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Snana yatra in Puri 2003
Snan yatra at Soho St temple in London
A special bath of Jagannath takes place on the Purnima of Jyestha month (De asnan Purnima!" to commemorate the appearance day of Lord Jagannath# According to Skanda Purana $hen %a&a 'ndradyumna installed the $ooden deities he arranged this bathing ceremony# (his day considered to be the birth) day of Lord &agannath# *eld in the full)moon day of the month of Jyestha this
ts" it is belie ed to be a tribal ceremony# Lord#Jagannath in *is early form $as being $orshipped as .t $ritten in /rissan (/riya! records the rituals of the festi al# Sriharsa in his +naisadhiya 0harita+ (12#34! also refers to this festi al of Purushottama# (his bathing ceremony has a speciality# As this festi al does not find mention in the early religious te.clusi e right to conduct the festi al# (he tribals called Saoras (of southern /rissa! still perform a rite to bath their Deities ceremonially on the last day of the month of Jyestha# 5or this they collect $ater from remote Jungles $here it remains untouched e en by the shado$ of the animals# /n the pre ious day of Snana 6atra the images of Jagannath" 7alabhadra and Subhadra along $ith the image of Sudarshana are ceremonially brought out from the sanctum in a procession to the Snana) edi (7athing pandal!# (his special pandal in the temple precinct of Puri is called Snana -andap# 't is at such a height that isitors standing outside the temple also gate a glimpse of the Deities# /n the fourteenth day (0haturdashi ) the day before the bathing ) Purnima! $hen the Deities are taken out in procession" the $hole process is called Pahandi or Pahandi i&ay# Scholars ha e gi en different interpretations of the term (+Pahandi+!# Some opine that it has been deri ed from the term +Praspanda+ meaning mo ement# Some others are inclined to interpret it as deri ation from Pandya i&aya# 5or the festi al the the Snana 2edi (bathing platform! is $ell decorated $ith traditional paintings of trees and gardens# 5lags and toranas (arches strung $ith mango lea es! are also put up# (he Deities are profusely decorated $ith flo$ers# All kinds of perfumes such as Dhupa (incense!" Aguru (oils! etc# are then offered# As the +Pahandi+ of the Deities takes place to the accompaniment of music and beating of arious indigenous drums# (housands of de otees &ostle and cra e for a look at the Deities in procession# 'n Puri the bathing procedure is as follo$s8 After -angala Arati" the Suaras and -ahasuaras go in a ceremonial procession to fetch $ater from Suna 9ua (:olden $ell! in one hundred and thirty" essels of copper and gold# All of them co er their mouths $ith a piece of cloth so as not to contaminate it e en $ith their breath# (hen all the essels filled $ith $ater are preser ed in the 7hoga -andap# (he Palla pandas (a class of 7rahmin priests! then purify the $ater $ith *aridra (turmeric!" Ja a ($hole rice!" 7enachera" 0handan" Aguru" flo$ers" perfumes and medicinal herbs# .ilamadha a by a Sa ara chief called 2is$abasu# (he story is nicely told in the drama Jagannath Priyan natakam# (ill no$ it is the Daitas and Sa ars (tribals! $ho ha e the e.iladri -ohadaya+" a religious te.festi al is also simultaneously held in all other important Puri" it attracts thousands of isitors and pilgrims from all o er the country# +.
