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Present simple Si forma utilizzando la forma base del verbo.

Il present simple si usa per azioni che si compiono abitualmente o frequentemente, per dare un suggerimento o un'istruzione,per indicare eventi programmati nel futuro. Affirmative I'm (am) English You !e "he# are English $e She It's (is) English Negative I'm not (am not) English You !e "he# aren't (are not) English $e She It isn't (is not) English Am I English % Are #ou &e the# English % Is he she it English %

Question

Yes, I am 'o, I'm not Yes, #ou &e the# are. 'o, #ou &e the# aren't. Yes, he she it is. 'o, he she it isn't. Present continuous Si forma utiliazzando il soggeto ( am are is (to be) ( forma base del verbo in ing. Si riferisce ad) azioni in corso di svolgimento in questo momento o in questo periodo,azioni di durata temporanea,si usa con always quando colui che parla vuole sottolineare un'azione che lo disturba poich* si ripete continuamente. Affirmative Sub+ect ( am are is ( &ith ( ,ing We're studying Negative Question Short answers Sub+ect ( am not aren't not isn't ( &ith ( ,ing She isn't studying -m -re Is ( sub+ect ( verb ( ,ing % Are they studying ? Yes, sub+ect ( am are is. 'o, sub+ect ( am aren't isn't. Yes, I am No, they aren't.

Short answers

Present perfect Si forma con soggetto ( have has ( participio passato. Si riferisce ad azioni passate ma non ancora definitivamente concluse.

Affirmative I You $e She It !e You "he# ( have/has + past participle I have lived in many countries. Negative Question Short answers I You $e She It !e You "he# ( haven't/hasn't + past participle We haven't read this book. I You $e She It !e You "he# ( past participle ave you seen that !ilm ?

I You $e She It !e You "he# ( has/have I You $e She It !e You "he# ( hasn't/haven't Yes, we have. No, he hasn't. Food and restaurants "o eat in reasturant) mangiare al ristorante "o eat out) mangiare !uori "o eat a quite a lot of s&eet things) mangiare un bel "o'# molte cose dolci "o eat read#, prepared food) mangiare cibi "re"arati "o coo. big meals (pasti) at home) cucinare grandi "asti a casa "o en+o# eating) godere mangiando "o feel eating) sentirsi a!!amati "o feel bad &hen eat unhealth#) sentirsi male $uando si mangia non sano "o tr# to eat less of something) "rovare a mangiare meno $ualcosa "o prefer have good food than have a lot of food) "re!erire cibi buoni che tanto cibo "o be negative about eating habit (abitudini) in the countr#) essere negativi nelle abitiduni del paese oca!oli) /oiled rice) riso bollito Steamed vegetables) verdure al va"ore 0oast chic.en) "ollo arrosto /a.ed potato) "atate bollite 1rilled sausages) salsiccie grigliate 2ried eggs) uova !ritte 3o&,fat) "oco calorico 0a&) crudo Spic#) "iccante S&eet) dolce "a.e a&a#) cibo da tras"orto /iscuit) biscotti Salmon) salmone 3ettuce) lattuga Sugar) %ucchero Yoghurt) yogurt 4enu) menu 5iet) dieta Soup) %u""a !hole meal)

5ishes) "iatti $one#) miele 6uice) succo Spoon) cucchiaio 4ousse) gelatina /utcher) macellaio /eans) !agioli 0a& fish Sushi) "esce crudo 2rozen) congelato 7melette) !rittata 2resh eggs) uova !resche Sauce) salsa -glio) garlic /eans) !agiolini "omato )"omodoro -ubergine) melan%ana 7nion) ci"olla /occoli) broccoli 8auliflo&er) cavol!iore 8arrot) carota 9otato) "atata /anana)banana 9ineapple)ananas 1rapes)uva 4elon)melone -pple) mela 3emon) limone 8herries) ciliege 9ear) "era 7range)arancia 9each) "esca !atermelon) cocomero -pricot) albicocca 9lum) "rugna 0aspberr#) lam"one "ow often do #ou eat...$ - ta.e a&a# food) I don't eat o!ten take away !ood 0ead#,coo.ed meals) "&o times a &ee. about I eat read#,coo.ed meals as .ibbles, donuts. 3o&,fat food) &uring the week sometimes I eat low'!at !ood es"ecially at the dinner as vegetables or !ish. $ome,made food) I eat always home'made !ood "re"are by mom or dad as "ast and second meals. %hat is #our favourite...$

