Polar region - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia


Polar region
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Earth's polar regions are the areas of the globe surrounding the poles also known as frigid zones. The North Pole and South Pole being the centres, these regions are dominated by the polar ice caps, resting respectively on the Arctic Ocean and the continent of Antarctica.

North and South Pole snow cover and sea ice visualization

The frigid zones

Location of the polar regions

Northern Hemisphere permafrost (permanently frozen ground) in purple

1 Definitions 2 Climate 3 Circumpolar Arctic Region 4 Antarctica and the Southern Ocean 5 Extraterrestrial polar regions 6 Gallery 7 See also 7.1 Antarctic 7.2 Arctic

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Since the polar regions are the farthest from the equator. with twenty-four hours of daylight in summer. run by the United States. As such. a tropics belt near the equator.wikipedia. Canada. or the region from the North Pole south to the timberline. or the continent of Antarctica. Scott Base (New Zealand). Polar regions are characterized by the polar climate. Antarctica and the Southern Ocean See also: Antarctica The southern polar region has no permanent human habitation. Circumpolar Arctic Region See also: North Pole There are many settlements in Earth's north polar region. Esperanza Base and Marambio Base (Argentina). Climate Main article: Polar climate Polar region receive less intensive solar radiation because the sun's energy arrives at an oblique angle. The large amount of ice and snow also reflects a large part of what little sunlight the Polar regions receive. Arctic circumpolar populations often share more in common with each other than with other populations within their national boundaries. The axial tilt of the Earth has a major effect on climate of the polar regions. and extreme variations in daylight hours.3 Polar 8 External links 9 References Definitions The Arctic has numerous definitions. they receive the least amount of sunlight and are therefore frigid.org/wiki/Polar_region 7. Norway. 2 of 5 12/12/2013 1:48 PM . Finland. the northern polar region is diverse in human settlements and cultures. Countries with claims to Arctic regions are: the United States (Alaska). scattered or reflected. which is the same thing that causes winters to be colder than the rest of the year in temperate areas. Sweden and Russia. The two polar regions are distinguished from the other two climatic and biomatic belts of Earth. extremely cold temperatures. Other notable stations include Palmer Station and Amundsen-Scott South Pole Station (United States). The Antarctic is usually defined as south of 60° south latitude. and also travels a longer distance through the Earth's atmosphere in which it may be absorbed. spreading over a larger area. contributing to the cold.Polar region . McMurdo Station is the largest research station in Antarctica.Wikipedia. or the region north of 60° north latitude. including the region north of the Arctic Circle currently (Epoch 2010 at 66°33'44" N). the free encyclopedia http://en. Denmark (Greenland). heavy glaciation wherever there is sufficient precipitation to form permanent ice. and complete darkness at mid-winter. and two middle latitude regions located between the tropics and polar regions. The 1959 Antarctic Treaty uses the former definition.

Coastal upwelling provides abundant nutrients which feeds krill. the free encyclopedia http://en. which never see direct sunlight. While there are no indigenous human cultures. there is a complex ecosystem.Wikipedia.Polar region . like Earth. the extreme tilt of the planet's axis leads to the poles alternately pointing almost directly at the Sun. which in turn feeds a complex of living creatures from penguins to blue whales. a type of marine crustacea. Earth's Moon is thought to contain substantial deposits of ice in deep craters in its polar regions.org/wiki/Polar_region and Vostok Station (Russia). Mars. Gallery North polar region Antarctic mountain North polar region polar bears South polar region penguin Polar scenes Polar ice stream South pole at image bottom Purple aurora 3 of 5 12/12/2013 1:48 PM . On Uranus. meanwhile. especially along Antarctica's coastal zones. Extraterrestrial polar regions Other planets and natural satellites in the solar system have interesting quirks about their polar regions. has polar ice caps.wikipedia.

grida.no/arctic/) Earth's Polar Regions on Windows to the Universe (http://www.ar/ecology/the-polar-regions.org/) Arctic Environmental Atlas (UNDP) (http://maps.edu/polar.mnh.si.barrameda.htm) International Polar Foundation (http://www.polarfoundation.windows.html) 4 of 5 12/12/2013 1:48 PM .org/Regional/Polar_Regions//) at the Open Directory Project The Polar Regions (http://www.wikipedia. Smithsonian Institution (http://www.com.Polar region . the free encyclopedia http://en.dmoz.html) Arctic Studies Center.Wikipedia.ucar.edu/arctic/index.org/wiki/Polar_region Polar Bear See also Antarctic Antarctica Ecozone of Antarctica Expeditions of Antarctica Geography of Antarctica History of Antarctica Antarctic & Sub-Antarctic Islands Arctic Arctic Arctic exploration Arctic Circle Arctic Ocean Canadian Arctic Archipelago Arctic cooperation and politics Polar Geographical Pole North Pole South Pole Geographical Zone Polar Drift Polar Low External links Polar regions (http://www.

a non-profit organization. you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. the free encyclopedia http://en.wikipedia. By using this site. New York: Simon & Schuster.org/wiki/Polar_region Scott Polar Research Institute.guardian. by Scott Sullivan. Man and the Conquest of the Poles.ac.org/w/index.spri. Inc.Polar region .Wikipedia.php?title=Polar_region&oldid=584713099" Categories: Polar regions of the Earth Geography of Antarctica Arctic Ocean Geography of the Arctic This page was last modified on 5 December 2013 at 17:01. Text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License.edu/) References Victor. Paul-Émile.whoi. 1963.co.wikipedia. Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation. University of Cambridge (http://www.cfm) World Environment Day 2007 "Melting Ice" image gallery at The Guardian (http://www. additional terms may apply..org/news_facts/education/middle_school/habitats /polar_regions/index.uk /environment/gallery/2007/jun/05/photography?picture=329977040) Polar Discovery (http://polardiscovery.panda. trans. Retrieved from "http://en.cam.uk/) WWF:The Polar Regions (http://www. 5 of 5 12/12/2013 1:48 PM .

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