ْ‫اَﺣﻜﺎم ﻗُﺒُﺮ‬

fg;UfSk; mjw;Fhpa rl;lq;fSk;
‫ھﺬا ﺑﯿﺎن ﻟﻠﻨﺎس و ھﺪي وﻣﻮﻋﻈﺔ ﻟﻠﻤﺘﻘﯿﻦ اﻟﺒﻨﺎء اﻟﻤﺘﯿﻦ ﻓﻲ اﺣﻜﺎم ﻗﺒﻮر اﻟﻤﺴﻠﻤﯿﻦ‬
Mrphpah;: Kg;jp K`k;kj; ,g;wh`Pk; fhjphp gjhA+dp Fj;jp] ]ph;u`{
njhFg;ghsh;: nksyhdh K`k;kj; jpy;\hj; m`;kj; fhjphp
jkpohf;fk;: nksytp `hgpo; F.M. ,g;wh`pk; ug;ghdp Mypk;
u`pk`{y;yh`{ md;`{.
gp];kpy;yh`ph; u`;khdph; u`Pk;
m`jpa;aj;jpw;Fhpa
rd;dpjhdj;jpy;
,Ue;J
midj;J
Mjk;
miy`p];]yhk;
mth;fSf;Fk;
َ‫‘(ﻟﻘﺪ ﻛﺮﱠﻣْﻨﺎ ﺑَﯿْﻦ اَدَم‬ehk;
Mjk;
miy`p];]yhk; mth;fspd; re;jjpfSf;F fz;zpaj;ijf; nfhLj;Njhk;’)
vd;Dk;
ngUik
mUs;
Ghpag;gl;lJ.
mjpy;
tpRthrpfs;
kw;Wk;
gagf;jpahsf;fs; Nghd;Nwhh; ْ‫‘( ﻋِﻨْﺪَاﷲِ اَﺗْﻘَﺎﻛُﻢْ اِنﱠ اَﻛْﺮَﻣَﻜُﻢ‬cq;fspy; ,iwtdpd;
jpUKd; kpfTk; fz;zpaj;jpw;Fhpath; gagf;jpahsUk; tpRthrpAkhthh;’) vd
cah;j;jpg; Ngrg;gl;ldh;. gpd;dh; mth;fspy; rpyh; hp]hyj; kw;Wk; EGt;tj;jpd;
%yk; cah;e;J epd;wdh;. NtW rpyUf;F ]pj;jPfpa;aj; kw;Wk; கப்ருகளும் அதற்குரிய சட்டங்களும்

Pjpa;aj;>
,zf;fk; Nghd;w jFjpfs; toq;fg;gl;ld.
,J Nghd;Nw xt;nthU fhyf; fl;lj;jpYk; Fj;uj;’Jila tpjtpjkhd
epwq;fs; fhl;bj; jug;gl;ld. ,e;epiyapy; ,Wjpf; fhyf;fl;lj;jpy; jdJ
Nerh; k`;G+Ng fj;Nk U]{y;> i]apNj Fy;> ]h;jhN[ Njh Myk;> ghapN]
jf;yPNf Myk; t Mjk; `o;uj; Gh;E}h; i]apjpdh t nksyhdh fz;kzp
ehafk; K`k;kJ K];jgh ]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p t]y;yk; mth;fSf;f
Neh;topf;Fhpa ntspr;rj;ij nfhLj;J ,iwtd; mDg;gp itj;jhd;. mth;fs;
tUif je;jNghJ ,g;G+kpapy; ,jw;F Kd;dpUe;j midj;J khh;f;fq;fSk;
nrayw;wjhf Mf;fg;gl;L K`k;kj; ]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p t]y;yk;
mth;fspd; khh;f;fj;ij kl;Lk; vy;yh khh;f;fq;fisAk; kpiff;ff; $ba
xd;whf Mf;fpdhd;. ,Jgw;wpm td; $Wk; NghJ…
َ‫ھُﻮَ اﻟﱠﺬِيْ اَرْﺳَﻞَ رَﺳُﻮْﻟَﮫُ ﺑِﺎﻟْﮭُﺪي وَدِﯾْﻦِ اﻟْﺤَﻖﱢ ﻟِﯿُﻈْﮭِﺮَهُ ﻋَﻠَﻲ اﻟﺪﱢﯾْﻦِ ﻛُﻠﱢﮫِ وَﻟَﻮْ ﻛَﺮِهَ اﻟْﻤُﺸْﺮِﻛُﻮْن‬
‘mtd; vg;gbg;gl;ltd; vdpy; jdJ u]_iy Neh;topia nfhz;Lk;
rj;jpakhd khh;f;fj;ijf; nfhz;Lk; vy;yh khh;f;fq;fisAk; kpiff;ff; $ba
xd;whf Mf;fp mDg;gpdhd;. ,jpy; ,iz itg;Nghh; ntWg;gile;jhYk;
rhpNa!’ vdf; $Wfpwhd;.
1

Ahkamul kuboor

mLj;J jPnd K`k;kjP kl;Lk; jhd; ,Wjpehs; tiu ,t;Tyfpy;
epiyj;jpUf;Fk; vd;Dk; Rgr; nra;jpia jUk; tifapy; ,iwtd;…
َ‫ﯾُﺮِﯾْﺪُوْنَ ﻟِﯿُﻄْﻔِﺆُوْا ﻧُﻮْرَاﷲِ ﺑِﺎَﻓْﻮَاھِﮭِﻢْ وَاﷲُ ﻣُﺘِﻢﱠ ﻧُﻮْرِه وَﻟَﻮْﻛَﺮِهَ اﻟْﻜَﺎﻓِﺮُوْن‬
‘mth; (fhgph;> K\;hpf;F)fs; my;yh`; cila E}iu jkJ thahy; Cjp
midj;J tplyhnkd;W epidf;fpd;wdh;. Mdhy; ,iwtd; jdJ E}iu
epiwT gLj;jhky; tpl khl;lhd;. ,jpy; fhgph;fs; ntWg;gile;jhYk; rhpNa!’
vdf; $Wfpwhd;.
NkYk; mtd;...
ُ‫وَﻣَﻦْ ﯾﱠﺘَﺒِﻊْ ﻏَﯿْﺮَاﻟْﺎِﺳْﻼَمِ دِﯾْﻨًﺎ ﻓَﻠَﻦْ ﯾﱡﻘْﺒَﻞَ ﻣِﻨْﮫ‬
‘ahh; ,];yhj;ij tpl;L tpl;L NtnwhU khh;f;fj;ij jdJ khh;f;fkhf
vLj;Jf; nfhs;fpwhNuh mtuJ khh;f;fk; xUNghJk; mq;fPfhpf;fg;gl khl;lhJ.’
vd;Wk; $Wfpd;whd;.
mUik egpath;fspd; khh;f;fj;ij Vw;Wf; nfhs;sf; $bath;fs;> jdJ
u]_iy cskhw tpRthrpg;gth;fs;> mth;fspd; fl;lisia Vw;W mtw;iwf;
fz;zpag;gLj;Jgth;fs; Nghd;Nwhiu Fwpj;J ,iwtd; Fwpg;gpLk;NghJ
ِ ‫‘ ﻛُﻨْﺘُﻢْ ﺧَﯿْﺮَ اُﻣﱠﺔٍ اُﺧْﺮِﺟَﺖْ ﻟِﻨﱠﺎ‬ntspg;gLj;jg;gl;l kdpjh;fspy; vy;yhk; ePq;fNs kpfr;
‫س‬
rpwe;jth;fs;’ vd;Wk;> ِ‫‘ اُوْﻵﺋِﻚَ ھُﻢْ ﺧَﯿْﺮُ اﻟْﺒَﺮِﯾﱠﺔ‬mth;fs; jhd; rpU\;bfspYk; kpfr;
rpwe;jth;fs;’ vdf; $wp mth;fis rpwg;gpj;J mth;fis rhl;rpahsh;fshfTk;
Mf;fpdhd;.
mJ kl;Lkpd;wp mUik
mth;fs;> xU K];ypk;
fl;lisAk; ,l;ldh;.
fz;zpaj;ij ghJfhf;f

egp K`k;kj; ]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p t]y;yk;
kw;nwhU K];ypik fz;zpag;gLj;j Ntz;Lnkdf;
mth;fspd; nfsutk;> nry;tk;> caph;> kw;Wk;
Ntz;Lnkd;Wk; typAWj;jpdh;.

typkhh;fis Fiw $WNthh; ,iwtNdhL Nghh; Ghpgth;fs;.
mth;fspy; Fwpg;ghd $l;lj;ij Nrh;e;j typkhh;fis Fiw $WNthh;
,iwtNdhL Aj;jk; Ghpgth;fs;> \{`jhf;fs; u`pk`{Ky;yh`; Nghd;Nwhiu
kpf cah;e;j rpwg;Gf;Fhpa ];jhdj;jpy; nfhz;LNgha; itj;jhd;. mth;fis
ntWg;NghiuAk;> Jd;GWj;JNthiuAk; jdJ tpNuhjpfs; vd;Wk; jd;id
vjph;g;gth;fs; vd;Wk; gpufldg;gLj;jpdhd;. ,Jgw;wp xU hpthaj;jpy;>
‫ﻣﻦ آذي ﻟﻲ وﻟﯿﺎ ﻓﻘﺪ آذﻧﺘﮫ ﺑﺎﻟﺤﺮب‬

‘ahh; vdJ typia Jd;GWj;jp Ntjidf;F cl;gLj;jpdhNuh mthplk; ehd;
NghUf;Fg; gpufldk; nra;fpNwd;.’ vdf; $wpatd;> kw;Nwhh; `jPn]
Fj;]papy;….
‫ﻣﻦ ﻋﺎدي ﻟﻲ وﻟﯿﺎ ﻓﻘﺪ آذﻧﺘﮫ ﺑﺎﻟﺤﺮب‬
‘ahh; vdJ Nerh;fis tpNuhjpj;Jf; nfhs;fpwhNuh mth; vd;NdhL rz;ilapl
ehd; mDkjp nfhLf;fpNwd;’ (mjhtJ mth; vd;NdhL rz;ilapll;Lk;)
,jd; KO `jP]{khfpwJ `o;uj; mG+`{iuuh uopay;yh`{ md;`{
‫ان اﷲ ﺗﻌﺎﻟﻲ ﻗﺎل ﻣﻦ ﻋﺎدي ﻟﻲ وﻟﯿﺎﻓﻘﺪ آذﻧﺘﮫ ﺑﺎﻟﺤﺮب وﻣﺎﺗﻘﺮب اﻟﻲ ﻋﺒﺪي ﺑﺸﯿﺊ اﺣﺐ اﻟﻲ ﻣﻤﺎ اﻓﺘﺮﺿﺖ ﻋﻠﯿﮫ‬
‫ةﻣﺎ ﯾﺰال ﻋﺒﺪي ﯾﺘﻘﺮب اﻟﻲ ﺑﺎﻟﻨﻮاﻓﻞ ﺣﺘﻲ ﺣﺒﺒﺘﮫ ﻓﺎذا اﺣﺒﺒﺘﮫ ﻓﻜﻨﺖ ﺳﻤﻌﮫ اﻟﺬي ﯾﺴﻤﻊ ﺑﮫ وﺑﺼﺮه اﻟﺬي ﯾﺒﺼﺮ ﺑﮫ‬
‫وﯾﺪه اﻟﺘﻲ ﯾﺒﻄﺶ ﺑﮭﺎ ورﺟﻠﮫ اﻟﺘﻲ ﯾﻤﺸﻲ ﺑﮭﺎ وأن ﺳﺄﻟﻨﻲ ﻻ ﻋﻄﯿﻨﮫ وﻟﺌﻦ اﺳﺘﻌﺎذﻧﻲ ﻻ ﻋﯿﺬﻧﮫ‬
‘my;yh`; $Wfpwhd;> (,J `jPn] Fj;]pahFk;) ahh; vdJ typia
Ntjidg;gLj;jpdhNdh ehd; mtNdhL NghUf;F gpufldk; nra;fpNwd;.
NkYk; vg;NghJ vdJ mbik vd;dhy; gh;ohf Mf;fg;gl;Ls;s ehd; tpUk;Gk;
nghUl;fspd; %yk; vdJ rkPgj;Jtj;ijg; ngWfpwhd;. ,t;thNw vdJ
mbik rjh egpyhdtw;iw nfhz;Lk; vd;id vg;NghJ rkPgpj;J tpLfpwhNdh
vJtiunadpy;> ehd; mtid vdJ Nerdhf;fpf; nfhs;fpNwd;. mjd;gpd;
ehd; mtdJ nrtpahfptpLfpNwd;. mijf; nfhz;L mtd; Nfl;fpwhd;. ehd;
mtdJ fz;zhfp tpLfpNwd;. mijf; nfhz;L mtd; fhZfpwhd;. ehd;
mtdJ fukhfp tpLfpNwd;. mijf; nfhz;L mtd; gpbf;fpwhd;. ehd;
mtdJ fhyhfp tpLfpNwd;. mijf; nfhz;L mtd; elf;fpwhd;. xUNtis
mtd; vd;dplk; vijahtJ Nfl;lhy; ehd; mij mtDf;F mUs; GhpfpNwd;.
,d;Dk; xUNtis mtd; vdJ ghJfhg;ig Nfl;lhy; ehd; mtrpak; vdJ
ghJfhg;ig mtDf;Fj; jUfpNwd;.’
-E}y;: kp\;fhj;> ghfk; 1> gf;fk; 197.
,iwghijapy; khpj;Njhh; capNuhLs;NshNu
,t;thNw \{`jhf;fis Fwpj;J $Wk;NghJ> mth;fis ,we;Njhnud
nrhy;yf; $lhnjd fl;lisapl;lhd;. ,th;fs; Kd;dh; tho;e;j tho;f;ifia
tpl ,g;NghJ rpwg;ghdnjhU tho;f;ifapy; capNuhL cs;sdh; vdf;
$Wfpd;whd;. ,Jgw;wpm td; $Wk;NghJ…
َ‫ﺸﻌُﺮُون‬
ْ ‫ﻞ أَﺣْﯿَﺎءٌ وَﻟَٰﻜِﻦ ﻟﱠﺎ َﺗ‬
ْ ‫وَﻟَﺎ ﺗَﻘُﻮﻟُﻮا ﻟِﻤَﻦ ﯾُﻘْﺘَﻞُ ﻓِﻲ ﺳَﺒِﯿﻞِ اﻟﻠﱠﮫِ أَﻣْﻮَاتٌ ۚ َﺑ‬

3

Ahkamul kuboor

‘ahh;
,iwtdJ
ghijapy;
ntl;lg;gl;lhNuh
mtiu
,we;jtnud;W
nrhy;yhjPh;fs;. khwhf mth;fs; capNuhL ,Uf;fpd;wdh;. ,jid cq;fshy;
czu KbahJ.’ - my;Fh;Md; R+wh gfuh trdk; 154.
jg;]Ph; kjhhpf;fpy; ,e;j trdj;jpw;F tphpTiu vOJk;NghJ….
‫ﻻﺗﻌﻠﻤﻮن ذﻟﻜﻞ ﻻن ﺣﯿﺎة اﻟﺸﮭﯿﺪ ﻻﺗﻌﻠﻢ ﺣﺴﺎﻋﻦ اﻟﺤﺴﻦ رﺿﻲ اﷲ ﻋﻨﮫ ان اﺷﮭﺪاء اﺣﯿﺎء ﻋﻨﺪ اﷲ ﺗﻌﺮض‬
‫ارزاﻗﮭﻢ ﻋﻠﻲ ارواﺣﮭﻢ ﻓﯿﺼﻞ اﻟﯿﮭﻢ اﻟﺮوح واﻟﻔﺮح ﻛﻤﺎ ﺗﻌﺮض اﻟﻨﺎر ﻋﻠﻲ ارواح آل ﻓﺮﻋﻮن ﻏﺪوا وﻋﺸﯿﺎ‬
.‫ﻓﯿﺼﻞ اﻟﯿﮭﻢ اﻟﻮﺟﻊ‬
‘ePq;fs; \{`jhf;fspd; [Ptpaj;ij gw;wp mwpa khl;Bh;fs;. mij cq;fshy;
czu
KbahJ.
`o;uj;
`]d;
uypay;yh`{
md;`{
mth;f s;
mwptpf;fpd;whh;fs;> \{`jhf;fs; jdJ ug;gplj;jpy; [Ptpaj;NjhL cs;sdh;.
mth;fspd; Md;khf;fSf;F czTk; toq;fg;gLfpwJ. mijf; nfhz;L
mth;fSf;F RfKk; re;NjhrKk; fpilf;fpd;wJ. vt;thW gph;mTila
FLk;gj;jpdh; kPJ fhiyAk;> khiyAk; Ntjid ,wf;fg;gLfpwNjh mt;thW
vdf; $Wfpd;wdh;’. ,e;j `jPij mg;Jy;yh`; gpd; m`;kj; gpd; k`;%Jd;
e]gp vd;ghh; mwptpf;fpd;wdh;. –E}y;: jg;]Ph; kjhhpf;> ghfk; 1> gf;fk; 84.
\{`jhf;fis ,we;J tpl;ltnud re;Njfk; $l nfhs;sf; $lhnjd jil
nra;ag;gLtijAk; ghUq;fs;…
َ‫ﻞ أَﺣْﯿَﺎءٌ ﻋِﻨﺪَ رَﺑﱢﮭِﻢْ ﯾُﺮْزَﻗُﻮن‬
ْ ‫وَﻟَﺎ ﺗَﺤْﺴَﺒَﻦﱠ اﻟﱠﺬِﯾﻦَ ﻗُﺘِﻠُﻮا ﻓِﻲ ﺳَﺒِﯿﻞِ اﻟﻠﱠﮫِ أَﻣْﻮَاﺗًﺎ ۚ َﺑ‬
‘ahh; ,iwtDila ghijapy; ntl;lg;gl;lhh;fNsh mth;fis ,we;Njhnud
ePq;fs; vz;zhjPh;fs;. khwhf mth;fs; capNuhL ,Uf;fpd;wdh;. mj;Jld;
mth;fs; jkJ ug;gplj;jpy; ,uzKk; ngWfpd;wdh;.’ –my;Fh;Md;> R+wh My
,k;whd;> trdk; 169.
Mf cz;ikahd K];ypk;fSila ,t;Tyf tho;tpYk; kW cyf
tho;tpYk; ,t;thNw mth;fspd; [Ptpaj;jpYk; kuzj;jpYk; kpfr; rpwe;j
fz;zpak; mth;fSf;Fz;L. mj;Jld; mth;fSf;F ,iw rkPgj;JtKk;
fpilf;fpd;wJ. ,jdhNyNa [{k;`_h; vd;Dk; VNfhgpj;j m`;nyRd;dj;ij
rhh;e;Njhh;> vt;thW capNuhLs;s xU K];ypKf;F f\;lKk; NtjidAk;
Vw;gLfpwNjh mt;thNw ,we;J Nghd xU K];ypKf;Fk; mNj Nghd;w
f\;lKk; NtjidAk; Vw;gLfpwJ
vd;gjhff; $Wfpd;wdh;. ,Jgw;wp
`jPjpy;…
,we;Njhhpd; vYk;ig Kwpf;fhjPh;
‫ﻛﺴﺮ ﻋﻈﻢ اﻟﻤﯿﺖ ﻛﻜﺴﺮه ﺣﯿﺎ‬
4

