petr. Ann. Myc. 17:92 1919. Cicinnobella Henn. Fung. Amaz. 3:386 1904. Ciliospora Zimm. Cent. Bakt. 2:8:217 1902 CoUacystis Kze. Giintz Das Leich. Neug.
1:212
1918.

moravica Petr. Henn.
gelatinosa

Zimm.

1827.

^

putredinis Kze.
acervalis (Sacc.)

Cyanophomella

Hoehn.

Hedwigia

60:156
C.

Hoehn.

Diplozythia Bub. Ann. Myc. 2:399 1904; Syll. Fung. 18:417 1906; cf. Hoehn. Syst. Fung. Imp. 359 1923. Dothiorina Hoehn. Sitzb. Akad. Wien 120:464
1911.

D. D.

scolecospora Bub.
tulasnei (Sacc.)

Hoehn.

Akad. Wien 17:1023 1908; for Eleutheromycella. Lagynodella Petr. Ann. Myc. 20:207 1922. Mastigosporella Hoehn. Sitzb. Akad. Wien
Eleutheris Hoehn.
Sitzb.

E.
L.

mycophila Hoehn.
pruinosa (Pk.) Petr.
hyalina (E.

123:135

1914.

M.
ill.

&

E.)

Hoehn.

Matula Mass.
1888.

Jour. Roy. Mic. Soc. 4:173,

M.
Hoehn.
Frag.

poroniaeformis (B. Mass.

&

Br.)

Microdiscula
1915.

Myk.

n.

938

M.
P. P.

rubicola (Bres.) Hoehn.

Plenozythia Syd.
1923.

Ann. Myc. 14:215 1916. Pseudosclerophoma Petr. Ann. Myc. 21:283

euphorbiae Syd.
negundinis Petr.

Rhodosticta

Woronich.
1911.

Bull.

Jard.

Bot.

Petersb. 11:13

R.
Sitzb.

caraganae Woronich.

Sarcophoma
125:75

Hoehn.
1916.

Akad.

Wien
S.

pachybasium (Sacc.) Hoehn.

372

PHOMALES
Hoehn.

Sphaeronemina
1917.

Hedwigia

59:274
S.

cylindrica (Tode)

Hoehn.

Mycorhynchella Hoehn.
1918.

Hedwigia 60:155

M.
S. S. S.

Ann. Myc. 21 :247 1923. Siroplaconema Petr. Ann. Myc. 20:331 1922. Sirozythia Hoehn. Ann. Myc. 2:48 1904.
Sirogloea Petr.
Treleasiella Speg.

Hoehn. euonymi Petr. moravicum Petr. rosea Hoehn.
exilis

Rev. Agr. Vet.

La Plata
T. T.
sacchari Speg.
piskorzi Petr.
lichenicola Tobler

241

1896.

Tremellidium Petr. Verrucaster Tobler
21:384,
ill.

Ann. Myc. 25:387 1927. Abh. Nat. Ver. Bremen
Sitzb.

1913.

V.

Xenostroma
124:149

Hoehn.
1915.

Akad.

Wien
X.
Z.

caespitosum (Fkl.) Hoehn.
resinae (Ehrb.) Fr.
resinae (Ehrb.)

Zythia Fr.
124:91

Sum. Veg. Scan. 407 1849. Pycnidiella Hoehn. Sitzb. Akad. Wien
1915.

P.

Hoehn.

Phaeosporae
Caudosporella
123:135

Hoehn.

Sitzb.

Akad.
1880.
Syll.

Wien
C.

1914.

antarctica (Speg.)

Hoehn.

Harknessia Cke.
Martinella (Cke.
10:409
1914.
1892.

Grevillea 9:85

H.
Fung.

eucalypti Cke.
eucalypti (C.

&

Massee) Sacc.

M.
Myc. Cent.
4:17,
ill.

&

M.) Sacc.

Mastigonetrum Klebahn

M.
Hyalodidymae

fuscum Klebahn

Clypeopycnis Petr.

Cyanochyta Hoehn.
1915.

Sitzb.

1925. Ann. Myc. 23:76 Akad. Wien 124:92

C.

aeruginascens Petr.

C.
F.

Fuckelia Bon. Abh. Geb. Myk. 135 1870. Stylonectria Hoehn. Sitzb. Akad. Wien
124:152
1915.

ribis

cyanogena (Speg.) Hoehn. Bon.

S.

applanata Hoehn.

Phaeodidymae
Pseudodiplodia
1886.

Karst.

Symb.

Myc.

15:156
P.
ligniaria (Karst.) Sacc.

Hyalophragmiae
Aschersonia Mont.
1856.
Syll.

Crypt.
Beitr.

260

n.

929

A.
Riess
Fres.

taitensis

Mont.

Chiastospora
1850.

Myk.

43
C.

parasitica Riess

Ciliosporella Petr.
Sirozythiella

Ann. Myc. 25:217 1927. Hoehn. Sitzb. Akad. Wien
1909.
Syll.
Fl.

C.

selenospora Petr.

118:1532

S.

sydowiana (Sacc.) Hoehn.
pallida (B.

Stagonopsis Sacc.

Stagonostroma Died.
1914.

Fung. 3:621 1884. Mark. Brandb. 9:561

S.

&

C.) Sacc.

S.

dulcamarae (Pass.) Died.

LEPTOSTROMACEAE
Scolecosporae

2,7i

Chromocytospora
3:13:392
1911.

Speg.

An.
Mitt.
1925.
Syll.

Mus.
Lab.

Xac.
ricinella Speg.

Nemozythiella Hoehn Hochsch. Wien 2:70

Tcchn.
N.
lonicerae (Died.) Hoehn.
18:418
Marcli.
1866.

Mycorhynchus
1906; for
Syll.

Sacc.

Fung.
Sacc.

Rhynchomyces

&

Fung. 10:411

1892, not Willk.

M.
P.

1922. Ann. Myc. 20:323 1892. Polystigmina Sacc. Syll. Fung. 3:622 Rev. Agron. Polylagenochromatia Camara

Phlyctaeniella Petr.

P.

betae (Holl.) Sacc. polonica Petr. rubra (Desm.) Sacc.

17:23,

ill.

1929.

theobromae Camara
Bull.

Rhodoseptoria
Fr. 29:278

Nauniov
1913.

Soc.

Myc.
R.
ussuriensis

Naumov

Scolecozythia Curzi
ill.

Att.

1st.

Pavia 3:3:185,
S.

1927.

valsivora Curzi

Genera Incertae Sedis Vel Dubia

AmpuUaria

A.

I..

Smith

Jour.
1906;

Bot.
cf.

41:258

1903; Syll. Fung. 18:416

Hoehn.
A.

1923. Syst. Fung. Imp. 358 Chaetozythia Karst. Symb. Myc. 28:41 1888; Syll. Fung. 10:406 1892; cf. Hoehn. Syst. Fung. Imp. 358 1923.

aurea Smith

C.

pulchella Karst.

Hypocreodendrum Henn.

Hcdwigia

36:223

1899. 1897; Syll. Fung. 14:992 Leptodermella Hoehn. Zeit. Gar. 5:212 1914. Pachydiscula Hoehn. Zeit. Gar. 5:210 1914 Syst. Fung. Imp. 335 1923; cf. Petr. Ann Myc. 21:272 1923. Roumegueriella Speg. Rev. Myc. 2:18 1880 Syll. Fung. 3:616 1884; Hoehn. Syst Fung. Imp. 361 1923. Sphaerocista Preuss Linnaea 25:734 1852 em. Hoehn. Frag. Myk. 948 1916; Syst Fung. Imp. 336 1923. Sphaeronemella Karst. Hedwigia 33:17 1884 Syll. Fung. 3:617 1884; cf. Hoehn. Syst Fung. Imp. 362 1923. Xanthopsora Speg. An. Mus. Nac. 31 :430
1922.

H.
L.

sanguineum Henn.
incarnata (Bres.) Hoehn.

P.

diplodioides (AUesch.) Hoehn.

R.

muricospora Speg.

S.

schizothecioides Preuss

S.

hevellae Karst.

X.

melanostoma Speg.

LEPTOSTROMACEAE
Hyalosporae
Ann. Myc. 25:123 1927. Actinothecium Ccs. Rabh. Herb. Myc. 1976
Acarella Syd.
1854.

A. A.
B. C.

costaricensis Syd.

Brunchorstia Eriks. Bot. Cent. 47:298 1891. Columnothyrium Bub. Ber. Deut. Bot. Ges.
34:308 Crandallia
1897.

caricicolum Ces. destruens Eriks.

1916.
Ell.

myriospermum (Mass.) Bub.
juncicola E.

&

Sacc.

Bull. Torr.

Club 34:466
C.

&

S.

Creothyrium

Petr.

Ann. Myc. 23:79

1925.

C.

pulchellum Petr.

374
Helicia
266:91

PHOMALES
Deamess & House
1925.
Bull. N. Y.

Mus. H.
D.
E.

buccina D.

& H.

1913. Ann. Myc. 11:266, ill. Ann. Myc. 25:121, ill. 1927. Elachopeltis Syd. 1887. Eriothyrium Speg. Fung. Fueg. n. 426 Gloeodes Colby Trans. 111. Acad. Sci. 13:157,

Diedickea Syd.

singularis Syd.

E. G.

phoebes Syd. dubiosum Speg.

ill.

1920.
Syll.

pomigena (Schw.) Colby
heraclei (Lib.) Sacc.
pteridis (Ehrb.) Died.

Fung. 3:648 1884; 1923. cf. Hoehn. Syst. Fung. Imp. 360 Thyriostoma Died. Ann. Myc. 11 :176 1913. 1818. Leptostroma Fr. Obs. Myc. 2:361 Leptothyrium Kze. & Schm. Myk. Heft. 2:79
Labrella (Fr.) Sacc.
1823.

L. T. L, L.

scirpinum Fr.
lunariae Kze.
rubi

Leptothyrina
124:123

Hoehn.
Hoehn.

Sitzb.

Akad. Akad.

Wien
L.

1915.

(Duby) Hoehn.

Myxodiscus
115:671
1905.

Sitzb.

Wien
M.
confluens (Schw.) Hoehn.

1906.

Platycarpium Karst.
Porterula Speg.
ill.

Act. Soc. Fenn. 27:10
P.

fructigenum Karst.
alstroemeriae Speg.

Rev. Chil. Hist. Nat. 24:13,
P.
Sitzb. .\kad.

1920.

Rhabdothyrella Hoehn.
126:290
124:125
1917.

Wien
R.

microscopica Hoehn.
convallariarum (Oud.) Hoehn.
aquilina (Mass.) Bub.

Rhabdothyrium Hoehn.
1915.

Sitzb.

Akad. Wien
R.
Bot.

Massalongjna
34:319

Bub.

Ber.

Deut.

Gcs.

1916.

Melasmia Lev.

Ann. Sci. Nat. 3:5:276 1846. Merismella Syd. Ann. Myc. 25:114 1927. Myxothyrium Bub. & Kab. Sven. Bot. Tids.
9:379
1915.

M. M. M.

acerina Lev.

concinna Syd.
leptideum (Fr.) B. hedyotidis Syd.
astroidea B.

M.
1917.

&

K.

Peltaster Syd.

Piggotia B.
1851.

&

Ann. Myc. 15:261 Ann. Nat. Hist. Br.

P.
ill.

2:7:95,

P. P.

&

Br.

Ann. Myc. 25:125, ill. 1927. Plenotrichum Syd. Ann. Myc. 25:131, ill. 1927. Pleurothyriella Petr. & Syd. Ann. Myc. 23:210
Plectopeltis Syd.
1925.

E.
P.

egenula Syd. mirabile Syd.
pinastri (Oud.) P. pinastri
taxi Syd.

&

S.

Sirothyriella
119:451

Hoehn.
1910.

Sitzb.

Acad.

Wien
S. S.

(Fkl.)

Hoehn.

Sirothyrium Syd. Ann. Myc. 14:218 1916. Tracyella Sacc. Syll. Fung. 18:424 1906. Trichopeltulum Speg. Fung. Puigg. n. 342
1889.

T. T. T.

spartinae (Pk.) Tassi

Trichopeltium Clem.

Gen. Fung, 131

1909.

pulchellum Speg. pulchellum (Speg.) Clem.

Phaeosporae
Asterostomella
22:198
subg.
1886.
Syll.

Speg.

An.

Soc.

Cien.

Arg. A.

paraguayensis Speg.
erysiphoides (K.

Asteronia Sacc.
;

Fung.

1

:47

1882, as
1913.

cf.

Theiss. Myc. Cent. 3:275

A.

&

C.) Sacc.

Hyphaster Henn.
169
1903.

Baum Kun. Sambes

Exp.

H.

kutuenais Henn.

Nac. not 1904. Ann. S. 1896. ill. Phil. 4:13 Died. Lasmenia Speg. 361 D. magellanicum Speg. raimundi Sacc. Fung. Leprieurina Arnaud ill. Montp. Fung. cf. 54 Arg. coniothyris Sacc. & Br. 1851. Fr. Jahrb. 358 Bull. ill. Fung. 1911. 12:308 1914. Pirostomella Sacc. 15:260 1917. winteriana Arn. Discotheciella Syd. 1890. 1839. Sitzb. ill. Engler Bot. perseae Am. Syst. Kabatia Bub. Fr. Oest. juruanum Henn. Soc. abietis 1849. 25:113 1927. rionegrensis Henn. Soc. Fung. Pycnothyrium Hoehn. bakeri Syd. cf. Diag. Agr. 375 Oothecium Speg. disciforme Syd. P. 1914. Discosia Lib. Asterostomula Theiss. ill. 1913. 1912. Discosiella Syd. cf. Ann. Ann. Piggotia B. eryngicola Speg. Imp. 14:270 1916. Nat. Agr. spartii Pass. Wien. Veg. lb. Exsic. Fey r on. Fung. 1904. Achoropeltis Syd. P. Hofm. Peltostroma Henn. Ann. & R. ill. Hedwigia 43:392. 1904. Zeits. Petr. Acad. Fueg. Hedwigia 43:391. Fl. Myc. 16:218. Pirostoma (Fr. loranthi Theiss. 30:429. Myc. 430 1887. Akad. 16:210. cyhndrospora Syd. 54:28. mougeotiana S. modesta Syd.) Sacc. Fung.LEPTOSTROMACEAE Bol.) Hoehn. Ann. 12:70. C D. Myc.) Died. L. Hoehn. 1922. astroidea B. P. davillae Henn. Diplopeltis Pass. Myc. Scan. 1892. Hyalodidymae Chaetalysis 38:141. microthyris (Henn. D. not Muell. 1903. 1919. Denk. 23:117 Phaeolabrella Speg. Syll. Manginula Arnaud Ann. Fung. A. . B. Hoehn. P. 1914. Bot. Hoehn. Ann. R. Ann. n. 1904. 5:1546 D. ill. 423 Rhizothyrium Naumov. Zopf. L. Wien 28:216 1923. Soc. 1918. litigiosum (Desm. Myc. n. Hist. Myc. Phacodidymae Didymochora Hoehn. ill. Myc. M. 10:426 D. megalosporum Speg. Imp. latemarensis Bub. Bull. K. Bull. 2:7:95. Fr. Hedwigia 43:390. Mus. S. P. for Asterothyrium Henn. C. Syst. Ard. Syst. & Br. P. balansae Speg. 1:152 1886. artocreas (Tode) Fr. cf. myrioblephara Peyron. brasiliensis Peltostromella 83:35 1907. Crypt. gallarum Bub. L. 1918. Naumov Septothyrella Hoehn. Pycnostemma Syd. ill. An. 11:175 1923. Leptothyrella Sacc. Wien P. betulina Hoehn. Ann. Guar. ill. Myc. Nov. 345. Hedwigia 60:172 1918. Sum. 360 1923. Seynesiopsis Henn. Imp. 1890. Myc. Basiascella Bub. Fr. 26:390 1928. P. Cordoba 23:519 Ann. Bot. 1912. for Leaf. Ann. Hyalophragmiae Cystothyrium Speg. Poropeltis Henn. Hoehn. O. Discothecium Syd. Montp. 27:79 1929. A. 120:393 Akad. Myc. 14:371 1916.

