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# 1. 20 kids go to a frutera. They can each buy either a banana, a plum, or a coconut.

How many ways are there to do this? E 2. You have 3 different bracelets, 2 different necklaces, and 3 different rings. You wear one of each item. How many possible combinations of accessories can you wear? E 3. Of 4 pens and 7 pencils, you can choose 2 of each. How many combinations are there for you to choose? E 4. Alan, Barney, and Julianna go shopping. They spend \$10 total on \$1 pencils. Giving they each bought a nonnegative integer number of pencils, what is the number of ways they could have? 5. You have 5 different stuffed animals. How many ways are there to choose up to 3 of them to pack in your suitcase? EM 6. You have three rows of dots. The first row has 7 dots, the second has 5 dots, and the last has 3 dots. Every dot is connected to one on a different row. How many ways are there to do this? MH 7. In a 5x5 grid of Cupertino High, where the lower left corner is the classroom and the upper right corner is the cafeteria, Bili and Stephanie race for the enticing prospect of donuts. They start at the same time and can move one unit per second. Bili, being a man, will bump Stephanie out of the way if the two end up on the same point after t=0 seconds. However, if Bili and Stephanie reach the goal at the same time, Stephanies convincing sweet talk will allow her to buy donuts first. If Bilis path is RURURURURU, where R=right and U=up, then how many paths can Stephanie take to win the donuts? MH 8. A beneficiary gives teddy bears to an orphanage. He has 8 to give to 4 orphans. However, these orphans are abnormally nice because they can share a bear with at most one other orphan. (An orphan can share a bear and own another at the same time.) If each orphan needs at least 1 bear, how many ways can he give the bears? H 9. You color a 1x10 board in 2 different colors with the rule that no three adjacent squares can be the same color. How many ways are there to do this? H Complementary counting: (short section) 1. You have a row of 7 fruits, chosen from bananas, apples, and plums. In how many ways can you form your row of these 3 fruits, if there must be at least 1 plum? M 2. Ashish is getting old, and alas, he must pass on his inheritance of \$24 (so little!) to his children, including Julianna, Meghal, and Bili. He decides that everyone should receive a distinct payment and Bili must receive the least inheritance and at most \$3. How many ways can Ashish divide up the money? MH 3. Chung Min the Spider needs to weave a web. Her webs frame consists of 10 distinct points on a circle. She starts at one point and weaves a path, passing each point once and ending at some tenth point. (She does not end at the original point.) However, if any one string does not intersect at least two others in the web, the web will collapse under her. How many ways can she build a safe web? MH Probability: 1. What is the probability that if you draw five letters from a bag with the 26 letters of the alphabet (no repeats), they can be arranged to spell PLUMS? Assume that you do not replace the letters after you draw them. E 2. If the probability of a coin landing on heads is , what is the probability that if you toss it four times it will land on tails three of the times? E 3. Christopher the sailor decides to sail to the edge of the World. There is probability of 1/2 that he will be devoured by monsters underneath. The other probability leads to the world of Cakes, where he will be forced into a baking competition; he receives 5 materials to bake a cake with, out of 10 available. One ingredient is a plum. If plum is included, Barney will love it. If he does not, Barney has a probability of 1/4, to love the cake. If Barney loves Christopher's cake, he lives; otherwise, he dies. What is probability of death? E