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February 21, 2007

MEET CHRIS DODD (D-CT)


A New England Liberal, Past His Prime, On An Unrealistic Vanity Run
For The White House
A LONG ROAD TO THE WHITE HOUSE
Sen. Dodd Faces A Myriad Of Obstacles In His Bid For The Presidency:
“No Mystery Exceeds…The Question A Lot Of Connecticut Democrats Are Quietly Asking Each Other In Beseeching
Voices: Why, Oh Why, Is Chris Dodd Running For President?” (Kevin Rennie, “Is Dodd Bid Only Vanity?” Hartford Courant, 1/21/07)
“Many Political Observers Have Deep Doubts About Dodd's Candidacy.” (David Lightman, “Dodd’s Quest: A Long Haul,” Hartford
Courant, 1/16/07)

• “They Say That He's A New England Liberal And That He Can't Distinguish Himself And His Views From
Better-Known Candidates.” (David Lightman, “Dodd’s Quest: A Long Haul,” Hartford Courant, 1/16/07)
“Conventional Wisdom -- And Almost Every National Poll -- Says Chris Dodd Can't Win The Presidency.” (David Lightman,
“Dodd: Maybe The Long Shot, Maybe Not,” Hartford Courant, 1/16/07)

Julian E. Zelizer, Professor Of History At Boston University: “Dodd Is Pretty Low On The Radar ... It's Going To Be
Very Tough For Him.” (David Lightman, “Dodd Enters The ’08 Race,” Hartford Courant, 1/11/07)
Dodd Asked DNC Crowd To “Give Me A Chance” … “To Be Heard.” Dodd: “I'm standing before you to ask you to give me
a chance -- to give me a chance to be heard.” (Sen. Chris Dodd, Remarks At DNC Winter Meeting, Washington D.C., 2/2/07)
Dodd Unwilling To Face Reality:
MSNBC’s Don Imus Poses The Question Many Have Been Asking. MSNBC's Don Imus: “Tell me how you think you can be
elected president, because it just doesn't make sense to me.” Dodd: “First off, it's 11 months away. This is almost insane that
this process has begun with the level of intensity it has this early on. ... The idea that because you're not a top tier candidate or
leading the pack at this point is not of great concern to me.” (MSNBC’s, “Imus In The Morning,” 2/15/07)
Dodd Unknown By Many Americans:
“‘Where's He From? Vermont?’ Party Activist David Dew Whispered, As The Connecticut Senator Addressed A Small
Lunchtime Group.” (David Lightman, “Dodd’s Quest: A Long Haul,” Hartford Courant, 1/16/07)
“More Problematic Is The Fact That Dodd Is Not Well Known Outside The State, Except To C-SPAN Junkies.” (Howard
Reiter, Op-Ed, “Is Dodd A Contender?” Hartford Courant, 1/14/07)

Dodd “Oblivious To National Polls.” “[Dodd is] oblivious to national polls that show him barely registering with voters in key
primary states.” (Rinker Buck, “Long Shot’s First Blast,” Hartford Courant, 1/20/07)
• “He Barely Registers 1 Percent In Most Polls, When He Registers At All.” (David Lightman, “Dodd’s Quest: A Long Haul”
Hartford Courant, 1/16/07)

Dodd Faces Uphill Battle Financing His White House Ambitions:


“Related To His Relative Obscurity Is The Fact That Dodd Will Have An Uphill Battle Raising Enough Money To Mount
A Serious Challenge.” (Howard Reiter, Op-Ed, “Is Dodd A Contender?” Hartford Courant, 1/14/07)
• “They Say He May Not Be Able To Raise The Enormous Amount Of Money He'll Need.” (David Lightman, “Dodd’s
Quest: A Long Haul,” Hartford Courant, 1/16/07)

• “It's Going To Take $100 Million To Be Competitive.” (Stan Simpson, Op-Ed, “Dodd’s Got The Muscle To Rumble,” Hartford
Courant, 1/13/07)

Dodd Banking On Committee Ties To Fund Vanity Run For Presidency:


Dodd Using Committee Chairmanship To Get Presidential Donors. “Political analysts expect Dodd … to make new
fundraising connections on Wall Street as the chair of the banking committee, should he decide to run for president.” (“Dodd: US
Needs To Crack Down On Predatory Lending,” The Associated Press, 1/10/2007)

“Some Have Speculated That His Chairmanship Of The Senate Banking Committee May Bring Dodd Contributions
From Affected Industries, But That Could Be A Two-Edged Sword In Democratic Primaries.” (Howard Reiter, Op-Ed, “Is Dodd
A Contender?” Hartford Courant, 1/14/07)