Peltosoma Syd. 1823.) Bub. ophiospora (Lev. 22:102 1924. Phragmopeltis Henn. L. rimosa Petr. & Syd. Cordoba C.) Sacc. Myc. Sci. agrostidis Lib. not Berth. 34:302 1916 M. Michelia 2:632 1882. Fung. hysterioides (Fr. PS. 1906. Lab. Petr. 22:373 T. M. puiggarii Speg. costaricana Syd. 43:392. Phil. Ges. 3:658 1884. 3:13:396 21:192. Bol. 133. Bot. 23:522 1919. hians Vesterg. Myc. Sphaeriostromella Bub. P. ill. 359 D. C. & R. 1927. P. 18:429 1923. P. Fung. Bot. Vet. Fung. Ann. Deut.) Petr. Ann. G. . Cylindrothyrium Maire 53:189 Giulia Tassi 1914 1906. 25:127. S. Methysterostomella Speg. Myk. Ges. cf. Ber. heraclei Bub. 1:43 1897. Syll. Ann. subg. Scolecosporae Actinothyrium Kze. Ber. T. Chaetothyriolum Speg. Ges. umbellatum (Vestg. ill. laurina (Tassi) Sacc. Fung. 1904. 176 1909. Thyrinula 1924. 9:3129 P. Myc. D. Myc. Soc. Stigmopeltis Syd. athyrinum Bub. Tassia Syd Ann. Myc. Bull. Tokyo 27:253 C. ill. 25:130 1927.) Clem. Ischnostroma Syd. laurina (Tassi) Syd. for Chaetopeltis Sacc. Gen. 1902. C. Petasodes Clem.-Akad. 329 1923. sasae Hara Cheilaria Lib. siparunae Henn. 1919. 2:81 Bull. longissimum (Lib. Labridium Vesterg. Leaf. brasilianum Speg. Syst. Trachythyriolum Speg. Siena 14 1898. 17:79 Cytoplacosphaeria Petr. Imp. subicolum Maire tenuis (Sacc. Fung. Ann.376 PHOMALES Phaeophragmiae Oefv. Nac. & R. Bot. 9:186. Mus. Ann. 34:297 1916. A. Stigmopeltella Syd. C.111. Syll. A. 1904. Anaphysmene Bub. Forh. pteridina (S. Deut. Bull. 23:523 1919. argentinensis Speg. Ber. Hedwigia 41:146 Discomycopsella Henn. Cordoba T. Acad. Bot. Sci. Hedwigia An. Acad. Placothyrium Bub. Mag. & Stout Mycologia P- & S. S. Hoehn. freycinetiae Syd. Jour. Pseudodictya Tehon 1929. C. Lab. Bot. Ann. 4:122 1906. Pleurothyrium Bub. cf. I. Bot. eucalyptina P. 2:7:125 1837. Nat. bambusae Henn. Bol. Heft. sassafrasicola T. Leptostromella Sacc. Genera Incertae Sedis Vel Dubia Chaetopeltiopsis 1913 Hara Bot. Siena 6:92 Phil. Bot. Deut. roupalae Syd. Myc. 34:322 1916. Hoehn. 17:44 1919. septorioides S. Ann. Melophia Sacc. L1925. & S. 1911.) Bub. graminis Kze. Imp. Myc. Fr.) Tassi merrilli Syd. as Discostromella Petr. 22:34 1924. Syst.

Hedwigia 60:166 1918. Falcispcra Bub. 4:749 Syst. T. Techn. Fung. ill. A. E.) Hoehn. 3:5:274 1856. 17:38. atrum Sacc. Myc.ub. Sci. 8:503. Clinterium Fr. 1847. Z17 Soc. & Kab. 1914.) Lev. A. Neopatella Sacc. 69:3. 418 1849. 34:298 1916. 1923. App. Jour. Fung. Fkl. Nat. 1919. N. Mvc. Krypt. S. Myc. Syll. alniella Elliott 5:420. Myc. 3:649 1884. hysterioides Speg. 3:321 1884. 22:1163 Syst. DISCELLACEAE Discellae Hyalosporae Ann. lacera Fkl. & D. Stauronema Syd. Psilospora Rabh. Fung. not Speg. aurea Lev. as subg. 3:5:274 1846. . Lab. Syll. Hochsch. Wien 1:76 1924. Ann. Catinula Lev. Imp. Dinemasporiopsis Bub. X.H. Sci. excipuloides S.) v. 358 1923.& S. 1882.) Rabh. 2:64 1823. ornatum (DeN. ill. tremulae (Lib. Sirexcipula P. 1910. Ann. Nat. Myc. 1913. 14:217 1916. C. Hoehn. Ber. Fac. 6:530 1908. Ann. B. Desmopatella Hoehn. Brand. Stictopatella Hoehn. kabatiana Bub. Lophodermopsis Speg. Soc. Titaeosporina van Luyk Ann. D. Imp. & Syd. Ann. 1905. P. Sum. F. ill. Hoehn. androssoni B. philippinensis Syd. Petr. L. Arg. straussiana Sacc. Hoehn. phacidioides Desm. Kab. graminum Lev. 4:306 Acleista Elliott Trans. Scan. 14:182 1907. Ann. Hedwigia 52:269 1912. Polynema Lev. Syll. Sphaerothyrium Bub. salicis D. 360 1913. & B. euonymi (Desm. Bot. Chaetostroma (Corda) Sacc. 9:750 1914. 3:9:247 1848. 1846. Heteropatella 1869. Hedwigia 1:107 Hedwigia 46:295 Not. obturatum Fr. Xenopeltis Syd. 6:175 L. cf. 1:404 Amerosporium Speg. Symb. Act. cf. 1886. 1903. Sci. 11:317 1913. Myc. Brit. Ann Myc. Fung. Kze. Michelia cf. Euchaetomella lb. Ges. of Chaetomella. polynemate Speg. 1920. S. cruciferum S. 2:174. Sacc. Fung. 25:199 1927. hispidula Bub. Rev. Fl. 2:54 . Traversoa Sacc. 1919. C S. chenopodii Nees filicinum Bub. Agyriellopsis Hoehn. P. Sci.DISCELLACEAE Hysteridium Karst. Ann. caeruleo-atra Hoehn. Myc. 27:10 cf. for Dinemasporiella 1912. H.. Fenn. Veg. Fung. cycloschizum Syd. 359. Heft. Agron. S. S. Bot. 17:112 Sacidium Nees. ill. Deut. Ann. A. T. phragmitis Karst. Myc. & S. atra (Fkl. T. Phil. Myc. Mitt. S.) Hoehn. & K. faginea (Pers. Hedwigia 52:358 1910. snyderi Thaxt. Hoehn. & Schm. Lasiothyrium Syd. Nat. & Ser. em. Syll. Termitaria Thaxt. Fung. C. Dinemasporium Lev. Gaz. Sporonema Desin.

42-482 1927. trochiloides Sacc. Hist. Fung. I^- Hyalophragmiae Excipularia Sacc. quercus (Henn. 1909 Wien 118:879 J- quercus Hoehn. 2:5:457 n. 358 1923. P. Gen.378 PHOMALES Phaeosporae 439 1889. & Vleug. Excipulella Hoehn.) bubaki Ranoj. Myc. eumorpha Hoehn. n. & Br. 1909. asperulina Bub. Brandenb. phyllostictoides Speg. ^ B. jgjQ Ann. Ann. p & & Rep. & Pseudolachnea Ranoj. 3:688 1884. Sitzb. & Kab. 133 Fung. for Hedwigia Dinemasporiella Bub. hysteriformis B. poiophila Speg. Puigg. 1906. Tokyo Y. 2 -6 Herb. 134 Siropatella Hoehn. 22:977 Bull. Ann. & K. cf. Phaeopolynema Speg. & Br. & Kab. ill. Ber. Ramulariospora Bub. C. Ital. Syll. 3:689 1884. A. Wien Sitzb. Fung. Rep. & K Jir Discella B. 5^ 358 D. Gen. 19:385. P- t. for Fung. cf. 15:158 1884. Myc. Hist. Ann. Coniothyriella C P. Bot. H.. boutelouae Clem^ . 359 1923. Hoehn. S. Bot. „ & „ „ V. Japonia Hoehn.) Hara Yoshinagamyces Hara 26:143 1912. Nac. basidio-annulata Bub. Hoehn. ill. Petr. Phaeodiscula Cuboni Michelia 2:367 1881. Syll. 1915. Mag. _ Nuov. recurvispora /c patella Ca^^ Sacc. 28:216 1914. K. Hoehn. Hymenopsis Sacc. Nat. Coniothyris Speg. argentinense Speg.. rhodophaea Hoehn. 19:97 1921. Hoehn. (B. Fung. Akad. ^- -483 Myxormia 447. 1910. Wien. 8:393. B. Giorn. 20:366. r ^ C. 2:5:376.Q. Ann. An. „ „ \ggi Vouauxiella Petr. juncigena Karst. 124:109 58:28 . Bot. Hedwigia 50:44 Hoehn. 23:117. Myc.) & E. ill. G. -o * d atro-vindis B.„-Q & Br.j. Fung. Scaphidium Clem. Imp. Beih. Boiss. Fung. Speg. Mus. cf. Syll. p. ill. o S. -R hispidula (Schrad. Ges. Nac. Chaetodiscula Bub. S. -j. Dinemasporiella 1910. strasseri Bactrexcipula Hoehn. ill. H. Godroniella Karst. & Br. r carbonacea (Fr. Harposporella Hoehn. fusispora B. Excipulina Sacc. Nebr. Speg. Myc. Mus. 1913. ill. 1850. Verb. celotti Cub. Clem. E. Surv. Hedwigia Akad. 1 :401 1903. 1912. Hofm. Syst. 5:5 1909 1905.) /p. * Rr Br. Syst. Fung. sympodiale B. Bot. Hedwigia 60:159 1918. 33:577 Syd. . 60:161 B. Deut. D. Fedde "^^ r. 1911. E. ^. M. Hyalodidymae Acarosporium Bub. Ann. 23:3 1925. Dinemasporis Speg. verrucosa (Vouaux) P. An. Petr Ann Myc. 1916. Imp. Nat. • Schoenbo'rnia Bub. Symb. . ^- 1912 a^ B.

DISCELLACEAE Oncospora Kalchbr. Phaeodictyae Taeniophora Karst. mirabilis Petr. Sec. cf. . Myc 2 21 L. Syll.) Sacc. martyris Speg. ill. S. Scan. Myc Fr See. Myc. Brandenb. Gen. Hyphostereum 1892. Guar. vagabunda Desm. & Desm.) Died. Speg. Pat. 3:5:284 1846. Wien M. Bull.) Sacc. Ell. Discozythia Petr. Excipulana Sacc. Sum. fusispora (B. Fung. Myk. Syst. Phlyctaena Mont.) H. Pat. Akad. Myc. Ephelidium Speg. 1902. Giorn. E.) Sacc. & C. Veg. 20:313 1922. Pilidium Kze. 25:215 1927. P. 23:214 1925. S. 41:7 Munkia Speg. Aschersoniopsis Henn. Hedwigia Hoehn. Veg. Cient. Ann. 361 A. Fung. & Roum. magnoliae (Rav. & Br) Sacc sepiarium Karst. 3:623 1884. Sum. 3:689 1884. 25:219 1927. 8 139 Gyrostroma 33:383. Fung. C. Pycnostroma Clem. Ital. Bull. 418 Syll. Ypsilonia Lev. Puigg. Imp. Fung.) Petr. Ann. P. E. n. Symb. S. lanuginosa (Pk. 379 bullata K. Ephelis Fr. Ann. 17-163 P. 1849. rhoina (Sacc. 1923. Ann. Acanthothecium Speg. Nat. Petr. Heft 2:292 1823. Sci 3:6:16 1847. D. 130 1909. ill. gramineum Fr. A. Hainesia Ell. Grevillea 9:19 1880. 1925. Entomopatella Petr. Ann. Myc. 90:184 ill E. Grevillea 9:19 1880 Stagonopatella Petr. Scoleccsporae An. Sirothecmm Karst. * 440 mirabile Speg. 370 1849. cf. _ !^^^- D. & Syd. Y. M. ^^^"^^ Ann. Myc. Sitzb. quercus (Rabh. sydowiana Petr. Microdiscula 124:142 Hoehn. mirabile Syd. Protostegia Cke. Ann. 1885. Patellinae Hyalosporae Crocicreas Fr. Myc. & C aeruginosa Petr cuspidata Lev.) Clem. & Sacc. 1915. Cyphina Sacc. 1:155 1886. Rev. Scan. 358. 17:163 1885. T. Myc. Myc. P- notarisi Paoli ". rubicola (Bres. Symb. 9:754. C. 1:97 Psilosponna Died. O. Libertiella 1880. Phaeophragmiae Dichaenopsis Paoli Nuov. Septopatella Petr. Syll.) Hoehn. acerina Karst. P. r. Symb. ' E. 12:571. Fung.^^^'^V . Pseudocenangium Karst. globosa Henn. 3:699 1884. Ann. Myc. globosum (Henn. Sci. sinuosum Naumov malmedyensis Speg. Krypt. aurantiorum Speg. Myc Fr G. Myc. Fung. 23:128 septata (Jaap. ^ ^^^^- Psalidosperma Syd. & Sacc. Arg. eucleae (K. pendulum Naumov 1914. Nat P. pinastri Karst. P. mexicana Fr. 1920. H. 20:105 1887.

Zeit. 1891. S. 18:432 F. Arg. 1911. moravica Petr. splitgerberi Mont. S. Syll. 21:255 1923. 119:650 1910. & Br. Hyalophragmiae cydoniae Hoehn. Hoehn. Fung. 361 Diplozythiella 1916. Myc. Imp. tulasnei Sacc. artocreas Bot. n. D. olivascens Sacc. 31:5. pini Syd. pezizoides Lev. Died. Beih. Ann.) Thuem. S. 14:215. Myriellina Hoehn. Sacc. & C. Cien. ill. 1908. OUula Lev. Fioriella Sacc. S. ill. P. Nat. Myc. conigena (Niessl) Hoehn. 4:20:299 1863. ill. P. Fung. S. cf. Ann. Ann. Belg. Ann. Hist. P. aureum H. 30:2:145 Trichocrea March. cf. Syst. Hyalodidymae Cystotricha B. Myc. P. & D. 1927. & D. An. 21:278 1923. nivea Clem. Syll. Univ. T. Myk. Trichosperma 26:67 1888. & Br. Ann. 10:333 M. Phaeophragmiae Lecanosticta Syd. & Syd. Jour. Myc. Studies 4:188. Soc. 130 1909. Fung. L. Gen. 1903.) Petr. Schizothyrella Thuem. Sitzb. Akad. Soc. pulchellum Speg. C. Fragosoella Petr. & L. 20:211 1922. Sitzb. 1880. Ann. Akad. 2:5:457. Trullula Ces. quercina (Lib. & Lewis Trans. Syll. . 17:1025 Fung. 33 Myc. Petr. striola B. 1850. B. Speg. Rep. Ann. & C.) P. Fung. Siroscyphella Hoehn. Wien S. Stagonopatella Petr. Scleropycnium Heald Mic. Ann. Wien 124:100 M.) Hoehn. arundinaceae Petr. 25:219 1927.380 PHOMALES O. 1915. Patellina Spep. Arg. stenospora March. Siroscyphellina Petr. fumosellina (Starb. Ann. Bot. 1880. Myc. Pseudozythia Hoehn. italichroma Speg. Soc. 1906. Gen. Pseudopatella Sacc. Bull. 1852. vallumbrosana S. Wicn P. T. 22:182 S. 1684 S. aeruginosa Petr. 3:164 Sitzb. Myc. nevadensis (Frag. Nat. S. Hoehn. 25:233 Sirocyphis Clem. Akad. 267 1856. 3:688 1884. pusilla Frag. bambusina Died. Phaeosporae Michenera 1869. 10:287 B. Linn. juncea (Mont. 1927. Myc. 1912. Am. Petr. & S. Scolecosporae Pyrenotrichum Mont. 42:183 1924. Selenophomopsis Sirexcipulina Petr. Minn. ill. Soc. Feddc F. Pseudopatellina Hoehn. Sci. T. 1923.

Akad. Syst. gloeosporodes Penz. 12:119 1890. 12:571 1914. piri (Fkl. Imp. 1854. Myc. Bub. 361 1923. Fung. H. Myk. Kabatiella Bub. C. & E. & Svd. & Kab. Hysteromyxa Sacc. . Ann. & B. Fung. Mus. Imp. Syst. nitidulum (Sacc. Myc. pinastri T. Hoehn. polyspora B. T. 1915. Imp. & K. robergei D.) Petr. Hoehn. 1891. 52:360 1912. Nat. cf. P. Nac. Disp. Ann. ill.) Tuberculariella Hoehn. Gen. Akad.) Hoehn. & Ell. Petr. cf. & Ann. 23:6 1925. & M. Br. Myc. Dublin Soc. Disculina Hoehn. Fung. 176 Fl. Syst. Ann. 2:13:468. Rev. Gen. Pachybasidiella Bub. Syst. ill. Myc. 13:9. periclymeni (Desm. (no species piven) . 1921. MELANCONIALES MELANCONIACEAE Hyalosporae Aureobasis Viala 3:369. & B. 3:679 1884. Pseudostictis Fautr. Inst. P. Colletotrichella Hoehn. cf. 55 C. vinal Speg. Hoehn. Cryptosporiopsis Tent. Syll. vitis V. microsticta Bub. Ann. C. Syll. Discosporiopsis 1921. Myc. B. Bot. Not Crypt. Hoehn. Conoplea Pers. Myc. leucomelas Syd. Hedwigia C. Sturm Deut. 54:184 1904. 25:195 1927. Wien C. Mont. K. Hoehn. Syst. 1:343 1923. A. & S. Colletotrichum Corda 3:3:41. Syll. Michelia 2:574 1882. silvestris Fautr. Hoehn. nigra B. Thecostroma Clem. disciformis Petr. Syll. Frag. Zeit. Fung. Sci. Gartenfl. Ann. 3:11:53 1849. & Boyer Rev. Imp. 1831. 360 D. S. Fung. Crypt. 359 1923. ill. Myc. Sitzb. Oest. 19:217 D. ill. Nat. 1:83 1922. Bot. P. 11:553 1895. Sitzb. for Aureobasidium. C.0. viciae Karak. Fung. 1797. Wien 127:562 1918. 381 aesculicarpa Petr. cf. B. Hedwigia 46:297 1907.) Clem. Fung. Bloxamia ill. Fung. 1923. Syst. 135. n. E. 1911. Imp. Gloeosporiopsis 3:13:404 1909. 3:622 1884. 125:99 1916. An. E. cf. Proc. neesi (Cda. Petr. lini LafT. endogenospora Laub. 22:1297 1913. effugiens S. & P. 361 1923. sphaerica Pers. Sci. Pleococcum Desm. 22:1193 1913. truncata B. Polyspora LafTerty 21:258. Fung. 988 1916. Tryblidiopycnis Hoehn. Pseudodiscula Laub. Hist. Ann.MELANCONIACEAE Genera Incertae Sedis Vel Dubia Ceuthosira Petr. Syll. Exobasidiopsis Karak. Speg. 60:78 1911. Fung. P. Ann. Petr. Colletotrichopsis Bub. Stichospora Petr. pyri (Noack) Bub. Exotrichum Syd. Fung. 22:265 1924.

