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"Government founded on a moral theory, on a system of universal peace, on the indefeasible hereditary Rights of Man, is now revolving from

west to east by a stronger impulse than the government of the sword revolved from east to west. It interests not particular individuals, but nations in its progress, and promises a new era to the human race." "America was the only spot in the political world where the principle of universal reformation could begin." Thomas Paine Rights of Man

Benjamin Franklin can be considered the Elder Statesman of !th century America. "y far the vast ma#ority of the men who had a dominant part in transforming the American $olonies into the %nited &tates of America were born in the thirties or early forties of the century. 'ran(lin was the oldest delegate to sign the )eclaration of Independence* being then over +, years old. -e died in +.,, and, not only because of his life/span, but deeper still because of his character and influence he, more than anyone, can be said to have been the typical "representative man" of the best America had to offer during the !th century an idealistic, intellectual, rationalistic century. ""en#amin 'ran(lin was born 0anuary &outh." 1$arl 7an )oren8s biography3. 9his ma(es :uite certain that he was born before noon. 'urther study of his life and of his characteristic features seems to bring into the sharpest possible relief an Aries Ascendant. The chart here given appears to be characteristic and entirely befitting. Among other salient features, it brings 'ran(lin8s progressed &un to his natal Ascendant at the time of his return to America in ++; and of his most intense participation in the fight for democratic principles in <hiladelphia. 'ran(lin #oined, apparently in 'ebruary += , "the earliest (nown Masonic >odge in America," the &t. 0ohn8s >odge of <hiladelphia. -e was then ?;. -e had #ourneyed already to @ngland, had established himself as a printer and had evolved his own life/philosophy. -e had gathered 1'all +?+3 some friends into a group called "the 0unto"* true in this to the organi5ing spirit of 7enus culminating at the cusp of his -ouse of profession and public life. 9he 0unto, or >eather Apron $lub of ? members, lasted for many years and became both 'ran(lin8s philosophical laboratory and a contributing factor in the political life of <hiladelphia. -e had also begun to be (nown as a writer, as publisher of The Pennsylvania Gazette and of a number of boo(s. In +=? be published his famous Poor Richard Almanac. In +=+ he became <ostmaster of <hiladelphia. + 12ew &tyle3, +,4 in Mil( &treet 1"oston3 and, born on &unday, was carried that, day across the winter street to be bapti5ed in the 6ld

'ran(lin was soon elected Grand Master of his Masonic >odge, published the first Masonic boo( in America and played an important part in Masonry throughout the $olonies. Reali5ing that "the first drudgery of settling colonies which confines the attention of people to mere necessaries" was then "pretty well over" he proposed the formation of an American <hilosophical &ociety to help build an inter/$olonial culture. 9he plan conceived in +A= mar(ed the beginning of American unity at the mental/spiritual level. 9he logic of development of 'ran(lin8s wor( of destiny for America is remar(able. <rinter, writer, Mason, postmaster organi5er of cultural groups and unconventional scientist with bold foresight Franklin became the center of the mind of America-in-the-making. The astrological pattern which we find in Franklin's birth-chart as an eBpression of such a destiny is one that astrological students should do well to ponder upon. Mercury, symbol of the mental life, is retrograde in A:uarius, opposed by %ranus and s:uared by &aturn 1which is presumably con#unct <art of 'ortune3. And, granted that its 5odiacal degree is eBactly correct, we find the operation of Mercury in 'ran(lin8s personality most significantly symboli5ed as followsC A barometer hangs under the porch of a quiet rural inn. 7antage point in consciousness whence life may be observed and measured in peace. Inner retreat of a soul see(ing truth." Mercury retrograde certainly did not ma(e for a "slow mentality*" nor did the opposition by %ranus and s:uare by &aturn mean in this case the things often tabulated in teBtboo(sD &uch a planetary cross gave originality and vision coupled with stability, prudence and temperance virtues much eulogi5ed by 'ran(lin. 2eptune rising combined with 7enus culminating gave him charm, fluency in society, and great diplomatic abilities. It made him an agent for group/integration on the basis of broad ideals social, educational and political. It was unavoidable that such a man should become a political figure and a powerful factor in the $olonies8 struggle for integration on an idealistic basis. 'ran(lin8s Aries Ascendant, and his $apricorn &un and angular planets are representative of a man, of whom his biographer says "was a man of action, whether in science or morals or politics. -e disli(ed waste and disorder 1&aturn con#unct <art of 'ortune, and $apricorn &un3. <ennsylvania, with rapid growth and its irregular development, seemed to him disorderly. In that confusion he thought in forms in forms which life might ta(e." 1A typical characteristic of Aries.3 -e too( his seat in the Assembly for the city of <hiladelphia on August =, +; and almost immediately became a political force. -is first diplomatic mission came about when in +;= be was one of the commissioners to renew a treaty of peace with the &iB 2ative American 2ations (nown as the Iro:uois confederation. <ertinently he remar(ed that if savage Indians could unite in such a great confederation, why could "ten or a do5en @nglish colonies" not do li(ewiseE 9he seed of the %nited &tates of America was perhaps then planted in 'ran(lin8s mind. In +;A his "&cheme for %niting the 2orthern $olonies" found

