Job Application Writing application requires specific skill.

There are two types of job application letters: (a) unsolicited (could) letter of application. b) An application letter in response to an advertise ent. !nsolicited letter eans to ail an application to the advertise ent. The cover letter or covering letter ust be sent with resu e. Job application (Sample) "hirkutinagar #epalgunj $ate:%%%%%.. The &anager' (ecruit ent $epart ent #epalgunj &edical )ollege' #epalgunj *ubject: +or the post of a volunteer nurse. $ear *ir' ,erewith y resu e' this letter of intent indicates y interest and willingness to apply as a volunteer nurse in your institution. - would like to undertake such opportunity to further develop and hone the nursing skills - have acquired over the past years in nursing school. - a deeply interested in rendering volunteer service in #epalgunj &edical )ollege' #epalgunj because of its fine reputation as a tertiary hospital. -t would certainly help round out y nursing skills and e.periences. - look forward to work with you in the future and contribute effectively to your institutional goals. Thank you very uch for your ti e and consideration. (espectfully' *ubi /okhrel Job Application Sample 2………………………………………………………………………………………………………. $ha bojhi #epalgunj $ate 01 #ove ber' 2304 The $irector' )ollective )a paign for /eace ()5)A/) #epalgunj' "anke $ear sir' This is in response to the advertise ent published in the 6ath andu post regarding the position for the post of (egional /rogra e 5fficer. - feel that the position you have advertised suit y qualifications and e.periences. As for as y acade ic degrees are concerned' - have done ". 7d in 7nglish 7ducation which basically taught e the possible concerned of the society. The study of y other books and e.perience in !#&-# at the ti e of )A election will be helpful for the job. have also worked co unity based #85 called (ural Welfare )ouncil9 for the e power ent of the arginali:ed group. &y 7nglish language skill will suit for the service because - have the well;capacity to speak 7nglish. -< sure' the knowledge and e.perience have collected will be able to handle y duties with full confidence. - will do y best if - will be assigned for the post. =ooking forward to hearing fro you. Thank you very uch indeed. >ery truely yours &rs. #ir ala *apkota #epalagunj

Bio-data Resume / CV A resu e is a su ary of a person<s business' profession' educational background' work e.perience for a particular position. -ts purpose is infor ed our capabilities and qualification for the potential job. -t is an advert to sell you to an e ployer. There would be several people for a single job. *o the e ployer would choose only few people for interview. Types o Resume! 0. )hronological resu e 2.+unctional resu e 4.,ybrid?co bination "#at include$ Personal information We should include na e' ho e address' college address' phone nu ber' e; ail address date of birth in it. -f there is ho e page' include it. -f na e is not clear either ale or fe ale' include it. Education: 7ducation background' special project' thesis' etc. /re; college course should be included with grades fro the age of 0@?0A' the earlier course should include. Work experience, The recent e.perience first: the na e of e ployer' job title' part; ti e work. Interest: $ifferent hobbies and interest should be included. Skills: Ability in other language' co puting e.perience should be included. References: !sually' two na es: one for place of study and one fro any work situation you have had. -nclude na e of the persons who know you' if possible give their phone nu ber. Sample!………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. Bio-data Cu%%iculum Vitae #a e :&iss. #eela *har a &ailing Address : 8/5 "o. 024' #epalgunj' #epal )ontact Telephone: 3B0;@2@CCC ((es) DB1B333330 ( obile) 7 ail : neela Eyahoo.co . /er anent Address: *era;0 Achha ' #epal. $ata of "irth : 2@ Fanuary 0DC@ Area of speciali:ation : 7nglish literature Working fields : • )o unity 7 power ent /rogra ed • Teaching 7ducation: Gear 233A 2334 2330 0DDD -nstitute?!niversity T.!.' )$7 6ritipur' 6ath andu' #epal T.!.' &.&. )a pus' #epagunj' #epal T.!.' &.& )a pus #epalgunj' #epal Falpa $evi &a $hanku' Acciuon' #epal =evel &.A. ".A -.A. *.=.) *ubject 7nglish 7nglish and *ociology 7ng. 7co' 8eo. Account' 7cono ics ' ,ealth

.. 8ather specific details on your topic.  J -t uses the description of one or ore of the five senses: sight' south taste' touch and s ell. $r. /ro. +an)ua)es S*ills! #epali' 7nglish' . &lace $escription is an i portant tool for all writers. The description should convey a do inant i pression..  J -t presents the i ages through the use of word.C Fuly 233B: A national conference of the youths for their e power ent Compute% S*ills! &icrosoft word' 7.... "ut another person ight see a place that<s sparkling clean and sunny. /ec#anism..!... 7 ail.&%o essional '(pe%ience: 5ctober 233A to 5ctober 233C: co. The writer introduces readers to peoples' place and things that they are new. &obile..... Today' we can find descriptive poetry' books and newspaper. $urga "handari' )$+ 6ritipur' T..a ple' let<s say you<re describing a hospital roo . +or e....esc%ipti-e! &%ocess. $escriptive paragraphs include details that appeal to the five senses: sight' taste' touch' s ell' and hearing... 2... as foul . *uresh *hah $irector' gI2' #epalgunj e founded by .... ail' -nternet. This can easily be acco plished by following these si ple tips. -n a descriptive paragraph' the writer ust convey infor ation that appeals to all the senses' in order to give the best possible description to the reader..coordinator of the social obili:ation and e power ent proga 8TH and: $istrict develop ent co ittee Achha .  $escribe s ells and tastes. $escriptive writing has a point' though it isn<t always directly stated.$r.  *ay how the o ent or ite feels o ent  &ention the sounds of the  -nclude so e other literary co ponents The goal of descriptive writing is for readers to see' hear' s ell' taste or feel your topic as if it<s right in front of the ' like they<re there..  *tart with what the reader can see. -f you dislike hospitals' you<d probably describe the roo s elling' the halls as plain.el' /ower/oint' 7.indi' Tharu' $oteki Re e%ences! 0.. &ajor responsibilities: • )o... $escriptive essay has three characteristics:  J -t describes particular place' people or thing.ordinate with $$) about the social proble and for the poverty elevation • )onduct training for the arginali:ed youth for e power ent. T%ainin)! 1.. *teps to *uccessful $escriptive Writing 0.