Gloeosporidium Hoehn. Mitch. Discosporiella Petr. Phaeomonostichella Keissl. Akad. P. Scan.) Petr. Sitzb. 1923. Protocoronis 13:186 Atkin. 23:52 Ann. Sacc. R. Rhabdogloeopsis Petr. Fung. M. 22:401 1924. Bot. nervisequia (Lk. Bot. didyma & R. Cryptocline Petr.) Petr. subtecta (Rob. Akad. Wien Sitzb. Cordoba M.) Hoehn. Syn. Wien G. Myxosporella Sacc. M. balsameae (Dav. acericolum (All. Hedwigia 62:318 Gloeosporidiella Petr. Ann. Hypodermium Link 1825. 21:263 Bol. M.) Petr platani (Pk. Gloeosporium Desm. E.) Hoehn. Edgert. 22:402 1924. croceola Sacc. & & 2:575 P. Vermicularia Fr. H. C. Mitt. Wien 1923. Sitzb. miniata Sacc. cingulatum Atkin. em. Sci. Myc. Fung. Thyrsidiella Hoehn. V. hyalinum (Ell. 4:80 1927. PI. Veg. robergei (Desm. Akad. 125:55 1916. 19Q5 Ann. Cylindrosporella Hoehn. Michelia Jour. 21:14 1923. Fung. Sacc. Wien 60:75 1924. T. Ann. Ann. G. (F. Myc. Cytogloeum Discosporella Hoehn. Hyperomyxa Corda 1839. Bot. Michelia 2:12 1880. M. Sitzb. 125:95 1916. calami (Niessl) Hoehn. & Mont. 110 1801. Spec. Hochs. & & E. subsessilis S. Calogloeum Syd. lignicola Oest.) Hoehn. Discula Sacc. Hochs.) Hoehn. 23:77 1925. C. Myc. Myxosporina Hoehn. 1907. N. Wolf Jour. H. ribis (Lib. euonymi Petr.) Hoehn. Wien 125:96 1916. Naemospora Pers. D. D. carpini (Lib.) Hoehn.) Petr. Wien G. Myc. phaeosora (Sacc. Eriosporella Hoehn. for Protocoronospora. Soc. 1921. croceum (Pers. Ann. nervisequium Link.) Hoehn symploci Keissl. G. 19:214 G.382 MELANCONIALES Petr. 20:215 1922. Ann. Zeit. Discosporium Hoehn. Wien 4:73 1927. Myc. Speg. Wien Monostichella Hoehn. 5:196 1914. PI. C. Sitzb. Acad. nigricans A.) Hoehn. . D. Myc.) Syd. Akad. C. Akad. Akad. dematium Fr. 55:100 1849. Wien E. Zeit. Hypogloeum Mastigonema 29:177 Petr. Rhabdogloeum Syd. Gar. Fung. Ell. 2:88 H. 125:94 1916. phaeosora (Sacc. Elish. 21:14 D. Microgloeum Petr. moravica Petr. Petr. Pestalozziella 1882. Fung. Petr. P. stilbosporoides Cda. weirianum (Sacc. Myc. Michelia 2:381 1881. Sitzb. Mitt. Gloeosporina Hoehn. 3:12:295 1840. Link Discogloeum Petr. Myc. Ann. tiliae Petr. Myxosporium Link Spec. 36:82 1920. 1922. Ann. inconspicua (Cav. Nat. Myc. Icon. Anz. D. effusa Petr. H. 2:99 1825. 125:95 1916. bruchianum Speg. 419 Hoehn. Ann. ill. 125:109 1916. R. Ann. 3:34. pruni M. Myc. em. Akad. Gloeosporidina 1921. Mvc. pseudotsugae Syd.) 1926. Syll. Sum. Hypodermina Hoehn. 3:674 1884.) Sacc. 20:215 1925.

rubi-idaei Girz. 9:3131 H.) Sacc. Hyalodidymae Fominia Girzitska 6:168. Leaf. 14:46 1899. Phaeomarssonia 1915. saccardoi Syd. S. not Diet. commelinae Gaum. Fung. Sitzb. N. Neobarclaya Sacc. 2:91 Syd. 1874. Hochs. 21:179 L. 1890. Ann. 125:83 14:(75) 1916. 10:475 1892.) Marsoniella 125:108 1922. celtidis Syd. 1927. 4:344 1906.) Hoehn. 41 G. Ann. Syll. caricis Cryptomela Sacc. 2:6:388 T. Congo V.) Fisch. n. Wien M. 1852. primaria (E. Didymosporina Hoehn. Wien 2:36 1925. cf. ill. potentillae Marsonia Fisch. Syll. M. T. 5:2:229. Ann. Exs. Fung. 1908. phyllostachydis Kant. Phaeodidymae Didymosporium Nees Syst. olivascens Sacc. 1908. 3:760 1884. Pi. leopoldia Henn. Bub. Bot. 3:766 Marsonina Magn. Long. C. Bot. Eur. Sitzb. Bot. Syll. Wien D. S. Septomyxa Sacc. Zeit. Haplomela Syd. Bot.) P. Fung. & & E. P. Thyrsidium 1836. 1891. M.) Magn. Bot. C. Myc. Mont. F. Sacc. Sy. 20:261. M. for Chaetobasidiella vermicularioidea. Hoehn. primaria (E. ill. Imp. Melanconium Link 42:481 1925. Akad. Phil. Hedwigia 45:89 aesculi Sacc. rosicola Cav. Chaetobasis Hoehn. . Fung. potentillae (Desm. Pilz. ill. 17:87. Kieff 5 & F.MELANCONIACEAE Phaeosporae Botryoconis Syd. E. Rep. Mitt. 360 for 1923. em. juglandis Hoehn. Monotrichum Gaum. 10:397 botryosporum Mont. asperulum (Moesz) Petr. Vanderystiella Henn. 1927. vermicularis Hoehn. Gloeosporiella Cav. Scyphospora Kantshaveli 1928. Spec. Mus. Akad. An. 1825. (Lib. & Feddc leprosa (Fairm. Ann. Nac.) Sacc. Jard. 17:138 P. Ann. n.) Bub. Barclayella Sacc. (Desm. (Corda) Sacc. truncatula (Sacc. Phaeomarsonia Speg. Syll. Fung. Rast. ill. aceris (Lib. juglandinum Kze. 1906. Nat. 1857 M. B. Rabh. Myc. Petr. Michelia 2:11 1880. Fung. 1884. D. yerbae Speg. Fairmaniella Petr.st. & S. Fung. striola Sacc. Bull. TruUula Ces. Kozlemen. Myc. Beih. Mus. Hoehn. Sci. 33 1817. Bo!. Leptomelanconium 1923. 1916. 383 B. Fung.

Hedwigia Syst. Fung. Syst. Hoehn. Cryptostictis Fkl. Ramulispora Miura S. Entomosporium Lev. Syst. 1881. 25:66 1921. flageoleti Sacc. (no species given) Siridium Nees marginatum Nees notarisi Hyaloceras 1846. Fung. 342 1923. Scolecosporium Lib. 3:800 1884. n. M. Fung. & Mont. 1923. Fl. Dur. Dec. carneominis Hoehn. Hoehn. Fung. E. Micr. Michelia 2:355 fagi Lib. monochaeta (Desm. Myc. Ann. Soc. dianthi H. Phanerocoryneum Hoehn. 1891. Ital.. . Scolecosporiella Hoehn. E. Proc. umbonatum Nees loculosum (Sacc. dilophosporum (Cke. 1920. corni-albae (Roum. 1916. Heteroceras Sacc. abietinum Vuill.) Sacc. Fung. Asterosporium Kze. S. Disaeta Bonar Mycologia 20:299. Toxosporium 1896. & Malbr. Sacc. Titaeospora Bub. Fung. S. Soc. ill. Fung. Septotrullula Hoehn. Myc. 21:290 1923. Mich. S. as subg. Manch. Imp. funerea Desm. 351 1923. Prosthemiella Sacc. Thyrsidina Hoehn. A. Rhen. 3:337 1905. ill. Endocladis Petr. P. Bull. 18. acerinum (Pass. R. Ann. unicolor (B.) Syd. ill. 18:487 1906. Myc. Monochaetia Sacc. Siridina Hoehn. Syst. as 1895. & C. 96 Sacc. Flora 2:225 1819. Pilz. Septogloeum Sacc. 1916. Syll. 20:334 1922. C. & D. Michelia 2:11 1880. Ann. A. Pestalozzia DeNot. M. . D. Siridiella Karst. S. P. 10:484 1892. Hyalodictyae Hyalodictyum 10:31. Soc. Vuill. H. 2:9 1839. 30:67 Syst. Symb. Alg- 587 H. hysterioides Fkl. Stilbospora Pers. Sacc. bacilligera 1801. Myc. T. Myk. macrosperma Pers. Imp. Myc. ulmi Petr. & L. N. S. Fr. Agr. andropogonis Miura Phaeophragmiae Amphichaeta McAlp. daviesiae arbuti McAlp. T. Pilz.) P. Bull. Leptocoryneum 1925. S. Woronich. P. 22:406 1924. subg. Gartenwelt Pseudodiscosia Hoest. C. Fung. Bull. 65:278 L. Bonar hoffmanni Kze. 18:485 1906. Ann. colchicum Woron.384 MELANCONIALES Hyalophragmiae Syll. 1838 1869.. 14:345.) Bub. 334 (no species given) ramealis Karst. (no species given^ trimera (Sacc. T. Bot. as subg. 1928. 2:11 1880. Myc. Tiflis H. E. Imp.) Sacc. Michelia 2:356 1881.) Sacc. 3:797 1884. ill. & Laub. Mus. S.) Petr. Myc. 22 1816. Fung. Linn. Diploceras Sacc. Pestalozzina Sacc. Wales 1904:118 1904. 3:31 maculatum Lev. Fung. Ann. Coryneum Nees Syst. D. 1902:39. Imp. 341 1923. Myc. Endocoryneum Petr.i6. Syn. Petr. Syll. Ann. 34 1817. formosa Sacc. Frag. ditospora (Sacc. em. Bull. 11:43. 12:34 T. Thyrostromella Syd. Fr. 13:136 1915.) Petr. 11:580 Syll.

12:210 1914. P. Fung. Imp. Bot. uleana (S. Micr. 22:202 P. 1923. Thyriostroma Died. Fung.) 1916. Ann. S. 22:197 1924. betulina Sphaceliopsis Libertella 1830. Fung. Nac. A. Phloeosporina 1924. 118:1536 1909. cf. Fung. 358 1923. Ann. 135. Imp. 10:498 P.) Corda celtidis (Pass. cf. 362 1923. cf. 1892. 22:1468 1913. Ann. Bub. Gen. Ann. cinnamomi Syd. Fung.) Desm. Nat. Syll. Hormylium Clem. & Schm. Myc. Keissl. Piricauda Bub. Imp. castanopsidis Keissl. & S. 1837.) Hoehn. Syst. cf. Ann Myc. Myc. 1:36 1903. saccardoi Syd. Myc. 1923. Heft. anemones Kleb.) Bub.st.) Died. Hoehn. Wien Endobotryella Hoehn. 20:45 s. Anz. bommeriae R. Hoehn. Desm. Ann. Endobotrya B. 1914. E. Sy^t. 1910. Elaeodema Syd. Hoehn. Phragmotrichum Kze.) Hoehn. Akad. Pseuderiospora 60:76 1924. & Hoehn. Akad. 359 1923. E. S. Myk. Trid. Hoehn. Syll. oblonga (Fkl. 1:19:277 L. E. Akad. Imp. Hoehn. lauricola Bub. Deut. C. & C. Fung. cypericola Speg.MELANCONIACEAE Phaeodictyae 385 & C. fusarioides Corda Soc.) 1823. Ges. pestalozzis B. Berl. stipata (Lib. Sacc. Sy. Ann. Myc. Myc. Syst. 361 1923. Trichodytes Klebahn Ber. Fung. 20:64 1922 Hormococcus Preuss Linnaea 25:73 1852. Hoehn. Syll. 176 1909. M. Pseudostegia Bub. Myc. Scolecosporae Exanth. Libertina Hoehn. chailleti Morinia 2:84. B. em. Jour. Hoehn. Ann. Fung. Sy. 3:728 1884. 15:527 1897. & B. & E. ill. Imp. T. Fung. Wien L. E. Fung. neesi Corda Hoehn. C. Grevillea 2:98 1874. Wien 125:104 1924. 82 1889. Imp. 11:176 1913. & Sacc. Bull. & S. piriforme (Hoffm. 12:218 1914.st. Staurosporae Asteroconium Syd. Syst. Mus. Syll. Cryptosporium Sacc. Belg. cf. 29:295 1891. Bot. Alyc. 1 :5 cf. H. Fung. Rung. 12:56 1906. minor (E. elegans B. Psammina Rouss. 361 1923. Syst. Sitzb. neesi (Corda) Phloeosporella Hoehn. Michelia 2:12 1883. Genera Incertae Sedis Vel Dubia Ann. nubilosa Bub. Myc. & Bres. Fung. cf. ceanothi (E. Kze. 3:740 1884 Disculina Hoehn. Hoehn. Speg. 22:201 P. 166 Cylindrosporium Unger 1833. Stigmopsis Bub. M. Sci. Ann. populi (Preuss) Clem. populi Preuss H. Sitzb. 360 Basilocula Bub. 12:218 P. Hoehn. Steganosporium Corda Icon. Imp. pteridis (Ehrenb. Melanostroma Corda Icon. 360 Fung. padi Karst. . Myc. An. 3:22 1839.

alternatum Lk. 99. Bainier Myc. C. 2:15 1838.Wien 1824. lanuginosus Tsil. thuemeni Sacc araucaria Corda populi (Harz) Hoehn. Fung. Corda (Pat. 1899. Link 1824. Clonostachyopsis Hoehn. 1:53 Acmosporium Corda 1839. H. Bull. Asterophora Ditm. pulchrum Corda elegans Bain. Michelia2:17 1880. Acrocylindrium Bon. Sitzb. C. Viert. A. & R. Chantransiopsis Thaxt. ill. 8:4 Acremonium Link. A. Nat. 3:11. Cephalosporium Corda botryoideum Corda arbuscula Preuss acremonium Corda Chaetoconidium 37:45 1914. Tsil. Fr. Hoehn. & M. Gaz. Acrostalagmus Corda Icon. Crypt. Bot. 15:104. Botryosporium Corda 3:11 1833. Sp. B. Hoehn. 3:2:119. 1809.) Syd. 21:234 1883. Calcarisporium Preuss Linnaea 24:124 Anleit. B. A. PI. Hoehn. 1899. C. A. Michelia 1:272 1878. botrytis Fres. Fres. X. Fung. Fl. & Roll. 1910. C. Fung. 58:246. Icon. Sturm Deut. 1902. B. Acontium Morgan Jour. Clonostachys Corda Prachtfl. Bot. 1900. A. Bcitr. 1809. viride Chromosporium Corda Fl. ill. ill. Imp. 1829.386 MONILIALES MONILIALES MONILIACEAE Hyalosporae Acladium Link Obs. 1902. em. A. Sturm Deut. B. em. 1851. ill. cinnabarinus Corda capitata C. 15 1839. ill. ill. Thermomyces 13:500. Schrad.) Hoehn. ill. Obs. A. Myk. Amblyosporium 1863. Bull. S. Articularia Hoehn. Bot. Myc. agaricicola clautriavi Sturm Deut. Wien B. ill. Syst. Crypt. 61 1842. Akad. Soc. Bull. Aspergillus (Michel. Syll. 1923. ill. 1887. Soc. Myk. luteus C. conspersum Lk. Sterigmatocystis Cram. A. decumbens Thaxt. 118:407 1909. Handb. Jour. 1:13 Sacc. Corda Cladobotryum Sacc. C. Crypt.. 4:153 1888. Pflanzenf. Zarich 4:323 1859. Xylocladium Syd. Syll. Zukal Verb. 1831. 16:1089 22:1262 362 1913. 1909. Ges. cf. Myc. 22:1253 R. cinerea Pers. ill. C. 1913. 1:65 Alliospora Pirn Briarea Corda 3:3:11. A. 1:1:494 Fung. A. Nat. 3:56. C. Sitzb. sapucaya Pirn elegans Sturm nigra van Tiegh. & Matr. Blastomyces Cost.) Lk. 1:9. Fl. A. Myc. Wien 116:149 1907. glaucus (L. Sitzb. arachnoideum Zuk. PI. Fr. elegans Bon. clautriavi (Pat. Sp. Fung. Akad.) Lk. Pasteur T. Ges. 97 1851. Wien C. Botrytis Michel. ill. Inst. album Morg. Radaisella 26:382. Fung. Akad. quercina (Pk.) Basidiobotrys 118:420. Myc. Myc. Fr. . Harziella Cost. Ann. Jour. Soc. 1809.

