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NASA TP 1732
NASA Technical Paper 1732
U M R 1xIpI: RE
A M TECHNlCi KIRTUW AFB,
Effect of Cage Design on. Characteristics -of. High-Speedget-Lubricated 35-Millimeter-Bore. Ball Bearing,
Fredrick T. Schuller, Stanley I. Pinel, and Hans R. Signer \'
National Aeronautics and Space Administration Scientific and Technical Information Branch 1980 . Pinel. Ohio I.NASA Technical Paper 1732 Effect of Cage Design on Characteristics of High-Speed-Jet-Lubricated 35-Millimeter-Bore Ball Bearing Fredrick T. Stanley and Hans R. Signer Lewis Research Cetzter C l e v e l a d . Schuller.
an outer-ring-land-guided cage is recommended because its outer-ring land surfaces are more efficiently lubricated by means of centrifugal oil flow effect and because they are generally cooler thanthe corresponding surfaces of an inner-ring controlled cage (ref. As indicated inreference5.5 to 2. Results were compared with results previously obtained from tests of a similar bearing but having a single-outer-land-guided cage.08 to 0. The bearing designs and lubrication techniques used for these engines are two of several elements that must be refined and optimized for reliable performance and long life.) These bearings must be capable of performing satisfactorily at the high temperatures that are common to highspeed operation.n reference 5. This hypothesis was borne out for the 75-millimeter.50 gal/min) and a jet velocity of 20 m/sec (66 ftlsec). Other than cage design. 1 to 4).85 x lo6 where failure occurred. 1. A bearing with a double-outer-land-guided cage generated higher temperatures than one with a singleouter-land-guided cage.65 x lo6 where failure occurred. Cooling the outer ring did not appreciably affect the cage slip or power loss for either bearing configuration. Outer-ring coolingof the double-outer-landguided cage bearing to thermally balance the bearing temperature resulted lower in overall bearing operating temperatures at all speeds and lubricant flow rates employed. bearing wear and ultimate failure at a high DN value occurred on the land surface of the cage.48 N/sec (1 to 10 lb/sec) total air flow requires bearings that operate at a DN range up to 2. Power loss increased with speed at a faster rate as the lubricant flow rate increased. was accomplished up to 2. Large-bore ball and roller bearings have been successfully tested at speeds to 3. Because of the dimensional limitations of the inner ring in smaller bore bearings. Successful operation of the 35-mm-bore ball bearing. the fabrication of radial holes and axial grooves for lubricant passages through the inner ring can become complex and cost restrictive. (DN is defined as theshaft speed in rpm multiplied by the bearing bore in mm. whereas an innerring-land-guided cage limited the DN value to 1. The lubricant was neopentylopolyol (tetra)ester meeting the MIL-L-23699 specifications.7 times that fora singleouter-land-guidedcage bearing. Introduction The next generation ofturbojet engines inthe small class 4. The bearing had a nominal unmounted 24" contact angle.45 to 44. .Summary Parametric tests were conducted in a high-speed. in these tests the lubricant was fed to the bearings through radial holes in the inner ring. 6). where the best overall performance was reported for bearings with outer-ring-land-guided cages.5 million DN.and double-outer-land-guided cage bearings. Identical ranges of shaft speeds and lubricant flow rates were used. andan oil-in temperature of 394 K (250" F). Consequently. Tests were run at flow rates ranging from 303 to 1894 cm3/min (0. However. high-temperature bearing tester with a 35-mm-bore.5 million. and cage lubrication was the principal factor that brought about the failure. using a jet-lubricated bearing.0 million DN (refs. an outerring-land-guided cage limited the DN value to 2. The power loss of the double-outer-land-guided cage bearing was always higher than that of the single-landguided design at similar test conditions. Pecent cage slip for a double-outer-land-guided-cage bearing ranged from 1. Test conditions included a combined load of 667 Newtons (150 Ib)thrust and 222 N (50 lb) radial. For satisfactory high-speed operation of a small bore jet-lubricated bearing. the cage design is expected to greatly affect the limiting speed. jet-lubricated roller bearing tests described in reference 7. Percent cage slip was minimal for both bearing configurations for all speeds and flow rates tested. the two bearings were dimensionally the same. Provisions were made for jet lubrication of the bearing and for outer-ring cooling. nominal shaft speeds of 48 OOO to 72 OOO rpm. angularcontact ball bearing with a double-outerland-guided cage.Inthesecircumstances jet lubrication is the more practical method of bearing lubrication. Power loss increased with speed and lubricant flow rate for both the single. employing a double-outer-land-guidedcage and jet lubrication. One of the prinicipal elements of a bearing that affects its satisfactory high-speed operation is the bearing cage. therefore.
