APPENDIXES-PUBLIC

APPENDIX III-A.

ASSISTANCE

STATISTICS RELATED TO PUBLIC ASSISTANCE
CHART

1

NUMBER
OF AGED
PERSONS
RECEIVING
BENEFITS
NUMBER
RECEIVING
OLD-AGE
INSURANCE
1 AND
AGED
65 YEARS
AND
OVER,
BY STATE,2
JUNE
PER

300

OASI BENEFICIARIES
1,000 AGED POPULATION

200

100

UNDER
OLD-AGE
AND
SURVIVORS
ASSISTANCE
PER
1,000 PERSONS

1948
PER

0

0
133

U.S.3

216
137

227

R.I.

201

CONN.

I92

N.J.

I91

MASS.

207

I85

OREG.

‘197

178

PA.

108

174

WASH.

346

173

MAINE

I57

166

N.H.

125

164
I64

DEL.
N.Y.

I80

HAWA!I

I54

OHIO

191

153

CALIF.

238

148

MICH.

215

146

FLA.

327

138

MD.

81

138

ILL.

180

400

500

54
95
I I I

W.VA.

185

IND.
VT.

I56
160

121

NEV.

217

I I7

WIS.

164

I 15

UTAH

252

I 12

COLO.

426
298

103

DC.

102
102

ALA.
VA.

430
89

45

IO1

IDAHO

284

100

WYO.

238

MONT.

235

96

MO.

302

91

MINN.

218

88

N.C.

233

88
86

S.C.
LA.

380
404

85

GA.

495

84

KY.

245

82
75

KANS.
TEX.

199
479

75

TENN.

254

74

IOWA

187

72

ARK.

410
58 I

67

OKLA.

66

NEEiR.

196

66

N.MEX.

335

49

MISS.

333

45

SDAK.

232

36

N. DAK.

188

Primary,
wife’s, widow’s,
and parent’s
benefits in current-payment
Aged population
as of July 1, 1948, estimated
by Social Security
Includes
Hawaii.

120

300

66

132
126

97

200

97

I34

I I I ARIZ.

I00

OAA RECIPIENTS
.I,000
AGED POPULATION

status at *end of
Administratlon.

June.

600

PUBLIC

ASSISTANCE

121

122

RECOMMENDATIONS

FOR

SOCIAL

SECURITY

1

-_
..I

PUBLIC

123

ASSISTANCE

l.- Estimated percentage of persons aged 65 and over in the population
of
various future years who will be fully
insured under old-age and survivors
insurance if high employment conditions prevail

TABLE

Complete extension
coverage
Calendar

of

Present coverage

year
Men

1955-,--- ______________-_____--------------------------1960----- __--______-_--_-__----------------------------1970- _______- - - - - - - - - - - - - _- -- - - - _- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 1980-- _______-_______-____-----------------------------1990- _________- - _- _- - - - - _- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -- - --- - - - -w--s ___-___-____----___----------------------------

Women

57-66
69-81
76-86
81-91
84-94
86-95

Men

lo-13
13-17
17-25
23-31
33-40
43-51

Women

39-44
44-49
54-62
64-73
72-81
74-84

75;
IO-14
16-22
27-34
35-43

2.- Special types of public assistance and general assistance: Expenditures
for assistance to recipients, by program and source of funds, calendar year ended
“Dec. $1, 1947 1

TABLE

Expenditures

from-

Program
Total
Amount
Total-

______________________-_ __________________. $1,480,775

Special types of public assistance:
Old-age assistance __________________________________
Aid to dependent children _________________________
. Aid to the blind --__--_---_-----_-_----------------General assistance ____________________________
_________
-

$650,310

$672,986

$157,479

986,470
520,202
294,038
115,740
36,198
14,368
164,068 _______-----

410,616
142,924
19,948
100,398

i%f
2: 783
63,670

Percentage
Total- ______________________- ____________________
Special types of public assistance:
Old-age assistance _____________-____________________
Aid to dependent children,- _______________________
Aid to the blind _______________-____________________
General assistance _________________-__------------------

(in thousands)

190.0

19.9
66.6
1%

distribution

by program

106.0

160.0

100.0

17.8
80.0

21.2
61.0

iit: .

1:::

43

___------ 22:-

Percentage distribution
Total-

______________i____________________________

Special types of public assistance:
Old-age assistance--- ____ .___________________------.
Aid to dependent children ---m---__-_ --------------Aid to the blind _-___-_____---_-_---- e-mm-_---m----General assistance _______---_____-_-___----__----------~

109.0

100.00
loo.

.

199.0
190.0 _--__----

by source of funds

43.9

45.4

52.7
%

41.6
48.6

152::

52.6
61.2

3:;

I.--

For aid to dependent children
1 For detail by program see tables 3,4,5, and 6 of this appendix.
to the blind data include programs administered under State laws without Federal participation.

10 6

and aid

124

RECOMMENDATIONS

TABLE

FOR

SOCIAL

SECURITY

3.-Old-age
assistance: Expenditures for assistance to recipients,
of funds and State, calendar year ended Dec. $1, 194? 1

I

[Amounts

- -State

Total

Utah__:::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::
Vermont_-----_-------_-------_-----.
Virginia________________-----___-----.
Washington--_______________________
West Virginia-__----___-----___-----.
Wisconsin ____________________________
Wyoming______________---------------

Federal funds

State funds

--

Percen

Amount

$520,202

52. 7

$410,616

11,416
679
6,104
8,764
113,271
31,560
7,601
332
1,087
23,197
15,396
702
5,177
59,973
18.998
22,819
15,061
9,929
13,397
6,036
4,406
53,005
40,485
25,669
7,988
45,375
4,878
11,659
1,158
2,942
11,145
3,407
61,926
8,349
4,143
57,230
;p yg

7,286
345
3,108
5,571
50,836
12,010
3,681
202
574
13,169
9,974
382
2,659
31,876
11.043
12,141

63.8

2,092

36: 711
4,022
7,118
4,826
11,086
67,82 1
6,372
2,132
3,342
41,544
4,705
20,233
2,206

20: 774
2,050
4,448
2,788
6,956
32 ;;;

Total, 51 States under plans
approved by the Social Secu­
rity Administration
__________ $986,470
i;z;ama____________________________
_---____------__-------------Arizona- ___________________- _________
Arkansas__-____--__--__----___------..
California___________-----------------Colorado_______________--_-_-__-----.
Connecticut __________________________
Delaware_______-______---------------District of Columbia _________________
~~~~~~-----------------------------------___-_-_-__-------------~dagii- --- -- ------- ----- --- -- -- -- ____----__--_-_-___------------Illinois- ______________________________
Indiana_-----__--_-_-___-_-_-,--,---.
Iowa___------__------_---------------Kansas_-_-,_-__,-_-_____-_-____-----.
Kentucky-__________________________
Louisiana- ___________________________
Maine_,-----_-----_-_--------------.
Maryland--_________________________
- -- -- - - - _----- ------ -$,,p~tts.
----__c---_-__--_-__-------Minnegsota_--------..-----------.----.
~l.;s$pi__________________________
_----__--_____---_-_-m---mMontana_______,__-___--------------.
Nebraska__,___________,-----__-----.
Nevada- ______-___ ___________________
New Hampshire- ______________-_____
New Jersey- _____--_ ________________.
New Mexico_,,----________---------.
New York- _______-__________________
North Carolina- _____________________
North Dakota ______- _________________
Ohio- _______________________________.
Oklahoma ____________________________
Oregon--- ______-_____- _______________
Pennsylvania_______________________
Rhode Island- _______________________
South Carolina _______________________
South Dakota ________________________
~~~s~--____.---------------------

in thousands]

Amount
---

--

1 For definitions of terms, see the Social Security
be compared with annual data based on monthly

by source

ss%
8: 101
3,467
2,539
23,565
22,802
13,379
5,172
26,066
2,759
6,195
596
1,616
5,791
1,857
28,716
5,356
2,119
30,941
22 g;;