(he bathing festi al takes place during the morning hours of the purnima tithi# (he filled essels are carried from 7hoga -andap to the Snana 2edi by the Suaras in a long single)line procession# (his ritual is called +Jaladhibasa+ (Jala ) $ater" abhishek ) bath!# Prior to the bathing ceremony Jagannath" 7alade a and is Subhadra" co ered in silken cloth and then smeared $ith red po$der" are taken in procession to a platform $hich is specially decorated and purified $ith $ater and incense# /ne hundred and eight gold essels are filled $ith $ater taken from a special $ell containing $aters from all the holy tirthas# Abhiseka is performed $ith this $ater" accompanied by the chanting of edic (Pa amana Sukta! mantras" kirtana and blo$ing of conch shells# Due to the amount of bathing li.uids that are offered to cool the Lord+s transcendental body at this time" bear in mind that this is the hottest time in 'ndia &ust prior to the refreshing monsoon rains" *is painted form takes a bit of a $ash)out# (he colouration of the Deity+s faces are painted on $ith natural earthly mineral paints not modern oil based paints" so $hen $ater is applied to cool (heir forms it also has the effect of $ashing a$ay the features of he former painting# As usual the Lord has a plan to make e erything go smoothly# (o bridge the episode of *is bathing and the period that *e comes out to bless e eryone for %athyatra *e organi<ed some special pastimes by $hich he de otees can ser e *im and remember *is $onderful forms# So to keep a $onderful mood of seeing the Lord in an uplifting manner the Lord arranged for the *ati 2esha festi al $here Lord Jagannatha and Lord 7alaram then puts on the elephant dress" *ati 2esha" and Lady Subhadra $ears a lotus flo$er esha# .
-elbourne" Australia 200= .
t that he $ouldn+t $orship any @:od@ other than his 'shthade ata :anesh# Someho$ he $as persuaded and brought before the Snana edi# (o the utter surprise of all" Lord Jagannath appeared $ith an elephantine form that resembled as :anesh# Since then during Snana 6atra $hen the sacred bath is performed" the Deities are dressed like like elephants ) resembling :anesh# 2arious other legends are also told and reasons assigned e.Jagannatha" 7alarama and Subhadra (from London+s Soho St# temple! perform *ati 2esha (elephant mask! festi al at 7hakti edanta -anor" Sunday >th June" 200?# (he original story is told in se eral different $ays" some call *ati snan (elephant bath! some call :anesh abhishek as they identify the follo$ing story as being the original cause of the Lord to $ear this elephant esh for *is de otee8 't is said that a staunch de otee of Lord :anesh and himself a profound scholar isited Puri during Snana 6atra# *e $as amply re$arded by the king of /rissa for his scholarship# (he king asked the scholar to accompany him to see Lord Jagannath $hich he refused under the prete.plaining the :anesh besa ( esha!# .
ed $ith cheese" and and Dasa mula medicines to cure his fe er## 'n a de otional mood the de otees accept that due to all the bathing the Lord becomes transcendentally poorly" and therefore needs to take rest# Like human beings they are considered to ha e fallen ill and are treated by the %a& 2aidya or the 9ing+s physician $ith specific medicines (Dasamulas!# (he temple)festi als $hich are held in a bigger and elaborate scale in the important shrines of Puri and 7hubanes$ar are also held simultaneously in all other small shrines of the respecti e Deities" though in modest scales# Like$ise the Snana 6atra is held in many other temples of /rissa" and no$ all o er the $orld# /ther deities may also recei e abhiseka on this day# /ne should perform pu&a and bathe the Deities $ith $ater or panca ga ya and pancamrta $hile chanting the edic mantras like purusa sukta# Snan yatra significance and festi al e.a a 6au anotsa a (festi al of the e er ne$ youth!# According to priests of the Jagannath temple the de otee $ashes a$ay all his sins if he gets a ision of the Lord on this day# /n this occasion" therefore" great rush of people occurs in the temple# (he Shilpa Shastras and Agamas testify that the Deities become suitable for $orship only after the performance of the rite of +0hakshyu Anmilana+ (/pening of the eyes!# During +Anabasara+" the Daitas offer to the Deities only fruits and $ater mi.etrotsa a (festi al for the eyes! or .During the sacred bath the colours painted on the images generally fade# seeing the $ooden deities in discolour de otees may not ha e the appropriate de otional attitude and in fact may feel sinful repugnance# 5or this reason" the images are immediately dressed in the *ati esha (besa! in $hich they remain mostly co ered# After the Snana 6atra" the Deities are kept a$ay from public ie$ for fifteen days and during all these days the daily rites of the temple remain suspended# As Jagannatha himself instructed" after this ceremony" he is not seen for a fortnight# (he Deities are kept on a special @sick room@ called the %atan edi inside the temple# (his period is called +Anabasara kala+ meaning improper time for $orship# 't has been said earlier that the Deities are discoloured as a result of the sacred bath ) some say look a bit off colour######## During these fifteen days the Daitas (descendants of 2is$a asu" the Sa ara! repaint and restore the Deities and Jagannath+s fine decorations# (he period of colouring and decorating the Deities is di ided into se en short periods" each of t$o days duration" and a short period of one day set apart to gi e finishing touches# (hus the period co ers the $hole fortnight# /n the =>th day the Deities in their ne$ forms after reno ation become ready for the public ie$ ) darshan# (he festi al of the first appearance of the Lord Jagannath to his de otees is called .plained .
