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Detail Project Report 1MWp SPV Power Plant

Acknowledgement

Queries@ info@renewpowerzone.in

This analysis based report is done for the readers of my previous report 1MW Utility Scale SPV Power Plant, mainly for the readers from South region of INDIA as they are asking repeatedly about the probability and feasibility-technical & Financial-of a SPV power plant in their region. At the same time its not possible for me to design a report for each and every state from South India, so I took Chennai city. Also the previous report was not so detail, was very basic and meant to the readers who want to get an overview on how a utility scale power plant works. Now, in this report, I discuss about in depth. From panels selection to CB sizing all are presented in very detail. Hope, this time you get a strong knowledge on designing and estimation of 1MW solar PV power plant. Unlike the previous report, the financial aspect discussed at the end of the paper. In this paper, the financial assessment has done in very detail and considering the current scenario of SPV market including the cost of solar PV modules, inverters cost, cable, transformer etc. prices and the funding, interest rate. And if you have any queries or need clarification, please contact at info@renewpowerzone.in or amrit.mandal0191@gmail.com .

Disclaimer
The presented data here are NOT TAKEN from any copyright materials and not showing under my name. The meteo data collected from NASA website and NREL database which is free over the internet. Designing of PV system is totally based on the practical experience of the author.

Assumption & Consideration


Shading consideration: No shading has been considered at the site during the calculation design. So it is advised that at the time of execution, please check whether there is any kind of obstacle in the site which may cause partial/full shading on PV strings and/or PV array. If the shading occurs, then the estimated power generation will not match the actual power generated. Load Factor: It is assumed that the produced power from the PV plant will be fed to the local utility grid. So, while designing the system, no unbalanced load considered in 3 phase configuration. Meteo data: The calculation based on the meteo data collected from NASA website which is very reliable. Now, based on the co-ordinates the values have been presented in this report. So, total design is based on this data. For a different location (coordinates), the system design will differ. It is advised not to copy and implement the design without consulting the author or any certified PV professional because this design estimation is valid only for a particular site.

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Detail Project Report 1MWp SPV Power Plant

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Site consideration: this design has been done by considering the PV modules & array will be ground-mounted and the site-elevation angle taken 30 . Cost Estimation: 1MW Solar PV power plant cost estimation has done considering the current PV market scenario (Sept-Dec 2013), so after few months the cost may vary according the market. CAD design & layout: I have not uploaded/attached the CAD design. If anybody interested in setting up the plant then only contact at the given e-mail ids to get the design file. Transmission & wheeling losses: Here, in this report, while doing the technical assessment, the distance from nearest substation to the 1MW solar PV power plant taken within 1.5 KM and so the wheeling losses considered as 3% of total power transmission. And in the financial assessment, no wheeling charges have been considered. Design Criteria: While designing & estimating the technical components & solutions, all the required/applicable standard design codes have been considered. Mainly the IEC (International Electrotechnical Commission) Codes, IS codes from BIS have been considered thoroughly.

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Detail Project Report 1MWp SPV Power Plant

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Contents
1) Introduction 2) Project details 3) Location metrological details 4) Determination of optimum tilt angle 5) Solar power plant overview 6) Module selection & sizing 7) Inverter selection & sizing 8) Transformer selection 9) Other protective devices including switch gear details 10) Cable sizing & selection 11) Civil works details 12) Performance analysis & simulation 13) Timeline of the project 14) Operation & maintenance structure of the plant 15) Financial calculation, estimation of NCF, Payback period 16) Guide on selection of various components 17) Conclusion 18) About the Author 4 5 6 7 8 9 11 12 13 14 16 17 21 22 23 27 28 28

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Detail Project Report 1MWp SPV Power Plant


