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SIMULATION OF POWER FLOW AND PROTECTION OF A LIMITED BUS GRID SYSTEM WITH INJECTED SOLAR POWER.

SIMULATION OF POWER FLOW AND PROTECTION OF A LIMITED BUS GRID SYSTEM WITH INJECTED SOLAR POWER.

TECHNICAL REPORT

Submitted to

JAWAHARLAL NEHRU TECHNOLOGICAL UNIVERSITY, HYDERABAD (A.P)

In partial fulfilment of the requirements For the award of the degree of

BACHELOR OF TECHNOLOGY

In

ELECTRICAL AND ELECTRONICS ENGINEERING

By

THOGARU SINDHUJA

Under the esteemed guidance of

Dr. B.VENUGOPAL REDDY Professor

DEPARTMENT OF ELECTRICAL AND ELECTRONICS ENGINEERING

VAAGDEVI COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING BOLLIKUNTA, WARANGAL-506005

(Affiliated to JNTUH & Accredited by NBA)

2012-2013

VAAGDEVI COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING (Affiliated to JNTU, Hyderabad) WARANGAL

DEPARTMENT OF ELECTRICAL AND ELECTRONICS ENGINEERING

2012-2013

VAAGDEVI COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING (Affiliated to JNTU, Hyderabad) WARANGAL DEPARTMENT OF ELECTRICAL AND ELECTRONICS ENGINEERING 2012-2013

CERTIFICATE

This is to certify that the technical report entitled “SIMULATION OF

POWER FLOW AND PROTECTION OF A LIMITED BUS GRID SYSTEM WITH INJECTED SOLAR POWERis the bonfide record being

submitted by THOGARU SINDHUJA of final year B-Tech (Electrical and Electronics Engineering ) , Academic year 2012-2013 in the partial fulfilment of requirements for the award of the degree of Bachelor Of Technology In Electrical And Electronics Engineering from Jawaharlal Nehru Technological University , Hyderabad A.P the results embodied in this technical paper report have not been submitted to any other university or institution for the award of any degree or diploma

Guide

Dr.B.VENUGOPAL REDDY

Professor

Coordinator

Mr.K.V.B.S.R.SUBRAMANYAM

Associate Professor

Head of the department Dr.B.VENUGOPAL REDDY

Professor

ACKNOWLEDGEMENT

With immense pleasure we would like to take this opportunity to place it on record that “SIMULATION OF POWER FLOW AND PROTECTION OF A LIMITED BUS GRID SYSTEM WITH INJECTED SOLAR POWER has taken shape, but without the cooperation extended to us by certain individuals it wouldn’t have been

possible. We consider it as a privilege to thank all those persons who have helped us in

completing this project.

We express a sincere and profound gratitude to Dr.CH.SATHAIAH, principal of Vaagdevi College of engineering for his support help, guidance and encouragement in the course of our project.

We are very thankful to Dr.B.VENUGOPAL REDDY, Head of the dept. of electrical and electronics engineering of Vaagdevi College of engineering college, Bollikunta for providing necessary facilities in carrying out this project.

We

wish

to

express

my

deepest

sense

of

gratitude

to

my

guide

Mr.B.VENUGOPAL REDDY, for his inspiring and expert guidance through the tenure of this work, his encouragement and open-minded discussions have been a source of inspiration during this project.

THOGARU SINDHUJA (09641A0243)

CONTENTS

pg.no

ABSTRACT

1

CHAPTER-1

2

INTRODUCTION

3

CHAPTER-2

4

SOLAR ENERGY

5

BI-DIRECTIONAL INVERTER

6

CHAPTER-3

7

SYSTEM DESCRIPTION

8

  • 2.1 GRID SYSTEM AND DISTRIBUTION FEEDER

  • 2.2 TRANSMISSION LINES AND UNDERGROUND CABLE PARAMETERS

9

  • 2.3 LOADS MODELLING IN DISTRIBUTION FEEDER

10

CHAPTER-4

12

SIMULATION RESULTS AND ANALYSIS

13

  • 3.1 REDUCTION OF OUTPUT POWER FROM GENERATORS AND DECREASE IN TRANSMISSION

LOSSES

  • 3.2 OVERVOLTAGE ISSUE

16

  • 3.3 FALSE OPERATION OF OVERCURRENT PROTECTION SYSTEMS

21

CHAPTER-5

26

POTENTIAL SOLUTIONS

27

  • 4.1 OVERVOLTAGE ISSUE

  • 4.2 FALSE OPERATION OF OVERCURRENT PROTECTION SYSTEMS

29

CONCLUSION

30

REFERANCES

31