• “Many Democratic Voters Will Suspect A Candidate Who Is Seen As Beholden To Business Interests, And
Dodd's Close Ties To The Insurance Industry Could Deepen Those Suspicions.” (Howard Reiter, Op-Ed, “Is Dodd A
Contender?” Hartford Courant, 1/14/07)

“Dodd's Vanity Run For President May Have Been Fueled By The Beltway Convention That The Chairman Of The
Senate Banking Committee Ought To Be Able To Raise Millions In Campaign Contributions From The Malefactors Of
Wealth On Wall Street.” (Kevin Rennie, Op-Ed, “Is Dodd Bid Only Vanity?” Hartford Courant, 1/21/07)
• “He'll Have A Hard Time Explaining To Fellow Democrats How He Represents Something New If His Campaign
Is Funded By Rich Republicans With Bills Before His Committee.” (Kevin Rennie, Op-Ed, “Is Dodd Bid Only Vanity?”
Hartford Courant, 1/21/07)

NEW ENGLAND LIBERAL


Dodd Is Proud Of His Northeast Progressive Background:
Dodd: “I'm Proud To Be From The Northeast. I'm Proud To Be An Advocate Of Progressive Politics.” (David Lightman,
“Granite State Visit Shows Dodd’s Tough Path,” Hartford Courant, 1/21/07)

“Another Problem For Dodd Is That He's Barely Known Nationally And Is Indeed Seen As ‘Yet Another New England
Liberal.’” (Stan Simpson, Op-Ed, “Dodd’s Got The Muscle To Rumble,” Hartford Courant, 1/13/07)
“[Dodd Is A] Washington Insider With A Generally Liberal Record...” (Howard Reiter, Op-Ed, “Is Dodd A Contender?” Hartford
Courant, 1/14/07)

“More Significantly, The ‘New England Liberal’ Label Is One That Makes A Lot Of Democrats Wary.” (David Lightman, “Dodd
Enters The ’08 Race,” Hartford Courant, 1/11/07)

The New York Times Called Dodd A “Liberal Democrat …” (Lizette Alvarez, “2 Versions Of Ashcroft On 2 Sides Of Senate,” The New
York Times, 2/1/01)

The Washington Post Called Dodd A “Liberal Stalwart …” (“The Northeast,” The Washington Post, 11/5/98)
The Duluth [MN] News-Tribune Called Dodd An “Unabashed Liberal …” (“Senators Considering Presidential Campaigns,” Duluth
[MN] News-Tribune, 7/2/06)

Dodd Endorsed Liberal Ned Lamont Over Joe Lieberman:

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Dodd Endorses Lamont Instead of Lieberman In General Election. “After Joseph I. Lieberman lost the Connecticut Senate
Democratic primary in August to Ned Lamont, a number of prominent Democrats -- among them Lieberman's compatriot of 18
years, Christopher J. Dodd -- took back their previous endorsements of the incumbent in the name of general election party
unity.” (Marie Horrigan, “Un-Endorsed And Abandoned,” Congressional Quarterly Weekly, 10/20/06)
Lamont Best-Loved By Progressives. “Ned Lamont topped the local TV news when he recently headlined a fundraising
event for the liberal, Vermont-based Democracy for America.” (Susan Haigh, “Lamont Lauded As Star Among Progressive Democrats,” The
Associated Press, 8/27/07)

• “Days Later, The Democratic Senate Candidate Found Himself At A Hip New York City Bar, Rubbing Elbows
With Celebrities At A Charity Event Hosted By Another Liberal Organization, Moveon.Org.” (Susan Haigh, “Lamont
Lauded As Star Among Progressive Democrats,” The Associated Press, 8/27/07)

• “The Race Also Was Watched Closely By The Liberal ... Groups Such As Moveon.Org That Played A Big Role
In Pushing Lamont's Candidacy.” (Robert Tanner, “Lieberman Vows To Run As Independent,” The Associated Press, 8/9/06)
• Former Sen. John Edwards Praised Liberal Lamont. “Former Sen. John Edwards was the first national Democrat
to congratulate anti-war candidate Ned Lamont on his primary victory over Sen. Joseph I. Lieberman... his call was a
reflection of Lamont's emergence as a liberal hero.” (Paul West, “Democrats Find Direction In Conn. Vote,” The Baltimore Sun,
8/10/06)