4340 steel ( " 4 1 5 ) heat treated to a Rockwell C Apparatus High-speed Bearing Tester A general view of the air-turbine driven test machine is shown in figure 1. The test bearing was lubricated by two jets on the nonloaded side of the inner ring. The shaft is mounted horizontally and is supported by two preloaded angular-contact ball bearings. Test bearing torque is measured with strain gages attached to the bearing housing. and outer ring cooling on the described in detail in references 8 and 9. Radial load is applied to the test bearing through knife-edge bearings. which incorporates the hardware for lubrication. A sectional drawing is shown in figure 2. The inner and outer rings and (250" F). The high-speed bearing tester is lubricant flow rate. The 0. not reported herein. Test conditions included combined radial and thrust N (50 lb) and 667 N (150 lb).efficiency with a 20-m/sec (66-ftIsec) jet velocity Reference8reports results of a high-speed jetoverother velocities investigated.065 gal/min) at a 394 K (250" F) electrode vacuum melted AISI "50 steel.08 to outer-land-guided cage as shown in figure 3(a). The test bearing was an ABEC7 grade. In separate tests. The jet outlets. test bearing housing. The lubricant was neopenhardness of the balls and rings was Rockwell C62 at tylpolyol (tetra)ester meeting the MIL-L-23699 room temperature. The test semiconductor straingage mounted in a cavity of the bearing is identical in size and contactangle to thatin housing. 35-mmLubricant was introduced to the bearing by dual bore angular-contact ball bearing with a doublejets at flow rates from 303 to 1894 cm3/min (0. 5 reportsa similar 2 Figure L .) Cooling oil is lubricated. only the cage and outer ring have been altered to accommodate a double-outer-land. oil removal.14-mm (66 ft/sec) with an oil-in temperatureof 394 K (0.) diameter.50 gal/min) at a calculated jet velocity of 20 m/sec bearing contained 16 balls with a nominal 7. located approximately 3. 35-mm ball bearing with a cage having a single outer land. Outer-ring temperatures were obtained by two thermocouples installed in the parametric effects of cage design. Nominal oil-in temperature. measure inner-ring temperatures by means of a The objectives of this study were to determine the rotating telemetry system.12 in. (Ref. shaft speed. Outer-ring oil flow cooling rates were 0 to the balls were manufactured from consumable246 cm3/min (0 to 0. Cagespeedwas measured with a of the experiments performed in reference 8. and thrust and radial load application andthe instrumentation for cage speed measurement. loads of 222 Test Bearing respectively.assembled in the shaft. combined thrust and radial load are compared. The cage was made from AISI specifications. which effectivelyminimize friction. that velocity was used in all the tests reported.0 mm (0.281-in. The test bearing is assembled into a separate housing.) from the face of the bearing were aimed at the inner raceway. it was determined that a 20-m/sec (66-ft/sec) jet velocity insured the most efficient lubrication of the test bearing.Hlgn-spew. operation of a 35-mm-bore angular contact bearing. ~ small-oore-oearlng test machine. reference 8. and nominal shaftspeeds from 48 OOO to 72 OOO rpm. The Shaft speed (inner ring speed) was obtained with a experimental work described herein is a continuation magnetic probe. Bearing data fora thrust only and a supplied to the outer ring by means of holes and grooves in the bearing housing as shown in figure 2. Two thermocouples. Thrust force is applied through a combination of a thrust needle bearing anda small roller support bearing to minimizetest housing restraint during torque measurements. .