Introduction

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India is densely populated and has high solar insolation, an ideal combination for using solar power in India. India is already a leader in wind power generation. In the solar energy sector, some large projects have been proposed, and a 35,000 km2 area of the Thar Desert has been set aside for solar power projects, sufficient to generate 700 GW to 2,100 GW. Also India's Ministry of New and Renewable Energy has released the JNNSM Phase 2 Draft Policy, by which the Government aims to install 10GW of Solar Power and of this 10 GW target, 4 GW would fall under the central scheme and the remaining 6 GW under various State specific schemes. The Electricity Act, 2003, paves way for an innovative approach to solve our countrys power problems. It has paved the way for a competitive environment; open access to existing transmission and distribution network to transmit electricity across regions; de-licensing of generation, captive power and dedicated transmission lines; licensing of distribution and supply companies and the restructuring of State Electricity Boards. The Ministry of Power has mandated to promote cogeneration and renewable sources for Power generation under Nodal agencies and hence it will play a major role in mainstreaming renewable energy sector. The advantage or renewable resources includes their capacity to produce energy without producing carbon-based warming and polluting agents into the atmosphere. The financial cost of its applications is not always cheap but if the environmental costs of using fossil are accounted for, renewable energy wins hands-down. There are also indirect savings on health and its costs as there are no harmful emissions. In the above backdrop, YOUR COMPANY NAME has decided to set up a 1/1000 MW/KW Solar Power Plant. This Detailed Project Report (DPR) brings out all technical details and overall costs justifying the selection of the project. The total power generation is envisaged to be 1050KW from Solar Photovoltaic Cell. It is a very important document that is required for Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) studies, fixation of tariff, finalizing Power Purchase Agreement (PPA) and also for submission to Financial Institutions for obtaining project funding. The total project cost is expected to be Rs ___ Crores and the average cost of generation is expected to be Rs. 7.5/kWh (ASSUMED). For this project, poly-crystalline technology based 3rd generation Solar PV modules will be used. Along with this, highly efficient, photon-tested string inverters going to be integrated to the system. These technologies are the best in the industry. So, Its clear that our project is not compromising with the quality of the materials and or the components which obviously led this project to success.

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Detail Project Report 1MWp SPV Power Plant


Client details
Country Location Contact id Contact Person company Purpose India CHENNAI

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ABC@XYZ.COM abc ABCXYZ Power generation & distribution to State utility grid Project Details Type of installation Estimated array peak power Shading consideration Grid voltage Phase connection
Min 26.4

Site & Meteo Details


Location coordinates Ambient 0 Temperature( C) Relative humidity Daily Solar irradiationHorizontal Atmospheric Pressure Wind Speed Earth temperature Height from sea level Max 29.6 10.5, 78.5 (assumed) Max 28.5 Average 27.2 72.5%
2

Ground-mounted 1100KWp Shade-free 11KV 3-phase 50Hz 20000 m2(apprx) IP65

Min 25.5

5.19 KWh/m /day 100.1 kPA 2.7 m/s Average 28.8 10m

Grid frequency Available/required area Safety level

Site Location/Layout

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Detail Project Report 1MWp SPV Power Plant


Solar Irradiation
7 6 5 KWh/m2/day 4 3 2 1 0

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Solar Irradiation

31 30 29 28 27 26 25 24 23

Air & earth temperature-monthly

Air temperature earth temperature

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Detail Project Report 1MWp SPV Power Plant


Jan 34 Jul 12 Feb 26 Aug 5 Mar 13 Sep 6 Apr 0 Oct 19 May 11 Nov 29

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Optimum Tilt Angles For Solar PV Array Adjusted by Months


Jun 14 Dec 35

Figures shown in degrees from vertical Winter


Summer

Spring/Autumn

56 angle

80 angle

104 angle

On the 21st December, the sun will rise 87 east of due south and set 87 west of due south. On the 21st March/21st September, the sun will rise 91 east of due south and set 91 west of due south. On the 21st June, the sun will rise 95 east of due south and set 95 west of due south.

Irradiation Data on different tilt angles (respect to horizontal surface, KWh/m2/day)


Months January February March April May June July August September October November December Annual avg. 100 5.04 5.98 6.51 5.76 5.78 5.28 4.99 5.09 5.33 4.67 4.27 4.5 5.26 250 5.35 6.16 6.41 5.39 5.65 5.22 4.9 4.9 5.14 4.69 4.44 4.78 5.25 120 5.41 6.16 6.52 5.85 5.78 5.29 4.99 5.1 5.34 4.71 4.45 4.84 5.36

* Here, 120 angle at AM1.5 has been chosen as fixed south faced model for the project
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Detail Project Report 1MWp SPV Power Plant