. Which details you choose and what language you convey the in depend on this.pressed proble s. +irst' you have to be aware of what that is. What e.perience into words so powerfully that your reader will feel like they<re right there. -f your target group consists of iddle. Gour goal is to put your sensory e. 4.  Time you% semina% e ecti-ely. *teps:  -dentify your research topic. -tLs i portant to cover these essential business points during your se inar to get all the infor ation across. Gour se inar should have a core of basic points that you need convey. .  Take notes as you read' with an eye towards unresolved or une.  Write the body of your paper.  +or ulate a specific thesis that includes an argu ent and addresses your research topic in a new and potentially controversial way. Semina% &ape%! A se inar paper is a work of original research that presents a specific thesis and is presented to a group of interested peers' usually in an acade ic setting.age working individuals' plan your se inar for a weekend or evening that wonLt conflict with work schedules and childcare co it ents. !se the ost vivid language you can to describe your topic.$escription is about conveying to readers what your senses are taking in. As uch as possible' use concrete words that describe physical objects or sensations.  2no1 you% audience.actly do you seeK What do you hearK And don<t neglect the other senses. 0o1 to Conduct Semina%s  C%eate a )ood 1o%*in) title. $ecide what do inant i pression you want to convey.  "egin drafting argu ents in defense of your thesis.  *eek out literature on your research topic via -nternet searches' acade ic databases and the library. What do you s ell and feel or even taste if it appliesK 2. Although se inar papers have specific purposes and guidelines in so e places' such as law school' the general process and for at is the sa e.old a se inar for the right people by deciding ahead of ti e who your target audience will be. To ake your description flow' present details in spatial order. /lan your se inar for a ti e of day when ost e bers of your target audience will be able to attend.catching and interesting ake sure itLs  Co-e% you% ta%)et points. The steps below will guide you through the research and writing process of how to write a se inar paper and provide tips for developing a well.  7dit your paper again and read it aloud to yourself or a friend. The title of your se inar will be the ele ent that attracts attendees' so eye.received paper. This is the idea that your whole description will be built around. 1. Gou have to really pay attention to whatever you<re writing about.

+or decision aking and proble solving. -n a report' situations are analysed' conclusions drawn' alternatives considered and reco endations ade. *peak up and speak clearly. The i portance of report writing is that it enables the reader to quickly understand your ideas and findings and enable the to ake critical business decisions based on the content and the analyse of the data you have presented. /eriodically ask if anyone has any questions and clarify things as you go.  Anticipate 4uestions. A report is a syste atic' well organised docu ent which defines and analyses a subject or proble ' and which ay include: A report could be described as a for al state ent of the results of an investigation or research' or of any atter on which definite infor ation is required. 3ind a )ood location.ford 7nglish $ictionary a report is M a statement of the results of an investigation or of any matter on which definite information is required. ents for you. A good report is one you donLt need to reread to understand the point. The docu ent will reflect your work' perhaps as a result of research or investigation. usually the bossP To eet the e.  *tay for awhile after your se inar to see if anyone has any questions' feedback or co  Add hu or to your se inar if the topic and your audience allow for it.  &%esent you% semina%. -t could be produced by an individual or a group. 0. (eports are concise and have a specific structure. @. any questions or counter.&easures the growth or progress of an organi:ation. Acade ic units' which require you to write reports give you' practice in presenting infor ation in a way which is relevant to your future e ploy ent prospects. *peak slower than you nor ally would in a conversation so people can retain the infor ation. Thank your audience for their attention when youLre wrapping it up.N and' i portantly' it is designed to help others. (eports ay be presented orally or in written for . T#e &u%pose and 5mpo%tance o Repo%t "%itin) The purpose of report writing is to pass infor ation to other people . "#at is a Repo%t$ According to the 5.To share infor ation 2. -t develops certain skills in writers?  Cate)o%ies/types o Repo%t  -nfor ative?analytical (purpose)  /eriodic?special (frequency)  5ral?written ( ode of presentation)  =ong?short (=ength) . &ake your se inar feel friendly and inviting by choosing a location that will appeal to your audience.pectations and the require ents of the reader good reports need to be clearly structured in a fa iliar report writing for at' it should be well written' objective and accurate. The word Oreport< is derived fro the =atin Oreportare< that eans to bring back. 4. usin) you% outline.+or planning and evaluating 1. &%esentin) Semina%  Conside% you% audience. 7nsure that your se inar runs s oothly by anticipating as argu ents to your points as you can.