favor with delegates at the Albany $ongress this on 0uly , but was ignored by the $olonies themselves. It would be too long to spea( of 'ran(lin8s life in the years that followed. As an agent of the $olonies he went to @ngland, then bac( to America, later to 'rance and again to @ngland. $ultural circles, Academies, learned &ocieties gave him honors as a scientist and a thin(er in many fields. 9o @urope he meant the very best the 2ew Forld had produced. 'or many years he attempted to ma(e the @nglish Government recogni5e the need to deal generously and wisely with the $olonies, while eBhorting the American radicals to bear "a little with the infirmities of @ngland8s government, as we would with those of an aged parent." -e was thin(ing then of a great @nglish/spea(ing @mpire in which the united American colonies would function under the general authority of the Ging but with a large amount of self/government. In &eptember ++A the 'irst $ongress of the $olonies met. 'ran(lin remained in >ondon, hoping to the last for a peaceful solution. Fhile he was on his way bac( to America, the battle of >eBington occurred. 9he day after his arrival he was chosen to be a deputy to the &econd $ontinental $ongress. Hounger men were in the lead, but 'ran(lin was appointed as <ostmaster General, <resident of the $ommittee of &afety, and to many other committees, one of them dealing with foreign contacts 1the origin of the &tate )epartment3. 9he Resolution of Independence, proposed on 0une + by >ee of 7irginia, was passed by the $ongress on 0uly ?* the revised version of the )eclaration of Independence carrying a number of corrections by 'ran(lin was adopted on 0uly A, probably late in the afternoon. 9homas 0efferson, the American figure of the period most similar to 'ran(lin, though =+ years younger, is said to have written the first draft of the )eclaration. "ac( of 0efferson8s words, however, stood the powerful pronouncements of 9homas <aine, who, born in @ngland, had arrived in America on 2ovember =,, ++A with a letter of introduction from "en#amin 'ran(lin. o personalit! of the Revol"tionar! Era has aroused as much antagonism as Thomas Paine, an impetuous man who having espoused at the outset the cause of American Independence wrote pamphlets, articles and boo(s which stirred the $olonists to action at the most crucial time. -e was a true A:uarian, with &un, Mercury and 0upiter in that sign* born at 9hetford, @ngland on 0anuary ?., +=+, probably around .=, A. M. @vidence for his having an early degree of Gemini rising seems conclusive, astrologically spea(ing. 9his brings his progressed Moon to his Ascendant at the time of his arrival to <hiladelphia, and particularly of the beginning of his public wor( there for The Pennsylvania Magazine. It also brings his progressed Mars to his Ascendant at the time the pamphlet Common Sense a powerful call to arms appeared. Mars at birth in the twelfth -ouse 1hidden enemies3 s:uares the &un, a configuration which characteri5es well 9homas <aine8s wor( and which fits in with the campaigns of defamation which were waged against him, particularly by the $hurches. As for &aturn rising in GeminiC being retrograde

and ruler of the Midheaven and of the Moon8s sign, &aturn symboli5es here the power to reform and to change the structure of things. Moreover the violent star Antares on the )escendant refers accurately to <aine8s difficulties with his associates and his two wives. If, as I believe, &agittarius is indeed the true Ascendant of the %nited &tates, the position of Antares on the cusp of the house of partners and public enemies is particularly significant. <aine was a born in a Iua(er environment, but his adventurous spirit never :uite ad#usted itself to Iua(er pacifism. In the @nglish war against 'rance 1 +;43 he went to sea for a brief period. Returning to >ondon he established himself as a master stay/ma(er* later he became an eBciseman 1revenue officer3. -is first wife died after a year of marriage. As an eBciseman he attempted to champion the cause of these underpaid servants of the &tate, appealing to the <arliament and finally being dismissed. 6f his mental and spiritual life, then, little is (now. -e fre:uented philosophers and he met 'ran(lin, who apparently recogni5ed his great gifts and introduced him to friends in America. -e may have been a Mason* but there seems to be no record of it. It is interesting to note that he left for America as his progressed &un came to his natal 7enus* also that the arc of his natal &un to natal %ranus is =. J? degrees, which also measures, according to degree/to/year directions, the time of the )eclaration of Independence in <aine8s destiny. 9homas <aine in America became an entirely new man, as far as his outer life was concerned. -e at once attracted attention by his articles in The Pennsylvania Magazine. -e soon became its editor, writing a vast number of articles under various pen/names. As his biographer, )aniel $onway, writesC
The Pennsylvania Magazine, in the time that <aine edited it was a seed/bag from which this sower scattered the seeds of great reforms ripening with the process of civili5ation. 9hrough the more popular press he sowed also. @vents selected his seeds of American independence, of republican e:uality, freedom from royal, ecclesiastical and hereditary privilege, for a swifter and more imposing harvestC but the whole circle of human ideas and principles was recogni5ed by this lone wayfaring man. 9he first to urge eBtension of the principles of independence to the enslaved 2egro* the first to arraign monarchy and to point out the danger of its survival in presidency* the first to propose articles of a more thorough nationality to the new/born &tates* the first to eBpose the absurdity and criminality of dueling* the first to suggest more rational ideas of marriage and divorce* the first to advocate national and international copyright* the first to plead for animals* the first to demand #ustice for women". 1Life of Thomas Paine3