Solar PV System Design System Overview
SPV Array Peak Power No. of SPV strings Connection of PV modules in each string Inverter Inverter Type/Topology Total no. of Inverters Strings/Inverter Modular Components Components Solar PV modules Non-Modular Components Components Inverters Transformer SCADA/Monitoring System Circuit Breaker DC Disconnect Switch Gear Specification Max Peak Power=250Wp Voc= 36V ;Vmp= 29V Isc= 9.25A ; Imp= 8.65A

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1082KWp 206 Series 20KW MPPT based 3 phase string Inverter MPPT & Transformer Less 53 4/1

Quantity 4326

Make

Electrical Specification 20KW, 3Phase &MPPT; Vmax= 800V 1250KVA Integrated with Remote Monitoring system web based
Inverter to Busbar= 46A 3p; busbar/Panel box to transformer= 1600A 3p;

Quantity 53 1 1 53 1 206 1

Make

1000V,20Amps
Rated voltage=12KV; Rated main busbar current(Max)=1250A; SC withstand capacity = 25KA/3s Dynamic capacity= 50KA

Distribution Panel Isolator Cables

NA Vmax= 12KV; Max cont. current=1250A DC Side= 10 mm2 AC Side=LT: 16mm2 & HT: 185mm2

1 1

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Detail Project Report 1MWp SPV Power Plant


Required Electrical Characteristics of SPV Modules Design criteria Watt Peak VOC VMPP ISC IMPP Module Efficiency/module area Power Tolerance Technology No. of cells IEC-61853-1 250Wp 37.20V 30.10V 8.87A 8.30A 15% 2% Si-Poly 60 cells in series

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Solar PV Module Specification & Array Sizing Details

Required Operating Condition Details:


Maximum System Voltage (IEC) Maximum Fuse Rating Limiting Reverse Current Operating Temp Range Max Static Loadfront(Snow+Wind) Max Static LoadRear(wind) 1000V 15A 15A (-10 to 60) C 5500PA 2500PA
0

Model design parameters Required Temperature Co-efficient Characteristics @ STC


NOCT ( C) Module Efficiency Temp. Co-Eff. Of Voc Temp Co-Eff. of Isc (%/ C)
o o o

R shunt R shunt (G=0) R series model R series max R series apparent

250 ohm 2100 ohm 0.29 ohm 0.37 ohm 0.47 ohm

45 2 C -0.07 0.01 -0.43 0.05 -0.34 0.05 0.065 0.05

Temp. Co-Eff. Of Pmax (%/ C) (%/ C) (%/ C)


o o

PV Module Behavior at different irradiance level PV Parameters @ 1000W/m2 @800 W/m2


PMPP VOC VMPP ISC IMPP Module efficiency Temperature co-eff 249.8.2W 37.2V 30.1V 8.87A 8.31A 15.54% -0.43%/0C 200.6 W 36.8 V 30.2 V 6.64A 7.10A 15.32% -0.43%/0C

@ 400 W/m2
100.00 35.8V 30.1V 3.55A 3.33A 15.27% -0.44%/0C

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Detail Project Report 1MWp SPV Power Plant

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Solar PV Array Sizing & Connection Details conditions At STC (250C)


Suggested array Size Actual Solar PV Array Size Watt Peak of each SPV module Total nos. of SPV module required Total nos. of strings Nos. of SPV modules in each string SPV connection in each string String voltage (VMPP) String current (ISC / IMPP) Connection of strings Array voltage (VOC / VMPP) Array current (ISC / IMPP) 1100 KWp 1082KWp 250Wp 4326 206 21 Series 609V 8.87A/8.3A Parallel 780V/635V 1830A/1710A

At Avg. Ambient temp. (280C)


1100KWp 1100KWp 263Wp 4326 206 21 Series 630V 9.51A/8.82A Parallel 750V/620V 1960A/1816A

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Detail Project Report 1MWp SPV Power Plant


Inverter Type Quantity
INPUT (DC)

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Detail Solar Inverter Specification & Design Details


String Inverter (MPPT) 53
23KW 1000V 350V 490V-800V 41.5A 1/6

Max. Power Max absolute Input Voltage Start Voltage Nominal MPP voltage range Max Input Current per string Nos. of Independent MPP inputs/strings per MPP inputs
OUTPUT (AC)

Rated Output Power Max. Apparent AC Power Power Threshold Nominal AC Voltage/range AC Power Frequency/ range Max. output current Power factor at rated power Feed-In phases/connection phases
Efficiency