2ruit) (y !avourite !ruit is cherry, it is very delicious :egetables) (y !avourite vegetables is beens Shac.) (y !avourite shack are a lot as chi" ighlander San )arlo, sweet things cu" cakes and others. $ome,made food) (y !avourite home'made dish is "e""er. %hat food do #ou li&e eating $ !hen the &eather's ver# cold) I like drink a cu" o! chocolate. !hen #ou feel a bit do&n) I like eat the ice cream,es"ecially in the bread. 2or Sunda# lunch) I like eat baked "asta. Past simple Il Simple Paste il tempo verbale inglese che esprime il concetto generale di unazione che si svolta nel passato e non ha pi nessun rapporto con il presente. !ith the past simple &e often use the time e;pressions li.e) yesterday, yesterday morning#a!ternoon#evening, last night, the day be!ore yesterday, two#three#!our days#weeks#months#years ago, last week#month#year. Affirmative I $e She It was there. You !e "he# were there. Negative Question Short answers I $e She It wasn't (was not) there. You !e "he# weren't (were not) there. %as I $e She It there% %ere #ou &e the# there %

Yes, I he she it was. Yes, #ou &e the# were. 'o, I he she it wasn't. 'o, #ou &e the# weren't. Past continuous Si forma con soggetto ( &as &ere ( ing form. <siamo il present continuouns = il tempo verbale che si utilizza per esprimere azioni che si sono svolte in un preciso preciso nel passato. Affirmative I $e She It was listening. You !e "he# were &atching. Negative Question Short answers I $e She It wasn't was not listening. You !e "he# weren't were not listening. %as I $e She It listening. %ere You !e "he# listening. Yes, I $e She It was. Yes, I $e She It wasn't. 'o, You !e "he# were. 'o, You !e "he# weren't.

Past Perfect

Si forma con soggetto ( had ('d) ( participio passato past participle. Si usa per parlare di azioni che hanno avuto luogo prima di un certo tempo nel passato, si traduce col il trapassato (azione antecedente). Affirmative Sub+ect ( had ('d) ( past participle *hey had !inished dinner. Negative Question Short answers Sub+ect ( had not (hadn't) ( past participle *hey hadn't !inished dinner. "ad ( sub+ect ( past participle ad you !inished dinner ? Yes,sub+ect ( had. 'o, sub+ect ( hadn't. Yes, I had. No, I hadn't.

Sports 8aptain) ca"itano 8oach)allenatore 2ans) !an 9la#ers) giocatori 0eferee) arbitro Spectators) s"ettatori "eam) s$uadra Stadium) stadio Sports hall) "ala%%etto dello s"ort 8ircuit) circuito 8ourt) cam"o 8ourse) "ercorso 9itch) tiro 9ool) "iscina Slope) "ista da sci "rac.) "ista Future' !e going to Si forma con soggetto ( be going to + forma base del verbo. Si usa per esprimere il futuro intenzionale, azioni cio= che si intende compiere nel futuro, l'azione = sempre premeditata. Affirmative I You $e She It !e You "he# ( am/are/is + going to + fall Negative Question Short answers I You $e She It !e You "he# ( am not/aren't isn't + going to + fall Am/Are/Is I You $e She It !e You "he# ( going to + fall % Yes, I You $e She It !e You "he# + am/are/is 'o, I You $e She It !e You "he# + am not/ aren't/isn't.

Present (ontinuous Si forma con soggeto ( am are is (to be) ( forma base del verbo in ing. 9u> essere usato con significato di futuro per esprimere un programma preciso per il futuro, per realizzare il quale si = gi? fatto qualcosa. Affirmative Negative Question Sub+ect ( am/are/is ( &ith ( ,ing I+m taking an e,am in -ctober. Sub+ect ( am not/aren't not/isn't ( &ith ( ,ing I am not leaving by train tomorrow Am/Are/Is ( sub+ect ( verb ( ,ing % Are you leaving by train tomorrow?

Short answers Yes, sub+ect ( am/are/is. 'o, sub+ect ( am/aren't/isn't. Yes, I am No, they aren't. %ill/shall Si forma con soggetto ( &ill shall ( infinitive. Si usa &ill &on't per decisioni al momento, promesse, offerte, e suggerimenti. Si usa shall con I e &e per le offerte, e suggerimenti quando sono domande. Si usa &ill o going to per le previsioni. Affirmative I You $e She It !e You "he# . will I'll have the steak /instant decision0. You'll love the !ilm1 /"rediction0. Negative I You $e She It !e You "he# + will not/ won't I won't tell anybody where you are /promise0. Shall I !e ( infinitive Shall I help you with you homework ? /offer0. Shall we eat out tonight ? /suggestion0