Paine #as born a reformer while 'ran(lin was a builder. -e had the violenct and intellectual fervor of an A:uarian* eBaggerated by s:uare Mars. 'ran(lin fulfilled the social order* <aine envisioned a really "2ew" Forld. -e saw in America the possibility of a new departure in world affairs. In the !th of 6ctober, ++;, issue of the <ennsylvania Journal a brief article, undoubtedly written by <aine sets forth many of the arguments embodied in his friend 0efferson8s )eclaration, including the one against 2egro slavery which $ongress refused to pass. 9hat same 'all, as his progressed 0upiter s:uared his natal &aturn, <aine8s pamphlet Common Sense "burst from the press with an effect which has rarely been produced by types and paper in any age or country" 1said then )r. "en#amin Rust3. It was followed later

by a series of pamphlets, The Crisis, which also were most influential in uniting soldiers and vacillating citi5ens in the reali5ation of what they were fighting for. 9hey were written while <aine was serving in the Revolutionary Army. If <atric( -enry was the "6rator 6f 9he Revolution," 9homas <aine was its arousing Mind. "ut <aine reached much deeper than the patriot who served with passion the sacred cause of >iberty. -e did not belong to America, but to Man(ind. -e was fighting for a new order of human relationship and a new consciousness. -e had therefore to stri(e at the very roots of all forms of tyranny. After the %nited &tates had won their national freedom, he fought for a "2ew @urope" and a $ommonwealth of Man. -is boo( The a passionate cry against political tyranny. -is later wor( The Age of and slanders were heaped upon him. In <aris he founded in +.+ the "$hurch of 9heophilanthropy*" a rationistic, ethical, deistic and humanitarian group. Indeed he was one of the greatest -umanists the world has (nown and his noble enthusiasm (indled many flames. -e was a true A:uarian, with all the virtues and all the failings of that sign* and his birth-chart is a real "signature" of his character and his destiny. -is influence in @ngland and America throughout the .th century has been very deep indeed. As <resident 0ac(son once saidC "9homas <aine needs no monument made by hands* he has erected a monument in the hearts of all lovers of liberty." -e has been called the Father of $emocrac!. -e was the transition between the intellectual !h century represented by a 'ran(lin and the fervent, emotional .th century represented by a >incoln and a Falt Fhitman* and in 'rance by &t. &imon, Auguste $omte, 7ictor -ugo. 'or him )emocracy was the "Religion of Man" and the %nited &tates the virgin field into which the seeds thereof were being planted. "ut he wor(ed for the whole of Man(ind. -is motto wasC "9he world is my country. 9o do good is my religion." ights of Man was eason denounced all

forms of religious dogmatism and tyranny. 'or that he was not forgiven* and persecutions

Astrological Correlations
6ne of the most significant contacts between Franklin's birth-chart and the chart of the $eclaration of %ndependence is between his 0upiter 1retrograde in the fourth -ouse3 and the Mercury of the )eclaration 'ran(lin8s personality and prestige typified for his contemporaries, especially in @urope, the "mind of America." -e was a symbol, a teacher, and inspirer 1his %ranus is also con#unct the %. &. chart8s 2orth 2ode3. 0ust as important is the con#unction between 'ran(lin8s &un and the )eclaration8s <luto. <luto is a symbol of integration and cohesive power 1of one type or another3. 'ran(lin thus appears in the role of chief Integrator for the nascent %nion of the &tates and one of the first, typical "American business man," insofar as the growth of his financial status and his political prestige was concerned. In terms of 'ran(lin8s "progressions" it would be significant indeed if as seems probable his progressed &un reached his natal Ascendant in ++4. -is progressed Moon was then in the -ouse of service and wor(, #ust past the 2eptune of the %. &. chart and 1if

&agittarius is accepted as the %. &. Ascendant3 on its Mid/-eaven during the &pring of ++4. 9he main contact between 9homas <aine8s horoscope and the )eclaration8s charts is the former8s 0upiter and Mercury in A:uarius on the latter8s Moon. It shows that the full power of <aine8s mental activities focused upon the "common people" 1Moon3 of America. It pictures him as vitali5es and instructor of the very substance of the "2ew Forld"* as the teacher of democracy. -is &aturn/Ascendant con#unction and his 2eptune however are close respectively to the %ranus and Mars of the Independence8s chart, and this tends to show that the contact was not fated to be very smooth. <aine8s Moon is also in con#unction with <luto in the %ndependence's chart, <luto clear symbols of the difficulties the Reformer eBperienced from those to whom he brought his courageous message of political and spiritual freedom. "ut such is the destiny of personalities who focus for man(ind the power of evolutionary events causing men to be rebornD