Figure 3. Additional specifications are shown in table I . The inner ring of both bearings was geometrically and dimensionally the same.). The double-outerland-guided cage weighed 16 percent more than the single-outer-land-guided cage used in the bearing in reference 8. shown in figures 3(a) and (b). was a nominal 52. hardness of 28 to 36 and having 0.Schematic of high-speed.074 in.and single-outer-landguided cages.0203.). . The effective land area of the double-outer-land-guided cage bearing was approximately three times that of the singleouter-land-guided cage bearing.Outer ring (a) Double-outer-landquided cage.Lubricant jet for test bearing. / /Outer-ring thermocouple Discharge-oil thermocouple Figure 2 .) thick silver plating (Ah4S2412) all over. This type I1 oil is qualified to the MIL-L-23699 specifications as well as internal to the oil specifications of most major aircraft engine producers.in Table 11. small-bore-bearing test machine. The major properties of the oil are presented . Inner-ringcooling oil 7 Radial 1 I 1 / .68mm(2. -Angular contact b a l l bearing. After warming the test machine by recirculating heated oil and calibrating the torque measuring 3 . The outside diameter of both the double. Test Procedure (b) Single-outer-landquided cage. The cage balance was within 4.0008-to 0.0381-mm (0.to 0.0015-in.9 x (7N m x oz-in. Lubricant Thrust jet Oil 2 ‘ The oil used for theparametric studies was a neopentylpolyol (tetra) ester.
J/m sec K (Btu/hr ft OF) ...................... 8) and the double-outerland-guided cage decrease with an increase in lubricant flow ratefor each test speed....... aAISI 4340.................................. deg .... a 4 .....493) Thermal conductivity at 372 K (210' F)... 4(b)) this differential increases to 21 K (38" F)... mm ( i n ...... temperatureof the double-outer-land-guided cage bearing without outer ring cooling is approximately 13 K (23" F) higher than the single-outer-land-guided cage bearing....... cS......0029) Contact angle..... ) ....TABLE I..............50 gallmin) with a nominal jet velocity of 20 m/sec (66 ft/sec) were used.15 (0...................... bAMS 6490....... 5... mm (in....... mm (in. corrosion and oxidation inhibitors...074 (0. Results and Discussion Parametric tests were conducted in a high speed bearing tester with a 35-mm-bore ball bearing having a double-outer-land-guided cage...... 10 Material ...... K ( O F ) ...5 372 K (210' F) ...................4409) Width .......... - Antiwear. TABLE 11.08 to 0........ 214 (-75) Volatility (6.. mm ( i ......................... Threelubricant o of 303 to 1894 cm3/min (0....... The elevated temperatures of the bearing with the double-outer-land-guided cageare partially due to the heat generated by the shearing of oil over an area ' A M S 6415.... ... and progressing through 65 OOO and 72 OOO rpm before changing the lubricant o i l flow rate................. 62 (2... 2140 (0.... a combined test load of 222 N (50 lb) radial and 667 N (150 lb) thrust and a total lubricant flow rate of 1894 cm3/min (0.. Tests results obtained are compared with those of a previously run single-outer-land-guided cage bearing...........................................) .. 64 9 0 0 ....................31 Flashpoint.......50 gallmin)... 4(c)) to 25 K (45" F) at a maximum flow rate of 1894 cm3/min (0........ 28.......406 (0..... After the test runs described above.. If it became apparent during thecourse of testing that the conditions would result in distress of the bearing or rig or that the conditions would 491 K (425" F).. When bearing and test machine temperatures stabilized (20 to 25 min)......... Other than cage design and the inside diameter of the outer ring (fig.......026) Material . 14 (0. 60 Rockwell (minimum) C hardness Race conformity.............. 0......016) Diametral ball-pocket clearance... At each speed and flow condition a separate test was run during which the outer-ring cooling flow wasadjusted to achieve equal inner........ the resulting data were compared with those of a similar bearing with a single-outer-land-guided cage........................................................ bCEVM "50 ........... 0........................ J/kg K (Btu/lb O F ) .......) ................ nominal 48 OOO rpm........ 52 Assembly: Internal radial clearance........... Bearing temperatures for both the singleouter-land-guided cage (ref.....................................5512) Cage specifications: Diametral land clearance........ The shaft speedwas then slowly brought up to a nominal 28 OOO rpm..........2 Specific heat at 372 K (210" F)...50 gallmin)..... mm ( i n .......................... generate a bearing temperature above the test point was aborted or omitted....... and 72 250 rpm. 0.... at 311K(100"F) .................. ... -PROPERTIES OF TETRAESTER LUBRICANTS Additives .. K ( O F ) .........22 477 K (400" F) ....28) Grade .........500 gal/min) were applied..................and i l flow rates outer-ring temperature...... 1.3780) Outside diameter... 47 600............ Figure 4 shows that the temperature differential between the two bearings of different cagedesign increases with speed............... silver plated 28-36 Rockwell C hardness ............. 0..... Outer ring cooling was not employed at this time........... -TEST BEARING SPECIFICATIONS Bearing dimensions.................. reported in reference 8.................088) Specific gravity at 372K (210' F) . Bearing ball specifications: Number ........... At 64 900 rpm (fig..... ) 0. 24 ............................ percent: Inner.. ) : Bore ..................35 (1.................. ................................... A series of tests was run by starting atthe lowest speed............ K ( O F ) ................ 3..... 16 Diameter........................ At 47 600 rpm (fig. Effect of Cage Design On Bearing Temperature The effect of lubricant flow rate on bearing temperature at three different speeds is shown in figure 4............................................ the oil-in temperature and lubricant flow rate was set and the speed was increased to the desired value...The double-outer-landguided cage bearing generatedthe higher bearing temperature at each speed tested....... wt% ...........5 hr at 477 K (400" F))............ 7....931 system....... and antifoam Kinematic viscosity..............14 (0.................... 3)..... This indicates that the double-outer-land-guided cage bearing becomes less desirable at high speeds. 533 (500) Autogenous ignition temperature. 694 (800) Pourpoint........ and at 72 250 rpm (fig................. 4(a)) and a lubricant flow rate of the outer ring 1894 cm3/min (0................54 Outer .....................................660 (0....... the two bearings were identical.............................................
Effect a i oil i l a v on test bearing temperature fortwo bearing configurations with and without outer-ring cpding. 72 250 rpm. J/min (Btulmin) mass flow rate. and radiation to the surrounding environment. outer-ring torque was measured. In the first.2 .L “7- 4 : r 201 10.. power loss within the bearing. adding heat due to excessive churning within the bearing..O J 270 L 490 (a1Shaltspeed. K ( O F ) oil inlet temperature. outer-ring cooling resulted in a decrease in the overall bearing operating temperature regardless of speed. To obtain a measure of this heat rejection and. 667 N (1% lb4 radial.3 . kg/min (lb/min) specific heat (from o i l company specifications). lubricant flow rate.- Innerring Identical ouler andinner ring about threetimes that of the single-outer-land-guided cage bearing. thus. or type of cage design. tin total heat transfer rate to the lubricant. Bearing Power Loss ::[ 290 Ibl Shaftspeed. K (OF) 5 .4 . 81 -.5 Oil f l a v rate to test bearing. Total heat absorbed by the lubricant was obtained from the standard heat transfer equation. Adding outer-ring cooling flow in an amount to thermally balance the inner and outer ring affected the outer ring much more thanthe inner ring. 222 N 1% Ibl. 47 6M) rpm. (Btu/lb O F ) o i l outlet temperature. gallmin I I I I M Cp tout Icl Shaftspeed. Combined load thrust. where QT 0 I . The single land.1 I . as expected.t . J/kg K.0531 Two approaches wereused to determine bearing power loss. oil inlet and outlet temperatures were obtained for all conditionsof lubricant flow. in contrast. In the second. These results are also shown in figure 4 with the required outer ring cooling flow labeled at each data point. tests were conducted to find the outer-ring cooling-oil flow rate that produced a thermally balanced bearing. reducing churning and subsequent internal heat generation in the bearing. convection. 410r . Another disadvantage of the doubleouter-land-guided cage is that the oil entering and lubricating the rotatingmembers of the bearing has a tendency to become trapped by the extra land. the heat rejected to the lubricant was determined. allows the free flow of lubricant into the bearing and a less restrictive exit of oil. Bearing power loss is dissipated in the form of heat rejected to the lubricant by conduction. Because many applications require (for best performance and optimal operating clearance) a minimal temperature gradient between the bearing inner and outer rings. Bearing conliguration 0 Single-ouler-ring-guided cage Irel. Figure 4 . 64 9W rpm. Generally.