Nat. lactis (Fres. H. Myc. Cylindrium Bon. 1809. 1875. Corda globuligera Hoehn. Comp. Y. G. capitatum Lk. G. 2:815 1. ill. Gliobotrys Hoehn. Obs. Sitzb. Bakt. C. Myc. C. Haplotrichum Link Sp. G. Myc. 1851. Myk. Gonatorhodis Thaxt. Myk. ill. ill. Handb. Myk. 34. Veg. N. Akad. Myc. Myk. 1851. Graphidium Lind. 1917. C. Hyphoderma Langloisula Sum. Coemansiella Sacc. 22:1240 1913. ill. pulchella T. Fr. Ell. 32:9 1893. ill. 58 1842. Akad. grisea Lk. 5 1839. Rep. PI. Synib. Gliocladium Corda Icon. Handb. Sitzb. tenera Bon. C. reversa van Tiegh. Fung. Cylindrophora 1851. Corda Icon. Fung.) Sumst alboviridis Hoehn. 32:43. Geotrichum Link Obs. Cylindrodendrum Bon. Ann. Dimargaris van Tiegh. H. Sci. G. C. Coemansia van Tiegh. 9:748 1909. Sitzb. 1:53 1809. Fin. candidum Lk. 1930. Corethropsis Corda Coronella Crouan 2:11:632 1904. Ann. Thermoidium Miehe Ber. C. 6:1:160. penicillis dichotomus Hoehn. 4:30 1840. Fung. crystalligena van Tiegh. & M. C.MONILIACEAE Coccosporella Karst. corni Pk. 6:1:154. Scan. Michelia 2:639 1882. Ann. 35:510. versicolor Mont. Michelia 2:14 C. 5:68 1889. Gonatobotrys Corda Prachtfl. Hoehn. & S. 5:17:392 1873. Dispira van Tiegh. sulphureum Miehe . Syll.) spinosa E. Cylindrotrichum Bon. O. 1880. 92. tenuis Doratomyces 1837. 1875. 1:52 1824. Myk. C. Wien 111:1048 1902. D. Myk. C. Glomerularia Pk. album Bon. Frag. Ev. G. Nat. em. Wien Bowen Conn. Fung. Fusidium Sacc. cf.) Hoehn. 1839. Glycophila Mont. Wien 111:1038 1879. Sacc. G. 1:9. H. Krypt Fl. Handb. S. Michelia 2:14 1880. simplex Corda parasitica Thaxt. paradoxa Corda nivea Crouan albus A. Haplaria Link Hyalopus Corda Anleit. Rabh. Syll. Bon. Fr. depraedans (Cke. 316 Cent. F. Sporodiniopsis 1903. mycophilus Corda roseum (Pers. Hoehn. Prachtfl. G. 1916. Bot. ill. 12. alabastrina Sacc. ill. 447 1849. Bot. Sci. 1867. 33:395 1851. 1:528 S. 4:55 1886. H. D. 1:19. Akad. Mus. Exp. 387 calospora Karst. L. Gloeosphaera Hoehn. Sta. ill. aureum (Corda) Bon. ill. Ges. 1910. & E. Rend. Ann. 97. 45:202 1891. Jour. 88 1851. 103 elcngatum Bon. Oosporidea Sumstine Mycologia 5:53 1913. ill. Fl. Sci. Cylindrocephalum Bon. cf. corrensi Lind. Nat. 1883. Deut. Gaz. G. C. cornuta van Tiegh. 1902. Corda carneolum Sacc. C. Handb. Handb. 125:124 Bull. 1851. G. 1155 Malbranchea Sacc. album Bon. Corymbomyces Appel & Strunk Cristulariella Hoehn. Fung. Myc. & P.

Zeits. Pflanzenf. Acad. Anst. 6:289 M. bassiana (Bals. A. Agricolt. ill. ill. Bull. Meria Nancy 2:14:13. irmischiae Kuehn Pellicularia Cke. 5:53. Scopulariopsis Bainier 23:98 1907. (Bon. Fr. Sp. 16:1033 Beauveria Vuill. 22:1247 1913. Monilia Pers. ill. Myc. Sacc. Mycologia T. O. Nat. 16:1031 1902. O.) Wallr. 1833. Sci. ill. Nematogonium Desm. 48:244 O. Calabro-Siculo 1880. 28 ill. MONILIALES Bull. em. 1912. monililormis Zuk. Pseudovularia Speg. M. 1834. carpophilum Atkin. Myk. Hartigiella Syd. P.) Syd. spinosum Bon. Bot. M. aderholdi Ruhl. Ges. 95 Rev. Phymatotrichum Bon. Soc. Vuill. Grevillea 4:116. 7:160. Gaz. 2:182 1880. 1903. brevicaulis (Sacc. Fl. Olpitrichum Atkin. Sacc. Myc. 6:71. Kuehn Hedwigia 22:11. H. Halobyssus Zukal Oest. 6:132. Fr. Fung. Fung. Oidiopsis Scalia 1902. 1902. Michelia 2:14 O. varioti Bain. P. ill. LandwForstw. M. Fr. erysiphoides Fr. Nat. 1896. Bot. Soc. 1851. Roch. Fung.) Sacc. ill. Myc. 6:99 Monosporium Bon. P. ill. effusa Oospora Wallr. M. H. Bull. glomerulosum (Bull. Michelia 2:15 Acrosporium Nees Syst. aurantiacum Desm. Monopodium 1890. B. laricis (Hart. virescens (Lk. Soc. Sacc. 1824. Sumstine Cav. An. 1:1:558 1900. Myc. Penicillium Link :69 koleroga Cke. 1851. em. Handb. 2:2:69 N. lutea Cost. Pilz. Michelia 2:17 1880. 1883. uredopsis Delacr. . 27:396 Sci. Wehmer Paecilomyces Bainier 23:26 1907. Nac. Handb. ill. Soc. Bull. 1893. P.) Vuill. glaber Citromyces 11:333 Wehmer Ber. Rev. em. Moniliopsis Ruhland Arb. hordei Cav. Belg. laricis Vuill.) Sacc. Fung. Ophiocladium 1893. trifolii Pachybasium Paepalopsis Sacc. Soc. Zeit. O. O. 1 1876. parasphenoides Fairman sicula Scalia 1922. P. PI. M. Bull. Soc.) Bain. M. Monosporiella Speg. 24:131 1851. Michelia 2:17 1880. Proc. M. S. C. 59:40. ill. 3:13:418 1911. Delacr. 1908. Syll. Bot. 1863.388 Martensella Coem. 43:279 1893. Ann. 1894. Syll. Mus. Bull. 1817. gemellum Bon. fructigena Pers. hamatum Speg. Myk. Deut. P. Nomuraea Maubl. Crypt. Syll. 53. 2:15:292. Oedocephalum Preuss Linnaea Amblyosporiopsis Fair man Acad. Oidium Link. 116. monilioides Nees 1894. Physis 4:293 1918. prasina Maubl. O. 3:26 Ovularia Sacc. Myc. Fr. Sums. 19:295 N. obovata Sacc. Bull. Bot. Gen. Myceliophthora Cost. 1885. A. pectinata Coem. P. Fr. Toruloidea 1913. Pflanzenkr. Bot.. meliolicola Speg. expansum Lk.

Spermatoloncha Speg. chlorogenum Mont. Jidymotrichum Hoehn. roseum Lk. R. Rend. Tolypomyria Preuss Linnaea 26:707 1853. Myc. 46:191 1892. 1:16 Bot.) Corda Torrend for Bull. 16:1036 L. sulphurea Torr. S. 1:39 1822. S. Leiosepium Sacc. cordae S. Corda Selenotila Lagerh. Bull. Fung. S. 16:24 1900. repens Preuss 1914. Verticillium Nces. Akad. P. 4:676 Syst. Crypt. n. Sporotrichella Karst. Compt. Mus. Nac. Myc. Syll. Syst. 12 1797. Mastigocladium Matr. infestans Cost. dispiroides Thaxt. 1891. microspora (Corda) Sacc. 1871. Wien 123:140 1911. 1909. Prachtfl. C. 389 rubiginosa Fr. Ramulaspera 1902. Disp. 152:325 M. 1859. Hyalodidymac Arthrobotrys Corda Bostrichonema Ces. Fung. P. Sceptromyces Corda Sturm. Jard. 359 1869. .) Lindr. S. Gaz. Fkl. 495 1849. V. Gaz. Tent. Trichoderma Pers. 1:1 em. R. 114:850 1892. Bot. Cylindrocladium Morgan Bot. Eur.MONILIACEAE Physospora Plectothrix 1902. & B. aureum S. Didymaria Corda D. PI. 29:457 Shear Bot. 57 1842. Ber. Ges. Myc. 1887.ot. Lindr. & F. 2>:2>:7. Sporoderma Mont. (Sacc. P. Myc. 1824. Myc. S. 29 1871. Scan. 1069 1886. Club. Crypt. 1:17 1837.) Hoehn. 22:5 Rhinotrichum Corda Icon. 6:8 1854. Symb. Veg. Myc. 20:96 Sporotrichum Link Sp. cf. 51 Spicularia Pers. Sacc. n. Michelia 2:16 1880. & Sacc. Fenn. maticola Speg. 3. S. farinosus P. Ital. 2:135 1884. 1902. Fung. ill. Syll. ill. roseum Corda scoparium Morg. Harz Hyphom.. D. ill. Volutellis 1914. 57 Torr. Polyscytalum Riess globosa Shear fecundissimum Riess salicina (Vest. Sigmoidomyces Thaxt. Fung. V. 10:531 1892. 1856. lignorum (Tode) Harz S. 1809. 11:138 1853. 45:22. R. Comp. Rhopalomyces Corda Prachtfl. T. Icon. Fl. Bull. Rend. Soc. Malpighia 15:240 X. Sum. Zeit. S. Pilz. em. ungeri Corda C. 1817. Spicaria Harz Hyphom. elegans Corda opizi 1831. Deut. Misc. agaricinum (Lk. T. Verticilliopsis Cost. 149 B. Fung. cm. 21 1839. Critt. elegans (Corda) Harz icterus Fkl. Cephalothecium Corda Anleit. Brux. nivalis Lagerh. Erb. 360 1923. & S. 1839. chrysospermum (Bull. Imp. Uncigera Sacc. Symb. Act. chrysospermum blochi Matr. Pcnz. Syll. 1910.) Lk. Xenopus 1901. Soc. Fr. 3:10:139 S. S. An. P. A. Torr. rosea Karst. U. Sepedonium Link Obs. Deut. Sitzb. V. Hoehn. 4:12 Volutellopsis not Speg. Fr. superba Corda alpestre Ces. Fung.

2:20:187 i^mdauopsis Zahlbr. caloplacae Zahlbr. 128 1851. Syll. Rhynchosporium Heinsen PI. 58 1884. Hyalophragmiae Allantospora Wakk.) Sacc. Arch. album Bon. Neomichelia & S. Bot. cnidoscoli Speg. Sitzb. Fr. D. Proc. Hamburg 1 Wiss. 22:130 C. 1:29 1824. perexigua S. Soc. G. 18:43 1901. Mus. Arch. M. glandarium Corda caespitosa Bain.) Sacc. Amastigis Bond. Michelia 2:20 1880. album Riess Jour. ill. D. Hormiactis Preuss Fung. Piricularia Sacc. candidulum Hoehn. nivea Mass. Akad. alba Treuss H. septata Grove P. tropica Thaxt. Bot. graminicola B. fagicola Oud. Bot. Fung. minus Bon. D. D. ill. 2:4:841 Milowia Massee 1884. Roy. Irish C. graminicola Hein. 54:220 1916. & March. Hedwigia 57:336. D. B. Hormiactina Bub. rosea Lk. radicicola Wakk. confervoides Corda ilicicola Candelospora Rea & Hawley 1912. A. 22:196. Malpighia 1902. Monacrosporium Oud. Fung. minuta Grove dendroides (Bull. 2:10. 22:199. Mycogone Link Sp. Bot. Didymodadium Belg. 1:7 1837. 1910. 1913. ternatum (Bon. tenellum (Fr. purpurella Sacc. Fr. H. Syst. cylindroides Bub. Nac. 14:100 grisea (Cke. & S. Gaz. Diplosporium Bon. & P. Proefst. Diplocladium Bon. Moeszia Bub. Dactylella Grove Bot. Pilz. M. Haplariopsis Oud. Diploospora Grove Jour. C. 1907. 1886. Br.) Fr. Fres. ill. 1916. 1914. 5:2 1921. PI. 56 M. OostJava 2:28:4 1895. Neder. 23:240. Diplorhinotrichum Hoehn. 2:4:250 1884. wroblewski Bub. :28 1824. & M. Myc. 37:157 1880. L. Dactylaria Sacc. Mastigosporium Riess 1852. 24:61 Fung. Ross. Syll. 1885. Cent. Myk. 1851. 98 1851. Sacc. & Br. 4:186 Bull. 1907. roseum Lk. 1907. Soc. M. ill. F. Trichothecium Link Sp. Jour. D. melaxantha P. flavus B. H. Linn. ill. Myk. Wien 111:1040 1902. Ned. Blastotrichum Corda 1838. Roy. Gueguenia Bainier Bull.) P. rosea Grove Didymopsis Sacc. 98 1851. . An. Pithomyces 1875. M. diffusus bain. D. 13:94. P. Icon. 1903. Michelia 2:20 Dactylium Nees Fusoma Corda Icon. Soc. 10:393 N. Bot. Mik. Handb.390 MONILIALES Sacc. 20:421 R. Koezlem. Soc. Mucrosporium Preuss Linnaea 24:128 Paraspora Grove Jour. for Amastigosporium. Jahrb. Bakt. Fung. Handb. 23:107. Ramulariopsis Speg. R. Chlamydomyces Bainier Bull. D. Myc. 1884. D. Syll. Fung. 1817. Meddeel. Beitr. T. Fung. Fung. Hoyersw. Mont. elegans Oud. 15:246 1901. Mat. B. Myk. Soc. M. ill. 3:2:902 1903. Micr. Acad 13:11 Hawley Cephaliophora Thaxt. Kruidk. ill. M. Jour.

1914.) Clem. Hyalodema Magnus H. 2:269 1833. Handb. Titaea Sacc. Wien S. 12:267 1809. E. 3:13:429 Fung. Ges. 121:410 1912. Ges. Nat. S. Myc. heterospora Smith Scolecosporae Ccrcosporella Sacc. 111. Ber. A. n. R. 18:143 10:202. 1909. Deut. Bot. Varicosporium Kegel 24:213 1906. Bot. Gen. L. Helicodesmus Linder 1925. 25:13 1909. caudata (Ap. M. callispora Sacc. Sitzb. Micr. Michelia 2:20 1880. Hoyersw. 391 Sacc. em. Mus. Giorn. 1851. Syll. Roy. Fung. Gaz. septatum Bon. & S. evansi Magn. 22:1328 1913. Michelia 2:20 Eriomycopsis Speg. Smith Jour. Giorn. Zeit. Syll. n. & Pat Ber. 22:1330 1913. Bot. 1894. Stev. Aerate Syd. chevalieri H. Sci. Syll. Pedilospora 111:1047 Hoehn. Bot. 1:19 H H H albus Linder roseus Lk. ilava Ces. Helicomyces Link Helicoum Morgan. T. . Septocylindrium Bon. urticae Ces. An. 29:295 1891.) Hoehn. & P. Morg. Ramularia Unger Exanthem.MONILIACEAE Psammina Rouss. 86 1851. Lemonniera De Wild. 1880. marchalianum De Wild. Jour. 1918. 1917. parasitans Hoehn. Bot. Belg. 1927. C. 9:180 Mitt. 1893. Fr. Wien P. Trans. V. electa Prismaria Preuss Fung. ill. 46:192 Synthetospora Morgan 1895. C. paradoxum Peyron. iniconiae Stev. Soc. uredinicola Hoehn. Morg. P. M. ill. subtile Riess Trinacrium Riess Fres. aquatica De Wild. Bot. Deut. 11:608 1876. 169 Sacc. Soc. Fl. Akad. Soc. bommeriae R. costaricana Syd. Micr. 145. Hoehn. 1833. Hyalodictyae Coniodictyum Har. Sitzb. Micr. L. Beitr. T. Obs. Soc. Nuov Am. 42 1852. Rotaea Ces. H. Hist. R. s. 1892. Ann. Belg. & Belg. Soc. 176. Wien 4:102 S. Akad. Bot. Akad. 28:379 1910. Fung. Crypt. Myk. 123:138 17:35. Stephanoma Wallr. Monogrammia ill. 27:84. maxilliformis (Rostr. Acad. Helicosporae Helicodendrum Peyron. 15:49 1892. Bull. 35 1851. Nac. Fung. 8:193 Maxillospora Hoehn. T. Staurosporae 1929. Ital. Trichoconis Clem. Sitzb. 25:460. Soc. cf. persica Sacc. sessile Jour. Ann. Bull. alba Preuss strigosum Wallr. Ital. 1901:617. bonplandi Speg. elodeae Keg. Wien T. 1902. T. ill. ill. Myk. Ann. Nuov. 1911. Myc. Hochs. Myc. Cine. Stemphyliopsis A. Tetracladium De Wild. S. Triposporina Hoehn. & Str.