Ahkamul kuboor

‘capNuhLs;s xUthpd; vYk;Gfis Kwpg;gJ vj;jid Ntjidf;Fhpa
xd;Nwh mNj N ghd;wJ jhd; ,we;J Nghdthpd; vYk;Gfis Kwpg;gJk;’
vdf; $wg;gl;Ls;sJ. –E}y;: ,g;Dkh[h ghfk; 1> gf;fk; 117.
,e;j `jPi] K`j;jp]; ,g;D kh[h u`pkj;Jy;yh`p miy`p mth;fs;
`o;uj; Map\h uypay;yh`{ md;`hitf; nfhz;L mwptpf;fpd;wdh;.
my;yhkh jPgp $Wfpd;wdh;…
‫اﺷﺎرﺗﮫ اﻟﻲ اﻧﮫ ﻻ ﯾﮭﺎن اﻟﻤﯿﺖ ﻛﻤﺎ ﻻ ﯾﮭﺎن اﻟﺤﻲ‬
‘,e;j `jP]py; vt;thW capNuhL ,Ug;Nghiu Fiw nrhy;tPh;fNsh mt;thW
,we;J NghNdhiu Fiw $whjPh;fs;’ vdf; $wg;gLfpwJ.
-E}y;: `h\pah ,g;D kh[h gf;fk; 117.
,J Nghd;Nw my;yhkh ,g;D mg;Jy; gh;U $Wfpd;wdh;…
.‫ﯾﺴﺘﻔﺎد ﻣﻨﮫ أن اﻟﻤﯿﺖ ﯾﺘﺄﻟﻢ ﺑﺠﻤﯿﺢ ﻣﺎﯾﺘﺄﻟﻢ ﺑﮫ اﻟﺤﻲ وﻣﻦ ﻻزﻣﮫ ان ﯾﺴﺘﻠﺬ ﺑﻤﺎ ﯾﺴﺘﻠﺬ ﺑﮫ اﻟﺤﻲ‬
‘,jd; %yk; njspthf;fg;gLk; tp\ak; ahnjdpy;> ve;nje;j nghUl;fisf;
nfhz;L capNuhL ,Ug;gtUf;F Ntjid Vw;gLNkh mNj nghUl;fis
nfhz;L ,we;NjhUk; NtjidAWfpd;wdh;’.
-E}y;: Rdd; mG+jhT+j; ghfk; 2> gf;fk; 102.
my;yhkh ]{A+j;jp u`pk`{y;yh`{ mth;fs; $Wfpd;wdh;…
‫ﻋﻦ ﺟﺎﺑﺮ ﺧﺮﺟﻨﺎ ﻣﻊ رﺳﻮل اﷲ ﺻﻠﻲ اﷲ ﻋﻠﯿﮫ وﺳﻠﻢ ﻓﻲ ﺟﻨﺎزة ﻓﺠﻠﺲ اﻟﻨﺒﻲ ﺻﻠﻲ اﷲ ﻋﻠﯿﮫ وﺳﻠﻢ ﻓﯿﺤﻔﺮ اﻟﺒﻘﺮ‬
‫وﺟﻠﺴﻨﺎ ﻣﻌﮫ ﻓﺎﺧﺮح اﻟﻌﻔﺎر ﺳﺎﻗﺎ او ﻋﻀﺪا ﻓﺬھﺐ ﻟﯿﻜﺴﺮه ﻓﻘﺎل اﻟﻨﺒﻲ ﺻﻠﻲ اﷲ ﻋﻠﯿﮫ وﺳﻠﻢ ﻻ ﺗﻜﺴﺮھﺎ ﻓﺎن‬
.‫ﻛﺴﺮك اﯾﺎه ﻣﯿﺘﺎ ﻛﻜﺴﺮك اﯾﺎه ﺣﯿﺎ‬
‘`o;uj; [hgph; uypay;yh`{ md;`{ mth;fs; mwptpf;fpd;wdh;> ehq;fs;
mz;znyk;ngUkhd; ]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p t]y;yk; mth;fNshL xU
[dh]htpy; fye;J nfhs;tjw;fhf fpsk;gpa NghJ egpath;fs; mq;NfNa
mkh;e;J
tpl;ldh;.
fg;U
Njhz;lg;gl;Lf;nfhz;bUe;jJ.
ehq;fSk;
egpath;fNshL mkh;e;jpUe;Njhk;. mg;NghJ xU ika;apj;jpd; Koq;fhy; fg;iu
tpl;Lk; ntspNa tu mij xUth; cilf;f Kw;gl;lhh;. mijf; fz;l
egpath;fs;> mij cilf;fhjPh;. Vnddpy; capNuhL ,Ug;gthpd; vYk;ig
cilg;gJ Nghy;jhd; ,JTk; vdf; $wpdh;.’ –E}y;: `h\pah Rdd;
mG+jhT+j; gf;fk; 102.
5

Ahkamul kuboor

,t;thNw ,d;ndhU `jPjpy; `o;uj; mg;Jy;yh`; gpd; k];T+j; uypay;yh`{
md;`{ mth;fs; mwptpf;fpd;wdh;…
‫اذي اﻟﻤﺆﻣﻦ ﻓﻲ ﻣﻮﺗﮫ ﻛﺄذاه ﻓﻲ ﺣﯿﺎﺗﮫ‬
‘,we;J Nghd xU tpRthrpia Ntjidg;gLj;JtJ mth; capNuhLs;s
NghJ Ntjidg; gLj;jpajw;F rkkhFk;.’ –E}y;: \u`{]; ]{J}h; gf;fk;
119.
,e;j `jPij K`j;jp]; ,g;D i\gh mth;fs; Fwpg;gpLfpd;wdh;. ,J
Nghd;Nw kw;Nwhh; hpthaj;jpy;…
‫اﻟﻤﯿﺖ ﯾﺆذﯾﮫ ﻓﻲ ﻗﺒﺮه ﻣﺎ ﯾﺆذﯾﮫ ﻓﻲ ﺑﯿﺘﮫ‬
‘ve;j nghUisf; nfhz;L xU kdpjDf;F tPl;by; Ntjid Vw;gLNkh mNj
nghUisf; nfhz;L mtdJ ,wg;Gf;Fg; gpd; mtdJ fg;hpYk; mtDf;F
Ntjid Vw;gLk;.’ –E}y;: \u`{]; ]{J}h; gf;fk; ``7.
rl;l Nkijfs; ,e;j `jPJf;F tpsf;fkspf;Fk;NghJ> ve;j Ngr;ir nfhz;L
capNuhLs;s xU kdpjd; NtjidAWthNdh mNj Ngr;irf; nfhz;L ,we;J
Nghd xU ka;apj;Jk; NtjidAWk;" vdf; $Wfpd;wdh;.
.‫اﻟﻤﯿﺖ ﯾﺘﺄذي ﺑﻤﺎ ﯾﺘﺄذي ﺑﮫ اﻟﺤﻲ‬
‘vijf; nfhz;L capNuhLs;std; NtjidAWthNdh mijf; nfhz;L
,we;J NghdtDk; NtjidAWthd;’. –E}y;: jph;kpjp> ghfk; 1> gf;fk; 121.
,we;J NghNdhiug; gw;wp Gwk; NgrhjPh;
,khk; f];]hyp u`pk`{y;yh`; mth;fs; $Wfpd;wdh;>…
‫ﻏﯿﺒﺔ اﻟﻤﯿﺖ اﺷﺪ ﻣﻦ اﻟﺤﻲ وذﻟﻚ ﻻن ﻋﻔﺮ اﻟﺤﻲ واﻻﺳﺘﺤﻼل ﻟﮫ ﻣﻤﻜﻦ وﻣﺘﻮﻗﻊ ﻓﻲ اﻟﺪﻧﯿﺎ ﺑﺨﻼف اﻟﻤﯿﺖ ذﻛﺮه‬
‫ﻋﻠﻲ اﻟﻘﺎري‬
‘,we;Njhiu Fwpj;J Gwk; NgRtJ capNuhL ,Ug;gtiu Gwk; NgRtij tpl
fLikahd ghtkhFk;. fhuzk; capNuhL ,Ug;gtiu gw;wp Gwk; Ngrpdhy;
mth; cyfpy; capNuhL ,Ug;gjhy; mij kd;dpg;gjw;Nfh kwg;gjw;Nfh
chpa
tha;g;Gz;L.
Mdhy;
,we;J
Nghdthpd;
tp\aj;jpy;
,J
rhj;jpakpy;iy.’ –E}y;: `h\pah jph;kpjp> gf;fk; 121.
,t;thNw e]hap \hPgpy; $wg;gl;Ls;sjhtJ….

6

Ahkamul kuboor

.‫ذﻛﺮ ﻋﻨﺪ اﻟﻨﺒﻲ ﺻﻠﻲ اﷲ ﻋﻠﯿﮫ وﺳﻠﻢ ھﺎﻟﻚ ﺑﺴﻮء ﻓﻘﺎل ﻻ ﺗﺬﻛﺮوا ھﺎﻟﻜﺎ اﻻﺑﺨﯿﺮ‬
‘egp ]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p t]y;yk; mth;fsplk; ,we;J Nghd xUtiu
Fwpj;J juf;Fiwthf Ngrg;gl;l NghJ mJ Nfl;l egpath;fs;> ,we;J
Nghdthpd; ey;yijj; jtpu Ntnwhd;iw Ngr Ntz;lhnkd $wpdh;’.
Nkw;fhZk; `jPJfis nfhz;L ,we;Njhiu Ntjidg;gLj;jf; $lhnjd
jLf;fg;gLfpwJ. mjw;F khwhf mth;fspd; tho;f;ifapy; mth;fsplk;
fhzg;gl;l ey;yij kl;LNk Ngr Ntz;LnkdTk; fl;lisaplg;gLfpwJ.
cjhuzkhf Rdd;> mG+jhT+j;> jph;kpjp Nghd;w E}y;fspy;….
‘`o;uj; ,g;D ckh; uypay;yh`{ md;`{ mth;fs; mwptpf;fpd;wdh;>
mz;zy; egp ]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p t]y;yk; mth;fs; $wpdh;> cq;fspy;
,we;J NghNdhhpy; fhzg;gl;l ey;yijAk;> mofhdijAk; NgRq;fs;. mjw;F
khwhf mth;fspy; fhzg;gl;l jPatw;iw NgRtjpy; ,Ue;J cq;fs; ePq;fs;
tpyf;fpf; nfhs;Sq;fs;’.
,J Nghd;Nw Gfhhp \hPgpy; md;id Map\h uypay;yh`{ md;`h mth;fs;
mwptpf;f Ve;jy; egp ]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p t]y;yk; mth;fs; $wpdh;…
.‫ﻻ ﺗﺴﺒﻮ اﻻﻣﻮات ﻓﺎﻧﮭﻢ ﻗﺪ اﻓﻀﻮا اﻟﻲ ﻣﺎﻗﺪﻣﻮا‬
‘,we;Njhiu jtwhf NgrhjPh;fs;. Vnddpy; mth;fs; jkJ nray;ghLfspd;
gf;fkhf jpUk;gp tpl;ldh;.’ –E}y;: Gfhhp ghfk; 1 gf;fk; 187.
vdf; $Wfpd;wdh;. ,jdhy;jhd; capNuhL ,Ug;gth; ve;jg; Ngr;ir Nfl;L
Ntjidg;gLthNuh mNj Ngr;irf; Nfl;L ,we;J NghdtUk; Ntjidg;
gLthh; vdf; $wg;gl;lNjhL> fg;iu kPz;Lk; Njhz;LtJk;> mjd; kPJ
jiyaizia
itj;J
rha;tJk;>
fhypy;
kpjpabia
Nghl;lthNw
fg;u];jhdpy;
nry;tJk;>
Njitapy;yhky;
fg;u];jhDf;Fs;
ghij
mikg;gJk; $lhnjd jil nra;ag;gl;Ls;sJ.
fg;Ufspd; kPJ elf;fhjPh;
cf;gh gpd; Mkph; uypay;yh`{ md;`{ vd;Dk; egpj;Njhoh;

$Wfpd;wdh;…

.‫ﻻن اﻃﺄ ﻋﻠﻲ ﺟﻤﺮة أوﻋﻠﻲ ﺣﺪ ﺳﯿﻒ ﺣﺘﻲ ﯾﺨﻄﻒ‬
‘ehd; neUg;gpd; kPJ ele;J nry;tjhNyh> my;yJ thSila $h;ikapd;
kPJ nry;tjhNyh mjdhy; vdJ fhy; ntl;lg;gl;L NghdhYk; $l xU
K];ypKila fg;hpd; kPJ ele;J nry;tij tpl ,J vdf;Fg; gpbj;jkhd
xU nrayhFk;.’
7

Ahkamul kuboor

K`k;kj; ]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p t]y;yk; mth;fs; etpd;wjhf `o;uj;
md]; uypay;yh`{ md;`{ mth;fs; mwptpf;fpd;wdh;…
. ‫ﻻن اﻃﺄ ﻋﻠﻲ ﺟﻤﺮة اﺣﺐ اﻟﻲ ﻣﻦ ان اﻃﺎء ﻋﻠﻲ ﻗﺒﺮ ﻣﺴﻠﻢ‬
‘vdf;F neUg;gpd; kPJ nry;tJ xU K];ypKila fg;hpd; kPJ ele;J
nry;tij tpl gpbj;jkhd xd;whFk;.’
-E}y; [hkpT]; ]fPh; ghfk; 2> gf;fk; 103.
`o;uj; g\Ph; gpd; f]h]h uypay;yh`{ md;`{ mth;fs; mUik ehafk;
]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p t]y;yk; mth;fisf; nfhz;L $Wfpd;wdh;…
‫ان رﺳﻮل اﷲ ﺻﻠﻲ اﷲ ﻋﻠﯿﮫ وﺳﻠﻢ رأي رﺟﻼ ﯾﻤﺸﻲ ﺑﯿﻦ اﻟﻘﺒﻮر ﻓﻲ ﻧﻌﻠﯿﻦ ﻓﻘﺎل وﯾﺤﻚ ﯾﺎ ﺻﺎﺣﺐ ﺳﺒﺘﺘﯿﻦ اﺗﻖ‬
.‫ﺳﺒﺘﺘﯿﻚ‬
‘mz;znyq; Nfhkhd; K`k;kj; ]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p t]y;yk; mth;fs;
fg;u];jhdpy;
xU
kdpjh;
fhypy;
neUg;ig
mzpe;jthW
nrd;W
nfhz;bUg;gijf; fz;L> ck;kPJ> ifNrjk;!> X! nrUg;gzpe;jpUg;gtNu!
ckJ nrUg;Gfis fow;wp tpLtPuhf! vdf; $wpdh;.’
`o;uj;
mk;khuh
mwptpf;fpd;wdh;…

gpd;

`]k;

uypay;yh`{

md;`{

mth;fs;

‫ﻗﺎل رأﻧﻲ رﺳﻮل اﷲ ﺻﻠﻲ اﷲ ﻋﻠﯿﮫ وﺳﻠﻢ ﺟﺎﻟﺴﺎ ﻋﻠﻲ ﻗﺒﺮ ﻓﻘﺎل ﯾﺎﺻﺎﺣﺐ اﻟﻘﺒﺮ اﻧﺰل ﻣﻦ ﻋﻠﻲ اﻟﻘﺒﺮ ﻻ ﺗﺆذ‬
.‫ﺻﺎﺣﺐ اﻟﻘﺒﺮ وﻻ ﯾﺆذﯾﻚ‬
‘fg;hpd; kPJ mkh;e;jpUe;j vd;idf; fz;l egpath;fs;> fg;hpd; kPJ
mkh;e;jpUg;gtNu! fg;iu tpl;Lk; ,wq;Fk;. NkYk; fg;hpy; ,Ug;gtUf;F
Ntjid juhjPh;. mJ ck;ik Ntjidg; gLj;Jk;. (mjhtJ me;j
fg;uhspia ePh; Ntjidg; gLj;jpdhy; ehis kWikapy; mjd; fhuzkhf ePh;
Ntjidf;F cs;shf;fg;gLtPh; vd;gjhFk;.)’ –E}y;: kp\;fhj; gf;fk; 149.
. ‫ﻻن ﯾﺠﻠﺲ اﺣﺪﻛﻢ ﻋﻠﻲ ﺟﻤﺮة ﻓﺘﺤﺮق ﺛﯿﺎﺑﮫ ﻓﺘﺨﻠﺺ اﻟﻲ ﺟﻠﺪه ﺧﯿﺮ ﻟﮫ ﻣﻦ ان ﯾﺠﻠﺲ ﻋﻠﻲ ﻗﺒﺮ ﻣﺴﻠﻢ‬
‘cq;fspy; vtNuDk; neUg;gpd; kPJ mkh;e;J mJ mtuJ Milia fhpj;J
mtuJ NjhiyAk; fhpj;J tpl;lhYk; $l ,J xU K];ypKila fg;hpd; kPJ
mkh;tij tpl NkyhdjhFk;.’ –E}y;: ]`P`; K];ypk; ghfk; 1> gf;fk; 312.
,J Nghd;Nw kuhfpy; /gyh`; vd;Dk;
u`pk`{y;yh`{ mth;fs; $Wfpd;wdh;…
8