20000W 20000VA 20W 3/N/PE;230/460V 50Hz 3x29A 1 3/3 98.7% Available Available I (as per IEC 62103)

Max. Efficiency
Protection Details

DC Disconnect DC Surge Arrester Protection Class Total harmonic distortion Operating Temperature range Noise Emission Self Consumption Cooling option Protection type Remote Monitoring System User Interference & Communication Electrically Isolated relay output Status Display Inverter to inverter communication Anti-islanding protection Inverter connection details
Total nos. of inverter Nos. of strings per inverter Connection of strings/inverter Inter-inverter connection Inter-Inverter isolator

<1.8% -25-60C <35dB <25W Forced Air-cooled IP65 (as per En 60529) With RS-485/Ethernet Available Available Available Available
53 4 Parallel Parallel into Cu busbar Provided

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Detail Project Report 1MWp SPV Power Plant


Transformer Sizing
Design Criteria Transformer type

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Cooling type Rated KVA High Voltage rating Low Voltage Rating Nominal impedance Impedance tolerance Nominal secondary amps Max SC withstand current HV connection LV connection Operating frequency Tap changer

IS-2026 / IEC-60076 Power transformer, core type with oil-immersed ; 650C winding temp rise ONAN(Oil Natural Air Natural) 1250KVA 11000V 460V 4.7% 7.5% 1250A 20KA/3s DELTA Wye 50Hz 5% of full load capacity

Protective devices components


DC Disconnects Switch gear

Specification
String to inverter= 1000V, 15A; 2 pole (As per IEC-60947) Rated voltage=12KV; Rated main busbar current(Max)=1250A; SC withstand capacity = 25KA/3s Dynamic capacity= 50KA IP55 Inverter to Busbar= 60A 3p; busbar/Panel box to transformer= A 3p;

Quantity
206 1

Circuit breakers (MCCB)

(NOT required if Inverter has inbuilt protection)

53 1

Main Isolator (HT side)


Design criteria Operating frequency Nominal system voltage Max system voltage Max continuous current Rated SC current for 3s IS-9921/IEC-129 50hz 3% 11KV 12KV 2500A 40KA Rated peak withstand current (KA peak/rms) 1.2/50 micro sec lighting withstand Volts (KV peak) Rated 1 minute power frequency withstand voltage(KV r.m.s) No. of poles Min creepage distance 63.5KA
To earth and isolating poles Across the isolating distances

170
To earth and isolating poles

195
Across the isolating distances

75 3 320mm

85

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Detail Project Report 1MWp SPV Power Plant


Cable Sizing
DC Side Cables (strings to inverter)
Design criteria Cable material Single cable length per string to inverter Cross section per string Voltage drop Relative power loss reference to Max DC power Max withstand temp. Max withstand current capacity Conductor type Insulation material

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LT Cables (Inverters to busbur/distribution panel)


Design criteria Cable material Max Single cable length per inverter to panel box Cross section Voltage drop (3phase) Relative power loss reference to Max AC nominal power Max withstand temp Max withstand current capacity Conductor type Insulation

IEC-60811 & IEC-60216 Copper 70 ft 4 mm2 0.18V 0.07% Normal condition Short-circuited condition 900C 2500C 42KA/1sec Stranded XLPE IEC-60228 & IEC-60811 Copper 60 ft 16 mm2 0.46V 0.23% Short-circuited condition 2500C

Normal condition 900C 2KA/1sec Stranded PVC

HT Cables (from distribution panel to feed-in point)


Design criteria Cable material Cable length from distribution panel to feedin point Cross section Voltage drop (total)

IEC-60502 Al 25 ft 185mm2 1.37V 1.37V 1.37V 0.57% 11KV(UE), heavy duty 26KA @1s XLPE

Relative power loss reference to Max AC power Voltage grade SC withstand current capacity Insulation

L1 L2 L3

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Detail Project Report 1MWp SPV Power Plant


Line Losses
Total cable length Cable cross section

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DC Side
8120 ft 4 mm2

AC Side
3070 ft 16 mm2 +185 mm2 5 KW 0.76%

Total
11180 ft 4 mm2 +16 mm2 +185 mm2 40KW 0.83%

Power loss @ nominal 35 KW operation Relative power loss @ 0.07% nominal operation