1: 235
2,149
18,460
2,975
11,521
1,076

!E
ifi-:
38: 1
48.4
61.0
52.8
56.8
iif:
51: 4
53.2
58.1
$2
64:4
60.5
57.4
57. 6
44.5
56.3
52. 1
64. 7
57.4
56.6
53. 1
51.4
54.9
52.0
54.5
46.4
Et:
54: 1
55.9
50.6
56.6
51.0
62. 5
57.8
62.7
58.6
51.4
57.9
64.3
44.4
63.2
56.9
48.8

2,::
3,193
52,690
19,550
3,921
E
10,027
4,653
2%
28.097
4,773
10,677
4,597
3, 534
5,296
2,569
1,133
21,053
17,683
7,835
2,816
19,310
1,415
5,464
281
590
4,016
1, 559
20,892
1,532
1,726
26,289
21,151
3,626
15,937
1,972
2,669
2,039
3,211
28,090
2%i
746
23,084
1,730
6,111
709

Percent
w--

--

41.6

Local funds

--

Amount

$55,652

Percent

5.6

18.3
49.2
49.1
36.4
46.5
61.9
51.6
39.0
47.2
43.2
30.2
45.6
48.6
46.8
25.1
46.8
30.5
35.6
39.5
42.6

17.9
---mm----_--------8.6
----_--w--e----m_-_____-m-_-m-5.0
--w-e-----v-____--16.7
--___-_
16.1
---w-e------------16.7
15.8
--w---17.4
-_---c-----s14.4
---v-w24.3
25.0
12.0
------19.9

17.5

7.2

--e--e-

------16.8

_--___-

_____-_

-------__-_--

8.3

2. t _-_-__ Brs. --_---40: 5
515
8.1
42.1 __________ ----se22.3
13.4
447
55.6 __________ ---__-36.8 _-__--___- -a----30.2
2,600
12.9
32. 1
19.1
421

2,038
_---_--_-_
---------________r_
9,745
c_________
__________
c-em-_-m-__________
__________
770
__________
__________
__________
3,182
__________
2,428
__________
---------__________
734
2::
8,387
4317 __________
4.456
%
42: 6 ::::::::::
29.0
704
46.9 __________
24.3
281
20.1
736
36.0
1,339
45.5 --_- --___ -

33.7
12,319
18.4
1,461
41.7
45.9 _--__- 298.
44.1
- ---- ----32.6
1,874
43.4 ---------49.0 _-------_37.5 -----_----

42.2 _---______

Bulletin,
January 1948, pp. 24-26. Amounts cannot
series, or with amount of Federal grants to the States.

PUBLIC
TABLE

4.-Aid

to the blind: Expenditures for assistance to recipients,
funds and State, calendar year ended Dec. 31, 19471

I

[Amount

Total

Federal funds

State funds

Percen Amount
--__I

50 States- _____________________ $36,198
Total, 47 States under plans
approved bT the Social Se­
curity Admmistration
________ 28,367

$14,368

39.7

$19,04 t

14,368

50.6

11,224

241

150
186
230

62.5
43.2
61. 7
35.8
51.1

p;!ga.-

- - - - - - -- - - -- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -----_-------_---------------Arkansas-- ___________________________
California- ___________________________
Colorado--- _---------_--_-----------Connecticut __________________________
Delaware_-____-----,__------,------District of Columbia ______-__________
Florida _______________________________
Qeorg!? -_-__------------------------~Td”;;ll----- - - - - - - _- - - _- - - - - - - - - - - - - -------_---------_--------------

Illiqois- __________________- _____- _____
~~a~a---.---------.--------‘------_-----__------------------------Kansas___,,,,,,,-_,,_----------------Kentucky ____________________________
Louisiana_,_,,__,,,,,__,,-----,----,Maine- ---_-_----__-----------------Maryland__________________________
Massachusetts- ______________________
Michigan_-,------------------------Meespta;
__________________________
h!h!x~~qL

--- --- ----- --- -- - -----_--__----------___-----------

Montana _____________________________
Nebraska ______------_-____---------Nevada- _____________________________
New Hampshire- ____________________
New Jersey- _________________________
New Mexico, ________________________
New York___-----------------------North Carolina, __________-_-_______;;;;h
Eakota ________________________
----_----------_------------Oklahoma___,__-----_---------------Oregon _______________________________
Pennsylvania_______________________
Rhode Island- ___- ___________________
South Carolina _______________________
South Dakota ________________________
~~~~~ee-______..------------------____--____-----_____-----------Utah __________-_-- ________---_-____ __
Vermont _-___-------__-_------------Virginia--- ______----__--____-_^______
Washington __________________________
West Virginia ________________________
Wisconsin ____________________________
Wyoming- ___________________________

isi
6, p;

1,;;;

63
l”oo7
1,211
533
1;:
2,340
744
659
507
378
507
296

32

:;

684

3ii
1,2E
429

3:

240
292
170

%

%
686
542
1,;;
227
l!f
301
153
2,133
884
1,4z
1,251
228
6,776
3::

by source of

in thousands]

Amount
Total,

125

ASSISTANCE

383
259

353
-e-e-----

108
119
--------_
1:;
9;
527
30
ifi

103
--------2:

5::
2,047

3::
1,183

;;
304
480
226
562
65

2
186
187
139
318
31

50.8
E-37

66: 5
62.3
61.3
46.7
52.8
57.6
48.0
50.9
63.6
67. 7
57.4
57.2
44.9
55.8
47.7
60.5

------

56.2
52.3

_-_---

53.8
51.9
52.4
42.9

59.7

51.4
56.2
55.8
45.3

------

48.4
60.9
58.4

59.3

57.8
46.7

E

38: 9
61.4

2;

244:
143
1,874
2
16
5:;
174
15
1, 1::
316
178
155
138
215
126
3;:
303
284

*,g:
1:
6:
9
7::
178
6::
553
6,7kt
1%
1%
864

ii
~ 2;;
1;;
34

I

Percen
52.
39.6

Local funds
-Amount

Percent

-.
$2,78: s

7. 7

2,775

9.8

_.

18.7
18.8
56.8
_ m---e--_
38.3 __-_-----. -------37.4
1,346
26.8
23.9
52
25.0
49.2
. m------e
41.3
. ------mm
48.7
_ -------43. 5 ----m---m. _..------32. 7
27
6.0
48.7
. .------53.3
. .we----_m-----qm
t;:
----a----.
v------m
27: 0
165
30.6
%.
94
36.4
_ .------42.3
. .-----*e
42.6 ---------. . .-----v35.0
67
57;:
-----mm_
4412
-------_
52.3
-------_
39.5
------mm
loo. 0 ---------.
------__
30.5
26
13.3
47.7 ---------. . --m----e
7
63.0
$24 ------ ---. --m---w_
.136
45.3
4::
---------. ------ _
422
19.8
37: 3
178
20.2
.- - - - - __
it-62
. - - - - - __
43: 8
44.2
--_-_--_
36.0
18.7
.- ----__
‘fi?
------__
39: 1 -------_-- .---_-__
41.6 ------- -__ _---- -__
31.7
50
8.9
42.2 --------^.
._--_-__
45.4
7
7.9
43.2 --_---- -__ _- - - - - __
44
24.3
14.6
61.1 ---- __-__________^
38.6 ---------. _-___-__
30.3
74
13.2
52.8 ___-_---_. _---__-_

1 For definitions of terms, see the Social Security Bulletin, January 1948, pp. 24-26. Amounts cannot be
compared with annual data based on monthly series, or with amount of Federal grants to the States.
Italicized figures represent programs administered under State laws from State and/or local funds without
Federal
articipation.
Data exclude program administered without Federal participation
in Connecticut,
which ax ministers such program concurrently
with program under the Social Security Act. Alaska does
not administer aid to the blind.

126

RECOMMENDATIONS

TABLE

5.-

FOR

SOCIAL

Aid to dependent children: Expenditures for assistance to recipients,
source of funds and State, calendar year ended Dec. 31, 1947 1

I

[Amounts

State

Total

in thousands]

Total,

State funds

--

Amount

Percen

-51 States ______________________ $294,038
Total, 50 States under
lal
i!?
approved
by
the
Security Administration_
____ 294,020

M&xga-

3,099

a&m&.

____________________________
. . . . . . . . . . . ..-...--....-.-.....
. . . . . . . . . - -. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
..-.........-................
California--------------------------,Colorsdo______-------------------,--Connecticut __________________________
Delaware-___-----;,,------,-------,,
g;;;;~t
of Columbia _________________
.-~~_-~~-..~-~~.....-..........
Qeorgia,,,,__,,__,,__---,--,-------,Hawaii ________________________%__
_____
Idaho ._-.--_--.--.-..-.--.-.--.......
Illiqois, ___________- __________________
~~~-a--.-----.---------------------