3indin)s! The co pany has earned a good reputation for the last 4 years our co pany not goes very well because of lack of the dealing with other co panies. +or al?infor al (approach)  -ndividual?group (target audience) *tructure of (eport (&anuscrept) /refatory parts:  cover page  title page  certificate  acknowledge ent  Table of contents  =ist of illustration  Abstract &ain te.t:  -ntroduction  $iscussion  )onclusion  (eco endation *upple entary parts:  Appendi. 5ur representatives are not so good also not good in technical co unication. unication syste s in the .pert of the co pany' on the i prove ent of co co pany. We need to i prove our technical co unication.  (eference?bibliography  8lossary Sample %epo%t! 5mp%o-ement on tec#nical communication in a company 5nt%oduction! This report was prepared by technical e.

2304 (a *hah unication' our co pany Technical 7. (eview the current literature on the diagnosis or treat ent that will be the focus of your case study report.  Resea%c# t#e case. what akes a proposal a proposal is that it asks the audience to approve' fund' or grant per ission to do the proposed project.  The abstract can be written after you have co pleted the report' since it is a short su Standa%d o%mat o% t#e %epo%t!  abstract'  introduction'  case presentation'  discussion'  conclusion  references.  Select a case.  Collect patient in o%mation and consent.usually oney. +ollow the standard for at for the report: abstract' introduction' case presentation' discussion' conclusion and references.ternal in nature solicited and unsolicited in source of origin. -t is for al and infor al in structure' internal and e. of the co panyLs growth  8ives financial returns to the organi:ation ary of the entire paper. &ost of the cases chosen for edical case studies are of unusual diagnoses or include co plications in treat ent. for work a proposer wants to do. 6eep an eye open for patients who have rare or unusual illnesses. . -nclude additional infor ation as outlined in the writerLs guidelines for the publication to which you are sub itting. &%oposal  proposal is a for of technical writing' in which factual for al' persuasive description of a course of action and presentation of a set of reco endations or suggestions are given to solve a proble or a situation.ecutives write proposals to inti ate to their seniors of the future plan. $ate: C Fuly. 7ngineers scientists' anagers' business e. A case study report is written in a specific for at and can be sub itted to peer. A proposal is a docu ent that request support.  "%ite t#e medical case study %epo%t. Importance of Proposal  >aluable record of infor ation in an organi:ation  They are like the inde.pert 0o1 to "%ite a /edical Case Study Repo%t  A edical case study report is an article that describes a particular patientLs diagnosis and treat ent plan. -f we i prove our technical co will be the best co pany in #epal.Conclusion! 5ur co pany has a great infrastructure and well reputation.reviewed journals.

(a) Ti e needed to begin after the approval of the proposal (b) $uration A.portance of the proposed work &ethod to be used . /roposer<s (#a e and $esignation) 4.2@3 words) TA"=7 5+ )5#T7#T* 0. /roject Title 2. /roposer<s Address 1. -#T(5$!)T-5# The present state of things The proble *cope 2. >enue of work @. /ro ote various research activities  7nhance the power of esti ation and judg ent Types of proposal  *ales proposal  (esearch proposal  *olicited proposal  !nsolicited proposal  8rant proposal 7Q7)!T->7 *!&&A(G 0. 7sti ated cost C. *u ary of the proposal (233. W5(6 /(5/5*7$ The description of the project .ple entation plan 4. &A#A87&7#T schedule of work defined .

8ood note. . Write co plete sentence as far as possible' though so eti e it is possible to give good answer' using only single phrase or word. #ote. . . eaning or -t is also includes so e vocabulary questions to test the reading skill. !nderstand the question.taking can play a great role in your acade ic success but not everyone has the note.facilities of available facilities required 7*T-&AT7 )5* 6nit 7! Readin) S*ills Comp%e#ension 8uestions and '(e%cise Some use ul tips! . (ead the relevant part of the content in the passage and then write it in your own language. $o not ever copy fro the passage without understanding. -n so e conte. &any people find it effective to take notes in two stages. Taking lecture notes is a ajor part of studying and it is i portant that your notes are thorough and accurate.ts' such as college lectures' the ain purpose of taking notes ay be to i plant the aterial in the ind9 the written notes the selves being of secondary i portance. With these tips and ethods' you can i prove your note. .  . "y taking notes' the writer records the essence of the infor ation' freeing their ind fro having to recall everything.taking is an i portant skill for students' especially at the college level. .pression taken fro the passage' but it is always preferable to write answer in your own words' which should be precise and neat. . +irst writing down the ain points. discipline. #ote taking is a for of self.taking skill necessary to ake use of this beneficial practice. Gou can also answer using an e.utline.ereLs how to get the ost out of a lecture and have a set of a a:ing notes to show for it.press the idea clearly and to the point 9ote-ta*in)  9ote-ta*in) is the practice of recording infor ation captured fro another source.  Conside% you% sub:ect  Conside% you% pu%pose. The answer to the question should be brief and to the point.taking and your grades' while learning ore with less effort. Gou should be able to e. As the lecturer talks' outline what they are saying  6se s#o%t#and. +irst read the contents of the passage quickly to get a fairly good idea and then slowly to grasp the eaning of the passage. .