Busbar constructional Analysis


Busbar material Main busbar Al alloy E91 E grade Fully insulated Auxilury busbar Copper

Busbar insulation Busbar length Earthing bus materials

Main Aux 3.5mt 0.75mt x 52 GS (IEEE std. 80/IEC-60439-1)

Earthing & Lighting Protection


Design Criteria Grounding System IEEE Standard-80 Earth grid resistance Placing of earth electrode Less than 10 ohm Earth Pit

Earth Electrode sizing Physical Parameters Material Min depth of earth pit Components grounding Lightning Protection Design criteria Placing Dimension

Heavy duty GI pipes, 32mm dia, 3mt long Galvanized Steel(GS), flat type 600mm Min 75x10mm GS strip As per IEC-62305 On the highest panel of array 40mm dia with 3m height (vertical air termination)
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Detail Project Report 1MWp SPV Power Plant


CIVIL WORKS

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Live Loads estimation of control room + admin building (as per IS 875:1987)
parameters Roof load Ground floor load Piping load Electrical + HVAC Seismic load details 1750 kg/ m2 Control room 18000kg/m2 Office 5000kg/ m2 50 kg/ m2 26 kg/ m2 Remarks As per IS-456 As per IS-456 IS-456 As per IS-456 As per IS-456 As per IS-456

Roof drainage

Roof drain heads

Construction details
Interwall Cement : Sand Interwall thickness Parapet walls Cement : Sand thickness Steel work

1:6 230mm 1:4 115mm

Reinforced bars will be provided as per IS 800:2007

PV Array mounting & constructional details


PV tilted angle (optimized) Mounting type Overall dimension Foundation Foundation grade Wind load Fixing type

130 (@1070 W/m2/day) Ground mounted As per design Plain cement concrete (PCC) 1:5:10 9.72 Km/hr SS 304 fasteners

Total Land required

5 acres

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Detail Project Report 1MWp SPV Power Plant

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System Performance Analysis & Simulation

Solar Paths at site on monthly basis

Reference Incident energy in collector plane

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Detail Project Report 1MWp SPV Power Plant

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Performance Ratio (PR)

Normalized Production & Loss factor

Daily System Output Energy

SPV Array Power Distribution

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Detail Project Report 1MWp SPV Power Plant

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Detail Project Report 1MWp SPV Power Plant

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Overall Power plant performance Summery Total no. of PV modules 4326 (250Wp) Total nos. of Inverters 53 (20KW) Max DC input per Inverter 21KW Nominal PV power 1082 KWp Max. PV power output 1027 KWdc Nominal AC power 1060KWac Max operating power @ STC 962KWac Max operating power @Ambient Temp. 1027KWac Plant production 1655 MWh/year Specific production 1526KWh/KWp/year Normalized production 4.2 kWh/KWp/day Array losses 0.87 KWh/Kp/day Overall losses 0.22 KWh/KWp/day Performance ratio 0.80

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Detail Project Report 1MWp SPV Power Plant


Time line of the project
Preparation of design & estimation of the plant 15 working days required.

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Design

Land acquisition

As per design requirement, proper land selection & acquisition processed. Time required 1 month

PPA

Power Purchase Agreement(PPA) with private power purchaser need to be finalized at a feasible rate. Required time is 15 working days

DPR

Preparation of Detailed Project Report including technical feasibility of the project prepared. Time required 6 working days.

finance

Arrangement of finance/fund for the project from nationalized or private financing agency with significant interest rate and equity share will be finalized. Required time for this stage is 1 month.

After finalizing PPA and arrangement of fund for the project, procurement work starts including preparation & finalizing of vendor selection, BOM, BOQ, order placing, follow-ups of delivery to site/warehouse. procurement Estimated time for this step is 1 month.

After the processing of procurement, first civil construction at the site starts for PV mounting structure set-up and control-room, administrative building. Finishing the civil works, PV installation & all electrical construction works including the Grid Evacuation will be processed. construction Estimated time for this whole work is 2 months.

Commissioning of the plant by authorized govt. body or certified 3 rd party will be done followed by Completion of project execution. commission required time for this step is 6 working days.

ing

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Detail Project Report 1MWp SPV Power Plant

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Operation & Maintenance of Plant


Why do we need an O&M for Solar PV power plant? As every plant needs a regular maintenance work to make it functional & in well-condition, so in this case also, a PV power plant also requires a sound & efficient operation & management team to perform all the work after plant commissioning. A detailed structure of O&M team has been provided here in a hierarchy model to demonstrate in a simpler way.