1,;:
2,951
13,382
3,491
2,906
245
1.117
5,384
2,664
1,080
1,618
21,755
3,981
2,342
4,020
4,181
6,019
1,897
3,561
10,812
18,414
4,406
1,659
:‘g;

Mary&d_________________________
Massachusetts, _______________-_____
Michigan, ___________________________
Minnesota- __________________________
Mississippi,,_______,,_,____,_,,,,,___
Missouri _____________________________
Montana -__ ________________________
Nebraska- ____________________-__ ___
2: 860
Nevada_,--_,__,,,,_,,,_,,,,,,,_,,-,New Hampsnire- ____________________
l,f!
New Jersey- _________________________
3,794
New Mexico,,,______,_,__-_,_,,__,_,
2,090
New York_,__,,______,___,__,,,_,,,,
47,786
3,206
North Carolina ______________________
z;foth Dakota ________________________ 1,424
----~--------...--..----..---....
7,344
Oklahoma -__ _______________________
13,895
Oregon____,_,,,,,,_,,_,,,_,_,_-_,,-__
2,431
Pennsylvania,
_______________________
33,302
2,222
Rhode Island, _______________________
South Carolina _______________________
1,755
South Dakota ________________________ 1,007
Tennessee_________________________
6,549
6,522
~~~.-----.---------------.--------.._.-.---....--..-.---...-...--..
2,777
Vermont___,__,_,__,,,,,,_,_,_,_,_,__
381
Virginia___________________________
2,117
Washington -__ ______________________
West Virginia _____-_ ________________
S’E
Wisconsin ____________________________
6: 722
Wyoming. -. . . . . . . . . . . . . . .-. . . . . ..-. .
395

Local funds

-I-

Percen

$115,740

39.4

$142,924

48.6

115,740

39.4

142,924

48.6

1,960
58

63.2
57.7

565
42

1,::
3,401
1,354
829

2-i
25: 4
38.8

1,::
5,035
1,264
1,205

18.2
42.3
41.2
39.0
37.6
36.2
41.5

4::
3,151
1,625
357

652
3E

1: 122
1,447
2,528
3,262
664
1,687
2,853
5,977
1,891
1,040
4,703
E
. ..-...-.
342
1,279
1,061
11,991
1,996
522
3,567
8,097
717
12,385
739
1,154
659
3,927
3,897
794
224
1,199
2,193
2,635
2,140
135

2;
39: 3
t-0”
33: 1
34.1
31.9
55.3
47.9
36.0
60.5
E-02
47: 4
26.4
32.5
42.9
62.7
62.1
39.8
32.4
--.-...

6;:

2923;
723
14E
1: 068
612
1,234
%i
’ 810
1,588
3,604
11,669
1,257
619
2,876
516
1,865
-em-.-.-.

::7’

l,%
1,029
26,530
619
486
2 1,840
5,798
1,134
20,917
1,483

2:
62.3
36.6
48.6
58.3
E
3313

ifs
1,957
2,625
1,769

E
ii-OS
28: 6
58.9
!E
61: 0
31.8
34.1

by

-

Federal funds

Amount
---

SECURITY

;:
6,525
1,685
2,310
167

t Amount
--

--

Percent

$35,374

12.0

35,356

12.0

574
.---.-..
.-...-.........

18.5
---.e..--e-.-.---.-..4,946
37.0
873
25.0

s3f 2;
..---..-. --me--_--...-em.
---- ;,-,

iii!-!
41: 5
34.0
66.9
65.9
zi
26: 1
El-;
45: 8
Es7
33: 3
2;
37: 3
37.9
38.5
65.2

---em-.

133
6.0
. . . ..---.
----w-m.----em-. ----m-mm
----.-.-.
-Im-s--s
17.9
E
26.0
1,339
33.3
--.--w-m. .-----ms
.--e--e-.
--m----e
423
286
28”.o”

4,355
40:3

769

1,258
2i:i

---e-e--.
.------M

.--..-...
---.--mm

21.7

290

;;
lOto”

.-.-..._.
-----..-

1,351
35. 6

. .--..---.
..-.....

9,265
19.4

iE
591
18.4

34: 1
416

25.1
21,937
ii!::
41.7 . .---..-..
--e---.s
46.7
579 23.8
62.8 . .-----me-.-------. ...------. .--w---. ..--w---.. .------2:;
-..-4---.-. -------w
El
665
10.2
40: 2 . .
.---.--63.7
213
13.;
Pi!
32
16: 3
74: 8 . ..-me.---. .-m--.e.--...-.
39.0 . .
ii-78
49: 2

.---.---.

2::

2:

1 For deflnftions of terms see the Social Security Bulletin, January 1948, pp. 24-26. Amounts cannot be
compared with annual data based on monthly series, or with amount of Federal grants to the States. Itali­
cized figures represent program administered under State law from local funds without Federal partici ation.
Data exclude programs administered
without Federal participation
in Florida, Kentucky,
and Ne Braska,
which administer such programs concurrently
with programs under the Social Security Act.
2 State-local distribution
partly estimated.

PUBLIC
TABLE

127

ASSiSTANCE

6.-General
assistance: Expenditures for assistance to cases, by source of
funds and State, calendar year ended Dec. 31, 19471
[Amounts

State

I

in thousands]

Total

State funds
Amount

Total,

Local funds

Percent

Amount

Percent

51 States ____________.________

$164,068

$100,398

61.2

$63,670

38.8

Alabama,,-,,,.,,.-,,__,,_-..,-_-,,,-,-,-

Alaska,_,,__.,_,_,,.__,,-,-----,--,,,,,,-

Arizona ___________. ___. __________________

Arkansas.,_,.._,_____,__,___,,____,,_,_,-

California_,,,____,._-,-,,-------,----,,--

Colorado _. . _. ___. _____. ___. ___. __________

Connecticut 3-__--.------.-.-----.-~.-.--

Delaware....__._._,,,_,_,_-,-_-___,,,,--.

&WY& of Columbia, _______.____________

..--~..-.-.~~-.--...-..............
Georgia ______________________. ____________

941

459

482

51.3

7:;
2 388
13,280
1,858
1,659
332
652
3 758

7z
388
. . . ..------

48.7
100.0
100.0
160.0
..-..e.....
46.4
41.6

~d;TV;il-- -. - - - -. - - -. - - - -. . . . . -. - - - __. . . -.
.~~---.-.--....-.-....-......-.-....

Iiliqois -..-.---....---..-.................
~~~~a_----.-----.------..------------.-­
.--.---~...--~.~-...-.......--...-...
Kansas.,_,,,._,,_,._.-.-------,--,,--.-----Kentucky- ________________. _. . __________.
~~~~~--.---------..-.-....----------.-.----.--.-----.-.-......-.....-~~.
Maryland ________________________________
Massachusetts ____________________________

Michigan _________________________________

Minnesota,,,_,.___._,-,-,,--,-,,--,--,,-

Mississippi. _____________________. _____. __

Missouri _________________________________

Montana.,__,__,,,____,,,,,---,-,,--,-,,­

z&;adska...
______________________________

. . . . . . . . . ..-.-----.---............
New Hampshire __________________________
New Jerse.y.,,,,,,,-,.--.---------------_­
;?4; acre.-....-.......................
. . ..-..._.-.-...--.....-........
North Carolina ______________.__._________
g;$h Dakota __________________._________
. . . . . . . ..---.-..-....................
~~~~~~,a...----.-..--.----.----.-.-.-..­
. . . . . . . . ..--.---..---.............
Pennsylvania . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ..~-.......
Rhode Island ___.____________..__.--...--.
South Carolina ____________._.___.._______
South Dakota ____________________________
~~~:an,B,e-.-.-...._-------------------...
____..._..~~.........~........~.....
._.__.