E}ypy;

my;yhkh

\uk;ghdp

Ahkamul kuboor

. ‫اﺧﺒﺮﻧﻲ ﺷﯿﺨﻲ اﻟﻌﻼﻣﺔ ﻣﺤﻤﺪ ﺑﻦ اﺣﻤﺪ اﻟﺤﻤﻮي اﻟﻤﻨﻔﻲ ﺑﺎﻧﮭﻢ ﯾﺘﺄذون ﺑﺨﻔﻖ اﻟﻨﻌﺎل‬
‘vdf;F vdJ n\a;F my;yhkh K`k;kj; gpd; m`;kj; mytp `dgp
u`pk`{y;yh`{ mth;fs; $wpdh;> mjhtJ ,we;Njhh; nrUg;gpd; fhyb
rg;jj;ij Nfl;L NtjidAWfpd;wdh;.’ –E}y;: kuhfpy; /gyh`; gf;fk; 106.
‘xUth; `o;uj; mg;Jy;yh`; gpd; k];T+j; uypay;yh`{ md;`{ mth;fsplk;
Nfl;lhh;> mjhtJ fg;hpd; kPJ fhiy itg;gJ gw;wpa jq;fspd; fUj;njd;d?
vdf; Nfl;f> mjw;fth;fs; capNuhL ,Ug;gtiu Ntjidg;gLj;Jtij
vt;thW
ehd;
tpUk;gtpy;iyNah
mt;thNw
,we;J
Nghdtiu
Ntjidg;gLj;JtijAk; ehd; tpUk;gtpy;iy vdf; $wpdh;.’
fg;hpy; ,Ug;Nghiu Ntjidg; gLj;jhjPh;.
mLj;J m\;mj;Jy; yk;Mj; vd;Dk; E}ypy; my;yhkh
K`j;jp]; jp`;ytp u`pk`{y;yh`; mth;fs; $Wfpd;wdh;…

mg;Jy;

`f;

‘Nkw;fhZk; `jP];fis tuyhw;Wr; rk;gtq;fis nfhz;L ekf;Fj;
njspthf;fg;gLk; tp\ak; ahnjdpy;> ka;apj;jpw;F jd;id [pahuj;J nra;a
tUNthh; vj;jid J}uk; fz;zpak; mspf;fpd;wdh; vd;gij njhpe;J
nfhs;tijg; Nghy mij Ntjidg;gLj;JtijAk; mJ njhpe;J nfhs;fpwJ.
Mjyhy; K];ypk;fs; fgiu Njhz;LtJk;> fg;hpd; kPJ nrUg;ig mzpe;J
nry;tJk;> fg;hpd; kPJ rha;e;J mkh;tJk;> \hPmj; rl;lg;gb kf jil
nra;ag;gl;l xd;WkhFk;. ,jdhy; mf;fg;uhspf;F Ntjid Vw;gLfpwJ.’
-E}y;: m\;mj;Jy; yk;Mj; ghfk; 1> gf;fk; 617.
,J Nghd;Nw
$Wfpd;wdh;…

jyhapYd;

EGt;tj;

vd;Dk;

E}ypy;

,g;D

kPdh

vd;ghh;

‘ehd; xU kf;guhTf;F nrd;Nwd;. mq;Nf ,uz;L uf;mj; egpy; njhOif
njhOjgpd;
gLj;J
tpl;Nld;.
mg;NghJ
ehd;
ey;y
Ntisahf
cwq;ftpy;iy. mg;NghJ jpBnud fg;Uf;Fs; ,Ue;J> vOe;J tpL. ePh;
vd;id Ntjidf;Fs;shf;fp tpl;Bh; vd rg;jk; te;jJ’
mLj;J \u`{]; ]{J}h; vd;Dk; E}ypy;>
vd;ghiuf; nfhz;L mwptpf;fg;gLtjhtJ…
9

`o;uj;

fhrpk;

gpd;

kf;kuh

Ahkamul kuboor

‫ﻻن أﻃﺎء ﻋﻠﻲ ﺳﻨﺎن رﻣﺤﻲ ﺣﺘﻲ ﯾﻨﻔﺬ ﻣﻦ ﻗﺪﻣﻲ اﺣﺐ اﻟﻲ ان اﻃﺎء ﻋﻠﻲ ﻗﺒﺮ وان رﺟﻼ وﻃﺌﻲ ﻋﻠﻲ ﻗﺒﺮ وﻗﻠﺒﮫ‬
.‫ﻟﯿﻘﻈﺎن اذ ﺳﻤﻊ ﺻﻮﺗﺎ ﻣﻦ اﻟﻘﺒﺮ اﻟﯿﻚ ﻋﻨﻲ ﯾﺎ رﺟﻞ ﻻ ﺗﺆذوﻧﻲ‬
; hd; thspd; $h;ikapd; kPJ ele;J nrd;W mJ vdJ fhiy Jz;bj;J
e
tpl;lhYk; $l guthapy;iy. mNj Neuk; xU K];ypKila fg;hpd; kPJ
ele;J nry;tij tpl ,J vdf;Fg; gphpakhd xd;whFk;. mg;NghJ xUth;
fg;iuj; Njhz;bf; nfhz;bUe;jhh;. mJNghJ mth; tpopj;Jf; nfhz;Ljhd;
,Ue;jhh;. mg;NghJ fg;Uf;Fs;spUe;J ePh; vdf;F f\;lj;ij nfhLj;J tpl;Bh;
vd rg;jk; te;jJ.’-E}y;: \u`{]; ]{J}h;.
,JFwpj;J rl;l Nkijfs; $Wk;NghJ…
.‫ان اﻟﻤﺸﻲ ﻋﻠﻲ اﻟﻘﺒﻮر ﯾﻜﺮه‬
‘fg;hpd; kPJ ele;J nry;tJ kf;&`hFk;’
-E}y;: gj;`{y; fjPh;> ghfk; 2> gf;fk; 150.
gj;`{y; fjPh;
$Wfpd;wdh;…

vd;Dk;

E}ypy;

my;yhkh

,khk;

,g;D

`{khk;

vd;ghh;

.‫ﯾﻜﺮه اﺟﻠﻮس ﻋﻠﻲ اﻟﻘﺒﺮ وﻃﺆه‬
‘fg;hpd; kPJ mkh;tJk; mjd;kPJ ele;J nry;tJk; kf;&`hFk;.’
-E}y;: gj;`{y; fjPh; ghfk; 2> gf;fk 150.
,t;thNw my; g`;Uh; uhapf; vd;Dk; E}ypy; my;yhkh ,g;D e[Pk; vd;ghh;
$Wfpd;wdh;…
‫وﯾﻜﺮه اﻧﯿﻄﺄ اﻟﻘﺒﺮ اوﯾﺠﻠﺲ اوﯾﻨﺎم ﻋﻠﯿﮫ او ﯾﻘﻀﻲ ﻋﻠﯿﮫ ﺣﺎﺟﺔ ﻣﻦ ﺑﻮل او ﻏﺎﺋﻂ او ﯾﺼﻠﻲ ﻋﻠﯿﮫ او اﻟﯿﮫ ﺛﻢ اﻟﻤﺸﻲ‬
.‫ﻋﻠﯿﮫ‬
‘fg;iu Njhz;LtJk;> mjd;kPJ mkh;tJk;> mjd;kPJ gLj;J cwq;FtJk;>
mjd;kPJ ky[yk; fopg;gJk; mjd; kPNjh my;yJ mjij Nehf;fpNah
njhOtJk; mjd;Nky; ele;J nry;tJk; kf;&`hFk;.’ –E}y;: g`;Uh;;uhapf;
ghfk; 2 gf;fk; 209
.‫ﯾﺎﺛﻢ ﺑﻮﻃﺆ اﻟﻘﺒﻮر ﻻن ﺳﻘﻒ اﻟﻘﺒﺮ ﺣﻖ اﻟﻤﯿﺖ‬
‘kdpjd; fg;hpd; kPJ ele;J nry;tjhy; ghtpahfp tpLwhd;. Vnddpy;
fg;Uila Nky; gFjp ika;apj;Jf;Fhpa chpikia Nrh;e;j ,lkhFk;. ,jd;
10

Ahkamul kuboor

%yk; xUtuJ chpikf;Fhpa nghUis
rl;lg;glb jil nra;ag;gl;l xd;whFk;.’

Mf;fpukpg;gJ

\hP

mj;jpw;Fhpa

fg;u];jhidg; gw;wpa khh;f;fr; rl;lk;.
gjhapT]; ]dhap/ vd;Dk; E}ypy; $wg;gLtjhtJ…
‫وﻛﺮه اﺑﻮ ﺣﻨﯿﻔﺔ ان ﯾﻮﻃﺄ ﻋﻠﻲ ﻗﺒﺮ وﯾﺠﻠﺲ ﻋﻠﯿﮫ اوﯾﻨﺎم او ﻧﻘﻀﻲ ﻋﻠﯿﮫ ﺣﺎﺟﺔ ﻣﻦ ﺑﻮل وﺑﺮاز ﻟﻤﺎ روي ﻋﻦ‬
.‫اﻟﻨﺒﻲ ﺻﻠﻲ اﷲ ﻋﻠﯿﮫ وﺳﻠﻢ اﻧﮫ ﻧﮭﻲ ﻋﻦ اﻟﺠﻠﻮس ﻋﻠﻲ اﻟﻘﺒﻮر‬
‘,khk;
mG+`dPgh
u`pk`{y;yh`;
mth;fs;
$Wfpd;wdh;.
fg;iuj;
Njhz;LtJk;> mjd;kPJ gLj;J cwq;FtJk;> mjd;kPJ ky[yk; fopg;gJk;
kf;&`; vdf; $Wfpd;wdh;. Vnddpy; egpNa fhPk; ]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p
t]y;yk; mth;fs; fg;hpd; kPJ mkh;tij jil nra;Js;sdh; vd
mwptpf;fg;gl;Ls;sJ.’ –E}y;: gjhapT]; ]dhap/ ghfk; 1 gf;fk; 320
kjhypGy; K/kpdPd; vd;Dk; E}ypy;…
.‫وان ﺻﺎر اﻟﻤﯿﺖ ﺗﺮاﺑﺎ ﻗﻲ اﻟﻘﺒﺮ ﯾﻜﺮه دﻓﻦ ﻏﯿﺮه ﻓﻲ ﻗﺒﺮه ﻻن اﻟﺤﺮﻣﺔ ﺑﺎﻗﯿﺔ‬
‘xUNtis ikapj; fg;hpy; kz;NzhL kz;zhf Mfpg; NghdhYk; $l me;j
,lj;jpy; NtnwhU ikapj;ij mlf;fk; nra;tJ kf;&`; MFk;. Vnddpy;
Vw;fdNt
mlf;fk;
nra;ag;gl;Ls;s
ikapj;jpd;
fz;zpak;
,d;Dk;
kPjKs;sJ.’
,J Nghd;Nw my; g`;Uh;uhapf; vd;Dk; E}ypy; $wg;gLfpwJ…
.‫وﯾﻜﺮه ﻗﻄﻊ اﻟﻌﻄﺐ واﻟﺤﺸﯿﺶ ﻣﻦ اﻟﻤﻘﺒﺮة اﻻ اذاﻛﺎن ﯾﺎﺑﺴﺎ‬
‘fg;u];jhdpy; tpise;Js;s Gy;iy mWg;gJk;> mq;Fs;s kuj;jpd; Fr;rpfis
cilg;gJk; kf;&`; MFk;. xUNtis mit fha;e;J Nghdhy; mitfis
mWg;gJk;> Fr;rpfis cilg;gJk; $Lk;.’ –E}y;: my;g`;Uh;uhapf; ghfk; 2>
gf;fk; 211.
fha;e;J Nghd Gy;iy ntl;l mDkjpj;jw;Fhpa fhuzkhdJ> mg;Gw;fs;
vJtiu gRikahf cs;sNjh mJtiu mit my;yh`;it j];gP`;
nra;J nfhz;bUg;gjhy; mjd; %yk; mk;ka;apj;Jfs; me;j j];gPi`
Nfl;L re;Njhrk; miltNjhL ,iwtDila u`;kj;Jk; mq;Nf ,wq;fpf;
nfhz;bUf;Fk; vd;gjhy; gRikahf ,Uf;Fk; tiu mitfis ntl;lf;
$lhnjdf; $wg;gLfpwJ. –Mjhuk;: gjhth Myk;fPhp ghfk; 1> gf;fk; 167.

11

Ahkamul kuboor

mLj;J my;yhkh mg;Jy; `f; K`j;jp];
mth;fs; \u`{ kp\;fhj;jpy; $Wfpd;wdh;…

jp`;ytp

u`pk`{y;yh`{

‘fUj;J vd;dntdpy;> ika;apj;Jila Md;kh rypg;gile;J ntWg;gilfpwJ.
jiyaizia
fg;hpd;
kPJ
itg;gjhy;
mJ
mij
nghUe;jpf;
nfhs;tjpy;iy. fhuzk; ,itfnsy;yhk; mij Nftyg;gLj;Jfpd;wd. mNj
Neuk; ,f;fhhpak; mij ntl;;fg;gLj;Jfpd;w fhhpakhFk;.’
-E}y;: m\;mj;Jy; yk;Mj; ghfk; 1> gf;fk; 619.
,t;thNw `jPfNa ejpa;ah vd;Dk; E}ypy;…
.‫ﻣﻌﻨﺎه ان اﻻرواح ﺗﻌﻠﻢ ﺑﺘﺮك اﻗﺎﻣﺔ اﻟﺤﺮﻣﺔ واﻻﺳﺘﮭﺎﻧﺔ ﻓﺘﺘﺎذي ﺑﺬﻟﻚ‬
‘,jDila mh;j;jk; ahnjdpy; Md;kh jd;id Nftyg;gLj;JtijAk;>
rpWikg;gLj;JtijAk; mwpe;J nfhs;fpwJ. mjdhy; mjw;F Ntjid
Vw;gLfpwJ.’
kuhfpy; /gyh`; vd;Dk; E}ypy;…
.‫ﻛﺮه وﻃﺆھﺎ ﺑﺎﻻﻗﺪام ﻟﻤﺎﻓﯿﮫ ﻣﻦ ﻋﺪم اﻻﺣﺘﺮام‬
‘fg;iu fhyhy; kpjpg;gJ kf;&`hFk;. Vnddpy; ,jpy; me;j Md;khit
rpWikg;gLj;Jfpd;w> khpahij Fiwthf ghh;f;Fk; epiy fhzg;gLfpwJ.’
-E}y;: kuhfpy; /gyh`; ghfk; 1> gf;fk; 106.
Mf
fg;iu
fhyhy;
kpjpg;gjhy;
mf;fg;hpy;
mlf;fg;gl;bUg;gtiu
Nftyg;gLj;Jfpd;w> rpWikg;gLj;Jfpd;w epiy fhzg;gLfpwJ. ,ijg; gw;wp
mk;ika;apj;J njhpe;J nfhs;fpwJ. mjd;%yk; mjw;F NtjidAk;
Vw;gLfpwJ. Mjyhy; ikapj;ij [pahuj;ij nra;Ak; NghJ mjDila
fz;zpaj;ij NgZtJ th[pghFk;.
mLj;J md;id Map\h uypay;yh`{ md;`h mth;fs; $Wfpd;wdh;…
‫ﻛﻨﺖ ادﺧﻞ ﺑﯿﺘﻲ اي ﻓﯿﮫ رﺳﻮل اﷲ ﺻﻠﻲ اﷲ ﻋﻠﯿﮫ وﺳﻠﻢ واﻧﻲ واﺿﻊ ﺛﻮﺑﻲ اﻗﻮل اﻧﻤﺎ زوﺟﻲ واﺑﻲ ﻓﻠﻤﺎ دﻓﻦ‬
.‫ﻋﻤﺮ ﻓﻮاﷲ ﻣﺎ دﺧﻠﺘﮫ اﻻ واﻧﺎ ﻣﺸﺪودة ﻋﻠﻲ ﺛﯿﺎﺑﻲ ﺣﯿﺎء ﻣﻦ ﻋﻤﺮ‬

12

Ahkamul kuboor

‘ehd; vdJ tPl;Lf;Fs; nry;tJz;L. mjpy;jhd; mUik egpath;fs;
ey;ylf;fk; nra;ag;gl;bUe;jdh;. mg;Nghnjy;yhk; ehd; gh;jh
mzpe;J
nry;tjpy;iy. mJNghJ ehd; vdJ cs;sj;jpy;> ,th;fs; vdJ fztUk;>
je;ijAkhthh; vd nrhy;ypf; nfhs;tJz;L. ,dp ckh; uypay;yh`{ md;`{
me;j ,lj;jpy; mlf;fk; nra;ag;gl;l gpd; ntl;fj;jpd; fhuzkhf ehd; gh;jh
mzpe;J nfhz;l gpd;dNu mt;tPl;Lf;Fs; nry;yj;Jtq;fpNdd;.’
-E}y;: kp\;fhj; ghfk; 1> gf;fk; 154.
Nkw;fz;l `jP]{f;F tpsf;fk; jUk; tz;zk; my;yhkh
K`j;jp]; jp`;ytp u`pk`{y;yh`; mth;fs; $Wfpd;wdh;…

mg;Jy;

`f;

‘,e;j `jPJ ka;apj;J capNuhL cs;sJ vd;gijAk;> mJ xt;nthd;iwAk;
Ghpe;J nfhs;fpwJ vd;gijAk; Mjhug;gLj;Jfpd;w xd;whFk;. vdNt
]pahuj;jpd; NghJ ka;apj;ij fz;zpag;gLj;JtJ th[pghFk;. mjpYk;
Fwpg;ghf ]hyp`Pd;fSila jh;fhit [pahuj;J nra;Ak;NghJ mth;fspd;
jFjpf;Fj; jf;fthW mth;fis fz;zpag;gLj;JtJ mtrpakhFk;. vt;thW
mth;fs; capNuhL ,Uf;Fk;NghJ mth;fis ehk; fz;zpag;gLj;jpNdhNkh
mt;thW mth;fspd; ,wg;Gf;Fg; gpd;dUk; mth;fis fz;zpag;gLj;JtJ
th[pghFk;.
fhuzk;
]hyp`Pd;fs;
jk;ik
[pahuj;J
nra;NthuJ
epiyfSf;Fj; jf;fthW mth;fSf;F cjtpAk; nra;fpd;wdh;.’
-E}y;: m\;mj;Jy; yk;Mj; ghfk;1> gf;fk; 636.
mLj;J
`o;uj;
mwptpf;fpd;wdh;;>…

,g;D

mg;gh];

uypay;yh`{

md;`{kh

mth;fs;

‫ﻗﺎل رﺳﻮل اﷲ ﺻﻠﻲ اﷲ ﻋﻠﯿﮫ وﺳﻠﻢ ﻣﺎ ﻣﻦ اﺣﺪ ﯾﻤﺮ ﺑﻘﺒﺮ اﺧﯿﮫ اﻟﻤﺆﻣﻦ ﻛﺎن ﯾﻌﺮﻓﮫ ﻓﺴﻠﻢ ﻋﻠﯿﮫ اﻻ ﻋﺮﻓﮫ ورد‬
.‫ﻋﻠﯿﮫ اﻟﺴﻼم‬
‘u]_Yy;yh`p ]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p t]y;yk; mth;fs; $wpdh;> ahuhtJ
xU tpRthrp jdJ rNfhjuUila fg;U ,Uf;Fk; topahf nrd;why;
13