Plant manager

operation manager

Maintenance engineer(E&IE)

maintenance Engineer (Mech)

Supply chain executive

Accounts executive

Technician1

Technician2

control room technician

Skilled labour1

skilled labour2

skilled labour1

skilled labour2

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Detail Project Report 1MWp SPV Power Plant


Initial Investment in terms of components cost & service charges Sl. No. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10.

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Financial Analysis & feasibility


Components/services
Solar PV modules Solar inverters Transformer Protective devices Wires/Cables SCADA/RMS Project execution & commissioning Construction works Grid evacuation Other official works

Total cost (in INR)


45,100,000 11,660,000 2,940,000 1,200,000 1,000,000

Remarks
41rs/Watt peak 11rs/Watt peak From international vendor From international vendor Considering IEC codes & ISO certified

1,000,000 2,000,000 4,000,000 1,000,000 (assumed) 1,000,000

Total Project investment

Assumed because of having no sufficient data Subject to change as per rules 70,900,000 INR

Total expenses over the year for plant O&M and staffing = 2,000,000 This expense is considered for regular maintenance cleaning of PV array, checking the status of inverter, cable-fault checking, emergency maintenance & replacement of components and annual salaries of O&M team of the plant. Loan Interest rate is @12% over 70% of total project cost which shall be completed within next 7 years (the rest 30% as equity shares). Estimated time period Total Loan amount Interest rate EMI Monthly interest total Interest paid 7 years 49,630,000 12% 876,110 285,270 23,962,830 10 years 49,630,000 12% 712,050 298,460 35,815,600

*all the amounts are considered in INR currency.

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Detailed Analysis of Installment, EMI, Interest of the 70% project finance/fund


Sl. No. 1) 2) 3) 4) 5) 6) 7) 8) 9) 10) 11) 12) 13) 14) 15) 16) 17) 18) 19) 20) 21) 22) 23) 24) 25) 26) 27) 28) 29) 30) 31) 32) 33) 34) 35) 36) 37) 38) 39) 40) Installments 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 EMI 0 876,105 876,105 876,105 876,105 876,105 876,105 876,105 876,105 876,105 876,105 876,105 876,105 876,105 876,105 876,105 876,105 876,105 876,105 876,105 876,105 876,105 876,105 876,105 876,105 876,105 876,105 876,105 876,105 876,105 876,105 876,105 876,105 876,105 876,105 876,105 876,105 876,105 876,105 876,105 Monthly principle 0 379,805 383,603 387,439 391,314 395,227 399,179 403,171 407,203 411,275 415,387 419,541 423,737 427,974 432,254 436,576 440,942 445,351 449,805 454,303 458,846 463,434 468,069 472,749 477,477 482,252 487,074 491,945 496,864 501,833 506,851 511,920 517,039 522,210 527,432 532,706 538,033 543,413 548,847 554,336 Monthly Interest 0 496,300 492,502 488,666 484,792 480,878 476,926 472,934 468,903 464,831 460,718 456,564 452,369 448,131 443,851 439,529 435,163 430,754 426,300 421,802 417,259 412,671 408,036 403,356 398,628 393,853 389,031 384,160 379,241 374,272 369,254 364,185 359,066 353,896 348,674 343,399 338,072 332,692 327,258 321,769 Page 23

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41) 42) 43) 44) 45) 46) 47) 48) 49) 50) 51) 52) 53) 54) 55) 56) 57) 58) 59) 60) 61) 62) 63) 64) 65) 66) 67) 68) 69) 70) 71) 72) 73) 74) 75) 76) 77) 78) 79) 80) 81) 82) 83) 84) 85) 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 876,105 876,105 876,105 876,105 876,105 876,105 876,105 876,105 876,105 876,105 876,105 876,105 876,105 876,105 876,105 876,105 876,105 876,105 876,105 876,105 876,105 876,105 876,105 876,105 876,105 876,105 876,105 876,105 876,105 876,105 876,105 876,105 876,105 876,105 876,105 876,105 876,105 876,105 876,105 876,105 876,105 876,105 876,105 876,105 876,105 559,879 565,478 571,133 576,844 582,613 588,439 594,323 600,266 606,269 612,332 618,455 624,640 630,886 637,195 643,567 650,002 656,502 663,068 669,698 676,395 683,159 689,991 696,891 703,860 710,898 718,007 725,187 732,439 739,763 747,161 754,633 762,179 769,801 777,499 785,274 793,127 801,058 809,068 817,159 825,331 833,584 841,920 850,339 858,842 867,431