Utah _________________._____________
Vermont 8______________.._* __._.___._.__.
Virginia.--.-.,,-------,,,,,,,-,,----,--.
Washington __.____._______._.._-.----.--.
West Virginia.,-------.-,---,,---.--------.
Wisconsin.__..,.___,_---.--------------,Wyoming,,,,,.--.,,,,-,---,--,--.----,--

E
240
12,332
:’ E
2: 395
8 372
2 2,217
1,135
2,627
7,588
lf ;;
’ 56
2 3,488
%
4::
3,071
2 459
46, Q$j
9,E
784
2,922
14,085
1,414
660
241
175
a 772
1,066
199
854
5,255
753
2,188
226

ii:
J 166
652
___.. -.....
_-_-----.-485
-.-..-.---6,815
___.... . . . .
_-_.. -...-.
900
. ..m--...-.
1,763
373
1,340
1,655
5, ;;;
-..- . . . . -...
3,443
68
. . . ..-.....
. ..s......e.......3 1,136
450
37,249
. ..-.-...9,445:
450
2,457
14,085
990
593
.-Wm......
.m.-.-.-..
. ..-......
980
50:
a 4,194
258
1::

1%
..--..-..-.
..-......-.
160.0
......... ..

.----..-....
.___-.......

?d 280
’ 996
G%ii
._.-....-...
758

533
._..._..--.65.3
b,%i
. . ..-......
1,692
1,317
m.........1,495
372
2 454
762
1, 288
5,932
5,473
2,171
56
2 46
339
542

.-a...--.-.
(a)1oo. 0
ii-46
aI:0

-.----.---.
100.0
100.0
.-.-...m.-.
100.0
44.7
160.0
100.0
62.4
100.0

37.6
-.-..-.-...
79.5
32.9
51.0
21.8
51.5
23.0
. . . . . ..-...
98.7
16. 7
. . . . . . ..m-.
.-....-....
..-..-.....
37.0

466;
* 1,935

8::
100: 0
160.0
100.0
63.0

FE.
-....m..e.19.6

8,7?
493
212

1;:
100: 0
80.4

fig
78: 2
48.5
77.0
100.0

(9
42. 6
3342
465
15.9
..- . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
%~
424
%Y
89: 9
2::
.-VW.......
160:0
175
.a.--.-..-.
100.0
m..........
772
160.0
91.9
1::
988.;
5::
354
41: 5
79: 8
al,061
34.3
495
ES
2,127
97: 2
8;::
39
17.4
‘zz
84: 1

1 For definitions of terms, see the Social Security Bulletin; January 1948, PP. 24-26.
compared with annual data based on monthly series.
4 For Arkansas, data on expenditures from local funds not available; for Louisiana,
Mexico data on expenditures from local funds incomplete,
3 Estimated.
4 Less than 0.05 perceqt,

Amounts

cannot be

Missouri,

and New

128

RECOMMENDATIONS

TABLE

*/.--Old-age

assistance:

FOR

Distribution

SOCIAL

SECURITY

of payments to recipients,

October 1943

Percent receivingState

Number
of pay
ments

Less
than
$10

$50 to $60 tc
$59.99 $69.9$

b80 to $90 to $100 or
39.99 $99.99 more

--

--

Total ______. ___ ,317,193
Alabama ______. . . ___.
Alaska... ____. ____. __
Arizona.,. ___________
Arkansas 2... _.. _._. .
California ____.. ______
Colorado. ____________
Connecticut ___. ____.
Delaware....,.......
;i!&;Fat of Columbia.
-e____-------Qeorgia,,_._.,.-.,,..
Hawaii ________. . . _. .
Idaho... ______. . . . _-.
Illinois _______. ___. __.
pmna~ - - - - - - - - - - - -.
_-------_*------Kansas ______. _. __. . .
Kentucky.
____. . -. . .
Louisiana.,. ___. . __-.
Maine _____. __. -. . . . .
Maryland _. __. . . ___.
Massachusetts. ____..
Michigan ____________
Minnesota ____....__.
Mississippi. __. _____.
lM)sm~~ - - - - - - - - - - -.
e_m_-------g;yd;t3- - - - - - - - - -.
_----4-----w.
New Hampshire. ___.
New Jersey _________.
New Mexico ________.
New York ____..._._.
North Carolina......
g;c$i Dakota __..._.
_-m-m---*------.
Oklahoma. _________.
Oregon _________. _. _.
Pennsylvania..
. ____
Rhode Island.. _____.
South Carolina. _. . _.
South Dakota _______
;l!;;;s
see__________.
Utah,.,-::::::::::::::
Vermont ____________.
Virginia. ___. _. __. . _.
Washington. _______.
West Virginia _._____.
Wisconsin. ___. . ____.
Wyoming...
__. _____.

24.1

1.7

18.8

20.9

60,138
1,362
10,601
42,694
1i8,071
g! ;g

4.2
.l

25.9
10.9

5::

21::

::

1::: 2ti14: 5
it’: 2
3: 1

1: 260
2,241
55,144

5:x
.l

:5
10.4
40. 6
16.8
16.6
20.0
20.9
15. 1
15.0
34.6
11. 0
19.9
24.4

7:‘;;
10: 476
126,475
50,731
48,391
34,734
50,182
51,986
14,691
11,859
86,890
93,124
54,572
40,392
115,208
10,728
24,896
2,094
6,817
23,329
8,317
110,369
41,213
8,890
122,660
96,867
21,905
90,179
8,714
31,518
12,329
49,361
197,924
11,459
5,802
16,299
63,576
21,679
47,307
3,819

* Less than 0.05 percent.
1 Data for September 1947.

12:‘:
‘2
.8
‘:i
.5
iti
:Ig

Et
29:6

:;
5.0

1:‘:
12:9
18.6
29.0

6:
(i)
:;
m__3::
:l
:;
:::
f*i
3: 1
:35
1Z
1::
:!

1;:
22: 0
27.8
33.3
4::
28: 2
31.3
33.0
38.9
32. 5
1:.;
33: 1
28.2

14.7
%i

342.:
26: 6
107:“2 39.1

17::
13.2
29.9
11.4
23.5
22.2
12.3
1i:
25: 3
17.3
64.3
31.2
28.5
41.9

247.:
29: 5
31.9
18.1
3z.i
30: 7
15.2
31.7
32.1
22.3
----.
40.9

22
21.7

3E
22: 3
34.0
8.9

332.;
18: 3
3.1

~~:
31: 6
10.2

8.3

9.3

Ic4
___--__-_-.
71.5
86.4
.2
5:::
__---- __-__.
3. 7
13.8
3x.:
47: 2 ____-- _-e-m.
_---em __---.
1;*:
E
30: 4 ii*:
28.5 1s: 3
1;;
22.0
30.9 10:;
!:4”
27.0
9. 5
___-__ __-_-_
1.0
.3
______ _--e-s

1;::
2.6
16::
.7
----- -.,--me _-_--.
30.2 _____- _----_
61.2 _--me- v-e--.
25. 2 16.0 m-e--.
75.0 me---;:p
2.3
14:
2.7
17: 1 13.0
24.0 18.8 1%
_--e-m _-e-e.
2:::
Fij
33: 3 2::;
81.9 __---- ___--.
5.4
27.3 13.1
30.6
2
23.2 1;::
---__ ----__ --_--.
_--e-m ___--.
7.:
_-m--e _--em.
15: 6 __--_- ___--.
57.9
4.5
1.7
37.3 _-e-m- e-e--.
__--_- ---_-.
3:::
30.4 11. er
-m-w-- ___--.
436.1 _--_-- -e--e.
33: 7 29.7 20.8
20:;

0.9

0.4
-(1)
e-_-s
_----e--_---s-e...2
-me-.5
-m-e-_---

0.2

0.3

--___-e-e_-mm--w-v--- --__--_--_-- --e-e-m-m--e _-_---.l
.4
6.4
______
----w1.0
---_-_-m--s
-m---e -em-_-__---_----.3
i::
:d
.2
.l
$1
(ij2
(ijl
Y2
:::
:67
:i
.3
.-e--w -___- __-__- -__-__.l
(9
(9

.-me-- e-e--
------

(9
__---_----.-w--m
._---_
_-m--s

6::
_--s-m
.3
.-_--.-_a-___a-w-m--_-----

3::
_---.2
-e-em--e-

-___--me--_-1.8
::;
.6
mm---- ----6.3
2.0
m--e-- --mm$1
.----“Ii!
2.3
m-_--m
--_--.
___-_.
_----2.5
---em.
_----.
5.0
w---m.
_-_--.
_-_-_.

_-___-1::

1:;

_--__-

.l

----me

-----_--__- --____­
---m-s m---_-e
--------e-v-

1:;
-___-.8
--m-m-

1::

---e-e..

1.6

(in
(ij3
-__-- -----;();

-y-

-m-m- ---em_
0-e-m ---e-w
----- ------e-e- --__-2.2
.8
m-e_- --m--m
____- -----_
4.3
2.3
--__- -w-w__
--mm- -0-m-e
-m-v- ---s-w

_-____--_---.l
-------

PUBLIC
TABLE

EL-

Aid

to the blind:

129

ASSISTANCE

Distribution

of payments

to recipients,

October 1947

Percent receiving­

State

Less
than
$10

.

Total,-

_---- - -

63,277

0.8

069.99

;1

-20.0

19.8

24.6

’ 980 to $199 or
’ 5i99.99 more
.- ---

