Islamic Civilization

Muslim Empires
Seat work Students will quietly enter the room, find your seats and discuss your three sticky notes on pages 460-467 with your row group.

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Islamic Civilization

Muslim Empires
title meaning ―successor‖ in Arabic; used by leaders of the Muslim community who followed Muhammad caliph member of an Islamic religious group that supported Abu Bakr as the first caliph and now forms a majority of the world’s Muslims Sunni title for the ruler of a Muslim country sultan
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Islamic Civilization

Muslim Empires

Why are some leaders so appealing and popular?
Reasons for Popularity

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Islamic Civilization

Muslim Empires

Key Ideas
After converting to Islam, the Arabs conquered many lands and built a huge empire in a very short span of time. Muslims became divided over the issue of who should follow Muhammad as the leader of the Muslim community. After the Arab Muslim empire collapsed, Muslim empires including the Ottoman, Safavid, and Mughal empires rose up.
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Islamic Civilization

Muslim Empires

Key Terms
caliph—title meaning ―successor‖ in Arabic; used by leaders of the Muslim community who followed Muhammad Sunni—member of an Islamic religious group that supported Abu Bakr as the first caliph and now forms a majority of the world’s Muslims Shia—member of an Islamic religious group that supported Ali as the first caliph and now forms a minority of the world’s Muslims sultan—title for the ruler of a Muslim country
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Islamic Civilization

Muslim Empires

Political and Cultural Influence
Muslim armies conquered Arabia and many nearby lands
Arab Muslims brought their religion and their Arabic language to conquered lands. In some places, Islam spread quickly and, in others places, it spread more slowly.

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Islamic Civilization

Muslim Empires

Where was the Arab Muslim empire?
In what directions did the Arab Muslim empire mostly spread?

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Islamic Civilization

Muslim Empires

What helped the Arab Muslim empire spread?
Reasons for success

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Islamic Civilization

Muslim Empires

Muslim Society
Which were the highest and lowest social groups in early Muslim society? How were the roles of women in early Muslim society different from those of men? Describe the early Muslim view toward Jews and Christians.

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Islamic Civilization

Muslim Empires

Arab Muslim Dynasties
Umayyad Dynasty • 661–750 A.D.; capital in Damascus (now in Syria) • Took the Arab Muslim empire to its greatest size, stretching from Spain to Persia • Its size led to interaction between Arab Muslims and other conquered cultures
Abbasid Dynasty • 750–1258 A.D.; capital in Baghdad (now in Iraq) • Built a center of art, learning, and science in Baghdad

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Islamic Civilization

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Islamic Civilization

Muslim Empires

Non-Arab Muslim Dynasties
Ottoman Empire • 1299–1923 A.D.; centered in modern-day Turkey • Ruled by Turks who originally came from Central Asia • Powered by a strong military Safavid Dynasty • 1502–1736 A.D.; centered in Persia, which today is called Iran • Made Shia Islam the official religion in Persia • Persian culture continued alongside Islamic culture

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Islamic Civilization

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Islamic Civilization

Muslim Empires

Muslim Empires
How did the Arab Muslim empire change under the Umayyads?
What was a key achievement of the Abbasid caliphate? Describe the ethnic identity of the Ottoman empire. How did the Safavids change Islam in what is now Iran?
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Islamic Civilization

Muslim Empires

How are religion and culture connected? How did Muslim empires change over time?
Workbook page 191

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