Ai to get the gist of the topic or the ain points.a ple' su aries can: • • • • • • any purposes. &aking notes on a book helps us to focus on the content and to re e ber it. ain idea Summa%i=in) *u ari:ing involves giving the RgistR of a chosen passage' using your own words and not the authorLs. The ore we ake notes' the easier it beco es. #otes should be easier for us to re. 8enerally it should be one.taking is a useful transferable skill. We usually need to acquire specific infor ation fro i portant to us. +or convey a general idea give only necessary infor ation shorten reference aterial aterial aterial set up quoted provide support .third of the original passage. &u%pose *u ari:ation is a valuable tool for acade ic' personal' and professional writing' and can be used for e.Then su e. *u aries are generally infor ative and descriptive. Steps o note-ta*in)! a book' and our notes will select and su arise what is • • • • • Reco%d $uring the lecture' record as any facts and ideas as possible in the notes colu n. Re lect "ased on the facts and ideas learnt' reflect upon how this fits in with what you already know' and how this knowledge can be applied. While an effective su ary e phasi:es all of the ain points in a selection' it is significantly shorter than the original. $onLt atte pt to write everything down' just reflect the <ene%al pu%pose o note-ta*in) • • • • ain the es. arising' condensing and organising the notes so that they can be used when writing assign ents or revising for -n general' your notes should be brief and to the point. Reduce After the lecture' read through the notes taken and reduce to key words and phrases' or questions. 5nce for al education is finished' we often have to use docu ents or other books' so note.a s. Re-ie1 5n a frequent basis' review your past notes by reciting and reflecting upon the . Recapitulate After you have reduced' recited and reflected upon your note' you should recapitulate each using co plete sentences at the botto of the key word colu n.read than the book itself' as they will be shorter and in our own fa iliar style.

t to identify the portions that support the authorLs ain idea9 highlight or underline these sections essage.utlinin) An outline is si ply a fra ework for presenting the C#oose a topic. 2. Work through the te. @. '(pand upon you% points 1it# subpoints i necessa%y. . -solate the thesis' or ain idea of the passage to be su ari:ed. ain and supporting ideas for a particular subject or topic.create the eaning of the original in a way that akes sense for you. *u aries ay involve si ply deleting unnecessary aterial' highlighting key points' synthesi:ing the overall eaning' or iniaturi:ing pri ary ideas. While you are su ari:ing' you ust re e ber to change sentence structure' vocabulary' and the thesis in order to avoid plagiaris .plains the essential idea of the passage. . Also' your su ary does not have to be in the sa e order as the original passage unless arrange ent is necessary for co prehension. The only ti e your su ary should be biased is if the original passage is biased. 4. -t is i portant to re e ber that a su ary ust re ain faithful to the authorLs interpretation and e phasis. *u aries should focus on what the author is saying' not on how he or she is proving it.• • • • add credibility establish background offer an overview of a topic describe co on knowledge "#at a Summa%y S#ould Contain 7ffective su aries are ade up of concise' coherent sentences that co unicate the key infor ation of a passage. . T#in* o at least t1o points o% eac# cate)o%y. &ake up a new thesis that e.ecide 1#et#e% to 1%ite a topic outline o% a sentence outline 5denti y you% main cate)o%ies.ecide #o1 to )ene%ally o%de% you% suppo%tin) e-idence so t#at it suppo%ts you% la%)e% pu%pose. (ephrase the ain points into your own sentences' but re e ber to keep the authorLs intended purpose and -t is generally not necessary to include e.a ples and details. . 1. Gou should not si ply restate the authorLs thesis9 you want to prove that you understand the infor ation in the passage by for ing your own sentence. .ow to *u ari:e 0. A. . Writing in this way helps you to re. (ead the passage you are going to su ari:e at least twice so that you fully co prehend what the author is saying.ete%mine t#e la%)e% pu%pose o you% 1o%* <at#e% suppo%tin) mate%ials. Also' you should not give your own opinions about the authorLs essage9 instead' aintain a neutral tone.

The passage given ay be a speech ade by a person in $irect *peech' but the prScis is to be in (eported *peech and in the Third /erson and in the /ast tense. =earners on the other hand are presu ed to be passive and copious recipients of knowledge fro the teacher. The teacher is looked upon by the learners as an e.  Teac#in) +ea%nin) /et#od!  59STR6CT. &R'C5S "R5T59<!  Writing a prScis eans aking an intelligent su ary of a long passage.a ples in the prScis. /'T0.  A prScis should be in the language of the prScis.utlines  The two ain types of outlines are the topic outline and the sentence outline. At other ti es' a spatial arrange ent is best suited to the aterial.a ples of such ethods are e. -t should be a brief gist or su ary of the passage e. -t ust always be a co plete' gra atical sentence' specific and brief' which e. The ost co on order in outlines is to go fro the general to the specific. *o eti es' a chronological arrange ent works well.pository or lecture ethods .  Some )ene%al conside%ations !  -t is generally accepted that a prScis should be a third of the passage given.pressed in the writer<s own words.R/T'AC0'R C'9TR'. -f the original passage has 433 words' the prScis should not be ore than 003 words in length.  Types o .  A prScis should be full i.e. This eans you begin with a general idea and then support it with specific e.pressed in co plete sentences.endedN.pert or an authority. -t should not contain repetitions or observations that are not relevant to the ain the e of the original.  T#esis Statement o Summa%i=in) Sentence  All outlines should begin with a thesis state ent of su ari:ing sentence.&%esent you% mate%ial in outline o%m "#at is outlinin)$  An outline is a general plan of the aterial that is to be presented in a speech or a paper.writer.ere the teacher casts hi self?herself in the role of being a aster of the subject atter. The original passage is not to be reduced in length by just re oving uni portant or unnecessary sentences and by reproducing the rest as the prScis. which require little or no involve ent of learners in the teaching process.. . The outline shows the order of the various topics' the relative i portance of each' and the relationship between the various parts.utline  There are any ways to arrange the different parts of a subject.%de% in an .presses the point of view you are taking towards the subject. . This thesis sentence presents the central idea of the paper. -n the topic outline' the headings are given in single words or brief phrases. To write a prScis one should have a clear understanding of the passage: only then well one be able to include all the essential points and tips and tricks of essay e.  .  A prScis is always written in (eported *peech. it should contain all the essential thoughts' ideas or fact in the original passage. 7.a ples. -n the sentence outline' all the headings are e. -t is also for this lack of involve ent of the learners in what they are taught' that such ethods are called Mclosed.S  .