Jagannath Temple Snana Mandap .
it is elieved to e a tri al ceremony. it attracts thousands of visitors and pilgrims from all over the country! Religious Belief '-iladri Mohadaya'. a religious text $ritten in +rissa records the rituals of the festival! 'Sriharsa' in his '-aisadhiya . this festival of the Savaras $ho tended )im $as accepted y the )indus! The Bathing Pandal +n the previous day of Snana Yatra the images of 'Jagannatha'. the 'Suaras' and 'Mahasuaras' go in a . $hich later crept into the )indu rites! Jagannatha in its early form $as eing $orshipped as "-ilamadha a" y a 'Savara' chief called "/is$a asu"! Till no$ it is the 'Daitas' and 'Savaras' 0tri als1 $ho have the exclusive right to conduct the festival! The tri als called "Saoras" elonging to the southern part of +rissa still perform a rite to ath their deities ceremonially on the last day of the month of Jyestha! 2or this they collect $ater from remote &ungles $here it remains untouched even y the shado$ of the animals! Most pro a ly $hen Jagannatha $as a Savara God. '3ala hadra' and 'Su hadra' along $ith the image of 'Sudarshana' are ceremonially rought out from the sanctum in a procession to the "Snana*/edi" 03athing 'Pandal'1! This special pandal in the temple precinct of Puri is celled "Snana Mandapa"! (t is at such a height that visitors standing outside the temple also get a glimpse of the deities! "fter 'Mangala "lati'. the festival eing most ela orate and important at Puri.God on the Snana Mandap Also known as : Devasnana Purnima or Bathing Festival Falls on : Full moon day of the Jyeshtha Month (11th June 2006) Devasnana Purnima or "Snana Yatra" is exclusively a festival of Lord Jagannatha and is said to e one of the oldest! "ccording to "S#anda Purana" $hen %a&a '(ndradyumna' installed the $ooden deities he arranged this athing ceremony! This day is considered to e the irthday of Lord Jagannatha! )eld in the full*moon day of the month of 'Jyestha' this festival is also simultaneously held in all other important shrines of +rissa! )o$ever.harita' also refers to this festival of "Purusottama"! This athing ceremony has a specialty! "s this festival does not find mention in the early religious texts.