I60to

;;; . .
12.3

-

-

6.7

mm

3.7
--

Alabama ___________
Arizona-- __________Arkansas I__________
California ______-_--Colorado ________- _Connecticut ____-_- Delaware__ _______:g;;;;k&t of Columbia
_-----------C&x-g&, ___________
Fdavvv;i.. _____- _- - - - _-m--e_------gdygi----- ------__-------w--Iowa-_-------------Kansas _____________
Kentucky________E;;;ana__________
_--_---------Maryland_____--_Massachusetts-,---Michigan- __________
Minnesota :------ ___
&.f~~tss)pl~ - - - -- - -___--w----Nebraska- __________
New Hampshire- ___
New Jersey ________.
“,!a; y&~CO -------mm----m-_North Carolina,---z;;;f
Dakota, ____.
__------------C)ffelg%;ma __________
____-- ---v--m
Rhode Island _______
South Carolina- ____
South Dakota- ____;J!f..see__________
__----e-------Utah, ______________
Vermont- ___________
Virginia ____________
Washington- _______
West Virginia _______
g;Frny;;-- ------____-e----e

1,ig

1.0

1,616

2Ii

6,;;;

56.4
_-me“3

.-em--

kf:
143
122
2:76 19: 7
213 .-mm-- 2.8
2,748
Ek)i
2,212
3:;
79 .-mm-4.9
.----$cJ
::;
:X
1: 221
‘:Z
34.:
948
1,803
67: 5
“Gj 31.1
1,565
709
1::
::
l*z?i
214
.8
.6
;, g;
.3
2: 090
.6 2:*:
412 .----.
1:s
486
1::
i::
2:
.3
::i
395 __---.
3,433
:“z 22:
2,960
124 ____-.
:*i
3,295
:62 1;;
2,548
.b
2:
2::
::t
1,237
216
:35 1%
1,782
5,461
135
I:8
:;
177
1,168
6::
338::
645
:f
36:;
2.7
1,:;
.3
1.0
100 .----.

i-s2

15: 6

_---8.4
-me--

-em--

77.1
-e-s-

Ei
10: 7
l!)2.
iii::
Et
2%
31: 5
27.6
1%
22:s
iti
32: 7
21.4
24.9
22.8
14.9
21.1
;:;

2:02
114
-we-14.1
m---_---2(:)6
20:o

.--em

w

. .---me

_--__

T---_--

.--w-

_

. .--a--

_-_--

e---e--

-----

-------

1%)
----_---7.6
2.3
me--- .-e-e
----- --mm.---8.8
‘9’)3
2.1
2: 7
----- m-v-82

.-w-s

-

.

.--me

-

.

-

.

-

-

14::
t::
12.8
i:X
_---. - -me-- m-e-.3
.9
3.0
----. . - -em-- ------s-15::
7.6
1;::
---e-me-.
6.2
18.8
ii::
me--.. - ----- --me_---. . - _---. -w--1.6
18.1
494
‘:i
2?::
--mmi-i
24: 3
18.8 14: 1 11.8
,----. . - ----. _-m-e
12.9
4.8 m--m24.6 ----- .---m--m- _---- .-em13.0 126
69::
9.2
14.2
----- .-m-m
----_---- ----- .---_---- ----- e-v-_---- _---- .--w3.0
6.2
9.6
--we- -mm-- .-mm--m-- _-------23.7 12.4 12.2
-mm-- m-w-----_--e- .---2:::
35.0 _--em
1

,

I

1

1
,

-

-

22:s
19.9
___-- ___24.1 17.6
24.3
;g
z-t
18: 1 63:s
17.4 12.2
20.9
6.1
12
29:3
7.0 iii::

88404-49-10

0.4

. .-----

._--_-

14:;
21.7
18.8

0.3
----_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

-

1Data for September 1947.

z Not computed on base of less than 169 recipients.

.-

.--me

-------

3.1

.-m-e- 1.3
;:i

.7
----- ----em­

.----.
1.4 _---_ _-m----

.-m-v. __--mm------.----. . ___--- --_---v--w1.0
?5
PO
.l
:2
::
.-w-m.. -_---2.3

1.6
:f

.5
.6
__---. . ___--- --_----

m---e. . - emm---------

m--a-. . _-s--m -----w- __--- -----w1.9
3::
2.0
_--we. . -_-me- --e-_-1.2
2.0
1.7
-----. - -.-m-e- --e-_-e-v--. . _,_____ -m-e_-.----1.0
2:‘:

1.0
.7
-2

.3
mm---- _,_---- -e----­
2.0
3.0
6.5
_--mm- ..-v-e- --e-_-­
1.6
.8
.8
----- --m-m-._-----_---me_-­
.----- 2.9
:::
:::
1.4
.--me- --w-w --..--...----- - -__-- --e-e-­
.-mm-- -__--- ------.----- ------ -m-w_-2.2
.7
6.2
.-m-e- _----- -e-v_-.----. . - ----- ------4.7
10.9
6.9
.-m-m.. - ----- --m--m­
.----. . _-e--- --_---­
-e-w-. . ------ ----e-a
.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

-

130

RECOMMENDATIONS

TABLE

9.-

SOCIAL

SECURITY

Aid to dependent children: Distribution
October

Number
of pay­
ments

State

I

of payments to families,

1947

Percent receiving-

LeSS

$10tl
b19.9’

t&f

Total,

FOR

_________

413,724

0.9

14.8

13.8

7.9

10.5

___________
-------------Arizona- _____________
Arkansas I___________
California- ___________
Colorado _____________
Connecticut,,,
______
Delaware- _______-: __
g;;j&rat of Columbia-_--_-----_--Qeorgja__,___________
-- -----------Fd;Ill
------------m--Illinois _______________
pIlay L - - - - - - - - - - - -------------Kansas ______________
Kentucky__________
&nar..Fna- ___________
--------------Maryland ____________
Massachusetts _______
Michigan-, __________
Minnesota ___________
Mississippf __________
gziix&-
- - - - _- _- - - - --__---_---_
Nebraska- ___________
New Hampshire--_-New Jersey __________
New Mexico _________
New York ___________
North Carolina_----North Dakota _______
Ohio-________________
0 klahoma- __________
Oregon ______________
Pennsylvania-______
Rhode Island ________
South Carolina, _____
South Dakota ------?kg~ssee ___________
--------------Utah_ _______________
Vermont _____________
Virginia ______________
Washington- ________
West Virginia ________
Wisconsin- __________
Wyoming ____________

9,111
228
2,169
7,611
12,326
4,211
2,763
315
1,157
13,210
6,641
1,132
1,734
21,322
7,842
4,237
4,802
11,143
12,735
1,859
5,215
9,441
20,443
6,199
5,437
20,485
1,712
3,246
1,121
4,307
3,907
43,945
7,958
1,569
9,421
28,968
2,307
38,753
2,632
5,949
1,752
14,322
15,443
2,477
708
4,652
7,205
10,114
7,105
383

3.3

32.0

2::
1.7
.2

2;:;

22.6
26.8
22.9
22.9

11.1
18.4
4.2

E
16:O

$:%;:a--

.
3i?6”

:b
.6
---2:;
:k
.4
1:;
:5
4::
1::
:36

E

;:i
.

3::
32:0

2x
23:0

!:A

28

::i

i-09
8:3

1::
11:1

2::
10:s

I;*;
10: 5

i-68
14:7
‘4.5

2;;
19: 1
5.1

12X

X:i

i:;

1Ki

i-32
31:3
17.2
10.6
Kt

2E
I$;
.
f-x
10: 0
11.0
11.6
9.5

1;
----

i-i
11:s

1;::

E
16: 5

1::

3!:$

2%

ii::

1;

lb:5

i-2
10: 1
H:::
1::g”
1;:;
10.3
12.2
15.5

256:;

2:::

8:i!

1:::

-

I:“2

48::
29.1

sg*i
19: 7
13.1

li.5”
14: 0
--em.
.6

19:;

;:32

7::

F-iL
819

i-i
22: 0

iii:;

I::

.l
-----2.4

I:4

ii:;

:X

.2
-w-e
2.6

If!
18:3
9.7

1::
10: 4

1::

.6
.--_-.

i-02
814

2s
29:6
4.7

El

16.8

10”:;

:35
1.0
2
2.1

5.3

ii:“5

;*t
19:0
29.9
25.0
26.1
4.4

2::
413

6.5

Ii-45
11:o

5-E
24: 9

89:;

8.5

f-i

1o:o

::
6.7

8:;

$80 tc
$89.9!

1%
10: 1
16.3
10.4
9.1

1x
24: 5
4.6

:f

1:::

12.3

10: 4
37.8
4.4

-

1 Data for September 1947.
2 Less than O,O5percent,

i:!

:*i
.4:1

z
25: 5
25.1

:9
1.4
-_-.4

E

§60 tl
669.9

1;::
i-s
15: 0
16.6
16.1

1;::

ii;

$100or’
more

87.97
11:4
10.2
2.9

E-t
19: 8
2.2

::;

it:
316
E
:*;
13: 4

----mm
21.1

ii-82
,9: 2
1.5

it;
18: 2
17.2
-----19::
14.7
30.9
30.3

2;
10: 9
10.1
1;‘::

