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Upper Secondary: December 2013

Adventure Sports

Adventure racing is a team race that lasts one day or many days and involves lots of different disciplines and can cover over a hundred kilometers. To win, the whole team must finish. Start the adventure now!! Work in groups of three. Which team can complete the challenges below first? You must all participate, and you can use a dictionary. 1. Name eight hard but fun sports and activities suitable for adventure racing. _______________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________ 2. Name three emotions you might feel by the end of the race. _______________________________________________________________ 3. Find the sports in these anagrams: NCLIGYC GAAKKINY MMIIWNGS CRKO -BIGMLICN _______________________________________________________________ 4. Name the sport(s) these items belong to: tyres paddle wet suit bat belt harness stick saddle __________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________

5. Name: in the US a mountain a river a state / county a lake a famous geographical feature a famous sportsman in the UK

VOCABULARY A. What sport is described in each paragraph? Work out the meaning of the underlined words and match them to the correct definition. The player aimed but missed so his opponent got the ball and passed it to another player. Someone tackled him but he was able to shoot the ball into the basket and score a point. The player kicked the ball high into the air. Ronnie caught it and sprinted to the end of the field, holding the ball firmly under his arm. Another player tackled him but he managed to keep the ball. As he approached the touch down line, he slipped on the wet grass and fell. Unfortunately he hit his head on the goal post and injured himself. 1. to point something at a certain place 2. to hit with your foot 3. to have in your arms or hands 4. to come into contact with something 5. when you dont hit the target 6. to throw something towards the target, or to use a gun 7. to make physical contact with someone to take something from him 8. when your feet move forward suddenly, making your lose your balance 9. to run quickly for a short distance 10. to hurt yourself 11. to get a point 12. to transfer an object to another person 13. not to give 14. to go near 15. to get a moving object with your hands B. Help your partner learn the words from exercise A. Student A: Read the texts out loud but stop before some of the underlined verbs. Student B: Say the missing word without looking at the text. A: The player aimed but B: missed. C. Change roles and repeat the activity.

READING Adventure Race of a Lifetime I never thought Id be doing an adventure race. Me, Gloria Stone, an overweight 20year-old secretary, never seen the inside of a gym! But hey, never say never! Two really fit friends of mine, Alice and Tina, were desperately in need of a third member for their adventure racing team; so they could compete in the 2013 Social Services Adventure Race. For some crazy reason, I agreed to take part. But I really was NOT in shape so they started a strict fitness programme for me that included a 2k daily run. Then we added cycling, kayaking and swimming at weekends. By the day of the race, I felt like another woman! Fitter than Id ever been in my life. At the sound of the gun, the race started and we ran down to the boats - sixty canoes in a narrow river of fast-moving water. At least we didnt fall out getting in! (Two other boatloads did!) Off we went as fast as we could, being careful not to hit any rocks. Thankfully we made it safely to our first check point 10km down the river. Stage two consisted of a long option a 10k run up a rocky forest path or a short option a trek across 3k of watery ground plus a swim across a lake to meet up again at check point 3. We chose the shorter version. Big mistake!! We had to jog through the ankle-deep mud, fighting off clouds of flies as we went. This was where team work became really key as we pulled each other out of the horrible, black mud. Tinas orienteering skills were put to the test; as navigating in a swamp is not easy. Thankfully she kept us going in the right direction most of the time. Never have I been so glad to see a lake. Swimming with our clothes on was more exhausting than Id imagined but we did come out nice and clean at the end of it. We took off our wet clothes at CP 3 and quickly picked up some food. Finding our bikes was an unexpected complication but after a few minutes, we were off again. We raced along the downhill track. Seeing Frederica, a 60 year-old grandma, flying past us motivated us to go faster and we soon overtook her. The uphill section was really painful as by this time my leg muscles were killing me. But on we went, shouting encouragement to each other and sometimes even getting off our bikes to push each other up the really steep bits. SSAR is well-known for its peculiar challenges so we were not surprised to discover an obstacle race at CP 4. It was like one of those inflatable ones you see at a funfair but much bigger. It was great fun getting through it, rolling under it, climbing over it. And the final test we had to abseil down to the bottom of a nearby canyon, follow a treasure map to find a bottle of water with our names on it, and then climb back up to the top.