periences' ideas and attitudes. 8enerally' this eans the infor ation and skills to be taught are regarded as sacrosanct or very i portant. $iscussion ay be used in the classroo for the purpose of lesson develop ent' aking trainees apply what they have learnt or to onitor trainees learning by way of feedback. An e. -t is therefore teacher.9 /'T0.. (b) +'AR9'R-C'9TR'.  T0' .S  -n this category of ethods' both the teacher and the learners have to fit into the content that is taught.  T0' .a ple of a ethod which subordinates the interests of the teacher and learners to the content is the progra ed learning approach.tends rather than constricts his intellectual hori:onsN.perience for the trainees than the lecture.. These ethods are driven by the situational analysis of what is the ost appropriate thing for us to learn?do now given the situation of learners and the teacher. A lot of e phasis is laid on the clarity and careful analyses of content.5SC6SS5..'/.centred ethods are discussion ethod' discovery or inquiry based approach and the . /'T0. one of the two ost essential teaching skills is the ability to de onstrate9 the other is the ability to e. -n the words of =awrence *tenhouse' the teacher plays a dual role as a learner as well Mso that in his classroo e. The teacher' Mbeco es a resource rather than an authorityN. -t is the ethod of relaying factual infor ation which includes principles' concepts' ideas and all THEORETICA !"O# E$%E about a given topic.. The teacher also learns new things everyday which he?she didn<t know in the process of teaching. 7.9T'9T-3.  (c) C. $espite the popularity of lectures' the lack of active involve ent of trainees li its its usefulness as a ethod of instruction.a ples of learner.plains' describes or relates whatever infor ation the trainees are required to learn through listening and understanding. A discussion is the eans by which people share e.centred.  +'CT6R' /'T0.. As it helps to foster trainees involve ent in what they are learning' it ay contribute to desired attitudinal changes. -n a lecture the instructor tells' e. .centred ethods' the teacher?instructor is both a teacher and a learner at the sa e ti e.9  MThe ost effective way to teach an occupational skill is to de onstrate it.9 +'SS..9STRAT5. They require a participatory understanding of varied do ains and factors. $uring discussion' the instructor spends so e ti e listening while the trainees spend so eti es talking.plain.S  -n learner. "oth the teacher and the learners cannot alter or beco e critical of anything to do with the content.ill<s odel of learning through discussion (=T$). To be effective in pro oting learning' the lecture ust involve so e discussions and' question and answer period to allow trainees to be involved actively. "oth are vital to the success of either an operation lesson or an infor ation lesson 8roup work or cooperative learning is a ethod of instruction that gets students to work together in groups -ndividual work also helps to find out the ability of a particular student. $iscussion involves two. -t is also useful for presenting an organised body of new infor ation to the learner.  A lecture is an oral presentation of infor ation by the instructor.way co unication between participants.S This fourth category borrows a bit fro the three other ethods without necessarily laying e phasis unduly on either the learner' content or teacher. Trainees on the other hand are very inactive' doing all the listening. The instructor is very active' doing all the talking.C6S'.  (d) 59T'RACT5V'/&ART5C5&AT5V' /'T0.  The lecture ethod of instruction is reco ended for trainees with very little knowledge or li ited background knowledge on the topic. /'T0. The discussion is' therefore' a ore active learning e.. -n the classroo situation an instructor and trainees all participate in discussion.

stayed on &aui. prepositions of place -# !se LinL with spaces: • • in a roo ? in a building in a garden ? in a park !se LinL with bodies of water: • • • in the water in the sea in a river !se LinL with lines: • • in a row ? in a line in a queue AT !se LatL with places: • • • • at the bus. in ? at ? on .stop at the door at the cine a at the end of the street !se LatL with places on a page: • • at the top of the page at the botto of the page !se LatL in groups of people: • • at the back of the class at the front of the class 5# !se LonL with surfaces: • • on the ceiling ? on the wall ? on the floor on the table !se LonL with s all islands: • ./reposition !se . !se LonL with directions: .