Queries@ info@renewpowerzone.in 316,226 310,627 304,972 299,261 293,492 287,666 281,782 275,839 269,836 263,773 257,650 251,466 245,219 238,910 232,538 226,103 219,603 213,038 206,407 199,710 192,946 186,114 179,214 172,246 165,207 158,098 150,918 143,666 136,342 128,944 121,472 113,926 106,304 98,606 90,831 82,979 75,047 67,037 58,946 50,774 42,521 34,185 25,766 17,263 8,674

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Detail Project Report 1MWp SPV Power Plant


1000000 900000 800000 700000 600000 500000 400000 300000 200000 100000 0

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Installment EMI Monthly Principle Monthly Interest

1 4 7 10 13 16 19 22 25 28 31 34 37 40 43 46 49 52 55 58 61 64 67 70 73 76 79 82 85

Net Cash Flow/year Estimation (all amounts are in INR) Initial Investment 70,900,00 Expenses for O&M per year 2,000,000 Total amount paid/year for loan(7 years term 10,513,320 considered) Tolerance factor 2% Total amount to be paid per year 12,763,600 Energy generated per year 1,655MWh PPA rate for next 12 years 7.5rs/KWh REC floor price 12,000rs/MWh (approx.) Gross cash flow through PPA 12,412,500 Gross cash flow through REC trading 19,860,000 Net Cash Flow (NCF) per year 21,759,180
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NET CASH FLOW & PAY BACK PERIOD


Now according to Discounted Cash Flow method (considering @10% DCF) years 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 Present value of rs.1 @10% 0.909 0.826 0.751 0.683 0.621 0.564 0.513 0.467 0.424 0.386 19,779,094.62 17,973,082.68 16,341,144.18 14,861,519.94 13,512,450.78 12,272,177.52 11,162,459.34 92,145,357.80 83,660,898.56 76,162,987.84

So, Pay Back Period= 6 years 1 month (approx.)

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Detail Project Report 1MWp SPV Power Plant

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Most suitable vendors/suppliers of the project components


Solar PV modules 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 1. 2. 3. 4. 1. 2. 1. 1. 2. 1. 1. 2. 3. 4. 1. 2. 3.

Inverter

Transformer

Switch gear DC Disconnect Circuit breaker SCADA/RMS Cables

Vikram Solar Waaree Energies Sova Power Canadian Solar Trina Solar First Solar Power One SMA Smart Power REFusol Delta Schneider Electric ABB Schneider Electric Ascott transformer Voltech Schneider Electric Megawin Schneider Electric Megawin ABB Draker Havells Finolex cables RR Kabels Anchors ABB Schneider Electric Megawin

Isolator

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Detail Project Report 1MWp SPV Power Plant


Conclusion

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Id like to thank you for reading the whole paper. Hope you have got clear view on design & estimation of 1MW utility scale Solar PV Power Plant. Though I have discussed about the technical part as well as the financial part in detail, I might have been forgot to add anything more important. So, you are most welcome to give your valuable feedback & suggestion on this report. At the end, I discussed about some companies for the components. I have chosen these companies because their products are fulfilling my design criteria. It is not that Im representing these companies and their products. About Myself: Im a Solar PV professional currently working with a solar EPC company as Project Engineer. Ive done B.Tech in Electrical Engineering & holding a PG certificate in Advanced Solar Energy from delft Technical University, Netherlands. Personally I provide technical consulting including site survey, technical design, CAD design, preparation of DPR, guide in procurement & Construction.

You can review my papers/reports at www.wbut.academia.edu/amritmandal Connect to my professional profile in linkedIn at


http://www.linkedin.com/pub/amrit-mandal/55/667/a3 Read solar PV related articles & learn about new technologies at- www.renewpowerzone.in Contact me or send your queries at- amrit.mandal0191@gmail.com , info@renewpowerzone.in

THANK YOU

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