4:::

:::

g:!
.

i:8

f:i

3:;
19:2
25.8
-----2.1
1.3
-----41.8
3.4

E

442::

:*e2
8:1

3;;

35: 5

2
12:1

----9.3
ii
819
ii-a7
10: 4

----.

PUBLIC
TABLE

lo.-Old-age

131

ASSISTANCE

assistance: Expenditures for assistance payments
istration, Jiscal years

I

1936-47

Expenditures

for assistance and administration,

Administration

Assistance

Fiscal year

fhcal year
f

and admin­

Re ;gzts,

Total

-m------m:;;; ---------1938-.. -. -_ ---1939
1940::::::::::
194L - - - _- - _-1942- _- - - - - - - 1943- - - -_ - - - - m& - - - - - - - - ---------a& - - - - - - - - -----a----

'$33,805,000
243,229,oOO
360,239,ooo
415,764,oOO
474,068,ooo
535,700,ooo
605052,000
652,901,OOO
720,416,OOO
743,981,OOO
806,349,OOO

~$16,602,000

119,095, oco
;;+ E? g
$

960,295, ooo

$.@&

282:649;000
305,748,OOO
326,845,OOO
335,453,ooo
354,983,ooo
472,007,OOO

22 g# E

11. -Aid

s;g9

for assistance and administration,

Total

fiscal year

24.61

zz?j
31:48

36.04

1 $1,810,000
8,981, Ooo
11,339,OOO
11,906,OOO
13,791,OOO
15,043,000
16,541,OOO
17,965,OOO
20,595,OOO
21,729,OOO
23,500,OOO
28,113,OOo

3 $925, ooo
?%i!4E
4,678,OOO
5: 046: 000
6,293,OOO

5,170, ooo
5,805, ooo
6,483,OOO
7,097, ooo
y&sg

9: 350; ooo
9,658,OOO
12,834,OOO

I

1

Ref$eents

i

St&~scaI

_-__--_-----_

6,736,OOO ______-----

7,015, ooo
wg g

7,243,OOO

733:000

p;aK&
834,000

9: 739: ooo
1,054,OOo
955,000
10,452,OOO
11,751,OOO 1,037,oOO
12,894,OOO 1,184,OOO

* Data for 1936-39 not available.

3 Represents

Average
assistance
rw$ent,

$24.10

24.96

23.32

23.22
23.53
23.67

17,571
35,042
38.783
44;579
47,538
’ 49,817
54,378
53,712
56,834
55,466
57,616
62,085

_-------_---.
$%%
792; ooo

848,000
1,073,OOO
972,000
1,054,OOO
1,2Ol,OOO

%I.
ii%
32: 89
37.87

data for February-June.

to dependent children: Expenditures for assistance payments and
administration
for State-Federal programs,‘jiscal
years 1936-Q’

12.-Aid

Expenditures

for assistance and administration,

fiscal year
Recipients,

Fiscal
year

21.08
21.83

2,170,500
2,253,522
5170,090

data for February-June.

Administration

Assistance

Fiscal year

TABLE

23; 336; 000
2 Represents

fg;

19: 959: 000
21,321,OOO
24,868,OOO
25,375,OOO
27,233,OOO
26,690,OOO

$2 g

406:604:000
438,262,OOO

t+

to the blind: Expenditures for assistance payments and administra­
tion for State-Federal programs, Jiscal years 1936-47
Expenditures

1936__________
1937, - - - - - - - - _
1938----,-,,,,
1939~~~,~~~~~~
;94&-----w-m---1942- - - - - - - - - 1943-_________
1944---------1945__________
1946__________
1947--_____--_

1,290,673
1,659,295
1,845,040
1,969,743

----------..-.

253:799:000
285,698,OOO
310,512,OOO

1 Data for 1936-39 not available.
TABLE

603,710

$17,203,000
124,134,OOO
186,154,OOo

$

Average
assistance
pagyt,

Assistance
Total

st$e;-Cal
%%I?

Administration

y$if

June

1

StafEed&ca’

Families

Children

Average
assistance
pa3;z;W

Per
‘ami

Per
child

223.46
30.56
31.40
31.21
32.09
33.01
33.87
38.96
43.13
47.46
53.71
61.68

$9.33

--

1936-w,.
1937,_,-,.
1938-e-,,.
1939--,,-.
1940--,_-.
1941,,,--.
1942,,-,-.
1943._--_.
1944--_,-.
1945---,.
1946-,,,-.
1947,,---.

___---____2 $5,621,000 z$l, 691,000 ‘$3,930,000 --_-----___
69,664
44774,000
12,005,OOO 28,769,OOO ______________________ 171,434
79,694,OOO 22,269,OOO 57,425,OOO ___________ ___________ 243,422

175,144
421,868

102,796,OOO 27,544,OOO 75,252,OOO___________
___________297,344

1%,259.000

40,40$000

152,793,OOO

57,528,OOO

167,824,OOO
161,926,OOO
148,099,OOO
151,398,OOO
188,868,OOO
275,624,OOO

65774,000

58,627,OOO
54266,000
48,520,OOO
54,869,OOO
95,876,OOO

1 Data for 1936-39 not available.

EG
333,018
801: 754
379,655
916,895
91,636,OOO 6,549,OOO 6,865,OOO 391,755
943,079
740,031
6,791,OOO
301,3<53
89,754,OOO 6,754,OOO
651,208
84,891,OOO 6,402,OOO 6,540,OOO 260,126
646,575
89,564,OOO 6,637,OOO 6,677,OOO 255,577
799,325
117,931,OOO 8,008,OOO 8,060,OOO 311,250
X.&459,000 10,626,OOO 10,663,OOO 396,098 1,009,360
78,468,OOO $3,771,000
84,063,OOO

5,516,000

$5,617,000
5,686,OOO

s Represents data for February-June.

12.42
12.67
12.92
13.33
13.67
14. Oi
15.86
17.23
18.76
20.91
24.21

132
TABLE

RECOMMENDATIONS
13.-

FOR

SOCIAL

SECURITY

General assistance: Expenditures for assistance payments
istration, fiscal years

and admin­

1936-47

Expenditures

for assistance and adminis­
tration, fiscal year

Fiscal year
Total

*

Assistance

Ad&&tra­

Cases receiving
assistance,
June

“““““““““”
“““.
“““““““” “““““.
“““““““““““““.
$2 444 g
42; 675; 000
29,435,ooo
21,611,OOO
19,218,OOO
20,101,000
24,337, ooo
1 Data for 1936-39 not available; d sta incomplete
2 Represents data for January-Ju
le.
TABLE

14. -General

:‘gPE
1: 648: 000
l,!=%ooO
Y2E
6Cn:OOO
354, ooo
z$E
278,000
335, ooo

%-iii

22: 30
23.72
23.22
22.03
23.30
26.19
27.87
29.07
32.67
39.18

for 1940-47.

assistance: Percentage
assistance payments
funds, j&al y ear ended June
of

SO,

State

Average
assistance
pagyt,

Percent

None:
California. __
~~~~~~“.....:::::::::::I::::::::::::::
::::::::
Idaho _ ” ” ” ” ” ” ” ” ” ” ” ” ” ” ” ” ” ” ” ” ” ” ” ” ” ” ” ” ” ” ” ” ” ” ” ” ” ” ”
“““““““““““““““““““““““““““““““”
“““““““”
fnx$.a.a - _- - _______- - - ________- ________ - - ______
““.“““““““““““““““““““““““““““““”
-““““““”
lK$?IlIl.u~~..~” ” ” ““” ” ” ” ““” “” “” ” ” “” “” ” “““” “““““““”
“““““““““““.“““““““““““““““”
“““““_“”
Nebraska. - - - - - - . - - - - . - - - _- -- - - - . - - - - - - - - - - - - Nevada. “““““““““““““““.“““““““““““““”
“““““““”
New Hampshire...,.,._.__,,_____,_,,
.______.
North Dakota
Carolina. ___”““““““““““““““““““““”
South
“““““““”
““““““““““““““““““““““-“““““”
._______
Tennessee.......,.,.,,._,,,,.___.,____
Texas.__,,.._.,_,..,____,_,,__,____
. . . . .._.__
Less than 25:
Vermont___..........___,_,,__,,,_____
Wisconsin._.__....._.---......-..-.--.
E!
Mon tans.. ._ . . __. __. _. __. _. _. ___. . . . __
14: 9
Massachusetts. _. .__________.__. _____.
Minnesota..,._._,_.._,..._.__._,,__,_
24”
25 to 49:
g;tnh, Dakota.. . . . _. . _______. _. . . . . ___
31. 1
“““““““““““-“-“““““““““““““““““”
32.0
~~t~~irginia
.“““““““““-“““““““““““““”
32.1
“““““““““““-“““““““““““““““““““”
33.0

