772 views

Uploaded by Hamed Hamed

dynamic

save

- Lab 2 Moment of Inertia.docx
- Physics Lab Report effect of location of mass on rotating rod
- Moments of Inertia Lab Report
- Rotational Inertia Lab Report
- Moents of inertia Lab Report
- Physics Lab Report
- Dynamic Lab Report Flywheel
- Experiment 1 -Period 3
- moment of inertia
- Moment of Inertia
- Experiment 1
- Mass Moment Inertia Lab
- Moment of Inertia Lab
- Lab Report on Inertia Wheel
- Properties of Period 3 oxides
- 111-6MomInert08
- EXPERIMENT 6`S
- Mass Moment of Inertia of Flywheel
- Flywheel Experiment
- Experiment Properties of Alkenes
- 109-4MomInert08
- Torsion Test
- Angelene_PG1_P4_Investigation of the Enzymatic Effects of Materials on Hydrogen Peroxide.
- Determination of the activation energy of the reaction between oxalic acid and potassium permanganate.
- To investigate the trajectory of a small ball as it rolls off a surface which is inclined to the horizontal
- DIscussion of Reactions of Halides in Solution
- Lab Discussion Questions
- Oxide Across Period 3
- Hardness Test
- Torsion report.pdf
- Bugmann Design Manual English Last Rev.
- Gear
- Vibration Analysis111
- Stee
- Italic Learn
- Wp Material Conv Table
- wgp422005
- Shaft Alignment White Paper
- Transfer-9305774104-13910508-1148
- 612ti
- Standard Stainless Steels
- I
- Wp Material Conv Table
- fancy5
- Plans f
- Nozzle Loads Piping Stresses and the Effect of Piping on Equipment
- فتق کشاله ران.pdf
- 3 Design and Materials
- drmousavi_abdominalpain.pdf
- Plans.pdf
- Centrifugal Pump Performance Test.pdf
- 117608415-steam-turbine.pdf
- Vibration Analysis of Pumps Advanced Methods
- abstract guidlines.pdf
- Plans.pdf
- Centrifugal Pump Performance Test.pdf
- 45 Short Radius Elbow
- 502
- Moment of Inertia

You are on page 1of 5

Moment of Inertia

1 Introduction

The rotational equivalent of Newton’s Second Law F = ma is τ = Iα in which τ is the torque, I is the moment of inertia, and α is the angular acceleration. In the same way that mass is a measure of inertia (or resistance to acceleration) the moment of inertia is a measure of resistance to rotational acceleration. However, mass is an intrinsic property — you can change the shape and/or orientation of an objectwithout changing its mass. In contrast, the moment of inertia depends on both the mass and the geometry of the object as well as the position of its rotation axis. For example, it’s easier to spin a metal rod like an axle than it is to twirl it like a baton. In the apparatus illustrated in Figure 1, a disc of mass M and radius R is mounted on an axle that spins in a bearing. The cord wrapped around the axle exerts a torque τ = Tr due to the tension T acting on the radius r . When the load mass m is released from rest, it accelerates downward with acceleration Figure 1: Moment of inertia apparatus. 2∆s (1) t2 where t is the time for the load mass to fall from rest through a distance ∆s. This causes the axle/disc system to rotate with an angular acceleration given by a=

Measure the mass M (in kg) with a digital balance and the diameter. since T = m(g − a). using r= (d b + d w ) 4 (3) 1. Axle Diameter: Use a vernier caliper to measure the diameter of the axle when it is bare db . to experimentally determine the equation that relates the moment of inertia and the radius.α= a r The moment of inertia of the axle disc system is given by I= or. 3 Procedure **Place the apparatus on the protective mat to avoid damaging the bench top. which is large enough to minimize the eﬀects of friction but not so large as to make the times too short to measure accurately. the largest disc. 2. including the mass holder. D (in m) with a meter stick. The total accelerating mass. should be m = 0. . Wind the cord around the axle in a single layer and measure the “wrapped” diameter dw . to develop a general equation that relates the moment of inertia and radius for discs of any mass. for discs of the same mass. I = mr 2 g −1 a (2) T r2 τ = α a 2 Purpose The objectives for this experiment are: 1.150kg. Calculate the eﬀective radius (in m) at which the tension in the cord acts. Mount disc 1. 2. on the end of the axle.

then ﬁnd the average time and as well as the standard deviation and standard error in the mean.3. Wind the cord around the axle in a single layer enough to to raise the accelerating mass to the top of the half-meter stick. . mount the disc on the axle and time how long it takes to for the accelerating mass to fall from rest at the top of the half-meter stick to the bottom of the half-meter stick. For each of the remaining discs (from largest to smallest). Record the time t and the ∆s through which the mass has fallen. you can simply use the standard deviation that you calculated from the disc 1 analysis. 4. The times for the other discs will be the times from the single trials. Record the data for all the discs in a table similar to the one below. The time for disc 1 will be the average time for the 6 trials and the error in that time will be the standard error in the mean. For an estimate in the error in each of those times. Use a stopwatch to measure the time (in s) it takes for the mass to fall to the bottom end of the half-meter stick. Statistical Analysis for Disc 1 Trial Time (ti − t) (ti − t)2 i ti (s) (s) (s2 ) 1 2 3 4 5 6 Sum 5. You only need to do one trial of the time for each disc. Do a total of six trials for disc 1 and write the data in a table similar to the one below. 6. The error in the average time for this disc is the standard error.