Ahkamul kuboor

mf;fg;hpy; mlf;fg;gl;Ls;sth; ahnud;W njhpe;J nfhz;L mtUf;F mth;
]yhk; nrhd;dhy; mf;fg;hpy; mlf;fg;gl;Ls;stUk; jdf;F ]yhk; nrhy;gth;
ahh; vd;gij njhpe;J nfhz;L mtuJ ]yhKf;F gjpy; $WfpwJ.’
-E}y;: t/ghTy; tgh ghfk; 4> gf;fk; 363.
fg;iu nfl;bg;gLj;JtJk;> mjd;kPJ Fg;gh> jh;fh fl;blk; fl;LtJk;.
\hPmj;jpd; rl;lg;gb fg;iu nfl;bg;gLj;JtJ $Lkh? $lhjh? ,t;thNw
mjd; gf;fj;jpy; fl;blNkh my;yJ k];[pNjh fl;LtJ $Lkh? $lhjh?
vd;gd Nghd;w ,f;Nfs;tpfSf;Fhpa gjpy; vd;dntdpy;> fg;iu [pahuj;Jr;
nra;jy; vd;gJ vy;yh K];ypk;fspdhYk; Vw;Wf; nfhs;sg;gl;l xd;whFk;.
,e;epiyapy; fg;U ,Ug;gjw;Fhpa milahsNk njhpatpy;iy vdpy; [pahuj;
vt;thW eilngw KbAk;? Mjyhy; ve;j ,lj;jpy; xU fy;iy Cd;wp
milahskpl KbANkh me;j ,lj;jpy; xU fy;iy Cd;wp
mf;fg;Uf;F
milahskplNtz;Lk;. xUNtis me;j ,lk; ntWk; jiuAk; kzYk;
cs;sjhf ,Ue;jhy; me;j ,lj;jpy; cs;s fg;iu nfl;bg;gLj;j Ntz;Lk;.
,t;tp\aj;jpy; ,t;thW nra;jy; $lhJ vd;gjw;F Fh;MdpNyh my;yJ
`jPjpNyh njspthd ve;jnthU MjhuKk; ,y;iy. nghJthfNt fg;iu
fl;LtJ vd;gNj $lhJ. (Mdhy; mNj Neuk; ve;j ,lj;jpy; xU nghpNahuJ
fg;Nuh my;yJ xU ,iwNerhpd; fg;Nuh ,Uf;fpwJ vd;gJ njhpate;jhy;
me;j ,lj;ij vLj;Jf; fl;LtJk; xU k];[pij mq;F Vw;gLj;JtJk; mJ
xU
]hyp`hd
kdpjhpd;
fg;U
vd;gij
milahsg;gLj;jpf;
fhl;Ltjw;fhfTk;> mq;Nf tUif jUNthh; mf;fg;uhspapd; %yk; guf;fj;ij
ngWtjw;fhfTk; ,t;thW nra;jy; Kd;Ndhh;fsJ Rd;dj;jhFk;. ,J Fwpj;j
Mjhuk; Fh;Mdpy; cs;sJ) cjhuzkhf Fh;MdpYs;s R+wh f`;gpy;
$wg;gLk; fPo;f; fz;l trdj;jpw;Fhpa tphpTiuapy;…
‫ﻓﻘﺎﻟﻮا اﺑﻨﻮا ﻋﻠﯿﮭﻢ ﺑﻨﯿﺎﻧﺎ‬
‘mjd;kPJ fl;blj;ijf; fl;Lq;fs; vdf; $wpdh;’
-my;Fh;Md; R+wh f/g;> trdk; 21.
R+uj;Jy; f`;gpYs;s Nkw;fz;l trdj;jpw;F tphpTiu nra;Ak;NghJ> jg;]Ph;
kjhhpf; vd;Dk; E}yhrphpah; $Wfpwhh;…
‫ﻓﻘﺎﻟﻮا ﺣﯿﻦ ﺗﻮﻓﻲ اﷲ اﺻﺤﺎب اﻟﻜﮭﻒ اﺑﻨﻮا ﻋﻠﯿﮭﻢ ﺑﻨﯿﺎﻧﺎ اي ﻋﻠﻲ ﺑﺎب ﻛﮭﻔﮭﻢ ﻟﺌﻼ ﯾﺘﻄﺮق اﻟﯿﮭﻢ اﻟﻨﺎس ﺑﺘﺮﺑﺘﮭﻢ‬
.‫وﻣﺤﺎﻓﻈﺔ ﻋﻠﯿﮭﺎ ﻛﻤﺎ ﺣﻔﻈﺖ ﺗﺮﺑﺔ رﺳﻮل اﷲ ﺻﻠﻲ اﷲ ﻋﻠﯿﮫ وﺳﻠﻢ ﺑﺎﻟﺤﻀﯿﺮة‬
‘vg;NghJ ,iwtd; m];`hGy; f`;GfSf;F kuzj;ij je;jhNdh mg;NghJ
[dq;fs; mth;fSila Fifapd; kPJ fl;blk; fl;LkhW $wpdh;. Vnddpy;
14

Ahkamul kuboor

mth;fspd; fg;iu eilghijahf;fp tplf; $lhJ vd;gjw;fhf. mj;Jld;
mth;fspd; fg;U ghJfhf;fg;gl Ntz;Lk; vd;gjw;fhfTk; fl;blk; fl;l
Ntz;Lnkdf; $wpdh;. vt;thW mz;zy; egp ]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p
t]y;yk; mth;fspd; fg;iu fl;blj;ijf; nfhz;L ghJfhf;fg;gl;lNjh
mt;thW ghJfhf;fg;gl Ntz;Lnkdf; $wpdh;.’
-E}y;: jg;]Ph; kjhhpf;> ghfk; 3> gf;fk; 7.
jg;]Ph; kjhhpf;fpd; Mrphpah; mLj;Jf; $Wfpwhh;….
‫ﻗﺎل اﻟﺪﯾﻦ ﻏﻠﺒﻮا ﻋﻠﻲ أﻣﺮھﻢ ﻣﻦ اﻟﻤﺴﻠﻤﯿﻦ وﻣﻠﻜﮭﻢ وﻛﺎﻧﻮا اوﻟﻲ ﺑﮭﻢ وﺑﺎﻟﺒﻨﺎء ﻋﻠﯿﮭﻢ ﻟﻨﺘﺨﺬن ﻋﻠﯿﮭﻢ ﻋﻠﻲ ﺑﺎب‬
.‫اﻟﻜﮭﻒ ﻣﺴﺠﺪا ﯾﺼﻠﻲ ﻓﯿﮫ اﻟﻤﺴﻠﻤﻮن وﯾﺘﺒﺮﻛﻮن ﺑﻤﻜﺎﻧﮭﻢ‬
‘m`;ny ,];yhkpah;fSk; mjpfhhpfSk; vg;NghJ m];`hGy; f`;Gfspd;
tp\aj;jpy; KO mjpfhuj;ij ngw;W tpl;ldNuh mg;NghJ mth;fs; mq;Nf
xU k];[pij fl;Ltjw;Fhpa chpikiaAk; ngw;wpUe;j fhuzj;jhy;
mth;fs;> ehq;fs; fz;bg;ghf ,f;Fif thrypy; xU k];[pijf; fl;LNthk;.
vjw;fhf vdpy;> mth;fis [pahuj;Jr; nra;a tUNthh; me;j k];[pjpy;
njhOJ guf;fj;ijAk; ngWthh;fs; vdf; $wpdh;. ’
-E}y;: jg;]Ph; kjhhpf; ghfk; 3> gf;fk; 7.
jg;]Ph; igshtpapy; $wg;gl;bUg;gjhtJ…
.‫ﺛﻢ رﺟﻌﻮا اﻟﻲ ﻣﻀﺎﺟﻌﮭﻢ ﻓﻤﺎﺗﻮا وﺑﻨﻲ ﻋﻠﯿﮭﻢ ﻣﺴﺠﺪا‬
‘gpd;dh; m];`hGy; f`;Gfs; jq;fpd; ,Ug;gplj;jpw;F jpUk;gp te;jNghJ
mth;fs; mfhynka;jp tpl;ljhy; mq;Nf xU k];[pj; fl;lg;gl;lJ.’
Nkw;fz;l rk;gtj;jpw;Fhpa tsf;fk; ahnjdpy;> m];`hGy; f`;Gfs;
mfhynka;jpa NghJ mth;fs; mf;FifapNyNa mlf;fk; nra;ag;gl;ldh;.
mijf; fz;l rpyh;> mth;fspd; fg;U ghJfhf;fg;gLtjw;fhfTk;> [dq;fs;
mf;fg;iu kpjpj;J tplf; $lhJ vd;gjw;fhfTk; me;j ,lj;jpy; xU fl;blk;
fl;l Ntz;Lnkd;Wk;> vt;thW egpath;fspd; fg;hpd; kPJ xU fl;blk;
fl;lg;gl;L ghJfhf;fg;gl;L tUfpwNjh mt;thW fl;lg;gl Ntz;Lnkdf; $w>
mt;thNw fl;lg;gl;lJ.
mJNghJ Ml;rpahsh;fSf;Fk; ,];yhkpah;fspYs;s nghpNahh;fSf;Fk; xU
fl;blk; fl;Lk; chpik mth;fsplk; ,Ue;jjhy;mth;fs;> ehq;fs; ,q;Nf xU
k];[pij fl;LNthjk;. mJ ,];yhkpah;fspd; epidTr; rpd;dkhf tpsq;Fk;.
mj;Jld; njhONthUk; ,k;k];[pjpy; te;J njhOthh;fs;. mjd; %yk;
mth;fSf;F guf;fj;Jk; fpilf;Fkj; vdf; $wpajw;nfhg;g me;j ,lj;jpy;
15

Ahkamul kuboor

xU
k];[pj;
fl;lg;gl;lJ.
,Jgw;wp
ekJ
\hPmj;jpy;
,njy;yhk;
khw;wpaikf;fg;gl;L
tpl;l
my;yJ
jil
nra;ag;gl;l
xd;nwd
kWf;fg;gltpy;iy. khwh fg;iu tzq;FtJk;> mjd; kPJ fh;g;gf;fpufk;
fl;LtijAk; jhd; (,J A+j> fpwp];Jth;fspd; eilKiwahFk;) \hPmj;jpy;
jil nra;ag;gl;Ls;sJ.
,JNghd;Nw my;yhkh ,g;D `[h; m];fyhdp u`pk`{y;yh`; mth;fs;
$Wfpd;wdh;…
‫ﻗﺎل اﻟﺒﯿﻀﺎوي ﻟﻤﺎ ﻛﺎﻧﺖ اﻟﯿﮭﻮد واﻟﻨﺼﺎري ﯾﺴﺠﺪون ﻗﺒﻮر اﻻﻧﺒﯿﺎء ﺗﻌﻈﯿﻤﺎ ﻟﺸﺄﻧﮭﻢ وﯾﺠﻌﻠﻮﻧﮭﺎ ﻗﺒﻠﺘﮫ ﯾﺘﻮﺟﮭﻮن ﻓﻲ‬
‫اﻟﺼﻠﻮة ﻧﺤﻮھﺎ واﺗﺨﺬوھﺎ اوﺛﺎﻧﺎ ﻣﻨﻌﮭﻢ اﻟﻤﺴﻠﻤﯿﻦ ذﻟﻚ ﻓﺎﻣﺎ ﻣﻦ اﺗﺨﺬ ﻣﺴﺠﺪا ﻓﻲ ﺟﻮار ﺻﺎﻟﺢ وﻗﺼﺪ اﻟﺘﺒﺮك‬
.‫ﺑﺎﻟﻘﺮب ﻣﻨﮫ ﻻ اﻟﺘﻌﻈﯿﻢ وﻻ اﻟﺘﻮﺟﮫ ﻧﺤﻮه ﻓﻼ ﯾﺪﺧﻞ ذﻟﻚ اﻟﻮﻋﯿﺪ‬
‘A+j> fpwpj;Jth;fs; egpkhh;fspd; fg;Ufis tzq;fp te;jdh;. ,d;Dk;
mth;fis fz;zpag;gLj;Jtjw;fhf mth;fis jq;fspd; fpg;yhthf Mf;fpf;
nfhz;bUe;jdh;. NkYk; njhOk;NghJ mth;fis Nehf;fpj; njhOjdh;.
mj;Jld; mth;fspd; fg;iu G+[pj;Jk; te;jdh;. ,ijj;jhd; ngUkhdhh;
]y;yy;yh`{
miy`p
t]y;yk;
mth;fs;
jkJ
ck;kj;jhuhfpa
K];ypk;fSf;F jil nra;jdh;.
mjw;F khwhf VjhtnjhU nghpahhpd; fg;Uf;Fg; gf;fj;jpy; xU
fl;b
mjd;
%yk;
guf;fj;ij
ehLtNjh
my;yJ
mlf;fg;gl;Ls;stuJ
rkPgj;Jtj;ij
ehlhj
epiyapy;
fz;zpag;ggLj;j Ntz;Lk; vd;gjw;fhf kl;Lk; mth;fis
Mf;FtJ Nkw;fz;l jilfspy; tuhJ vdf; $Wfpd;wdh;.

k];[pij
mf;fg;hpy;
mth;fis
fpg;yhthf

]`P`; G`hhp \hPgpy; $wg;gLfpwJ…
.‫ﻟﻌﻦ اﷲ اﻟﯿﮭﻮد واﻟﻨﺼﺎري اﺗﺨﺬوا ﻗﺒﻮر اﻧﺒﯿﺄءھﻢ ﻣﺴﺎﺟﺪ‬
‘my;yh`; A+j> fpwpj;Jth;fis y/dj;Jr; nra;jhd;. vjw;fhf vdpy;
mth;fs;
jq;fsJ
egpkhh;fspd;
fg;UfisNa
k];[pjhf
Mf;fpdh;
vd;gjw;fhf.’ –E}y;: Gfhhp> ghfk; 1> gf;fk; 61.
ij]PUy; fhhp \u`{ Gfhhpapy; $wg;gLfpwJ…

16

Ahkamul kuboor

‘my;yh`;jMyh A+jh;fis y/dj;Jr; nra;jjw;Fhpa fhuzkhdJ> jkJ
egpkhh;fspd; fg;Ufis k];[pjhf Mf;fpdh;. xd;W mth;fspd; fg;Ufis
Njhz;b mtw;iw mtkjpf;fk; tifapy; my;yJ Njhz;lhJ mf;fg;Ufis
k];[pjhf Mf;fpdh;. NkYk; mf;fg;Ufis Nehf;fp mth;fs; tzq;fpaNjhL
mjid
mth;fs;
tzf;fj;jpw;Fhpa
xd;whfTk;
Mf;fp
mth;fis
fz;zpag;gLj;JfpNwhk; vd;Dk; ngahpy; vy;iy kPwp msT fle;J
nray;gl;ljhy; ,t;tpU fhhpaq;fSk; mth;fis y/dj;Jf;F chpath;fshf
Mf;fpw;W’ –E}y;: ij]PUy; fhhp \u`{ Gfhhp ghfk; 1> gf;fk; 162.
guf;fj;jpw;fhfTk; mq;fPfhuj;jpw;fhfTk; jh;fh gs;spthry;fspy; njhOjy;
$Lk;.
mLj;J m\;mj;;Jy; yk;Mj; vd;Dk; E}ypy;…

‘mth;fSila (egpkhh;> typkhh;) fg;Uf;F mUfhikapy; xU k];[pij fl;b
mth;fis Nehf;fp njhohky; fpg;yhit Nehf;fp> ve;j ,lj;jpy; mth;fsJ
Gdpj Njfk; mlf;fk; nra;ag;gl;Ls;sNjh(jh;fh) me;j,lj;jpd; guf;fj;ijg;
ngWk; Nehf;fj;jpYk;> mth;fsJ Md;kPf kw;Wk; E}uhdpaj;jpd; Mw;wiy
nfhz;L jdJ njhOif mq;fPfhuj;ij ngWk; vd;Dk; vd;w vz;zj;jpy;
njhOjhy; ve;jj; jtWkpy;iy.’
-E}y;: m\;mj;Jy; yk;Mj; ghfk; 1> gf;fk; 295.
,JNghd;Nw ,khk; ,g;D `[h; kf;fP u`pk`{y;yh`; mth;fs;>…
‘me;j kdpjh; mf;fg;hpy; mlf;fg;gl;Ls;s ]hyp`hdtUila guf;fj;ij
ngWk;
Nehf;fj;jpYk;
mtuJ
rkPgj;Jtj;ij
ngw;Wf;
nfhs;Sk;
vz;zj;jpYk; mtuJ fg;Uf;F mUNf xU k];[pij fl;b mij fpg;yhthf
Mf;fhky; mf;fg;iu Nehf;fp njhohky; ,Ug;ghuhapd; ,J ,];yhkpa
khh;f;fr; rl;lg;gb jil nra;ag;gl;l xd;wy;y. ,.t;thW ]hyp`Pd;fSila
fg;Uf;F mUNf k];[pj; fl;lyhk;. ‘yp Fy;ypk;hpapd; kh eth’ ,jid
17

Ahkamul kuboor

khh;f;f
rl;l
tpw;gd;dh;fSk;>
cWjpgLj;jpAs;sdh;.