$hich he refused under the pretext that he $ouldn't $orship any God other than Ganesha! Someho$ he $as persuaded and rought efore the Snana /edi! To the utter surprise of all. he $as amply re$arded y the #ing of +rissa for his scholarship! The #ing as#ed the scholar to accompany him to see Lord Jagannatha. perfumes and medicinal her s! +n the fourteenth day 0'. 'Ja a'. the rituals performed and 'Pavamana' hymns chanted! "fter the ath the deities are so dressed that together they appear li#e the image of Ganesha! This is called "Ganesha esa"! (t is said that a staunch devotee of Lord Ganesha and himself a profound scholar visited Puri during Snana Yatra. '3enachera'. Lord Jagannatha appeared as Ganesha! Since. '"guru' etc! are then offered! "s the 'Pahandi' of the deities ta#es place to the accompaniment of music and eating of various indigenous drums! Thousands of devotees &ostle and crave for a loo# at the deities in procession! Legend The athing festival ta#es place during the morning hours of the Purnima! The filled vessels are carried from 3hoga Mandap to the Snana /edi y the Suaras in a long single*line procession! This ritual is called "Jaladhi asa"! Prior to the athing ceremony the images are covered $ith sil#en clothes and then smeared $ith red po$der! Then $ater is poured. the deities are dressed li#e Ganesha! /arious other legends are also told and reasons assigned explaining the Ganesha esa! A Colourful Depiction Of Deities During the sacred ath the colours painted on the images generally fade! Seeing the $ooden deities in discolour devotees may not have the appropriate devotional attitude and in fact may feel sinful . then during Snana Yatra $hen the sacred ath is performed.haturdashi'1 $hen the idols are ta#en out in procession.ceremonial procession to fetch $ater from "Suna 4ua" 0Golden $ell1 in one hundred and thirty. vessels of copper! "ll of them cover their mouths $ith a piece of cloth! Then all the vessels filled $ith $ater are preserved in the "3hoga Mandapa"! The 'Palla Pandas' 0a class of '3rahms' priests1 then purify the $ater $ith ')aridra'.handan'. '"guru'. the $hole process is called "Pahandi" or "Pahandi /i&aya"! Scholars have given different interpretations of the term 0'Pahandi'1! Some spea# out that it has een derived from the term 'Praspanda' meaning movement! +thers are inclined to interpret it as a derivation from Pandya /i&aya! 2or the festival the Snana /edi is $ell decorated $ith traditional paintings of trees and gardens! 2lags and 'toranas' 0arches1 are also put up! The images are profusely decorated $ith flo$ers! "ll #inds of perfumes such as 'Dhupa'. flo$ers. '.
and a short period of one*day set apart to give finishing touches! Thus the period covers the $hole fortnight! +n the sixteenth day the images in their ne$ forms after renovation ecome ready for the pu lic vie$! The festival of the first appearance of the Lord Jagannatha to his devotees is called "-etrotsa a" or "-ava Yau ana" 0ne$ youth1! "ccording to popular elief the devotee $ashes a$ay all his sins if he gets a vision of the Lord on this day! +n this occasion. the images are #ept a$ay from pu lic vie$ for fifteen days and during all these days the daily rites of the temple remain suspended! The images are #ept on the '%atna /edi' inside the temple! This period is called ""na asara" meaning improper time for $orship! (t has een said earlier that the images are discoloured as a result of the sacred ath! During these fifteen days the 'Daitas' 0descendants of '/is$avasu'. the Daitas offer to the deities only fruits and $ater mixed $ith cheese! "ccording to them during this time the deities don't #eep $ell and therefore. therefore.repugnance! 2or this reason the images are immediately dressed as Ganesha in $hich they remain mostly covered! "fter the Snana Yatra. ta#e rest! Li#e human eings they are considered to have fallen ill and are treated y the '%a& /aidya' or the #ing's physician $ith specific medicines! The temple*festivals. great rush of people occurs in the temple! The 'Shilpa Sastras' and "gamas testify that the images ecome suita le for $orship only after the performance of the rite of '. though in modest scales! Li#e$ise the Snana Yatra is held in many other temples of +rissa! . the Savara1 repaint the images and ma#e decorations! The period of colouring and decorating the images is divided into seven short periods. each of t$o days duration. $hich are held in a igger and ela orate scale in the important shrines of Puri and 3hu anes$ar.ha#shyu 5nmilana' 0+pening of the eyes1! During '"na asara'. are also held simultaneously in all other small shrines of the respective deities.
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