Andrea Díaz Guggenheim Museum History and Theory The Guggenheim Museum Bilbao

u It was designed by Frank Gehry, the museum was inaugurated in 1997. The story begins in 1991 the director of the Guggenheim museum was looking for a new museum site in Europe, they decided to put at the middle of the city right next to the river, nearby there are a museum, an university and the opera house. The objective was to have a building with a strong identity. In fact the building is more easily read that it first appear, with the south the dialogue with the city: the stones, windows and lines. There is sympathy with the water, the undulation and fluid shapes. When volumes get separates it figurate silhouettes appears, there is a cruise liners, a metal flower with silver petals and even a fish with the head and tail chopped off. A computer program was used to help construction problems to calculate the mass and the forms of the building; a system of metal each one was made by the specification given by the computer program. The building a correctly functioning museum, in one side there are the cafeteria and a auditorium and in the other side there are 20 galleries on three floor, and place an office somewhere off. Around the atrium the area is easy to understand each of the spaces is independent, glass phases fills the gaps. The material used to build the museum was limestone, glass and titanium, each titanium has a unique form suited to its localities and perfect fitted to the curves, the glass has a special treatment to let the suns light. The price of the titanium rise, so the Architect can’t build with titanium anymore.