K`j;jp]Pd;fSk;>

Kg];]phPd;fSk;

ghUq;fs;! K`k;kj; ]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p t]y;yk; mth;fspd; GdpjkpF
fg;U \hPGf;F mUNf ,iwtdpd; fl;lisg;gb xU k];[pj; fl;lg;gl;lJ.
midtUk; me;j ,lj;ij fhyp nra;J tpl me;j ,lk; KOtijAk;
k];[pNjhL ,izf;fg;gl;L tpl;lJ. Mk;. ve;j ,lj;jpy; mUik egpath;fs;
mlf;fk; nra;ag;gl;Ls;shh;fNsh me;j ,lk; epue;jukhfNt tzf;fj;jpw;Fhpa
,lkhfpg; Ngha; tpl;lJ. ,d;Wtiu gy E}w;whz;Lfshf mf;fg;iu Rw;wp
]hyp`Pd;fSk;> ]yG ]hyp`Pd;fSk; ]yGfSk;> k];[pij tphpTg;gLj;jpf;
nfhz;Nljhd; tUfpd;wdh;. mj;Jld; [pahuj;J nra;NthUf;fhf mf;fg;Uf;F
NkNy mikf;fg;gl;Ls;s Nkw;$iuapd; fPo; epd;W Fh;Mid Xjp tUfpd;wdh;.
(NkYk; ]hyp`Pd;fSil;a fg;iu vLj;Jf; fl;Ltjw;F Vd; ,];yhj;jpy;
mDkjp toq;fg;gl;lnjdpy; mth;fs; [dq;fshy; mtkjpf;fgl;L tplf;
$lhJ vd;gjw;fhfTk;> tptrhap me;j ,lj;ij Njhz;btplf; $lhJ
vd;gjw;fhfTk;> mq;Nf mlf;fg;gl;bUg;gth; ahnudj; njhpakhy; tPLfs;
Nghd;wit
mth;fSila
fg;hpd;
kPJ
fl;lg;g l;L
tplf;
$lhJ
vd;gjw;fhfTk; mDkjpf;fg;gl;lJ. ,jid \hPmj; xU NghJk; jil
nra;atpy;iy.)
(`l;thlh) cwtpdh;fs; mUfpy; mlq;Fjy;.
gpd;Dk; K`k;kj; ]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p t]y;yk; mth;fs; `o;uj;
c];khd; gpd; ko;T+d; uypay;yh`{ md;`{ mth;fspd; fg;hpd; kPJ xU
kpfg; nghpa fy;iy Cd;wp milahsk; itf;fpd;wdh;. mj;Jld; egpath;fs;>
,f;fy;iy vdJ rNfhjuUila fg;Uf;F milahskhf itf;fpNwd;. gpd;dh;
vdJ FLk;gj;ijr; Nrh;e;Njhh; ,tuJ fg;Uf;F gf;fj;jpy; mlf;fk;
nra;ag;gLth; vd;Wk; $Wfpd;wdh;. mjd;gpd; mth;fsJ fg;Uf;F mUNf
`o;uj; ,g;D K`k;kj; ,g;uh`Pk; ]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p t]y;yk;
mth;fSk; gj;J egpj;Njhoh;fSk; me;j ,lj;jpy; mlf;fk; nra;ag;gl;ldh;.
‫ﻟﻤﺎ ﻣﺎت ﻋﺜﻤﺎن ﺑﻦ ﻣﻈﻌﻮن اﺧﺮج ﺑﺠﻨﺎزة ﻓﺪ ﻓﻦ اﻣﺮ اﻟﻨﺒﻲ ﺻﻠﻲ اﷲ ﻋﻠﯿﮫ وﺳﻠﻢ رﺟﻼ أن ﯾﺄﺗﯿﮫ ﺑﺤﺠﺮ ﻓﻠﻢ‬
‫ﯾﺴﺘﻄﻊ ﺣﻤﻠﮭﺎ ﻓﻘﺎم اﻟﯿﮭﺎ رﺳﻮل اﷲ ﺻﻠﻲ اﷲ ﻋﻠﯿﮫ وﺳﻠﻢ وﺣﺴﺮ ذراﻋﯿﮫ ﻗﺎل اﻟﻤﻄﻠﺐ ﻗﺎل اﻟﺬي ﯾﺠﺒﺮﻧﻲ ﻋﻦ‬
‫رﺳﻮل اﷲ ﺻﻠﻲ اﷲ ﻋﻠﯿﮫ وﺳﻠﻢ ﻛﺄﻧﻲ اﻧﻈﺮ اﻟﻲ ﺑﯿﺎض ذراﻋﻲ رﺳﻮل اﷲ ﺻﻠﻲ اﷲ ﻋﻠﯿﮫ وﺳﻠﻢ ﺣﯿﻦ ﺣﺴﺮ ﻋﻨﮭﺎ‬
.‫ﺛﻢ ﺣﻤﻠﮭﺎ ﻓﻮﺿﻌﮭﺎ ﻋﻨﺪ رأﺳﮫ ﻓﻘﺎل اﻋﻠﻢ ﺑﮭﺎ ﻗﺒﺮ اﺧﻲ وادﻓﻦ اﻟﯿﮫ ﻣﻦ ﻣﺎت اھﻠﻲ اﻟﻒ‬
‘`o;uj; c];khd; gpd; ko;T+d; uypay;yh`{ md;`{ mth;fs; ,t;Tyif
ePj;jNghJ mth;fs; mlf;fk; nra;ag;gl;ldh;. mJ NghJ egpath;fs; xUtiu
mioj;J mthplk; xU fy;iy nfhz;L tUkhW nrhy;y> mth; nrd;W xU
fy;iy J}f;f Kay> mJ kpfTk; fdkhf ,Ue;jjhy; mtuhy; J}f;f
18

Ahkamul kuboor

Kbatpy;iy. mijf; fz;l egpath;fs;> jhNk nrd;W jkJ if rl;ilia
cah;j;j mwptpg;ghsh; $Wfpwhh;> egpath;fs; jkJ rl;ilia cah;j;jpa
NghJ ehd; mth;fspd; G[j;jpd; ntz;ikiag; ghh;j;Njd;. gpwF mth;fNs
mf;fy;iy J}f;fpf; nfhz;L
te;J
`o;uj; c];khdila
fg;hpd;
jiyg;gFjpapy; itj;jdh;. gpd;dh; egpath;fs; mq;fpUe;Njhiu Nehf;fp> vdJ
rNfhjuhpd; fg;Uf;F ehd; milahsk; ,LfpNwd;. vd; FLk;gj;jpy; ahh;
fhyk; nrd;whYk; mth;fis ,tUila fg;Uf;Fg; gf;fj;jpy; jhd; mlf;fk;
nra;Ntd; vd;W $wpdh;.’
-E}y;: kp\;fhj; ghfk; 1> gf;fk; 149> mG+jhT+j; ghfk; 2> gf;fk; 101.
,JNghd;Nw `o;uj; nra;apjh ghj;jpkh uypay;yh`{ md;`h mth;fs;
i]apJ\; \{`jh `o;uj; `k;]h uypay;yh`{ md;`{ mth;fspd; fg;iu
]pahuj;Jr;
nra;tjw;fhf
c`Jila
kiyf;F
nrd;W
te;J
nfhz;bUe;jdh;. mj;Jld; mth;fspd; fg;iu mt;tg;NghJ rhpg;gLj;jp fl;bAk;
te;jdh;. mjd;gpd; mf;fg;iu njhpe;J nfhs;tjw;fhf mf;fg;Uf;F xU
fy;iy Cd;wp milahsKk; ,l;ldh;. mjd;gpd; mq;Nf nrd;W njhOJ
JMTk; nra;Jk; te;jdh;.
,t;thNw `o;uj; mfPy; uopay;yh`{ md;`{ mth;fspd; ,y;yj;jpw;Fs;
ck;Ky; K/kpdPd;fis Nrh;e;j xUthpd; fg;U te;j gpd; mth;fs; me;j
,lj;ij xU fl;blk; fl;b jdpahfg; gphpj;J tpl;ldh;. mj;Jl;d mth;fspd;
fg;iuAk; vLj;Jk; fl;b tpl;ldh;. tuyhw;whrpah;fs; ,Jgw;wp NtW rpy
fhuzq;fisf;
$Wfpd;wdh;.
mjhtJ
mf;fg;Ufspd;
kPJ
fw;fs;
Cd;wg;gl;bUe;jjhfTk;>
mjpy;
mth;fsJ
ngah;f;s
nghwpf;fg;gl;bUe;jjhfTk; $Wfpd;wdh;.
fg;iuf; fl;LtJ gw;wp khh;f;f mwpQh;fspd; fUj;J.
NkYk; Jh;Uy; Kf;jhh; vd;Dk; E}ypy; ghkuh;fspd; fg;Ufis vLj;Jf;
fl;Ltij
[hap]hd
xd;nwdf;
$wg;gl;Ls;sJ.
mjpYk;
Fwpg;ghf
]{y`hf;fs;>
k\hapfPd;fs;>
cykhf;fs;
Nghd;Nwhhpd;
fg;Ufis
nghpjhf;FtJk;> vLj;Jf; fl;LtJk; Kgh`hd xd;nwdf; $WtNjhL
[hap]hd xd;nwdTk; gj;th nfhLj;Js;sdh;. ngUkhdhh; ]y;yy;yh`{
miy`p
t]y;yk;
mth;fspd;
GdpjkpF
fg;U
\hPgpy;
Nkw;$iu
Nghlg;gl;bUe;j
NghJjhd;
mq;Nf
,U
egpj;Njhoh;fSk;
mlf;fk;
nra;ag;gl;ldh;. ,J egpj;Njhoh; kw;Wk; jhgpaPd;fspd; fhyj;jpy;jhd;
mikf;fg;gl;lJ. ,d;Dk; mjpNyNa ,d;ndhU Nkw;$iuiaAk; fl;bdh;.
mjd;gpd; ,];yhkpa fyPghf;fSk; fhopfSk; xd;W Nrh;e;J mth;fSila
fg;Ufspd; kPJ fl;blq;fis vOg;gpdh;. mJ ,d;Wtiu ,Uf;fpwJ.
,d;Dk; Jh;Uy; Kf;jhhpy; $wg;gl;Ls;sjhtJ…
19

Ahkamul kuboor

‫ﻗﯿﻞ ﻻ ﺑﺄس ﺑﮫ وھﻮ اﻟﻤﺠﺘﺎر‬
‘mjpy; ve;jj; jtWkpy;iy vdf; $wg;gl;Ls;sJ. gpd;Dk;
tpUk;gj;jf;f xd;WkhFk;.’ –E}y;: Jh;Uy; Kf;jhh; gf;fk; 148.

,Jjhd;

jfPuj;Jy; cf;gh vd;Dk; E}ypy;…
.‫وﻛﺮه اﻵﺟﺮ واﻟﺨﺸﺐ ﯾﻌﻨﻲ ﻓﻲ داﺧﻞ اﻟﻠﺤﺪ ﺑﺪﻟﯿﻞ ﻣﺎذﻛﺮه ﻓﺨﺮ اﻻﺳﻼم‬
‘fg;hpd; cl;Gwj;jpy; Rl;l fy;iNah my;yJ fha;e;j fl;iliaNah itg;gJ
$lhJ vd gf;Uy; ,];yhk; $Wfpd;wdh;.’
[hgpT]; ]fPh; vd;Dk; E}ypy; $wg;gl;Ls;sjhtJ…
‫وﻻ ﯾﻜﺮه اﻵﺟﺮ ﻋﻠﻲ اﻟﻈﺎھﺮ ﻻن اﻟﻨﺒﻲ ﺻﻠﻲ اﷲ ﻋﻠﯿﮫ وﺳﻠﻢ وﺿﻊ ﻋﻠﻲ ﻗﺒﺮ اﺑﻦ ﻣﻈﻌﻮن ﺣﺠﺮ اﻓﻘﺎل ﻻﻋﺮف‬
.‫ﺑﮫ ﻗﺒﺮ اﺧﻲ‬
‘fg;Uila ntspg;gFjpapy; Rl;l fy;iy itg;gJ kf;&`y;y. Vnddpy;
ngUkhdhh; ]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p t]y;yk; mth;fs; c];khd; gpd;
ko;T+d; uypay;yh`{ md;`{ mth;fSila fg;hpd; ntspg;Gwj;jpy; fy;iy
Cd;wpath;fs; ehd; vdJ rNfhjuUila fg;Uf;F milahsk; ,LfpNwd;
vd;W $wpdh;.’
,JNghd;Nw fg;Uf;F cl;gFjpapy; Rl;l fy;iy Cd;WtJ kf;&`hFk;.
mjw;F khwhf fg;Uf;F ntspg;gFjpapy; fy;iy Cd;Wtjhy; jtNwJk;
,y;iy.
.‫ﻗﺎل ﻓﺨﺮ اﻻ ﺳﻼم ﻓﺎن اﺣﺘﯿﺞ اﻟﻲ اﻟﻜﺘﺎﺑﺔ ﺣﺘﻲ ﯾﺬھﺐ اﻻﺋﺮ وﻻ ﯾﻤﺘﮭﻦ ﺑﮫ ﻓﻼ ﺑﺄس ﺑﮫ اﯾﻀﺎ‬
‘gf;Uy; ,];yhk; vd;ghh; $Wfpwhh;> fg;hpd; kPJ vOJtjhy; ve;jj;
jtWkpy;iy. ,we;J Nghdth; jdJ milahsk; kiwe;J tplf;$lhJ vd
tpUk;gpdhy; mjdhy; jtNwJk; ,y;iy.’
-E}y;: Jh;Uy; Kf;jhh; ghfk; 1 gf;fk; 148.
mLj;J my;yhkh Ky;yh
kp\;fhj; vd;Dk; E}ypy;…

myp

fhhp

u`pk`{y;yh`{

vd;ghh;

\u`{

.‫وﻗﺪ اﺑﺎح اﻟﺴﻠﻒ اﻟﺒﻨﺎء ﻋﻠﻲ ﻗﺒﺮ اﻟﻤﺸﺎﺋﺦ واﻟﻌﻠﻤﺎء اﻟﻤﺸﮭﻮرﯾﯿﻦ ﻟﯿﺰورھﻢ اﻟﻨﺎس وﻟﯿﺴﺘﺮ ﺣﻮا ﺑﺎﻟﺠﻠﻮس ﻓﯿﮫ‬
‘k\hapfPd;fd; kw;Wk; gpugykhd cykhf;fs; Nghd;Nwhhpd; fg;Ufis Rw;wp
fl;blk; vOg;Gtij ]yGfs; Kgh`; vdf; $Wfpd;wdh;. fhuzk; [dq;fs;
20

Ahkamul kuboor

mth;fis
[pahuj;Jr;
nra;tjw;fhfTk;>
mq;Nf
mkh;e;J
Xa;T
vLg;gjw;fhfTk; $Lk; vdf; $Wfpd;wdh;.’ –E}y;: kph;fhj; \u`{ kp\;fhj;.
,J Nghd;Nw f\;Gy; /fjh vd;Dk; E}ypy;…

]yGfs; k\hapfPd;fs; kw;Wk; cykhf;fs; Nghd;Nwhhpd; fg;Ufis Rw;wp
fl;blk; vOg;Gtij Kgh`; vdf; $Wfpd;wdh;. Vnddpy; [dq;fs;
mth;fis
[pahuj;J
nra;tjw;fhfTk;>
mq;Nf
mkh;e;J
Xa;T
vLg;gjw;fhfTk; ,J $Lk; vdf; $Wfpd;wdh;. xUNtis mf;fl;blk; me;j
,lj;ij moFg;gLj;Jk; Nehf;fj;jpy; fl;lg;gl;lhy; mJ kf;&`hFk;.
mth;fsJ fhyj;jpy;jhd; egpj;Njhoh;fsJ fg;Ufspd; kPJ Fg;ghf;fs;
fl;lg;gl;ld. ,J mf;fhyj;jpa cykhf;fs; [hap]; vdf; $wpa gpd;dNu
eilngw;wpUf;f Ntz;Lk;. ,d;Dk; K`k;kj; ]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p
t]y;yk; mth;fspd; fg;U \hPgpd; kPJ kpfg;nghpa Fg;gh fl;lg;gl;Ls;sJ
vd;gij ftdj;jpy nfhs;f.
kjhhp[{d; EGt;tj; vd;Dk;
jp`;ytp u`pk`{y;yh`;….

E}ypy;

my;yhkh

21

mg;Jy;

`f;

K`j;jp];

Ahkamul kuboor

kjhypGy; K/kpdPd; vd;Dk; E}ypy; $wg;gl;Ls;sJ. k\hapfPd;fs; kw;Wk;
cykhf;fspd; fg;Ufs; kPJ fl;blk; fl;LtJ Kgh`hFk;. vjw;fhf vdpy;>
[dq;fs; [pahuj;J nra;tjw;fhfTk;> me;j epoypy; mkh;e;J Xa;T
vLg;gjw;fhfTk; $Lk;. ‘kpg;jh`; \u`{ k]hgP`;’ vd;Dk; E}ypy;> ehd;
Gfhuhtpy; fg;Ufs; kPJ nfl;bahd fl;blk; fl;lg;gl;bUg;gijg; ghh;j;Njd;.
,jid ,];khaPy; ]h`pj; u`pk`{y;yh`; mth;fs; [hap]hd xd;nwdf;
$wpapUe;jdh;. ,th;fs; gpugykhd rl;l Nkijfspy; xUtuhth;.
jh;fhtpy; Nkw;$iu mikj;jy;
NkYk; ka;apj; mlf;fk; nra;ag;gl;l gpd; fg;hpd; kPJ Nkw;$iu mikg;gJ
Fwpj;J Gfhhp \hPg;> kw;Wk; IdP> \u`{ Gfhhp Nghd;w E}y;fspy;
egpj;Njhoh;fis nfhz;L mwptpf;fg;gLfpwJ….
‫ﻣﺎت اﻟﺤﻜﻢ اﺑﻦ اﻟﻌﺎص ﻓﻲ ﺧﻼﻓﺔ ﻋﺜﻤﺎن ﻓﻀﺮب ﻋﻠﻲ ﻗﺒﺮه ﻓﺴﻄﺎس ﻓﻲ ﯾﻮم ﺻﺎﺋﻒ ﻓﺘﻜﻠﻢ اﻟﻨﺎس ﻓﻲ ذﻟﻚ ﻓﻘﺎل‬
.‫ﻋﺜﻤﺎن رﺿﻲ اﷲ ﻋﻨﮫ ﻗﺪ ﺿﺮب ﻓﻲ ﻋﮭﺪ ﻋﻤﺮ ﻋﻠﻲ زﯾﻨﺐ ﺑﻨﺖ ﺟﺤﺶ ﻓﺴﻄﺎس ﻓﮭﻞ رأﯾﺘﻢ ﻋﺎﺋﺒﺎ ﻋﺎب ذﻟﻚ‬
,d;Dk; my; ,]hgh /gP m`;thyp]; ]`hgh vd;Dk; E}ypy;> `o;uj;
i]apjpdh c];khd; uopay;yh`{ md;`{ mth;fspd; Ml;rp fhyj;jpy;
`fk; ,g;D M]; uypay;yh`{ md;`{ mth;fs; kiwe;j NghJ
mth;fSila
fg;Uf;F
Nky;
ntapypd;
fhuzkhf
nfhl;lif
mikf;fg;gl;lNghJ mijf; fz;l [dq;fs; xUtpjkhf NgRtijf; Nfl;l
cJkhd; uypay;yh`{ md;`{ mth;fs; >`o;uj; ckUila Ml;rp fhyj;jpd;
NghJ `o;uj; i[dg; gpd;j;J [`\; cila fg;Uf;F Nky; nfhl;lif
mikf;fg;gl;lNghJ ahuhtJ mij kWj;jhh;fsh? my;yJ Fiw $Wgth;
vtNuDk; mijg;gw;wp Fiw $wpaij ePq;fs; Nfl;Bh;fsh vdf; Nfl;ldh;.
Rd;dj; ty; [khmj;jpd; nfhs;if.
`o;uj; nksyhdh mg;Jy; `hkpj; Kf;jjh; gjhA+dp Fj;jp] ]ph;u`{ jkJ
E}yhd ‘mfhapNj m`;ny Rd;dj;’ vd;Dk; E}ypy;> ck;jj;Jy; fhhp \u`{
Gfhhp vd;Dk; E}iy Mjhukhff; fhl;b vOJfpd;wdh;.
‫وﺿﺮب ﻋﻤﺮ رﺿﻲ اﷲ ﻋﻨﮫ ﻋﻠﻲ ﻗﺒﺮ زﯾﻨﺐ ﺑﻨﺖ ﺟﺤﺶ وﺿﺮﺑﮫ ﻣﺤﻤﺪ ﺑﻦ اﻟﺤﻨﯿﻔﺔ ﻋﻠﻲ ﻗﺒﺮ اﺑﻦ ﻋﺒﺎس‬
`o;uj; ckh; uypay;yh`{ md;`{ mth;fs; i]dg; gpd;j; [`\; cila
fg;Uf;F Nky; nfhl;lif Nghl;ldh;. ,t;thNw K`k;kj; gpd; `dPgh
mth;fs; `o;uj; ,g;D mg;gh]; ujypay;yh`{ md;`{ mth;fspd; fg;Uf;F
Nky; nfhl;lif mikj;jdh;.
NkYk; mfhapNj m`;ny Rd;dj;jpd;
Mjhug;gLj;jp vOJfpd;wdh;…
22

