Distribution of REE in degreesheet 45K and potential exploration targets “Rare” earth elements is a historical misnomer; persistence of the

term reflects unfamiliarity rather than true rarity. The more abundant REE have similar crustal concentration to common industrial metals such as chromium, nickel, copper, zinc, molybdenum, tin, tungsten, or lead. Even the t o least abundant REE !Tm, "u# are nearly $%% times more common than gold. &o ever, in contrast to ordinary base and precious metals, REE have very little tendency to become concentrated in e'ploitable ore deposits. (onse)uently, most of the orld*s supply of REE comes from only a handful of sources. +n most rare earth deposits, the first four REE,"a, (e, -r, and .d,constitute /% to 001 of the total. Therefore, deposits containing relatively high grades of the scarcer and more valuable heavy REE !&REE2 3d to "u, 4# and Eu are particularly desirable. 5nder the national geochemical mapping !.3(6# program of the 3eological 7urvey of +ndia, stream sediment sampling on a 8km ' 8km grid as carried out in degreesheet 9:;. <rom each unit cell, :%%g of the =8$% mesh fraction as collected. >et een $%%8 and $%8% more than 0%%% stream sediment samples ere collected and from these $/09 composite samples ere prepared hich have so far been analysed for more than :% elements. ?utlined belo is an analysis of the REE data of these samples from an e'ploration point of vie . >ased on the published )uadrangle geological map of degree sheet 9:; the samples ere spatially divided into ten lithological sets as follo s2 8. @indhyan 7upergroup, $. Aelhi 7upergroup, B. RaCpura=Aariba 3roup, 9. -ur=>anera 3roup, :. Dsind=3iyangarh intrusive, E. 3ranite gneiss, F. >erach 3ranite, /. &indoli 3roup, 0. 6angal ar (omple' and 8%. 7andmata (omple' . 7amples from the @indhyan 7upergroup ere not included in the analysis because of the relatively lo er concentrations of REE. The total REE !TREE G sum of "a to "u in ppm e'cluding 4 and 7c# concentration along ith background values for remaining lithological groups is sho n belo 2 The average TREE concentration in continental crust is 8E/.B ppm. +f threshold is taken at F%% ppm !9 times crustal abundance# then there are BBF samples above threshold in the degree sheet. Dlso there are $F samples ith TREE concentration above 8:%% ppm !%.8:1#. The areas underlain by the @indhyan 7upergroup, Aelhi 7upergroup, RaCpura= Aariba 3roup, >erach 3ranite and &indoli 3roup can be removed from e'ploration targets for REE due to lo concentrations. 7ediments derived from the intrusive “granite gneiss” !)uadrangle geological map of 9:;# of the magmatic event during Drchaean to Early -roterozoic time hich is younger to the >erach 3ranite and denoted on the map as HD-t 8g, has largest number of samples ith REE concentration above threshold. This unit is associated ith pegmatites, several of hich are beryl bearing. The distribution of REE matches the distribution of Th, 5 and Ir suggesting that monazite and zircon are the main source of REE. +n case of the $F samples having TREE concentration above 8:%%ppm, TREE concentration has good positive correlation ith &f also, because zircon is the main source of hafnium. 7ignificant positive correlation e'ists bet een .b, Ta and Ti suggesting presence of .b=Ta bearing Rutile. 4 sho s significant positive correlation ith the heavy REE !3d to "u#, particularly Ay and &o, suggesting contributions from 'enotime also. Thus a .E=7J trending linear corridor of intrusives ithin the 6angal ar comple' starting from the .E corner of toposheet 9:;9 to 7E corner of toposheet 9:;K8B is the best target area for REE e'ploration as is evident from the map given belo .

D survey of REE deposits globally sho s that resources have been defined ith grades ranging from a minimum of %.3ulabpura ppm Dsind Raila 6andal . . ppm <ig. 7ince there are /%: samples ith TREE concentration e)ual to or greater than %. crustal abundance of /ppm#.%:1 and 8%0 samples ith %. 8.b concentration clearly distinguishes this intrusive from the 7andmata (omple'. $. 6ap sho ing Aistribution of REE in 9:.F ppm. Aistribution of Ta in 9:. The si' locations so n in the above map by hite arro s may have economic REE concentrations related to HD-t8g intrusions. +t is also rich in Ta up to several times its crustal abundance of %.otari 3angapur <ig..81 TREE. therefore encouraging results can be e'pected if e'ploration for REE is taken up in degree sheet 9:.%B1 to a ma'imum of 8:. +n this degreesheet the Dsind=3iyangarh intrusive is the richest source of .b !ma'imum 8%Bppm vs. The .:1 Total Rare Earth ?'ide !TRE?#.