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What is depression? Is it serious? Can it be cured? These are some of the questions that you may ask yourself about depression. Some of us may think that depression is not all that serious, or maybe it can easily be controlled. We think that depression is just someone being emotional someone who needs attention. There is much more to depression than what we realize. Depression is a very severe mental illness that unfortunately you can’t control no matter how strong you feel, your brain is no longer stable leaving you depressed. These are some of the questions we’ll be discussing in the review.
    What is depression? What causes depression, and how serious is it? What treatments for depression have shown to be more effective? Does it affect women or men more?

In this literature review we will be looking at the possible causes and cures of depression. Who does it affect more women or men and over all what is depression. What causes depression and how serious is it? Depression makes you feel helpless, hopeless and worthless, and at times can give you suicidal tendencies. Clinical Depression makes you feel a sadness like no other and an intense feeling of giving up. Depression is a chemical imbalance in your brain. It’s not necessarily that chemicals are missing or need, because everybody’s brain is different. Some people lack certain chemicals but some need certain chemicals that control their nerve cells. Depending on the chemical imbalance in one’s brain the effects can be different ranging from how severe to what

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type, seasonal or temporary depression.

(Healer, E. A simulation of a brain scan on depression . N.d. Graphic. Hubpages.comPrint.) The picture above shows an example of two brains one with depression and one with out. As you can see when a brain develops depression there is less yellow spots meaning a chemical imbalance in your brain. The yellow spots represent the chemicals flowing in your brain to make it function normally with out depression. “With a mixture of bipolar 1, bipolar 2, mania or hypomania which

are mental illnesses marked by episodes of great excitement, delusions and over activity and can result in different symptoms and different kind of depression ” (depression health center." web md. N.p.. Web. 11 Nov 2013.). Episodes are the climax of your emotions when all seems to crumble and be at your worst. Depending on the depression episodes can be very frequently and others which are called seasonal which are less frequent. These episodes are what cause

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one to lose interest and not want to go through their day in many cases and episode can last up to two weeks. We all go through this at least once in our lifetime where it can last one day sometimes more, but the chemical changes going on in your brain are what cause depression and keeps this recurring. It distracts you from sleep, eating, working or any pleasurable activities, none the less it grasps your life making it hard to continue. What is depression? Depression is an illness that is still under study to be able to find out what causes it. Some of the interviews that I conducted I found that they had some similarities. Two of the participants that I interviewed said that they felt stress was the main factor in their depression. One of the interviewers worked eighteen hour shifts every day, he would sleep four hours a day and he did this for thirteen years. He wanted to spend time with his family but couldn’t because he was always at work, this made him break under his own stress and pressure. The pressure of not being there and supporting his family. Once depression hit him he said that he left one job to see if he could maybe snap out of but it only got tougher he said. “I contemplated suicide, but growing stronger in my faith I felt GOD held me back from it. Three days later after a doctor had prescribed me Prozac I felt normal and I was shocked happy that I was not afraid and had hope once again”(Lugo Miguel). This shows how bad and serious depression can get but it also shows how he caved under pressure and stress. It seems to be that most people with stress have acquired this having to do with stress. I interview a woman by the name of Leonor and she said she got depressed after giving birth to her second child and having marriage issues. Women at times do tend to get depression after giving birth due to the fact that a woman’s hormones and emotions and chemical balance get rearranged when a child is born. This can

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cause the chemical imbalance that causes depression. She went through an emotional wreck where she had no support and had two children to raise. She went through this for three years did not take any sort of medication and tried to do everything natural with teas and natural remedies. “I could not seem to convince myself to take any prescription drugs because I thought I would get addicted and I was scared. It was because of my depression that I was scared of things that I knew would help me”(lugo Leonor) She finally fought her way out of it but till this day she still has a hard time sleeping at night, one of the symptoms of having depression. Depression has many forms of coming and can sneak up on you. These two participants one male and one female had some similarities to do with stress and being overloaded with too many emotions. Is there a cure for depression? Some researchers insist that there is no permanent cure for depression because the chemicals that your brain stopped producing can no longer be regenerated. “There have been some instances where people get cured but the ratio of cured people and not cured is about 50 percent. It’s not a convincing number due to being 50/50 ratio” (toothman, jessika. "can clinical depression be cure." fit&health. N.p.. Web. 11 Nov 2013). Most of the medication given are just to stabilize and help your brain replace to chemicals missing, in the instances where people get cured it is when the brain starts to produce the chemical needed for stabilizing moods and depression. So can we say there is a cure? It is possible, but the odds of getting cured are 50/50. Clinical depression is the most common type of depression and it is said that “by year 2020 depression will be 2nd only to ischemic heart disease in terms of leading cases of disability in the world”. (depression health center." web md. N.p.. Web. 11 Nov 2013).

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Are males more prone to depression than females? Studies do show that women are more prone to get depression but not by much. The reason that women get depression more is because their hormones change a lot more than a man’s hormones. A woman goes through changes in puberty, child birth and menopause. Childbirth being one of the biggest and most common ways that females get depression. Through child birth a rapid change of hormones is caused along with chemical changes in her brain sometimes causing an imbalance causing depression. “As for men studies that have been taken show that they are about 10 percent less likely to have or get depression” (petrillo, laura. "are men or women more likely to become depressed." abc news. N.p., 27 02 2008. Web. 11 Nov 2013). Men have a tendency to hide emotions, but due to the stigma of men researchers cannot be 100 percent positive. As to most women when they are depressed they can’t seem to go on with life and some guys are the same but they just work a lot and drink their problems away thus leading to alcoholism and depression which can severely affect a family and tear them apart as seen on the book the scoundrel and the optimist by Maceo Montoya we can conclude that some of his behavior could be linked to minor signs of depression. Escapist behavior such as spending a lot of time at work, drinking Alcohol, substance abuse, controlling, violent or abusive behavior. Irritability or inappropriate anger we see all this in the book. These are just some of the signs that are linked to depression.

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1. Understanding Sadness and Clinical Depression." WebMD. WebMD, n.d. Web. 21 Oct. 2013. 2. Duckworth, Ken. "NAMI - The National Alliance on Mental Illness." NAMI. N.p., n.d. Web. 21 Oct. 2013. 3. Slowik, Guy. "How Is Depression Treated?" EhealthMD. N.p., n.d. Web. 21 Oct. 2013. 4. Orrange, Sharon. "Depression Support Group." - DailyStrength. N.p., n.d. Web. 21 Oct. 2013