Mrphpah;

IdP

vd;Dk;

E}iy

Ahkamul kuboor

.‫ﺿﺮب اﻓﺴﻄﺎس ان ﻛﺎن ﯾﻐﺮض ﺻﺤﯿﺢ ﻛﺎﻟﺘﺴﺘﺮ ﻣﻦ اﻟﺸﻤﺲ ﻣﺜﻼ ﻟﻼ ﺣﯿﺎء ﻻ ﻇﻼل اﻟﻤﯿﺖ ﻓﻘﻂ ﺟﺎز‬
‘ika;apj;jpw;F epoy; juNtz;Lk; vd;w Nehf;fkpd;wp [dq;fis ntapypd;
c\;zj;jpypUe;J ghJfhf;f Ntz;Lk; vd;w Nehf;fj;jpy; nfhl;lif
mikf;fg;gl;lhy; ,J [hap]hd xd;whFk;.’ vdf; $Wfpd;wdh;.
my;yhkh i]apj; K`k;kj; mkPd; Fj;jp] ]ph;u`{ vd;ghh; Jh;Uy; Kf;jhh;
vd;Dk; E}ypy; $Wfpd;wdh;…
.‫وﻓﻲ اﻻﺣﻜﺎم ﻋﻦ ﺟﺎﻣﻊ اﻟﻔﺘﺎوي وﻗﯿﻞ ﻻﯾﻜﺮه اﻟﺒﻨﺎء اذا ﻛﺎن اﻟﻤﯿﺖ ﻣﻦ اﻟﻤﺸﺎﺋﺦ واﻟﻌﻠﻤﺎء واﻟﺴﺎدات‬
‘m`;fhk; [hkpTy; gjhth vd;Dk; E}ypy; $wg;gl;bUg;gjhtJ> fg;iur; Rw;wp
fl;blk;
vOg;GtJ
i\Fkhh;fs;>
cykhf;fs;>
]hjhj;Jf;fspd;
fg;UfshapUe;jhy; kf;&`py;iy.’ –E}y;: Jh;Uy; Kf;jhh; ghfk;1> gf;fk; 601.
fpyh/g; Nghh;it Nghh;j;Jjy;
my;yhkh mg;Jy; `hkpj; gjhA+dp Fj;jp]
mfhapNj m`;ny Rd;dj; vd;Dk; E}ypy;>
Nkw;Nfhs; fhl;b vOJfpd;wdh;….

]ph;u`{ mth;fs; jkJ
jg;]Ph; &`{y; gahid

‫ﻓﺒﻨﺎء اﻟﻘﺒﺎب ﻋﻠﻲ ﻗﺒﻮر اﻻ وﻟﯿﺎء واﻟﺼﻠﺤﺎء ووﺿﻊ اﻟﺴﺘﻮر واﻟﻌﻤﺎﺋﻢ واﻟﺜﯿﺎب ﻋﻠﻲ ﻗﺒﻮرھﻢ اﻣﺮ ﺟﺎﺋﺰ اذاﻛﺎن‬
.‫اﻟﻘﺼﺪ ﺑﺬﻟﻚ اﻟﺘﻌﻈﯿﻢ ﻓﻲ اﻋﯿﻦ اﻟﻌﺎﻣﺔ ﺣﺘﻲ ﻻ ﯾﺤﺘﻘﺮ واﺻﺤﺎب اﻟﻘﺒﺮ‬
‘typkhh;fs;> ]hyp`Pd;fs; Nghd;Nwhhpd; fg;Ufspd; kPJ Fg;ghf;fis
fl;LtJk;> Jzpapyhd Nghh;itia Nghh;j;JtJk; ghkuh;fspd; ghh;itapy;
mth;fspd;
kfj;Jtj;ij
vLj;Jf;
fhl;Lk;
Nehf;fj;jpy;
,it
nra;ag;gLkhapd; ,J [hap]hd xd;whFk;.’
gjhapT]; ]dhap/ vd;Dk; E}ypy;…
‫ان ﻋﺒﺪ اﷲ ﺑﻦ ﻋﺒﺴﺎ رﺿﻲ اﷲ ﻋﻨﮭﻤﺎ ﻟﻤﺎ ﻣﺎت ﺑﺎﻟﻄﺎﺋﻒ ﺻﻠﻲ ﻋﻠﯿﮫ ﻣﺤﻤﺪ ﺑﻦ اﻟﺤﻨﯿﻔﺔ وﻛﺒﺮ ﻋﻠﯿﮫ ارﺑﻌﺎ وﺟﻌﻞ‬
.‫ﻟﮫ ﻟﺤﺪا وأدﺧﻠﮫ ﻣﻦ ﻗﺒﻞ اﻟﻘﺒﻠﺔ وﺟﻌﻞ ﻗﺒﺮه ﻣﺴﻨﻤﺎ وﺿﺮب ﻋﻠﯿﮫ ﻓﺴﻄﺎﻃﺎ‬
‘`o;uj; mg;Jy;yh`; gpd; mg;gh]; uypay;yh`{ md;`{ mth;fs; jhapgpy;
itj;J mfhynka;jpa NghJ K`k;kj; gpd; `dPgh mth;fs; (`o;uj; myp
uypay;yh`{ md;`{ mth;fspd; ike;jh;) ehd;F jf;gPh;fis $wp njhOjdh;.
mj;Jld; mth;fSila fg;iu mth;fNs Njhz;bdh;. mjd;gpd; fpg;yhtpd;
gf;fkhf fPNo ,wq;fpdh;. gpd;dh; mf;fg;iu xl;lfj;jpd; KJifg; Nghd;W
cah;j;jpath;fs; mf;fg;Uf;F Nky; nfhl;lifAk; mikj;jdh;.’
-E}y;: gjhapT]; ]dhap/ /gPjh;jPG\; \uhap/ ghfk; 1> gf;fk; 320.
23

Ahkamul kuboor

NkYk;
]yG];
]hyp`Pd;fSila
hpthaj;Jf;fisAk;
mth;fspd;
eltbf;iffisAk; ghh;f;Fk;NghJ fl;blq;fis fl;lf; $lhJ vd;gjw;Fhpa
ghlj;jpy; fg;Ufis vLj;Jf; fl;LtJ `uhnkd;W $wg;gltpy;iy. mt;thW
,y;iyNay; m];yhGfs; mij Kgh`; vdf; $wpapUf;f khl;lhh;fs;.
mj;Jld; fg;Ufis
vLj;Jf; fl;Ltjw;Fk; cah;j;jpf; fl;Ltjw;Fk;
mDkjpj;jpUf;f khl;lhh;fs;. ,dp vtNuDk; xU rl;lNkij fg;Ufis
vLj;Jf; fl;lf; $lhJvd;Nwh my;yJ cah;j;jf; $lhJ vd;Nwh $wpAs;shh;
vdpy;> mJ ngUikf;fhf mt;thW nra;tJ jhd; $lhJvdf; $wpapUg;ghh;.
,t;thW f\;Gy; /fjh> g`;Uh; uhapf;> gj;`{y; fjPh; Nghd;w E}y;fspy;
,f;fhuzq;fs; jhd; $wg;gl;Ls;sJ.
mLj;J ]/gU]; ]Mjj; vd;Dk; E}ypy; `o;uj; my;yhkh K`j;jp];
nj`;ytp u`pk`{y;yh`; mth;fs; $Wfpd;wdh;…

‘jw;fhyj;jpy; ghkuh;fspd; mwpahikia fhuzkhff; nfhz;L i\Fkhh;fs;>
]hyp`Pd;fs; Nghd;Nwhhpd; fg;Ufis vLj;Jf; fl;Ltjpy; rpy EZf;fq;fs;
cs;sd. mjhtJ ,jd; %yk; ,];yhj;jpd; nfsutk; vLj;Jf; fhl;lg;gl
Ntz;Lk;
vd;gNjhL
mq;Nf
mlq;fg;gl;Ls;sth;fspd;
fz;zpaKk;
ntspg;gLj;jg;gl Ntz;Lk; vd;gjw;fhfNt ,f;fhyj;jpy; ey;Nyhh;fspd;
fg;Ufs; vLj;Jf; fl;lg;gLfpd;wd. NkYk; epiwa mky;fs; nray;ghLfs;
Nghd;wit
vijnay;yhk;
]yGfs;
kf;&`;
vd
epidj;jhh;fNsh
mitfnsy;yhk; ,g;NghJ tpUk;gj;jf;f xd;whf Mfp tpl;ld.’
Mf ve;nje;j `jP];fspy; fg;Ufis vLj;Jf; fl;Ljy; $lhnjdf;
$wg;gl;Ls;sNjh me;j `jP];fspy; mt;thW $wg;gl;bUg;gjw;Fhpa Nehf;fk;
ahnjdpy; vt;thW A+jh;fs; jkJ egpkhh;fspd; fg;Ufis tzf;fj;jpw;Fhpa
];jykhf Mf;fpdhh;fNsh ,t;thNw jkJ Kd;Ndhh;fspd; fg;Ufs; kPJ
ngUk; ngUk; fl;blq;fisAk; kpdhuhf;fisAk; mikj;jhh;fNsh mJ
Nghd;W K];ypk;fs; nra;af; $lhJ vd;gjw;fhf fg;Ufs; kPJ fl;blk;
fl;lg;gLtJ kWf;fg;gl;lJ. fhuzk; mf;fl;blq;fis nfhz;L mq;Nf
mlf;fg;gl;Ls;stUf;Nfh my;yJ mij jhprpf;f tUgtUf;Nfh vj;jifa
gpuNah[dKk; fpilahJ.
24

Ahkamul kuboor

khwhf ,J tPz; nryTk; ngUikf;fhfTk; nra;ag;gLfpw xd;whFk;.
cjhuzkhf kp];hpy; ehd;F kpdhuhf;fis nfhz;l fpwp];Jth;fspd;
fg;Ufs; ,Uf;fpd;wd. mjw;F khw;wkhf ehk; nray;gl Ntz;LnkdTk;>
,y;iyNay; ehk; mth;fis gpd;gw;wpath;fshfp tpLNthk; vdf; $wp
K];ypk;fis Vkhw;WtJ mth;fis jtwhd ghijf;F jpUg;gp tpl;Ltplf;
$Lk;. Mjyhy; ,ijj;jhd; ]yGfs; $lhnjd kWj;jdh;.
fg;iu fl;LtJ Fg;Nuh \ph;f;Nfh my;y.
mt;thwpd;wp
fg;Ufis
vLj;Jf;
fl;Ltij
\ph;f;nfd;Nwh
my;yJ
Fg;nud;Nwh nrhy;yg;gLkhapd; egpath;fspd; ck;kj;Jf;fs; midtUk;
y/dj;Jf;F chpath;fshfp tpLth;. NkYk; `jPjpy; $wg;gLk; ‘yh j[;jkpT
ck;kjP myy; oyhyjP’ (vdJ ck;kj;Jf;fs; topNfl;by; xUq;fpiza
khl;;lhh;fs;) vdf; $wg;gl;lJ mh;j;jkw;w xd;whf Mfpg;Ngha; jtwhd
mh;j;jj;ij nfhLf;ff; $ba xd;whf MfptpLk;. eT+J gpy;yh`p kpd; ]_apy;
,/jpfhjp ty;yh`{ jMyh m/yk; t my;yk`{ mjk;K t m`;fk;.
t`;`hgpfspd; ghh;itf;F….
cz;ikgLj;Jjy;
ty;yh`{ `f; `f; `f;
ehd; my;yh`;Tila NguUshy; kf;fhtpy; Ie;J Mz;Lfs; tiu jq;fp
,Ue;Njd;. mjpy; rpy fhyk; JUf;fpahpd; Ml;rpNa eilngw;W te;jJ.
mjpfkhd fhyk; \hPg; `{i]dpd; Ml;rpjhd; eilngw;wJ. mg;NghJ
cyfpd; gy ghfq;fspypUe;J gy cykhf;fs; `[;[{f;fhf Ntz;b tUif
je;jdh;. mth;fspy; ve;j Kfy;ypj; MypKk; mq;Nf fl;lg;gl;bUe;j
Fg;ghf;fisNah my;yJ fg;UfisNah jtwhdnjd;W nrhy;yNt ,y;iy.
ehL tpLjiy mile;j gpwF $l ntspapy; ,Ue;J tUif je;j
cykhf;fNsh my;yJ cs;Shpy; ,Ue;j cykhf;fNsh ahUNk [d;dj;Jy;
Kmy;yhtpy; ,Ue;j fg;UfNsh my;yJ mjd; kPJ fl;lg;gl;bUe;j
Fg;ghf;fNsh my;yJ k];[pJy; [pd;> k];[pj; [gy;> mG+ Fig];
Nghd;witfisNah \hPmj;jpw;F khw;wkhdit vdf; $wtpy;iy. ,jpypUe;J
mth;fspd;
xUq;fpizg;Gk;
nghUe;jpf;
nfhz;l
epiyAk;
ekf;Fj;
njspthfpwJ.
,JNghd;Nw ehd; `p[;hp 1312Yk; `p[;hp 1329Yk; ]pahuj;jpw;fhf Ntz;b
kjPdh Kdt;tuhtpw;F nrd;wNghJ mq;Nf ,e;jpah> \hk;> kw;Wk; k/hpg;
Njrj;ijr;
Nrh;e;jth;fnsy;yhk;
,Ue;jdh;.
mth;fSk;
mq;fpUe;j

25

Ahkamul kuboor

k];[pJfisAk;> [d;dj;Jy; gfPapy; ,Ue;j Fg;ghf;fisAk;
nra;jdh;. mth;fspy; ahUNk ,J $lhnjdf; $wtpy;iy.

]pahuj;Jr;

Mk;. ekJ `uikDila cykhf;fs; tUif je;jpUe;j cykhf;fisg;
gw;wp jtwhf vz;zpf; nfhz;L VNjh xU fhuzj;jpw;fhf \hPmj;Jila
rl;lj;ij $Wtjw;Fg; gjpyhf nksdk; rhjpj;J tpl;ldh; vd ehk;
epidj;Jf; nfhs;Nthkhapd; ,jw;F ve;j gjpYk; fpilahJ. kw;wgb
khh;f;fj;jpy; vit vit jil nra;ag;gl;Ls;sNjh mtw;iw ehk; epidtpy;
nfhs;s Ntz;Lk;.
rT+jp Ml;rp ,];yhkpa Ml;rp my;y.
mj;Jld; ,d;W ,];yhkpa Ml;rp kiwe;J tpl;l fhuzj;jhy; xt;nthUtUk;
mtutUf;Fj; Njhd;wpathW vy;yhk; vOjj; Jtq;fp tpl;ldh;. vJ
khh;f;fj;jpy; mDkjpf;fg;gl;Ls;sNjh mnjy;yhk; `jPJf;F khw;wkhdit
vdf; $Wfpd;wdh;. rpyNghJ ,J ,khk; mG+`dPgh cila nrhy;Yf;F
khw;wkhdJ vd;fpd;wdh;.
,d;Dk; rpyh; ,e;j Fg;ghf;fs; fg;Ufs; vy;yhNk khw;W rKjhaj;jpdhpd;
efy;fs; vdf; $Wfpd;wdh;. ek;g Kbatpy;iy. [dq;fs; jkJ tapw;Wg;
gpiog;Gf;fhf ,g;gbnay;yhk; Ngrpj; jphpfpd;wdh;. ,th;fspy; ahh; `[;[{f;F
nry;fpwhh;fNsh mth;fs; nfhQ;rk; c\huhfpd;wdh;. mq;Fs;s K[hth;fs;>
ghJfhg;ghsh;fs; `[;[{ nra;a tUk; `h[pfsplk; vg;NghJk; vJTk;
Nfl;gjpy;iy. xUNtis
`h[pfs;
mth;fs; Nfl;fhkNyNa
vJTk;
mth;fSf;Ff; nfhLj;jhy; mij thq;fpf; nfhs;tjpy; jtNwJk; ,y;iy.
K];ypk;fs; jq;fSila <khidAk; mfPjhitAk; mth;fs; $Wtijf;
Nfl;L jtwhd topapy; Ngha;tpl Ntz;lhk;. khwhf ,j;jifNahhpd;
rfthrj;jpypUe;Jk;
vOj;Jf;fspypUe;Jk; ek;ik
ghJfhj;Jf; nfhs;s
Ntz;Lk;.
‫ﻓﻘﻂ ھﺬا ﻣﺎﻋﻨﺪي واﷲ اﻋﻠﻢ ﺑﺎﺻﻮاب ﺣﺮره ﻣﺸﺘﺎق اﺣﻤﺪ ﺧﺎدم اﻟﻄﺎﺑﺔ ﻓﻲ اﻟﻤﺪرﺳﺔ اﻟﺼﻮﻟﺘﯿﺔ ﻣﻜﮫ ﻣﻜﺮﻣﮫ‬
.‫ﺳﺎﺑﻘﺎ ﺣﺎل وارد ﺑﺪاﯾﻮن ﻣﺪرﺳﮫ ﺷﻤﺲ اﻟﻌﻠﻮم ﺻﺢ اﻟﺠﻮاب واﷲ ﺗﻌﺎﻟﻲ اﻋﻠﻢ‬
,U `jP];fSf;F jkpohf;fpNahdpd; tpsf;fTiu
egpath;fs; fg;Ufis ,bf;fr; nrhd;dhh;fsh?
‫ﺷﺎ اﺣﻤﺪ ﺑﻦ ﺑﺸﺮ اﻟﺘﺴﺘﺮي اﺑﻮ ﺣﻔﺺ ﺷﺎاﺣﻤﺪ ﺑﻦ ﻣﺤﻤﺪ ﺑﻦ اﻟﻌﻤﺎر اﻟﺮازي ﺷﺎ اﺳﺤﺎق ﺑﻦ ﺳﻠﯿﻤﺎن اﻟﺮازي ﺷﺎ‬
‫اﻟﻤﻔﻀﻞ ﺑﻦ ﺻﺪﻗﺔ اﺑﻮ ﺣﻤﺎد اﻟﺤﻨﻔﻲ ﻋﻦ اﺑﻲ اﻟﮭﯿﺎج اﻻ ﺳﺪي ﻗﺎل ﺑﻌﺸﻲ ﻋﻠﻲ ﺑﻦ اﺑﻲ ﻃﺎﻟﺐ ﻓﻘﺎل اﺗﺪري ﻣﺎ‬
‫اﺑﻌﺜﻚ واﺑﻌﺜﻚ ﻋﻠﻲ ﻣﺎ ﺑﻌﺸﻲ ﻋﻠﯿﮫ رﺳﻮل اﷲ ﺻﻠﻲ اﷲ ﻋﻠﯿﮫ وﺳﻠﻢ ﻗﺎل ﻻ ﺗﺪع ﺗﻤﺜﺎﻻ اﻻ ﻛﺴﺮﺗﮫ وﻻ ﻗﺒﺮا ﻣﺴﻨﻤﺎ‬
.‫اﻻ ﺳﻮﯾﺘﮫ ﻟﻢ ﯾﺮوه ﻋﻦ اﻟﻦ اﺳﺤﺎق اﻻ اﻟﻤﻔﻀﻞ وﻻ ﻋﻨﮫ اﻻ اﺳﺤﺎق اﻟﺮازي ﺗﻔﺮد ﺑﮫ ﻣﺤﻤﺪ ﺑﻦ ﻋﻤﺎر‬