Thermal and lubricant effects.08gallmin). the power loss determined from heat rejected to the oil. 222 N (50 Ib).2 35 Ow 45 Ow 55 WO Shaft speed. values of power loss were converted from J/min to kW.5' I c q 2. at the various test speeds was obtained from a computer program which took into consideration centrifugal force effects on contact angle. No outer-ring cooling was employed in these particular tests.o u t e r .4 1. were not considered in this computer solution of epicyclic cage speed.and a single-land-guided-cage bearings.oL ! .Double-outer-ring-guided cage ----Single-outer-ring -guided Bearing configuration Without outer-ring cwling With outer-ring cooling cage (ref. . Cepi.08 gallmin).g u ic db a ee g da er i n g configurations. loss increases with Figures 5 and 6 show that power speed and lubricant flow rate for both the single.50 gallmin)) can be undesirable because of the increased power loss in the bearing over that for a low flow rate (such as 303 cm3/min (0.Power loss cblained from torque readings as a function of shaft speed for two bearing configurations with and without outer-ring cooling. For convenience. 667 N (150 Ib). Two reasons for this are (1) the difficulty of accurately accounting for all the heat dissipated by conduction. 758cm3/rnin (a20gallminL Effect of Lubricant Flow Rate on Cage Slip In order to determine percent cage slip. A comparison of power losses shows that the double-outer-land-guided cage bearing has a decided disadvantage comparedwith the single-landguided-cage design. .6 (b) Lubricant flow rate.0 d $ W L m 5 m (a) Lubricant flow rate. 1894 cm3/min (a 50ga11min). Power losses determined from heat rejection to the lubricant were lower than those obtained from torque readings over the speed range tested. 65 Ow 75 Ow rpm (c) Lubricant flow rate.tothe excessive oil churning in this design bearing. 303 cm3/min 10. 7) are in agreement except for magnitude. the epicyclic cage speed. including the heat (power) absorbedby the outer-ring cooling oil.0 1. The higherpowerloss ofthe double-outer-land-guided cage bearing is due. Figure 5 shows that power loss obtained from torque readings and figure 6. The epicyclic cage speed was combined with the measured 6 .41 1. convection. Combined Imd: thrust. compared with that of a single-outer-land-guided cage bearing is shown in figures 5 and 6. 5(c) and 6(c)). The results from both methods of obtaining bearing power loss (fig.5 2 3 . Figure 7 compares powerlosses obtainedfrom torque readings with those from heat rejected to the lubricant for double. Outer-ring cooling does not appreciably affect power loss for either bearing configuration.5 vi 1.l a n d . Elastic contact forces are considered in a raceway control type solution. and radiation to the surroundingenvironment and (2) the problemof locating thermocouples in ideal positions for a most accurate reading of oil-in and oil-out temperatures.The horsepower loss of a double. (figs. and the drag resulting from a total land area three times that of the single land design.0 . 81 3.- P u '. Figure 5.and d o u b l e . in part. Figures 5(a) and 6(a) show that a very high lubricant flow rate (1894 cm3/min (0. 5 L 1 . 0 0 . 1. radial.