Dodd’s Voting Record Increasingly Liberal:


In 2004, The National Journal Rated Dodd As Having A 78.8 Percent Liberal Composite Rating. (“Statistics,” National Journal
Website, www.nationaljournal.com, Accessed 2/15/07)

• But In 2005, The National Journal Rated Dodd As Having A 79.7 Percent Liberal Composite Rating. (“Statistics,”
National Journal Website, www.nationaljournal.com, Accessed 2/15/07)

According To Congressional Quarterly’s Most Recent Voting Analysis, Dodd Has Voted With His Party At Least 94%
Of The Time Since 2000. (Congressional Quarterly Website, www.cq.com/, Accessed 2/12/07)
• Dodd’s Support For His Party Has Not Dropped Below 83% Since 1987. (Congressional Quarterly Website, www.cq.com,
Accessed 2/12/07)

Dodd Supported By Nation’s Most Liberal Activist Groups:


Liberal Group Americans For Democratic Action Gave Dodd A 100 Rating In 2004 And 2005. (Americans For Democratic
Action Website, www.adaction.org, Accessed 8/23/06)

• Dodd Received A Higher Ranking Than Massachusetts Senator Ted Kennedy In 2005. (Americans For Democratic
Action Website, www.adaction.org, Accessed 8/23/06)

In 2004, Dodd Was Given Extraordinarily High Approval Ratings By Notoriously Liberal Organizations Based On His
Voting Record For The 108th Congress. (Almanac Of American Politics 2006 Website, www.nationaljournal.com, Accessed 1/23/07)
• Dodd Received A 78 Percent Approval Rating From ACLU For The 108th Congress And An 80 Percent Approval
Rating For The 109th Congress. (American Civil Liberties Union Website, www.aclu.org, Accessed 2/12/07)
• Dodd Received A 100 Percent Approval Rating From The League Of Conservation Voters (LCV) For The
Second Half Of The 109th Congress. (League Of Conservation Voters Website, www.lcv.org, Accessed 2/12/07)
• In 2006, Dodd Received A 100 Percent Approval Rating From NARAL. (National Abortion Rights Action League Website,
www.prochoiceamerica.org, Accessed 2/15/07)

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Dodd In Line With Liberal Abortion Interests:
In 2004, Dodd Voted Against Laci And Conner’s Law, “The Bill That Would Make It A Criminal Offense To Injure Or Kill
A Fetus During The Commission Of A Violent Crime.” (H.R. 1997, CQ Vote #63: Passed 61-38: R 48-2; D 13-35; I 0-1, 3/25/04, Dodd
Voted Nay)

Dodd Voted In Favor Of An Amendment That Would Affirm That The Supreme Court's Decision Legalizing Abortion In
Roe V. Wade Was Correct And Should Not Be Overturned. (S. 3, CQ Vote # 48: Adopted 52-46: R 9-41; D 42-5; I 1-0, 3/12/03, Dodd
Voted Yea)

Dodd Voted Against A Bill That Would Ban “Partial-Birth” Abortion. (S. 3, CQ Vote #51: Passed 64-33: R 48-3; D 16-29; I 0-1,
3/13/03, Dodd Voted Nay)

Dodd Voted In Favor Of An “Amendment That Would Allow Overseas Military Facilities To Provide Privately-Funded
Abortions For Women Who Are In The Military Or Are Military Dependents.” (S. 1050, CQ #192: Rejected 48-51: R 5-46; D 42-5; I
1-0, 5/22/03, Dodd Voted Yea)

In 2000, Dodd Voted To Allow Federal Money To Be Used To Distribute “Morning-After” Abortion Pills In America’s
Schools. (H.R. 4577, CQ Vote #169: Motion Rejected 41-54: R 6-48; D 35-6, 6/30/00, Dodd Voted Yea)
In 1999, Dodd Voted For Federally Funded Abortions. (S. 1282, CQ Vote #197: Motion Rejected 47-51: R 7-46; D 40-5; 7/1/99, Dodd
Voted Yea)

Ratings And Voting Record Suggest Dodd Is A Tax And Spend Liberal:
Dodd Received A 12 Percent Rating From The National Taxpayers Union In 2005. (National Taxpayers Union Website,
www.ntu.org, Accessed 2/15/07)

Dodd Received A 10 Percent Rating From Americans For Tax Reform In 2005 And A 5 Percent Rating In 2006. (Americans
For Tax Reform Website, www.atr.org, Accessed 2/15/07)