9 downstairs downtown inside outside upstairs . WeLre having a party on the +ourth of Fuly. . at. and on and 9o &%eposition 59 (the) bedJ the bedroo the car (the) classJ the libraryJ schoolJ AT classJ ho e the libraryJ the office schoolJ work . &%epositions o &lace! at. on. . Windha )ounty is in )onnecticut.• • • on the left on the right straight on -&/5(TA#T #5T7* -n ? at ? on the corner We say Lin the corner of a roo L' but Lat the corner (or Lon the cornerL) of a streetL -n ? at ? on the front • • • We say Lin the front ? in the backL of a car We say Lat the front ? at the backL of buildings ? groups of people We say Lon the front ? on the backL of a piece of paper &%epositions o Time! at. *he lives in $urha . 8ra ar 7nglish lives at @@ "oret: (oad in $urha . and in We use at to designate specific ti es. We use in for nonspecific ti es during a day' a *he likes to jog in the orning. on.eLs going to quit in August.S5T5. $urha is in Windha )ounty. &R'&. The train is due at 02:0@ p. onth' a season' or a year. and in We use at for specific addresses. . We use on to designate na es of streets' avenues' etc. &%epositions o +ocation! in. We use on to designate days and dates. . -tLs too cold in winter to run outside.areas (towns' counties' states' countries' and continents).9 the bedJ the ceiling the floor the horse the plane the train 9.er house is on "oret: (oad. And we use in for the na es of land.e started the job in 0DC0. &y brother is co ing on &onday.

The "ritish and -rish have been quarreling for seven centuries.uptown J Gou ay so eti es use different prepositions for these locations. Toward and towards are also helpful prepositions to e. *heLs lived there for seven years. These are si ply variant spellings of the sa e word9 With the words home& downtown& uptown& inside& outside& downstairs& upstairs' we use no preposition.S5T5.press ove ent toward a place.e held his breath for seven inutes. 8rand a went upstairs 8randpa went ho e. &%epositions o /o-ement! to and No Preposition We use to in order to e. They were driving to work together.9S afraid of angry at aware of fond of happy about interested in proud of si ilar to sorry for . (-n fact' in other languages' such as 8er an' they would have beco e one word. and Ve%bs. They both went outside. &%epositions o Time! for and since We use for when we easure ti e (seconds' inutes' hours' days' .thirty. ove ent.press use whichever sounds better to you.69S and &R'&. . *heLs going to the dentistLs office this orning. 9.) This occurs in three categories: nouns' adjectives' and verbs. *heLs been sitting in the waiting roo since two. We use since with a specific date or ti e. /repositions are so eti es so fir ly wedded to other words that they have practically beco e one word.J'CT5V'S and &R'&. &%epositions 1it# 9ouns. onths' years). WeLre oving toward the light.9S approval of awareness of belief in concern for confusion about desire for fondness for grasp of hatred of hope for interest in love of need for participation in reason for respect for success in understanding of A.S5T5.eLs worked here since 0DC3. Ad:ecti-es. This is a big step towards the projectLs co pletion.

The word that is joined to the verb is then called a pa%ticle.. 5diomatic '(p%essions 1it# &%epositions • • • • • • • • • agree to a proposal' with a person' on a price' in principle argue a'out a atter' with a person' for or against a proposition co pare to to show likenesses' with to show differences (so eti es si ilarities) correspond to a thing' with a person differ from an unlike thing' with a person live at an address' in a house or city' on a street' with other people at for a /(7)-*7 T-&7 in for &5#T.S5T5. /lease refer to the brief section we have prepared on p#%asal -e%bs for an e.A>S and . 2303 on )hrist as $ay on -ndependence $ay At &R'C5S' T5/' at 4 oLclock at 03.S in &ay in su in the su in 0DD3 in the 0DD3s in the ne.*' G7A(*' )7#T!(-7* and =5#8 /7(-5$* on for $AG* and $AT7* 5n /.9S apologi:e for ask about ask for belong to bring up care for find out give up grow up look for look forward to look up ake up pay for prepare for study for talk about think about trust in work for worry about A co bination of verb and preposition is called a p#%asal -e%b.t century er er on . C'9T6R5'S and +.planation.9< &'R5.capable of careless about fa iliar with jealous of ade of arried to sure of tired of worried about V'RBS and &R'&. >'ARS.9T0S.AT'S on *unday on Tuesdays on A &arch on 2@ $ec.43a at noon at dinnerti e at bedti e at sunrise .

• • • • .t Tuesday) . $ue to various cultural' econo ic' igratory and other reasons the language spread across the world to what beca e the !*A' )anada' Australia and any other countries. . e-e%y.n on Tuesday on *aturday orning ornings in the afternoon(s) in the evening(s) on *unday afternoons on &onday evening When we say last.pressions: '(p%ession at night at the weekendJ at )hrist asJ?7aster at the sa e ti e at present '(ample The stars shine at ni)#t. We finished the test at t#e same time. (not at every 7aster) WeLll call you t#is evening. (not in last Fune) . . on. (not on ne. 7nglish has been the native language of 7ngland for over 0'333 years. . -t was also used as the lingua franca in any other places (often countries which for ed part of the "ritish 7 pire).donLt usually work at t#e 1ee*end.at sunset at the o ent in the -ce Age in the past?future on y birthday on #ew GearLs 7ve #otice the use of the preposition of ti e at in the following standard e. (not in this evening) Va%ieties o 'n)lis# Va%ieties o 'n)lis# are the different kinds of 7nglish used around the world. The varieties are ore or less si ilar and while ost 7nglish speakers can understand each other' there are occasional proble s. in. t#is we do not also use at.go ho e e-e%y 7aster.eLs not ho e at p%esent.eLs co ing back ne(t Tuesday. . on e.went to =ondon last Fune. ne(t. 5ften these are geographically based.pressions: #otice the use of the prepositions of ti e in and on in these co 5n in the in the orning ornings .stay with y fa ily at C#%istmas. Try later.