26

Ahkamul kuboor

‘`o;uj;
myp
fh;uky;yh`{ t[;``_
mth;fs; $wpdh;>
mjhtJ
mz;znyk;ngUkhdhh; K`k;kkj; ]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p t]y;yk;
mth;fs; vd;dplk; $wpdh;> ve;j cUtg; glj;ijf; fz;lhYk; mij
cilj;njwpahky; tpl;L tplhjPh;. ,t;thNw ve;jnthU fg;Uk; caukhf
,Uf;f Ntz;lhk;. mij rkg;gLj;jp tpLq;fs;’ vdf; $wpdh;.
E}y;: my; K/[K]; ]fPh; jg;uhdp gf;fk; 29.
,e;j `jP]; Fwpg;gplg;gLk; ‘]t;itJ`_’ vd;gjw;F ,khk; \hgp<
u`;kj;Jy;yh`p miy`p mth;fs; fg;U xl;lfj;jpd; KJifg; Nghy;
,Uf;fhky; mij ‘jl;ilahf;fp tpLjy;’; vd;gjhFk;. Mdhy; ,g;D
ijkpa;ah $Wtijg; Nghy fg;Ufis ‘,bj;njwpjy;’ vd;gJ mh;j;jkhfhJ.
,jw;F Fh;Md; jUk; Mjhuj;ijg; ghUq;fs;.
]t;itJ`{ vd;gJ gw;wp Fh;Md;.
.‫ﺛﻢ اﺳﺘﻮي اﻟﻲ اﻟﺴﻤﺂء ﻓﺴﻮاھﻦ ﺳﺒﻊ ﺳﻤﻮات‬
‘gpd;G thdj;jpd; gf;fkhf ,iwtd; jdJ ftdj;ij jpUg;gpa NghJ
mjid VO thdq;fshf Kiwg;gLj;jpdhd;.’ –my;Fh;Md;> gfuh trdk; 3.
.‫ﻓﺎذا ﺳﻮﯾﺘﮫ وﻧﻔﺨﺖ ﻓﯿﮫ ﻣﻦ روﺣﻲ ﻓﻘﻌﻮا ﻟﮫ ﺳﺎﺟﺪﯾﻦ‬
‘,dp ehd; Mjik(miy`p];]yhk;) gilj;J mtiu nrk;ikg; gLj;jp
vdJ Md;khit mtUf;Fs; Cjpagpd; mtUf;F ]{[_J nra;a Ntz;Lk;.’
–my;Fh;Md; `[;h; trdk; 14.
Mf Nkw;fz;l `jPjpYk; Fh;MDila ,U trdq;fspYk; ‘]t;itJ`{‘
‘]t;th`{d;d’ vd;Dk; thf;fpaq;fs; jiuf;F Nky; cah;j;jg;gl;Ls;s
fg;Ufis ‘rhpg;gLj;Jjy;’ ‘Kiwg;gLj;Jjy;’ ‘nrt;itahf;Fjy;’ vd;gJjhd;
mh;j;jkhFNk md;wp ,g;D ijkpa;ahTk; mtiu gpd;gw;Wk; ,d;iwa
t`;`hgpfSk; $WtJ Nghy; jdiuf;F NkNy cah;j;jg;gl;Ls;s fg;Ufis
‘,bj;njwpjy;’ vd;gJ mh;j;jkhfhJ.
,dp Nkw;fz;l `jPij egpath;fs; ahhplk; $Wfpd;wdh;? `o;uj; myp
uypay;yh`{ md;`{ mth;fsplk; $Wfpd;wdh;. rpwpJ Nahrpj;Jg; ghUq;fs;.
gy;yhapuf;fzf;fhd egpj;Njhoh;fs; ,Uf;Fk; NghJ mUik egpath;fs;
Fwpg;ghf fg;Ufis Fwpj;j tp\aj;jpy; `o;uj; mypath;fsplk; kl;Lk; Vd;
$w Ntz;Lk;? NtW Njhoh; ahhplkhtJ ,g;nghWg;ig nfhLj;jpUf;fyhk;
my;yth! egpath;fs; mt;thW nra;ahky; `o;uj; mypath;fis kl;Lk;
mioj;J mth;fsplk; ‘cUtg; glq;fis fz;lhy; mtw;iw rpijf;fhky;
27

Ahkamul kuboor

tpl;L tplhjPh;. ,J Nghd;Nw jiuf;F NkNy cah;j;jg;gl;Ls;s fg;Ufis
rhpg;gLj;Jq;fs; my;yJ Kiwg;gLj;Jq;fs;’ vdf; $wpajw;F fhuzk;….
fg;Ufis ,bf;f mypath;fis Njh;e;njLj;jJ Vd;?
`o;uj; mypath;fSf;F gy fhuzg; ngah;fSz;L. mtw;wpy; ‘mG+Juhg;’
vd;nwhU fhuzg; ngaUk; mth;fSf;F cz;L. mG+Juhg; vd;why; ‘kz;zpd;
je;ij’ vd;gJ nghUshFk;. vy;yh kdpjh;fSk; kz;Zf;F NkNy vd;d
,Uf;fpwJ vd;gij vt;thW njspthf ghh;f;fpwhh;fNsh mt;thW `o;uj;
mypath;fs; kz;Zf;F fPNo vd;d ,Uf;fpwJ vd;gij ghh;f;Fk; Mw;wiy
nfhz;bUe;jth;fs;.
,e;epiyapy; egpath;fs; kjPdhTf;F `p[;uj;Jr; nra;J tUtjw;F Kd;
kjPdhtpy; A+jh;fSk; ,Ue;jdh;. fpwp];Jth;fSk; ,Ue;jdh;. ,e;j A+j>
fpwp];Jth;fSk; ,];yhkpah;fisg; Nghy jq;fspy; ,we;J NghNthiu
kz;zpy; Gijj;J mth;fspd; kz;ziwfSf;F Nky; fy;yiwfis fl;b
mth;fspd; cUtg; glq;fis Xtpaq;fshf jPl;b mf;fy;yiwfspd;
jiykhl;by; khl;b itj;jpUe;jdh;.
,j;jifa R+o;epiyapy; egpath;fs; kjPdhTf;F te;J Nrh;e;j gpd;
egpath;fis tpRthrpj;j tpRthrpfspy; xUth; gpd; xUtuhf fhyk; nry;y
mth;fisAk;
egpath;fs;
kz;zpy;
mlf;fk;
nra;fpd;wdh;.
me;j
epiyapy;jhd; egpath;fs; jkJ Njhoh;fs; ahUk; fg;Ufis ]pahuj;Jr;
nra;af; $lhJ vd;W jil nra;fpd;wdh;.
gpd;dh; A+jh;fSk;> fpwp];Jth;fSk; egpath;fSf;Fr; nra;j JNuhfj;jpd;
fhuzkhf mth;fs; midtUk; kjPdhit tpl;Lk; ntspNaw;wg;gLfpd;wdh;.
,r;rk;gtk; eilngw;w rpy khjq;fSf;Fg; gpd; egpath;fs; `o;uj;
mypath;fis mioj;J ‘cUtg;glq;fis fz;lhy; mtw;iw rpijf;fhky;
tpl;L tplhjPh;’. mjhtJ ,we;J Nghdth;fspd; cUtq;fis Xtpaq;fshf
jPl;b khl;b itj;Js;s fg;Ufs; midj;ijAk; ,bj;J jiukl;lkhf;fp
tpLq;fs;. Vnddpy; mitfs; K];ypk;fSila fg;Ufs; my;y vd;gijj;
jhd;
egpath;fs;
R+rfkhf
cUtg;
glq;fis
fz;lhy;
mtw;iw
rpijf;fhky; tpl;L tplhjPh; vdf; $wpdh;.
,t;thNw
cUtg;
glq;fs;
,y;yhjpUe;j
fg;Ufspy;
mlf;fk;
nra;ag;gl;bUg;Nghh;
K];ypk;fsh?
my;yJ
A+jh;fsh?
my;yJ
fpwp];Jth;fsh? vd;gij vy;yhk; kz;Zf;F fPNo ,Ug;gijAk; ghh;f;Fk;
Mw;wiy nfhz;bUf;Fk; mypNa mf;fg;Ufspy; K];ypk;fspd; fg;Ufisj;
jtpu kw;wth;fspd; fg;Ufis vy;yhk; ,bj;Jj; jiukl;lkhf;fp tpLq;fs;.
mg;NghJ jhd; vdJ r%f kf;fs; fg;Ufis ]pahuj;Jr; nra;ag; NghFk;
28

Ahkamul kuboor

NghJ K];ypk;fSila fg;Ufis kl;Lk; [pahuj;Jr; nra;a KbAk; vd;Dk;
fUj;ij jhd; fg;Ufis rhpg;gLj;Jq;fs; my;yJ Kiwg;gLj;Jq;fs; vd;Dk;
thh;j;ijia nfhz;L $Wfpd;wdh;.
,jpy;
egpath;fspd;
Mizf;Nfw;g
`o;uj;
mypath;fs;
A+j>
fpwp];Jth;fspd; fg;Ufis vy;yhk; ,bj;Jj; jiu kl;lkhf;fp tpl;L
K];ypk;fspd; fg;Ufis kl;Lk; ]pahuj;Jf;F jFjpAs;sitfshf khw;wp
mikj;jdh;. ,jd; gpd;dNu egpath;fs; jkJ Njhoh;fis Nehf;fp…
,uz;lhk; `jP];
‫ﻋﻦ اﯾﺲ ﺑﻦ ﻣﺎﻟﻚ ﻗﺎل ﻗﺎل رﺳﻮل اﷲ ﺻﻠﻲ اﷲ ﻋﻠﯿﮫ وﺳﻠﻢ ﻛﻨﺖ ﻧﮭﯿﺘﻜﻢ ﻋﻦ زﯾﺎرة اﻟﻘﺒﻮر اﻻﻓﺰوروھﺎ ﻓﺎﻧﮫ ﯾﺮق‬
.‫اﻟﻘﻠﺐ وﺗﺪﻣﻊ اﻟﻌﯿﻦ وﺗﺬﻛﺮ اﻵ ﺧﺮة وﻻ ﺗﻘﻮﻟﻮا ھﺠﺮا‬
‘`o;uj; md]; gpd; khypf; uypay;yh`{ md;`{ mwptpf;fpd;wdh;. egpfs;
ngUkhd; K`k;kkj; ]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p t]y;yk; mth;fs; $wpdh;>
Kd;dh;
ehd;
cq;fis
fg;Ufis
]pahuj;Jr;
nra;tij
jil
nra;jpUe;Njd;. ,g;NghJ fg;Ufis ePq;fs; [pahuj;Jr; nra;Aq;fs;. Vnddpy;
fg;Ufis [pahuj;Jr; nra;tjhy; cs;sk; ,sFfpd;wJ. fz;fs; fz;zPiu
nghopfpd;wd. ,d;Dk; kWik epidTf;F tUfpd;wJ. vdNt ]pahuj;Jr;
nra;tij tpl;L tplhjPh;fs;’ vdf; $wpdh;. –E}y;: K];jj;uf; ghfk;1> gf;fk;
377.
jil nra;ag;gl;bUe;j fg;U ]pahuj;jpd; jilia egpath;fs; ePf;fp tpl;ldh;
vd;gjw;Fhpa ,d;ndhU Mjhuj;ijAk; ghUq;fs;….
‫ﻋﻦ ﻋﻠﺪ اﷲ ﺑﻦ اﺑﻲ ﻣﻠﻜﯿﺔ ان ﻋﺎﺋﺸﺔ اﻗﺒﻠﺖ ذأت ﯾﻮم ﻣﻦ اﻟﻤﻘﺎﺑﺮ ﻓﻘﻠﺖ ھﺎﯾﺎ ام اﻟﻤﺆﻣﻨﯿﻦ ﻣﻦ اﯾﻦ اﻗﺒﻠﺖ ﻗﺎﻟﺖ ﻣﻦ‬
‫ﻗﺒﺮ اﺧﻲ ﻋﺒﺪ اﻟﺮﺣﻤﻦ ﺑﻦ اﺑﻲ ﺑﻜﺮ ﻓﻘﻠﺖ ﻟﮭﺎ اﻟﯿﺲ ﻛﺎن رﺳﻮل اﷲ ﺻﻠﻲ اﷲ ﻋﻠﯿﮫ وﺳﻠﻢ ﻧﮭﻲ ﻋﻦ زﯾﺎرة اﻟﻘﺒﻮرة‬
.‫ﻗﺎﻟﺖ ﻧﻌﻢ ﻛﺎن ﻧﮭﻲ ﺛﻢ اﻣﺮ ﺑﺰﯾﺎﺗﮭﺎ‬
‘mg;Jy;yh`; gpd; mgP kpy;fpa;ah vd;ghh; mwptpf;fpd;wdh;> xU ehs; md;id
Map\h uypay;yh`{ md;`h mth;fs; fg;u];jhdpy; ,Ue;J te;J
nfhz;bUg;gij fz;l ehd;> md;idNa! vq;fpUe;J tUfpwPh;fs;? vd;W
Nfl;f> mjw;fth;fs;> vdJ rNfhjuh; mg;Jh; u`;khd; gpd; mgPgf;fUila
fg;hpypUe;J vdf; $w> mJ Nfl;l ehd;> vd;d? egpath;fs; fg;iu
]pahuj;Jr; nra;tij jil nra;atpy;iyah? vd;W tpdt> mjw;fth;fs;>
Mk;. Kd;G jil nra;jpUe;jdh;. Mdhy; mj;jilia gpd;dh; ePf;fp fg;iu
]pahuj;Jr; nra;AkhW fl;lis ,l;Ls;sdh; vdf; $wpdh;.’
-E}y;: K];jj;uf;> ghfk; 1> gf;fk; 376.