For The 109th Congress, Sen. Dodd Received A 17 Percent Rating From Citizens Against Government Waste. (Citizens
Against Government Waste Website, www.cagw.org, Accessed 8/23/06)

On May 11, 2006, Dodd Voted Against Extension Of $70 Billion In Tax Cuts Over A Five-Year Period. (H.R. 4297, CQ Vote
#118: Adopted 54-44; R 51-3; D 3-40; I 0-1, 5/11/06, Dodd Voted Nay)

Dodd Voted Against Final Passage Of The 2001 And 2003 Tax Cuts. (H.R. 1836, CQ Vote #170: Adopted 58-33: R 46-2; D 12-31,
5/26/01, Dodd Voted Nay; H.R. 2, CQ Vote #196: Adopted 51-50: R 48-3; D 2-46; I 0-1, With Vice President Cheney Casting A “Yea” Vote, 5/23/03,
Dodd Voted Nay)

In 2004, Dodd Voted For Higher Taxes For Increased Education Spending. (S. Con. Res. 95, CQ Vote #35: Rejected 46-52: R 0-
51; D 45-1; I 1-0, 3/10/04, Dodd Voted Yea)

In 2001, Dodd Voted Once Against The “Marriage Penalty” Tax And Twice Against Gradual Repeal Of The Death Tax.
(H.R. 1836, CQ Vote #170: Adopted 58-33: R 46-2; D 12-31, 5/26/01, Dodd Voted Nay; H.R. 1836, CQ Vote #165: Passed 62-38: R 50-0; D 12-38,
5/23/01, Dodd Voted Nay)

In 2001, Dodd Voted To Reduce Bush Tax Cut By $448 Billion And Increase Education Spending By $224 Billion Over
10 Years. (H. Con. Res. 83, CQ Vote # 69: Adopted 53-47: R 4-46; D 49-1, 4/4/01, Dodd Voted Yea)
In 2000, Dodd Voted Against Tax Cuts And Limiting Fiscal Year 2001 Discretionary Spending To $600.3 Billion. (H. Con.
Res. 290, CQ Vote #85: Adopted 50-48: R 50-4; D 0-44, 4/13/00, Dodd Voted Nay)

In 1999, Dodd Voted Against Tax Relief Of $792 Billion Over 10 Years. (S. 1429, CQ Vote #247: Passed 57-43: R 52-2; D 4-41; I 1-0,
7/30/99, Dodd Voted Nay)

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Dodd Panders To The Left With His Evolving Position On Iraq:
“Dodd … Has To Explain His Evolving Position On Iraq To Those Who Have Not Followed His Career Carefully.” (David
Lightman, “Anti-War Step By Dodd,” Hartford Courant, 12/25/06)

• “In 2002, Dodd Voted To Give Bush Broad Authority To Wage War, But Then Conceded He Had Made A
Mistake.” (David Lightman, “Anti-War Step By Dodd,” Hartford Courant, 12/25/06)
In December Of 2006, “Dodd Suggested He Could Support A Brief Surge In U.S. Forces In Iraq, Under Very Specific
Circumstances.” (David Lightman, “Anti-War Step By Dodd,” Hartford Courant, 12/25/06)
• One Week Later, “He Said He Opposes Such An Increase.” (David Lightman, “Anti-War Step By Dodd,” Hartford Courant,
12/25/06)

In Early 1990s, Dodd Fully Supported Military Authorization To Engage Iraq:


“[D]uring The Past Year The Dangers Of The Proliferation Of Chemical Weapons Have Been Brought Home Repeatedly
To The World Community By Iraq’s Senseless Chemical Attack On Its Own Kurdish Minority.” (Sen. Chris Dodd,
Congressional Record, 1/25/89, p. S555)

“[J]ust Over 1 Year Ago, The World Watched In Horror As A Madman By The Name Of Saddam Hussein Unleashed His
Violent Brand Of Environmental Terrorism Upon The Persian Gulf Region.” (Sen. Chris Dodd, Congressional Record, 4/7/92, p.
S4893)

“There Certainly Is An Abundance Of Information That Indicates That Saddam Hussein Is Attempting To Acquire This
[WMD] Technology. And Obviously, If He Does, All Of Us Are Concerned Over The Possibility Of It Being Used.” (Sen.
Chris Dodd, Press Conference, 9/18/91)

• Dodd Admits There Is A Need To Retaliate Militarily. “[F]rom time to time, history does confront us with individuals
who are evil … we must try and seek means to deal with those people … that we don’t absolutely reject the use of
military force if that becomes the only means with which we can deal with evil.” (Sen. Chris Dodd, Senator Dodd’s Remarks At
Senate Foreign Relations Committee Hearing, Washington, D.C., 12/6/90)

