1. Draw the electron‐dot structure of ethane. 2. What is meant by saponification? Give one example with chemical reaction.

With the help of a diagram, explain the cleansing action of soap. 3. Complete (a) (b) (c) (d) (e) (f) (g) (h) (i) (j) (k) (l) the following equations: (also name the product formed) CH4 + O2 (excess) → CH3COOH + C2H5OH →(acid) CH3COOH + NaOH → CH3CH2OH →(conc. H2SO4 / heat) CH3COOH + NaHCO3 → CH4 + Cl2 →(sunlight) CH2=CH2 + H2 →(Ni) C2H5OH + O2 →(Alk. KMNO4) CH3CH2OH →(Alkaline KMNO4) CH3COOC2H5 →(NaOH) CH3‐CH=CH2 + H2 →(Ni ‐ Catalyst) C2H5OH + Na →

4. Write the next homologue of (i) CH3OH (ii) CH2=CH2 (iii) CH3‐CH=CH2 (iv) CH3‐CO‐CH3 (v) HCOOH 5. Define homologous series of organic compounds. Explain it with an example. Mention any two characteristics of homologous series. 6. Name the compound formed on heating ethanol at 433K with excess conc. H2SO4. 7. Describe a chemical test to distinguish between ethanol and ethanoic acid. 8. Write the next higher homologue of the following: (i) C3 H 6 (ii) C5 H 8 9. Give reasons for the following: (a) Unsaturated hydrocarbons show addition reactions but not saturated hydrocarbons. (b) Carbon only forms covalent compounds. 10. List two reasons for carbon forming large number of compounds. 11. An organic acid ‘X’ is a liquid which often freezes during winter time in cold countries. It has a molecular formula C2H4O2. On warming with ethanol in presence of a few drops of conc. H2SO4 a compound Y with sweet smell is formed.

Give examples of four different functional groups. (b) Write the chemical equation for the reaction involved. 13. Write any two structural isomers of Pentane and state their names. 12. 21. Why are soaps not considered as effective cleansing agents. 16. 20. Identify the functional group present in the in the following compounds. Write a chemical equation to illustrate it.(a) Identify X and Y. Name the functional group present in Propanone. 23. 14. 17. 15. Draw the structure of the simplest ketone. 18. H2SO4 in the above reaction. Why do soaps form scum instead of lather in hard water. Differentiate between addition reactions and substitution reactions shown by Hydrocarbons. 19. What are hydrogenation reactions? Give an example. and also write the chemical reaction. Define the term functional group. 22. (i) . Draw the electron‐dot structure of ethanol /Ethyl Alcohol. Name the product formed when Ethyl Ethanoate is treated with NaOH solution. (c) What is the function of conc. What is esterification? Give one example.

(ii) (iii) CH3‐CO‐CH3 24. Also name the products. An organic compound A is widely used as a preservative in pickles and has a molecular formula C2H4O2. Write the name and structure of an aldehyde with 4 carbon atoms. Write the chemical reaction for the combustion of ethanol. Draw the structure of Ethyne. (i) Identify the compound A. 32. What will you observe on adding a 5% alkaline potassium permanganate solution drop by drop to some warm ethanol taken in a test tube? Write the name of the compound formed during the above chemical reaction. List two differences between saturated and unsaturated hydrocarbons. 28. 31. Name the process and write the corresponding equation. Draw the structures of any two isomers of butane and name them. 25. 26. This compound reacts with ethanol in the presence of a mineral acid to form a sweet smelling compound B. Write the names of: (i) CH3CH2Br (ii) CH3‐CH=CH2 (iii) CH3‐CO‐CH3 (iv) CH3CH2‐C≡CH (v) CH3CH2COOH (vi) C6 H 6 . (ii) Write the chemical equation for its reaction with ethanol to form compound B. (iii) How can we get compound A back from B. 30. List any two differences between soaps and detergents. 27. (ii) Which gas is produced when A reacts with sodium carbonate? Write the balanced chemical equation for the reaction involved. 29.

44. 35. 42. Justify your answer. Draw the structures of Bromopentane and Hexanal. Write the chemical equation for the reaction involved. Name the compound formed the reaction of an organic acid and an alcohol. Two carbon compounds A and B have the molecular formula C3H8 and C3H6 respectively.33. Which one is more likely to addition reaction. C2H6O . On bringing a burning splinter the gas evolved burns with a pop sound. (a) On dropping a small piece of Sodium into an organic compound “A” with a molecular formula C2H6O in a test tube a brisk effervescence is observed. 40. 36. What are structural isomers. Why no other element exhibits the properties of catenation to an extent seen in carbon compounds. Write one use of ethanoic acid. Write the chemical equation to represent the hydrogenation of ethene. 45. Which of the following compounds belong to the same homologous series? C2H6 . (b) What will happen if you heat the organic compound A at 433K with excess of concentrated sulphuric acid. 39. Write the names of any two structural isomers of C5H12. . What is a catalyst. What is the next homologue of propanol and butanal. Identify A and write the chemical equation. 34. Define catenation. 43. C2H6O2 . Write the chemical equations along with necessary condition for the following changes to take place: (i) Ethanol to Ethanoic Acid (ii) Ethanoic Acid to Sodium Acetate (iii) Methane to Chloromethane (iv) Ethane to Ethanol (v) Ethanol to Ethene 38. C4H10 37. 41. Write the chemical equation to represent the Hydrogenation of Vegetable Oils.

