1. Identify the geographical sub-region to which St Lucia, Grenada and Antigua belong. (1 mark) - The Lesser Antilles 2. Name the chain of islands in the Caribbean which is located entirely in the Atlantic Ocean. (1 mark) - The Bahamas 3. Explain what is meant by a ‘historical’ definition of the Caribbean region. (2 marks) - This describes those islands that saw the impact of colonialism, slavery and indentureship 4. Identify TWO of the boundaries of the ‘geological’ Caribbean. (2 marks) - North- the line of the Greater Antilles - East - the line of Lesser Antilles - South - a line through Trinidad, Northern Venezuela and Colombia - West - the Western pacific Coast of Central America 5. Outline TWO different interpretations of the term culture. (4 marks) - Culture defines and characterizes aspects of lifestyles that may be peculiar to a particular society - Culture refers to the beliefs of a group of people 6. List TWO ways in which the term ‘society’ can be defined. (2 marks) - People having a shared common purpose - People occupying a defined territorial space - Citizens within a defined space 7. Describe TWO problems that may arise in Caribbean society because of hybridization. (6 marks) Hybridization can lead to the creation of new cultures, when two or more cultures come into contact with each other. Hybridization may lead to two or more cultures trying to claim cultural, economic or political space

religious societies.Helps to keep wages very low as a very large amount of migrants keep wages at minimum wage levels MODULE TWO: ISSUES IN CARIBBEAN DEVELOPMENT 12. Explain ONE way in which Caribbean migrant labour impacts on the economies of the countries of North America. . Hindu and Moslem) .Creation of Trade Unions .intra Caribbean and extra regional .A large population of Cubans in Miami influence voting and governance in the US. . many primary schools were opened by missionaries and religious organizations and today they continue to work.Migration .It was a decisive element in multi.Crime and Violence .Development is the ability of a country to advance economically.It was a factor used in the expansion of education in Caribbean territories. . for example. measured by changes in its per capita income as well as by the human development index which includes life expectancy and educational attainment. revolts.Riots . ( 2 marks) . Describe TWO responses of Caribbean people to oppression.- Some races may assume a sense of superiority over races.Religion offered a source of comfort or a source of empowerment while experiencing violence. oppression and genocide 10.disobedience. Describe TWO ways in which the Cuban residents in the United States impact on American politics. based on the old plantation system and social stratification.They actively supported the Helms Burton Act of 1996 which seeks to establish and maintain international sanctions against the Castro government and plan for a transitional government leading to a democratically elected government 11. Explain what is meant by ‘development’. In the aftermath of emancipation. (4 marks) .Active Resistance . Explain ONE way in which religion has impacted on Caribbean people.Religion was used as a means of retaining ancestral links . (2 marks) . (4 marks) .They formed pressure groups to coerce Washington to continue to enforce the economic blockade against Cuba. 8. (2 marks) . Trinidad and Guyana (Christian. 2 . rebellions and revolutions 9.

(1 mark) 17. State One effect of globalization on EACH of the following: Labour. State how EACH of the following institions has contributed to development of the region: CTO: Caribbean Tourism Organisation .National income . collation and research . 3 .Political ideologies .Wide disparity among members in terms of per capita income WEST INDIES FEDERATION Disputes over movement of people from one country to another Insularity/ parochialism Leadership issues: Jamaica and Trinidad and Tobago Federal Government had no power 19. List TWO indicators of development.Inabilty to implement regional decisions .investment 15.Distribution of wealth . Trade. (2 marks) 16. ( 2 marks) CARIFTA .Unemployment rates and poverty . ( 2 marks) .Provision of a sound body of knowledge 20.13. Identify TWO challenges faced by either Carifta or The West Indies Federation.Gender equality . Identify TWO factors that influence development.Creation of a single voice in the international arena . Ideology 18.Levels of unemployment 14. (2 marks) .Development and promotion of regional travel tourism programmes to and within the Caribbean . Explain the term ‘globalisation’.Natural disasters . Identify ONE international organization that facilitates globalization.Leadership issues: Jamaica and Trinidad and Tobago .Provision of a sound body of knowledge through data collection.Impact of the productive sector .