A. Read about an adventure race. Is the text formal or informal? Underline examples in the text that support your choice. B. Read the text again and answer these questions. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. Why is it surprising that Glorias friends asked her to join their team? What is she proud of at the beginning of the race? What benefits did the lake offer them after their trek? In what way did the old lady inspire them? What is the SSAR? Was she disappointed not to win? Explain.

C. Find a synonym or expression in the text that means: 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. In good physical condition Without incident The sport of knowing how to navigate To go fast Very painful A hard task To get in front of To use a rope to go down

C. Write two or three more questions about the text. Then ask a partner. D. Read about an adventure race. Why do they do it? Watch an adventure race. What sports do they do? Which part do you think was the most difficult? The easiest? The toughest?

GRAMMAR UPPER SECONDARY 1 Relative pronouns A. Complete these questions about football with a word from the box. whistle warning referee pitch studs interval goalkeeper shin pads

1. A _________________ is a person who keeps players under control in a game. 2. A _________________ is what you blow to make players stop. 3. A _________________ is the grass where you play football. 4. A _________________ is a person who keeps the ball out of the net. 5. _________________ are what you have on your football boots to stop you sliding. 6. A yellow ticket is a ________________ that you get if you commit a foul. 7. The __________________ is a period when players rest between halves. 8. ________________ are protections which you wear on your legs. B. Write definitions for the words in the box which all relate to golf. Use the words in bold in exercise A to help you. a club (object) a caddy (person) a caddy (object) a tee a golf course a club house a flag the green fee

1. A club is ___________________________________________ 2. __________________________________________________ 3. _________________________________________________ 4. _________________________________________________ 5. _________________________________________________ 6. _________________________________________________ 7. _________________________________________________ 8. _________________________________________________

C. Test your partner on the words in exercises A and B. Ask questions like this. What do you call the person who / the object that you / the place where you ? D. Think of words related to a sport you know. Ask your partner questions like the ones in exercise C.

GRAMMAR UPPER SECONDARY 2 A. Complete these sentences about horse riding with a relative pronoun from the box. when what which (leg) where how how often how much (force)

1. Learning 2. Being taught 3. Getting the knack of 4. Knowing 5. Understanding 6. Remembering

to hold your hands to give an aid to apply to change pace to place your feet exactly to move forward


key to good riding. the most difficult thing to master. not as easy as it looks. really important. quite tricky at first. one of the first things you must learn. disastrous.

7. Not knowing

to do next

B. Write sentences about clay pigeon shooting using the same structure as in exercise A. Use the correct relative (as in column B) and these ideas for column C. To aim to hold the gun to shoot to pull the trigger to position yourself to do if you get hurt (time) it takes for the bullet to travel (direction) the wind is coming from Being taught how to aim is 1. _________________________________________________ 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. _________________________________________________ _________________________________________________ _________________________________________________ _________________________________________________ _________________________________________________

7. 8.

_________________________________________________ _________________________________________________

WRITING A. Tick the things you should do when writing a summary. Put a cross by things you shouldnt do. a) b) c) d) e) f) g) h) i) Set the general context first Make sure key people are mentioned Make sure each detail is mentioned Underline key ideas from each paragraph Include examples Follow the same order as in the text Connect similar ideas in the same sentence Use correct grammar and connectors Copy names and places correctly

B. Read the text on p3 again and underline the parts you want to include in the summary. C. Write your summary in about 50-60 words. Follow the advice from A. D. Check your work for the following: a) Is the general context clear? b) Are all key ideas included? c) Ask yourself these questions about grammar: - Do all verbs have a subject? (People forget it all the time.) - Are the verb tenses correct and do they concord with the subject (do/does, has/have, etc.)? - Am I using the correctly? i.e. NOT for generalisations, only for definite cases. - E.g. She didnt like sport not she didnt like THE sport. - Are the adjectives BEFORE the nouns? d) Is your spelling correct? (Look back and check).

SPEAKING A. Look at the table which expresses ways to move and the direction you move. The translation of the English verb + preposition is based on the preposition. The verb part is usually not translated. He came /ran /climbed / raced into the room. = Entr en la sala. climbed rode ran jogged abseiled swam cycled raced jumped through over under up down across along into out of the window the river the waterfall the forest the mountain the fields the cave the gate the road

B. Draw an image next to each preposition in column 2 indicating its meaning. C. Combine the words in the columns using any verb of motion with any logical preposition and terrain. Write or say at least 12 sentences. The man climbed over the gate. D. Draw a map of an adventure race with at least 6 activities. Use stick figures and arrows to indicate the route. Ask your partner to describe what the man did. What did he do first / next / after that?