51. An organic compound A on heating with conc. 58. 49. Write the formula of functional group of ketone and aldehyde. B and C. Identify the compounds A to E in the following reaction sequence. The formula of an ester is CH3COOC2H5. “Saturated hydrocarbons burn with a blue flame while unsaturated hydrocarbons burn with a sooty flame. Write the chemical formula for vinegar. Draw the structure of pentanal. One mole of C on combustion forms two moles of CO2 and 3 moles of H2O. Why? 47. Mention the percentage of carbon in earth’s crust.46. What are isomers? 53. 52. List two medicinal use of Ethanol. 55. Given below are the formula of some functional groups . 57. Identify the compounds A. H2SO4 forms a compound B which on addition of one mole of hydrogen in presence of Nickel forms a compound C. Conversion of ethanol to ethanoic acid is considered an oxidation reaction. 48.” Why? 50. Give a chemical test to distinguish between saturated and unsaturated hydrocarbons. Write the equations involved. Write the structural formulae of the corresponding alcohol and acid. How does boiling point and melting point of hydrocarbons change with increase in molecular mass? 56. 59. 54.

65. B on reaction with Chlorine in the presence of sunlight gives C of molecular formula C2H5Cl. B and C (b) Write chemical equation for the conversion of A to B and name the type of reaction . An organic compound ‘A’ of molecular formula C2H6O on oxidation with dilute alkaline KMnO4 solution gives an acid ‘B’ with the same number of carbon atoms. What is micelle? How does the formation of a micelle help to clean the clothes? ? Draw a labelled diagram of a micelle. How do saturated and unsaturated hydrocarbons can be differentiated on the basis of their combustion? 68. An organic compound A of molecular formula C2H4 on reduction gives another compound B of molecular formula C2H6. (ii) Write the chemical equation involved in the formation of ‘B’ from ‘A’ 66. (a) Name the compounds A. 60. Mention the common name for: (a) hydrocarbons with one or more double bond (b) hydrocarbons with one or more triple bond 63.Write the names of these functional groups. Draw the structures of benzene and cyclohexane. What is the difference between two consecutive members in a homologous series in alkanes terms of (i) molecular mass (ii) number of atoms of elements. Differentiate between vegetable oils and animal fats. 67. Explain the following reaction with one example for each giving relevant chemical equation : (a) Hydrogenation reaction (b) Oxidation reaction (c) Substitution reaction (d) Combustion reaction (e) Saponification reaction 64. (i) Name the compounds ‘A” and ‘B’. 61. What are oxidising agents? 69. 62. Compound ‘A’ is often used for sterilization of skin by doctors.

Also. What is scum? 74. Intake of small quantity of methanol can be lethal. (ii) Add a 5% solution of alkaline potassium permanganate drop by drop to the solution. . Comment.70. Name the salt X and the gas evolved. (iii) What happens to the colour of KMnO4 added initially and then in excess? Give reason. 76. Describe an activity and draw the diagram of the apparatus to prove that the evolved gas is the one which you have named. A salt X is formed and a gas is evolved when ethanoic acid reacts with sodium hydrogencarbonate. Write the name of the following compounds: 72. What are detergents? How are detergents better than soaps? 75. (i) Take about 3mL of Ethanol in a test tube and warm it gently in a water bath. write chemical equation of the reaction involved. Name the product of this reaction. Draw the structures of the following compounds: (i) 2‐ Bromopentane (ii) 2 – methylpropane (iii) Butanal (iv) 1 – Hexyne 71. 73.

would you expect the same change? (d) How can a solution of lime water be prepared in the laboratory? 78. Why are covalent compounds generally poor conductors of electricity? 80.77. Why does carbon form compounds mainly by covalent bonding? 79. What happens when soap solution in a test tube is shaken with (i) soft water (ii) hard water? 82. 83. (c) If ethanol is given instead of ethanoic acid. How can detergent molecules be altered to make them biodegradable? 84. What is denatured alcohol. . Write the structural formulae of all the isomers of hexane. What is the difference between a functional group and alkyl radical? 85. 81. Look at Figure below and answer the following questions (a) What change would you observe in the calcium hydroxide solution taken in tube B? (b) Write the reaction involved in test tubes A and B respectively.