Disc 1 2 3 4 5 Mass M (kg) Summary Table for All Discs Radius R? Time Acceleration Moment of Inertia R (m) (m? ) t (s) a (m/s2 ) I (units?) 7. Calculate the moment of inertia I via Equation (2). or 1/4. such as 1/2. Dimensional Analysis: Work out the units for the moment of inertia. write a more general equation in terms of the disc mass and the intercept I0 . Given these considerations. In the introduction to the experiment it was pointed out that the moment of inertia depends on the mass and the geometry of the object. From the units of the slope in the equation you’ve obtained. Now write the equation that relates the moment of inertia to the disc radius in terms of the slope of the line k . and the power n. 8. if I ∝ Rn . Is k a simple fraction. Then you only have to consider the uncertainties in r and a. 1/3. it should be apparent that k is somehow related to the mass M of the discs. It should have the form I = kRn + I0 . Plot a graph of I versus Rn and determine the slope and intercept of the best-ﬁt line. of the average disc mass? Once you have determined the physical interpretation of the slope and the intercept. Calculate the downward acceleration a of the load mass for each disc using Equation (1). . Assume that the major source of error is in the timing and that the uncertainty is ∆s is negligble. the intercept. to what power should the disc radius be raised in the relationship between disc radius and moment of inertia? That is. The error calculation can be simpliﬁed by assuming that the uncertainty in the load mass m is negligble. ﬁll in the appropriate column in the table above. what should n be? Once you have determined what n should be.

What is the physical signiﬁcance of the intercept I0 and what does it represent in the experiment? Friction in the axle bearing plays a role in the experiment. the spin rate increases.4 Conclusion Your conclusion should list the two equations that you determined using the correct variables and making sure to include the correct units for the constants. When a ﬁgure skater does a spin and then pulls in his or her arms. Explain why. Why is this? . How might it have aﬀected the results you obtained? The mass of the axle and bearing is about 225g. but its moment of inertia is very small. which is roughly half that of the discs.

- Lab 2 Moment of Inertia.docxUploaded byChing Wai Yong
- Physics Lab Report effect of location of mass on rotating rodUploaded bySumeet Ranu
- Moments of Inertia Lab ReportUploaded byjohnnybravo69
- Rotational Inertia Lab ReportUploaded bycourtneypaxson
- Moents of inertia Lab ReportUploaded byjohnnybravo69
- Physics Lab ReportUploaded bytanveer111222333
- Dynamic Lab Report FlywheelUploaded byNoa Bawie
- Experiment 1 -Period 3Uploaded bySy Tam
- moment of inertiaUploaded byrohan_nerlekar794
- Moment of InertiaUploaded byramchandargct
- Experiment 1Uploaded byMary Tilt
- Mass Moment Inertia LabUploaded byVinay Kumar
- Moment of Inertia LabUploaded byill4565
- Lab Report on Inertia WheelUploaded byAngela Leong Feng Ping
- Properties of Period 3 oxidesUploaded byJun Hong
- 111-6MomInert08Uploaded byluqman_H
- EXPERIMENT 6`SUploaded byShennyKoh
- Mass Moment of Inertia of FlywheelUploaded byabdulaziz
- Flywheel ExperimentUploaded byNasim Mammadov
- Experiment Properties of AlkenesUploaded byMei Hui
- 109-4MomInert08Uploaded byNakuh Kigul
- Torsion TestUploaded byanon-735529
- Angelene_PG1_P4_Investigation of the Enzymatic Effects of Materials on Hydrogen Peroxide.Uploaded byDaveiyn Nathan
- Determination of the activation energy of the reaction between oxalic acid and potassium permanganate.Uploaded by刘象
- To investigate the trajectory of a small ball as it rolls off a surface which is inclined to the horizontalUploaded byBoonKhaiYeoh
- DIscussion of Reactions of Halides in SolutionUploaded byTingYuan Hoi
- Lab Discussion QuestionsUploaded byJM085
- Oxide Across Period 3Uploaded byWilliam
- Hardness TestUploaded bywaysh
- Torsion report.pdfUploaded byKalKatu MaLam

- Bugmann Design Manual English Last Rev.Uploaded byHamed Hamed
- GearUploaded byHamed Hamed
- Vibration Analysis111Uploaded byHamed Hamed
- SteeUploaded byHamed Hamed
- Italic LearnUploaded byHamed Hamed
- Wp Material Conv TableUploaded byHamed Hamed
- wgp422005Uploaded byHamed Hamed
- Shaft Alignment White PaperUploaded byHamed Hamed
- Transfer-9305774104-13910508-1148Uploaded byHamed Hamed
- 612tiUploaded byHamed Hamed
- Standard Stainless SteelsUploaded byHamed Hamed
- IUploaded byHamed Hamed
- Wp Material Conv TableUploaded byHamed Hamed
- fancy5Uploaded byHamed Hamed
- Plans fUploaded byHamed Hamed
- Nozzle Loads Piping Stresses and the Effect of Piping on EquipmentUploaded byHamed Hamed
- فتق کشاله ران.pdfUploaded byHamed Hamed
- 3 Design and MaterialsUploaded byHamed Hamed
- drmousavi_abdominalpain.pdfUploaded byHamed Hamed
- Plans.pdfUploaded byHamed Hamed
- Centrifugal Pump Performance Test.pdfUploaded byHamed Hamed
- 117608415-steam-turbine.pdfUploaded byHamed Hamed
- Vibration Analysis of Pumps Advanced MethodsUploaded byHamed Hamed
- abstract guidlines.pdfUploaded byHamed Hamed
- Plans.pdfUploaded byHamed Hamed
- Centrifugal Pump Performance Test.pdfUploaded byHamed Hamed
- 45 Short Radius ElbowUploaded byHamed Hamed
- 502Uploaded byHamed Hamed
- Moment of InertiaUploaded byHamed Hamed