Myc. elegans Thaxt. D. A. Skrift. Gaz. A. 1:33. 24:10. Ann. & S. Acrospira B. Acaulium Sopp A. Syll. Myc. Ber. 1918. 9:33 1923. Acrospira Mont. Diploidium Arnaud Ann. Bull. Hist. 65:245. Syll. Ann.392 MONILIALES Genera Incertae Sedis Vel Dubia Videns. Bot. Phyllocarbon 1921. 18:630 1906. & Schm. ill. gelatinosa Sumst. dermatophagum Sopp thermophilus Sopp sweetiae Arn. Andreaea Palm & Jochems Dept. Sporoclema Tiesenh. 4:8:299 1857. Bay. Bot. Myc. Acrotheca Fkl. Medan-Sumatra Bull. 18:52. Ges. 25:139 1927. A. curvatum (K. C. ill. G. 1331 P. Corollium Sopp Videns. 19:19. Symb. Unters. Agr. 12:90. A. Skrift. name later changed to Andreaeana because 1778. 30:474 1912. Myk. Plankt. Gemmophora Schkorbatov Ber. Skrift. Aposporella Thaxt. Bot. 1925. 1 :35 1912. 15:111 album Pat. 1824. 380 Actinochaete Ferro Nuov. 1907. Bot. Proef. nigrum Sopp crouani Mont. purpurascens Schkor. 26:798. gracile Bref. P. 98. cinnamomi Syd. Dactylomyces Sopp Videns. Arch. 1914. 1:42 1912. scaettae Cav. ill. Acrodesmis Syd. S. 1928. Gaz. cestri Syd. deliensis P. 1913. Hormisciopsis Sumstine 1914. & Br. & Br. Fung. Polymorphomyces 26:248. Elaeodema Syd. Syll. 1 :9 1817. Myc. Myk. caulium Sacc. Sci. 1912. 4:276 1886. Heft. ill. Soc. PI. Deut. Fung. Fung. ill. 4:302 1886. of Andreaea Ehrh. Ital. A. A. ill. E. . Camptoum Link Sp. D. Epiphyt. Dept. A. Notes 65:1066 Coupin Rev. Ann. Fung. A. 1:44 Syll. piriforme Tiesenh. Bot. Rend. ill. & J. 1869. 1912. Ann. 24:424 1926. xanthosomae Ashby DEMATIACEAE Amerosporae Acremoniella Sacc. Lind:icr Mikr. Line. atra (Corda) Sacc. Nat. P. C. jll. 3:7:449 1861. portoricensis Stev. 1920. H. Accad. Bay Sarcinomyces 3:300 7:302. Myc. Hydr. Ges. A. Grallomyces Stev. Fung. Sachsia C. Vasculomyces Jamaica 2:151 Ashby. Fung. Bull. Deut. Betriebs. 14:1056 1899. mirabilis B. 1901. Giorn. H. Fr. Lloyd Myc. Bot. 69:11. Ann. 1912. gouaniae Syd. Nat. 20:64 1922. 1923. Pericystis Betts Syll. Mycologia 6:32. ill.) Lk. Gen. V. H. yasudai Lloyd bonnieri Coupin albicans P. arachnoidea Ferro caricicolum Kze. Heptasporium Brefeld 1912. alvei Betts Mauginiella Cav. Ed. Helostroma Pat. Phacellula Syd. S. 14:232 Arthrinium Kze. 6:1:67 M. 1902. ill. Ann. S. 1894. G. crustaceus Lindn.

ampuUifera Boul. 1875. Sacc. Sacc. Myc. 1:11 1809. Soc. 4 t. craterioides Rabh. spinulosa Speg. Bu. "piluliferum S. Scot. An. curtisi B. N. Fung. C. Chalaropsis Peyron. 393 Frag. 3:13:434 A. ill. Myc. & March. (Zimm. microspora Sacc. cristata Matr. Gen. 7:326 F. 1911. Bol. Cysiophora Rabh. 10 1842. ill. 1916. Bot. 4:246 Ital. C. Fung. Deut. Cordelia Speg. 1886. Soc. 1886. Hist. Nat. Bakt. fecundissimum S. patellata (Bon. 344 1860. Chaetopsis Grev. Fung. Krypt. Out!. D. 9:25. 12:212. dehcatum B. Ann. D. Bot. infuscans C. fastigiata L. lignicola Conioscypha Hoehn. 25:263. 1902. Dictyochaeta Speg. 22:210 1886. P. Fl. ill. 4:304 H. Cystodendrum 1914. Dematium Pers. Belg. Syll. C. . Syll. Tent. & Vlcug. ciliata Eriomene subg. unicolor Ehrenb. C. gallarum Moll. Columnophora 14:349. Myc. Bull. panici panici Nigrospora Zimm. C. Bull. & March. Bot. & Br. 2:8:220 1906. C. Hist. Michelia 2:21 1881. Fung. Agr.) Clem. 75 1844. Zimm. simplex Grove curtum Berk. 2:58 1904. ill. Arg. rhytismatis Bub. & M. B. 1897. maculiforme Nees caudigerus Hoehn.) Fr. & C. Fung. Dicyma Boul. 1881. Fuckelina Sacc. C. apiosporis Sacc. Cent. & C. Catenularia Grove Syll.) Sacc. Gen. ill. Anleit. & Melin Silv. 1:529 190. Rev. M. 1927.^.' DEMATIACEAE Pseudocamptoum Aspergillopsis Speg. Staz. Belg. Mus. Bub. fuegiana Speg. 18:571 Phaeoconis Clem. 25:453. Espan.) Sacc. Fung. Res. Bcrol. 1923.) Bub. hispidulum (Pers. Hoehn. em. Botryotrichum Sacc. Ital. 1826. atrum Corda caudatum (Pk. An. (E. Cirromyces Hoehn. Disp. Ann. Bot. fusidioides Corda 1916. thielavioides Peyron. 1:8 1809. 4:326 1886. Fr. 24:66 1885. 1886.Ann. 1818. 148 1909.) Sacc. Michelia 2:26 Syll. Crypt. Matr. nigra (van Tiegh. Fl. & Br. dryophilum (Pass. 1859. & M. C. & H. . Muccd. Glenospora B. Constantinella 1892:92. Giorn. & C. ill. 2:9 1838. C. ill. 11 C. Circinotrichum Nees Syst. Cladorhinum Sacc. Chloridium Link Obs. & M. Michelia 2:26 Monilochaetes (E. 1876. Myc. Syll. Ann. Chalara Corda Icon. E. as (Corda) Sacc. Fusella Sacc. Rech. 1925. Pilz. Echinobotryum Corda Ellisiella Sacc. Sacc. 4:303 Cephalotrichum Berk. viride Lk. & Hals. ill. 5:791. Agr. Coniosporium Link Obs. Haplographium 3:3:360 B. Ann. 19 1817.ll. C. Basisporium 18:168 MoUiard 1902. Physis 7:18. C. Tids. Svcn. Nuov.) Hart. Fung. Alyc. 1916.) Speg. Sper. Myc. cm. Myc. 236 1881. 49:595. Do v. Cadophora Lagerb. F. ill. Grevillea 4:161 G. 41 1797. & Cif. B. Bub. Soc. C. Soc. C. P. Nat. grisea (Ehrenb. Myc. D. E. E. Nac. C. Campsotrichum Ehrenb.) Hartcr Jour. citri F. Skogs. 24:64 1885. C.

ill. Gongromeriza Preuss Linnaea 24:106 1851. Sper. Fung. 1:11 Syll.394 Gliomastix 21:240. 10:593 1892. Rhacodiella 52:39. G. Myk. Sci. 23:420. G. Trans. i . Michelia 2:21 1881. lb. 1871. Fung. Hormiactella Sacc. velutina (Wint. Helicotrichum 1818. M. ill. Gonatobotryum Sacc. M. 11:614 P. Nat. Goniosporium Link Sp. 20. caesium Nees ammonis Corda thalictri Eriks. Fung. tubularis Sorok. 16:201 1891. lundebergi L. Hyphom. Bot. PI. 22:128 Heterobotrys Sacc. Ann. Myc. 1850. 12:308 1929.) Pers. H. G. ill. fusca (Corda) Sacc. 1:1:467 lachnella (Sacc. Cent. Fung. 1:32 Mesobotrys Sacc. Hoehn. Pflanzenf. Beitr. 1:45 1824.) Lind. 14:57 1899. Vuill. Gonatorhodum Corda Anleit. 26:206 Petr. & P. 1:9 1837. aterrima Hoehn.) Peyron. Belg.) Sacc. 2:17 Syll. Acad. 1884. Periconia Fres. Helicocephalum Thaxt. 1881. obscurum (Corda) Sacc. 1919. Bot. Lind. 1900. H. cf. Bot. Myk. 3:13:432 1837. Medlar Mycologia 7:202. guazumae Syd. Lacellina Sacc. M. Nac. L. Acad. Peyron. Agr. & S.) Lind. Hemispora 1906. 1895. raimundi Sacc. 52 Memnoniella Hoehn. An. Monotospora Corda Myxotrichella Sacc. Syd. fuscum Sacc. P. Fung. Bot. Syll. 1923. 1822. Phialophora 1915. Myc. Myc. Myc. Fung. 1905. PI. Prophytroma Sorok. spelaea Sacc. Nees Act. stellata Vuill. G. Bakt. em. 11 :418 1913. & T.) Sacc. speciosum Corda clavaeformis Preuss puccinoides (K. 1877. atrum Lk. Bot. 1:12 1817. Roy. G. Br. Leop. castaneae (Bain. Tids. Periconiella Sacc. Misc. 1885. Michelia 2:27 Microclava Stev. Soc. & M. 10:205. ill. chartarum (Corda) Gueg. paradoxa Sacc. L. Leptographium Lagerb. 111. Ann. coprogenum S. 4:311 1886. sarcophilum Thaxt. P. altum Ehrenb. Soc. Imp. Grove Pirostomella Sacc. M. Hedwigia 16:87 Staz. Fung. P. Syst. H. H. 1818. sphaerocephala B. Heft. Michelia 2:24 1881. 25:257. ill. Syd. Rhinocladium Sacc. Myc. Menispora Pers. Icon. Soc. M. 1927. & M. as subg. Sp. Bull. M. 1911. Hormiscium Kze. & Melin Sven. glauca (Lk. G. Fr. 2:60:16 Cent.. Peziotrichum (Sacc. Bull. Ann. Skogs. Myc. O. R. Eur. Ital. ill. P. Fung. 9:244. 27:108 1888. Myc. Zeit. Fr. verrucosa Medlar parasitica Pimina Grove cf. Harz. & M. Cur. Nat. ill. 24:65 & March. 11:286 1853. olivaceum (Corda) Bon. MONILIALES Gueguen ill. Mus. Hormodendrum Bon. H. Gyroceras Corda Icon. 9:246 H. P. H. 48 1842. Haplobasidium Eriks. Jour. Oedemium Link Pachytrichum 1925. P. Bull. saccharicola Speg.) Lk. pycnospora Fres. 38:786 1889. 1923. 359 Gonytrichum Nees Act. H. 1917. Microtypha Speg. G. 1:42 1824. 1914. fusca (Fr. R. Gaz. libyca S. miconiae Stev.

23 S. Biol. Myc. C. Berol. Myk. & Casp. Sacc.) S. U. 18:566 T. 17:260. mycophila Vuill. Fung. 28. Virgaria Necs Syst. polysporum Corda pauciseptata Preuss Sturm Deut. not Berl. 3:12 1901. Streptothrix Corda Anleit. Verb. & Malpighia 15:245 1849. Michelia 2:21 1881. Syll. Cat. malvarum Br. 43 1842. nigra (van Tiegh. Jour. 1912. Soc. PI. oryzae Bref. Verticicladium Preuss Linnaea 24:127 1851. Amsterdam Stachybotryella 8:177 1902. 3:2:115. A. Z. T.) Maubl. Zygodesmus Corda Zygosporium Mont. Went. Giorn. Nat. Agr. Lavoura. nigricans Bain. 1:11 1837. & Earth. 57 1842. 1906. Bol. monilioides Corda Cephalomyces 23:109 Bain. Acad. Pat. Cladosporium Link Cladotrichum Corda 3:3:39. . pannosa P. 1842. herbarum (Pers. Myc Fr. atra & B. Sacc. 693 1851: 1893. & D. Urophiala Vuill. S. 6:40 R. V. Trichosporium Fr. ill. T. trifidum Preuss nigra Nees areolata Sacc. Myc. C. C. Obs. PI. 492 Bull. 14:72 Bispora Corda. Pilz. ill. 4. B. venusta Preuss terrestre Scopularia Preuss Linnaea 24:133 1851. V. Scan. Myk.) Sacc. Icon. Torulopsis Oud. casaresi Frag. Dichotomella Sacc. 1:13 1809. S. Zygodesmella Fragoso Bol. Nuov. 1:9 1837. 1917. Frag. Sci. Hist. Beltrania Penz. Veg.) Grove Sarcopodium Ehrenb. Z. Cordana Preuss Linnaea 24:129 1851. Fung. Ustilaginodes Bref. repens E.DEMATIACEAE Rhopalocystis Grove 1911. Stachylidium Link. Fl. em. Asperisporium Afaubl. Torulina Sacc. U. & Casp. 12:195 1895. Rio Jan. T. elaeaginum Cast. 2:17:120 Z. fuscum (Corda) Sacc. Cycloconium Cast. Michelia2:27 1881. Oud. Ann. Myc. Corda S. 1831. Soc. Myc. caricae (Speg. Soc. S. oescheoides Mont. Marseilles 220. herbarum Lk. cf. S. Bol. Stirochaete A. em. 1928. 1907. Kruidk. ill. 12:312 1914. T. hernica Sibil. serotinae (Oud. Torula Pers. serotinae Oud. C. C. bicolor Lk. Ned. Sibil. 1882. S. 1885. Nancy 3:11:169. Ell. rhombica Penz. Arch. 789. Fung. 1845. Rome A. S. Fung. 12. fuscus Corda Ann. Icon. ill. Sum. 395 Jour. Stachybotrys Corda Anleit. Unters. 1853. Br.. fusca Corda biguttatum Preuss ethacetica Synsporium Preuss Linnaea 24:121 Hoehn. Krank. S. Nat. D. 54 1817. fuscum (Lk. Didymosporae Arthrobotryella 8:448. Sacc. Silv. 1903. T. Sacc. 16:212 1913. B. Trichobotrys Penz. De Anan. cm. ill. Crypt. & D. Staz.) Lk. Sp. 1801. Fung. 1818. 1:39 1824. 1910. ill. Econ. Ital. Syn. ill. Bull. Oud. S. & S. Pfl. Espan. 1894. Thielaviopsis Went. Sporendonema Desm. ill.

