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Jacketed Pipe

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AutoPIPE Modeling Approaches


Jacketed Pipe
Jacketed pipe is used where external heating or cooling is required to maintain the primary product being transported in a desired state (i.e., keep it liquid). Typical applications include the piping of materials such as pitch, sulfur, resins, adhesives, and many food products. When the primary product is sensitive to contamination or corrosion, the carrier (core) pipe will often be of a different material (such as stainless steel) than the jacket (which is usually carbon steel). Standard jacketed piping is constructed with the jacket pipe welded to the back of the pipe flanges. When product contamination is a concern, swaged ends are occasionally used. Typically, jacketed pipe is prefabricated in straight lengths up to 20' long.

Example

Modeling
The modeling approach is to define two pipe segments lying over each other. The first segment represents the carrier pipe and the second segment the jacket. Next, the two pipes are assembled into a single component with flanges at either end. Typically, the flanges are substantially more rigid than the jacket or carrier pipe and as such they are considered to be fully connected (i.e. they have the same displacements and rotations). The connection between the jacket and carrier pipe is achieved by using a rigid beam element. Pipe spreaders, also called spiders, are used at various increments along the length of the pipe assembly in order to maintain a uniform spacing between the carrier and the jacket. Spreaders are modeled as rigid connections using a two-point guide support. In the model which follows, all that will be created is a single 20' straight section of jacketed pipe. The purpose of this model is to illustrate the procedure for defining a jacketed pipe, not to create a complete piping system. The following properties will be applied to the model:

1. Define a new system. When the Segment dialog appears, name the core pipe Carrier. 2. When the Pipe Properties dialog appears, input the remaining values as follows:

3. Define the operating loads for the carrier pipe. This is the pressure and temperature at which the primary product is being
maintained:

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Jacketed Pipe

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4. Build the carrier pipe (segment A). The global coordinates for the system points are listed below (length units are feet, and offsets
are measured from the preceding point):

5. Select Insert/Segment

to begin a new segment. Accept the new segment name (B), then define B00 at an offset of in the +Y direction from A00. Finally, enter JACKET in the "Pipe data identifier" field.

0.006 feet

6. Input the properties of the "Jacket" pipe as shown below. Note that the material has been changed to "CS." Because of this change,
the Material Change dialog shown in Step 7 is automatically displayed for specification of an appropriate hot allowable for this material.

7. Since the pipe material has been changed, AutoPIPE will display the Material Change dialog to allow the hot allowable stress to be
edited accordingly. Input a value of

12000.
to define the pressure in the jacketed pipe. The Operating Loads dialog is displayed.

8. Select Insert/Pressure & Temperature


Specify a pressure of

100 psi. This is applied to segment B, while the operating temperature remains the same as the carrier pipe.

9. Build the jacket pipe (segment B). The global coordinates for the system points are listed below (length units are feet, and offsets
are measured from the preceding point):

10. Move the crosshairs to point A00. 11. Select Insert/Beam


to open the Beam dialog. Define a rigid beam (M1) from A00 to B00. Remember, this is a very short beam (0.006 feet long). Since AutoPIPE only displays two significant digits after the decimal by default, the length appears as 0.01; however, the proper length has been stored in the database. The number of digits that AutoPIPE uses after the decimal for coordinates may be specified through the command.

Edit/User pref]

12. Select Insert/Beam

to open the Beam dialog again. Define a rigid beam (M2) which spans from

A02 to B02.

13. Move the crosshairs to point B00. 14. Select Insert/Flange


to open the Flange dialog. Specify a SLIP-ON flange with an pressure rating of 300, and a Slip-On (SO) connection type. Since the current point is B00, AutoPIPE recalls the flange data for a 6" pipe (which is what we want). If the current point had been A00, the recalled flange data would have been for the carrier pipe.

15. Move the crosshairs to point B02, then define the flange for this end by repeating Step 14. 16. Move the crosshairs to point B01. 17. Select Insert/Support
to open the Support dialog. Enter A01 as the "Connected to" point, then specify a rigid Guide support. Note that a friction coefficient of 0.1 has been defined in order to model any scraping action between the two pipes.

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Jacketed Pipe

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Display of a Jacketed Pipe End

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