LISTENING 1. In Britain there is a long tradition of men singing together. They really enjoy it. They sing in pubs and at many sporting activities. Listen to the Liverpool FC anthem and put the lines in order.

1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9.

and don't be afraid of the dark When you walk through a storm and the sweet silver song of the lark hold your head up high at the end of the storm there is a golden sky walk on through the rain though your dreams be tossed and blown walk on through the wind you'll never walk alone

10. and you'll never walk alone 11. walk on, walk on with hope in your heart 12. you'll never walk alone 13. and you'll never walk alone 14. walk on, walk on with hope in your heart

2. Watch people from Liverpool singing their song. How do they feel? Did any of the images transmit their emotions to you? Which ones?

3. Are there any football anthems in your country? Can you sing them?

ANSWERS WARM UP 1. possibilities include: cycling, rowing, rafting, orienteering, running, swimming, abseiling, rock climbing, zip-wiring, jogging 2. possibilities include: pride, joy, excitement, happiness, success, exhaustion, tiredness, relief, sadness that it is over 3. cycling, kayaking, swimming, rock climbing 4. tyres- cycling; paddle kayaking/canoeing; wet suit diving / windsurfing; bat table tennis / baseball / cricket; belt karate / judo; harness rock climbing / parachuting / hang-gliding; stick hockey; saddle horse riding / cycling 5. possibilities include: a mountain McKinnley / Snowdon; a river The Hudson or The Mississippi / The Thames or The Clyde; a state Massachusetts or Washington / Essex or Cornwall; a lake Superior / Ness; feature The Grand Canyon / Hadrians Wall, the white cliffs of Dover; Sportsman Tiger Woods / David Beckham VOCABULARY A. 1. to aim 2. to kick 3. to hold 4. to hit 5. to miss 6. to shoot 7. to tackle 8. to slip on 9. to sprint 10. to injure 11. to score 12. to pass 13. to keep 14. to approach 15. to catch

READING A. B. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. C. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. The text is informal. She is overweight and does no sport so she is not in shape. That they didnt fall into the river. They could clean their clothes. She made them want to go faster. Social Services Adventure Race. No, because doing the race was more important than winning.

Fit Safely Orienteering To race Killing Challenge To overtake Abseil

GRAMMAR A. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. B. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. A club is a stick which you use to hit the ball. A caddy is a person who carries your golf clubs. A caddy is a bag where you put your golf clubs. A tee is a small plastic object which holds the ball for you. A golf course is the place where you play golf. It has 18 holes. A club house is the place where you wait to play or where you have a drink with your friends after the game. 7. A flag is an object that shows you where the holes are. 8. The green fee is what you must pay to play. Referee Whistle Pitch Goalkeeper Spikes Warning Interval Shin pads

GRAMMAR A. Possibilities include: 1. Learning how to hold your hands is key to good riding. 2. Being taught how often to give an aid is the most difficult thing to master. 3. Getting the knack of how much force to apply is not as easy as it looks. 4. Knowing when to change pace is really important. 5. Understanding where to place your feet exactly is quite tricky at first. 6. Remembering which leg to move forward is one of the things you must learn. 7. Not knowing what to do next is disastrous. B. Possibilities include: 1. Being taught how to aim is very important. 2. Learning how to hold the gun is key to good shooting. 3. Being taught how often to shoot is the most difficult thing to master. 4. Getting the knack of when to pull the trigger is not as easy as it looks. 5. Understanding where to position yourself exactly is quite tricky at first. 6. Remembering what to do if you get hurt is one of the things you must learn. 7. Knowing how much time it takes for the bullet to travel is really important. 8. Not knowing where the wind is coming from is disastrous. WRITING A. Tick: a) b) d) f) g) h) i) LISTENING A.
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. When you walk through a storm, hold your head up high, and don't be afraid of the dark; at the end of the storm there is a golden sky and the sweet silver song of the lark. Walk on through the wind, walk on through the rain, though your dreams be tossed and blown. Walk on, walk on with hope in your heart, and you'll never walk alone, you'll never walk alone. Walk on, walk on with hope in your heart, and you'll never walk alone, you'll never walk alone.

B. The images show pride for their city and solidarity.