a ple' within the "ritish 7nglish variety we have: )ockney' 7sse. The Tueen speaks (eceived /ronunciation which is very different fro the "lack 7nglish spoken in A erica' for e. -n relative isolation fro each other (this spread of language took place before the advent of odern co unications) the language used in these different countries began to develop independently fro the original language' often influenced by local languages as well. -n addition' each ain variety of 7nglish has sub. There is also the A 7 preferred use of the past si ple where "r7 tends to use the present perfect si ple.owever' there are any other varieties and virtually all countries where 7nglish is spoken has their own variety. 8reenhouse gases can occur naturally as well as a result of hu an activities.e itted by trace gases.owever' language is never static. /roble s can occur when higher concentrations of greenhouse gases are present in our at osphere because they have enhanced our earthLs heat trapping capability. Tec#nical Tal* Environmental Impact 8lobal war ing is an increase in the earthLs te perature due to fossil fuels' industry' and agricultural processes caused by hu an' natural' and other gas e issions.varieties or regional variations. 7nglish' 8eordie and so on' not to ention *cottish 7nglish' Welsh 7nglish and -rish 7nglish. This results in an increased e ission of greenhouse gases.wave solar radiation sinks into the 7arthLs at osphere and war s its surface9 while long wave infrared radiation e itted by earthLs surface is absorbed' and then re. +or e.i e%ences Although the core of each variety of 7nglish is roughly the sa e' there are often differences in vocabulary. . There ay also be differences in gra ar such as the A 7 use of gotten against the "r7 use of got. The result was that the varieties of 7nglish language we hear today are linguistic cousins' all descended fro 7nglish spoken in 7ngland several hundred years ago. There can also be differences in spelling such as color and colour'. *o eti es these are very closely related but other ti es they can be very different.ide. Va%ieties o 'n)lis# $ealing with • • • the ain varieties of 7nglish' we can talk of: A erican 7nglish (A 7) Australian 7nglish (Au7) "ritish 7nglish ("r7) .ide is released into the at osphere when solid waste' fossil fuels' wood' and wood products are burned.. -f natural gases did not occur' the te peratures . The greenhouse gases are carbon dio.econo ic varieties of 7nglish. African 7nglish Asian 7nglish There are also socio. *hort. )li ate changes occur in our earthLs at osphere due to a buildup of greenhouse gases. The 7arth uses those gases to war its surface. A 7 talks about a liquor store while "r7 talks about an off licence and Au7 talks about a 'ottle shop. 7ach greenhouse gas absorbs heat differently. These gases occur naturally.ide' ethane' and nitrous o.a ple. )arbon dio.

The high. -ts affect on cli ate can adversely affect hu ans. 5ur renewable resources will be very li ited. -t is a eans of sharing our thoughts' a process of e. With cooperation fro citi:ens and govern ent officials' we can slow the effect of global war ing by reducing greenhouse gas e issions. An increase in precipitation is one result of global war ing that could have devastating effects. We can use for entertain ent infor ation and as a eans of co unication. ore advantages than disadvantages.ide e issions. The )enters for $isease )ontrol have been involved in studying global war ingLs effect on hu an health. We can write e ails and we can download i portant infor ation fro internet. violence increases rapidly. *econd' increasing rain could lead to an increase in soil erosion. $ue to use of co puter une ploy ent proble has increased as co puter can perfor the duty that ight need nearly si.press our e otions. -t is the fastest eans unication as will.old teaching aterials. 7ffects of global war ing on hu an health ight not be i ediately detected. The internet and e ail has changed the world into a global village. )ontinuous work with co puter causes loss of eyesight in the long run. to seven workers. -f we put all the records on co puter' if the file is corrupted with virus' all the record beco es useless. The use of co puter in education sector has brought changes in the age.ide e issions' 2@U of ethane' and 23U of the nitrous o. The increase in agriculture' deforestation' landfills' industrial production' and ining contribute a significant share of e issions too. These gases trap heat and cause the greenhouse effect' rising global te peratures. -nternet' which is widely used to see pornographic scenes' corrupts the ind of teenagers. Auto obiles' heat fro ho es and businesses' and factories are responsible for about B3U of todayLs carbon dio. /lagues have been attributed to global war ing. The social networking webs like +acebook and Twitter have created a kind of cra:y entality a ong teenagers. The burning of solid waste' fossil fuels' and wood products are ajor causes. The users have been increasing day by day.1 degrees cooler than the current te peratures. . The future of e issions da age depends on several factors' de ographics' econo ics' technology' policies and institutional develop ents. -t reduces the costs in the office for accountants. $ue to it' se. An increase in te perature can result in a longer life cycle for diseases or the agents spreading the . These e ission inventories are used by any organi:ations. Without the help of e issions control policies' )52 levels are projected to be 43 . We can watch videos' fil and songs on it. =eisure ti e of fa ily e bers does not beco e burden. 8lobal war ing can affect our future ability to obtain food.would be D0. )o puter is one of the greatest inventions of odern science. )o unication ay be verbal or . -t is the boon of the Communication 1it# &atient -n any relationship' co unication is an essential ingredient to keep it healthy. tech cri es like hacking banks and i portant docu ents beco e possible due to co puter. -t has beco e essential part of hu an life in the present world. +uture predictions do not look good for this planet if nothing is done. We can<t i agine the odern world without co puter. We can save data on it. As cli ates change' plants and ani als will change' leading to a change in the eating patterns of hu ans.0@3U higher in 2033. )o puters are useful in business' in education and ho e. =iving in a war area akes egg production a quicker process. The use of co puter has reduced ti e span of any works. 8lobal war ing will lead to ore precipitation' which enables infectious diseases to be ore easily contracted and spread. 8lobal war ing is a danger to a hu anLs health.u an activities add to the levels of these gasses' causing ore proble s. )o puter has disadvantages as will. +irst' the quality of crops would be affected by an increase in precipitation. Any works can be done sitting in a place and pressing few keys. There are any advantages of co puter. ade our life easier and faster. An e ission inventory counts the a ount of air pollutants discharged into the at osphere.changing our ideas and a way to e. 5mpact o Compute% in /ode%n Society -t has of co &odern science has given any things to us. !ne ploy ent is likely to result into cri es. -t has enabled people to know happenings of the world shortly after it happens. )o puter has direct i pact on culture of any nation. As in business and education co puter is useful at ho e. >irus is also a proble of it.. )o puter has ade it easier for people to co unicate in addition to saving ti e and oney. The gases released into the at osphere are tracked by e ission inventories. -n conclusion' if we use co puter in a proper way it has odern science.