• Dodd Advocates Removal Of Weapons Of Mass Destruction. “If … Saddam Hussein refuses to allow further
inspection, … then I think prudence would dictate that you take those weapons out before you wait to see what this
madman was likely to do with them.” (Sen. Chris Dodd, Press Conference, 9/18/91)
In 2002, Dodd Admitted It Was In The United States Best Interest To Enter Iraq:
Dodd Supported President Bush In Using Military Force: “He was … one of 29 Senate Democrats who supported the
resolution authorizing Bush to use military force against Iraq.” (“CQ Politics In America Profile”, CQ Website, www.cq.com, Accessed
1/26/07)

“I Also Agree With President Bush That Saddam Hussein Is A Threat To Peace And Must Be Disarmed, To Quote
President Bush Directly.” (Sen. Chris Dodd, Congressional Record, 10/9/02, p. S10177)
Dodd Explained That A Timely Response Is Crucial In Removing Saddam From Power. “We’re going to have to respond
to this. If Saddam Hussein is still there without inspections months or several years from now, then we’re going to have to
remove him one way or the other.” (CBS’ “Face The Nation,” 9/29/02)
• Dodd: “I Believe Saddam Hussein Poses A Global Threat, And That Certainly Needs To Be Addressed.” (Sen.
Chris Dodd, Congressional Record, 3/7/03, p. S. 3359)

• Dodd: “I Want To See Iraq Disarm.” (Sen. Chris Dodd, Congressional Record, 3/7/03, p. S 3357)

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Dodd: “I Certainly, Like Many Here, Have Never Doubted Whether Iraq Possessed Weapons Of Mass Destruction At
All, And I Think The Evidence You [Colin Powell] Presented [To The United Nations] Was Done In A Very Effective And
Systematic Way.” (Sen. Chris Dodd, Senator Dodd’s Remarks At Senate Foreign Relations Committee Hearing, Washington, D.C., 2/6/03)
Dodd Acknowledged That The World Is Safer Without Saddam In Power. “[O]f course we’re safer [without Saddam] …
Knowing that he has used weapons of mass destruction, knowing how committed he was to do everything he could to be
harmful to the United States and our allies.” (CNBC’s “Capital Report,” 12/18/03)
Now, Dodd Criticizes The Bush Administration’s Steps To Secure Iraq And The American People:
Dodd: “A Fool's Paradise Describes Nothing As Aptly As Our Iraq Policy Today.” (Sen. Dodd, Prepared Remarks At Senate
Foreign Relations Committee Hearing, Washington, D.C., 1/11/07)

Dodd Accuses Conservatives Of Creating A False Pretense For War. “The premise for that [Iraq] war was based on
theories cooked up in the neoconservative salons of Washington; on falsehoods; and on deliberate misrepresentations at the
highest levels of our government. The result was to create a false pretense for war.” (Sen. Chris Dodd, Remarks At Providence College,
Providence, RI, 10/12/06)

Dodd Now Says America Is Less Safe Due To Iraq. Dodd: “Al-Qaeda, Afghanistan, North Korea - The conclusion is
irrefutable: America is less safe because of our Iraq diversion.” (Sen. Chris Dodd, Remarks At Providence College, Providence, RI,
10/12/06)

Dodd Doles Out Blame. Dodd: “We’ve arrived at this moment with a series of misplaced priorities and wrongheaded decisions
that has been almost mathematically perfect in its consistency. The projects of Iraq, Afghanistan, and the war on terror are all
tainted with the litany of one bad choice after another.” (Sen. Chris Dodd, Remarks At Providence College, Providence, RI, 10/12/06)
Dodd: “How Can We Expect The Iraqi People To Put Their Faith In Democracy, When Democracy Has Given Them
This?” (Sen. Chris Dodd, Remarks At Providence College, Providence, RI, 10/12/06)
Dodd Voted In Favor Of An Amendment “That [Stated] The President Should Begin Phased Redeployment Of U.S.
Troops From Iraq Starting In 2006.” (S. 2766, CQ #182: Rejected 39-60: R 1-54; D 37-6; I 1-0, 6/22/06, Dodd Voted Yea)
• It Also Proposed That The President “Submit … A Plan With Estimated Dates For Continued Phased
Withdrawal” To Congress By The End Of 2006. (S. 2766, CQ #182:Rejected 39-60: R 1-54; D 37-6; I 1-0, 6/22/06, Dodd Voted
Yea)

