CCNA Discovery 2, Ch 7.

“ISP Services”

Name:_____________________________

1. What is an “Enterprise” network and how does it differ from a “WAN”?

2. _________, _________________, ____________________, ___________________, and _____________________ are key services that !"s can provide to a## c$stomers. %. &escri'e in detai# what a “mana(ed service” that an !" mi(ht provide is)

*. &efine and descri'e what an !+A is)

,. What are two meas$res of re#ia'i#ity? &escri'e how !"-s ens$re re#ia'i#ity)

.. &escri'e the concept of avai#a'i#ity.

/. What is considered an accepta'#e #eve# of avai#a'i#ity and how do !"-s make s$re they provide an accepta'#e #eve# of avai#a'i#ity?

0. What are the fo$r #ayers of the 12"3 " mode#? &escri'e what happens at each #ayer) 14 24 %4
1

"7"% f.CCNA Discovery 2.. “ISP Services” Name:_____________________________ *4 5. <&" 2 . &efine and descri'e each of the fo##owin( App#ication +ayer "rotoco#s) a. :1" h. &efine and descri'e each of the fo##owin( 1ransport +ayer "rotoco#s) a. 12" '. &N! '. &82" d. 9A"* (. Ch 7. 811" 1. 1:1" i. 6771" c. !91" e.

E >=" f. +ist simi#arities and differences 'etween the 12"3 " mode# and the 7! mode#) 3 . Ethernet d. 6>" 12. """ c.CCNA Discovery 2. 7!": e. &efine and descri'e each of the fo##owin( Network Access +ayer "rotoco#s) a. NA1 '. “ISP Services” Name:_____________________________ 11. Ch 7. 29" c. A=" '. nterface &rivers 1%. = " d. &efine and descri'e each of the fo##owin( nternet +ayer !ervices and "rotoco#s) a.

“ISP Services” Name:_____________________________ 12"3 " mode# 7! mode# 1*. Ch 7.. &escri'e the three step process so$rce and destination hosts $se to set $p the connection over which data se(ments can 'e sent) 1/. +ist the steps in the encaps$#ation process as it re#ates the 12"3 " mode#) 1.CCNA Discovery 2. &escri'e how 12"3 " $ses timers. 12" and <&") 1.. acknow#ed(ement and retransmission to ens$re re#ia'#e connection@oriented data de#ivery) 4 . Compare and contrast the two 12"3 " protoco#s at the transport #ayer. se?$ence n$m'ers.

.. Ch 7. EAp#ain what a socket is) 22.CCNA Discovery 2. “ISP Services” Name:_____________________________ 10. 2omp#ete and s$'mit +a' Activity /.%. +ist key App#ication +ayer protoco#s that $se <&" instead of 12") 15. EAp#ain the str$ct$re of the &omain Name !ervice B&N!4 hostname reso#$tion system and how it so#ves the shortcomin(s of the 87!1! fi#e) 5 . 2*. EAp#ain why server processes tend to $se we##@known port n$m'ers whi#e c#ient app#ication re?$ests tend to re#y on dynamica##y assi(ned port n$m'ers) 21. 8ow does the 1ransport +ayer accomp#ish the task of mana(in( m$#tip#e sim$#taneo$s comm$nication processes? 2.1 “Editin( the 87!1! :i#e in Windows” 2. What is a 87!1! fi#e? EAp#ain the difference 'etween a centra# 87!1! fi#e and a #oca# 87!1! fi#e. What is accomp#ished thro$(h the $se of socket pairs? 2%.

%. What is a &N! :orward +ook$p Done? %1. EAp#ain what is meant 'y a :C&N) 20. What is a &N! !econdary Done? . 2omp#ete and s$'mit +a' /. EAp#ain what is meant 'y &N! &ynamic <pdates and how this differs from $sin( a &82" server to $pdate &N! for a c#ient) %. +ist and eAp#ain the three components of &N!) 14 24 %4 2/. Ch 7.%. “ISP Services” Name:_____________________________ 2..CCNA Discovery 2. What is a &N! "rimary Done? %%. What is a &N! =everse +ook$p Done? %2..a “EAaminin( 2ached &N! nformation on a Windows &N! !erver” 25.

a minim$m of two &N! servers m$st 'e provided with the re(istration. Ch 7. +ist and eAp#ain three reasons why proAies are $sed) 14 24 7 . 2omp#ete.%.. EAp#ain what "roAy services are. *.. and s$'mit +a' Activity /. :1"! '. When an or(aniEation re(isters a domain name on the nternet. EAp#ain the difference 'etween $sin( !" &N! servers and $sin( +oca# &N! servers) %. &efine) a. “ISP Services” Name:_____________________________ %*. 811"! c.%' “2reatin( "rimary and !econdary :orward +ook$p Dones” %. W8F? %/. !!+ %0. What is meant 'y a “short <=+”? %5.CCNA Discovery 2..

. *. &ata 1ransfer "rocess B&1"4 **. _______. EAp#ain3define the fo##owin( two components of :1") a. :or !91" app#ications to do this. 7ne to ____________________________________________. and ___________. either from a c#ient to a server or 'etween servers. imp#ements the __________ protoco#. 1he two types of data transfer connections s$pported 'y :1" are active data connections and passive data connections. “ISP Services” Name:_____________________________ %4 *1. what two conditions m$st 'e met? ! . Emai# s$pports three separate protoco#s for operation) ______. and a second one for _______________________________________________. 1he App#ication +ayer process that sends mai#. EAp#ain each) a. What are some reasons why 811"! is $sed on#y when eAchan(in( confidentia# information and not $sed a## the time? *2. A c#ient retrieves emai# $sin( one of two app#ication #ayer protoco#s) _________ or __________.. "assive &ata 2onnections *. Active &ata 2onnections '. "rotoco# nterpreter B" 4 '.CCNA Discovery 2. :1" re?$ires two separate processes that work to(ether to transfer fi#es and two connections to eAist 'etween the c#ient and server. *%. Ch 7.

<n#ike "7"%. mai# is down#oaded from the server to the c#ient and then de#eted on the server. copies of the messa(es are down#oaded to the c#ient app#ication. 1he ______________ protoco# is desira'#e for an !" since it a##eviates the !"Gs responsi'i#ity of mana(in( #ar(e amo$nts of stora(e for their emai# servers. “ISP Services” Name:_____________________________ */. *5. *0. 1he ori(ina# messa(es are kept on the server $nti# man$a##y de#eted. when the $ser connects to an ___________________ server. <sers view copies of the messa(es in their emai# c#ient software.CCNA Discovery 2. With _____________. " . Ch 7.