Who’s who in the Iroquois Confederacy…

Roles of the Men and Women within the Iroquois Government

Learning Goals
 We will understand the specific roles within the

Iroquois Confederacy and their responsibilities. (S.S.)

Material Checklist
 Do I have:
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Cut-out ___ HO: Worksheet #1 ___ HO: Worksheet #2 ___ HO: Men in the Iroquois Confederacy ___ HO: Women in the Iroquois Confederacy ___ HO: Iroquois Rights and Responsibilities ___ Exit Card ___

EITHER: A Tree Map with a word bank OR a Tree Map without a word bank

There are six nations that make up the Iroquois tribe and each nation is an independent but equal member of the group.
Vocab Review: Consensus: a general agreement.

They created a government that was based on a consensus system (just like ours!).

Fact Check
 The Iroquois Confederacy, also

known as the Iroquois League, was governed by the Iroquois Great Council. Each Iroquois nation sent between eight and fourteen leaders to the Great Council, where they agreed on political decisions through discussion and voting.
 Each individual nation also had its

own tribal council to make local decisions. This is similar to how American states each have their own government, but all are subject to the greater US government.

 http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=uRP8C2xpyEQ start at

1:45 – 2:25

Who were the women in the Iroquois Government? Clan Women’s Mothers Councils
Oldest and most respected women in their clans All women within each clan

Title was hereditary – passed on to the woman relative thought best suited for position

Clan Mother - clan de la madre

Chief (Hoyaneh) –jefe

Women’s Council - Consejo de Mujeres

Men’s Council - consejo de los hombres

Who were the men in the Iroquois Government?
Hoyaneh (―Caretakers of the peace‖)
Were chosen by clan mother Today they are called ―Chiefs‖ Each nation had several Hoyaneh

Men’s Councils

All men within a clan

What happened within the Women’s Council

Developed positions on important issues

Through consensus they advised the clan mothers

Clan mothers would take the advice from the women’s council and pass it on and advise the Hoyaneh

What happened within the men’s councils?

Met and used consensus system for making decisions

Advised the clan mothers and in return the clan mothers would advise their Hoyaneh

After consensus if necessary, Hoyaneh, would bring consensus and decisions to The Grand Council

Brake Check…
 Take a look at your card.
(ESL w/ELL’s)

 Do the characteristics on the card remind you of

Clan Mothers, Hoyaneh, the Men’s council or the Women’s council?
 If you are not sure – turn to a classmate and

 Once you feel you know where you belong go to the

corner labeled for the Iroquois role you think your card belongs to…

ree Maps!
 A Tree Map is one of the eight Thinking Maps. It’s

purpose is to help us classify things and ideas.
 Think of it like this: The topic is the trunk of the

tree, the main ideas are the branches, and the supporting ideas or details are the leaves.

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Worksheet #1 – Modeled Demonstration Daily Roles of Iroquois Men and Women The Iroquois women were incredibly important in the day –to- day lives of the Iroquois nations. The women had jobs such as farming, gathering, crafting things such as clothes, clay pots and baskets and were also in charge of taking care of the homes and children. The Iroquois men had equally important roles that contributed to daily lives within the nations and their individual clans. The men hunters and fisherman, craftsmen making their own bow and arrows, carving wooden utensils like bowls and cups, creating wampum beads from shells and made equipment for games such as lacrosse, snow-snake, hoop-and-dart, and hoop-and-javelin, they were warriors as well.

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Now how would we break this down to begin to create a thinking map? In our case, a tree map…
Find the subject you want to break down… Then we break that down the main topic into sub-parts… Can this be broken down further?

Extra notes/sections/etc…

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Worksheet #2 – Shared Demonstration Iroquois Nations and Clans The Iroquois were Native Americans who lived in now modern day New York state. The six nations within the Iroquois were the Mohawk, Oneida, Onondaga, Tuscarora, Cayuga and Seneca. Within each nation, people are divided into a number of matrilineal clans. The number of clans varies by nation, currently from three to eight, with a total of nine different clan names. The Seneca nation’s clans include the Wolf, Bear, Turtle, Sandpiper, Deer, Beaver, Heron and Hawk. The Cayuga include the Wolf, Bear, Turtle, Snipe and Heron. The Onondaga include the Wolf, Bear, Turtle, Snipe, Deer, Beaver, Hawk and Eel. The Tuscarora include the Wolf, Bear, Turtle, Snipe, Deer, Beaver and Eel. The Oneida include the Wolf, Bear and Turtle. The Mohawk include the Wolf, Bear, and Turtle. Now using a tree map – let’s organize the Iroquois nations by nation names and clans within each nation.

http://www.nelson.com/albertasocialstudies/productinfo/gr6_9/docu ments/abss6ch4draft.pdf
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Women in the Iroquois Confederacy Clan Mothers • choseandadvised the Hoyaneh • had a strong indirect influence on decisions Women • participated in Women’s Councils which advised the Clan Mothers • used consensus Clan Mothers continue to play an important role in Iroquois society today. This photo shows Audrey Shenandoah, a Clan Mother of the Eel Clan of the Onondaga Nation. She participated in a Summit of the Elders at the United Nations in 1995, where she provided an Iroquois perspective on environmental issues. Who’s Who in the Iroquois Confederacy: Women Women had two ways to make their voices heard: as Clan Mothers and through Women’s Councils. Clan Mothers were usually the oldest and most respected women in their clans. The title was hereditary and passed on to the woman relative that was thought to be best suited for the position. Clan Mothers were responsible for their clan’s welfare and for maintaining harmony and balance within the clans and nations. They selected the Hoyaneh, the male leaders of the Iroquois Confederacy. The Great Law of Peace said the Hoyaneh had to put the needs of their people first. The Clan Mothers could replace Hoyaneh who failed to do this. Within each clan, Women’s Councils and Men’s Councils advised the Clan Mothers. The Clan Mothers in turn advised their Hoyaneh of the people’s position on issues. How did this process ensure that both men and women had a voice in their government? Women’s Councils developed positions on important issues. Women who were not Clan Mothers took part in councils. Through consensus, they advised the Clan Mothers.

Red light, Green light, Go!
 Formative Assessment –  Green: If you feel completely comfortable with

making a tree map
 Yellow: If you feel confused about one or two things

about the tree map.
 Red: If you are confused about more then two

things or completely lost!
 (If green – what are some examples of things you

could create tree maps with?)

Guided Practice

Independent Practice

Worksheet #1:After reading about and creating a tree map of the roles within the Iroquois government which role would you have wanted to be? Why? Using the readings from class today and your tree map provide supporting details in your answer. This should be at least four sentences.

(If finished early: Read the handout ―Iroquois Rights and Responsibilities‖ and answer the question on the worksheet: How did the different roles support Iroquois society and government?)

Worksheet #2: Using your worksheet with pictures of each of role within the Iroquois and your sentence starters explain which role you would like to have been within the Iroquois.

Group Share!!!

Did we accomplish our goals today?
 Can we name the four main roles within the

Iroquois government?
 Can we name one job description for each role?  Can we give examples of what we can we use

tree maps for?
 How do they help us organize information?  Could they be used for any other subject?

 Is there anything that feels unfinished? Questions


Exit Card
 Write one thing you learned today about the

Iroquois government and one thing you would like to learn more about.

 Launch: True consensus is built through talking,

listening and considering different ideas until a new understanding takes place, and the decision makers come to ―one mind‖ about what to do. Everyone must have a voice. Everyone has their own stories, their own perspectives — gifts they bring to the process that create balance. No one is left out.
 — From an interview with Norma General, Elder of

the Wolf Clan,
 Cayuga Nation, May 2007.