Dodd Proposed A Bill To Prohibit Escalation By US Military Forces In Iraq. “I have introduced legislation today that will
prohibit the number of troops in Iraq from exceeding the current force levels without an explicit authorization from Congress.”
(Sen. Chris Dodd, Congressional Record, 1/16/07, p. S601)

• “[D]odd … Said He Wanted … The Measure To Say Flatly That The Number Of Troops In Iraq ‘May Not Exceed
The Levels’ In Place ...The Suggestion Failed, 15-6.” (Anne Flaherty, “Senate Panel Votes Against Bush On Iraq,” The
Associated Press, 1/24/07)

PAST HIS PRIME


Dodd And His Home-State Newspaper Admitted That He May Be Past His Prime…In 2004:
Dodd: “It's Getting Beyond The Point Where It's My Time…The Ambition I'd Have Is Not Really There Today.” (David
Lightman, “Dodd Positioning For Power,” Hartford Courant, 7/24/04)

• “Dodd's Sober Assessment Of His Future Is Probably More A Bow To Reality Than A Sudden Turn Away From
The Spotlight.” (David Lightman, “Dodd Positioning For Power,” Hartford Courant, 7/24/04)

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“Dodd Knows His Time On The White House Wannabe List Is About Up.” (David Lightman, “Dodd Positioning For Power,” Hartford
Courant, 7/24/04)

“Dodd Seems To Lack The Fire He Once Had For The Job.” (David Lightman, “Dodd Positioning For Power,” Hartford Courant, 7/24/04)

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DODD’S INTEREST GROUP RATINGS
1981 (96th Congress) – 1995 (104th Congress)

ISSUE GROUP ‘81 ‘82 ‘83 ‘84 ‘85 ‘86 ‘87 ‘88 ‘89 ‘90 ‘91 ‘92 ‘93 ‘94 ‘95
Americans for
CONSERVATIVE

Democratic Action 90 100 80 100 85 85 65 85 65 61 75 75 75 80 95


LIBERAL/

(ADA)

American
Conservative Union 7 6 0 10 4 17 0 8 22 9 10 11 12 0 4
(ACU)
ENVIRONMENT

League of
Conservation
88 57 92 92 72 72 60 60 90 75 73 83 69 69 100
Voters
(LCV)
LABOR

AFL-CIO 100 100 100 91 95 73 100 86 100 78 92 92 82 75 92


SPENDING
TAXES/

National Taxpayers
24 24 26 49 34 46 36 26 34 36 13 27 17 15 18
Union (NTU)
BUSINESS

U.S. Chamber of
0 16 24 42 41 44 13 36 50 9 20 30 36 38 32
Commerce

(J. Michael Sharp, Directory Of Congressional Voting Scores and Interest Group Ratings, 2006, p.121)

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1996 (100th Congress) – 2006 (105th Congress)
ISSUE GROUP ‘96 ‘97 ‘98 ‘99 ‘00 ‘01 ‘02 ‘03 ‘04 ‘05 ‘06
Americans for
Democratic 85 90 95 95 95 95 80 95 100 100 95
CONSERVATIVE Action (ADA)
LIBERAL/

American
Conservative 10 4 4 0 13 16 5 15 4 8 --
Union (ACU)
ENVIRONMENT

League of
Conservation
89 100 100 89 86 88 76 84 100 90 100
Voters
(LCV)
LABOR

AFL-CIO 100 57 88 88 75 94 100 100 100 79 --


SPENDING

National
TAXES/

Taxpayers 15 22 15 4 12 6 8 15 12 11 --
Union (NTU)
BUSINESS

U.S. Chamber
38 50 61 53 53 36 40 32 41 39 --
of Commerce

(J. Michael Sharp, Directory Of Congressional Voting Scores and Interest Group Ratings, 2006, p.121; Americans For Democratic Action Website,
www.adaction.org, Accessed 2/14/07; American Conservative Union Website, www.acuratings.org, Accessed 2/14/07; League Of Conservation Voters
Website, www.lcv.org, Accessed 2/14/07; American Federation Of Labor And Congress Of Industrial Organizations Website, www.aflcio.org, Accessed
2/14/07; “National Taxpayers Union Rates Congress,” National Taxpayers Union Website, www.ntu.org, Accessed 2/15/07; “How They Voted, 2005,”
U.S. Chamber Of Commerce Website, www.capwiz.com, Accessed 2/15/07)

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