Sacc. E. . typicum Rostr. Ann. Ber. Blodgettia Wright Trans. Fr. Soc. 4:344 Gonyella Syd. Hadronema Muchmoria 1817. cuphaeicola Speg. aronici (Sacc. 4:300 1834. helicosporum Sacc. Crypt. 17:44 1919. 1915. Diplococcium Grove Jour. An. F. Cercosporidium Earlc 1901. Phil. 25:141 Ann. Basiascum Cav. typica (Rostr. Fung. Syll. C. Dan. Atractina Hoehn. Brachysporium Sacc. soraueri Thuem. Michelia 2:22 1881. & Schm. Scolecobasis Abbott 1927. 25:150. & Schm. helleri Muhlenbcrgia 1:16 C. terrea Mycologia 19:30. em. Fl. 1920. Pleurothecium Hoehn. for Scolecobasidium. A. asperum Harz Phragmosporae Acrothecium Sacc. S. Henn. & M. A. D. Peyron. Syll. s. Acad. C. C. 1836. 4:483 1886. Sci.) Fusicladiella Hoehn. Syll. B. Hedwigia 43:298 1904. 23:167 1885. Myc. G. 1:16 1809. S. A. Sacc. Fung. Ann. Polythrincium Kze. Earle Camptomeris Syd. Fung. Mus. Bull. Myc. Epochnium Link Obs. Bot. Pavia 2:1:433 B. flagellatum Syd. Myk. P. 13:42 Clasterosporium Schw. 2:6:31 1886. Soc. 22:1373 D. n. & Vine. Chiropodium Syd. Myc. caricinum Schw. bacilligera F. H. Myk. virescens Kze. D. ill. 80 1851. Handb. recurvatum (Morg. 10:474 Didymariopsis Speg. solani Syd. cf. Scolecotrichum Kze. Sirospora Mang. Myc. Abbott S. 1:13 Syd. cedrelae Henn. Arthrobotryum Rostrup 2:46 1916.) Hoehn. Ber. Irish Acad. orbiculare Syd. Calif. Pseudobeltrania 1902. Arch. 1st.) borneti Sacc. 1886. 1892. H. biseptata Hoehn. B.396 MONILIALES Corda ill. 28:25 1881. Heft. em. Gcs. Sci. C. Att. minutissimum Corda spicatum Grove monilioides Lk. 37:155 1919. 1927. Ceratophorum Sacc. Ann. 4:277 1906. Ges. Bull. Sacc. Nat. Hoehn. 3:13:424 1913. trifolii Kze. P. Am. M. Deut. Afyc. Ann. Ann. Nac. 7:172 1909. eriobotryae Cav. Bot. Myc. 1:10 1817. Fusicladium Bon. Michelia 2:28 1881. Trans. Myc. N. ill. ill. 1911. Bot. P. Michelia 2:22 C. F. lb. Syll. Sturm Deut. & V. Trichocladium Harz Hyphom. Myk.) Fkl. 1829. bulbosum Sacc. Fung. 4:481 Passalora Fr. C. portoricensis Sacc.) Syd. 1888. Chaetotrichum Syd. Michelia 2:27 1881. Dicoccum 3:2:117. Wright obovatum (Berk. antennatum Harkn. Heft. castaneae M. not Cesati 1854. 1881. Hedwigia 41:310 P. 1927. 36:96. Ann. calliandrae Syd. Myc. 1:37 1884. Bot. Hedwigia 14:3 1875. dendriticum (Wallr. Syll. 37:154 1919. 38 1871. Napicladium Thuem. Fung. Camarosporium Harkn. Deut. & Mont.

Grevillea 3:105 1875. 1:9 secedens Corda spora-vitis (Lev. Phanerocorynelia Hoehn. Bull. tortuosa (Corda) Peyron. Drepanospora B. sirodesmis C. 1913. Bot. brunaudi Sacc. Frag. Nat. E. Urosporium Fingerh. D. 20:886 1911. viridi-atra Sacc. Jainesia Frag. 3:10 1809: em. P.) S.DEMATIACEAE Napicladium Sacc. C. 1925. 1919. Mont. S. Scan. 1866. 22:1394 Stigmina Sacc. Hist. Icon. 1927. Deut. & pannosa B. & R. Sporoschisma B. 37:157 1921. Br. & C. Ran. 1885. :29 F. comosum Wallr. Smith 1901. Imp. for Excioconidiuni. Sacc. Myc. 19:156. E. R. Rev. 361 1923. mirabile B. cibotti Plunk. Fl. Myc. Fung. Misc. Myc. Eriomenella Peyron. brassicae M. S. D. Crypt. 1925. P. Agron. Cif. ill. Bol. 6:193 1910. & Maine Bull. Veg. Berl. Hoehn. tenuis Nees Rhopalidium Mont. curvatum Fingerh. H. fumosum Mart. 566. Am. Speg. Stemphyliopsis Speg. Erlang. 1 Bull. 1910. Syst. Fung. Fr. Myk. & F. Polydesmus 1845. ill. Soc. S. cf. Septoideum Arnaud Dendryphiella Bub. Fusariella Sacc. J. & Br. phlomidis Fr. 1847:540. 2:6:30 1836. 503 Frag. U. 1884. 1911. ill. Feind. & Trav. Fr. & T. Endophragmia Duvern. Syll. 397 N. fungorum clusiaceae (Fr. Myc.) Hoehn. 22:315 Cif. 1831. Mus. violaceus Willk. L. valparadis Speg. not Sacc. Ophiotrichum Peyronelia 27:334. 355 S. Herb. Rhynchomyces 87.) Bub. Ann. 1837. & Fr. Fung. 1881. 2:72 1817. & Bol. ill. Coccosporium Corda 3:3:49. Spondylocladium Mart. Sturm Deut. Fl. Ber. S. ill. Linnaea 10:231 1836. platani (Fkl. & M. & Ann. Nat. & M. Fung. Helminthosporium Link Heterosporium 1832. Wald. & S. 3:4:365 P. A. 1924. Hoehn. & C. 7:106 S. ill. & Fr. Espan. Myc. interseminata (B. 1:67 curvatum Corda ornithogali Klotzsch Klotzsch Myc. Ran. Hyphosoma 25:514 Syd. Ges. Bishop Mus. Sci. Chron. Crypt. mirabilis D. H. Nat. 1914. Mag. E. Fung. styracis Syd. Sci. not A. Epiphyt. Ormathoidium Syd Ann. 36:88. R. Dictyosporae Alternaria Nees Syst. Hist. 1919. Ann. An. elegans D.) Sacc. Espan. Nac. Willk. meliolicola F. O. Ann. O. 12:417 D. Ann. 1920. valparadis (Speg. 2:300 1833. Pilz. Crypt. cf. Sum. Michelia 2:22 1881. P. Syll. Syll. Card. Mikr. Fac. & C. hypoxyloides Syd.) Speg. 4:482 1886. 22:1394 1913. maculiforme Corda . Myc. Soc. 35:180. Fl. 1849. & Fr. Excioconis Plunk. 26:138 1928. Nat. Septonema Corda Pseudocercospora 3:13:437 1817. Dendryphium Wallr. Stemphyliomma Sacc. Michelia 2:641 H.

C. 2:5:459 Tetraploa B. & S. Fung. PI. Sereb. Ann. for Myk. effusum Corda phyllogena (Desm. 3:527 Cercosporina Speg. sarciniforme T. cf. t. atrum Corda granulosum DeN. 1850.398 MONILIALES C. Syll. Conotheciella Speg. Beitr. dryina (Corda) Lev. Corda Icon. 1926. Speg. S. ill. S. & 1901. Fung. Malpighia 15:248 X. T. 1849. Cercospora Fres. 1925. 1825. 10:347 Spira Corda Icon. toruloides Sporodesmium Link Stemphylium Wallr. Oncopodium Sarcinella Sacc. Syst. Beitr. Icon. cellulosum Sacc. Phytopath. 1913. Hedwigia 44:77. Pflanzenk. 1:2 1837. 2:19 1904. Hist. 24:264 C. Bull. T. 23:69 C. T. Torino S. An. 4:539 M. Sci. 22:1432 Cercosporiopsis Miura Fl. & Dan. Espan. Fung. Eur. C. 1:9 1822. Fung. D. 2:6 Fumago I'ers. Fung. 1912. 19:1051. C. sarcincula Berk. O. Corda Sirodesmium DeN. Septosporium Corda 1831. 1925. Zeits. Syll. cladosporis Corda Hoehn. ill. botryosum Wallr. S. Bol.) Petr. ill. 2:300 Stigmella Lev. mirabile P. Syll. Coniothecium Corda Icon. 1920. T. 1911. Fung. mazei Guessow & H. cubensis Charles D. sphagnorum Frag. 90 1863. Crypt. Fung. 2:60:17 X. Ital. fumago Woronich. Myc.) Miura Corynespora Guessow 16:10. Scolecosporae Casaresia Frag. 1842. 126 1881. Physis 4:292 1918. 1:15 1837. Myc. Ann. S. 1836. pleurococca Hoehn. Cent. Nat. vagans Pers. Mem. Mus Nac. Fr. Fung. & D. ill. Fl. Bakt. Bub. 1906. F- conviva Maire Mystrosporium Sirosporium 52:273. & D. 22:1435 C. Dactylosporium Harz. 1877. Macrosporium 53:187 Fr. . for Coleodictyospora. 15:718. Caldariomyces Woronich. Ann. Coleodictys Charles 1929. apii Fres. ill. Nat. C. & Br. 3:13:424 1913. for Tetracoccosporium. & S. 2:120 Fl. Voy. Hyphom. Trichaegum Corda Xenosporella 1923. Thyrospora Teh. S. S. F. Physis 4:295 1919. Myc. asparagicola Speg. 1:12 1837. Accad. Fung. Tetracoccosporis Szabo 1905. 1:9 1837. Myc.) Speg. Bot. 1886. stemphylium Corda antennaeforme B. C. Cercoseptoria Petr. heterospora Sacc. Nat. Maire Soc. 2>:2)72> 1<S32. Manchur. Myc. Sacc. 1:87 1838. Sacc. 1833. 20:112. 2:111. C. Fusicladiopsis 1906. Hist. 1928. chamaesyceae (S. ill. Ann. S. menispermi (E. Sp. Crypt. paxiana Szabo aristata B. Sturm Deut. ill. Demid. Xenosporium Penz. macropus (Corda) Harz elegans Corda Dictyosporium Corda Weitw. & Br. F. 44 1871. ill. Michelia 2:31 3:3:33. antoniae S. Icon. & D. & Phytopath. Hedwigia S.

Am. Physis 4:295 1918. 399 & Dalb. Brit. Ceratosporella Hoehn. 1927. ill. 1915. 8:137 1923. & M.) Hoehn. Skogs. Akad.TUBERCULARIACEAE Septoriopsis Stev. T. TUBERCULARIACEAE Mucedineae Amerosporae Aegerita Pers. ill. Bot. telarius Penomyces Comp. ill. Wardomyces Brooks & Hansford Myc. castaneae M. lomnicki Wilcz. P. 37:155 1919. & F. Gaz. Fr. Aegeritopsis Hoehn. Pilz. Pavia 1913. Agr. S. elegans Corda elegans (Morg. Lagerb. echinata (Kleb. heterospora Loub. 1906. B. Dev. Gaz. Hormonema Sven. ill.) Hoehn. . L. & Vine. 11:96 1889. & D. D. H. Champ. anomalum Speg. Mik. 58:239. Triposporium Corda Icon. Muiaria Thaxt. W. 1911. Soc. Tripospermum Speg. 112:1519 Giard 1913. Bot. momordicae Rang. vegetum Nees ^ Harpagomyces Wilcz. Syll. 65:244. spinosa Stev. 58:241. 1837. gracilis Thaxt. dematioides L. 1914. Syst. Sitzb. H. B. S. 4:300. Isthmospora Stev. M. Fung. Trans. Bull. C. 1817. ill. 1907. 1:16 1837. muelleri Corda olivaceus Karst. C. 1920. 7:172 1909. T. Giard 1924. Physis 4:292 1918. cuticulare Ducom. Genera Incertae Sedis Vel Dubia Kosmos & Melin 36:314. Gcs. 22:1379 P. 1834. T. Syll. chromopteri Thaxt. Desmidiospora Thaxt. 22:1372 Phaeharziella Loubiere Rech. acerinum (Syd. Inst. Muced. 1914. Fung. Tids. n. ill.) Speg. 25:233. singulare Syd. Hirundinaria Ces. 1919. Deut. ill. ill. Fung. Fit. ill. Trans. P. H. Ber. nuUiporoides Hoehn. H. ill. fuscescens Schw. Sporhelminthium Speg. Syll. ill. Bot. chamaesyceae S. 1:15. Tent. anomala & H. 16:203 1891. Helicopsis Karst. Br. 1:532 Amphichaetella Hoehn. simplex Naumov P. S. Soc. Staurosporae Ceratosporium Schw. & V. Myc. Ann.111. Phil. Muiogone Thaxt. 684 1797. Ann. ill. Myc. Rend. M. Myc. Gaz. Soc. Mycobacillaria Naumov Mat. Att. 1903. 22:1372 199. Rev. Leandria Rangel Bol. 63 ill. & Far. A. 16:324. candida Pers. Fung. Disp. Mycologia 11:4. 1836. A. s. Spirospora Mang. 1915. Myc. 125:92 1916. M. Fung. Helicosporium Nees H. Cas. I. mespili Ces. 52. Bot. 1918. Wien A. Myceloderma Du comet Rech. Hedwigia 1 :104. ill. M. citri Pseudofumago 2:10:31. 36:96. H. Bot. 1 :26. 1891. myrmecophila Thaxt. S. Helicosporae Helicoma Corda Icon. Gaz. Teratosperma Syd. 1913.

Alg. Bizz. 7:116 Prill. 1906. salmonicolor B. E. not McAlpine Par. Hoehn. Soc. Syst. Dacryodochium Karst. Allescheriella Henn. cordiae (Henn. 1900. & Har. & Delacr. H. 2:176 1833. lignatile C C. ciliata Fr. B. Syll. Sitzb. 1914. 1899. An. Myxonema Corda Icon. Leptosporium Sacc. & D. as subg. Soc. 325 1817. Syd. B. 22:267. 4:721 Syst. Hoehn. C. Microdochium 1924. cf. 2:233 Syst. Hoehn. Soc. candidum March. Erl. 3:480 1832. Fung. 4:677 Fung. Wien Collodochium Hoehn. 436 L- 1923. Syst. Bull. Bot. Syn. N. Lachnodochium March. Bull. Fung. 149 Att. album Bon. M. Fung.400 MONILIALES A. Chaetospermum 1892. D. Fr. 1851. echinata Kleb. Akad. Cylindrocolla Bon. Endoconidium Fr. 150 Syll. 15:266 1917. 135 Blennoria Fr. Myc. Fung. Myc. Fung. paradoxa Speg. Imp. 18:662 Sphaerosporium Schw. 360 1923. Hedwigia 48:114 1908. P. lichenoides Roum. Fung. Granularia Sacc. 1892. 1st. Hedwigia 35:47 Dendrodochium Bon. & Ann. 111:1029 1902. Myc. lUosporium Mart. Arg. Myc.) Syd. ill. Menoidea Mang. tubercularis Sacc. 359 1923. 10:706 Coccospora Wallr. 6:497 1908. roseum Mart. aurantiaca Wallr. . Fung. Fung. P. & E. Myc. Handb. 135 Rev. Venet. Hoehn. F1886. Imp. Haplariella Syd. Belg. ill. Hedwigia 36:244 1897. Necator Massee Kew Neottiosporis Hoehn. Fr. 303. Crypt. Crypt.) Bon. urticae (Pars. Syll. Handb. 345 (no species given) 1923. Am. M. . 1822. 1898:119. MyC. Haplariopsis Henn. 1891. A. H. Handb. Hymenella Hymenula Myc. Sacc. cf. Imp. !• cordiae Henn. Hedwigia 43:397 1904. Dacrymycella 1885. B. 22:220 1886. S. Ann. atroviole Hoehn. assimile Corda L. Handb. Michelia 2:648 1882. 1886. arundinis Fr. buxi Fr. Pilz. not Oud. Schw. Syll. Fl. Myk. 23:67. 1851. ill. D- aurantiacum Bon. C. eurotioides S. H. Syll. Syll. Cent. Bull. Ann. 1885. graminis Rac. 1834. uredinoides Henn. Myc. & H. M. ulei Henn. rhragmitis Syd. Amphichaete Klebahn Myc. M. Fl. for Neottiosporella. 1851. Imp. fertilissima Bizz. pipturi Syd. n. 1903. Myc. 4:17. 14:1075 Bactridiopsis Henn. Myk. Syst. 7:177 Patouillardia Roum. Java 2:37 Beniowskia Rac. Fung. 10:714 Fung. Myk. C. 6:3:308 1896. abietis Leucodochium Syd. Imp. H. fluxile Karst. Fr. C. 4:664 1886. Fung. Fung. cf. L. Soc. 1822. decretus Mass. Bull. Syst. 2:234 Syst. Syst. Syll. 1851. Fung. 1:10 1837. 34:144 1895. D. Cephalodochium Bon. temulentum betae Bon. 360 1923. Myk. 1904. G. Guelichia Speg. Fusicolla Bon. 1907. G.