Power rejected to the oil as function d shaft speed for two bearing configurations with and without outer-ring cooling.0 I 3 .5L 1.- z 2.0- 3.1894cm31min (0. (a) Lubricant flow rate. "r '. 758 cm3/min (Q20gallmin). .5 1.4 / // / 2. -2 1 45 000 55 OOO 65 WO Shaft speed. rpm (cl Lubricant flow rate.0 d ' I 1.2- 1.8 - 1.5 .20 gallmin).5- 2. 1894 cm31min (Q50gallmin).0 1. Combined load thrust. Figure 6.0 0 " " . 0 8 gallmin).2 3.8 2. 0 8 aallmin). 5 L 45-5000 55000 755000 655000 Shaft speed. No outer ring cooling.Paver loss as function of shaft speed for two bearing configurations.8 1.0 1. 303 Cm3/min ( 0 .'r 40' Bearing configuation Without outer-ring coding With outer-ring cwling Double-outer-ringquidedxqe Single-outer-ring-guided-cage (ref.0 - 2. combined load t h r u s t 667 N (150Ibh radial.0 2. 222 N (50 Ib). 1 8 9 P L g2.2.6 3. radial.5 1.6 I (b) Lubricant flow rate.5r .50 gallmin).8) - 3. rpm u 75 000 (c) Lubricant flow rate.5 - z -LO'E c 1. Figure 7. 8) 0 A " " Bearing configuration Power loss from torque measurement Paver rejected to lubricant Double-outer-ringquided-cage Single-outer-ringquided-cage 3. .4 1. 303cm3/min ( 0 .0 ':r . .0 (a) Lubricant flow rate.6 (b) Lubricant flow rate.4 (ref. 667 N (150 Ib). 222 N ( 5 0 IbL .0 ' . 758 cm31min 10.5 :I LL 2 L 1. .
. 64910 rpm. gallmin .9 ) cepi percent Bearing configuration 0 C 0 . because of its greater surface area. It also showed a higher rate of cage slip with increased flow. toobtain cage slip as follows: 100 Percent cage slip = (1 . . Figure 8. Cooling theouter ring to produce a thermally balanced bearing did not appreciably affect the percent cage slip data for either of the two bearing configurations. “ ” Without outer-ring cooling With outer-ring cooling Double-outer-ring-guided-cage Single-outer-ring-guided-cage (ref.5 (c) Shaft speed. Percent cage slip for adouble-outer-land-guided cage bearing ranged from 1. 667 N (150 Ib). 8 and 9).3 . The small increase in slip with flow rate is primarily due to additional drag on the balls. There was no sign of significant wear on the cage surfaces andthe silver plate had not worn through.Effect of oil flow rate on cage slip for two bearing configurations.1 . and thus traction. Increased shaft speed also increases the drag at the land area.experimental cage speed. at the inner raceway contact. (a)Shaft speed. 72 260 rpm. increasing cage slip.7 times that fora singleouter-land-guided cage bearing over the range of lubricant flow rates and speeds tested. Visual examination of the bearing after running showed no damage to the raceways or the balls. 8t 0 I . especiallywith thedoubleland design. with and without outer-ring cooling. 222 N (50 Ib). 5 to 7) or increasing cage slip (figs. indicating that the cage slip was not of sufficient magnitude to affect the satisfactory operation of the bearing. 8 A ” . The effect of outer ring cooling on percent cage slip is also shown. The doubleland-guided cage. Cap. radial.2 oil f l w . reduces cage speed (increases slip) to a greater extent than with the (less surface area) single-outerland-guided cage. Combined load: thrust. The results of this investigation indicate thata bearing canoperateat reduced temperatures with outer-ring cooling (fig. and the oil churning discussed earlier. 4) without sacrificing power loss (figs.4 rate. Figure 9 shows that percent cage slip increases with speed at about the same rate for each of the three lubricant flow I-ates tested. (b) Shaft speed. has more drag as it rotates against the outer ring. 8 ) The effect of lubricant flow rate on percent cage slip for a single and double-outer-land-guided cage bearing configuration is shown in figure 8. The observed increase in percent cage slip with increased shaft speed for both configurations could be expected due tocentrifugal forces decreasing the ball load. For all speeds and flow rates tested figure 8 the percent cage slip was minimal for both bearing configurations. The double-outer-ringguided cage bearing showed a higher percent cage slip than the single-outer-ring-guided cage at all speeds and lubricant flow ratestested. 47 600 rpm. This increased drag.5 to 2.