Question

Yes, sub+ect ( &ill 'o, sub+ect ( &on't Yes, I will No, they won't Yes, sub+ect ( shall No, sub2ect . shan't Yes, I shall No, I shan't Famil# and personalit# 1reat,grand parents) bis nonni 7nl# child) !iglio unico Single, parent families) !amiglie mono"arentali 8ousins) cugini E;tended famil#) !amiglia estesa 1reat, great grand parents) trisnonni $all, brothers)

Short answers

Step moteher Step father) matrigna#"atrigno 8ouples) co""ie Personalit# Spoilt) vi%iati 8ompetitive) com"etitivo Selfisch) egoista -ggressive) aggressivo Self,confident) sicuro di s3 8harming) a!!ascinante Sensible) sensibile 4anipulative) mani"olatrice 4ood#) lunatico Independent) indi"endente /oss#) autoritario -ffectionate) a!!ettuoso Sensible) sensibile -mbitions) ambi%ioso 6ealous) geloso E;trovert) estroverso $ard,&or.ing) diligente 4ean) meschino Stupid) stu"ido "al.ative) chiaccherone 8lever) "ers"icace 1enerous) generoso Insecure) insicuro 3az#) "igro @uiet) tran$uillo Sh#) timido -mbitious) ambi%ioso 2riendl#) amichevole $onest) onesto Imaginative) !antasioso Aind) gentile 7rganized) organi%%ato 9atient) "a%iente 0eliable) a!!idabile 0esponsible) res"onsabile Sociable) socievole "id#) ordinato 5ishonest) disonesto 5isorganized) disorgani%%ato Impatient) im"a%iente Insensitive) insensibile <nambitious) sen%a ambi%ioni

<nfriendl#) non amichevole#ositle <n.ind) scortese Present perfect continuouns Si forma con sogg. ( have has ( been ( forma base del verbo in ing Si usa il 9resent 9erfect 8ontinuous per esprimere un'azione che = appena terminata, che si = prolungata per un certo tempo e la cui conseguenza = evidente in questo momento. Si usa per i verbi d'azione con for e since. Since indica l'inzio dell'azione, for la durata dell'azione. 8on i verbi non d'azione si usa il present perfect simple soggetto ( have has ( participio passato. Affirmative I You $e She It !e You "he# . have/has + !een + ver! ing Negative Question Short answers I You $e She It !e You "he# + haven)t/hasn't + !een + ver! ing "ave/has + I You $e She It !e You "he# ( !een + ver! ing

Yes, sub+ect ( have/has 'o, sub+ect ( haven't/hasn't Yes, I will No, they won't Strong ad*ectives :er# small) molto "iccolo :er# tast#) molto buono :er# nervous angr#) molto nervoso :er# scared afraid) molto s"aventata :er# tired) molto stanca :er# hungr#) molto arrabbiata :er# big) molto grande :er# cold) molto !reddo :er# dirt#) molto s"orco :er# terrible) terribile Phraseal ver!) sono verbi seguiti da preposi+ioni e o avver!i che ne modificano il significato, ad esempio loo. at that bo#, loo. after #our brother, loo. out is crossing th road. 8i sono quattro tipi di phraseal verb) ver!o + preposi+ione + sostantivo o pronomw) I &as loo.ing after him, mi stavo prendendo cura di lui. er!o + avver!io + preposi+ione + sostantivo/pronome) I'm loo.ing for&ard to #our repl#, I don't get on &ith her (non vado d'accordo con lei). er!o trans. + avver!io + compl. ,gg o ver!o trans + compl. ,gg. + avver!io) &hitct off the light please (spegni la luce perfavore) ver!o intrans. + avver!io) the mobile phone has +ust bro.en do&n. I phraseal verb si usano spesso nella lingua colloquilae. Esistono anche altri verbi formati da una sola parola, essi per> si usano per lo piB nel linguaggio formale (put

out) soegnere, put out the fire) estinguere il fuoco). <na stesso forma pu> avere la funzione di preposizione o avverbio. $e run do&n stairs (corse giB per le scale) Esempi) -ive up) rinunciare, smettere, es) give up smo.ing) smettere di !umare -ive awa#) dare via, regalare, rivelare -ive !ac&) restituire -ive in) arrendersi -ive out) distribuire, annunciare -iven out) Set up) erigere, avviare /un'a%ienda0 Set out) !ornire dettagli, s"iegare Set apart) distinguere, rendere diverso .oo& around) dare un'occhiata in giro .oo& !ac&) guardare indietro .oo& down on) dis"re%%are .oo& over) esaminare .oo& trough) s!ogliare /urn up) !arsi vivo, ricominciare, saltar !uori