118:421 1909. Tuberculis Hoehn. SphaerocoUa Karst. Ranojevicia Bub. Sphacelia Lev. Sirodochiella Hoehn. Myc. 8:400 1910. Orb. for Verticillidochium tubercularioides. 5:578 Myrioconium Syd. Syst. 10:449. 1864. Hedwigia 31:294 1892. Tubercularis Hoehn. 1825.TUBERCULARIACEAE Periolopsis Maire 401 Ann. Linn. Thysanopyxis Rabh. P. 46 1852. Abh. Wien 1827. Michelia 2:35 Volutellaria Sacc. Michelia 2:580 1886. 1:187 Psilonia Fr. Myc. 1:28 1880. Fung. Sacc. 11:319 Mitt. em. 1881. 1914. Syll. Zeit. 1913. cf. Wien Tuberculina Sacc. Meckl. Sacc. Myc. Mem. Hochs. Herb. & Syd. Ann. Ann. as subg. Berk. Thozetia 18:388 8:136 2:6:488 Beitr. 4:685 Syst. 3:450 1886. 4:682 Volutina Penz. 1901. Wing. ill. & Sacc. Soc. p. Ferd. 22:15 1924. Soc. Trichofusarium 1906. Linn. & Ann. 2:67 1925. Myc. 11:21 Sphaeridium Fres. 1913. Syll. Myc. 1790. Myc. Verticillis Bub. Ann. Bub. Volutella Tode 1790. Nat. Akad. & Muell. Michelia 2:34 1880. Ann. Sigmatomyces 1913. Fung. Myc. Jour. Ges. Hot. Tubercularia Tode Fung. Gar. for Tuberculariopsis. Fung. 1:18 Sitzb. Malpighia 15:257 . 1831. Myk. Ann. Veg. ill. 1912. ill.. for Tuberculariella. 11 :357. 5:209 1914. Halle Bull. Pleurocolla Petr. 12:220. 1882. Myc. Boiss. Meckl.

D. Ann. 1904. Henn. Myc. Fr. 6:197 Volutellopsis Speg. Agron. Myk. 1897. Myk. A. 3:10 1809. Jour. 118:1239 1909. Sum. 1921. Helicosporae Delortia Pat. Myc. & Cif. 4:43:1888. Bactridiopsis Frag. lugdunensis & T. Bot. Sci. eriophori (Bres. pirina P. & Sacc. flavum Kze. album Fres. T. Bot. Heft. eriophori Bres. Hedwigia 41 :116 Triglyphium Fres. B. Fac. enz. ill. 1852. gigaspora Berk. ill. Fung. Soc. Soc. K. & D. crescentiae F. P. Myc. 481 1849. not Bull. 1896. Sitzb. Rev. Myc. palmicola Pat. Brit. S. tasmaniense (McAlp. Nat. ill. Zeits. heterosporium Hoehn. 35:211 & cf. Pseudomicrocera Petch Soc. hyalinum (Lib. Dicranidium Harkn. Michelia 2:35 1880. salaciae Allesch. Bull. H. Ann. capitata (Schw. Dictyosporae Sarcinodochium 55:15 1905. acariferus fragile Wien Hoehn. exigua B. 1902. Hobsonia Berk. Fr. 7:164 1913. Bot. Wien L. Calif. Hist. BuitP. modestum Hoehn. 1894. Bol. Disco'colla Prill. Nat. Mag. F. S. Syll. 8:169 1902. 44 D. 1:5 1817. 1927. Scolecosporae Kmctia 1902. Scan. D. B. 1885. & Schm. Kriegeria Bres. Ann. Fusarium Link 7:164 1848. Pionnotes Fr. not Winter 1878. 1897. Sporocystis Morgan Myc. Henn. Staurosporae Amallospora Penz. Killermann 108. Rev. roseum Lk. chilensis Speg. 16:1158 K. Acad. & C. Septorella Allesch. 1891. Myc.) Syd. 5:509. Microcera Desm. T.402 MONILIALES Phragmosporae Bactridium Kze. Soc. Oest. Xenogloea Syd. Hoehn. & Henn. A. 13:14 1891. Essigind. Lindner S. Akad. Trans. R. S.) Hoehn. Hedwigia 36:241 Heliscus Sacc. 3:6:6 1924. Hedwigia D. Sci. X. Soc. larvaeformis Speg. 3:10:359 M. P. Brit. V. Drepanoconis Schroet. henningsi Petch spiralis Rachisia Lindner Deut. Berl. Beitr. 10:86 & Delacr. Madrid 27:330. . 17:44 1919. Bull. 1909. Myc. 17:467. Araneomyces 118:894 1:163 Malpighia 11:461 Hoehn.) Fr. Linodochium Hoehn. condita Morg. Akad. Bull. Sitzb. 1921. H. Bres. dacrydia P.) Petch Discofusarium Fetch Trans. Veg. aurantii Harkn. & S. Tetracium Henn. Phragmodochium Hoehn. D. 1910. Gaill. coccophila Desm.

) Sacc. 22:69 1906. tomentosa Fr. M. Am. Ell. Syst. Amsterdam Exosporina Oud. Myc. 11:136 Bull. Bot. nigrum Lk. . leucomelas Syd. Agyriella Sacc. phragmitis Fkl. M. Fung. 1:44 1824. Bot. H. T. laricis E. Imp. 6:498 1904. C. Amerosporis Hoehn. An. Hochs. Papularia Fr. Bot.) Lk. & E. caricicolum Kze. AmWiesneriomyces Koord. Akad. & Ran. Speg. 2:266 1822. Myrotheciella Speg. Wien 3:4 1926. Syst. Melanodiscus Hoehn. A. Fung. catenuligera Speg. Acad. ill. M. 25:146. 31:430 A. 349 1923. Hoehn. nitida (Lib. Crypt. ill. 358-62 1923. Chaetostroma Corda Sturm Deut. 1925.) Bub.) Clem.) Lk. Melanobasis Maubl. Meckl. Myc. Oud. mali Maubl. & S. C. P.TUBERCULARIACEAE Lituaria Riess 1:39 1884. 12:571 1914. . 1869. Zeit. P. Fung. Myc. Symb. Bull. coloradense E. roridum Tode E. 1923. for Amerosporiella. & Schm. Microbasidium Bub. tomentosum (Fr. 403 Bot. Myc. Syll. for the following synonyms. ill. Wien 3:1 1926. & Ran. 4:747 Hoehn. Periola Fr. Chaetosira Clem. Myk. Imp. album Harkn. 360 1886. 3:13:460 Myrothecium Tode Fung. Syst. Fung. Myc. Fr. 12:415. for Melanobasidium. 1853. Hymenobactrum subg. Obs. sorghi (Passer. Heft. Orb. Syst. Fung. Syst. Hoehn. 2:122 1829. cf. Bonplandiella 1886. as 1923. Ber. Myc. Soc. Arthrinium Kze. Mitt. Kon. 1:25 1790. javanica (Koord. Nac. 1927. stigmatea Riess Troposporium Harkn. Myc. fagi Fr. W. M. radiata Pat. 36:309 1911. 221 Hoehn. javanicus Koord. Fung. Soc. PI. atrum Sacc. guaranitica Speg. Mapea Pat. H. Hochs. Dematieae Amerosporae Actinodochium Syd. Gliocladochium Hoehn. Imp. M. puccinioides (K.) Hoehn. Imp. C. A. An. Arg. cf. Fung. 1:45 1824. Mitt. sterdam 2:13:246. Hoehn. 2:32 1816. 1:9 Hoehn. PI. L. Exotrichum Syd. Myc. Veg. cf.. & S. Ann. 22:46 1906. Ann. Soc. 1:20 A. for Verh.) Sacc. Hochs. 342 1923. Akad. Misc. Sacc. Nat. Fl. & Ev. Hadrotrichum Fkl. desmazieri (Cast. Wien 2:95 cf. Ges. Syst. Calif. Astrodochium 1897. Fung. pp. 1914. Camptoum Link Sp. Syst. Myc. 1907. Mitt Bot. Ann. Epicoccum Link E. concinnum Syd. Sci. curvatum (K. 22:222 B. Goniosporium Link Sp. Bull. nervisequius Hoehn. Imp. 1:195 1825. 1884. Fr. 1918. M. 348 (no species given) 1817. Mus. Deut.

manaosensis ulei Syd. 1892. Exosporina Arnaud Ann. Symb. Speg. Nac. arbuticolus (Sow. 15:258 1901. Myc. Arg. 475 1849. L. Hoehn. Malpighia S. Mag. C. Sitzb. Ciliofusa Rostr. C. Karst. Rev.) Syd.) Clem. T.) Hoehn. Pucciniopsis 1888. Thyrostromella Syd. 20:462 Erysiphopsis Speg. & S. 6:198 M. Bot. Myc. Chaetostromella Karst. Ber. T. Bot. Myc. insignis P. not E. Sum. 1916. 1927. 118:896 1909. salicis Trimmatostroma Corda Icon. 1927. Myc. insignis (P. Epiclinium Fr. Deut. Sclerodiscus Pat. Nat. Amsterdam A. Fung. M. andropogonis Ces. Petrakia Syd. . Agron. C. Exosporium Link Berl. umbrosa Rostr. Excipularia Sacc. Myc. trimera (Sacc. 1856. spnaerale Fr. Sitzb. 1 :9 1837. Clathrococcum 120:473 1910. 22:406 1924. Ann. Cryptocoryneum Fkl. Ann. E. Soc. disseminatum Syd. Malpighia 15:259 B. annularis (Rac.) Fr. S. 14:96 1916. Syll.) Sacc. & & S. Myriophysella Speg. guaranitica Speg. Myc. 25:158 Spilomium Nyl. Cerebella Ces. P. 3:9 1809. E. 1904. myrothecis Speg. Myc. 26:2:74 P. An Mas. Veg. for 1907. S. 11:406. olivatra Sacc. echinata (Pegl. sacchari Syd.) Hoehn. de Bot. Fung.) Syd. Sphaeromyces 1845. 3:689 1884. Mitt. Ann. Scan. C. Hoehn. X. Zeit. Wien 1911. tiliae & Br. for Listeromyces Penz. Fac. 14:374 1889. Xiphomyces Syd. Sci. C. Akad. 1921. 18:77 Ciliofusarium. Trichodochium Syd. T. Tidskr. Corda Dictyosporae Bonordeniella Penz. S. Gall. Mont. 1901. Wien 5:90 A. Ann. 1:172 Jour. An. 7:46. Verb. Akad. Didymosporae Anomomyces Hoehn. 25:159 T. S. Prod. chilensis Speg. nitens Pat. Exosporina Oud. vernoniae Syd. Bot. Marcosia Syd. Orb.) Hoehn. 1910. 372 Cylomyces Clem. 1869.404 Sclerococcum Fr. Hedwigia 28:195 Ann. Veg. Myc. & M. & Sacc. 105 fusispora (B. 1919. Ann. Gas. Michelia 2:36 1880. Wien S. pezizoideum (Schw. Lk. 1913. & Sacc. hypoxyloides Karst. Hochs. 37:153 1928. Bot. Ann. Akad. cf. Triplicaria Karst. Spilodochium Syd. Syst. Am. (B.. Hedwigia 34:8 1895. Koord ill. Phragmosporae Acrotheciella 2:13:250. S. MONILIALES 1825. javanica Koord. C. ill. 3:4:365 S. fasciculatum Fkl. Epiphyt. Ann. 2:52 1904. Strumellopsis Hoehn. 9:669 1851. 91 Strumella Sacc. Lich. memoranda tiliae P. E. algeriensis D. 4:66 1890. siliceum (Fee) Nyl. compactum & C. E.

4:672 1886. 22:ltt8. Hoehn. 1835. Sum. Genera Incertae Sedis Vel Dubia An. spiroidea Hoehn. Scan. 307 1835. C. compactum (Sacc. 1923. Mur. Thyrodochium Werd. hysterioides Speg. triglifioides Speg. Hoehn. 360 1923. Veg. Fung. & Fr. & E. maximum Fr. 360 1923 P. Fumagopsis 1911. Overeem 1923. Hoehn. Sitzb. Fr. 1921. Myc. Staurosporae Chelisporium Speg. Mus. E. Diaphanium 1923. 1912. Fl. 1888. S. ill. 3:13:463 C. J. Chiromyces 1857. 26:2:73 Fung. symploci Hoehn. Pactilia Fr. 3:13:464 F. I. cylindroides Wollenw. cf. . 4:716 1886. B. 4:742 1886. Syll. & Ell. Hedwigia 31:299 1882. Syst. Akad. Syll. Hoehn. Helicosporae Everhartia Sacc. Fr. stellatus B. atrovirens Fr. McAlp. 5:3. 359 Syll. 405 Ort. Sum. 358 Phytopathology Cylindrocarpum Wollenw. 1924. c. 1. Hedwigia 31:294 1892. hymenuloides S. 1926. ornata Sacc. 1911. Bot. Spegazzinia Sacc. Bizzozeriella Speg. Sitzb. atra Fr. T. Mik. Veg. Scan. c. 471 Fung. ill. 1910. 4:672 1886. 359 D. N. Fr. Mus. dracaenae Werd. Chiromycella 119:664 Hoehn. 1. 313. Epidochium 1923. 4:747 1886. Akad. Speg. Nac. Crypt. 121:414 S. Fung. lobeliae Schizotrichum McAlpine Proc. An. 363 cf. & C. Wales 28:562 1903. 1913. Hoehn. Myriophysa Syll. Wien T. Scan. Michelia 2:580 Troposporella Karst. altajensis Jaczewskiella Murash. M. atrovirens Karst. Syll. Intr. Fl.) Hoehn. Nac. Thyrostroma 120:472 Hoehn. ill. Mat.TUBERCULARIACEAE Tetrachia Sacc. C. 1911. Scan. cf. B. 3:5:287. T. Akad. " Fung. Napoli 6:65 T. E. Michelia 2:37 Bot. Bot. Scolecosporae Exosporella Hoehn. Ann. ill. Wien C. 11:648 1895. c. 1. S. Epidochiopsis Karst. cf. An. Wien E. Syll. ill. 1849. Sitzb. 351 E. em. 3:225. Fung. Hoehn. 1923. 1880. Bull. c. Arg. singularis Sacc. Linn. phyllogena Speg. cf. Sec. & C. Fit. Buitenz. 1. fumosa Karst. Soc. c. cf. 1849. Bull. mycophila M. Imp. 1892. 481 Fung.

18:644 P. Articulis Hoehn. Soc. 362 1923. 362 1923. Syll. 1882. Crypt. Venet. 4:752 c. leucocephalum Jungh. Fr. thwaitesi B. 1909. Soc. 5:8. 71 1906. Calif. & Br. Meckl. 1857. subcarneum Pat. Tst. Syll. PI. Fung. purpurascens Corda Trichotheca Karst. Clavularia Karst. Hoehn. 9:67 1892. cystopoides B. aurantiaca B. 1884. Fl. 4:679 1. Praem. Oest. cf. caerulea Henn. 1886. 4:679 1. Crypt. Bull. 15:85 A. Fung. Hoehn. Atractiella Fung. cf. Fung. 1905. spiraeicola Mur. 1883. STILBACEAE Hyalostilbeae Amerosporae Actiniceps B. Trans. Fung. . ill. 20:101 1887. Sitzb. Spermodermia Tode Syll. Mik. Akad. 362 1923. Myc. Crypt. Clathrotrichum 37:35. 1884. Sturm Deut. Fung. & Krieg. c. Coremiella Bub. glaucum Fr. 4:742 Hoehn. 1790. Corda 1831. 1912. Jour. em. Gall. Fung. alba Karst. S. Bot. cf. Intr. Sp. 6:1:1280 Ciliciopus 3:3:57 A. 313. Att. ingrica Corallodendrum Jungh. c. Myc. Naumov Mat. 1883. aurantiaca (E. cf. 1:41 1886. Syll. 10:686 Pat. T. 4:4:714 1886. Fl. 1 :25 H.406 Pseudopolystigmina Inst. ill. & C. Misc. 1923.) Cav. 1886. Gibellula Cavara Att. 9:235. Ann. 1. Bull. Zeits. Sci. C. cf. Wien A. Sacc. 10:52 C. Ell. Henn. Scoriomyces 1. 1824. c. ill. ill. prasinula Hoehn. cragini Ell. Symb. pulchra (Sacc. Fung. Myc. 361 1923. clandestina Tode Stigmatella B. & Br. 1st. bifida Harkn. 1838. ill. Myc. 362 S. Pavia 2:3:347 D. Wien 118:410 A. Fung. 1903. for Articulariella. 55:22 1894. 4:680 c. S. P. 1:1 1. Sitzb. Fl. sanguineus Corda fusispora Karst. Naumov Coremium Link Pritzeliella Syll. Michelia 2:562 C. Alphitomyces Riessek 21:326. 1829. schrotteri Ries. Acad. Akad. Hoehn. Sacc. Syll. Symb. 1. 362 1923. 1886. & C Thelospora Harkn.) Hoehn. C. Fit. Bot. Fung. 7 C. cf. T. 1856. Hoehn. & Sacc. Syll. Heydeniopsis 1915. 1921. C. for Ciliciopodium. 2:18 1886. G. Hedwigia 42:88 Fung. c. brunaudiana Sacc. 1928. 1877. Siber. & K. Myc. T. Trichostroma Corda 3:2:131. Sturm Deut. & M. Linn. Syll. Dendrostilbella Hoehn. Bot. MONILIALES Murash. Hoehn.