8etting this infor ation ay not be easy if the level of trust has not been established. Whether which stage of life a person is' nurses always have a role to play because when it co es to life' good health is the best wealth and nurses do their best to safeguard it.iety. #urses are the ain engine in the provision of health care in the global co unity. With the help of therapeutic co unication' the nurse can engage the patient in conversations which would allow the patient to vent out his?her feelings. 8etting the patient to cal down ay help establish a rapport between the nurse and the patient. And so to encourage the patient to share his?her personal details' the nurse ust be ready and eager to listen' a key co ponent in therapeutic co unication. .centered' elaborating that it engages the totality of the patient<s condition V environ ental' spiritual' psychological' as well as physiological ele ents.verbal. Therapeutic co unication is i portant because it helps to gain the patient<s trust thereby his?her cooperation in the application of his?her care plan. A health institution will not run s oothly in the absence of nurses. As a result' the patient will listen to the nurse<s instructions and cooperate with nursing interventions since the nurse has gained his?her trust and has established rapport fro the start. When you look into the nu ber of health workers in any hospital no atter the location' you would find that nurses are the ajority. To be able to properly care for the patient' the nurse needs to collect data fro the patient: the patient<s edical history' his?her co plaint a ong other details. This essay seeks to discuss an i portant co unication technique that a nurse ust be able to aster which is therapeutic co unication.pression of one<s worries and e otions is part of the healing process and could be fostered by the nurse when she uses therapeutic co unication by showing genuine interest in the patient<s well. Therapeutic co unication in nursing care can help heal and co fort the patient' and should thus be applied in any setting where nursing is practiced Role o 9u%se in t#e Community When you hear the word nurse or nursing' what thought enters your indK Would you envision a person in a clean white crisp unifor with edications and a syringe in handK 5r would you i agine your other caring for you when you<re sick and can<t get out of bedK &ost people would associate nurses or nursing with health and caring and they are right on the dot. -t is where nurses get the chance to use their co unication skills and apply therapeutic co unication.iety and stress on her part. The clinical setting fosters a relationship between a nurse and a patient or client. Therapeutic co unication is i portant because it helps the patient to verbali:e what he?she is feeling. The points entioned above are only a part of the any other reasons why the practice of therapeutic co unication a ong nurses is i portant. !pon ad ission to the hospital' the patient enters an unfa iliar environ ent which ay cause an. 7. Although knowing the different for s of co unication is i portant' what atters ore is knowing when and how to use it. . They can also be found perfor ing their duties in the co unity through health centers. . After all' nursing is about dealing with people' caring for people' and nurturing each and every individual under their care back to a state of wellness. The nurse<s greeting in the for of a war welco e or greeting and a s ile' ay help cal the patient down and alleviate any feelings of stress or an. (osenberg defined therapeutic co unication as holistic and patient. #urses serve as advocates of health. They are the front liners in health pro otion a ong the citi:ens' ensuring that proper infor ation is disse inated for disease and injury prevention as well as early detection of illness.non. They care for the sick and help the in their recovery and provide palliative care for the dying.being. -n the practice of nursing' co unication is a craft that ust be astered.ealth is a very i portant concern for everyone and when one falls ill' fear of loss or death is part of the package.owever' the nurse<s role is not only li ited in the hospital setting. Therapeutic co unication is i portant because it helps to derive the necessary infor ation fro the patient.

Also' nurses can be environ ental activists. With their e. Ramesh Adhikary 9848021418 rameshadhikary29@gmail.-n the field of politics' nurses also play a part especially in the revision of health policies or the creation of new ones. The role of the nurse in the global co unity can be su ari:ed in a line by the 8lobal .pertise on the issues of health' they provide relevant infor ation to the leaders so as to co e up with patient friendly policies ensuring a co prehensive health agenda.ealth Workforce Alliance: #urses do ore than care for individuals' their role is broad' far. 7nviron ental changes such as cli ate change have health i plications and thus nurses work on raising awareness on such atters as well. #urses are indispensible e bers of the health care tea ' they serve as the fra ework on which health care provision is built.com Facebook: . -t is known that a good environ ent is essential to health.reaching role and central to co unity health.