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Forming (metalworking) - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Metal_forming

Forming (metalworking)
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

(Redirected from Metal forming) Forming, or metal forming, is the metalworking process of fashioning metal parts and objects through mechanical deformation; the workpiece is reshaped without adding or removing material, and its mass remains unchanged.[1] Forming operates on the materials science principle of plastic deformation, where the physical shape of a material is permanently deformed.

Contents
1 Characteristics 2 Forming processes 2.1 Compressive forming 2.2 Tensile forming 2.3 Combined tensile and compressive forming 2.4 Bending 2.5 Shearing 3 Notes 4 References 5 See also

Characteristics
Metal forming tends to have more uniform characteristics across its subprocesses than its contemporary processes, cutting and joining. On the industrial scale, forming is characterized by:[2] Very high required loads and stresses, between 50 and 2500 N/mm2 (7-360 ksi) Large, heavy, and expensive machinery in order to accommodate such high stresses and loads Production runs with many parts, to maximize the economy of production and compensate for the expense of the machine tools

Forming processes
Forming processes tend to be typified by differences in effective stresses. These categories and descriptions are highly simplified, since the stresses operating at a local level in any given process are very complex and may involve many varieties of stresses operating simultaneously, or it may involve stresses which change over the course of the operation.[3]

Compressive forming

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Forming (metalworking) - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Metal_forming

Compressive forming involves those processes where the primary means of plastic deformation is uni- or multiaxial compressive loading. Rolling, where the material is passed through a pair of rollers Extrusion, where the material is pushed through an orifice Die forming, where the material is stamped by a press around or onto a die Forging, where the material is shaped by localized compressive forces Indenting, where a tool is pressed into the workpiece

Tensile forming
Tensile forming involves those processes where the primary means of plastic deformation is uni- or multiaxial tensile stress. Stretching, where a tensile load is applied along the longitudinal axis of the workpiece Expanding, where the circumference of a hollow body is increased by tangential loading Recessing, where depressions and holes are formed through tensile loading

Combined tensile and compressive forming


This category of forming processes involves those operations where the primary means of plastic deformation involves both tensile stresses and compressive loads. Pulling through a die Deep drawing Spinning Flange forming Upset bulging

Bending
Main article: Bending (metalworking) This category of forming processes involves those operations where the primary means of plastic deformation is a bending load.

Shearing
Main article: Shear forming This category of forming processes involves those operations where the primary means of plastic deformation is a shearing load.

Notes
1. ^ Lange 1985, p. 2.1. 2. ^ Lange 1985, p. 2.2. 3. ^ Lange 1985, p. 2.4.

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Forming (metalworking) - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Metal_forming

References
Lange, Kurt, ed. (1985). Handbook of Metal Forming. McGraw-Hill, Inc. on behalf of the Society of Manufacturing Engineers. ISBN 0872634574.

See also
List of manufacturing processes, section Forming Retrieved from "http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Forming_(metalworking)& oldid=538808040" Categories: Metalworking Metal forming This page was last modified on 18 February 2013 at 02:02. Text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. Wikipedia is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., a non-profit organization.

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