Soc. Martindalia 1884. Pavia 2:1:321 B. Misc. Misc. Wicn H. 1:10 1790. pinnatum Preuss 8:215 1923. S. 41 1839. spironema S. 3:10 1809.) Pirobasidium Hoehn. T. Grevillea 6:118 Briosia Cavara Att. simplex Petch Phaeostilbeae Amerosporae Antromycopsis Fr. Bull. Syll. radicosum Sacc. glauca Karst. rubescens Syd. 1910:5.) Lind. Myc. Soc. clavisporum Petch Didymosporae Ann. M. 1st. 1896. Brit. Microspatha Karst. A. 407 Thaxt. broussonetiae P. & T. 41 Pat. Rhombostilbella Zimm. Fr. Rev. microspermum Corda . 1880.) Fr. T. B. 1902. vanillae Petch Didymobotrys Henn. 1:1:489 Stilbella Lindau 1900. Hedwigia 41:148 Bull. & Barth. 4:598 1886. 1878. 1902. cm. parasitica coffeae Henn. Kew H. Helicosporae Helicostilbe 111:1028 Hoehn. Phragmosporae Atractium Link Berl. coccinea Mass. A. 13:215. Symphyosira Preuss Atractilina 16:175 Linnaea 25:742 1852. Proc. 1897. Michelia 2:32. Syll. 111:1001 1909. Pat. Mycologia A. berenice E. Stilbum Tode Fung. 35:157 H. Pat. Bakt. 1888. Psar'coides (Jacq. A. erythrocephala (Ditm. Gard. Myc. ampelophaga Cav. 1924. 1902. Fung. I. Herb. Akad. Hartiella Massce 1913. Myc. Bot. Wien Hoehn. 1880. Stilbomyces Ell. Sitzb. & Trab. Pera- A. 2:1:85 Stilbella Syd. Bot. micropus (Pers. Akad. D. Ceratocladium Corda Prachtfl. 16:1083 Tilachlidium Preuss Linnaea 24:126 1851. & Ev. Inform.) Sacc.STILBACEAE Heterocephalum 1903. & B. Basidiella Cke. 1895:441. Henn. C. Isaria Pers. Disp. Michelia 2:32 Arthrosporium Sacc. 1902. Myc. & Ell. Cent. lutea Preuss & E. caUicarpae D. Boiss. 22:1446 D. Soc. Nat. 1901. ill. Pflanzenf. & E. rosea Zimm. 1797. sphaerocarpa Cke. 1902. Fung. 11:207 Sitzb. Sacc. Meckl. 14:197 M. Phil. Tent. Macrostilbum 1898. Actinostilbe Petch deniya 9:327 1925. S. M. Syll. Didymostilbe Henn. albicans Sacc. 2:16 1889. S. cinnabarinum Mont. farinosa (Dicks. Dearn. Gaz. Bull. S. Fung. Hedwigia 41:149 for Didymobotryopsis. Trichosterigma Pctch Trans. aurantiacum Thaxt. Mag. S. Acad. 2:8:221 R. Bull. Myc.

G. globosa Preuss & Wing. Pycnostysanus Lindau 45:160. Syd. fasciculatum Sacc. Bot. 1850.) Sacc. H. Sitzb. dimorpha F. S. maxima Sacc. S. Sarophorum Syd. Stemmaria Preuss Stilbochalara Ferd. togoense Henn. 1907. 1:18. caprifoliorum (Desm. & Shear T. Sacc. caviceps (Oud. Myc. 22:1454 Pavia 1st. ill. Neb. 3:2:13. C. 1918. Saccardaea Cavara 2:3:346 1916. 25:439. rivulorum Peyron. 1:170 1825. Att. S. ill. Bot. 1907. G. 4:626 D. S. Coelographium (Sacc. Handb. 1837. 366 1869. Akad. ill. G. Engler Bot. Hochs. Michelia 2:33 1880. 14:260. Trichurus Clem. ill. S. Myc.) Speg jonesi Speare Tilachlidiopsis Keissler 37:215. Linnaca 24:137 1851. 1909.) Bon. Graphiothecium tKl. Akad. 1920. Orb. Myc. S. Physis 4:295 1918.) Wien 2:71 Hoehn. 1920. Didymobotryum Hoehneliella Bres. Myc. Verb. media (Sacc. Stilbothamnium 23:542 83:37 1897. sacchan (Speg. Sacc. ill. Bull. cornui Bain.) Lind. ill. Melanographium Sacc. Capnostysanus Speg. caliciformis Fr. 1903. Tids. Corda Hoehn. Bot. Surv. racemosa Keissl.408 MONILIALES Nuov. S.) Corda stysanophorus (P. C. A. S. Ann. Wien 52:437. S. z-b.) Ferr. Bon. Stromatographium Hoehn. Ven-Trent. 1896. Fr. Myc. Stysanopsis Ferraris Ann.) Sacc. Soc. Jahrb. Jard. Mitt. 4:7 1924. 1:21 1837. Engler Bot. Wien S. Deut. Fr.) Hoehn. penicillis Graphium Corda Phaeostilbella Icon. Syll. pubescens (C. cylindricus Clem. Stysanus Corda Icon. Beitr. & S. Cladographium Peyron. stromaticum (Berk. Fung. S. Fung. & Shear Didymosporae Antromyces 1886. copridis Fres. Harpographium 1913. atra (Desm. resinae (Fr. camerunense Syd. ledermanni Syd. & Sacc. Wien 18:330 P. 1902. ill. 3:10:92 1919. Ann. Ber. perplexa B.'Myc. byssoides (Pers. 1910. 138 1851. Wien T. Brandcnb. & S.) Hoehn. Stilbodendrum 1916. 1894.) Gaumann Buitenz. 37:153 1919. P. 1913. Henn. Ital. Nat. Veg. 37 Syll. Denk. Stromatostysanus Hoehn. Accad. Bot. Graphiopsis Bainier Bull. C. freseni Fkl. 23:19. P. & . Jahrb. Sacc. Syst. Ges. Ann. em. S. C. echinocephala Cav. 54:360. Ges. Giorn. H. E. Bot. ill. Att. Sporostachys Sacc. Synnematium Speare Mvcologia 12:74. Mus. 30:220 S. Myk. Fung. Bot. 7:281 1909. Crinula Fr. stemonites (Pers. 1925. 11:557 M. Sporocybe Syst. Symb. & W.) Hoehn. Myk. Fung. Phaeisaria Hoehn. pleniosporum Abh. 1:493 1821. ill. Fres.

Fung. 6:209 1854. singularis Pseudogaster Hoehn. Syst. atrum Mass. 1:44. P. Hedwigia 36:244 1897. calostilbe Hoehn. P. 1923. Fung. Syll.) M. Bcr. Isariella Henn. C. ill. 14:1111 H. 1907. 16:1089 X. 16:151. Henn.) cajani (Henn. alpina Fres. Vellosiella ill. Staurosporae Riessia Fres. Syll. Bot. B. Rangel Fr. 8:138 1892. Sacc. Paras. 74 1852. Genera Incertae Sedis Vel Dubia Cladosterigma Pat. 1919. 359. S. 1886. Lindau 1900. tucumanensis Speg. 1 A. Sci. 1915. Anister. R. 3:287 1832. 1895. Riccoa Cav.) Syd. & Ev. Bor. 2609 Syn. Path. R. Myc. cf. 22:1457 1913. 4:596 83:38 1:1:494 pavoni Fr. javanicus Koord. Beitr. Ann. Nat. Bol. 1897. Wien Fung. 320 1923. 47 1852. 2:71 1917. Hoehn. Jour. 1903. Harpocephalum Atkin. Fung. 1892. Fr. Denk. Syst. 37:160 Dendrographium Massee Isariopsis Fr. 1894:385 1834. Fung. aterrimum Berk. stilboideum Ces. Peribotryum Myc. Univ. Bot. Xylocladium Syd. Michelia 2:33 1880. Hook Lond. Imp. Mus. & E. rigidum Schw.) Ferr. 1907. 1 :330 violacea (Bodin) O. Myk. Pflanzenf. 13:240. Fung. C. Am. fusisporum Pat. H. griseola Sacc. Syll. 193 A. 1911. Verh. Akad. V. Podosporiella Phil. Soc. Proc. An. ill. 7:280 P. Imp. Ges. 1902. cf. Diag. cajani (Henn. Rio Jan. I. P. Jard. Bull. fig. Comp. Hoehn. Beitr. . N. Agr. 3:13:446 H. dematioides Atkin. 409 Ces. clautriavi (Pat. 22:1456 1913. Syll. L. chilensis Negeriella Henn. not Velloziella Baill. Myc. Calostilbella Hoehn. Cornell 1899.STILBACEAE Phragmosporae Arthrobotryum 1854. semiophora Fres. Bot. 1886. P. Ell. Rang. Myk. Syll. schoenleini Remak Bodinia Ota ^ Lang. 11:640 1895. auerswaldiae Henn. griseola (Sacc. Akad. 1909. n. Deut. Sclerographium Berk. Phaeisariopsis Ferraris Ann. Ann. Fung. Mycovellosiella Rangel Arch. & L. Lindauomyces Koord. Myc. Syst. 361 1923. I. Podosporium Schw. Dermophyta Achorium Remak 1845. Hum. 3:41 Bull. Hedwigia 48:19 1909. Rang. Grevillea 21 :5 D. Hedwigia 1: pi. 4. Hoehn. aetensis Cav. Syll. Dictyosporae Hermatomyces Speg. Unters. S. Fung. Fung. Acad. P. humilis E. Heydenia Fres. Nac.

mansoni Brumpt. Endodermophytum ed. Comp. Med. Man. Med. 1919. Arch. infestans M. ed. Ann. Rend. Myc. Med. 179:1424 1924. immitis R. & Chalm. Montoyella Castellani 3:1023 1919. Med. M. Viertj. E. Dis. 3:1002 1919. audouini (Gruby) Grigor. Comp. Gen. Trop. & L. for Epidcrmidophyton. S. LS.) Lophophytum Bot. M. Anthina Fr. Rend. mycetomi (Lav. Blastomycoides Castell. 179:1424 1924. 179:1424 Spirailia Grigor. I. audouini Gruby C. furfur (Robin) Baill. Rev. Phys. & Chalm.) Grigor. tropicale Castell. Fungi & Fung. asteroides (Sab. Closterosporia Grigor. Atrichophytum Castell. E. Sypli. Derm.) Grigor. Comp. nigra P- Pinoyella Castell. ed. 3:1023 Trichophytum Malm. Hum. candicans Fr. Trop. curri (C. Trop. Closteraleurosporia Grigor. & Chalm. Neotrichophytum Castell. 234 M. lanosa (Sab. Med. A. Rend. Baill. Med. Malassezia 1889 Trait. Syst. & C. flavum (Bodin) C. 1905. Acinula Fr.) C. flammea Fr. Hum.) O. E. Chlamydaleurosporia Grigor. & C. ed. 179:1425 1924. N.) O. 1919. M. Syst. Comp. L. immitis Castell. 158:997 Madurella Brumpt. 17:301 1843 Comp. 1899. Genera Dubia Ateleothylax Ota & Lang. M. mentagrophytes (Robin) C. Castell. Man. Man. Paras. Ann. Crypt. 6:255 schoenleini (Rem. 1913. 1:326 1923. Anat. Rend. albiscicans (Nieuwh. 1823. 2:267 Myc. 3:1008. Trop. Ann. 1 1848. 10:547 1906.) Grigor. Trop. Comp. Johns HopC. ed. T. Med. granulosa (Sab.) Brumpt. 1 :243 1896. 179:1425 A. G. Hum. Rend. acuminata (Bodin) Grigor. C. Bot. ill. ed. 3:1016 Castell. B- 24 1928. Man. & C. 1919. Paras. 11:432 Matr. C. gallinae (Megn. Proteomyces Moses & Vianna Mem. 1 :330 1923. A. A. asteroides (Sab. simii (Pinoy) C. Paras. Mycelia A. Microsporum Gruby Comp. 2:281 1822. Rep. Coccidioides Rixford & Gilchr. Rend. 1924. Comp. . Comp. 1 :333 1923. & Chalm. Trop. Sterile P. Aleurosporia Grigor. 1879. & G. Arch. & & D. Epidermophytum Lang. Rend. Oswaldo Cruz 5:192. kins Hosp. Inst. Indiella Brumpt. & C. 1924. Comp. & L. Paras. Ectotrichophytum Castell. 3:1001 1919. Sabouraudites Ota & Lang. Man. & Dass. & V. Man.410 Grubyella Ota DERMOPHYTA & Lang. tonsurans Malm. cruris Castell.) O. & M.

Res. 1911. Bull. Phloeoconis Fr. Cat. 1:36 1790 . Ozonium Link Berl. Myc. Bot. Myc. Veg. Ducomet 1907. 1895. Rennes 1 c. Cuticularia ill. Geneve 2:3:350 Rhizomorpha Roth Scenomyces Stev. & Pat. Syst. Rhacodium Pers. Hypha Pers. Meckl. Rhizoctonia DC. 1:231 111. Scan. 16:141 1900. Bull. Karst. For3:21 1809. ill. Himantia Pers. Meckl. 1928. Men. 2:520 1849. Myc. Agr. & Sigr. Fung. :235. Belg. 11:60. 2:601 1823. 1 :50 1822. ill. Helicosporangium H. 1:2 1790. mosa 35:121. Fr. Ann. Fung. Coccobotrys Boud. Unters. Myc. Lab. Ann. Agr. Inst. Soc. 1927. 411 Clavariopsis de Wilde. 1 :88 1822. Eur. . 1797. Biol. Myc.STERILE MYCELIA Capillaria Tens. 1:76 1865. Papulospora Preuss Linnaea 24:112 1851. 701 1801. Multipatina Sawada Rep. Sclerotium Tode Xylostroma Tode Fung. Eur. Sum. ill. Soc. Syn. 19:200. Micr. Eur. Ectostroma Fr. 6:111 1815. Fr. 1:63 1822. Rhizohypha Chod. Flor. Bot. Mag. Soc. Landw.

Cent. Lind. Rend. E. 16:244 1918. M. Carlsb. Syph. Eutorula Will. 1903. 1913. C. Syll. 72 vulgaris Berkh. Canada 3:21:350. Rend. Bakt.) Cif. craterica Will. 22:788 26:97. tenuis Buch. 18:495 Chromotorula Harrison Trans. 1913. Cent. Paris 3:28:111 Pseudomonilia Geiger 1910. Zool. 2:46:226 1916. Monilia. not Briosi & Earn. 22:780). Pers. braulti 1911. Roy. Bakt. Ges. 1:96 1822. Enol. Sitzb. Rhodomyces Wettst. Rev. Cryptococcus Kuetz. Pavia 3:2:141 Eutorulopsis Cif. Bull. Akad. Mus. cerevisiae Turpin Tyridiomyces Wheeler 23:669 1907. formicarum Wheel. apiculatus (Reess) Kloeck. reukaufi (Gruess) Syd. Bot. Bay Ber. 7:379 1838. ill. Medusomyces Deut. Soc. Vuill. Torula Turpin 1876. ellipsoidea (Will. Myc. Cent. Schimm. Syll. Pinoy Mycotorula Will. Roy. Deut. 1928. 12:90 1885.. etc. 1901. Att. 54 1894. etc. Derm. Parendomyces Queyrat & Laroche Mem.. Univ. Monilia. Enantiothamnus Pinoy 5:2:599 1916. ill. polymorphus Mon. Hist. 1925. Giorn. fermentum Kuetz. & Redaelli Att. 24:1034 T. Nat. Ann. Fung. L. T. Ber. 1st. rosea Berl. Comp. Bot. 1928. Hansen Pasteur Etudes Biere 72> Comp. 2:46:263 M. albicans Bay Pseudosaccharomyces Kloecker Comp. Mycoderma Pers. Eur. Vit. Fung. 1:91:39. 24:1314 3. Arch. Ges. Fung. 1912. as subg. Canada 3:21:349. Carlsberg 2:50 1883. 78:224 1924. not Oud. Bull. Am. Fung. 10:323. ill. . B. P. 1927. ill. hispidula (Pers. Bakt. vini Will. 1927. em. Lab. Derm. Fung. 1909. not Dietel 1899. Sci. Soc.412 Lecaniascus 12:150 PSEUDOSACCHAROMYCETES Moniez 1887. Soc. 24:1311 Anthomyces Gruess Ber.) Berkh. Psyllidomyces Buchner 1913. Bull. N. cerevisiae Desm. 12:741. E. Rend. Deut. Syll. reukaufi Gruess 35:746 1917. Cent. Torulopsis Berl. Fung. Wien kochi Wettst. Sachsia 1894. Bakt. Blastodendrum Ota Pavia 3:2:189 1923. 1928. not Soc. T. kitae Harr. Gen.1:243 Pseudomycoderma Will. gisevi Lind. Rhodotorula Harrison Trans. albus Q. Protistenk. ill. Syll. 2:46:241 1916. Ges. & L. (Syll. Fung. krausi Ota Candida Berkhout Schimm. Wochens. Ann. 24:1307 1928. 1st