29

Ahkamul kuboor

Mf
‘]t;itJ`{‘
vd;Dk;
thf;fpaj;jpw;Fs;
‘rhpg;gLj;Jjy;’
‘Kiwg;gLj;Jjy;’ ‘rkg;gLj;Jjy;’ vd;Dk; fUj;Jf;fs; kl;Lkpd;wp ‘,bj;jy;’
vd;nwhU
fUj;Jk;
,Ug;gjhy;
,g;D
ijkpa;ah
Nghd;Nwhh;
kw;w
fUj;Jf;fis vy;yhk; tpl;L tpl;L ,bj;jy; vd;Dk; fUj;ij kl;Lk; jkf;Fr;
rhjfkhf vLj;Jf; nfhz;L egpath;fs; A+j> fpwp];Jt> ,];yhkpah; Nghd;w
midthpd; fg;UfisAk; ,bf;fr; nrhd;dhh;fs; vd xU jtwhd fUj;ij
]t;itJ`{ vd;Dk; thh;j;ijf;F nfhLj;J egpath;fshy; nrhy;yg;glhj
K];ypk;fspd;
fg;UfisAk;
kw;wth;fspd;
fg;UfNshL
,izj;Jf;
nfhz;ldh;.
,jid Ghpe;J nfhs;shj t`;`hgpfSk; ,g;D ijkpa;ahtpd; fUj;ijf;
nfhz;L
fg;Ufis
jiuf;F
Nky;
cah;j;jf;
$lhJ.
mt;thW
cah;j;jg;gl;bUe;jhy; mitfnsy;yhk; ,bf;fg;gl Ntz;Lk; vd egpath;fNs
$Wfpd;wdh; vd
egpath;fs; nrhy;yhj xd;iw mghz;lkhf egpath;fs;
kPJ ,g;NghJ Rkj;jp tUfpd;wdh;.
fg;U ]pahuj;Jk; rpiy tzf;fKk; xd;wh?
,e;j t`;`hgpfs; jkJ $w;Wf;F ,d;ndhU Mjhuj;ijAk; ek;Kd;
itf;fpd;wdh;. mjhtJ> ,we;J Nghd ey;Nyhhpd; fg;Ufis nfhz;Ljhd;
rpiy tzf;fk; vd;gNj fhyg;Nghf;fpy; Njhd;wpaJ. ,jw;F Mjhuk; egp
E}`; miy`p];]yhk;
mth;fspd; fhyj;jpw;Fg; gpd; tho;e;j Ie;J
ed;kf;fspd;
fg;Ufs;
jhd;
fhyg;Nghf;fpy;
rpiy
tzf;fj;jpw;F
chpaitfshf Mf;fg;gl;ld vdf; $Wfpd;wdh;. ,J khngUk; ,khyaj;
jtwhFk; vd;gNjhL ,J ,];yhkpa kf;fis topNfl;bd; gf;fk; jpir
jpUg;Gk; xU Kaw;rpAkhFk;.
Gfhhp \hPg; vd;Dk; egp nkhop E}ypy; `o;uj; mg;Jy;yh`; ,g;D mg;gh];
uypay;yh`{ md;`{ mth;fisf; nfhz;L mwptpf;fg;gLk; xU `jP]py;>
`o;uj; mg;Jy;yh`; gpd; mg;gh]; uypay;yh`{ md;`{ $Wfpd;wdh;>…
egp E}`; miy`p];]yhk; mth;fspd; kiwTf;Fg; gpd; mth;fspd; kf;fs;
mt;ite;J ed;kf;fsplKk; tUif je;J jq;fspd; gpur;ridfis $wp
mitfSf;F jPh;T fz;L te;jdh;. ,e;epiyapy; mth;fspy; xUtUf;Fg; gpd;
xUtuhf ,t;Tyif tpl;L mth;fSk; kiwe; J Nghf mk;kf;fs; jq;fspd;
gpur;ridfis ,dp ahhplk; nrhy;ypj; jPh;T fhz;gJ vd Nahrpj;Jf;
nfhz;bUe;j NghJ ,g;yP]; mth;fsplk; te;J mth;fspd; cUtq;fis
rpiyfshf tbtikj;J mr;rpiyfSf;F Kd; cq;fspd; gpur;ridfis
vLj;Jf; $wp jPh;T fz;L nfhs;Sq;fs; vdf; $w…
mtd; $wpaijf; Nfl;l mk;kf;fs; Ie;J rpiyfis tbtikj;jdh;. mjpy;
xd;W MZila Njhw;wj;jpYk;> kw;nwhd;W ngz;Zila Njhw;wj;jpYk;>
30

Ahkamul kuboor

,d;ndhd;W Fjpiuapd; Njhw;wj;jpYk;> mLj;jJ khl;Lila Njhw;wj;jpYk;
Ie;jhtJ rpiy ee;jpAila Njhw;wj;jpYk; tbtikf;fg;gl;bUe;jJ. ,e;j
,lj;jpy; ehk; rw;W rpe;jpj;Jg; ghh;f;f Ntz;Lk;. mt;ite;J ed;kf;fs; jhd;
rpiyfshf tbtikf;fg;gl;ldh; vdpy; mt;ite;J NgUk; Mz;fshf
,Ue;jth;fs;. ,jpy; khL> Fjpiu> ee;jp Nghd;w cUtq;fs; vq;fpUe;J
te;jd?
Mf mt;ite;J ed;kf;fSf;Fk; rpiy tzf;fj;jpw;Fk; ve;jr; rk;ge;jKk;
,y;iy vd;gJ ekf;Fj; njspthfpwJ. ,r;rk;gtj;ij nfhz;L fg;Ufs;
rpiy tzf;fj;jpw;F fhuzkhf mike;J tpLk; vdf; $WtJ KOf;f
KOf;f cz;ikf;F khw;wkhd xU nrhy;yhFk;.
,q;Nf ehk; ,d;ndhd;iwAk; Nahrpj;Jg; ghh;f;f Ntz;Lk;. fg;Ufs;jhd; rpiy
tzf;fj;jpw;F Kd;Ndhl;lkhf mikAk; vd;wpUe;jhy; jil nra;ag;gl;bUe;j
fg;U ]pahuj;ij egpath;fs; kPz;Lk; Vd; mDkjpj;jdh;? ,d;Wk; $l
,e;jpa kz;zpYk; muGyfpYk; vj;jid yl;rf;fzf;fhd typkhh;fspd;
fg;Ufis ehk; ghh;f;fpNwhk;! mitfspy; xU fg;uhtJ tzf;fj;jpw;Fhpa
nghUshf Mf;fg;gl;Ls;sJ vd;gij ,e;j t`;`hgpfshy; fhl;l KbAkh?
vdNt egpath;fs; fg;Ufis vy;yhk; ,bf;fr; nrhd;dhh;fs; vd vtuhtJ
nrhd;dhy; mth; r%f kf;fis topNfl;bd; gf;fk; jpir jpUg;g Kidfpwhh;
vd;gij Ghpe;J nfhz;L ,];yhkpa rNfhjh;fs; mjpfkjpfk; jkJ
Kd;Ndhh;fspd;
fg;UfisAk;
typkhh;fs;>
egpkhh;fs;>
]hyp`Pd;fs;>
cykhf;fs; Nghd;Nwhhpd; fg;UfisAk; nrd;W [pahuj;Jr; nra;tij
tof;fkhf Mf;fpf; nfhs;s Ntz;Lk;. fhuzk; [pahuj;J cq;fspd;
Md;khit Gj;Japh; ngwr; nra;J> kWikia epidT+l;b cq;fSf;F ,iw
rkPgj;Jtj;ij ngw;Wj; jUk; vd;gij kl;Lk; nrhy;ypf; nfhs;fpNwd;.
%d;W gs;spfSf;F kl;Lk; jhd; gazk; nry;y Ntz;Lkh?
mLj;J ,g;D ijkpa;ahthy; jphpGf;F cl;gLj;jg;gLk; kw;Nwhh; `jP]htJ…
.‫ﻻ ﺗﺸﺪ اﻟﺮﺣﺎل اﻻ ﺛﻼﺛﺔ ﻣﺴﺠﺪا‬
‘%d;W k];[pJfis jtpu mjpfkhd ed;ikia fUjp NtW k];[pJf;F
ePq;fs; nry;y Ntz;lhk; vd Ve;jy; egp K`k;kkj; ]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p
t]y;yk; mth;fs; $Wfpd;wdh;.’
,e;j `jPjpy; Rl;bf; fhl;lg;gLk; %d;W k];[pJfs; vd;gJ ‘igj;Jy;
Kfj;j];’ ‘k];[pJd; egtp’ ‘k];[pJy; `uhk;’ MfpaitfshFk;. Mdhy;
,g;D ijkpa;ah %d;W k];[pJfis jtpu NtW ve;jf; fg;UfSf;Fk;
nry;yf;
$lhnjd
egpath;fs;
jil
nra;fpd;wdh;
vd
`jP]py;
31

Ahkamul kuboor

nrhy;yg;glhj fg;U vd;Dk; thf;fpaj;ij ,tuhfNt ,izj;Jf; nfhz;L
tpsf;fk; jUfpwhh;. ,JTk; ,];yhkpa kf;fis topNfl;bd; gf;fk; jpir
jpUg;Gk; xU Kaw;rpNa.
mjpfkhd ed;ikia fUjp vd;Dk; thh;j;ij kl;Lk; ,y;yhky; ntWkNd
%d;W k];[pJfisj; jtpu NtW k];[pJfSf;F nry;y Ntz;lhnkd
egpath;fs; $wpapUe;jhYk; $l `jP]pd; thf;fpak; k];[pijj; jhd;
Fwpg;gpLfpwNj md;wp fg;Ufis Fwpg;gpltpy;iy. ,e;epiyapy; ,tuhfNt
fw;gid nra;J nfhz;L fg;U vd;Dk; thh;j;ijia Nrh;j;Jf; nfhz;L
NgRfpwhh; vdpy; ,J egpath;fspd; kPJ Rkj;jg;gLk; gopahFk; vd;Wjhd;
nrhy;y Ntz;Lk;.
xUNtis mjpfkhd ed;ikia fUjp vd;Dk; thf;fpaj;ij ePf;fp tpl;L
%d;W
k];[pJfis
jtpu
NtW
vq;FNk
nry;yf;
$lhJ
vd
nrhy;yg;gl;bUe;jhy; ,J rhj;jpaj;jpw;F mg;ghw;gl;l xd;whfg; Ngha; tpLk;.
fhuzk; tpahghuj;jpw;fhf xUth; ntspA+Uf;F nry;tjhf ,Ue;jhy; my;yJ
xU jpUkzj;jpw;F nry;tjhf ,Ue;jhy; my;yJ xU ez;giu ghh;f;f
nry;tjhf ,Ue;jhy; ,t;thW ve;jnthU fhhpaj;jpw;fhfTk; ntspA+Uf;F
xUtuhy; nry;y KbahJ. vdNt ,J mrhj;jpakhd tp\akhFk;.
Mjyhy; ,g;D ijkpa;ah n rhy;tijg; Nghy ed;ikia fUjp xU
typAila fg;Uf;Fr; nrd;W ]pahuj;Jr; nra;tjw;fhf kl;Lk; ntspA+Uf;F
nry;yf; $lhnjd mth; $WtJ mtUila fw;gidapy; tpise;j xU
Gjpa rpj;jhe;jkhFNk md;wp ,J ,];yhkpa khh;f;fj;jpy; nrhy;yg;gl;l
xd;wy;y vd;gij ekJ rNfhju ngUkf;fs; tpsq;fpf;nfhz;L fg;Ufis
]pahuj;Jr; nra;tjw;fhf ntspA+h;fSf;F nry;tij egpath;fs; $Wfpd;wdh;
vdf; $WtJ cz;ikf;F Kw;wpYk; Kuzhd xU nrhy;yhFk; vd;gijAk;
ehk; njhpe;J nfhz;L ]pahuj;jpw;fhf kl;Lky;y. NtW ve;j ey;y
fhhpaj;jpw;fhfTk; ehk; ntspA+h;fSf;F nry;yyhk; vd;gij ek; r%f
kf;fs; Ghpe;J nfhs;s Ntz;Lk;.
NkYk; k];[pij fg;Ufs; vd khw;wp jtwhd mh;j;jj;ij Kjd; Kjypy;
,g;D ijkpa;ah vd;gth; nfhLj;jpUe;jhYk; mtiu gpd;gw;wp vj;jid
egh;fs; ,Nj fUj;ij $Wfpd;wdh; vd;gijAk; ghUq;fs;…
egpath;fspd; fg;iu [pahuj; nra;tjw;Fhpa rl;lk;.
‘khh;f;f fy;tp fw;gjw;fhfNth my;yJ NtW Kf;fpakhd fhhpaj;jpw;fhfNth
gazk; nra;tJ $Lk;. Mdhy; mNjNeuk; vq;Nf egpath;fspd; fg;U
,Uf;fpwNjh me;j ,lj;ij Nehf;fp gazk; nra;tJ $lhJ. xU Ntis
k];[pJd; egtpia Nehf;fp gazk; nra;Ak; epa;aj;NjhL nrd;wgpd;
32

Ahkamul kuboor

egpath;fspd; fg;iu ]pahuj; nra;jhy; mjdhy; vt;tpj ghjfKkpy;iy.
Mk;. me;j vz;zj;jpy; jhd; gazk; nra;a Ntz;Lk;.
-E}y;: k];myh ]pahuNj fg;nu egtp.
Mrphpah;: `hgp]; mg;Jy;yh`; mkph;jru];.
mLj;J t`;`hgpfspd; ,d;ndhU $w;iwAk; ghUq;fs;….
‫وﻓﻲ اﻟﺤﺪﯾﺚ دﻟﯿﻞ ﻋﻠﻲ ﻣﻨﻊ ﺷﺪ اﻟﺮﺣﺎل اﻟﻲ ﻗﺒﺮه ﺻﻠﻲ اﷲ ﻋﻠﯿﮫ وﺳﻠﻢ واﻟﻲ ﻏﯿﺮه ﻣﻦ اﻟﻘﺒﻮر واﻟﻤﺸﺎھﺪ ﻻن ذﻟﻚ‬
‫ﻣﻦ اﺗﺤﺎذھﺎ اﻋﯿﺎد ﺑﻞ ﻣﻦ اﻋﻈﻢ اﺳﺒﺎب اﻻﺷﺮاك ﺑﺎﺻﺤﺎﺑﮭﺎ وھﺬه ھﻲ اﻟﻤﺴﺌﻠﺔ اﻟﺘﻲ اﻓﺘﻲ ﻓﯿﮭﺎ ﺷﯿﺦ اﻻﺳﻼم اﻋﻨﻲ‬
.‫ﻣﻦ ﺳﺎﻓﺮ ﻟﻤﺠﺮد زﯾﺎرة ﻗﺒﻮر اﻻﻧﺒﯿﺎء واﻟﺼﺎﻟﺤﯿﻦ‬
‘NkYk; `jPjpy; te;Js;s Mjhuk; vd;dntdpy; egp ]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p
t]y;yk; mth;fspd; fg;iu Nehf;fpNah my;yJ kw;wth;fspd; fg;iu
Nehf;fpNah
xU
tpoh
vLg;gij
Nghy
gazk;
nra;tJ
jil
nra;ag;gl;Ls;sJ.
fhuzk;
,th;fs;
fg;Ufis
<jhf
(ngUehshf)
Mf;Ffpd;wdh;. ,J \ph;f;Ff;F chpa fhuzq;fspy; khngUk; fhuzkhFk;.
gpd;Dk; ,r;rl;lk; Fwpj;J ,g;D ijkpa;ah gj;th nfhLj;Js;shh;. mjhtJ
ahh; egpkhh;fspd; fg;Ufis kl;Lk; ]pahuj;Jr; nra;Ak; vz;zj;NjhL
gazk; nra;fpwhNuh mth; \ph;f; nra;jtuhFk;.’
-E}y;: gj;`{y; k[Pj; \u`{ fpjhGj; njs`Pj;.
ghh;j;jPh;fsh! ,e;j t`;`hgpfs; (jg;yPf;> fhjpahdp> [khmj;Nj ,];yhkp>
m`;ny `jP];> m`;ny Fh;Md;> rpkp> njs`PJ thjpfs;) midtUk; xl;L
nkhj;jkhf xd;W Nrh;e;J egpkhh;fNsh my;yJ typkhh;fNsh my;yJ
]hyp`Pd;fNsh my;yJ cykhf;fNsh ahuhf ,Ue;jhYk; Vd; ! K`k;kj;
K];jgh ]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p t]y;yk; mth;fs; cl;gl ]pahuj;Jr;
nra;tjw;fhf vd;w vz;zj;jpy; kl;Lk; gazk; nra;tij \phf;; vd;W
nfhQ;rKk; eh$rhky; $Wfpd;wdh;. Mdhy; ,iwtd; vd;d $Wfpwhd;
njhpAkh?
َ‫وَإِذَا ﻗِﯿﻞَ َﻟ ُﮭ ْﻢ ﺗَﻌَﺎﻟَﻮْا ﯾَﺴْﺘَﻐْﻔِﺮْ َﻟ ُﻜ ْﻢ رَﺳُﻮلُ اﻟﻠﱠﮫِ ﻟَﻮﱠوْا رُءُوﺳَﮭُﻢْ وَرَأَﯾْﺘَﮭُﻢْ ﯾَﺼُﺪﱡونَ َوھُﻢ ﻣﱡﺴْﺘَﻜْﺒِﺮُون‬
‘cq;fspd; ghtq;fs; kd;dpf;fg;gLtjw;fhf thUq;fs; u]_Yy;yh`;tplk;
vd mth;fSf;F nrhy;yg;gl;lhy; mjw;fth;fs; jkJ jiyia jpUg;gpf;
nfhz;L fh;tk; gpbj;jth;fshf jpUk;gpr; nry;tij ePh; fhz;gPh;.’
-my;Fh;Md;

Kdh/gp$d; trdk; 5.

mLj;J ,iwtd; $Wk; ,d;ndhU trdj;ijAk; ghUq;fs;….
33

Ahkamul kuboor

‫وَإِذَا ﻗِﯿﻞَ َﻟ ُﮭ ْﻢ ﺗَﻌَﺎﻟَﻮْا إِﻟَﻰٰ ﻣَﺎ أَﻧﺰَلَ اﻟﻠﱠﮫُ وَإِﻟَﻰ اﻟﺮﱠﺳُﻮلِ رَأَﯾْﺖَ اﻟْﻤُﻨَﺎﻓِﻘِﯿﻦَ ﯾَﺼُﺪﱡونَ ﻋَﻨﻚَ ﺻُﺪُودًا‬
‘my;yh`; ,wf;fpa Ntjj;jpd; ghYk;> mtdJ u]_ypd; ghYk; ePq;fs;
thUq;fs; vd mth;fSf;F nrhy;yg;gl;lhy; me;eatQ;rfh;fs; ck;ik
tpl;Lk; tpyfp tpLtijNa ePh; fhz;gPh;.’ –my;Fh;Md; ep]h> trdk; 61.
egpath;fs; Nfl;lhy;jhd; my;yh`; kd;dpg;ghd;
‫وَﻟَﻮْ َأ ﱠﻧ ُﮭ ْﻢ إِذ ﻇﱠﻠَﻤُﻮا أَﻧﻔُﺴَﮭُﻢْ ﺟَﺎءُوكَ ﻓَﺎﺳْﺘَﻐْﻔَﺮُوا اﻟﻠﱠﮫَ وَاﺳْﺘَﻐْﻔَﺮَ ﻟَﮭُﻢُ اﻟﺮﱠﺳُﻮلُ ﻟَﻮَﺟَﺪُوا اﻟﻠﱠﮫَ ﺗَﻮﱠاﺑًﺎ رﱠﺣِﯿﻤًﺎ‬
‘mth;fspy; ahh; jkJ Md;khTf;F jPq;fpioj;Jf; nfhz;lth;fshf
(u]_yhfpa) ck;kplk; te;J my;yh`;tplk; ght kd;dpg;Gf; Nfhhp u]_yhfpa
ePUk; mth;fSf;fhf ght kd;dpg;G Nfhhpdhy; mth;fs; my;yh`;it
kd;dpg;NghdhfTk; ,uf;fKilNahdhfTk; fhz;ghh;fs;.’
-my;Fh;Md; ep]h> trdk; 64.
kd;dpg;gtd; my;yh`;. gpd;dh; vjw;fhf u]_yplk; tuNtz;Lk; vdf;
$Wfpwhd;? ,dp ahh; tu kWf;fpwhh;fNsh mth;fs; fh;tk; gpbj;jth;fs;
vd;Wk; $Wtjhy; my;yh`;tpd; fl;lisf;F Vw;g ehk; ekJ egpath;fspd;
topfhl;Ljiy njspthf tpsq;fp nrayhw;w my;yh`; ekf;F mUs;
Ghpthdhf MkPd;. ]y;yy;yh`{ jMyh miy`p t]y;yk;.

Kw;Wk;.

34

Ahkamul kuboor

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