met from

State
25 to (IO-Continued
New Jersey- - ------------------------.
Connecticut

State

1947

. ..- - - .- - - --. _- -. - - - - - - -. . .

Illinois- -- - - - - -- -- - - - - -- - - - - - - - - - - - - . - .
Alabama... __. _. ______. __. . ._. . -_. __. .
Maryland...
_____________. _________. _.
Colorado .___________________________. .
60 to 74:
Delaware.,..-._,__.,,,,__,_,.__.__._.
Michigan.,.,,..,_.,,.,__-_.,_...__.,.
Virginia...,.._..._,.----..--...-..-...
Oklahoma ““““““““““““““““““““““““““““”
Washington...
. .._.._.___.....__._
_. ._
Rhode Island.. .__._____________.._. . .
75 or more:
Louisiana.---------------------------w&lgg
” ” ” ” ” ” ” ” ” “” ” ” ” ” ” ” ” ” ” ” ” ” ” ” ” ” ”
“““““““““““““““““““““““““““”
Utah 3“““““““““““““““““““““““““““““““”
South Carolina . .._____ ___.___________.
Oregon “““““““““““““““““““““““““““““““”
g3wo~r~xico ” . ” ” ” ” ” ” ” ” ” ” ” ” ” ” ” ” ” ” ” ” ” ” ” ”
“““““““““““““““““““““““““““““”
Arizona.,,,,._.,..__,.._,-,_..____.,..
““““” --““““““““”
““““” “““““““““_
g;y
“” ““““““““““““““““““““““““““““““”
Pennsylvania.
_. ___. _____. _. ___. ______

1 Some State funds are available though none was expended during this fiscal year.
2 AY of July 1, 1947, the State assumed all financial responsibility.

Percent

36.1
45.3
46.9
48.4
49. 7
49.8
50.0
51.6
53.1
158.8
68.1
70.0
77.6
80.3
EE
EE
9815
99.1
100.0
100.0
z-8 .

PUBLIC
TABLE

15.-Statutory

residence provisions for public
Social Security Act, February

I
State

6 years f

Oldwe
assist
ante

3 years 3

--

OldAid
we
tg,g;
assistt&El!f~ ante
Aid

133

ASSISTANCE

2 years 8
Oldage
‘2;”

assistance

programs

under

1948

None 4

1 year

Old= Aid
Aid
we
to the assistblind ance 1 zl-2

-.
Aid
o de Oldlend
we
ent
chil.
dren

Aid

,$Ee “p”,%
assist- blind ;?,;­
ance
dren

Alabama ----- - - - - - - - - - - - - - _- - - X
Alaska--- - ---------------Arizona .-----------------X

Georgia------------------­

-----

~d~~~ll”“““.““““-_-------““““““““““““““““““““”

“““__
““““_

Illinois ---- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - ATOM”“““““““““““““““““”
“““““““““““““““““““““”
Kansas.-----------------Kentucky- - - - ---- --- - - --Louisiana.-- - -- - - - - - - - - - - Maine. -_.---------------Maryland “““““““““““““““”
Massachusetts -----------Michigan ----------_-----Minnesota .---.----------Mississippi. - - --- - - - - - - - - ~~~~‘su;I~.“““““-----““““““”
““““““““““““““““”
Egtad$a- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - ““““““““““““““““““”
New Hampshire .--------New Jersey -------------.New Mexico -------------New York . .._-----------North Carolina .---------_
Nz&h Dakota- - - -- -- - ---“““““““““““““““““““““”
Oklahoma- ------ --------Oregon. - - -- -------------Pennsylvania”“““““““““““”
Rhode Island- ._--_-__---South Carolina- ----.----South Dakota .-----.----?lk~.ssee- _______________

-----

Utah--~:::::::::::::::::::
Vermont -..-. - - - _- - - - - --- Virginia..
. .-------------Washington -------------West Virginia ---------.--Wisconsin- - - - - - _- - - - - - - - Wyoming-. . - - - - - - _- - - - - - _

iz
X
--- ---- -X
““““_
----X
X
--x­
z
5
.--_(4)
.---------x­
X
X
.“““”
. --_----.---­
z
.---. -. . X
X
----_
_- __.----

1 With the exception of Alaska and Colorado, the provision is residence in the State for 5 of last 9 years
Alaska and Colorado do not require the year
including 1 year immediately
preceding application.
immediately
preceding application.
f With the exception of Vermont, the provision is residence in the State for 3 of last 9 years including 1
ear immediately preceding application.
Vermont requires 3 of last 10 years and does not require the year
Tmmediately preceding application.
3 The provisioA is residence in the State for 2 of last 9 years including 1 year immediately
preceding appli­
cation.
4 Although New Mexico has no statutory residence provision, there is an administrative
requirement
of
6 of last 9 years, including 1 year immediately
preceding application.
Georgia
provides
that
* These States require residence of 1 year immediately
preceding application.
a person must have been a “bona fide resident” of the State for not less than 1 year.
6 States hsted in this column vary in minor detail from a basic 1 year requirement.
r Residence requirement waived d persons became blind while residing in State.
0 No approved State plan.
preceding application
if person became blind
0 Residence requirement
reduced to 1 year immediately
while residing in District of Columbia.

s34

RECOMMENDATIONS

TABLE

16.-Federal

FOR

SOCIAL

SECURITY

grants for public assistance per capita, by State, 1946-1947
Federal

State (in order of 1946 per capita income)

Continental

United

States ----------.