meeting the MIL-L-23699 specifications. The bearing was jetlubricated at flow rates from 303 to 1894 cm3/min la) Oil flw rate. 758 cm31min fa 20gallmin). 4. I : Summary of Results eL / " " P (c) Oil f l o w rate. employing a double-outer-land-guided cage and jet lubrication. March 24. Ohio. nominal shaft speeds of 48 O00 to 72 O00 rpm. Lewis Research Center. Power loss increased_ with speed_ and lubricant 2 1 _ _ _ 1 _ 1 0flow rate for both bearing configurations.ci 4 single-outer-land-guided cage bearing.Wgal/min). Mgallmin). The bearing was jetlubricated and the outer ring was cooled. Combined load thrust 667 N ( 1 5 0 ib). and an oil-in 2 temperature of 394 K (250" F). was accomplished up to 72 600 rpm (2.50 gal/min) with a 20 m/sec (66 ft/sec) jet 10 r velocity. (0. 222 N ( 5 4Ib). 8 . National Aeronautics and Space Administration. The power loss for the doubleouter-land-guided cage bearing wasalways higher than that of the single at similar test conditions. Percent cage slip for a double-outer-land-guided 6cage bearing ranged from 1. 8 1 lubricant flow rate employed./'0 Without outer-ring cwling 3.Parametric tests were conducted in a-high-speed. . Cooling the outer ring did not 8appreciably affect the cage slip for either of the two bearing configurations.5 to 2. The double-outer-land-guided cage bearing E generated substantially higher temperatures than the Bearing P configuration . Test conditions included a combined load of 667 N (150 lb) thrust and 222 N (50 lb) radial. The lubricant was neopentylpolyol (tetra) ester. Results were compared with those obtained in a previous investigation with a singleouter-land-guided cage bearing. 9 . 505-04. 12 increased with speed at a faster rate as the lubricant flow rate increased.Doubleduter-ring-guided-cage Single-outer-ring-guided-cage operating temperature regardless of shaft speed and (ref. Successful operation of a 35-mm-bore ball bearing. 1894 cm3/mln (0. Power loss (bJ Oil flw rate. 6. over the entire range of speed and lubricant flow rates tested. Cleveland.7 times that for a singie-outer-iand-guided cage bearing of similar dimensions. 1980. The bearing had a nominal contact angle of 24". radial. For all speeds and flow rates tested the percent cage slip was minimal for both bearing configurations. Figure 9. e 2.08 to 0. 10 5. 303 cm3/min W.5 million DN) at a combined load of 667 N 6(150 lb) thrust and 222 N (50 lb) radial. over the entire range of shaft speeds and lubricant flow rates tested. 4. Cooling the outer ring of a double-outer-land/ outer-ring With cwling 2guided cage bearing decreased the overall bearing d . The following results were obtained: a1.Effect of shaft speed on cage slip for two bearing configurations with and without outer-ring cding. high-temperature bearing tester with a 35-mm-boreangular-contact ball bearing with a double-outerland-guided cage.