Nevada - - - - - - - - - - - - - _- - - - - - - - - - - - - - _- - - - New York.----.---.----------------------.
District of Columbia ---------------------.
California. - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - _- - . - - - - - - - - - - - -.
New Jersey --.---- .-__-----------_----_--.
Delaware---------.----------------------Illinois.
---------------_-----------------

--

Federal
grants
certified
1946-47

Population 1946

(000’S)

(000’s)

(1)

(2)
138,394

563
40,580
1,067
53,733
6,997
319
yg

134
13,693
815
9,342
4,217

NOTE.-Computations

in Column

3: 236
25,797
2,555
21,525
32E
1:229
3,163
33,107
3,238
27,727
. 13,014
12,486
6,596
12,191
7,299
2,763
14,728
29,766
14,299
1,289
4,475
f’;:;
4: 444
15,027
3,869
40,644
3,370
5,026
2,772
9,263
32,674
6,749
10,898
10,985
7,661
8,0,54
5,046
6,067
5,959

3 based on unrounded

$4.43

--

4.22
2.96
1.31
5.75
1.66
1.12
4.87
2.34
6.79

7,E
1,958
477
4’ 568
735
2,168
7,499
.2,109

i-z
9: 93
%E
t-E
3: 31
6.92

I2
lo’ FE
6,050
3,163
1,103
1,449
2,541
1,269
3,%
3,766
2,818
353
623
1,835
513
874
2,249
617
6,809
2,886
1,806
519
2,987
2,211
3,573
3,088
2,469
2,698
2,774
:‘E
2: 081

i-E
11: 32
4.55
4.80
5.75
5.14
3.93

.

!!!$%a%

‘fzz2Ea
%iSn~f
1946

capita
income

(2)

(1) f
(3)

$612,720

CoMecticut”““““““““----,---------,-----”.

Montana---------------------------------.
MaGachusetts .--_--- --- ------------_-----.
Rhode Island .-------------_--------------.
rhyohmgton- - _- - - - - . - - - - - - - - - - - _- - - - - - - - “_““_“““““““““_“““““““““““““““““”””””.
Maryland- - _- - - - _- - - - - - - - _- - - - - - - - _- - - - - .
Wyoming- - - -- -- - - - -- - - - -- --- ---- -- --- - -Idaho __- - - . __-- . _- _- - - - - - - - - - -- - - - - - - - _- Pennsylvania_- . - - _- - - _- - - - -- - - - - - - - - - _South Dakota.---.-------------------.---.
hfichigan-- .- - - - - . - _. - - _- - . - - - _- - - - - - _- - _~~~o~~~“““““““““““““““““““““““““”””””””.
__““““““““““““““““““““““““““““““”.
Oregon---..-.-..--..:------.-------.-----.
Iowa...------...-----------------.------..
Nebraska .--_ . _. . - _. . - . - -- _- - . - . - - -. - - _- - North Dakota ..-----_-----._----_--------.
Indiana __- - - - - _. . . - . - _- - _- - . - - - - - - _. - - - - Missouri.-----.-.---.--------.--..-..----.
Minnesota-----.----------.---.------.---.
Ve;ront------------.....--.------------..
” ““““““““““-“““““““““““““““““““““”””.
Kansas..-.---.-.--.----.-...--------.--.-.
paLFampshire.
.-- - - _- - . - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - .
.““““^“““““““““““““““-““““““““““””””.
Florida-- - _- - - - - - - . - - - - - . - _- _- . - - - - - . - - - - Arizona- _-- - - --_ -- _- - --. - . - -- - - - - - - - - -- - - .
Texas------------------------------------.
Virginia----------------------------.-----.
West Virginia. -- .-.- ---. --_ -- -. -. ---_----_
New Mexico- - --_-_ .----- ._- -_--_ _------ -.
Tennessee----------------.-------.-------.
Oklahoma----.--.--.------------..--.----.
North Carolina -..----. ------------_------.
Georgia------.-.-.-.-------------.-------.
Louisiana - - - - - _- . . - __- - - - - - - - - - - - __- - - __- .
Kentucky- - - - - - - - - - _- - - - - . - - _- - - - - - - - - - ..- _
Alabama- - . ___- - __- - - - - - - -- -- - - - - -- - - - - . - _
South Carolina --..._-_--------_----.---.-.
Arkansas...-----...----------------------.
Mississippi- -. . -. . -- _-- - _- - - - - - -- - --_ - . - - -.

Federal
,grants
per
capita

x-s
3: 65
7.18
4.83
3.78
5.08
6.68
6.27
5.97
1.17
2.78

(3) + (4)
(4)
$1,200
:’ 2;
1: 569
1,531

1,494
1,493
1,486
1,465
1,394
1,356
1,347

1,346
1,302
1,293
1,264
1,243
1,238
:‘E
1: 198
1,196
1,188
I, 183
1,164
1,162
1,158
1,143
1,090
1,085
1,063
1,062
1,048
1,044
1,010
E
952
914
911

i-E
14: 78
1.119
3.53
4.45
2.84
\

(5)

iii
817
iii
733

z
3: 23
2.86

E
555

0.37
.25

.18

.08

:S!

.08

.33

.16

.49

.42

:Z

1:
.37
:Zi
.48
;;
2
.49
:E
.69
.47
.34
1:
.36
.49
:S
:fX
.30
.69
.37
1.79
:Z
.57
.37
.40
.37
.46
.62

data.

Source: Column 1, annual report, Federal Security Agency, 1947, p. 166; column 2, estimated
of the Census; column 4, Survey of Current Business, August 1947.

.

by Bureau

APPENDIX III-B.
MEMORANDUM OF DISSENT BY FOUR MEMBERS
FROM THE MAJORITY REPORT WITH RESPECT TO FEDERAL PARTIC­
’_
IPATION IN GENERAL ASSISTANCE
.

Those opposin the extension of Federal grants to include .general
assistance are fu7ly cognizant .of the pressing need to improve. the
standards and effectiveness of this type of social-welfare program.
They believe, however, that the extension and liberalization of the
social insurances and the improvement of the program for aid to
dependent children currently recommended by this Council, if adopted,
will in time materially reduce the burden of general assistance to be
borne by the States and localities. Further, they are convinced that
general assistance for persons of working age is in particular, under our
form of government, the responsibility of the State and locality, since
sustained and immediate participation by community representatives
is essential to the effective and economical administration of this form
of assistance. They would favor the broadening of the existing program of Federal participation in State aid to the blind to cover persons
of working age who are totally and permanently disabled by other
specified physical impairments of an equally serious and demonstrable
character.
135

APPENDIX

III-C.

STAFF FOR PUBLIC

ASSISTANCE

Robert M. Ball, staff director.

Fedele F. Fauri, research director.

Leona V. MacKinnon, executive assistant.

Helen Livingston, research assistant.

Donald S. Howard, director, department of social-work adminis-’

tration, Russell Sage Foundation, acted as consultant.
136