1975. Zaretsky.: Performance of High Speed Ball Bearings with Jet Oil Lubrication.V. Translation of “Koh dn Chi Ni Okeru Gyokujikuju No Seino Ni Kansuru Kenkyu.. E. W. R. Inc. Hans: Operating Characteristics of 120-Millimeter-Bore Ball Bearings at 3 x IO6 DN.V. S. Schuller. Miyakawa. F. E.N.I. Pinel.F.. 1954. no. 4. 6. Bamberger.N. vol.: Study on the Performance of Ball Bearings at High DN Values. 8.: Comparison of Performance of Experimental and ConventionalCage Designs and Materials for 75-Millimeter-Bore Cylindrical Roller Bearings at High Speeds.: Development of a High Speed. Macks. Lubr. Y. K. Hans: Effect of Speed and Load on Ultra-High-speed Ball Bearings. 120. 1976. and Signer. NASA TP-1413. 2. E. and Signer. Z. E. Report NAL-TR-284. 3.T.N. E. M. Anderson. 515-524.. Bamberger.: Operating Characteristics of a High-Speed-Jet-Lubricated 35-Millimeter-Bore Ball Bearing with a Single Outer Land Guided Cage. 1974. Schuller. Aug.R. NASA TP-1657. Pinel. H. S. 9. . (IT1 P-1249.J. NASA TN D-7837.I. 1980. Giannotti. H. pp. Zaretsky.. 96.: Parametric Study of the Lubrication of Thrust Loaded 120-Millimeter Bore Ball Bearings to 3 Million DN. and Yokoyama. F. E. 7. ASLE p a p a 66AM-lB4.. 1979. J.J.: Operating Characteristics of a Large-Bore Roller Bearing to Speeds of 3 x IO6 DN.. Technol. Small Bore Bearing Test Machine..” National Aerospace Laboratory. NASA TTF-15017.) NASA CR-135083. NASA Contract NAS3-17358.. Signer. E. Bamberger.R. 1966. R. Matt.. NASA TN D-7870... p. Signer. and Nemeth. 5 ..References 1. 3. July 1974..N. Signer. NACA Report 1177.T.J. Industrial Tectonics. Seki.. Tokyo (Japan).V.. and Zaretsky.. H. May 1972.
Security Classif. NASA TP. Successful operation of the test bearing was accomplished up to 2. Signer 5. Stanley I. Schuller. Abstract Parametric tests were conducted with a 35-mm-bore angular contact ball bearing with a double-outer-land-guided cage. Report Date 1 OCTOBER 1980 6. SponsoringAgencyCode National Aeronautics and Space Administration Washington. Virginia . Report Government 2.ContractorGrantNo.1732 4.. C. Test conditions included a combined thrust and radial load at nominal shaft speeds of 48 000 to 72 000 rpm. Inc. PerformingOrganizationReportNo. EFFECT OF CAGE DESIGN ON CHARACTERETICS OF HIGH-SPEED-JET-LUBRICATED 35-MILLIMETERBORE BALL BEARING Fredrick T.Type of ReportandPeriodCovered Technical Paper 14. California. I I No. Higher temperature were generated with the double-outer-land-guided cage bearing. D. 17. 9. Jet-lubricated DN bearing cage design high Unclassified . 1980 * For sale by the National Technical information Service. - 16. Signer. 20546 15. Provisions were made for jet lubrication and outer-ring cooling of the bearing. Lewis Research Center. SupplementaryNotes Frederick T. Cooling the outer ring resulted in a decrease in overall bearing operating temperature. (of this page) 21. SponsoringAgencyNameand Address 13. Stanley I. Compton. 7. PerformingOrganizationCode 8. Rolling element bearings. Performing Organization Name and Address 505-04 11. Pinel. Industrial Tectonics. No. 5 million DN. Pinel and Hans R. Author(s1 E-289 10. Distribution Statement High speed bearings. and an oil-in temperature of 394 K (250' F).WorkUnitNo. Recipient's Catalog 3. TitleandSubtitle I I Accession No. No. Price' - Unclassified Unclassified 12 22161 A02 NASA-Langley.unlimited STAR Category 37 19. Schuller. and Hans R. Ohio 44135 12. National Aeronautics and Space Administration Lewis Research Center Cleveland. of Pages 22. Key Words (Suggested byAuthor(s)) 18. Security Classif. Ball bearings.1. Test results were compared wit! those obtained with similar bearing having a single-outer-land-guided cage. and bearing power loss and cage slip were greater. (of this report) I 20. Springfield.
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